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Maine

Maine

State of Maine

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Derived either from the French for a historical district of France, or from the early use of "main" to distinguish coast from islands.

NICKNAME: The Pine Tree State.

CAPITAL: Augusta.

ENTERED UNION: 15 March 1820 (23rd).

SONG: "State of Maine Song."

MOTTO: Dirigo ("I direct" or "I lead").

COAT OF ARMS: A farmer and sailor support a shield on which are depicted a pine tree, a moose, and water. Under the shield is the name of the state; above it are the state motto and the North Star.

FLAG: The coat of arms is on a blue field, with a yellow fringed border surrounding three sides.

OFFICIAL SEAL: Same as the coat of arms.

BIRD: Chickadee.

FISH: Landlocked salmon.

FLOWER: White pine cone, tassel; wintergreen (herb).

TREE: White pine.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Washington's Birthday, 3rd Monday in February; Patriots' Day, 3rd Monday in April; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November and day following; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME: 7 AM EST = noon GMT.

LOCATION, SIZE, AND EXTENT

Situated in the extreme northeastern corner of the United States, Maine is the nation's most easterly state, the largest in New England, and 39th in size among the 50 states.

The total area of Maine is 33,265 sq mi (86,156 sq km), including 30,995 sq mi (80,277 sq km) of land and 2,270 sq mi (5,879 sq km) of inland water. Maine extends 207 mi (333 km) e-w; the maximum n-s extension is 322 mi (518 km).

Maine is bordered on the n by the Canadian provinces of Quebec (with the line passing through the St. Francis River) and New Brunswick (with the boundary formed by the St. John River); on the e by New Brunswick (with the lower eastern boundary formed by the Chiputneticook Lakes and the St. Croix River); on the se and s by the Atlantic Ocean; and on the w by New Hampshire (with the line passing through the Piscataqua and Salmon Falls rivers in the sw) and Quebec.

Hundreds of islands dot Maine's coast. The largest is Mt. Desert Island; others include Deer Isle, Vinalhaven, and Isle au Haut. The total boundary length of Maine is 883 mi (1,421 km).

The state's geographic center is in Piscataquis County, 18 mi (29 km) n of Dover-Foxcroft. The easternmost point of the United States is West Quoddy Head, at 66°57w.

TOPOGRAPHY

Maine is divided into four main regions: coastal lowlands, piedmont, mountains, and uplands.

The narrow coastal lowlands extend, on average, 10-20 mi (16-32 km) inland from the irregular coastline, but occasionally disappear altogether, as at Mt. Desert Island and on the western shore of Penobscot Bay. Mt. Cadillac on Mt. Desert Island rises abruptly to 1,532 ft (467 m), the highest elevation on the Atlantic coast north of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The transitional hilly belt, or piedmont, broadens from about 30 mi (48 km) wide in the southwestern part of the state to about 80 mi (129 km) in the northeast.

Maine's mountain region, the Longfellow range, is at the northeastern end of the Appalachian Mountain system. This zone, extending into Maine from the western border for about 150 mi (250 km) and averaging about 50 mi (80 km) wide, contains nine peaks over 4,000 ft (1,200 m), including Mt. Katahdin, which at 5,267 ft (1,606 m) is the highest point in the state. The summit of Katahdin marks the northern terminus of the 2,000-mi (3,200-km) Appalachian Trail. Maine's uplands form a high, relatively flat plateau extending northward beyond the mountains and sloping downward toward the north and east. The mean elevation of the state is approximately 600 ft (183 m). The eastern part of this zone is the Aroostook potato-farming region; the western part is heavily forested.

Of Maine's more than 2,200 lakes and ponds, the largest are Moosehead Lake, 117 sq mi (303 sq km), and Sebago Lake, 13 mi (21 km) by 10 mi (16 km). Of the more than 5,000 rivers and streams, the Penobscot, Androscoggin, Kennebec, and Saco rivers drain historically and commercially important valleys. The longest river in Maine is the St. John, but it runs for most of its length in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. The lowest point of the state is at sea level at the Atlantic Ocean.

CLIMATE

Maine has three climatic regions: the northern interior zone, comprising roughly the northern half of the state, between Quebec and New Brunswick; the southern interior zone; and the coastal zone. The northern zone is both drier and cooler in all four seasons than either of the other zones, while the coastal zone is more moderate in temperature year-round than the other two.

The annual mean temperature in the northern zone is about 40°f (5°c); in the southern interior zone, 44°f (7°c); and in the coastal zone, 46°f (8°c). Record temperatures for the state are 48°f (44°c), registered at Van Buren on 19 January 1925, and 105°f (41°c) at North Bridgton on 10 July 1911. The mean annual precipitation increases from 40.2 in (102 cm) in the north to 41.5 in (105 cm) in the southern interior and 45.7 in (116 cm) on the coast. Average annual precipitation at Portland is about 43.6 in (110 cm); average annual snowfall is 70.5 in (179 cm).

FLORA AND FAUNA

Maine's forests are largely softwoods, chiefly red and white spruces, balsam fir (Abies balsamea), eastern hemlock, and white and red pine. Important hardwoods include beech, yellow and white birches, sugar and red maples, white oak, black willow, black and white ashes, and American elm, which has fallen victim in recent years to Dutch elm disease. Maine is home to most of the flowers and shrubs common to the north temperate zone, including an important commercial resource, the low-bush blueberry. Maine has seventeen rare orchid species. Two species, the small whorled pogonia and the eastern prairie fringed orchid, were classified by the US Fish and Wildlife Service as threatened as of April 2006; the furbish lousewart was classified as endangered that year.

About 30,000 white-tailed deer are killed by hunters in Maine each year, but the herd does not appear to diminish. Moose hunting was banned in Maine in 1935; however, in 1980, 700 moose-hunting permits were issued for a six-day season, and moose hunting has continued despite attempts by some residents to ban the practice. Other common forest animals include the bobcat, beaver, muskrat, river otter, mink, fisher, raccoon, red fox, and snowshoe hare. The woodchuck is a conspicuous inhabitant of pastures, meadows, cornfields, and vegetable gardens. Seals, porpoises, and occasionally finback whales are found in coastal waters, along with virtually every variety of North Atlantic fish and shellfish, including the famous Maine lobster. Coastal waterfowl include the osprey, herring and great black-backed gulls, great and double-crested cormorants, and various duck species. Matinicus Rock, a small uninhabited island about 20 mi (32 km) off the coast near the entrance to Penobscot Bay, is the only known North American nesting site of the common puffin, or sea parrot.

Eleven Maine animal species (vertebrates and invertebrates) were classified as threatened or endangered by the US Fish and Wildlife Service in 2006, including the bald eagle, piping plover, Atlantic Gulf of Maine salmon, two species of whale, and leather-back sea turtle.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

The Department of Environmental Protection administers laws regulating the development of large residential, commercial, and industrial sites; the protection and improvement of air and water quality; the prevention and cleanup of oil spills; the control of hazardous wastes; the licensing of oil terminals; the protection of state-significant natural resources (including wetlands, rivers, streams and brooks, and fragile mountain areas); and mining. The Land Use Regulation Commission, established in 1969, extends the principles of town planning and zoning to Maine's 411 unorganized townships, 313 "plantations," and numerous coastal islands that have no local government and might otherwise be subject to ecologically unsound development. About 25% of the state contains wetlands; these generally owned by private landowners, timber companies, or other individuals.

In 2003, 9.3 million lb of toxic chemicals were released in the state. Also in 2003, Maine had 59 hazardous waste sites listed in the US Environment Protection Agency (EPA) database, 12 of which were on the National Priorities List as of 2006, including Brunswick Naval Station, Loring Air Force Base, and Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. In 2005, the EPA spent over $1.7 million through the Superfund program for the cleanup of hazardous waste sites in the state. The same year, the state received about $2 million in other federal EPA grants.

POPULATION

Maine ranked 40th in population in the United States with an estimated total of 1,321,505 in 2005, an increase of 3.7% since 2000. Between 1990 and 2000, Maine's population grew from 1,227,928 to 1,274,923, an increase of 3.8%. The population is projected to reach 1.38 million by 2015 and 1.41 million by 2025. The population density in 2004 was 42.7 persons per sq mi.

In 2004 the median age was 40.7, the highest median in the nation. Persons under 18 years old accounted for 21.4% of the population while 14.4% was age 65 or older.

The area that now comprises the state of Maine was sparsely settled throughout the colonial period. At statehood, Maine had 298,335 residents. The population doubled by 1860, but then grew slowly until the 1970s, when its growth rate went above the national average.

More than half the population lives on less than one-seventh of the land, within 25 mi (40 km) of the Atlantic coast, and almost half of the state is virtually uninhabited. Although almost half of Maine's population is classified as urban; much of the urban population lives in towns and small cities. The state's major cities, all with populations under 100,000, are Portland, Bangor, and Lewiston-Auburn. The Portland metropolitan area had an estimated population of 510,791 in 2004. The Bangor metropolitan area had an estimated 148,196 people and the Lewiston-Auburn area had 107,022.

ETHNIC GROUPS

Maine's population is primarily Yankee, both in its English and Scotch-Irish origins and in its retention of many of the values and folkways of rural New England. The largest minority group consists of French-Canadians. Among those reporting at least one specific ancestry group in 2000, 274,423 claimed English ancestry; 181,663 French (not counting 110,344 who claimed Canadian or French-Canadian); and 192,901 Irish. There were 36,691 foreign-born residents. The population of Hispanics and Latinos in 2000 was 9,360, less than 1% of the state total. In 2004, 0.9% of the population was or Hispanic or Latino origin.

The most notable ethnic issue in Maine during the 1970s was the legal battle of the Penobscot and Passamaquoddy Indiansliving on two reservations covering 27,546 acres (11,148 hectares)to recover 12,500,000 acres (5,059,000 hectares) of treaty lands. A compromise settlement in 1980 awarded them $81.5 million, two-thirds of which went into a fund enabling the Indians to purchase 300,000 acres (121,000 hectares) of timberland. In 1995, Maine's American Indian population included the following groups living on or near reservations (with population estimates): the Penob-scot Tribe (1,206); the Aristook Band of Micmac (1,155); Pleasant Point (878); the Passamaquoddy (722); and the Houlton Band of Maliseets (331). The Indian population as a whole was reported as 7,098 in 2000. In 2004, 0.6% of the population was composed of American Indians.

As of 2000, Maine had 6,760 black residents and 9,111 Asians, including 2,034 Chinese, 1,159 Filipinos, and 1,021 Asian Indians. Pacific Islanders numbered 382. In 2004, 0.7% of the population was black and 0.8% Asian. That year, 0.9% of the population reported origin of two or more races.

LANGUAGES

Descendants of the Passamaquoddy and Penobscot Indians of the Algonkian family who inhabited Maine at the time that European settlers arrived still lived there in the mid-1980s. Algonkian place-names abound: Saco, Millinocket, Wiscasset, Kennebec, Skowhegan.

Maine English is celebrated as typical Yankee speech. Final /r/ is absent, a vowel sound between /ah/ and the /a/ in cat appears in car and garden, aunt and calf. Coat and home have a vowel that to outsiders sounds like the vowel in cut. Maple syrup comes from rock or sugar maple trees in a sap or sugar orchard ; cottage cheese is curd cheese; and pancakes are fritters.

In 2000, 92.2% of Maine residents five years old or older reported speaking only English in the home, up from 90.8% in 1990.

The decline of parochial schools and a great increase in the number of young persons attending college have begun to erode the linguistic and cultural separateness that marks the history of the Franco-American experience in Maine.

The following table gives selected statistics from the 2000 Census for language spoken at home by persons five years old and over. The category "Other Native North American languages" includes Apache, Cherokee, Choctaw, Dakota, Keres, Pima, and Yupik. The category "Other Indo-European languages" includes Albanian, Gaelic, Lithuanian, and Rumanian. The category "Scandinavian languages" includes Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish.

LANGUAGE NUMBER PERCENT
Population 5 years and over 1,204,164 100.0
  Speak only English 1,110,198 92.2
  Speak a language other than English 93,966 7.8
Speak a language other than English 93,966 7.8
  French (incl. Patois, Cajun) 63,640 5.3
  Spanish or Spanish Creole 9,611 0.8
  German 4,006 0.3
  Italian 1,476 0.1
  Chinese 1,259 0.1
  Other Native North American languages 1,182 0.1
  Mon-Khmer, Cambodian 1,084 0.1
  Vietnamese 911 0.1
  Russian 896 0.1
  Other Indo-European languages 785 0.1
  Scandinavian languages 779 0.1
  Tagalog 771 0.1
  Greek 767 0.1
  Polish 763 0.1

RELIGIONS

Maine had about 217,676 Roman Catholics in 2004 and an estimated 8,290 Jews in 2000. The leading Protestant denominations are the United Methodist Church, with 31,689 adherents (in 2000); the American Baptists USA, 26,259 (in 2000); and the United Church of Christ, 23,086 (in 2005). The Muslim community had about 800 members. Over 800,000 people (about 63.6% of the population) were not counted as members of any religious organization.

TRANSPORTATION

Railroad development in Maine, which reached its peak in 1924, has declined rapidly since World War II (193945), and passenger service has been dropped altogether. Although Maine had no Class I railroads in 2003, seven regional and local railroads operated on 1,148 rail mi (1,848 km) of track. As of 2006, Amtrak provided service to four stations in Maine via its north-south Downeaster train from Portland to Boston.

About three-quarters of all communities and about half the population depend entirely on highway trucking for the overland transportation of freight. In 2004, Maine had 22,748 mi (36,624 km) of public roads. In that same year, there were 1.086 million registered motor vehicles and 984,829 licensed drivers in the state. The Maine Turnpike and I-95, which coincide between Portland and Kittery, are the state's major highways.

River traffic has been central to the lumber industry. Only since World War II has trucking replaced seasonal log drives downstream from timberlands to the mills, a practice that is now outlawed for environmental reasons. Maine has 10 established seaports, with Portland and Searsport being the main depots for overseas shipping. In 2004, Portland harbor handled 29.709 million tons, and Searsport handled 1.832 million tons. Crude oil, fuel oil, and gasoline were the chief commodities. In 2004, Maine had 73 mi (117 km) of navigable inland waterways. In 2003, waterborne shipments totaled 31.698 million tons.

In 2005, Maine had a total of 153 public and private-use aviation-related facilities. This included 103 airports, 13 heliports, and 37 seaplane bases. Portland International Jetport is the largest and most active airport in Maine. In 2004, Portland International had 687,344 passengers enplaned.

HISTORY

The first inhabitants of Mainedating from 3000 to 1000 bcare known to archaeologists as the Red Paint People because of the red ocher that has been found in their graves. This Paleolithic group had evidently disappeared long before the arrival of the Algonkian-speaking Abnaki (meaning "living at the sunrise"), or Wabanaki. Just at the time of European settlement, an intertribal war and a disastrous epidemic of smallpox swept away many of the Abnaki, some of whom had begun peaceful contacts with the English. After that, most Indian contacts with Europeans were with the French.

The first documented visit by a European to the Maine coast was that of Giovanni da Verrazano during his voyage of 1524, but one may infer from the record that the Abnaki he met there had encountered white men before. Sometime around 1600, English expeditions began fishing the Gulf of Maine regularly. The first recorded attempts to found permanent colonies, by the French on an island in the St. Croix River in 1604 and by the English at Sagadahoc in 1607, both failed. By 1630, however, there were permanent English settlements on several islands and at nearly a dozen spots along the coast.

The first grant of Maine lands was to Sir Ferdinando Gorges from the Council from New England, a joint-stock company that received and made royal grants of New England territory and which Gorges himself dominated. He and Captain John Mason received the territory between the Merrimack River (in present-day New Hampshire and Massachusetts) and the Kennebec River in 1622. Seven years later, the two grantees divided their land at the Piscataqua River, and Gorges became sole proprietor of the "Province of Maine." The source of the name is not quite clear. It seems likely that some connection with the historical French province of the same name was intended, but the name was also used to distinguish the mainland from the islands.

Sir Ferdinando's various schemes for governing the territory and promoting a feudal-style settlement never worked. A few years after his death in 1647, the government of the Massachusetts Bay Colony began absorbing the small Maine settlements. Massachusetts purchased the title to Maine from the Gorges heirs in 1677, and Maine became a district of Massachusetts with the issuance of a new royal charter in 1691. During the first hundred years of settlement, Maine's economy was based entirely on fishing, trading, and exploitation of the forests. The origin of the Maine shipbuilding industry, the early settlement of the interior parts of southern Maine, and the beginning of subsistence farming all date from about the time that New England's supply center of white-pine masts for the Royal Navy moved from Portsmouth, N.H., to Falmouth (now the city of Portland).

The first naval encounter of the Revolutionary War occurred in Machias Bay, when, on 12 June 1775, angry colonials captured the British armed schooner Margaretta. On 8 October 1775, a British naval squadron shelled and set fire to Falmouth. Wartime Maine was the scene of two anti-British campaigns, both of which ended in failure: an expedition through the Maine woods in the fall of 1775 intended to drive the British out of Quebec, and a disastrous 1779 expedition in which a Massachusetts amphibious force, failing to dislodge British troops at Castine, scuttled many of its own ships near the mouth of the Penobscot River.

The idea of separation from Massachusetts began surfacing as early as 1785, but popular pressure for such a movement did not mount until the War of 1812. The overwhelming vote for statehood in an 1819 referendum was a victory for William King, who would become the first governor, and his fellow Jeffersonian Democratic-Republicans. Admission of Maine as a free state was joined with the admission of Missouri as a slave state in the Missouri Compromise of 1820.

Textile mills and shoe factories came to Maine between 1830 and 1860 as part of the industrialization of Massachusetts. After the Civil War, the revolution in papermaking that substituted wood pulp for rags brought a vigorous new industry to Maine. By 1900, Maine was one of the leading papermaking states in the United States, and the industry continues to dominate the state as of 2005. Shipbuilding joined paper manufacturing as a leading employer in the state, enjoying a boom in government contracts in the 1980s.

In 1972, the Penobscot and Passamaquoddy Indians filed a land claims suit against the federal government for property that amounted to the northern two-thirds of Maine, claiming that a 1794 treaty, under which the Passamaquoddy handed over most of its land while receiving nothing in exchange, had not been ratified by Congress, and therefore violated the Indian Non-Intercourse Act of 1790. The government settled the suit in 1980 by paying the tribes $81.5 million, which was allocated to purchase commercial and industrial properties in Maine.

