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Ohio

Ohio

State of Ohio

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: From the Iroquois Indian word oheo, meaning "beautiful."

NICKNAME: The Buckeye State.

CAPITAL: Columbus.

ENTERED UNION: 1 March 1803 (17th).

SONG: "Beautiful Ohio."

MOTTO: With God All Things Are Possible.

FLAG: The flag is a burgee, with three red and two white lateral stripes. At the staff is a blue triangular field covered with 17 stars (signifying Ohio's order of entry into the Union), which is grouped around a red disk superimposed on a white circular "O."

OFFICIAL SEAL: In the foreground are a sheaf of wheat and a sheaf of 17 arrows; behind, a sun rises over a mountain range, indicating that Ohio is the first state west of the Alleghenies. Surrounding the scene are the words "The Great Seal of the State of Ohio."

BIRD: Cardinal.

FLOWER: Scarlet carnation.

TREE: Buckeye.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Presidents' Day, 3rd Monday in February; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans' Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME: 7 AM EST = noon GMT.

LOCATION, SIZE, AND EXTENT

Located in the eastern north-central United States, Ohio is the 11th largest of the 12 Midwestern states and ranks 35th in size among the 50 states.

The state's total area is 41,330 sq mi (107,044 sq km), of which land comprises 41,004 sq mi (106,201 sq km) and inland water 326 sq mi (823 sq km). Ohio extends about 210 mi (338 km) e-w; its maximum n-s extension is 230 mi (370 km).

Ohio is bordered on the n by Michigan and the Canadian province of Ontario (with the line passing through Lake Erie); on the e by Pennsylvania and West Virginia (with the Ohio River forming part of the boundary); on the s by West Virginia and Kentucky (with the entire line defined by the Ohio River); and on the w by Indiana.

Five important islands lie off the state's northern shore, in Lake Erie: the three Bass Islands, Kelleys Island, and Catawba Island. Ohio's total boundary length is 997 mi (1,605 km).

The state's geographic center is in Delaware County, 25 mi (40 km) nne of Columbus.

TOPOGRAPHY

Ohio has three distinct topographical regions: the foothills of the Allegheny Mountains in the eastern half of the state; the Erie lakeshore, extending for nearly three-fourths of the northern boundary; and the central plains in the western half of the state.

The Allegheny Plateau in eastern Ohio consists of rugged hills and steep valleys that recede gradually as the terrain sweeps westward toward the central plains. The highest point in the state is Campbell Hill (1,549 ft /472 m), located in Logan County about 50 mi (80 km) northwest of Columbus. The mean elevation of the state is approximately 850 ft (259 m).

The Erie lakeshore, a band of level lowland that runs across the state to the northwestern corner on the Michigan boundary, is distinguished by sandy beaches. The central plains extend to the western boundary with Indiana. In the south, undulating hills decline in altitude as they reach the serpentine Ohio River, which forms the state's southern boundary with Kentucky and West Virginia. The state's lowest point is on the bands of the Ohio River in the southwest, where the altitude drops to 455 ft (139 m) above sea level.

Most of Ohio's 2,500 lakes are situated in the east, and nearly all are reservoirs backed up by river dams. The largest, Pymatuning Reservoir, on the Pennsylvania border, has an area of 14,650 acres (5,929 hectares). Grand Lake (St. Mary's), located near the western border, covering 12,500 acres (5,059 hectares), is the largest lake wholly within Ohio.

Ohio has two drainage basins separated by a low ridge extending from the northeast corner to about the middle of the western border with Indiana. North of the ridge, more than one-third of Ohio's area is drained by the Maumee, Portage, Sandusky, Cuyahoga, and Grand rivers into Lake Erie. South of the ridge, the remaining two-thirds of the state is drained mainly by the Muskingum, Hocking, Raccoon, Scioto, Little Miami, and Miami rivers into the Ohio River, which winds for about 450 mi (725 km) along the eastern and southern borders.

Ohio's bedrock of sandstone, shale, and limestone was formed during the Paleozoic era some 300-600 million years ago. The oldest limestone rocks are found in the Cincinnati anticline, a ridge of sedimentary rock layers about 3,000 ft (900 m) thick that extends from north to south in west-central Ohio. Inland seas filled and receded periodically to form salt and gypsum, also creating peat bogs that later were pressurized into the coal beds of southeastern Ohio. At the end of the Paleozoic era, the land in the eastern region uplifted to form a plateau that was later eroded by wind and water into hills and gorges.

About two million years ago, glaciers covering two-thirds of the state leveled the western region into plains and deposited fertile limestone topsoil. As the glaciers retreated, the melting ice formed a vast lake, which overflowed southward into the channels that became the Ohio River. Perhaps 15,000 years ago, during the last Ice Age, the glacial waters ran off and reduced Lake Erie to its present size. Limestone rocks in Glacier Grooves State Park on Kelley's Island bear the marks of the glaciers' movements.

CLIMATE

Lying in the humid continental zone, Ohio has a generally temperate climate. Winters are cold and summers mild in the eastern highlands. The southern region has the warmest temperatures and longest growing season198 days on the average, compared with 150 to 178 days in the remainder of the state. More than half of the annual rainfall occurs during the growing season, from May to October.

Among the major cities, Columbus, in the central region, has an annual average temperature of 52°f (11°c), with a normal maximum of 62°f (16°c) and a normal minimum of 42°f (5°c). Cleveland, in the north, has an annual average of 51°f (10°c), with a normal maximum of 59°f (15°c) and minimum of 41°f (5°c). The average temperature in Cincinnati, in the south, is 54.5°f (12°c), the normal maximum 64.6°f (18°c), and the normal minimum 44.3°f (6°c). Cleveland has an average of 122 days per year in which the temperature drops to 32° (0°c) or lower, Columbus 117 days, and Cincinnati 90 days. The record low temperature for the state is 39°f (39°c), set at Milligan on 10 February 1899. The record high is 113°f (45°c), registered near Gallipolis on 21 July 1934.

Cleveland has an average annual snowfall of 55.4 in (140 cm), while Columbus receives 27.6 in (70 cm), and Cincinnati 14.2 in (36 cm). The average annual precipitation in Cincinnati is about with 40.7 in (103 cm), compared with 37.8 in (96 cm) for Columbus and 37.2 in (94 cm) for Cleveland. Because of its proximity to Lake Erie, Cleveland is the windiest city, with winds that average 11 mph (18 km/hr).

FLORA AND FAUNA

More than 2,500 plant species have been found in Ohio. The southeastern hill and valley region supports pitch pine, big leaf magnolia, and sourwood, with undergrowths of sassafras, witch-hazel, pawpaw, hornbeam, and various dogwoods. At least 14 species of oak, 10 of maple, 9 of poplar, 9 of pine, 7 of ash, 7 of elm, 6 of hickory, 5 of birch, and 2 of beech grow in the state, along with butternut, eastern black walnut, wild black cherry, black locust, and sycamore. A relative of the horse chestnut (introduced to Ohio from Asia), the distinctive buckeyefirst called the Ohio buckeye and now the official state treeis characterized by its clusters of cream-colored flowers that bloom in spring and later form large, brown, thick-hulled nuts. Five Ohio plant species were listed as threatened in 2006, including eastern prairie fringed orchid, northern wild monkshood, and lakeside daisy; the running buffalo clover was listed as endangered that year by the US Fish and Wildlife Service.

The Buckeye State is rich in mammals. White-tailed deer, badger, mink, raccoon, red and gray foxes, coyote, beaver, eastern cottontail, woodchuck, least shrew, and opossum are found throughout the state's five wildlife districts; the bobcat, woodland jumping mouse, and red-backed mole are among many species with more restricted habitats. Common birds include the eastern great blue heron, green-winged teal, mourning dove, eastern belted king-fisher, eastern horned lark, blue-gray gnatcatcher, eastern cow-bird, and a great variety of ducks, woodpeckers, and warblers; the cardinal is the state bird, and the ruffed grouse, mostly confined to the Allegheny Plateau, is a favorite game species. Bass, pickerel, perch, carp, pike, trout, catfish, sucker, and darter thrive in Ohio's lakes and streams. The snapping, midland painted, and spiny soft -shelled turtles, five-lined skink, northern water snake, midland brown snake, eastern hognose, and eastern milk snake appear throughout Ohio. The northern copperhead, eastern massasauga (swamp rattler), and timber rattlesnake are Ohio's only poisonous reptiles. Fowler's toad, bullfrog, green pickerel frog, and marbled and red-backed salamanders are common native amphibians.

Acting on the premise that the largest problem facing wildlife is the destruction of their habitat, the Division of Wildlife of the Department of Natural Resources has instituted an ambitious endangered species program. The US Fish and Wildlife Service listed 17 Ohio animal species (vertebrates and invertebrates) as threatened or endangered in April 2006, including the bald eagle, Indiana bat, Scioto madtom, and piping plover.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Early conservation efforts in Ohio were aimed at controlling the ravages of spring floods and preventing soil erosion. After the Miami River floods of March 1913, which took 361 lives and resulted in property losses of more than $100 million in Dayton alone, the Miami Conservancy District was formed; five earth dams and 60 mi (97 km) of river levees were completed by 1922, at a cost of $40 million, to hold back cresting water. In the Muskingum Conservancy District in eastern Ohio, construction of flood-control dams has prevented spring flooding and the washing away of valuable topsoil into the Ohio River.

In recent years, the state's major environmental concerns have been to reverse the pollution of Lake Erie, control the air pollution attributable to industries and automobiles, clean up dumps for solid and hazardous wastes, improve water quality, and prevent pollution. Of recent concern is the problem with so-called "brownfields"polluted industrial sites whose cleanup costs present barriers to development. In November 2000, voters approved the Clean Ohio Fund; it will provide $200 million to help revitalize abandoned commercial and industrial sites, promoting reuse of existing infrastructure, and helping to reduce sprawl. The Clean Ohio Revitalization Fund awarded nearly $40 million to 17 projects in its first round of funding.

The state's regulatory agency for environmental matters is the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), established in 1972. The agency has long-range programs to deal with pollution of air, water, and land resources. Ohio EPA also coordinates state, local, and federal funding of environmental programs.

Since 1972, antipollution efforts in Lake Erie have focused on reducing the discharge of phosphorus into the lake from sewage and agricultural wastes; sewage treatment facilities have been upgraded with the aid of more than $750 million in federal grants, and efforts have been made to promote reduced-tillage farming to control runoff. By the early 1980s, numerous beaches had been reopened, and sport fishing was once again on the increase. Since 1972, Ohio industries spent billions of dollars on efforts to control air pollution. Peak ozone levels have dropped by 25% overall and by up to 50% in some urban areas. Lead levels in the outdoor air have dropped 98% since 1978 and particulate levels have dropped 80%. From 1967 to 1983, through the efforts of local health departments and with the eventual help of the EPA, over 1,300 open garbage dumps were closed down and more than 200 sanitary landfills constructed to replace them. In 2003, 251.6 million lb of toxic chemicals were released in the state; Ohio ranks fourth in the nation for highest levels of toxic chemicals released (following Alaska, Nevada, and Texas).

In 1980, Ohio passed its first legislation aimed at controlling hazardous wastes, and by the mid-1980s, with the aid of more than $11 million in federal Superfund grants, cleanup had been completed or begun at 16 major sites. In 2003, Ohio had 318 hazardous waste sites listed in the US Environment Protection Agency (EPA) database. In 2006, 30 of these sites were on the National Priorities List, including Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. Ricken-backer Air National Guard base has been proposed as a National Priority List Site. In 2005, the EPA spent over $5.1 million through the Superfund program for the cleanup of hazardous waste sites in the state. The same year, federal EPA grants awarded to the state included $25.2 million for its safe drinking water revolving fund. An addition grant of $60.6 million was awarded to provide assistance for water resource protection and improvement projects in small and hardship communities.

Another agency, the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, is responsible for the development and use of the state's natural resources. The state's parks and recreational areas totaled 208,000 acres (84,000 hectares). The department also assists in soil conservation, issues permits for dams, promotes conservation of oil and gas, and allocates strip-mining licenses.

POPULATION

Ohio ranked seventh in population in the United States with an estimated total of 11,464,042 in 2005, an increase of 1% since 2000. Between 1990 and 2000, Ohio's population grew from 10,847,115 to 11,353,140, an increase of 4.7%. The population is projected to reach 11.63 million by 2015, but a decline to 11.6 is projected by 2025. The population density in 2004 was 280.1 persons per sq mi.

Ohio's population grew slowly during the colonial period and totaled 45,365 persons in 1800. Once the territory became a state in 1803, settlers flocked to Ohio and the population quintupled to 230,760 by 1810, The state's population doubled again by 1820, approached 2,000,000 in 1850, and totaled 3,198,062 by 1880. Ohio's annual rate of population increase slowed considerably after 1900, when its population was 4,157,545; nevertheless, in the period between 1900 and 1960, the total population more than doubled to 9,706,397. A slow rate of population increase during the 1970s, and a population decline during 198085, resulted from a net migration loss and a declining birthrate.

In 2004, the median age in Ohio was 37.5. In the same year, more than 24.3% of the populace were under age 18 while 13.3% was age 65 or older.

As of the 1990 census, Columbus became Ohio's largest city, with a population of 632,910, trading second place with Cleveland, which had 505,616 residents. Whereas Columbus increased its population by 12% during the 1980s, Cleveland's population de-creased by 11.9%. The 2004 estimated populations of the two cities were Columbus, 730,008, and Cleveland, 458,684. The Columbus metropolitan area had an estimated population of 1,693,906. The Cleveland metropolitan area (including Elyria and Mentor) had a population of about 2,137,073. Cincinnati and other large cities also lost population during this period, largely because of the shift of the middle class from the inner cities to the suburbs or to other states. In 2004, Cincinnati's estimated population was 314,154, followed by Toledo, 304,973; Akron, 212,179; and Dayton, 160,293. The Cincinnati metropolitan area had an estimated population of 2,058,221.

ETHNIC GROUPS

Ohio was first settled by migrants from the eastern states and from the British Isles and northern Europe, especially Germany. Cincinnati had such a large German population that its public schools were bilingual until World War I. With the coming of the railroads and the development of industry, Slavic and other south Europeans were recruited in large numbers.

By 2000, however, only about 3% of Ohioans were foreign born, the major places of origin being Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom. Ethnic clusters persist in the large cities, and some small communities retain a specific ethnic flavor, such as Fairport Harbor on Lake Erie, with its large Finnish population.

As of 2000 there were 1,301,307 blacks, representing 11.5% of the population. That percentage increased to 11.9% by 2004. Most live in the larger cities, especially Cleveland, which in 2000 had a black population of 243,939, or 51.0% of the city total. Historically, Ohio was very active in the antislavery movement. Oberlin College, established in 1833 by dissident theological students, admitted blacks from its founding and maintained a "station" on the Underground Railroad. Cleveland elected its first black mayor, Carl B. Stokes, in 1967.

Some 217,123 people in Ohio (1.9% of the total population) were Hispanic or Latino in 2000, up from 140,000 in 1990. The largest number (90,663) were of Mexican descent, but there were also many Puerto Ricans. In 2004, 2.2% of the population was Hispanic or Latino. In 2000, American Indians numbered about 24,486. In 2004, 0.2% of the population was American Indian. In 2000, Asians were estimated to number 132,633, including 30,425 Chinese (up from 16,829 in 1990), 12,393 Filipinos, 10,732 Japanese, and 13,376 Koreans. Pacific Islanders numbered 2,749. In 2004, Asians accounted for 1.4% of the population. In 2004, 1.2% of the population reported origin of two or more races.

Except for small Iroquoian groups like the Erie and Seneca, most of the Indian population before white settlement comprised four Algonkian tribes: Delaware, Miami, Wyandot, and Shawnee. Indian place-names include Ohio, Coshocton, Cuyahoga, and Wapakoneta.

LANGUAGES

Ohio English reflects three post-Revolutionary migration paths. Into the Western Reserve south of Lake Erie came Northern speech from New York and Connecticut. Still common there are the Northern pronunciation of the ow diphthong, as in cow, with a beginning like the /ah/ vowel in father, and the use of the /ah/ in fog and college; /krik/ is more common than /kreek/ for creek. A dragonfly is a devil's darning needle; doughnuts may be fried cakes; a boy throws himself face down on a sled in a bellyflop (per); and a tied and filled bedcover is a comforter.

Most of nonurban Ohio has North Midland speech from Pennsylvania. Generally, except in the northern strip, cot and caught are sound-alikes, and now is /naow/, south of Columbus, because of the influence of South Midland patterns from Kentucky and extreme southern Pennsylvania, corn bread may be corn pone, lima beans are butter beans, and a tied quilt is a comforter. Spouting, yielding to gutters, barely reaches across to Indiana; and sick at the stomach, dived, and wait on me are competing with expanding Northern to the stomach, dove, and wait for me. A new Midland term, bellybuster, originated around Wheeling and has spread north to compete with bellyflop. Northern and Midland merge in the mixed dialect west of Toledo.

From Kentucky, South Midland speakers took you-all into Ohio River towns, and in the southwestern tip of the state can be heard their evening for afternoon, terrapin for tortoise, and frogstool for toadstool. Recent northward migration has introduced South Midland speech and black English, a southern dialect, into such industrial centers as Cleveland, Toledo, and Akron.

Localisms have developed. For the grass strip between sidewalk and street, Akron has devil-strip and Cleveland has treelawn. Foreign-language influence appears in such Pennsylvania Germanisms as clook (hatching hen), snits (dried apples), smearcase (cottage cheese), and got awake.

Of Ohioans aged five years or older 93.9% spoke only English at home in 2000, down from 94.6% in 1990.

The following table gives selected statistics from the 2000 Census for language spoken at home by persons five years old and over. The category "Other West Germanic languages" includes Dutch, Pennsylvania Dutch, and Afrikaans. The category "Other Slavic languages" includes Czech, Slovak, and Ukrainian. The category "African languages" includes Amharic, Ibo, Twi, Yoruba, Bantu,

OhioCountries, County Seats, and County Areas and Populations
COUNTY COUNTY SEAT LAND AREA (SQ MI) POPULATION LAND AREA POPULATION (2005 EST.) COUNTY COUNTY SEAT LAND AREA (SQ MI) POPULATION LAND AREA POPULATION (2005 EST)
Adams West Union 586 28,454 Logan Bellefontaine 458 46,580
Allen Lima 405 106,234 Lorain Elyria 495 296,307
Ashland Ashland 424 54,123 Lucas Toledo 341 448,229
Ashtabula Jefferson 703 103,221 Madison London 467 41,295
Athens Athens 508 62,062 Mahoning Youngstown 417 254,274
Auglaize Wapakoneta 398 47,242 Marion Marion 403 65,932
Belmont St. Clairsville 537 69,228 Medina Medina 422 167,010
Brown Georgetown 493 44,398 Meigs Pomeroy 432 23,232
Butler Hamilton 469 350,412 Mercer Celina 457 41,202
Carroll Carrollton 393 29,388 Miami Troy 410 101,619
Champaign Urbana 429 39,698 Monroe Woodsfield 458 14,698
Clark Springfield 398 142,376 Montgomery Dayton 458 547,435
Clermont Batavia 456 190,589 Morgan McConnelsville 420 14,958
Clinton Wilmington 410 42,570 Morrow Mt. Gilead 406 34,322
Columbiana Lisbon 534 110,928 Muskingum Zanesville 654 85,579
Coshocton Coshocton 566 36,945 Noble Caldwell 399 14,156
Crawford Bucyrus 403 45,774 Ottawa Port Clinton 253 41,583
Cuyahoga Cleveland 459 1,335,317 Paulding Paulding 419 19,537
Darke Greenville 600 52,983 Perry New Lexington 412 35,246
Defiance Defiance 414 39,112 Pickaway Circleville 503 52,989
Delaware Delaware 443 150,268 Pike Waverly 443 28,146
Erie Sandusky 264 78,665 Portage Ravenna 493 155,631
Fairfield Lancaster 506 138,423 Preble Eaton 426 42,527
Fayette Washington Ct. House 405 28,199 Putnam Ottawa 484 34,928
Franklin Columbus 542 1,090,771 Richland Mansfield 497 127,949
Fulton Wauseon 407 42,955 Ross Chillicothe 692 75,197
Gallia Gallipolis 471 31,362 Sandusky Fremont 409 61,676
Geauga Chardon 408 95,218 Scioto Portsmouth 614 76,561
Greene Xenia 415 151,996 Seneca Tiffin 553 57,483
Guernsey Cambridge 522 41,123 Shelby Sidney 409 48,736
Hamilton Cincinnati 412 806,652 Stark Canton 574 380,608
Hancock Findlay 532 73,503 Summit Akron 412 546,604
Hardin Kenton 471 32,032 Trumbull Warren 612 219,296
Harrison Cadiz 400 15,920 Tuscarawas New Philadelphia 569 91,944
Henry Napoleon 415 29,453 Union Marysville 437 45,751
Highland Hillsboro 553 42,818 Van Wert Van Wert 410 29,154
Hocking Logan 423 29,009 Vinton McArthur 414 13,429
Holmes Millersburg 424 41,567 Warren Lebanon 403 196,622
Huron Norwalk 495 60,385 Washington Marietta 640 62,210
Jackson Jackson 420 33,526 Wayne Wooster 557 113,697
Jefferson Steubenville 410 70,599 Williams Bryan 422 38,688
Knox Mt. Vernon 529 58,398 Wood Bowling Green 619 123,929
Lake Painesville 231 232,466 Wyandot Upper Sandusky 406 22,813
Lawrence Ironton 457 63,112 TOTALS 41,005 11,464,042
Licking Newark 686 154,806

Swahili, and Somali. The category "Other Indo-European languages" includes Albanian, Gaelic, Lithuanian, and Rumanian.

LANGUAGE NUMBER PERCENT
Population 5 years and over 10,599,968 100.0
  Speak only English 9,951,93.9 93.9
  Speak a language other than English 648,943 6.1
Speak a language other than English 648,493 6.1
  Spanish or Spanish Creole 213,147 2.0
  German 72,647 0.7
  French (incl. Patois, Cajun) 44,594 0.4
  Italian 27,697 0.3
  Other West Germanic languages 26,372 0.2
  Chinese 25,704 0.2
  Arabic 22,647 0.2
  Other Slavic Languages 21,230 0.2
  Polish 16,462 0.2
  Russian 16,030 0.2
  Greek 13,656 0.1
  African Languages 13,261 0.1
  Serbo-Croatian 12,577 0.1
  Hungarian 11,859 0.1
  Other Indo-European languages 11,070 0.1
  Korean 11,028 0.1

RELIGIONS

The first religious settlement in Ohio territory was founded among Huron Indians in 1751 by a Roman Catholic priest near what is now Sandusky. Shortly afterward, Moravian missionaries converted some Delaware Indians to Christianity; the first Protestant church was founded by Congregationalist ministers at Marietta in 1788. Dissident religious sects such as the Shakers, Amish, and Quakers moved into Ohio from the early 18th century onward, but the majority of settlers in the early 19th century were Presbyterians, Methodists, Baptists, Disciples of Christ, and Episcopalians.

The first Roman Catholic priest to be stationed permanently in Ohio was Father Edward Fenwick, who settled in Cincinnati in 1817. When the Protestant settlers there did not allow him to build a Catholic church in the town, he founded Christ Church (now St. Francis Church) just outside Cincinnati. In 1821, Father Fenwick became the first Catholic bishop in Ohio. The large influx of Irish and German immigrants after 1830 greatly increased the Catholic constituency in Cleveland, Cincinnati, Columbus, and Toledo. Among the German immigrants were many Lutherans and large number of Jews, who made Cincinnati a center of Reform Judaism. In the mid-19th century, Cincinnati had the nation's third-largest Jewish community; the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, the most important Reform body, was founded there in 1873, and Hebrew Union College, a rabbinical training school and center of Jewish learning, was founded two years later.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), founded in 1930 by Joseph Smith Jr. of New York, built its first permanent place of worship in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1933. The Kirtland Temple, as it has been called, is still open today as a museum and educational center. A functioning temple was opened in Columbus in 1999. In 2006, the Latter-day Saints reported a statewide membership of 54,297 in 124 congregations.

In 2004, Ohio had a Roman Catholic population of about 2,139,524, with about 512,146 members belonging to the archdiocese of Cincinnati and 812,675 members within the Cleveland diocese. In 2000, the state's Jewish population was estimated at 142,255. Leading Jewish communities were in Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Columbus. The Muslim population was at about 41,281 people. Ohio communities of Amish and Mennonites are among the largest in the nation with over 24,000 Amish and over 20,000 Mennonites in the state (primarily central Ohio).

In the United Methodist Church is one of the largest Protestant denominations, with a membership of about 420,142 statewide in 2004. In 2000, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America reported 301,749 members; the Southern Baptist Convention had 187,227 (with 5,251 newly baptized members in 2002); the Presbyterian Church USA, 160,800, Christian Churches and Churches of Christ, 142,571; and the American Baptist Churches USA, 117,757. In 2000, about 6.2 million people (55.1% of the population) were not counted as members of any religious organization. The national Office of General Ministries of the United Church of Christ is located in Cleveland. The Ohio conference of the United Church of Christ had about 118,449 members in 2005.

TRANSPORTATION

Sandwiched between two of the country's largest inland water systems, Lake Erie and the Ohio River, Ohio has long been a leader in water transport. With its numerous terminals on the Ohio River and deepwater ports on Lake Erie, Ohio ranks as one of the major US states for shipping.

The building of railroads in the mid-19th century greatly improved transportation within the state by connecting inland counties with Lake Erie and the Ohio River. The Mad River and Lake Erie Railroad, between Dayton and Sandusky, was completed in 1844, and two years later, it was joined with the Little Miami Railroad, to provide through service to Cincinnati. By 1856, Cleveland was connected by rail with Columbus and Pittsburgh. Railroad building in the state reached a peak in the 1850s. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Ohio had more miles of track than any other state. By 1900, railroads were by far the most important system of transport.

In 2003, Class I railroads operated 4,510 rail mi (7,261 km) of track in the state, out of a total of 6,519 mi (10,495 km) of track in service. In that same year, Ohio had 19 railroads within its borders, including three Class I railroads. Freight service on branch lines to counties has been maintained through a state subsidy program.

Mass transit in Ohio's cities began in 1859 with horse-drawn carriages carrying paying passengers in Cleveland and Cincinnati, which added a cable car on rails about 1880. The electric trolley car, introduced to Cleveland in 1884, soon became the most popular mass transit system for the large cities. Inter-urban electric railways carried passengers to and from rural towns that had been bypassed by the railroads. There were 2,809 mi (4,521 km) of interurban track in the state by 1907. The use of electric railways declined with the development of the motor car in the 1920s, and by 1939, for example, the seven interurban lines serving Columbus had been abandoned. Today, suburbanites mostly commute to their workplaces in Columbus and other cities by automobile and bus lines. However, Cleveland continues to operate a light rail system, that as of 2004, had around 40 mi (64 km) of track, which stretched from the city's east side and eastern suburbs to the downtown lakefront and out to Cleveland Hopkins Airport on the city's southwestern side. In 2006, Amtrak operated three regularly scheduled trains through Ohio, connecting six cities.

Rough roads were used by settlers in the early 19th century. The National Road was built from Wheeling, West Virginia, to Zanes-ville in 1826, and was extended to Columbus by 1833. The increasing use of the automobile in the 1930s led to massive state and federal road-building programs in Ohio as elsewhere. The major interstate highways across Ohio connect Cleveland and the Toledo area in the north (I-80, I-90); link Columbus with Dayton, Zanesville, and Wheeling (I-70) and with Cincinnati and Cleveland (I-71); and extend north-south from Cleveland and Akron to Marietta in the east (I-77), and from Toledo to Dayton and Cincinnati in the west (I-75).

In 2004, Ohio had 124,752 mi (200,850 km) of roads. In that same year, there were some 6.395 million automobiles, about 4.061 million trucks of all types, some 298,000 motorcycles, and around 18,000 buses registered in the state, along with 7,675,007 licensed drivers.

Inland waterways have long been important for transport and commerce in Ohio. The first settlers traveled into Ohio by flat-boat down the Ohio River to establish such towns as Marietta and Cincinnati. Lake Erie schooners brought the founders of Cleveland and Sandusky. Steamboat service began on the Ohio River in 1811, and at Lake Erie ports in 1818. The public demand for water transportation in the interior of the state, where few rivers were navigable, led to construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal from Portsmouth on the Ohio River to Cleveland, and the Miami and Erie Canal from Cincinnati to Toledo. Both canals were opened to traffic in 1827 but not completed for another 14 years. The canals gave Ohio's farmers better access to eastern and southern markets. Water transportation is still a principal means of shipping Ohio's products through the St. Lawrence Seaway to foreign countries, and the method by which millions of tons of cargo, particularly coal, are moved via the Ohio River to domestic markets.

Ohio's ports rank among the busiest of the 50 states in volume. In 2004, the state's most active ports were: Cleveland, with 15.774 million tons of cargo handled; Cincinnati with 13.898 million tons; Ashtabula with 10.938 million tons; and Toledo with 9.861 million tons. In 2003, waterborne shipments totaled 113.743 million tons. In 2004, Ohio had 444 mi (714 km) of navigable inland waterways.

Ohioans consider Dayton to be the birthplace of aviation because it was there that Wilbur and Orville Wright built the first motor-powered airplane in 1903. In 2005, Ohio had a total of 734 public and private-use aviation-related facilities. This included 519 airports, 209 heliports, 4 STOL ports (Short Take-Off and Landing), and 2 seaplane bases. The state's major air terminals are the Greater Cincinnati airport (actually located across the Ohio River in Kentucky) and Hopkins International in Cleveland. In 2004, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport had 10,864,547 passenger enplanements, while Cleveland Hopkins had 5,389,196 enplanements in that same year, making them the 22nd- and 35th-busiest airports in the United States, respectively.

HISTORY

The first people in Ohio, some 11,000 years ago, were hunters. Their stone tools have been found with skeletal remains of long-extinct mammoths and mastodons. Centuries later, Ohio was inhabited by the Adena people, the earliest mound builders. Their descendants, the Hopewell Indians, built burial mounds, fortifications, and ceremonial earthworks, some of which are now preserved in state parks.

The first European travelers in Ohio, during the 17th century, found four Indian tribes: Wyandot and Delaware in northern Ohio, Miami and Shawnee in the south. All were hunters who followed game trails that threaded the dense Ohio forest. All together, these four tribes numbered about 15,000 people. European exploration was begun by a French nobleman, Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, who, with Indian guides and paddlers, voyaged from the St. Lawrence River to the Ohio, which he explored in 166970. In the early 1700s, French and English traders brought knives, hatchets, guns, blankets, tobacco, rum, and brandy to exchange for the Indians' deer and beaver skins.

Both the French and the English claimed possession of Ohio, the French claim resting on La Salle's exploration, while the British claimed all territory extending westward from their coastal colonies. To reinforce the French claim, Celeron de Bienville led an expedition from Canada to Ohio in 1749 to warn off English traders, win over the Indians, and assert French possession of the land. Traveling by canoe, with marches overland, he found the Indians better disposed at that time to the English than to the French. The following year, a company of Virginia merchants sent Christopher Gist to map Ohio trade routes and to make friendship and trade agreements with the tribes. The clash of ambitions brought on the French and Indian Warduring which the Indians fought on both sidesending in 1763 with French defeat and the ceding of the vast western territory to the British. During the Revolutionary War, the American militiaman George Rogers Clark, with a small company of woodsmen-soldiers, seized British posts and trading stations in Ohio, and, in the Battle of Piqua, defeated Indian warriors allied with the British. It was largely Clark's campaigns that won the Northwest Territory for the United States.

The new nation had a huge public domain, extending from the Allegheny Mountains to the Mississippi River. To provide future government and development of the territory northwest of the Ohio River, the US Congress enacted the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787. The Land Ordinance created a survey system of rectangular sections and townships, a system begun in Ohio and extended to all new areas in the expanding nation. The farsighted Northwest Ordinance provided a system of government under which territories could achieve statehood on a basis equal with that of the original colonies. When a specified area had a population of 60,000 free adult males, it could seek admission to the Union as a state.

The first permanent settlement in Ohio was made in 1788 by an organization of Revolutionary War veterans who had received land warrants as a reward for their military service. They trekked by ox-drawn wagons over the mountains and by flatboat down the Ohio River to the mouth of the Muskingum, where they built the historic town of Marietta. John Cleves Symes, a New Jersey official, brought pioneer settlers to his Miami Purchase in southwestern Ohio; their first settlement, in 1789, eventually became the city of Cincinnati. Access to the fertile Ohio Valley was provided by the westward-flowing Ohio River, which carried pioneer settlers and frontier commerce. Flatboats made a one-way journey, as families floated toward what they hoped would be new settlements. Keelboats traveled both downstream and upstreaman easy journey followed by a hard one. The keelboat trade, carrying military supplies and frontier produce, created an enduring river lore. Its legendary hero is burly, blustering Mike Fink, "half horse and half alligator," always ready for a fight or a frolic, for riot or rampage.

Increasing settlement of the Ohio Valley aroused Indian resistance. War parties raided outlying villages, burned houses, and drove families away. Two military expeditions against the Indians were shattered by Chief Little Turtle and his Miami warriors. Then, in 1793, Maj. Gen. "Mad Anthony" Wayne took command in the west. He built roads and forts in the Miami Valley, and trained a force of riflemen. On a summer morning in 1794, Wayne routed allied tribesmen, mostly Miami and Shawnee, in the decisive Battle of Fallen Timbers. In the ensuing Treaty of Greenville, Indian leaders surrendered claim to the southern half of Ohio, opening that large domain to uncontested American occupation.

When, in 1800, Connecticut ceded to the United States a strip of land along Lake Erie claimed by its colonial charter and called the Western Reserve, that region became a part of the Northwest Territory. Now the future seemed unclouded, and from the older colonies came a great migration to the promised land. By 1802, Ohio had enough population to seek statehood, and in November, a constitutional convention assembled at Chillicothe. In 25 days and at a total cost of $5,000, the 35 delegates framed a constitution that vested most authority in the state legislature and gave the vote to all white male taxpayers. On 1 March 1803, Ohio joined the Union as the 17th state.

Beyond Ohio's western border, Indians still roamed free. In 1811, the powerful Shawnee chief Tecumseh led a tribal resistance movement (supported by the British) seeking to halt the white man's advance into the new territory and to regain lands already lost to the Americans. Ohio militia regiments led by Gen. William Henry Harrison repulsed an Indian invasion near Toledo in the battle of Tippecanoe on 7 November 1811. Control of Lake Erie and of Great Lakes commerce was at stake when Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry won a decisive naval victory over a British fleet in western Lake Erie during the War of 1812. Tecumseh was slain in the Battle of Thames in Canada on 5 October 1813.

With peace restored in 1815, "Ohio fever" spread through New England. In a great migration, people streamed over the mountains and the lakes to a land of rich soil, mild climate, and beckoning opportunities. Across the Atlantic, especially in England, Ireland, and Germany, thousands of immigrants boarded ship for America. At newly opened land offices, public land was sold at $1.25 an acre. Forest became fields, fields became villages and towns, towns became cities. By 1850, Ohio was the third-most populous state in the Union.

Having cleared millions of acres of forest, Ohioans turned to economic development. Producing more than its people consumed, the state needed transportation routes to eastern markets. The National Road extended across the central counties in the 1830s, carrying stagecoach passengers and wagon commerce from Pennsylvania and Maryland. The Ohio canal system, created between 1825 and 1841, linked the Ohio River and Lake Erie, providing a waterway to the Atlantic via New York's Erie Canal. In 1826, state lands were valued at $16 million; 15 years later, their value exceeded $100 million. The chief products were wheat, corn, pork, beef, salt, wool, and leather. By 1850, when farm and factory production outstripped the capacity of mule teams and canal barges, railroad building had begun. In the next decade, railroads crisscrossed the state.

In 1861, Ohio, like the rest of the nation, was divided. The northern counties, teeming with former New Englanders, were imbued with abolitionist zeal. But Ohio's southern counties had close ties with Virginia and Kentucky across the river. From southeastern Ohio came Clement L. Vallandigham, leader of the Peace Democratscalled Copperheads by their opponentswho defended states' rights, opposed all of President Lincoln's policies, and urged compromise with the Confederacy. While Ohio surpassed its quota by providing a total of 320,000 Union Army volunteers, the Copperhead movement grew strong enough to nominate Vallandigham for state governor in 1863. Responding to the news of Vallandigham's defeat by the rugged Unionist John Brough, Lincoln telegraphed: "Ohio has saved the nation." Ohio became directly involved in the war for two weeks in 1863, when Confederate Gen. John Hunt Morgan led a Kentucky cavalry force on a daring but ineffectual raid through the southern counties.

Ohio gave the Union its greatest generalsUlysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman, and Philip H. Sheridaneach of whom won decisive victories at crucial times. Also essential to the Union cause was the service of Ohio men in Lincoln's cabinet, including Treasury Secretary Salmon P. Chase and War Secretary Edwin M. Stanton.

Mid-19th-century Ohio was primarily an agricultural state, but war demands stimulated Ohio manufacturing, and in the decade following the war, the state's industrial products surpassed the value of its rich farm production. The greatest commercial development came in northern Ohio, where heavy industry grew dramatically. To Toledo, Cleveland, and Youngstown via Lake Superior came iron ore that was converted into iron and steel with coal from the Ohio Valley. In the 1870s, John D. Rockefeller of Cleveland organized the Standard Oil Co., which soon controlled oil refining and distribution throughout the nation. At the same time, B. F. Goodrich of Akron began making fire hose, the first rubber product in an industry whose prodigious growth would make Akron the "rubber capital of the world." In the middle of the state, the capital city, Columbus, became a center of the brewing, railroad equipment, and farm implement industries. Cincinnati factories made steamboat boilers, machine tools, meat products, railroad cars, and soap. Dayton became known for its paper products, refrigerators, and cash registers. With industrial growth came political power. In the next half century, Ohio virtually took possession of the White House. Presidents Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William Howard Taft, and Warren G. Harding were all Ohioans.

The four great business pursuitsagriculture, commerce, mining, and manufacturingwere remarkably balanced in Ohio. Its ethnic strains were various. Following the earlier English, Irish, and German influx came Italian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian immigrants, along with a growing number of blacks from the rural South. Thus Ohio provided an advantageous background for a president; to any segment of the nation, an Ohio candidate did not seem alien. In the 1920 campaign, both the Republican and Democratic nomineesHarding and James M. Coxwere Ohio men. Norman Thomas, a perennial Socialist candidate, was likewise an Ohioan.

During World War I, Ohio's heavy industry expanded and its cities grew. Progressivism developed in Toledo and Cleveland, under their respective mayors, Samuel M. "Golden Rule" Jones and Tom L. Johnson, whose reforms resulted in the city-manager form of government that spread to other Ohio cities. In the postwar 1920s, Ohio's oil, rubber, and glass industries kept pace with accelerating automobile production. Yet none of these industries was immune to the prolonged depression of the 1930s. Widespread unemployment and a stagnant economy were not relieved until the outbreak of World War II. The war swept 641,000 Ohioans into military service and gave Ohio industry military contracts totaling $18 billion.

The state's economy prospered after World War II, with highway building, truck and tractor production, aircraft manufacture, and airport construction leading the field. The completion of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1959 made active international ports of Toledo and Cleveland. Major problems during this period involved pollution created by the dumping of industrial wastes (especially in Lake Erie) and urban decay resulting from the departure of middle-class families to the suburbs, an exodus that left the central cities to growing numbers of the poor and underprivileged. Related to these problems were troubles in the Ohio school system. Deteriorating neighborhoods produced inadequate revenues for schools and public services, and attempts at racial integration brought controversy and disturbance. When political offices were won by minority leadersin 1967, for example, Carl Stokes of Cleveland became the first black mayor of any major US cityfriction and tension continued. A further shock to Ohioans was the May 1970 shooting of 13 Kent State University students, four of whom died, by national guardsmen who had been sent to the campus to preserve order during a series of demonstrations against US involvement in Vietnam.

During the early 1980s, Ohio was still beset by serious social and economic problems. While the state's population remained static, the unemployment rate in 1982 and 1983 reached 14%. A decline in manufacturing jobs was only partly offset by the employment brought by a growing service sector. In 1983, the state established the Thomas Edison Program to provide start-up companies with venture capital funds. The legislation helped jump-start the state's economy. But by the end of the 1980s, economic progress slowed again. Unemployment rose in the recession of the early 1990s, reaching 6.9% in 1992. Within two years, as part of a national recovery, it had rebounded to 4.9%. In March 1995, Ohio was the site of the largest work stoppage in the auto industry in a quarter century, when almost 178,000 employees were laid offin response to a 17-day strike by auto workers at two General Motors plants in Dayton. In 1999 the economy was holding steady with an unemployment rate of 4.3%, in line with the national average. In July 2003, the unemployment rate stood at 6.2%, again on par with the national average. Ohio's unemployment rate stood at 5.8% in September 2005, above the national average of 5.1%. Ohio continued to experience job losses in a national economy that had just begun to recover from the 2001 recession.

Hunger and homelessness were on the rise in the late 1990s and early 2000s. A 1999 report by the Ohio Hunger Task Force found that nearly one million children in low-income family faced hunger, while the Coalition on Homelessness and Housing reported that need for emergency shelters for families had grown, stretching resources in the state's 10 largest counties.

In January 1999, newly elected Governor Robert Taft, the great grandson of President William Howard Taft, took office. His administration moved quickly to address the problem highlighted in a 1996 federal study that revealed the state had the worst school facilities in the nation. His plan to spend $23 billion on school repairs over 12 years was boosted in November 1999 by voters who approved Issue 1, a ballot initiative allowing Ohio to borrow money less expensively for school construction. The governor was also pushing for tougher gun control.

Conservancy programs at the state level encompassed the watersheds of the Muskingum and Miami rivers, which became models for such undertakings in other states in the 1980s. Pollution in Lake Erie, where poor water conditions had made national headlines, was successfully reversed through a coalition of government efforts. By the end of the 1990s, the state was viewed as a national leader in improving waterways. But, as the Environmental Protection Agency lined up partners to clean up the Cuyahoga River, Ohio still faced serious environmental threats. A study released in 2000 indicated air pollution in the Ohio River Valley was worse than that on the nation's East Coast. It was reported earlier that rain contaminated with mercury from coal-fired electric plants was polluting Midwest lakes and rivers. In 2000 the EPA released a study citing the state for failing to meet tighter federal ozone limits. Illegal dumping also posed a persistent problem, with an estimated 30 to 40 million tires having been unlawfully deposited at nearly 100 sites around the state.

In 2000 the state remained among the most populous in the nation, with its more than 11.3 million people giving it a rank of seventh among the states.

Ohio was one of the states affected by the 14 August 2003 massive power blackout in Canada, the Northeast and Midwestern states. The largest electrical outage in US history affected 9,300 square miles and a population of over 50 million. An initial power failure in Ohio was later found to be the trigger for the outage. Many areas of Cleveland were without safe drinking water for a number of days.

Ohio remained at the center of the nation's presidential politics in 2004: President George W. Bush narrowly defeated John Kerry in Ohio by less than 120,000 votes, which swung the election for him. Ohio politics in 2005 were also the subject of controversy. Beginning in April 2005, the Toledo Blade newspaper began publishing a series of stories revealing that Toledo coin dealer Tom Noe, chair of the Bush-Cheney campaign for Lucas County, was investing $50 million for the state through coin speculation: buying and selling rare coins to turn a profit. Noe could not account for $10-13 million in the fund. Noe had also been placed under federal investigation for money launderingperhaps state moneyto the Bush campaign. The "coingate" scandal was complicated further by the fact that a Blade reporter with close ties to the Republican Party reportedly knew about Noe's campaign violations in early 2004, but suppressed the information. The publisher and editor-in-chief of the Blade held that if the "coingate" scandal had become public knowledge before the November election, Kerry would have won Ohio and won the presidency. Republican governor Bob Taft was the subject of a scandal in 2005 in which he pleaded no contest to accepting certain giftsincluding from Noewithout reporting them, as required by law.

In the November 2004 election, Ohio voters approved by initiative petition an amendment to the Ohio constitution that adopted a section declaring a valid and recognized marriage to be between one man and one woman only.

STATE GOVERNMENT

The Ohio constitution of 1803 was replaced by a second constitution in 1851. Amendments proposed by a constitutional convention in 1912 and subsequently approved by the voters so heavily revised the 1851 constitution as to make it virtually a new document. This modified constitution, with subsequent amendments (a total of 161 by January 2005), provides for county and municipal home rule, direct primary elections, recall of elected officials, and constitutional amendments by initiative and referendum.

Ohio's General Assembly consists of a 99-member House of Representatives, elected for two years, and a Senate of 33 members serving four-year terms (half the members are chosen every two years). Regular sessions of the legislature convene the first Monday in January of each year and are not formally limited in length. The presiding officers of both houses may issue a joint call to convene a special session. Legislators must be at least 18 years old, have lived in their districts for at least one year, and be qualified voters. The legislative salary was $54,942 in 2004. Each house may introduce legislation, and both houses must approve a bill before it can be signed into law by the governor. The governor's veto of a bill can be overridden by three-fifths majority votes of the elected members of each houses. Bills not signed or vetoed by the governor become law after 10 days.

Officials elected statewide are the governor and lieutenant governor (elected jointly), secretary of state, attorney general, auditor, and treasurer, all of whom serve four-year terms. (Eleven members of the state Board of Education are elected; six are appointed: all serve four-year terms.) Effective in 1959, a constitutional amendment changed the governor's term from two to four years and forbade a governor from serving more than two successive terms. The governor appoints the heads of executive departments, as well as the adjutant general and members of most statutory boards. Candidates for governor must be 18 years old, US citizens, qualified voters, and state residents. As of December 2004, the governor's salary was $126,485.

The constitution may be amended legislatively by a three-fifths vote of each house; the proposed amendment must then receive majority approval by the voters at the next general election. Amendments may also be proposed by petition of 10% of the electors who voted for governor in the last general election; a majority vote in a subsequent referendum is required for passage.

The constitution provides that every 20 years (from 1932 onward), the voters must be given the chance to choose whether a constitutional convention should be held. Voters rejected this option in 1932, 1952, 1972, and again in 1992.

To vote in Ohio, one must be a US citizen, at least 18 years old, and have been a state resident for at least 30 days prior to election day. Restrictions apply to convicted felons and those declared mentally incompetent by the court.

POLITICAL PARTIES

Ohio has sent seven native sons and one other state resident to the White Houseequaling Virginia as the "mother of presidents." The state's two major political parties, Democratic and Republican, have dominated the political scene since 1856.

Ohioans scattered their votes among various political factions until 1836, when they rallied behind state resident William Henry Harrison and the Whig Party; they again supported Harrison in 1840, helping him win his second bid for the presidency. Whigs

Ohio Presidential Vote by Political Parties, 19482004
YEAR ELECTORAL VOTE OHIO WINNER DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN PROGRESSIVE SOCIALIST LABOR COMMUNIST LIBERTARIAN
*Won US presidential election.
1948 25 *Truman (D) 1,452,791 1,445,684 37,487
1952 25 *Eisenhower (R) 1,600,367 2,100,391
1956 25 *Eisenhower (R) 1,439,655 2,262,610
1960 25 Nixon (R) 1,944,248 2,217,611
1964 26f *Johnson (D) 2,498,331 1,470,865
AMERICAN IND.
1968 26 *Nixon (R) 1,700,586 1,791,014 467,495
AMERICAN
1972 25 *Nixon (R) 1,558,889 2,441,827 80,067 7.107 6.437
SOC. WORKERS
1976 25 *Carter (D) 2,011,621 2,000,505 15,529 4,717 7,817 8,961
CITIZENS
1980 25 *Reagan (R) 1,745,103 2,203,139 8,979 4,436 5,030 49,604
1984 25 *Reagan (R) 1,825,440 2,678,560 5,886
WORKERS-LEAGUE NEW ALLIANCE
1988 25 *Bush (R) 1,939,629 2,416,549 5,432 12,017 11,989
IND. (Perot) POPULIST/AM. FIRST
1992 21 *Clinton (D) 1,984,942 1,894,310 1,036,426 4,698 6,411 7,252
1996 21 *Clinton (D) 2,148,222 1,859,883 483,207 12,851
IND. (Nader) IND. (Buchanan)
2000 21 *Bush, G. W. (R) 2,186,190 2,351,209 117,857 26,724 13,475
WRITE-IN NONPARTISAN WRITE-IN NONPARTISAN
(Cobb) (Peroutka) (Schriner) (Badnarik)
2004 20 *Bush, G. W. (R) 2,741,167 2,859,768 192 11,939 114 14,676

and Democrats divided the votes in 1844, 1848, and 1852; in 1856, however, Ohio supported the newly formed Republican Party, and after the Civil War, seven of the country's next 12 presidents were Ohio-born Republicans, beginning with Grant and ending with Harding. From 1856 to 1996, Ohioans voted for the Republican candidate in all presidential elections except those in which the following six Democrats were elected: Woodrow Wilson (twice), Franklin D. Roosevelt (three times), Harry S. Truman, Lyndon B. Johnson, Jimmy Carter, and Bill Clinton (twice). In 1920, when the presidential candidates of both major parties were Ohioans, the Republican, Warren G. Harding, carried Ohio as well as the nation.

Political bossism flourished in Ohio during the last quarter of the 19th century, when the state government was controlled by Republicans Mark Hanna in Cleveland and George B. Cox in Cincinnati. Hanna played an influential role in Republican national politics; in 1896, his handpicked candidate, William McKinley, was elected to the presidency. But the despotism of the bosses and the widespread corruption in city governments led to public demands for reform. In Toledo, a reform mayor, Samuel "Golden Rule" Jones, began to clean house in 1897. Four years later, another group of reformers, led by Mayor Tom L. Johnson, ousted the Hanna machine and instituted honest government in Cleveland. At the time, journalist Lincoln Steffens called Cleveland "the best-governed city in the United States" and Cincinnati "the worst." The era of bossism ended for Cincinnati in 1905, when the voters overthrew the Cox machine, elected a reform mayor on a fusion ticket, and instituted reforms that in 1925 made Cincinnati the first major US city with a nonpartisan city-manager form of government.

With the decline of big-city political machines, ticket splitting has become a regular practice among Ohio voters in state and local contests. Governor Frank J. Lausche, a Democrat, was elected to an unprecedented five two-year terms (194547, 194957), and Republican James A. Rhodes served four four-year terms (196371, 197583). In 1982, Ohioans elected a Democratic governor, Richard F. Celeste, and Democrats swept all state offices and won control of both houses of the state legislature. Republican George Voinovich won the governorship in 1990 and again in 1994. In 1998 elections, Republican candidate Bob Taft won the governor's office; he was reelected in 2002. In 2005 the Republicans also dominated the state Senate (22 seats as opposed to the Democrats' 11), and the state House, which had 61 Republicans and 38 Democrats.

Following November 2004 elections, there were 6 Democrats and 12 Republicans serving as US Representatives. In 1992 both Ohio senatorsJohn Glenn, elected to a fourth term in 1992, and Howard Metzenbaum, elected to a third term in 1988were Democrats. However, in 1994 Metzenbaum retired and a Republican, Mike DeWine, took the seat (he was reelected in 2000). In 1998, the seat held by retiring Senator John Glenn was won by former Ohio governor, Republican George Voinovich.

In general, third parties have fared poorly in Ohio since 1856. Exceptions were the 1968 presidential election, in which American Independent Party candidate George Wallace garnered nearly 12% of Ohio's popular vote, and the 1992 presidential election, when Independent Ross Perot captured 21% of the vote. A more typical voting pattern was displayed in the 1976 presidential election when the two major parties together received 97.7% of the total votes cast, and only 2.3% of the votes were split among minor parties and independents. In 2000, independent candidate Ralph Nader took 3% of the vote, and independent candidate Pat Buchanan won 1%.

The result was not nearly so close in 1980, when Ronald Reagan, the Republican presidential nominee, won 51% of the popular vote to 41% for Jimmy Carter (with 6% going to John Anderson and 2% to minor party candidates), or in 1984, when Reagan won 59% of the popular vote to defeat Walter Mondale in the state. Republican George Bush won 55% of the vote in 1988. In 1992, however, Bush lost the state to Democratic nominee Bill Clinton, who captured 40% of the vote to Bush's 38%. In 1996, Clinton won 47% of the vote, Republican Bob Dole won 41%, and Independent Ross Perot received 11%. In 2000, Republican George W. Bush won 50% of the vote to Democrat Al Gore's 46%. In 2004, Bush increased his support slightly, to take 51% of the vote to John Kerry's 48.5%. In 2002 there were 7,973,000 registered voters. In 1998, 17% of registered voters were Democratic, 18% Republican, and 65% unaffiliated or members of other parties. The state had 20 electoral votes in the 2004 presidential election, a loss of 1 vote over 2000.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

As of 2005, local government in Ohio is exercised by 88 counties, 942 municipal governments, 662 public school districts, and 631 special districts. In 2002, there were 1,308 townships.

Each county is administered by a board of commissioners, elected to four-year terms, whose authority is limited by state law. The county government is run by officials elected to four-year terms: auditor or financial officer, clerk of courts, coroner, engineer, prosecuting attorney, recorder, sheriff, and treasurer.

Within each county are incorporated areas with limited authority to govern their own affairs. Thirty voters in an area may request incorporation of the community as a village. A village reaching the population of 5,000 automatically becomes a city, which by law must establish executive and legislative bodies. There are three types of city government: the mayor-council plan, which is the form adopted by a majority of the state's cities; the city-manager form, under which the city council appoints a professional manager to conduct nonpartisan government operations; and the commission type, in which a board of elected commissioners administers the city government. In practice, most large cities have adopted a home-rule charter that permits them to select the form of government best suited to their requirements.

