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New Hampshire

New Hampshire

State of Hampshire

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Named for the English county of Hampshire.

NICKNAME: The Granite State.

CAPITAL: Concord.

ENTERED UNION: 21 June 1788 (9th).

SONG: "Old New Hampshire."

MOTTO: Live Free or Die.

FLAG: The state seal, surrounded by laurel leaves with nine stars interspersed, is centered on a blue field.

OFFICIAL SEAL: In the center is a broadside view of the frigate Raleigh; in the left foreground is a granite boulder; in the background is a rising sun. A laurel wreath and the words "Seal of the State of New Hampshire 1776" surround the whole.

BIRD: Purple finch.

FLOWER: Purple lilac.

TREE: White birch.

GEM: Smoky quartz.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Civil Rights Day and Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Presidents' Day, 3rd Monday in February; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Election Day, Tuesday following 1st Monday in November in even-numbered years; Veterans' Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November plus the day after; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME: 7 AM EST = noon GMT.

LOCATION, SIZE, AND EXTENT

Situated in New England in the northeastern United States, New Hampshire ranks 44th in size among the 50 states. The total area of New Hampshire is 9,279 sq mi (24,033 sq km), comprising 8,993 sq mi (23,292 sq km) of land and 286 sq mi (741 sq km) of inland water. The state has a maximum extension of 93 mi (150 km) e-w and 180 mi (290 km) n-s. New Hampshire is shaped roughly like a right triangle, with the line from the far n to the extreme sw forming the hypotenuse.

New Hampshire is bordered on the n by the Canadian province of Quebec; on the e by Maine (with part of the line formed by the Piscataqua and Salmon Falls rivers) and the Atlantic Ocean; on the s by Massachusetts; and on the w by Vermont (following the west bank of the Connecticut River) and Quebec (with the line formed by Halls Stream).

The three southernmost Isles of Shoals lying in the Atlantic belong to New Hampshire. The state's total boundary line is 555 mi (893 km). Its geographic center lies in Belknap County, 3 mi (5 km) e of Ashland.

TOPOGRAPHY

The major regions of New Hampshire are the coastal lowland in the southeast; the New England Uplands, covering most of the south and west; and the White Mountains (part of the Appalachian chain) in the north, including Mt. Washington, at 6,288 ft (1,918 m), the highest peak in the northeastern United States. With a mean elevation of about 1,000 ft (305 m), New Hampshire is generally hilly, rocky, and in many areas densely wooded.

There are some 1,300 lakes and ponds, of which the largest is Lake Winnipesaukee, covering 70 sq mi (181 sq km). The principal rivers are the Connecticut (forming the border with Vermont), Merrimack, Salmon Falls, Piscataqua, Saco, and Androscoggin. Near the coast are the nine rocky Isles of Shoals, three of which belong to New Hampshire. About 10% of the state land area is covered by wetlands. Sea level at the Atlantic Ocean is the lowest elevation of the state.

CLIMATE

New Hampshire has a changeable climate, with wide variations in daily and seasonal temperatures. Summers are short and cool, winters long and cold. Concord has an average yearly temperature of 46°f (7°c), ranging from 20°f (6°c) in January to 70°f (21°c) in July. The record low temperature, 47°f (44°c), was set at Mt. Washington on 29 January 1934; the all-time high, 106°f (41°c) at Nashua, 4 July 1911. Annual precipitation at Concord averages 36.7 in (93 cm); the average snowfall in Concord is 63.2 in (160 cm) a year, with more than 100 in (254 cm) yearly in the mountains. The strongest wind ever recorded, other than during a tornado231 mi/h (372 km/h)occurred on Mt. Washington on 12 April 1934.

FLORA AND FAUNA

Well forested, New Hampshire supports an abundance of elm, maple, beech, oak, pine, hemlock, and fir trees. Among wild flowers, several orchids are considered rare. Three New Hampshire plant species were listed as threatened or endangered in 2006; the small whorled pogonia was threatened and Jesup's milk-vetch and Northeastern bulrush were endangered.

Among native New Hampshire mammals are the white-tailed deer, muskrat, beaver, porcupine, and snowshoe hare. Nine animal species (vertebrates and invertebrates) were listed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service as threatened or endangered in 2006, including the Karner blue butterfly, bald eagle, dwarf wedgemussel, finback whale, and leatherback sea turtle.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

State agencies concerned with environmental protection include the Fish and Game Department, the Department of Resources and Economic Development (DRED), and the Department of Environmental Services (DES). DRED oversees the state's forests, lands and parks and, in the late 1980s, DRED was the lead state agency in the acquisition and long-term protection of open space. DES was created in 1987, consolidating several preexisting commissions and boards into four divisions which protect the environmental quality of air, groundwater, the state's surface waters, and solid waste. In the 1990s, DES focused on such issues as ground-level ozone, landfill closures, groundwater remediation and protection of lakes, rivers, and other wetlands in New Hampshire. In 2003, 5.9 million lb of toxic chemicals were released in the state. Also in 2003, New Hampshire had 91 hazardous waste sites listed in the US Environment Protection Agency (EPA) database, 20 of which were on the National Priorities List as of 2006, including Pease Air Force Base and the Mottolo Pig Farm in Raymond. In 2005, the EPA spent over $10 million through the Superfund program for the cleanup of hazardous waste sites in the state. The same year, federal EPA grants awarded to the state included $13 million for the clean water state revolving fund and $8.2 million for the drinking water state revolving fund.

POPULATION

New Hampshire ranked 41st in population in the United States with an estimated total of 1,309,940 in 2005, an increase of 6% since 2000. Between 1990 and 2000, New Hampshire's population grew from 1,109,252 to 1,235,786, an increase of 11.4%. The population is projected to reach 1.45 million by 2015 and 1.58 million by 2025. The population density in 2004 was 144.9 persons per sq mi. In 2004, the median age was 39.1. Persons under 18 years old accounted for 23.5% of the population while 12.1% was age 65 or older.

In 2004, Manchester, the largest city, had an estimated population of 109,310. The Manchester-Nashua metropolitan area had an estimated population of 398,574. In 2003, the capital city of Concord had a population of 41,823

ETHNIC GROUPS

In 2000, a total of 223,026 New Hampshirites claimed English ancestry. Those claiming French ancestry numbered 180,947, and Irish 240,804. There are also about 127,153 French Canadians. In 2000, there were 9,035 black Americans, 15,931 Asians, 371 Pacific Islanders, and 2,964 Native Americans living in New Hampshire. In the same year, there were 20,489 residents of Hispanic origin, or 1.7% of the total population. The foreign-born population numbered 54,154, or 4.4% of the total population, in 2000.

In 2004, 2.1% of the population was Hispanic or Latino, 1.7% Asian, 0.9% black, and 0.2% American Indian or Alaskan Native; 0.9% of the population reported origin of two or more races.

LANGUAGES

Some place-names, such as Ossipee, Mascoma, and Chocorua, preserve the memory of the Pennacook and Abnaki Algonkian tribes living in the area before white settlement.

New Hampshire speech is essentially Northern, with the special features marking eastern New England, especially the loss of the final /r/, as in park and father, and /yu/ in tube and new. Raspberries sounds like /rawzberries/, a wishbone is a luckybone, gutters are eavespouts, and cows are summoned by "Loo!" Canadian French is heard in the northern region.

In 2000, 91.7% of all state residents aged five and abovea total of 935,825spoke only English at home.

The following table gives selected statistics from the 2000 Census for language spoken at home by persons five years old and over. The category "Other Indo-European languages" includes Albanian, Gaelic, Lithuanian, and Rumanian. The category "Other Asian languages" includes Dravidian languages, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil, and Turkish.

LANGUAGE NUMBER PERCENT
Population 5 years and over 1,160,340 100.0
  Speak only English 1,064,252 91.7
  Speak a language other than English 96,088 8.3
Speak a language other than English 96,088 8.3
  French (incl. Patois, Cajun) 39,551 3.4
  Spanish or Spanish Creole 18,647 1.6
  German 4,788 0.4
  Greek 3,411 0.3
  Chinese 3,268 0.3
  Italian 2,649 0.2
  Portuguese or Portuguese Creole 2,394 0.2
  Polish 2,094 0.2
  Other Indo-European languages 1,468 0.1
  Arabic 1,462 0.1
  Vietnamese 1,449 0.1
  Other Asian languages 1,240 0.1
  Korean 1,240 0.1
  Korean 1,228 0.1
  Serbo-Croatian 1,182 0.1
  Russian 1,009 0.1

RELIGIONS

The first settlers of New Hampshire were Separatists, precursors of the modern Congregationalists (United Church of Christ) and their first church was probably built around 1633. The first Episcopal church was built in 1638 and the first Quaker meetinghouse in 1701; Presbyterians, Baptists, and Methodists built churches later in the 18th century. The state remained almost entirely Protestant until the second half of the 19th century, when Roman Catholics (French Canadian, Irish, and Italian) began arriving in significant numbers, along with some Greek and Russian Orthodox Christians.

In 2004, Roman Catholics numbered at about 327,353 adherents. In 2005, there were 25,794 members of the United Church of Christ. Other leading Protestant denominations (with 2000 membership data) are the United Methodist Church, 18,927; the American Baptist Churches-USA, 16,359; and the Episcopal Church, 16,148. There were about 10,020 Jews and 3,782 Muslims throughout the state in 2000. A few small groups have reported considerable growth since 1990. These include the Salvation Army, which went from 763 members in 1990 to 2,651 members in 2000. The International Church of the Foursquare Gospel grew from 51 adherents in 1990 to 1,203 in 2000 and the Christian Churches and Churches of Christ reported a membership of 1,503 in 2000, up from 396 in 1990.

TRANSPORTATION

New Hampshire's first railroad, between Nashua and Lowell, Massachusetts, was chartered in 1835 and opened in 1838. Two years later, Exeter and Boston were linked by rail. The state had more than 1,200 mi (1,900 km) of track in 1920, but by 2003, the total route mileage in New Hampshire shrunk to 473 mi (761 km). There were no Class I railroads operating in the state as of that year. As of 2006, Amtrak provided service to three stations in New Hampshire via its Boston to Portland Downeaster train

In 2003, the state had a total of 15,628 mi (25,161 km) of roads. The main north-south highway is I-93. As of 2004, there were some 668,000 automobiles, around 491,000 trucks of all types, about 66,000 motorcycles, and some 1,000 buses registered in the state, along with 985,775 licensed drivers. In 2005, New Hampshire had a total of 127 public and private-use aviation-related facilities. This included 51 airports, 67 heliports, and nine seaplane bases. The state's main airport is Manchester Municipal Airport. In 2004, the airport had 1,973,142 enplanements.

Portsmouth is the state's primary port. In 2004, the Portsmouth handled 4.794 million tons of cargo. For that same year, New Hampshire had only eight mi (12 km) of navigable inland waterways. In 2003, total waterborne shipments totaled 4.971 million tons.

HISTORY

The land called New Hampshire has supported a human population for at least 10,000 years. Prior to European settlement, Indian tribes of the Algonkian language group lived in the region. During the 17th century, most of New Hampshire's Indians, called Pennacook, were organized in a loose confederation centered along the Merrimack Valley.

The coast of New England was explored by Dutch, English, and French navigators throughout the 16th century. Samuel de Champlain prepared the first accurate map of the New England coast in 1604, and Captain John Smith explored the Isles of Shoals in 1614. By this time, numerous English fishermen were summering on New England's coastal banks, using the Isles of Shoals for temporary shelter and to dry their catch.

The first English settlement was established along the Piscataqua River in 1623. From 1643 to 1680, New Hampshire was a province of Massachusetts, and the boundary between them was not settled until 1740. During the 18th century, as settlers moved up the Merrimack and Connecticut river valleys, they came into conflict with the Indians. By 1760, however, the Pennacook had been expelled from the region.

Throughout the provincial period, people in New Hampshire made their living through fishing, farming, cutting and sawing timber, shipbuilding, and coastal and overseas trade. By the first quarter of the 18th century, Portsmouth, the provincial capital, had become a thriving commercial port. New Hampshire's terrain worked against Portsmouth's commercial interests, however, by dictating that roads (and later railroads) run in a north-south directionmaking Boston, and not Portsmouth, New England's primary trading center. During the Revolutionary War, extensive preparations were made to protect the harbor from a British attack that never came. Although nearly 18,500 New Hampshire men enlisted in the war, no battle was fought within its boundaries. New Hampshire was the first of the original 13 colonies to establish an independent governmenton 5 January 1776, six months before the Declaration of Independence.

During the 19th century, as overseas trade became less important to the New Hampshire economy, textile mills were built, principally along the Merrimack River. By midcentury, the Merrimack Valley had become the social, political, and economic center of the state. So great was the demand for workers in these mills that immigrant labor was imported during the 1850s; a decade later, French Canadian workers began pouring south from Quebec.

Although industry thrived, agriculture did not; New Hampshire hill farms could not compete against Midwestern farms. The population in farm towns dropped, leaving a maze of stone walls, cellar holes, and new forests on the hillsides. The people who remained began to cluster in small village centers.

World War I, however, marked a turning point for New Hampshire industry. As wartime demand fell off, the state's old textile mills were unable to compete with newer cotton mills in the South, and New Hampshire's mill towns became as depressed as its farm towns; only in the north, the center for logging and paper manufacturing, did state residents continue to enjoy moderate prosperity. Industrial towns in the southern counties responded to the decline in textile manufacture by making other items, particularly shoes, but the collapse of the state's railroad network spelled further trouble for the slumping economy. The growth of tourism aided the rural areas primarily, as old farms became spacious vacation homes for "summer people," who in some cases paid the bulk of local property taxes.

During the 1960s, New Hampshire's economic decline began to reverse, except in agriculture. In the 1970s and early 1980s, growth in the state's northern counties remained modest, but the combination of Boston's urban sprawl, interstate highway construction, and low state taxes encouraged people and industrynotably high-technology businessesto move into southern New Hampshire. The state's population doubled between 1960 and 1988, from 606,921 to 1.1 million. Most of the arrivals were younger, more affluent, and better educated than the natives. The newcomers shared the fiscally conservative views of those born in New Hampshire but tended to be more liberal on social questions such as gun control and abortion. The rise in population strained government services, prompted an increase in local taxes, and provoked concern over the state's vanishing open spaces. The state's population has held fairly steady since 1988, with an estimated 1.3 million people in 2004.

Like other New England states, New Hampshire was hard hit by the recession of the early 1990s, with the unemployment rate rising to 10% by 1992. But by the mid-1990s a recovery was underway, and about 30,000 of the more than 60,000 jobs lost during the recession had been regained. By 1999 the state enjoyed the second-lowest unemployment rate in the nationjust 2.7%. Population growth in the state threatened to do away with the annual town meeting. A study released in 2000 showed that more towns had replaced the celebrated tradition with the official ballot form of governance.

In 2000, New Hampshire Chief Justice David Brock faced an unprecedented trial on charges he influenced a lower-court judge about a powerful state senator's case, allowed a Supreme Court colleague to have a say in the handling of his own divorce, permitted disqualified justices to participate in cases, and lied to a house committee investigating the court. Brock was the first New Hampshire official impeached in 210 years and his trial was to be the first in the state's history. The last impeachment of a New Hampshire official was in 1790; Supreme Court Justice Woodbury Langdon resigned before he was tried. Brock was acquitted by the New Hampshire Senate in October 2000.

Like other New England states in the early 2000s, New Hampshire faced record-breaking budget deficits. Republican Governor Craig Benson vetoed a 2003 two-year budget passed by the state legislature, saying it would increase the deficit and raise taxes. Democrat John Lynch, who was inaugurated as New Hampshire's governor in January 2005 after defeating Benson in the November 2004 election, put his attention to improving education, reducing health care costs, protecting the environment, and creating good jobs. In his first few months in office he worked with the legislature to pass legislation stabilizing health care costs for small businesses; eliminating a projected $300 million budget deficit; and making progress on education funding.

STATE GOVERNMENT

New Hampshire's constitution, adopted in 1784 and extensively revised in 1792, is the second-oldest state-governing document still in effect. Every 10 years, the people vote on the question of calling a convention to revise it; proposed revisions must then be approved by two-thirds of the voters at a referendum. Amendments may also be placed on the ballot by a three-fifths vote of both houses of the state legislature. If placed on the ballot, an amendment must be approved by two-thirds of the voters on the amendment in order to be ratified. The constitution was amended 143 times by January 2005.

The state legislature, called the General Court, consists of a 24-member Senate and a 400-seat House of Representatives, larger than that of any other state. Legislative sessions begin each January and are limited to 45 legislative days. Special sessions, indirectly limited to 15 legislative days, may be called by a two-thirds vote of the members of each house. Senators must be at least 30 years old, representatives 18. The state residency requirement for senators is a minimum of seven years and for representatives a minimum of two. Legislators, who must reside in their districts, serve two-year terms, for which they were paid $200 ($100 per year) as of 2004, unchanged from 1999.

The only executive elected statewide is the governor, who serves a two-year term and is assisted by a five-member executive council, elected for two years by district. As of 2006, New Hampshire and Vermont were the only two states whose governors served two-year terms. The council must approve all administrative and judicial appointments. The secretary of state and state treasurer are elected by the legislature. The governor must be at least 30 years old and must have been a state resident for seven years before election. As of December 2004, the governor's salary was $96,060.

A bill becomes law if signed by the governor, if passed by the legislature and left unsigned by the governor for five days whether or not the legislature is in or out of session, or if passed over a gubernatorial veto by two-thirds of the legislators present in each house. A voter must be at least 18 years old, a US citizen, and must have a permanent established domicile in the state of New Hampshire. Restrictions apply to convicted felons.

POLITICAL PARTIES

New Hampshire has almost always gone with the Republican presidential nominee in recent decades, but the Democratic and Republican parties were much more evenly balanced in local and state elections. New Hampshire's quadrennial presidential preference primary, the second state primary of the campaign season

New Hampshire Presidential Vote by Major Political Parties, 19482004
YEAR ELECTORAL VOTE NEW HAMPSHIRE WINNER DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN
*Won US presidential election.
**IND. candidate Ross Perot received 121,337 votes in 1992 and 48,390 votes in 1996.
1948 4 Dewey (R) 107,995 121,299
1952 4 *Eisenhower (R) 106,663 166,287
1956 4 *Eisenhower (R) 90,364 176,519
1960 4 Nixon (R) 137,772 157,989
1964 4 *Johnson (D) 182,065 104,029
1968 4 *Nixon (R) 130,589 154,903
1972 4 *Nixon (R) 116,435 213,724
1976 4 Ford (R) 147,635 185,935
1980 4 *Reagan (R) 108,864 221,705
1984 4 *Reagan (R) 120,347 267,050
1988 4 *Bush (R) 163,696 281,537
1992** 4 *Clinton (D) 209,040 202,484
1996** 4 *Clinton (D) 246,214 196,532
2000 4 *Bush, G. W. (R) 266,348 273,559
2004 4 Kerry (D) 340,511 331,237

after Iowa, accords to New Hampshirites a degree of national political influence and a claim on media attention far out of proportion to their numbers. In the 1992 presidential election, New Hampshire voters defied their tradition and chose Democrat Bill Clinton over Republican incumbent George Bush by a scant 6,556 votes. Clinton won the state again in 1996. In the 2000 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 48% of the vote to Democrat Al Gore's 47%; Green Party candidate Ralph Nader garnered 4% of the vote. In 2004, Bush won 40.3% to Democratic challenger John Kerry's 49.0%. In 2004, there were 690,000 registered voters. In 1998, 27% of registered voters were Democratic, 36% Republican, and 36% unaffiliated or members of other parties. The state had four electoral votes in the 2004 presidential election.

As of 2005, both of New Hampshire's senators, John Sununu (elected in 2002) and Judd Gregg (reelected in 2004), were Republicans. Following the 2004 election, both House seats were held by Republicans. In 2002, Republican Craig Benson was elected governor; he was defeated by Democrat John Lynch in 2004. The New Hampshire state Senate in mid-2005 had 16 Republicans and 8 Democrats, and the state House had 253 Republicans and 147 Democrats.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

As of 2005, New Hampshire has 10 counties, each governed by three commissioners. Other elected county officials include the sheriff, attorney, treasurer, registrar of deeds, and registrar of probate.

New Hampshire also had 13 municipal governments in 2005, as well as 178 public school districts, and 148 special districts. In 2002, there were 221 townships. Most municipalities have elected mayors and councils. Some municipal charters provide for the council-manager or commission system of government. The basic unit of town government is the traditional town meeting, held once a year, when selectmen and other local officials are chosen.

In 2005, local government accounted for about 49,709 full-time (or equivalent) employment positions.

STATE SERVICES

To address the continuing threat of terrorism and to work with the federal Department of Homeland Security, homeland security in New Hampshire operates under the authority of the governor; the emergency management director is designated as the state homeland security advisor.

The Department of Education, governed by the seven-member State Board of Education (which appoints an education commissioner), has primary responsibility for public instruction. The Department of Transportation and the Division of Ports and Harbors share transport responsibilities, while the Department of Health and Human Services oversees public health and mental health and welfare. Executive branch departments include the departments of agriculture, markets, and food; cultural resources; fish and game; justice; revenue administration; and parks and recreation. Authorities, boards, and commissions include the Liquor Commission and the Sweepstakes Commission.

JUDICIAL SYSTEM

All judges in New Hampshire are appointed by the governor, subject to confirmation by the executive council. Appointments are to age 70, with retirement compulsory at that time. The state's highest court, the Supreme Court, consists of a chief justice and four associate justices. The main trial court is the Superior Court for which there were 28 judges in 1999.

As of 31 December 2004, a total of 2,448 prisoners were held in New Hampshire's state and federal prisons, an increase from 2,434 of 0.6% from the previous year. As of year-end 2004, a total of 119 inmates were female, up from 117 or 1.7% from the year before. Among sentenced prisoners (one year or more), New Hampshire had an incarceration rate of 187 per 100,000 population in 2004.

According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, New Hampshire in 2004, had a violent crime rate (murder/nonnegligent manslaughter; forcible rape; robbery; aggravated assault) of 167 reported incidents per 100,000 population, or a total of 2,170 reported incidents. Crimes against property (burglary; larceny/theft; and motor vehicle theft) in that same year totaled 26,511 reported incidents or 2,040.1 reported incidents per 100,000 people. New Hampshire has a death penalty, which consists of lethal injection or hanging, the latter of which is used only if lethal injection cannot be used. Since 1930, New Hampshire has executed only one person and as of 1 January 2006 no prisoners were under sentence of death in the state. For the period 1976 through 5 May 2006, there have been no executions carried out by the state.

In 2003, New Hampshire spent $45,536,983 on homeland security, an average of $36 per state resident.

ARMED FORCES

In 2004, there were 218 active-duty military personnel and 1,059 civilian personnel stationed in New Hampshire. The principal military installation is the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. Firms in the state received nearly $715 million in defense contract awards in 2004, and defense payroll outlays were $384 million.

As of 2003, veterans living in New Hampshire numbered 131,074, of whom 16,623 were veterans of World War II; 14,381, the Korean conflict; 41,627, the Vietnam era; and 16,940 served during the Gulf War. For the fiscal year 2004, total Veterans Affairs expenditures in New Hampshire amounted to more than $325 million.

As of 31 October 2004, the New Hampshire State Police employed 267 full-time sworn officers.

MIGRATION

From the time of the first European settlement until the middle of the 19th century, the population of New Hampshire was primarily of British origin. Subsequently, immigrants from Quebec and from Ireland, Italy, and other countries began arriving in significant numbers. New Hampshire's population growth since 1960 has been fueled by migrants from other states. The net gain from migration was 74,000 from 1985 to 1990. Between 1990 and 1998, New Hampshire had net gains of 19,000 in domestic migration and 6,000 in international migration. In 1998, the state admitted 1,010 foreign immigrants. Between 1990 and 1998, the state's overall population increased 6.8%. In the period 200005, net international migration was 11,107 and net internal migration was 40,861, for a net gain of 51,968 people.

INTERGOVERNMENTAL COOPERATION

New Hampshire participates in the American and Canadian French Cultural Exchange Commission, Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission, Connecticut River Valley Flood Control Compact, Maine-New Hampshire Interstate School Compact, Northeastern Forest Fire Protection Compact, and various New England regional compacts (including compacts on radiological health protection, higher education, corrections, police, trucking fees and permits, water pollution control, sewage and garbage disposal, fire protection, and the lotto). Federal grants to New Hampshire totaled $1.243 billion in fiscal year 2005, an estimated $1.253 billion in fiscal year 2006, and an estimated $1.271 billion in fiscal year 2007.

ECONOMY

New Hampshire is one of the most industrialized states in the United States, ranking well above the national median in proportion of labor force employed in manufacturing and in value added by manufacture. Between 1977 and 1982, manufacturing employment rose 13%, to 107,500, as many high-technology firms moved into the southern portion of the state. Since World War II, tourism has been one of the state's fastest-growing sources of income. Coming into the 21st century, the state's economy was booming, posting annual growth rates of 8.2% in 1998, 7% in 1999, and 9.3% in 2000. It was clearly headed for a correction, and in the national recession and slowdown of 2001 it was one of the few states that experienced a contraction for the year, albeit a small 0.4% contraction. Due to the large growth of information technology (IT) related jobs in southern New Hampshire in the 1990s, this was the region of New England that saw the greatest fall in personal income between mid-2000 and mid-2002.

New Hampshire's gross state product (GSP) in 2004 was $51.871 billion of which the real estate sector accounted for the largest share at $7.232 billion or 13.9% of GSP, followed by manufacturing (durable and nondurable goods) at $6.47 billion (12.4% of GSP), and healthcare and social assistance at $4.195 billion (8% of GSP). In that same year, there were an estimated 133,052 small businesses in New Hampshire. Of the 40,151 businesses that had employees, an estimated total of 38,820 or 96.7% were small companies. An estimated 4,865 new businesses were established in the state in 2004, up 4.6% from the year before. Business terminations that same year came to 5,401, up 17.5% from 2003. There were 158 business bankruptcies in 2004, down 11.2% from the previous year. In 2005, the state's personal bankruptcy (Chapter 7 and Chapter 13) filing rate was 333 filings per 100,000 people, ranking New Hampshire as the 47th highest in the nation.

INCOME

In 2005, New Hampshire had a gross state product (GSP) of $56 billion which accounted for 0.4% of the nation's gross domestic product and placed the state at number 39 in highest GSP among the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, in 2004 New Hampshire had a per capita personal income (PCPI) of $36,616. This ranked seventh in the United States and was 111% of the national average of $33,050. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of PCPI was 4.5%. New Hampshire had a total personal income (TPI) of $47,569,847,000, which ranked 38th in the United States and reflected an increase of 7.1% from 2003. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of TPI was 5.8%. Earnings of persons employed in New Hampshire increased from $32,481,694,000 in 2003 to $34,921,009,000 in 2004, an increase of 7.5%. The 200304 national change was 6.3%.

The US Census Bureau reports that the three-year average median household income for 200204 in 2004 dollars was $57,352 compared to a national average of $44,473. During the same period an estimated 5.7% of the population was below the poverty line as compared to 12.4% nationwide.

LABOR

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), in April 2006 the seasonally adjusted civilian labor force in New Hampshire numbered 735,300 with approximately 24,700 workers unemployed, yielding an unemployment rate of 3.4%, compared to the national average of 4.7% for the same period. Preliminary data for the same period placed nonfarm employment at 642,500. Since the beginning of the BLS data series in 1976, the highest unemployment rate recorded in New Hampshire was 7.7% in June 1982. The historical low was 1.9% in April 1987. Preliminary nonfarm employment data by occupation for April 2006 showed that approximately 4.8% of the labor force was employed in construction; 12% in manufacturing; 22.1% in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 6.3% in financial activities; 9.5% in professional and business services; 15.7% in education and health services; 9.9% in leisure and hospitality services; and 13.9% in government.

The US Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that in 2005, a total of 65,000 of New Hampshire's 627,000 employed wage and salary workers were formal members of a union. This represented 10.4% of those so employed, up from 9.9% in 2004, but still below the national average of 12%. Overall in 2005, a total of 72,000 workers (11.5%) in New Hampshire were covered by a union or employee association contract, which includes those workers who reported no union affiliation. New Hampshire is one of 28 states that does not have a right-to-work law.

As of 1 March 2006, New Hampshire had a state-mandated minimum wage rate of $5.15 per hour. In 2004, women in the state accounted for 46.7% of the employed civilian labor force.

AGRICULTURE

Only Rhode Island and Alaska generate less income from farming than New Hampshire. Farm income in 2005 was $168 million, 56% of which was in crops.

In 2004, there were about 3,400 farms occupying about 450,000 acres (182,000 hectares). Leading crops and their output in 2004 were hay, 105,000 tons, and commercial apples, 31 million lb (14 million kg).

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

Dairy and poultry products are the mainstays of New Hampshire's agriculture. In 2003, the state had 16,000 milk cows, with a total milk yield of 305 million lb (139 million kg). Poultry items included 1,183,000 lb (538,000 kg) of chickens, sold for $28,000; 132,000 lb (60,000 kg) of turkey, valued at $224,000, and 43 million eggs, valued at $3.2 million.

FISHING

New Hampshire's commercial catch in 2004 consisted of 21.9 million lb (10 million kg), worth $8.8 million. Most of the catch includes cod and lobster. In 2003, the state had 3 processing and 20 wholesale plants with about 497 employees. The commercial fleet in 2001 had about 580 boats and vessels. The state sponsors six hatcheries. The Nashua National Fish Hatchery is also located in the state. In 2004, the state issued 143,835 sport fishing licenses.

FORESTRY

New Hampshire had 4,824,000 acres (1,952,000 hectares) of forestland in 2004, of which 4,503,000 acres (1,822,000 hectares) were considered suitable for commercial use. Of that total, 83% was privately owned. Forests cover about 84% of New Hampshire. Lumber production in 2004 was 232 million board feet, 72% softwood.

MINING

According to preliminary data from the US Geological Survey (USGS), the estimated value of nonfuel mineral production by New Hampshire in 2003 was $63.9 million, a decrease from 2002 of about 3%.

By value, according to the preliminary data for 2003, construction sand and gravel was the state's leading nonfuel mineral commodity, accounting for around 69% of all nonfuel mineral production. In second place was crushed stone.

Preliminary data for 2003 showed production of construction sand and gravel totaling 9.1 million metric tons, with a value of $44.1 million, while crushed stone output that year totaled 3.89 million metric tons, and a value of $19.8 million. New Hampshire in 2003 was also a producer of dimension granite, and gem stones which were collected by hobbyists. Sand and gravel are mined in every county, and dimension granite is quarried in Hillsborough, Merrimack, and Coos counties.

ENERGY AND POWER

As of 2003, new Hampshire had 20 electrical power service providers, of which five were publicly owned and one was a cooperative. Of the remainder, four were investor owned, four were owners of independent generators that sold directly to customers, four were generation-only suppliers and two were delivery-only providers. As of that same year there were 661,773 retail customers. Of that total, 576,788 received their power from investor-owned service providers. The state's lone cooperative accounted for 73,727 customers, while publicly owned providers had 11,147 customers. There were five independent generator or "facility" customers, while generation-only suppliers had 106 customers. There was no data on the number of delivery-only customers.

Total net summer generating capability by the state's electrical generating plants in 2003 stood at 4.244 million kW, with total production that same year at 21.597 billion kWh. Of the total amount generated, 28.9% came from electric utilities, with the remaining 71.1% coming from independent producers and combined heat and power service providers. The largest portion of all electric power generated, 9.276 billion kWh (43%), came from nuclear power, with natural gas fired plants in second place at 4.165 billion kWh (19.3%) and coal-fired plants in third at 3.923 billion kWh (18.2%). Other renewable power sources accounted for 4% of all power generated, with hydroelectric at 6.2% and petroleum fired plants at 9.5%.