The rise of tourism and the often conflicting concerns for economic development and environmental protection have been key issues in the state since the 1940s. Tourism grew substantially in the 1980s, 1990s, and into the 2000s, especially in coastal areas, where an influx of residents changed the character of many seaside towns. Former seasonal resorts were converted to year-round communities, posing new challenges for growth management. The state's environmental concerns included sewage treatment, deforestation, overfishing, and hazardous waste disposal.

Maine's economy turned in its best performance in more than a decade in 1999, with strong job growth, continued increases in retail sales, and significant improvement in nearly all other indicators. The state's income growth topped the national average from 1998 to 1999, finishing among the five fastest growing states. According to government figures, income growth in Maine, which still had the lowest per capita income in New England, was fueled by higher wages in services, construction, finance, insurance, and real estate. At the same time, there were concerns that the gain in income was the result of Maine workers holding down more than one job in order to make ends meet. Analysts also warned that the hot state economy could be threatened by a shortage of workers, since the state's population was not growing at a commensurate rate.

Maine's economy suffered with that of the nation's in the early 2000s, coming on the back of a recession in 2001. By 2003, Maine had a $24 million budget deficit. Governor John Baldacci had plans to implement a large-scale healthcare program for state employees, open it to private employers, and pay for it without increased taxes. This plan, Dirigo Health, was signed into law in June 2003. A citizen initiative set for referendum in November 2003 was to mandate a large increase in state assistance to local school systems. It was rejected.

In 2005, the state was making plans for the closing of military bases, including the Brunswick Naval Air Station. Governor Baldacci created a Maine Office of Redevelopment and Re-employment with an Advisory Council to coordinate local and statewide interests with regard to the closures.

STATE GOVERNMENT

The Maine constitution, based on that of Massachusetts but incorporating a number of more democratic features, was adopted in 1819 and amended 169 times by January 2005. (This figure does not include one amendment approved by the voters in 1967 that is inoperative until implemented by legislation.) The state constitution may be amended by a two-thirds vote of the legislature and a majority vote at the next general election.

The bicameral legislature, consisting of a 35-member Senate and a 151-member House of Representatives, convenes biennially (in even-numbered years) in joint session to elect the secretary of state, attorney general, and state treasurer. Legislative sessions begin in December of the general election year and run into June of the following (odd-numbered year); the second session begins in January of the next even-numbered year, runs into April, and is limited to consideration of budgetary matters, legislation in the governor's call, emergency legislation, and legislation referred to committees for study. The presiding officers of each house may jointly call for a special session as long as they have the support of a majority of members of each political party in each house. All legislators, who serve two-year terms, must have been US citizens for at least five years, residents of the state for at least one year, and have lived in their district at least three months prior to election. The minimum age for representatives is 21, for senators it is 25. The legislative salary in 2004 was $11,384 for the first year and $8,302 for the second.

The governor, who serves a four-year term and is limited to two consecutive terms, is the only official elected statewide. (Rules of succession dictate that should the governor become incapacitated, he or she would be succeeded by the president of the state Senate.) A gubernatorial veto may be overridden by a two-thirds vote of members present and voting in each legislative chamber. An unsigned bill that is not vetoed becomes law after 10 days whether the legislature is in session or not. The governor must be at least 30 years old, a citizen of the United States for at least 15 years, and a state resident for 5 years. As of December 2004, the governor's salary was $70,000, unchanged from 1999.

To vote in Maine, one must be a US citizen, a resident of the state and municipality, and at least 18 years old. Those under guardianship because of mental illness may not vote.

POLITICAL PARTIES

Maine's two major political parties are the Democratic and the Republican, each affiliated with the national party. An independent candidate, James B. Longley, beat the candidates of both major parties in the gubernatorial election of 1974.

During the early decades of statehood, Jeffersonian and Jacksonian Democrats remained in power quite consistently. In 1854, however, reformers rallied around the new Republican Party, which dominated Maine politics for the next hundred years. Maine's strong Republican tradition continued into the middle and late 1950s, when Margaret Chase Smith distinguished herself in the US Senate as a leader of national importance. The rise of Democrat Edmund S. Muskie, elected governor in 1954 and 1956 and to the first of four terms in the US Senate in 1960, signaled a change in Maine's political complexion. Muskie appealed personally to many traditionally Republican voters, but his party's resurgence was also the result of demographic changes, especially an increase in the proportion of French-Canadian voters.

Main Presidential Vote by Major Political Parties, 19482004
YEAR ELECTORAL VOTE MAINE WINNER DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN
*Won US presidential election.
**IND. candidate Ross Perot received 206,820 votes in 1992 and 85,970 votes in 1996.
1948 5 Dewey (R) 111,916 150,234
1952 5 *Eisenhower (R) 118,806 232,353
1956 5 *Eisenhower (R) 102,468 249,238
1960 5 *Eisenhower (R) 102,468 249,238
1960 5 Nixon (R) 181,159 240,608
1964 4 *Johnson (D) 262,264 118,701
1968 4 Humphrey (D) 217,312 169,254
1972 4 *Nixon (R) 160,584 256,458
1976 4 Ford (R) 232,279 236,320
1980 4 *Reagan (R) 220,974 238,522
1984 4 *Reagan (R) 214,515 336,550
1988 4 *Bush (R) 243,569 307,131
1992** 4 *Clinton (D) 263,420 206,504
1996** 4 *Clinton (D) 312,788 186,378
2000 4 Gore (D) 319,951 286,616
2004 4 Kerry (D) 396,842 330,201

In the November 1994 elections, Independent Angus King was voted into the executive Office, and Maine became the only state in the nation with an Independent governor. King was reelected in 1998. In 2002, Democrat John Baldacci was elected governor. In 1994 Republican Olympia Snowe won the US Senate seat vacated by retiring Democrat George J. Mitchell (she was reelected in 2000); in 1996 Republican Susan E. Collins won the seat left vacant by retiring three-term senator William S. Cohen, also a Republican (Collins was reelected in 2002). In the 2000 presidential elections Democrat Al Gore won 49% of the presidential vote, Republican George W. Bush received 44%, and Green Party candidate Ralph Nader won 6%. In 2004, Democrat John Kerry won 53.4% in his challenge to incumbent President Bush, who garnered 44.6%. In 2004 elections, Maine Democrats retained control of both US House seats. Also in 2002 there were 957,000 registered voters. In 1998, 32% of registered voters were Democratic, 29% Republican, and 39% unaffiliated or members of other parties. In mid-2005, the state House of Representatives had 76 Democrats, 73 Republicans, and 2 independents, while the state Senate had 19 Democrats and 16 Republicans. The state had four electoral votes in the 2004 presidential election.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

The principal units of local government in 2005 included 16 counties, 22 municipal governments, 282 public school districts and 222 special districts. Maine's counties function primarily as judicial districts. As is customary in New England, the basic instrument of town government is the annual town meeting, with an elective board of selectmen supervising town affairs between meetings; some of the larger towns employ full-time town managers. In 2002, there were 467 townships in the state.

In 2005, local government accounted for about 54,868 full-time (or equivalent) employment positions.

STATE SERVICES

To address the continuing threat of terrorism and to work with the federal Department of Homeland Security, homeland security in Maine operates under the authority of the governor; the emergency management director is designated as the state homeland security advisor.

The State Board of Education and Department of Educational and Cultural Services supervise the public education system. The Department of Transportation, established in 1972, includes divisions responsible for aviation and railroads, a bureau to maintain highways and bridges, the Maine Port Authority, the State Ferry Advisory Board, and the Maine Aeronautical Advisory Board.

Various agencies responsible for health and social welfare were combined into the Department of Human Services in 1975 (now the Department of Health and Human Services). The Maine State Housing Authority, established in 1969, provides construction loans and technical assistance and conducts surveys of the state's housing needs. The Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices, an advisory and investigative body, was created in 1975 to serve as a watchdog over the legislature. Other organizations include the departments of agriculture, corrections, professional and financial legislation, and labor; and the bureaus of motor vehicles and parks and lands.

JUDICIAL SYSTEM

The highest state court in Maine is the Supreme Judicial Court, with a chief justice and six associate justices appointed by the governor (with the consent of the legislature) for seven-year terms (as are all other state judges). The Supreme Judicial Court has statewide appellate jurisdiction in all civil and criminal matters. The 16-member superior court, which has original jurisdiction in cases involving trial by jury and also hears some appeals, holds court sessions in all 16 counties. The district courts hear non-felony criminal cases and small claims and juvenile cases, and have concurrent jurisdiction with the superior court in divorce and civil cases involving less than $30,000. A probate court judge is elected in each county.

As of 31 December 2004, a total of 2,024 prisoners were held in Maine's state and federal prisons, an increase from 2,013 of 0.5% from the previous year. As of year-end 2004, a total of 125 inmates were female, up from 124 or 0.8% from the year before. Among sentenced prisoners (one year or more), Maine had an incarceration rate of 148 per 100,000 population in 2004, the lowest in the United States.

According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Maine in 2004, had a violent crime rate (murder/nonnegligent manslaughter; forcible rape; robbery; aggravated assault) of 103.5 reported incidents per 100,000 population (the second-lowest in the United States after North Dakota), or a total of 1,364 reported incidents. Crimes against property (burglary; larceny/theft; and motor vehicle theft) in that same year totaled 31,740 reported incidents or 2,409.6 reported incidents per 100,000 people. Maine has not had a death penalty since 1887. The state does provide for life without parole.

In 2003, Maine spent $78,866,791 on homeland security, an average of $61 per state resident.

ARMED FORCES

The largest US military installation in Maine is the Naval Air Station at Brunswick, home of a wing of anti-submarine patrol squadrons. Defense Department personnel in Maine totaled 11,051, including 4,535 active military and 5,216 civilians in 2004. State firms received over $1.5 billion in defense contracts in 2004. General Dynamics, a major defense contractor, is one of the state's largest private employers. Its Bath Iron Works division designs and builds complex, technologically advanced naval ships; another division, the Saco Operations, produces armament systems and is a leading producer of small and medium caliber machine guns, and cannon barrels, as well as, a test facility. In addition, another $805 million in defense payroll spending, including retired military pay, was paid out.

There were 143,726 veterans of US military service in Maine as of 2003, of whom 19,904 served in World War II; 16,954 in the Korean conflict; 45,061 during the Vietnam era; and 17,991 during the Gulf War. Expenditures on veterans amounted to some $503 million during 2004.

As of 31 October 2004, the Maine State Police employed 311 full-time sworn officers.

MIGRATION

Throughout the 1600s, 1700s, and early 1800s, Maine's population grew primarily by immigration from elsewhere in New England. About 1830, after agriculture in the state had passed its peak, Maine farmers and woodsmen began moving west. Europeans and French Canadians came to the state, but not in sufficient numbers to offset this steady emigration.

Net losses from migration have continued through most of this century. Between 1940 and 1970, for example, the net loss was 163,000. However, there was a net gain of about 80,000 from 1970 to 1990. From 1980 to 1990, Maine's urban population declined from 47.5% to 44.6% of the state's total. Between 1990 and 1998, the state had a net loss of 15,000 in domestic migration and a net gain of 3,000 in international migration. In 1998, Maine admitted 709 foreign immigrants. Between 1990 and 1998, the State's overall population increased 1.3%. In the period 200005, net international migration was 5,004 and net internal migration was 36,804, for a net gain of 41,808 people.

INTERGOVERNMENTAL COOPERATION

Regional agreements in which Maine participates include the Maine-New Hampshire School Compact, which authorizes interstate public school districts. Maine also takes part in the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission, Interstate Compact for Juveniles, Northeastern Forest Fire Protection Compact; and the New England Interstate Water Pollution Control, Corrections Control, Board of Higher Education, and Radiological Health Protection compacts. In fiscal year 2005, Maine received $2.197 billion in federal grants; that figure fell to an estimated $2.125 billion in fiscal year 2006, before rising to an estimated $2.245 billion in fiscal year 2007.

ECONOMY

Maine's greatest economic strengths, as they have been since the beginning of European settlement, are its forests and waters, yielding wood products, water power, fisheries, and ocean commerce. As of 2005, paper manufacturing, for which both forests and water power are essential, was among the largest industries. However, since the 1980s manufacturing employment has dropped; and especially since 1992, services sector and trading sector employment has risen.

Maine's greatest current economic weakness is its limited access to the national transportation network that links major production and manufacturing centers with large metropolitan markets. On the other hand, this relative isolation, combined with the state's traditional natural assets, has contributed to Maine's attractiveness as a place for tourism and recreation. It also meant that the national recession in 2001 largely bypassed Maine's economy because of its limited involvement in the growth fields of information technology and equity venture capitalism. Annual growth in Maine's gross state product, which at 5.9% in both 1998 and 1999, and rising to 6.4% in 2000, did moderate to 3.2% in 2001, but employment had returned to peak levels reached before the recession by mid-2002. Tax revenue shortfalls were also less than other New England states, all more affected by the abrupt decline in capital gains income.

Maine's gross state product in 2004 totaled $43.336 billion, of which real estate was the largest component at $5.821 billion or 13.4% of GSP, followed by manufacturing (durable and nondurable goods) at $5.177 billion (11.9% of GSP), and healthcare and social assistance at $4.554 billion (10.5% of GSP). In that same year, there were an estimated 141,936 small businesses in Maine. Of the 40,304 businesses that had employees, an estimated total of 39,288 or 97.5% were small companies. An estimated 4,300 new businesses were established in the state in 2004, up 6.6% from the year before. Business terminations that same year came to 4,987, up 5.8% from 2003. There were 138 business bankruptcies in 2004, up 31.4% from the previous year. In 2005, the state's personal bankruptcy (Chapter 7 and Chapter 13) filing rate was 352 filings per 100,000 people, ranking Maine as the 44th highest in the nation.

INCOME

In 2005 Maine had a gross state product (GSP) of $45 billion which accounted for 0.4% of the nation's gross domestic product and placed the state at number 44 in highest GSP among the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, in 2004 Maine had a per capita personal income (PCPI) of $30,046. This ranked 34th in the United States and was 91% of the national average of $33,050. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of PCPI was 4.5%. Maine had a total personal income (TPI) of $39,510,398,000, which ranked 41st in the United States and reflected an increase of 6.0% from 2003. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of TPI was 5.1%. Earnings of persons employed in Maine increased from $26,649,983,000 in 2003 to $28,240,580,000 in 2004, an increase of 6.0%. The 200304 national change was 6.3%.

The US Census Bureau reports that the three-year average median household income for 2002 to 2004 in 2004 dollars was $39,395 compared to a national average of $44,473. During the same period an estimated 12.2% of the population was below the poverty line as compared to 12.4% nationwide.

LABOR

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), in April 2006 the seasonally adjusted civilian labor force in Maine numbered 716,300, with approximately 30,000 workers unemployed, yielding an unemployment rate of 4.2%, compared to the national average of 4.7% for the same period. Preliminary data for the same period placed nonfarm employment at 613,300. Since the beginning of the BLS data series in 1976, the highest unemployment rate recorded in Maine was 9% in March 1977. The historical low was 3% in January 2001. Preliminary nonfarm employment data by occupation for April 2006 showed that approximately 5% of the labor force was employed in construction; 9.7% in manufacturing; 20.4% in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 5.5% in financial activities; 8.3% in professional and business services; 18.4% in education and health services; 9.7% in leisure and hospitality services; and 17.1% in government.

The US Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that in 2005, a total of 69,000 of Maine's 582,000 employed wage and salary workers were formal members of a union. This represented 11.9% of those so employed, up from 11.3% in 2004, but still below the national average of 12%. Overall in 2005, a total of 79,000 workers (13.6%) in Maine were covered by a union or employee association contract, which includes those workers who reported no union affiliation. Maine is one of 28 states that does not have a right-to-work law.

As of 1 March 2006, Maine had a state-mandated minimum wage rate of $6.50 per hour. In 2004, women in the state accounted for 48.1% of the employed civilian labor force.

AGRICULTURE

Maine's gross farm income in 2005 was $546 million (43rd in the United States). There were 7,200 farms in 2004, with an estimated 1,370,000 acres (554,000 hectares) of land.

Maine's agriculture and food processing industries contribute over $1 billion annually to the state's economy. Maine produces more food crops for human consumption than any other New England state. Maine ranks first in the world in the production of blueberries, producing over 25% of the total blueberry crop and over 50% of the world's wild blueberries. Maine is also home to the largest bio-agricultural firm in the world, which produces breeding stock for the broiler industry worldwide. In New England, Maine ranks first in potato production and second in the production of milk and apples. Nationally, Maine ranks third in maple syrup and seventh in potatoes with 19,220,000 hundredweight. The greenhouse/nursery and wild blueberry sectors have also shown steady growth in total sales since 1990.

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

In 2005, Maine had an estimated 92,000 cattle and calves worth around $101.2 million. Dairy farmers had an estimated 35,000 milk cows, which produced 624 million lb (283.6 million kg) of milk in 2003. Poultry farmers sold an estimated 10.2 million lb (4.6 million kg) of chickens in the same year. South-central Maine is the leading poultry region.

FISHING

Fishing has been important to the economy of Maine since its settlement. In 2004, Maine landings brought a total of 208.4 million lb (84.3 million kg) with a value of $315.8 million (the third highest value in the nation). Rockland and Portland were main ports.

The most valuable Maine fishery product is the lobster. In 2004, Maine led the nation in landings of American lobster for the 23rd consecutive year, with 58.5 million lb (26.6 million kg), valued at $238.5 million. Flounder, halibut, scallops, and shrimp are also caught. Maine also was the leading state in soft clams catch, with 2.4 million lb of meats (1.1 million kg) in 2004. In 2003, there were 35 processing and 176 wholesale plants in the state, with a total of about 1,780 employees. The state commercial fleet in 2001 had 5,836 boats and 1,656 vessels.

In 2004, Maine had 15 trout farms, with sales of $363,000. Maine has nine inland fish hatcheries and hosts two national fish hatcheries. In 2004, there were 270,698 licensed sports fishing participants in the state.

FORESTRY

Maine's 17.7 million acres (7.2 million hectares) of forest in 2003 contained over 3.6 billion trees and covered 90% of the state's land area, the largest percentage for any state in the United States. About 16,952,000 acres (6,860,000 hectares) are classified as commercial timberland, over 96% of it privately owned, and half of that by a dozen large paper companies and land managing corporations. Principal commercial hardwood include ash, hard maple, white and yellow birch, beech, and oak; commercially significant softwoods include white pine, hemlock, cedar, spruce, and fir. Total lumber production in 2004 was 964 million board feet, of which 86% was softwood.