Cleveland experimented with the city-manager form of government from 1924 to 1932, at which time public disclosures of municipal corruption led the city's voters to return to the mayor-council plan. In 1967, Cleveland became the first major US city to elect a black mayor; Carl Stokes served two two-year terms but retired from politics in 1971. Cleveland again attracted national attention in 1978 when its 31-year-old mayor, Dennis J. Kucinich, publicly disputed the city's financial policies with members of the city council, and the city defaulted on $15 million in bank loans. Mayor Kucinich narrowly survived a recall election; in 1979, he was defeated for reelection.

Cincinnati has retained the city-manager form of government since 1925. The mayor, elected by the city council from among its members, has no administrative duties. Instead, the council ap-points a city manager to a term as chief executive. Columbus, the state capital since 1816, has a mayor-council form of government.

Townships are governed by three trustees and a clerk, all elected to staggered four-year terms. These elected officials oversee zoning ordinances, parks, road maintenance, fire protection, and other matters within their jurisdiction.

In 2005, local government accounted for about 484,096 fulltime (or equivalent) employment positions.

STATE SERVICES

To address the continuing threat of terrorism and to work with the federal Department of Homeland Security, homeland security in Ohio operates under the authority of the governor; the state police superintendent is designated as the state homeland security advisor.

The State Department of Education administers every phase of public school operations, including counseling and testing services, the federal school lunch program, and teacher education and certification. The department also oversees special schools for the blind and deaf. The department's chief administrator is the superintendent of public instruction.

Health and welfare services are provided by several departments. The Department of Health issues and enforces health and sanitary regulations. Violations of health rules are reviewed by a Public Health Council of seven members, including three physicians and a pharmacist. The Department of Mental Health administers mental health institutions; develops diagnostic, prevention, and rehabilitation programs; and trains mental health professionals. The Department of Job and Family Services helps the poor through TANF (temporary assistance to needy families), food stamps, and Medicaid. The Bureau of Workers' Compensation and the Division of Labor and Worker Safety administer labor benefit programs.

Public protection services include those of the State Highway Patrol and the Bureau of Motor Vehicles, both within the Department of Public Safety; the Department of Rehabilitation and Correction, which operates penal institutions; the Department of Youth Services, which administers juvenile correction centers; and the Environmental Protection Agency.

JUDICIAL SYSTEM

The Supreme Court of Ohio, the highest court in the state, reviews proceedings of the lower courts and of state agencies. The high court has a chief justice and six associate justices elected to six-year terms. Below the Supreme Court are 12 courts of appeals, which exercise jurisdiction over their respective judicial districts. Each court has at least three judges elected to six-year terms. The district that includes Cleveland has nine appeals court judges, while the Cincinnati district has six.

Trial courts include 88 courts of common pleas, one in each county. Judges are elected to six-year terms. Probate courts, domestic relations courts, and juvenile courts often function as divisions of the common pleas courts. In 1957, a system of county courts was established by the legislature to replace justices of the peace and mayor's courts at the local level. Large cities have their own municipal, juvenile, and police courts.

As of 31 December 2004, a total of 44,806 prisoners were held in Ohio's state and federal prisons, an increase from 44,778 of 0.1% from the previous year. As of year-end 2004, a total of 3,185 inmates were female, up from 2,897 or 9.9% from the year before. Among sentenced prisoners (one year or more), Ohio had an incarceration rate of 391 per 100,000 population in 2004.

According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Ohio in 2004, had a violent crime rate (murder/nonnegligent manslaughter; forcible rape; robbery; aggravated assault) of 341.8 reported incidents per 100,000 population, or a total of 39,163 reported incidents. Crimes against property (burglary; larceny/theft; and motor vehicle theft) in that same year totaled 420,910 reported incidents or 3,673.2 reported incidents per 100,000 people. Ohio has a death penalty, of which lethal injection is the sole method of execution. From 1976 through 5 May 2006, the state has carried out 21 executions, including four in 2005 and two in 2006 (as of 5 May). As of 1 January 2006, Ohio had 196 inmates on death row.

In 2003, Ohio spent $278,109,346 on homeland security, an average of $24 per state resident.

ARMED FORCES

In 2004, there were 7,211 active-duty military personnel and 21,704 civilian personnel stationed in Ohio, the vast majority of whom were at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton. Wright-Patterson AFB is one of the largest and most important bases in the United States Air Force and houses the National Museum of the United States Air Force. In 2004, it had a workforce numbering approximately 17,000 people including nearly 10,000 civilians, making it the one of the largest employers in the state of Ohio and the largest employer at a single location. In 2004, the Defense Department awarded over $4.6 billion in defense contracts to Ohio companies. Additionally, defense payroll outlays were $2.89 billion.

In 2003, Ohio had 1,051,007 living veterans, of whom 158,697 had served in World War II; 121,342 during the Korean conflict; 320,046 during the Vietnam era; and 145,893 during the Persian Gulf War. In 2004, the Veterans Administration expended more than $2.1 billion in pensions, medical assistance, and other major veterans' benefits.

As of 31 October 2004, the Ohio State Highway Patrol employed 1,481 full-time sworn officers.

MIGRATION

After the Ohio country became a US territory in 1785, Virginians, Connecticut Yankees, and New Jerseyites began arriving in significant numbers; tens of thousands of settlers from New England, Pennsylvania, and some southern states thronged into Ohio in subsequent decades. The great migration from the eastern states continued throughout most of the 19th century, and was bolstered by new arrivals from Europe. The Irish came in the 1830s, and many Germans began arriving in the 1840s. Another wave of European immigration brought about 500,000 people a year to Ohio during the 1880s, many of them from southern and eastern Europe. Former slaves left the South for Ohio following the Civil War, and a larger migratory wave brought blacks to Ohio after World War II to work in the industrial cities. In the 1910s, many emigrants from Greece, Albania, and Latvia settled in Akron to work in the rubber industry.

The industrialization of Ohio in the late 19th and the 20th centuries encouraged the migration of Ohioans from the farms to the cities. The large number of Ohioans who lived in rural areas and worked on farms declined steadily after 1900, with the farm population decreasing to under 1,000,000 during World War II and then to fewer than 400,000 by 1979. A more recent development has been the exodus of urbanites from Ohio's largest cities. From 1970 to 1990, Cleveland lost 245,000 residents, Cincinnati 90,000, Dayton 61,000, Akron 52,000, and Toledo 50,000. Columbus was the only major city to gain residents93,000during this period. Ohio lost more than one million people through migration during the period 197083. Net migration loss for the state from 1985 to 1990 came to 72,000. Between 1990 and 1998, Ohio had a net loss of 144,000 in domestic migration and a net gain of 48,000 in international migration. In 1998, 7,697 foreign immigrants arrived in Ohio; of these, the greatest number, 900, came from India. The state's overall population increased 3.3% between 1990 and 1998. In the period 200005, net international migration was 75,142 and net internal migration was -177,150, for a net loss of 102,008 people.

INTERGOVERNMENTAL COOPERATION

The Ohio Commission on Interstate Cooperation represents the state in dealings with the Council of State Governments and its allied organizations. Ohio is a signatory to interstate compacts covering the Ohio River Valley, Pymatuning Reservoir, and the Great Lakes Basin, including the Great Lakes Charter signed in February 1985. The state also participates in the Interstate Mining Compact Commission, the Appalachian Regional Commission, the Midwest Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact Commission, the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact, and other compacts. Federal grants to Ohio exceeded $13.734 billion in fiscal year 2005, an estimated $14.011 billion in fiscal year 2006, and an estimated $14.301 billion in fiscal year 2007.

ECONOMY

Ohio's economy has shown remarkable balance over the years. In the mid-19th century, Ohio became a leader in agriculture, ranking first among the states in wheat production in 1840, and first in corn and wool by 1850. With industrialization, Ohio ranked fourth in value added by manufacturing in 1900.

Coal mining in the southeastern part of the state and easy access to Minnesota's iron ore via the Great Lakes contributed to the growth of the iron and steel industry in the Cleveland-Youngstown area. Ohio led the nation in the manufacture of machine tools and placed second among the states in steel production in the early 1900s. Automobile manufacturing and other new industries developed after World War I. Hit hard by the depression of the 1930s, the state diversified its industrial foundation and enjoyed prosperity during and after World War II, as its population increased and its income grew.

In the 1970s, however, growth began to lag. By 1980, per capita income in Ohio had fallen well behind the national average. While the gross national product in constant dollars grew 99% from 1960 to 1980, the gross state product expanded only 66%. Manufacturing, which traditionally accounted for more than one-third of the gross state product, was shrinking, as demand for durable goods declined. Manufacturing employment peaked at 1.4 million in 1969; by 1982, the total was down to 1.1 million, and it was believed that many of these jobs would be permanently lost because of a reorientation of Ohio's economy from manufacturing toward services. With unemployment reaching peak levels, the state was forced to borrow from the federal government to fund the soaring cost of unemployment benefits.

Steel was produced primarily in Youngstown, automotive and aircraft parts in Cleveland, automobile tires and other rubber products in Akron, and office equipment in Dayton. Recessionary trends in 1980 led to the closing of a US Steel plant in Youngstown and of two Firestone tire and rubber factories in the Akron area, and to widespread layoffs in the auto parts industry. This bad economic news was partially offset when in 1983 the Honda Motor Co. opened Japan's first US automobile assembly plant at Marysville near Columbus, where Honda had already been manufacturing motorcycles. Honda suppliers also began establishing plants in the state.

Despite its shrinking size, manufacturing remains dominant in Ohio's economy. The sector centers on durable goods. Among manufacturers, transportation equipment and industrial machinery are the largest employers. Both durable and nondurable goods (instruments, chemicals, printing and lumber) enjoyed the greatest gains in employment between 1987 and 1993. However, durable goods' share of the gross state product, particularly primary metals, motor vehicles, and industrial machinery, fell 4.5% between 1977 and 1990 while nondurable goods industries' share of the gross state product remained constant and services, particularly business services, increased their share by 2.5%. In 2002, durable goods made up two-thirds of Ohio's manufacturing output. Output from Ohio's manufacturing sector peaked in 1998 at approximately $90.4 billion (about 26.1% of gross state product), and had fallen 11.9% by 2001, including a 7.1% dip in the national recession of 2001. Output from manufacturing in 2001 constituted only 21.3% of gross state product. The fall in manufacturing output helped bring down the state's annual growth rates down from 6.5% in 1998 to an average of 3.3% 19992000, and then to 0.83% in 2001. In 2002, Ohio lagged the rest of the nation in employment performance because of significant losses in manufacturing, employing 18% of the state's labor force. Employment losses were sharpest among manufacturers of durable goods (which make up two-thirds of Ohio's manufactures), falling 8.4% between the fourth quarter of 2000 and the fourth quarter of 2002. Ohio's recovery hinges on recovery in its durable manufacturing sector.

In 2004, Ohio's gross state product (GSP) was $419.866 billion, of which manufacturing (durable and nondurable goods) contributed $84.597 billion or 20.1% of GSP, followed by the real estate sector at $44.588 billion (10.6% of GSP), and health care and social assistance services at $33.201 billion (7.9% of GSP). In that same year, there were an estimated 850,961 small businesses in Ohio. Of the 231,374 businesses that had employees, an estimated total of 227,339 or 98.3% were small companies. An estimated 22,725 new businesses were established in the state in 2004, up 2.2% from the year before. Business terminations that same year came to 21,328, down 9.4% from 2003. There were 1,432 business bankruptcies in 2004, up 0.4% from the previous year. In 2005, the state's personal bankruptcy (Chapter 7 and Chapter 13) filing rate was 774 filings per 100,000 people, ranking Ohio as the eighth-highest in the nation.

INCOME

In 2005 Ohio had a gross state product (GSP) of $442 billion which accounted for 3.6% of the nation's gross domestic product and placed the state at number 7 in highest GSP among the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, in 2004 Ohio had a per capita personal income (PCPI) of $31,161. This ranked 26th in the United States and was 94% of the national average of $33,050. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of PCPI was 3.7%. Ohio had a total personal income (TPI) of $356,795,912,000, which ranked eighth in the United States and reflected an increase of 4.2% from 2003. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of TPI was 4.0%. Earnings of persons employed in Ohio increased from $263,241,162,000 in 2003 to $274,175,471,000 in 2004, an increase of 4.2%. The 200304 national change was 6.3%.

The US Census Bureau reports that the three-year average median household income for 200204 in 2004 dollars was $44,160 compared to a national average of $44,473. During the same period an estimated 10.8% of the population was below the poverty line as compared to 12.4% nationwide.

LABOR

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), in April 2006 the seasonally adjusted civilian labor force in Ohio numbered 5,927,300, with approximately 326,900 workers unemployed, yielding an unemployment rate of 5.5%, compared to the national average of 4.7% for the same period. Preliminary data for the same period placed nonfarm employment at 5,460,800. Since the beginning of the BLS data series in 1976, the highest unemployment rate recorded in Ohio was 13.8% in January 1983. The historical low was 3.9% in March 2001. Preliminary nonfarm employment data by occupation for April 2006 showed that approximately 4.3% of the labor force was employed in construction; 14.8 in manufacturing; 19.1% in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 5.7% in financial activities; 11.9% in professional and business services; 14.1% in education and health services; 9.3% in leisure and hospitality services; and 14.5% in government.

The first workers' organization in Ohio was formed by Dayton mechanics in 1811. The Ohio Federation of Labor was founded in 1884; the American Federation of Labor (AFL) was founded in Columbus in 1886, and Ohio native William Green became president of the AFL in 1924. But it was not until the 1930s that labor unions in Ohio were formed on a large scale. In 1934, the United Rubber Workers began to organize workers in Akron; through a successful series of sit-down strikes at the city's rubber plants, the union grew to about 70,000 members by 1937. In that year, the United Steelworkers struck seven steel plants in the Youngstown area and won the right to bargain collectively for 50,000 steelworkers. The number of union members increased from about 25% of the state's non-farm employees in 1939 to 32% in 1980 when about 1.4 million workers belonged to labor organizations.

Progressive labor legislation in the state began in 1852 with laws regulating working hours for women and children and limiting men to a 10-hour workday. In 1890, Ohio became the first state to establish a public employment service. Subsequent labor legislation included a workers' compensation act in 1911 and child labor and minimum wage measures in the 1930s. In 1983, a law was passed giving public employees, other than police officers and fire fighters, a limited right to strike.

The US Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that in 2005, a total of 804,000 of Ohio's 5,039,000 employed wage and salary workers were formal members of a union. This represented 16% of those so employed, up from 15.2% in 2004, and above the national average of 12%. Overall in 2005, a total of 866,000 workers (17.2%) in Ohio were covered by a union or employee association contract, which includes those workers who reported no union affiliation. Ohio is one of 28 states that do not have a right-to-work law.

As of 1 March 2006, Ohio had a state-mandated minimum wage rate of $5.15 per hour. In 2004, women in the state accounted for 40.1% of the employed civilian labor force.

AGRICULTURE

Despite increasing urbanization and industrialization, agriculture retains its economic importance. Ohio ranked 17th in net farm income among the 50 states in 2005. In that year, the state's production of crops, dairy products, and livestock was valued at nearly $5.1 billion.

The number of farms in 2004 was 77,300, down from 234,000 in 1940. The average size of farms increased from 94 acres (38 hectares) in 1940 to 189 acres (76 hectares) in 2004.

Grain is grown and cattle and hogs are raised on large farms in the north-central and western parts of the state, while smaller farms predominate in the hilly southeastern region. Truck farming has continued to expand near the large cities.

Ohio was the third-leading producer of tomatoes for processing in 2004 with 177,320 tons. Field crops in 2004 (in bushels) included corn for grain, 491,380,000; soybeans, 207,740,000; wheat, 55,180,000; and oats, 3,150,000. The most valuable crops included soybeans, with sales of $1.2 billion, and corn, $1.0 billion. These two crops accounted for 41% of Ohio's farm receipts in 2004. Ohio farmers also produced 3,232,000 tons of hay and 34,000 tons of sugar beets in 2004.

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

Cattle and hogs are raised in the central and western regions. In 2005, Ohio had 1.3 million cattle and calves, worth over $1.2 billion. In 2004, Ohio farmers had 1.5 million hogs and pigs, valued at $159.5 million. During 2003, Ohio farmers produced nearly 12.9 million lb (5.8 million kg) of sheep and lambs.

Dairying is common in most regions of the state, but especially in the east and southeast. In 2003, Ohio's 260,000 milk cows produced 4.5 billion lb (2 billion kg) of milk. The poultry industry is dispersed throughout the state. Ohio ranked second among the states in production of eggs with 7.6 billion eggs in 2003. Poultry farmers in Ohio also produced 212.3 million lb (96.5 million kg) of turkey and sold 225.5 million lb (102.3 million kg) of broilers worth $78.9 million in 2003.

FISHING

Commercial fishing, which once flourished in Lake Erie, has declined during the 20th century. In 2004, commercial fish landings brought about 3.9 million lb (1.8 million kg) valued at $2.9 mil-lion. The primary Lake Erie fish species are walleye, perch, lake trout, and small mouth bass. In 2001, the commercial fleet had 31 vessels and 19 boats.

A statewide fish hatchery system (of six locations) annually produces and stocks up to 30 million fry and yearling size fishmostly walleye, saugeye, trout, catfish, bass, sunfish, muskellunge, and pike. In 2004, the state issued 917,902 sport fishing licenses.

FORESTRY

In 2003, Ohio had 7,855,000 acres (3,179,000 hectares) of forest-land, representing 30% of the state's total land area, but only 1% of all US forests. Although scattered throughout the state, hardwood forests are concentrated in the hilly region of the southeast. Lawrence and Vinton counties are more than 70% forested. Commercial timberlands in 2002 totaled 7,568,000 acres (3,063,000 hectares), of which over 90% was privately owned.

The state's lumber and wood products industry supplies building materials, household furniture, and paper products. In 2004, total lumber production was 379 million board feet. In 2002 there were about 690,000 acres (279,000 hectares) of federal, state, county, and municipal forestland in Ohio.

MINING

According to preliminary data from the US Geological Survey (USGS), the estimated value of nonfuel mineral production by Ohio in 2003 was $968 million, down slightly from 2002. The USGS data ranked Ohio as 15th among the 50 states by the total value of its nonfuel mineral production, accounting for around 2.5% of total US output.

According to the preliminary data for 2003, crushed stone, followed by construction sand and gravel, salt, lime, cement (port-land and masonry), and industrial sand and gravel were the state's top nonfuel minerals by value. Crushed stone and construction sand and gravel accounted for around 57% of all nonfuel mineral output, by value. Ohio in 2003 was the nation's third leading producer by volume of fire clay, fourth in the production of salt and lime, fifth in construction sand and gravel and common clays, and tenth in industrial sand and gravel.

Preliminary data for 2003 showed that a total of 68.8 million metric tons of crushed stone were produced, with a value of $310 million, while construction sand and gravel output totaled 47 million metric tons, and was valued at $242 million. Lime production that same year was 1.7 million metric tons, and was worth $110 million.

Ohio's mines produced only coal and industrial minerals. Metals production came from materials received from other states or foreign sources. Ohio ranked second in 2003 in the production of raw steel, for which output that year totaled 11.9 million metric tons.

ENERGY AND POWER

Ohio has abundant energy resources. The state government estimates that Ohio's coal reserves are sufficient to meet demand for 500 years and that oil and natural gas reserves are also ample.

As of 2003, Ohio had 136 electrical power service providers, of which 85 were publicly owned and 25 were cooperatives. Of the remainder, nine were investor owned, one was the owner of an independent generator that sold directly to customers, 10 were generation-only suppliers and six were delivery-only providers. As of that same year there were 5,397,308 retail customers. Of that total, 3,751,772 received their power from investor-owned service providers. Cooperatives accounted for 358,050 customers, while publicly owned providers had 370,524 customers. There was one independent generator or "facility" customer, and 916,961 generation-only customers. There was no data on the number of delivery-only customers.

Total net summer generating capability by the state's electrical generating plants in 2003 stood at 34.060 million kW, with total production that same year at 146.638 billion kWh. Of the total amount generated, 94.8% came from electric utilities, with the remainder coming from independent producers and combined heat and power service providers. The largest portion of all electric power generated, 134.769 billion kWh (91.9%), came from coalfired plants, with nuclear power generation plants in second place at 8.475 billion kWh (5.8%) and natural gas fueled plants in third at 1.793 billion kWh (1.2%). Other renewable power sources accounted for 0.3% of all power generated. Petroleum fired plants, hydroelectric generation and plants using other types of gases accounted for the remainder.

As of 2006, Ohio had two operating nuclear power plants: the Davis-Besse plant in Oak Harbor; and the Perry plant in Lake County, near Cleveland.

In the 1880s, petroleum was discovered near Lima and natural gas near Toledo, both in the northwest. These fossil fuels have since been found and exploited in the central and eastern regions. As of 2004, Ohio had proven crude oil reserves of 49 million barrels, or less than 1% of all proven US reserves, while output that same year averaged 16,000 barrels per day. Including federal offshore domains, the state that year ranked 20th (19th excluding federal offshore) in proven reserves and 19th (20th excluding federal offshore) in production among the 31 producing states. In 2004 Ohio had 28,941 producing oil wells and accounted for under 1% of all US production. As of 2005, the state's four refineries had a combined crude oil distillation capacity of 551,400 barrels per day.

In 2004, Ohio had 33,828 producing natural gas and gas condensate wells. In that same year, marketed gas production (all gas produced excluding gas used for repressuring, vented and flared, and nonhydrocarbon gases removed) totaled 93.641 billion cu ft (2.65 billion cu m). As of 31 December 2004, proven reserves of dry or consumer-grade natural gas totaled 974 billion cu ft (27.66 billion cu m). A potential energy source is the rich bed of shale rock, underlying more than half of Ohio, which was estimated to contain more than 200 trillion cu ft (5.7 trillion cu m) of natural gas. But much research is needed before the gas can be extracted economically.

Coalfields lie beneath southeastern Ohio, particularly in Hocking, Athens, and Perry counties. In 2004, Ohio had 52 producing coal mines, 44 of which were surface operations and eight were underground. Coal production that year totaled 23,222,000 short tons, up from 22,009,000 short tons in 2003. Of the total produced in 2004, underground mines accounted for 14,270,000 short tons. Recoverable coal reserves in 2004 totaled 318 million short tons. One short ton equals 2,000 lb (0.907 metric tons).

INDUSTRY

Ohio has been a leading manufacturing state since the mid-1800s. During the last two decades of the 20th century, Ohio became the nation's leader in machine-tool manufacturing, the second-leading steel producer, and a pioneer in oil refining and in the production of automobiles and automotive parts, such as rubber tires.

In recent decades, Ohio has also become important as a manufacturer of glassware, soap, matches, paint, business machines, refrigeratorsand even comic books and Chinese food products.

According to the US Census Bureau's Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) for 2004, Ohio's manufacturing sector covered some 21 product subsectors. The shipment value of all products manufactured in the state that same year was $258.799 billion. Of that total, transportation equipment manufacturing accounted for the largest share at $77.937 billion. It was followed by fabricated metal product manufacturing at $24.634 billion; chemical manufacturing at $22.736 billion; food manufacturing at $21.156 billion; and primary metal manufacturing at $20.363 billion.

In 2004, a total of 782,617 people in Ohio were employed in the state's manufacturing sector, according to the ASM. Of that total, 570,149 were actual production workers. In terms of total employment, the transportation equipment manufacturing industry accounted for the largest portion of all manufacturing employees at 138,306, with 108,070 actual production workers. It was followed by fabricated metal product manufacturing at 120,011 employees (90,874 actual production workers); plastics and rubber products manufacturing at 80,830 employees (62,397 actual production workers); machinery manufacturing at 75,954 employees (46,117 actual production workers); and food manufacturing with 51,607 employees (37,247 actual production workers).

ASM data for 2004 showed that Ohio's manufacturing sector paid $34.503 billion in wages. Of that amount, the transportation equipment manufacturing sector accounted for the largest share at $8.042 billion. It was followed by fabricated metal product manufacturing at $4.868 billion; machinery manufacturing at $3.392 billion; plastics and rubber products manufacturing at $2.924 billion; and primary metal manufacturing at $2.580 billion.

COMMERCE

Ohio is a major commercial state. According to the 2002 Census of Wholesale Trade, Ohio's wholesale trade sector had sales that year totaling $166.4 billion from 16,000 establishments. Wholesalers of durable goods accounted for 10,149 establishments, followed by nondurable goods wholesalers at 4,316 and electronic markets, agents, and brokers accounting for 1,535 establishments. Sales by durable goods wholesalers in 2002 totaled $78.5 billion, while wholesalers of nondurable goods saw sales of $70.04 billion. Electronic markets, agents, and brokers in the wholesale trade industry had sales of $17.8 billion.

In the 2002 Census of Retail Trade, Ohio was listed as having 42,280 retail establishments with sales of $119.7 billion. The leading types of retail businesses by number of establishments were: food and beverage stores (5,757); clothing and clothing accessories stores (5,139); motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts dealers (4,909); miscellaneous store retailers (4,863); and gasoline stations (4,460). In terms of sales, motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts stores accounted for the largest share of retail sales at $30.7 billion, followed by general merchandise stores at $17.9 billion; food and beverage stores at $17.4 billion; gasoline stations at $10.4 billion; and building material/garden equipment and supplies dealers at $9.1 billion. A total of 611,814 people were employed by the retail sector in Ohio that year.

In 2005, Ohio ranked seventh in the United States as an exporter of goods, with exports worth $34 billion. Transportation equipment, nonelectric machinery, chemicals, electric and electronic equipment, primary metals, fabricated metal products, stone, clay, and glass products, and rubber and plastic products account for most of the export value.

CONSUMER PROTECTION

Although Ohio has some of the toughest consumer protection laws in the United States, the state does not have a single, dedicated agency or department responsible for consumer protection. Instead, the state relies upon a range of state offices to provide consumer protection activities that are specific to that agency or department. Agencies involved in consumer protection include the Agriculture Department's Division of Food Safety, which operates inspection programs to protect consumers, and the Commerce Department's Office of Consumer Affairs (created in 2002), which protects consumers from abusive lending practices through education, fielding complaints, referring borrowers to organizations that can assist them, and initiating enforcement action if lending laws are violated. The Ohio Consumers' Counsel acts to protect the interests of residential consumers of public utilities and works to educate consumers about utility issues and resolve consumer complaints. The Attorney General's Office via its Consumer Protection Section, resolves consumer complaints and enforces consumer protection laws.

When dealing with consumer protection issues, the state's Attorney General's Office can initiate civil and criminal proceedings; represent the state before state and federal regulatory agencies; administer consumer protection and education programs; handle formal consumer complaints; and exercise broad subpoena powers. In antitrust actions, the Attorney General's Office can act on behalf of those consumers who are incapable of acting on their own; initiate damage actions on behalf of the state in state courts; initiate criminal proceedings; and represent counties, cities and other governmental entities in recovering civil damages under state or federal law.

The offices of the Ohio Consumer's Council and the Consumer Protection Section of the Attorney General's Office are located in Columbus. There is also a county government consumer affairs office in Akron.

BANKING

Ohio's first banks, in Marietta and Chillicothe, were incorporated in 1808, and a state bank was authorized in 1845. As of June 2005, Ohio had 281 insured banks, savings and loans, and saving banks, plus 223 state-chartered and 272 federally chartered credit unions (CUs). Excluding the CUs, the Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor market area accounted for the largest portion of the state's depos-its in 2004, at $64.472 billion, but ranked third in the number of institutions at 44. The Cincinnati-Middletown market area (which includes a portion of Kentucky) ranks second in deposits with $37.080 billion, and first in the number of institutions at 87. The Columbus market area ranks second in the number of institutions at 57, and third in deposits at $28.762 billion. As of June 2005, CUs accounted for 1% of all assets held by all financial institutions in the state, or some $16.575 billion. Banks, savings and loans, and savings banks collectively accounted for the remaining 99% or $1,580.100 billion in assets held.

The median percentage of past-due/nonaccrual loans to total loans as of fourth quarter 2005 stood at 1.74%, down from 1.79% in 2004 and 1.89% in 2003. The median net interest margin (the difference between the lower rates offered savers and the higher rates charged on loans) for the state's insured institutions was 3.82% as of fourth quarter 2005, down from 3.83% in 2004 but up from 2003's rate of 3.80%.

State chartered banks and other state-chartered financial institutions are the responsibility of the Ohio Department of Commerce's Division of Financial Institutions. Federally charted institutions are regulated by the US government.

INSURANCE

In 2004, there were over 7.1 million individual life insurance policies in force, with a total value of over $480 billion; total value for all categories of life insurance (individual, group, and credit) was over $780.8 billion. The average coverage amount is $66,700 per policy holder. Death benefits paid that year totaled $2.4 billion. In 2000, 46 life and health insurance companies had headquarters in Ohio.

At the end of 2003, 134 property and casualty and 41 life and health insurance companies were domiciled in Ohio. In 2004, direct premiums for property and casualty insurance totaled over $13.8 billion. That year, there were 36,166 flood insurance policies in force in the state, with a total value of $3.9 billion. About $14.7 billion of coverage was held through FAIR plans, which are designed to offer coverage for some natural circumstances, such as wind and hail, in high risk areas.

In 2004, 61% of state residents held employment-based health insurance policies, 3% held individual policies, and 23% were covered under Medicare and Medicaid; 12% of residents were uninsured. In 2003, employee contributions for employment-based health coverage averaged at 17% for single coverage and 21% for family coverage. The state offers a six-month health benefits expansion program for small-firm employees in connection with the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA, 1986), a health insurance program for those who lose employment-based coverage due to termination or reduction of work hours.

In 2003, there were over 7.9 million auto insurance policies in effect for private passenger cars. Required minimum coverage includes bodily injury liability of up to $12,500 per individual and $25,000 for all persons injured in an accident, as well as property damage liability of $7,500. In 2003, the average expenditure per vehicle for insurance coverage was $671.23.

SECURITIES

The Cincinnati Stock Exchange (CSE) was organized on 11 March 1885 by 12 stockbrokers who agreed to meet regularly to buy and sell securities. In the mid-1990s, the Cincinnati Stock Exchange moved to Chicago and ceased operations in Ohio.

The Ohio securities marketplace is overseen by the Ohio Division of Securities of the Ohio Department of Commerce. The division provides investor protection, enhances capital formation, and protects the integrity of the securities marketplace by administering and enforcing the Ohio Securities Act, which was enacted in 1913. It requires that all securities sold in Ohio be registered with the division or properly exempted from registration and requires that each person transacting business in securities in Ohio be licensed by the division. It also imposes anti-fraud standards in connection with the sale of securities.

In 2005, there were 2,710 personal financial advisers employed in the state and 10,940 securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents. In 2004, there were over 279 publicly traded companies within the state, with over 93 NASDAQ companies, 93 NYSE listings, and 13 AMEX listings. In 2006, the state had 28 Fortune 500 companies; Cardinal Health (based in Dublin) ranked first in the state and ninth in the nation with revenues of over $74.9 billion, followed by Kroger, Procter and Gamble, and Federated Department Stores, all based in Cincinnati, and Nationwide Financial Services, based in Columbus. These five NYSE-listed companies are also part of the Fortune 100.

PUBLIC FINANCE

The state budget is prepared on a biennial basis by the Office of Budget and Management. It is submitted by the governor to the state legislature, which must act on it by the close of the current fiscal year (FY). The state's fiscal year runs from 1 July through 30 June.

The General Assembly has nearly total discretion in allocating general revenues, which are used primarily to support education, welfare, mental health facilities, law enforcement, property tax relief, and government operations. The assembly also allocates money from special revenue funds by means of specific legislative acts. More than one-half of all state expenditures come from the general fund.

Fiscal year 2006 general funds were estimated at $25.7 billion for resources and $25.3 billion for expenditures. In fiscal year 2004, federal government grants to Ohio totaled $16.5 billion.

TAXATION

In 2005, Ohio collected $24,007 million in tax revenues or $2,094 per capita, which placed it 27th among the 50 states in per capita tax burden. The national average was $2,192 per capita. Property taxes accounted for 0.2% of the total; sales taxes, 34.1%; selective sales taxes, 12.3%; individual income taxes, 39.3%; corporate income taxes, 5.5%; and other taxes, 8.6%.

As of 1 January 2006, Ohio had nine individual income tax brackets ranging from 0.712% to 7.185%. The state taxes corporations at rates ranging from 5.1% to 8.5% depending on tax bracket.

OhioState Government Finances
(Dollar amounts in thousands. Per capita amounts in dollars.)
AMOUNT PER CAPITA
Abbreviations and symbols:zero or rounds to zero; (NA) not available; (X) not applicable.
source: U.S. Census Bureau, Governments Diovision, 2004 Survey of State Government Finances, January 2006.
Total Revenue 76,443,362 6,676.28
  General revenue 45,732,357 3,994.09
   Intergovernmental revenue 14,870,405 1,298.73
   Taxes 22,475,528 1,962.93
     General sales 7,881,510 688.34
     Selective sales 2,901,794 253.43
     License texes 1,813,479 158.38
     Individual income tax 8,705,161 760.28
     Corporate income tax 1,060,594 92.63
     Other taxes 112,990 9.87
   Current charges 5,103,632 445.73
   Miscellaneous general revenue 3,282,792 286.71
  Utility revenue
  Liquor store revenue 581,412 50.78
  Insurance trust revenue 30,129,593 2,631.41
Total expenditure 58,874,466 5,141.87
  Intergovernmental expenditure 15,730,201 1,373.82
  Direct expenditure 43,144,265 3,768.06
    Current operation 25,303,008 2,209.87
    Capital outlay 3,097,504 270.52
    Insurance benefits and repayments 11,984,509 1,046.68
    Assistance and subsidies 1,566,629 136.82
    Interest on debt 1,192,615 104.16
Exhibit Salaries and wages 6,775,542 591.75
Total expenditure 58,874,466 5,141.87
  General expenditure 46,524,145 4,063.24
   Intergovernmental expenditure 15,730,201 1,373.82
   Direct expenditure 30,793,944 2,689.43
  General expenditures, by function:
   Education 17,006,672 1,485.30
   Public welfare 13,558,685 1,184.16
   Hospitals 1,579,696 137.96
   Health 1,936,533 169.13
   Highways 3,032,342 264.83
   Police protection 254,436 22.22
   Correction 1,558,121 136.08
   Natural resources 416,181 36.35
   Parks and recreation 113,070 9.88
   Government administration 1,942,370 169.64
   Interest on general debt 1,192,615 104,16
   Other and unallocable 3,933,424 343.53
  Utility expenditure
  Liquor store expenditure 365,812 31.95
  Insurance trust expenditure 11,984,509 1,046.68
Debt at end of firscal year 22,183,360 1,937.41
Cash ands security holdings 166,738,540 14,562.32

In 2004, state and local property taxes amounted to $11,232,828,000 or $981 per capita. The per capita amount ranks the state 25th nationally. Local governments collected $11,192,192,000 of the total and the state government $40,636,000.

Ohio taxes retail sales at a rate of 6%. In addition to the state tax, local taxes on retail sales can reach as much as 2%, making for a potential total tax on retail sales of 8%. Food purchased for consumption off-premises is tax exempt. The tax on cigarettes is 125 cents per pack, which ranks 13th among the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Ohio taxes gasoline at 28 cents per gallon. This is in addition to the 18.4 cents per gallon federal tax on gasoline.

According to the Tax Foundation, for every federal tax dollar sent to Washington in 2004, Ohio citizens received $1.01 in federal spending.

ECONOMIC POLICY

Although Ohio seeks to attract new industries, a substantial portion of the state's annual economic growth stems from the expansion of existing businesses.

Ohio offers numerous business incentives to spur industrial development. The state encourages capital investment by offering private developers property tax abatements for commercial redevelopment. A 1976 state law permits municipal corporations to exempt certain property improvements from real property taxes for periods of up to 30 years. The state's guaranteed-loan program for industrial developers provides repayment guarantees on 90% of loans up to $1 million. The state also offers revenue bonds to finance a developer's land, buildings, and equipment at interest rates below the going mortgage interest rates.

The Ohio Department of Development (ODOD) consists of several divisions, including the: Economic Development Division, Office of Business Development, Office of Tax Incentives, Office of Financial Incentives, Office of Industrial Training, and Office of Small and Developing Business. These organizations administer plans for economic growth in cooperation with city and county governments. They inform companies about opportunities and advantages in the state and promote the sale of Ohio's exports abroad. In the 1990s, the departments instituted research and development programs at state universities in such fields as biotechnology, clean coal technologies, welding and joining technologies, robotics, polymers, and artificial intelligence. Special attention has been paid to the development of Ohio's growing life science industry. The Third Frontier Internship Program is designed to keep Ohio's college graduates in the state by connecting them with Ohio businesses through student internships.

HEALTH

The infant mortality rate in October 2005 was estimated at 8.2 per 1,000 live births. The birth rate in 2003 was 13.3 per 1,000 population. The abortion rate stood at 16.5 per 1,000 women in 2000. In 2003, about 87.7% of pregnant woman received prenatal care beginning in the first trimester. In 2004, approximately 80% of children received routine immunizations before the age of three.

The crude death rate in 2003 was 9.5 deaths per 1,000 population. As of 2002, the death rates for major causes of death (per 100,000 resident population) were: heart disease, 274.8; cancer, 220.4; cerebrovascular diseases, 63.5; chronic lower respiratory diseases, 53.1; and diabetes, 33.7. Ohio and North Dakota share the distinction of having the third-highest diabetes mortality rate in the nation (following West Virginia and Louisiana). The mortality rate from HIV infection was 2.1 per 100,000 population. In 2004, the reported AIDS case rate was at about 5.8 per 100,000 population. In 2002, about 55.6% of the population was considered overweight or obese. As of 2004, about 25.8% of state residents were smokers, representing the fifth-highest rate in the country.

In 2003, Ohio had 163 community hospitals with about 33,000 beds. There were about 1.4 million patient admissions that year and 30 million outpatient visits. The average daily inpatient census was about 20,600 patients. The average cost per day for hos-pital care was $1,504. Also in 2003, there were about 989 certified nursing facilities in the state with 106,426 beds and an overall occupancy rate of about 75%. In 2004, it was estimated that about 72.2% of all state residents had received some type of dental care within the year. Ohio had 289 physicians per 100,000 resident population in 2004 and 930 nurses per 100,000 in 2005. In 2004, there was a total of 5,981 dentists in the state.

In 2005, the Cleveland Clinic ranked fourth on the Honor Roll of Best Hospitals 2005 by U.S. News & World Report. In the same report, it ranked first in the nation for care of heart disease and heart surgery. Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital in Cleveland ranked sixth in the nation for best pediatric care. University Hospitals of Cleveland, Akron General Medical Center, Christ Hospital in Cincinnati, and Ohio State University Hospital in Columbus all ranked within the top 40 best hospitals in care for heart disease and heart surgery.

About 17% of state residents were enrolled in Medicaid programs in 2003; 15% were enrolled in Medicare programs in 2004. Approximately 12% of the state population was uninsured in 2004. In 2003, state health care expenditures totaled $13.3 million.

SOCIAL WELFARE

The growth of welfare programs in the state was remarkably rapid during the 1970s and early 1980s. From 1970 to 1978, for example, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) nearly tripled, to $446 million; by 1996, there were 552,000 AFDC recipients; the average payment per family was $421.

In 2004, about 306,000 people received unemployment benefits, with the average weekly unemployment benefit at $252. For 2005, the estimated average monthly participation in the food stamp program included about 1,007,172 persons (448,524 households); the average monthly benefit was about $95.72 per person. That year, the total of benefits paid through the state for the food stamp program was about $1.15 billion.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), the system of federal welfare assistance that officially replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) in 1997, was reauthorized through the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. TANF is funded through federal block grants that are divided among the states based on an equation involving the number of recipients in each state. Ohio's TANF program is called Ohio Works First (OWF). In 2004, the state program had 186,000 recipients; state and federal expenditures on this TANF program totaled $310 million in fiscal year 2003.

In December 2004, Social Security benefits were paid to 1,950,740 Ohio residents. This number included 1,199,320 retired workers, 236,870 widows and widowers, 230,860 disabled workers, 134,780 spouses, and 148,910 children. Social Security beneficiaries represented 17% of the total state population and 92.6% of the state's population age 65 and older. Retired workers received an average monthly payment of $970; widows and widowers, $933; disabled workers, $876; and spouses, $489. Payments for children of retired workers averaged $501 per month; children of deceased workers, $636; and children of disabled workers, $263. Federal Supplemental Security Income payments in December 2004 went to 245,401 Ohio residents, averaging $418 a month.

HOUSING

In 2004, Ohio had an estimated 4,966,746 housing units, 4,514,723 of which were occupied; 69.8% were owner-occupied. About 68% of all units were single-family, detached homes. About 22.4% of the housing units were built in 1939 or earlier; 43.7% were built between 1950 and 1979. It was estimated that 173,724 units lacked telephone service, 16,483 lacked complete plumbing facilities, and 19,901 lacked complete kitchen facilities. Utility gas was the most common energy source for heating. The average household had 2.47 members.

In 2004, 51,700 new privately owned units were authorized for construction. The median home value was $122,384. The median monthly cost for mortgage owners was $1,090. Renters paid a median of $587 per month. In September 2005, the state received grants of $255,000 from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) for rural housing and economic development programs. For 2006, HUD allocated to the state over $48.9 million in community development block grants (CDBG). The city of Cleveland received over $24.5 million in CDBGs.

EDUCATION

In 2004, 88.1% of Ohio residents age 25 and older were high school graduates, surpassing the national average of 84%. Some 24.6% had obtained a bachelor's degree or higher.

Ohio claims a number of "firsts" in US education: the first kindergarten, established by German settlers in Columbus in 1838; the first junior high school, also at Columbus, in 1909; the first municipal university, the University of Cincinnati, founded in 1870; and the first college to grant degrees to women, Oberlin, in 1837. The state's earliest school system was organized in Akron in 1847.

The total enrollment in Ohio's public schools for fall 2002 stood at 1,838,000. Of these, 1,284,000 attended schools from kindergarten through grade eight, and 554,000 attended high school. Approximately 79.4% of the students were white, 17% were black, 2.1% were Hispanic, 1.3% were Asian/Pacific Islander, and 0.1% were American Indian/Alaskan Native. Total enrollment was estimated at 1,825,000 in fall 2003 and expected to be 1,752,000 by fall 2014, a decline of 4.7% during the period 200214. Expenditures for public education in 2003/04 were estimated at $19.2 billion or $8,963 per student. In fall 2003, there were 239,323 students enrolled in 987 private schools. Since 1969, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) has tested public school students nationwide. The resulting report, The Nation's Report Card, stated that in 2005, eighth graders in Ohio scored 283 out of 500 in mathematics compared with the national average of 278.

As of fall 2002, there were 587,996 students enrolled in college or graduate school; minority students comprised 15.1% of total postsecondary enrollment. In 2005 Ohio had 187 degree-granting institutions. State universities include Ohio State University (Columbus), Ohio University (Athens), Miami University (Oxford), and other state universities at Akron, Bowling Green, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Dayton, Kent, Toledo, Wilberforce, and Youngstown. The largest, Ohio State, was chartered in 1870 and also has campuses at Lima, Mansfield, Marion, Newark, and Wooster. Ohio has 36 public two-year colleges. Well-known private colleges and universities include Antioch (Yellow Springs), Case Western Reserve (Cleveland), Kenyon (Gambier), Muskingum (New Concord), Oberlin, Wittenberg (Springfield), and Wooster. The conservatories at both Oberlin and the Cleveland Institute of Music have national reputations.

Ohio residents enrolled as full-time students at an eligible institution within the state may apply for instructional grants from the Student Assistance Office of the Ohio Board of Regents. Guaranteed loans are provided through the Ohio Student Loan Commission.

ARTS

The Ohio Arts Council was founded in 1965 with the mission of developing and preserving the state's cultural heritage. The council consists of a Board with 15 governor-appointed, voting members and 4 non-voting members 2 from the Ohio Senate and 2 from the House of Representatives. In 2005, the Ohio Arts Council and other Ohio arts organizations received 52 grants totaling $1,740,300 from the National Endowment for the Arts. State and private sources contributed funds to arts programming as well. As of 2006, the Ohio Humanities Council presented a number of historical and literary programs, including "Booked for the Day: Literary Retreats for Working Professionals" and the Ohio Chautauqua. In 2005, the National Endowment for the Humanities contributed $2,270,470 to 27 state programs.

The earliest center of artistic activities in Ohio was Cincinnati, where a group of young painters did landscapes and portraits as early as 1840. The state's first art gallery was established there in 1854; the Cincinnati Art Academy was founded in 1869, and the Art Museum in 1886. Famous American artists who worked in Cincinnati during part of their careers include Thomas Cole, a founder of the "Hudson River School" of landscape painting, and Columbus-born George Bellows, whose realistic Stag at Sharkey's is displayed at the Cleveland Museum of Art (founded in 1913). Other notable centers for the visual arts include the Akron Art Institute, Columbus Museum of Art, Dayton Art Institute, Toledo Museum of Art, and museums or galleries in Marion, Oberlin, Springfield, Youngstown, and Zanesville.

Cincinnati also was an early center for the theater; the Eagle Theater opened there in 1839, and shortly afterward, the first showboat on the Ohio River began making regular stops at the city. The first US minstrel show appeared in Ohio in 1842. Ohio has three professional theatrical companies: the Cincinnati Playhouse, the Cleveland Play House, and the Great Lakes Theatre Festival. Celebrating its 90th anniversary during the 2005/06 season, The Cleveland Play House is the nation's oldest permanent repertory theater. As of 2006, The Ohio Community Theater Association included groups in Akron, Canton, Columbus, Mans-field, Toledo, and Youngstown, among many other locations.

The Cincinnati Symphony was founded in 1895 and reorganized in 1909 with Leopold Stokowski as conductor. The Cincinnati Pops Orchestra acquired a new summer home in 1984 at the newly opened Riverbend Music Center. The Cincinnati Opera Association, founded in 1920, is the second-oldest opera company in the United States. Cincinnati is also the host of the annual Cincinnati May Festival, a classical music event that is considered to be the oldest continuous choral festival in the Western Hemisphere.

The Cleveland Orchestra, founded in 1918, has risen to world-class stature since 1946, when George Szell began his 24-year tenure as conductor and music director. Blossom Music Center, the Cleveland Orchestra's summer home located between Cleveland and Akron, has been a center for both classical and popular music in Northeast Ohio since opening in 1968. In 2002/2003 Blossom underwent major improvements to its structures and landscaping. A $36.7 million renovation and expansion of the orchestra's main home, Severance Hall, had been completed three years earlier.

Smaller professional musical groups in Cleveland include Apollo's Fire (the Cleveland Baroque Orchestra), the Cleveland Chamber Orchestra, and the Cleveland Pops Orchestra. The Cleveland Opera finds its home at the State Theatre and the Lyric Opera Cleveland is a resident of Playhouse Square.

There are civic symphony orchestras in Columbus, Dayton, Toledo, and Youngstown. Ballet companies are based in Cincinnati, Dayton, and Toledo. E. J. Thomas Hall in Akron is the home of the Ohio Ballet and the Akron Symphony. Operas are performed by resident companies in Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, Toledo, and Dayton. There are numerous local arts festivals and craft shows. In 2005, Cleveland introduced the first ever Ingenuity Festival, a four-day event celebrating and promoting the awareness of the relationship between art and technology.

The nation's first college music department was established at Oberlin College in 1865; the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music was established in 1867, the Baldwin-Wallace College Conservatory in 1899, and the Cleveland Institute of Music in 1920. The Baldwin-Wallace Bach Festival, begun in 1932, is the oldest collegiate Bach festival in the country, celebrating its 75th Anniversary in 2007. Bach's four major choral works are performed at the festival in four-year cycles (one per year). Baldwin-Wallace is also home to the Riemenschneider Bach Institute, guardian of priceless Bach-related first editions and manuscripts.

The Cleveland International Piano Competition, held biennially at the Cleveland Institute of Music since 1975, has become one of the foremost events of its type, drawing contestants from 19 countries throughout the world. In 2005, the competition awarded a record cash prize of $50,000 to the winner.

LIBRARIES AND MUSEUMS

Ever since early settlers traded coonskins for books and established, in 1804, the Coonskin Library (now on display at the Ohio Historical Center in Columbus), Ohioans have stressed the importance of the public library system. In calendar year 2001, Ohio had 250 public library systems, with a total of 716 libraries, of which 482 were branches. For that same year, the state's public library system had 47,088,000 volumes of books and serial publications on its shelves, and a total circulation of 156,527,000. The system also had 3,418,000 audio and 2,716,000 video items, 127,000 electronic format items (CD-ROMs, magnetic tapes, and disks), and 66 bookmobiles.

Major public library systems include those of Cincinnati, with 4,721,766 volumes in 1998; Cleveland, 3,782,419; Cuyahoga County, 3,085,123; Dayton, 1,782,419; and Columbus, 2,433,636. Leading academic libraries include those of Ohio State University, over seven million books; Case Western Reserve University, 1,304,852 books; and the University of Cincinnati, over three million books. The State Library of Ohio in Columbus, founded in 1817, provides research and information services for Ohio's state government and agencies with more than two million books and periodicals. In 2001, operating income for the state's public library system came to $682,412,000 and included $1,085,000 in federal grants and $499,124,000 in state grants.

Among the state's more than 284 museums are the Museum of Art, Natural History Museum, and Western Reserve Historical Society Museum in Cleveland; the Museum of Natural History, Art Museum, and Taft Museum in Cincinnati; the Dayton Art Institute; and the Center of Science and Industry and Ohio Historical Center in Columbus. The Zanesville Art Center has collections of ceramics and glass made in the Zanesville area. Also noteworthy are the US Air Force Museum near Dayton, the Neil Armstrong Air and Space Museum at Wapakoneta, and the Ohio River Museum in Marietta. Cincinnati has a conservatory of rare plants, while Cleveland has botanical gardens and an aquarium; both cities have zoos. The National First Ladies' Library in Canton features the artwork and artifacts of First Lady Caroline Harrison.

Historical sites in Ohio include the Schoenbrunn Village State Memorial, a reconstruction of the state's first settlement by Moravian missionaries, near New Philadelphia; the early-19th-century Piqua Historical Area, with exhibits of Indian culture; and the Fort Meigs reconstruction at Perrysburg. Archaeological sites include the "great circle" mounds, built by the Hopewell Indians at present-day Newark, and Inscription Rock, marked by prehistoric Indians, on Kelley's Island.

COMMUNICATIONS

In 2004, 94.9% of Ohio's occupied housing units had telephones. In addition, by June of that same year there were 6,188,081 mobile wireless telephone subscribers. In 2003, 58.8% of Ohio households had a computer and 52.5% had Internet access. By June 2005, there were 1,505,272 high-speed lines in Ohio, 1,395,062 residential and 110,210 for business.

Many of the state's radio stations were established in the early 1920s, when the growth of radio broadcasting was fostered by the availability of low-priced sets manufactured by Crosley Radio of Cincinnati. In 2005, there were 46 major AM stations, 159 major FM stations, and 31 commercial and 11 noncommercial television stations. In 1999, the Cleveland area had 1,479,020 television households, 72% of which received cable. In that same year the Cincinnati area had 820,000 television households, 64% receiving cable. Finally, of the Columbus area's 757,860 television-viewing families, 66% watched cable. A total of 168,083 Internet domain names were registered in Ohio in 2000.

PRESS

The first newspaper published in the region north and west of the Ohio River was the Centinel of the North-Western Territory, which was written, typeset, and printed in Cincinnati by William Maxwell in 1793. The oldest newspaper in the state still published under its original name is the Scioto Gazette, which appeared in 1800. The oldest extant weekly, the Lebanon Western Star, began publication in 1807, and the first daily, the Cincinnati Commercial Register, appeared in 1826. By 1840 there were 145 newspapers in Ohio.

Two of the state's most influential newspapers, the Cleveland Plain Dealer and the Cincinnati Enquirer, were founded in 1841. In 2005, the Cleveland Plain Dealer was the twentieth-largest daily newspaper in the country. In 1878, Edward W. Scripps established the Cleveland Penny Press (later called the Press ), the first newspaper in what would become the extensive Scripps-Howard chain (though the Press folded in 1982). He later added to his newspaper empire the Cincinnati Post (1881) and the Columbus Citizen (1899), as well as papers in Akron, Toledo, and Youngstown.

In 2005, the state had 30 mornings dailies, 54 evening editions, and 41 Sunday editions. With a total of 84 daily newspapers, Ohio has the third-largest number of daily papers in the country (following California and Texas).

The following table lists leading Ohio newspapers with their approximate daily circulation in 2005:

AREA NAME DAILY SUNDAY
Akron Beacon Journal (m,S) 173,975 185,963
Cincinnati Enquirer (m,S) 183,051 192,240
Post (e) 43,398 68,910 (Sat.)
Cleveland Plain dealer (m,S) 354,309 479,131
Columbus Dispatch (m,S) 251,045 361,304
Dayton Daily News (m,S) 178,099 185,122
Toledo Blade (m,S) 139,398 183,632
Youngstown Vindicator (e,S) 66,487 94,710

Sun Newspapers, a weekly newspaper, founded in 1969, produces 25 regional editions to serve 82 communities in the greater Cleveland and Akron areas, with a weekly circulation of 270,000. It is the largest chain of fully paid weekly newspapers in the United States. Crain's Cleveland Business has reported a readership of about 90,000 per week. Regional interest periodicals include Cleveland Magazine, Cincinnati Magazine, Ohio Magazine, and Northern Ohio Live.

ORGANIZATIONS

In 2006, there were over 15,895 nonprofit organizations registered within the state, of which about 10,308 were registered as charitable, educational, or religious organizations. Service organizations with headquarters in Ohio include Disabled American Veterans and the National Exchange Club.