In 1990, the controversial nuclear power plant at Seabrook, built by Public Service Co. of New Hampshire, began operating. Originally planned as a two-reactor, 2,300-Mw facility, Seabrook was scaled back to one 1,150 MW reactor whose cost was about five times the original $1 billion two-reactor estimate. As of 2003, the plant had a generating capability of 1,159 MW and was the largest reactor in New England.

New Hampshire has no refineries, nor any proven reserves or production of crude oil and natural gas.

INDUSTRY

During the provincial era, shipbuilding was New Hampshire's major industry. By 1870, cotton and woolen mills, concentrated in the southeast, employed about one-third of the labor force and accounted for roughly half the value of all manufactures.

According to the US Census Bureau's Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) for 2004, New Hampshire's manufacturing sector covered some 16 product subsectors. The shipment value of all products manufactured in the state that same year was $15.439 billion. Of that total, computer and electronic product manufacturing accounted for the largest share at $3.982 billion. It was followed by machinery manufacturing at $1.867 billion; fabricated metal product manufacturing at $1.627 billion; miscellaneous manufacturing at $1.017 billion; and electrical equipment, appliance and component manufacturing at $983.270 million.

In 2004, a total of 72,498 people in New Hampshire were employed in the state's manufacturing sector, according to the ASM. Of that total, 452,589 were actual production workers. In terms of total employment, the computer and electronic product manufacturing industry accounted for the largest portion of all manufacturing employees at 14,068, with 6,127 actual production workers. It was followed by fabricated metal product manufacturing at 10,776 employees (8,023 actual production workers); machinery manufacturing at 8,534 employees (4,497 actual production workers); miscellaneous manufacturing at 5,307 employees (2,997 actual production workers); and plastics and rubber products manufacturing with 4,555 employees (3,543 actual production workers).

ASM data for 2004 showed that New Hampshire's manufacturing sector paid $3.332 billion in wages. Of that amount, the computer and electronic product manufacturing sector accounted for the largest share at $863.134 million. It was followed by fabricated metal product manufacturing at $436.288 million; machinery manufacturing at $430.462 million; miscellaneous manufacturing at $255.064 million; and electrical equipment, appliance and component manufacturing at $175.557 million.

COMMERCE

According to the 2002 Census of Wholesale Trade, New Hampshire's wholesale trade sector had sales that year totaling $13.7 billion from 2,004 establishments. Wholesalers of durable goods accounted for 1,326 establishments, followed by nondurable goods wholesalers at 508 and electronic markets, agents, and brokers accounting for 170 establishments. Sales by durable goods wholesalers in 2002 totaled $6.6 billion, while wholesalers of nondurable goods saw sales of $5.4 billion. Electronic markets, agents, and brokers in the wholesale trade industry had sales of $1.5 billion.

In the 2002 Census of Retail Trade, New Hampshire was listed as having 6,702 retail establishments with sales of $20.8 billion. The leading types of retail businesses by number of establishments were: miscellaneous store retailers (839); motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts dealers (822); clothing and clothing accessories stores (806); and food and beverage stores (752). In terms of sales, motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts dealers accounted for the largest share of retail sales at $5.3 billion, followed by food and beverage stores at $3.3 billion; general merchandise stores at $2.8 billion; nonstore retailers at $1.85 billion; and building material/garden equipment and supplies dealers $1.80 billion. A total of 93,804 people were employed by the retail sector in New Hampshire that year.

Foreign exports of goods originating in New Hampshire totaled $2.5 billion in 2005.

CONSUMER PROTECTION

Consumer protection issues are handled by the Consumer Protection and Antitrust Bureau, which is under the jurisdiction of the state of New Hampshire's Department of Justice. Specific legal action however, is handled by the state's Attorney General's Office, which is also under the state's Department of Justice.

When dealing with consumer protection issues, the state's Attorney General's Office can initiate civil and criminal proceedings; represent the state before state and federal regulatory agencies; administer consumer protection and education programs; handle formal consumer complaints; and exercise broad subpoena powers. In antitrust actions, the Attorney General's Office can act on behalf of those consumers who are incapable of acting on their own; initiate damage actions on behalf of the state in state courts; and initiate criminal proceedings. However, the Attorney General's Office cannot represent counties, cities and other governmental entities in recovering civil damages under state or federal law.

The offices of the Consumer Protection and Antitrust Bureau are located in Concord.

BANKING

As of June 2005, New Hampshire had 30 insured banks, savings and loans, and saving banks, plus 21 state-chartered and six federally chartered credit unions (CUs). Excluding the CUs, the Manchester-Nashua market area accounted for the largest portion of the state's financial institutions and deposits in 2004, with 15 institutions and $6.435 billion in deposits. As of June 2005, CUs accounted for 9.6% of all assets held by all financial institutions in the state, or some $3.349 billion. Banks, savings and loans, and savings banks collectively accounted for the remaining 90.4% or $31.670 billion in assets held.

Twenty percent of New Hampshire's banks have long-term asset concentrations greater than 30% of earnings assets. This is due in large measure to the large percentage of thrifts and residential lenders in the state. Over one-half of all insured banks in New Hampshire are savings institutions.

Regulation of state-chartered banks and other financial institutions is the responsibility of the Banking Department.

INSURANCE

In 2004, there were 631,000 individual life insurance policies in force in New Hampshire, with a total value of about $59.5 billion; total value for all categories of life insurance (individual, group, and credit) was $90 billion. The average coverage amount is $94,400 per policy holder. Death benefits paid that year totaled $209.2 million.

As of 2003, there were 33 property and casualty and 3 life and health insurance companies domiciled in the state. Direct premiums for property and casualty insurance totaled $2.1 billion in 2004. That year, there were 5,211 flood insurance policies in force in the state, with a total value of $758 million.

In 2004, 67% of state residents held employment-based health insurance policies, 3% held individual policies, and 18% were covered under Medicare and Medicaid; 11% of residents were uninsured. New Hampshire has the highest percentage of employment-based insurance in the country. In 2003, employee contributions for employment-based health coverage averaged at 21% for single coverage and 25% for family coverage. The state offers an 18-month health benefits expansion program for small-firm employees in connection with the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA, 1986), a health insurance program for those who lose employment-based coverage due to termination or reduction of work hours.

In 2003, there were 862,145 auto insurance policies in effect for private passenger cars. Insurance coverage is not mandatory but motorists are expected to take financial responsibility and uninsured motorist coverage is available. In 2003, the average expenditure per vehicle for insurance coverage was $776.47.

SECURITIES

New Hampshire has no securities exchanges. In 2005, there were 490 personal financial advisers employed in the state and 1,950 securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents. In 2004, there were over 36 publicly traded companies within the state, with over 14 NASDAQ companies, 8 NYSE listings, and 4 AMEX listings. In 2006, the state had one Fortune 500 company; Fisher Scientific Intl, based in Hampton and listed on the NYSE, ranked 389th in the nation with revenues of over $5.5 billion. Timberland in Stratham (NYSE) and PC Connection in Merrimack (NASDAQ) made the Fortune 1,000 list.

PUBLIC FINANCE

The New Hampshire state budget is drawn up biennially by the Department of Administrative Services and then submitted by the governor to the legislature for amendment and approval. The fiscal year (FY) runs from 1 July to 30 June.

New HampshireState Government Finances
(Dollar amounts in thousands. Per capita amounts in dollars.)
AMOUNT PER CAPITA
Abbreviations and symbols: - zero or rounds to zero; (NA) not available; (X) not applicable.
source: U.S. Census Bureau, Governments Division, 2004 Survey of State Government Finances, January 2006.
Total Revenue 6,174,660 4,753.39
  General revenue 5,024,122 3,867.68
    Intergovernmental revenue 1,676,883 1,290.90
    Taxes 2,005,389 1,543.79
      General sales - -
      Selective sales 674,354 519.13
      License taxes 199,170 153.33
      Individual income tax 54,769 42.16
      Corporate income tax 407,603 313.78
      Other taxes 669,493 515.39
    Current charges 723,942 557.31
    Miscellaneous general revenue 617,908 475.68
  Utility revenue 110 .08
  Liquor store revenue 371,766 286.19
  Insurance trust revenue 778,662 599.43
Total expenditure 5,654,063 4,352.63
  Intergovernmental expenditure 1,278,988 984.59
  Direct expenditure 4,375,075 3,368.03
    Current operation 3,288,655 2,531.68
    Capital outlay 293,670 226.07
    Insurance benefits and repayments 384,809 296.23
    Assistance and subsidies 106,111 81.69
    Interest on debt 301,830 232.36
Exhibit: Salaries and wages 780,172 600.59
Total expenditure 5,654,063 4,352.63
  General expenditure 4,942,244 3,804.65
    Intergovernmental expenditure 1,278,988 984.59
    Direct expenditure 3,663,256 2,820.06
  General expenditures, by function:
    Education 1,667,818 1,283.92
    Public welfare 1,441,935 1,110.03
    Hospitals 50,196 38.64
    Health 137,669 105.98
    Highways 374,149 288.03
    Police protection 37,454 28.83
    Correction 94,423 72.69
    Natural resources 61,365 47.24
    Parks and recreation 13,657 10.51
    Government administration 200,118 154.06
    Interest on general debt 301,830 232.36
    Other and unallocable 561,630 432.36
  Utility expenditure 9,294 7.15
  Liquor store expenditure 317,716 244.59
  Insurance trust expenditure 384,809 296.23
Debt at end of fiscal year 5,894,106 4,537.42
Cash and security holdings 10,175,057 7,832.99

Fiscal year 2006 general funds were estimated at $1.37 billion for resources and $1.34 billion for expenditures. In fiscal year 2004, federal government grants to New Hampshire were $1.8 billion

On 5 January 2006 the federal government released $100 million in emergency contingency funds targeted to the areas with the greatest need, including $900,000 for New Hampshire.

TAXATION

In 2005, New Hampshire collected $2,022 million in tax revenues or $1,544 per capita, which placed it 48th among the 50 states in per capita tax burden. The national average was $2,192 per capita. Property taxes accounted for 19.4% of the total, selective sales taxes 34.9%, individual income taxes 3.3%, corporate income taxes 23.6%, and other taxes 18.8%.

As of 1 January 2006, state income tax was limited to dividends and interest income only. The state taxes corporations at a flat rate of 8.5%.

In 2004, state and local property taxes amounted to $2.5 billion or $1,940 per capita. The per capita amount ranks the state third-highest nationally. Local governments collected $2,026,125,000 of the total and the state government $493,589,000.

New Hampshire taxes gasoline at 19.625 cents per gallon. This is in addition to the 18.4 cents per gallon federal tax on gasoline.

According to the Tax Foundation, for every federal tax dollar sent to Washington in 2004, New Hampshire citizens received $0.67 in federal spending, which ranks the state third-lowest among all states.

ECONOMIC POLICY

Business incentives in New Hampshire include a generally favorable tax climate (which includes the absence of sales, personal income, and capital gains taxes), specific tax incentives and exemptions, and relatively low wage rates. The state has offered loan programs through the New Hampshire Business Finance Authority since 1992, aimed at encouraging economic development and job creation and at assisting small businesses. The state also participates in a joint venture with Maine and Vermont which provides loans to export companies. Foreign Trade Zone No. 81 provides economic incentives to companies doing business in the international markets. New Hampshire's Division of Economic Development (DED), within the Department of Resources and Economic Development, has the main responsibility for state support of programs to increase jobs and revenues in the state. Major operational units within the DED have been focused on assistance for business relocations and expansions; New Economy Ventures; community development; Internet development; exports of states products, imports of state products and tourism. Under the program NH Works, employers were offered free assistance on all facets of hiring the right employees.

HEALTH

The infant mortality rate in October 2005 was estimated at 5.4 per 1,000 live births. The birth rate in 2003 was 11.2 per 1,000 population. The abortion rate stood at 11.2 per 1,000 women in 2000. In 2003, about 92.8% of pregnant woman received prenatal care beginning in the first trimester; this was the highest rate for prenatal care in the nation. In 2004, approximately 86% of children received routine immunizations before the age of three.

The crude death rate in 2003 was 7.5 deaths per 1,000 population. As of 2002, the death rates for major causes of death (per 100,000 resident population) were: heart disease, 217.7; cancer, 198.3; cerebrovascular diseases, 49.2; chronic lower respiratory diseases, 45.3; and diabetes, 24.4. The mortality rate from HIV infection was not available. In 2004, the reported AIDS case rate was at about 3.2 per 100,000 population. In 2002, about 53.5% of the population was considered overweight or obese. As of 2004, about 21.6% of state residents were smokers.

In 2003, New Hampshire had 28 community hospitals with about 2,800 beds. There were about 118,000 patient admissions that year and 3.1 million outpatient visits. The average daily inpatient census was about 1,700 patients. The average cost per day for hospital care was $1,389. Also in 2003, there were about 81 certified nursing facilities in the state with 7,811 beds and an overall occupancy rate of about 91.5%. New In 2004, it was estimated that about 77.5% of all state residents had received some type of dental care within the year. Hampshire had 267 physicians per 100,000 resident population in 2004 and 932 nurses per 100,000 in 2005. In 2004, there were a total of 795 dentists in the state.

About 10% of state residents were enrolled in Medicaid programs in 2003; 14% were enrolled in Medicare programs in 2004. Approximately 11% of the state population was uninsured in 2004. In 2003, state health care expenditures totaled $1.3 million.

SOCIAL WELFARE

In 2004, about 21,000 people received unemployment benefits, with the average weekly unemployment benefit at $251. In fiscal year 2005, the estimated average monthly participation in the food stamp program included about 52,310 persons (25,198 households); the average monthly benefit was about $80.56 per person. That year, the total of benefits paid through the state for the food stamp program was about $50.5 million, the lowest total in the nation.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), the system of federal welfare assistance that officially replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) in 1997, was reauthorized through the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. TANF is funded through federal block grants that are divided among the states based on an equation involving the number of recipients in each state. New Hampshire's TANF program for work-exempt families is called the Family Assistance Program (FAP), while aid to work-mandated families under TANF is called the New Hampshire Employment Program (NHEP). In 2004, the state program had 14,000 recipients; state and federal expenditures on this TANF program totaled $37 million in fiscal year 2003.

In December 2004, Social Security benefits were paid to 219,080 New Hampshire residents. This number included 143,580 retired workers, 18,050 widows and widowers, 30,090 disabled workers, 8,850 spouses, and 18,510 children. Social Security beneficiaries represented 16.6% of the total state population and 96.9% of the state's population age 65 and older. Retired workers received an average monthly payment of $978; widows and widowers, $948; disabled workers, $897; and spouses, $505. Payments for children of retired workers averaged $513 per month; children of deceased workers, $681; and children of disabled workers, $282. Federal Supplemental Security Income payments in December 2004 went to 13,029 New Hampshire residents, averaging $377 a month. An additional $873,000 of state-administered supplemental payments were distributed to 16,784 residents.

HOUSING

In 2004, there were 575,671 housing units in New Hampshire, 491,589 of which were occupied; 72.6% were owner-occupied. About 62.8% of all units were single-family, detached homes. Fuel oil and kerosene were the most common heating energy sources. It was estimated that 8,724 units lacked telephone service, 2,770 lacked complete plumbing facilities, and 2,725 lacked complete kitchen facilities. The average household had 2.57 members.

In 2004, 8,700 new privately owned units were authorized for construction. The median home value was $216,639. The median monthly cost for mortgage owners was $1,472. Renters paid a median of $810. In 2006, the state received over $9.2 million in community development block grants from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).

EDUCATION

In 2004, 90.8% of New Hampshire residents age 25 and older were high school graduates, significantly higher than the national average of 84%. Some 35.4% had obtained a bachelor's degree or higher, surpassing the national average of 26%.

The total enrollment for fall 2002 in New Hampshire's public schools stood at 208,000. Of these, 144,000 attended schools from kindergarten through grade eight, and 64,000 attended high school. Approximately 94.2% of the students were white, 1.4% were black, 2.4% were Hispanic, 1.7% were Asian/Pacific Islander, and 0.3% were American Indian/Alaskan Native. Total enrollment was estimated at 205,000 in fall 2003 but expected to be 193,000 by fall 2014, a decline of 7.1% during the period 200214. Expenditures for public education in 2003/04 were estimated at $2.1 billion. In fall 2003 there were 23,692 students enrolled in 165 private schools. Since 1969, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) has tested public school students nationwide. The resulting report, The Nation's Report Card, stated that in 2005 eighth graders in New Hampshire scored 285 out of 500 in mathematics compared with the national average of 278.

As of fall 2002, there were 68,523 students enrolled in college or graduate school; minority students comprised 7.2% of total post-secondary enrollment. In 2005, New Hampshire had 25 degree-granting institutions. The best-known institution of higher education is Dartmouth College, which originated in Connecticut in 1754 as Moor's Indian Charity School and was established at Hanover in 1769. When the state of New Hampshire attempted to amend Dartmouth's charter to make the institution public in the early 19th century, the US Supreme Court handed down a precedent-setting ruling prohibiting state violation of contract rights. The University of New Hampshire, the leading public institution, was founded at Hanover in 1866 and relocated at Durham in 1891. The university also has a campus in Manchester. Other colleges include Franklin Pierce College, Keene State College, and Southern New Hampshire University.

ARTS

The New Hampshire State Council on the Arts was established in 1965 with the mission of making the arts more prevalent in the community and education. In 2005, the New Hampshire State Council on the Arts and other New Hampshire arts organizations received 7 grants totaling $682,100 from the National Endowment for the Arts. State and private sources also contributed substantial funding to the state's arts programs.

As of 2006, the New Hampshire Humanities Council sponsored a number of ongoing programs including What Is New Hampshire Reading?, a statewide reading and discussion program; a Literature and Medicine series that hosts discussions on what matters in health care and why, and an annual summer Chautauqua. In 2005, the National Endowment for the Humanities contributed $743,861 to eight state programs.

Hopkins Center at Dartmouth College features musical events throughout the year. Ballet groups include Ballet New England in Portsmouth, City Center Ballet in Lebanon, and Petit Papillon in Concord. Opera groups include the Granite State Opera in Temple, and Opera North in Hanover. Classical music groups include the Nashua Chamber Orchestra, the Nashua Symphony Orchestra, the Granite State Symphony in Concord, the New England Wind Ensemble in Franklin, and the New Hampshire Philharmonic Orchestra and New Hampshire Symphony Orchestra (both in Manchester). The Lakes Region Symphony Orchestra based in Meredith, celebrated its 30th anniversary during the 2005/06 season.

The New Hampshire Music Festival in Center Harbor serves as a year-round educational institute and performing arts center and sponsors an annual summer festival featuring the New Hampshire Music Festival Orchestra. The festival began in 1952 and as of 2006 it hosted more than 160 events per year, over 50 presented during the summer festival. Monadnock Music in Peterborough is an organization sponsoring a variety of musical programs, including "Lend an Ear!"a program geared towards educating young people, primarily elementary school children, about chamber music. This program in particular served over 1600 students from 18 different schools during the 2004/05 school year.

Patricia Fargnoli, of Walpole, New Hampshire was named the state's poet laureate for the January 2006March 2009 term. She has published works that include Necessary Light and Duties of the Spirit (2005) and has won several awards such as the May Swenson Poetry Prize and the Jane Kenyon Poetry Book Award. The artist laureate as of 2006 was James Aponovich, an internationally acclaimed still life painter and teacher at the New Hampshire Institute of Art.

Principal galleries include the Currier Gallery of Art in Manchester, the University Art Gallery at the University of New Hampshire in Durham, Hood Museumthe Dartmouth College Art Museum at Hanover, and the Lamont Gallery at Phillips Exeter Academy in Exeter.

LIBRARIES AND MUSEUMS

As of December 2001, New Hampshire had 229 public library systems, with a total of 238 libraries, of which there were nine branches. The system, that same year, had a total book and serial publication stock of 5,572,000 volumes and a total combined circulation of 8,647,000. The system also had 172,000 audio and 158,000 video items, 18,000 electronic format items (CD-ROMs, magnetic tapes, and disks), and two bookmobiles. Leading academic and historical collections include Dartmouth College's Baker Memorial Library in Hanover (2,309,626 volumes); the New Hampshire State Library (519,319) and New Hampshire Historical Society Library (50,000), both in Concord; and the University of New Hampshire's Ezekiel W. Diamond Library (1,151,203) in Durham. In fiscal year 2001, operating income for the state's public library system was $35,575,000 and included $$50,000 in federal grants and $35,000 in state grants.

Among the more than 76 museums and historic sites are the Museum of New Hampshire History in Concord and the Franklin Pierce Homestead in Hillsboro.

COMMUNICATIONS

In 2004, 96.4% of New Hampshire's occupied housing units had telephones. Additionally, by June of that same year there were 686,746 mobile wireless telephone subscribers. In 2003, 71.5% of New Hampshire households had a computer and 65.2% had Internet access. By June 2005, there were 238,502 high-speed lines in New Hampshire, 223,102 residential and 15,400 for business. In 2005, the state had 32 major radio stations (7 AM, 25 FM), and 5 television stations. State residents also receive broadcasts from neighboring Massachusetts, Vermont, and Maine. A total of 38,887 Internet domain names were registered in the state in 2000.

PRESS

In 2005, New Hampshire had eight morning newspapers, four evening newspapers, and eight Sunday papers. The best-known newspaper in the state is Manchester's The Union Leader (59,384 daily and 81,144 Sunday), published by conservative William Loeb until his death in 1981. In the capital, the Concord Monitor circulates 20,107 papers daily and 22,747 on Sundays. The Dover Foster's Daily Democrat has a circulation of 22,720 for its weekday evening edition and 27,728 for the Sunday edition. The Nashua Telegraph has a circulation of 25,566 daily and 32,672 Sundays.

ORGANIZATIONS

In 2006, there were over 2,015 nonprofit organizations registered within the state, of which about 1,469 were registered as charitable, educational, or religious organizations. National organizations with headquarters in New Hampshire include the Student Conservation Association (Charlestown), Interhostel (Durham), the International Association of Reiki Professionals (Nashua), and the Academy of Applied Science (Concord). The regional Atlantic Offshore Lobstermen's Association is based in Bedford. The New Hampshire Historical Society us based in Concord. There are a number of municipal and county historical societies.

TOURISM, TRAVEL, AND RECREATION

Tourism is a major part of the economy of New Hampshire. It has been estimated that the industry brings in revenues of $8.6 billion per year and sponsors over 65,000 jobs.

Skiing, camping, hiking, and boating are the main outdoor attractions. Other attractions include Strawberry Banke, a restored village in Portsmouth; Daniel Webster's birthplace near Franklin; and the Mt. Washington Cog Railway. Merrimack Valley is the most visited area, generating 36% of all tourism revenue. There are over 72 state parks and recreation areas. Many tourists come to New Hampshire for skiing. One of the most famous natural attractions, "The Old Man on the Mountain," collapsed in May 2003. Motorsports enthusiasts can visit the New Hampshire Speedway. In 2006, Squam Lake celebrated the 25th anniversary of the filming of the feature film, On Golden Pond.

SPORTS

There are no major professional sports teams in New Hampshire, although there are minor league baseball teams in Nashua and Manchester. Major national and international skiing events are frequently held in the state, as are such other winter competitions as snowmobile races and the Annual World Championship Sled Dog Derby in Laconia. Thoroughbred, harness, and greyhound racing are the warm-weather spectator sports. The annual Whaleback Yacht Race is held in early August.

Dartmouth College competes in the Ivy League, and the University of New Hampshire belongs to the America East Conference, both Division I-AA Conferences.

The New Hampshire International Speedway, which opened in Loudon in 1994, plays host to a NASCAR Busch Series and Nextel Cup races in July and September.

FAMOUS NEW HAMPSHIRITES

Born in Hillsboro, Franklin Pierce (180469), the nation's 14th president, serving from 1853 to 1857, was the only US chief executive to come from New Hampshire. Henry Wilson (Jeremiah Jones Colbath, 181275), US vice president from 1873 to 1875, was a native of Farmington.

US Supreme Court chief justices Salmon P. Chase (180873), Harlan Fiske Stone (18721946), and David Souter (b.1939) were New Hampshirites, and Levi Woodbury (17891851) was a distinguished associate justice. John Langdon (17411819) was the first president pro tempore of the US Senate; two other US senators from New Hampshire, George Higgins Moses (b.Maine, 18691944) and Henry Styles Bridges (b.Maine, 18981961), also held this position. US cabinet members from New Hampshire included Henry Dearborn (17511829), secretary of war; Daniel Webster (17821852), secretary of state; and William E. Chandler (18351917), secretary of the Navy. Other political leaders of note were Benning Wentworth (16961770), royal governor Meshech Weare (171386), the state's leader during the American Revolution; Josiah Bartlett (b.Massachusetts, 172995), a physician, governor, and signer of the Declaration of Independence; Isaac Hill (b.Massachusetts, 17891851), a publisher, governor, and US senator; and John Parker Hale (180673), senator, antislavery agitator, minister to Spain, and presidential candidate of the Free Soil Party. John Sununu, a former Governor of New Hampshire (b.1939, Cuba) was chief of staff during the Bush administration.

Military leaders associated with New Hampshire during the colonial and Revolutionary periods include John Stark (17281822), Robert Rogers (b.Massachusetts, 173195), and John Sullivan (171095). Among other figures of note are educator Eleazar Wheelock (b.Connecticut, 171179), the founder of Dartmouth College; physicians Lyman Spaulding (17751821), Reuben D. Mussey (17801866), and Amos Twitchell (17811850), as well as Samuel Thomson (17691843), a leading advocate of herbal medicine; religious leaders Hosea Ballou (17711852), his grand-nephew of the same name (17961861), and Mary Baker Eddy (18211910), founder of Christian Science; George Whipple (18781976), winner of the 1934 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine; and labor organizer and US Communist Party leader Elizabeth Gurley Flynn (18901964).

Sarah Josepha Hale (17881879), Horace Greeley (181172), Charles Dana (181997), Thomas Bailey Aldrich (18361907), Bradford Torrey (b.Massachusetts, 18431912), Alice Brown (18571948), and J(erome) D(avid) Salinger (b.New York, 1919) are among the writers and editors who have lived in New Hampshire, along with poets Edna Dean Proctor (18291923), Celia Laighton Thaxter (182694), Edward Arlington Robinson (b.Maine, 18691935), and Robert Frost (b.California, 18741963), one of whose poetry volumes is entitled New Hampshire (1923). Painter Benjamin Champney (18171907) and sculptor Daniel Chester French (18501931) were born in New Hampshire, while Augustus Saint-Gaudens (b.Ireland, 18481907) created much of his sculpture in the state.

Vaudevillian Will Cressey (18631930) was a New Hampshire man. More recent celebrities include newspaper publisher William Loeb (b.New York, 190581) and astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr. (192398).

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Casanave, Suki. Natural Wonders of New Hampshire: Exploring Wild and Scenic Places. Lincolnwood, Ill.: Country Roads Press, 1998.

Council of State Governments. The Book of the States, 2006 Edition. Lexington, Ky.: Council of State Governments, 2006.

Dubois, Muriel L. New Hampshire Facts and Symbols. Mankato, Minn.: Hilltop Books, 2000.

Lawson, Russell M. New Hampshire. New York: Interlink Books, 2006.

Mobil Travel Guide. New England, 2004: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont. Guilford, Conn.: Globe Pequot, 2003.

Sletcher, Michael (ed.). New England. Vol. 4 in The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Regional Cultures. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2004.

US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, US Census Bureau. New Hampshire, 2000. Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics: 2000 Census of Population and Housing. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 2003.

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New Hampshire

NEW HAMPSHIRE

NEW HAMPSHIRE is roughly the shape of a fist, with its index finger pointed north. The tip of the finger forms a rough border with Quebec, Canada. Its eastern border is along the western border of Maine. What would be the bottom knuckle of the finger is New Hampshire's seacoast, only eighteen miles long, where the city of Portsmouth is found. The southern border of the state is along the northern border of Massachusetts. New Hampshire's western border is along the eastern border of Vermont. The state is 180 miles north-to-south and 93 miles at its widest, east-to-west, with an area of 9,283 square miles.

The Coastal Lowlands of the southeast were the first part of New Hampshire to be settled, partly because the fishing off the coast was extraordinarily good, attracting fishermen to settle there, and partly because there was good farmland to be found along the rivers that flowed into the sea. Even though farmers were the first to settle the rest of the state, most of New Hampshire's land is rocky and difficult to farm, The Eastern New England Upland is to the west of the Coastal Lowlands, with the north-to-south dividing line between the areas being the Merrimack River Valley, where the capital city Concord is found. Beginning in the middle of New Hampshire and extending northward are mountains, beginning with the White Mountains. The rough terrain of the north is

sparsely populated, mostly by farmers, who work in valleys and along the Androscoggin River.

There are over 40,000 miles of rivers and 1,300 lakes in New Hampshire, making it one of the wettest states in the Union, and earning the state the sobriquet "Mother of Rivers." Its border with Vermont is traced by the Connecticut River; both sides of the river belong to New Hampshire, which therefore bears most of the responsibility for building bridges over it. Much of the early colonial history of the state focuses on the Piscataqua River, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean and offered a trading route into the dense woods of ancient New Hampshire. The Merrimack River begins in the White Mountains and flows south through New Hampshire and into Massachusetts. In the southeastern foothills of the White Mountains is the Lakes Region, which includes New Hampshire's largest lake, Lake Winnipesaukee, which covers seventy-two square miles and contains 274 islands.

An imposing sight in the White Mountains is Mount Washington, which at 6,288 feet is the tallest point in New Hampshire. New Hampshire's average temperature in July is 68 degrees Fahrenheit. The winters in New Hampshire can be bitter, with the average temperature in January being 19 degrees.

Prehistory

At about 9000 b.c., a people known as Paleo-Indians occupied New Hampshire. They are hard to study in New Hampshire because they apparently lived by the sea, and the ocean level in their time was 150 feet lower than it is now, meaning many of their villages, if they had any, are now likely underwater. Around 7000 b.c. people known as Archaic Indians began to replace the Paleo-Indians. By then, New Hampshire had become very heavily forested with hundreds of different species of trees. The Archaic Indians consisted of many different cultural groups. In New Hampshire, they were nomadic, probably migrating from place to place according to the seasons, avoiding New Hampshire's very cold winters.

Around 2000 b.c., Native Americans began settling New Hampshire with small villages. From 2000 b.c. to a.d. 1000, they adopted the bow and arrow for hunting, developed sophisticated fishing techniques, and introduced agriculture. Near the end of the period, maize was introduced from the west. It is possible but unlikely that Vikings visited New Hampshire around a.d. 1004, even though there are tourist attractions in the state that claim otherwise. Before the coming of Europeans in the 1600s, the Native Americans of the New Hampshire area were divided into two cultural groups: to the north were the Abenakis, and to the south were the Pennacooks. These subdivided into seven important subgroups: the Ossipees in the north, near the Androscoggin River; the Coosucs in the west near the Connecticut River; the Winnipesaukees in the White Mountains south of the Coosucs; the Nashuas in the south, living also in what is now northern Massachusetts; the Pennacooks, who lived in the southeast and along the Merrimack River; and the Piscataquas, who lived in the southeast in the region where the city of Dover was established.

Colonial Era

Martin Pring, twenty-three years old from Bristol, England, was the first recorded European to lead an expedition to present-day New Hampshire. In 1603, his ship anchored in a bay, and he traced inland some of the Piscataqua River. In 1614, John Smith passed by along the coast during a mapping expedition and recorded the area as very heavily wooded with great mountains to the west, and he reported very favorably on what he saw. At the time, there were about 5,000 Native Americans in New Hampshire. From then on, their population declined.

In 1622, the king granted Captain John Mason of England ownership of much of the land in present-day New Hampshire. It was he, in honor of his homeland Hampshire, who gave the name "New Hampshire" to his large tracts of land. In 1622, he and Sir Ferdinando Gorges founded the Company of Laconia, which was intended to support colonization and development of Mason's holdings.