MINING

According to preliminary data from the US Geological Survey (USGS), the estimated value of nonfuel mineral production by Maine in 2003 was $100 million, only a marginal increase from 2002.

Construction minerals and materials accounted for the bulk of the state's nonfuel mineral output, by value, in 2003. According to the USGS, construction sand and gravel, and crushed stone collectively accounted for around 65% of the state's nonfuel mineral output, by value that year. According to the preliminary data, Maine produced 9.3 million metric tons of construction sand and gravel, with a value of $39.1 million, while crushed stone output stood at 4.4 million metric tons and was valued at $26 million. Portland cement and dimension granite were also important nonfuel mineral commodities produced in Maine that same year.

In 2003, Maine was ranked 12th among the 50 states in the production of gemstones by value ($262,000), according to the USGS data.

ENERGY AND POWER

As of 2003, Maine had 29 electrical power service providers, of which 4 were publicly owned and 3 were cooperatives. Of the remainder, one was investor owned, two were owners of independent generators that sold directly to customers, fourteen were generation-only suppliers and five were delivery-only providers. As of that same year there were 760,859 retail customers. Of that total, energy only suppliers had 748,446 customers, while only 33 received their power from investor-owned service providers. Cooperatives accounted for 2,402 customers, and publicly owned providers had 9,976 customers. There were only two independent generator or "facility" customers. There was no customer data on delivery-only service providers.

Total net summer generating capability by the state's electrical generating plants in 2003 stood at 4.285 million kW, with total production that same year at 18.971 billion kWh. Of the total amount generated, all of it (100%) came from independent producers and combined heat and power service providers. The largest portion of all electric power generated, 9.438 billion kWh (49.8%), came from natural gas fired plants, with plants using other renewable sources in second place with 3.909 billion kWh (20.6%) and hydroelectric plants in third place at 3.172 billion kWh (16.7%). Petroleum and coal fueled power plants accounted for 10.1% and 2% of all power generated, respectively, while "other" types of generating facilities accounted for 0.8%.

Maine no longer generates electricity through nuclear power. Citing economic and regulatory concerns, the owners of Maine's only nuclear power plant, the Maine Yankee Atomic Power Company plant in Wicasset, was shut down in 1997, and as of 2003 it was being dismantled and the site restored for other uses.

With no proven reserves or production of crude oil, coal or natural gas, all these products, must be imported into the state from either abroad or from other states. Natural gas is piped into the southwest corner of the state, and is available in Portland and the Lewiston-Auburn area.

INDUSTRY

Manufacturing in Maine has always been dependent upon the forests. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the staples of Maine industry were shipbuilding and lumber; as of 2005, papermaking and wood products, footwear, textiles and apparel, shipbuilding, and electronic components and accessories are all important industries.

Maine has the largest paper-production capacity of any state in the nation. There are large paper mills and pulp mills in more than a dozen towns and cities. As of 2004, wood-related industriespaper, lumber, wood productsaccounted for about 25% of the value of all manufactured product shipments by value.

According to the US Census Bureau's Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) for 2004, Maine's manufacturing sector covered some 16 product subsectors. The shipment value of all products manufactured in the state that same year was $13.656 billion. Of that total, paper manufacturing accounted for the largest share at $3.601 billion. It was followed by transportation equipment manufacturing at $2.019 billion; food manufacturing at $1.623 billion; wood and paper product manufacturing at $1.240 billion; computer and electronic product manufacturing at $760.719 million; and fabricated metal product manufacturing at $710.573 million.

In 2004, a total of 57,901 people in Maine were employed in the state's manufacturing sector, according to the ASM. Of that total, 42,472 were actual production workers. In terms of total employment, the transportation equipment manufacturing industry accounted for the largest portion of all manufacturing employees at 9,005, with 6,618 actual production workers. It was followed by paper manufacturing at 8,454 employees (6,800 actual production workers); food manufacturing at 7,708 employees (5,206 actual production workers); wood product manufacturing at 5,700 employees (4,452 actual production workers); and fabricated metal product manufacturing with 3,996 employees (2,978 actual production workers).

ASM data for 2004 showed that Maine's manufacturing sector paid $2.316 billion in wages. Of that amount, the paper manufacturing sector accounted for the largest share at $489.690 million. It was followed by transportation equipment manufacturing at $373.078 million; food manufacturing at $251.645 million; wood product manufacturing at $183.615 million; and computer and electronic product manufacturing at $167.160 million.

COMMERCE

According to the 2002 Census of Wholesale Trade, Maine's wholesale trade sector had sales that year totaling $10.3 billion from 1,669 establishments. Wholesalers of durable goods accounted for 927 establishments, followed by nondurable goods wholesalers at 662 and electronic markets, agents, and brokers accounting for 80 establishments. Sales by durable goods wholesalers in 2002 totaled $3 billion, while wholesalers of nondurable goods saw sales of $6.7 billion. Electronic markets, agents, and brokers in the wholesale trade industry had sales of $584.3 million.

In the 2002 Census of Retail Trade, Maine was listed as having 7,050 retail establishments with sales of $16.05 billion. The leading types of retail businesses by number of establishments were: miscellaneous store retailers (943); food and beverage stores (940); gasoline stations (893); clothing and clothing accessories stores (636); and building materials/garden equipment and supplies dealers (635). In terms of sales, motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts dealers accounted for the largest share of retail sales at $3.7 billion, followed by food and beverage stores at $2.7 billion; general merchandise stores at $1.9 billion; gasoline stations at $1.49 billion; and building material/garden equipment and supplies dealers at $1.40 billion. A total of 80,251 people were employed by the retail sector in Maine that year.

Maine has shipping facilities located in Portland, Searsport, and Eastport. Exports from Maine totaled $2.3 billion in 2005. Maine's largest trading partners are Canada, Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, and the UK.

CONSUMER PROTECTION

Consumer protection issues in Maine are handled by the state's Attorney General's Office and the Bureau of Financial Institutions. Under the Attorney General's Office are the Consumer Protection Division and the Office of Credit Regulation. The Consumer Protection Division is responsible for the protection of consumers through enforcement of a wide variety of laws including Maine's Unfair Trade Practices Act, and the state's merger statute, the Mini-Sherman Act. The Division also provides a consumer mediation service under its Consumer Mediation Program, which uses volunteer mediators to resolve disputes between businesses and consumers.

The second department is the Office of Consumer Credit Regulation which was established in 1974 to protect state residents from unjust and misleading consumer credit practices, particularly in relation to the federal Truth-in-Lending Act. The agency also administers state laws regulating collection agencies, credit reporting agencies, mortgage companies, loan brokers, rent-to-own companies, pawn brokers, money order issuers, check cashers, and money transmitters.

However, consumer complaints regarding credit cards and banks are the responsibility of the Bureau of Financial Institution's Consumer Outreach Program.

When dealing with consumer protection issues, the state's Attorney General's Office can initiate civil and criminal proceedings; represent the state before state and federal regulatory agencies; administer consumer protection and education programs; and exercise broad subpoena powers. In antitrust actions, the Attorney General's Office can act on behalf of those consumers who are incapable of acting on their own; initiate damage actions on behalf of the state in state courts; and initiate criminal proceedings. However, the Attorney General cannot represent counties, cities and other governmental entities in recovering civil damages under state or federal law.

The Office of Consumer Credit Regulation and the Consumer Protection Division are both located in Augusta.

BANKING

As of June 2005, Maine had 37 insured banks, savings and loans, and saving banks, plus 12 state-chartered and 63 federally chartered credit unions (CUs). Excluding the CUs, the Portland-South Portland-Biddeford market area accounted for the largest portion of the state's financial institutions and deposits in 2004, with 22 institutions and $8.021 billion in deposits. As of June 2005, CUs accounted for 7.9% of all assets held by all financial institutions in the state, or some $3.974 billion. Banks, savings and loans, and savings banks collectively accounted for the remaining 92.1% or $46.590 billion in assets held.

Regulation of Maine's state-chartered banks is the responsibility of the Department of Professional and Financial Regulation's Bureau of Banking.

INSURANCE

In 2004 there were 583,000 individual life insurance policies in force with a total value of about $43.8 billion; total value for all categories of life insurance (individual, group, and credit) was about $81 billion. The average coverage amount is $75,200 per policy holder. Death benefits paid that year totaled at about $197.4 million.

In 2003, there were 2 life and health and 23 property and casualty insurance companies were domiciled in the state. In 2004, direct premiums for property and casualty insurance totaled $1.89 billion. That year, there were 7,064 flood insurance policies in force in the state, with a total value of 1 billion.

In 2004, 51% of state residents held employment-based health insurance policies, 4% held individual policies, and 10% of residents were uninsured. In 2003, employee contributions for employment-based health coverage averaged at 18% for single coverage and 28% for family coverage. The state offers a 12-month health benefits expansion program for small-firm employees in connection with the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA, 1986), a health insurance program for those who lose employment-based coverage due to termination or reduction of work hours.

In 2003, there were 979.487 auto insurance policies in effect for private passenger cars. Required minimum coverage includes bodily injury liability of up to $50,000 per individual and $100,000 for all persons injured in an accident, as well as property damage liability of $25,000. Uninsured and underinsured motorist insurance are also mandatory. In 2003, the average expenditure per vehicle for insurance coverage was $630.79.

SECURITIES

There are no securities or commodities exchanges in Maine. In 2005, there were 300 personal financial advisers employed in the state and 850 securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents. In 2004, there were at least sixteen publicly traded companies within the state, with seven NASDAQ companies, two NYSE listings, and four AMEX listings. In 2006, the state had one Fortune 500 company, Energy East, locate in New Gloucester. Listed on the NYSE, Energy East was 405 on the list of 500 largest companies in the nation, with revenues in excess of $5.2 billion.

PUBLIC FINANCE

Maine's biennial budget is prepared by the Bureau of the Budget, within the Department of Administrative and Financial Services, and submitted by the governor to the Legislature for consideration. The fiscal year (FY) extends from 1 July to 30 June.

Fiscal year 2006 general funds were estimated at $2.8 billion for resources and $2.8 billion for expenditures. In fiscal year 2004, federal government grants to Maine were $2.7 billion.

MaineState Government Finances
(Dollar amounts in thousands. Per capita amounts in dollars.)
AMOUNT PER CAPITA
Abbreviations and symbols:zero or rounds to zero; (NA) not available; (X) not applicable.
source: U.S. Census Bureau, Governments Division, 2004 Survey of State Government Finances, January 2006.
Total Revenue 8,309,930 6,319.34
  General revenue 6,795,343 5,167.56
    Intergovernmental revenue 2,573,528 1,957.06
    Taxes 2,896,759 2,202.86
      General sales 917,248 697.53
      Selective sales 442,904 336.81
      License taxes 158,199 120.30
      Individual income tax 1,160,028 882.15
      Corporate income tax 111,616 84.88
Other taxes 106,764 81.19
    Current charges 537,145 408.48
    Miscellaneous general revenue 787,911 599.17
  Utility revenue - -
  Liquor store revenue 90,996 69.20
  Insurance trust revenue 1,423,591 1,082.58
Total expenditure 7,322,061 5,568.11
  Intergovernmental expenditure 1,049,160 797.84
  Direct expenditure 6,272,901 4,770.27
    Current operation 4,809,684 3,657.55
    Capital outlay 412,412 313.62
    Insurance benefits and repayments 588,977 447.89
    Assistance and subsidies 209,796 159.54
    Interest on debt 252,032 191.66
Exhibit: Salaries and wages 667,051 507.26
Total expenditure 7,322,061 5,568.11
  General expenditure 6,671,149 5,073.12
    Intergovernmental expenditure 1,049,160 797.84
    Direct expenditure 5,621,989 4,275.28
  General expenditures, by function:
    Education 1,653,605 1,257.49
    Public welfare 2,286,375 1,738.69
    Hospitals 54,515 41.46
    Health 437,145 332.43
    Highways 536,777 408.20
    Police protection 61,840 47.03
    Correction 112,083 85.23
    Natural resources 186,889 142.12
    Parks and recreation 11,225 8.54
    Government administration 256,764 195.26
    Interest on general debt 252,032 191.66
    Other and unallocable 821,899 625.02
  Utility expenditure - -
  Liquor store expenditure 61,935 47.10
  Insurance trust expenditure 588,977 447.89
Debt at end of fiscal year 4,643,988 3,531.55
Cash and security holdings 13,952,432 10,610.21

On 5 January 2006 the federal government released $100 million in emergency contingency funds targeted to the areas with the greatest need, including $1.6 million for Maine.

TAXATION

In 2005, Maine collected $3,071 million in tax revenues or $2,323 per capita, which placed it 19th among the 50 states in per capita tax burden. The national average was $2,192 per capita. Property taxes accounted for 1.4% of the total, sales taxes 30.4%, selective sales taxes 13.9%, individual income taxes 42.3%, corporate income taxes 4.4%, and other taxes 7.5%.

As of 1 January 2006, Maine had four individual income tax brackets ranging from 2.0 to 8.5%. The state taxes corporations at rates ranging from 3.5 to 8.93% depending on tax bracket.

In 2004, state and local property taxes amounted to $2,099,394,000 or $1,596 per capita. The per capita amount ranks the state sixth-highest nationally. Local governments collected $2,054,086,000 of the total and the state government $45,308,000.

Maine taxes retail sales at a rate of 5%. Food purchased for consumption off-premises is tax exempt. The tax on cigarettes is 200 cents per pack, which ranks fourth among the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Maine taxes gasoline at 25.9 cents per gallon. This is in addition to the 18.4 cents per gallon federal tax on gasoline.

According to the Tax Foundation, for every federal tax dollar sent to Washington in 2004, Maine citizens received $1.40 in federal spending.

ECONOMIC POLICY

The Finance Authority of Maine (FAME) encourages industrial and recreational projects by insuring mortgage loans, selling tax-exempt bonds to aid industrial development and natural-resource enterprises, authorizing municipalities to issue such revenue bonds, and guaranteeing loans to small businesses, veterans, and natural-resource enterprises. The Department of Economic and Community Development (DECD), created in 1987, provides technical, financial, training, and marketing assistance for existing Maine businesses and companies interested in establishing operations in the state. The DECD offers programs in the areas of business development, international trade, tourism, film, and community development. Pine Tree Development Zone (PTDZ) legislation was enacted in 2003 and amended in 2005. The initiative supports new "qualified business activity" in Maine by offering manufacturers, financial service businesses, and targeted technology companies the chance to greatly reduce, or in some cases, virtually eliminate state taxes for up to 10 years.

HEALTH

The infant mortality rate in October 2005 was estimated at 6.1 per 1,000 live births. The birth rate in 2003 was 10.6 per 1,000 population, the lowest rate in the country for that year. The abortion rate stood at 9.9 per 1,000 women in 2000. In 2003, about 87.5% of pregnant woman received prenatal care beginning in the first trimester. In 2004, approximately 82% of children received routine immunizations before the age of three.

The crude death rate in 2003 was 9.6 deaths per 1,000 population. As of 2002, the death rates for major causes of death (per 100,000 resident population) were: heart disease, 244.9; cancer, 247.7; cerebrovascular diseases, 63.6; chronic lower respiratory diseases, 61.1; and diabetes, 31.2. Maine had the second-highest cancer death rate in the nation, following West Virginia. The mortality rate from HIV infection was not available. In 2004, the reported AIDS case rate was at about 4.6 per 100,000 population. In 2002, about 55.9% of the population was considered overweight or obese. As of 2004, about 20.9% of state residents were smokers.

In 2003, Maine had 37 community hospitals with about 3,700 beds. There were about 149,000 patient admissions that year and 6.5 million outpatient visits. The average daily inpatient census was about 2,200 patients. The average cost per day for hospital care was $1,416. Also in 2003, there were about 119 certified nursing facilities in the state with 7,552 beds and an overall occupancy rate of about 92.1%. In 2004, it was estimated that about 69.6% of all state residents had received some type of dental care within the year. Maine had 302 physicians per 100,000 resident population in 2004 and 1,009 nurses per 100,000 in 2005. In 2004, there were a total of 629 dentists in the state.

In 2003, Maine ranked first in the nation for the highest percentage of residents on Medicaid at 29%. In 2004, the state had the second-highest percentage of residents on Medicare at 18%. Approximately 10% of the state population was uninsured in 2004. In 2003, state health care expenditures totaled $2.1 million.

SOCIAL WELFARE

In 2004, about 33,000 people received unemployment benefits, with the average weekly unemployment benefit at $235. In fiscal year 2005, the estimated average monthly participation in the food stamp program included about 152,910 persons (78,170 households); the average monthly benefit was about $88.40 per person. That year, the total of benefits paid through the state for the food stamp program was about $162.2 million.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), the system of federal welfare assistance that officially replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) in 1997, was reauthorized through the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. TANF is funded through federal block grants that are divided among the states based on an equation involving the number of recipients in each state. Maine's TANF work program is called Additional Support for People in Retraining and Employment (ASPIRE). In 2004, the state program had 27,000 recipients; state and federal expenditures on this TANF program totaled $87 million in fiscal year 2003.

Despite Maine's relatively low personal income and large proportion of residents below the poverty level, welfare payments per capita generally fall short of the national norms. In December 2004, Social Security benefits were paid to 265,470 Maine residents. This number included 160,320 retired workers, 25,390 widows and widowers, 43,580 disabled workers, 13,590 spouses, and 22,590 children. Social Security beneficiaries represented 20.2% of the total state population and 95.3% of the state's population age 65 and older. Retired workers received an average monthly payment of $882; widows and widowers, $856; disabled workers, $819; and spouses, $444. Payments for children of retired workers averaged $451 per month; children of deceased workers, $630; and children of disabled workers, $231. Federal Supplemental Security Income payments in December 2004 went to 31,641 Maine residents, averaging $364 a month. An additional $615,000 of state-administered supplemental payments were distributed to 32,557 residents.

HOUSING

Housing for Maine families has improved substantially since 1960, when the federal census categorized 57,000 of Maine's 364,650 housing units as deteriorated or dilapidated. Between 1970 and 1989, over 200,000 new units were built. However, as of 2004, about 31.7% of the entire housing stock was built in 1939 or earlier.