Commercial and professional organizations include the American Ceramic Society, the Order of United Commercial Travelers of America, Music Teachers National Association, ASM International, the United States Police Canine Association, the Association for Systems Management, and the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers.

Sports associations operating out of Ohio are the Lighter-Than-Air Society and Professional Bowlers Association, American Motorcyclist Association, the Amateur Trapshooting Association, the International Soap Box Derby, the Freethrowers Boomerang Association, US Flag and Touch Football League, US Speedskating, and Indoor Sports Club. Special interest and hobbyist groups include the Etch-A-Sketch Club, the National Quilting Association, and the American Bonsai Society.

Arts, culture, and history are promoted in the state through such organizations as the Botanical Society of America, the American Guild of English Handbell Ringers, the American-Slovenian Polka Foundation, the Ohio and Erie Canal Association, the Ohio Art League, the Ohio Arts Council, and the Ohio Valley Art League. There are also numerous local arts groups and historical societies.

TOURISM, TRAVEL, AND RECREATION

Ohio visitors spend more than $30.7 billion annually on travel and tourism and the industry supports nearly 529,100 travel-related positions. Ohio has a $162 million dollar travel market. Visitors spend more than one billion annually in Ashtabula County alone. It is known as the Covered Bridge Capital (16) and the Wine Capital (11) of Ohio, and offers more campsites than any other county in Ohio (18).

Cleveland, Columbus, and Cincinnati all offer major attractions of museums, restaurants, shopping, parks, and concerts. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum and the Great Lakes Science Center, both in Cleveland, are major attractions. Major league sports (Indians baseball, Cavaliers basketball, Browns football) also draw visitors to Cleveland. The semiannual Cleveland International Piano Competition, with its $50,000 first prize, draws crowds to see performances with the Cleveland Orchestra. The NFL Hall of Fame is located in Canton. Popular amusement parks include Cedar Point in Sandusky, King's Island in Cincinnati, and Six Flags Worlds of Adventure in Aurora. Sandusky is also the launching point for visiting the Lake Erie Islands of Putin-Bay and Middle Bass Island. There visitors can see the monument to William Hazard Perry (naval hero of the War of 1812) and visit wineries.

Beaches and parks in the Lake Erie region are especially popular with tourists during the summer, including the Mentor Headlands State Park. The Cuyahoga Valley National Park is also a popular attraction, linking the urban centers of Cleveland and Akron. The Cleveland Metroparks system creates an "Emerald Necklace" around the greater Cleveland area.

Ohio state parks comprise 204,274 acres (84,000 hectares). Among the most visited state parks are Alum Creek, East Harbor and Kelleys Island (both on Lake Erie), Grand Lake, St. Mary's, Hocking Hills, Hueston Woods, Mohican, Pymatuning (on the Pennsylvania border), Rocky Fork, Salt Fork, Scioto Trail, and West Branch. Ohio is the home of many Indian communities and archaeological sites such as the Great Circle Earthworks and the Miamisburg Mound and the Serpent Mound are popular visitor sites.

The most popular sport fish are bass, catfish, bullhead, carp, perch, and rainbow trout. The deer-hunting season varies for shotgun, primitive arms, and bows.

The eastern Allegheny region has several ski resorts for winter sports enthusiasts. Popular tourist attractions here include the Amish settlement around Millersburg, the National Road-Zane Grey Museum near Zanesville, and the restored Roscoe Village on the Ohio-Erie Canal. The southern region offers scenic hill country and the showboat Majestic, the last of the original floating theaters, in Cincinnati.

In the western region, tourist sites include the Wright brothers' early flying machines in Dayton's Carillon Park, the Ohio Caverns at West Liberty, and the Zane Caverns near Bellefontaine. The central region is "Johnny Appleseed" country; the folk hero (a frontiersman whose real name was John Chapman) is commemorated in Mansfield by the blockhouse to which he directed settlers in order to save them from an Indian raid. In Columbus are the reconstructed Ohio Village and the Exposition Center, site of the annual Ohio State Fair, held for 13 days in mid-August.

Other leading tourist attractions include Ohio's presidential memorials and homes: the William Henry Harrison Memorial at North Bend, Ulysses S. Grant's birthplace at Point Pleasant, the James A. Garfield home at Mentor, the Rutherford B. Hayes home at Fremont, the William McKinley Memorial at Canton, the Taft National Historic Site in Cincinnati, and the Warren G. Harding home in Marion. Also of interest are the Thomas A. Edison birthplace at Milan, and Malabar Farm, in Richland County, home of author and conservationist Louis Bromfield.

SPORTS

There are seven major professional sports teams in Ohio: the Cleveland Indians and the Cincinnati Reds of Major League Baseball, the Columbus Crew of Major League Soccer, the Cincinnati Bengals and the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League, the Columbus Blue Jackets of the National Hockey League, and the Cleveland Cavaliers of the National Basketball Association.

The state is also home to Triple-A minor league baseball teams in Columbus and Toledo, a Double-A team in Akron, and Single-A teams in Eastlake, Niles, and Dayton. In addition, there are minor league hockey teams in Cleveland, Columbus, Dayton, and Toledo.

The Cincinnati Reds (traditionally short for Redstockings) were the first professionally organized baseball team, playing their first season in 1869. Their record was 64-0. The Reds won the World Series in 1919, 1940, 1975, 1976, and 1990. The Indians won the World Series in 1920 and 1948. In 1995, the Indians won their first American League pennant since 1954, but lost to the Atlanta Braves in the World Series. They returned to the Series in 1997, this time losing to the Florida Marlins. The original Cleveland Browns, who moved to Baltimore in 1995, won four NFL titles, football's championship prior to the Super Bowl, the last in 1964. An expansion or relocation NFL team began play as the Browns in a new stadium in Cleveland beginning in 1999. The Bengals won the American Football Conference Championship in both 1981 and 1988, but lost each year's Super Bowl.

Akron has been headquarters for the Professional Bowlers Association (PBA) since its founding in 1958. The PBA's top tournament is played there each year, and the PBA Hall of Fame is also located in Akron. The NEC Invitational is played annually in Akron, and the Memorial Golf Tournament in Dublin.

Major horse-racing tracks include Cleveland's Thistledown, Cincinnati's River Downs, Columbus's Scioto Downs, and other tracks at Toledo, Lebanon, Grove City, and Northfield. The Cleveland Gold Cup race is held annually at Thistledown, as is the Ohio Derby. The Little Brown Jug classic for three-year-old pacers takes place every year at the Delaware Fairgrounds, and the Ohio State race for two-year-old trotters is held during the state fair at Columbus.

Several new facilities have been constructed, including the new Cleveland Browns Stadium in 1999, Jacobs Field in 1994 (home of the Indians), Columbus Crew Stadium, and most recently, the Great American Ballpark in Cincinnati (2003). The Cincinnati Reds make it their home park.

In collegiate sports, Ohio State University has long been a football powerhouse, winning over 25 Big Ten titles. Ohio State won the Rose Bowl in 1950, 1955, 1958, 1969, 1974, and 1997. The Buckeyes were named national champions in 1942, 1954 (with UCLA), 1957 (with Auburn), 1968, and in 2003 after upsetting Miami (Fl) in the Fiesta Bowl. Ohio State also has won National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) championships in baseball, basketball, fencing, golf, gymnastics, and swimming, while Cincinnati and Dayton universities have had highly successful basketball teams. The Pro Football Hall of Fame is located in Canton, where the sport was first organized professionally in 1920.

Other annual sporting events include the grand tournament of the American Trapshooting Association in Vandalia, the Grand Prix or Cleveland Indy car race, and the All-American Soap Box Derby in Akron, a nationally covered event in which 9- to 15-yearolds compete.

FAMOUS OHIOANS

Ohio has been the native state of seven US presidents and the residence of another. Inventions by Ohioans include the incandescent light, the arc light, and the airplane.

William Henry Harrison (b.Virginia, 17731841), the ninth US president, came to Ohio as a US Army ensign in territorial times. After serving in the Indian wars under Gen. Anthony Wayne, he became secretary of the Northwest Territory. As the territorial delegate to Congress, he fostered the Harrison Land Act, which stimulated settlement of the public domain. Named territorial governor in 1800, Harrison conducted both warfare and peace negotiations with the Indians. After the defeat of British and Indian forces in 1813, he became known as the "Washington of the West." After settling at North Bend on the Ohio River, he began a political career that carried him to the White House in 1841. Harrison caught a chill from a cold March wind and died of pneumonia exactly one month after his inauguration.

From 1869 to 1881, the White House was occupied by three Ohioans. All were Republicans who had served with distinction as Union Army generals. The first, Ulysses Simpson Grant (Hiram Ulysses Grant, 182285), the 18th US president, was an Ohio farm boy educated at West Point. After service in the Mexican War, he left the US Army, having been charged with intemperance. He emerged from obscurity in 1861, when he was assigned to an Illinois regiment. Grant rose quickly in command; after victories at Shiloh and Vicksburg, he was commissioned major general. In 1864, he directed the Virginia campaign that ended with Confederate surrender, and this rumpled, slouching, laconic man became the nation's hero. In 1868, he was elected president, and he was reelected in 1872. His second term was rocked with financial scandals, though none were directly connected to Grant. After leaving the presidency in 1877, he went bankrupt, and to discharge his debts, he wrote his memoirs. That extraordinary book was completed four days before his death from throat cancer in 1885. Grant is buried in a monumental tomb in New York City.

Rutherford B. Hayes (182293), the 19th US president, was born in Delaware, Ohio, and educated at Kenyon College and Harvard Law School. Following Army service, he was elected to Congress, and in 1876 became the Republican presidential nominee. In a close and disputed election, he defeated New York's Governor Samuel J. Tilden. Hayes chose not to run for re-election, returning instead to Ohio to work on behalf of humanitarian causes. In 1893, Hayes died in Fremont, where the Hayes Memorial was createdthe first presidential museum and library in the nation.

James A. Garfield (183181), 20th US president, was born in a log cabin in northern Ohio. Between school terms, he worked as a farmhand and a mule driver on the Ohio Canal. After holding several Civil War commands, he served in Congress for 18 years. Elected president in 1880, he held office but a few months; he was shot by a disappointed office seeker in the Washington, DC, railroad station on 2 July and died 11 weeks later.

Benjamin Harrison (18331901), 23rd US president and grandson of William Henry Harrison, was born in North Bend. After graduation from Miami University, he studied law and began to practice in Indianapolis. Military command in the Civil War was followed by service in the US Senate and the Republican presidential nomination in 1888. As president, Harrison gave impetus to westward expansion, moved toward annexation of Hawaii, and enlarged the civil-service system.

US presidents in the 20th century include three more native Ohioans. William McKinley (18431901) was born in Niles. Elected in 1896 as the 25th president, he established the gold standard and maintained tariff protection for US manufactures. Early in his second term, while greeting a throng of people, he was shot to death by a young anarchist. William Howard Taft (18571930), of Cincinnati, was the 27th US president. He gained a national reputation in 1904 as President Theodore Roosevelt's secretary of war; five years later, he succeeded Roosevelt in the White House. Defeated in 1912, Taft then left Washington for a law professorship at Yale. In 1921, under President Warren G. Harding (18651923), he became US chief justice, serving in that office until a month before his death. Harding, the last Ohioan to win the White House, was born in Blooming Grove. He went into politics from journalism, after serving as editor of the Marion Star. After eight years in the US Senate, he was a dark-horse candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in 1920. He won the election from James M. Cox (18701957), another Ohio journalist-politician, and became the 29th US president. Harding, who died in office, was surrounded by graft and corruption in his own cabinet.

Three US vice presidents were natives of Ohio. Thomas A. Hendricks (181985) was elected on the Democratic ticket with Grover Cleveland in 1884. Charles W. Fairbanks (18521918) served from 1905 to 1909 under Theodore Roosevelt. Charles Gates Dawes (18651951) became vice president under Calvin Coolidge in 1925, the same year the Dawes Plan for reorganizing German finances brought him the Nobel Peace Prize; from 1929 to 1932, he served as US ambassador to Great Britain.

Three Ohioans served as chief justice on the Supreme Court: Salmon P. Chase (b.New Hampshire, 180873), Morrison R. Waite (b.Connecticut, 181688), and Taft. Most notable among nearly 40 cabinet officers from Ohio were Secretary of State Lewis Cass (b.New Hampshire, 17831866), Treasury Secretaries Chase and John Sherman (18231900), and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton (181469). William Tecumseh Sherman (182091) was a Union general in the Civil War whose Georgia campaign in 1864 helped effect the surrender of the Confederacy. Although disappointed in his quest for the presidency, US Senator Robert A. Taft (18891953) was an enduring figure, best remembered for his authorship of the Taft-Hartley Labor Management Relations Act of 1947.

Nobel Prize winners from Ohio include Dawes and physicists Arthur Compton (18921962) and Donald Glaser (b.1926). Notable Pulitzer Prize winners include novelist Louis Bromfield (18961956), dramatist Russell Crouse (18931966), historian Paul Herman Buck (18991979), and historian and biographer Arthur Schlesinger Jr. (b.1917). Ohio writers of enduring fame are novelists William Dean Howells (18371920), Zane Grey (18751939), and Sherwood Anderson (18761941), whose short story collection Winesburg, Ohio was set in his hometown of Clyde; poets Paul Laurence Dunbar (18721906) and Hart Crane (18991932); and humorist James Thurber (18941961). Toni Morrison (b.1931), winner of the 1988 Pulitzer Prize for literature and the 1993 Nobel Prize for literature, was born in Lorain, Ohio. Among Ohio's eminent journalists are Whitelaw Reid (18371912), satirists David R. Locke (183388) and Ambrose Bierce (18421914), columnist O. O. McIntyre (18841938), newsletter publisher W. M. Kiplinger (18911967), and James Reston (b.Scotland, 190995), an editor and columnist for the New York Times along with author-commentator Lowell Thomas (18921981). Important in the art world were painters Thomas Cole (b.England, 180148), Frank Duveneck (b.Kentucky, 18481919), and George Bellows (18821925), as well as architects Cass Gilbert (18591934) and Philip Johnson (19062005). Defense lawyer Clarence Darrow (18571938) was also an Ohioan.

Ohio educators whose books taught reading, writing, and arithmetic to the nation's schoolchildren were William Holmes McGuffey (b.Pennsylvania, 180073), Platt R. Spencer (180064), and Joseph Ray (180765). In higher education, Horace Mann (b.Massachusetts, 17961859) was the first president of innovative Antioch College, and William Rainey Harper (18561906) founded the University of Chicago.

Several Ohio-born inventor-scientists have furthered the nation's industrial progress. Thomas A. Edison (18471931) produced the incandescent lamp, the phonograph, and the movie camera. Charles Brush (18491929) invented the arc light. John H. Patterson (18441922) helped develop the cash register. The Wright brothers, Orville (18711948) and Wilbur (b.Indiana, 18671912), made the first flight in a powered aircraft. Charles F. Kettering (18761958) invented the automobile self-starter. Ohio's leading industrialist was John D. Rockefeller (b.New York, 18391937), founder of Standard Oil of Ohio. Harvey S. Firestone (18681938) started the tire company that bears his name. Edward "Eddie" Rickenbacker (18901973), an ace pilot in World War I, was president of Eastern Airlines.

The most notable Ohioans in the entertainment field are marks-woman Annie Oakley (Phoebe Anne Oakley Mozee, 18601926); movie actors Clark Gable (190160) and Roy Rogers (Leonard Slye, 191298); movie director Stephen Spielberg (b.1947); comedian Bob Hope (Leslie Townes Hope, b.England, 1903); actors Paul Newman (b.1925), Hal Holbrook (b.1925), and Joel Grey (b.1932); jazz pianist Art Tatum (191056); and composer Henry Mancini (192494).

Leading sports figures from Ohio are boxing champion Jim Jeffries (18751953), racing driver Barney Oldfield (18781946), baseball pitcher Cy Young (18671955), baseball executive Branch Rickey (18811965), baseball star Peter "Pete" Rose (b.1941), who broke Ty Cobb's record for the most hits, track star Jesse Owens (b.Alabama, 191280), jockey George Edward "Eddie" Arcaro (191697), and golfer Jack Nicklaus (b.1940).

Astronauts from Ohio include John Glenn (b.1921), the first American to orbit Earth, who was elected US senator from Ohio in 1974; and Neil Armstrong (b.1930), the first man to walk on the moon.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Council of State Governments. The Book of the States, 2006 Edition. Lexington, Ky.: Council of State Governments, 2006.

Curtin, Michael F. Ohio Politics Almanac. 2nd ed. Kent: Kent State University Press, 2006.

Feagler, Dick. Feagler's Cleveland. Cleveland: Gray & Co., 1996.

Middleton, Stephen. The Black Laws: Race and the Legal Process in Early Ohio. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2005.

Ohio Politics. Edited by Alexander P. Lamis. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1994.

Owen, Lorrie K. (ed.). Dictionary of Ohio Historic Places. St. Clair Shores, Mich.: Somerset Publishers, 1999.

Peacefull, Leonard (ed.). A Geography of Ohio. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1996.

Platt, Carolyn V. Cuyahoga Valley National Park Handbook. Kent: The Kent State University Press, 2006.

Shriver, Phillip R., and Clarence E. Wunderlin Jr. (eds.). The Documentary Heritage of Ohio. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2000.

Thurber, James. My Life and Hard Times. New York: Harper, 1933.

US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, US Census Bureau. Ohio, 2000. Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics: 2000 Census of Population and Housing. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 2003.

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Ohio

OHIO

OHIO. Some 15,000 years ago nomadic hunters known as Paleo-Indians occupied caves and rock cliffs in the Ohio River valley. They gradually disappeared as the mammoths and mastodons they hunted migrated northward with the retreating glacial ice sheets. After 10,000 b.c., archaic Indian peoples lived in Ohio, leaving evidence of their hunting, fishing, and gathering activities. Between 1000 b.c. and 600 a.d. two groups of Mound Builders, the Adena and the Hopewell, both centered in present-day southern Ohio, flourished and left impressive remains in the form of mounds, geometric earthworks, and artifacts (see Indian Mounds). The Adena, first of the two, built thousands of conical burial mounds and effigy mounds, such as the Great Serpent Mound in Adams County. The Hopewell, appearing after 200 b.c., built geometric earthworks and large hilltop enclosures. The decline of these cultures hundreds of years before the Ohio country was reoccupied by historic Indian tribes in the eighteenth century led to nineteenth-century speculation that the Mound Builders constituted a "lost race." Modern archaeology has dispelled that notion and established a firm, if not yet fully understood, connection between the prehistoric and historic native peoples of the Eastern Woodlands, including Ohio.

Iroquois wars against the Huron and Erie Indians in the seventeenth century caused all tribes largely to abandon the Ohio country for about fifty years, while French explorers, including Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, explored the region and claimed it for New France. Thought to be the first white man to see the Ohio River, in 1669, La Salle's exploration brought French traders into the area in the early eighteenth century but no permanent French settlements. Various Indian tribes, especially the Shawnee, Miami, Delaware, Ottawa, and Wyandot, as well as British traders, also entered Ohio in the early eighteenth century. British colonial interests and claims in the Ohio Valley, especially those of Virginia, grew stronger by the 1740s and led to the outbreak of war between Britain and France in 1754. Known in North America as the French and Indian War, it found most of the Indians fighting with the French, who enjoyed the initial advantage in the Ohio country. Gradually the British turned the tide in their favor, and the Treaty of Paris in 1763 that ended the war gave them almost total possession of all of mainland North America east of the Mississippi River, including Ohio.

British attempts to limit the westward expansion of settlement across the Appalachian Mountains were mostly unsuccessful, and violence between Indians and white frontier settlers finally led to full-scale war by 1774, when Virginia royal governor Lord Dunmore led an expedition against the Indians along the Ohio River. The American Revolution soon overtook and subsumed these frontier conflicts in the larger struggle between Britain and its American colonies. During the war for American independence the Ohio Indians were allied with the British and fought against American forces entering the region from Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Kentucky. One tragic episode was the massacre at Gnadenhutten in 1782 of ninety-six peaceful Indian men, women, and children, Delawares who had been converted to Christianity by Moravian missionaries.

From Territory to State

In the early 1780s, Virginia, Massachusetts, and Connecticut ceded most of their western land claims to the new national government, and Ohio became part of the Northwest Territory, which also included the later states of Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established a government for the territory with three stages of development leading to eventual statehood. First, a territorial governor and other officials appointed by Congress proclaimed laws and exercised executive authority. General Arthur St. Clair held the office of governor throughout Ohio's territorial period. In 1798 the second stage began when the "free male inhabitants" elected the first territorial legislature, which subsequently wrote the state's first constitution, paving the way for Ohio's admission as the seventeenth state on 1 March 1803. The first permanent white settlement, Marietta, appeared in 1788, and Cincinnati (originally Losantiville) followed later in the same year. Various land companies and speculators, most importantly the Ohio Company of Associates, the Connecticut Land Company, and John Cleves Symmes, began the process of buying and selling Ohio lands, but extensive settlement could not proceed until the threat of Indian attacks was ended.

In the early 1790s, several U.S. military campaigns against the Ohio Indians took place. At first they suffered major defeats, including the loss of more than 600 under the command of St. Clair in November 1791. A new expedition led by General Anthony Wayne, culminating in his victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in August 1794, vanquished Indian resistance and led to the Greenville Treaty in 1795. The Indian tribes ceded all of Ohio for white settlement except for the northwest corner; these remaining Indian lands were gradually yielded in subsequent treaties and the last group of Indians left Ohio in 1843.

Territorial governor St. Clair, a Federalist, clashed repeatedly with the emerging Republican party led by Thomas Worthington and Edward Tiffin of Chillicothe over issues of local versus federal control and executive versus legislative authority. With the election of Thomas Jefferson as president in 1800 the national political trend began to favor the interests of Ohio's Jeffersonian Republicans. The new state's boundaries gave political advantage to the mostly Republican Scioto Valley and Chillicothe, the first state capital. Tiffin was elected the first governor and Worthington one of the first pair of U.S. senators. The first state constitution gave the right to vote to all white males regardless of wealth and sharply limited the power of the governor over the legislature. The 1804 "Black Code" denied free blacks in the state the right to vote as well as many other political and civil rights, and although it was partially repealed in 1849, it remained in some form until the close of the Civil War.

Nineteenth-Century Ohio

The peace following the War of 1812 finally ended all threats of Indian or British resistance to American expansion in the lands north and west of the Ohio River, and Ohio's population began to grow rapidly. Cincinnati became the largest city on the Ohio frontier, drawing immigrants from all over the United States as well as from Europe.

Despite the overwhelming predominance of the Republican Party until the late 1820s, Ohio's political leaders divided constantly over regional, economic, and legal issues. The state's economy boomed after the War of 1812. However, the panic of 1819, brought on in part by actions of the Second Bank of the United States in attempting to end excessive local speculative banking practices, caused widespread economic hardship. Some state leaders favored an aggressive program of state aid for internal improvements, especially canals, to boost the economy. Two major canals were completed across the state from Lake Erie to the Ohio River, the Ohio and Erie Canal from Cleveland to Portsmouth in 1832 and the Miami and Erie Canal from Cincinnati to Toledo in 1843. Various branches and feeders connected to the main canal lines at different points in the state. During this same period the National Road was constructed from east to west across the central part of Ohio, stimulating the growth of Columbus, chosen in 1816 to be the permanent site of the state capital because of its central location and the financial support it offered for erecting public buildings. Before the Civil War, Ohio for a time led the nation in the production of corn, wheat, beef, pork, and wool.

By the late 1820s, Ohio's dominant Jeffersonian Republican Party divided and gave way to the spirited competition between Whigs and Democrats that lasted into the 1850s. The Whigs favored government aid for internal improvements, a more highly regulated banking system, and greater development of a public school system. The Democrats emphasized limits on the size and power of government and protection of personal liberty rather than vigorous social reform. They had the greatest appeal to small farmers and artisans and Catholics wary of evangelical Protestant activism in matters such as temperance, Sabbath observance, and public education. The rudiments of a system of public schools began to take shape by the mid-1840s. Denominational competition and town boosterism led to the building of dozens of small private colleges.

The slavery controversy entered Ohio politics in the 1830s as abolitionists did battle with pro-Southern conservatives for the allegiance of the state's citizens. The state became a major center of the Underground Railroad because of its key location between the South and Canada. Anti-abolitionist mobs in Cincinnati and elsewhere indicated powerful opposition in some quarters, but fear of the political power of Southern slaveowners helped to turn many Ohioans against slavery, or at least its further expansion. This led to third-party activity in the 1840s and early 1850s by the Liberty and then Free Soil parties, which helped to bring about the downfall of the Whigs. This realignment led to the formation of the Republican Party in Ohio in 1854 to oppose the Kansas- Nebraska Act and repeal of the Missouri Compromise. Republicans immediately became the dominant political force in Ohio and largely remained so for the rest of the nineteenth century.

By 1840, Ohio's population had swelled to over 1.5 million, making it the third most populous state in the union, and thousands of Irish and German immigrants in the ensuing decades kept the state's growth at a high level. Industries such as coal, iron, textiles, meatpacking, and agricultural machinery appeared even before the Civil War.

Ohio became one of the main sources of economic strength and manpower for the North during the Civil War. Ohioans who served in the Union Army numbered 350,000, and close to 35,000 died as a result of the conflict. An impressive number of Union military and civilian leaders came from the Buckeye state, including Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman, Philip Sheridan, James McPherson, William S. Rosecrans, and Rutherford B. Hayes among the generals and Salmon P. Chase and Edwin M. Stanton in Lincoln's cabinet. The only military action that took place in the state was Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan's daring raid across southern Ohio in the summer of 1863.

As the Ohio economy was transformed during the nineteenth century, state government and politics evolved at a slower pace. A new state constitution in 1851 increased the number of elected offices, but a proposed constitution in 1873 that would have made more significant reforms was rejected. In 1867, Ohio voters rejected black male suffrage, but this became law anyway through the Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution ratified in 1870. Large cities such as Cincinnati and Cleveland experienced rule by corrupt local bosses in the late nineteenth century, and the state legislature was increasingly influenced by corporate business interests. However, Ohio contributed seven U.S. presidents in this era, all Republicans, including Grant, Hayes, James A. Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William Howard Taft, and Warren G. Harding.

The growth of big business in late-nineteenth-and early-twentieth-century Ohio centered on the development of energy resources (coal, natural gas, and oil refining) and industrial manufacturing (steel, rubber, glass, auto parts, and machinery.) The spectacular rise of John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company, founded in Cleveland in 1870, characterized the new economic era. Northern Ohio became the most heavily industrialized part of the state, with Cleveland (iron, steel, heavy machinery), Akron (tire and rubber), Toledo (glass, auto

parts), and Youngstown (steel) leading the way. But other cities and regions in the state also developed industrially in this period. Cincinnati remained a diversified manufacturing center, and Dayton was home to National Cash Register (NCR) and Delco (part of General Motors). Northwest Ohio experienced a boom in oil and gas production and new railroad lines were built through southeastern Ohio coal fields and throughout the rest of the state. At the beginning of the twentieth century Ohio led the nation in the number of miles of interurban rail track—electric trains that carried both rural and urban passengers between small towns and large cities. By 1900, Cleveland had surpassed Cincinnati to become Ohio's largest and most ethnically diverse city. Seventy-five percent of its residents were first-or second-generation immigrants, many from southern and eastern Europe, and forty different languages were spoken in the city.

Workers' wages and labor conditions varied considerably across Ohio industry, but the size and impersonal conditions of factories bred increasing worker discontent. Some companies tried to counter this with improved employee benefits, but still Ohio workers began to turn toward unions to protect their interests. The Knights of Labor's efforts at mass unionization in the 1870s and 1880s had some success in Ohio, but this approach could not survive the depression of 1893. The American Federation of Labor was founded in Columbus in 1886 but limited its membership to the skilled trades. Hocking Valley coal miners went on strike in 1884, leading to violence, but ultimately the coal operators prevailed. The miners regrouped and in 1890 helped to form the United Mine Workers of America. The radical Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) supported a strike by Akron rubber workers in 1913. That strike also proved unsuccessful due to strong employer opposition, as did a major steel strike in 1919. Ohio industrial workers did not make major gains in union representation and bargaining until the great labor upheavals of the 1930s.

Twentieth-Century Ohio

The beginning of the twentieth century brought continued economic growth and innovation. Orville and Wilbur Wright of Dayton made the first successful flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, on 17 December 1903. Another Daytonian, Charles F. Kettering, developed the self-starting engine for automobiles. Politically the new century found Ohio's large cities in the midst of struggles for progressive reform. Two outstanding mayors, Samuel M. ("Golden Rule") Jones in Toledo, and Tom Johnson in Cleveland, attacked corruption, instituted civil service reform, and generally made their cities healthier, safer, and more efficient for residents. In Columbus the Congregational minister and Social Gospel pioneer Washington Gladden led similar efforts. The progressive impulse spread throughout the state and led to significant actions at the 1912 state constitutional convention. Forty-one constitutional amendments were submitted to the voters, and thirty-three of them were approved on 3 September 1912. They included the power of citizen initiative and referendum in making state laws, home rule charters for cities, the direct primary, a workers compensation system, and greater regulation of natural resources.

Progressive reform continued at the state level under Democratic governor James M. Cox, who served from 1913 to 1915 and 1917 to 1921. He worked to implement the new constitutional provisions against corporate opposition and led the effort to consolidate and modernize rural school districts. However, in the stirred patriotic atmosphere of World War I, Cox advocated a state law, later held unconstitutional, banning the teaching of German in any school below the eighth grade. The Democrats selected Cox to run for president in 1920, with Franklin D. Roosevelt as his running mate, but another Ohioan, Senator Warren G. Harding, swept to victory in a landslide.

After some difficult postwar adjustments, Ohio experienced economic prosperity in the 1920s, especially in industries associated with automobile production or electrical equipment. Large numbers of African Americans from the Deep South and whites from Appalachia migrated north to Ohio cities seeking industrial employment. Blacks in particular were restricted by segregation customs in obtaining housing and the use of public accommodations. Racial and ethnic tensions surfaced in some locations, as did questions relating to the legal enforcement of prohibition. The revived Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s was very active in several Ohio cities, using its power to elect some public officials. However, by the latter part of the decade it was in decline, weakened by internal scandals and the firm opposition of many religious, racial, and ethnic leaders.

Highly industrialized Ohio was hit hard by the Great Depression of the 1930s. In 1932 an estimated 37 percent of all Ohio workers were unemployed. Industrial unemployment in northern Ohio cities ranged from fifty to eighty percent at its peak. Democrats returned to power in state government and looked to Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration for solutions. Most of the New Deal programs had a significant impact on Ohio, including the largest number of recipients of any state of relief from the Works Progress Administration (WPA). Organized labor stirred with the formation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) to recruit among industrial workers. Its first major success was the 1936 sit-down strike by Akron's rubber workers. Strikes by steelworkers against Republic, Youngstown Sheet and Tube, and others in 1937 led to more violence and a temporary labor setback. World War II, however, brought union recognition and collective bargaining to the "Little Steel" companies.

Ohio played a key role in America's "arsenal of democracy" during World War II. About one million workers produced goods for the war effort, especially in aircraft, ordnance, and shipbuilding. Some 839,000 Ohioans served in the U.S. military and 23,000 were killed or missing in action. After the war, Ohio's industries worked at full capacity to meet pent-up consumer demand. The Saint Lawrence Seaway, completed in 1959, expanded Great Lakes shipping, and lock and dam improvements on the Ohio River maintained that historic waterway's commercial importance.

Between 1940 and 1960 Ohio's population grew by 40 percent, faster than the national average. However, in the 1970s and 1980s aging plants, high labor and energy costs, and increased foreign competition converged to deal Ohio's industrial economy a severe blow. Most of the large cities lost population and jobs to newer suburbs. The 1990s brought a return to growth, but Ohio's 2000 population of 11,353,000 was only six percent higher than its 1970 level, while the United States overall had grown by thirty-eight percent in that same period. Columbus had replaced Cleveland as the state's largest city.

After 1960, Ohio greatly expanded its system of public higher education, one of the achievements of the long-serving Republican governor James A. Rhodes (1963–1971, 1975–1983). However, he is also remembered for his controversial decision to send National Guard troops to quell student protests at Kent State University in 1970, which led to the death of four students. By the 1960s environmental protection had become a serious issue, as Ohio struggled to undo decades of neglect in this area. In 1997 the state supreme court declared the state's method of funding public schools inequitable and forced the General Assembly to begin to allocate increased funds to poorer districts. Ohio faced its approaching bicentennial in 2003 with both serious needs to be met and a renewed sense of optimism in doing so.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bills, Scott L., ed. Kent State/May 4: Echoes Through a Decade. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1982.

Booth, Stephane E. Buckeye Women: The History of Ohio's Daughters. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2001.

Boryczka, Raymond, and Lorin Lee Cary. No Strength Without Union: An Illustrated History of Ohio Workers, 1803–1980. Columbus: Ohio Historical Society, 1982.

Brandt, Nat. The Town That Started the Civil War. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1990. The antislavery movement in Oberlin, Ohio.

Gerber, David A. Black Ohio and the Color Line: 1860–1915. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1976.

Grant, H. Roger. Ohio on the Move: Transportation in the Buckeye State. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2000.

Havighurst, Walter. Ohio: A Bicentennial History. New York: Norton, 1976.

Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720–1830. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.

Knepper, George W. Ohio and Its People. 2d ed. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1997.

Lamis, Alexander P., ed. Ohio Politics. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1994.

Murdock, Eugene C. The Buckeye Empire: An Illustrated History of Ohio Enterprise. Northridge, Calif.: Windsor, 1988.

Shriver, Phillip R., and Clarence E. Wunderlin, eds. The Documentary Heritage of Ohio. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2000. A comprehensive collection of primary sources.

John B.Weaver

See alsoCincinnati ; Cleveland ; Columbus, Ohio ; Toledo .

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Ohio (state, United States)

Ohio, midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. It is bordered by Pennsylvania (NE), West Virginia (SE) and Kentucky (S) across the Ohio River, Indiana (W), and Michigan and Lake Erie (N).

Facts and Figures

Area, 41,222 sq mi (106,765 sq km). Pop. (2010) 11,536,504, a 1.6% increase since the 2000 census. Capital and largest city, Columbus. Statehood, Mar. 1, 1803 (17th state). Highest pt., Campbell Hill, 1,550 ft (473 m); lowest pt., Ohio River, 433 ft (132 m). Nickname, Buckeye State. Motto, With God, All Things Are Possible. State bird, cardinal. State flower, scarlet carnation. State tree, buckeye. Abbr., OH

Geography

From the dunes on Lake Erie to the gorge-cut plateau along the Ohio River, from which Ohio takes its name, the land is fairly flat, with some pleasant rolling country and, in the southeast, small rugged hills leading to the mountains of West Virginia. Before the coming of settlers to the state, it was covered with miles of virgin forest, but today only vestiges of the trees that helped to build the many cities remain. Columbus is the capital and largest city. Cleveland is the center of the state's largest metropolitan area. Other major cities are Cincinnati, Toledo, and Akron.

Economy

Ohio is highly industrialized, yet it also continues to draw economic riches from the earth. Among national leaders in the production of lime, clays, and salt, it is a historic center of ceramic and glass industries. Ohio's soil supports rich farms, especially where it was improved ages ago by additions of glacier-ground limestone. Although most of the state's income is derived from commerce and manufacturing, Ohio also has extensive farmland, and large amounts of corn, soybeans, hay, wheat, cattle, hogs, and dairy items are produced, although the number of family farms is rapidly dwindling.

Railroads, canals, and highways crisscrossing the state have since the late 19th cent. provided the means for transporting large amounts of raw materials and manufactures. Lake Erie ports, chiefly Toledo and Cleveland, handle iron and copper ore, coal, oil, and finished materials (including steel and automobile parts). In spite of massive industrial decline since the 1960s, which has made Ohio the center of the "Rust Belt," the state retains many manufacturing centers, with an emphasis on heavy industry. Leading products include transportation equipment, primary and fabricated metals, and machinery.

Government, Politics, and Higher Education

Ohio's present constitution was adopted in 1851. It has been amended many times, most notably in 1912 after a constitutional convention adopted such changes as progressive labor provisions and such measures as initiative, referendum, and the direct primary. The state's executive branch is headed by a governor elected for a four-year term and permitted two successive terms. Ohio's general assembly has a senate with 33 members, elected for four-year terms, and a house with 99 members. The state elects 2 senators and 16 representatives to the U.S. Congress and has 18 electoral votes.

Republicans have predominated in Ohio politics since the Civil War, but the state has often supported Democratic candidates. George Voinovich, elected governor in 1990 and reelected in 1994, was succeeded by Bob Taft, a fellow Republican, elected in 1998 and reelected in 2002. A Democrat, Ted Strickland, was elected to the post in 2006, but he lost to Republican John Kasich in 2010.

Among the large number of institutions of higher learning in the state are Antioch Univ., at Yellow Springs; Bowling Green State Univ., at Bowling Green; Case Western Reserve Univ., at Cleveland; the College of Wooster, at Wooster; Kent State Univ., at Kent; Kenyon College, at Gambier; Miami Univ., at Oxford; Oberlin College, at Oberlin; Ohio State Univ., at Columbus; Ohio Univ., at Athens; Ohio Wesleyan Univ., at Delaware; the Univ. of Cincinnati; the Univ. of Toledo; and Wilberforce Univ., at Wilberforce.

History

Prehistory to the American Revolution

In prehistoric times Ohio was inhabited by the Mound Builders, many of whose mounds are preserved in state parks and in the Hopewell Culture National Historical Park (see National Parks and Monuments, table). Before the arrival of Europeans, E Ohio was the scene of warfare between the Iroquois and the Erie, which resulted in the extermination of the Erie. In addition to the Iroquois, other Native American tribes soon prominent in the region were the Miami, the Shawnee, and the Ottawa.

La Salle began his explorations of the Ohio valley in 1669 and claimed the entire area for France. The Ohio River became a magnet for fur traders and landseekers, and the British, attempting to move in (see Ohio Company), hotly contested the French claims. Rivalry for control of the forks of the Ohio River led to the outbreak (1754) of the last of the French and Indian Wars. The defeat of the French gave the land to the British, but British possession was disturbed by Pontiac's Rebellion. The British government issued a proclamation in 1763 forbidding settlement W of the Appalachian Mts. Then in 1774, with the Quebec Act, the British placed the region between the Ohio River and the Great Lakes within the boundaries of Canada. The colonists' resentment over these acts contributed to the discontent that led to the American Revolution, during which military operations were conducted in the Ohio country.

From the Settlement of the Old Northwest to Statehood

Ohio was part of the vast area ceded to the United States by the Treaty of Paris (1783; see Paris, Treaty of). Conflicting claims to land in that area made by Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Virginia were settled by relinquishment of almost all of the claims (see Western Reserve) and the organization of the Old Northwest by the Ordinance of 1787. Ohio was the first region developed under the provisions of that ordinance, with the activities of the Ohio Company of Associates promoted by Rufus Putnam and Manasseh Cutler. Marietta, founded in 1788, was the first permanent American settlement in the Old Northwest.

In the years that followed, various land companies were formed, and settlers poured in from the East, either down the Ohio on flatboats and barges, or across the mountains by wagon—their numbers varying with conditions but steadily expanding the area's population. The Native Americans, supported by the British, resisted American settlement. They successfully opposed campaigns led by Josiah Harmar and Arthur St. Clair but were decisively defeated by Anthony Wayne in the battle of Fallen Timbers (1794). The British thereafter (1796) withdrew their outposts from the Northwest under the terms of Jay's Treaty, and the area was pacified. Ohio became a territory in 1799. General St. Clair, as the first governor, ruled in an arbitrary fashion that made Ohioans for many years afterward distrustful of all government. In 1802 a state convention drafted a constitution, and in 1803 Ohio entered the Union, with Chillicothe as its capital. Columbus became the permanent capital in 1816.

The War of 1812 and Further Settlement

In the War of 1812 the Americans lost many of the early battles of the war that took place in the Old Northwest, and their military frontier was pushed back to the Ohio River. Two British attacks on Ohio soil were successfully resisted: one against Fort Meigs at the mouth of the Maumee River and the other against Fort Stephenson on the Sandusky. The area was further secured by Oliver Hazard Perry's naval victory on Lake Erie near Put-in-Bay, Ohio, and William Henry Harrison's victory in the battle of the Thames on Canadian soil.

After the war Ohio's growth was spurred by the building of the Erie Canal, other canals, and toll roads. The National Road was a vital settlement and commercial artery. Settlement of the Western Reserve by New Englanders (especially those from Connecticut) gives NE Ohio a decidedly New England cultural landscape. Ohio's society of small farmers exported their produce down the Ohio and the Mississippi rivers to St. Louis and New Orleans. In 1837 Ohio won a territorial struggle with Michigan usually called the Toledo War. The Loan Law, adopted in the Panic of 1837, encouraged railroad and industrial development. Railroads gradually succeeded canals, preparing the way for the industrial expansion that followed the Civil War.

The Civil War, Industrialization, and Politics

Most Ohioans were sympathetic with the Union in the Civil War, and many Ohioans served in the Union army. Native sons such as Joshua R. Giddings, Salmon P. Chase, and Edwin M. Stanton had long been prominent opponents of slavery. Nevertheless, the Peace Democrats, the Knights of the Golden Circle, and the Copperheads were very active; Clement L. Vallandigham drew many votes in the gubernatorial election of 1863. Ohio was the scene of the northernmost penetration of Confederate forces in the war—the famous raid (1863) of John Hunt Morgan, which terrorized the people of the countryside until Morgan and most of his men were finally captured in the southeast corner of the state.

After the Civil War industrial development grew rapidly when shipments of ore from the upper Great Lakes region increased and the development of the petroleum industry in NE Ohio shifted the center of economic activity from the banks of the Ohio River to the shores of Lake Erie, particularly around Cleveland. Immigrants began to swell the population, and huge fortunes were made.

Ohio became very important politically. The state contributed seven American presidents: Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William Howard Taft, and Warren G. Harding. Big business and politics became entwined as in the relations of Marcus A. Hanna and McKinley. City bosses such as Cincinnati's George B. Cox also followed this pattern. The state as a whole was for many years steadily Republican, despite the rise of organized labor in the late 19th cent. and considerable labor strife. In the 1890s the reform-minded mayor of Toledo, Samuel "Golden Rule" Jones, won national fame for his espousal of city ownership of municipal utilities.

Twentieth-Century Developments

Floods in the many rivers flowing to the Ohio and in the Ohio River itself have long been a problem; a devastating flood in 1913 led to the establishment of the Miami valley conservation project. Continuing long-term state and federal projects have improved locks and dams along the entire length of the Ohio and its major tributaries, for navigation as well as flood control purposes.

Both farms and industries in Ohio were hard hit by the Great Depression that began in 1929. In the 1930s the state was wracked by major strikes such as the sit-down strikes in Akron (1935–36) and the so-called Little Steel strike (1937). World War II brought great prosperity to Ohio, but labor strife later resumed, as in the steel strikes of 1949 and 1959. Political unrest also affected the state in the protests of the 1960s and most violently in 1970 when four students were killed by national guardsmen who fired on a group of Vietnam War protesters at Kent State Univ.

Ohio's economy went into massive decline in the 1970s and 80s as the automobile, steel, and coal industries virtually collapsed, causing unemployment to soar. Akron, once world famous as a rubber center, stopped manufacturing rubber products altogether by the mid-1980s. During this period, the state's northern industrial centers were especially hard hit and lost much of their population. Since then, Ohio has concentrated on diversifying its economy, largely through expansion of the service sector. The state became an important center for the health-care industry with the opening of the Cleveland Clinic. Industrial research is also important, with Nela Park near Cleveland and Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus among the more notable research centers; there are also still important rubber research laboratories in Akron.

Bibliography

See W. Havighurst, The Heartland: Ohio, Indiana, Illinois (1962); E. H. Roseboom and F. P. Weisenburger, A History of Ohio (rev. ed. 1967); K. W. Wheeler, For the Union (1968); F. A. Bonadio, North of Reconstruction: Ohio Politics, 1865–1870 (1970); R. Boryczka and L. L. Cary, No Strength Without Union: An Illustrated History of Ohio Workers, 1803–1980 (1982); J. Kunstmann, The Encyclopedia of Ohio (1983); W. J. Shkurti and J. Bartle, ed., Benchmark Ohio (1989).

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Ohio (river, United States)

Ohio, river, 981 mi (1,579 km) long, formed by the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in SW Pa., at Pittsburgh; it flows northwest, then generally southwest to enter the Mississippi River at Cairo, Ill. The Ohio's course follows a portion of the southern edge of the region covered by continental ice during the late Cenozoic era; glacial meltwater probably cut its original channel. The river is a major tributary of the Mississippi and supplies more water to it than does the Missouri River. The Ohio River basin covers c.204,000 sq mi (528,400 sq km); the chief tributaries are the Tennessee, Cumberland, Wabash, and Kentucky.

Flood Control and Canals

The Ohio is prone to spring flooding, and extensive flood control and protection devices have been constructed along the river and its tributaries. These devices also improve the river's navigability; a 9-ft (2.7-m) channel is maintained along its entire length. A system of modern locks and dams, constructed since 1955 to replace older structures, speeds the transit of barges and leisure craft. A canal (first opened in 1830) at Louisville bypasses the Falls of the Ohio, a 21/4-mi (3.6-km)-long series of rapids having a 24-ft (7-m) drop.

Human Impact

The Ohio River basin is one of the most populated and industrialized regions of the United States. Oil and steel account for most of the cargoes moved on the river. The principal river ports are Cincinnati, Louisville, and Pittsburgh. Eight states (Ill., Ind., Ky., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., Va., and W.Va.) affected by the river's industrial pollution ratified (1948) the Ohio River Valley Sanitation Compact. Some results of their cleanup efforts have become discernible, and the river now supports marinas and recreational facilities.

History

The French explorer La Salle reportedly reached the Ohio River in 1669, but there was no significant interest in the valley until the French and the British began to struggle for control of the river in the 1750s. An early settlement was established at the forks of the Ohio (modern Pittsburgh) by the Ohio Company of Virginia in 1749, but it was captured by the French in 1754, and the unfinished Fort Prince George was renamed Fort Duquesne; it was recaptured by the British and renamed Fort Pitt in 1758. At the end of the French and Indian Wars, Britain gained control of the river by the treaty of 1763, but settlement of the area was prohibited. Britain ceded the region to the United States at the end of the Revolutionary War (1783), and it was opened to settlement by the Ordinance of 1787, which established the Northwest Territory.

Until the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, the Ohio River was the main route to the newly opened West and the principal means of market transportation of the region's growing farm output. Traffic declined on the river after the railroads were built in the mid-1800s, although it revived after World War II. Comparatively little traffic remains on the Ohio, despite the new locks, dams, and channel improvements, which were all meant to spur economic activity on the river.

Bibliography

See W. Havighurst, River to the West (1970); W. Burmeister, Appalachian Waters 5: The Upper Ohio and Its Tributaries (1978).

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Ohio

OHIO


Akron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 451

Cincinnati . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467

Cleveland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 481

Columbus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495

Dayton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507

Toledo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 519

The State in Brief

Nickname: Buckeye State

Motto: With God, all things are possible

Flower: Scarlet carnation

Bird: Cardinal

Area: 44,825 square miles (2000; U.S. rank: 35th)

Elevation: Ranges from 455 feet to 1,550 feet above sea level

Climate: Temperate and continental; humid with wide seasonal variation

Admitted to Union: March, 1, 1803

Capital: Columbus

Head Official: Governor Bob Taft (until 2007)

Population

1980: 10,798,000

1990: 10,847,115

2000: 11,353,140

2004 estimate: 11,459,011

Percent change, 19902000: 4.7%

U.S. rank in 2004: 7th

Percent of residents born in state: 74.7% (2000)

Density: 277.3 people per square mile (2000)

2002 FBI Crime Index Total: 469,104

Racial and Ethnic Characteristics (2000)

White: 9,645,453

Black or African American: 1,301,307

American Indian and Alaska Native: 24,486

Asian: 132,633

Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 2,749

Hispanic or Latino (may be of any race): 217,123

Other: 88,627

Age Characteristics (2000)

Population under 5 years old: 754,930

Population 5 to 19 years old: 1,633,214

Percent of population 65 years and over: 5.4%

Median age: 36.2 years (2000)

Vital Statistics

Total number of births (2003): 149,412

Total number of deaths (2003): 109,700 (infant deaths, 1,162)

AIDS cases reported through 2003: 6,583

Economy

Major industries: Trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; manufacturing; agriculture; tourism; services

Unemployment rate: 6.1% (April 2005)

Per capita income: $29,953 (2003; U.S. rank: 26)

Median household income: $43,535 (3-year average, 2001-2003)

Percentage of persons below poverty level: 10.4% (3-year average, 2001-2003)

Income tax rate: Ranges from 0.743% to 7.5%

Sales tax rate: 6.0% (food and prescription drugs are exempt)

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Ohio

Ohio State in e central USA, bounded by Lake Erie in the n; the capital is Columbus. Other cities include Toledo and Cleveland. Britain acquired the land in 1763, at the end of the Seven Years' War. It was ceded to the USA after the American Revolution, and in 1787 it became part of the Northwest Territory. Ohio was accepted into the Union in 1803. Mostly low-lying, the state is drained chiefly by the Ohio, Scioto, Miami, and Muskingum rivers. Ohio's large farms produce hay, maize, wheat, soya beans and dairy foods, and cattle and pigs are raised. The state is highly industrialized. Ohio produces sandstone, oil, natural gas, clay, salt, lime and gravel. Its lake ports handle large amounts of iron and copper ore, coal and oil. Industries: vehicle and aircraft manufacture, transport equipment, primary and fabricated metals. Area: 106,764sq km (41,222sq mi). Pop. (2000) 11,353,140.

Statehood :

March 1, 1803

Nickname :

The Buckeye State

State bird :

Cardinal

State flower :

Scarlet carnation

State tree :

Buckeye

State motto :

With God, all things are possible

http://www.state.oh.us

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Ohio

OHIO


Some historians have said that the history of the state of Ohio is, in some ways, a microcosm of the history of middle America. Ohio has seen Native American revolts, pioneer migrations, and the gradual transformation of its wilderness into farms, towns, and cities. The transportation systems that eventually traversed the state brought rapid economic growth. The immigrants who peopled Ohio's cities helped make them industrial giants. They brought with them a wealth of skills and experiences that enriched society and made Ohio the prosperous, culturally diverse place it is today. The industrial pollution and urban decay plaguing the state have mirrored problems in the nation as a whole. But Ohio's efforts to keep up with changing economic times have been largely successful in spite of periodic setbacks.

The first European visitors to Ohio were game hunters of French and English extraction. When they began to settle in Ohio in the seventeenth century, they found a number of Native American tribes there, including the Wyandots, the Delawares, the Miamis, and the Shawnees. The hunters soon started bringing in such goods as knives, hatchets, tobacco, and brandy. They exchanged these for the natives' beaver pelts and deerskins. The French and the English competed for the territory of Ohio until the middle of the eighteenth century, when as a result of the French and Indian War (17541763), the British became the predominant power in northern North America, gaining control over a vast area that included Ohio. They lost some of this territory in the American Revolution (17751783).

After the Revolution, Ohio belonged to the United States, becoming part of the Northwest Territory. Future land development in the new Northwest Territory was regulated by the Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787. The new territory was defined as the area between western Pennsylvania and the Mississippi River, bounded on the south by the Ohio River and on the north by Canada. When settlers began making their way to the Ohio area, many went by keelboat down the Ohio River. They sought fertile lands and new economic opportunities. The new American nation came into being in 1789, and this set the stage for Ohio's prosperity. The Treaty of Greenville in 1795 pushed Native American tribes out of the territory and further encouraged white settlement in the area. More settlers came from the older eastern colonies after Connecticut ceded the Western Reserve, a tract of land along the southern coast of Lake Erie that now comprises part of northeastern Ohio. By 1803 the area had enough residents to become the seventeenth state of the Union.


A final challenge from the British came with the War of 1812 (18121814). Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry (17851819) won a decisive battle in the war on Lake Erie, making Great Lakes commerce safe for Americans. Gen. William Henry Harrison (17731841) repulsed Indian encroachment at the Battle of Tippecanoe in the Indiana Territory. Large numbers of people migrated to Ohio thereafter, both from the eastern colonies and from abroad. Encouraged by low prices for land, new settlers moved quickly to establish farms and begin towns across the new state.

Ohio needed a better system of ground and water transportation to help its economy grow. The first significant route to cross the breadth of Ohio in the 1830s was the National Road (later to become U.S. route 40). The route stretched from Cumberland, Maryland, to Vandalia, Illinois. A canal system was created at about the same time, connecting the northern and southern portions of the state. The Ohio and Erie Canal ran from Portsmouth on the Ohio River to Cleveland. The MiamiErie Canal ran from Cincinnati to Toledo. The canals were not profitable for their owners but proved successful at opening new markets to many farmers.

By the 1840s railroads were beginning to radiate from the population centers, effectively bringing the canal era to an end. The number of railroad tracks in Ohio increased tenfold between 1850 and 1860, though canals were still being constructed in the state. The railroad was crucial to Ohio's economic growth, connecting small towns and urban centers with other cities across the young nation.

Although the railroad brought unprecedented change to Ohio, the state was still primarily agricultural in the mid-nineteenth century. The American Civil War (186165), however, increased industrial development, which continued to grow during the rest of the century and beyond. John D. Rockefeller's (18391937) Standard Oil Company in Cleveland quickly took control of most of the oil refining and distribution in the nation. The city of Akron became the "rubber capital" after B.F. Goodrich (18411888) began manufacturing fire hose. Cincinnati and Dayton also became major manufacturing centers during this time. There was a new wave of immigrants, mostly from southern and eastern Europe, in the 1880s and another in the 1910s. This influx of population brought many potential factory workers to Ohio cities. The advent of labor unions in the 1880s brought some protection to workers against unfair labor practices.