Mason and Gorges planned missions to the new lands carefully, using good ships, well provisioned with what people would need to survive in New Hampshire's climate. This planning helped make the New Hampshire colonies among the most successful in the 1600s. On 16 April 1623, David Thomson led one such mission, settling two sites near the sea. These early sites attracted fishermen because of the bountiful fishing waters in the nearby ocean, and they became very prosperous by selling salted cod to Europeans. They got along well with the local Native Americans, mostly Piscataquas and Penna-cooks, who liked trading with the new settlers and who hoped the settlers would be good allies against what seemed like imminent invasions from warlike tribes to the west and south. The Native Americans were soon struck down by the measles and other imported diseases.

In the 1630s, John Wheelwright and his followers fled the Massachusetts colony because of religious persecution by the Congregationalist Church. He founded Exeter, which in 1641 had about 1,000 people living in or near the town. His hopes for freedom of religion were not immediately realized. In 1641, the towns of New Hampshire asked for protection from Massachusetts. Among the results was the introduction of slavery in 1645. Another result was religious persecution: In the 1660s, men were hanged and women stripped bareback and whipped for being Quakers. Religious laws were burdensome and sometimes downright irrational, such as the laws that forbade rest but forbade working on Sunday.

From 1684 to 1688, Kings Charles II and James II tried to force all the New England colonies into one large province, something the colonists resented. In 1679, monarchs William and Mary declared New Hampshire a royal province. By then, Portsmouth was becoming an important site for building ships, and the tall pines of New Hampshire were being shipped to England for use on English warships.

New Hampshire was fortunate in its royal governors. In December 1717, the king appointed John Wentworth the elder to be "lieutenant governor" in charge of New Hampshire, but serving under the governor of Massachusetts. The previous lieutenant governor, George Vaughn, had been ignoring orders from Massachusetts governor Samuel Shute. Wentworth proved to be a good diplomat, easing tensions while slowly separating the administration of New Hampshire from that of Massachusetts. In 1717, a large group of Scots Irish from northern Ireland came to New Hampshire. A careful, intelligent planner, Went-worth had hoped to establish a series of settlements in the interior of his colony, and the Scots Irish proved a welcome beginning of new settlers; in 1722, they dubbed their community Londonderry.

In 1740, the king of England settled disputes over New Hampshire's borders, awarding it twenty-eight town-ships claimed by Massachusetts and establishing the colony's western border to the west of the Connecticut River. John Wentworth had died in 1730, but in 1741, his son Benning Wentworth was made governor. He was one of the most contradictory and fascinating people in New Hampshire's history. He was self-indulgent, always cut himself in on any moneymaking proposal, lived lavishly in a house that perpetually expanded, and threw many parties for playing games and eating feasts. At the same time, he was a brilliant planner. He created a policy for not only establishing new townships but also for making sure they were all equal politically and in size. He oversaw the creation of sixty-seven new towns. In 1767, he was driven out of office because as a royal governor, he had supported the much loathed stamp tax.

His nephew, John Wentworth, known as "Long John," then became the governor. He loved New Hampshire. All his life, he referred to it as home. Among the wise choices he made was the establishment of three well-trained and supplied regiments of New Hampshire militia, a prudent precaution against the possibility of Native American raids from out of state. When in 1774 the colony's assembly met to consider independence, Wentworth tried to disband it—a right he had as royal governor. The assembly moved to a tavern and held its meeting anyway. Wentworth soon had to flee to Boston. On 17 June 1775, at the Battle of Bunker Hill (actually Breed's Hill), the regiments Wentworth had made sure were ready for war put themselves to use, for they formed the majority of Americans who defended the hill against British regulars, helping prove that Americans could stand up to England's best. Of the 911 New Hampshire volunteers, 107 were killed or wounded.

Live Free or Die

In 1776, the population of New Hampshire was 82,000 and increasing. Its growing industrialization was already causing problems: Its numerous sawmills had so polluted its rivers that the native salmon had gone extinct. The number of slaves was peaking at 626, soon to decline. On 5 January 1776, New Hampshire recorded two American firsts when the Fifth Provincial Congress of New Hampshire met. It was the first state to declare independence from England; it was also the first state to write its own constitution.

Portsmouth became a major naval manufacturer with the building of three warships, including the Ranger, which John Paul Jones commanded. The seaport also outfitted hundreds of privateers, privately owned merchant ships remade into warships with permission to raid, capture, or sink British ships. The privateers were successful enough to make many investors rich. Although New Hampshire was not the site of a single major battle, it was the site of bloody fighting. Native Americans from Canada were encouraged to raid New Hampshire settlements; they would kill anyone, although they sometimes took captives to be sold into slavery. Many of the soldiers of New Hampshire were skilled woodsmen and wise in the ways of guerrilla warfare, and they often drove off the invaders. In 1777, the British planned to drive through Vermont to the sea to divide the northern colonies in two. On 16 August 1777, American forces commanded by General John Stark fought the British force at the border of New York and Vermont, near Bennington, where the Americans won, taking hundreds of British soldiers prisoner. Thirty-two years later, veterans of the battle met, but John Stark was too sick to attend; instead, he sent them a message: "Live Free or Die."

The 1775 constitution was awkward and sometimes unclear. It took until 1 July 1784, after the end of the Revolutionary War, for a more permanent constitution to be adopted. As of 2002, it was still in effect. It was prefaced by thirty-eight articles that formed New Hampshire's bill of rights. When the Articles of Confederation proved to be inadequate for America's needs, in 1787, an American constitutional convention was held, with New Hampshire sending Nicholas Gilman and John Langdon as its representatives. In Concord, in June 1888, a convention on the proposed Constitution of the United States was held. The people of New Hampshire were not about to be rushed into anything and had taken their time considering the proposal. On 21 June 1788, voting fifty-seven to forty-seven, the delegates made New Hampshire the ninth state to ratify the Constitution; the agreement had been that if nine states ratified the Constitution, then it would officially be America's governing document.

Age of the Spindle

In 1800, the population of New Hampshire was 183,858. There were eight slaves in the state then. In 1819, New Hampshire outlawed slavery and abolished debtors' prison. In 1830, the legislature declared that any adult male could vote. There were 800 to 900 African Americans in the state at the time. The Democrats gained almost absolute control over New Hampshire politics in the first couple of decades of the nineteenth century, a grip they would maintain until tripping over the issue of slavery.

In the early 1800s, canals had been built around the Amoskeag waterfalls on the Merrimack River, allowing barges to travel between Concord, and Boston. Beside those falls, four local farmers built a mill. It had eighty-five spindles for the spinning of cloth. In 1822, financier Samuel Slater was brought in to help with expansion. By 1835, there were nineteen investors, and the mill was called the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company. The investors who had made textile mills in Lowell, Massachusetts, the models of enlightened industrial development also invested in the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, buying land and laying out a model city, Manchester. From 1838 to 1846, the city grew from 500 to 10,000 in population. Amoskeag Manufacturing Company would become one of the world's industrial giants, making miles of cloth each day.

Meanwhile, prominent New Hampshire politician John Parker Hale had undergone a significant transformation. He was a stalwart Democrat; in 1835, when meeting with an abolitionist minister, he had taken the party line that slaves were merely beasts shaped like humans. While representing New Hampshire in the United States House of Representatives, he had held to his party's position. Yet, through contemplation, he changed his mind. In January 1845, he proposed legislation limiting slavery in the proposed new state of Texas. For this, the Democrats ousted him from their party. He managed to be elected to the Senate as an independent, and in 1853, he joined with dissident Democrats and some Whigs to help form the Republican Party, which called for the ending of slavery. This marked a great shift in New Hampshire politics, as over the next decade New Hampshirites joined the Republican Party, giving it a hold on local politics that it still had not lost by the 2000s.

Although New Hampshire contributed troops to the Civil War (1861–1865), major battles were not fought there. The state contributed much of the cloth used for Union uniforms and some of the munitions. The federal shipyard in Portsmouth contributed warships. In 1853, New Hampshire had passed laws restricting child labor, and throughout the nineteenth century the state passed laws further restricting child labor, and limiting hours and days industrial laborers could be required to work. In 1849, Amoskeag Manufacturing Company began manufacturing locomotives, and in 1869, the first railroad that could climb steep grades was built on Washington Mountain. It was a "cog railroad," meaning one that had a center rail that was gripped by a cogwheel attached under the center of a locomotive. In 1859, Amoskeag Manufacturing Company began producing fire engines. In 1870, farming was declining in the state, and in response the legislature created a Board of Agriculture to help farmers.

By 1895, the Boston and Maine Railroad, called the "Great Corporation," dominated the economic life of the state and was well known to use gifts to purchase votes in its favor from the legislature. In 1911, Robert Bass became governor and, helped by reform-minded members, he managed to push through the legislature laws extensively restricting child labor, a workers' compensation law, a "pure food" law, and a factory safety and inspection law. He and the legislature also created a commission to regulate public utilities and the railroads, eliminating such favors as free passes for the railroad, ending the Great Corporation's control over state politics.

In the 1920s, New Hampshire began a long shift in its economy. On 13 February 1922, the United Textile Workers struck against the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company over wages and working hours. Amoskeag already paid some of the highest wages in the textile industry and wanted to lower pay to its workers so that its products could compete with those manufactured in southern states where wages were much lower than those paid in New Hampshire. After a very unhappy nine months, the United Textile Workers accepted the terms of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, but the end of Amoskeag was in sight. By World War II (1939–1945), only a few manufacturers of specialty fabrics remained in the state.

During the middle of the twentieth century, New Hampshire's population declined. Once over 1,000,000 people, the population was 606,921 in 1960. The loss of manufacturing companies accounted for much of the exodus, but farms were failing, too. By the mid-1930s, many farms were abandoned, left to decay and yield to grasses, bushes, and trees. The land was not worth enough to sell, and there were too few buyers, anyway. World War II improved the economy; the shipyards at Portsmouth were very busy building submarines. During the 1920s and 1930s, one aspect of the economy picked up markedly: tourism.

Beautiful Land

New Hampshire is a beautiful state. In the 1920s, people from out of state would rent or purchase bungalows near beaches to spend a weekend or a whole summer relaxing. Some farmers rented rooms in their homes to vacationers, a practice that was still continuing at the turn of the twenty-first century. Writers and artists came to the state to enjoy quiet in small towns while pursuing their callings. One such writer, the American author Winston Churchill, even ran for governor in 1912.

After World War II, tourism became ever more important to the state, although it did not entirely stop the diminishing of New Hampshire's population. One effort to keep New Hampshire on people's minds was the beginning of the first-in-the-nation presidential primary in 1952. The primary brought politicians and money to the state. During the 1960s, skiers discovered the slopes of the White Mountains, some of which can support skiing into July. Traditional New Hampshire manufacturing businesses continued to decline in the 1960s, but a new group of employers discovered the state. The state's lack of income tax, its beautiful countryside, and its low crime rate were attractive to professionals. Finance and life insurance companies set up shop in the Granite State (a reference to its rocky terrain). High-technology companies also settled in New Hampshire in the hope that the skilled workers the industry needed would be attracted to a state with wonderful natural beauty. The high-technology companies established themselves in what became known as the "Golden Triangle" formed by Nashua, Manchester, and Portsmouth. By 1970, the state's population had grown to 737,681.

In 1976, the Seabrook nuclear power plant was built in New Hampshire amid protests from people who thought the plant would be dangerous. The plant went into operation in 1990. From 1989 to 1992, New Hampshire experienced a very tough recession, with 50,000 jobs leaving the state, and in 1990, Pease Air Force Base closed. The state's recovery was slow and focused on tourism, fishing, shipbuilding, and high-technology industries. In 1990, the state population was 1,113,915, and grew to almost 1,200,000 by 2000, so the state seemed to be recovering. In 1996, New Hampshire elected its first woman governor, Jeanne Shaheen. By 2000, only 7.7 percent of the people in New Hampshire lived below the federal poverty level, and the state had the third lowest crime rate among America's states.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Belknap, Jeremy. The History of New Hampshire. Boston: Belknap and Young, 1792.

Fradin, Dennis B. The New Hampshire Colony. Chicago: Children's Press (Regensteiner), 1988.

Morison, Elizabeth Forbes, and Elting E. Morison. New Hampshire: A Bicentennial History. New York: W. W. Norton, 1976.

Robinson, J. Dennis. "Seacoast NH History." http://www.SeacoastNH.com.

Squires, J. Duane. The Granite State of the United States: A History of New Hampshire from 1623 to the Present. New York: American Historical Company, 1956.

Stein, R. Conrad. New Hampshire. New York: Children's Press, 2000.

Kirk H.Beetz

See alsoNew England .

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New Hampshire

New Hampshire, one of the New England states of the NE United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts (S), Vermont, with the Connecticut River forming the boundary (W), the Canadian province of Quebec (NW), and Maine and a short strip of the Atlantic Ocean (E).

Facts and Figures

Area, 9,304 sq mi (24,097 sq km). Pop. (2010) 1,316,470, a 6.5% increase since the 2000 census. Capital, Concord. Largest city, Manchester. Statehood, June 21, 1788 (9th of the original 13 states to ratify the Constitution). Highest pt., Mt. Washington, 6,288 ft (1,918 m); lowest pt., sea level. Nickname, Granite State. Motto, Live Free or Die. State bird, purple finch. State flower, purple lilac. State tree, white birch. Abbr., N.H.; NH

Geography

The continental ice sheet once covered the entire state, scraping the mountains, eroding intervening upland areas, and rerouting water courses into precipitous streams and beautiful lakes. Across the north central part of the state the residual White Mountains of the Appalachian chain form ranges abruptly broken by passes (called notches). Between the Carter-Moriah Range and the Presidential Range in the east, the Ellis River drops 80 ft (24 m) through Pinkham Notch. West of the Presidential Range (which includes Mt. Washington, highest peak in New England at 6,288 ft/1,917 m), the cascading courses of the Ammonoosuc and Saco rivers divide it from the Franconia Mountains at Crawford Notch. To the southwest, in Franconia Notch, are Profile Lake (formerly watched over by the Old Man of the Mountain), the Basin, and the Flume, the waters of which flow into the Pemigewasset as it tumbles on its way to join the Merrimack. The northernmost gap, Dixville Notch, is surrounded by rocky pinnacles that look down upon a wild, fir-covered country abounding in lakes and streams.

South of the mountains the lake and upland area is frequently interrupted by isolated peaks called "monadnocks" from the original Great Monadnock near Jaffrey. The land surface declines westward to the broad valley of the Connecticut River, and the upper Connecticut valley (known as Coos country) is pleasantly pastoral. Practically every part of the state is within sight of, and identifies itself with, some peak. The climate varies greatly, and occasional high winds and violent storms roar through the narrow valleys. Annual precipitation is about 40 in. (102 cm), with snowfall mounting to 8 ft (2.4 m) in the mountain regions.

Concord is the capital and third largest city; the largest city is Manchester, followed by Nashua. The state's only port, Portsmouth, on the estuary of the Piscataqua River, also serves as a commercial center.

New Hampshire has 142 state parks and forests, and the White Mountains National Forest, which extends into Maine, has c.724,000 acres (293,000 hectares) in New Hampshire. The state's scenic beauty and serenity have long inspired writers and artists. Hawthorne, Whittier, and Longfellow summered in New Hampshire. Augustus Saint-Gaudens sculpted many of his finest works at the artist's colony at Cornish, and the MacDowell Colony at Peterborough is a summer haven for musicians, artists, and writers. The state is most intimately connected with the works of Robert Frost; Frost himself once said that there was not one of his poems "but has something in it of New Hampshire."

Economy

Agriculture in New Hampshire is hampered by the mountainous topography and by extensive areas of unfertile and stony soil, but farmers are helped by the cooperative marketing that has expanded since World War II. Their main sources of income are dairy products, greenhouse products, apples, cattle, and eggs.

Since the late 1800s manufacturing has been important in the state. The textile mills and factories producing leather goods (such as shoes and boots) that once lined the state's fast-moving rivers have given way to high-technology firms, many of them migrating from the Boston area and its higher tax rates. Electrical and other machinery, as well as fabricated metals and plastics, are also manufactured.

Lumbering has been important since the first sawmill was built on the Salmon Falls River in 1631. Most of the timber cut now is used in paper production. Although New Hampshire has long been known as the Granite State, its large deposits of the stone—used for building as early as 1623—are no longer extensively quarried, the use of steel and concrete in modern construction having greatly decreased the granite market. Mineral production, chiefly of sand, gravel, and stone, is today a minor factor in New Hampshire's economy.

Year-round tourism is now the state's leading industry. Many visitors come to enjoy the state's beaches, mountains, and lakes. The largest lake, Winnipesaukee, is dotted with 274 inhabitable islands, while along the Atlantic shore 18 mi (29 km) of curving beaches (many state-owned) attract vacationers. Of the rugged Isles of Shoals off the coast, three belong to New Hampshire. Originally fishing colonies, they are now used largely as summer residences.

In the winter skiers flock northward, and the state has responded to the increasing popularity of winter sports by greatly expanding its facilities. When the snows melt, skiers are replaced by hikers, rafters, and climbers. Folk crafts such as wood carving, weaving, and pottery making have been revived to meet the tourist market.

Government, Politics, and Higher Education

New Hampshire's constitution, adopted in 1784, is the second oldest in the country. New Hampshire is the only state in which amendments to the constitution must be proposed by convention; once every seven years a popular vote determines the necessity for constitutional revision. The state's executive branch is headed by a governor and five powerful administrative officers called councillors. The governor is elected for a two-year term and is traditionally limited to two successive terms. Perhaps the most unusual feature of New Hampshire politics is the size of its bicameral legislature (General Court), one of the largest representative bodies in the English-speaking world, with 24 senators and 400 representatives, all elected for two years. The state elects two senators and two representatives to the U.S. Congress and has four electoral votes.

The New Hampshire presidential primary is among the first to be held in election years and has often forecast national trends or influenced election outcomes. The primary is itself a major New Hampshire "industry." Republicans have played the dominant role in New Hampshire politics since the Civil War, but Jeanne Shaheen, a Democrat, was elected governor in 1996 and reelected in 1998 and 2000. In 2002, Republican Craig Benson was elected to the office, but he was defeated by Democrat John Lynch in 2004. Lynch was reelected in 2006, 2008, and 2010. In 2012, Maggie Hassan, a Democrat was elected governor; she was reelected in 2014.

Among the state's institutions of higher learning are the Univ. of New Hampshire, at Durham; Keene State Univ.; Dartmouth College, at Hanover; and Franklin Pierce College, at Rindge.

History

Early Settlement

The region was first explored by Martin Pring (1603) and Samuel de Champlain (1605). In 1620 the Council for New England, formerly the Plymouth Company, received a royal grant of land between lat. 40°N and 48°N. One of the Council's leaders, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, formed a partnership with Capt. John Mason and in 1622 obtained rights between the Merrimack and Kennebec rivers, then called the province of Maine. By a division Mason took (1629) the area between the Piscataqua and the Merrimack, naming it New Hampshire. Portsmouth was founded by farmers and fishermen in 1630.

Through claims based on a misinterpretation of its charter, Massachusetts annexed S New Hampshire between 1641 and 1643. Although New Hampshire was proclaimed a royal colony in 1679, Massachusetts continued to press land claims until the two colonies finally agreed on the eastern and southern boundaries (1739–41). Although they were technically independent of each other, the crown habitually appointed a single man to govern both colonies until 1741, when Benning Wentworth was made the first governor of New Hampshire alone.

Wentworth and his friends purchased the Mason rights in 1746 (see Masonian Proprietors under Mason, John, 1586–1635), laying claim to lands east of the Hudson and thereby provoking a protracted controversy with New York (see New Hampshire Grants). Although a royal order in 1764 established the Connecticut River as the western boundary of New Hampshire, the dispute flared up again during the American Revolution and was not settled until Vermont became a state.

Growth and Independence

The French and Indian Wars had prevented colonization of the inland areas, but after the wars a land rush began. Lumber camps were set up and sawmills were built along the streams. The Scotch-Irish settlers had already initiated the textile industry by growing flax and weaving linen. By the time of the Revolution many of the inhabitants had tired of British rule and were eager for independence. In Dec., 1774, a band of patriots overpowered Fort William and Mary (later Fort Constitution) and secured the arms and ammunition for their cause.

New Hampshire was the first colony to declare its independence from Great Britain and to establish its own government (Jan., 1776). New Hampshire became the ninth and last necessary state to ratify the new Constitution of the United States in 1788. New Hampshire's northern boundary was fixed in 1842 when the Webster-Ashburton Treaty set the international line between Canada and the United States.

The Slavery Question

The Democrats remained in political control until their inability to take a united antislavery stand brought about their decline. When Franklin Pierce, New Hampshire's only President of the United States (1853–57), tried to smooth over the slavery quarrel and unite his party, antislavery sentiment was strong enough to alienate many of his followers. During the Civil War, New Hampshire was a strong supporter of the Northern cause and contributed many troops to the Union forces.

Industrialization

After the war New Hampshire's economy began to emerge as primarily industrial, and population growth was steady although never spectacular. The production of woolen and cotton goods and the manufacturing of shoes led all other enterprises. The forests were rapidly and ruthlessly exploited, but in 1911 a bill was passed to protect big rivers by creating forest reserves at their headwaters, and since that time numerous conservation measures have been enacted and large tracts of woodland have been placed under state and national ownership.

Depression and Diversification

The Great Depression of the 1930s severely dislocated the state's economy, especially in the one-industry towns. The effort made then to broaden economic activities has been continually intensified. The recent establishment of important new industries such as electronics has successfully counterbalanced the departure to other states of older industries such as textiles.

In the 1980s, New Hampshire produced many new jobs and had one of the fastest growing economies in the United States. The state benefits from its close proximity to the Boston metropolitan area with its many high-technology firms, but when Massachusetts experiences a recession like that of the late 1980s and early 90s, New Hampshire is similarly affected.

Bibliography

See D. Delorme, ed., New Hampshire Atlas and Gazetteer (1983); L. W. Turner, The Ninth State: New Hampshire's Formative Years (1983); R. N. Hill, Yankee Kingdom (1984); W. G. Scheller, New Hampshire: Portrait of the Land and Its People (1988).

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New Hampshire

NEW HAMPSHIRE


Concord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181

Manchester . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

Nashua . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203

Portsmouth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213

The State in Brief

Nickname: Granite State

Motto: Live free or die

Flower: Purple lilac

Bird: Purple finch

Area: 9,350 square miles (2000; U.S. rank: 46th)

Elevation: Ranges from sea level to 6,288 feet at Mt. Washington

Climate: Moderate, with comfortable summers and long, snowy winters; weather in general is changeable and influenced by proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and the White Mountains

Admitted to Union: June 21, 1788 Capital: Concord

Head Official: Governor John Lynch (D) (until 2007)

Population

1980: 921,000

1990: 1,109,252

2000: 1,235,786

2004 estimate: 1,299,500

Percent change, 19902000: 11.4%

U.S. rank in 2004: 41st

Percent of residents born in state: 43.3% (2000)

Density: 137.8 people per square mile (2000)

2002 FBI Crime Index Total: 28,306

Racial and Ethnic Characteristics (2000)

White: 1,186,851

Black or African American: 9,035

American Indian and Alaska Native: 2,964

Asian: 15,931

Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 371

Hispanic or Latino (may be of any race): 20,489

Other: 7,420

Age Characteristics (2000)

Population under 5 years old: 75,685

Population 5 to 19 years old: 268,480

Percent of population 65 years and over: 12%

Median age: 37.1 years (2000)

Vital Statistics

Total number of births (2003): 14,398

Total number of deaths (2003): 9,756 (infant deaths, 52)

AIDS cases reported through 2003: 530

Economy

Major industries: Manufacturing, tourism, trade, mining, agriculture

Unemployment rate: 3.4% (April 2005)

Per capita income: $34,703 (2003; U.S. rank: 7th)

Median household income: $55,166 (3-year average, 2001-2003)

Percentage of persons below poverty level: 6% (3-year average, 2001-2003)

Income tax rate: None on earned income; 5% on interest and dividends (with some exceptions); 7% business profits tax

Sales tax rate: None

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New Hampshire

New Hampshire State in ne USA, on the Canadian border; the capital is Concord. The first settlement was made in 1623. Much of the land is mountainous and forested. The principal rivers are the Connecticut and the Merrimack, and there are more than 1000 lakes. Farming is restricted by poor, stony soil, and is mostly concentrated in the Connecticut valley. Dairy and market garden produce, hay, apples, and potatoes are the chief products. New Hampshire is highly industrialized. There is hydroelectricity. Industries: electrical machinery, paper and wood products, printing and publishing, leather goods, textiles. Area: 24,097sq km (9304sq mi). Pop. (2000) 1,235,786.

Statehood :

June 21, 1788

Nickname :

The Granite State

State bird :

Purple finch

State flower :

Purple lilac

State tree :

White birch

State motto :

Live free or die

http://www.state.nh.us

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New Hampshire

NEW HAMPSHIRE


Dutch, English, and French explorers navigated the coast of New England before the first English settlement in New Hampshire was established along the Piscataqua River in 1623. At this time New Hampshire was still a province of Massachusetts (it did not separate until 1740). White settlers began to move up the Merrimack and Connecticut river valleys in the 1700s, virtually eliminating the Native American population of the area.

During this period the province's economy was based on fishing, farming, timber harvests, and shipping. Portsmouth became the capital and a busy commercial port. Transportation from Portsmouth to the inland areas was difficult, however, because all travel had to go north or south around the mountains. Thus Boston, not Portsmouth, became New England's busiest trading center. In 1776 New Hampshire was the first of the original 13 colonies to establish an independent government, doing so even before the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed.

During the nineteenth century the textile industry became the most prominent industry in the state. Textile mills were especially plentiful along the Merrimack River. The first workers were generally young "mill girls" who came from neighboring farms to supplement their families' meager incomes. A huge demand for textiles later brought European immigrants to do mill work. Around 1860 French Canadian workers also began flocking south to find work. Meanwhile, farming in the state declined, mostly because of poor soil and rocky terrain.

The growth of what later became the city of Manchester is an interesting case study in how the mill towns developed. The Amoskeag Manufacturing Company was started in 1837 by manufacturers who had worked at the famous Lowell, Massachusetts, mills. In addition to several mills, a whole town was laid out with town squares, schools, churches, parks, and cemeteries, and six block of tenements for the workers and their families. Within eight years the city which grew there increased in population from 50 to 10,000 and the mills were producing the equivalent of 22 miles of yard goods a day for worldwide distribution.

Railroads were making headway during this period as well, despite ambivalence among the populace about how this new mode of transportation would alter New Hampshire life. Railroad companies were granted 123 charters in 1846 and 1847, and soon New Hampshire had more miles of track than most other New England states. Regulations on the railroads and on industry passed by the state legislature, however, limited capital growth in the state in the 20 years before the American Civil War (186165).


Ten years after the war people were employed in manufacturing and farming in approximately equal numbers. Like other New England states, however, New Hampshire was experiencing a loss of population as many citizens left the state for newly opened western territories. Farming the rocky soil of New Hampshire was an unattractive option compared to the possibility of a large plot of good farm land in Ohio or Iowa. In 1839 about half the land in the state was agricultural, but by 1870 that percentage had dropped to 39, with more decreases in succeeding decades.

In the southern section of the state mill towns developed where farm land and small villages had been. Elizabeth and Elting Morison observed in their history of the state that on the Merrimack River, "the continuous line of red brick along the water was, in fact, the west wall of a dense and complicated network of mill structures that, threaded by narrow and tortuous passages, extended well inland." These large factories were full of modern machinery, and some began to turn themselves to the production of other industrial products, such as steam engines and rifles.

Besides textile mills, lumbering continued to be an important industry in New Hampshire. The city of Berlin in north-central New Hampshire was the center for lumbering activity. Firms like the Brown Company sent workers out to cut logs, transport them to the Androscoggin River, and float them down river to the mills in massive log drives. This demanding work was done mostly by immigrants from French Canada, Norway, Germany, and Russia.

Taking advantage of its mountains and its rural appeal, New Hampshire developed a thriving tourist business in the later half of the nineteenth century. Throughout the White Mountains large resort hotels such as the Glen House and the Mount Washington Hotel sprang up, and "summer places" built by well-to-do easterners began to dot the landscape. Other mountain and lake resorts and cottages were built for the less wealthy. Musicians and artists began to establish colonies in towns like North Conway. By the turn of the century it was estimated that the state was earning $700,000 annually from the "summer people." New Hampshire continued to promote tourism in the twentieth century; it ranked second only to manufacturing in the state's economy in the 1990s.

The last decade of the nineteenth century in New Hampshire was marked by an increase in the power of the railroads, primarily the Boston and Maine. Railroad influence penetrated the state government and it was not curbed until 1911, when a progressively oriented governor and legislature enacted laws to regulate private corporations and public utilities. These reforms preceded similar ones which would be enacted throughout the nation in the coming two decades.

By the early 1920s the New Hampshire textile industry was beginning to decline. A strike at the Amoskeag mills in 1922 only served to highlight the inevitable fact that mills in the South, where much of the raw materials for New Hampshire's mills was produced, were slowly eroding the profitability of those in the New England. Between 1880 and 1925 the number of mill spindles doubled in New England, but in the South this number increased thirty-fold. In 1950 one New Hampshire town which once had six working mills was reduced to one millthis scenario was repeated throughout the state.

The Great Depression added to an already declining economy, and the postWorld War II drop-off in demand for textiles brought severe recession to many New Hampshire towns. Only logging and paper manufacture in the northern part of the state were moderately prosperous. The state's population and employment levels both dropped substantially.

In the 1970s and 1980s, however, the southern part of the state began to make a comeback. Interstate highways, the proximity of Boston, and low state taxes helped to encourage people and new high-technology industry to move into the state. Between 1960 and 1988 the state's population doubled, straining government services and increasing local taxes. Most of the newcomers were relatively more affluent and better educated than the natives of the state. A recession in the early 1990s slowed, but did not stop, this progress.

Modern New Hampshire is one of the most industrialized states in the nation. The state's per capita income in 1996 was over $26,000, ranked eighth in the nation. Only 5.3 percent of its citizens were below the federal poverty level in that year.


FURTHER READING

Clark, Charles E. The Eastern Frontier: The Settlement of Northern New England, 16101763. New York: Knopf, 1970.

Federal Writers' Project. New Hampshire: A Guide to the Granite State. 1938. Reprint. New York: Somerset, n.d.

Morison, Elizabeth Forbes, and Elting E. Morison. New Hampshire: A Bicentennial History. New York: Norton, 1976.

Squires, J. Duane. The Granite State of the United States: A History of New Hampshire from 1623 to the Present. 4 vols. New York: American Historical Co., 1956.

Stacker, Ann P. and Nancy C. Hefferman. Short History of New Hampshire. Grantham, NH: Thompson and Rutter, 1985.

new hampshire was the first of the original 13 colonies to establish an independent government. it did so in 1776, even before the declaration of independence was proclaimed.

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New Hampshire, University of

University of New Hampshire, main campus at Durham; land-grant and state supported; coeducational; chartered 1866, opened 1868 as the state college of agriculture and mechanic arts, a division of Dartmouth College, at Hanover. It moved in 1892 and in 1923 became the Univ. of New Hampshire. In addition to agriculture and university extension services, it operates agricultural and engineering experiment stations at Durham. The school maintains the Earth, Ocean, and Space Center and a noteworthy creative arts center. There is also a campus at Manchester. In 1963 the state colleges at Keene and Plymouth became part of the university system.

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New Hampshire

NEW HAMPSHIRE

NEW HAMPSHIRE , one of the New England states, located in northeastern United States. One of the original thirteen colonies which broke from England in 1776, in 2005 it ranked 46th in area of the 50 states and 41st in population. While no accurate demographics are available, the best estimate is that 12,000 to 14,000 Jews lived within this small state (9,351 square miles, 1,299,500 inhabitants in 2005). The Jewish population is concentrated in the more urban south and southeast section (Manchester, Concord, Nashua, Portsmouth, and the seacoast).