There were an estimated 676,667 housing units in Maine in 2004. Approximately 534,412 of the total units were occupied, with 72.9% being owner-occupied. About 68.9% of all units are single-family, detached homes. Fuel oils and kerosene are the primary heating fuel for most units. It was estimated that 12,214 units lacked telephone service, 3,771 lacked complete plumbing facilities, and 3,336 lacked complete kitchen facilities. The average household had 2.39 members.

In 2004, 8,800 privately owned units were authorized for construction. The median home value is $143,182. The median monthly cost for mortgage owners was $1,020. Renters paid a median of $582 per month. In September 2005, the state received grants of $548,824 from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) for rural housing and economic development programs. For 2006, HUD allocated to the state over $14 million in community development block grants.

EDUCATION

In 2004, 87.1% of Maine residents age 25 and older were high school graduates; 24.2% had obtained a bachelor's degree or higher.

The total enrollment for fall 2002 in Maine's public schools stood at 204,000. Of these, 142,000 attended schools from kindergarten through grade eight, and 63,000 attended high school. Approximately 95.8% of the students were white, 1.7% were black, 0.8% were Hispanic, 1.2% were Asian/Pacific Islander, and 0.5% were American Indian/Alaskan Native. Total enrollment was estimated at 200,000 in fall 2003 and expected to be 178,000 by fall 2014, a decline of 12.8% during the period 2002 to 2014. In fall 2003 there were 20,696 students enrolled in 151 private schools. Expenditures for public education in 2003/04 were estimated at $2.2 billion or $9,534 per student. Since 1969, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) has tested public school students nationwide. The resulting report, The Nation's Report Card, stated that in 2005 eighth graders in Maine scored 281 out of 500 in mathematics compared with the national average of 278.

As of fall 2002, there were 63,308 students enrolled in institutions of higher education; minority students comprised 4.9% of total postsecondary enrollment. As of 2005 Maine had 30 degree-granting institutions. Since 1968, the state's public colleges and universities have been incorporated into a single University of Maine System. The original land grant campus is at Orono; the other major campus in the system is the University of Southern Maine at Portland and Gorham. The state also operates the Maine Maritime Academy at Castine and the Maine Technical College System, comprised of seven technical colleges. Of the state's private colleges and professional schools, Bowdoin College in Bruns-wick, Colby College in Waterville, and Bates College in Lewiston are the best known.

ARTS

Maine has long held an attraction for painters and artists, Win-slow Homer and Andrew Wyeth among them. The state abounds in summer theaters, the oldest and most famous of which is at Ogunquit. The Ogunquit Playhouse is one of the nation's leading summer theaters and in 2006 it celebrated its 74th anniversary. The Portland Symphony (est. 1923) is Maine's leading orchestra and is recognized as one of the nation's top orchestras of its size. Augusta and Bangor also host symphonies. The Maine State Ballet Company is based in Westbrook. The Portland Ballet is also well known in the state. The Bossov Ballet Theatre in Pittsfield is part of a boarding school for high school students looking for rigorous preprofessional training in dance. In 2001, the Maine Grand Opera Company gave its first performances, at the Camden Opera House. There are many local theater groups.

The Arcady Summer Music Festival (est. 1980) specializes in chamber music performances. The annual Bowdoin Summer Music Festival (est. 1964), presented at Bowdoin College in Brunswick, provides programs for over 200 studentsranging from high school to graduate studiesannually.

In 1979, Maine became the first state to allow inheritance taxes to be paid with qualified artworks. The Maine Arts Commission is an independent state agency funded in part by the Maine State Legislature and the National Endowment for the Arts. The state Department of Educational and Cultural Services has an Arts and Humanities Bureau that provides funds to artists in residence, Maine touring artists, and community arts councils. In 2005, the Maine Arts Commission and other Maine arts organizations received 20 grants totaling $956,826 from the National Endowment for the Arts. Additional funds are provided from the state and other private sources.

The Maine Humanities Council (MHC), founded in 1975, provides support to approximately 100 nonprofit art organizations each year. In 2004, MHC awarded 87 grants to 81 organizations throughout the state. Several ongoing reading programs sponsored in part by MHC include "Born to Read," for children and youth; "New Books, New Readers," for adult learners; and "Let's Talk About It," for adult readers. In 2005, the state received 10 grants totaling $1,021,426 from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

LIBRARIES AND MUSEUMS

For the calendar year 2001, Maine had 273 public library systems, with a total of 280 libraries, of which there were seven branches. In that same year, the system had 5,891,000 volumes of books and serial publications, and a combined total circulation of 8,155,000. The system also had 126,000 audio and 135,000 video items, and 2,000 electronic format items (CD-ROMs, magnetic tapes, and disks). Leading libraries and their book holdings in 1998 included the Maine State Library at Augusta (150,000 volumes), Bowdoin College at Brunswick (901,589), and the University of Maine School of Law (300,000). In 2001, operating income for the state's public library system was $27,985,000, which included $$1,000 in federal grants and $174,000 in state grants.

Maine has at least 121 museums and historic sites. The Maine State Museum in Augusta houses collections in history, natural history, anthropology, marine studies, mineralogy, science, and technology. The privately supported Maine Historical Society in Portland maintains a research library and the Wadsworth Longfellow House, the boyhood home of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. The largest of several maritime museums is in Bath.

COMMUNICATIONS

In 2004, 96.6% of occupied housing units had telephones. In addition, by June of that same year there were 610,533 mobile wireless telephone subscribers. In 2003, 67.8% of Maine households had a computer and 57.9% had Internet access. By June 2005, there were 176,816 high-speed lines in Maine, 165,428 residential and 11,388 for business.

Maine had 33 major commercial radio stations (5 AM, 28 FM) in 2005, along with 11 major television stations. Educational television stations broadcast from Bangor, Calais, Lewiston, Portland, and Presque Isle. By 2000, a total of 25,583 Internet domain names had been registered in Maine.

PRESS

Maine had seven daily newspapers in 2005 and four papers with Sunday editions.

The most widely read newspapers with approximate 2005 circulation numbers are as follows:

AREA NAME DAILY SUNDAY
Augusta Kennebec Journal (m,S) 15.167 14.422
Bangor Daily News (m.S) 62.462 74.754 (wknd)
Portland Press Herald/Sunday Telegram 77.788 125,858

Regional interest magazines include Maine Times and Down East.

ORGANIZATIONS

In 2006, there were over 2,300 nonprofit organizations registered within the state, of which about 1,660 were registered as charitable, educational, or religious organizations. Among the organizations with headquarters in Maine are the Maine Potato Council (Presque Isle), the Maine Lobstermen's Association (Stonington), the Wild Blueberry Association of North America (Bar Harbor), and the Potato Association of America (Orono).

State and local organizations for arts and education include the Bluegrass Music Association of Maine, Maine Arts Commission, the Maine Folklife Center, the Maine Historical Society, the Maine Humanities Council, Maine Preservation, and the National Poetry Foundation, based at the University of Maine. There are a number of smaller local arts organizations and municipal and regional historical societies as well.

TOURISM, TRAVEL, AND RECREATION

In 2004, the state of Maine hosted 43 million travelers who spent $13.6 billion. About 34 million travelers were on day trips throughout the state, with nearly 71% of tourist activity involved out-of-state travelers. There were 8.9 million overnight trips. Tourism generated 176,600 jobs and created $3.8 billion in revenue. Though Maine is a year-round resort destination, 59% of travelers arrive during the months of July, August, and September. Sightseeing and outdoor activities are the primary tourist attractions.

In the summer, the southern coast offers sandy beaches, icy surf, and several small harbors for sailing and saltwater fishing. Northeastward, the scenery becomes more rugged and spectacular, and sailing and hiking are the primary activities. Hundreds of lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams offer opportunities for freshwater bathing, boating, and fishing. Whitewater canoeing lures the adventurous along the Allagash Wilderness Waterway in northern Maine. Maine has always attracted hunters, especially during the fall deer season. Wintertime recreation facilities include nearly 60 ski areas and countless opportunities for cross-country skiing.

There are 12 state parks and beaches. Baxter State Park in central Maine includes Mount Katahdin. Acadia National Park is a popular attraction, along with other wildlife areas, refuges, and forests. Aroostook, Maine's largest and northernmost county, has five state parks. The state fair is held at Bangor. The Acadia area features Acadia National Park and the site of Campobello, Franklin Delano Roosevelt's summer home. The area containing the Kennebec and Moose rivers and Lake George has three state parks. Kennebunkport on the southern coast is the site of the family home of President George H. W. Bush. Route 1, between Kittery and Fort Kent, has the largest three-dimensional model of the solar system in the world.

SPORTS

Maine has no major professional sports teams. The Portland Pirates (a minor league hockey team) of the American Hockey League play on their home ice at the Cumberland County Civic Center in Portland. Minor league baseball's Sea Dogs of the Double-A Eastern League play their games at Hadlock Field, which opened in 1994. Harness racing is held at Scarborough Downs and other tracks and fairgrounds throughout the state. Sailing is a popular participant sport with a Windsummer Festival held each July at Boothbay Harbor and a Retired Skippers Race at Castine in August. Joan Benoit-Samuelson, famous distance runner during the 1980s, was born in Cape Elizabeth.

FAMOUS MAINERS

The highest federal officeholders born in Maine were Hannibal Hamlin (180991), the nation's first Republican vice president, under Abraham Lincoln, and Nelson A. Rockefeller (190879), governor of New York State from 1959 to 1973 and US vice president under Gerald Ford. James G. Blaine (b.Pennsylvania, 183093), a lawyer and politician, served 13 years as a US representative from Maine and a term in the Senate; on his third try, he won the Republican presidential nomination in 1884 but lost to Grover Cleveland, later serving as secretary of state (188992) under Benjamin Harrison. Edmund S. Muskie (191496), leader of the Democratic revival in Maine in the 1950s, followed two successful terms as governor with 21 years in the Senate until appointed secretary of state by President Jimmy Carter in 1980.

Other conspicuous state and national officeholders have included Rufus King (17551827), a member of the Continental Congress and Constitutional Convention and US minister to Great Britain; William King (17681852), leader of the movement for Maine statehood and the state's first governor; Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, (18281914), Civil War hero and four-term governor who established the college that eventually became the University of Maine; Thomas Bracket Reed (18391902), longtime speaker of the US House of Representatives; and Margaret Chase Smith (18971995), who served longer in the US Senate24 yearsthan any other woman.

Names prominent in Maine's colonial history include those of Sir Ferdinando Gorges (b.England, 15661647), the founder and proprietor of the colony; Sir William Phips (165195), who became the first American knight for his recovery of a Spanish treasure, later serving as royal governor of Massachusetts; and Sir William Pepperrell (16961759), who led the successful New England expedition against Louisburg in 1745, for which he became the first American-born baronet.

Maine claims a large number of well-known reformers and humanitarians: Dorothea Lynde Dix (180287), who led the movement for hospitals for the insane; Elijah Parish Lovejoy (180237), an abolitionist killed while defending his printing press from a proslavery mob in St. Louis, Missouri; Neal Dow (180497), who drafted and secured passage of the Maine prohibition laws of 1846 and 1851, later served as a Civil War general, and ran for president on the Prohibition Party ticket in 1880; and Harriet Beecher Stowe (b.Connecticut, 181196), whose Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) was written in Maine.

Other important writers include poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (180782), born in Portland while Maine was still part of Massachusetts; humorist Artemus Ward (Charles Farrar Browne, 183467); Sarah Orne Jewett (18491909), novelist and short-story writer; Kate Douglas Wiggin (18561923), author of Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm; Kenneth Roberts (18851957), historical novelist; and Robert Peter Tristram Coffin (18921955), poet, essayist, and novelist. Edwin Arlington Robinson (18691935) and Edna St. Vincent Millay (18921950) were both Pulitzer Prize-winning poets, and novelist Marguerite Yourcenar (b.Belgium, 190387), a resident of Mt. Desert Island, became in 1980 the first woman ever elected to the Académie Française. Winslow Homer (b.Massachusetts, 18361910) had a summer home at Prouts Neck, where he painted many of his seascapes.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Alampi, Gary (ed.). Gale State Rankings Reporter. Detroit: Gale Research, Inc., 1994.

Beem, Edgar Allen. Maine: the Spirit of America. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000.

Goulka, Jeremiah E. (ed.). The Grand Old Man of Maine: Selected Letters of Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, 18651914. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

Churchill, Edwin A., Joel W. Eastman, and Richard W. Judd (eds.). Maine: The Pine Tree State from Prehistory to the Present. Orono: University of Maine Press, 1995.

Cities of the United States. 5th ed. Farmington Hills: Thomson Gale, 2005.

Council of State Governments. The Book of the States, 2006 Edition. Lexington, Ky.: Council of State Governments, 2006.

FDIC, Division of Research and Statistics. Statistics on Banking: A Statistical Profile of the United States Banking Industry. Washington, D.C.: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 1993.

McAuliffe, Emily. Maine Facts and Symbols. New York: Hilltop Books, 2000.

Palmer, Kenneth T. Maine Politics & Government. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1992.

Parker, Carol Mason. Maine. Uhrichsville, Ohio: Barbour Publishing, 2005.

Potholm, Christian P. This Splendid Game: Maine Campaigns and Elections, 19402002. Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2003.

Smith, David C. Studies in the Land: The Northeast Corner. New York: Routledge, 2002.

US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, US Census Bureau. Maine, 2000. Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics: 2000 Census of Population and Housing. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 2003.

US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Office of Educational Research and Improvement. Digest of Education Statistics, 1993. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 1993.

US Department of the Interior, US Fish and Wildlife Service. Endangered and Threatened Species Recovery Program. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 1990.

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Maine

MAINE

MAINE. For many, Maine appears on the map as a peninsula, the northeasternmost extension of the United States. However, there is nothing peninsular about Maine. In fact, geographically, it is the southern edge of a much larger land mass that extends south from Hudson Bay and the Canadian shield and from the east through the great timber lands of eastern Canada and the complex coastline of the western North Atlantic. Maine's history has been shaped by these natural characteristics and the social and economic conditions spawned by its unique positioning. Maine is at once at the center of a vibrant natural corridor that produces staple products and on the outermost edge of a great political institution.

Maine's first inhabitants, the Paleoindians (a term used to describe early inhabitants of America, not yet distinguished into modern tribal groups), arrived in the area in the wake of the retreating glaciers 11,000 to 10,000 years ago, where they encountered a relatively barren landscape. The changing environment brought about a new culture, known as the Archaic, between 10,000 and 8,500 years ago. This new culture exploited new resources based on changing forest and sea conditions and developed advanced woodworking skills. Agriculture arrived in what is now New England a few hundred years before European contact. The Native peoples in Maine developed the common corn–beans–squash regimen of crop production. However, those east of the Kennebec River remained dependent upon hunting and gathering.

The Colonial Period

The first documented case of European exploration in the Gulf of Maine was by Giovanni da Verrazano in 1524. This was followed by a series of failed colonizing attempts between 1602 and 1607. Most Europeans were unable to adapt to the harsh environment and the lack of familiar natural resources. The first successful settlements along the Maine coast were those established by European fishing ventures, which supplied winter residents in order to lay claim to the best fishing grounds earlier in the season. By 1610, the Jamestown Colony began to send fishing vessels to the Maine coast. As the activities increased, year-round fishing stations were established at Damaris-cove Island, Cape Piscataque, Monhegan Island, Pemaquid, and Richmond Island.

European activity in Maine began to increase as more settlers began to recognize the wealth that could be produced from Maine's forests, rivers, and seas. Both internal conflict within England, France, and among Natives, and external conflict between the colonies characterized the settlement of the Maine territory. In order to extend their territorial control, the Massachusetts Bay Colony set up townships at York (1630), Cape Porpus (ca. 1630), Saco (1630), Kittery (ca. 1631), Scarborough (ca. 1631), Falmouth (1633), North Yarmouth (1636), and Wells (1642). The restoration of Charles II to the throne of England was accompanied by further territorial claims from France. By 1670, Maine's settlers moved from a subsistence agriculture base to a profitable export trade of cattle, corn, fish, and lumber products. Both the English and the French inhabitants of Maine lived within a family-based economy with men working in the fields, upon the seas, and in the lumber camps, while women and children worked at home to provide foodstuffs such as milk, butter, and eggs, as well as clothing and tools.

French activities in Maine increased after 1670 when they reoccupied a fort at the mouth of the Penobscot River. For the French, Maine remained primarily a fishing, lumbering, and, most importantly, fur trading center; however, internal conflict between rival French claims hindered French settlement efforts. By the mid-1600s, nearly 75 percent of Maine's original Native inhabitants had died, mostly from European diseases. The survivors were often uprooted and forced to relocate. The arrival of a European-based fur trade further altered the Natives' traditional relationship with the environment. Competition among tribal bands for fur-bearing animals and friction with the colonizing nations transformed the region into a volatile political area, bringing an era of brutal warfare. The Wabanakis in Maine comprised about 20,000 people before contact. Relations with Europeans began to sour early when explorers captured natives for slaves. Conflicting alliances with Europeans fractionalized the Wabanakis and plagues further weakened the solidarity of the "People of the Dawn." As Natives further became dependent upon European firearms and ammunition, the fur trade took on a desperate tone. Beavers grew scarce, forcing the Wabanakis to expand into rival lands. This competition resulted in a series of violent clashes between the tribes known as the "Beaver Wars."

The internal Native conflicts overlapped with a series of European conflicts. Native–English violence during King Philip's War (1675–1676), King William's War (1689–1697), and Queen Anne's War (1702–1713) brought a universal declaration of war by Massachusetts on all Maine Indians in August 1703. Drummer's War (1721– 1727) saw the collapse of Wabanaki military and political power and a dramatic extension of English settlement. The French and Indian War (1754–1763) brought the final collapse of both Native and French military presence in the Maine territory. In May 1759, Massachusetts Governor Thomas Pownall led a force of 400 militia up the Penobscot River to attack Native settlements and construct Fort Pownall near the mouth of the river at Stockton Springs, ending the long land rivalry in Maine. Native families resettled upon ancestral lands, but in small, separate villages. Peace brought further English settlement eastward along the coast and up river valleys.

The American Revolution and Statehood

Maine's participation in the American Revolution reflected its maritime traditions. Tension first appeared over British regulations on timber use and the Royal Navy's monopoly on timber for shipbuilding. Friction over enforcing the Nonimportation Agreement led to the arrival of the British man-of-war Canceaux in Falmouth port. Militia captured its captain and some crew, but the men were quickly released. HMS Margaretta was captured by militia in Machias in June 1775. In October, the Canceaux returned to Falmouth and after warning the residents, bombarded the town and destroyed two-thirds of its structures. The power of the Royal Navy prevented most of Maine's inhabitants from participating directly in the American Revolution.