By 1900 Ohio ranked number four in manufacturing. The coal mines in the southeastern part of the state and Great Lakes access to Michigan and later, Minnesota iron ore helped the iron and steel industry to grow in the Cleveland-Youngstown area. By this time Ohio led the nation in the manufacture of machine tools. It ranked second in steel production.

The state's farm population steadily declined after 1900 and cities began to grow, and World War I (19141918) greatly contributed to Ohio's industrial growth. The automobile industry stimulated Ohio's rubber, oil, and glass industries in the 1920s.

The Great Depression of the 1930s hit Ohio hard. It caused widespread unemployment and stifled the economy in many ways. Labor unions became stronger during this time, as workers hoped to protect their standard of living by organizing. The United Rubber Workers in Akron grew to a membership of around 70,000 after a series of sit-down strikes at the rubber plants. The United Steelworkers also struck at seven steel plants in Youngstown and greatly increased their membership.

Like much of the nation, Ohio benefited economically from the outbreak of World War II (19391945), though the state prospered in part because of its healthy industrial base. The state's economy especially grew through war-time production of trucks, tractors, and airplanes. Highway building and airport construction also increased during this time.

In 1959 the St. Lawrence Seaway provided a major economic boost to Ohio. This important waterway connected Toledo and Cleveland with transatlantic commerce. This period unfortunately also brought widespread pollution of the waters, especially Lake Erie, from the dumping of industrial wastes. The rural population continued to decline, and many middle-class people fled to the suburbs from city centers. They left a legacy of urban ruin that would plague the state for years to come.

In the 1970s Ohio's economy began to lag. By the early 1980s it entered a difficult phase. The state's unemployment rate rose to 14 percent by 1983. Manufacturing jobs were on the declinedown from 39 percent in 1970 to 27 percent in 1982. The high sulfur content in most of Ohio's abundant coal supply made the coal largely unusable because it contributed to atmospheric pollution. The state was eventually forced to borrow from the federal government to pay for the high costs of unemployment benefits.

A boost to Ohio's economy was the Thomas Edison Program, initiated in 1983. The project provided venture capital funds for new companies. It also helped establish conservancy districts for the Miami and Muskingum rivers, and began programs that eventually reversed the pollution of Lake Erie. Another major achievement for the state was the establishment of a new Honda Motor Company auto plant at Marysville near Columbus.

Unemployment in Ohio rose again during the recession of 1992, despite considerable economic progress in the mid-1980s. In 1995 there was a major strike at two General Motors plants in Dayton. This added to the state's economic uncertainty. But manufacturing remained the major economic pillar in Ohio throughout the 1990s. The state manufactured mostly durable goods like motor vehicles and other equipment, and steel. The service industry also became significant in the state. Tourism became one of the important segments of the service market. Ohio farms maintained high levels of production in cattle, pigs, and poultry, as well as tomatoes, soybeans, wheat, and oats. The state ranked fifteenth in net farm income in 1995. Ohio's mineral production was also healthy: coal provided more than one third of the state's energy needs, and Ohio was a national leader in the production of sand and gravel. In 1995 Ohio led the nation in lime production.

See also: Automobile Industry, Keelboats, Northwest Ordinance, Petroleum Industry, John D. Rockefeller, Standard Oil


FURTHER READING

Galbreath, Charles B. History of Ohio. 5 vols. Chicago and New York: American Historical Society, 1925.

Havighurst, Walter. Ohio: A Bicentennial History. New York: Norton, 1976.

Knepper, George W. Ohio and Its People. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1989.

Raitz, Karl, ed. The National Road. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Roseboom, Eugene Holloway, and Francis P. Weisenburger. A History of Ohio. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1934.

except on the broadest levels . . . one cannot generalize about the people of ohio . . . [the state] has a representative quality[, with] an unusual balance between northern and southern influences, between agriculture and industry, between rural and urban.

george w. knepper, ohio and its people, 1989

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Ohio

Ohio River in e central USA, formed at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers at Pittsburgh in w Pennsylvania. It flows w and then sw to join the Mississippi River at Cairo, Illinois. The Ohio River valley is a highly industrialized region. Length: 1571km (976mi).

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Ohio

Ohiobio, Cetshwayo, Io, ngaio, Ohio

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Ohio

OHIO

OHIO , industrial state in eastern central United States. In 2001, the Jewish population of Ohio was 149,000 of a total population of 11,353,140, or 1.3%. Jewish settlement in Ohio paralleled the opening of new lands to the west of the Allegheny and Appalachian Mountains, the development of canals, roads, and later, railroads. The first documented Jewish settler in Ohio was an English watchmaker named Joseph Jonas, who settled in Cincinnati in 1817. His presence, something of a curiosity to the locals who had never seen a Jew, was well tolerated. As his relatives joined him, and new settlers made their way to *Cincinnati, there was a large enough group to establish Ohio's first congregation, Bene Israel, in 1824. *Cleveland, in the northeastern portion of the state, also attracted Jewish settlers. Daniel Maduro Peixotto arrived in 1835 to teach at Willoughby Medical College, and in 1839 a group of 15 men and women from Unsleben, Bavaria, joined Simson Thorman and founded the Israelitic Society. Prior to the Civil War, five other Jewish communities were founded: *Columbus (1838); *Dayton (1850); Hamilton (1855); Piqua (1858); and Portsmouth (1858). Throughout the German Jewish immigration period (through the 1870s) communities were also established in Youngstown, *Akron, *Toledo, and Canton. With little overt antisemitism, Jews were elected to public office. Marcus Frankel served as mayor of Columbus, and William Kraus and Guido Marx were mayors of Toledo.

Cincinnati's Jewish community played a significant national role in the development of the Reform movement. Rabbi Isaac Mayer *Wise founded The Israelite in 1854, the first English language newspaper published west of the Allegheny Mountains. In 1855 he convened a national conference in an attempt to unify American Jewry, which, while unable to achieve that goal, was successful in producing Minhag America, a new prayer book co-edited by Rabbi Isador *Kalisch, then rabbi of Cleveland's Tifereth Israel. Wise organized the Union of American Hebrew Congregations in 1873 and in 1875 founded the first American rabbinical seminary, Hebrew Union College.

With the influx of eastern European immigration beginning in the 1880s, the largest of Ohio's Jewish communities created complex organizational structures, which often included federations, social settlements, educational bureaus, hospitals, homes for the aged, schools, labor unions, and social and benevolent societies. Economically, peddling and small businesses led to larger enterprises and the professions. Some nationally known businesses emerging from Ohio were the B. Manischewitz Company and the Federated Department Stores, founded in Cincinnati, and the Cleveland-based American Greetings Corporation and Forest City Enterprises.

In the 20th century there were six Jewish mayors in Cincinnati; Howard M. Metzenbaum, a Democrat from Cleveland, was a United States senator for 17 years; Gilbert Bettman and Lee Fisher were state attorneys general. Pauline Steinem, a suffragist from Toledo, was the first woman to serve on the Toledo Board of Education, and Mary Belle Grossman, an attorney from Cleveland, was the first woman municipal judge in the United States. Sally *Priesand, raised in Cleveland and ordained at Hebrew Union College in 1972, was the first woman rabbi in the United States. Rabbi Abba Hillel *Silver was a leader in the international Zionist movement; rabbis Arthur J. *Lelyveld and Sylvan Ruslander were active in the civil rights movement.

After World War ii, there was increased movement of Jewish populations to the suburbs of Roselawn, Golf Manor, and Amberley Village of Cincinnati; Bexley of Columbus; and the "Heights" – Shaker, Cleveland, and University – of Cleveland, as well as Beachwood, which became about 80 percent Jewish.

In 2001 the major Jewish communities in Ohio were in the metropolitan areas of Cleveland (81,500), Cincinnati (22,500), Columbus (22,000), Dayton (5,000), Akron (3,500), Toledo (5,900), Youngstown (3,200), and Canton (1,500). These eight cities and their suburbs all have federations or community councils. The eight federations work together on a state-wide basis to support the Government Affairs Committee of Ohio Jewish Communities, located in Columbus, the state capital. There are more than 100 synagogues in the state, 14 day schools, and seven Anglo-Jewish newspapers: Akron Jewish News, American Israelite (Cincinnati), Cleveland Jewish News, Dayton Jewish Observer, Jewish Journal (Youngstown), Ohio Jewish Chronicle and The New Standard (both Columbus), Stark Jewish News (Canton area), and the Toledo Jewish News.

There are three institutes of higher Jewish learning in Ohio: the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, mentioned above; the Laura and Alvin Siegal College of Judaic Studies in Beachwood; and the Telshe Yeshiva (Wickliffe). All three train either rabbis or educators. Several of Ohio's universities offer Jewish studies majors and graduate level degrees, as well as provide Hillel Foundation meeting centers for students. In addition, a number of prominent families have established foundations that support local, national and international educational efforts, including the Melton, Schottenstein, and Wexner families of Columbus, and the Mandel and Stone families of Cleveland. The Klau Library and the Jacob Rader Marcus Center for the American Jewish Archives (aja) are located on the campus of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati. A major repository of written and audio-visual American Jewish history, the aja publishes the American Jewish Archives Journal. A second source of Jewish archives material in the state, focusing on northeast Ohio, is at the Western Reserve Historical Society in Cleveland. There are two Jewish museums: the Skirball Museum at the Hebrew Union College, which also houses the Center for Holocaust and Humanity Education; a second, the Milton and Tamar Maltz Museum of Jewish Heritage, opened in 2005 in Beachwood. It is to include The Temple-Tifereth Israel's distinguished collection of international Judaica and a new interactive presentation of local American Jewish history.

bibliography:

J.A. Avner, "Judaism," in: T.S. Butalia and D.P. Small (eds.), Religion in Ohio (2004).

[Jane Avner (2nd ed.)]

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Ohio

Ohio

■ ACADEMY OF COURT REPORTING C-10

2044 Euclid Ave.
Cleveland, OH 44115
Tel: (216)861-3222
Fax: (216)861-4517
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.acr.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Founded 1970. Total enrollment: 100.

■ ALLEGHENY WESLEYAN COLLEGE E-12

2161 Woodsdale Rd.
Salem, OH 44460
Tel: (330)337-6403
Free: 800-292-3153
Fax: (330)337-6255
Web Site: http://www.awc.edu/

Description:

Independent religious, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Total enrollment: 70. Calendar: semesters.

■ ANTIOCH COLLEGE I-18

795 Livermore St.
Yellow Springs, OH 45387-1697
Tel: (937)769-1000
Free: 800-543-9436
Admissions: (937)769-1100
Fax: (937)769-1288
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.antioch-college.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Part of Antioch University. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1852. Setting: 100-acre small town campus with easy access to Dayton. Endowment: $28.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8369 per student. Total enrollment: 470. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 11:1. 368 applied, 51% were admitted. 13% from top 10% of their high school class, 39% from top quarter, 70% from top half. Full-time: 460 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 4 students, 50% women, 50% men. Students come from 43 states and territories, 2 other countries, 68% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.3% international, 7% 25 or older, 97% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: area and ethnic studies; interdisciplinary studies; liberal arts/general studies. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at members of the Great Lakes Colleges Association, Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, 2 recommendations. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 2/1, 1/1 for early action. Notification: continuous until 4/1, 2/1 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $34,214 includes full-time tuition ($26,492), mandatory fees ($722), and college room and board ($7000). College room only: $3426. Part-time tuition: $435 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Most popular organizations: Third World Alliance, Women's Center, Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual Center, Uni-Dad, Alternative Library. Major annual events: Camelot Race, Div Dance, Drag Ball. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 612 college housing spaces available; 581 were occupied in 2003-04. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Olive Kettering Memorial Library with 300,000 books, 48,320 microform titles, 10,504 serials, 6,259 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $520,166. 68 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Yellow Springs, Ohio, is a magnet for creative thinkers and doers. The residents are socially concerned, politically active, and intensely interested in the arts. Ingenious shops, natural food stores, unusual restaurants, and an array of art galleries line the village streets. Bookstores can be found with specialties ranging from science fiction to feminist literature. Local craft shops display items of clay, silver, wood, stained glass, unusual weavings, original clothing, oils, and essences. The Little Art Theatre offers top foreign and American arts films in three-day runs. A 1,000 Nature Preserve, Glen Helen, adjacent to campus, provides a maze of stone cliffs, waterfalls, forests, streams, wooded trails, and old bridges. It offers opportunities for hiking, horseback riding, cross-country skiing, canoeing, rock-climbing, rappelling and solitude.

■ ANTIOCH UNIVERSITY MCGREGOR I-18

800 Livermore St.
Yellow Springs, OH 45387-1609
Tel: (937)769-1800; (937)769-1818
Admissions: (937)769-1823
Fax: (937)769-1805
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mcgregor.edu/

Description:

Independent, upper-level, coed. Part of Antioch University. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1988. Setting: 100-acre small town campus with easy access to Dayton. Total enrollment: 695. Faculty: 90 (27 full-time, 63 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 6:1. Full-time: 57 students, 74% women, 26% men. Part-time: 95 students, 65% women, 35% men. 0% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 20% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 99% 25 or older, 27% transferred in. Retention: 92% of full-time entering class returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: liberal arts/general studies; psychology; business/marketing. Core. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $45. Tuition: $12,288 full-time, $256 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $225 full-time, $75 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. College housing not available. Olive Kettering Library with 285,000 books, 1,000 serials, and a Web page. 49 computers available on campus
for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ ANTONELLI COLLEGE L-2

124 East Seventh St.
Cincinnati, OH 45202-2592
Tel: (513)241-4338
Free: 800-505-4338
Fax: (513)241-9396
Web Site: http://www.antonellic.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1947. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 387. 130 applied, 91% were admitted. Students come from 6 states and territories, 20% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 12% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 30% 25 or older. Core. Honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview. Required for some: art portfolio. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, security personnel while classes are in session. College housing not available. Main library plus 1 other with 2,000 books and 30 serials. 46 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ ART ACADEMY OF CINCINNATI L-2

1212 Jackson St.
Cincinnati, OH 45202
Tel: (513)562-6262
Admissions: (513)562-8744
Fax: (513)562-8778
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.artacademy.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1887. Setting: 184-acre urban campus. Endowment: $12.5 million. Total enrollment: 164. Faculty: 61 (16 full-time, 45 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. 205 applied, 25% were admitted. 12% from top 10% of their high school class, 43% from top quarter, 45% from top half. Full-time: 155 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 8 students, 88% women, 13% men. Students come from 15 states and territories, 7 other countries, 35% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 17% 25 or older, 13% transferred in. Retention: 81% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic area with the most degrees conferred: visual and performing arts. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at members of the Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities, Association of Independent Colleges of Art and Design. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 1 recommendation, portfolio, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 6/30. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Tuition: $19,250 full-time, $810 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $350 full-time, $175 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Major annual events: annual field trips to art centers in Chicago and New York, Art Academy Awards Ceremony, End of the Year Party. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. College housing not available. Mary Schiff Library with 66,404 books, 150 microform titles, 150 serials, and 588 audiovisual materials. 40 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The Art Academy is located in Eden Park, a metropolitan park of 184 acres that also contains the Cincinnati Historical Society. Mirror Lake, the Krohm Conservatory, two dramatic theaters, one outdoor theater and the Ohio River overlook the area.

■ THE ART INSTITUTE OF CINCINNATI L-2

1171 East Kemper Rd.
Cincinnati, OH 45246
Tel: (513)751-1206
Fax: (513)751-1209
Web Site: http://www.theartinstituteofcincinnati.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Education Management Corporation. Awards transfer associate degrees. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $11,996 per student. Total enrollment: 74. 25% from top quarter of their high school class. Full-time: 74 students, 53% women, 47% men. 1% from out-of-state, 1% black, 5% 25 or older, 7% transferred in. Core.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: Common Application. Required: high school transcript, recommendations, interview, portfolio. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 9/8.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. The Art Institute of Cincinnati Library with 1,500 books. 48 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ THE ART INSTITUTE OF OHIO-CINCINNATI L-2

1011 Glendale Milford Rd.
Cincinnati, OH 45215
Tel: (513)771-2821
Fax: 877-477-8486
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aiohc.aii.edu

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of The Art Institutes. Awards transfer associate and terminal associate degrees. Total enrollment: 229. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 25:1. Students come from 3 states and territories, 9% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Hispanic, 32% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 62% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: continuous. Services for LD students, accelerated degree program, distance learning, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, early decision, early action, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Library with 7,018 books, 75 serials, 493 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. 229 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ ASHLAND UNIVERSITY E-8

401 College Ave.
Ashland, OH 44805-3702
Tel: (419)289-4142
Free: 800-882-1548
Admissions: (419)289-5052
Fax: (419)289-5999
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.exploreashland.com

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed, affiliated with Brethren Church. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees. Founded 1878. Setting: 98-acre small town campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $30.2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5000 per student. Total enrollment: 6,472. Faculty: 593 (231 full-time, 362 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 1,950 applied, 91% were admitted. 17% from top 10% of their high school class, 43% from top quarter, 71% from top half. 11 valedictorians. Full-time: 2,511 students, 58% women, 42% men. Part-time: 280 students, 68% women, 33% men. Students come from 31 states and territories, 23 other countries, 8% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 8% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 18% 25 or older, 71% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 73% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at Case Western Reserve University, Art Institute of Pittsburgh, Purdue University, Drew University, American University, Merrill-Palmer Institute, Hunter College of the City University of New York. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Required for some: recommendations, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $29,220 includes full-time tuition ($20,666), mandatory fees ($764), and college room and board ($7790). College room only: $4184. Part-time tuition: $635 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 90 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 14% of eligible men and 22% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Campus Activity Board, Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Hope Fellowship, intramurals, Community Care. Major annual events: homecoming, Parents' Weekend, Banana Split Contest. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,884 college housing spaces available; 1,525 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Ashland Library plus 2 others with 205,200 books, 318,000 microform titles, 1,625 serials, 3,550 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $744,378. 600 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Five rubber manufacturers in Ashland produce most of the world's toy balloons. Other industries produce spray equipment, hydraulic cylinders, and clothing. Bus transportation is available while Mansfield Airport and Cleveland Airport furnish air transportation. Recreational facilities within the city are good and nearby Mohican State Park provides additional opportunities for fishing and camping.

■ ATS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY C-20

230 Alpha Park
Highland Heights, OH 44143
Tel: (440)449-1700
Fax: (440)449-1389
Web Site: http://www.atsinstitute.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed.

■ BALDWIN-WALLACE COLLEGE D-9

275 Eastland Rd.
Berea, OH 44017-2088
Tel: (440)826-2900
Admissions: (440)826-2222
Fax: (440)826-3830
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bw.edu/

Description:

Independent Methodist, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1845. Setting: 100-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $122.3 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $116,163. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7929 per student. Total enrollment: 4,469. Faculty: 352 (162 full-time, 190 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 2,366 applied, 79% were admitted. 28% from top 10% of their high school class, 29% from top quarter, 87% from top half. 24 valedictorians, 23 student government officers. Full-time: 2,994 students, 58% women, 42% men. Part-time: 687 students, 68% women, 32% men. Students come from 36 states and territories, 15 other countries, 10% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 5% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 3% 25 or older, 58% live on campus, 6% transferred in. Retention: 82% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; psychology. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Drew University, American University. Study abroad program. ROTC: Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.7 high school GPA, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 3.2 high school GPA, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous until 5/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $28,210 includes full-time tuition ($21,236) and college room and board ($6974). College room only: $3406. Part-time tuition: $674 per semester hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 100 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 7% of eligible men and 17% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: campus entertainment productions, Student Senate, Dance Marathon, Campus Crusade, Black Student Alliance. Major annual events: April Reign, Homecoming, Bach Festival. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,856 college housing spaces available; 1,745 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Ritter Library plus 2 others with 200,000 books, 885 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.7 million. 460 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Berea, with its tree-lined streets and picturesque homes, is an ideal college town, yet it is only 20 minutes from the heart of Cleveland, home to many fortune 500 companies and recreational and cultural opportunities.

■ BELMONT TECHNICAL COLLEGE

120 Fox Shannon Place
St. Clairsville, OH 43950-9735
Tel: (740)695-9500
Fax: (740)695-2247
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.btc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1971. Setting: 55-acre rural campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5900 per student. Total enrollment: 1,740. Full-time: 1,180 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 560 students, 59% women, 41% men. Students come from 10 states and territories, 3% from out-of-state, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Hispanic, 3% black, 0.2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 55% 25 or older. Retention: 56% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, emergency medical technology programs. Option: early admission. Placement: ACT COMPASS required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

State resident tuition: $2520 full-time, $56 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $5220 full-time, $116 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1050 full-time, $23 per credit hour part-time, $5 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. College housing not available. 5,612 books and 217 serials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $27,000. 85 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Belmont Technical College is located in a rural area of Belmont County, Ohio, just 10 miles west of Wheeling, WV. The college is active in the community and exposes students to a variety of activities, including the fine arts.

■ BLUFFTON UNIVERSITY E-4

1 University Dr.
Bluffton, OH 45817
Tel: (419)358-3000
Free: 800-488-3257
Admissions: (419)358-3254
Fax: (419)358-3232
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bluffton.edu/

Description:

Independent Mennonite, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1899. Setting: 65-acre small town campus with easy access to Toledo. Endowment: $18.3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6054 per student. Total enrollment: 1,211. Faculty: 114 (67 full-time, 47 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 1,074 applied, 71% were admitted. 14% from top 10% of their high school class, 42% from top quarter, 80% from top half. 12 class presidents, 6 valedictorians, 50 student government officers. Full-time: 1,005 students, 58% women, 42% men. Part-time: 74 students, 59% women, 41% men. Students come from 21 states and territories, 13 other countries, 12% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 14% 25 or older, 85% live on campus, 8% transferred in. Retention: 70% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; parks and recreation. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at Christian College Coalition, Council of Independent Colleges. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, 2 recommendations, rank in upper 50% of high school class or 2.3 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Required for some: essay. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 5/31. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $27,652 includes full-time tuition ($20,170), mandatory fees ($400), and college room and board ($7082). College room only: $3260. Part-time tuition: $840 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 40 open to all. Most popular organizations: Brothers and Sisters in Christ, Campus Government, Student Union Board, music groups/chorale, chapel service. Major annual events: homecoming, Christian Emphasis, May Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, night security guards. 840 college housing spaces available; 812 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Musselman Library with 163,448 books, 135,213 microform titles, 385 serials, 1,259 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $577,099. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ BOHECKER'S BUSINESS COLLEGE D-11

326 East Main St.
Ravenna, OH 44266
Tel: (330)297-7319
Fax: (330)297-7315
Web Site: http://www.boheckers.com/

Description:

Independent, 2-year, coed. Total enrollment: 189.

■ BOWLING GREEN STATE UNIVERSITY C-4

Bowling Green, OH 43403
Tel: (419)372-2531
Admissions: (419)372-BGSU
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bgsu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1910. Setting: 1,230-acre small town campus with easy access to Toledo. Endowment: $113.8 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $5.9 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6083 per student. Total enrollment: 19,016. Faculty: 1,047 (851 full-time, 196 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 11,168 applied, 90% were admitted. 14% from top 10% of their high school class, 71% from top half. 16 National Merit Scholars. Full-time: 15,014 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 1,065 students, 50% women, 50% men. Students come from 49 states and territories, 43 other countries, 8% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 8% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 5% 25 or older, 46% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 79% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; visual and performing arts. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at University of Toledo, Medical College of Ohio. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, SAT and SAT Subject Tests or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 7/15. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. State resident tuition: $7314 full-time, $357 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $14,622 full-time, $706 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1246 full-time, $62 per credit hour part-time. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. College room and board: $6434. College room only: $3934. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 285 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities. Most popular organizations: University Activities Organization, Undergraduate Student Government, Latino Student Union, H20 (Religious/Spiritual Group). Major annual events: homecoming, Sibs and Kids Weekend, dance marathon. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 7,286 college housing spaces available; 7,129 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. Jerome Library plus 2 others with 2.5 million books, 2.4 million microform titles, 9,502 serials, 718,734 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $5.4 million. 6,240 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Bowling Green, the county seat of Wood County, is located 23 miles south of Toledo. Community facilities in this metropolitan area include libraries, many churches, a hospital, shopping areas, and major civic and service organizations. Lake Erie and the Maumee River provide facilities for recreation.

■ BOWLING GREEN STATE UNIVERSITY-FIRELANDS COLLEGE C-7

One University Dr.
Huron, OH 44839-9791
Tel: (419)433-5560
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.firelands.bgsu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of Bowling Green State University System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees (also offers some upper-level and graduate courses). Founded 1968. Setting: 216-acre rural campus with easy access to Cleveland and Toledo. Endowment: $1.6 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3760 per student. Total enrollment: 1,986. 528 applied, 94% were admitted. 2% from top 10% of their high school class, 18% from top quarter, 49% from top half. Full-time: 1,042 students, 69% women, 31% men. Part-time: 876 students, 63% women, 37% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 0% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 6% black, 0.2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 42% 25 or older, 22% transferred in. Retention: 42% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: SAT or ACT required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/15. Notification: continuous until 8/15.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group. Social organizations: 20 open to all. Most popular organizations: Speech Activities Organization, Allied Health Club, student government, Intramural Club, Campus Fellowship. Major annual events: Beggars Banquet, Welcome Back Cookout, Recognition Banquet. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service, patrols by trained security personnel. College housing not available. Firelands College Library with 41,281 books, 2,663 microform titles, 241 serials, 2,331 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $281,160. 300 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ BRADFORD SCHOOL I-6

2469 Stelzer Rd.
Columbus, OH 43219
Tel: (614)416-6200
Free: 800-678-7981
Web Site: http://www.bradfordschoolcolumbus.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1911. Setting: suburban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $1650 per student. Total enrollment: 312. 613 applied, 89% were admitted. 3% from top 10% of their high school class, 11% from top quarter, 41% from top half. 1 valedictorian. Full-time: 312 students, 76% women, 24% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 5 other countries, 0% from out-of-state, 3% Hispanic, 32% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 8% 25 or older, 41% live on campus, 1% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application. Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 2 open to all. Most popular organization: International Association of Administrative Professionals. Major annual events: fall lunches and dinners, Halloween celebration, spirit week. Campus security: 24-hour patrols. 128 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Resource Center with 2,000 books, 15 serials, 100 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3500. 102 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-AKRON E-10

2791 Mogadore Rd.
Akron, OH 44312-1596
Tel: (330)733-8766
Fax: (330)733-5853
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.socaec.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Administratively affiliated with Southern Ohio College. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1968. Setting: 3-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Total enrollment: 521. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 1% from top 10% of their high school class, 18% from top quarter, 65% from top half. Students come from 1 other country, 0% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 44% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 70% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, summer session for credit, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: early admission, deferred admission. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Tuition: $179 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $10 per credit part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 3 open to all. Most popular organizations: Phi Beta Lambda, Student Advisory Board, Collegiate Secretaries International. Major annual events: National Medical Assisting Week, holiday food drives, Blood Drives. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. 3,725 books and 56 serials. 51 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-CINCINNATI L-2

1011 Glendale-Milford Rd.
Cincinnati, OH 45215
Tel: (513)771-2424
Web Site: http://www.brownmackie.edu/locations.asp?locid=6

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of American Education Centers, Inc. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1927. Setting: 3-acre suburban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $1500 per student. Total enrollment: 971. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 5% from top 10% of their high school class, 15% from top quarter, 50% from top half. Students come from 3 states and territories, 1% from out-of-state, 55% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Tuition: $6444 full-time. Mandatory fees: $360 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, night security guard on-campus. College housing not available. 8,747 books, 80 serials, and 437 audiovisual materials. 125 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-FINDLAY E-4

1637 Tiffin Ave.
Findlay, OH 45840
Tel: (419)423-2211
Free: 800-842-3687
Fax: (419)423-0725
Web Site: http://www.brownmackie.edu

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Administratively affiliated with Education Management Corporation. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1929. Setting: 1-acre rural campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2541 per student. Total enrollment: 632. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. Full-time: 459 students, 93% women, 7% men. Part-time: 173 students, 87% women, 13% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 1% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 32% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 80% 25 or older, 3% transferred in. Core. Calendar: continuous. Advanced placement, independent study, double major, external degree program, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: Common Application. Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Tuition: $11,500 full-time, $250 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $460 full-time, $10 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. 3,134 books, 41 serials, 26 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $11,118. 74 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-NORTH CANTON E-11

1320 West Maple St., NW
North Canton, OH 44720-2854
Tel: (330)494-1214
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.socaec.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Educational Management Corporation. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1929. Setting: suburban campus. Total enrollment: 1,131. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 21:1. 631 applied, 98% were admitted. Full-time: 1,131 students, 80% women, 20% men. 0% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 25% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 0.4% transferred in. Advanced placement, independent study, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: Common Application. Required: high school transcript, interview, ASSET Evaluation. Required for some: Transcript of GED record. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Tuition: $8592 full-time, $179 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $480 full-time, $10 per credit part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. College housing not available. 65 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ BRYANT AND STRATTON COLLEGE (CLEVELAND) C-10

1700 East 13th St.
Cleveland, OH 44114-3203
Tel: (216)771-1700
Fax: (216)771-1700
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bryantstratton.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Part of Bryant and Stratton Business Institute, Inc. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1929. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 428. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. Full-time: 282 students, 71% women, 29% men. Part-time: 146 students, 60% women, 40% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 0% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 85% black, 0.2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 59% 25 or older, 10% live on campus. Academic area with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, entrance evaluation and placement evaluation, TABE. Recommended: SAT or ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Tuition: $18,675 full-time, $415 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $25 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Most popular organization: student/staff softball. Major annual events: Summer Carnival, Team Spirit Day (hot dog sale). Campus security: controlled dormitory access. Option: coed housing available. 4,466 books, 80 serials, 159 audiovisual materials, and a Web page. 66 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ BRYANT AND STRATTON COLLEGE (PARMA) C-10

12955 Snow Rd.
Parma, OH 44130-1013
Tel: (216)265-3151
Fax: (216)265-0325
Web Site: http://www.bryantstratton.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of Bryant and Stratton Business Institute, Inc. Awards terminal associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1981. Setting: 4-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $4000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $1335 per student. Total enrollment: 329. 2% from top 10% of their high school class, 4% from top quarter, 46% from top half. Full-time: 183 students, 74% women, 26% men. Part-time: 146 students, 75% women, 25% men. 0% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 13% Hispanic, 25% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 51% 25 or older, 2% transferred in. Retention: 33% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic area with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, entrance evaluation and placement evaluation, TABE. Recommended: SAT or ACT. Required for some: recommendations. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Tuition: $18,675 full-time, $415 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $25 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 4 open to all. Most popular organizations: Business Professionals of America, Association for Computing Machinery, Baccus Gamma. Major annual events: Summer Carnival, International Potluck, Halloween Party. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. Main library plus 1 other with 1,500 books, 20 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $52,000. 96 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ BRYANT AND STRATTON COLLEGE (WILLOUGHBY HILLS) C-20

27557 Chardon Rd.
Willoughby Hills, OH 44092
Tel: (440)944-6800
Admissions: (440)444-6800
Web Site: http://www.bryantstratton.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Bryant and Stratton Business Institute, Inc. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1987. Setting: suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $1680 per student. Total enrollment: 172. 95 applied, 100% were admitted. 0% from top 10% of their high school class, 12% from top quarter, 13% from top half. Full-time: 98 students, 66% women, 34% men. Part-time: 74 students, 73% women, 27% men. 0% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 0% Hispanic, 66% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 84% 25 or older, 1% transferred in. Retention: 33% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, interview, entrance evaluation and placement evaluation, CPAt. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Required for some: recommendations. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 5 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Council, Professional Secretaries International, Accounting Club, Information Technology Organization, Ambassador Society. Major annual events: Professional Dress Seminar, Professional Lunchtime Seminars, student success cook-outs and pizza parties. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Main library plus 1 other with 1,500 books, 19 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $34,805. 90 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ CAPITAL UNIVERSITY I-6

2199 East Main St.
Columbus, OH 43209-2394
Tel: (614)236-6011
Free: 800-289-6289
Admissions: (614)236-6101
Fax: (614)236-6820
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.capital.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed, affiliated with Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. Awards bachelor's, master's, and first professional degrees. Founded 1830. Setting: 48-acre suburban campus. Endowment: $45.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8443 per student. Total enrollment: 3,901. Faculty: 460 (218 full-time, 242 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 3,023 applied, 78% were admitted. 29% from top 10% of their high school class, 55% from top quarter, 86% from top half. Full-time: 2,242 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 620 students, 74% women, 26% men. Students come from 23 states and territories, 15 other countries, 0% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 12% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 27% 25 or older, 36% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 76% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; health professions and related sciences; interdisciplinary studies. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at members of the Higher Education Council of Columbus. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, early action, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.6 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Required for some: 1 recommendation, audition. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 4/15, 9/22 for early action. Notification: 9/15, 10/2 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $30,444 includes full-time tuition ($24,100) and college room and board ($6344). Full-time tuition varies according to course load, degree level, program, and student level. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $756 per credit hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load, degree level, program, and student level.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,166 college housing spaces available; 1,009 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. Blackmore Library with 187,281 books, 138,244 microform titles, 3,741 serials, 6,048 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2.7 million. 100 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Ohio State University - Columbus Campus.

■ CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY C-10

10900 Euclid Ave.
Cleveland, OH 44106
Tel: (216)368-2000
Admissions: (216)368-4450
Fax: (216)368-5111
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.case.edu/

Description:

Independent, university, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees. Founded 1826. Setting: 150-acre urban campus. Endowment: $1.5 billion. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $211.8 million. Total enrollment: 9,615. Faculty: 853 (687 full-time, 166 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 9:1. 7,181 applied, 68% were admitted. 63% from top 10% of their high school class, 91% from top quarter, 99% from top half. 60 National Merit Scholars, 61 valedictorians. Full-time: 3,714 students, 40% women, 60% men. Part-time: 235 students, 44% women, 56% men. Students come from 50 states and territories, 28 other countries, 41% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 5% black, 15% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 4% international, 3% 25 or older, 75% live on campus, 2% transferred in. Retention: 92% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: engineering; biological/life sciences; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Cleveland Institute of Art, Cleveland Institute of Music, 11 other Cleveland area institutions. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview, SAT Subject Tests. Entrance: very difficult. Application deadlines: 1/15, 11/1 for early action. Notification: 4/1, 1/1 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $40,968 includes full-time tuition ($31,090), mandatory fees ($598), and college room and board ($9280). College room only: $5440. Part-time tuition: $1296 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 100 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local sororities; 34% of eligible men and 23% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: student radio station, Habitat for Humanity, international student groups, music/dance groups. Major annual events: Winter Carnival/Spring Olympics, Hudson Relays, Engineers' Week. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, crime prevention programs. 2,711 college housing spaces available; 2,435 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. University Library plus 6 others with 2.5 million books, 2.5 million microform titles, 20,678 serials, 47,491 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $13.7 million. 280 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The university is located on the eastern edge of Cleveland in University Circle, a 500-acre area of parks, gardens, museums, schools, hospitals, churches and human service institutions. The Cleveland Museum of Art and the Cleveland Orchestra are within walking distance, and downtown Cleveland, offering restaurants, music, theatre, and professional sports, is only ten minutes away by RTA rapid transit. Students also have easy access to many facilities provided by the city of Cleveland and the outlying areas. Among these are Cleveland's well-known "Emerald Necklace" of parks, and Blossom Music Center, the summer home of the Cleveland Orchestra. CWRU also owns a 400-acre farm in Hunting Valley, about 10 miles east of the campus, that is open to students. Recreational facilities include a picnic area, fishing ponds, hiking and ski trails, and buildings for social events.

■ CEDARVILLE UNIVERSITY I-4

251 North Main St.
Cedarville, OH 45314-0601
Tel: (937)766-2211
Free: 800-CEDARVILLE
Admissions: (937)766-7700
Fax: (937)766-7575
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cedarville.edu/

Description:

Independent Baptist, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1887. Setting: 400-acre rural campus with easy access to Columbus and Dayton. Endowment: $13.5 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8485 per student. Total enrollment: 3,113. Faculty: 259 (208 full-time, 51 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 2,017 applied, 83% were admitted. 34% from top 10% of their high school class, 63% from top quarter, 89% from top half. 13 National Merit Scholars, 61 valedictorians, 195 student government officers. Full-time: 2,930 students, 56% women, 44% men. Part-time: 160 students, 54% women, 46% men. Students come from 47 states and territories, 16 other countries, 63% from out-of-state, 0.1% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.5% international, 3% 25 or older, 83% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 81% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; theology and religious vocations. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at Au Sable Institute. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 3.0 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. Comprehensive fee: $22,130 includes full-time tuition ($17,120) and college room and board ($5010). College room only: $2684. Part-time tuition: $535 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 52 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, College Republicans, ASME, Chi Theta Pi, MENC. Major annual events: homecoming, Junior/Senior Banquet, ELLIV. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 2,523 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Centennial Library with 162,195 books, 21,392 microform titles, 5,250 serials, 15,788 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.5 million. 30 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ CENTRAL OHIO TECHNICAL COLLEGE H-8

1179 University Dr.
Newark, OH 43055-1767
Tel: (740)366-1351
Admissions: (740)366-9222
Fax: (740)366-5047
E-mail: [email protected] Web Site: http://www.cotc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1971. Setting: 155-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus. Total enrollment: 2,592. 1,171 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 1,149 students, 71% women, 29% men. Part-time: 1,443 students, 72% women, 28% men. Students come from 3 states and territories, 1 other country, 1% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 5% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 76% 25 or older, 1% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 52% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at Ohio State University-Newark Campus, Higher Education Council of Columbus.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for health programs. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT ASSET or ACT COMPASS required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 15 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Phi Theta Kappa, Student Nurses Organization, Campus Chorus, Physical Therapy Assistants Organization. Major annual events: Spring Fling, Annual 'Blood Battle' Blood Drive, Campus Artists and Performers Series. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. Option: coed housing available. Newark Campus Library with 45,000 books, 500 serials, and an OPAC. 300 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ CENTRAL STATE UNIVERSITY J-18

1400 Brush Row Rd.
PO Box 1004
Wilberforce, OH 45384
Tel: (937)376-6011
Admissions: (937)376-6580
Fax: (937)376-6648
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.centralstate.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1887. Setting: 60-acre rural campus with easy access to Dayton. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4880 per student. Total enrollment: 1,623. Faculty: 162 (94 full-time, 68 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 4,563 applied, 38% were admitted. 1% from top 10% of their high school class, 5% from top quarter, 57% from top half. 2 valedictorians. Full-time: 1,450 students, 48% women, 52% men. Part-time: 167 students, 60% women, 40% men. Students come from 26 states and territories, 5 other countries, 30% from out-of-state, 0.1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 87% black, 0.1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 12% 25 or older, 50% live on campus, 8% transferred in. Retention: 47% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; communications/journalism; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at members of the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents. Option: Common Application. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview, ACT. Required for some: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, 2.5 high school GPA for nonresidents. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 6/15. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. State resident tuition: $2726 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $8546 full-time. Mandatory fees: $2268 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. College room and board: $6982. Room and board charges vary according to board plan.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 115 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 45% of eligible men and 65% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Student Ambassadors, student government. Major annual events: homecoming, May Week. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, controlled dormitory access. 978 college housing spaces available; 926 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Hallie Q. Brown Memorial Library plus 1 other with 280,470 books, 608,887 microform titles, 26,066 serials, 497 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $610,328. 338 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

A college community, Wilberforce was named after William Wilberforce, the English philanthropist who fought for the abolition of slave trade. The community is known as a noted African-American cultural center. Part-time employment opportunities are available for students.

■ CHATFIELD COLLEGE

20918 State Route 251
St. Martin, OH 45118-9705
Tel: (513)875-3344
Fax: (513)875-3912
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.chatfield.edu/

Description:

Independent, 2-year, coed, affiliated with Roman Catholic Church. Awards transfer associate and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1970. Setting: 200-acre rural campus with easy access to Cincinnati and Dayton. Endowment: $700,000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4388 per student. Total enrollment: 230. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. 129 applied, 100% were admitted. 0% from out-of-state, 30% black, 50% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at 14 members of the Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $10. Tuition: $3360 full-time, $280 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $80 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Major annual event: Quilt and Craft Show. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 12-hour night patrols by security. College housing not available. Chatfield College Library with 15,000 books, 30 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $113,795. 16 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ CINCINNATI CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY L-2

2700 Glenway Ave.
PO Box 04320
Cincinnati, OH 45204-3200
Tel: (513)244-8100
Free: 800-949-4CBC
Admissions: 800-949-4222
Fax: (513)244-8140
Web Site: http://www.ccuniversity.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed, affiliated with Church of Christ. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and first professional degrees. Founded 1924. Setting: 40-acre urban campus. Endowment: $988,063. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2700 per student. Total enrollment: 922. 227 applied, 99% were admitted. 22% from top 10% of their high school class, 37% from top quarter, 69% from top half. 9 National Merit Scholars, 6 class presidents, 5 valedictorians, 28 student government officers. Full-time: 501 students, 45% women, 55% men. Part-time: 125 students, 40% women, 60% men. Students come from 33 states and territories, 6 other countries, 33% from out-of-state, 20% 25 or older, 16% transferred in. Retention: 62% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at College of Mount St. Joseph, Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 3 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 8/10. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $15,080 includes full-time tuition ($9120), mandatory fees ($570), and college room and board ($5390). Part-time tuition: $285 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $75 per term.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 12 open to all. Major annual events: Hearts Day, Fall Thing, Campus Picnic. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Cincinnati Bible College Library with 93,000 books, 656 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $263,000. 32 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ CINCINNATI COLLEGE OF MORTUARY SCIENCE L-2

645 West North Bend Rd.
Cincinnati, OH 45224-1462
Tel: (513)761-2020
Fax: (513)761-3333
Web Site: http://www.ccms.edu/

Description:

Independent, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards terminal associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1882. Setting: 10-acre urban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $13,500 per student. Total enrollment: 133. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 5:1. 12 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 133 students, 46% women, 54% men. Students come from 17 states and territories, 1% Hispanic, 7% black, 55% 25 or older, 68% transferred in. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: recommendations. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Tuition: $13,500 full-time, $180 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Social organizations: local fraternities, local sororities; 50% of eligible men and 50% of eligible women are members. College housing not available. 5,000 books, 30 serials, and a Web page. 16 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Cincinnati.

■ CINCINNATI STATE TECHNICAL AND COMMUNITY COLLEGE L-2

3520 Central Parkway
Cincinnati, OH 45223-2690
Tel: (513)569-1500
Admissions: (513)569-1550
Fax: (513)569-1562
E-mail: gaby.boecker[email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cincinnatistate.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1966. Setting: 46-acre urban campus. Endowment: $1.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6218 per student. Total enrollment: 8,470. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. Full-time: 3,485 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 4,985 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 9 states and territories, 62 other countries, 11% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 26% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 45% 25 or older. Retention: 48% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: 5 ten-week terms. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at 12 members of the Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: electronic application. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $4411 full-time, $80.20 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $8822 full-time, $160.40 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $344 full-time, $6 per credit hour part-time, $31 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group. Social organizations: 12 open to all. Most popular organizations: student government, Nursing Student Association, Phi Theta Kappa, American Society of Civil Engineers, Students in Free Enterprise. Major annual events: homecoming, Student government Picnic, Spirit Week. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Johnnie Mae Berry Library with 30,762 books, 268 serials, 3,428 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Cincinnati.

■ CIRCLEVILLE BIBLE COLLEGE J-6

1476 Lancaster Pike, PO Box 458
Circleville, OH 43113-9487
Tel: (740)474-8896
Free: 800-701-0222
Admissions: (740)477-7741
Fax: (740)477-7755
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.biblecollege.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed, affiliated with Churches of Christ in Christian Union. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1948. Setting: 40-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2495 per student. Total enrollment: 317. 135 applied, 61% were admitted. 7% from top 10% of their high school class, 26% from top quarter, 55% from top half. Full-time: 284 students, 47% women, 53% men. Part-time: 33 students, 45% women, 55% men. Students come from 11 states and territories, 26% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 6% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 42% 25 or older, 55% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 71% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at Columbus State Community College.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 4 recommendations, medical form. Recommended: SAT. Required for some: interview, ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $16,436 includes full-time tuition ($9596), mandatory fees ($956), and college room and board ($5884). Part-time tuition: $370 per semester hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $345 per term.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 10 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Council, S.I., SHINE, prison ministries, choir. Major annual events: Mr. and Miss CBC, Youth Conference, Convocation. Student services: legal services, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: security checks after midnight. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Melvin Maxwell Memorial Library with 37,521 books, 111 serials, 1,995 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $107,466. 25 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Circleville is situated in the central part of the state, 23 miles south of Columbus. A shopping center and a number of civic and service organizations serve the community. The annual Circleville Pumpkin Show features a 350-pound pumpkin pie, five feet in diameter, attracting over 500,000 visitors from throughout the world.

■ CLARK STATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-4

570 East Leffel Ln., PO Box 570
Springfield, OH 45501-0570
Tel: (937)325-0691
Admissions: (937)328-6027
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.clarkstate.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1962. Setting: 60-acre suburban campus with easy access to Columbus and Dayton. Total enrollment: 3,504. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 1,743 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 1,583 students, 65% women, 35% men. Part-time: 1,921 students, 72% women, 28% men. 0.4% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 14% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.03% international, 4% transferred in. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs. Off campus study at 17 members of the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for some programs. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $15. State resident tuition: $3720 full-time, $77.50 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $7440 full-time, $155 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1500 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: local fraternities, local sororities. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, Minority Student Forum. Major annual event: Multicultural Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Clark State Community College Library with 31,988 books, 378 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 350 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Wittenberg University.

■ THE CLEVELAND INSTITUTE OF ART C-10

11141 East Blvd.
Cleveland, OH 44106-1700
Tel: (216)421-7000
Free: 800-223-4700
Admissions: (216)421-7418
Fax: (216)421-7438
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cia.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1882. Setting: 488-acre urban campus. Endowment: $17.9 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $23,385 per student. Total enrollment: 610. 531 applied, 76% were admitted. 6% from top 10% of their high school class, 29% from top quarter, 66% from top half. Full-time: 581 students, 51% women, 49% men. Part-time: 23 students, 91% women, 9% men. Students come from 26 states and territories, 16 other countries, 32% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 5% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 11% 25 or older, 20% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Retention: 82% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at Case Western Reserve University, Northeast Ohio Commission on Higher Education, Association of Independent Colleges of Art and Design. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, portfolio, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. Comprehensive fee: $36,313 includes full-time tuition ($24,917), mandatory fees ($2260), and college room and board ($9136). College room only: $5480. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $1045 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $90 per credit. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 10 open to all. Most popular organizations: Photo Club, PUMA, Artist for Christ, GIBT, Student Artist Association. Major annual events: Halloween Party, Student Independent Exhibition, Pink Pig year-end picnic and art auction. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 132 college housing spaces available; 100 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Jessica R. Gund Memorial Library with 42,000 books, 18,200 microform titles, 250 serials, 100,000 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $350,511. 80 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Case Western Reserve University.

■ CLEVELAND INSTITUTE OF ELECTRONICS C-10

1776 East Seventeenth St.
Cleveland, OH 44114-3636
Tel: (216)781-9400
Free: 800-243-6446
Web Site: http://www.cie-wc.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards terminal associate degrees (offers only external degree programs conducted through home study). Founded 1934. Total enrollment: 2,602. Students come from 52 states and territories, 70 other countries, 97% from out-of-state, 85% 25 or older. Calendar: continuous. Part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Tuition: $1770 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. 5,000 books and 38 serials.

■ CLEVELAND INSTITUTE OF MUSIC C-10

11021 East Blvd.
Cleveland, OH 44106-1776
Tel: (216)791-5000
Admissions: (216)795-3107
Fax: (216)791-1530
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cim.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1920. Setting: 488-acre urban campus. Endowment: $24 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $16,700 per student. Total enrollment: 409. Faculty: 105 (33 full-time, 72 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 7:1. 447 applied, 34% were admitted. Full-time: 243 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 1 student, 100% women. Students come from 41 states and territories, 16 other countries, 81% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 2% black, 10% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 11% international, 2% 25 or older, 40% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 95% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic area with the most degrees conferred: visual and performing arts. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Case Western Reserve University. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, audition. Recommended: interview. Required for some: SAT or ACT. Entrance: very difficult. Application deadline: 12/1. Notification: 4/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100. Comprehensive fee: $35,596 includes full-time tuition ($25,870), mandatory fees ($1000), and college room and board ($8726). College room only: $5120. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $1078 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 100 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. Cleveland Institute of Music Library with 50,924 books, 115 serials, 22,312 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $262,000. 25 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Case Western Reserve University.

■ CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY C-10

2121 Euclid Ave.
Cleveland, OH 44115
Tel: (216)687-2000; 888-CSU-OHIO
Fax: (216)687-9366
Web Site: http://www.csuohio.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1964. Setting: 70-acre urban campus with easy access to Akron. Endowment: $21.4 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $15.2 million. Total enrollment: 15,722. Faculty: 997 (575 full-time, 422 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 3,153 applied, 80% were admitted. 9% from top 10% of their high school class, 29% from top quarter, 53% from top half. Full-time: 6,771 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 3,182 students, 57% women, 43% men. Students come from 21 states and territories, 63 other countries, 2% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 22% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 36% 25 or older, 4% live on campus, 10% transferred in. Retention: 61% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at 7 members of the Cleveland Commission on Higher Education, University of Akron, Baldwin-Wallace College, University of Toledo. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Naval (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $6792 full-time, $283 per semester hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $9216 full-time, $384 per semester hour part-time. Full-time tuition varies according to program and student level. Part-time tuition varies according to program and student level. College room and board: $6809. College room only: $4091. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 150 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities; 5% of eligible men and 5% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: honor societies, International Student Association, Chinese Student Association. Major annual events: Homecoming, Spring Fest, Black Aspirations Week. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 450 college housing spaces available; 390 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Option: coed housing available. University Library plus 1 other with 484,914 books, 690,023 microform titles, 6,186 serials, 101,376 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $8.2 million. 600 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ COLLEGE OF ART ADVERTISING L-2

4343 Bridgetown Rd.
Cincinnati, OH 45211-4427
Tel: (513)574-1010
Admissions: (937)294-0592
Fax: (513)574-6116
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.collegeofartadvertising.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year.

■ COLLEGE OF MOUNT ST. JOSEPH L-2

5701 Delhi Rd.
Cincinnati, OH 45233-1670
Tel: (513)244-4200
Free: 800-654-9314
Admissions: (513)244-4531
Fax: (513)244-4629
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.msj.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1920. Setting: 88-acre suburban campus. Endowment: $20 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6659 per student. Total enrollment: 2,233. Faculty: 233 (124 full-time, 109 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 11:1. 1,087 applied, 73% were admitted. 13% from top 10% of their high school class, 36% from top quarter, 69% from top half. 1 National Merit Scholar, 5 class presidents, 5 valedictorians, 50 student government officers. Full-time: 1,338 students, 63% women, 37% men. Part-time: 597 students, 82% women, 18% men. Students come from 21 states and territories, 12% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 10% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international, 34% 25 or older, 23% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Retention: 78% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: health professions and related sciences; business/marketing; personal and culinary services. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 2.5 high school GPA, minimum SAT score of 960 or ACT score of 19. Required for some: 1 recommendation, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/15. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $24,860 includes full-time tuition ($18,400), mandatory fees ($390), and college room and board ($6070). College room only: $3000. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, program, and reciprocity agreements. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $430 per semester hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $65 per term. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, location, program, and reciprocity agreements.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 40 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, Black Student Union, peer educators, Campus Activities Board, Campus Ambassadors. Major annual events: Musicfest, Laughter on the Hill, MSJ Trick or Treat. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 450 college housing spaces available; 414 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. Archbishop Alter Library with 97,576 books, 380,391 microform titles, 425 serials, 3,414 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $591,295. 278 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Cincinnati.

■ THE COLLEGE OF WOOSTER F-9

1189 Beall Ave.
Wooster, OH 44691-2363
Tel: (330)263-2000
Free: 800-877-9905
Admissions: (330)263-2270
Fax: (330)263-2621
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wooster.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed, affiliated with Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1866. Setting: 240-acre small town campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $208.1 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $570,498. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $10,907 per student. Total enrollment: 1,846. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. 2,542 applied, 75% were admitted. 30% from top 10% of their high school class, 66% from top quarter, 92% from top half. Full-time: 1,813 students, 52% women, 48% men. Part-time: 33 students, 55% women, 45% men. Students come from 47 states and territories, 37 other countries, 48% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 4% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 5% international, 1% 25 or older, 99% live on campus, 1% transferred in. Retention: 88% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: social sciences; history; English. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, internships. Off campus study. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 2/15, 12/1 for early decision plan 1, 1/15 for early decision plan 2. Notification: 4/1, 12/15 for early decision plan 1, 2/1 for early decision plan 2.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. Comprehensive fee: $35,290 includes full-time tuition ($28,230) and college room and board ($7060). College room only: $3210. Full-time tuition varies according to course load and reciprocity agreements.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 102 open to all; local fraternities, local sororities, coed fraternity; 9% of eligible men and 10% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Volunteer Network, Christian Fellowship, National Student Speech, Hearing, and Language Association, Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgendered and Allies, Let's Dance. Major annual events: Winter Gala, Party on the Green, Scot Spirit Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,860 college housing spaces available. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. The College of Wooster Libraries plus 3 others with 581,518 books, 210,094 microform titles, 12,416 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2.4 million. 500 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

City of Wooster population of 22,000, county seat of Wayne County, and leading agricultural region in the United States. In Ohio, Wayne County ranks first in cash receipts from dairy products, cattle and calves, and first in production of hay and oats. The Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center is second largest in the United States. Companies in the city include Newell Rubbermaid Incorporated, Wooster Brush Company, the Gerstenslager Company, Bell and Howell, Frito-Lay, and others. Other educational institutions include Ohio State University's Agricultural Technical Institute and the Wayne General and Technical College. Wooster has been designated"Tree City, U.S.A." Students have access to Cleveland, Columbus, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and Akron.