The state was not always hospitable to its Jewish citizens (or Roman Catholics, for that matter) for the first state constitution in 1784 limited office-holding to Protestants. That requirement was in force until 1877 when the document was amended to remove religious qualifications. However, the number of Jewish inhabitants was small. Early records name William Abrams and Aaron Moses as having moved from New Castle on the coast to Sanbornton in 1693. A list of grants to settlers in 1770 included Joseph Levy, a settler near the present Ossipee. In 1862, the American Israelite reported that a minyan had gathered in Manchester to observe the holidays, but no further report followed. In 1880, a J. Wolf was the first recorded permanent Jewish resident. Ten years later the first congregation in the State, Adath Yeshurun, was organized.

A second Manchester synagogue, Anshei Sfard (now Temple Israel) followed in 1897 as a dissident breakaway from the Adath Yeshurun group. The first building erected as a synagogue anywhere in New Hampshire was built in 1911 to house the older shul and soon thereafter (1917) Anshei Sfard also built its own place of worship. Meanwhile, both congregations had purchased cemetery land, adjacent to each other but separated by a fence. The fence stood until 1946 when elders from the two congregations decided to build a memorial chapel on the dividing line and removed the fence as part of the project.

The early Jewish settlers (particularly from the influx escaping the problems of eastern Europe) came as small merchants and trades people. Few, if any, worked in Manchester's huge Amoskeag textile mills. The first peddlers became merchants, and the downtown areas of Manchester, Nashua, Dover, Portsmouth. Keene, and Claremont soon had numbers of Jewish entrepreneurs. Professional people, lawyers, physicians, dentists, teachers began to appear, often from the first generation of native born Americans. At the same time, economic and political influence grew. No Jews served on the state's bench until Harry Lichman was appointed a probate judge in Keene and Bernard Snierson a municipal court judge in Laconia in the mid-1940s. No Jewish judge served on the Superior Court bench until Philip Hollman in 1987, and no federal judge until Norman Stahl was appointed to the Federal District Court in 1990 (in 2005 he was a senior judge for the U.S. Court of Appeals on the First Circuit). Jews joined bank boards in the late 1940s, Saul Greenspan and Milton Machinist, both in Manchester, being the first, and Jews became members of boards of trustees of the Manchester Historic Association, the Currier Gallery (now Museum) of Art, and the nh Historical Society.

The Jewish community also established its own non-synagogue groups. A ym-ywha was founded in Manchester in 1906. Over time, the organization metamorphosed into a Jewish Community Center with a community Hebrew school, and later, in the 1970s, into the Jewish Federation. In 2005 the Jewish Federation of Greater Manchester became the Jewish Federation of New Hampshire as the only Jewish social agency

in the State. The Federation produces a monthly newspaper mailed to every identified Jewish household in nh. The mailing list totals 3,100.

New Hampshire's role in national elections from the beginnings of the preferential primary in 1954 grew and Jewish citizens, always alert to the political scene, have been involved at many levels in the national campaigns. Gerald Carmen, Republican activist and state chairman in the first Ronald Reagan campaign, went on to serve as General Services Administrator in Washington and in a State Department role at the League of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. Jewish voters tended to be Democrats, but many were Republicans. Several have served in the 400-member New Hampshire General Court and a number in the State Senate as well. Saul Feldman of Manchester was probably the first Jewish General Court member in the late 1950s. Manchester lawyer Samuel Green served in the New Hampshire Senate and as its president from 1961 to 1963. During a period of Governor Wesley Powell's illness, Green stepped in as acting governor. In 2005, Debora Pignatelli of Nashua, former legislator, was a member of the five-person Governor's Council. Warren *Rudman, a Republican and former attorney general (an appointive post) served as United States Senator from 1980 to 1993 when he declined to seek re-election.

While there were remnants of discrimination ("No Jews" signs were found in White Mountain resort areas until the 1940s), many barriers dropped after World War ii. The state's two largest institutions of higher education (Dartmouth College in Hanover and the University of New Hampshire in Durham) certainly were not friendly to Jewish faculty until after World War ii. Dartmouth had only two Jewish faculty members in the early 1940s, and unh one (in the engineering school) until 1954 when historian Hans Heilbronner was hired in the College of Liberal Arts. Since then Dartmouth has had two Jewish presidents (John Kemeny, 1970–81, and James O. Freedman, a Manchester native, from 1989 to 1998); unh has had one, Evelyn Handler (1980–83) who left to become president of Brandeis University. Dartmouth, which has the smallest percentage of Jews among its student body of all the Ivy League Colleges, has long had a distinguished Judaic Studies program. Jacob *Neusner, Arthur *Hertzberg, Steven *Katz, Marshall *Meyer and the current incumbent Susannah Heschel have all served on its faculty.

The demise of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in 1936 left the largest nh city with a vast surplus of industrial space and a large pool of skilled workers. A concerted effort to attract new employers brought numbers of Jewish manufacturers to New Hampshire. The Blums and Sidores brought Pandora Industries to the city, the Greenspans Waumbec Mills, the Cohens BeeBee Shoe, Boston's Gordon brothers, js and bd, opened Hampshire Designers and mkm, both textile manufacturers. Until the migration of garment work overseas in the 1980s, there was a thriving Jewish presence in soft goods manufacturing. At the same time, growth in high tech industry with many Jewish participants replaced some of the old industrial base and the number of Jewish professional men and women grew enormously.

As the Jewish population increased, new synagogues have been established in towns like Amherst and Derry, home to few Jews two generations ago. In 2005 there were fifteen synagogues or temples about the state, and most had full-time rabbis. The immigrant community was hardly distinguishable from the general community.

[David G. Stahl (2nd ed.)]

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New Hampshire

New Hampshire

■ CHESTER COLLEGE OF NEW ENGLAND P-7

40 Chester St.
Chester, NH 03036-4331
Tel: (603)887-4401
Free: 800-974-6372
Admissions: (603)887-7400
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.chestercollege.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 75-acre rural campus with easy access to Boston. Endowment: $3.1 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3868 per student. Total enrollment: 217. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 219 applied, 57% were admitted. 7% from top 10% of their high school class, 24% from top quarter, 29% from top half. Students come from 11 states and territories, 1 other country, 44% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.5% international, 6% 25 or older, 52% live on campus. Retention: 69% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: visual and performing arts; English. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.2 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, interview. Recommended: minimum 2.7 high school GPA, portfolio. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $22,565 includes full-time tuition ($14,700), mandatory fees ($265), and college room and board ($7600). Part-time tuition: $465 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $500 per year.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 7 open to all; 15% of eligible men and 24% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: student government, Running Club, Green Life (Recycling), Filmmakers Club, Drama Club. Major annual events: Commencement, Fall/Spring Convocation, Open House. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, regular patrols by trained security personnel. 102 college housing spaces available; 90 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Option: coed housing available. Wadleigh Library with 27,000 books, 355 microform titles, 60 serials, 400 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $52,635. 29 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Chester is a small town in close proximity to larger towns and cities such as Derry, Manchester and Boston.

■ COLBY-SAWYER COLLEGE M-4

541 Main St.
New London, NH 03257-7835
Tel: (603)526-3000
Free: 800-272-1015
Admissions: (603)526-3700
Fax: (603)526-3452
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.colby-sawyer.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1837. Setting: 200-acre small town campus. Endowment: $21.3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6486 per student. Total enrollment: 971. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 11:1. 1,474 applied, 90% were admitted. Full-time: 954 students, 64% women, 36% men. Part-time: 17 students, 65% women, 35% men. Students come from 23 states and territories, 5 other countries, 70% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 0.3% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 3% 25 or older, 87% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 79% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; psychology; parks and recreation. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at The New Hampshire College and University Council, American University. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, minimum of 15 units of college preparatory work, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 4/1, 12/1 for early decision. Notification: 1/1, 12/15 for early decision.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $45. Comprehensive fee: $36,250 includes full-time tuition ($26,350) and college room and board ($9900). College room only: $5600. Part-time tuition: $880 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 40 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, campus radio station, Alpha Chi Honor Society, Outing Club. Major annual events: Mountain Day, Spring Weekend, Hogan Games. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, awareness seminars. 867 college housing spaces available; 826 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Susan Colgate Cleveland Library Learning Center with 90,055 books, 203,532 microform titles, 514 serials, 2,099 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $465,625. 189 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Located in west central New Hampshire, New London enjoys a very agreeable climate and is a summer and winter tourist haven. Lake Sunapee is ten minutes west of New London and Mount Sunapee Ski Area is approximately twenty minutes away. There are excellent stores and specialty shops along with hotels, inns and lodges that are found in a resort area. Recreation includes winter skiing, hiking, biking, and seasonal fishing in lakes and streams.

■ DANIEL WEBSTER COLLEGE Q-6

20 University Dr.
Nashua, NH 03063-1300
Tel: (603)577-6000
Free: 800-325-6876
Admissions: (603)577-6604
Fax: (603)577-6001
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.dwc.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 50-acre suburban campus with easy access to Boston. Endowment: $1.3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7065 per student. Total enrollment: 1,109. 642 applied, 79% were admitted. 9% from top 10% of their high school class, 23% from top quarter, 51% from top half. Full-time: 823 students, 25% women, 75% men. Part-time: 227 students, 33% women, 67% men. Students come from 24 states and territories, 17 other countries, 46% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 10% 25 or older, 80% live on campus, 3% transferred in. Retention: 56% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at members of the New Hampshire College and University Council. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: 1 recommendation, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $31,405 includes full-time tuition ($22,130), mandatory fees ($825), and college room and board ($8450).

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 17 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Activities Board, Theatre Guild, Ice Hockey Club, student government, jazz band. Major annual events: Parents' Weekend-Casino Night, Commencement, Ski Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 500 college housing spaces available. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Ann Bridge Baddour Library and Learning Center with 34,195 books, 60,064 microform titles, 440 serials, 1,439 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $460,000. 137 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Rivier College.

■ DARTMOUTH COLLEGE

Hanover, NH 03755
Tel: (603)646-1110
Admissions: (603)646-2875
Fax: (603)646-1216
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.dartmouth.edu/

Description:

Independent, university, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees. Founded 1769. Setting: 265-acre small town campus. Endowment: $2.1 billion. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $156.7 million. Total enrollment: 5,780. Faculty: 633 (493 full-time, 140 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 8:1. 12,756 applied, 17% were admitted. 88% from top 10% of their high school class, 100% from top half. Full-time: 4,050 students, 50% women, 50% men. Part-time: 60 students, 50% women, 50% men. Students come from 54 states and territories, 47 other countries, 96% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 7% black, 13% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 5% international, 0% 25 or older, 83% live on campus, 0.3% transferred in. Retention: 98% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: social sciences; history; psychology. Core. Services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at members of the Twelve College Exchange Program, University of California, San Diego, McGill University, Morehouse College, Spelman College, Stanford University. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, peer evaluation, SAT and SAT Subject Tests or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: most difficult. Application deadlines: 1/1, 11/1 for early decision. Notification: 4/10, 12/15 for early decision.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $70. Comprehensive fee: $41,436 includes full-time tuition ($31,770), mandatory fees ($276), and college room and board ($9390). College room only: $5640. Room and board charges vary according to board plan.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 250 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 50% of eligible men and 48% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: student government, Outing Club, intramural sports, community service, performing arts organizations. Major annual events: Dartmouth Night/Homecoming, Winter Carnival, Green Key Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Baker-Berry Library plus 10 others with an OPAC and a Web page. 200 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The northern New England surroundings and the small town pleasantness of Hanover are very much a part of undergraduate life. Located in the central western part of New Hampshire, Hanover is bordered by the Connecticut River dividing New Hampshire and Vermont. The rural location provides unsurpassed facilities and opportunities for all forms of outdoor recreation. Hanover provides convenient student shopping facilities, and is easily accessible to all major transportation centers in New England and New York by interstate highway, bus and commuter airline service. Boston, two hours away by car, is the nearest large metropolitan area.

■ FRANKLIN PIERCE COLLEGE Q-3

20 College Rd., PO Box 60
Rindge, NH 03461-0060
Tel: (603)899-4000
Free: 800-437-0048
Admissions: (603)899-4050
Fax: (603)899-4372
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.fpc.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees (profile does not reflect significant enrollment at 6 continuing education sites; master's degree is only offered at these sites). Founded 1962. Setting: 1,000-acre rural campus. Endowment: $6.2 million. Total enrollment: 1,635. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 4,068 applied, 74% were admitted. 1% from top 10% of their high school class, 21% from top quarter, 51% from top half. Full-time: 1,596 students, 49% women, 51% men. Part-time: 39 students, 67% women, 33% men. Students come from 32 states and territories, 18 other countries, 83% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 2% 25 or older, 87% live on campus, 2% transferred in. Retention: 66% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: visual and performing arts; business/marketing; communications/journalism. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at 12 members of the New Hampshire College and University Council. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $33,500 includes full-time tuition ($24,300), mandatory fees ($1000), and college room and board ($8200). College room only: $4600. Part-time tuition: $810 per credit.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 32 open to all. Most popular organizations: Outing Club, WFPR-Radio, Student Senate, Law Club, Business Club. Major annual events: Fall Weekend, Crimson and Grey Cultural Series, Alternative Spring Break. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,389 college housing spaces available; 1,370 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Option: coed housing available. Franklin Pierce College Library plus 1 other with 110,210 books, 26,111 microform titles, 10,985 serials, 10,589 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 109 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Rindge is a rural community with a temperate climate. Cathedral of the Pines, an outdoor international shrine for people of all faiths, is located here. Numerous lakes in the area provide facilities for boating and fishing. There is limited part-time work for students off campus.

■ GRANITE STATE COLLEGE N-6

125 North State St.
Concord, NH 03301
Tel: (603)228-3000
Fax: (603)229-0964
Web Site: http://www.granite.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 4-year, coed. Part of University System of New Hampshire. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees (offers primarily part-time degree programs; courses offered at 50 locations in New Hampshire). Founded 1972. Setting: rural campus. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.1 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4337 per student. Total enrollment: 1,827. Students come from 7 states and territories, 7% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 79% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at other units of the University System of New Hampshire and the New Hampshire College and University Council.

Entrance Requirements:

Required for some: ACCUPLACER. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Social organizations: 1 open to all. Most popular organization: Alumni Learner Association. College housing not available. 128 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ HESSER COLLEGE O-6

3 Sundial Ave.
Manchester, NH 03103-7245
Tel: (603)668-6660
Free: 800-526-9231
Web Site: http://www.hesser.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of Quest Education Corporation. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees (also offers a graduate law program with Massachusetts School of Law at Andover). Founded 1900. Setting: 1-acre urban campus with easy access to Boston. Total enrollment: 3,398. 1,725 applied, 91% were admitted. 12% from top 10% of their high school class, 20% from top quarter, 68% from top half. Full-time: 2,104 students, 67% women, 33% men. Part-time: 1,294 students, 78% women, 22% men. Students come from 12 states and territories, 25% 25 or older, 50% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT. Required for some: essay, recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $10. Comprehensive fee: $18,940 includes full-time tuition ($11,340), mandatory fees ($1000), and college room and board ($6600). College room only: $3600. Part-time tuition: $410 per credit.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run radio station. Social organizations: 7 open to all; local fraternities. Most popular organizations: student government, Ski Club, Amnesty International, yearbook, student ambassadors. Major annual events: Job Fair, Orientation. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 400 college housing spaces available; 350 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Option: coed housing available. Kenneth W. Galeucia Memorial Library with 38,000 books, 200 serials, 60 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 60 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Saint Anselm College.

■ KEENE STATE COLLEGE P-2

229 Main St.
Keene, NH 03435
Tel: (603)352-1909
Free: 800-572-1909
Admissions: (603)358-2273
Fax: (603)358-2767
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.keene.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of University System of New Hampshire. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1909. Setting: 160-acre small town campus. Endowment: $10 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4485 per student. Total enrollment: 4,846. Faculty: 409 (187 full-time, 222 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 3,527 applied, 76% were admitted. 4% from top 10% of their high school class, 21% from top quarter, 60% from top half. Full-time: 4,170 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 559 students, 54% women, 46% men. Students come from 30 states and territories, 11 other countries, 47% from out-of-state, 0.1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 0.4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 11% 25 or older, 56% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 77% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; psychology; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at members of the New Hampshire College and University Council. Study abroad program. ROTC: Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 4/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. State resident tuition: $5780 full-time, $241 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,050 full-time, $544 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $2038 full-time, $77 per credit part-time. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and degree level. College room and board: $7027. College room only: $4700. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 80 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 3% of eligible men and 3% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Social Activities Council, Concerned Students Coalition, Pride, Habitat for Humanity, Sports Club. Major annual events: Pumpkin Festival, Parent and Family Weekend, Spring Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 2,391 college housing spaces available; 2,340 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Mason Library with 1 million microform titles, 958 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.8 million. 500 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Keene, population 22,000, is located in the southwest corner of New Hampshire, 90 miles from Boston. All forms of commercial transportation are available. Keene is a city of diversified industry with metal and machine industries the most important. There are a number of churches, a community hospital and library serving the area. One of the most popular resorts in the state, Keene has many lakes and ponds within a 20-mile radius as well as golf courses and facilities for winter sports. A number of covered bridges may be seen on side roads off State Highway 10 between Keene and Winchester.

■ MAGDALEN COLLEGE N-4

511 Kearsarge Mountain Rd.
Warner, NH 03278
Tel: (603)456-2656; 877-498-1723
Fax: (603)456-2660
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.magdalen.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, 4-year, coed. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1973. Setting: 135-acre small town campus. Endowment: $1 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3800 per student. Total enrollment: 73. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 8:1. 49 applied, 78% were admitted. Full-time: 72 students, 53% women, 47% men. Part-time: 1 student, 100% women. Students come from 17 states and territories, 1 other country, 93% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 13% Hispanic, 1% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 4% international, 3% 25 or older, 100% live on campus, 0% transferred in. Retention: 85% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic area with the most degrees conferred: liberal arts/general studies. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, part-time degree program, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: early admission, early decision. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, interview, medical examination form, SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 5/1, 1/1 for early decision.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $17,250 includes full-time tuition ($10,750) and college room and board ($6500).

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group. Most popular organizations: performance choir, polophony choir, Drama Club, intramural sports, leisure activities programs. Major annual events: Parents' Weekend, Christmas Party, Winter Rest. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, student patrols. 120 college housing spaces available; 65 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. St. Augustine Learning Center plus 1 other with 26,000 books and 10 serials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2500. 6 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ MCINTOSH COLLEGE N-9

23 Cataract Ave.
Dover, NH 03820-3990
Tel: (603)742-1234
Free: 800-McINTOSH
Fax: (603)742-7292
Web Site: http://www.mcintoshcollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1896. Setting: 11-acre small town campus with easy access to Boston. Total enrollment: 750. 2,250 applied, 33% were admitted. 8% from top 10% of their high school class, 23% from top quarter, 69% from top half. Students come from 20 states and territories, 10% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 9% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 65% 25 or older, 25% live on campus. Retention: 96% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $15. Comprehensive fee: $25,085 includes full-time tuition ($15,600), mandatory fees ($125), and college room and board ($9360). Part-time tuition: $443 per credit. Tuition guaranteed not to increase for student's term of enrollment.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group. Social organizations: 10 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Activities Committee, Drama Club, Business Club, Culture Club, Collegiate Secretaries International. Major annual events: Octoberfest, Spring Fling, Graduation Dinner/Dance. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, controlled dormitory access. 240 college housing spaces available; 185 were occupied in 2003-04. Option: coed housing available. McIntosh College Library with 11,000 books and 130 serials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $45,000. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The oldest permanent settlement in New Hampshire, Dover was founded in 1623 by fishermen and traders. Primarily a manufacturing center, industries produce electrical and electronic equipment, shoes, machinery and sporting goods. Part-time jobs are available. Trains and buses are convenient; airlines service nearby Portsmouth, and Dover does enjoy all the cultural and recreational advantages of that city.

■ NEW ENGLAND COLLEGE N-4

7 Main St.
Henniker, NH 03242-3293
Tel: (603)428-2211
Free: 800-521-7642
Admissions: (603)428-2223
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nec.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1946. Setting: 225-acre small town campus with easy access to Boston. Endowment: $4.9 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5436 per student. Total enrollment: 1,380. Faculty: 152 (57 full-time, 95 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 11:1. 1,817 applied, 83% were admitted. 9% from top 10% of their high school class, 29% from top quarter, 68% from top half. 5 class presidents, 22 student government officers. Full-time: 972 students, 51% women, 49% men. Part-time: 69 students, 68% women, 32% men. Students come from 33 states and territories, 16 other countries, 67% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 2% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 6% 25 or older, 68% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 63% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; psychology; parks and recreation. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at members of the New Hampshire College and University Council. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 3 recommendations. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. Comprehensive fee: $31,466 includes full-time tuition ($22,366), mandatory fees ($644), and college room and board ($8456). College room only: $4398. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to class time, course load, degree level, location, and program. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $1065 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $198 per term. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to class time, course load, degree level, location, and program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 27 open to all; national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 10% of eligible men and 10% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Campus Activities Board, T.E.A.C.H. (Taking Education Across Children's Horizons), International Student Association. Major annual events: Midnight Madness, Winter Carnival, Spring Fling Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. 671 college housing spaces available; 636 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. Danforth Library with 100,000 books, 35,000 microform titles, 15,300 serials, 950 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $376,195. 148 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The campus is situated in an area abounding in natural beauty. Henniker, a village of 3,200, is located on the Contoocook River in a mountainous area of New Hampshire 85 miles from Boston and 15 miles from Concord, the capital. The campus facilities are located throughout Henniker allowing students easy walking access to stores and restaurants. Alpine skiing and snowboarding are available at Pat's Peak two miles from Henniker. Other outdoor recreational facilities abound in the surrounding area.

■ NEW HAMPSHIRE COMMUNITY TECHNICAL COLLEGE, BERLIN/LACONIA F-7

2020 Riverside Dr.
Berlin, NH 03570-3717
Tel: (603)752-1113
Free: 800-445-4525
Web Site: http://www.berlin.nhctc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Hampshire Community Technical College System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1966. Setting: 325-acre rural campus. Total enrollment: 2,080. 5% from top 10% of their high school class, 12% from top quarter, 65% from top half. Full-time: 708 students, 46% women, 54% men. Part-time: 1,372 students, 67% women, 33% men. Students come from 6 states and territories, 9% from out-of-state, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% Hispanic, 0.1% black, 0.2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 3% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, placement test, ACT ASSET. Required for some: essay. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $10. State resident tuition: $164 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $376 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $4 per credit part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Most popular organization: Student Senate. Student services: personal-psychological counseling, women's center. College housing not available. Fortier Library with 10,000 books, 15 microform titles, 160 serials, 50 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. 65 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ NEW HAMPSHIRE COMMUNITY TECHNICAL COLLEGE, MANCHESTER/STRATHAM O-6

1066 Front St.
Manchester, NH 03102-8518
Tel: (603)668-6706
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.manchester.nhctc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Hampshire Community Technical College System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1945. Setting: 60-acre urban campus with easy access to Boston. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $35,000. Total enrollment: 2,944. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 2,800 applied, 90% were admitted. Students come from 5 states and territories. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview. Recommended: recommendations. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $10. Area resident tuition: $3936 full-time, $164 per credit part-time. State resident tuition: $5904 full-time, $246 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $9024 full-time, $376 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $5 per credit part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 4 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Phi Theta Kappa, American Society of Welders, Student Nurses Association. Major annual events: Spring Formal, graduation. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: trained security personnel. College housing not available. New Hampshire Community Technical College Library plus 1 other with 18,000 books, 160 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $66,600. 210 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ NEW HAMPSHIRE COMMUNITY TECHNICAL COLLEGE, NASHUA/CLAREMONT Q-6

505 Amherst St.
Nashua, NH 03063-1026
Tel: (603)882-6923
Fax: (603)882-8690
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ncctc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Hampshire Community Technical College System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1967. Setting: 66-acre urban campus with easy access to Boston. Total enrollment: 1,639. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 9:1. 1 valedictorian. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, self-designed majors, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview. Recommended: recommendations. Required for some: recommendations, nursing exam. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $10. State resident tuition: $5248 full-time, $164 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,032 full-time, $376 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $512 full-time, $16 per credit part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 11 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Phi Theta Kappa, AmeriCorp, Paralegal Club, Ski Club. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. Walter B. Peterson Library and Media Center with 22,000 books, 250 serials, and an OPAC. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ NEW HAMPSHIRE INSTITUTE OF ART O-6

148 Concord St.
Manchester, NH 03104-4158
Tel: (603)623-0313
Admissions: (866)241-4918
Fax: (603)641-1832
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nhia.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1898. Setting: urban campus with easy access to Boston, MA. Total enrollment: 180. 75 applied, 83% were admitted. Full-time: 135 students, 66% women, 34% men. Part-time: 45 students, 84% women, 16% men. Students come from 6 states and territories, 9% from out-of-state, 1% Hispanic, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 33% 25 or older, 15% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Summer session for credit, part-time degree program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, recommendations, portfolio, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: minimally difficult.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Tuition: $10,950 full-time, $365 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $1130 full-time, $466 per year part-time. College room only: $5700. Room charges vary according to housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Major annual event: Student Art Exhibitions. 72 college housing spaces available; 30 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: coed, women-only housing available. New Hampshire Institute of Art Library with 5,000 books, 5 microform titles, 55 serials, 1,000 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 5 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ NEW HAMPSHIRE TECHNICAL INSTITUTE N-6

11 Institute Dr.
Concord, NH 03301-7412
Tel: (603)271-6484
Free: 800-247-0179
Admissions: (603)271-7131
Fax: (603)271-7734
Web Site: http://www.nhti.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Hampshire Community Technical College System. Awards certificates, diplomas, and transfer associate degrees. Founded 1964. Setting: 225-acre small town campus with easy access to Boston. Total enrollment: 3,650. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. 1,919 applied, 73% were admitted. 22% from top quarter of their high school class, 41% from top half. 1 valedictorian. Students come from 12 states and territories, 24 other countries, 2% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 50% 25 or older, 23% live on campus. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Required for some: essay, recommendations, interview, National League of Nursing Exam. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous. Preference given to state residents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $10. State resident tuition: $4920 full-time, $164 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $11,280 full-time, $376 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $480 full-time, $16 per credit part-time. College room and board: $6110. College room only: $4150.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group. Most popular organizations: Phi Theta Kappa, Student Senate, Student Nurses Association, Criminal Justice Club, Outing Club. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. Option: coed housing available. Farnum Library plus 1 other with 32,000 books, 12,000 microform titles, 500 serials, 1,000 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 160 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Bisected by the Merrimack River, Concord is the capital of New Hampshire, and is the economic and political center of the state. It is a key city on the interstate highway system. Community facilities include three libraries, numerous churches, a YMCA, hospitals, and good shopping. Job opportunities are good.

■ PLYMOUTH STATE UNIVERSITY K-5

17 High St.
Plymouth, NH 03264-1595
Tel: (603)535-5000
Free: 800-842-6900
Fax: (603)535-2714
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.plymouth.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of University System of New Hampshire. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1871. Setting: 170-acre small town campus. Endowment: $4.1 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.9 million. Total enrollment: 5,264. Faculty: 452 (175 full-time, 277 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 3,655 applied, 77% were admitted. 4% from top 10% of their high school class, 16% from top quarter, 52% from top half. Full-time: 3,956 students, 49% women, 51% men. Part-time: 236 students, 53% women, 47% men. Students come from 31 states and territories, 10 other countries, 40% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 4% 25 or older, 53% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 76% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; visual and performing arts. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at members of the New Hampshire College and University Council. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 4/1. Notification: continuous until 7/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. State resident tuition: $5410 full-time, $226 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,250 full-time, $510 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1618 full-time, $74 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $6780. College room only: $4650. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 100 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 1% of eligible men and 1% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Programming Activities in College Environment, Student Senate, alternative spring break, Childhood Studies Club, Health, Physical Ed, & Recreation Club. Major annual events: Spring Fling, Family Weekend, Homecoming Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center, career services, campus ministries, academic support services, veterans ser. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, shuttle bus service, crime prevention programs, self-defense education. 2,164 college housing spaces available; 2,119 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Lamson Library with 306,314 books, 796,924 microform titles, 1,043 serials, 23,095 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.9 million. 500 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

With the White Mountains to the north, the Lakes Region to the south, and the Pemigewasset Rivers bordering the town to the east, Plymouth, NH is home to some of the country's most spectacular wilderness. PSC students step outside every morning into a natural landscape that provides four seasons of recreational and educational adventure. Here, the outdoors offer a natural laboratory, a classroom, and a playground. The campus is nestled in the town of Plymouth, which has been ranked seventh in The 100 Best Small Towns in America. Plymouth is less than 2 hours' drive from Boston. Portland, Maine is 2 hours east; Burlington, Vermont, is 2 hours to the northwest; and Montreal, Canada is only 3 1/2 hours to the north. Recreational activities include skiing and other winter sports, hiking, fishing, boating, and hunting.

■ RIVIER COLLEGE Q-6

420 Main St.
Nashua, NH 03060-5086
Tel: (603)888-1311
Free: 800-44RIVIER
Admissions: (603)897-8502
Fax: (603)891-1799
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.rivier.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1933. Setting: 64-acre suburban campus with easy access to Boston. Endowment: $19 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4638 per student. Total enrollment: 2,123. Faculty: 180 (71 full-time, 109 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 9:1. 1,132 applied, 72% were admitted. 11% from top 10% of their high school class, 39% from top quarter, 75% from top half. Full-time: 845 students, 79% women, 21% men. Part-time: 543 students, 78% women, 22% men. Students come from 10 states and territories, 7 other countries, 45% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 38% 25 or older, 46% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; health professions and related sciences; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, double major, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at members of the New Hampshire College and University Council. ROTC: Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, early action, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 2.3 high school GPA, interview. Required for some: interview, nursing exam. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: Rolling, 11/15 for early action. Notification: continuous, 12/1 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $28,144 includes full-time tuition ($19,980), mandatory fees ($600), and college room and board ($7564). Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $666 per credit. Part-time tuition varies according to class time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 32 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, Residence Hall Council, Student Business Organization, Student Admissions Committee, Behavioral Sciences Association. Major annual events: Rivier Theater Company Productions, International Week, R-Aid Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 450 college housing spaces available; 420 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Option: coed housing available. Regina Library plus 1 other with 92,000 books, 130,000 microform titles, 500 serials, 4,000 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $764,283. 93 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Nashua is the second largest city in New Hampshire. It is conveniently located within an hour's drive of Boston, the White Mountains, and the seacoast, and is home to a large technology industry. Buses provide ample transportation to shopping malls, libraries, banking facilities, and many other services within just a few miles of the campus.

■ SAINT ANSELM COLLEGE O-6

100 Saint Anselm Dr.
Manchester, NH 03102-1310
Tel: (603)641-7000; 888-4ANSELM
Admissions: (603)641-7500
Fax: (603)641-7550
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.anselm.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1889. Setting: 450-acre suburban campus with easy access to Boston. Endowment: $48.6 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $304,793. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5888 per student. Total enrollment: 1,986. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 3,258 applied, 73% were admitted. 15% from top 10% of their high school class, 45% from top quarter, 83% from top half. Full-time: 1,937 students, 58% women, 42% men. Part-time: 49 students, 65% women, 35% men. Students come from 28 states and territories, 15 other countries, 0.1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 1% 25 or older, 95% live on campus, 1% transferred in. Retention: 82% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; social sciences; security and protective services. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at members of the New Hampshire College and University Council. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: Rolling, 11/15 for early decision. Notification: continuous, 12/1 for early decision.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $55. Comprehensive fee: $33,730 includes full-time tuition ($23,990), mandatory fees ($670), and college room and board ($9070). Part-time tuition: $2400 per course.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 64 open to all. Most popular organizations: Center for Volunteers, Anselmian Abbey Players, Knights of Columbus, spring break alternative, International Relations Club. Major annual events: Homecoming, Spring Weekend, Family Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. College housing designed to accommodate 1,643 students; 1,692 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Geisel Library with 222,000 books, 66,000 microform titles, 1,900 serials, 8,000 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.3 million. 400 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

On the banks of Merrimack River, Manchester is the largest city in the state. The city is a retail, industrial, distribution and financial center. All means of commercial transportation are available. Community facilities include 54 churches, 8 hospitals, a public library, hotels and motels. The recreational activities are numerous. They include golf, swimming, bowling, tennis, roller skating, fishing, sailing, skiing, ice skating, and tobogganing. Points of interest are the Currier Gallery of Art, Manchester Historic Association and the Old Blodgett Canal.