Maine's location as a borderland between the American colonies and the British holdings in Canada and Nova Scotia led to its use as a launching point of invasion into pro-British territories. Benedict Arnold marched his troops through Maine on his ill-fated attempt to capture Quebec. As they advanced up the Kennebec River in the fall of 1775 and north and west across the heights of land to the Chaudiere River, they encountered harsh weather and difficult travel. Many turned back, weakening the strength of the expedition. In October 1776 and May 1777, pro-American refugees from Nova Scotia launched two raids on Nova Scotia hoping to spark rebellion in the British colony. In the summer of 1779, a British expedition from Halifax arrived in Penobscot Bay and constructed Fort George at present-day Castine. Massachusetts maritime interests reacted by sending an armada of about forty vessels, which arrived on 25 July. Wracked by internal conflict and poor organization, the armada faltered and eventually was trapped by the Royal Navy. The Americans beached and burned their own vessels. The peace treaty of 3 September 1783 renounced British claims on Maine territories, but no definitive line was established as a border between Maine and the British colonies of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Quebec. Nor was any answer found for the fishing disputes that John Adams brought up during negotiations. Continued conflict over these issues persisted for generations, and even reappear today.

Internal friction began as soon as the Revolution concluded. The political debate quickly turned toward the issue of statehood. Maine's chief economies still relied on the sea, and therefore maritime interests took precedence over others. If Maine became a state independent of Massachusetts, the shippers would be forced to pay additional port charges as they entered Boston and New York. Challenging these maritime interests were back-country settlers, who sought more political power through statehood. These backcountry radicals were spurred on by national events such as Shay's Rebellion (1786–1787). Early test votes showed this division of interests, but equally important, these popular votes demonstrated the indifference many Mainers felt toward the issue: in one significant poll, only 4,598 bothered to vote.

The separatist movement gained momentum after the War of 1812. Maine's role in this conflict was again primarily a maritime one. Maine's economy was deeply affected by the Jeffersonian embargo and smuggling became a chief source of wealth for many small down-east towns that had, over the course of a century, built strong economic and social ties with their neighbors in the British Atlantic colonies. Maine ports also served as launching points for many wartime privateers who raided British shipping. During the war years, Eastport and Castine were invaded and held by British troops and naval vessels. By controlling the northern region of New England, Britain was able to perfect its blockade of the coast of the United States. By war's end, British troops occupied much of the settled area of the state. Britain, however, was eager to end the conflict and return to a profitable trade relation and therefore returned the occupied territory (along with northern Michigan and western New York).

The failure of Massachusetts to protect its Maine district touched off an emotional defense of the separatist movement. The economic rationale for remaining a part of Massachusetts crumbled when Congress passed a new coasting law in 1819, allowing American vessels to sail to any port from Maine to Florida without paying additional port charges or taxation. But the timing of Maine state-hood placed it squarely within the sectional issue of slavery extension. In 1820 Congress adopted the Missouri Compromise, as part of which Maine, a free state, and Missouri, a slave state, were admitted to the union.

Economic Development

Following statehood, Maine entered a phase of rapid economic development. The state's wealth was still tied to its ability to produce staple products, but unlike earlier production, this new phase incorporated commercial production and industrial production. As early as 1785, Acadian families from southern Quebec and northern New Brunswick began to migrate to the rich lands of the St. John Valley. For most of its early history, Maine's agricultural production was small-scale subsistence production

based on a village economy. Spurred on by outside capital investment and new transportation networks in the form of superior roads and railroads, Maine's farms began to commercialize. As elsewhere in the United States, agricultural production was concentrated into larger farms, and specialized production became part of the national market economy.

Forestry also shifted from a small-scale side business of village farmers into a massive industry concentrated in the hands of a few corporations. Lumbering operations expanded as new networks were developed and larger trees could be transported from the deep interior over friction-free snow-and-ice roads. With the introduction of modern sawmill technology in the 1840s, Bangor became the center of Maine's lumbering industry, exporting more wood product than any other port in the world.

The second half of the nineteenth century saw the continuation of this trend as the lumber industry followed national trends in monopoly capitalism. In the 1880s, the wood-product industry shifted from lumber to pulp and paper. This new capital-intensive industry brought more out-of-state investment. Mill towns appeared in Maine's interior, most notably at Millinocket, built and run by the Great Northern Paper Company. Exemplifying the principles of monopoly capitalism, the Portland businessman Hugh J. Chrisholm and several other bankers and businessmen merged more than a score of New England and New York paper producers to form the International Paper Company. The changing costs of the lumbering business forced many smaller companies out of business, concentrating control in the hands of a few major players. Their wealth would not last for long; by 1915, the industry was in a decline as Canadian, Great Lakes states, and, later, southern producers entered the market. Natural depletion and substitute products shifted lumbering interest out of the state to southern and western regions of the nation.

While Maine had many staple economies, including potatoes, blueberries, ice, granite, and others, timber and seafood production proved to be the two most influential in Maine's history. Like the timber trade, the production of marine food products underwent significant changes during the nineteenth century. Traditionally, Maine specialized in salt cod production, but in the late nineteenth century Maine fishermen began to diversify their catch, marketing mackerel, menhaden, herring, sardines, and lobster. The southern plantations in the West Indies and later the American South provided early markets for North Atlantic seafood. But Maine's sea fisheries were part of a larger global economy that included most of the British colonies in the North Atlantic and in the West Indies. Urban expansion drastically increased the domestic market for fish products and Maine fishermen began to provide fish for the growing Catholic population of Boston and New York. During the early years, Maine's sea fisheries were conducted by small family-owned firms. Fish and fish products were carried by small vessels to larger ports in Portland, Gloucester, and Boston and from there to distant markets. This tie to out-of-state distributors characterized Maine's fisheries even more so during the second half of the nineteenth century.

Spurred by transportation developments like railroads, ice-cars, and larger schooners, the production and distribution of marine resources increased and took on an industrial form. Expensive trawl lines and nets replaced traditional forms of fishing. The fisheries became more capital-intensive and fishing production was concentrated in a handful of major firms in Gloucester and Boston. By the 1860s and 1870s, vessels were owned by large corporations. Huge wholesaling corporations were able to use price fixing to manipulate the market in their favor and limit competition. The repeal of government bounties and the replacement of the share system by a wage-labor system further hindered small-scale fishermen and created an industrial economy of fishing.

The Civil War and Postwar Politics

The Civil War played an important part not only in the state's history, but also in its modern folklore. Joshua Chamberlain of Brewer, a Bowdoin College graduate, commanded the Twentieth Maine at a pivotal moment on Little Round Top during the battle of Gettysburg, for which he received a Medal of Honor. Chamberlain went on to become a general and was wounded several times. Approximately 73,000 Mainers saw action during the war and many Maine women served as nurses, including Dorothea Dix of Hampden, who served as superintendent of women nurses during the war.

Maine state political leaders had been important players in the formation of the Republican Party in the 1880s, and their leadership was carried through the war and into reconstruction. Hannibal Hamlin won a strong following as an antislavery candidate in 1850 and later served as Abraham Lincoln's first vice president; William Pitt Fessenden served first as a senator and later as secretary of the Treasury; and James G. Blaine served as speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, was elected senator in 1876, and served as secretary of state in 1881 and from 1889 to 1892.

The legacy of the Civil War cemented Maine's loyalty to the Republican Party. The Republicans held state political power throughout the rest of the nineteenth century and oversaw the expansion of Maine's natural resource production and the concentration of industrial capitalism discussed earlier. The economic collapse of 1929 called into question Republican leadership and the Democratic lawyer and mayor of Lewiston, Louis J. Brann, was elected to the governor's office in 1932. However, Maine and Vermont were the only two states not to vote to reelect Franklin Roosevelt.

The Twentieth Century

President Roosevelt's New Deal brought in much-needed federal aid and the creation of numerous job opportunities. Although Maine's traditionalist culture accepted these changes slowly, the Civilian Conservation Corp recruited about sixteen thousand young men and women to work alongside the Maine Forest Service and proved to be an exceptional labor source for the creation of the Appalachian Trail. Under the Works Progress Administration, many women found employment in the canning industry and Maine farmers received funding for improvements in irrigation. The Passamaquoddy Tidal Power Project, intended to provide hydroelectric power, was never completed, but during its planning stage it employed several hundred Maine workers.

Maine's maritime focus again proved to be of national significance during World War II. Maine had always had a strong shipbuilding tradition and during the war Bath Iron Works, on the Kennebec River, put this tradition into action by constructing 266 ships. In cooperation with Todd Shipbuilding in South Portland, the two firms employed more than 30,000 people, including 4,000 women.

Maine's postwar economic situation was grim, marked by textile mill closures, heavy migration from the state, and decline in its staple production. Rural poverty became endemic and the state's social services fell well behind the national average. In the 1950s, the Republican ascendancy was shaken, and under the leadership of Frank Morey Coffin and Edmund S. Muskie, the Democratic Party took control of the state government in 1954. Muskie's liberal agenda included environmental reform, minimum wage increases, hospital and school reform, and highway construction. During the 1960s, Mainers assumed a leading role in the nation's new environmental movement. As a U.S. senator, Muskie distinguished himself as the champion of national clean air and water legislation.

Maine's tourist industry became a profitable venture in the decades following the Civil War. The industry was a unique mixture of small-scale shops and folk traditions and large promotional developments launched by railroad, steamship-line, and hotel firms, including the Ricker family's Poland Spring House and spring water bottling company. Visitors were attracted by Maine's reputation for natural beauty, a healthy atmosphere, abundant fish and game resources, and its outdoor activities. A national obsession with an outdoor life quickened interest in Maine's wildlands, rivers, and lakes. The state government slowly became involved in the industry after 1870 with a series of legislative acts protecting Maine's natural wilderness and animal populations, while at the same time encouraging further road and hotel construction in previously remote areas.

The tourist industry gathered momentum during the nineteenth century and played a part in Maine's emergence as a leader in environmental protection in the 1960s. Maine residents have often accepted this tourist industry only reluctantly. Some of the biggest debates in its political arena stem directly from the tourist industry. As tourists flooded into southern Maine, many decided to stay and build vacation homes. This influx of wealthy "out-of-staters" drastically increased land taxes, forcing many long-term residents off their land. The conflict in land management between park land and commercial forest remains one of the most important political debates and few Mainers would shy away from offering their opinion.

Maine's economy continues at an uneven pace—strong in the southern cities and much weaker in the north and east. Maine political leaders have encouraged growth based on new communications, new technology, and an advanced service industry. However, traditionalist sentiment is difficult to overcome and the new technological service industry has not yet taken hold in many parts of Maine.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Clark, Charles E., James S. Leamon, and Karen Bowden, eds. Maine in the Early Republic: from Revolution to Statehood. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 1988.

Clifford, Harold B. Maine and Her People, with a supplement by Charlotte L. Melvin on The Story of Aroostook, Maine's Last Frontier. 4th ed. Freeport, Me.: Bond Wheelwright, 1976.

Cronon, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonialists, and the Ecology of New England. New York: Hill and Wang, 1983.

Duncan, Roger. Coastal Maine: A Maritime History. New York: Norton, 1992.

Judd, Richard W. Common Lands, Common People: The Origins ofConservation in Northern New England. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Judd, Richard W., Edwin Churchill, and Joel W. Eastman, eds. Maine: The Pine Tree State from Prehistory to Present. Orono: University of Maine Press, 1995.

Longacre, Edward G. Joshua Chamberlain: The Soldier and theMan. Conshohocken, Pa.: Combined, 1999.

O'Leary, Wayne, M. Maine Sea Fisheries: The Rise and Fall of aNative Industry, 1830–1890. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1996.

Sanders, Michael S. The Yard: Building a Destroyer at the Bath IronWorks. New York: Harper Collins, 1999.

Smith, David C. A History of Lumbering in Maine, 1861–1960. Orono: University of Maine Press, 1972.

Taylor, Alan. Liberty Men and Great Proprietor: The RevolutionarySettlement on the Maine Frontier, 1760–1820. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.

Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher. A Midwife's Tale: The Life of MarthaBallard, Based on Her Diary, 1785–1812. New York: Knopf, 1990.

BrianPayne

See alsoAroostook War ; Kennebec River Settlements ; King Philip's War ; King William's War ; Passamaquoddy/Penobscot ; Wilmot Proviso .

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Maine (state, United States)

Maine, largest of the New England states of the NE United States. It is bordered by New Hampshire (W), the Canadian provinces of Quebec (NW) and New Brunswick (NE), the Bay of Fundy (E), and the Atlantic Ocean (the Gulf of Maine; SE).

Facts and Figures

Area, 33,215 sq mi (86,027 sq km). Pop. (2010) 1,328,361, a 4.2% increase since the 2000 census. Capital, Augusta. Largest city, Portland. Statehood, Mar. 15, 1820 (23d state). Highest pt., Mt. Katahdin, 5,268 ft (1,607 m); lowest pt., sea level. Nickname, Pine Tree State. Motto,Dirigo [I Direct]. State bird, chickadee. State flower, white pine cone and tassel. State tree, Eastern white pine. Abbr., Me.; ME

Geography

Located in the extreme northeast corner of the United States, Maine consists largely of a coastal plain of eroded valleys, with more resistant rock forming the generally mountainous west (the Longfellow Mts., an extension of the White Mts. and part of the great Appalachian system), Mt. Desert and other islands in the east, and isolated peaks including Katahdin (5,268 ft/1,606 m), the highest point in the state. Receding glaciers deposited long drift ridges across the countryside and dammed the valleys to form more than 2,200 lakes (Moosehead Lake is the largest) and to establish new, rugged watercourses for more than 5,000 streams and rivers. The major rivers are the St. John (which, with the St. Croix, forms part of the international boundary with New Brunswick), the Penobscot, the Kennebec, the Androscoggin, and the Saco. The sea has encroached on the low coastal valleys, leaving a jigsawed coastline of 3,500 mi (5,630 km), including numerous irregular and rocky islands offshore. East of Casco Bay the coast of Maine is rugged and wild, but farther west the shoreline has sandy beaches and marshy lowlands.

Over 80% of Maine is forested with great stands of white pine, hemlock, spruce, fir, and hardwoods. Sheltered by the woods and with abundant water from numerous lakes, particularly in the northern counties, wildlife includes moose, deer, black bear, and smaller animals; fish and fowl are also plentiful.

The population of Maine is centered on the cleared land along the coast and major rivers. Augusta is the capital; Portland, Lewiston, and Bangor are the largest cities. Maine's two great parks are Acadia National Park on and around Mt. Desert Island; and Baxter State Park, which includes the northern end of the Appalachian Trail at Mt. Katahdin in the N Maine wilderness.

Economy

Maine's generally poor soil, short growing season, and remoteness from industrial and commercial centers have long militated against development and population growth. Lumbering, shipbuilding, and textile production have all enjoyed booms in the past, but changes in technology and competition from other states have always undercut the state's economic position.

In the 1980s, however, Maine successfully transformed a major portion of its economy into trade, service, and finance industries, the greatest growth occurring in and around Portland. Picturesque coastal and island resorts and the promise of tranquil outdoor life hold a strong appeal for tourists, recreational and seasonal visitors, and, increasingly, retirees, and tourism is an important contributor to the state's economy.

Many of Maine's traditional economic activities have experienced difficult times in recent years. Fishing, the state's earliest industry, has declined considerably, although lobsters are still caught in abundance. Lumbering—the first sawmill in America was built in 1623 on the Piscataqua River—dominated industry and the export trade from the days when the white pines provided masts for the British navy, but with the big trees largely exhausted, Maine loggers now produce chiefly pulp for papermaking. The proximity of harbors to forests early encouraged shipbuilding, which reached its peak in the 19th cent. With the disappearance of wooden ships and the related timber trade, commercial activity slackened. Portland, the largest port, now operates far below its substantial capacity, handling chiefly oil for the pipeline to Montreal. Bath Iron Works, which builds warships, remains the state's largest single-site employer.

Manufacturing is still the largest sector in the state's economy. Maine is a leading producer of paper and wood products, which are the most valuable of all manufactures in the state. Food products and transportation equipment are also important, but production of leather goods (especially shoes) has declined. The mineral wealth of the state is considerable. Many varieties of granite, including some superior ornamental types, have been used for construction throughout the nation. Sand and gravel, zinc, and peat are found in addition to stone. However, much of Maine's abundant natural and industrial resources remain undeveloped.

Agriculture has always struggled with adverse soil and climatic conditions. Since the opening of richer farmlands in the West, Maine has tended to concentrate on dairying, poultry raising and egg production, and market gardening for the region. The growing of potatoes, particularly in Aroostook County, was stimulated by the completion of the Aroostook RR in 1894. Blueberries, hay, and apples are other chief crops, and aquaculture is growing in importance.

Government and Higher Education

Maine is governed under its 1820 constitution as amended. The state has a two-house legislature of 35 senators and 151 representatives, all elected for two-year terms; the governor is elected for a four-year term and may be reelected once. Maine politics are noted for their unpredictability. Angus King, an independent, won the governorship in 1994 and again in 1998; he was succeeded by John Baldacci, a Democrat, elected in 2002 and reelected in 2006. In 2010 and 2014 Republican Paul LePage was elected governor. The state elects two representatives and two senators to the U.S. Congress and has four electoral votes.

Among the state's leading educational institutions are Bowdoin College, at Brunswick; Colby College, at Waterville; Bates College, at Lewiston; the Univ. of Maine, with campuses at Orono and five other locations; and the Univ. of Southern Maine, at Portland.

History

Early Inhabitants and European Colonization

The earliest human habitation in what is now Maine can be traced back to prehistoric times, as evidenced by the burial mounds of the Red Paint people found in the south central part of the state. The Native Americans who came later left enormous shell heaps, variously estimated to be from 1,000 to 5,000 years old. At the time of settlement by Europeans the Abnaki were scattered along the coast and in some inland areas.

The coast of Maine, which may have been visited by the Norsemen, was included in the grant that James I of England awarded to the Plymouth Company, and colonists set out under George Popham in 1607. Their settlement, Fort St. George, on the present site of Phippsburg at the mouth of the Kennebec (then called the Sagadahoc) River, did not prosper, and the colonists returned to England in 1608. The French came to the area in 1613 and established a colony and a Jesuit mission on Mt. Desert Island; however, the English under Sir Samuel Argall expelled them.