■ COLUMBUS COLLEGE OF ART & DESIGN I-6

107 North Ninth St.
Columbus, OH 43215-1758
Tel: (614)224-9101; 877-997-2223
Web Site: http://www.ccad.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1879. Setting: 10-acre urban campus. Endowment: $6.9 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5298 per student. Total enrollment: 1,455. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. 487 applied, 72% were admitted. 3% from top 10% of their high school class, 27% from top quarter, 48% from top half. Full-time: 1,256 students, 51% women, 49% men. Part-time: 199 students, 62% women, 38% men. Students come from 37 states and territories, 18 other countries, 23% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 7% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 7% international, 10% 25 or older, 20% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 82% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic area with the most degrees conferred: visual and performing arts. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at members of the Higher Education Council of Columbus.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 1 recommendation, portfolio, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $26,728 includes full-time tuition ($19,728), mandatory fees ($550), and college room and board ($6450). Room and board charges vary according to housing facility and student level. Part-time tuition: $822 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $275 per term. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 5 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Government Interest Group, International Student Group, Student Art Critique, Anime Club, Environmental Awareness Society. Major annual events: Annual Student Art Exhibition, Bi-Annual Student Art Sales, Big Boo Halloween Party. Student services: legal services, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 312 college housing spaces available; 267 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Packard Library with 49,330 books, 17,950 microform titles, 381 serials, 121,104 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $673,427. 226 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Ohio State University - Columbus Campus.

■ COLUMBUS STATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-6

Box 1609
Columbus, OH 43216-1609
Tel: (614)287-2400
Free: 800-621-6407
Admissions: (614)287-2669
Fax: (614)287-5117
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cscc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1963. Setting: 75-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 21,872. 3,058 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 8,530 students, 59% women, 41% men. Part-time: 13,342 students, 59% women, 41% men. Students come from 41 states and territories, 127 other countries, 1% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 23% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 57% 25 or older, 3% transferred in. Retention: 48% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at members of the Higher Education Council of Columbus. ROTC: Army, Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Recommended: high school transcript. Placement: ACT COMPASS required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $10. One-time mandatory fee: $35. State resident tuition: $2736 full-time, $76 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6048 full-time, $168 per credit part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Choral group. Social organizations: 17 open to all. Most popular organizations: Phi Theta Kappa, Alpha Xi Tau, African-American Women's Support Group, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Student Organization for Legal Assistants. Major annual events: Welcome Back, May Day, homecoming. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Educational Resources Center plus 1 other with 38,192 books, 489 serials, 7,903 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1 million. 960 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Ohio State University Columbus Campus.

■ CUYAHOGA COMMUNITY COLLEGE C-10

700 Carnegie Ave.
Cleveland, OH 44115-2878
Tel: (216)987-6000
Free: 800-954-8742
Admissions: (216)987-4030
Fax: (216)987-5050
Web Site: http://www.tri-c.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1963. Setting: urban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3709 per student. Total enrollment: 25,358. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 8,438 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 10,326 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 15,032 students, 65% women, 35% men. Students come from 21 states and territories, 63 other countries, 0% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 4% Hispanic, 30% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 42% 25 or older, 3% transferred in. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $2416 full-time, $80.54 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $3194 full-time, $106.48 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6541 full-time, $218.04 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 47 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Student Nursing Organization, Business Focus, Phi Theta Kappa. Major annual events: Welcome Back, Diversity Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. 177,767 books, 177,926 microform titles, 1,135 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 1,275 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ DAVID N. MYERS UNIVERSITY C-10

112 Prospect Ave.
Cleveland, OH 44115
Tel: (216)696-9000
Free: 800-424-3953
Admissions: (216)523-3806
Fax: (216)523-3808
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.dnmyers.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1848. Setting: 1-acre urban campus. Endowment: $631,558. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4000 per student. Total enrollment: 1,177. 382 applied, 65% were admitted. Full-time: 573 students, 77% women, 23% men. Part-time: 523 students, 63% women, 37% men. 0% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 45% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 50% 25 or older, 13% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at members of the Northeast Ohio Commission on Higher Education.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: recommendations. Required for some: essay, interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Tuition: $9840 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Most popular organizations: Students in Free Enterprise, Accounting Association, Mock Trial Association, Delta Club. Major annual events: Orientation, Homecoming, Martin Luther King Day. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Library Resource Center with 15,027 books, 528 microform titles, 140 serials, 377 audiovisual materials, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $159,382. 70 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ DAVIS COLLEGE B-5

4747 Monroe St.
Toledo, OH 43623-4307
Tel: (419)473-2700
Free: 800-477-7021
Web Site: http://daviscollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1858. Setting: 1-acre urban campus with easy access to Detroit. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $10,196 per student. Total enrollment: 451. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 72 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 225 students, 86% women, 14% men. Part-time: 226 students, 84% women, 16% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 5% from out-of-state, 0.5% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 29% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 70% 25 or older, 26% transferred in. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, CPAt. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. Tuition: $8100 full-time, $225 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $480 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 1 open to all. Most popular organization: Student Advisory Board. Major annual events: Spring Parking Lot Event, Christmas Party, Halloween Haunted House. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, security cameras for parking lot. College housing not available. Davis College Resource Center with 3,207 books, 164 serials, 341 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. 78 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ DEFIANCE COLLEGE D-2

701 North Clinton St.
Defiance, OH 43512-1610
Tel: (419)784-4010
Free: 800-520-4632
Admissions: (419)783-2361
Fax: (419)783-2468
Web Site: http://www.defiance.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed, affiliated with United Church of Christ. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1850. Setting: 150-acre small town campus with easy access to Toledo. Endowment: $14.5 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4682 per student. Total enrollment: 930. Faculty: 88 (38 full-time, 50 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. 845 applied, 72% were admitted. 15% from top 10% of their high school class, 34% from top quarter, 64% from top half. Full-time: 673 students, 53% women, 47% men. Part-time: 154 students, 66% women, 34% men. Students come from 16 states and territories, 4 other countries, 20% from out-of-state, 0.5% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 4% black, 0.1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 22% 25 or older, 55% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Retention: 65% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Bowling Green State University. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: recommendations, interview. Required for some: essay, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/15. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $25,910 includes full-time tuition ($19,260), mandatory fees ($480), and college room and board ($6170). College room only: $3150. Part-time tuition: $325 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $65 per term.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 30 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 6% of eligible men and 8% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Campus Activities Board, Criminal Justice Society, Student Senate, Fellowship of Christian Athletes. Major annual events: Homecoming, Family Weekend, Sibs Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 517 college housing spaces available; 417 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Pilgrim Library with 88,000 books, 25,000 microform titles, 424 serials, 25,000 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $508,184. 200 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Defiance College is located in Defiance Ohio, site of Fort Defiance, and birthplace of the Indian Chief Pontiac. Today, Defiance is a community of over 18,000 residents and one of the fastest growing areas in Northwest Ohio. Highly diversified industry and some of the richest farmland in the nation contribute to the areas prosperity. A major shopping mall is 2 blocks north of the campus.

■ DENISON UNIVERSITY H-7

Granville, OH 43023
Tel: (740)587-0810
Free: 800-DEN-ISON
Admissions: (740)587-6276
Fax: (740)587-6306
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.denison.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1831. Setting: 1,200-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus. Endowment: $477.5 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $457,975. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $37,661 per student. Total enrollment: 2,329. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 11:1. 5,144 applied, 39% were admitted. 54% from top 10% of their high school class, 80% from top quarter, 96% from top half. 16 National Merit Scholars, 27 class presidents, 35 valedictorians, 136 student government officers. Full-time: 2,292 students, 56% women, 44% men. Part-time: 37 students, 59% women, 41% men. Students come from 49 states and territories, 28 other countries, 59% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 5% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 5% international, 1% 25 or older, 98% live on campus, 1% transferred in. Retention: 90% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: social sciences; communications/journalism; psychology. Calendar: semesters plus optional May term. Services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at American University, Great Lakes Colleges Association, Marine Science Consortium. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, early admission, early decision, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: very difficult. Application deadlines: 1/15, 11/1 for early decision plan 1, 12/1 for early decision plan 2. Notification: 4/1, 11/15 for early decision plan 1, 12/15 for early decision plan 2.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. Comprehensive fee: $37,040 includes full-time tuition ($28,170), mandatory fees ($750), and college room and board ($8120). College room only: $4470. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Part-time tuition: $880 per semester hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 147 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 25% of eligible men and 30% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Community Association, Black Student Union, International Student Association, Student Activities Committee. Major annual events: All-Campus Gala, Academic Awards Convocation, Community Fair and Picnic on registration day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, security lighting, escort service. 2,130 college housing spaces available; 2,027 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. William Howard Doane Library with 784,189 books, 122,070 microform titles, 6,116 serials, 29,566 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2.5 million. 587 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Of interest are the many beautiful homes in Granville. The town was founded by settlers from the Massachusetts town of the same name in 1805. Granville is a delightful bit of New England tucked in the rolling hills of Central Ohio.

■ DEVRY UNIVERSITY (CLEVELAND) C-10

200 Public Square, Ste. 150
Cleveland, OH 44114-2301
Tel: (216)781-8000
Fax: (216)781-8001
Web Site: http://www.devry.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Calendar: semesters.

Costs Per Year:

One-time mandatory fee: $40. Tuition: $11,790 full-time, $440 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $60 full-time, $30 per year part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

■ DEVRY UNIVERSITY (COLUMBUS) I-6

1350 Alum Creek Dr.
Columbus, OH 43209-2705
Tel: (614)253-7291
Free: 800-426-2206
Web Site: http://www.devry.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Part of DeVry University. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1952. Setting: 21-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 2,643. Faculty: 116 (60 full-time, 56 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 26:1. Full-time: 1,653 students, 35% women, 65% men. Part-time: 770 students, 45% women, 55% men. 0.5% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 21% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 42% 25 or older. Retention: 46% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: computer and information sciences; business/marketing; engineering technologies. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. One-time mandatory fee: $40. Tuition: $11,790 full-time, $440 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $270 full-time, $160 per year part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 9 open to all. Most popular organizations: Institute for Electrical and Electronic Engineers, American Production and Inventory Control Society, Association of Information Technology Professionals, Tau Alpha Pi, Asian-American Association or Prism. Major annual events: Student Appreciation Week, Parents' Weekend, Honors Banquet. Campus security: late night transport-escort service, security at evening activities. College housing not available. Learning Resource Center with 30,000 books, 5,892 serials, 1,050 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 408 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ DEVRY UNIVERSITY (SEVEN HILLS) E-18

The Genesis Bldg.
6000 Lombardo Center
Seven Hills, OH 44131-6907
Tel: (216)328-8754; (866)453-3879
Fax: (216)328-8764
Web Site: http://www.devry.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Calendar: semesters.

Costs Per Year:

One-time mandatory fee: $40. Tuition: $11,790 full-time, $440 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $60 full-time, $30 per year part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

■ EDISON STATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE H-2

1973 Edison Dr.
Piqua, OH 45356-9253
Tel: (937)778-8600
Fax: (937)778-1920
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.edisonohio.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1973. Setting: 130-acre small town campus with easy access to Cincinnati and Dayton. Total enrollment: 3,000. 4% from top 10% of their high school class, 12% from top quarter, 24% from top half. Full-time: 1,028 students, 63% women, 37% men. Part-time: 1,972 students, 65% women, 35% men. Students come from 5 states and territories, 0.3% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 49% 25 or older, 4% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT ASSET, ACT COMPASS recommended; SAT or ACT, ACT ASSET, ACT COMPASS required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: late night transport-escort service, 18-hour patrols by trained security personnel. College housing not available. Edison Community College Library with 29,851 books, 86,834 microform titles, 542 serials, 2,424 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 251 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Located in Piqua, Ohio, Edison State Community College serves Darke, Miami, Shelby, and neighboring counties in west-central Ohio. The region, made up of small-sized and medium-sized towns, has an excellent balance among agricultural, industrial and residential areas.

■ ETI TECHNICAL COLLEGE OF NILES D-12

2076 Youngstown-Warren Rd.
Niles, OH 44446-4398
Tel: (330)652-9919
Fax: (330)652-4399
Web Site: http://www.eti-college.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1989. Setting: small town campus with easy access to Cleveland and Pittsburgh. Total enrollment: 222. 107 applied, 75% were admitted. 5% from top 10% of their high school class, 10% from top quarter, 50% from top half. Full-time: 186 students, 68% women, 32% men. Part-time: 36 students, 25% women, 75% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 10% from out-of-state, 3% Hispanic, 22% black, 0.5% international, 60% 25 or older, 0% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview. Recommended: SAT, ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 1 open to all. Most popular organization: student government. Major annual events: Christmas Party, Halloween. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. Main Library plus 3 others with a Web page. 45 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ FRANCISCAN UNIVERSITY OF STEUBENVILLE G-13

1235 University Blvd.
Steubenville, OH 43952-1763
Tel: (740)283-3771
Free: 800-783-6220
Admissions: (740)283-6226
Fax: (740)283-6472
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.franciscan.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1946. Setting: 124-acre suburban campus with easy access to Pittsburgh. Endowment: $22 million. Total enrollment: 2,421. Faculty: 205 (104 full-time, 101 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. 1,047 applied, 81% were admitted. 27% from top 10% of their high school class, 59% from top quarter, 85% from top half. 12 valedictorians. Full-time: 1,818 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 163 students, 61% women, 39% men. Students come from 52 states and territories, 24 other countries, 79% from out-of-state, 0.5% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 0.5% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 9% 25 or older, 56% live on campus, 10% transferred in. Retention: 85% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: theology and religious vocations; health professions and related sciences; education. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.4 high school GPA, standardized test scores, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $21,950 includes full-time tuition ($16,070), mandatory fees ($380), and college room and board ($5500). Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $535 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $10 per credit. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 8 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities. Most popular organizations: Franciscan University Student Association, Student Activities Board, Human Life Concerns, Works of Mercy, Troubadour. Major annual events: SAB Winter Formal, Campus Olympics and Music Fest, Opening Semester Retreat. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing designed to accommodate 1,041 students; 1,044 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. John Paul II Library with 231,176 books, 256,000 microform titles, 578 serials, 1,260 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $655,140. 126 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The county seat of Jefferson County, Steubenville is a city in eastern Ohio situated on the Ohio River. An unlimited supply of both deep-mine and strip coal is available in the Steubenville district. Because of the coal and the Ohio River, more steam electricity is generated within a 40-mile radius of the city than in any other area in the world. Steel, iron, and paper are some of the products of industries here.

■ FRANKLIN UNIVERSITY I-6

201 South Grant Ave.
Columbus, OH 43215-5399
Tel: (614)797-4700; 877-341-6300
Fax: (614)224-8027
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.franklin.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1902. Setting: 14-acre urban campus. Endowment: $27.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2171 per student. Total enrollment: 6,823. 262 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 1,979 students, 59% women, 41% men. Part-time: 3,841 students, 52% women, 48% men. Students come from 48 states and territories, 65 other countries, 26% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 19% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 5% international, 78% 25 or older, 39% transferred in. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at members of the Higher Education Council of Columbus. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for international students. Option: deferred admission. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Tuition: $7320 full-time, $244 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition varies according to program. Part-time tuition varies according to program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 6 open to all. Most popular organizations: American Marketing Association, International Student Association, Human Resources Society, Accounting Association. Major annual events: New Student Orientation, Awards/Scholarship Reception, Opening Week Activities. Campus security: security personnel during operating hours. College housing not available. Franklin University Library with 27,547 books, 15,290 serials, 246 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $619,000. 341 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Ohio State University - Columbus Campus.

■ GALLIPOLIS CAREER COLLEGE M-8

1176 Jackson Pike, Ste. 312
Gallipolis, OH 45631
Tel: (740)446-4367
Free: 800-214-0452
Admissions: (740)446-4124
Fax: (740)446-4124
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.gallipoliscareercollege.com/

Description:

Independent, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1962. Setting: small town campus. Total enrollment: 154. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 22:1. Full-time: 145 students, 83% women, 17% men. Part-time: 9 students, 89% women, 11% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 13% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 0% Hispanic, 9% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Tuition: $8640 full-time, $180 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $100 full-time. Tuition guaranteed not to increase for student's term of enrollment.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available. Gallipolis Career College Library with 94 audiovisual materials. 28 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ GOD'S BIBLE SCHOOL AND COLLEGE L-2

1810 Young St.
Cincinnati, OH 45202-6838
Tel: (513)721-7944
Free: 800-486-4637
Fax: (513)721-3971
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.gbs.edu/

Description:

Independent interdenominational, 4-year, coed. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1900. Setting: 14-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 271. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 60 applied, 88% were admitted. 44% from top quarter of their high school class, 72% from top half. Full-time: 226 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 45 students, 33% women, 67% men. Students come from 25 states and territories, 13 other countries, 58% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 13% international, 19% 25 or older, 10% transferred in. Retention: 71% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: theology and religious vocations; family and consumer sciences; education. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, independent study, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application. Required: high school transcript, 3 recommendations, interview, SAT or ACT. Recommended: SAT. Application deadline: 8/18.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $8160 includes full-time tuition ($4200), mandatory fees ($660), and college room and board ($3300). College room only: $1350. Part-time tuition: $162 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $25 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group, student-run newspaper. Student services: health clinic. Campus security: 24-hour patrols. 200 college housing spaces available; 193 were occupied in 2003-04. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. R. G. Flexon Memorial Library with 28,452 books and 240 serials. 14 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ HEIDELBERG COLLEGE D-6

310 East Market St.
Tiffin, OH 44883-2462
Tel: (419)448-2000
Free: 800-434-3352
Admissions: (419)448-2330
Fax: (419)448-2334
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.heidelberg.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed, affiliated with United Church of Christ. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1850. Setting: 110-acre small town campus. Endowment: $35.5 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7406 per student. Total enrollment: 1,435. Faculty: 140 (55 full-time, 85 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 1,830 applied, 75% were admitted. 14% from top 10% of their high school class, 34% from top quarter, 68% from top half. Full-time: 1,179 students, 49% women, 51% men. Part-time: 51 students, 65% women, 35% men. Students come from 22 states and territories, 10 other countries, 5% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 10% 25 or older, 87% live on campus, 3% transferred in. Retention: 68% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; communications/journalism. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at members of the East Central College Consortium. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, interview. Required for some: recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Notification: continuous until 8/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $23,242 includes full-time tuition ($15,740), mandatory fees ($394), and college room and board ($7108). College room only: $3296. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, degree level, and location. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $504 per semester hour. Part-time tuition varies according to degree level and location.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 60 open to all; local fraternities, local sororities; 18% of eligible men and 24% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Alpha Phi Omega, BERG Events Council, Student Senate, Campus Fellowship, Black Student Union/World Student Union. Major annual events: Activities Fair, Greek Sing, Late Night Breakfast. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. 850 college housing spaces available; 87 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Beeghly Library plus 1 other with 268,702 books, 260,839 microform titles, 513 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $69,477. 125 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The 110-acre campus is located in Tiffin, Ohio, at the intersection of U.S. route 224 and Ohio Route 53, 50 miles southeast of Toledo and 92 miles west of Cleveland. Amtrack stops in Sandusky, Toledo, Lima and Crestline. Churches, civic, service and social service agencies, and private enterprises offer many opportunities for volunteer and class-related experiences. Places of worship are available on campus and in the immediate community for Protestants and Catholics, and within 23 miles for Jewish students.

■ HIRAM COLLEGE D-11

Box 67
Hiram, OH 44234-0067
Tel: (330)569-3211
Free: 800-362-5280
Admissions: (330)569-5169
Fax: (330)569-5944
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.hiram.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed, affiliated with Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1850. Setting: 110-acre rural campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $62.7 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $74,803. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7056 per student. Total enrollment: 1,111. Faculty: 103 (64 full-time, 39 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. 832 applied, 85% were admitted. 24% from top 10% of their high school class, 52% from top quarter, 83% from top half. 11 valedictorians. Full-time: 877 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 205 students, 67% women, 33% men. Students come from 31 states and territories, 20 other countries, 17% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 10% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 4% international, 88% live on campus, 2% transferred in. Retention: 81% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; social sciences; biological/life sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Recommended: 3 recommendations, interview. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 4/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $31,790 includes full-time tuition ($23,510), mandatory fees ($670), and college room and board ($7610). College room only: $3590. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to student level. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Part-time tuition: $784 per credit hour. Tuition guaranteed not to increase for student's term of enrollment.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 60 open to all; local fraternities, local sororities; 8% of eligible men and 12% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, African American Students United, Outdoors Club, Resident Student Association, Christian Outreach. Major annual events: Homecoming, Art and Music Festival, Campus Days. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,100 college housing spaces available; 700 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Hiram College Library with 187,451 books, 116,100 microform titles, 3,993 serials, 10,351 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $723,089.

Community Environment:

Located in a dairy and orchard growing area, Hiram is a rural community with numerous buildings in the Western Reserve style. This area has long been famous for the production of maple syrup. Air, bus and train transportation is available. Nearby lakes provide the facilities for boating, swimming, and fishing. Job opportunities are available mainly at the college.

■ HOCKING COLLEGE J-8

3301 Hocking Parkway
Nelsonville, OH 45764-9588
Tel: (740)753-3591
Fax: (740)753-1452
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.hocking.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1968. Setting: 1,600-acre rural campus with easy access to Columbus. Endowment: $2.3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4084 per student. Total enrollment: 5,250. Students come from 28 states and territories, 3% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 37% 25 or older, 9% live on campus. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application. Required: high school transcript. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended; nursing exam required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 40 open to all. Most popular organizations: Phi Theta Kappa, Recycling Club, Unity Board, Alpha Beta Gamma, Native American Club. Major annual events: Paul Bunyan Show, Winterfest. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. 500 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Option: coed housing available. Hocking College Learning Resources Center plus 1 other with 19,663 books, 38,766 microform titles, 223 serials, 8,327 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $523,820. 280 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Nelsonville is a small community on the Hocking River. It is easily accessible from all points north and south in Ohio via US route 33. It is 65 miles from Columbus and is serviced by Greyhound bus lines.

■ HONDROS COLLEGE H-6

4140 Executive Parkway
Westerville, OH 43081-3855
Tel: (614)508-7277
Free: 800-783-0095
Admissions: (614)508-7244
Fax: (614)508-7279
Web Site: http://www.hondroscollege.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Total enrollment: 100.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Entrance: noncompetitive.

Collegiate Environment:

Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available.

■ INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE OF BROADCASTING I-3

6 South Smithville Rd.
Dayton, OH 45431-1833
Tel: (937)258-8251
Web Site: http://www.icbcollege.com/

Description:

Private, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Setting: 1-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 87. 21 applied, 67% were admitted. Full-time: 87 students, 26% women, 74% men. 0% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 31% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international. Calendar: semesters.

■ ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (DAYTON) I-3

3325 Stop 8 Rd.
Dayton, OH 45414-3425
Tel: (937)454-2267
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of ITT Educational Services, Inc. Awards terminal associate degrees. Founded 1935. Setting: 7-acre suburban campus. Core.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Recommended: recommendations. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available.

■ ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (HILLIARD) H-6

3781 Park Mill Run Dr.
Hilliard, OH 43026
Tel: (614)771-4888; 888-483-4888
Fax: (614)921-4179
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards terminal associate degrees. Founded 2003.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Recommended: recommendations. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100.

■ ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (NORWOOD) K-2

4750 Wesley Ave.
Norwood, OH 45212
Tel: (513)531-8300
Free: 800-314-8324
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of ITT Educational Services, Inc. Awards transfer associate degrees. Core.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Recommended: recommendations. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available.

■ ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (STRONGSVILLE) D-9

14955 Sprague Rd.
Strongsville, OH 44136
Tel: (440)234-9091
Free: 800-331-1488
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of ITT Educational Services, Inc. Awards terminal associate degrees. Core.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Recommended: recommendations. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available.

■ ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (WARRENSVILLE HEIGHTS)

4700 Richmond Rd.
Warrensville Heights, OH 44128
Tel: (216)896-6500
Free: 800-741-3494
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/

Description:

2-year, coed. Awards terminal associate degrees.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Recommended: recommendations. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100.

■ ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (YOUNGSTOWN) D-13

1030 North Meridian Rd.
Youngstown, OH 44509-4098
Tel: (330)270-1600
Free: 800-832-5001
Fax: (330)270-8333
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of ITT Educational Services, Inc. Awards terminal associate degrees. Founded 1967. Setting: suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland and Pittsburgh. Core.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Recommended: recommendations. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. College housing not available.

■ JAMES A. RHODES STATE COLLEGE F-3

4240 Campus Dr.
Lima, OH 45804-3597
Tel: (419)995-8000
Admissions: (419)995-8050
Fax: (419)995-8098
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.rhodesstate.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1971. Setting: 565-acre rural campus. Endowment: $849,362. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4097 per student. Total enrollment: 2,842. 1,092 applied, 100% were admitted. 5% from top 10% of their high school class, 22% from top quarter, 52% from top half. Full-time: 1,417 students, 67% women, 33% men. Part-time: 1,425 students, 70% women, 30% men. Students come from 8 states and territories, 0.3% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 7% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 48% 25 or older, 6% transferred in. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for allied health programs. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT, ACT ASSET and ACT COMPASS required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous until 9/22.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 25 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Social Activities Board, Ski Club, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Psychology Club. Major annual events: May Week, annual rock concert. Campus security: student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Rhodes State/Ohio State Library/with 80,000 books and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $182,139. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Lima, population 45,549, is an industrial city and the county seat of Allen County. It is 68 miles SSW of Toledo. Its major industries include motor vehicles, steel castings, aircraft parts, machine tools, and building machinery. It is also the center of a diversified agricultural region.

■ JEFFERSON COMMUNITY COLLEGE G-13

4000 Sunset Blvd.
Steubenville, OH 43952-3598
Tel: (740)264-5591
Fax: (740)266-2706
Web Site: http://www.jcc.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1966. Setting: 83-acre small town campus with easy access to Pittsburgh. Endowment: $197,077. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7268 per student. Total enrollment: 1,697. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 879 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 911 students, 59% women, 41% men. Part-time: 786 students, 65% women, 35% men. Students come from 23 states and territories, 16% from out-of-state, 0.1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 5% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 43% 25 or older, 28% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at members of the Southeastern Ohio Technical Education Consortium.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for allied health programs. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required for some: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/20. Notification: continuous until 8/20.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Area resident tuition: $2550 full-time, $85 per credit part-time. State resident tuition: $2730 full-time, $91 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $3450 full-time, $115 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $600 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition varies according to reciprocity agreements.

Collegiate Environment:

Most popular organizations: Student Senate, SADD, AITP (Association for Information Technology Professionals), American Drafting and Design Association, Writers Club. Major annual events: Battle of the Bands, Blood Drive. Campus security: student patrols. College housing not available. Jefferson Community College Library with 12,500 books, 1,394 microform titles, 180 serials, 246 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $177,042. 325 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ JOHN CARROLL UNIVERSITY D-19

20700 North Park Blvd.
University Heights, OH 44118-4581
Tel: (216)397-1886
Admissions: (216)397-4294
Fax: (216)397-3098
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.jcu.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic (Jesuit), comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1886. Setting: 60-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $122.4 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $4.6 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5696 per student. Total enrollment: 4,101. 2,761 applied, 89% were admitted. 27% from top 10% of their high school class, 54% from top quarter, 85% from top half. 5 National Merit Scholars, 12 valedictorians. Full-time: 3,184 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 166 students, 49% women, 51% men. Students come from 35 states and territories, 27% from out-of-state, 0.1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 4% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 4% 25 or older, 57% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 86% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Northeast Ohio Commission on Higher Education. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, interview. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 2/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $31,156 includes full-time tuition ($23,380), mandatory fees ($250), and college room and board ($7526). Part-time tuition: $708 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 87 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 13% of eligible men and 18% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Volunteer Service Organization, Student Union, Carroll News, band, University Concert Choir. Major annual events: homecoming, Parents' Weekend, Christmas Carroll Evening. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 1,900 college housing spaces available; 1,805 were occupied in 2003-04. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Grasselli Library with 620,000 books, 692,005 microform titles, 2,198 serials, 5,820 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2.7 million. 210 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ KENT STATE UNIVERSITY D-11

PO Box 5190
Kent, OH 44242-0001
Tel: (330)672-3000
Free: 800-988-KENT
Admissions: (330)672-2444
Fax: (330)672-2499
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.kent.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of Kent State University System. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1910. Setting: 1,347-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $71 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $16.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5752 per student. Total enrollment: 23,622. Faculty: 1,455 (841 full-time, 614 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 10,774 applied, 94% were admitted. 13% from top 10% of their high school class, 34% from top quarter, 70% from top half. 59 valedictorians. Full-time: 15,828 students, 60% women, 40% men. Part-time: 2,917 students, 59% women, 41% men. Students come from 47 states and territories, 60 other countries, 9% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 8% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 12% 25 or older, 35% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 72% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; health professions and related sciences; English. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Cuyahoga Community College, Lorain County Community College, Lakeland Community College. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, early admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 5/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $7954 full-time, $363 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,386 full-time, $701 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course level, course load, degree level, location, program, reciprocity agreements, and student level. Part-time tuition varies according to course level, course load, degree level, location, program, reciprocity agreements, and student level. College room and board: $6640. College room only: $4040. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 175 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local sororities; 7% of eligible men and 4% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Kent Interhall Council, Black United Students, All Campus Programming Board, Delta Sigma PI, Late Night Christian Fellowship. Major annual events: FlashFest, Back to School Blastoff, Homecoming Week Celebration. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, campus police and fire department, electronic locks on computer labs, studios and laboratory research areas. 6,546 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Kent State University Libraries & Media Services plus 6 others with 2.3 million books, 1.3 million microform titles, 11,139 serials, 10,266 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $10.9 million. 1,690 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Kent, a city of some 30,000, on the banks of the Cuyahoga River, in Portage County, is situated 11 miles east of Akron, 33 miles south of Cleveland, 40 miles west of Youngstown and 28 miles north of Canton. The community provides students with many places to shop and entertain themselves and places of worship for most major denominations. Recreational activities include fishing, boating, skiing, swimming, and golf. The university is located near two major jetports, Cleveland Hopkins International and Akron-Canton.

■ KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, ASHTABULA CAMPUS B-12

3325 West 13th St.
Ashtabula, OH 44004-2299
Tel: (440)964-3322
Admissions: (440)964-4217
Fax: (440)964-4269
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ashtabula.kent.edu/

Description:

State-supported, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of Kent State University System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees (also offers some upper-level and graduate courses). Founded 1958. Setting: 120-acre small town campus with easy access to Cleveland. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $87,132. Total enrollment: 1,396. 3 class presidents, 1 valedictorian, 20 student government officers. 1% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 5% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadlines: 8/1, 7/15 for nonresidents. Notification: continuous until 8/1, continuous until 7/15 for nonresidents.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Most popular organizations: student government, student newspaper, Student Nurses Association. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. 51,884 books and 225 serials. 25 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

This growing industrial city is on Lake Erie at the mouth of the Ashtabula River. Two municipal parks on Lake Erie have excellent facilities for swimming, boating, and fishing.

■ KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, EAST LIVERPOOL CAMPUS F-13

400 East 4th St.
East Liverpool, OH 43920-3497
Tel: (330)385-3805
Admissions: (330)382-7414
Fax: (330)385-6348
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.kenteliv.kent.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kent State University System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees (also offers some upper-level and graduate courses). Founded 1967. Setting: 4-acre small town campus with easy access to Pittsburgh. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3004 per student. Total enrollment: 657. 125 applied, 80% were admitted. Students come from 3 states and territories, 6% from out-of-state, 47% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. ROTC: Army (c), Naval (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, physical therapy assistant, occupational therapy assistant programs. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous until 9/1.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 9 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Student Nurses Association, Alpha Beta Gamma, Occupational Therapist Assistant Club, Physical Therapist Assistant Club. Major annual events: Christmas on Campus, Ohio River Arts Festival, Welcome Back Fest. Campus security: student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. East Liverpool Campus Library with 31,320 books, 135 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 72 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

East Liverpool is in one of the most scenic sections of the upper Ohio Valley and is a leading pottery center producing semivitreous porcelain ware. Train and bus transportation is available and a local airport is available for private planes. Community facilities include numerous churches, representing 18 denominations, and a library. Thompson park provides facilities for all outdoor sports including winter sports; Beaver Creek provides facilities for camping, fishing, and picnicking.

■ KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, GEAUGA CAMPUS D-23

14111 Claridon-Troy Rd.
Burton, OH 44021-9500
Tel: (440)834-4187
Fax: (440)834-0919
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.geauga.kent.edu/

Description:

State-supported, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of Kent State University System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1964. Setting: 87-acre rural campus with easy access to Cleveland. Total enrollment: 918. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 172 applied, 100% were admitted. 18% from top 10% of their high school class, 30% from top quarter, 54% from top half. Full-time: 315 students, 51% women, 49% men. Part-time: 603 students, 59% women, 41% men. Students come from 6 states and territories, 2 other countries, 1% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 6% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international, 39% 25 or older, 1% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $4770 full-time, $217 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,202 full-time, $555 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 5 open to all. Most popular organizations: Computer Club, Student Senate, Accounting Club, student newspaper. Major annual events: Computer Software Fair, Faculty Colloquium. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. Kent State University Library with 8,300 books, 6,600 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $84,426. 50 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Burton located 30 miles from Cleveland, is primarily a residential area with a few small businesses. Planes and trains are within 18 miles. Community facilities include shopping facilities, churches, and civic and service organizations. Ski resort is nearby for all winter sports.

■ KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, SALEM CAMPUS E-12

2491 State Route 45 South
Salem, OH 44460-9412
Tel: (330)332-0361
Fax: (330)332-9256
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.salem.kent.edu/

Description:

State-supported, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of Kent State University System. Awards transfer associate, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees (also offers some upper-level and graduate courses). Founded 1966. Setting: 98-acre rural campus. Total enrollment: 1,332. 507 applied, 97% were admitted. 2% from top 10% of their high school class, 20% from top quarter, 30% from top half. Students come from 2 states and territories, 2 other countries, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Hispanic, 3% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 55% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, freshman honors college, honors program, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for radiological technology, human services programs, and honors program. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: essay, minimum X high school GPA, recommendations, ACT. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended; SAT or ACT required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group. Social organizations: 11 open to all. Most popular organizations: student government, NEXUS, Ski Club, Art Club, Drama Club. Major annual events: Awards Banquet, movie nights, Career Days. Student services: personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. 19,000 books, 2,415 microform titles, 163 serials, 158 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 100 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Known as the"Quaker City" because of its founders, Salem is one of the most productive dairy and fruit growing sections of Ohio. Salem is an area of thriving manufacturing and commercial establishments were full-and part-time employment is available. Centennial Park offers varied recreational facilities.

■ KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, STARK CAMPUS F-11

6000 Frank Ave., NW
Canton, OH 44720-7599
Tel: (330)499-9600
Admissions: (330)244-3259
Fax: (330)494-6121
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.stark.kent.edu/

Description:

State-supported, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of Kent State University System. Awards transfer associate and bachelor's degrees (also offers some graduate courses). Founded 1967. Setting: 200-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Total enrollment: 3,736. 1,510 applied, 100% were admitted. 5% from top 10% of their high school class, 18% from top quarter, 48% from top half. 2 valedictorians. Students come from 2 states and territories, 30% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at Stark State College of Technology. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: interview, SAT or ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 15 open to all. Most popular organizations: Psychology Club, Pan African Student Alliance, Criminal Justice Society, Women's Studies Club, History Club. Major annual events: New Student Day, Featured Speaker Series. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Kent State University Library with 72,807 books, 313 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 100 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The Kent State University Stark Campus is a commuter campus located Jackson Township in suburban Canton, Ohio.

■ KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, TRUMBULL CAMPUS D-12

4314 Mahoning Ave., NW
Warren, OH 44483-1998
Tel: (330)847-0571
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.trumbull.kent.edu/

Description:

State-supported, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of Kent State University System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees (also offers some upper-level and graduate courses). Founded 1954. Setting: 200-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Total enrollment: 2,036. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 432 applied, 100% were admitted. 7% from top 10% of their high school class, 18% from top quarter, 51% from top half. Full-time: 893 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 1,143 students, 64% women, 36% men. Students come from 4 states and territories, 1% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 12% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 54% 25 or older. Retention: 58% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 7/30. Notification: continuous until 8/30.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $4770 full-time, $217 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,202 full-time, $555 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 10 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Trumbull Environmental Club, Union Activities Board, Gamemasters, Kent Christian Fellowship. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service, patrols by trained security personnel during open hours. College housing not available. Trumbull Campus Library with 65,951 books, 759 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $380,165. 300 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Located in the northeastern part of Ohio, the New England influences brought here by early settlers are still strongly felt. Warren, an industrial city, is in the great Mahoning Valley steel district and also has an active electrical and automotive parts industry. Shopping facilities here are good. Mosquito State Park, located 10 miles north, provides facilities for fishing, boating, swimming and camping. Points of interest are the John Stark Edwards House and the Nelson and Kennedy Ledges State Park.

■ KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, TUSCARAWAS CAMPUS G-11

330 University Dr., NE
New Philadelphia, OH 44663-9403
Tel: (330)339-3391
Fax: (330)339-3321
Web Site: http://www.tusc.kent.edu/

Description:

State-supported, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of Kent State University System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, terminal associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees (also offers some upper-level and graduate courses). Founded 1962. Setting: 172-acre small town campus with easy access to Cleveland. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3417 per student. Total enrollment: 1,949. Faculty: 122 (48 full-time, 74 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 513 applied. Full-time: 935 students, 58% women, 42% men. Part-time: 970 students, 67% women, 33% men. 0% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.2% international, 29% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for business administration, education, nursing, fine and performing arts programs. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, SAT and SAT Subject Tests or ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 9/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $2637 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $6353 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group. Social organizations: 14 open to all. Most popular organizations: Society of Mechanical Engineers, IEEE, Imagineers, Criminal Justice Club, Salt and Light. Major annual events: Spring Awards Banquet, Buck Lunches, Commencement. College housing not available. Tuscarawas Campus Library with 62,783 books, 2,120 microform titles, 250 serials, 800 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $252,879. 194 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ KENYON COLLEGE G-8

Gambier, OH 43022-9623
Tel: (740)427-5000
Free: 800-848-2468
Admissions: (740)427-5776
Fax: (740)427-2634
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.kenyon.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1824. Setting: 1,200-acre rural campus with easy access to Columbus. Endowment: $158.1 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $287,071. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $15,036 per student. Total enrollment: 1,661. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 3,929 applied, 36% were admitted. 57% from top 10% of their high school class, 91% from top quarter, 100% from top half. 29 National Merit Scholars, 6 class presidents, 19 valedictorians, 28 student government officers. Full-time: 1,640 students, 53% women, 47% men. Part-time: 21 students, 62% women, 38% men. Students come from 46 states and territories, 28 other countries, 77% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 3% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 0% 25 or older, 98% live on campus, 1% transferred in. Retention: 92% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: social sciences; English; visual and performing arts. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, internships. Off campus study. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation, counselor recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 3.5 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, interview. Entrance: very difficult. Application deadlines: 1/15, 12/1 for early decision plan 1, 1/15 for early decision plan 2. Notification: 4/1, 12/15 for early decision plan 1, 2/1 for early decision plan 2.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $39,500 includes full-time tuition ($32,980), mandatory fees ($950), and college room and board ($5570). College room only: $2620. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Part-time tuition: $825 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 138 open to all; national fraternities, local fraternities, local sororities; 19% of eligible men and 7% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: music groups, Student Theater Organization, writing organizations, student radio station, Ballroom Dance Club. Major annual events: Summer Send-off, Philander's Phebruary Phling, Take Back the Night. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing designed to accommodate 1,530 students; 1,574 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Olin Library plus 1 other with 826,059 books, 141,663 microform titles, 8,574 serials, 173,783 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2.1 million. 300 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Gambier, a hamlet in central Ohio, is 47 miles northeast of Columbus, and just east of Mount Vernon. It is a village dating from pre-Civil War days and many buildings of that era still remain.

■ KETTERING COLLEGE OF MEDICAL ARTS J-3

3737 Southern Blvd.
Kettering, OH 45429-1299
Tel: (937)395-8601
Free: 800-433-5262
Admissions: (937)296-7228
Fax: (937)395-8333
Web Site: http://www.kcma.edu/

Description:

Independent Seventh-day Adventist, primarily 2-year, primarily women. Awards certificates, transfer associate, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1967. Setting: 35-acre suburban campus. Total enrollment: 653. 14% from top 10% of their high school class, 35% from top quarter, 70% from top half. Students come from 29 states and territories, 3 other countries, 0.3% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 7% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.5% international, 51% 25 or older, 20% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Advanced placement, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at members of the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: early admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 3 recommendations, ACT. Recommended: minimum 3.0 high school GPA, interview, SAT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 3 open to all. Most popular organizations: student association/student life, campus ministries. Major annual events: Weeks of Spiritual Emphasis, Nursing Dedication Ceremony, Christmas Party. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. Option: coed housing available. Learning Resources Center plus 1 other with 29,390 books, 266 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 30 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The city is surrounded by rolling, wooded hills and is a suburb of Dayton. The recreational, educational, and cultural advantages of Dayton are enjoyed by the citizens of Kettering also. Kettering is the home of the world's largest supply of electronic components. Community facilities include 37 churches of many denominations and many shopping centers and plazas. Nine golf courses are in the area.

■ LAKE ERIE COLLEGE B-11

391 West Washington St.
Painesville, OH 44077-3389
Tel: (440)296-1856
Free: 800-916-0904
Admissions: (440)375-7050
Fax: (440)352-3533
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.lec.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1856. Setting: 57-acre small town campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $30 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3905 per student. Total enrollment: 952. Faculty: 93 (34 full-time, 59 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. 532 applied, 76% were admitted. 15% from top 10% of their high school class, 29% from top quarter, 59% from top half. Full-time: 574 students, 73% women, 27% men. Part-time: 108 students, 76% women, 24% men. Students come from 22 states and territories, 5 other countries, 20% from out-of-state, 0.1% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 7% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international, 24% 25 or older, 47% live on campus, 12% transferred in. Retention: 64% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/ marketing; agriculture; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Northeast Ohio Commission on Higher Education. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Required for some: essay. Entrance: minimally difficult. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $27,724 includes full-time tuition ($20,500), mandatory fees ($890), and college room and board ($6334). Part-time tuition: $508 per hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $26 per hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 28 open to all; national sororities; 8% of women are members. Most popular organizations: Delta Kappa Psi, Student Government Association, Mortar Board, IHSA, Activities Council. Major annual events: Spring Formal, Homecoming, movie nights. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 285 college housing spaces available; 280 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Lincoln Library plus 2 others with 87,000 books, 11,700 microform titles, 6,050 serials, 2,000 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 104 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Painesville is a city of 30,000 residents located 25 miles east of Cleveland and 3 miles from Lake Erie. The surrounding area boasts numerous fine commercial nurseries, the home of President Garfield, maple sugar industries, and the Holden Arboretum. Lake Erie College sponsors an ongoing series of cultural activities at the B. K. Smith Fine Arts Gallery and the C. K. Rickel Theater on the Lake Erie campus. Other community facilities include a variety of churches, the YMCA, and Morley Library, as well as various civic and service organizations.

■ LAKELAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE C-11

7700 Clocktower Dr.
Kirtland, OH 44094-5198
Tel: (440)525-7000
Admissions: (440)525-7230
Fax: (440)525-4330
Web Site: http://www.lakeland.cc.oh.us/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1967. Setting: 380-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $1.4 million. Total enrollment: 8,635. Full-time: 3,098 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 5,537 students, 63% women, 37% men. Students come from 5 states and territories, 31 other countries, 1% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 8% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 43% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for allied health programs. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended; SAT or ACT, ACT ASSET or ACT COMPASS required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 9/1. Notification: continuous until 9/1.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 29 open to all. Most popular organizations: Campus Activities Board, Gamers Guild, Computers Users Group, Veterans Group, Aikido Club. Major annual events: Spring Fling, health educational programming, Student Activities Fair. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Lakeland Community College Library with 70,874 books, 2,205 serials, 3,453 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 500 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Mentor is located in attractive Lake County, in the northeastern portion of the state along Lake Erie, 20 miles east of Cleveland. The land area amounts to 231 square miles with a total population of 212,800. The county itself consists of two distinctly different areas: a densely populated western end with approximately 68% of the population and a sparsely populated eastern end. The community offers exceptional opportunity for personal and professional growth.

■ LAURA AND ALVIN SIEGAL COLLEGE OF JUDAIC STUDIES D-20

26500 Shaker Blvd.
Beachwood, OH 44122-7116
Tel: (216)464-4050; 888-336-2257
Fax: (216)464-5827
Web Site: http://www.siegalcollege.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1963. Setting: 2-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Total enrollment: 146. 5 applied, 20% were admitted. Full-time: 2 students, 50% women, 50% men. Part-time: 9 students, 78% women, 22% men. 0% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 0% Hispanic, 0% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 85% 25 or older, 0% transferred in. Retention: 100% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at John Carroll University, Ursuline College, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland State University.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Tuition: $15,000 full-time, $500 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $25 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 1 open to all. Most popular organization: 'YES'-Young Educators and Scholars. Major annual events: Meet the Professors (fall opening event), Dinner for Degree Students. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, 24-hour ID check at all doors. College housing not available. Aaron Garber Library with 28,000 books, 100 serials, and an OPAC. 8 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ LORAIN COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE D-9

1005 Abbe Rd., North
Elyria, OH 44035
Tel: (440)365-5222
Free: 800-995-5222
Admissions: (440)366-7566
Fax: (440)365-6519
Web Site: http://www.lorainccc.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1963. Setting: 480-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Total enrollment: 9,409. Full-time: 3,432 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 5,977 students, 70% women, 30% men. Students come from 20 states and territories, 7 other countries, 1% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 7% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 45% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required for some: high school transcript. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended; ACT ASSET, ACT COMPASS required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: national fraternities, national sororities. Most popular organizations: Phi Beta Kappa, Black Progressives, Hispanic Club. Major annual events: Fall Picnic, Spring Picnic, Family Fest. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Learning Resource Center with 198,984 books, 14,330 microform titles, 3,289 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. 400 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Situated in the far northeast corner of the city of Elyria and 26 miles west of Cleveland, the campus is just four miles from downtown Elyria, a city of over 57,500 and the county seat; eight miles to the north lies Lorain, an industrial community on Lake Erie at the mouth of the Black River; its harbor is one of the best on the Great Lakes. One of Ford Motor Co.'s largest assembly plants is located here with Lake Shore Development. Community facilities include churches representing all denominations, YMCA, YWCA, six hospitals, and all leading civic and service organizations. Boating, fishing, swimming, golf, and tennis are some of the outdoor sports. Job opportunities are excellent. Lakeview Park is noted for its extensive rose garden and colorfully lighted fountain. Cascade Park is a favorite recreation area and is located in the city of Elyria. A rapidly expanding network of major state and interstate highways, including the nearby Ohio Turnpike, makes the college easily reached by automobile.

■ LOURDES COLLEGE B-4

6832 Convent Blvd.
Sylvania, OH 43560-2898
Tel: (419)885-3211
Free: 800-878-3210
Admissions: (419)885-5291
Fax: (419)882-3987
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.lourdes.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1958. Setting: 90-acre suburban campus with easy access to Toledo. Endowment: $3.5 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5271 per student. Total enrollment: 1,460. 252 applied, 72% were admitted. Full-time: 676 students, 85% women, 15% men. Part-time: 714 students, 84% women, 16% men. Students come from 4 states and territories, 7% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 15% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 66% 25 or older, 21% transferred in. Retention: 56% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: interview, SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Tuition: $11,070 full-time, $369 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1200 full-time, $40 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 12 open to all. Most popular organizations: Future Educators Association, Student Leader Advisory Council, Lourdes College Chorus, Student Nurse Association, Campus Ministry Organization. Major annual events: Holiday Tree Lighting Ceremony and Dinner, All-Campus Spring Picnic, Spike the Spirit volleyball tournament. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service, evening patrols by trained security personnel. College housing not available. Duns Scotus Library plus 1 other with 58,633 books, 10,187 microform titles, 448 serials, 1,429 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $195,042. 129 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Sylvania is a suburban area with a temperate climate; plane and bus transportation is available. Job opportunities are good for students. Community facilities include a public library, adequate hospital services, churches, numerous major civic and service organizations, and shopping facilities.

■ MALONE COLLEGE F-11

515 25th St., NW
Canton, OH 44709-3897
Tel: (330)471-8100
Free: 800-521-1146
Admissions: (330)471-8145
Fax: (330)454-6977
Web Site: http://www.malone.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed, affiliated with Evangelical Friends Church-Eastern Region. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1892. Setting: 78-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $16.8 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $45,419. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3670 per student. Total enrollment: 2,277. Faculty: 202 (104 full-time, 98 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 1,036 applied, 81% were admitted. 19% from top 10% of their high school class, 47% from top quarter, 76% from top half. 13 valedictorians. Full-time: 1,676 students, 60% women, 40% men. Part-time: 244 students, 69% women, 31% men. Students come from 24 states and territories, 12 other countries, 10% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 6% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 23% 25 or older, 51% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 75% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at members of the Christian College Consortium, Council for Christian Colleges and Universities. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 7/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $24,190 includes full-time tuition ($17,520), mandatory fees ($270), and college room and board ($6400). College room only: $3300. Part-time tuition: $330 per semester hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $67.50 per term.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 44 open to all. Most popular organizations: Spiritual Life Committee, Student Activities Council, Student Senate, Woolman-Whittier-Fox Hall Council, intramural athletics. Major annual events: homecoming, Christmas celebration, Nike Air Band. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 961 college housing spaces available; 945 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Everett L. Cattell Library with 238,830 books, 652,263 microform titles, 1,385 serials, 12,756 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $857,692. 200 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Canton is an industrial, residential, and cultural city of 80,000. The city is the home of the Pro Football Hall of Fame, and birthplace of former president William McKinley. A beautiful Cultural Center for the Arts and an extensive park system enhances the city's beauty and provides many cultural and educational opportunities for the students.

■ MARIETTA COLLEGE K-11

215 Fifth St.
Marietta, OH 45750-4000
Tel: (740)376-4000
Free: 800-331-7896
Admissions: (740)376-4600
Fax: (740)376-4896
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.marietta.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1835. Setting: 120-acre small town campus. Endowment: $48.6 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $10,775 per student. Total enrollment: 1,461. Faculty: 140 (91 full-time, 49 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. 2,237 applied, 78% were admitted. 20% from top 10% of their high school class, 47% from top quarter, 76% from top half. Full-time: 1,274 students, 49% women, 51% men. Part-time: 70 students, 73% women, 27% men. Students come from 43 states and territories, 12 other countries, 50% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 5% international, 3% 25 or older, 85% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 73% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; liberal arts/general studies; communications/journalism; visual and performing arts. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at American University, Stillman College, Central College, Institute of European Studies, Institute of Asian Studies. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 3.0 high school GPA, interview, SAT Subject Tests. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 4/15. Notification: continuous until 5/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $29,100 includes full-time tuition ($22,070), mandatory fees ($585), and college room and board ($6445). College room only: $3445. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $735 per credit. Part-time tuition varies according to class time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 100 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 22% of eligible men and 22% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Student Programming Board, student government, Great Outdoors Club, Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship, Arts and Humanities Council. Major annual events: Homecoming Weekend, Doo Dah Day, Family Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. College housing designed to accommodate 1,034 students; 1,280 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Dawes Memorial Library with 250,000 books, 130,700 microform titles, 7,100 serials, 5,800 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $669,504. 200 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Founded in 1788, Marietta, has the distinction of being the first permanent settlement of America's Northwest Territory. The city is rich in history, with stately homes, brick paved streets, sternwheeler festivals, and an antique row of stores. Students have easy access to the town which is located 1 block from the campus. Large urban cities as Pittsburgh, PA and Columbus, OH are within a two-hour drive. Parkersburg, WV, with a population of 80,000, is 20 minutes away. Transportation is readily available. Part-time employment opportunities are available.