■ SOUTHERN NEW HAMPSHIRE UNIVERSITY O-6

2500 North River Rd.
Manchester, NH 03106-1045
Tel: (603)668-2211
Free: 800-642-4968
Admissions: (603)645-9611
Fax: (603)645-9693
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.snhu.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1932. Setting: 280-acre suburban campus with easy access to Boston. Endowment: $11.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6493 per student. Total enrollment: 3,887. Faculty: 389 (114 full-time, 275 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 2,654 applied, 74% were admitted. 6% from top 10% of their high school class, 26% from top quarter, 66% from top half. Full-time: 1,784 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 60 students, 50% women, 50% men. Students come from 23 states and territories, 63 other countries, 52% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 78% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 75% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; personal and culinary services; psychology. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at members of the New Hampshire College and University Council. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, recommendations, 1 letter of recommendation from guidance counselor or 2 letters from teachers, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: Rolling, 11/15 for early action. Notification: continuous, 12/15 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $30,194 includes full-time tuition ($21,384), mandatory fees ($330), and college room and board ($8480). College room only: $6080. Part-time tuition: $891 per credit.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 40 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 3% of eligible men and 3% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, Student Programming Board, Association Cultural Exchange, Commuter Club. Major annual events: Family Weekend, New Student Fall Orientation, Fall/Spring Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,426 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Harry A. B. and Gertrude C. Shapiro Library with 89,338 books, 350,000 microform titles, 14,400 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.4 million. 557 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Combining the tradition of the past with the sophistication of the future, Manchester has everything to be expected in a city with a population of more than 100,000, offering a thriving business environment as well as numerous cultural facilities. It is also within an hour of Boston, many ski resorts, and beaches that provide opportunities for jobs and recreation.

■ THOMAS MORE COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS P-6

6 Manchester St.
Merrimack, NH 03054-4818
Tel: (603)880-8308
Free: 800-880-8308
Fax: (603)880-9280
Web Site: http://www.thomasmorecollege.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed, affiliated with Roman Catholic Church. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1978. Setting: 14-acre small town campus with easy access to Boston. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4044 per student. Total enrollment: 86. 43 applied, 84% were admitted. Full-time: 86 students, 49% women, 51% men. Students come from 24 states and territories, 4 other countries, 78% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 3% 25 or older, 97% live on campus, 13% transferred in. Retention: 85% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Independent study. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $18,650 includes full-time tuition ($10,600), mandatory fees ($50), and college room and board ($8000). Part-time tuition: $175 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group. Major annual events: Graduation, Convocation, visiting lectures. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: student patrols, late night transport-escort service. 80 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Warren Memorial Library plus 1 other with 45,000 books, 20 serials, and 1,000 audiovisual materials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $16,806. 6 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE O-9

Durham, NH 03824
Tel: (603)862-1234
Admissions: (603)862-1360
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.unh.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of University System of New Hampshire. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1866. Setting: 2,600-acre small town campus with easy access to Boston. Endowment: $186.8 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $93.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8602 per student. Total enrollment: 14,564. Faculty: 962 (694 full-time, 268 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 12,310 applied, 72% were admitted. 20% from top 10% of their high school class, 61% from top quarter, 97% from top half. 33 valedictorians. Full-time: 10,911 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 618 students, 51% women, 49% men. Students come from 44 states and territories, 28 other countries, 42% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 1% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 4% 25 or older, 56% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 86% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; social sciences; English. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at National Student Exchange, New Hampshire College and University Council Exchange, New England Land Grant Universities Exchange, University of California, Santa Cruz Exchange, The Washington (D.C.) Center Internship. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 3.0 high school GPA. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 2/1, 12/1 for early action. Notification: 4/15, 1/15 for early action. Preference given to state residents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $45. State resident tuition: $8240 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $20,690 full-time. Mandatory fees: $2161 full-time. College room and board: $7584. College room only: $4606.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 160 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities; 4% of eligible men and 5% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Outing Club, Student Committee on Popular Entertainment, Diversity Support Coalition, Campus Activities Board, Student Environmental Action Coalition. Major annual events: Homecoming, Jukebox, Winter Carnival. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, lighted pathways and sidewalks. College housing designed to accommodate 5,900 students; 6,180 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Dimond Library plus 4 others with 1.8 million books, 3 million microform titles, 25,962 serials, 37,114 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $14 million. 389 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Situated in southeastern New Hampshire, Durham is a quiet college town with many small restaurants, shops, and pubs located near the university. The cultural and recreational advantages of Portland to the northeast and nearby Boston to the south are both within one hour's drive. The University is 10 miles from the Atlantic coastline and historic Portsmouth. The White Mountains and ski areas are 60 miles to the northwest.

■ UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE AT MANCHESTER O-6

400 Commercial St.
Manchester, NH 03101-1113
Tel: (603)641-4321
Admissions: (603)641-4150
Fax: (603)641-4125
Web Site: http://www.unhm.unh.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of University System of New Hampshire. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1967. Setting: 800-acre urban campus with easy access to Boston. Total enrollment: 1,165. Faculty: 91 (33 full-time, 58 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. 286 applied, 63% were admitted. 3% from top 10% of their high school class, 15% from top quarter, 52% from top half. Full-time: 561 students, 58% women, 42% men. Part-time: 437 students, 57% women, 43% men. Students come from 4 states and territories, 5 other countries, 2% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 2% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 13% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at 12 members of the New Hampshire College and University Council. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 6/15. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. State resident tuition: $6960 full-time, $290 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $17,610 full-time, $734 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $203 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Most popular organization: Student Council. Major annual events: Jazz in the Mills Series, Cultural Connections, New England Voices poetry series. Campus security: late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. UNH Manchester Library plus 1 other with 32,261 books, 11,397 microform titles, 259 serials, 1,979 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 47 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

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New Hampshire

New Hampshire

CHESTER COLLEGE OF NEW ENGLAND

40 Chester St.
Chester, NH 03036-4331
Tel: (603)887-4401
Free: 800-974-6372
Admissions: (603)887-7400
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.chestercollege.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. William A. Nevious
Registrar: Margaret Pagliuca
Admissions: Sarah Vogell
Financial Aid: Jay Walker
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Scores: 90.9% SAT V 400+; 81.7% SAT M 400+; 65% ACT 18-23 % Accepted: 57 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $35.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $22,565 includes full-time tuition ($14,700), mandatory fees ($265), and college room and board ($7600). Part-time tuition: $465 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $500 per year. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 12, PT 21 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 78 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 52 Library Holdings: 27,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors

COLBY-SAWYER COLLEGE

541 Main St.
New London, NH 03257-7835
Tel: (603)526-3000
Free: 800-272-1015
Admissions: (603)526-3700
Fax: (603)526-3452
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.colby-sawyer.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Anne Ponder
Registrar: Carole H. Parsons
Admissions: Joseph Chillo
Financial Aid: Angela Dostie
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Scores: 96% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400+; 61% ACT 18-23; 25% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 90 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: April 01 Application Fee: $45.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $45. Comprehensive fee: $36,250 includes full-time tuition ($26,350) and college room and board ($9900). College room only: $5600. Part-time tuition: $880 per credit hour. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 954, PT 17 Faculty: FT 57, PT 68 Student-Faculty Ratio: 11:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 81 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 87 Library Holdings: 90,055 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates; 120 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACN, JRCEPAT Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Equestrian Sports M & W; Field Hockey W; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M & W; Rugby M & W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

DANIEL WEBSTER COLLEGE

20 University Dr.
Nashua, NH 03063-1300
Tel: (603)577-6000
Free: 800-325-6876
Admissions: (603)577-6604
Fax: (603)577-6001
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.dwc.edu/
President/CEO: Hannah M. McCarthy
Registrar: Eileen Hocking
Admissions: Sean J. Ryan
Financial Aid: Mary Ellen Severance
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Scores: 98% SAT V 400+; 99% SAT M 400+; 46.7% ACT 18-23; 40% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $35.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $31,405 includes full-time tuition ($22,130), mandatory fees ($825), and college room and board ($8450). Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 823, PT 227, Grad 59 Faculty: FT 34, PT 27 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 96 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 80 Library Holdings: 34,195 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: CAA Intercollegiate Athletics: BaseballM; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Volleyball W

DARTMOUTH COLLEGE

Hanover, NH 03755
Tel: (603)646-1110
Admissions: (603)646-2875
Fax: (603)646-1216
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.dartmouth.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. James Wright
Registrar: Polly Griffin
Admissions: Karl M. Furstenberg
Financial Aid: Virginia S. Hazen
Type: University Sex: Coed Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400 + % Accepted: 17 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Decision Plan; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: January 01 Application Fee: $70.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $70. Comprehensive fee: $41,436 includes full-time tuition ($31,770), mandatory fees ($276), and college room and board ($9390). College room only: $5640. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 4,050, PT 60, Grad 1,374 Faculty: FT 493, PT 140 Student-Faculty Ratio: 8:1 Exams: SAT I and SAT II or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 51 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 82 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 35 courses, Bachelors ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, APA, CEPH, LCMEAMA, NAST Intercollegiate Athletics: Badminton M & W; Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Crew M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Equestrian Sports M & W; Fencing M & W; Field Hockey W; Football M; Golf M & W; Gymnastics M & W; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M & W; Rugby M & W; Sailing M & W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Squash M & W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Table Tennis M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Ultimate Frisbee M & W; Volleyball M & W; Water Polo M & W; Wrestling M

FRANKLIN PIERCE COLLEGE

20 College Rd., PO Box 60
Rindge, NH 03461-0060
Tel: (603)899-4000
Free: 800-437-0048
Admissions: (603)899-4050
Fax: (603)899-4372
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.fpc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. George J. Hagerty
Registrar: Susan Chamberlin, PhD
Admissions: Lucy C. Shonk
Financial Aid: JoEllen Soucier
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 95% SAT V 400+; 94% SAT M 400 + % Accepted: 74 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted. For early entrance program: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $33,500 includes full-time tuition ($24,300), mandatory fees ($1000), and college room and board ($8200). College room only: $4600. Part-time tuition: $810 per credit. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,596, PT 39 Faculty: FT 74, PT 76 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 74 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 87 Library Holdings: 110,210 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credits, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: APTA Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Crew M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Field Hockey W; Golf M & W; Ice Hockey M; Lacrosse M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

GRANITE STATE COLLEGE

125 North State St.
Concord, NH 03301
Tel: (603)228-3000
Fax: (603)229-0964
Web Site: http://www.granite.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Karol A. LaCroix
Registrar: Ruth Nawn
Admissions: Teresa McDonnell
Financial Aid: Juanita Plourde
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: University System of New Hampshire Application Fee: $45.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: PT 223 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates; 124 semester hours, Bachelors

HESSER COLLEGE

3 Sundial Ave.
Manchester, NH 03103-7245
Tel: (603)668-6660
Free: 800-526-9231
Web Site: http://www.hesser.edu/
President/CEO: Robert Moon
Registrar: Elaine Minnehan-Caron
Admissions: Julie English
Financial Aid: Debra LeDuke
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Quest Education Corporation Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $10.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $10. Comprehensive fee: $18,940 includes full-time tuition ($11,340), mandatory fees ($1000), and college room and board ($6600). College room only: $3600. Part-time tuition: $410 per credit. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,104, PT 1,294 Faculty: FT 38, PT 177 Exams: SAT I % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 50 Library Holdings: 38,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AAMAE, APTA Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Soccer M & W; Volleyball M & W

KEENE STATE COLLEGE

229 Main St.
Keene, NH 03435
Tel: (603)352-1909
Free: 800-572-1909
Admissions: (603)358-2273
Fax: (603)358-2767
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.keene.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Stanley J. Yarosewick
Registrar: Tom Richard
Admissions: Margaret Richmond
Financial Aid: Patricia Blodgett
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: University System of New Hampshire Scores: 95.4% SAT V 400+; 94.3% SAT M 400 + % Accepted: 76 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: April 01 Application Fee: $35.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $35. State resident tuition: $5780 full-time, $241 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,050 full-time, $544 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $2038 full-time, $77 per credit part-time. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and degree level. College room and board: $7027. College room only: $4700. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 4,170, PT 559, Grad 117 Faculty: FT 187, PT 222 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 53 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 56 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors ROTC: Air Force Professional Accreditation: ADtA, JRCEPAT, NASM, NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Field Hockey W; Lacrosse M & W; Rugby M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

MAGDALEN COLLEGE

511 Kearsarge Mountain Rd.
Warner, NH 03278
Tel: (603)456-2656; 877-498-1723
Fax: (603)456-2660
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.magdalen.edu/
President/CEO: Jeffrey J. Karls
Admissions: Justin Fout
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Roman Catholic Scores: 94% SAT V 400+; 87% SAT M 400+; 62% ACT 18-23; 38% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 78 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Decision Plan Application Deadline: May 01 Application Fee: $35.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $17,250 includes full-time tuition ($10,750) and college room and board ($6500). Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 72, PT 1 Faculty: FT 7, PT 2 Student-Faculty Ratio: 8:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 59 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 100 Library Holdings: 26,000 Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates; 120 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AALE

MCINTOSH COLLEGE

23 Cataract Ave.
Dover, NH 03820-3990 Tel: (603)742-1234
Free: 800-McINTOSH
Fax: (603)742-7292
Web Site: http://www.mcintoshcollege.edu/
President/CEO: Robert Saiz
Admissions: Jody LaBrie
Financial Aid: Eeva Deshon
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $15. Comprehensive fee: $25,085 includes full-time tuition ($15,600), mandatory fees ($125), and college room and board ($9360). Part-time tuition: $443 per credit. Tuition guaranteed not to increase for student's term of enrollment. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 42, PT 58 Student-Faculty Ratio: 25:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 25 Library Holdings: 11,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 66 credits, Associates

NEW ENGLAND COLLEGE

7 Main St.
Henniker, NH 03242-3293
Tel: (603)428-2211
Free: 800-521-7642
Admissions: (603)428-2223
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nec.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Ellen S. Hurwitz
Registrar: Frank Hall
Admissions: Paul Miller
Financial Aid: Ray Nault
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 76% SAT V 400+; 70% SAT M 400+; 31% ACT 18-23; 15% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 83 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $30. Comprehensive fee: $31,466 includes full-time tuition ($22,366), mandatory fees ($644), and college room and board ($8456). College room only: $4398. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to class time, course load, degree level, location, and program. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $1065 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $198 per term. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to class time, course load, degree level, location, and program. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 972, PT 69, Grad 339 Faculty: FT 57, PT 95 Student-Faculty Ratio: 11:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 74 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 68 Library Holdings: 100,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 30 credits, Associates; 40 credits, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Field Hockey W; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W

NEW HAMPSHIRE COMMUNITY TECHNICAL COLLEGE, BERLIN/LACONIA

2020 Riverside Dr.
Berlin, NH 03570-3717
Tel: (603)752-1113
Free: 800-445-4525
Web Site: http://www.berlin.nhctc.edu/
President/CEO: Katharine Eneguess
Registrar: Marie Bly
Admissions: Martha P. Laflamme
Financial Aid: Jacqueline Catello
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Hampshire Community Technical College System Application Fee: $10.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $10. State resident tuition: $164 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $376 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $4 per credit part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 708, PT 1,372 Faculty: FT 33, PT 72 Exams: Other Library Holdings: 10,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credits, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Ice Hockey M & W; Soccer M & W

NEW HAMPSHIRE COMMUNITY TECHNICAL COLLEGE, MANCHESTER/STRATHAM

1066 Front St.
Manchester, NH 03102-8518
Tel: (603)668-6706
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.manchester.nhctc.edu/
President/CEO: Thomas Wisbey
Registrar: Evelyn R. Perron
Admissions: Dr. Nancy L. Travers
Financial Aid: Pamela Boyer
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Hampshire Community Technical College System % Accepted: 90 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $10.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $10. Area resident tuition: $3936 full-time, $164 per credit part-time. State resident tuition: $5904 full-time, $246 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $9024 full-time, $376 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $5 per credit part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 47, PT 143 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 Library Holdings: 18,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ARCEST, AAMAE, ACBSP, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball W; Basketball M; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Volleyball M & W

NEW HAMPSHIRE COMMUNITY TECHNICAL COLLEGE, NASHUA/CLAREMONT

505 Amherst St.
Nashua, NH 03063-1026
Tel: (603)882-6923
Fax: (603)882-8690
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ncctc.edu/
President/CEO: Lucille Jordan
Registrar: Judith French
Admissions: Patricia Goodman
Financial Aid: Julie Burns
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Hampshire Community Technical College System Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $10.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $10. State resident tuition: $5248 full-time, $164 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,032 full-time, $376 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $512 full-time, $16 per credit part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 42, PT 66 Student-Faculty Ratio: 9:1 Library Holdings: 22,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABET, AHIMA, AOTA, CARC, NAACLS, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Soccer M & W

NEW HAMPSHIRE INSTITUTE OF ART

148 Concord St.
Manchester, NH 03104-4158
Tel: (603)623-0313
Admissions: (866)241-4918
Fax: (603)641-1832
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nhia.edu/
President/CEO: Roger Williams
Registrar: Laura Cleaves
Admissions: Liam Sullivan
Financial Aid: Linda LaVallee
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Tuition: $10,950 full-time, $365 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $1130 full-time, $466 per year part-time. College room only: $5700. Room charges vary according to housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 135, PT 45 Faculty: FT 5, PT 40 Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT Library Holdings: 5,000 Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: NASAD

NEW HAMPSHIRE TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

11 Institute Dr.
Concord, NH 03301-7412
Tel: (603)271-6484
Free: 800-247-0179
Admissions: (603)271-7131
Fax: (603)271-7734
Web Site: http://www.nhti.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. William Simonton, Jr.
Registrar: Pamela M. Halen-Smith
Admissions: Francis P. Meyer
Financial Aid: Paula Marsh
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Hampshire Community Technical College System % Accepted: 73 Admission Plans: Preferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $10.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $10. State resident tuition: $4920 full-time, $164 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $11,280 full-time, $376 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $480 full-time, $16 per credit part-time. College room and board: $6110. College room only: $4150. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,523, PT 2,127 Faculty: FT 97, PT 49 Student-Faculty Ratio: 12:1 Exams: Other, SAT I or ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 23 Library Holdings: 32,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABET, ADA, JRCERT, JRCEMT, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Volleyball M & W

PLYMOUTH STATE UNIVERSITY

17 High St.
Plymouth, NH 03264-1595
Tel: (603)535-5000
Free: 800-842-6900
Fax: (603)535-2714
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.plymouth.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Donald P. Wharton
Registrar: Matthew Burkhart
Admissions: Eugene Fahey
Financial Aid: June Schlabach
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: University System of New Hampshire Scores: 89% SAT V 400+; 89% SAT M 400+; 52% ACT 18-23; 14% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 77 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: April 01 Application Fee: $35.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $35. State resident tuition: $5410 full-time, $226 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,250 full-time, $510 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1618 full-time, $74 per credit hour part-time. full-time tuition and fees vary according to reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $6780. College room only: $4650. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 3,956, PT 236, Grad 1,072 Faculty: FT 175, PT 277 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 52 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 53 Library Holdings: 306,314 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 122 semester credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: ACBSP, CSWE, JRCEPAT, NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Field Hockey W; Football M; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving W; Tennis W; Volleyball M & W; Wrestling M

RIVIER COLLEGE

420 Main St.
Nashua, NH 03060-5086
Tel: (603)888-1311
Free: 800-44RIVIER
Admissions: (603)897-8502
Fax: (603)891-1799
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.rivier.edu/
President/CEO: William Farrell, PhD
Registrar: Louise Monast
Admissions: Kevin Gately
Financial Aid: Valerie Patnaude
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Roman Catholic Scores: 91% SAT V 400+; 89% SAT M 400 + % Accepted: 72 Admission Plans: Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $28,144 includes full-time tuition ($19,980), mandatory fees ($600), and college room and board ($7564). Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $666 per credit. Part-time tuition varies according to class time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 845, PT 543, Grad 735 Faculty: FT 71, PT 109 Student-Faculty Ratio: 9:1 Exams: Other, SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 92 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 46 Library Holdings: 92,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors ROTC: Air Force Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Volleyball M & W

SAINT ANSELM COLLEGE

100 Saint Anselm Dr.
Manchester, NH 03102-1310
Tel: (603)641-7000; 888-4ANSELM
Admissions: (603)641-7500
Fax: (603)641-7550
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.anselm.edu/
President/CEO: Rev. Jonathan DeFelice, OSB
Registrar: Mary Anne Ericson
Admissions: Nancy Davis Griffin
Financial Aid: Elizabeth Keuffel
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Roman Catholic Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400+; 46% ACT 18-23; 45% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 73 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Decision Plan; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $55.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $55. Comprehensive fee: $33,730 includes full-time tuition ($23,990), mandatory fees ($670), and college room and board ($9070). Part-time tuition: $2400 per course. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,937, PT 49 Faculty: FT 131, PT 46 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 72 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 95 Library Holdings: 222,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 40 courses, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading W; Field Hockey W; Football M; Golf M; Ice Hockey M; Lacrosse M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

SOUTHERN NEW HAMPSHIRE UNIVERSITY

2500 North River Rd.
Manchester, NH 03106-1045
Tel: (603)668-2211
Free: 800-642-4968
Admissions: (603)645-9611
Fax: (603)645-9693
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.snhu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Paul J. LeBlanc
Registrar: Dr. Richard Ouellette
Admissions: Steve Soba
Financial Aid: Dr. Scott J. Kalicki
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 92% SAT V 400+; 91% SAT M 400 + % Accepted: 74 Admission Plans: Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $35.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $30,194 includes full-time tuition ($21,384), mandatory fees ($330), and college room and board ($8480). College room only: $6080. Part-time tuition: $891 per credit. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,784, PT 60, Grad 2,043 Faculty: FT 114, PT 275 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 70 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 78 Library Holdings: 89,338 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: ACF, ACBSP Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M; Ice Hockey M; Lacrosse M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

THOMAS MORE COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS

6 Manchester St.
Merrimack, NH 03054-4818
Tel: (603)880-8308
Free: 800-880-8308
Fax: (603)880-9280
Web Site: http://www.thomasmorecollege.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Peter V. Sampo
Registrar: Brian Shea
Admissions: Joanne Geiger
Financial Aid: Joanne Geiger
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Roman Catholic Church Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400+; 75% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $18,650 includes full-time tuition ($10,600), mandatory fees ($50), and college room and board ($8000). Part-time tuition: $175 per credit hour. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 86 Faculty: FT 6, PT 1 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 40 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 97 Library Holdings: 45,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AALE

UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

Durham, NH 03824
Tel: (603)862-1234
Admissions: (603)862-1360
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.unh.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Ann Weaver Hart
Registrar: Kathryn P. Forbes
Admissions: Robert McGann
Financial Aid: Susan K. Allen
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: University System of New Hampshire Scores: 99% SAT V 400+; 99% SAT M 400 + % Accepted: 72 Admission Plans: Preferred Admission; Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: February 01 Application Fee: $45.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $45. State resident tuition: $8240 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $20,690 full-time. Mandatory fees: $2161 full-time. College room and board: $7584. College room only: $4606. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 10,911, PT 618, Grad 3,035 Faculty: FT 694, PT 268 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 58 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 56 Library Holdings: 1,771,477 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credits, Associates; 128 credits, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, AAMFT, AACN, ADtA, AOTA, APA, ASLHA, CSWE, JRCEPAT, NAACLS, NASM, NRPA, SAF Intercollegiate Athletics: Archery M & W; Badminton M & W; Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Crew M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Fencing M & W; Field Hockey W; Football M; Golf M; Gymnastics W; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M & W; Rugby M & W; Sailing M & W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball M & W; Wrestling M

UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE AT MANCHESTER

400 Commercial St.
Manchester, NH 03101-1113
Tel: (603)641-4321
Admissions: (603)641-4150
Fax: (603)641-4125
Web Site: http://www.unhm.unh.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Robert Jolley
Registrar: Stacey Silva
Admissions: Miho Bean
Financial Aid: Jodi Abad
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: University System of New Hampshire Scores: 96% SAT V 400+; 96% SAT M 400 + % Accepted: 63 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: June 15 Application Fee: $35.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $35. State resident tuition: $6960 full-time, $290 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $17,610 full-time, $734 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $203 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and program. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 561, PT 437, Grad 167 Faculty: FT 33, PT 58 Student-Faculty Ratio: 12:1 Exams: SAT I % Receiving Financial Aid: 43 Library Holdings: 32,261 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credits, Associates; 128 credits, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force

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New Hampshire

New Hampshire

CHESTER COLLEGE OF NEW ENGLAND

Creative Writing, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Graphic Design, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Journalism, B

Photography, B

COLBY-SAWYER COLLEGE

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Developmental and Child Psychology, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Graphic Design, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Psychology, B

Social Sciences, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

DANIEL WEBSTER COLLEGE

Aeronautics/Aviation/Aerospace Science and Technology, AB

Air Traffic Controller, B

Airline/Commercial/Professional Pilot and Flight Crew, AB

Aviation/Airway Management and Operations, AB

Business Administration and Management, AB

Computer Programming/Programmer, AB

Computer Science, B

Engineering, A

Engineering Science, A

Information Science/Studies, AB

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management Information Systems and Services, AB

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Social Sciences, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

DARTMOUTH COLLEGE

African Studies, B

African-American/Black Studies, B

Allopathic Medicine, PO

American Indian/Native American Studies, B

Ancient/Classical Greek Language and Literature, B

Animal Genetics, B

Anthropology, B

Arabic Language and Literature, B

Archeology, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Asian Studies/Civilization, B

Astronomy, BMD

Biochemical Engineering, MD

Biochemistry, BDO

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, D

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical Engineering, MDO

BioTechnology, MD

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MO

Chemistry, BD

Chinese Language and Literature, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Cognitive Psychology and Psycholinguistics, B

Cognitive Sciences, D

Comparative Literature, BM

Computer Engineering, MD

Computer Science, BMD

Creative Writing, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

East Asian Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Ecology, B

Economics, B

Electrical Engineering, MD

Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MDO

Engineering Management, MO

Engineering Physics, BMD

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Evolutionary Biology, B

Film/Cinema Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

Genetics, D

Geography, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Geosciences, MD

German Language and Literature, B

Health Services Research, MD

Hebrew Language and Literature, B

Hispanic-American, Puerto Rican, and Mexican-American/Chicano Studies, B

History, B

Italian Language and Literature, B

Japanese Language and Literature, B

Latin American Studies, B

Latin Language and Literature, B

Liberal Studies, M

Linguistics, B

Manufacturing Engineering, MD

Materials Engineering, MD

Materials Sciences, MD

Mathematics, BD

Mechanical Engineering, MD

Microbiology, D

Molecular Biology, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, BM

Near and Middle Eastern Studies, B

Neuroscience, DO

Pharmacology, DO

Philosophy, B

Physics, BMD

Physiology, DO

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, BD

Public Health, M

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Romance Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Russian Language and Literature, B

Russian Studies, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Toxicology, DO

Women's Studies, B

FRANKLIN PIERCE COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching, B

Advertising, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Anthropology, B

Applied Art, B

Archeology, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, B

Clinical Psychology, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Comparative Literature, B

Computer Programming/Programmer, B

Computer Science, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, B

Creative Writing, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Ecology, B

Economics, B

Education, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Biology, B

Environmental Studies, B

Finance, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

History, B

Journalism, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Physical Therapy/Therapist, M

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Radio and Television, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

GRANITE STATE COLLEGE

Behavioral Sciences, AB

Business Administration and Management, AB

Computer Programming/Programmer, B

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, B

Corrections and Criminal Justice, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, AB

Finance, B

General Studies, A

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

HESSER COLLEGE

Accounting, AB

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business and Personal/Financial Services Marketing Operations, A

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, A

Corrections, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, AB

Criminal Justice/Police Science, AB

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Human Services, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Interior Design, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, AB

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Psychology, A

Radio and Television, A

Sales, Distribution and Marketing Operations, A

Security and Loss Prevention Services, A

Social Work, A

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, A

KEENE STATE COLLEGE

Acting, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Applied Mathematics, B

Architectural Technology/Technician, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Chemistry, AB

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Cinematography and Film/Video Production, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer and Information Sciences, AB

Computer Science, AB

Computer Teacher Education, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, BMO

Curriculum and Instruction, BM

Dietetics/Dieticians, B

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, AB

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, A

Ecology, B

Economics, B

Education, BMO

Educational Administration and Supervision, MO

Educational Leadership and Administration, BO

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, AB

Electromechanical and Instrumentation and Maintenance Technologies/Technicians, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Sciences, B

Environmental Studies, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Home Economics Teacher Education, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

French Language and Literature, B

French Language Teacher Education, B

General Studies, B

Geography, B

Geography Teacher Education, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Graphic Design, B

Health and Physical Education, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

History Teacher Education, B

Industrial Technology/Technician, AB

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Journalism, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, AB

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics and Computer Science, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, B

Music History, Literature, and Theory, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Natural Resources and Conservation, B

Occupational Safety and Health Technology/Technician, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Pre-Engineering, A

Psychology, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Science Teacher Education, B

Social Sciences, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, BMO

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling, A

Teacher Education and Professional Development, Specific Subject Areas, B

Technical Theatre/Theatre Design and Technology, B

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, B

Technology Teacher Education/Industrial Arts Teacher Education, B

Trade and Industrial Teacher Education, B

MAGDALEN COLLEGE

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

MCINTOSH COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Telecommunications Technology/Technician, A

NEW ENGLAND COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Advertising, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Counseling Psychology, M

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Drawing, B

Education, BM

Educational Leadership and Administration, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Health and Physical Education, B

History, B

Journalism, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Philosophy, B

Photography, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Policy Analysis, M

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Sociology, B

Special Education and Teaching, BM

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Teacher Education, Multiple Levels, B

Writing, M

NEW HAMPSHIRE COMMUNITY TECHNICAL COLLEGE, BERLIN/LACONIA

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Cartography, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Diesel Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Environmental Studies, A

Forestry, A

General Studies, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Survey Technology/Surveying, A

Water Quality and Wastewater Treatment Management and Recycling Technology/Technician, A

NEW HAMPSHIRE COMMUNITY TECHNICAL COLLEGE, MANCHESTER/STRATHAM

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Development, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Community Organization and Advocacy, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Human Services, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

NEW HAMPSHIRE COMMUNITY TECHNICAL COLLEGE, NASHUA/CLAREMONT

Accounting, A

Airframe Mechanics and Aircraft Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, A

Autobody/Collision and Repair Technology/Technician, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Avionics Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Development, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Science, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology, A

Engineering Technology, A

General Studies, A

Heavy Equipment Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Law and Legal Studies, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Ophthalmic Laboratory Technology/Technician, A

Quality Control Technology/Technician, A

Social Work, A

Telecommunications Technology/Technician, A

NEW HAMPSHIRE INSTITUTE OF ART

Fine/Studio Arts, B

NEW HAMPSHIRE TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

Accounting, A

Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects, A

Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Dental Assisting/Assistant, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Diagnostic Medical Sonography/Sonographer and Ultrasound Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Engineering Technology, A

General Studies, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, A

Human Services, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Mental Health/Rehabilitation, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Real Estate, A

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, A

Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling, A

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

Visual and Performing Arts, A

PLYMOUTH STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Applied Economics, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, BM