In 1620 the Council for New England (successor to the Plymouth Company) granted Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason the territory between the Kennebec and Merrimack rivers extending 60 mi (97 km) inland. At this time the region became known as Maine, either to honor Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I, who was feudal proprietor of the province in France called Maine, or to distinguish the mainland from the offshore islands. Neglected after Gorges's death in 1647, Maine settlers came under the jurisdiction of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1652. King Philip's War (1675–76) was the first of many struggles between the British on one side and the French and Native Americans on the other, all of which slowed further settlement of Maine.

French influence, which had been reasserted east of the Penobscot, declined rapidly after 1688, when Sir Edmund Andros, royal governor of all New England, seized French fortifications there. After the colonists overthrew Andros, Massachusetts received a new charter (1691) that confirmed its hold on Maine. With Sir William Phips, a Maine native, as governor and the territorial question settled, local government and institutions in the Massachusetts tradition took root in Maine. Maine soon had prosperous fishing, lumbering, and shipbuilding industries.

Revolution and Economic Development

Dissatisfaction with British rule was first expressed openly after Parliament passed the Stamp Act in 1765; in protest, a mob at Falmouth (Portland) seized a quantity of the hated stamps. As conflicts increased between the colonies and England, nonimportation societies formed to boycott English goods sprang up in Maine. During the American Revolution Falmouth paid dearly for its defiance; it was devastated by a British fleet in 1775. In that same year Benedict Arnold led his grueling, unsuccessful expedition against Quebec through Maine.

During the war supplies were cut off and conflicts with Native Americans were frequent, but with American independence won, economic development was rapid in what was then called the District of Maine, one of the three admiralty districts of Massachusetts set up by the Continental Congress in 1775. However, the Embargo Act of 1807 and the War of 1812 interrupted the thriving commerce and turned the district toward industrial development.

Statehood and Prosperity

Agitation for statehood, which had been growing since the Revolution, now became widespread. Dissatisfaction with Massachusetts was aroused by the inadequate military protection provided during the War of 1812; by the land policy, which encouraged absentee ownership; and by the political differences between conservative Massachusetts and liberal Maine. The imminent admission of Missouri into the Union as a slave state hastened the separation of Maine from Massachusetts, and equality of power between North and South was preserved by admitting Maine as a free state in 1820, as part of the Missouri Compromise.

With Portland as its capital (moved to Augusta in 1832) the new state entered a prosperous period. During the first half of the 19th cent. Maine enjoyed its greatest population increase. A highly profitable timber trade was carried on with the West Indies, Europe, and Asia, and towns such as Bath became leaders in American shipbuilding. The long-standing Northeast Boundary Dispute almost precipitated border warfare between Maine and New Brunswick in the so-called Aroostook War of 1839; the controversy was settled by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty with Great Britain in 1842.

Political Issues since the 1850s

Political life was vigorous, particularly in the 1850s when the reluctance of the Democrats, who had been dominant since 1820, to take a firm antislavery stand swept the new Republican party into power. Hannibal Hamlin was a leading Republican politician and was vice president during Abraham Lincoln's first administration. Antislavery sentiment was strong, and Maine made sizable contributions of men and money to the Union in the Civil War. Generals Oliver O. Howard and Joshua L. Chamberlain were from Maine. For decades regulation of the liquor traffic was the chief political issue in Maine, and the state was the first to adopt (1851) a prohibition law. It was incorporated into the constitution in 1884 and was not repealed until 1934.

State politics entered a hectic stage in 1878 when the newly organized Greenback party combined with the Democrats to carry the election, ending more than 20 years of Republican rule. The following year the coalition was accused of manipulating election returns, a charge sustained by the state supreme court, which seated a rival legislature elected by the Republicans. In 1880 the fusionists were again successful, but from that time until the 1950s the state was generally Republican, providing that party with such national leaders as James G. Blaine, Thomas B. Reed, and Margaret Chase Smith, who in 1948 became the first Republican woman U.S. senator. Former U.S. Secretary of State Edmund S. Muskie, a Democrat, was elected governor in 1954. In 1964 and 1968 (when Muskie, then a U.S. senator, ran unsuccessfully for vice president) the state voted Democratic in the presidential election for the first time since 1912.

In 1969 personal and corporate income taxes were added to the sales tax within the state. Maine's population grew 13.2% during the 1970s and 9.2% during the 1980s, its largest increases since the 1840s. Environmental issues have occupied the state's attention in recent decades. In an attempt to revive native salmon populations, river logging was banned in the 1970s, and some dams have been removed or slated for removal. Maine voters narrowly defeated several referendum proposals to hasten the scheduled 1997 closing of the nuclear power plant at Wiscasset. The effects of clear-cutting practices in Maine's forests and of large-scale fish farming along the coast were also focuses of debate.

Bibliography

See Federal Writers' Project, Maine, a Guide Down East (2d ed. 1970); L. D. Rich, The Coast of Maine (3d ed. 1970); M. Dibner, Seacoast Maine, People and Places (1973); E. Schriver and D. Smith, Maine: A History Through Selected Readings (1985); D. Delorme, ed., The Maine Atlas and Gazeteer (1988)

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Maine

MAINE


Augusta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

Bangor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

Lewiston . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

Portland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111

The State in Brief

Nickname: Pine Tree State

Motto: Dirigo (I direct)

Flower: White pine cone and tassel

Bird: Chickadee

Area: 35,384 square miles (2000; U.S. rank: 39th)

Elevation: Ranges from sea level to 5,267 feet

Climate: Mild summers, long, cold winters with occasional heavy snowfall

Admitted to Union: March 15, 1820

Capital: Augusta

Head Official: Governor John Baldacci (D) (until 2007)

Population

1980: 1,125,027

1990: 1,227,928

2000: 1,274,923

2004 estimate: 1,317,253

Percent change, 19902000: 3.8%

U.S. rank in 2004: 40th

Percent of residents born in state: 67.3% (2000)

Density: 41.3 people per square mile (2000)

2002 FBI Crime Index Total: 34,381

Racial and Ethnic Characteristics (2000)

White: 1,236,014

Black or African American: 6,760

American Indian and Alaska Native: 7,098

Asian: 9,111

Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 382

Hispanic or Latino (may be of any race): 9,360

Other: 2,911

Age Characteristics (2000)

Population under 5 years old: 70,726

Population 5 to 19 years old: 264,759

Percent of population 65 years and over: 14.4%

Median age: 38.6 years (2000)

Vital Statistics

Total number of births (2003): 13,852

Total number of deaths (2003): 12,429 (infant deaths, 64)

AIDS cases reported through 2003: 518

Economy

Major industries: Services, manufacturing, agriculture, fishing, tourism

Unemployment rate: 4.7% (April 2005)

Per capita income: $28,935 (2003; U.S. rank: 31st)

Median household income: $37,619 (3-year average, 2001-2003)

Percentage of persons below poverty level: 11.8% (3-year average, 2001-2003)

Income tax rate: Graduated from 2.0% to 8.5% of federal adjusted gross income

Sales tax rate: 5.0%

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Maine

Maine State in New England, extreme ne USA; the capital is Augusta. The largest city is Portland. The land is generally rolling country with mountains in the w and more than 2000 lakes. The chief rivers are the St John, Penobscot, Kennebec, and St Croix. Inhabited by Abnaki Native Americans, John Cabot explored Maine in 1498. The first British settlement, Fort St George, appeared in 1607 but was quickly abandoned. Firm colonization began in the 1620s, but French and Native American resistance hindered further British settlement. In 1652, Maine fell under the administration of the Massachusetts Bay Company, and then of Massachusetts proper in 1691. In 1820, it became the 23rd state of the Union. Economic development was rapid, based on its trading ports and timber resources for shipbuilding. Three-quarters of Maine is forested. The major economic sector is the manufacture of paper and wood products. Economic development is hampered by poor soil, a short growing season, geographic remoteness and a lack of coal and steel. Broiler chickens and blueberries are the major agricultural products. Lobsters are the mainstay of the modern fishing industry. Tourism is increasingly important.

Area:

86,026sq km (33,215sq mi).

Pop. (2000)

1,174,923.

MAINE

Statehood :

March 15, 1820

Nickname :

Pine Tree State

State bird :

Chickadee

State flower :

White pine cone and flower

State tree :

White pine

State motto :

I direct

http://www.state.me.us

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Maine (ship)

Maine, U.S. battleship destroyed (Feb. 15, 1898) in Havana harbor by an explosion that killed 260 men. The incident helped precipitate the Spanish-American War (Apr., 1898). Commanded by Capt. Charles Sigsbee, the ship had been sent (Jan., 1898) to Cuba to protect American life and property from the revolutionary turmoil there. The sinking of the Maine produced an outcry against Spain in the United States, particularly by the more jingoistic newspapers, which held the Spanish government responsible for the disaster. The cause of the explosion was never satisfactorily explained. A U.S. naval inquiry, headed by W. T. Sampson, reported on Mar. 21 that the Maine had been sunk by a submarine mine but that responsibility could not be fixed on any person. A Spanish naval inquiry reported that the disaster was an accident resulting from an explosion in the forward magazine. Recent evidence, however, points to an accident. Whatever the truth of the matter, "Remember the Maine" became a patriotic slogan during the Spanish-American War. The vessel was raised from the harbor, towed to sea, and sunk in 1912.

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Maine (region and former province, France)

Maine (mĕn), region and former province, NW France, S of Normandy and E of Brittany. It now comprises the departments of Mayenne and Sarthe and parts of Loire-et-Cher, Eure-et-Loir, and Orne. Le Mans, the historic capital, is an important industrial and commercial center. Other towns in the region are Laval, Mayenne, and Vendôme. Maine is primarily agricultural, with important stock raising in the hilly Perche; it is well irrigated by the Mayenne, Loire, and Sarthe rivers. Important during Roman times, Maine was Christianized between the 4th and 6th cent. Made a county in the 10th cent., it passed (1126) to Anjou and was held for long periods by England. It frequently reverted to the French crown, or to members of the royal family, until it was finally united with the crown in 1584 upon the death of Francis, duke of Alençon and Anjou.

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Maine

MAINE


A look at any map of Maine will confirm that the settlement of the state occurred on the coast and the rivers, with large areas in the center and the north still largely wilderness. Independent and sometimes wary of outsiders, Maine "down-easters" first developed their fishing resources and later moved into paper and textile manufacturing. Never among the most prosperous states in the nation, Maine remains a major producer of paper and wood products, an important location for ocean commerce and fisheries, and a popular destination for tourists.

In the early 1600s English expeditions first came to exploit the rich Maine coastal waters. By 1630 about a dozen English settlements existed along the coast and on several islands. An English joint stock company received the first grant of territory between the Merrimack and the Kennebec rivers in 1622. In the late 1640s the Massachusetts Bay Colony began to absorb settlements in the territory, gaining control of the whole area in 1691. The economy of Maine was based almost entirely on fishing, trading, and use of its forests. One major early industry was the preparation of the white pine masts used by the Royal Navy. Maine remained a part of Massachusetts until 1820, when by terms of the Missouri Compromise, it came into the United States as a free, not a slave, state.

Like the rest of New England, Maine began industrialization between 1830 and 1860, as shoe factories and textile mills sprang up on the state's rivers. Many young farm women came to the mill towns to earn additional income for their deprived families during the heyday of the textile mills. Papermaking also grew in importance; by 1900 Maine was one of the nation's leading papermaking states. The first railroad, the Atlantic & St. Lawrence, was completed in 1853 and connected Portland with Montreal, Canada. By 1900 several more railways, among them the Bangor and Aroostook, the Boston and Maine, the Canadian Pacific, and the Maine Central, crisscrossed the state.


Shipbuilding was another Maine industry which grew rapidly in the mid-nineteenth century. Maine builders provided many of the stately clipper ships, which carried prospectors and settlers around Cape Horn to California. Lumbering was centered on the Penobscot River at Bangor, which was a freewheeling boomtown from the 1830s through the 1850s. Land speculators rushed into the young state during this time, hoping to turn big profits on cheap land and the promise of wealth.

According to historian Charles E. Clark, the economic history of Maine between the 1860s and the 1890s mirrored economic trends in the nation as a whole, with a particular Maine slant. Entrepreneurs, like the "robber barons" who were building industries and railroads after the American Civil War (18611865), came to Maine and made the paper industry their domain. Immigrants came down from Quebec, Canada, looking for work and added their own ethnic flavor to the culture. The entrepreneurs soon began to exploit Maine's abundant water and lumber resources. After the discovery that wood pulp could be substituted for rags in paper manufacture, the paper industry grew rapidly. Smaller companies were absorbed into larger ones, notably the International Paper Company and the Great Northern Paper Company. Often owned largely by interests outside the state, these large concerns controlled river traffic, generated their own power, and owned their own tracts of lumber.

Slowly, pioneer farmers began to settle the more northern regions of Maine, following patterns like those in the settlement of the American West. The Maine potato became a staple crop in the state, and by 1880 several starch mills were built to make even more use of this abundant crop.

In spite of its many natural resources, Maine has suffered economically because of its limited access to a national transportation network. In addition, a curious law passed in 1929 forbid Maine from selling its easily accessible waterpower outside the state, and in 1935 Maine refused to cooperate with a proposed federal water reclamation project similar to the one created by the Tennessee Valley Authority. Today Maine ranks only thirty-seventh in personal income among all states, ranking last in New England. In comparison to those in other states, Maine has no truly large cities; Portland, the largest, had a population just over 65,000 in the 1990s.

While Maine at the end of the twentieth century was not highly industrialized or urbanized, it would be difficult to find a state that benefited more from tourism, which yearly generated about 40,000 jobs, added almost $3 million to the economy, and was the state's largest employer. In fact, around 50 percent of Maine's economy in the late 1990s, including the tourist industry, was service-oriented. Some of the first tourists who trekked to Maine established wealthy summer colonies in coastal villages like Ogunquit, York Harbor, Boothbay, and Bar Harbor. In the 1990s Maine offered beaches, sailing, craggy coastlines, fishing, hunting, winter sports, and abundant public lands for all kinds of recreation. Its foremost attraction was Acadia National Park, off its central coast, which attracted nearly three million visitors yearly in the mid- and late 1990s.

A relatively small part of the state's economy is devoted to agriculture. Agriculture and food processing industries, however, contribute over $1 billion annually to the state, and Maine produces more food crops than any other New England state. In addition to ranking first in New England in potato production, Maine leads the world in the production of blueberries, with 25 percent of the total blueberry crop. Milk, apples, and maple syrup are also important Maine products.

Industry occupies less than one-third of Maine's economy but is still a significant sector. In the 1990s, papermaking remained the top industry in the state, followed by transportation equipment manufacture and lumber and wood production. Ninety-five percent of all of Maine's forests are privately owned, primarily by the paper industry. Maine lobster remains the most important fishing product; some of the larger fishing ports are in Portland, Boothbay Harbor, and Rockland. To encourage industrial and recreational projects, the state works through the Finance Authority of Maine to offer such incentives as tax-exempt bonds and loan guarantees for small business. A State Development Office provides assistance for existing and prospective businesses.

See also: Paper Industry


FURTHER READING

Bearse, Ray, ed. Maine: A Guide to the Vacation State, 2nd ed., rev. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1969.

Churchill, Edwin A., et al., eds. Maine: The Pine Tree State from Prehistory to the Present. Orono, ME: University of Maine Press, 1995.

Clark, Charles E. Maine: A Bicentennial History. New York: Norton, 1977.

Maine, State of. State Development Office. Maine: A Statistical Summary. Augusta, ME, 1984.

Rich, Louis Dickinson. State o' Maine. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.

[to a maine native, the] nonnative simply comes from out-0f-state . . . since anywhere that isn't maine is much of a muchness and a pretty poor excuse of a pea patch to boot.

louise dickinson rich, state o' maine, 1964

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Maine

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Maine

MAINE

MAINE , northernmost New England state, had an estimated Jewish population of 9,300 out of a total of 1,277,000 (0.7%) in 2001. More than 7,000 lived in the southern part of the State (in Portland, the largest city, Biddeford, Saco, Brunswick, and Bath). Other substantial communities were Bangor, approximately 1000; Lewiston-Auburn, approximately 500; Rockland approximately 200; Waterville, approximately 200; Augusta, approximately 200; and 200 in other parts of Maine in such communities as Calais, Gardner, Caribou, Rumford Falls, Old Town, Old Orchard Beach and Bar Harbor. A large Jewish summer population added considerably to this number but was difficult to estimate.

There were five congregations in Portland, including a Chabad center, three in Bangor, two in Augusta, and one each in Old Orchard, Biddeford, Augusta, Rockland and Bath.

The Jewish Community Alliance of Southern Maine, located in Portland, and the Bangor Jewish Community Council are the two representative Jewish organizations in the State. The Cedars Nursing Home, the successor to the Jewish Home for the Aged in Portland, is the only such Jewish facility in Maine. Both Portland and Bangor maintained Jewish funeral chapels and Portland also maintained a Jewish Day School. There were Hillel Foundation groups at the University of Southern Maine, University of Maine in Orono and at the private Bates, Bowdoin and Colby Colleges. In addition, the history of Jewish life in Maine was maintained through the Judaica Collection at the Sampson Center for Diversity on the Portland campus of the University of Southern Maine and through the Documenting Old Portland Jewry project.

A Jewish Film Festival has been an annual event in Portland since 1999. Camp Modin, located in Belgrade and founded in 1922, is among America's oldest overnight camps and New England's oldest Jewish camp.

Susman Abrams (1743–1830), a native of Hamburg, Germany, was the first known Jewish resident of Maine. He came to the state in the post-Revolutionary period and lived in Waldborough, Thomaston, and finally in Union where he operated a tannery. Abrams married a Christian woman but did not himself convert to Christianity.

Maine had relatively few German or Sephardic Jewish residents. The Campanal and Decoster families, with Sephardic roots, have been prominent in Maine for several decades and Joseph M. Papo, who was the executive director of the Portland Jewish Federation in 1947–48, wrote the well-regarded book Sephardim in Twentieth Century America: In Search of Unity (1987).

German Jews were among the earliest Jewish residents of the state and began to settle in Bangor by 1829. Bangor developed numerous Jewish institutions and a Jewish cemetery was created in Waterville in 1830.