■ MARION TECHNICAL COLLEGE F-6

1467 Mount Vernon Ave.
Marion, OH 43302-5694
Tel: (740)389-4636
Fax: (740)389-6136
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mtc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1971. Setting: 180-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus. Total enrollment: 2,121. 850 applied, 98% were admitted. Full-time: 981 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 1,140 students, 67% women, 33% men. Students come from 4 states and territories, 0.4% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 7% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 51% 25 or older, 2% transferred in. Retention: 56% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, self-designed majors, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, medical laboratory technology, paralegal, human services, radiological technology, physical therapist assisting programs. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Most popular organization: Student Ambassadors. Major annual events: Fall Quarter Kickoff, Scarlet and Gray Week, Beach Party in Winter. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. Marion Campus Library with 38,000 books, 200 serials, and an OPAC. 270 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ MEDCENTRAL COLLEGE OF NURSING F-7

335 Glessner Ave.
Mansfield, OH 44903
Tel: (419)520-2600; 877-656-4360
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.medcentral.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1996. Total enrollment: 365. 54% from top 10% of their high school class, 86% from top quarter, 100% from top half. 2 class presidents, 1 valedictorian, 4 student government officers. Full-time: 318 students, 91% women, 9% men. Part-time: 47 students, 96% women, 4% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 0% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 0% Hispanic, 1% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 49% 25 or older, 18% live on campus. Core. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.8 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 3.0 high school GPA. Required for some: essay, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: continuous until 8/15.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. Tuition: $9100 full-time, $260 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $150 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. College room only: $4200.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 2 open to all; 50% of eligible men and 30% of eligible women are members. Major annual events: Opening Convocation, Annual Dinner Dance, Graduation. Student services: health clinic. College housing designed to accommodate 20 students; 35 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. Bromfield Library with an OPAC and a Web page. 40 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ MERCY COLLEGE OF NORTHWEST OHIO B-5

2221 Madison Ave.
Toledo, OH 43624-1132
Tel: (419)251-1313; 888-80-Mercy
Fax: (419)251-4116
Web Site: http://www.mercycollege.edu/

Description:

Independent, primarily 2-year, coed, affiliated with Roman Catholic Church. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1993. Setting: urban campus with easy access to Detroit. Endowment: $4.3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6806 per student. Total enrollment: 756. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 343 applied, 57% were admitted. Full-time: 397 students, 87% women, 13% men. Part-time: 359 students, 83% women, 17% men. Students come from 5 states and territories, 12% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 4% Hispanic, 7% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 51% 25 or older, 8% live on campus, 17% transferred in. Retention: 71% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic area with the most degrees conferred: health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript. Recommended: SAT or ACT. Required for some: SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Tuition: $8640 full-time, $299 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $650 full-time, $5 per credit hour part-time, $650 per year part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 4 open to all. Most popular organizations: Campus Ministry, Student Senate, Mercy College Musical Ensemble, Student Nurses Association, Stress Busters. Major annual events: Ahh Day, Creative Coffeehouse, Spring Fling. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 60 college housing spaces available; 54 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Option: coed housing available. Mercy College of Northwest Ohio Library with 6,400 books, 172 serials, 351 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $224,694. 40 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ MIAMI-JACOBS COLLEGE I-3

PO Box 1433
Dayton, OH 45401-1433
Tel: (937)461-5174
Fax: (937)461-3384
Web Site: http://www.miamijacobs.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1860. Setting: small town campus. Total enrollment: 317. Full-time: 317 students, 61% women, 39% men. 66% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, honors program, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Recommended: recommendations, SAT or ACT. Required for some: ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 8/15. Notification: continuous until 8/25.

Collegiate Environment:

Social organizations: 5 open to all. Most popular organization: American Association of Medical Assistants. Major annual events: Spring Fling, Fall Party, Christmas Party. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. 130 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Wright State University.

■ MIAMI UNIVERSITY J-1

Oxford, OH 45056
Tel: (513)529-1809
Admissions: (513)529-5040
Fax: (513)529-1550
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.muohio.edu/

Description:

State-related, university, coed. Part of Miami University System. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1809. Setting: 2,000-acre small town campus with easy access to Cincinnati. Endowment: $265.9 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $7.9 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8556 per student. Total enrollment: 16,338. Faculty: 1,198 (842 full-time, 356 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 15,579 applied, 69% were admitted. 41% from top 10% of their high school class, 79% from top quarter, 99% from top half. 102 National Merit Scholars, 412 student government officers. Full-time: 14,312 students, 53% women, 47% men. Part-time: 331 students, 50% women, 50% men. Students come from 50 states and territories, 32 other countries, 28% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 3% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 2% 25 or older, 45% live on campus, 1% transferred in. Retention: 89% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Naval, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, early decision, early action, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, 1 recommendation. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 1/31, 11/1 for early decision, 12/1 for early action. Notification: 3/15, 12/15 for early decision, 2/1 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $45. State resident tuition: $19,877 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $19,877 full-time. Mandatory fees: $1610 full-time. College room and board: $7610. College room only: $3860. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Ohio residents receive a minimum of $10,000 in resident scholarships.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 350 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 22% of eligible men and 25% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: student government, Alpha Phi Omega, Miami Marketing Enterprises, Campus Crusade for Christ. Major annual events: Parents' Weekend, Kids' Fest Weekend, homecoming. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 6,970 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. King Library plus 3 others with 2.7 million books, 3 million microform titles, 14,089 serials, 143,868 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $11.2 million. 1,000 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

A college town with many beautiful old homes, Oxford, the location of Miami University, is where Professor McGuffey compiled the first of his readers. Recreational facilities provide for tennis, bowling, golf, swimming. The Hueston Woods State Park also provides for swimming, boating, and picnicking.

■ MIAMI UNIVERSITY HAMILTON K-2

1601 Peck Blvd.
Hamilton, OH 45011-3399
Tel: (513)785-3000
Admissions: (513)785-3111
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ham.muohio.edu/

Description:

State-supported, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of Miami University System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, terminal associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees (degrees awarded by Miami University main campus). Founded 1968. Setting: 78-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cincinnati. Total enrollment: 3,398. 947 applied, 89% were admitted. Full-time: 2,432 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 898 students, 61% women, 39% men. 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 6% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 25% 25 or older, 4% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters plus summer sessions. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Study abroad program. ROTC: Naval (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program, transfer students. Option: electronic application. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. State resident tuition: $3714 full-time, $154.75 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,246 full-time, $650 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $390 full-time, $14.75 per credit part-time, $18 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 11 open to all. Most popular organizations: student government, Campus Activities Committee, Ski Club, Student Nursing Association, Minority Action Committee. Major annual events: New Student Orientation, Spring Fest, Fall Picnic. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Rentschler Library with 68,000 books, 400 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 300 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The town of Hamilton is easily accessible from most of northern and western Hamilton County via several state and interstate routes. Employment opportunities are good in this area.

■ MIAMI UNIVERSITY-MIDDLETOWN CAMPUS J-2

4200 East University Blvd.
Middletown, OH 45042-3497
Tel: (513)727-3200
Admissions: (513)727-3346
Fax: (513)727-3223
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mid.muohio.edu/

Description:

State-supported, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of Miami University System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees (also offers up to 2 years of most bachelor's degree programs offered at Miami University main campus). Founded 1966. Setting: 141-acre small town campus with easy access to Cincinnati and Dayton. Endowment: $779,742. Total enrollment: 2,660. 763 applied, 96% were admitted. 4% from top 10% of their high school class, 19% from top quarter, 50% from top half. 1% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 6% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 28% 25 or older. Retention: 71% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at members of the Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities. Study abroad program. ROTC: Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 28 open to all. Most popular organizations: student radio station, SEAL (Save Every Animal by Learning), Student Advisory Council, Model United Nations, Program Board. Major annual events: Haunted Trails, End of Year Picnic, MUMOXMUH. Student services: personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Gardner-Harvey Library with 58,239 microform titles, 540 serials, 4,857 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $479,848. 180 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Middletown, population 46,022, is an industrial city in Butler County, SW Ohio. Its industries include aircraft parts, steel, and paper products.

■ MOUNT CARMEL COLLEGE OF NURSING I-6

127 South Davis Ave.
Columbus, OH 43222
Tel: (614)234-5800
Admissions: (614)234-5144
Web Site: http://www.mccn.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 573. 150 applied, 59% were admitted. 20% from top 10% of their high school class, 40% from top quarter, 85% from top half. Full-time: 431 students, 93% women, 7% men. Part-time: 119 students, 91% women, 9% men. 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 9% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international. Retention: 75% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Calendar: semesters.

Entrance Requirements:

Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. Tuition: $15,497 full-time. Mandatory fees: $312 full-time. College room only: $1870.

Collegiate Environment:

33 college housing spaces available; 32 were occupied in 2003-04.

■ MOUNT UNION COLLEGE E-11

1972 Clark Ave.
Alliance, OH 44601-3993
Tel: (330)821-5320
Free: 800-992-6682
Admissions: (330)823-2590
Fax: (330)821-0425
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.muc.edu/

Description:

Independent United Methodist, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1846. Setting: 105-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $122 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7020 per student. Total enrollment: 2,205. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 1,768 applied, 80% were admitted. 14% from top 10% of their high school class, 41% from top quarter, 73% from top half. Full-time: 2,021 students, 51% women, 49% men. Part-time: 184 students, 76% women, 24% men. Students come from 31 states and territories, 9 other countries, 11% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 4% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 2% 25 or older, 67% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Retention: 75% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; parks and recreation. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at 6 members of the East Central College Consortium. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Comprehensive fee: $25,840 includes full-time tuition ($19,600), mandatory fees ($250), and college room and board ($5990). College room only: $2650. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $820 per semester hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $50 per term.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 74 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local sororities; 12% of eligible men and 20% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Association of Women Students, Student Senate, Black Student Union, Student Activities Council, Association of International Students. Major annual events: homecoming, Black Student Union, Schooler Lecture Series. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, 24-hour locked residence hall entrances, outside phones. 1,475 college housing spaces available; 1,373 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Mount Union College Library plus 2 others with 244,115 books, 49,096 microform titles, 949 serials, 5,148 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1272. 249 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Alliance, population 23,376, is an industrial city located within a circle of large cities, Cleveland, Akron, and Pittsburgh. Heavy steel equipment and forgings are among the products of its industry. Commercial transportation is available. Recreational activities include swiming, golfing, fishing, boating and tennis. The Carnation Festival is an annual event. Part-time employment is available.

■ MOUNT VERNON NAZARENE UNIVERSITY G-8

800 Martinsburg Rd.
Mount Vernon, OH 43050-9500
Tel: (740)392-6868; (866)462-6868
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mvnu.edu/

Description:

Independent Nazarene, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees (Associate). Founded 1964. Setting: 401-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus. Endowment: $9.9 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5594 per student. Total enrollment: 2,549. Faculty: 226 (88 full-time, 138 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 741 applied, 80% were admitted. 17% from top 10% of their high school class, 48% from top quarter, 81% from top half. 12 valedictorians. Full-time: 1,921 students, 59% women, 41% men. Part-time: 274 students, 50% women, 50% men. Students come from 24 states and territories, 11 other countries, 8% from out-of-state, 0.1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 39% 25 or older, 74% live on campus, 2% transferred in. Retention: 78% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; biological/life sciences. Core. Calendar: 4-1-4. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at Kenyon College, Capital University, Coalition for Christian Colleges and Universities. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 5/1. Notification: continuous until 9/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $21,816 includes full-time tuition ($16,216), mandatory fees ($510), and college room and board ($5090). College room only: $2840. Part-time tuition: $585 per semester hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $18 per semester hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 37 open to all; 73% of eligible men and 77% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: campus ministry groups, Student Government Association, Student Education Association, Drama Club, music department ensembles. Major annual events: Homecoming, concerts, Lecture Artists Series. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,138 college housing spaces available; 954 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Thorne Library/Learning Resource Center with 96,646 books, 11,269 microform titles, 544 serials, 3,863 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $649,787. 217 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ MUSKINGUM COLLEGE H-10

163 Stormont St.
New Concord, OH 43762
Tel: (740)826-8211
Free: 800-752-6082
Admissions: (740)826-8137
Fax: (740)826-8404
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.muskingum.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed, affiliated with Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1837. Setting: 215-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus. Endowment: $55.7 million. Total enrollment: 2,142. 1,703 applied, 80% were admitted. 22% from top 10% of their high school class, 42% from top quarter, 74% from top half. Full-time: 1,547 students, 49% women, 51% men. Part-time: 75 students, 64% women, 36% men. Students come from 26 states and territories, 19 other countries, 12% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 3% 25 or older, 88% live on campus, 3% transferred in. Retention: 71% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, internships. Off campus study at Case Western Reserve University. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, minimum 3.0 high school GPA, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 6/1. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 40 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 30% of eligible men and 40% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Centerboard, student radio station, BACCHUS, Cable TV 8, Fellowship of Christian Students. Major annual events: homecoming, Pledge Weekend, Muskiepalooza. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. 1,300 college housing spaces available; 1,270 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. College Library with 233,000 books, 200,000 microform titles, 900 serials, 6,000 audiovisual materials, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $451,000. 76 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

New Concord is the boyhood home of John H. Glenn, Jr., the first American astronaut to orbit the earth. Also of interest is the log cabin birthplace of William Rainey Harper, first president of the University of Chicago and an alumnus of Muskingum College. Recreational activities in the area include golf, boating, fishing, hunting, and skating.

■ NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY D-10

2545 Bailey Rd.
Cuyahoga Falls, OH 44221
Tel: (330)923-9959
Fax: (330)923-0886
Web Site: http://www.nationalinstituteoftechnology.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed.

■ NORTH CENTRAL STATE COLLEGE F-7

2441 Kenwood Circle, PO Box 698
Mansfield, OH 44901-0698
Tel: (419)755-4800
Admissions: (419)755-4813
Fax: (419)755-4750
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ncstatecollege.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1961. Setting: 600-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland and Columbus. Endowment: $624,998. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2859 per student. Total enrollment: 3,333. 1,056 applied, 100% were admitted. 0.4% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 5% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 49% 25 or older. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required for some: high school transcript. Placement: ACT COMPASS required; ACT required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

State resident tuition: $3,431 full-time, $76.25 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6,862 full-time, $152.50 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $245 full-time, $11.80 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group, student-run radio station. Social organizations: 2 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Programming Board, choral group. Major annual event: May Daze. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Bromfield Library plus 1 other with 52,700 books, 410 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $201,334. 144 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Ohio State University Mansfield Campus.

■ NORTHWEST STATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE C-2

22-600 State Route 34
Archbold, OH 43502-9542
Tel: (419)267-5511
Admissions: (419)267-1213
Fax: (419)267-3688
Web Site: http://www.northweststate.edu

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1968. Setting: 80-acre rural campus with easy access to Toledo. Endowment: $529,395. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3463 per student. Total enrollment: 3,145. 649 applied, 100% were admitted. 6% from top 10% of their high school class, 22% from top quarter, 48% from top half. Full-time: 1,088 students, 60% women, 40% men. Part-time: 2,057 students, 57% women, 43% men. Students come from 6 states and territories, 2% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 1% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 50% 25 or older, 3% transferred in. Retention: 55% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. State resident tuition: $3660 full-time, $122 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6750 full-time, $225 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $180 full-time, $6 per credit part-time, $30 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 3 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Body Organization, Phi Theta Kappa, Campus Crusade for Christ. Major annual events: Spring Fling, student appreciation days, Chili Cook-Off. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: security patrols. College housing not available. Northwest State Community College Library with 15,321 books, 90,497 microform titles, 1,680 serials, 1,913 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $352,240. 425 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The campus is in rural setting with a small town six miles to the north. The major metropolitan area of Toledo is 50 miles northeast, within easy access by major highways.

■ NOTRE DAME COLLEGE C-10

4545 College Rd.
South Euclid, OH 44121-4293
Tel: (216)381-1680
Free: 800-632-1680
Admissions: (216)373-5214
Fax: (216)381-3802
Web Site: http://www.notredamecollege.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1922. Setting: 53-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $5.5 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4913 per student. Total enrollment: 1,299. 621 applied, 64% were admitted. 7% from top 10% of their high school class, 28% from top quarter, 63% from top half. Full-time: 505 students, 59% women, 41% men. Part-time: 494 students, 78% women, 22% men. Students come from 14 states and territories, 17 other countries, 10% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 25% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 6% international, 51% 25 or older, 50% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 62% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at members of the Northeast Ohio Commission on Higher Education. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, interview, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 2.5 high school GPA, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. Comprehensive fee: $25,868 includes full-time tuition ($18,670), mandatory fees ($550), and college room and board ($6648). College room only: $3300. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to class time, course load, and degree level. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $405 per credit. Part-time tuition varies according to class time, course load, and degree level.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 32 open to all. Most popular organizations: Undergraduate Student Senate, Resident Association Board, International Students/Multicultural Club, IHOP (I Help Other People), Bowling Club. Major annual events: Christmas Happening, Finals Week Stress Free Zone, All-Campus Picnic. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 336 college housing spaces available; 328 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Clara Fritzsche Library with 14,770 microform titles, 9,983 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $238,762. 65 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ OBERLIN COLLEGE D-8

173 West Lorain St.
Oberlin, OH 44074
Tel: (440)775-8121
Free: 800-622-OBIE
Admissions: (440)775-8411
Fax: (440)775-8886
Web Site: http://www.oberlin.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1833. Setting: 440-acre small town campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $550 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $14,807 per student. Total enrollment: 2,864. Faculty: 288 (all full-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 6,587 applied, 34% were admitted. 65% from top 10% of their high school class, 90% from top quarter, 99% from top half. 36 National Merit Scholars, 47 valedictorians. Full-time: 2,755 students, 56% women, 44% men. Part-time: 90 students, 49% women, 51% men. Students come from 50 states and territories, 44 other countries, 90% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 5% black, 8% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 6% international, 1% 25 or older, 73% live on campus, 1% transferred in. Retention: 92% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: 4-1-4. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at Great Lakes Colleges Association. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Recommended: SAT Subject Tests. Required for some: interview. Entrance: very difficult. Application deadlines: 1/15, 11/15 for early decision plan 1, 1/1 for early decision plan 2. Notification: 4/1, 12/10 for early decision plan 1, 1/20 for early decision plan 2.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $40,904 includes full-time tuition ($32,524), mandatory fees ($200), and college room and board ($8180). College room only: $4300. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $1350 per credit. Part-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 120 open to all. Most popular organizations: Experimental College, Community Outreach, Black Students Organization, Students Cooperative Association, student radio station. Major annual events: Artist Recital Series, Convocation, Commencement. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, crime prevention programs. 2,200 college housing spaces available. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Mudd Center Library plus 3 others with 1.5 million books, 364,504 microform titles, 4,560 serials, 59,186 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $5.5 million. 340 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Oberlin College is located 35 miles southwest of Cleveland in a small town.

■ OHIO BUSINESS COLLEGE (LORAIN) C-8

1907 North Ridge Rd.
Lorain, OH 44055
Tel: (440)277-0021; 888-514-3126
Fax: (440)277-7989
Web Site: http://www.ohiobusinesscollege.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Tri State Educational Systems. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1903. Total enrollment: 258. Full-time: 232 students, 84% women, 16% men. Part-time: 26 students, 81% women, 19% men. 0% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 13% Hispanic, 28% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 40% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application. Required: high school transcript, interview. Placement: CPAt required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available. Ohio Business College Library with 850 books and 20 serials. 66 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ OHIO BUSINESS COLLEGE (SANDUSKY) C-7

4020 Milan Rd.
Sandusky, OH 44870-5894
Tel: (419)627-8345; 888-627-8345
Fax: (419)627-1958
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ohiobusinesscollege.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas and transfer associate degrees. Founded 1982. Setting: 1-acre suburban campus. Total enrollment: 192. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 38 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 157 students, 82% women, 18% men. Part-time: 35 students, 83% women, 17% men.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Tuition: $7380 full-time.

■ OHIO COLLEGE OF MASSOTHERAPY E-10

225 Heritage Woods Dr.
Akron, OH 44321
Tel: (330)665-1084
Fax: (330)665-5021
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ocm.edu/

Description:

Independent, 2-year, coed. Founded 1973. Calendar: semesters.

■ OHIO DOMINICAN UNIVERSITY I-6

1216 Sunbury Rd.
Columbus, OH 43219-2099
Tel: (614)253-2741
Free: 800-854-2670
Admissions: (614)251-4588
Fax: (614)252-0776
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ohiodominican.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1911. Setting: 62-acre urban campus. Endowment: $12.6 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3658 per student. Total enrollment: 2,942. Faculty: 201 (66 full-time, 135 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. 1,902 applied, 72% were admitted. 13% from top 10% of their high school class, 33% from top quarter, 66% from top half. Full-time: 1,702 students, 60% women, 40% men. Part-time: 857 students, 69% women, 31% men. Students come from 19 states and territories, 11 other countries, 3% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 22% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international, 41% 25 or older, 29% live on campus, 8% transferred in. Retention: 62% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at members of the Higher Education Council of Columbus. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, interview, SAT or ACT. Required for some: essay, recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. One-time mandatory fee: $125. Comprehensive fee: $25,950 includes full-time tuition ($19,400), mandatory fees ($50), and college room and board ($6500). Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $400 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $100 per term.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 23 open to all. Most popular organizations: Campus Ministry, honors program, College Choir, Black Student Union, American-International Membership. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 800 college housing spaces available; 681 were occupied in 2003-04. On-campus residence required through junior year. Option: coed housing available. Spangler Library with 105,722 books, 9,816 microform titles, 583 serials, 4,181 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $716,154. 198 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Ohio State University Columbus Campus.

■ OHIO INSTITUTE OF PHOTOGRAPHY AND TECHNOLOGY I-3

2029 Edgefield Rd.
Dayton, OH 45439-1917
Tel: (937)294-6155
Free: 800-932-9698
Fax: (937)294-2259
Web Site: http://www.oipt.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Kaplan Higher Education. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1971. Setting: 2-acre urban campus with easy access to Cincinnati and Columbus. Total enrollment: 740. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 25:1. 526 applied, 55% were admitted. Full-time: 740 students, 78% women, 22% men. Students come from 20 states and territories, 19% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 26% black, 0.1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 33% 25 or older. Core. Self-designed majors, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, entrance exam. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100. Tuition: $17,641 full-time. Mandatory fees: $1248 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Major annual events: student/staff picnics, Just 'Shoot' Me, pet picture week. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. Main Library with 640 books and 35 serials. 90 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ OHIO NORTHERN UNIVERSITY F-4

525 South Main
Ada, OH 45810-1599
Tel: (419)772-2000; 888-408-4ONU
Admissions: (419)772-2260
Fax: (419)772-2313
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.onu.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed, affiliated with United Methodist Church. Awards bachelor's, master's, and first professional degrees. Founded 1871. Setting: 285-acre small town campus. Endowment: $140.9 million. Total enrollment: 3,542. Faculty: 282 (205 full-time, 77 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 3,371 applied, 88% were admitted. 38% from top 10% of their high school class, 66% from top quarter, 87% from top half. Full-time: 2,525 students, 46% women, 54% men. Part-time: 72 students, 57% women, 43% men. Students come from 37 states and territories, 13% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international, 3% 25 or older, 79% live on campus, 2% transferred in. Retention: 82% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; engineering. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, interview. Required for some: 2 recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/15. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. Comprehensive fee: $35,340 includes full-time tuition ($28,050), mandatory fees ($210), and college room and board ($7080). College room only: $3540.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 150 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 18% of eligible men and 20% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Good News Bears, Student Planning Committee, Student Senate, President's Club. Major annual events: homecoming, Tunes on the Tundra, Winter Concert. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. College housing designed to accommodate 1,880 students; 1,901 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Heterick Memorial Library plus 1 other with 250,231 books, 280 microform titles, 9,220 serials, 9,776 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 550 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Ada, a community of nearly 5,000 people, is located 15 miles east of Lima, 22 miles south of Findlay, and only 8 miles from I-75. Health services are provided by the university. Some of the usual civic and service organizations are active.

■ THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY I-6

Enarson Hall, 154 W. 12th Ave.
Columbus, OH 43210
Tel: (614)292-6446
Admissions: (614)247-6281
Fax: (614)292-4818
Web Site: http://www.osu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1870. Setting: 3,117-acre urban campus. Endowment: $1.7 billion. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $446.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $16,741 per student. Total enrollment: 50,504. Faculty: 3,895 (2,872 full-time, 1,023 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 17,566 applied, 74% were admitted. 39% from top 10% of their high school class, 76% from top quarter, 97% from top half. 98 National Merit Scholars, 223 valedictorians. Full-time: 33,817 students, 47% women, 53% men. Part-time: 3,594 students, 48% women, 52% men. Students come from 53 states and territories, 121 other countries, 10% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 8% black, 5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 9% 25 or older, 24% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 90% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; social sciences; family and consumer sciences. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Higher Education Council of Columbus. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Naval, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application. Required: essay, high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 2/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $7929 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $19,152 full-time. Mandatory fees: $153 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, program, reciprocity agreements, and student level. College room and board: $7275. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 750 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 6% of eligible men and 6% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: African Student Union, Bisexual, Gay and Lesbian Alliance, Campus Crusade for Christ, University Wide Council of Hispanic Organizations, Asian-American Association. Major annual events: Michigan Week festivities, Welcome Week, Homecoming. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, dorm entrances locked after 9 p.m., lighted pathways and sidewalks, self-defense education. 8,886 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Main Library plus 12 others with 5.6 million books, 5.6 million microform titles, 43,086 serials, 46,705 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $27 million. 800 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY AGRICULTURAL TECHNICAL INSTITUTE F-9

1328 Dover Rd.
Wooster, OH 44691
Tel: (330)264-3911
Web Site: http://www.ati.ohio-state.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio State University. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1971. Setting: small town campus with easy access to Cleveland and Columbus. Endowment: $2.1 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $1847 per student. Total enrollment: 821. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 554 applied, 95% were admitted. 6% from top 10% of their high school class, 20% from top quarter, 52% from top half. Full-time: 721 students, 33% women, 67% men. Part-time: 100 students, 34% women, 66% men. Students come from 13 states and territories, 2 other countries, 2% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 0.1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.2% international, 10% 25 or older, 22% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 68% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. ROTC: Army (c), Naval (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents. Option: early admission. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: SAT or ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 7/1. Notification: continuous until 9/15.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $5478 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $16,701 full-time. Mandatory fees: $38 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. College room and board: $5475. College room only: $4575. Room and board charges vary according to board plan.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 19 open to all. Most popular organizations: Hoof-n-Hide Club, Horticulture Club, Campus Crusade for Christ, Phi Theta Kappa, Artist de Fleur Club. Major annual events: Welcome Days, Winter Blitz, Fall Barn Dance. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, controlled dormitory access. 533 college housing spaces available; 470 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Agricultural Technical Institute Library with 19,009 books, 595 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $217,716. 85 computers available on campus for general student use.

Community Environment:

Wooster, population 26,000, is the county seat of Wayne County and is in a major agricultural area accessible from any area of the state. It is also home to the College of Wooster, and the corporate headquarters of Rubbermaid and other companies including Frito-Lay, Wooster Brush Company, Regal Ware, the Gerstenslager Company, and Bell and Howell. Students also have access to Cleveland, Columbus, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and Akron.

■ THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY AT LIMA F-3

4240 Campus Dr.
Lima, OH 45804
Tel: (419)995-8600
Admissions: (419)995-8434
Fax: (419)995-8483
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.lima.osu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Ohio State University. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1960. Setting: 565-acre small town campus. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $90,669. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8935 per student. Total enrollment: 1,145. Faculty: 77 (38 full-time, 39 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 720 applied, 99% were admitted. 5% from top 10% of their high school class, 31% from top quarter, 63% from top half. Full-time: 856 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 212 students, 66% women, 34% men. 0% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 20% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads. ROTC: Army (c), Naval (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents. Option: early admission. Required: essay, high school transcript. Required for some: SAT or ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 7/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $5310 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $16,533 full-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course load and student level. College room and board: $6264. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 14 open to all. Most popular organizations: chorus, Psychology Club, Buckeye Scholars, Bucks for Buckeyes, theatre. Major annual events: Welcome Back Picnic, movie nights, Spring Fling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. Ohio State University-Lima Campus Library with 74,619 books, 592 serials, and an OPAC. 104 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY-MANSFIELD CAMPUS F-7

1680 University Dr.
Mansfield, OH 44906-1599
Tel: (419)755-4011
Admissions: (419)755-4225
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mansfield.osu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Ohio State University. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1958. Setting: 644-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus and Cleveland. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $102,007. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7465 per student. Total enrollment: 1,610. Faculty: 89 (48 full-time, 41 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 21:1. 979 applied, 99% were admitted. 9% from top 10% of their high school class, 26% from top quarter, 60% from top half. 8 valedictorians. Full-time: 1,050 students, 59% women, 41% men. Part-time: 463 students, 75% women, 25% men. Students come from 10 states and territories, 0% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 5% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 26% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads. ROTC: Army (c), Naval (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents. Option: early admission. Required: essay, high school transcript. Required for some: SAT or ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 7/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $5310 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $16,533 full-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course load and student level. College room and board: $6264. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. Ohio State University-Mansfield Campus Library with 45,977 books, 453 serials, and an OPAC. 103 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY AT MARION F-6

1465 Mount Vernon Ave.
Marion, OH 43302-5695
Tel: (740)389-6786
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.marion.ohio-state.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Ohio State University. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1958. Setting: 180-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $12,826. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7180 per student. Total enrollment: 1,485. Faculty: 108 (35 full-time, 73 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 22:1. 751 applied, 99% were admitted. 8% from top 10% of their high school class, 28% from top quarter, 65% from top half. Full-time: 1,159 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 247 students, 66% women, 34% men. Students come from 6 states and territories, 0% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 4% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.3% international, 23% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads. ROTC: Army (c), Naval (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents. Option: early admission. Required: essay, high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 7/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $5310 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $16,533 full-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course load and student level.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 15 open to all. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. Ohio State University-Marion Campus Library with 38,858 books, 413 serials, and an OPAC. 174 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY-NEWARK CAMPUS H-8

1179 University Dr.
Newark, OH 43055-1797
Tel: (740)366-3321
Admissions: (614)366-9333
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.newark.osu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Ohio State University. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1957. Setting: 101-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $41,671. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7113 per student. Total enrollment: 2,183. Faculty: 135 (50 full-time, 85 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 25:1. 1,526 applied, 99% were admitted. 7% from top 10% of their high school class, 18% from top quarter, 55% from top half. 1 valedictorian. Full-time: 1,765 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 323 students, 60% women, 40% men. Students come from 14 states and territories, 1 other country, 0% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 7% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.2% international, 18% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads. ROTC: Army (c), Naval (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents. Option: early admission. Required: essay, high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 7/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $5310 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $16,533 full-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course load and student level. College room and board: $6264. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 14 open to all. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, self-defense education. Ohio State University Newark Campus Library with 49,232 books, 423 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $130,700. 36 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ OHIO TECHNICAL COLLEGE C-10

1374 East 51st St.
Cleveland, OH 44103
Tel: (216)881-1700
Free: 800-322-7000
Fax: (216)881-9145
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ohiotechnicalcollege.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Founded 1969.

■ OHIO UNIVERSITY K-9

Athens, OH 45701-2979
Tel: (740)593-1000
Admissions: (740)593-4100
Fax: (740)593-4229
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ohio.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees. Founded 1804. Setting: 1,700-acre small town campus. Endowment: $195.7 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $30.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $9575 per student. Total enrollment: 20,396. Faculty: 1,195 (875 full-time, 320 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 12,367 applied, 89% were admitted. 16% from top 10% of their high school class, 42% from top quarter, 80% from top half. 11 National Merit Scholars, 111 valedictorians. Full-time: 16,090 students, 52% women, 48% men. Part-time: 1,101 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 52 states and territories, 109 other countries, 13% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 5% 25 or older, 43% live on campus, 3% transferred in. Retention: 81% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: communications/journalism; business/marketing; education. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: 2 recommendations. Required for some: essay, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 2/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $45. State resident tuition: $8235 full-time, $262 per quarter hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $17,199 full-time, $557 per quarter hour part-time. College room and board: $7686. College room only: $3855. Room and board charges vary according to board plan.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 372 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 12% of eligible men and 13% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Gamma Pi Delta, Golden Key, International Student Union, Chinese Students and Visiting Scholars Club, Campus Crusade for Christ. Major annual events: Homecoming, International Week, Parents' Weekend. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, security lighting. 7,457 college housing spaces available; 7,000 were occupied in 2003-04. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Alden Library plus 1 other with 2.6 million books, 3.2 million microform titles, 25,557 serials, 86,574 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $12.1 million. 1,500 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Athens is a traditional college town with a nonstudent population of approximately 21,000. The city is located about 75 miles southeast of Columbus, the state capital, in the foothills of the Appalachian mountains and on the banks of the Hocking River. Several state parks and thousands of acres of national forests are within easy driving distance and provide ample facilities for swimming, hiking, camping, fishing, and picnicking.

■ OHIO UNIVERSITY-CHILLICOTHE K-6

571 West Fifth St., PO Box 629
Chillicothe, OH 45601-0629
Tel: (740)774-7200
Fax: (740)774-7295

Web Site: http://www.ohio.edu/chillicothe/

Description:

State-supported, 4-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees (offers first 2 years of most bachelor's degree programs available at the main campus in Athens; also offers several bachelor's degree programs that can be completed at this campus and several programs exclusive to this campus; also offers some graduate programs). Founded 1946. Setting: 124-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus. Total enrollment: 2,000. 775 applied, 52% were admitted. Students come from 2 states and territories, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Hispanic, 2% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.2% international, 35% 25 or older. Retention: 55% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents. Option: early admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: SAT or ACT required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 9/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. State resident tuition: $115 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $131 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $16 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group. Social organizations: 8 open to all. Most popular organizations: Nursing Student Association, Students in Free Enterprise Club, Drama Club, Phi Theta Kappa, Gamma Phi Delta. Major annual event: G-Day. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, patrols by city police. College housing not available. Quinn Library with 47,900 books and 418 serials. 215 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ OHIO UNIVERSITY-EASTERN

45425 National Rd.
St. Clairsville, OH 43950-9724
Tel: (740)695-1720
Web Site: http://www.eastern.ohiou.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 4-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees (also offers some graduate courses). Founded 1957. Setting: 300-acre rural campus. Total enrollment: 1,118. 350 applied. Full-time: 681 students, 65% women, 35% men. Part-time: 250 students, 76% women, 24% men. Students come from 3 states and territories, 0% Native American, 0.1% Hispanic, 2% black, 0.1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 32% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: SAT or ACT required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Area resident tuition: $115 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $131 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $16 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group. Most popular organizations: Karate Club, Student Ambassadors, Student Literary Magazine. Major annual events: Spring Week, World Food Day, Black History/Women's History Month. College housing not available. 50,000 books, 625 serials, and an OPAC. 50 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ OHIO UNIVERSITY-LANCASTER J-7

1570 Granville Pike
Lancaster, OH 43130-1097
Tel: (740)654-6711; 888-446-4468
Fax: (740)687-9497
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ohiou.edu/lancaster/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1968. Setting: 360-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus. Endowment: $75,000. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $8737. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $1863 per student. Total enrollment: 1,744. 486 applied, 100% were admitted. 13% from top 10% of their high school class, 38% from top quarter, 64% from top half. Full-time: 880 students, 63% women, 37% men. Part-time: 737 students, 72% women, 28% men. Students come from 12 states and territories, 1 other country, 0.5% Native American, 0.4% Hispanic, 2% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.2% international, 46% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: interview. Placement: SAT or ACT required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. State resident tuition: $127 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $144 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $17 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group. Most popular organization: Student Activities Association. Major annual events: Basketball Tournament, annual trips. College housing not available. Hannah V. McCauley Library with 94,688 books, 369,265 microform titles, 399 serials, 2,759 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $417,213. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ OHIO UNIVERSITY-SOUTHERN CAMPUS N-7

1804 Liberty Ave.
Ironton, OH 45638-2214
Tel: (740)533-4600
Free: 800-626-0513
Admissions: (740)533-4612
Fax: (740)533-4632
Web Site: http://www.ohiou.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1956. Setting: 9-acre small town campus. Total enrollment: 1,746. 482 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 1,110 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 520 students, 69% women, 31% men. Students come from 4 states and territories, 14% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 0.3% Hispanic, 3% black, 0.2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 48% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, self-designed majors, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required for some: high school transcript. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. State resident tuition: $124 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $165 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $12 per credit hour part-time. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to student level.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group. Student services: legal services. College housing not available. Ohio University-Southern Campus Library with 26,000 books, 19,198 microform titles, 275 serials, 524 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 147 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ OHIO UNIVERSITY-ZANESVILLE I-9

1425 Newark Rd.
Zanesville, OH 43701-2695
Tel: (740)453-0762
Admissions: (740)588-1439
Fax: (740)453-6161
Web Site: http://www.zanesville.ohiou.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees (offers first 2 years of most bachelor's degree programs available at the main campus in Athens; also offers several bachelor's degree programs that can be completed at this campus; also offers some graduate courses). Founded 1946. Setting: 179-acre rural campus with easy access to Columbus. Total enrollment: 1,904. Faculty: 130 (31 full-time, 99 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 23:1. 799 applied, 100% were admitted. 10% from top 10% of their high school class, 33% from top quarter, 65% from top half. Full-time: 1,139 students, 70% women, 30% men. Part-time: 710 students, 73% women, 27% men. Students come from 4 states and territories, 1% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Hispanic, 2% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 35% 25 or older. Retention: 62% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Muskingum Area Technical College.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, engineering, business, communications programs, education. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: SAT or ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. State resident tuition: $4596 full-time, $144 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $8919 full-time, $275 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course level. Part-time tuition varies according to course level.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Student Nurses Association, Drama Club, Chess Club. Major annual events: Spring Fest, Fall Fest. Campus security: night security. College housing not available. Zanesville Campus Library plus 1 other with 64,227 books, 489 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $247,287. 42 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ OHIO VALLEY COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY F-13

16808 St. Clair Ave., PO Box 7000
East Liverpool, OH 43920
Tel: (330)385-1070
Web Site: http://www.ovct.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1886. Setting: small town campus with easy access to Pittsburgh. Total enrollment: 126. Full-time: 121 students, 91% women, 9% men. Part-time: 5 students, 100% women. Students come from 3 states and territories, 10% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 0% Hispanic, 3% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 69% 25 or older, 26% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, interview, CPAt. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Student services: personal-psychological counseling. College housing not available.

■ OHIO WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY G-6

61 South Sandusky St.
Delaware, OH 43015
Tel: (740)368-2000
Free: 800-922-8953
Admissions: (740)368-3025
Fax: (740)368-3314
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.owu.edu/

Description:

Independent United Methodist, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1842. Setting: 200-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus. Endowment: $144.4 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $531,056. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $11,148 per student. Total enrollment: 1,976. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 2,929 applied, 75% were admitted. 30% from top 10% of their high school class, 52% from top quarter, 81% from top half. 17 National Merit Scholars, 22 valedictorians. Full-time: 1,941 students, 52% women, 48% men. Part-time: 35 students, 63% women, 37% men. Students come from 43 states and territories, 47 other countries, 41% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 5% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 8% international, 0% 25 or older, 84% live on campus, 2% transferred in. Retention: 81% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: social sciences; biological/life sciences; business/marketing. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at Great Lakes Colleges Association, New York City Arts Program, Wesleyan in Washington, Philadelphia Center. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: 2 recommendations, interview, SAT Subject Tests. Entrance: very difficult. Application deadlines: 3/1, 12/1 for early decision, 12/15 for early action. Notification: continuous, 12/30 for early decision, 1/15 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $35,830 includes full-time tuition ($27,920), mandatory fees ($360), and college room and board ($7550). College room only: $3750. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $3040 per course.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 85 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 39% of eligible men and 26% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: community services, student government, Campus Programming Board, religious organizations, ethnic organizations. Major annual events: homecoming, National Colloquium Day, Monnett Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,732 college housing spaces available; 1,610 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. L. A. Beeghly Library plus 3 others with 441,912 books, 110,048 microform titles, 1,073 serials, 3,197 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2.2 million. 320 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Delaware, a city of 23,000 and county seat of Delaware County, is a 25-minute drive from Columbus, with convenient access by air, highway or bus. The Delaware State Parks provide facilities for fishing, boating, camping, and swimming. An annual event is the Little Brown Jug, which is the largest pacing event in the United States. About half the faculty live within a ten minute walk of student halls and houses, in the architecturally historic northwest section of the city. Ohio Wesleyan is a national school; 50% of the students are from Ohio, while the other 50% represent 40 U.S. states and 54 countries.

■ OTTERBEIN COLLEGE H-6

1 Otterbein College
Westerville, OH 43081
Tel: (614)890-3000
Free: 800-488-8144
Admissions: (614)823-1500
Fax: (614)823-1200
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.otterbein.edu/

Description:

Independent United Methodist, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1847. Setting: 142-acre suburban campus with easy access to Columbus. Endowment: $68.5 million. Total enrollment: 3,094. Faculty: 276 (157 full-time, 119 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 2,708 applied, 77% were admitted. 22% from top 10% of their high school class, 51% from top quarter, 77% from top half. 1 National Merit Scholar, 30 valedictorians. Full-time: 2,261 students, 64% women, 36% men. Students come from 35 states and territories, 34 other countries, 7% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 7% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 24% 25 or older, 52% live on campus, 2% transferred in. Retention: 91% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at American University, University of Pittsburgh (Semester at Sea), members of the Higher Education Council of Columbus. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 2.5 high school GPA, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 3/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $28,986 includes full-time tuition ($22,518) and college room and board ($6468). College room only: $2994. Full-time tuition varies according to course load and program. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Part-time tuition: $270 per credit hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 100 open to all; national fraternities, local fraternities, local sororities; 28% of eligible men and 28% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: musical groups, honoraries, academic interest clubs, Governance. Major annual events: Homecoming, Winterfest, Martin Luther King, Jr. Convocation. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, 24-hour locked residence hall entrances. 1,103 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Courtright Memorial Library with 182,629 books, 312,944 microform titles, 1,012 serials, 8,971 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 146 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Westerville was settled in 1813 by Connecticut, New York, and Virginia families, and Quakers from Pennsylvania. The community, seven miles north of Columbus, has excellent city and college libraries, many churches, a modern medical center, and various civic and service organizations. A site of interest is the Hanby House. Hoover Reservoir is located about four miles east, and offers facilities for picnicking, fishing, and boating. Part-time employment is available.

■ OWENS COMMUNITY COLLEGE B-5

PO Box 10000
Toledo, OH 43699-1947
Tel: (419)661-7000
Free: 800-GO-OWENS
Admissions: (567)661-7225
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.owens.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1966. Setting: 100-acre small town campus. Total enrollment: 20,244. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 22:1. Full-time: 7,531 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 12,713 students, 41% women, 59% men. Students come from 15 states and territories, 49 other countries, 3% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 4% Hispanic, 13% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 50% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for health technology, peace officer academy. Options: Common Application, early admission. Recommended: essay, high school transcript, recommendations. Required for some: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $2784 full-time, $116 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $5208 full-time, $217 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $400 full-time, $15 per credit part-time, $10 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 6 open to all. Most popular organizations: intramurals, Alpha Beta Gamma, Drama Club, Student Association for Young Children, Phi Theta Kappa. Major annual events: sporting events, spring break trip, Halloween Family Fun Night. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols. College housing not available. Owens Community College Library with 78,344 books, 71,720 microform titles, 6,230 serials, 9,021 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 1,000 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Toledo.

■ PONTIFICAL COLLEGE JOSEPHINUM I-6

7625 North High St.
Columbus, OH 43235-1498
Tel: (614)885-5585; 888-252-5812
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.pcj.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, and first professional degrees. Founded 1888. Setting: 100-acre suburban campus. Endowment: $39.1 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $14,542 per student. Total enrollment: 133. Faculty: 37 (18 full-time, 19 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 6:1. 3 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 76 students, 100% men. Students come from 15 states and territories, 1 other country, 85% from out-of-state, 3% Hispanic, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 4% international, 35% 25 or older, 100% live on campus, 13% transferred in. Retention: 78% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: English; area and ethnic studies; history. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, double major, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at 2 members of the Theological Cluster.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 3 recommendations, interview, SAT and SAT Subject Tests or ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 7/31. Preference given to candidates for the priesthood.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $21,635 includes full-time tuition ($14,000), mandatory fees ($635), and college room and board ($7000). Part-time tuition: $565 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, controlled dormitory access. 110 college housing spaces available; 81 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Option: men-only housing available. Wehrle Memorial Library with 137,883 books, 1,875 microform titles, 465 serials, 3,189 audiovisual materials, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $303,425. 10 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Ohio State University -Columbus Campus.

■ PROFESSIONAL SKILLS INSTITUTE B-5

20 Arco Dr.
Toledo, OH 43607
Tel: (419)531-9610
Fax: (419)531-4732
Web Site: http://www.proskills.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1984. Setting: 2-acre urban campus with easy access to Detroit. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3800 per student. Total enrollment: 174. 57 applied, 93% were admitted. 48% from top half of their high school class. 1 National Merit Scholar, 2 student government officers. Full-time: 164 students, 77% women, 23% men. Part-time: 10 students, 80% women, 20% men. Students come from 5 states and territories, 60% 25 or older. Core. Services for LD students, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at Lourdes College.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, recommendations, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Entrance: moderately difficult. Notification: 9/15.

Collegiate Environment:

Student services: health clinic. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, camera, alarm system. College housing not available. Professional Skills Institute Library plus 1 other with 2,200 books, 50 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $7805. 28 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ RABBINICAL COLLEGE OF TELSHE C-20

28400 Euclid Ave.
Wickliffe, OH 44092-2523
Tel: (216)943-5300

Description:

Independent religious, comprehensive.

■ REMINGTON COLLEGE-CLEVELAND CAMPUS C-10

14445 Broadway Ave.
Cleveland, OH 44125
Tel: (216)475-7520
Fax: (216)475-6055
Web Site: http://www.remingtoncollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas and transfer associate degrees. Setting: 2-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 676. 369 applied, 76% were admitted. Full-time: 676 students, 85% women, 15% men. Core. Calendar: continuous. Co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: essay, high school transcript, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Tuition: $15,745 full-time. Full-time tuition varies according to program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available.

■ REMINGTON COLLEGE-CLEVELAND WEST CAMPUS E-16

26350 Brookpark Rd.
North Olmsted, OH 44070
Tel: (440)777-2560
Fax: (440)777-3238
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.remingtoncollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 2003. Total enrollment: 399. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 23:1. Full-time: 399 students, 83% women, 17% men. 1% Native American, 8% Hispanic, 17% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: Wonderlic.

■ RETS TECH CENTER J-3

555 East Alex Bell Rd.
Centerville, OH 45459
Tel: (937)433-3410
Free: 800-837-7387
Fax: (937)435-6516
Web Site: http://www.retstechcenter.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1953. Setting: 4-acre suburban campus with easy access to Dayton. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4000 per student. Total enrollment: 556. Full-time: 556 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 1% from out-of-state, 1% Hispanic, 22% black, 55% 25 or older, 1% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Advanced placement, summer session for credit, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. RETS Library with 2,200 books, 27 serials, and 66 audiovisual materials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $8900. 220 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ ROSEDALE BIBLE COLLEGE

2270 Rosedale Rd.
Irwin, OH 43029-9501
Tel: (740)857-1311
Fax: (740)857-1577
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.rosedalebible.org/

Description:

Independent Mennonite, 2-year, coed. Founded 1952. Total enrollment: 49. Calendar: five six-week terms.

■ SCHOOL OF ADVERTISING ART J-3

1725 East David Rd.
Kettering, OH 45440-1612
Tel: (937)294-0592; 877-300-9866
Fax: (937)294-5869
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.saacollege.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1983. Setting: 5-acre suburban campus with easy access to Dayton, Ohio; Cincinnati, Ohio. Total enrollment: 146. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. 10% from top 10% of their high school class, 35% from top quarter, 45% from top half. Full-time: 146 students, 51% women, 49% men. Students come from 4 states and territories, 2% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 5% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 3% 25 or older, 0% transferred in. Retention: 75% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Calendar: trimesters.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, interview. Recommended: minimum 2.5 high school GPA. Required for some: essay, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 1 recommendation. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadlines: 7/1, 12/31 for early action. Notification: 7/1, 12/31 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Tuition: $17,775 full-time. Mandatory fees: $210 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Social organizations:; 7% of eligible men and 7% of eligible women are members. Major annual events: Portfolio Show, Picnic in the Park, holiday parties. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. College housing not available.

■ SHAWNEE STATE UNIVERSITY M-6

940 Second St.
Portsmouth, OH 45662-4344
Tel: (740)354-3205
Free: 800-959-2SSU
Admissions: (740)351-3610
Fax: (740)355-2470
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.shawnee.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 4-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1986. Setting: 52-acre small town campus. Endowment: $10.1 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $13,782 per student. Total enrollment: 3,820. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 2,917 applied, 100% were admitted. 15% from top 10% of their high school class, 34% from top quarter, 67% from top half. Full-time: 3,197 students, 60% women, 40% men. Part-time: 623 students, 67% women, 33% men. Students come from 16 states and territories, 12 other countries, 9% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 0.5% Hispanic, 3% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 28% 25 or older, 13% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 64% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; social sciences; education. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for allied health programs, nonresident aliens. Options: electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: ACT. Required for some: recommendations, interview, ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $4896 full-time, $153 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $8784 full-time, $261 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $612 full-time, $17 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, reciprocity agreements, and student level. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, reciprocity agreements, and student level. College room and board: $6729. College room only: $4281. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 31 open to all; national fraternities, local sororities; 5% of eligible men and 3% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: campus ministry, Health Executives and Administrators Learning Society, Student Programming Board, SGA. Major annual events: Homecoming, Springfest, Scare Week. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. 456 college housing spaces available; 453 were occupied in 2003-04. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. Shawnee State University Library with 150,661 books, 59,957 microform titles, 13,820 serials, 39,046 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.1 million. 400 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

A quaint city of 23,000 residents, Portsmouth is Scioto County's largest retail center and a popular tourist area as well. Its Bonneyfiddle area, with its old-world charm, is a treasure trove for antique buffs, and the winding Ohio River offers opportunities for boating, waterskiing, and fishing. Shawnee State Park provides nature trails, as well as boating, fishing and golf.

■ SINCLAIR COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-3

444 West Third St.
Dayton, OH 45402-1460
Tel: (937)512-2500
Admissions: (937)512-3060
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sinclair.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1887. Setting: 50-acre urban campus with easy access to Cincinnati. Endowment: $25 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4386 per student. Total enrollment: 19,563. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 6,271 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 7,550 students, 56% women, 44% men. Part-time: 12,013 students, 59% women, 41% men. Students come from 31 states and territories, 4% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 16% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 47% 25 or older, 6% transferred in. Retention: 56% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at 17 members of the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for allied health programs. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required for some: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $10. Area resident tuition: $1910 full-time, $42.25 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $3121 full-time, $69.35 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $5940 full-time, $132 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course load. Part-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 55 open to all. Most popular organizations: African-American Men of the Future, Ohio Fellows, Phi Theta Kappa, student government, student newspaper. Major annual events: Welcome Week, Spring Fling, Student Health Fair. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Learning Resources Center with 147,613 books, 27,456 microform titles, 576 serials, 9,293 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.8 million. 1,800 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ SOUTHEASTERN BUSINESS COLLEGE (CHILLICOTHE) K-6

1855 Western Ave.
Chillicothe, OH 45601-1038
Tel: (740)774-6300
Fax: (740)774-2071
Web Site: http://www.careersohio.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards terminal associate degrees. Founded 1976. Total enrollment: 100. 75 applied, 56% were admitted.

■ SOUTHEASTERN BUSINESS COLLEGE (JACKSON) L-7

504 McCarty Ln.
Jackson, OH 45640
Tel: (740)286-1554
Fax: (740)286-4476
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.careersohio.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Founded 1976.

■ SOUTHEASTERN BUSINESS COLLEGE (LANCASTER) J-7

1522 Sheridan Dr.
Lancaster, OH 43130-1303
Tel: (740)687-6126
Fax: (740)687-0431
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.careersohio.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Founded 1984.

■ SOUTHEASTERN BUSINESS COLLEGE (NEW BOSTON) M-6

3879 Rhodes Ave.
New Boston, OH 45662
Tel: (740)456-4124
Web Site: http://www.careersohio.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed.

■ SOUTHERN STATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE K-4

100 Hobart Dr.
Hillsboro, OH 45133-9487
Tel: (937)393-3431
Fax: (937)393-9370
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sscc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1975. Setting: 60-acre rural campus. Endowment: $443,111. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3213 per student. Total enrollment: 2,307. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 21:1. 829 applied, 100% were admitted. 0.4% Native American, 0.3% Hispanic, 1% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.04% international. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at 15 members of the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Recommended: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $3213 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $6189 full-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 3 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Leadership, Student Nurses Association, Drama Club, Association of Medical Assistants, Phi Theta Kappa. Major annual events: Spring Fling, Halloween Dance/Party, Fall Quarter Mixer. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. College housing not available. Learning Resources Center plus 3 others with 79,000 books, 552,000 microform titles, 1,107 serials, 7,428 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $393,901. 300 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Hillsboro, approximately 40 miles east of Cincinnati, is in a primarily rural setting with small towns and villages.

■ SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE OF BUSINESS (CINCINNATI) L-2

632 Vine St., Ste. 200
Cincinnati, OH 45202-4304
Tel: (513)421-3212
Web Site: http://www.swcollege.net/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1972. Setting: urban campus. 162 applied, 90% were admitted. 41% 25 or older. Summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required for some: CPAt. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. 54 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE OF BUSINESS (CINCINNATI) L-2

149 Northland Blvd.
Cincinnati, OH 45246-1122
Tel: (513)874-0432
Web Site: http://www.swcollege.net/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1972. Setting: suburban campus. Total enrollment: 200. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, summer session for credit, external degree program, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required for some: CPAt. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Student services: personal-psychological counseling. College housing not available. 50 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE OF BUSINESS (DAYTON) I-3

111 West First St.
Dayton, OH 45402-3003
Tel: (937)224-0061
Fax: (937)224-0065
Web Site: http://www.swcollege.net/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1972. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 214. 125 applied, 49% were admitted. Full-time: 214 students, 75% women, 25% men. 0% Native American, 0% Hispanic, 79% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, summer session for credit, external degree program, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Student services: personal-psychological counseling. College housing not available. 30 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE OF BUSINESS (FRANKLIN) J-2

201 East Second St.
Franklin, OH 45005
Tel: (937)746-6633
Web Site: http://www.swcollege.net/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1981. Setting: suburban campus with easy access to Cincinnati and Dayton. Total enrollment: 150. 75% 25 or older. Core.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. 33 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ STARK STATE COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY E-11

6200 Frank Ave., NW
North Canton, OH 44720-7299
Tel: (330)494-6170
Free: 800-797-8275
Admissions: (330)966-5450
Fax: (330)497-6313
Web Site: http://www.starkstate.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1970. Setting: 34-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $1.8 million. Total enrollment: 6,857. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 2,589 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 2,297 students, 51% women, 49% men. Part-time: 4,560 students, 61% women, 39% men. Students come from 4 states and territories, 1% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 10% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.2% international, 55% 25 or older, 11% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs. Off campus study at Malone College, University of Akron, Walsh College, Kent State University, Stark Campus.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $65. State resident tuition: $3810 full-time, $127 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $5610 full-time, $187 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Learning Resource Center with 70,000 books, 425 serials, and an OPAC. 500 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Set in small city environment -commuter campus only.