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

BioTechnology, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business/Commerce, B

Chemistry, B

City/Urban, Community and Regional Planning, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer Science, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Education, MO

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Leadership and Administration, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

English Education, M

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Biology, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geography, B

Health and Physical Education, B

Health Education, M

History, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Information Technology, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, M

Middle School Education, M

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Philosophy, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Public Administration, B

Public Health Education and Promotion, B

Reading Teacher Education, M

Secondary Education and Teaching, M

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Teacher Education and Professional Development, Specific Subject Areas, B

RIVIER COLLEGE

American Government and Politics (United States), B Art/Art Studies, General, AB

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, B

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer Science, ABM

Counseling Psychology, M

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Criminology, B

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Drawing, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Education, BMO

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Leadership and Administration, O

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

English, MO

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Foreign Language Teacher Education, BM

French Language and Literature, B

History, B

Human Resources Management and Services, M

Information Science/Studies, AB

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, AB

Law and Legal Studies, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Mathematics, BM

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Modern Languages, B

Nursing, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, AB

Nursing Administration, M

Nursing Education, M

Painting, B

Photography, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, M

Psychology, B

Reading Teacher Education, M

Secondary Education and Teaching, BM

Social Science Teacher Education, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, M

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, BM

Writing, M

SAINT ANSELM COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biochemistry, B

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business/Commerce, B

Chemistry, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Computer Science, B

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Economics, B

Engineering, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Finance, B

French Language and Literature, B

History, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Mathematics, B

Philosophy, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Psychology, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Theology/Theological Studies, B

SOUTHERN NEW HAMPSHIRE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, ABM

Advertising, B

Baking and Pastry Arts/Baker/Pastry Chef, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MDO

Business and Personal/Financial Services Marketing Operations, AB

Business Education, M

Business Teacher Education, B

Business/Commerce, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Child Development, B

Clinical Psychology, O

Community Health and Preventive Medicine, M

Creative Writing, B

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Digital Communication and Media/Multimedia, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Economics, BMDO

Education, MO

Elementary Education and Teaching, M

English as a Second Language, M

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Studies, B

Fashion Merchandising, A

Finance, B

Finance and Banking, M

Graphic Design, B

History, B

Hospitality Administration/Management, B

Information Technology, AB

International Business/Trade/Commerce, ABM

D Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, AB

Organizational Management, M

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, BMO

Resort Management, B

Retailing and Retail Operations, B

Sales and Marketing Operations/Marketing and Distribution Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, BM

Social Sciences, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, O

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, BM

Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling, O

Tourism and Travel Services Management, B

THOMAS MORE COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Comparative Literature, B

Philosophy, B

Political Science and Government, B

UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

Accounting, BM

Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching, BM

Agricultural Business and Management, AB

Agricultural Teacher Education, B

Agriculture, B

Agronomy and Crop Science, B

Agronomy and Soil Sciences, M

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Animal Sciences, ABMD

Animal/Livestock Husbandry and Production, AB

Anthropology, B

Applied Mathematics, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Audiology/Audiologist and Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist, B

Biochemistry, BMD

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical Technology/Technician, B

Botany/Plant Biology, B

Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology, B

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Child and Family Studies, M

Child Development, B

City/Urban, Community and Regional Planning, B

Civil Engineering, BMD

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, B

Communication Disorders, BM

Community Organization and Advocacy, A

Comparative Literature, BM

Computer Engineering, B

Computer Science, BMD

Computer Software Technology/Technician, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Dairy Science, AB

Dietetic Technician (DTR), A

Dietetics/Dieticians, AB

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Ecology, B

Economics, BMD

Education, MDO

Educational Administration and Supervision, MO

Educational Leadership and Administration, M

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

English, MD

English Education, M

English Language and Literature, B

English Literature (British and Commonwealth), B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Education, M

Environmental Policy and Resource Management, M

Environmental Sciences, B

Environmental Studies, B

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering, B

Equestrian/Equine Studies, AB

European Studies/Civilization, B

Evolutionary Biology, B

Family and Consumer Economics and Related Services, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, B

Finance, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Fish, Game and Wildlife Management, M

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, AB

Forestry, BM

Forestry Technology/Technician, A

French Language and Literature, B

General Studies, A

Genetics, MD

Geography, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Geosciences, M

German Language and Literature, B

Health Services Administration, M

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Higher Education/Higher Education Administration, M

History, BMD

Horticultural Science, AB

Hospitality Administration/Management, B

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Hydrology and Water Resources Science, BM

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

International/Global Studies, B

Journalism, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Kinesiology and Movement Studies, M

Landscape Architecture, A

Landscaping and Groundskeeping, A

Latin Language and Literature, B

Legal and Justice Studies, M

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Liberal Studies, M

Linguistics, BM

Logistics and Materials Management, D

Management of Technology, M

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, B

Marine Science/Merchant Marine Officer, B

Marriage and Family Therapy/Counseling, M

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Materials Sciences, AMD

Mathematics, BMD

Mathematics Teacher Education, BMD

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology, B

Microbiology, MD

Modern Greek Language and Literature, B

Modern Languages, B

Molecular Biology, BMD

Museology/Museum Studies, M

Music, BM

Music History, Literature, and Theory, BM

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, BM

Natural Resources and Conservation, BD

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, B

Natural Sciences, B

Nursing, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nutritional Sciences, MD

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, BM

Ocean Engineering, BMD

Oceanography, Chemical and Physical, BM

Painting, M

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, BMD

Piano and Organ, B

Plant Biology, MD

Political Science and Government, BM

Pre-Engineering, A

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, BD

Public Administration, M

Public Health, M

Reading Teacher Education, MD

Recreation and Park Management, M

Resource Management, M

Restaurant, Culinary, and Catering Management/Manager, A

Restaurant/Food Services Management, A

Romance Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Russian Language and Literature, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, BM

Social Work, BM

Sociology, BMD

Soil Science and Agronomy, B

Spanish Language and Literature, BM

Special Education and Teaching, M

Statistics, BM

Survey Technology/Surveying, A

Therapeutic Recreation, M

Therapeutic Recreation/Recreational Therapy, B

Tourism and Travel Services Management, B

Trade and Industrial Teacher Education, B

Violin, Viola, Guitar and Other Stringed Instruments, B

Vocational and Technical Education, M

Voice and Opera, B

Water Resources, M

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, B

Wildlife Biology, B

Wind and Percussion Instruments, B

Women's Studies, B

Writing, M

Zoology/Animal Biology, BMD

UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE AT MANCHESTER

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, B

English Language and Literature, B

Fine/Studio Arts, A

History, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, B

Nursing Science, B

Psychology, B

Sign Language Interpretation and Translation, B

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New Hampshire

NEW HAMPSHIRE

STATE EDUCATION OFFICE

Susan McKevitt, Interim Adm., Vocational-Tech. Education
New Hampshire School-to-Work Initiative
101 Pleasant St.
Concord, NH 03301-3860
(603)271-7977

STATE REGULATORY INFORMATION

Every private, commercial, correspondence, trade, or other school charging tuition or fees, which gives pre-employment or supplementary training or both, is required to register and obtain a license to conduct such business from the Postsecondary Education Commission. The license is issued under regulations promulgated by the Postsecondary Education Commission.
The Postsecondary Education Commission established minimum criteria such as financial stability, educational program, administrative and staff qualifications, business procedures, facilities and equipment, and ethical practices.
Before such licenses are issued to any institution, a performance bond (minimum $10,000, maximum $200,000) must be filed with the Postsecondary Education Commission. If any institution licensed fails to provide services called for, with a resident of the State as determined by court or jurisdiction, or both, the school shall forfeit and shall be considered as justice and circumstances require. Every contract that purports to provide a State resident to pay money to private trade, commercial, correspondence, or other school in return for training is voidable by either party until the end of the third day of business after the day the contract was formalized.
Licenses will be issued only to those schools in which there is a sound financial structure with sufficient resources for the proper use and support of the school; further, it is mandatory that the applicant has sufficient number of training facilities; employs a sufficient number of qualified instructors; the conditions under which the students work and study are healthful, sanitary, and safe; courses and curriculum are of quality in content; and living quarters maintained for the students are sanitary and safe. Every applicant is required to furnish the Postsecondary Education Commission a catalog or brochure with identifying data of the school, its policy relative to leave of absences, the grading system of the school, student conduct, detailed schedule of fees, charges, and tuitions for supplies, tools, and other charges, policy on refund of any unused portion of tuition, and the policy of the school relative to granting credit for any previous training.
Each instructor is required to meet one of the following qualifications: (1) possession of a bachelor's degree from an acceptable college or university in the field in which he is to teach, (2) possess a valid adult or secondary school teaching credential, (3) five years of successful experience and be recognized as a tradesman or specialist in the profession, trade, industry, or technical occupation in the field in which his is to teach, or (4) five years of a license to teach issued by the appropriate State licensing board or agency for the field in which he expects to teach.
All contracts are required to include in bold-face type the following statement:
"You are entitled to cancel this agreement before midnight of the third business day after the date of signature of this agreement by sending a written notice of cancellation to the seller by certified mail, return-receipt requested (Saturday shall not be considered a business day)."

AMHERST

Granite State Dog Training Center

90 Rte. 101-A, Amherst, NH 03031. Trade and Technical. Founded 1996. Contact: Jim Ward, Owner/Master Trainer, (603)672-3647, Fax: (603)883-7362, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.gsdtc.com/. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $3,500-$8,500. Enrollment: Total 8. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Pet Grooming (15 Wk); Dog Training (9 Wk)

BEDFORD

Michael's School of Hair Design and Esthetics

73 S. River Rd., Ste. 26, Bedford, NH 03110-6758. Cosmetology. Founded 1972. Contact: Donna Coveno, Admissions Coordinator, (603)668-4300, (603)668-4380, Fax: (603)668-6620, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $7,845 cosmetology/barbering, $5,945 esthetics. Enrollment: Total 70. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Barbering (1500 Hr); Beauty (600 Hr); Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Cosmetology Instructor; Cosmetology - Refresher; Manicurist

BERLIN

New Hampshire Community Technical College (Berlin)

2020 Riverside Dr., Berlin, NH 03570. Two-Year College. Founded 1966. Contact: Mark Desmarais, Dir. of Admissions, (603)752-1113, 800-445-4525, Fax: (603)752-6335, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.berlin.nhctc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $148/credit (in-state); $222/credit (NERSP); $340/credit (out-of-state). Enrollment: men 520, women 1,036. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Automotive Service; Automotive Technology; Business Administration; Computer Information Science; Computer Technology; Criminal Justice; Culinary Arts; Diesel Technology; Early Childhood Education; Engineering Technology; Environmental Technology; Forestry Technology; General Studies; Health Technology; Human Services; Liberal Arts; Medical Transcription; Microcomputers; Nurse, Assistant; Nursing, R.N.; Office Technology; Surveying; Tractor Trailer Operators Training

CHESTER

Chester College of New England

40 Chester St., Chester, NH 03036. Art. Founded 1965. Contact: Sarah Vogell, Dir. of Admissions, (603)887-4401, (603)887-7400, 800-974-6372, Fax: (603)887-1777, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected] chestercollege.edu, Web Site: http://www.chestercollege.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $13,900; room and board $5,750 to $7,400; part-time $465/credit hour. Enrollment: Total 130. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Art, Advertising - Commercial (4 Yr); Communications, Commercial (4 Yr); Graphic Arts (4 Yr); Journalism (4 Yr); Media - Advertising Sales (4 Yr); Photography (4 Yr)

CLAREMONT

New Hampshire Community Technical College (Claremont)

One College Dr., Claremont, NH 03743. Two-Year College. Founded 1967. Contact: Dr. Susan Henderson, VP/Chief Campus Officer, (603)542-7744, 800-837-0658, Fax: (603)543-1844, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.claremont.nhctc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $148 per credit in-state. Enrollment: men 170, women 672. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: AAMAE; JRCRTE; AOTA; APTA; CAAHEP; NAACLS; ACCSCT; NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Administrative Assistant (1 Yr); Business Management (2 Yr); Computer Aided Drafting (1 Yr); Computer Business Systems Technology (2 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (1 Yr); Health Care & Management (1 Yr); Health Information Technology (2 Yr); Human Services (1 Yr); Internet Technologies (1 Yr); Massage Therapy (1 Yr); Medical Assistant (1 Yr); Medical Laboratory Technology (2 Yr); Medical Technology - Phlebotomy (1 Yr); Nursing, Practical (1 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Occupational Therapy Assistant (2 Yr); Physical Therapy Aide (2 Yr); Respiratory Therapy (2 Yr)

Sugar River Valley Regional Technical Center

111 South St., Claremont, NH 03743. Trade and Technical. Contact: Michael S. Markarian, VP, Education Foundation, (603)543-4291, Web Site: http://www.nefi.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Air Conditioning (96 Hr); Gas Technology (80 Hr); Hazardous Waste Technology; Oil Heat Technology (4 Wk); Refrigeration Technology (4 Hr)

CONCORD

Esthetics Institute

20 S. Main St., Concord, NH 03301. Other. Founded 1982. Contact: Judi Montore, (603)224-2211, 800-652-8502, Fax: (603)226-0009, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://estheticsinstitute.net. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Hour. Enrollment: men 3, women 40. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Beauty (600 Hr); Esthetician (300-600 Hr); Manicurist (300 Hr)

Hesser College - Concord

25 Hall St., Concord, NH 03301. Two-Year College. Founded 1998. Contact: Mary Jo Greco, Pres., (603)225-9200, 800-526-9231, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.hesser.edu; Web Site: http://www.hesser.edu/request-info.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Year. Tuition: $12,340 per year; $1,400 books and supplies. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Computer Applications (2 Yr); Computer Business Systems Technology (2 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 Yr); Graphic Design (2 Yr); Human Services (2 Yr); Interior Design (2 Yr); Massage Therapy (2 Yr); Medical Assistant (2 Yr); Paralegal (2 Yr); Physical Therapy Aide (2 Yr); Probation and Parole (2 Yr); Public Relations (2 Yr); Radio & Television (2 Yr)

New Hampshire Career Institute

130 Pembroke Road, Concord, NH 03301-5706. Contact: James Snodgrass, Executive director, (603)226-2721, Web Site: http://www.nhcareerinstitute.org. Private. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $8,200. Degrees awarded: Associate.

New Hampshire Technical Institute

31 College Dr., Concord, NH 03301-7412. Trade and Technical. Contact: Lynn Tolbert Kilchenstein, President, (603)271-6484, (603)271-7134, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.nhti.edu. Public. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $5,032 in-state; $11,560 out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 770. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

DOVER

McIntosh College

23 Cataract Ave., Dover, NH 03820. Two-Year College. Founded 1896. Contact: Karen Arnold, Dir. of Admissions, (603)742-1234, 800-624-6867, Fax: (603)742-3755, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.mcintoshcollege.edu; Web Site: http://contact.mcintoshcollege.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Week. Tuition: $10,000. Enrollment: Total 1,318. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Business Management (15 Mo); Criminal Justice (15 Mo); Culinary Arts (15 Mo); Fashion Merchandising (15 Mo); Graphic Design (15 Mo); Massage Therapy (15 Mo); Medical Assistant (15 Mo); Medical Laboratory Technology (15 Mo); Paralegal (15 Mo); Photography (15 Mo)

DURHAM

University of New Hampshire School of Health and Human Services

217 Hewitt Hall, 4 Library Way, Durham, NH 03824. Allied Medical. Founded 1969. Contact: Dr. James McCarthy, Dean, (603)862-1178, Fax: (603)862-3108, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.shhs.unh.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: men 250, women 950. Accreditation: CAAHEP. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Communications, Disorders; Communications Technology; Family Living Specialist; Health Care & Management; Nursing, R.N.; Occupational Therapy; Recreation Leadership; Social Work Technology

University of New Hampshire Thompson School of Applied Science

Cole Hall, Durham, NH 03824. Two-Year College. Founded 1895. Contact: Deborah Pack, (603)862-1025, Fax: (603)862-2915, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.unh.edu/tsas. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $7,395 resident; $16,465 nonresident, includes fees. Enrollment: men 240, women 163. Degrees awarded: Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Animal Science, General (2 Yr); Architectural Technology (2 Yr); Business Management (2 Yr); Community Aid (2 Yr); Construction Management (2 Yr); Dairy Technology (2 Yr); Dietetic Technology (2 Yr); Dietician Training (2 Yr); Forestry Technology (2 Yr); Horse Management (2 Yr); Horticulture (2 Yr); Landscaping (2 Yr); Restaurant Operations (2 Yr); Surveying (2 Yr)

GILMANTON

New Hampshire Center for Canine Studies

PO Box 447, Rte. 107, Gilmanton, NH 03237. Trade and Technical. Founded 1985. Contact: John Wilkens, (603)267-6910, (603)267-6896, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $4,000-$14,000 depending on program. Enrollment: Total 24. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Pet Grooming (8 Wk); Dog Training (12 Wk); Kennel Management (8 Wk)

HOOKSETT

DoveStar Institute

50 Whitehall Rd., Hooksett, NH 03106-2104. Trade and Technical. Founded 1973. Contact: Saryna Champagne, (603)669-5104, E-mail: [email protected] dovestar.edu, [email protected], Web Site: http://www.dovestar.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 200. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Hydrotherapy; Massage Therapy (750 Hr)

HUDSON

Continental Academie of Hair Design (Hudson)

102 Derry Rd., Hudson, NH 03051. Cosmetology. Founded 1973. Contact: Suzanne Prince, Education Dir., (603)889-1614, (603)883-2285, Fax: (603)883-9546, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://continentalacademie.net; Alida Weergang, Artistic Dir., Web Site: http://continentalacademie.net/info.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Month. Tuition: $10,850 plus $650 books and supplies. Enrollment: men 1, women 68. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (10-15 Mo)

Hazmateam, Inc.

12 Kimball Hill Rd., Hudson, NH 03051-3915. Other. Founded 1992. Contact: Leo Traverse, (603)882-1112, Fax: (603)882-6512, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.hazmateam.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies with program. Enrollment: Total 30. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Hazardous Waste Technology

New Hampshire Institute for Therapeutic Arts

153 Lowell Rd., Hudson, NH 03051. Other. Founded 1983. Contact: Janet Alexis, Dir., (603)647-3794, (603)882-3022, Fax: (603)598-9101, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.nhita.com; Karen Schilling, Associate Dir.. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $8,900; $1,000 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 32. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: AMTA; COMTA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (10 Mo)

KEENE

Keene Beauty Academy, Inc.

800 Park Ave., Keene, NH 03431. Cosmetology. Founded 1964. Contact: Kathy Hammond, Administrator/Co-Owner, (603)357-3736, Fax: (603)355-8916, Web Site: http://www.keenebeautyacademy.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $11,250 plus $1,250 books and supplies. Enrollment: men 0, women 62. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr)

LACONIA

Empire Beauty School (Laconia)

556 Main St., Laconia, NH 03246-3450. Cosmetology. Founded 1962. Contact: Sue Rawley, (603)524-8777, 800-223-3271, Fax: (603)528-5072, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.empire.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $12,000. Enrollment: Total 129. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Cosmetology; Cosmetology Instructor; Manicurist

New Hampshire Community Technical College (Laconia)

379 Belmont Rd., Laconia, NH 03246. Two-Year College. Founded 1967. Contact: Wayne D. Fraser, Dir. of Admissions, (603)524-3207, 800-357-2992, Fax: (603)524-8084, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.laconia.nhctc.edu; Cathy Raymond, Admissions Secretary, E-mail: [email protected] Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Enrollment: men 600, women 400. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Automotive Technology (2 Yr); Business Management (2 Yr); Computer Technology (2 Yr); Electrical Construction (2 Yr); Electricity, Industrial (2 Yr); Fire Science (2 Yr); Graphic Arts (2 Yr); Human Services (2 Yr); Marine Technology (2 Yr); Mechanical Drafting (2 Yr); Office Technology (2 Yr)

LEBANON

Lebanon College

15 Hanover St., Lebanon, NH 03766. Two-Year College. Contact: L. Donald Wenz, Ph.D., President, (603)448-2445, 888-LEB-COLL, Fax: (603)448-2491, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.lebanoncollege.edu. Private. Housing not available. Term: Trisemester. Tuition: $6,418 in-state; $6,418 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Associate.

MANCHESTER

Continental Academie of Hair Design (Manchester)

228 Maple St., Manchester, NH 03103. Cosmetology. Founded 1981. Contact: Suzanne Prince, Education Dir., (603)622-5851, Fax: (603)623-7042, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://continentalacademie.net; Alida Weergang, Artistic Dir.. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Month. Tuition: $10,850 plus $650 books and supplies. Enrollment: men 2, women 52. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (10-15 Mo)

Hesser College

3 Sundial Ave., Manchester, NH 03103. Two-Year College. Founded 1900. Contact: Mary Jo Greco, Pres., (603)668-6660, 800-526-9231, Fax: (603)666-4722, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.hesser.edu; Web Site: http://www.hesser.edu/request-info.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Year. Tuition: $12,340 per year; $1,400 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 3,296. Degrees awarded: Diploma, Associate, Certificate. Accreditation: ACICS; NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2-4 Yr); Business Administration (2-4 Yr); Child Care & Guidance (2 Yr); Computer Applications (2 Yr); Computer Business Systems Technology (2 Yr); Criminal Justice (2-4 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 Yr); Graphic Design (2 Yr); Human Services (2 Yr); Interior Design (2 Yr); Marketing (2 Yr); Medical Assistant (2 Yr); Medical Office Management (2 Yr); Paralegal (2 Yr); Physical Therapy Aide (2 Yr); Probation and Parole (2 Yr); Public Relations (2 Yr); Radio & Television (2 Yr); Small Business Management (2 Yr); Sports Management (2 Yr)

New Hampshire Community Technical College (Manchester)

1066 Front St., Manchester, NH 03102-8518. Two-Year College. Founded 1945. Contact: Richard Gustafson, Pres., (603)668-6706, 800-924-3445, Fax: (603)668-5354, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.ms.nhctc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $148/credit NH resident; $222 NE regional student; $340 non-resident. Enrollment: Total 1,944. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Administrative Assistant; Air Conditioning & Refrigeration; Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration; Automotive Technology; Biomedical Technology; Building Construction Technology; Building Maintenance; Commercial Art; Computer Aided Drafting; Computer Programming; Drafting, Architectural; Drafting Technology; Early Childhood Education; Electricity, Apprenticeship; Electronics Technology; Health Technology; Heating Technology; Human Services; Management; Marketing; Medical Assistant; Medical Transcription; Microcomputers; Nursing, R.N.; Physical Therapy Aide; Real Estate Appraisal; Secretarial, Medical; Small Business Management; Welding Technology

North Eastern Institute of Whole Health School of Massage Therapy

22 Bridge St., Manchester, NH 03101-1619. Trade and Technical. Founded 1993. Contact: Douglas DuVerger, (603)623-5018, 800-545-8497, Fax: (603)623-4689, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.neiwh.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Year. Tuition: $8,000. Enrollment: men 27, women 158. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (1-3 Yr)

Southern New Hampshire University

2500 N. River Rd., Manchester, NH 03106. Business. Founded 1932. Contact: Brad Poznanski, Dir. of Admission-Enrollment & Planning, (603)688-2211, (603)645-9611, Fax: (603)645-9693, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.snhu.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $20,184/yr.; $10,092/semester. Enrollment: men 2,763, women 2,856. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Computer Servicing - Data Processing (2 Yr); Cook & Stewards Training (2 Yr); Fashion Merchandising (2 Yr)

University of New Hampshire at Manchester

400 Commercial St., Manchester, NH 03101-1113. Other. Founded 1967. Contact: Ginger Lever, Dir. of College Relations, (603)641-4321, (603)641-4122, Fax: (603)641-4305, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.unhm.unh.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Term: Semester. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 805. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Business Management; Civil Engineering Technology; Engineering Technology, Mechanical; Environmental Health; Human Services; Information Sciences Technology; Management; Marketing

NASHUA

Daniel Webster College

University Dr., Nashua, NH 03063. Other. Founded 1965. Contact: Sean J. Ryan, (603)577-6600, (603)325-6876, 800-325-6876, Fax: (603)577-6001, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.dwc.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $20,880; $750 fees; $8,170 room and board. Enrollment: Total 820. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: FAA; NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Aircraft Flight Instruction (4 Yr); Air Traffic Control (4 Yr); Aviation Management (4 Yr); Business Management (4 Yr); Computer Science (4 Yr); Engineering Technology (2 Yr); Information Sciences Technology (4 Yr)

Hesser College - Nashua

410 Amherst St., Nashua, NH 03063. Two-Year College. Founded 1975. Contact: Mary Jo Greco, Pres., (603)883-0404, 800-526-9231, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.hesser.edu; Web Site: http://www.hesser.edu/request-info.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Year. Tuition: $12,340 per year; $1,400 books and supplies. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Computer Applications (2 Yr); Computer Business Systems Technology (2 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 Yr); Graphic Design (2 Yr); Human Services (2 Yr); Interior Design (2 Yr); Massage Therapy (2 Yr); Medical Assistant (2 Yr); Paralegal (2 Yr); Physical Therapy Aide (2 Yr)

New Hampshire Community Technical College (Nashua)

505 Amherst St., Nashua, NH 03063. Two-Year College. Founded 1969. Contact: Patricia Goodman, VP of Student Services, (603)882-6923, (603)882-7022, Fax: (603)882-8690, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.ncctc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $4,750/year, state resident. Enrollment: Total 1,551. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ABET; FAA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Automotive Collision Repair; Automotive Technology; Aviation Technology; Computer Aided Design; Computer Aided Drafting; Computer Information Science; Computer Networking; Computer Science; Early Childhood Education; Education; Electronic Engineering Technology; Engineering Technology, Computer; Liberal Arts; Management; Marketing; Numerical Control; Nursing; Paralegal; Telecommunications Technology

St. Joseph School of Practical Nursing

5 Woodward Ave., Nashua, NH 03060. Nursing. Founded 1964. Contact: Pauline Barton, (603)594-2567, 800-370-3169, Fax: (603)578-5028, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.sjhacademiccenter.org. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $9,350; $17,000 Registered Nursing Program. Enrollment: Total 100. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Nursing, Practical (11-17 Mo); Nursing, R.N. (2 yr)

PORTSMOUTH

C. Rogers Training Center

73 Corporate Dr., Portsmouth, NH 03801. Trade and Technical. Founded 1992. Contact: Stan Post, (NOTV), (603)436-7324, 800-505-0070, Fax: (603)430-7854, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $6,000. Enrollment: men 60, women 40. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Computer Operations

Hesser College - Portsmouth

170 Commerce Way, Portsmouth, NH 03801. Two-Year College. Founded 1985. Contact: Mary Jo Greco, Pres., (603)436-5300, 800-526-9231, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.hesser.edu; Web Site: http://www.hesser.edu/request-info.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Year. Tuition: $12,340 per year; $1,400 books and supplies. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Computer Applications (2 Yr); Computer Business Systems Technology (2 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 Yr); Massage Therapy (2 Yr); Medical Assistant (2 Yr); Physical Therapy Aide (2 Yr)

Portsmouth Beauty School of Hair Design

140 Congress St., Portsmouth, NH 03801-4084. Cosmetology. Founded 1961. Contact: Fran Nardello, (603)436-5456, (603)436-7775, Fax: (603)436-5456, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://portsmouthbeautyschool.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Year. Tuition: $9,200. Enrollment: Total 35. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS; AACS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (12 Mo)

RYE

East Coast Enterprise Training Center

PO Box 317, Rye, NH 03870. Trade and Technical. Founded 1985. Contact: Dell Record, (603)436-2523, Fax: (603)430-9398. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $4,800 Structural Welding; $5,400 Pipe Welding; $355 Pipe Test; $255 Plate Welder Certification. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Welding, Arc & Gas (320 Hr); Welding, Combination (320 Hr); Welding, Heli Arc; Welding, MIG; Welding, Oxy-Acetylene; Welding, Pipe (320 Hr); Welding Technology; Welding, TIG

SALEM

Hesser College - Salem

11 Manor Pkwy., Salem, NH 03079. Two-Year College. Founded 1983. Contact: Mary Jo Greco, Pres., (603)898-3480, 800-526-9231, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.hesser.edu; Web Site: http://www.hesser.edu/request-info.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Year. Tuition: $12,340 per year; $1,400 books and supplies. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Computer Applications (2 Yr); Computer Business Systems Technology (2 Yr); Massage Therapy (2 Yr); Medical Assistant (2 Yr)

SOMERSWORTH

Empire Beauty School-Somersworth

362 Rte 108, Somersworth, NH 03878. Cosmetology. Contact: Norman Langlois, Chief executive office, (603)692-1515, 800-223-3271, Web Site: http://www.empire.edu. Private. Coed. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $12,000. Enrollment: Total 203. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology; Cosmetology Instructor; Manicurist

STRATHAM

New Hampshire Computer Technical College (Stratham)

277 Portsmouth Ave., Stratham, NH 03885. Two-Year College. Founded 1945. Contact: Lin Tamulonis, Admissions Counselor, (603)772-1194, Fax: (603)772-1198, E-mail: [email protected] Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $2,075 in-state; $4,923 out-of-state. Enrollment: men 439, women 463. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Administrative Assistant; Automotive Technology; Biological Technology; Computer Aided Drafting; Computer Technology; Early Childhood Education; Electronics Technology; Human Services; Information Systems; Liberal Arts; Management; Marketing; Nursing, R.N.; Surgical Technology; Tourism; Veterinary Technology

WEST LEBANON

New England School of Hair Design, Inc.

12 Interchange Dr., West Lebanon, NH 03784. Cosmetology. Founded 1976. Contact: Gary Trottier, (603)298-5199, 877-298-5199, Fax: (603)298-7871, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.neschoolofhairdesign.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $10,500. Enrollment: men 1, women 50. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (12 Mo); Cosmetology Instructor (3 Mo); Manicurist (3 Mo)

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New Hampshire

New Hampshire

1 Location and Size

2 Topography

3 Climate

4 Plants and Animals

5 Environmental Protection

6 Population

7 Ethnic Groups

8 Languages

9 Religions

10 Transportation

11 History

12 State Government

13 Political Parties

14 Local Government

15 Judicial System

16 Migration

17 Economy

18 Income

19 Industry

20 Labor

21 Agriculture

22 Domesticated Animals

23 Fishing

24 Forestry

25 Mining

26 Energy and Power

27 Commerce

28 Public Finance

29 Taxation

30 Health

31 Housing

32 Education

33 Arts

34 Libraries and Museums

35 Communications

36 Press

37 Tourism, Travel & Recreation

38 Sports

39 Famous New Hampshirites

40 Bibliography

State of Hampshire

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Named for the English county of Hampshire.

NICKNAME : The Granite State.

CAPITAL: Concord.

ENTERED UNION: 21 June 1788 (9th).

OFFICIAL SEAL: In the center is a broadside view of the frigate Raleigh; in the left foreground is a granite boulder; in the background is a rising sun. A laurel wreath and the words “Seal of the State of New Hampshire 1776” surround the whole.

FLAG: The state seal, surrounded by laurel leaves with nine stars interspersed, is centered on a blue field.

EMBLEM: Within an elliptical panel appears a replica of the Old Man of the Mountain, with the state name above and motto below.

MOTTO: Live Free or Die.

SONG: “Old New Hampshire.”

FLOWER: Purple lilac.

TREE: White birch.

ANIMAL: White-tailed deer.

BIRD: Purple finch.

INSECT: Ladybug; Karner blue (butterfly).

GEM: Smoky quartz.

SPORT: Skiing.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year’s Day, 1 January; Civil Rights Day and Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Presidents’ Day, 3rd Monday in February; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Election Day, Tuesday following 1st Monday in November in even-numbered years; Veterans’ Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November plus the day after; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME: 7 AM EST = noon GMT.