These Jews, many of them originating in the Boston area, came to Maine as peddlers, walking the roads of the huge state and going from farm house to farm house to sell their wares. Haiman Philip Spitz was the first modern Jewish settler in the Bangor area and helped found, along with five other Jewish families, Congregation Ahawas Achim, which was officially formed in 1849, although the Rev. Isaac Leeser's Occident and American Jewish Advocate mentions the formation of a Bangor congregation in November 1847. Because of economic difficulties, the synagogue and most of the German Jews who founded it, disappeared by 1856. A second group of German Jews, who came to Bangor in the 1860s and 1870s, intermarried itself out of existence within a few years. Yet, Captain A. Goldman, most likely a member of one of the Bangor Jewish families, was the only known Maine Jew to give his life in the cause of the Union during the Civil War as a member of Maine's 17th regiment.

The first German Jew known to have settled in Portland was William M. Shine, who was born in Kempen, Prussia, in 1852 and arrived in Portland in 1867. By the 1870s, there were several German Jewish families in the Portland area. The first East European Jews began to arrive in Portland in 1866 and were peddlers like the German Jews who came to Maine a few decades before them. In 1875, the Portland Lodge of B'nai B'rith purchased a site in Cape Elizabeth. The site became the first Jewish cemetery in Portland, the Smith Street Cemetery, located in what later became a part of South Portland.

But there was little organization in the Jewish community of the time, that is until 1886 when Portland celebrated its centenary on July 4. Although only a handful of Jewish families lived in the community, as Bernard Aaronson designated to speak for the small Jewish community of the time observed, "We number sixty families, and over the majority portion being of the middle or poorer class, yet content with their lot…."

That contentment was reflected in a sense of pious synagogue worship, a piety that earned Portland Jewry the nickname of the "Jerusalem of the North."

The first synagogue in Portland, Congregation Beth Judah, was founded in 1883, although informal minyanim were held a number of years earlier in private homes. In 1885, Reverend Israel Levine became Portland's first rabbi. A number of other synagogues were founded in the years after 1883. Congregation Shaarey Tphiloh, founded in 1904, is most likely the oldest extant synagogue in Maine, celebrating its centennial in 2004. One of the earliest Chassidic rabbis to settle in America, Rabbi Gershon Ackerman, a Brezner Chasid (from the Russian Polish town of Berezno), came to Portland in 1909 and lived in the city until 1928.

The Jews of Maine were fortunate in not having to endure a large amount of anti-Jewish sentiment. That was reserved for Maine's Catholic population, especially its French Catholic community. Know-Nothing activists in the 1840s burned down Catholic churches and tarred and feathered Catholic priests.

In the 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan of Maine, part of a rejuvenated national kkk movement, marched through the streets of several Maine communities, but aimed most of their animosity again at Maine's Catholics rather than the much smaller and less visible Jewish or African American communities.

But Maine's Jews were not immune from social restrictions. Many resorts, country clubs, and private social organizations still restricted Jews by formal or informal means. Finally, in the late 1960s, a number of non-Jewish politicians, including Maine's governor, Kenneth Curtis, decided to end, once and for all, these discriminatory practices. It was a non-Jew, Charles W. Allen (1912–2003), the father of Maine Congressman Tom Allen, a Portland lawyer and member of the Portland City Council, who led the struggle to force private clubs in Maine to open their memberships to Jews and African Americans.

Among the most important Maine Jewish family names, among others, are those of Stern, Bernstein, Povich, Berliawsky, Lown, Wolman, Lipman, Goldsmith, Marcus, Cohen, Cutler, Escovitz, Glickman, Unobskey and Alfond. They, and many other families, have contributed to the success and continuity of Jewish life in Maine.

Other Maine Jews have established their imprint on the national scene as well. Hiram Abrams (1878–1926) was a co-founder of Paramount Pictures Corporation and founded the United Artists Corporation. Shirley *Povich (1905–1997), born in Bar Harbor, was one of the best-known and beloved sports writers in American journalism who wrote for the Washington Post. Albert Abrahamson, born in Portland in 1905, was a professor of economics at Bowdoin College and held various positions in government including that of assistant director of the War Refugee Board, created in 1944 and the only American governmental institution that sought to rescue European Jews from the Holocaust.

Louise *Nevelson (1899–1988) was born in Russia but came to America in 1904 and settled with her family in Rockland, Maine. She became one of the most famous American sculptors. Dahlov Ipcar (born in 1917) is the daughter of another famous American Jewish sculptor, William *Zorach. She came to Maine in 1936 and settled in Georgetown. She is a renowned painter, illustrator, and soft sculptor. Linda *Lavin (born 1937) is a movie, television, and Broadway actress. William S. *Cohen (born 1940), the son of a Jewish delicatessen owner in Bangor, was elected to the United States Congress from Maine in 1972 and to the United States Senate in 1984. He was appointed the U.S. Secretary of Defense in 1997. Cohen's mother was not Jewish and when the rabbi insisted on conversion before his bar mitzvah, Cohen was angered and left Judaism.

bibliography:

B. Band, Portland Jewry: Its Growth and Development (1955); M. Cohen, "Jerusalem of the North. An Analysis of Religious Modernization in Portland, Maine's Jewish Community, 1860–1950" (Honors thesis, Brown University, 2000); J.S. Goldstein, Crossing Lines. Histories of Jews and Gentiles in Three Communities (1992); J.M. Lipez, "A Time to Build Up and a Time to Break Down: The Jewish Secular Institutions of Portland, Maine" (Honors thesis, Amherst College, 2002).

[Abraham J. Peck (2nd ed.)]

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Maine

Maine

■ ANDOVER COLLEGE O-3

901 Washington Ave.
Portland, ME 04103-2791

Tel: (207)774-6126

Free: 800-639-3110
Fax: (207)774-1715
Web Site: http://www.andovercollege.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1966. Setting: 2-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 502. 103 applied, 100% were admitted. Students come from 4 states and territories, 3 other countries, 70% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: modular. Academic remediation for entering students, independent study, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 9 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Advisors, Andover Computer, Student Advisors Group, Andover Student Medical Assistants, C.O.P.S. Major annual events: Campus Day, Career Day, Awards Banquet. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. Andover Library with 6,500 books, 110 serials, and 59 audiovisual materials. 100 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Portland, located just two hours north of Boston, lies in the southern part of Maine. Southern Maine is home to some of the country's best-known companies including L.L. Bean, UNUM Insurance, J.J. Nissen Bakery, and Hannaford Brothers. These companies combine with the shipping and fishing industries to give Portland a vibrant and thriving economy. Portland also boasts some of the finest restaurants on the east coast and has a unique and charming shopping district in the old city. The city is home to a championship minor league hockey team, The Portland Pirates, an affiliate of the Washington Capitals, and one of the minor league's most successful baseball teams, The Portland Sea Dogs, an affiliate of the Florida Marlins. Portland also has a highly regarded art museum, professional stage and dance companies, public recreation facilities, and breathtaking views of the Atlantic Ocean. Portland is easily accessible by car, plane, or bus.

■ BATES COLLEGE M-4

Andrews Rd.
Lewiston, ME 04240-6028

Tel: (207)786-6255
Admissions: (207)786-6000
Fax: (207)786-6025

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bates.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1855. Setting: 109-acre small town campus. Endowment: $207.5 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $622,437. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $16,100 per student. Total enrollment: 1,730. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 4,356 applied, 29% were admitted. 57% from top 10% of their high school class, 91% from top quarter, 99% from top half. Full-time: 1,699 students, 51% women, 49% men. Part-time: 31 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 48 states and territories, 72 other countries, 88% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 3% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 5% international, 0.3% 25 or older, 90% live on campus. Retention: 94% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: social sciences; psychology; biological/life sciences. Core. Calendar: 4-4-1. Services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at American University, Williams College (Mystic Seaport Program), McGill University, Washington and Lee University, Morehouse College, Spelman College. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 3 recommendations. Recommended: interview. Entrance: most difficult. Application deadlines: 1/1, 1/1 for nonresidents, 11/15 for early decision plan 1, 1/1 for early decision plan 2. Notification: 3/31, 3/31 for nonresidents, 12/20 for early decision plan 1, 2/15 for early decision plan 2.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $60. Comprehensive fee: $42,100.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 91 open to all. Most popular organizations: Representative Assembly, International Club, Outing Club (outdoor recreation), student radio station, The Student (newspaper). Major annual events: Winter Carnival, Triad, St. Patrick's Day Puddle Jump. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,592 college housing spaces available; 1,524 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Ladd Library plus 1 other with 588,211 books, 298,706 microform titles, 25,674 serials, 31,656 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.3 million. 1,150 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The second largest city in state, Lewiston is Maine's leading textile center. It is located on the Androscoggin River at Twin Falls, directly opposite the city of Auburn. Minimum-maximum temperatures are 0-50 degrees in the winter and 50-90 degrees in the summer. Commercial transportation is available via air and bus. The city has several churches, Ys, a public library, two hospitals, several movie theaters, and hotels and motels.

■ BEAL COLLEGE K-8

629 Main St.
Bangor, ME 04401-6896

Tel: (207)947-4591
Web Site: http://www.bealcollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1891. Setting: 4-acre small town campus. Total enrollment: 373. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. Full-time: 239 students, 85% women, 15% men. Part-time: 134 students, 85% women, 15% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 0% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 54% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: modular. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Most popular organizations: Sophomore Travel Club, Freshman Travel Club, yearbook staff. Major annual events: Holiday Hop, Spring Fling, Christmas Buffet. College housing not available. Beal College Library with 7,275 books, 100 serials, and a Web page. 85 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ BOWDOIN COLLEGE N-4

5000 College Station
Brunswick, ME 04011

Tel: (207)725-3000
Admissions: (207)725-3958
Fax: (207)725-3003

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bowdoin.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1794. Setting: 200-acre small town campus with easy access to Portland. Endowment: $578.2 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $20,262 per student. Total enrollment: 1,666. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 5,026 applied, 25% were admitted. 23 National Merit Scholars, 44 valedictorians. Full-time: 1,661 students, 50% women, 50% men. Part-time: 5 students, 80% women, 20% men. Students come from 49 states and territories, 29 other countries, 87% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 7% Hispanic, 6% black, 12% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 1% 25 or older, 93% live on campus, 0.5% transferred in. Retention: 97% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: social sciences; foreign languages and literature; biological/life sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, double major. Off campus study at Twelve College Exchange Program. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early decision, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 3 recommendations. Recommended: interview. Entrance: most difficult. Application deadlines: 1/1, 11/15 for early decision plan 1, 1/1 for early decision plan 2. Notification: 4/5, 12/31 for early decision plan 1, 2/15 for early decision plan 2.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $60. Comprehensive fee: $41,660 includes full-time tuition ($32,650), mandatory fees ($340), and college room and board ($8670). College room only: $3900. Room and board charges vary according to board plan.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 109 open to all. Most popular organizations: Outing Club, men's and women's rugby, volunteer programs, Ballroom Dance Club, Campus Activities Board. Major annual events: Common Good Day, Spring Gala, Winter's Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, self-defense education, whistle program. 1,597 college housing spaces available; 1,564 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. Hawthorne-Longfellow Library plus 6 others with 981,074 books, 110,537 microform titles, 5,665 serials, 21,992 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $4.5 million. 400 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Brunswick, a community of 20,500, is located within brief driving distance of several fine beaches and summer resort areas; skiing is available in winter. There are excellent highways and airline service to Portland, only 26 miles away. The area has several excellent motels. The town has a public library, Maine State Music Theatre, which features Broadway musicals each summer, and churches of many denominations, shopping centers and movie theaters; good restaurants. Recreational facilities include golf, hunting, boating, fishing, skiing, biking, backpacking, and other sports.

■ CENTRAL MAINE COMMUNITY COLLEGE M-4

1250 Turner St.
Auburn, ME 04210-6498

Tel: (207)755-5100

Free: 800-891-2002
Admissions: (207)755-5334
Fax: (207)755-5491

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cmcc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maine Technical College System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1964. Setting: 135-acre small town campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5515 per student. Total enrollment: 1,850. 858 applied, 54% were admitted. Students come from 5 states and territories, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 46% 25 or older, 11% live on campus. Retention: 77% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Required for some: 2 recommendations, interview. Placement: SAT recommended; ACCUPLACER required for some. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group. Social organizations: 7 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Drama Club, Outing Club, intramural sports, Phi Theta Kappa. Major annual events: Spring Fling, NCAA Basketball Championship. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, controlled dormitory access, night patrols by police. 130 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Central Maine Technical College Library with 15,000 books, 240 serials, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $190,480. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Bates College.

■ CENTRAL MAINE MEDICAL CENTER SCHOOL OF NURSING M-4

70 Middle St.
Lewiston, ME 04240-0305

Tel: (207)795-2840
Admissions: (207)795-2868
Fax: (207)795-2849
Web Site: http://www.cmmcson.edu/

Description:

Independent, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1891. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 114. 252 applied, 24% were admitted. 50% from top 10% of their high school class, 50% from top quarter, 100% from top half. Full-time: 22 students, 86% women, 14% men. Part-time: 92 students, 86% women, 14% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 1% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 0% Hispanic, 0% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 84% 25 or older, 2% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Advanced placement. Off campus study at University of Maine at Augusta, University of Southern Maine.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, SAT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 3/1. Notification: 3/15.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. Tuition: $2898 full-time, $138 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $1205 full-time, $20 per term part-time. College room only: $1500.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 3 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Communication Council, student government, Student Nurses Association. Major annual events: Alumni Banquet, President's Breakfast, Alumni Holiday Party. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 10 college housing spaces available; 6 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Option: coed housing available. Gerrish True Health Sciences Library plus 1 other with 1,975 books, 339 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 10 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ COLBY COLLEGE L-5

Mayflower Hill
Waterville, ME 04901-8840

Tel: (207)872-3000

Free: 800-723-3032
Admissions: (207)859-4802
Fax: (207)872-3474

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.colby.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1813. Setting: 714-acre small town campus. Endowment: $424.2 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.1 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $16,048 per student. Total enrollment: 1,871. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 3,874 applied, 38% were admitted. 67% from top 10% of their high school class, 92% from top quarter, 99% from top half. 7 valedictorians. Full-time: 1,871 students, 54% women, 46% men. Students come from 45 states and territories, 66 other countries, 89% from out-of-state, 0.5% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 2% black, 6% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 6% international, 0% 25 or older, 93% live on campus, 1% transferred in. Retention: 94% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: social sciences; area and ethnic studies; biological/life sciences. Core. Calendar: 4-1-4. Services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at Pomona College, Pitzer College, Howard University, Claremont McKenna College, Scripps College, Boston University (Sea Semester), Williams College (Mystic Seaport Program), Clark Atlanta University. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: most difficult. Application deadlines: 1/1, 11/15 for early decision plan 1, 1/1 for early decision plan 2. Notification: 4/1, 12/15 for early decision plan 1, 2/1 for early decision plan 2.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $41,770.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 114 open to all. Most popular organizations: Outing Club, volunteer center, WMHB-FM (College Radio Station), student government, Powder and Wig (theater). Major annual events: Family Weekend, Junior/Senior Cotillion, Foss Arts Festival. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, campus lighting, student emergency response team, self-defense class, property id program, party monitors. 1,702 college housing spaces available; 1,696 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Option: coed housing available. Miller Library plus 2 others with 350,000 books, 301,700 microform titles, 1,850 serials, 20,645 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $4.6 million. 300 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Colby, located in the Kennebec River Valley, is one mile from downtown Waterville, a regional center for industry, professional, and retail trade. Major employers in the area include Maine General Medical Center, L.L. Bean, SAPPI Fine Paper, the Chinet Co., and The State of Maine. Transportation is available to Waterville by bus from Portland or Boston. Commercial airports serve Portland, Bangor, and Augusta.

■ COLLEGE OF THE ATLANTIC L-9

105 Eden St.
Bar Harbor, ME 04609-1198

Tel: (207)288-5015

Free: 800-528-0025
Fax: (207)288-4126

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coa.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1969. Setting: 35-acre small town campus. Endowment: $10 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $501,381. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $10,000 per student. Total enrollment: 318. Faculty: 30 (19 full-time, 11 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 9:1. 284 applied, 66% were admitted. 36% from top 10% of their high school class, 76% from top quarter, 95% from top half. 5 National Merit Scholars, 2 class presidents, 2 valedictorians, 23 student government officers. Full-time: 296 students, 64% women, 36% men. Part-time: 14 students, 64% women, 36% men. Students come from 33 states and territories, 31 other countries, 62% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 0% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 17% international, 5% 25 or older, 40% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 86% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic area with the most degrees conferred: biological/life sciences. Core. Calendar: 3 10-week terms. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at University of Maine, Landing School of Boatbuilding, SEA Education Association, Shoal's Marine Laboratory, Ecoleague consortium: Alaska Pacific University, Antioch College, Green Mountain College, Northland College and Prescott College. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 3 recommendations. Recommended: minimum 3.0 high school GPA, interview, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: very difficult. Application deadlines: 2/15, 12/1 for early decision plan 1, 1/10 for early decision plan 2. Notification: 4/1, 12/15 for early decision plan 1, 1/25 for early decision plan 2.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $45. Comprehensive fee: $35,675 includes full-time tuition ($27,700), mandatory fees ($375), and college room and board ($7600). College room only: $4700. Part-time tuition: $9234 per term. Part-time mandatory fees: $125 per term.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 12 open to all. Most popular organizations: Outing Club, Environmental Awareness Club, Students for a Free Tibet, All-Campus Meeting, choral group. Major annual events: Beech Hill Farm Harvest, Earth Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 103 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Option: coed housing available. Thorndike Library with 50,000 books, 37,000 microform titles, 3,000 serials, 302,500 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $223,056. 53 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Bar Harbor and Mount Desert Island's natural environment provide excellent opportunities for environmental studies. Cooperative resource sharing is available with the Jackson Laboratory, Mount Desert Island Biological Laboratory, Acadia National Park and the local school system. In the summer, Bar Harbor is supported by the tourist trade. Other businesses which provide for the local economy are boatbuilding, fishing, and lobstering. Bar Harbor is easily accessible by Bar Harbor Airlines, Greyhound Bus or automobile via State Routes 1 and 3.