■ STAUTZENBERGER COLLEGE B-5

5355 Southwyck Blvd.
Toledo, OH 43614
Tel: (419)866-0261
Free: 800-552-5099
Fax: (419)867-9821
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sctoday.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 792. 150 applied, 95% were admitted. 0.4% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 14% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international.

■ TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION COLLEGE I-6

288 South Hamilton Rd.
Columbus, OH 43213-2087
Tel: (614)759-7700
Free: 800-838-3233
Admissions: (614)456-4600
Fax: (614)759-7747
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.teceducation.com/

Description:

Private, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates and terminal associate degrees. Total enrollment: 400. 55% black.

■ TEMPLE BAPTIST COLLEGE L-2

11965 Kenn Rd.
Cincinnati, OH 45240
Tel: (513)851-3800
Fax: (513)851-3800
Web Site: http://www.templebaptistcollege.com/

Description:

Independent religious, 4-year, coed.

■ TERRA STATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE D-6

2830 Napoleon Rd.
Fremont, OH 43420-9670
Tel: (419)334-8400
Fax: (419)334-9035
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.terra.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1968. Setting: 100-acre small town campus with easy access to Toledo. Endowment: $907,000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2835 per student. Total enrollment: 2,634. Full-time: 1,150 students, 52% women, 48% men. Part-time: 1,484 students, 48% women, 52% men. Students come from 5 states and territories, 0.1% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 4% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 41% 25 or older, 12% transferred in. Retention: 39% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT COMPASS required; SAT or ACT recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $15. State resident tuition: $3278 full-time, $68.30 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $7067 full-time, $147.23 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $334 full-time, $6.95 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group. Social organizations: 5 open to all; national fraternities; 4% of eligible men and 3% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Phi Theta Kappa, Student Activities Club, Society of Plastic Engineers, Koinonia, Student Senate. Major annual events: Student Orientation, Commencement, Open House. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Learning Resource Center with 22,675 books, 59,422 microform titles, 383 serials, 1,957 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $220,047. 250 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ TIFFIN UNIVERSITY D-6

155 Miami St.
Tiffin, OH 44883-2161
Tel: (419)447-6442
Free: 800-968-6446
Admissions: (419)448-3368
Fax: (419)447-9605
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.tiffin.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1888. Setting: 110-acre small town campus with easy access to Toledo. Endowment: $3.2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4872 per student. Total enrollment: 1,605. Faculty: 133 (51 full-time, 82 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 1,563 applied, 73% were admitted. 7% from top 10% of their high school class, 24% from top quarter, 62% from top half. Full-time: 1,097 students, 50% women, 50% men. Part-time: 138 students, 72% women, 28% men. Students come from 14 states and territories, 10 other countries, 6% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 15% black, 0.2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 27% 25 or older, 40% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 60% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, minimum 3.00 high school GPA, interview, 19 on ACT or 890 on SAT. Required for some: essay, recommendations, interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $22,645 includes full-time tuition ($15,870) and college room and board ($6775). College room only: $3525. Part-time tuition: $529 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 16 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 16% of eligible men and 15% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, Black United Students, International Student Association, Gay, Lesbian and Straight Supporters (GLASS). Major annual events: homecoming, Springfest, faculty vs. student basketball game. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: student patrols, late night transport-escort service. 422 college housing spaces available; 401 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Pfeiffer Library with 29,779 books, 33,250 microform titles, 250 serials, 544 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $249,239. 60 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Heidelberg College.

■ TRI-STATE BIBLE COLLEGE N-7

506 Margaret St.
PO Box 445
South Point, OH 45680-8402
Tel: (740)377-2520
Fax: (740)377-0001
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.tsbc.edu/

Description:

Independent nondenominational, 4-year, coed. Founded 1970. Calendar: semesters.

■ TRUMBULL BUSINESS COLLEGE D-12

3200 Ridge Rd.
Warren, OH 44484
Tel: (330)369-3200
Fax: (330)369-6792
Web Site: http://www.tbc-trumbullbusiness.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1972. Setting: 6-acre small town campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $1244 per student. Total enrollment: 411. 97 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 347 students, 85% women, 15% men. Part-time: 64 students, 80% women, 20% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 1% from out-of-state, 1% Hispanic, 19% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 51% 25 or older, 0% transferred in.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous until 10/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $70. One-time mandatory fee: $75. Tuition: $7560 full-time, $210 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $425 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and program. Tuition guaranteed not to increase for student's term of enrollment.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 2 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, MADD/SADD. College housing not available.

■ UNION INSTITUTE & UNIVERSITY L-2

440 East McMillan St.
Cincinnati, OH 45206-1925
Tel: (513)861-6400
Free: 800-486-3116
Fax: (513)861-0779
Web Site: http://www.tui.edu/

Description:

Independent, university, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1969. Setting: 5-acre urban campus. Endowment: $1.3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7700 per student. Total enrollment: 2,379. Faculty: 169 (52 full-time, 117 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. Full-time: 673 students, 74% women, 26% men. Part-time: 449 students, 59% women, 41% men. Students come from 45 states and territories, 6 other countries, 22% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 8% Hispanic, 24% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 92% 25 or older. Retention: 67% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: liberal arts/general studies; security and protective services; education. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Tuition: $8830 full-time, $368 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $80 full-time, $20 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Campus security: late night transport-escort service, security during class hours. College housing not available. Gary Library plus 1 other with 50,000 books, 300 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page.

■ THE UNIVERSITY OF AKRON E-10

302 Buchtel Common
Akron, OH 44325
Tel: (330)972-7111
Free: 800-655-4884
Admissions: (330)972-7077
Fax: (330)972-7676
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uakron.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and first professional certificates (associate). Founded 1870. Setting: 170-acre urban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $176.1 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $20.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5614 per student. Total enrollment: 21,049. Faculty: 1,474 (701 full-time, 773 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 8,810 applied, 82% were admitted. 12% from top 10% of their high school class, 18% from top quarter, 57% from top half. 4 National Merit Scholars, 52 valedictorians. Full-time: 12,635 students, 51% women, 49% men. Part-time: 4,505 students, 57% women, 43% men. Students come from 42 states and territories, 84 other countries, 2% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 15% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 30% 25 or older, 13% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 64% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, early admission, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Required for some: essay, 3 recommendations, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 8/1, 2/1 for early action. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $6810 full-time, $284 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,535 full-time, $575 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $1148 full-time, $47 per credit part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, degree level, and location. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, degree level, and location. College room and board: $7208. College room only: $4494. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 200 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities; 2% of eligible men and 2% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Associated Student Government, Residence Hall Program Board, American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Major annual events: Homecoming, May Day, Greek Week. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 2,064 college housing spaces available; 2,057 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Bierce Library plus 3 others with 1.2 million books, 1.7 million microform titles, 13,677 serials, 45,041 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $8.8 million. 2,450 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The city is a merchandising center and a vital distribution gateway between the industrial East and the Midwest. The Portage Lakes district south of the city provides facilities for boating, swimming, fishing and ice skating. A number of parks provide additional facilities for skiing and other outdoor activities. A short distance to the north, are the New Gateway Complex, Jacobs Field, home of the Cleveland Indians, Gund Arena, of the Cleveland Cavaliers, and the Rock'n Roll Hall of Fame. To the South is The Pro Football Hall of Fame. Local points of interest are the Akron Art Museum, Blossom Music Center, Canal Park Baseball Stadium, Goodyear Aircraft Hanger, Inventure Place, Perkins Mansion, and the Stan Hywet Hall. Special events are the World Series of Golf, held at the Firestone Country Club, and the All-American Soap Box Derby.

■ THE UNIVERSITY OF AKRON-WAYNE COLLEGE E-10

1901 Smucker Rd.
Orrville, OH 44667-9192
Tel: (330)683-2010
Admissions: (330)684-8740
Fax: (330)684-8989
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wayne.uakron.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of The University of Akron. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1972. Setting: 157-acre rural campus. Total enrollment: 1,737. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 647 applied, 93% were admitted. 7% from top 10% of their high school class, 24% from top quarter, 54% from top half. Full-time: 924 students, 60% women, 40% men. Part-time: 813 students, 67% women, 33% men. 0% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 41% 25 or older, 5% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at The University of Akron. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Recommended: SAT or ACT, ACT COMPASS. Required for some: high school transcript, SAT or ACT, ACT COMPASS. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/30. Notification: continuous until 8/30.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $4,884 full-time, $203.48 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,202 full-time, $440.07 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $146 full-time, $6.07 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Wayne College Library with 23,450 books, 33,253 microform titles, 219 serials, 822 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $190,000. 240 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Orrville is a thriving community with a diversified business and industry base, best known for being the home of The J. M. Smucker Company. Located 30 miles southwest of Akron and The University of Akron campus, and 50 miles south of Cleveland, the city of Orrville has a population of 7,800. Residents of this area have relatively easy access to metropolitan amenities while enjoying a more relaxed rural-suburban atmosphere. The community park provides many recreational facilities and the Rehm Performing Arts Pavilion is the setting for many musical and cultural events. There are also 26 churches of various denominations, a community library, and a 38 bed hospital in Orville.

■ UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI L-2

2624 Clifton Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45221
Tel: (513)556-6000
Admissions: (513)556-1100
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of University of Cincinnati System. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees. Founded 1819. Setting: 137-acre urban campus. Endowment: $987 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $119.6 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $10,552 per student. Total enrollment: 27,932. Faculty: 1,241 (1,200 full-time, 41 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 11,813 applied, 76% were admitted. 19% from top 10% of their high school class, 49% from top quarter, 82% from top half. Full-time: 16,098 students, 47% women, 53% men. Part-time: 3,414 students, 64% women, 36% men. Students come from 52 states and territories, 123 other countries, 10% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 14% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 17% 25 or older, 18% live on campus, 6% transferred in. Retention: 79% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; engineering; visual and performing arts. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Required for some: 2 recommendations, audition. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous until 11/1. Preference given to state residents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $7458 full-time, $247 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $21,210 full-time, $629 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1425 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, degree level, location, program, and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition varies according to course load, degree level, location, program, and reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $7890. College room only: $4680. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 50 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local sororities. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. College housing designed to accommodate 3,134 students; 3,257 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Langsam Library plus 7 others with 2.4 million microform titles, 16,560 serials, 51,224 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $21.1 million. 325 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Called by Longfellow,"The Queen City of the West," Cincinnati was founded in 1788 and was named Losantiville. The following year the name was changed to Cincinnati, after the Society of Cincinnati. The city is the third largest in Ohio and is situated on a series of plateaus above the Ohio River surrounded by hills. The altitude varies from 435 to 938 feet. Some of the industries located here are Proctor & Gamble Co., General Electric Co., Ford Motor Co., and the Kroger Co. The Cincinnati Convention-Exposition Center provides facilities for meetings as well as 95,000 square feet of exhibition space. Cultural facilities include the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, Art Academy of Cincinnati, and the University of Cincinnati College Conservatory of Music; Cincinnati is famous as a center of music and art. Recreational facilities are numerous. Among the points of interest are the Carew Tower Observatory, Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati Museum of Natural History, King's Island which is a recreational facility, Hebrew Union College Museum, Mount Airy Forest, St. Peter in Chains Cathedral, Stowe House, and Taft Museum.

■ UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI CLERMONT COLLEGE L-3

4200 Clermont College Dr.
Batavia, OH 45103-1785
Tel: (513)732-5200
Admissions: (513)732-5247
Web Site: http://www.clc.uc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of University of Cincinnati System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1972. Setting: 65-acre rural campus with easy access to Cincinnati. Endowment: $338,141. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2724 per student. Total enrollment: 2,408. 8% from top 10% of their high school class, 28% from top quarter, 46% from top half. Students come from 3 states and territories, 50% 25 or older. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at 11 members of the Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities. ROTC: Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended; SAT or ACT required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Student services: personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 12-hour patrols by trained security personnel. College housing not available. 19,235 books and 174 serials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $276,340. 118 computers available on campus for general student use.

Community Environment:

Batavia, the Clermont County seat, is central to the entire county. Clermont County is recognized as the fastest growing county in Ohio. The completion of the Interstate Highway System and belt-freeway have made the Cincinnati metropolitan and Northern Kentucky areas easily accessible.

■ UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI RAYMOND WALTERS COLLEGE L-2

9555 Plainfield Rd.
Cincinnati, OH 45236-1007
Tel: (513)745-5600
Admissions: (513)745-5700
Fax: (513)745-5780
Web Site: http://www.rwc.uc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of University of Cincinnati System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1967. Setting: 120-acre suburban campus. Endowment: $43,625. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8965 per student. Total enrollment: 4,421. 1,488 applied, 83% were admitted. 3% from top 10% of their high school class, 12% from top quarter, 35% from top half. Full-time: 2,177 students, 64% women, 36% men. Part-time: 2,244 students, 71% women, 29% men. Students come from 19 states and territories, 3% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 15% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.03% international, 41% 25 or older, 6% transferred in. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at 12 members of the Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for allied health programs. Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. State resident tuition: $4938 full-time, $142 per quarter hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,801 full-time, $336 per quarter hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $222 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 15 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 2% of eligible men and 2% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: student government, African-American Cultural Association, Phi Theta Kappa, College Secretaries International, American Dental Hygiene Students Association. Major annual events: Honors Ceremony, End of Year Picnic. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Raymond Walters College Library with 48,226 books, 15,225 microform titles, 636 serials, 2,220 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $666,479. 250 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Cincinnati.

■ UNIVERSITY OF DAYTON I-3

300 College Park
Dayton, OH 45469-1300
Tel: (937)229-1000
Free: 800-837-7433
Admissions: (937)229-4411
Fax: (937)229-4545
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.udayton.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, university, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1850. Setting: 110-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cincinnati. Endowment: $324.4 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $64.2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8595 per student. Total enrollment: 10,572. Faculty: 896 (446 full-time, 450 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 8,675 applied, 80% were admitted. 24% from top 10% of their high school class, 50% from top quarter, 80% from top half. 17 National Merit Scholars, 49 valedictorians. Full-time: 6,913 students, 50% women, 50% men. Part-time: 513 students, 45% women, 55% men. Students come from 49 states and territories, 25 other countries, 33% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international, 3% 25 or older, 79% live on campus, 2% transferred in. Retention: 86% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; engineering. Core. Calendar: semesters plus 2 6-week summer terms. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education, Chaminade University of Honolulu, St. Mary's University. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, interview. Required for some: audition required for music, music therapy, music education programs. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $29,626 includes full-time tuition ($22,046), mandatory fees ($800), and college room and board ($6780). College room only: $4000. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Room and board charges vary according to board plan, housing facility, and student level. Part-time tuition: $708 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $25 per term. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 200 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 15% of eligible men and 19% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, marching band, Red Scare (basketball student cheering section), Campus Connection, Chi Omega. Major annual events: Christmas on Campus, Parents' Weekend, graduation. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 5,904 college housing spaces available; 5,313 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Roesch Library plus 2 others with 905,924 books, 795,807 microform titles, 7,554 serials, 3,030 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $8.8 million. 8,000 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Wright State University.

■ THE UNIVERSITY OF FINDLAY E-4

1000 North Main St.
Findlay, OH 45840-3653
Tel: (419)422-8313
Free: 800-548-0932
Admissions: (419)434-4732
Fax: (419)424-4822
Web Site: http://www.findlay.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed, affiliated with Church of God. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1882. Setting: 200-acre small town campus with easy access to Toledo. Endowment: $18.5 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $245,379. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6294 per student. Total enrollment: 4,743. Faculty: 339 (175 full-time, 164 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. 2,485 applied, 70% were admitted. 22% from top 10% of their high school class, 49% from top quarter, 80% from top half. 55 valedictorians. Full-time: 2,648 students, 60% women, 40% men. Part-time: 953 students, 61% women, 39% men. Students come from 45 states and territories, 34 other countries, 13% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 4% international, 24% 25 or older, 41% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 74% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; health professions and related sciences; education. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.3 high school GPA, recommendations, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $29,238 includes full-time tuition ($20,796), mandatory fees ($950), and college room and board ($7492). College room only: $3756. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to location and program. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Part-time tuition: $458 per semester hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $125 per term. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to location and program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 57 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 5% of eligible men and 2% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Campus Program Board, Pre-Vet Club, Horse Club, Circle K, International Club. Major annual events: Homecoming, Family Weekend, Spring Bash. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 1,215 college housing spaces available; 1,146 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Shafer Library with 132,052 books, 11,589 microform titles, 23,128 serials, 4,780 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $848,206. 200 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Findlay is located in the northwestern part of Ohio, which is both a rich agricultural and manufacturing region. Excellent internship and employment opportunities are available. Recreational activities include swimming, golf, boating, and fishing.

■ UNIVERSITY OF NORTHWESTERN OHIO F-3

1441 North Cable Rd.
Lima, OH 45805-1498
Tel: (419)227-3141
Fax: (419)229-6926
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.unoh.edu/

Description:

Independent, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1920. Setting: 35-acre small town campus with easy access to Dayton and Toledo. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2300 per student. Total enrollment: 2,915. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 20:1. 3,758 applied, 98% were admitted. Full-time: 2,629 students, 17% women, 83% men. Part-time: 286 students, 59% women, 41% men. Students come from 34 states and territories, 30% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 0.1% Hispanic, 1% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 18% 25 or older, 45% live on campus, 2% transferred in. Retention: 70% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; health professions and related sciences. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Tuition: $11,400 full-time, $190 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 1 open to all. Most popular organization: Students in Free Enterprise. Major annual events: Mud Volleyball, Car Show, Intramural Volleyball. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 1,016 college housing spaces available; 705 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. University of Northwestern Ohio Library with 4,553 books, 95 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $36,715. 149 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-CINCINNATI CAMPUS

9050 Centre Pointe Dr.
West Chester, OH 45069
Tel: (513)772-9600
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 2003. Total enrollment: 619. Faculty: 97 (9 full-time, 88 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 6:1. 29 applied. Full-time: 407 students, 60% women, 40% men. 0.2% Hispanic, 5% black, 9% international, 94% 25 or older. Academic area with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing. Core. Calendar: continuous. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: deferred admission. Required: 1 recommendation. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $110. Tuition: $11,550 full-time, $385 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. University Library with 444 books, 666 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. System-wide operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.2 million.

■ UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-CLEVELAND CAMPUS E-19

5005 Rockside Rd., Ste. 325
Independence, OH 44131-2194
Tel: (216)447-8807
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 2000. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 882. Faculty: 166 (8 full-time, 158 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 5:1. 29 applied. Full-time: 675 students, 68% women, 32% men. 1% Hispanic, 9% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 17% international, 95% 25 or older. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; computer and information sciences; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: continuous. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: deferred admission. Required: 1 recommendation. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $110. Tuition: $11,550 full-time, $385 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. University Library with 444 books, 666 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. System-wide operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.2 million.

■ UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-COLUMBUS OHIO CAMPUS I-6

8425 Pulsar Place
Columbus, OH 43240
Tel: (614)433-0095
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 2003. Total enrollment: 493. Faculty: 66 (1 full-time, 65 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 6:1. 16 applied. Full-time: 332 students, 59% women, 41% men. 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Hispanic, 6% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 7% international, 87% 25 or older. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; computer and information sciences. Core. Calendar: continuous. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: deferred admission. Required: 1 recommendation. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $110. Tuition: $11,550 full-time, $385 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. 444 books, 666 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. System-wide operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.2 million.

■ UNIVERSITY OF RIO GRANDE

218 North College Ave.
Rio Grande, OH 45674
Tel: (740)245-5353
Admissions: (740)245-7208
Fax: (740)245-9220
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.rio.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1876. Setting: 170-acre rural campus. Endowment: $19.5 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6646 per student. Total enrollment: 2,376. Faculty: 265 (81 full-time, 184 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 12% from top 10% of their high school class, 31% from top quarter, 65% from top half. Full-time: 1,699 students, 59% women, 41% men. Part-time: 442 students, 70% women, 30% men. Students come from 13 states and territories, 7 other countries, 5% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 34% 25 or older, 25% live on campus, 3% transferred in. Retention: 60% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, red tech, education, social work. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application. Required: high school transcript, medical history. Recommended: ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Area resident tuition: $12,540 full-time, $517 per semester hour part-time. State resident tuition: $12,750 full-time, $528 per semester hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,132 full-time, $571 per semester hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $525 full-time, $13 per semester hour part-time, $91. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, degree level, and program. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, degree level, and program. College room and board: $6404. Room and board charges vary according to board plan.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 41 open to all; national fraternities, local fraternities, local sororities; 5% of eligible men and 4% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: student government, Honoraries, Bible studies, Students in Free Enterprise. Major annual events: Community Service Day, Homecoming, Muscular Dystrophy Dance-a-thon. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 630 college housing spaces available; 392 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Jeanette Albiez Davis Library plus 2 others with 96,731 books, 850 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $353,505. 300 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Less than one mile from campus, the Bob Evans Farm offers canoe and horse rentals, trail rides, hiking, and fishing. A radio-controlled aircraft club meets monthly in good weather. The second weekend of October marks the annual Bob Evans Farm Festival, which brings visitors from surrounding states. Rio Grande students participate heavily in the Farm Festival as part of "Community Service Day" when most college classes are canceled. Annual campus-hosted events include World-Fest, Native American Pow Wow, and Celtic/Welsh festivals. Other recreational facilities within a reasonable driving distance include golf, boating, skiing, rock climbing, white-water rafting, camping, and fishing. A rural community, Rio Grande is located 90 miles southeast of Columbus, 130 miles east of Cincinnati, and 60 miles north of Charleston, WV. Local shopping is found in Jackson and Gallipolis, both within 20 miles. Lare malls are found in Charleston and Huntington, WV, both about 60 miles away. Gallipolis is a picturesque river town, settled on the banks of the Ohio River, one of the annual stops for the historic Delta Queen steamboat. The surrounding area includes active civic and service organizations, church groups, shopping facilities, the Holzer Medical Center, and Holzer Clinic. The Ohio Valley Symphony, the Valley Artist Series, and the French Art Colony provide music, theater, and fine arts cultural events and exhibits. Performances are held either on campus at the Merlyn Ross Fine Arts Center or in Gallipolis at the refurbished Victorian playhouse, the Ari

■ THE UNIVERSITY OF TOLEDO B-5

2801 West Bancroft
Toledo, OH 43606-3390
Tel: (419)530-4636
Admissions: (419)530-5737
Fax: (419)530-4940
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.utoledo.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1872. Setting: 407-acre suburban campus with easy access to Detroit. Endowment: $35.3 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $16.3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7495 per student. Total enrollment: 19,480. 8,819 applied, 99% were admitted. 16% from top 10% of their high school class, 36% from top quarter, 63% from top half. Full-time: 13,146 students, 50% women, 50% men. Part-time: 3,220 students, 54% women, 46% men. Students come from 36 states and territories, 93 other countries, 8% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 12% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 17% 25 or older, 18% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 72% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Bowling Green State University, Medical College of Ohio, Consortium for Health Education, The Central States Universities, Inc. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents. Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Required for some: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $6430 full-time, $311 per semester hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,241 full-time, $679 per semester hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1064 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, program, and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition varies according to course load, program, and reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $8312. Room and board charges vary according to board plan, housing facility, and location.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 176 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 6% of eligible men and 3% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: student government, University YMCA, Newman Club, International Student Association, Campus Activities and Programming. Major annual events: homecoming, Songfest, Carnival Royale and Activities Fair. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, bicycle patrols by security staff, crime prevention officer. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Carlson Library plus 4 others with 1.8 million books, 1.7 million microform titles, 6,500 serials, 6,350 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $8.2 million. 2,800 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Toledo's importance as a port stems from its location at the mouth of the Maumee River. It is the busiest freshwater port in the world. It ranks second on the Great Lakes, and ninth in the nation in tonnage handled.

■ URBANA UNIVERSITY H-4

579 College Way
Urbana, OH 43078-2091
Tel: (937)484-1400
Free: 800-7-URBANA
Admissions: (937)484-1356
Fax: (937)484-1389
Web Site: http://www.urbana.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed, affiliated with Church of the New Jerusalem. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1850. Setting: 128-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus and Dayton. Endowment: $415,000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $14,220 per student. Total enrollment: 1,551. Faculty: 120 (55 full-time, 65 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 495 applied, 65% were admitted. Full-time: 904 students, 46% women, 54% men. Part-time: 557 students, 64% women, 36% men. 4% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 12% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 6% transferred in. Retention: 70% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; health professions and related sciences; security and protective services. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at members of the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: recommendations, interview. Required for some: 2 recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $22,866 includes full-time tuition ($16,254) and college room and board ($6612). College room only: $2234. Part-time tuition: $337 per semester hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 20 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, Business Club, Education Club, Drama Club, Student Activities Planning Committee. Major annual events: Homecoming, Spring Fling Week, Founders' Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 450 college housing spaces available. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Swedenborg Memorial Library with 61,600 books, 10,000 microform titles, 800 serials, 22,036 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 75 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Urbana is the county seat of Champaign county and has a population in excess of 12,000 residents. The community has become well known regionally for the restoration of the historic downtown business district. The community provides a modern small-town environment with easy access to major metropolitan areas, being located just 15 minutes from downtown Springfield and 45 minutes from Dayton and Columbus.

■ URSULINE COLLEGE D-20

2550 Lander Rd.
Pepper Pike, OH 44124-4398
Tel: (440)449-4200; 888-URSULINE
Admissions: (440)449-4203
Fax: (440)449-2235
Web Site: http://www.ursuline.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, comprehensive. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees and post-master's certificates (applications from men are also accepted). Founded 1871. Setting: 112-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $20.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7451 per student. Total enrollment: 1,494. Faculty: 212 (72 full-time, 140 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 9:1. 439 applied, 65% were admitted. 40% from top 10% of their high school class, 51% from top quarter, 87% from top half. Full-time: 755 students, 95% women, 5% men. Part-time: 397 students, 88% women, 12% men. Students come from 6 states and territories, 6 other countries, 1% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 26% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 53% 25 or older, 14% live on campus, 14% transferred in. Retention: 65% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: health professions and related sciences; business/marketing; education. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Baldwin-Wallace College, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland State University, Cuyahoga Community College, David N. Myers College, Notre Dame College of Ohio, John Carroll University.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, early action, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, recommendations, interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadlines: Rolling, 11/15 for early action. Notification: continuous, 2/15 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $25,456 includes full-time tuition ($18,900), mandatory fees ($190), and college room and board ($6366). College room only: $3252. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $630 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $60 per term.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 29 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, Student Nurses of Ursuline College, Fashion Focus, Students United for Black Awareness, Drama Club. Major annual events: Founders' Day, All College Day, Fall Formal. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 164 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. Ralph M. Besse Library with 108,699 books, 4,675 microform titles, 12,989 serials, 5,329 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $537,581. 72 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Case Western Reserve University.

■ VATTEROTT COLLEGE F-18

5025 East Royalton Rd.
Broadview Heights, OH 44147
Tel: (440)526-1660
Free: 800-864-5644
Fax: (440)526-1933
Web Site: http://www.vatterott-college.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Total enrollment: 143. Calendar: semesters.

■ VIRGINIA MARTI COLLEGE OF ART AND DESIGN C-10

11724 Detroit Ave., PO Box 580
Lakewood, OH 44107-3002
Tel: (216)221-8584
Web Site: http://www.vmcad.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1966. Setting: urban campus with easy access to Cleveland. Total enrollment: 267. 56 applied, 59% were admitted. Students come from 2 states and territories, 60% 25 or older. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, self-designed majors, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, interview, CAPS. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. 12 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ WALSH UNIVERSITY E-11

2020 East Maple St., NW
North Canton, OH 44720-3396
Tel: (330)499-7090
Free: 800-362-8846
Admissions: (330)490-7171
Fax: (330)490-7165
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.walsh.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1958. Setting: 107-acre small town campus with easy access to Cleveland. Endowment: $6.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5432 per student. Total enrollment: 2,183. Faculty: 189 (82 full-time, 107 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 1,179 applied, 80% were admitted. 15% from top 10% of their high school class, 42% from top quarter, 75% from top half. 4 valedictorians. Full-time: 1,415 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 444 students, 72% women, 28% men. Students come from 17 states and territories, 8 other countries, 3% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 6% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 28% 25 or older, 50% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 78% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at University of Michigan, Case Western Reserve University, Stark State College of Technology, Cooperative Center for Study Abroad. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.3 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Required for some: essay, minimum 3.0 high school GPA, 2 recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: Rolling, Rolling for nonresidents. Notification: continuous, continuous for nonresidents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $24,850 includes full-time tuition ($17,150), mandatory fees ($570), and college room and board ($7130). College room only: $4870. Part-time tuition: $570 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $19 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 30 open to all; 25% of eligible men and 25% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Walsh University Student Government, Circle K, Business and Communication Club, Behavioral Science Club, Education Club. Major annual events: Homecoming, Walshfest, Finals Week Late Night Breakfast. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, controlled dormitory access. 728 college housing spaces available; 613 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Brother Edmond Drouin Library with 136,268 books, 8,586 microform titles, 605 serials, 1,749 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $555,575. 262 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Walsh University is conveniently located and easily accessible, near Ohio Interstate 77 in North Canton, a residential suburban area. The Walsh campus, near Canton, which city of about 84,000 with a wide array of cultural, recreational, and athletic activities. Home of the Professional Football Hall of Fame and the President McKinley National Memorial, the city boasts a symphony orchestra, art institute, civic opera, theater guild, and ballet. A number of major employers are headquartered in Stark County, including the Hoover Company, the Timken Company, and Diebold, Inc. 20 miles north of campus is Akron, and within an hour's drive is Cleveland. The Akron-Canton Regional Airport, is north of campus and serves the Canton-Stark County area, as do Amtrak trains and Greyhound buses.

■ WASHINGTON STATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE K-11

710 Colegate Dr.
Marietta, OH 45750-9225
Tel: (740)374-8716
Fax: (740)376-0257
Web Site: http://www.wscc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1971. Setting: small town campus. Total enrollment: 2,086. Full-time: 1,174 students, 63% women, 37% men. Part-time: 912 students, 60% women, 40% men. Students come from 5 states and territories, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.05% international, 50% 25 or older. Retention: 52% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for medical laboratory technology, nursing programs. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Recommended: high school transcript. Required for some: high school transcript. Placement: ACT ASSET required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Choral group. Social organizations: 14 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Phi Theta Kappa, Practical Nursing Club, Business Lunch Club, Beta Club. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. College housing not available. 15,000 books and 200 serials. 175 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ WILBERFORCE UNIVERSITY J-18

1055 North Bickett Rd.
Wilberforce, OH 45384
Tel: (937)376-2911
Free: 800-367-8568
Admissions: (937)708-5789
Fax: (937)376-4751
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wilberforce.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed, affiliated with African Methodist Episcopal Church. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1856. Setting: 125-acre rural campus with easy access to Dayton. Endowment: $9.3 million. Total enrollment: 998. 2,405 applied, 22% were admitted. Full-time: 982 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 16 students, 44% women, 56% men. Students come from 30 states and territories, 3 other countries, 38% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 90% black, 0.2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 32% 25 or older, 85% live on campus, 3% transferred in. Retention: 62% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, freshman honors college, honors program, external degree program, co-op programs. Off campus study at 18 members of the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 7/1. Notification: continuous until 8/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $16,100 includes full-time tuition ($9720), mandatory fees ($1060), and college room and board ($5320). Part-time tuition: $376 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: national fraternities, national sororities. Most popular organizations: yearbook staff, campus radio station, National Student Business League, Student Government Association. Major annual events: Homecoming/Parents' Weekend, Dawn Dance, Black History Month. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, controlled dormitory access. 787 college housing spaces available; 652 were occupied in 2003-04. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Rembert E. Stokes Library with 63,000 books, 10,000 microform titles, 650 serials, 500 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 77 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Located in rural village of Wilberforce with a history of significant activity in the underground railroad of pre-Civil War days. The city of Xenia, Ohio is nearby with a population of 25,000 and is a good shopping center. It provides a resource for field study, cultural and recreational activities plus the close urban centers of Dayton, Springfield, Columbus and Cincinnati.

■ WILMINGTON COLLEGE J-4

Pyle Center Box 1185
Wilmington, OH 45177
Tel: (937)382-6661
Free: 800-341-9318
Fax: (937)382-7077
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wilmington.edu/

Description:

Independent Friends, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1870. Setting: 1,465-acre small town campus with easy access to Cincinnati and Columbus. Endowment: $19 million. Total enrollment: 1,764. Faculty: 97 (71 full-time, 26 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 1,409 applied, 98% were admitted. Full-time: 1,383 students, 53% women, 47% men. Part-time: 340 students, 57% women, 43% men. Students come from 15 states and territories, 6 other countries, 4% from out-of-state, 12% 25 or older, 62% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 73% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at members of the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education, Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 2.5 high school GPA, 1 recommendation, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Comprehensive fee: $27,016 includes full-time tuition ($19,206), mandatory fees ($756), and college room and board ($7054). College room only: $3330. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $785 per credit. Part-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 49 open to all; national fraternities, local fraternities, local sororities; 7% of eligible men and 11% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Aggie Club, Quest, student publications, Commuter Concerns. Major annual events: Homecoming, Community Day, Westheimer Peace Symposium. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 833 college housing spaces available; 820 were occupied in 2003-04. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Watson Library plus 1 other with 103,706 books, 41,151 microform titles, 408 serials, 1,280 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. 80 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY I-4

PO Box 720
Springfield, OH 45501-0720
Tel: (937)327-6231
Free: 800-677-7558
Admissions: (937)327-6314
Fax: (937)327-6379
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wittenberg.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed, affiliated with Evangelical Lutheran Church. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1845. Setting: 71-acre suburban campus with easy access to Columbus and Dayton. Endowment: $107.4 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $116,510. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $11,074 per student. Total enrollment: 2,093. Faculty: 202 (148 full-time, 54 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. 2,479 applied, 85% were admitted. 27% from top 10% of their high school class, 56% from top quarter, 83% from top half. Full-time: 1,930 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 148 students, 66% women, 34% men. Students come from 38 states and territories, 14 other countries, 25% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 5% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 4% 25 or older, 86% live on campus, 2% transferred in. Retention: 78% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at 21 members of the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum X high school GPA, interview, SAT or ACT. Recommended: recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 11/15 for early decision, 12/1 for early action. Notification: continuous, 1/1 for early decision, 2/1 for early action. Preference given to Lutherans, children of alumni, county residents, minorities.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. Comprehensive fee: $36,778 includes full-time tuition ($29,080), mandatory fees ($200), and college room and board ($7498). College room only: $3890. Part-time tuition: $969 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 125 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 8% of eligible men and 18% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Union Board, choirs, Weaver Chapel Association. Major annual events: New student Days, Wittfest, Activity Fair. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, crime prevention programs. 1,755 college housing spaces available; 1,538 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Thomas Library plus 2 others with 407,502 books, 82,109 microform titles, 958 serials, 22,274 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.9 million. 750 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Springfield is located 25 miles northeast of Dayton with all forms of commercial transportation available. Community facilities include houses of worship of all denominations, two hospitals, libraries, art and historical museums, Springfield Performing Arts Center, a symphony orchestra, and two theatre groups. Recreational activities include tennis and golf. Job opportunities are available.

■ WRIGHT STATE UNIVERSITY I-3

3640 Colonel Glenn Hwy.
Dayton, OH 45435
Tel: (937)775-3333
Free: 800-247-1770
Admissions: (937)775-5700
Fax: (937)775-5795
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wright.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1964. Setting: 557-acre suburban campus with easy access to Cincinnati. Endowment: $6.1 million. Total enrollment: 16,207. Faculty: 835 (731 full-time, 104 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 5,497 applied, 87% were admitted. 15% from top 10% of their high school class, 35% from top quarter, 67% from top half. Full-time: 10,450 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 1,818 students, 53% women, 47% men. Students come from 49 states and territories, 66 other countries, 4% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 12% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 19% 25 or older, 22% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 73% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; health professions and related sciences; psychology. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at members of the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $7278 full-time, $219 per hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $14,004 full-time, $425 per hour part-time. College room and board: $7180.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 120 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 2% of eligible men and 2% of eligible women are members. Major annual events: May Daze, Fall Fest. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 2,832 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Option: coed housing available. Paul Laurence Dunbar Library plus 2 others with 703,000 books, 1 million microform titles, 443,200 serials, 29,800 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 450 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Located in the Miami Valley at the junction of the Miami, Stillwater, and Mad Rivers in southwestern Ohio, Dayton is the state's fourth largest metropolitan area. Within a twenty-five mile radius, there is a population of over one million. The city lies fifty-four miles north of Cincinnati and seventy-two miles west of Columbus. Dayton International Airport, serviced by most major airlines, offers convenient access to almost any place in the Continental United States and abroad. The river corridor provides twenty-six scenic miles for walking, jogging, or cycling. Dayton also supports the arts, including a philharmonic orchestra, a ballet company, several art galleries and museums, and theater events for adults and children. The Opera Association presents fine productions with top stars on the bill each year.

■ WRIGHT STATE UNIVERSITY, LAKE CAMPUS F-2

7600 State Route 703
Celina, OH 45822-2921
Tel: (419)586-0300
Admissions: (419)586-0324
Fax: (419)586-0358
Web Site: http://www.wright.edu/lake/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Ohio Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1969. Setting: 173-acre rural campus. Total enrollment: 10,061. 262 applied, 99% were admitted. Students come from 3 states and territories, 1 other country, 52% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs. Off campus study at members of the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Placement: SAT or ACT required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 2 open to all. Most popular organizations: Business Professionals of America, Student Manufacturing Association. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. Wright State University, Lake Campus Library with 26,000 books and 347 serials. 115 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ XAVIER UNIVERSITY L-2

3800 Victory Parkway
Cincinnati, OH 45207
Tel: (513)745-3000
Free: 800-344-4698
Admissions: (513)745-3301
Fax: (513)745-4319
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.xu.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1831. Setting: 130-acre suburban campus. Endowment: $100.3 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $157,000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8447 per student. Total enrollment: 6,665. Faculty: 598 (294 full-time, 304 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 5,468 applied, 66% were admitted. 30% from top 10% of their high school class, 62% from top quarter, 89% from top half. 7 National Merit Scholars, 26 valedictorians. Full-time: 3,333 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 546 students, 62% women, 38% men. Students come from 50 states and territories, 40 other countries, 37% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 11% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 14% 25 or older, 48% live on campus, 2% transferred in. Retention: 89% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; liberal arts/general studies; communications/journalism. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at 13 members of the Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 2/1, 12/1 for early action. Notification: 3/15, 1/15 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $31,070 includes full-time tuition ($21,850), mandatory fees ($580), and college room and board ($8640). College room only: $4860. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program and student level. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $425 per credit hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 100 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, Student Activities Council, performing arts group, Xavier Action (service organization), Residence Hall Association. Major annual events: homecoming, Relay for Life, RSA Bingo. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, campus-wide shuttle service. College housing designed to accommodate 1,774 students; 1,834 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. McDonald Library plus 1 other with 222,331 books, 754,690 microform titles, 7,756 serials, 6,335 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2.5 million. 210 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Cincinnati.

■ YOUNGSTOWN STATE UNIVERSITY D-13

One University Plaza
Youngstown, OH 44555-0001
Tel: (330)941-3000; 877-468-6978
Admissions: (330)941-2000
Fax: (330)941-1998
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ysu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1908. Setting: 200-acre urban campus with easy access to Cleveland and Pittsburgh. Endowment: $141.7 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5992 per student. Total enrollment: 12,809. Faculty: 979 (427 full-time, 552 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 4,019 applied, 99% were admitted. 9% from top 10% of their high school class, 25% from top quarter, 52% from top half. Full-time: 9,241 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 2,459 students, 61% women, 39% men. Students come from 35 states and territories, 56 other countries, 9% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 12% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 28% 25 or older, 10% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 71% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Lorain County Community College, Cuyahoga Community College, North Central State. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents, students from Mercer and Lawrence Counties in Pennsylvania. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadlines: 8/15, 2/15 for early action. Notification: continuous, 2/15 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $6104 full-time, $254.33 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $11,312 full-time, $471.33 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $229 full-time, $9.54 per credit part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. College room and board: $6280. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 130 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 3% of eligible men and 3% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: student government, Omicron Delta Kappa, Golden Key Society. Major annual events: Homecoming, Walk on Wick, Youngstown State University Annual Awards Banquet. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, residence hall patrols. 1,222 college housing spaces available; 1,131 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Maag Library with 991,501 books, 90,023 microform titles, 2,908 serials, 16,976 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.4 million. 1,619 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The Youngstown area is a vibrant community, rich in heritage, natural and manmade resources, industry and business, and skilled responsible citizens. It is successfully undergoing a change from basic steelmaking to many diversified industries and businesses. Youngstown is located in bustling Northeast Ohio, five miles from the Pennsylvania line, equidistant between New York and Chicago, and 65 miles from both Pittsburgh and the Ohio River and the ports and beaches of Lake Erie. A network of interstate highways and Youngstown Airport have made it a major transportation center. Residents enjoy the areas lakes, fields, and forests, plus unusual 2,400-acre Mill Creek Park near the heart of the city. There are many churches, numerous fine teaching hospitals, a community playhouse, symphony orchestra, an outstanding public library system, excellent schools and many other cultural attractions, including the internationally famous Butler Institute of American Arts.

■ ZANE STATE COLLEGE I-9

1555 Newark Rd.
Zanesville, OH 43701-2626
Tel: (740)454-2501
Web Site: http://www.zanestate.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1969. Setting: 170-acre small town campus with easy access to Columbus. Total enrollment: 1,915. 722 applied, 82% were admitted. Students come from 2 other countries, 0.2% from out-of-state, 49% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, self-designed majors, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at Ohio University-Zanesville.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for health technology programs. Option: early admission. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: SAT or ACT. Required for some: recommendations, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper. Major annual events: Fall Fest, Spring Fest. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. College housing not available. 110 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

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Ohio

Ohio

ANTIOCH COLLEGE

African Studies, B

African-American/Black Studies, B

Anthropology, B

Behavioral Sciences, B

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Chemistry, B

Cinematography and Film/Video Production, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Comparative Literature, B

Computer Science, B

Creative Writing, B

Dance, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Drawing, B

Economics, B

Education, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Biology, B

Environmental Studies, B

European Studies/Civilization, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

German Language and Literature, B

History, B

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Japanese Language and Literature, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Natural Sciences, B

Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Sciences, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Sculpture, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Visual and Performing Arts, B

Women's Studies, B

ANTIOCH UNIVERSITY MCGREGOR

Business Administration and Management, B

Conflict Resolution and Mediation/Peace Studies, M

Education, M

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Human Services, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Liberal Studies, M

Management, M

ANTONELLI COLLEGE

Accounting and Business/Management, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Graphic Design, A

Interior Design, A

Photography, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

ART ACADEMY OF CINCINNATI

Art Education, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Drawing, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Graphic Design, AB

Illustration, B

Intermedia/Multimedia, B

Painting, B

Photography, B

Printmaking, B

Sculpture, B

THE ART INSTITUTE OF OHIO-CINCINNATI

Graphic Design, A

Interior Design, A

ASHLAND UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, AB

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Education, M

Chemistry, B

Child Development, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Computer Education, M

Computer Science, B

Creative Writing, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, AB

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Dietetics/Dieticians, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Economics, B

Education, BMD

Education/Teaching of the Gifted and Talented, M

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Leadership and Administration, MD

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Exercise and Sports Science, M

Family and Consumer Economics and Related Services, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Home Economics Teacher Education, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, B

Fashion Merchandising, B

Finance, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

Foundations and Philosophy of Education, M

French Language and Literature, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, B

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Information Science/Studies, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Journalism, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Marketing Research, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Middle School Education, M

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BM

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Pharmacy Studies, B

Pre-Theology/Pre-Ministerial Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Radio and Television, AB

Reading Teacher Education, M

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Religious Education, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, BM

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Student Personnel Services, M

Therapeutic Recreation/Recreational Therapy, B

Toxicology, B

BALDWIN-WALLACE COLLEGE

Accounting, BM

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Broadcast Journalism, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, B

Communication Disorders, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Science, B

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, B

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Dramatic/Theatre Arts and Stagecraft, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Econometrics and Quantitative Economics, B

Economics, B

Education, M

Education/Teaching of Individuals with Specific Learning Disabilities, B

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Leadership and Administration, B

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, M

Film/Cinema Studies, B

Finance, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

German Language and Literature, B

Health Services Administration, M

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

Human Resources Management and Services, M

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Information Science/Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, M

International/Global Studies, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Music History, Literature, and Theory, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Music Theory and Composition, B

Music Therapy/Therapist, B

Neuroscience, B

Organizational Behavior Studies, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, B

Physics Teacher Education, B

Piano and Organ, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Engineering, B

Psychology, B

Public Health Education and Promotion, B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Reading Teacher Education, M

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, B

BELMONT TECHNICAL COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Corrections, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Historic Preservation and Conservation, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Mental Health/Rehabilitation, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

BLUFFTON UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Apparel and Accessories Marketing Operations, B

Apparel and Textiles, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Chemistry, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer Science, B

Creative Writing, B

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Economics, B

Education, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Home Economics Teacher Education, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, B

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

Health and Physical Education, B

History, B

Information Science/Studies, B

Information Technology, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Mathematics, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Organizational Behavior Studies, B

Organizational Management, M

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Physics, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Youth Ministry, B

BOWLING GREEN STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BM

Acting, B

Adult Development and Aging, B

African Studies, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, BMD

Apparel and Textiles, B

Applied Mathematics, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Asian Studies/Civilization, B

Astronomy, M

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Aviation/Airway Management and Operations, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MDO

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Broadcast Journalism, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Education, M

Business Teacher Education, B

Business, Management, Marketing, and Related Support Services, B

Business/Commerce, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Chemistry, BMD

Child and Family Studies, MD

Child Development, B

Cinematography and Film/Video Production, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Clinical Psychology, MD

Communication and Media Studies, MD

Communication Disorders, BMD

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Communication, Journalism and Related Programs, B

Composition, M

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Science, M

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Crafts/Craft Design, Folk Art and Artisanry, B

Creative Writing, B

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Criminology, MD

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Dance, B

Demography and Population Studies, MD

Design and Visual Communications, B

Developmental Psychology, MD

Dietetics/Dieticians, B

Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, B

Drama and Dance Teacher Education, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Dramatic/Theatre Arts and Stagecraft, B

Economics, BM

Education, BMDO

Education/Teaching of Individuals with Hearing Impairments, Including Deafness, B

Educational Administration and Supervision, MDO

Educational Leadership and Administration, D

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering Technologies/Technicians, B

English, MD

English as a Second Language, M

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Design/Architecture, B

Environmental Health, B

Ethnic, Cultural Minority, and Gender Studies, B

Experimental Psychology, MD

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, M

Fashion Merchandising, B

Film/Cinema Studies, B

Finance, B

Fine Arts and Art Studies, BM

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

Foreign Language Teacher Education, BM

French Language and Literature, BM

Geography, B

Geology/Earth Science, BM

German Language and Literature, BMO

Gerontology, B

Health and Physical Education/Fitness, B

Health Professions and Related Clinical Sciences, B

Health Teacher Education, B

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Higher Education/Higher Education Administration, D

History, BMDO

Hospitality Administration/Management, B

Human Development, M

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Industrial and Organizational Psychology, MD

Industrial Technology/Technician, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, MD

Interior Architecture, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Jazz/Jazz Studies, B

Journalism, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Movement Studies, M

Latin Teacher Education, B

Leisure Studies, M

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Logistics and Materials Management, B

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Manufacturing Engineering, M

Marketing, B

Mathematics, BMDO

Mathematics Teacher Education, BMO

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, B

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, BM

Music History, Literature, and Theory, M

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, BM

Music Theory and Composition, BM

Musicology and Ethnomusicology, B

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, B

Neuroscience, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nutritional Sciences, M

Operations Management and Supervision, B

Organizational Management, M

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Performance, M

Philosophy, BMD

Photography, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physical Therapy/Therapist, B

Physics, BM

Piano and Organ, B

Political Science and Government, BO

Pre-Law Studies, B

Psychology, BMD

Public Administration, BM

Public Health, M

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Quality Control Technology/Technician, B

Reading Teacher Education, MO

Recreation and Park Management, M

Rehabilitation Counseling, M

Russian Language and Literature, B

Sales and Marketing Operations/Marketing and Distribution Teacher Education, B

School Psychology, MO

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, BM

Social Psychology, MD

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, BMD

Spanish Language and Literature, BM

Special Education and Teaching, BM

Speech and Interpersonal Communication, MD

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, BM

Statistics, BMDO

Student Personnel Services, M

Teacher Education and Professional Development, Specific Subject Areas, B

Technical and Business Writing, B

Technical Teacher Education, B

Technical Theatre/Theatre Design and Technology, B

Telecommunications Technology/Technician, B

Theater, MD

Tourism Promotion Operations, B

Vocational and Technical Education, M

Voice and Opera, B

Women's Studies, B

Writing, M

BOWLING GREEN STATE UNIVERSITY-FIRELANDS COLLEGE

Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookkeeping, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Business Operations Support and Secretarial Services, A

Communications Technologies/Technicians and Support Services, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, AB

Design and Visual Communications, B

Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Education, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Family and Community Services, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

Health Professions and Related Clinical Sciences, A

Human Services, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, AB

Interdisciplinary Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Operations Management and Supervision, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Social Sciences, A

BRADFORD SCHOOL

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Graphic Design, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-AKRON

Accounting, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Software Technology/Technician, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Pharmacy Technician/Assistant, A

BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-CINCINNATI

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Audio Engineering, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Graphics, A

Computer Science, A

Laser and Optical Technology/Technician, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-FINDLAY

Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookkeeping, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Software Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Medical Office Management/Administration, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Pharmacy Technician/Assistant, A

BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-NORTH CANTON

Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookkeeping, A

Business Administration and Management, A

CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, A

Industrial Electronics Technology/Technician, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Pharmacy Technician/Assistant, A

BRYANT AND STRATTON COLLEGE (CLEVELAND)

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, B

Business/Commerce, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, AB

Human Resources Management and Services, A

Information Technology, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

BRYANT AND STRATTON COLLEGE (PARMA)

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, B

Business/Commerce, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Human Resources Management and Services, A

Information Technology, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

BRYANT AND STRATTON COLLEGE (WILLOUGHBY HILLS)

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Information Technology, A

CAPITAL UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Agricultural Business and Management, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art Therapy/Therapist, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biochemistry, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, B

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, BMO

Business/Commerce, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Chemistry, B

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Community Health Nursing, M

Comparative Literature, B

Computer Engineering, B

Computer Science, B

Computer Teacher Education, B

Creative Writing, B

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Criminology, B

Drama and Dance Teacher Education, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Economics, B

Education, B

Educational/Instructional Media Design, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Sciences, B

Finance, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

Health and Physical Education, B

Health and Physical Education/Fitness, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Jazz/Jazz Studies, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Law and Legal Studies, MPO

Legal and Justice Studies, M

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, BM

Music Management and Merchandising, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, BM

Music Theory and Composition, B

Nursing, BMO

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nursing Administration, M

Organizational Communication, B

Philosophy, B

Philosophy and Religious Studies, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Piano and Organ, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Administration, B

Public Health/Community Nurse/Nursing, B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Radio, Television, and Digital Communication, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Religious Education, B

School Nursing, M

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Speech Teacher Education, B

Taxation, BMO

Violin, Viola, Guitar and Other Stringed Instruments, B

Voice and Opera, B

Wind and Percussion Instruments, B

CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BMD

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, BMD

Allopathic Medicine, PO

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Analytical Chemistry, MD

Anatomy, MDO

Anthropology, BMDO

Applied Mathematics, BMD

Art Education, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, BMD

Art Teacher Education, B

Asian Studies/Civilization, B

Astronomy, BMD

Biochemistry, BMDO

Bioethics/Medical Ethics, MDO

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MDO

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical Engineering, MDO

Biomedical/Medical Engineering, B

Biophysics, MDO

Biostatistics, MD

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MDO

Cell Biology and Anatomy, MD

Ceramic Sciences and Engineering, M

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Civil Engineering, BMD

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Clinical Psychology, D

Clinical Research, M

Cognitive Sciences, B

Communication Disorders, BMDO

Comparative Literature, BM

Computer Engineering, BMD

Computer Science, BMD

Dance, M

Dental and Oral Surgery, O

Dentistry, P

Developmental Biology and Embryology, D

Dietetics/Dieticians, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, BM

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MDO

Engineering Management, M

Engineering Physics, B

Engineering Science, B

English, MD

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Epidemiology, MD

Evolutionary Biology, B

Experimental Psychology, D

Finance and Banking, MD

French Language and Literature, BMD

French Studies, B

Genetic Counseling/Counselor, M

Genetics, DO

Genomic Sciences, DO

Geology/Earth Science, BMD

Geosciences, MD

German Language and Literature, B

German Studies, B

Gerontological Nursing, M

Gerontology, BO

Health Informatics, M

History, BMD

History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, B

Human Genetics, DO

Human Nutrition, B

Human Resources Management and Services, MD

Immunology, MDO

Industrial and Labor Relations, MD

Industrial and Manufacturing Management, MD

Information Science/Studies, MD

Inorganic Chemistry, MD

International Relations and Affairs, B

International/Global Studies, B

Japanese Studies, B

Law and Legal Studies, MPO

Legal and Justice Studies, M

Logistics and Materials Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, MDO