1 Location and Size

Situated in New England in the northeastern United States, New Hampshire ranks 44th in size among the 50 states. The total area of New Hampshire is 9,279 square miles (24,033 square kilometers), including 8,993 square miles (23,292 square kilometers) of land and 286 square miles (741 square kilometers) of inland water. The state has a maximum extension of 93 miles (150 kilometers) from east to west and 180 miles (290 kilometers) from north to south. The state’s total boundary line is 555 miles (893 kilometers). The three southernmost Isles of Shoals in the Atlantic belong to New Hampshire.

2 Topography

New Hampshire is generally hilly, rocky, and in many areas densely wooded. The three major regions of New Hampshire are the coastal lowland in the southeast; the New England Uplands, covering most of the south and west; and the White Mountains (part of the Appalachian chain) in the north. The latter includes Mount Washington, which at 6,288 feet (1,918 meters) is the highest peak in the northeastern United States.

There are some 1,300 lakes and ponds, of which the largest is Lake Winnipesaukee, covering 70 square miles (181 square kilometers). Principal rivers include the Connecticut (forming the border with Vermont), Merrimack, Piscataqua, and Saco. Near the coast are the nine rocky Isles of Shoals, three of which belong to New Hampshire.

The Old Man of the Mountain was once one the state’s distinctive geographic features. It was a rock formation resembling the profile of a man’s face jutting from the edge of a cliff in Franconia Notch State Park. Discovered in 1805, it later became part of the State Emblem. However, the rocks fell from the cliff on 3 May 2003.

3 Climate

New Hampshire has wide variations in daily and seasonal temperatures. Summers are short and cool and winters are long and cold. The temperature in Concord ranges from 21°f (-6°c) in January to 70°f (21°c) in July. The record low temperature was -46°f (-43°c), set at Pittsburgh on 28 January 1925. The all-time high was 106°f (41°c), set at Nashua on 4 July 1911.

New Hampshire Population Profile

Total population estimate in 2006:1,314,895
Population change, 2000–06:6.4%
Hispanic or Latino†:2.2%
Population by race
One race:99.0%
White:95.4%
Black or African American:0.8%
American Indian /Alaska Native:0.4%
Asian:1.8%
Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander:0.0%
Some other race:0.6%
Two or more races:1.0%

Population by Age Group

Major Cities by Population
City Population % change 2000–05
Notes: †A person of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race. NA indicates that data are not available.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey and Population Estimates. www.census.gov/ (accessed March 2007).
Manchester109,6912.5
Nashua87,3210.8
Concord42,3364.1
Rochester30,0045.4
Dover28,4866.0
Keene22,7781.0
Portsmouth20,674-0.5
Laconia17,0604.0
Claremont13,3881.8
Lebanon12,6060.3

Annual precipitation at Concord averages 37.6 inches (95.5 centimeters). The average snowfall in the mountains is more than 100 inches (254 centimeters) per year. In Concord, annual snowfall is about 65 inches (165 centimeters). The strongest wind ever recorded, other than during a tornado, was 231 miles per hour (372 kilometers per hour), occurring on Mount Washington on 12 April 1934.

4 Plants and Animals

New Hampshire supports an abundance of elm, maple, beech, oak, pine, and fir trees. Among wildflowers, three orchids are considered rare. In 2006, three New Hampshire plant species were listed as threatened or endangered: the small whorled pogonia was threatened and Jesup’s milk-vetch and Northeastern bulrush were endangered. Among native New Hampshire mammals are the white-tailed deer, muskrat, beaver, porcupine, and snowshoe hare. In 2006, the US Fish and Wildlife Service listed nine animal species as threatened or endangered, including the Karner blue butterfly, bald eagle, dwarf wedgemussel, finback whale, and leatherback sea turtle.

5 Environmental Protection

State agencies concerned with environmental protection include the Fish and Game Department, the Department of Resources and Economic Development (DRED), and the Department of Environmental Services (DES). DRED oversees the state’s forests, lands and parks. DES was created in 1987 to protect the environmental quality of air, groundwater, surface waters, and solid waste.

In 2003, New Hampshire had 91 hazardous waste sites listed in the Environmental Protection Agency’s database, 20 of which were on the National Priorities List as of 2006.

6 Population

In 2005, New Hampshire ranked 41st in population among the 50 states with an estimated total of 1,314,895 residents. The population is projected to reach 1.58 million by 2025. The population density in 2004 was 144.9 persons per square mile (55.9 persons per square kilometer). Also in 2004, the median age was 39.1 years. In 2005, about 12% of all residents were 65 and older while 24% were 18 and younger.

Leading cities include Manchester, with 109,691 residents in 2005, Nashua, 87,321, and Concord (the capital), with 42,336 residents in 2005.

7 Ethnic Groups

According to the 2000 census, 223,026 New Hampshire residents were of English ancestry, 180,947 were of French descent, and 180,947 were Irish. There are also about 127,153 French Canadians. Nearly 20,489 residents were Hispanic, 15,931 were Asians, 9,035 residents were black Americans, 2,964 were Native Americans, and 371 were Pacific Islanders. About 54,154 people, or 4.4% of the total population, were foreign born.

In 2006, estimates indicated that 2.2% of the population was Hispanic or Latino, 1.8% was Asian, and 0.8% was black American.

New Hampshire Population by Race

Census 2000 was the first national census in which the instructions to respondents said, “Mark one or more races.” This table shows the number of people who are of one, two, or three or more races. For those claiming two races, the number of people belonging to the various categories is listed. The U.S. government conducts a census of the population every ten years.

 Number Percent
Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Census 2000: Redistricting Data. Press release issued by the Redistricting Data Office. Washington, D.C., March, 2001. A dash (—) indicates that the percent is less than 0.1.
Total population1,235,786100.0
One race1,222,57298.9
Two races12,4271.0
White and Black or African American2,0860.2
White and American Indian/Alaska Native4,1070.3
White and Asian2,4350.2
White and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander167
White and some other race2,5260.2
Black or African American and American Indian/Alaska Native154
Black or African American and Asian111
Black or African American and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander14
Black or African American and some other race289
American Indian/Alaska Native and Asian69
American Indian/Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander5
American Indian/Alaska Native and some other race81
Asian and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander63
Asian and some other race294
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander and some other race26
Three or more races7870.1

8 Languages

New Hampshire speech is essentially Northern. Regional terms include luckybone (wishbone) and eavespouts (gutters). Canadian French is heard in the northern region. In 2000, 91.7% of all state residents aged five and above spoke only English at home. About 39,551 residents spoke French at home and 18,647 spoke Spanish.

9 Religions

The first settlers of New Hampshire were Separatists, precursors of the modern Congregationalists (United Church of Christ) and their first church was probably built around 1633. The first Episcopal church was built in 1638 and the first Quaker meetinghouse was built in 1701.

In 2004, Roman Catholics were the largest single Christian denomination with about 327,353 adherents. In 2005, the United Church of Christ had 25,794 members. Other leading Protestant denominations (with 2000 membership data) include the United Methodist Church, 18,927; the American Baptist Churches–USA, 16,359; and the Episcopal Church, 16,148. There were about 10,020 Jews and 3,782 Muslims throughout the state. About 52.3% of the population was not counted as members of any religious organization.

10 Transportation

New Hampshire’s first railroad, between Nashua and Lowell, Massachusetts, was chartered in 1835 and opened in 1838. Two years later, Exeter and Boston were linked by rail. In 2003, the state had 473 rail miles (761 kilometers).

In 2003, the state had a total of 15,628 miles (25,161 kilometers) of roads. The main north–south highway is I-93. As of 2004, there were 668,000 automobiles, 491,000 trucks, 66,000 motorcycles, and 1,000 buses registered in the state, as well as 985,775 licensed drivers. New Hampshire had 51 airports, 67 heliports, and 9 seaplane bases. The main airport is Manchester Municipal Airport, which had 1,973,142 enplanements in 2004. Portsmouth is the state’s primary port.

11 History

When the first Europeans arrived in present-day New Hampshire, its Native American inhabitants, called Pennacook, were organized in a loose confederation centered along the Merrimack Valley. The coast of New England was explored by Dutch, English, and French navigators throughout the 16th century. The first English settlement was established along the Piscataqua River in 1623. From 1643 to 1680, New Hampshire was a province of Massachusetts, and the boundary between them was not settled until 1740. By 1760, the Pennacook had been forced out of the region.

By the first quarter of the 18th century, Portsmouth, the provincial capital, had become a thriving commercial port. Although nearly 18,500 New Hampshire men enlisted in the Revolutionary War, no battle was fought within its boundaries. New Hampshire was the first of the original 13 colonies to establish an independent government—on 5 January 1776, six months before the Declaration of Independence.

During the 19th century, as overseas trade became less important to the New Hampshire economy, shoe and textile mills were built. These were established principally along the Merrimack River. So great was the demand for workers in these mills that immigrant labor was imported during the 1850s. A decade later, French Canadian workers began pouring south from Quebec. Although industry thrived, agriculture did not. New Hampshire hill farms could not compete against Midwestern farms. The population in farm towns dropped, and the people who remained began to cluster in small village centers.

The 20th Century World War I marked a turning point for New Hampshire industry. As wartime demand fell off, the state’s old textile mills were unable to compete with newer cotton mills in the South, and New Hampshire’s mill towns became as depressed as its farm towns. Only in the north, the center for logging and paper manufacturing, did state residents continue to enjoy moderate prosperity. The collapse of the state’s railroad network spelled further trouble for the slumping economy. The growth of tourism aided the rural areas primarily, as old farms became spacious vacation homes for “summer people,” who in some cases paid the bulk of local property taxes.

During the 1960s, New Hampshire’s economic decline began to reverse, except in agriculture. In the 1970s and early 1980s, Boston’s urban sprawl, interstate highway construction, and low New Hampshire taxes encouraged people and industry—notably high-technology businesses—to move into southern New Hampshire. The state’s population almost doubled between 1960 and 1988, from 606,921 to 1.1 million. The rise in population strained government services, prompted an increase in local taxes, and provoked concern over the state’s vanishing open spaces.

In September 2000, New Hampshire Chief Justice David Brock faced an unprecedented trial on multiple charges, resulting in his impeachment. Brock was the first New Hampshire official impeached in 210 years. However, he resigned before the trial and was acquitted in October 2000.

Like other New England states in the early 2000s, New Hampshire faced record-breaking budget deficits. Republican governor Craig Benson vetoed the 2003 two-year budget passed by the state legislature. Benson said the budget would increase the deficit and raise taxes. Democrat John Lynch, who was inaugurated as New Hampshire’s governor in January 2005, put his attention to improving education, reducing health care costs, protecting the environment, and creating good jobs. Lynch began his second term in January 2007.

12 State Government

New Hampshire’s constitution, adopted in 1784 and revised in 1792, is the second-oldest state governing document still in effect. Every 10 years, the people vote on a question of calling a convention to revise it. The constitution had been amended 143 times by January 2005.

The General Court—the state legislature—consists of a 24-member senate and a 400-seat house of representatives (larger than that of any other state). Legislators serve two-year terms. The only executive elected statewide is the governor, who serves for two years and who is assisted by a five-member executive council, which must approve all administrative and judicial appointments. A bill becomes law if signed by the governor, if passed by the legislature and left unsigned by the governor for five days while the legislature is in session, or if a governor’s veto is overridden by two-thirds of the legislators present in each house.

State legislators were paid $200 for their terms ($100 per year) and the governor’s salary was $96,060 in 2004.

13 Political Parties

New Hampshire has almost always gone with the Republican presidential nominee in recent decades, but the Democratic and Republican parties have been much more evenly balanced in local and state elections. New Hampshire’s presidential primary, the second state primary of the campaign season after Iowa, places New Hampshirites in the political spotlight every four years. In the 1992 presidential election, New Hampshire voters defied their tradition and chose Democrat Bill Clinton over Republican incumbent George H. W. Bush by a scant 6,556 votes. Clinton carried the state again in 1996. In the 2000 elections, Republican George W. Bush received 48% of the votes and Democrat Al Gore received 47%. In 2004, Bush won 40.3% of the vote, but the Democratic challenger John Kerry won 49%.

As of 2006, both of New Hampshire’s US senators, Judd Gregg and John Sununu, were Republicans. Following the 2006 midterm elections,

New Hampshire Governors: 1776–2007

1776–1785Meshesh Weare 
1785–1786John Langdon 
1786–1788John Sullivan 
1788–1789John Langdon 
1789John Pickering 
1789–1790John SullivanFederalist
1790–1794Josiah BartlettDem-Rep
1794–1805John Taylor GilmanFederalist
1805–1809John LangdonDem-Rep
1809–1810Jeremiah SmithFederalist
1810–1812John LangdonDem-Rep
1812–1813William PlumerDem-Rep
1813–1816John Taylor GilmanFederalist
1816–1819William PlumerDem-Rep
1819–1923Samuel BellDem-Rep
1823–1824Levi WoodburyDem-Rep
1824–1827David Lawrence MorrillRepublican
1827–1828Benjamin PierceJacksonian
1828–1829John BellNat-Rep
1829–1830Benjamin PierceJacksonian
1830–1831Matthew HarveyJacksonian
1831Joseph Morrill HarperJacksonian
1831–1834Samuel DinsmoorJacksonian
1834–1836William BadgerDemocrat
1836–1839Isaac HillJacksonian
1839–1842John PageDemocrat
1842–1844Henry HubbardDemocrat
1844–1846John Hardy SteeleDemocrat
1846–1847Anthony ColbyWhig
1847–1849Jared Warner WilliamsDemocrat
1849–1852Samuel Dinsmoor, Jr.Democrat
1852–1854Noah MartinDemocrat
1854–1855Nathaniel Bradley BakerDemocrat
1855–1857Ralph MetcalfKnow Nothing
1857–1859William HaileRepublican
1859–1861Ichabod GoodwinWhig Republican
1861–1863Nathaniel Springer BerryRepublican
1863–1865Joseph Albree GilmoreRepublican
1865–1867Frederick SmythUnionist
1867–1869Walter HarrimanRepublican
1869–1871Onslow StearnsRepublican
1871–1872James Adams WestonDemocrat
1872–1874Ezekiel Albert StrawRepublican
1874–1875James Adams WestonDemocrat
1875–1877Person Colby CheneyRepublican
1877–1879Benjamin Franklin PrescottRepublican
1879–1881Nathaniel HeadRepublican
1881–1883Charles Henry BellRepublican
1883–1885Samuel Whitney HaleRepublican
1885–1887Moody CurrierRepublican
1887–1889Charles Henry SawyerRepublican
1889–1891David Harvey GoodellRepublican
1891–1893Hiram Americus TuttleRepublican
1893–1895John Butler SmithRepublican
1895–1897Charles Albert BusielRepublican
1897–1899George Allen RamsdellRepublican
1899–1901Frank West RollinsRepublican
1901–1903Chester Bradley JordanRepublican
1903–1905Nahum Josiah BatchelderRepublican
1905–1907John McLaneRepublican
1907–1909Charles Miller FloydRepublican
1909–1911Henry Brewer QuinbyRepublican
1911–1913Robert Perkins BassRepublican
1913–1915Samuel Demeritt FelkerDemocrat
1915–1917Rolland Harty SpauldingRepublican
1917–1919Henry Wilder KeyesRepublican
1919–1921John Henry BartlettRepublican
1921–1923Albert Oscar BrownRepublican
1923–1925Fred Herbert BrownDemocrat
1925–1927John Gilbert WinantRepublican
1927–1929Huntley Nowel SpauldingRepublican
1929–1931Charles William TobeyRepublican
1931–1935John Gilbert WinantRepublican
1935–1937Henry Styles BridgesRepublican
1937–1941Francis Parnell MurphyRepublican
1941–1945Robert Oscar BloodRepublican
1945–1949Charles Milby DaleRepublican
1949–1953Sherman AdamsRepublican
1953–1955Hugh GreggRepublican
1955–1959Lane DwinellRepublican
1959–1963Wesley PowellRepublican
1963–1967John William KingDemocrat
1967–1973Walter Rutherford PetersonRepublican
1973–1979Meldrim Thomson, Jr.Republican
1979–1982Hugh J. GallenDemocrat
1982Robert B. MonierDemocrat
1982William Michael GardnerDemocrat
1982–1983Vesta M. RoyRepublican
1983–1989John Henry SununuRepublican
1989–1993Judd Alan GreggRepublican
1993–1997Stephen MerrillRepublican
1997–2002Jeanne ShaheenDemocrat
2002–2004Craig BensonRepublican
2004–John LynchDemocrat
Democratic Republican – Dem-Rep
National Republican – Nat-Rep

Democrats held both US House seats. In 2006, Democrat John Lynch was reelected governor. The New Hampshire state senate following the 2006 elections had 14 Democrats and 10 Republicans, and the state house had 239 Democrats and 161 Republicans. One hundred twenty-nine women won election to the state legislature in 2006, or 30.4%.

14 Local Government

New Hampshire has 10 counties, each governed by three commissioners. Other elected county officials include the sheriff, attorney, treasurer, and registrar of deeds. As of 2005, New Hampshire also had 13 municipalities, 221 townships, 178 public school districts, and 148 special districts. Most municipalities have elected mayors and councils. The basic unit of town government is the traditional town meeting.

15 Judicial System

The state’s highest court, the supreme court, consists of a chief justice and four associate justices. The main trial court is the superior court. The state’s violent crime rate in 2004 was 167 per 100,000 persons. Crimes against property were reported at a rate of about 2,040 per 100,000 people. In December 2004, there were 2,448 inmates in state and federal prisons. New Hampshire imposes the death penalty but had executed only one person since 1930 as of 2006. As of 1 January 2006, there were no inmates under sentence of death.

16 Migration

From the time of the first European settlement until the middle of the 19th century, the population of New Hampshire was primarily of British origin. Subsequently, immigrants from Quebec and from Ireland, Italy, and other countries began arriving in significant numbers. New Hampshire’s population growth since 1960 has been fueled by migrants from other states.

Between 1990 and 1998, New Hampshire had net gains of 19,000 in domestic migration and 6,000 in international migration. In the period 1995–2000, 162,250 people moved into the state and 134,347 moved out, for a net gain of 27,903, many of whom came from Massachusetts. For the period 2000–05, net international migration was 11,107 and net internal migration was 40,861 for a net gain of 51,968 people.

17 Economy

New Hampshire is one of the most industrialized states in the United States, ranking well above the national median in the proportion of the labor force employed in manufacturing. Between 1977 and 1982, manufacturing employment rose 13%, to 107,500, as many high-technology firms moved into the southern portion of the state. Since World War II, tourism has been one of the state’s fastest growing sources of income.

Coming into the 21st century, the state’s economy was booming, posting annual growth rates of 8.2% in 1998, 7% in 1999, and 9.3% in 2000. However, due to the large growth of information technology related jobs in southern New Hampshire in the 1990s, this was the region of New England that saw the greatest fall in personal income in 2000–02. In 2004, there were about 4,865 new businesses established while 5,401 businesses were closed.

New Hampshire Presidential Vote by Major Political Parties, 1948–2004

YEAR NEW HAMPSHIRE WINNER DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN
* Won US presidential election.
** Independent candidate Ross Perot received 121,337 votes in 1992 and 48,390 votes in 1996.
1948Dewey (R)107,995121,299
1952*Eisenhower (R)106,663166,287
1956*Eisenhower (R)90,364176,519
1960Nixon (R)137,772157,989
1964*Johnson (D)182,065104,029
1968*Nixon (R)130,589154,903
1972*Nixon (R)116,435213,724
1976Ford (R)147,635185,935
1980*Reagan (R)108,864221,705
1984*Reagan (R)120,347267,050
1988*Bush (R)163,696281,537
1992***Clinton (D)209,040202,484
1996***Clinton (D)246,214196,532
2000*Bush, G. W. (R)266,348273,559
2004Kerry (D)340,511331,237

18 Income

In 2005, New Hampshire had a gross state product (GSP) of $56 billion, ranking 39th among the 50 states and the District of Columbia. In 2004, New Hampshire ranked seventh among the 50 states and the District of Columbia with a per capita (per person) income of $36,616; the national average was $33,050. The average median household income for 2002–04 was $57,352 compared to the national average of $44,473. For the same period, 5.7% of the population lived below the federal poverty level, compared to the national average of 12.4%.

19 Industry

The value of shipments by manufacturers in 2004 was over $15 billion. Of that total, computer and electronic equipment accounted for the largest share at $3.9 billion. It was followed by machinery at $1.8 billion and fabricated metal products at $1.6 billion.

20 Labor

In April 2006, the civilian labor force in New Hampshire numbered 735,300. Approximately 24,700 workers were unemployed, yielding an unemployment rate of 3.4%, compared to the national average of 4.7% for the same period. In 2006, 4.8% of the labor force was employed in construction; 12% in manufacturing; 22.1% in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 6.3% in financial activities; 9.5% in professional and business services; 15.7% in education and health services; 9.9% in leisure and hospitality services, and 13.9% in government.

In 2005, some 65,000 of New Hampshire’s 627,000 employed wage and salary workers were members of unions, representing 10.4% of those so employed. The national average was 12%.

21 Agriculture

Only Rhode Island and Alaska generate less income from farming than New Hampshire. Farm income in 2005 was $168 million, 56% of which was in crops.

In 2004, there were about 3,400 farms occupying about 450,000 acres (182,000 hectares). Leading crops are hay and commercial apples.

22 Domesticated Animals

Dairy and poultry products are the mainstays of New Hampshire’s agriculture. In 2003, the state had 16,000 milk cows, with a total milk yield of 305 million pounds (139 million kilograms). Poultry items included 1,183,000 pounds

(536,599 kilograms) of chickens, sold for $28,000; 132,000 pounds (59,874 kilograms) of turkey, valued at $224,000, and 43 million eggs, valued at $3.2 million.

23 Fishing

New Hampshire’s commercial catch in 2004 consisted of 21.9 million pounds (about 10 million kilograms), worth $8.8 million. Most of the catch includes cod and lobster. In 2003, the state had 3 processing and 20 wholesale plants with about 497 employees. The commercial fleet in 2001 had about 580 boats and vessels. The state sponsors six hatcheries. The Nashua National Fish Hatchery is also located in the state. In 2004, the state issued 143,835 sport fishing licenses.

24 Forestry

New Hampshire had 4,824,000 acres (1,952,000 hectares) of forestland in 2004, of which 4,503,000 acres (1,822,000 hectares) were considered suitable for commercial use. Of that total, 83% was privately owned. Forests cover about 84% of New Hampshire. Lumber production in 2004 was 232 million board feet.

25 Mining

The value of nonfuel mineral production in New Hampshire in 2003 was estimated to be $63.9 million. Construction sand and gravel remained the state’s most important nonfuel mineral in 2003, accounting for about 69% of total value. According to preliminary figures, the state mined 9.1 million metric tons of construction sand and gravel and 3.89 million metric tons of crushed stone. Dimension stone and gemstones are collected by hobbyists. Sand and gravel are mined in every county and dimension granite is quarried in Hillsborough, Merrimack, and Coos counties.

26 Energy and Power

In 2003, about 43% of the state’s electricity came from nuclear power, 19.3% came from gas-fired plants, and 18.2% came from coal-fired plants. The remainder came from hydroelectric and petroleum-fired plants. Power production (utility and nonutility) totaled 21.5 billion kilowatt hours in 2003. As of 2003, the Seabrook nuclear power plant had a capacity of 1,159 megawatts and was the largest reactor in New England. New Hampshire has no proven reserves or production of crude oil or natural gas.

27 Commerce

New Hampshire’s wholesale sales totaled $13.7 billion for 2002; retail sales were $20.8 billion. Foreign exports of goods totaled $2.5 billion in 2005.

28 Public Finance

The New Hampshire state budget is drawn up biennially by the Department of Administrative Services and then submitted by the governor to the legislature for amendment and approval. The fiscal year runs from 1 July to 30 June.

Revenues for 2004 were $6.1 billion and total expenditures were $5.6 billion. The largest general expenditures were for education ($1.6 billion), public welfare ($1.4 billion), and highways ($374 million). The state debt was $5.8 billion, or about $4,537.42 per capita.

29 Taxation

New Hampshire has no state general sales tax. Income tax is limited to dividend and interest income only. The state does levy a flat 8.5% corporate income tax on net corporate income. The state also imposes excise taxes on motor fuels tobacco products, and other selected items. Most property taxes are collected locally.

The state collected $2 billion in taxes in 2005, of which 34.9% came from the selective sales taxes, 19.4% from state property taxes, and 23.6% from corporate net income taxes. Other taxes accounted for the remainder. In 2005, New Hampshire ranked 48th among the states in terms of per capita tax burden at $1,544 per person, compared to the national average of $2,192 per person.

In 2005, infant mortality stood at 5.4 per 1,000 live births. The crude death rate in 2003 was 7.5 per 1,000 population. As of 2002, death rates for major causes of death (per 100,000 resident population) included heart disease, 217.7; cancer, 198.3; cerebrovascular diseases, 49.2; chronic lower respiratory diseases, 45.3; and diabetes, 24.4. As of 2004, about 21.6% of residents were smokers. In 2004, the reported acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases rate was at about 3.2 per 100,000.

New Hampshire’s 28 community hospitals had 2,800 beds in 2003. There were 267 physicians per 100,000 residents in 2004 and 932 nurses per 100,000 in 2005. In 2004, there were about 795 dentists in the state. The average expense for community hospital care was $1,389 per inpatient day in 2003. In 2004, at least 11% of New Hampshire’s residents were uninsured.

31 Housing

In 2004, there were 575,671 housing units in New Hampshire, 491,589 of which were occupied; 72.6% were owner-occupied. About 62.8% of all units were single-family, detached homes. Fuel oil and kerosene were the most common heating energy sources. It was estimated that 8,724 units lacked telephone service, 2,770 lacked complete plumbing facilities, and 2,725 lacked complete kitchen facilities. The average household size was 2.57 people.

In 2004, some 8,700 new privately owned units were authorized for construction. The median home value was $216,639. The median monthly cost for mortgage owners was $1,472, while renters paid a median of $810 per month.

32 Education

In 2004, 90.8% of New Hampshire residents age 25 and older were high school graduates and 35.4% had obtained a bachelor’s degree or higher, surpassing the national average of 26%.

Total public school enrollment was estimated at 208,000 in fall 2002. Enrollment in nonpublic schools in fall 2003 was 23,692. Expenditures for public education in 2003/04 were estimated at $2.1 billion.

As of fall 2002, there were 68,523 students enrolled in college or graduate school. In 2005, New Hampshire had 25 degree-granting institutions. The best known institution of higher education is Dartmouth College, which originated in Connecticut in 1754 as Moor’s Indian Charity School and was established at Hanover in 1769. When the state of New Hampshire attempted to amend Dartmouth’s charter to make the institution public in the early 19th century, the US Supreme Court handed down a precedent-setting ruling prohibiting state violation of contract rights. The University of New Hampshire, the leading public institution, was founded at Hanover in 1866 and relocated at Durham in 1891. The university also has a campus in Manchester. Other colleges include Franklin Pierce College, Keene State College, and Southern New Hampshire University.

33 Arts

Hopkins Center at Dartmouth College features musical events throughout the year. Theeater by the Sea at Portsmouth presents classical and modern plays and there is a year-round student theater at Dartmouth. Ballet groups include Ballet New England in Portsmouth, City Center Ballet in Lebanon, Granite State Ballet Company in Nashua, and Petit Papillon in Concord. Opera groups include the Granite State Opera in Temple, Opera North in Hanover, and OPERAFEST! of NH, based at the Adams Memorial Opera House in Derry. Classical music groups include the Nashua Chamber Orchestra, the Nashua Symphony Orchestra, the Granite State Symphony in Concord, Lakes Region Symphony Orchestra in Meredith, the New England Wind Ensemble in Franklin, and the New Hampshire Philharmonic Orchestra and New Hampshire Symphony Orchestra (both in Manchester).

The New Hampshire Music Festival in Center Harbor serves as a year-round educational institute and performing arts center and sponsors an annual summer festival featuring the New Hampshire Music Festival Orchestra. Monadnock Music in Peterborough is an organization sponsoring a variety of musical programs, including an annual summer festival featuring the Monadnock Chorus and Orchestra.

New Hampshire’s poet laureate for 2006–09 is Patricia Fargnoli. The artist laureate as of 2006 was James Aponovich, an internationally acclaimed still-life painter and teacher at the New Hampshire Institute of Art.

The New Hampshire State Council on the Arts supports many arts programs with state and federal funding. New Hampshire has about 275 statewide arts associations and 8 local arts councils. The New Hampshire Humanities Council sponsors a number of ongoing programs and an annual summer Chautauqua.

In 2005, New Hampshire arts organizations received seven grants totaling $682,100 from the National Endowment for the Arts. The same year, the National Endowment for the Humanities awarded eight grants totaling $743,861 for state programs.

34 Libraries and Museums

In 2001, New Hampshire had 229 public library systems with a total book and serial publication stock of 5.5 million volumes and a combined circulation of 8.6 million volumes. Leading academic and historical collections include the Dartmouth College Baker Memorial Library in Hanover, the New Hampshire State Library, the New Hampshire Historical Society Library, and the University of New Hampshire Ezekiel W. Diamond Library. Among the more than 76 museums and historic sites are the Museum of New Hampshire History in Concord and the Franklin Pierce Homestead in Hillsboro. The Old Man of the Mountain in Franconia Notch State Park contains images and stories about the rock formation that was a popular tourist site until it was damaged by rockslides in 2003.

35 Communications

In 2004, 96.4% of New Hampshire’s occupied housing units had telephones. The same year, there were about 686,746 mobile phone subscribers. In 2005, the state had 32 major radio stations (7 AM, 25 FM) and 5 television stations. State residents also receive broadcasts from neighboring Massachusetts, Vermont, and Maine. In 2003, about 71.5% of all households had a personal computer and 65.2% had access to the Internet. A total of 38,887 Internet domain names were registered in the state in 2000.

36 Press

In 2005, New Hampshire had eight morning newspapers, four evening newspapers, and eight Sunday papers. The best known newspaper in the state is Manchester’s The Union–Leader (59,384 daily and 81,144 Sunday), published by conservative William Loeb until his death in 1981. In the capital, the Concord Monitor circulates 20,107 papers daily and 22,747 on Sundays. The Dover Foster’s Daily Democrat has a circulation of 22,720 for its weekday evening edition and 27,728 for the Sunday edition. The Nashua Telegraph has a circulation of 25,566 daily and 32,672 Sundays.

37 Tourism, Travel & Recreation

Tourism is a major part of the economy of New Hampshire. It has been estimated that the industry brings in revenues of about $8.6 billion per year and sponsors over 65,000 jobs.

Skiing, camping, hiking, and boating are the main outdoor attractions. Other attractions include Strawbery Banke, a restored village in Portsmouth; Daniel Webster’s birthplace near Franklin; and the Mount Washington Cog Railway.

38 Sports

There are no major league professional sports teams in New Hampshire. Major national and international skiing events are frequently held in the state, as are such other winter competitions as snowmobile races and the Annual World Championship Sled Dog Derby in Laconia.

Thoroughbred, harness, and greyhound racing are warm weather spectator sports. The annual Whaleback Yacht Race is held in early August.

Dartmouth College competes in the Ivy League and the University of New Hampshire belongs to the America East Conference, both Division I-AA Conferences.

The New Hampshire International Speedway, which opened in Loudon in 1994, plays host to a NASCAR Winston Cup stock car race in July and September.

39 Famous New Hampshirites

Born in Hillsboro, Franklin Pierce (1804–1869) was the only US chief executive to come from New Hampshire, serving from 1853 to 1857 as the nation’s 14th president. Henry Wilson (Jeremiah Jones Colbath, 1812–1875), US vice president from 1873 to 1875, was a native of Farmington.

US Supreme Court chief justices Salmon P. Chase (1808–1873) and Harlan Fiske Stone (1872–1946) were New Hampshirites. US cabinet members from New Hampshire included Henry Dearborn (1751–1829), secretary of war; and Daniel Webster (1782–1852), secretary of state. Josiah Bartlett (b.Massachusetts, 1729–1795) was a physician, governor, and signer of the Declaration of Independence.

Other figures of note are educator Eleazar Wheelock (b.Connecticut, 1711–1779), the founder of Dartmouth College; the founder of Christian Science, Mary Baker Eddy (1821–1910); George Whipple (1878–1976), winner of the 1934 Nobel Prize for physiology/medicine; and labor organizer and US Communist Party leader Elizabeth Gurley Flynn (1890–1964).

Horace Greeley (1811–1872), Charles Dana (1819–1897), Alice Brown (1857–1948), and J(erome) D(avid) Salinger (b.New York, 1919) are among the prose writers and editors who have lived in New Hampshire. Poets include Edward Arlington Robinson (b.Maine, 1869–1935). More recent celebrities include astronaut Alan B. Shepard, Jr. (1923–1998).

40 Bibliography

BOOKS

Bristow, M. J. State Songs of America. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Dubois, Muriel L. New Hampshire Facts and Symbols. Rev. ed. Mankato, MN: Capstone, 2003.

Harris, Patricia. New Hampshire: The Spirit of America. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000. Heinrichs, Ann. New Hampshire. Minneapolis, MN: Compass Point Books, 2004.

Murray, Julie. New Hampshire. Edina, MN: Abdo Publishing, 2006.

Stacker, Ann P., and Nancy C. Hefferman. Short History of New Hampshire. Grantham, NH: Thompson and Rutter, 1985.

Stein, R. Conrad. New Hampshire. New York: Children’s Press, 2000.

Thomas, William. New Hampshire. Milwaukee, WI: Gareth Stevens, 2007.

Whitehurst, Susan. The Colony of New Hampshire. New York: PowerKids Press, 2000.

WEB SITES

New Hampshire Division of Travel & Tourism Development. New Hampshire. www.visitnh.gov/ (accessed March 1, 2007).

State of New Hampshire. Welcome to NH.gov. www.nh.gov/ (accessed March 1, 2007).

Visit New England. New Hampshire. www.visit-newhampshire.com/ (accessed March 1, 2007).

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New Hampshire

New Hampshire

The Granite State entered the Union on June 21, 1788, as the ninth state. It is a tiny state located in New England and is surrounded by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Canada and Maine to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.

Only one Native American tribe—Pennacook—lived in New Hampshire when the first English settlement was established in 1623. New Hampshire was actually a province of Massachusetts from 1643 to 1680. By 1760, the Pennacook had been forced out of the region.

New Hampshire was the first of the original thirteen colonies to establish an independent government, which it did on January 5, 1776, six months prior to the Declaration of Independence .

Shoe and textile mills were rapidly established along the Merrimack River in the nineteenth century. Companies developed faster than workers could be hired, and an immigrant labor force was brought in during the 1850s. Ten years later, French Canadian workers from Quebec went to New Hampshire to work the mills.

These mills could not compete with larger cotton mills in the South in the twentieth century, and the mill towns became depressed. Only those residents in the north region of the state, where logging and paper manufacturing took place, prospered.

The population of New Hampshire nearly doubled between 1960 and 1988 because the state had a low tax rate, healthy industry (primarily high-technology businesses), and was near enough to Boston, Massachusetts, which had become a major metropolitan area.

In the twenty-first century, New Hampshire is one of the most industrialized states in America. It is home to just over 1.3 million people, 95.4 percent of them white. Manchester had the highest population (109,691) in 2005, followed by Nashua (87,321) and the capital city of Concord (42,336).

Traditionally, New Hampshire is the first state to hold its presidential primary every four years. The state has almost always voted Republican in presidential elections. In 1992, however, it chose Democrat Bill Clinton (1946–; served 1993–2001) over incumbent George H. W. Bush (1924–; served 1989–93) by just 6,556 votes.

New Hampshire residents fare far better than most Americans in terms of income. In 2004, the per-person income was $36,616, compared to a national average of $33,050. The average median household income for the years 2002 to 2004 was $57,352, compared to the national average of $44,473. For that same time period, just 5.7 percent of residents lived below the federal poverty level, compared to the national average of 12.4 percent.

In 2006, 22.1 percent of New Hampshire workers were employed in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 15.7 percent worked in education and health services; 13.9 percent worked for the government; 12 percent were in manufacturing; 9.9 percent in leisure and hospitality; 9.5 in professional and business services; 6.3 percent worked in financial services, and 4.8 percent in construction.

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New Hampshire

NEW HAMPSHIRE

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New Hampshire

New Hampshire

Live free or die.

At a Glance

Name: New Hampshire was named for the English county of Hampshire.

Nickname: Granite State Capital:

Concord Size: 9,283 sq. mi. (24,044 sq km)

Population: 1,235,786

Statehood: New Hampshire became the ninth state on June 21, 1788.

Electoral votes: 4 (2004)

U.S. representatives: 2 (until 2003)

State tree: white birch

State flower: purple lilac

State reptile: red spotted newt

Highest point: Mount Washington, 6,288 ft. (1,917 m)

The Place

New Hampshire is one of the six New England states. Its 13-mile coastline on the Atlantic Ocean is the shortest coastline of any state bordering an ocean. The land along the coast is flat, and its rivers and streams attract large numbers of migrating ducks and geese.

Most of southern New Hampshire is covered by a series of fertile valleys, beautiful lakes, and forested hills—about 85 percent of the entire state's land is forested. The Connecticut River stretches along the western border of New Hampshire, where there is rich farmland.

New Hampshire's weather is cool year-round. Summers are fairly dry, but winters are snowy, especially in the north and west. The pleasant summer weather and snowy winters attract many visitors to the White Mountains, which are located in northern New Hampshire. The Presidential Range of the White Mountains has the highest peaks in New England.

Large amounts of granite give New Hampshire its nickname, the Granite State. New Hampshire's natural resources include a variety of minerals, but only sand and gravel are mined to any extent.

New Hampshire: Facts and Firsts

  1. In 1719, the United States's first potato was planted at Londonderry Common Field.
  2. New Hampshire was the first of the 13 original colonies to declare independence from England.
  3. The first women's labor strike in the United States took place at the Dover Cotton Factory on December 30, 1828.
  4. In 1833, Peterborough established the first free public library in the United States.
  5. In 1905, New Hampshire became the first and only state to host end-of-war negotiations for foreign countries. In that year, the treaty ending the Russo-Japanese War was signed in Portsmouth.

The Past

New Hampshire was first explored and settled by the English in the 1600s. Colonists found about 5,000 Native Americans, mostly Algonquian groups, living there. These Native Americans allied with French colonists from Canada to fight against the British during the French and Indian War.

Before the first battles of the Revolutionary War were fought (in Massachusetts), the first armed attack against the British took place in New Hampshire. New Hampshire was the first colony to write a state constitution. This constitution went into effect in 1776, shortly before the Declaration of Independence was signed.

New Hampshire: State Smart

The Haverhill-Bath Covered Bridge, built in 1829, is the oldest covered bridge still in use in the United States.

Colonial New Hampshire was primarily a rural agricultural society, and remained agricultural through the Revolutionary War. In the 1860s, during the Civil War, industry increased in the state, as shipyards and mills began to expand. The textile, woodworking, and leather industries also grew. Ship and submarine manufacturing gave the economy a boost during World Wars I and II. By the end of the 20th century, many rural parts of New Hampshire had become urban and industrialized.

The Present

Today, only about 7 percent of New Hampshire's land is farmland. Many of the state's approximately 2,900 farms produce dairy products.

New Hampshire maintains a system of low taxation and has no income or sales tax, so many businesses and residents have been attracted to the state. New Hampshire's manufacturing industries have become vital to its economy. The state produces many different kinds of machinery—especially computer parts. It also produces electrical equipment such as military communications systems, scientific instruments such as navigational equipment, and medical instruments.

Tourism has also become an important source of income. New Hampshire's mountains, beaches, and lakes attract many vacationers, and its colorful foliage brings thousands of visitors to the state every fall. Tourists visit many popular ski resorts during the winter months. Revenue from tourism has helped New Hampshire finance many public service projects that are not supported by taxes, such as road construction and schools.

Born in New Hampshire

  1. Salmon P. Chase, jurist
  2. Charles Anderson Dana , editor
  3. Mary Baker Eddy , founder of the Christian Science Church
  4. Daniel Chester French , sculptor
  5. Horace Greeley , journalist and politician
  6. Sarah J. Hale , author, editor, and feminist
  7. John Irving , author
  8. Franklin Pierce , U.S. president
  9. Alan Shepard , astronaut
  10. Harlan F. Stone , jurist
  11. Daniel Webster , statesman

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New Hampshire

NEW HAMPSHIRE

New Hampshire in 1750 was a tiny British colony with a population of about 28,000, almost all of English descent. More than half of the settlers lived on or near the seacoast, where they farmed, fished, or worked in the shipyards; most of the rest farmed and lumbered in the forests and river valleys of the interior. Great Britain valued the colony because it provided masts and ships for the Royal Navy. Portsmouth, the largest town and colonial capital, was already a cultural and commercial center with a newspaper, public library, and handsome Georgian-style homes, as well as its shipyards and fishing docks.

The government and the society of New Hampshire were dominated by a mercantile, landed aristocracy, headed by Governor Benning Wentworth, who used patronage and the veto power to control the assembly. Wide gaps separated the Wentworths and their friends at the top of society from the artisans and farmers in the middle, and the poor laborers and some four hundred blacks, one-half of them slaves, at the bottom. Only colonists with estates worth at least fifty pounds could vote, and the inhabitants of each town, regardless of their faith, were required to support an established church—in most cases Congregational. On the outside were perhaps five hundred Algonquian Indians, primarily Pennacooks and Abenakis, all that remained of native groups that had once numbered more than four thousand.

By the eve of the Revolution domestic migration had increased the population to 75,000, many of whom had grown restless under British rule. Late in 1774 a mob attacked the royal fort guarding Portsmouth, and in the summer of 1775 the rebels ousted Governor John Wentworth (Benning's nephew) and established an independent government.

Reforms followed the Revolution. The state constitution in 1784 included a lengthy bill of rights. Although property and religious qualifications were retained for officeholders, all adult males were given the right to vote. The constitution did not abolish slavery, but judges interpreted the opening words to mean that anyone born after 1783 was free. Years later the legislature passed the Toleration Act (1819), granting all Christian denominations the right to be supported by taxes.

New Hampshire was also moving toward market capitalism and democratic politics. Until 1805 there were only two banks in the state; then suddenly there were ten. To get goods to market, entrepreneurs dug canals around the falls of the Connecticut

Total Population of New Hampshire
Year Total Population Black Population Slaves
175027,505c.400c.200
177062,396
1790141,885788157
1800183,858
1810214,460
1820244,161
1830269,3286073

River and set up scores of road and bridge companies. By 1820, 14 percent of workers in New Hampshire were engaged in manufacturing, and a decade later the state had about one-tenth of all cotton spindles in the United States. Many of the workers in the cotton mills were young women, who were paid less than fifty cents a day for twelve hours of work and lived in company boardinghouses. When the cotton mill in Dover cut wages in 1828, more than six hundred women went on strike, but the strike failed.

Soon after New Hampshire ratified the United States Constitution (1788), party politics began to appear. The turnout for elections was high—81 percent in 1814 and 77 percent in 1828. Federalists controlled the state until 1805, when Republican John Langdon defeated perennial Federalist governor John Taylor Gilman. Although the Federalists regained power during the War of 1812, they were badly beaten in 1816. As soon as the Republicans took over, they passed a bill changing Dartmouth College, which was traditionally Federalist, into a state university. The college trustees, however, won back control of the institution, when Chief Justice John Marshall declared the state legislation unconstitutional (Dartmouth College v. Woodward, 1819). By this time the Federalist party had collapsed. In the factional struggle that followed, the newspaper editor Isaac Hill organized a state party that supported Andrew Jackson and won the state election of 1829. The New Hampshire Jacksonians played a major role in the rise of the national Democratic Party.

With its increased democracy, its new industrialization, and its involvement in national politics, New Hampshire was becoming an integral part of the new American nation.

See alsoConstitutionalism: American Colonies; Constitutionalism: State Constitution Making; Democratic Republicans; Federalist Party; Industrial Revolution; Market Revolution; New England; Religion: The Founders and Religion; Work: Women's Work .

bibliography

Cole, Donald B. Jacksonian Democracy in New Hampshire, 1800–1851. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Daniel, Jere R. Experiment in Republicanism: New Hampshire Politics and the American Revolution, 1741–1794. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Turner, Lynn Warren. The Ninth State: New Hampshire's Formative Years. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1983.

Donald B. Cole

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New Hampshire

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New Hampshire

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New Hampshire

New Hampshire

Exeter
Fort Number Four Reconstruction
Fort William and Mary Ruins
Portsmouth
Stark (John) House
Sullivan (John) House

With about eighty thousand inhabitants living mainly along the Atlantic coast when the Revolution started, New Hampshire had a strong Loyalist element. But the Patriots slowly gained control, and New Hampshire led the way in revolutionary activity, capturing Fort William and Mary in December 1774, forcing its native-born royal governor, Sir John Wentworth, to flee in June 1775, and establishing a provisional government in January 1776.

The dramatic victory at Bennington (see bennington battlefield under New York) owed much to the initiative of New Hampshire in raising troops and commissioning John Stark as brigadier general to command them. The Stark House remains standing in Manchester. Prominent in this crisis was John Langdon, whose house is among the many historic landmarks of Portsmouth. Another hero of the Revolution was General John Sullivan, whose memory is preserved in the Sullivan House in Durham. The Strawberry Banke Restoration is a vestige of New Hampshire's original settlement around Portsmouth, and the John Paul Jones House in that city recalls its importance as a shipbuilding center from colonial times until recent years.

New Hampshire's historical marker program was originated in 1955. Texts and locations of markers are given in the pamphlet "New Hampshire Historical Markers," now in its eighth edition (1989). It is published by the New Hampshire Division of Historical Resources, 19 Pillsbury Street, 2nd Floor, Concord, N.H. 03301. Phone: (603) 271-3483 or (603) 271-3558.

Tourist information is available at several state information centers along the New Hampshire Turnpike or by contacting the New Hampshire Division of Travel and Tourism Development. Website: www.visitnh.gov; phone: (603) 271-2665. The address of the New Hampshire Historical Society is 30 Park Street, Concord, N.H. 03301. Phone: (603) 228-6688.

Exeter

Exeter, Rockingham County. Founded in 1638, Exeter has more Revolutionary landmarks and associations than any other place in the state. New Hampshire's first provincial congress met here on 21 July 1774 and several times in 1775. This same year the capital was moved to Exeter to get away from the powerful Loyalist influences in Portsmouth. Many interesting old buildings have been preserved, and the Exeter Chamber of Commerce offers a walking tour and a booklet describing more than forty sites. Phone (603) 772-2411.

The Ladd-Gilman House, at 1 Governors Lane, was built in 1721. Thirty years later it passed to the Gilman family, which produced two governors and one United States senator, and during the Revolution was the home and office of the state treasurer. The original house was brick, two stories high, with dormer windows. Later modifications included covering the brick with wood siding and making additions that transformed the house into a rambling structure. Furnished in the period of the Revolution, it is part of the American Independence Museum established in 1991, and may be visited by the public from 1 May to 31 October, Wednesday through Saturday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Phone: (603) 772-2622.

The Gilman-Garrison House, 12 Water Street at Clifford Street, started in about 1650 as a "wooden castle" on the Indian frontier. The main part of this rambling structure (for which the Gilman family seemed to have a predilection) was erected by John Gilman as a blockhouse of hand-hewn logs, with a second-story overhang and portcullis door. Peter Gilman added the front wing in 1772, when the rustic château fort became an elegant residence in whose elaborately carved and paneled rooms Royal Governor John Wentworth was often entertained. Daniel Webster was a boarder while attending Phillips Exeter Academy in 1796. Furnished in both periods (1650 and 1772), the Gilman-Garrison House is open on a limited schedule. Phone: (603) 436-3205.

Fort Number Four Reconstruction

Fort Number Four Reconstruction, also known as Fort Stephens, Connecticut River, Charlestown, Sullivan County. On about the same latitude as Fort Edward, New York (start of the portage from the Hudson to Lakes George and Champlain), Fort Number Four was built in 1744 during King George's War. It became a terminus of the Crown Point Military Road (see under vermont), which connected here with the road down the west bank to Brattleboro, and another that went southeast through Keene to Boston. The Living History Museum is a reconstruction of the fort and its community in the mid-eighteenth century, with military reenactments and demonstrations of everyday life prior to the Revolution. The fort is open Wednesday to Sunday from June through October. The site is on N.H. 11, 0.5 mile west of N.H. 12 and near Exit 7 of I-91. Phone: (603) 826-5700.

Fort William and Mary Ruins

Fort William and Mary Ruins, New Castle. Four months before making his famous ride on the eve of the Battle of Lexington and Concord, Paul Revere rode from Boston to Portsmouth with the news that British authorities had banned the import of military stores by the colonies. The fiery John Sullivan, who had just returned from attending the first Continental Congress, and the Patriot merchant and politician John Langdon, raised a force of four hundred volunteers to take direct action. The next day, 14 December 1774, Captain John Cochran submitted to force majeure, surrendering the fort and its four-man garrison without resistance. Fort William and Mary is therefore remembered as being the scene of one of the first overt acts of armed rebellion leading to the American Revolution, although it is going too far to claim, as some popular writers have, that it was "the first organized fight of the Revolution." It was organized, but there was no fight.

Booty is said to have included about 60 muskets, 16 cannon, and 100 barrels of gunpowder. There seems to be evidence to support the legend that the latter was taken up the frozen Oyster River in gundalows, a channel being cut through the ice, and landed at Sullivan's wharf in Durham. From here it was distributed, some going to other towns and some being hidden under the pulpit of the Durham meeting house (see sullivan house). Some later went to Boston by oxcart and may have been given back to the British in the Battle of Bunker Hill.

Fort William and Mary was on the site of an earlier earthwork built for protection against pirates. Renamed Fort Constitution, it was manned in 1806 and during the War of 1812. The ruins are officially known as Fort Constitution Historic Site, which is located at Route 1B on the U.S. Coast Guard station. Phone: (603) 436-1552.

New Castle is an attractive little town, its narrow streets lined with houses in the colonial style. In 1873 the town records of 1693 to 1726 were found in Hertfordshire, England, and returned.

Fort Point Lighthouse at the Coast Guard station dates from 1877, but is on the site of the lighthouse built in 1771 to take over as a navigational aid from the improvised system used until that time: a lantern hung from the flagstaff at Fort William and Mary. Opposite the latter fort and part of the defenses of Portsmouth Harbor were the works on Kittery Point mentioned in the article on Kittery (see under maine).

Portsmouth

Portsmouth, Piscataqua River, Rockingham County. Many houses of great architectural and historic importance remain standing in the present city. Colonial charm survives in the narrow, winding streets of the settlement originally known as Strawberry Banke. The latter community encompassed the territory of Portsmouth, New Castle, Greenland, and most of Rye. The region probably was first settled permanently in 1623 (at Rye), although the date 1630 is also given. In 1653 Strawberry Banke was incorporated as Portsmouth, and in later years portions of the original territory were set apart to form New Castle, Greenland, and Rye.

Portsmouth Navy Yard (1800) evolved from early shipbuilding operations on two islands in the river that are within the township of Kittery, Maine. The sloop Ranger was built here, John Paul Jones being appointed its commander on 14 June 1777 and supervising its construction.

Famous men born in Portsmouth include royal governors Benning Wentworth and his son John, the Patriot merchant and postwar governor John Langdon, and Tobias Lear, private secretary to Washington. Five houses in and near Portsmouth are Registered National Historic Landmarks, and most of them are of exceptional architectural importance. The Wentworth-Gardner and Tobias Lear Houses Association operate the sites of those names. Sheafe Warehouse is part of the Prescott Park development, adjacent to the Strawberry Banke Restoration Project.

The major historic sites are:

Governor Benning Wentworth House (Wentworth-Coolidge Mansion), 2 miles south of Portsmouth off U.S. 1A on Little Harbor Road. The oldest part of this rambling frame house was built around 1695. It was enlarged eventually to more than forty rooms, some of which were later removed, so it is of interest in illustrating various periods of construction. Royal Governor Benning Wentworth lived here 1741 to 1766. In the garden are lilacs traced to the first brought to this country. The mansion was given to the state in 1954 by the last owner, J. Templeton Coolidge, who had restored the colonial portions. The entire site encompasses about 65 acres and guided tours are available. It is operated by the State Division of Parks and is open daily from mid-June until Labor day. Phone: (603) 436-6607.

Governor John Langdon House, 143 Pleasant Street. Phone: (603) 436-3205. Built by John Langdon in 1784, this is an elaborately decorated frame mansion within a setting of extensive gardens and flanked by brick gatehouses. Langdon was a wealthy merchant before the Revolution started and held several important political offices during the war. He and John Sullivan led the volunteers who seized Fort William and Mary in 1774, and he commanded militia units at Bennington and Saratoga and in the Newport operations of 1778. He is particularly remembered for organizing and personally financing the militia rally prompted by Burgoyne's advance up Lake Champlain and into the Hudson River Valley in the summer of 1777, the story being told that when New Hampshire authorities could not find the funds, he stepped forth to pledge his personal fortune and to nominate "our friend [John] Stark" to command the forces raised for the emergency. John Langdon was speaker of the state legislature in 1775 and 1777 to 1780, and served in Congress during the years 1775 to 1776, 1786 to 1787, and 1789 to 1801. He declined the post of secretary of the navy (1801) and declined nomination as Republican candidate for vice president (1812), meanwhile being elected governor of New Hampshire every year except 1809 during the years 1805 to 1811. His elder brother, Woodbury Langdon, had a career that was almost as remarkable. The Governor John Langdon Mansion Memorial is open to the public from June through September and operated by the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities, whose headquarters is at 141 Cambridge Street, Boston, Mass. 02114. Phone: (617) 227-3956.

John Paul Jones House, 43 Middle Street at State Street. Phone: (603) 436-8420. Captain Gregory Purcell built this frame house in 1758. When he died in 1776 his widow operated it as a "genteel boarding house." John Paul Jones was a paying guest during the period 4 October to 7 November 1782 while supervising the outfitting of the America. (Jones lived in Portsmouth while supervising the construction of the sloop Ranger in 1777. Many accounts say this was when he stayed with the Widow Purcell, but the more reliable authorities give the later date.) The Portsmouth Historical Society acquired the dignified old gambrel-roofed house in 1920, using it for their headquarters and operating it as a regional museum. The Portsmouth Historical Society can be reached at the phone number previously listed, and through its website: www.portsmouthhistory.org.

Moffat-Ladd House, 154 Market Street. Of considerable architectural importance, this imposing three-story clapboarded mansion was built in 1763 and was once the residence of General William Whipple, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. An unusually large and elegant central hall, rare "Vues d'Italie" wallpaper (printed in Paris during the period 1815–1820), and much original furniture are among the attractions. Home of the New Hampshire Society of Colonial Dames, which also owns the site, it is operated as a house museum from 15 June to 15 October, Monday through Saturday, 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Phone: (603) 436-8221.

The Richard Jackson House, 76 Northwest Street. Probably the state's oldest frame house, this wooden version of a Stuart-era country house was built about 1664 and occupied by Jackson's descendants for 250 years. The two modern wings were added about 1764. Exterior clapboards are unpainted. (So much for the persistent misconception that painting serves any purpose other than decoration.) Open June through October, the Jackson House is operated by the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities. The Jackson House phone is (603) 436-8420.

Strawberry Banke Museum, entrance on Hancock Street. The 10-acre site includes thirty houses, two inns, and a statehouse, and serves as a living history of colonial society. From the Joseph Sherburne House of 1660 to the elegant federal-style Governor Goodwin Mansion of 1811, it is a remarkable museum of early-American architecture. Strawberry Banke was the original name of the English settlement on the Piscataqua River, being derived from the wild strawberries found there. Phone: (603) 433-1100.

Tobias Lear House, 51 Hunking Street. This plain Georgian home was the birthplace of Tobias Lear in 1762. Washington visited it in 1798, when Lear was his private secretary at Mount Vernon and tutor for his two stepchildren. Lear's second and third marriages were to nieces of Martha Washington. In 1935 the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities acquired the house, which was then in poor condition. It is now operated by the Wentworth-Gardner and Lear Houses Association. Phone: (603) 436-4406.

Warner House (more precisely called the Macpheadris-Warner House), 150 Daniel Street at Chapel Street. Long classified as a National Historic Landmark, this house was built about 1716 by a wealthy merchant, Archibald Macpheadris. His daughter married Jonathan Warner, who was prominent in town and provincial affairs. The three-story brick mansion has walls 18 inches thick and is considered to be one of the finest early eighteenth-century urban brick dwellings in New England. Many of the furnishings are on loan from outstanding collections, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Owned until 1931 by descendants of Captain Macpheadris and Jonathan Warner, the house has undergone no major alteration. It is well maintained by the Warner House Association and open June through October. Website: www.warnerhouse.org; phone: (603) 436-8420.

Wentworth-Gardner House, 140 Mechanic Street at Gardner Street. An exceptionally fine example of Georgian architecture, this house was built in 1760 as a present from his mother to Thomas Wentworth, a brother of the last royal governor. The two-and-a-half-story frame house with hipped roof and rusticated wooden facade of pine clapboards was built by ships' carpenters. Fine carving is featured inside and out. The front door has a gilded pineapple, the symbol of hospitality, in its unusual broken-scroll pediment. Scenic wallpaper and original Dutch tiles accent the splendid paneling and carved woodwork of the interior. The site is operated by the Wentworth-Gardner and Tobias Lear Houses Association, and the touring season begins in June. Phone: (603) 436-1552.

Stark (John) House

Stark (John) House, Manchester, Hillsborough County. Still standing in what is now the state's largest town is the small frame house in which General John Stark (1728–1822) spent his boyhood and early married life. The one-and-a-half-story Cape Cod structure with central chimney and wing was built about 1737 by John's father, Archibald, who moved his family to this area from Londonderry, New Hampshire. (John's birthplace in the latter town is no longer standing, but the site is marked by a stone on the east side of N.H. 28, 2.3 miles south of the Derry Rotary.) The Stark House has five large rooms on the ground floor, two in the second story, and is a good example of the colonial farmhouses of the region. Originally at 1070 Canal Street but moved to 2000 Elm Street, it was restored in 1969. The house is owned by the Molly Stark chapter of the DAR and is shown by appointment only.

About 1760 John Stark built himself a house in Manchester, where he and Molly raised eleven children on their large farm. This house burned in the 1860s. Its site is on the west side of North River Road, in front of the state industrial school. The "Stark Well" and a plaque on a boulder mark the location. The family cemetery is preserved in Stark Park, on the east side of North River Road and north of the Amoskeag Bridge. One very large stone has replaced the several original headstones of family graves except General Stark's, which has an obelisk monument. In the park is a large equestrian statue of the Revolutionary War hero.

The unmarked location of Stark Fort, believed to have been a small palisaded work built in 1746, is in Manchester near Nutts Pond. About 10 miles northwest of Manchester in Dunbarton, established by General Stark and originally called Starksville, is the Stark Mansion, said to have been built by General Stark for his son Caleb. It is a very handsome and large structure that was occupied by Caleb's descendants until the 1930s. Also in Dunbarton is the surviving childhood home of Elizabeth Page, who became Molly Stark.

Stark was reared as a woodsman and Indian fighter on the New England frontier, where his Scots-Irish father had settled in 1720. During the Seven Years' War he took part in Sir William Johnson's operations around what is now Lake George Village, New York, after which he was an officer in Rogers' Rangers. Coming home a military hero in 1759, he had meanwhile found time to marry. At Bunker Hill, where he showed genius as a commander of militia troops, Stark took another step toward becoming an American legend and one of the country's most widely quoted heroes. Whether he actually used the words attributed to him is unlikely (the "direct quotes" vary considerably in form), but no historian denies that the quotes are in character. "One fresh man in action is worth ten fatigued men," he is quoted as saying when leading his green troops toward Bunker Hill and refusing to hurry them through the frightening but ineffective naval gunfire that was falling on Charles Town Neck. "Boys, aim at their waistbands," he said calmly to his nervous troops as they awaited his order to open fire on the advancing British column along the beach. Whether Stark's troops understood the military wisdom behind those words is doubtful, but the result was not.

Stark is most famous for his victory at Bennington (see bennington battlefield under New York), where he is alleged to have inspired his troops with the words, "There, my boys, are your enemies…. We'll beat them before night, or Molly Stark will be a widow." (This combines two of the many versions of what Stark is supposed to have said.) After that battle, Stark cut off Burgoyne's retreat by taking a position on the high ground that has since been called Stark's Knob, New York.

After the Revolution he retired to his large farm and large family, refusing to become involved in public affairs. He died at Manchester a few months before his ninety-fourth birthday.

The Manchester Historic Association, established in 1896, is remarkable for its efficiency and vigor. In its Millyard Museum many of Stark's personal possessions and artifacts are kept. They include furniture, firearms, traps, and other personal belongs. In addition, there hangs a beautiful portrait of the general. The mailing address for the Manchester Historic Association is 129 Amherst Street, Manchester, N.H. 03104. Phone: (603) 622-7531.

Sullivan (John) House

Sullivan (John) House, Durham, Strafford County. On 23 New Market Road (N.H. 108) beside the Oyster River in Durham is the substantial country house built in 1716 and bought by John Sullivan (1740–1795) in 1764. The house is privately owned and rarely shown, but the small cemetery of the Sullivan family on a hill east of the house is maintained by the state. In front of General Sullivan's grave and house is a monument erected in 1894 and said to be on the site of the meetinghouse where powder from Fort William and Mary was temporarily stored.

The controversial Sullivan was the son of Irish redemptioners who had come to America some seventeen years before his birth. Educated mainly by his father, a schoolmaster, John studied law with Judge Samuel Livermore of Portsmouth before settling in Durham soon after 1760. Here he became an able and prosperous lawyer, major of militia (1772), and delegate to the first Continental Congress (1774) before playing a leading part in the seizure of Fort William and Mary in December 1774. After taking his seat in the Second Continental Congress, Sullivan was appointed a brigadier general of the Continental army in June 1775. During the siege of Boston he commanded a brigade, later leading reinforcements to Canada, taking over from General John Thomas when the latter died, and storming back to protest to Congress the arrival of General Horatio Gates to supersede him. In August 1776, having been prevailed on to remain in the army, Sullivan was promoted to major general. During the next three years he was prominently engaged in military and political action, showing considerably more aptitude in the latter field.

The final military operation of General Sullivan was his campaign in western New York that virtually destroyed the Iroquois, opening the way for the wave of settlement after the Revolution but failing in its alleged primary purpose of eliminating border raids by the Iroquois. Before leaving the army on grounds of ill health, he secured from as many of his officers as would sign it a statement endorsing his actions during this early-American "search and destroy" operation. (The sullivan-clinton expedition is covered under New York.)

Resigning his military commission on 30 November 1779, Sullivan was promptly reelected to Congress. He was almost immediately in the limelight after his brother Daniel, fatally ill after imprisonment by the British, brought him a peace feeler from the enemy. General Sullivan refused to respond personally, but brought the matter to the attention of Chevalier de Luzerne, who had recently arrived as France's second ambassador to the American government. Because the heavy-spending and usually broke Sullivan had borrowed money from Luzerne, he naturally was suspected of being in the pay of the French, especially after Sullivan suported the French demand that the Americans limit their westward expansion. The charge of bribery has been discredited, but it further reveals the man's character.

Back in New Hampshire politics, the Revolutionary hero was attorney general from 1782 to 1786, when he was elected to the first of two successive one-year terms as governor. In 1789 he was elected for his third term and also appointed United States district judge of New Hampshire. He held the latter position until his death at Durham in 1795.

The Durham Historic Association is at Main Street, Durham, N.H. 03824. Phone: (603) 868-5436.

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