Management Strategy and Policy, MD

Marketing, MD

Materials Engineering, BMD

Materials Sciences, BMD

Mathematics, BMD

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Mechanics, M

Medical Technology, M

Medical/Surgical Nursing, M

Microbiology, DO

Molecular Biology, DO

Museology/Museum Studies, MD

Music, BMD

Music Teacher Education, BMD

Natural Sciences, B

Neurobiology and Neurophysiology, D

Neuroscience, DO

Non-Profit/Public/Organizational Management, MO

Nurse Anesthetist, M

Nurse Midwife/Nursing Midwifery, M

Nursing, MDO

Nursing - Adult, M

Nursing - Advanced Practice, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nutritional Sciences, BMD

Operations Research, D

Oral and Dental Sciences, MO

Organic Chemistry, MD

Organizational Behavior Studies, MD

Orthodontics, MO

Pathology/Experimental Pathology, MDO

Pediatric Nurse/Nursing, M

Pedodontics, O

Periodontics, MO

Pharmacology, MDO

Philosophy, B

Physical Chemistry, MD

Physics, MD

Physiology, MDO

Political Science and Government, BMD

Polymer/Plastics Engineering, BMDO

Psychiatric/Mental Health Nurse/Nursing, M

Psychology, BD

Public Health, MO

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Social Work, MDO

Sociology, BD

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Statistics, BMD

Surgical Nursing, M

Systems Engineering, BMD

Theater, M

Toxicology, MDO

Women's Health Nursing, M

Women's Studies, B

CEDARVILLE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Bible/Biblical Studies, B

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Broadcast Journalism, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Chemistry, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Communications Technology/Technician, B

Computer Engineering, B

Computer Science, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Education, M

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Biology, B

Finance, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Graphic Design, B

Health and Physical Education, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

Information Science/Studies, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Mechanical Engineering, B

Missions/Missionary Studies and Missiology, B

Music, B

Music Pedagogy, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Music Theory and Composition, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Pastoral Counseling and Specialized Ministries, B

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, B

Physics Teacher Education, B

Piano and Organ, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Administration, B

Radio and Television, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Religious Education, B

Religious/Sacred Music, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Technical and Business Writing, B

Theology/Theological Studies, B

Voice and Opera, B

Youth Ministry, B

CENTRAL OHIO TECHNICAL COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Corrections, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Diagnostic Medical Sonography/Sonographer and Ultrasound Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

CENTRAL STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Chemistry, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Economics, B

Education, M

Educational Leadership and Administration, M

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Finance, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, B

Industrial Engineering, B

Industrial Technology/Technician, B

Jazz/Jazz Studies, B

Journalism, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Radio and Television, B

Reading Teacher Education, M

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Water Resources Engineering, B

CHATFIELD COLLEGE

Business Administration and Management, A

Human Services, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

CINCINNATI CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY

Bible/Biblical Studies, AB

Divinity/Ministry (BD, MDiv.), B

Education, AB

Journalism, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, M

Piano and Organ, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, M

Religious Education, AB

Religious/Sacred Music, AB

Sign Language Interpretation and Translation, A

Theology and Religious Vocations, MP

Trade and Industrial Teacher Education, A

Voice and Opera, B

CINCINNATI COLLEGE OF MORTUARY SCIENCE

Funeral Service and Mortuary Science, AB

CINCINNATI STATE TECHNICAL AND COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Allied Health and Medical Assisting Services, A

Applied Horticulture/Horticultural Business Services, A

Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Automotive Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Biomedical Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business, Management, Marketing, and Related Support Services, A

Chemical Technology/Technician, A

Child Care Provider/Assistant, A

Cinematography and Film/Video Production, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Diagnostic Medical Sonography/Sonographer and Ultrasound Technician, A

Dietetics/Dieticians, A

Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, A

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, A

Executive Assistant/Executive Secretary, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

General Studies, A

Health Information/Medical Records Technology/Technician, A

Health Professions and Related Clinical Sciences, A

Heating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology/Technician, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Information Science/Studies, A

International Business/Trade/Commerce, A

Landscaping and Groundskeeping, A

Laser and Optical Technology/Technician, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mechanic and Repair Technologies/Technicians, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Nursing, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Therapist Assistant, A

Office Management and Supervision, A

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, A

Plastics Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Purchasing, Procurement/Acquisitions and Contracts Management, A

Real Estate, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Restaurant, Culinary, and Catering Management/Manager, A

Science Technologies/Technicians, A

Security and Loss Prevention Services, A

Sign Language Interpretation and Translation, A

Surgical Technology/Technologist, A

Survey Technology/Surveying, A

Technical and Business Writing, A

Telecommunications Technology/Technician, A

Turf and Turfgrass Management, A

CIRCLEVILLE BIBLE COLLEGE

Behavioral Sciences, AB

Bible/Biblical Studies, AB

Business/Commerce, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, B

Education, AB

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Missions/Missionary Studies and Missiology, AB

Pre-Theology/Pre-Ministerial Studies, B

Religion/Religious Studies, AB

Religious Education, AB

Religious/Sacred Music, AB

Theology/Theological Studies, AB

CLARK STATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agricultural Mechanization, A

Agriculture, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Programming, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Corrections, A

Court Reporting/Court Reporter, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Horticultural Science, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Information Technology, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, A

Landscaping and Groundskeeping, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Social Work, A

THE CLEVELAND INSTITUTE OF ART

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Crafts/Craft Design, Folk Art and Artisanry, B

Drawing, B

Fiber, Textile and Weaving Arts, B

Graphic Design, B

Illustration, B

Industrial Design, B

Interior Design, B

Intermedia/Multimedia, B

Medical Illustration/Medical Illustrator, B

Metal and Jewelry Arts, B

Painting, B

Photography, B

Printmaking, B

Sculpture, B

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, B

CLEVELAND INSTITUTE OF MUSIC

Audio Engineering, B

Music, B

Performance, MDO

Piano and Organ, B

Violin, Viola, Guitar and Other Stringed Instruments, B

Voice and Opera, B

Wind and Percussion Instruments, B

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BM

Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching, MO

Allied Health and Medical Assisting Services, M

Analytical Chemistry, M

Anthropology, B

Applied Art, B

Applied Mathematics, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, M

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Audiology/Audiologist and Hearing Sciences, B

Bioethics/Medical Ethics, BMO

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MD

Biology Technician/BioTechnology Laboratory Technician, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical Engineering, D

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, BMDO

Business Statistics, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Civil Engineering, BMD

Clinical Psychology, M

Communication and Media Studies, M

Communication Disorders, M

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Community Health Nursing, M

Community Health Services/Liaison/Counseling, B

Community Organization and Advocacy, B

Composition, M

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, BMD

Computer Science, BM

Condensed Matter Physics, M

Counseling Psychology, M

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, MDO

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Dance, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Economics, BMO

Education, BMDO

Educational Administration and Supervision, MDO

Educational Leadership and Administration, BD

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MD

Engineering Mechanics, B

Engineering Science, B

Engineering Technology, B

English, M

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, MD

Environmental Sciences, MD

Environmental Studies, BMO

Exercise and Sports Science, M

Experimental Psychology, M

Finance, B

Finance and Banking, O

Forensic Nursing, M

French Language and Literature, B

General Studies, B

Geology/Earth Science, BMD

Germanic Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Gerontology, B

Health Education, M

Health Professions and Related Clinical Sciences, B

Health Services Administration, M

History, M

Human Resources Management and Services, M

Industrial and Labor Relations, M

Industrial and Organizational Psychology, M

Industrial Engineering, B

Industrial Technology/Technician, B

Industrial/Management Engineering, MD

Information Science/Studies, B

Inorganic Chemistry, M

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Labor and Industrial Relations, B

Law and Legal Studies, MPO

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Linguistics, B

Management Information Systems and Services, MD

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, BM

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Mechanical Engineering Related Technologies/Technicians, B

Medical Physics, M

Metallurgical Engineering, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, BM

Music History, Literature, and Theory, M

Music Teacher Education, M

Non-Profit/Public/Organizational Management, O

Nursing, MO

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, BM

Optical Technologies, M

Organic Chemistry, M

Performance, M

Philosophy, BMO

Physical Chemistry, M

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BM

Physical Therapy/Therapist, BM

Physics, BM

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Nursing Studies, B

Psychology, BMO

Public Administration, BMDO

Public Health, M

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Real Estate, O

Recreation and Park Management, M

Religion/Religious Studies, B

School Psychology, O

Science, Technology and Society, B

Social Sciences, BM

Social Work, BM

Sociology, BM

Spanish Language and Literature, BM

Special Education and Teaching, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, BM

Sport Psychology, M

Taxation, M

Urban Design, M

Urban Education and Leadership, D

Urban Planning, MO

Urban Studies/Affairs, BMD

COLLEGE OF MOUNT ST. JOSEPH

Accounting, AB

Adult Development and Aging, B

Applied Mathematics, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, AB

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business, Management, Marketing, and Related Support Services, B

Chemistry, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, AB

Computer and Information Sciences and Support Services, B

Computer Science, B

Criminology, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Education, M

English Language and Literature, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Graphic Design, AB

History, B

Interior Design, AB

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, AB

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, AB

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Management Information Systems and Services, AB

Mathematics, B

Middle School Education, M

Multilingual and Multicultural Education, M

Music, B

Natural Sciences, B

Nursing, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nursing Science, B

Organizational Management, M

Pastoral Counseling and Specialized Ministries, B

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, M

Physical Therapy/Therapist, MD

Psychology, B

Reading Teacher Education, M

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Religious Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, M

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Theology and Religious Vocations, M

Therapeutic Recreation/Recreational Therapy, B

THE COLLEGE OF WOOSTER

African-American/Black Studies, B

Archeology, B

Area, Ethnic, Cultural, and Gender Studies, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Chemistry, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Comparative Literature, B

Computer Science, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, B

English Language and Literature, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

German Language and Literature, B

German Studies, B

History, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Latin Language and Literature, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Molecular Biology, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, B

Music History, Literature, and Theory, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Music Theory and Composition, B

Music Therapy/Therapist, B

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Russian Studies, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Urban Studies/Affairs, B

Women's Studies, B

COLUMBUS COLLEGE OF ART & DESIGN

Fashion/Apparel Design, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Graphic Design, B

Illustration, B

Industrial Design, B

Interior Design, B

Photography, B

COLUMBUS STATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Accounting and Computer Science, A

Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookkeeping, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Aircraft Powerplant Technology/Technician, A

Airframe Mechanics and Aircraft Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Architectural Technology/Technician, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Avionics Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Development, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Assistant, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Construction Management, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Corrections, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Dental Laboratory Technology/Technician, A

Dietetic Technician (DTR), A

Dietetics/Dieticians, A

Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology, A

Emergency Care Attendant (EMT Ambulance), A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, A

Finance, A

Food Technology and Processing, A

Gerontology, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

Health Information/Medical Records Technology/Technician, A

Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Histologic Technician, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Landscape Architecture, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Logistics and Materials Management, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Massage Therapy/Therapeutic Massage, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical Insurance Coding Specialist/Coder, A

Mental Health/Rehabilitation, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Phlebotomy/Phlebotomist, A

Purchasing, Procurement/Acquisitions and Contracts Management, A

Quality Control Technology/Technician, A

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Real Estate, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Respiratory Therapy Technician/Assistant, A

Restaurant/Food Services Management, A

Sign Language Interpretation and Translation, A

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, A

Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling, A

Surgical Technology/Technologist, A

Technical and Business Writing, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

Veterinary/Animal Health Technology/Technician and Veterinary Assistant, A

CUYAHOGA COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Avionics Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator, A

Court Reporting/Court Reporter, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Engineering Technology, A

Finance, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Merchandising and Buying Operations, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Opticianry/Ophthalmic Dispensing Optician, A

Photography, A

Physician Assistant, A

Real Estate, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Restaurant, Culinary, and Catering Management/Manager, A

Sales, Distribution and Marketing Operations, A

Selling Skills and Sales Operations, A

Surgical Technology/Technologist, A

DAVID N. MYERS UNIVERSITY

Accounting, AB

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, AB

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator, B

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, B

Economics, B

Finance, B

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, AB

Marketing/Marketing Management, AB

Public Administration, AB

Real Estate, B

Social Sciences, B

DAVIS COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Fashion Merchandising, A

Information Technology, A

Interior Design, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

System Administration/Administrator, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

DEFIANCE COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, AB

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Teacher Education, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Computer Science, AB

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, AB

Criminal Justice/Police Science, AB

Ecology, B

Education, BM

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, AB

Forensic Science and Technology, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Natural Sciences, B

Organizational Management, M

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physical Sciences, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Religious Education, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

DENISON UNIVERSITY

African-American/Black Studies, B

Anthropology, B

Area Studies, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Chemistry, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Computer Science, B

Creative Writing, B

Dance, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

East Asian Studies, B

Economics, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Film/Cinema Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

German Language and Literature, B

History, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Latin American Studies, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Organizational Behavior Studies, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Women's Studies, B

DEVRY UNIVERSITY (CLEVELAND)

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

DEVRY UNIVERSITY (COLUMBUS)

Biomedical Technology/Technician, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, BM

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, B

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, AB

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, AB

Health Information/Medical Records Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, B

Medical Informatics, B

Operations Management and Supervision, B

DEVRY UNIVERSITY (SEVEN HILLS)

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

EDISON STATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Advertising, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Graphics, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Engineering, A

Engineering Technology, A

English Language and Literature, A

Finance, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Law and Legal Studies, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Quality Control Technology/Technician, A

Real Estate, A

ETI TECHNICAL COLLEGE OF NILES

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, A

Computer Programming, Vendor/Product Certification, A

Computer Software and Media Applications, A

Computer Software Engineering, A

Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, A

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Word Processing, A

FRANCISCAN UNIVERSITY OF STEUBENVILLE

Accounting, AB

Anthropology, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, B

Child Development, A

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Science, B

Counseling Psychology, M

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, B

Education, M

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

French Language and Literature, B

General Studies, A

German Language and Literature, B

History, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Law and Legal Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Nursing, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Philosophy, BM

Political Science and Government, B

Psychiatric/Mental Health Services Technician, B

Psychology, B

Religious Education, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Theology and Religious Vocations, M

Theology/Theological Studies, AB

FRANKLIN UNIVERSITY

Accounting, AB

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Computer and Information Sciences, AB

Computer Science, M

Corporate and Organizational Communication, M

Finance, B

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Management Science, B

Marketing, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Operations Management and Supervision, B

Security and Protective Services, B

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, B

GALLIPOLIS CAREER COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business/Commerce, A

Computer Science, A

Computer Software and Media Applications, A

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

GOD'S BIBLE SCHOOL AND COLLEGE

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Bible/Biblical Studies, A

Business/Commerce, A

Christian Studies, AB

Elementary Education and Teaching, AB

Family and Community Services, B

General Studies, B

Missions/Missionary Studies and Missiology, AB

Music Teacher Education, B

Office Management and Supervision, A

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, B

Religious/Sacred Music, B

Theological and Ministerial Studies, B

HEIDELBERG COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Anthropology, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, B

Computer Science, B

Counseling Psychology, M

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, B

Education, BM

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Biology, B

Environmental Sciences, B

Environmental Studies, B

German Language and Literature, B

Health Teacher Education, B

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

History, B

Hydrology and Water Resources Science, B

Information Science/Studies, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Management and Merchandising, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, B

Piano and Organ, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Administration, B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Violin, Viola, Guitar and Other Stringed Instruments, B

Voice and Opera, B

HIRAM COLLEGE

Accounting and Finance, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Chemistry, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Computer Science, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

German Language and Literature, B

History, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

International Economics, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Physiological Psychology/Psychobiology, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Health (MPH, DPH), B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

HOCKING COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Ceramic Sciences and Engineering, A

Child Development, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Corrections, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Dietetics/Dieticians, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Ecology, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Equestrian/Equine Studies, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Fishing and Fisheries Sciences and Management, A

Food Science, A

Forestry, A

Forestry Technology/Technician, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

Hospitality Administration/Management, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Land Use Planning and Management/Development, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Natural Resources and Conservation, A

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Therapist Assistant, A

Ophthalmic Laboratory Technology/Technician, A

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Special Products Marketing Operations, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, A

HONDROS COLLEGE

Insurance, A

Real Estate, A

INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE OF BROADCASTING

Audio Engineering, A

Radio and Television, A

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (DAYTON)

Accounting and Business/Management, A

Business Administration and Management, A

CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (HILLIARD)

Accounting and Business/Management, A

Business Administration and Management, A

CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (NORWOOD)

Accounting and Business/Management, A

Business Administration and Management, A

CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (STRONGSVILLE)

Accounting and Business/Management, A

Business Administration and Management, A

CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (WARRENSVILLE HEIGHTS)

Business Administration and Management, A

CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (YOUNGSTOWN)

CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician, A

Computer and Information Systems Security, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

JAMES A. RHODES STATE COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Development, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Graphics, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Corrections, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Engineering Technology, A

Fashion Merchandising, A

Finance, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Information Technology, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Quality Control Technology/Technician, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

JEFFERSON COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Computer Engineering, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Corrections, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Dental Assisting/Assistant, A

Developmental and Child Psychology, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Finance, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Real Estate, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Special Products Marketing Operations, A

JOHN CARROLL UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BM

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Asian Studies/Civilization, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, M

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, BM

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Comparative Literature, B

Computer Science, B

Corporate and Organizational Communication, M

Counseling Psychology, MO

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, MO

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

East Asian Studies, B

Economics, B

Education, BM

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Psychology, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering Physics, B

English, M

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Finance, B

French Language and Literature, B

German Language and Literature, B

Gerontology, B

History, BM

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, BM

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Economics, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Latin Language and Literature, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, BM

Middle School Education, M

Modern Greek Language and Literature, B

Neuroscience, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, BM

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Administration, B

Religion/Religious Studies, BM

Religious Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, BM

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Teacher Education, Multiple Levels, B

KENT STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BMD

Acting, B

Advertising, B

Aeronautics/Aviation/Aerospace Science and Technology, B

African-American/Black Studies, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Analytical Chemistry, MD

Anthropology, BM

Applied Mathematics, BMD

Architecture, BMO

Area Studies, B

Area, Ethnic, Cultural, and Gender Studies, B

Art Education, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, BM

Art Teacher Education, B

Asian Languages, M

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Audiology/Audiologist and Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist, B

Aviation/Airway Management and Operations, B

Biochemistry, MD

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, BMD

Biological Anthropology, D

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

BioTechnology, B

Botany/Plant Biology, BM

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Teacher Education, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Cell Biology and Anatomy, MD

Central/Middle and Eastern European Studies, B

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, B

Chemistry, BMD

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, BM

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Clinical Psychology, MD

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Communication and Media Studies, MD

Communication Disorders, MD

Communication Theory, MD

Comparative Literature, M

Composition, MD

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, AB

Computer Programming/Programmer, AB

Computer Science, BMD

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, B

Counseling Psychology, M

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, MDO

Crafts, M

Crafts/Craft Design, Folk Art and Artisanry, B

Criminology, M

Curriculum and Instruction, MDO

Dance, B

Digital Communication and Media/Multimedia, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Ecology, BMD

Economics, BM

Education, ABMDO

Education/Teaching of the Gifted and Talented, M

Educational Administration and Supervision, MDO

Educational Leadership and Administration, MDO

Educational Measurement and Evaluation, MD

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

Educational Psychology, MD

Engineering and Applied Sciences, M

English, MD

English as a Second Language, M

English Education, M

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Design/Architecture, BO

Ethnic and Cultural Studies, B

Ethnomusicology, MD

Exercise and Sports Science, MD

Experimental Psychology, MD

Family and Consumer Sciences/Home Economics Teacher Education, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, BMO

Fashion Merchandising, B

Fashion/Apparel Design, B

Finance, B

Finance and Banking, D

Financial Engineering, M

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Foods, Nutrition, and Related Services, B

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

Foreign Language Teacher Education, B

Foundations and Philosophy of Education, MD

French Language and Literature, BM

French Language Teacher Education, B

General Studies, B

Geography, BMD

Geology/Earth Science, BMD

German Language and Literature, BM

Gerontology, MO

Graphic Design, M

Health and Medical Administrative Services, AB

Health Education, MD

Health Services/Allied Health/Health Sciences, B

Health Teacher Education, B

Higher Education/Higher Education Administration, MDO

History, BMD

Hospitality Administration/Management, B

Human Development, D

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Human Nutrition, B

Illustration, M

Industrial Engineering, B

Industrial Technology/Technician, AB

Information Science/Studies, M

Inorganic Chemistry, MD

Interior Design, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Journalism, BM

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Latin American Studies, B

Latin Language and Literature, B

Latin Teacher Education, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Liberal Studies, M

Library Science, M

Linguistics of ASL and Other Sign Languages, B

Marketing, D

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, BM

Mathematics, BMD

Metal and Jewelry Arts, B

Middle School Education, M

Molecular Biology, MD

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, BMD

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, BMD

Music Theory and Composition, MD

Musicology and Ethnomusicology, MD

Natural Resources and Conservation, B

Neuroscience, MD

Nursing, MD

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, AB

Nursing Administration, M

Nursing Education, M

Nutritional Sciences, M

Operations Management and Supervision, B

Organic Chemistry, MD

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution, B

Pediatric Nurse/Nursing, M

Performance, M

Pharmacology, MD

Philosophy, BM

Photographic and Film/Video Technology/Technician and Assistant, B

Physical Chemistry, MD

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BMD

Physics, BMD

Physiology, MD

Piano and Organ, B

Political Science and Government, BMD

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Printmaking, B

Professional Studies, B

Psychology, BMD

Public Administration, M

Public Health, M

Public Policy Analysis, D

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Radio and Television, B

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, B

Reading Teacher Education, M

Rehabilitation Counseling, MO

Rhetoric, D

Russian Language and Literature, BM

Russian Studies, B

Sales and Marketing Operations/Marketing and Distribution Teacher Education, B

School Psychology, MDO

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Sculpture, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, M

Social Sciences, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, BMD

Spanish Language and Literature, BM

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, BMDO

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Student Personnel Services, MDO

System Management, D

Technology Teacher Education/Industrial Arts Teacher Education, B

Theater, M

Trade and Industrial Teacher Education, B

Translation and Interpretation, M

Vocational and Technical Education, MO

Writing, M

Zoology/Animal Biology, B

KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, ASHTABULA CAMPUS

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering Technology, A

Environmental Studies, A

Finance, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Materials Sciences, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Real Estate, A

KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, EAST LIVERPOOL CAMPUS

Accounting, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, GEAUGA CAMPUS

Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookkeeping, A

Applied Horticulture/Horticultural Operations, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Technology, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Nursing Science, B

KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, SALEM CAMPUS

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Applied Horticulture/Horticultural Business Services, A

Applied Horticulture/Horticultural Operations, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Education, AB

Environmental Studies, A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, AB

Greenhouse Operations and Management, A

Horticultural Science, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Manufacturing Engineering, A

Medical Insurance Coding Specialist/Coder, A

Medical Insurance Specialist/Medical Biller, A

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, AB

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Ornamental Horticulture, A

Turf and Turfgrass Management, A

KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, STARK CAMPUS

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Education, A

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, TRUMBULL CAMPUS

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, AB

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, A

General Studies, B

Industrial Technology/Technician, AB

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Nursing Science, B

KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, TUSCARAWAS CAMPUS

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Communications Technology/Technician, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, AB

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering Technology, A

Environmental Studies, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, AB

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, AB

KENYON COLLEGE

African Studies, B

African-American/Black Studies, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Ancient/Classical Greek Language and Literature, B

Anthropology, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Asian Studies/Civilization, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Chemistry, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Comparative Literature, B

Creative Writing, B

Dance, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Ethnic, Cultural Minority, and Gender Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Foreign Languages and Literatures, B

French Language and Literature, B

German Language and Literature, B

History, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

International/Global Studies, B

Latin Language and Literature, B

Law and Legal Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Modern Greek Language and Literature, B

Modern Languages, B

Molecular Biology, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, B

Natural Sciences, B

Neuroscience, B

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Policy Analysis, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Romance Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Statistics, B

Women's Studies, B

KETTERING COLLEGE OF MEDICAL ARTS

General Studies, A

Nuclear Medical Technology/Technologist, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physician Assistant, AB

Public Health (MPH, DPH), B

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, AB

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, AB

LAKE ERIE COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, B

Dance, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Education, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Equestrian/Equine Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

German Language and Literature, B

Health Services Administration, M

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Italian Language and Literature, B

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, B

Management, M

Mathematics, B

Modern Languages, B

Music, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Reading Teacher Education, M

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Teacher Education, Multiple Levels, B

LAKELAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

BioTechnology, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Graphics, A

Computer Programming, A

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Corrections, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering Technology, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Hospitality Administration/Management, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Ophthalmic Laboratory Technology/Technician, A

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

System Administration/Administrator, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

LAURA AND ALVIN SIEGAL COLLEGE OF JUDAIC STUDIES

Ancient Near Eastern and Biblical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Bible/Biblical Studies, B

Hebrew Language and Literature, B

History, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, M

Jewish/Judaic Studies, BM

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Religious Education, M

Theology/Theological Studies, B

LORAIN COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Chemistry, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming, A

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, A

Computer Programming, Vendor/Product Certification, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Corrections, A

Cosmetology and Related Personal Grooming Arts, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, A

Diagnostic Medical Sonography/Sonographer and Ultrasound Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Education, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Engineering, A

Engineering Technology, A

Finance, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

History, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Information Technology, A

Journalism, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Mathematics, A

Music, A

Nuclear Medical Technology/Technologist, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Pharmacy, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Physics, A

Plastics Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Psychology, A

Quality Control Technology/Technician, A

Real Estate, A

Social Sciences, A

Social Work, A

Sociology, A

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, A

Surgical Technology/Technologist, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

Urban Studies/Affairs, A

Word Processing, A

LOURDES COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, AB

Art/Art Studies, General, AB

Biology/Biological Sciences, AB

Business Administration and Management, AB

Chemistry, AB

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, AB

Education, M

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

English Language and Literature, AB

History, AB

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, AB

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Management Science, B

Music, A

Natural Sciences, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Organizational Management, M

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Psychology, AB

Religion/Religious Studies, AB

Social Work, B

Sociology, AB

MALONE COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Bible/Biblical Studies, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, BM

Chemistry, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Communication, Journalism and Related Programs, B

Community Psychology, M

Computer Science, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Education, M

Education/Teaching of Individuals with Specific Learning Disabilities, B

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Health and Physical Education, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Nursing, M

Nursing - Advanced Practice, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Pastoral Counseling and Specialized Ministries, B

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, M

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Public Health, B

Public Health Education and Promotion, B

Reading Teacher Education, M

Recording Arts Technology/Technician, B

Religious Education, B

Religious/Sacred Music, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Theology and Religious Vocations, M

Youth Ministry, B

Zoology/Animal Biology, B

MARIETTA COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business/Corporate Communications, B

Chemistry, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer Science, B

Corporate and Organizational Communication, M

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, B

Education, BM

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Sciences, B

Environmental Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Graphic Design, B

History, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Information Science/Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Journalism, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Liberal Studies, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Petroleum Engineering, B

Philosophy, B

Physician Assistant, M

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, BM

Public Relations, Advertising, and Applied Communication, B

Radio and Television, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

MARION TECHNICAL COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Computer Programming, Vendor/Product Certification, A

Computer Software and Media Applications, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering Technology, A

Finance, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Technology, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Social Work, A

Telecommunications Technology/Technician, A

MEDCENTRAL COLLEGE OF NURSING

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

MERCY COLLEGE OF NORTHWEST OHIO

General Studies, A

Health Information/Medical Records Technology/Technician, A

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Massage Therapy/Therapeutic Massage, A

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, AB

MIAMI-JACOBS COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Information Technology, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

MIAMI UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BM

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, B

African-American/Black Studies, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Analytical Chemistry, MD

Ancient/Classical Greek Language and Literature, B

Anthropology, B

Architecture, BM

Art Education, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Audiology/Audiologist and Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist, B

Biochemistry, BMD

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Botany/Plant Biology, BMD

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business/Commerce, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Chemical Engineering, B

Chemistry, BMD

Child and Family Studies, M

Child Development, B

City/Urban, Community and Regional Planning, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Clinical Psychology, D

Communication and Media Studies, M

Communication Disorders, M

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, B

Creative Writing, B

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Dietetics/Dieticians, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Economics, BM

Education, MDO

Educational Administration and Supervision, D

Educational Leadership and Administration, M

Educational Psychology, MO

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MO

Engineering Physics, B

Engineering Technology, B

Engineering/Industrial Management, B

English, MD

English Education, M

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Design/Architecture, B

Environmental Sciences, M

Exercise and Sports Science, M

Experimental Psychology, D

Family and Consumer Economics and Related Services, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Home Economics Teacher Education, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, B

Finance, B

Finance and Banking, M

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, BM

Geography, BM

Geology/Earth Science, BMD

German Language and Literature, B

Gerontology, M

Graphic Design, B

Health and Physical Education, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, BMD

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Industrial Engineering, B

Inorganic Chemistry, MD

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Interior Design, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Italian Studies, B

Journalism, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Latin Language and Literature, B

Linguistics, B

Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, BM

Management Science, B

Marketing, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, BM

Mathematics, BM

Mathematics Teacher Education, M

Mechanical Engineering, B

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology, B

Microbiology, MD

Modern Greek Language and Literature, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, BM

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Operations Management and Supervision, B

Operations Research, BM

Organic Chemistry, MD

Organizational Behavior Studies, B

Paper and Pulp Engineering, M

Performance, M

Philosophy, BM

Physical Chemistry, M

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, BM

Political Science and Government, BMD

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, BD

Public Administration, B

Purchasing, Procurement/Acquisitions and Contracts Management, B

Reading Teacher Education, M

Religion/Religious Studies, BM

Rhetoric, MD

Russian Language and Literature, B

School Psychology, MO

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, BM

Social Psychology, D

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, BM

Sociology, B

Software Engineering, O

Spanish Language and Literature, BM

Special Education and Teaching, BM

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, BM

Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Statistics, BM

Student Personnel Services, M

Systems Science and Theory, BM

Technical and Business Writing, BM

Theater, M

Women's Studies, B

Wood Science and Wood Products/Pulp and Paper Technology, B

Writing, M

Zoology/Animal Biology, BMD

MIAMI UNIVERSITY HAMILTON

Accounting, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Anthropology, B

Architectural History and Criticism, B

Architecture, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Audiology/Audiologist and Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist, B

Biochemistry, B

Botany/Plant Biology, B

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Administration, Management and Operations, B

Business/Commerce, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Chemistry, B

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

City/Urban, Community and Regional Planning, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, B

Computer Science, B

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, B

Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology, A

Creative Writing, B

Dietetics/Dieticians, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Econometrics and Quantitative Economics, B

Economics, B

Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology, B

Engineering Physics, B

Engineering Technology, B

Engineering/Industrial Management, B

English Composition, B

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Sciences, B

Environmental Studies, B

Ethnic, Cultural Minority, and Gender Studies, B

Exercise Physiology, B

Finance, B

French Language and Literature, B

French Language Teacher Education, B

General Studies, A

Geography, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

German Language and Literature, B

German Language Teacher Education, B

Gerontology, B

Graphic Design, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

Human Resources Management and Services, B

Interior Design, B

International/Global Studies, B

Journalism, B

Latin Language and Literature, B

Latin Teacher Education, B

Linguistics, B

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Marketing, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics and Statistics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, AB

Microbiology, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Office Management and Supervision, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, B

Physics Teacher Education, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Public Administration, B

Purchasing, Procurement/Acquisitions and Contracts Management, A

Real Estate, A

Russian Language and Literature, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist, B

Statistics, B

Teacher Education, Multiple Levels, B

Technical and Business Writing, B

Theatre/Theatre Arts Management, B

Work and Family Studies, B

Zoology/Animal Biology, B

MIAMI UNIVERSITY-MIDDLETOWN CAMPUS

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Anthropology, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Botany/Plant Biology, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business/Commerce, A

Business/Managerial Economics, A

Chemical Engineering, A

Chemistry, A

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Science, A

Economics, A

Education, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Engineering, A

Engineering Technology, AB

English Language and Literature, A

Geography, A

History, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Interdisciplinary Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Mathematics, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, AB

Office Management and Supervision, A

Philosophy, A

Physics, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Psychology, A

Real Estate, A

Social Sciences, A

Social Work, A

Sociology, A

Spanish Language and Literature, A

Systems Science and Theory, A

Zoology/Animal Biology, A

MOUNT CARMEL COLLEGE OF NURSING

Nursing, M

Nursing - Adult, M

Nursing Education, M

MOUNT UNION COLLEGE

Accounting, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Asian Studies/Civilization, B

Astronomy, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Chemistry, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer Science, B

Design and Visual Communications, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Economics, B

English Composition, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Biology, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

German Language and Literature, B

History, B

Information Science/Studies, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Japanese Language and Literature, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

MOUNT VERNON NAZARENE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Bible/Biblical Studies, B

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Broadcast Journalism, B

Business Teacher Education, B

Business/Commerce, AB

Chemistry, B

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Education, BM

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Home Economics Teacher Education, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, AB

Fine Arts and Art Studies, B

General Studies, A

Graphic Design, B

Health and Physical Education, A

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

Human Services, A

Journalism, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Management, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Music, AB

Music Teacher Education, B

Natural Resources and Conservation, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physical Therapy/Therapist, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Pharmacy Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Religious Education, B

Religious/Sacred Music, AB

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Sciences, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Theology and Religious Vocations, M

Theology/Theological Studies, B

Youth Ministry, B

MUSKINGUM COLLEGE

Accounting, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Applied Art, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Broadcast Journalism, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Teacher Education, B

Chemistry, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Computer Science, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Economics, B

Education, BM

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Sciences, B

Environmental Studies, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

German Language and Literature, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Journalism, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Molecular Biology, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Natural Resources and Conservation, B

Neuroscience, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Pharmacy Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Policy Analysis, B

Radio and Television, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

NORTH CENTRAL STATE COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Finance, A

Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Operations Management and Supervision, A

Pharmacy Technician/Assistant, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Quality Control Technology/Technician, A

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Therapeutic Recreation/Recreational Therapy, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

NORTHWEST STATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business, Management, Marketing, and Related Support Services, A

Business/Commerce, A

Child Development, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Corrections, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Design and Visual Communications, A

Education, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering, A

Executive Assistant/Executive Secretary, A

Health Professions and Related Clinical Sciences, A

Human Development and Family Studies, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mechanical Engineering, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Plastics Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Precision Metal Working, A

Quality Control Technology/Technician, A

Sheet Metal Technology/Sheetworking, A

Social Work, A

Tool and Die Technology/Technician, A

Transportation/Transportation Management, A

NOTRE DAME COLLEGE

Accounting, BO

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Chemistry, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Education, O

Education/Teaching of Individuals with Specific Learning Disabilities, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Sciences, B

Finance and Banking, O

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Graphic Communications, B

History, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Information Science/Studies, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Management, O

Management Information Systems and Services, O

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, ABO

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Administration, B

Public Relations, Advertising, and Applied Communication, B

Reading Teacher Education, M

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Theology/Theological Studies, B

OBERLIN COLLEGE

African-American/Black Studies, B

Anthropology, B

Archeology, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Chemistry, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Comparative Literature, B

Computer Science, B

Creative Writing, B

Dance, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

East Asian Studies, B

Ecology, B

Economics, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

German Language and Literature, B

History, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Jazz/Jazz Studies, B

Jewish/Judaic Studies, B

Latin American Studies, B

Latin Language and Literature, B

Law and Legal Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Modern Greek Language and Literature, B

Music, BM

Music History, Literature, and Theory, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Music Theory and Composition, B

Near and Middle Eastern Studies, B

Neuroscience, B

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Physiological Psychology/Psychobiology, B

Piano and Organ, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Romance Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Russian Language and Literature, B

Russian Studies, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Violin, Viola, Guitar and Other Stringed Instruments, B

Voice and Opera, B

Wind and Percussion Instruments, B

Women's Studies, B

OHIO BUSINESS COLLEGE (LORAIN)

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

OHIO BUSINESS COLLEGE (SANDUSKY)

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, A

Health/Medical Claims Examiner, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

OHIO DOMINICAN UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business/Corporate Communications, B

Chemistry, AB

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Science, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Economics, B

English Language and Literature, B

Finance, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Foreign Language Teacher Education, B

General Studies, AB

Gerontology, A

Graphic Design, B

History, B

Information Science/Studies, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, AB

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Law and Legal Studies, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Library Assistant/Technician, A

Mathematics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution, B

Philosophy, B

Physics Teacher Education, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

School Librarian/School Library Media Specialist, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Teacher Education, Multiple Levels, B

Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language/ESL Language Instructor, B

Theology/Theological Studies, AB

OHIO INSTITUTE OF PHOTOGRAPHY AND TECHNOLOGY

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Graphic Design, A

Medical Office Management/Administration, A

Photography, A

OHIO NORTHERN UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business/Commerce, B

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, B

Chemistry, B

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Civil Engineering, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Communication, Journalism and Related Programs, B

Computer Engineering, B

Computer Science, B

Creative Writing, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Criminal Justice/Police Science, B

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Design and Visual Communications, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Education, B

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering, B

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Foreign Language Teacher Education, B

French Language and Literature, B

French Language Teacher Education, B

General Studies, B

German Language Teacher Education, B

Germanic Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Graphic Design, B

Health and Physical Education, B

Health and Physical Education/Fitness, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

History Teacher Education, B

Industrial Technology/Technician, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Journalism, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Law and Legal Studies, P

Management Science, B

Management Sciences and Quantitative Methods, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Mechanical Engineering, B

Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, B

Molecular Biology, B

Music, B

Music Management and Merchandising, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Organizational Communication, B

Painting, B

Pharmacy, BP

Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Sciences, and Administration, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, B

Physics Teacher Education, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Theology/Pre-Ministerial Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Printmaking, B

Psychology, B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Radio and Television, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Sculpture, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Statistics, B

Teacher Education, Multiple Levels, B

Technical and Business Writing, B

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, B

Theatre/Theatre Arts Management, B

Visual and Performing Arts, B

THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BMD

Actuarial Science, B

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, BMD

African Studies, BM

African-American/Black Studies, BM

Agricultural and Food Products Processing, B

Agricultural Business and Management, B

Agricultural Economics, BMD

Agricultural Education, MD

Agricultural Engineering, MD

Agricultural Sciences, MD

Agricultural Teacher Education, B

Agricultural/Biological Engineering and Bioengineering, B

Agronomy and Crop Science, B

Agronomy and Soil Sciences, MD

Allied Health and Medical Assisting Services, M

Allopathic Medicine, P

Anatomy, MD

Animal Genetics, B

Animal Sciences, BMD

Anthropology, BMD

Apparel and Textiles, B

Arabic Language and Literature, B

Architecture, BM

Art Education, MD

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, BMD

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Arts Management, M

Asian Languages, MD

Asian-American Studies, B

Astronomy, BMD

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, MD

Audiology/Audiologist and Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist, B

Aviation/Airway Management and Operations, B

Avionics Maintenance Technology/Technician, B

Biochemistry, BMD

Bioengineering, MD

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MD

Biological Anthropology, MD

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical Engineering, MD

Biophysics, MD

Biopsychology, D

Biostatistics, D

BioTechnology, B

Botany/Plant Biology, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MD

Business Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Cell Biology and Anatomy, MD

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, B

Ceramic Sciences and Engineering, B

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Child and Family Studies, MD

Chinese Language and Literature, B

City/Urban, Community and Regional Planning, B

Civil Engineering, BMD

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, BMD

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Clinical Psychology, D

Clothing and Textiles, MD

Cognitive Sciences, D

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Communication and Media Studies, MD

Communication Disorders, MD

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Communication, Journalism and Related Programs, B

Comparative Literature, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, B

Computer Science, BMD

Consumer Economics, MD

Counseling Psychology, D

Creative Writing, B

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Criminology, B

Dance, BM

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, B

Dentistry, PO

Design and Visual Communications, B

Development Economics and International Development, B

Developmental Biology and Embryology, MD

Developmental Psychology, D

Dietetics/Dieticians, B

Drama and Dance Teacher Education, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Drawing, B

East Asian Studies, B

East European and Russian Studies, M

Ecology, MD

Economics, BMD

Education, MD

Educational Leadership and Administration, MD

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MD

Engineering Physics, B

English, MD

English Language and Literature, B

Entomology, BMD

Environmental Education, B

Environmental Sciences, MD

Environmental Studies, B

Ethnic and Cultural Studies, B

Ethnic, Cultural Minority, and Gender Studies, B

Evolutionary Biology, MD

Experimental Psychology, D

Family Resource Management Studies, B

Finance, B

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Fishing and Fisheries Sciences and Management, B

Food Engineering, MD

Food Science, B

Food Science and Technology, MD

Food Services Management, MD

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

Forestry, B

French Language and Literature, BMD

Genetics, MD

Geodetic Sciences, MD

Geography, BMD

Geology/Earth Science, BMD

German Language and Literature, BMD

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, B

Health Professions and Related Clinical Sciences, B

Health Services Administration, M

Hebrew Language and Literature, B

History, BMD

Home Economics, MD

Home Economics Education, MD

Horticultural Science, BMD

Hospitality Administration/Management, B

Human Development, MD

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Human Resources Management and Services, MD

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Immunology, MD

Industrial and Labor Relations, MD

Industrial Design, BM

Industrial Engineering, B

Industrial/Management Engineering, MD

Information Science/Studies, BMD

Insurance, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, MD

Interior Design, BM

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Islamic Studies, B

Italian Language and Literature, BMD

Japanese Language and Literature, B

Jazz/Jazz Studies, B

Jewish/Judaic Studies, B

Journalism, BM

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Landscape Architecture, BM

Latin American Studies, B

Law and Legal Studies, PO

Linguistics, BMD

Logistics and Materials Management, B

Management Information Systems and Services, BMD

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Materials Engineering, BMD

Materials Sciences, BMD

Mathematics, BMD

Mathematics and Statistics, B

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Mechanics, MD

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology, B

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, B

Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, MD

Metallurgical Engineering, BMD

Microbiology, MD

Modern Greek Language and Literature, B

Molecular Biology, MD

Molecular Genetics, MD

Music, BMD

Music History, Literature, and Theory, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Music Theory and Composition, B

Natural Resources and Conservation, MD

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, B

Near and Middle Eastern Languages, M

Near and Middle Eastern Studies, B

Neuroscience, D

Nuclear Engineering, MD

Nursing, MD

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nursing Science, B

Nutritional Sciences, MD

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, BM

Operations Management and Supervision, B

Optics/Optical Sciences, MDO

Optometry, P

Oral and Dental Sciences, MDO

Painting, B

Pathobiology, MD

Pathology/Experimental Pathology, M

Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution, B

Pharmaceutical Administration, MD

Pharmaceutical Sciences, MD

Pharmacognosy, MD

Pharmacology, MD

Pharmacy, BP

Philosophy, BMD

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BMD

Physical Therapy/Therapist, BM

Physics, BMD

Physiology, MD

Piano and Organ, B

Plant Biology, MD

Plant Pathology/Phytopathology, BMD

Plant Sciences, B

Political Science and Government, BMD

Portuguese Language and Literature, BMD

Printmaking, B

Psychology, BMD

Public Health, MDO

Public Policy Analysis, MD

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, B

Real Estate, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, B

Rural Sociology, MD

Russian Language and Literature, B

Russian Studies, B

Sculpture, B

Slavic Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, MD

Social Psychology, D

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, BMD

Sociology, BMD

Soil Science and Agronomy, B

Spanish Language and Literature, BMD

Special Education and Teaching, B

Statistics, MD

Survey Technology/Surveying, B

Surveying Engineering, MD

Systems Engineering, BMD

Technical Teacher Education, B

Technology Teacher Education/Industrial Arts Teacher Education, B

Theater, MD

Toxicology, MD

Turf and Turfgrass Management, B

Urban and Regional Planning, MD

Veterinary Medicine, PO

Veterinary Sciences, MD

Virology, MD

Vocational and Technical Education, D

Voice and Opera, B

Western European Studies, B

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, B

Women's Studies, BM

Zoology/Animal Biology, B

THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY AGRICULTURAL TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

Agribusiness, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agricultural Business Technology, A

Agricultural Communication/Journalism, A

Agricultural Economics, A

Agricultural Mechanization, A

Agricultural Power Machinery Operation, A

Agricultural Teacher Education, A

Agronomy and Crop Science, A

Animal Sciences, A

Animal/Livestock Husbandry and Production, A

Biology Technician/BioTechnology Laboratory Technician, A

Building/Construction Site Management/Manager, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Construction Management, A

Crop Production, A

Dairy Husbandry and Production, A

Dairy Science, A

Environmental Sciences, A

Equestrian/Equine Studies, A

Floriculture/Floristry Operations and Management, A

Greenhouse Operations and Management, A

Health and Medical Laboratory Technologies, A

Heavy Equipment Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Horse Husbandry/Equine Science and Management, A

Horticultural Science, A

Hydraulics and Fluid Power Technology, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Landscaping and Groundskeeping, A

Livestock Management, A

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, A

Plant Nursery Operations and Management, A

Soil Science and Agronomy, A

Turf and Turfgrass Management, A

THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY AT LIMA

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Education, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Financial Planning and Services, B

Health Services/Allied Health/Health Sciences, B

History, B

Hospitality Administration/Management, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Mathematics, B

Middle School Education, M

Psychology, B

Social Work, M

THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY-MANSFIELD CAMPUS

Business Administration and Management, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, BM

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

History, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Middle School Education, M

Psychology, B

Social Work, M

THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY AT MARION

Business Administration and Management, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Education, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

History, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Middle School Education, M

Nursing, MD

Psychology, B

THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY-NEWARK CAMPUS

Business Administration and Management, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Education, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

History, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Middle School Education, M

Psychology, B

Social Work, M

OHIO UNIVERSITY

Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookkeeping, A

Acting, B

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Advertising, B

Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Aeronautics/Aviation/Aerospace Science and Technology, B

African Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

African Studies, BM

African-American/Black Studies, B

Ancient/Classical Greek Language and Literature, B

Anthropology, B

Apparel and Textiles, B

Applied Economics, M

Applied Mathematics, B

Art Education, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, BM

Art Teacher Education, B

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, D

Asian Studies/Civilization, B

Astronomy, MD

Astrophysics, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, M

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, B

Atomic/Molecular Physics, B

Audiology/Audiologist and Hearing Sciences, A

Audiology/Audiologist and Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist, B

Aviation/Airway Management and Operations, B

Biochemistry, MD

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MD

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Botany/Plant Biology, B

Broadcast Journalism, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business, Management, Marketing, and Related Support Services, B

Business/Commerce, B

Cell Biology and Anatomy, MD

Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology, B

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, BM

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, B

Child and Family Studies, M

Child Development, AB

Cinematography and Film/Video Production, B

Civil Engineering, BMD

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Clinical Psychology, D

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Communication and Media Studies, MD

Communication Disorders, MD

Communication Disorders Sciences and Services, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Communication, Journalism and Related Programs, B

Comparative and Interdisciplinary Arts, D

Composition, M

Computer Education, M

Computer Engineering, B

Computer Science, BMD

Conducting, B

Construction Engineering and Management, M

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, MD

Creative Writing, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Criminology, B

Curriculum and Instruction, BMD

Dance, B

Design and Applied Arts, B

Design and Visual Communications, B

Directing and Theatrical Production, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Dramatic/Theatre Arts and Stagecraft, B

Drawing, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Ecology, MD

Economics, BM

Education, BMD

Education/Teaching of Individuals with Multiple Disabilities, B

Educational Administration and Supervision, MD

Educational Leadership and Administration, B

Educational Measurement and Evaluation, MD

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, D

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary and Middle School Administration/Principalship, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MD

Engineering Technologies/Technicians, B

English, MD

English as a Second Language, M

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Biology, BMD

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, AMD

Environmental Studies, M

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering, A

Equestrian/Equine Studies, A

European Studies/Civilization, B

Evolutionary Biology, MD

Exercise and Sports Science, MD

Experimental Psychology, D

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, BM

Family Resource Management Studies, B

Film, Television, and Video Production, M

Film, Television, and Video Theory and Criticism, M

Film/Cinema Studies, B

Finance and Banking, M

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

French Language and Literature, BM

French Language Teacher Education, B

General Studies, B

Geochemistry, M

Geography, BM

Geological and Earth Sciences/Geosciences, B

Geology/Earth Science, BM

Geophysics and Seismology, M

Geotechnical Engineering, MD

German Language and Literature, B

German Language Teacher Education, B

Hazardous Materials Information Systems Technology/Technician, A

Hazardous Materials Management and Waste Technology/Technician, A

Health and Physical Education, B

Health Services Administration, M

Higher Education/Higher Education Administration, MD

History, MD

Housing and Human Environments, B

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Human Services, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Hydrology and Water Resources Science, M

Industrial and Organizational Psychology, D

Industrial Engineering, B

Industrial Technology/Technician, B

Industrial/Management Engineering, M

Interdisciplinary Studies, BD

International Affairs, M

International Development, M

International Economics, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Journalism, BMD

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Latin American Studies, BM

Latin Language and Literature, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Linguistics, BM

Manufacturing Engineering, M

Materials Sciences, D

Mathematics, BMD

Mathematics Teacher Education, BMD

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, B

Media Studies, MD

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology, B

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Microbiology, MD

Middle School Education, MD

Molecular Biology, MD

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, A

Multilingual and Multicultural Education, M

Music, BMO

Music History, Literature, and Theory, BM

Music Management and Merchandising, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, BM

Music Theory and Composition, BM

Music Therapy/Therapist, M

Neuroscience, MD

Nutritional Sciences, M

Osteopathic Medicine, PO

Painting, BM

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Performance, MO

Philosophy, BM

Photographic and Film/Video Technology/Technician and Assistant, B

Photography, M

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BM

Physical Sciences, B

Physical Therapy/Therapist, D

Physics, BMD

Physiology, MD

Piano and Organ, B

Plant Biology, MD

Playwriting and Screenwriting, B

Political Science and Government, BM

Pre-Law Studies, B

Printmaking, BM

Psychology, BD

Public Administration, M

Public Administration and Social Service Professions, B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Radio and Television, AB

Radio and Television Broadcasting Technology/Technician, B

Reading Teacher Education, BMD

Recreation and Park Management, M

Rehabilitation Counseling, M

Russian Language and Literature, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, BM

Sculpture, BM

Secondary Education and Teaching, BM

Security and Protective Services, A

Social Sciences, ABM

Social Studies Teacher Education, BD

Social Work, BM

Sociology, BM

South and Southeast Asian Studies, M

Southeast Asian Studies, B

Spanish Language and Literature, BM

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, BMD

Speech and Interpersonal Communication, MD

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, BM

Structural Engineering, M

Student Personnel Services, M

Systems Engineering, BM

Teacher Education and Professional Development, Specific Subject Areas, B

Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language/ESL Language Instructor, B

Technical Theatre/Theatre Design and Technology, B

Technology and Public Policy, M

Telecommunications Technology/Technician, B

Theater, M

Theatre Literature, History and Criticism, B

Theatre/Theatre Arts Management, B

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

Tourism and Travel Services Marketing Operations, A

Transportation and Highway Engineering, M

Visual and Performing Arts, B

Voice and Opera, B

Water Resources Engineering, M

Wildlife Biology, B

Zoology/Animal Biology, B

OHIO UNIVERSITY-CHILLICOTHE

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Education/Teaching of Individuals with Hearing Impairments, Including Deafness, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Environmental Studies, A

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering, A

Human Services, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, AB

OHIO UNIVERSITY-EASTERN

Accounting, B

Animal Physiology, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Behavioral Sciences, B

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Botany/Plant Biology, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Chemical Engineering, B

Chemistry, B

Civil Engineering, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Comparative Literature, B

Computer Science, B

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, B

Creative Writing, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Developmental and Child Psychology, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, B

Education, B

Educational Leadership and Administration, B

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering, B

English Language and Literature, B

European Studies/Civilization, B

Forestry, B

Geography, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Health Teacher Education, B

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

History, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Industrial Engineering, B

Information Science/Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Journalism, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Library Science, B

Linguistics, B

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Mechanical Engineering, B

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology, B

Natural Sciences, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, B

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Pharmacy, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physical Sciences, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Administration, B

Public Health (MPH, DPH), B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Telecommunications Technology/Technician, B

Women's Studies, B

OHIO UNIVERSITY-LANCASTER

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Teacher Education, B

Child Development, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Science, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Education, B

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Industrial Design, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

OHIO UNIVERSITY-SOUTHERN CAMPUS

Accounting and Business/Management, A

Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookkeeping, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, B

Computer Science, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, AB

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, AB

Education, B

General Office Occupations and Clerical Services, A

Health Services Administration, B

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Human Services, A

Interdisciplinary Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, AB

Organizational Communication, B

Radio and Television Broadcasting Technology/Technician, A

Tourism and Travel Services Marketing Operations, A

OHIO UNIVERSITY-ZANESVILLE

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Broadcast Journalism, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Nursing - Regist