■ EASTERN MAINE COMMUNITY COLLEGE K-8

354 Hogan Rd.
Bangor, ME 04401-4206

Tel: (207)974-4600
Admissions: (207)974-4680
Fax: (207)974-4683
Web Site: http://www.emcc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maine Community College System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1966. Setting: 72-acre small town campus. Endowment: $1.5 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4918 per student. Total enrollment: 1,790. 1,407 applied, 50% were admitted. Full-time: 744 students, 40% women, 60% men. Part-time: 1,046 students, 61% women, 39% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 1% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 0.1% Hispanic, 0.1% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 26% 25 or older, 20% live on campus. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, recommendations, ACCUPLACER. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Required for some: interview, SAT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous. Preference given to state residents.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 12 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Phi Theta Kappa, Senior Council, Resident's Council, Associated General Contractors Student Chapter. Major annual events: Technology Day, Winter Carnival, Harvest Breakfast. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 185 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Option: coed housing available. Eastern Maine Technical College Library plus 1 other with 17,554 books, 159 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $144,508. 85 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ HUSSON COLLEGE K-8

One College Circle
Bangor, ME 04401-2999

Tel: (207)941-7000

Free: 800-4-HUSSON
Admissions: (207)941-7100
Fax: (207)941-7935

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.husson.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1898. Setting: 170-acre suburban campus. Endowment: $3.6 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2812 per student. Total enrollment: 2,245. Faculty: 54 (50 full-time, 4 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 677 applied, 95% were admitted. 11% from top 10% of their high school class, 28% from top quarter, 61% from top half. 9 class presidents, 2 valedictorians, 54 student government officers. Full-time: 1,605 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 372 students, 64% women, 36% men. Students come from 15 states and territories, 13 other countries, 12% from out-of-state, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 13% 25 or older, 56% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 66% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; health professions and related sciences; law/legal studies. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. ROTC: Army (c), Naval (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early action, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Required for some: 2 recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 9/1, 12/15 for early action. Notification: continuous, 1/2 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $17,410 includes full-time tuition ($11,130), mandatory fees ($250), and college room and board ($6030). Full-time tuition and fees vary according to class time. Part-time tuition: $371 per credit hour. Part-time tuition varies according to class time and course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 31 open to all; national fraternities, local fraternities, local sororities; 1% of eligible men and 3% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: student government, Organization of Student Nurses, Organization of Physical Therapy Students, Accounting Society, Phi Beta Lambda. Major annual events: Chief Week, Spring Fling, homecoming. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. 790 college housing spaces available; 700 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Option: coed housing available. Sawyer Library with 37,871 books, 15,147 microform titles, 500 serials, 190 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $143,239. 57 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ KENNEBEC VALLEY COMMUNITY COLLEGE K-5

92 Western Ave.
Fairfield, ME 04937-1367

Tel: (207)453-5000
Admissions: (207)453-5033
Web Site: http://www.kvcc.me.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maine Community College System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1970. Setting: 58-acre small town campus. Endowment: $229,488. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4652 per student. Total enrollment: 1,782. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 22:1. 476 applied, 71% were admitted. Full-time: 523 students, 65% women, 35% men. Part-time: 1,259 students, 70% women, 30% men. Students come from 4 states and territories, 1% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 0.2% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 66% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, radiologic technology, physical therapy assisting, occupational therapy assisting. Options: electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript. Recommended: SAT or ACT. Required for some: recommendations, interview, nursing exam, HOBET, ACCUPLACER. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. State resident tuition: $2220 full-time, $74 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $4650 full-time, $155 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $600 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Most popular organizations: Vocational Industrial Clubs of America (VICA) Skills USA, Student Senate, Phi Theta Kappa, Glee Club. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: Evening security patrol. College housing not available. Lunder Library with 19,629 books, 25,734 serials, 1,373 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $179,890. 250 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Colby College.

■ MAINE COLLEGE OF ART O-3

97 Spring St.
Portland, ME 04101-3987

Tel: (207)775-3052

Free: 800-639-4808
Admissions: (207)775-5157
Fax: (207)772-5069

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.meca.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1882. Setting: urban campus with easy access to Boston. Endowment: $3.2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $9514 per student. Total enrollment: 490. Faculty: 69 (32 full-time, 37 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 472 applied, 69% were admitted. Full-time: 435 students, 65% women, 35% men. Part-time: 23 students, 78% women, 22% men. 0% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 25% live on campus, 11% transferred in. Academic area with the most degrees conferred: visual and performing arts. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at Association of Independent Colleges of Art and Design Mobility Program. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, portfolio, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous until 8/31.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. Comprehensive fee: $34,590 includes full-time tuition ($24,670), mandatory fees ($650), and college room and board ($9270).

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Most popular organizations: Student Representative Association, outdoor group, The Canvas (student newspaper), Ski and Snowboard Club, Movie Club. Major annual events: Annual Meca Art Auction, Student-Alumni Sale, BFA Show. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, controlled dormitory access. 100 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. Option: coed housing available. Joanne Waxman Library at the Maine College of Art with 24,609 books, 100 serials, 235 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $200,128. 57 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ MAINE MARITIME ACADEMY L-8

Castine, ME 04420

Tel: (207)326-4311

Free: 800-227-8465
Admissions: (207)326-2215
Fax: (207)326-2515
Web Site: http://www.mainemaritime.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1941. Setting: 35-acre small town campus. Endowment: $20 million. Total enrollment: 861. Faculty: 66 (50 full-time, 16 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. 720 applied, 67% were admitted. 25% from top 10% of their high school class, 42% from top quarter, 74% from top half. Full-time: 747 students, 17% women, 83% men. Part-time: 99 students, 8% women, 92% men. Students come from 37 states and territories, 8 other countries, 65% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 0.3% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 4% international, 18% 25 or older, 80% live on campus, 0.4% transferred in. Retention: 80% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: engineering technologies; transportation and materials moving; engineering. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, double major, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at International Association of Maritime Universities. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Naval.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, 1 recommendation, physical examination, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 7/1, 12/20 for early decision. Notification: 1/1 for early decision.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $15. State resident tuition: $6380 full-time, $230 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $9570 full-time, $410 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1240 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Part-time tuition varies according to program. College room and board: $6720. College room only: $2420. Room and board charges vary according to board plan.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band. Social organizations: 30 open to all. Most popular organizations: Alpha Phi Omega, Yacht Club, Outing Club, Social Council, drill team. Major annual events: Parents' Weekend, Homecoming, Ring Dance. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, student patrols. College housing designed to accommodate 625 students; 650 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through junior year. Option: coed housing available. Nutting Memorial Library with 177,800 books, 382 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 40 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The French erected the first fort here in 1613, but the first permanent settlement was made by the English in 1760. Fort George, partially restored, is maintained as a memorial today. Castine is on south central coast of Maine, 35 miles south of Bangor.

■ NEW ENGLAND SCHOOL OF COMMUNICATIONS K-8

1 College Circle
Bangor, ME 04401-2999

Tel: (207)941-7176; 888-877-1876
Fax: (207)947-3987

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nescom.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1981. Setting: 200-acre small town campus. Total enrollment: 305. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 310 applied, 69% were admitted. Full-time: 295 students, 23% women, 77% men. Part-time: 10 students, 20% women, 80% men. Students come from 9 states and territories, 17% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 0.3% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 26% 25 or older, 54% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Academic area with the most degrees conferred: communication technologies. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, interview, Wonderlic Scholastic Test, Wonderlic aptitude test. Recommended: SAT or ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $15. Comprehensive fee: $15,620 includes full-time tuition ($8890), mandatory fees ($700), and college room and board ($6030). Part-time tuition: $275 per credit.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 32 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 10% of eligible men and 10% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: drama, newspaper, student government, radio station. Major annual events: Greek Week, Orientation, Winter Carnival. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 1,200 college housing spaces available; 120 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. Option: coed housing available. Husson College Library plus 1 other with an OPAC and a Web page. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ NORTHERN MAINE COMMUNITY COLLEGE D-10

33 Edgemont Dr.
Presque Isle, ME 04769-2016

Tel: (207)768-2700
Admissions: (207)768-2786
Fax: (207)768-2831

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nmcc.edu/

Description:

State-related, 2-year, coed. Part of Maine Technical College System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1963. Setting: 86-acre small town campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4697 per student. Total enrollment: 921. 759 applied, 52% were admitted. 75% from top half of their high school class. Full-time: 605 students, 44% women, 56% men. Part-time: 316 students, 69% women, 31% men. Students come from 5 states and territories, 1 other country, 4% from out-of-state, 4% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 4% international, 45% 25 or older, 28% live on campus. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at University of Maine at Presque Isle.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, electrical engineering technology programs. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, ACCUPLACER. Recommended: essay, minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Required for some: recommendations, Net Test/RN. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Area resident tuition: $2390 full-time, $78 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $115 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $4770 full-time, $159 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $4930.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student services: health clinic, Career Planning, Counseling, Student Employment, student email web pages st. Campus security: 24-hour patrols. Option: coed housing available. Northern Maine Technical College Library with 11,200 books, 233 serials, 250 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $124,000.

Community Environment:

See University of Maine -Presque Isle.

■ SAINT JOSEPH'S COLLEGE OF MAINE O-3

278 Whites Bridge Rd.
Standish, ME 04084-5263

Tel: (207)892-6766

Free: 800-338-7057
Admissions: (207)893-7746
Fax: (207)893-7862

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sjcme.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed, affiliated with Roman Catholic Church. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees (profile does not include enrollment in distance learning master's program). Founded 1912. Setting: 330-acre small town campus. Endowment: $4.1 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $114,734. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3993 per student. Total enrollment: 955. Faculty: 108 (64 full-time, 44 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. 1,178 applied, 77% were admitted. 15% from top 10% of their high school class, 40% from top quarter, 75% from top half. 2 valedictorians. Full-time: 925 students, 64% women, 36% men. Part-time: 30 students, 70% women, 30% men. Students come from 14 states and territories, 1 other country, 40% from out-of-state, 0.1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 2% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 3% 25 or older, 83% live on campus, 3% transferred in. Retention: 81% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at Greater Portland Alliance of Colleges and Universities, a consortium that includes University of Southern Maine, Maine College of Art, University of New England, Southern Maine Technical College, and Saint Joseph's College. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early action, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: Rolling, 11/15 for early action. Notification: continuous, 12/15 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. Comprehensive fee: $29,185 includes full-time tuition ($19,890), mandatory fees ($715), and college room and board ($8580). Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Part-time tuition: $350 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $125 per year. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 25 open to all. Most popular organizations: campus ministry, Superkids, Student Government Association and Senate, Business Club, Inter-Hall Council. Major annual events: Family Weekend, Spring Fling, Welcome Back Weekends. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 829 college housing spaces available; 795 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Wellehan Library with 98,626 books, 29,010 microform titles, 11,461 serials, 1,000 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $403,893. 102 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ SOUTHERN MAINE COMMUNITY COLLEGE O-4

2 Fort Rd.
South Portland, ME 04106

Tel: (207)741-5500
Admissions: (207)741-5664
Fax: (207)741-5751
Web Site: http://www.smccme.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maine Community College System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1946. Setting: 65-acre small town campus. Endowment: $513,726. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6095 per student. Total enrollment: 4,103. Full-time: 2,135 students, 44% women, 56% men. Part-time: 1,968 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 9 states and territories, 6% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.5% international, 48% 25 or older, 10% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at Great Portland Alliance of Colleges and Universities. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: electronic application. Required: high school transcript. Placement: SAT recommended; ACCUPLACER required for some. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous. Preference given to state residents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. State resident tuition: $2220 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $4650 full-time. College room and board: $5824. College room only: $2678.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Most popular organizations: SEA Club, student government, Phi Theta Kappa, VICA. Major annual events: Earth Day, Awards Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. 200 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Option: coed housing available. Southern Maine Community College Library with 15,000 books, 350 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $236,090. 200 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ THOMAS COLLEGE L-5

180 West River Rd.
Waterville, ME 04901-5097

Tel: (207)859-1111

Free: 800-339-7001
Admissions: (207)859-1101
Fax: (207)859-1114

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.thomas.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees (associate). Founded 1894. Setting: 70-acre small town campus. Endowment: $5.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3199 per student. Total enrollment: 875. Faculty: 78 (23 full-time, 55 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 628 applied, 73% were admitted. 11% from top 10% of their high school class, 21% from top quarter, 55% from top half. Full-time: 598 students, 46% women, 54% men. Part-time: 133 students, 73% women, 27% men. Students come from 10 states and territories, 16% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 16% 25 or older, 65% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 58% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; computer and information sciences; education. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Colby College, Kennebec Valley Community College, Unity College. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, interview, rank in upper 50% of high school class. Required for some: SAT or ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadlines: Rolling, 12/15 for early action. Notification: continuous, 12/31 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $25,160 includes full-time tuition ($17,280), mandatory fees ($450), and college room and board ($7430). Part-time tuition: $720 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 17 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 3% of eligible men and 5% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Phi Beta Lambda, Students Club, GLOBE, Campus Activity Board, peer advisors. Major annual events: Homecoming, Parents' Day, Olympic Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols. 392 college housing spaces available; 390 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Option: coed housing available. Marriner Library with 20,000 books, 5,000 serials, 600 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $145,469. 120 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNITY COLLEGE K-6

90 Quaker Hill Rd.
Unity, ME 04988

Tel: (207)948-3131
Fax: (207)948-6277
Web Site: http://www.unity.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 265-acre rural campus. Endowment: $2.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5026 per student. Total enrollment: 521. 436 applied, 88% were admitted. 8% from top 10% of their high school class, 29% from top quarter, 60% from top half. Full-time: 515 students, 36% women, 64% men. Part-time: 6 students, 17% women, 83% men. Students come from 21 states and territories, 2 other countries, 62% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 0.4% Hispanic, 0.4% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 8% 25 or older, 66% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Retention: 98% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at The Washington Center. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, interview. Required for some: interview. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: Rolling, 1/15 for early action. Notification: 2/1 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $24,310 includes full-time tuition ($16,740), mandatory fees ($940), and college room and board ($6630). Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $630 per credit hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 28 open to all. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols. College housing designed to accommodate 306 students; 312 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. Dorothy Webb Quimby Library with 46,000 books, 650 serials, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $266,787. 42 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Located on Lake Winnecook, which is three miles long and has excellent fishing, canoeing, and sailing, Unity has several small businesses, two churches, a public library, and several fraternal organizations. Transportation is provided by air and bus lines. The climate is cool.

■ UNIVERSITY OF MAINE J-8

Orono, ME 04469

Tel: (207)581-1110; 877-486-2364
Admissions: (207)581-1561
Fax: (207)581-1213

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.umaine.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of University of Maine System. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1865. Setting: 3,300-acre small town campus. Endowment: $159.6 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $51.9 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $9972 per student. Total enrollment: 11,435. Faculty: 823 (496 full-time, 327 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 5,702 applied, 80% were admitted. 22% from top 10% of their high school class, 52% from top quarter, 86% from top half. 2 National Merit Scholars, 37 valedictorians, 304 student government officers. Full-time: 7,617 students, 49% women, 51% men. Part-time: 1,562 students, 63% women, 37% men. Students come from 41 states and territories, 47 other countries, 13% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 21% 25 or older, 30% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 79% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; engineering; social sciences; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at Bangor Theological Seminary, other institutions of the University of Maine System. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Naval.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: Rolling, 12/15 for early action. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $5520 full-time, $184 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,660 full-time, $522 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1390 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition varies according to reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $6732. College room only: $3390. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 234 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities. Most popular organizations: Volunteers in Community Efforts/VOICE, Circle K, Campus Crusade for Christ, Outing Club, Wilde Stein. Major annual events: Maine Day, Bumstock, Student Organizations Fair. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 3,643 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Fogler Library plus 2 others with 1 million books, 2.4 million microform titles, 13,041 serials, 26,647 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $7.2 million. 500 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ THE UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT AUGUSTA M-5

46 University Dr.
Augusta, ME 04330-9410

Tel: (207)621-3000
Admissions: (207)621-3390
Fax: (207)621-3116

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uma.maine.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 4-year, coed. Part of University of Maine System. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees (also offers some graduate courses and continuing education programs with significant enrollment not reflected in profile). Founded 1965. Setting: 159-acre small town campus. Endowment: $1.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3668 per student. Total enrollment: 5,494. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 1,012 applied, 52% were admitted. Full-time: 1,544 students, 70% women, 30% men. Part-time: 3,950 students, 76% women, 24% men. Students come from 16 states and territories, 4 other countries, 1% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 0.5% Hispanic, 1% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 65% 25 or older, 4% transferred in. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: health professions and related sciences; business/marketing; library science. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at other units of the University of Maine System. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: essay. Required for some: recommendations, interview, music audition. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/31. Notification: continuous until 9/15.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $4290 full-time, $143 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,380 full-time, $346 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $735 full-time, $24.50 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to reciprocity agreements.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 5 open to all. Most popular organizations: Honors Program Student Association, Arts and Architecture Students of UMA, Student Nurse Association, Student-American Dental Hygiene Association, International Student Club. Major annual events: UMA Day, Jazz Week, Poetry Festival. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. The Bennett D. Katz Library plus 1 other with 83,766 books, 6,600 microform titles, 546 serials, 3,296 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $822,318. 142 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT FARMINGTON K-4

224 Main St.
Farmington, ME 04938-1990

Tel: (207)778-7000
Admissions: (207)778-7087
Fax: (207)778-8182

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.umf.maine.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 4-year, coed. Part of University of Maine System. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1863. Setting: 50-acre small town campus. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $877,000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5256 per student. Total enrollment: 2,452. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 1,602 applied, 74% were admitted. 12% from top 10% of their high school class, 38% from top quarter, 80% from top half. Full-time: 2,123 students, 66% women, 34% men. Part-time: 329 students, 70% women, 30% men. Students come from 21 states and territories, 7 other countries, 23% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 0.2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international, 12% 25 or older, 44% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 70% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; English; interdisciplinary studies. Core. Calendar: semesters plus May term and 2 5-week summer terms. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at National Student Exchange, SALT Center for Documentary Field Studies, other institutions of the University of Maine System. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, early admission, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 1 recommendation. Recommended: interview. Required for some: minimum 2.5 GPA for elementary education majors, SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: Rolling, 12/1 for early action. Notification: continuous, 1/8 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $5010 full-time, $167 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,240 full-time, $408 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $621 full-time, $75 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, reciprocity agreements, and student level. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, reciprocity agreements, and student level. College room and board: $5984. College room only: $3200. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 52 open to all. Most popular organizations: Program Board, Intramural Board, Campus Residence Council, campus radio station, Commuter Council. Major annual events: Intramural All Niter, Spring Fling, Campus Residence Council Semi-Formal. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, safety whistles. 1,030 college housing spaces available; 1,000 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Mantor Library with 98,248 books, 82,773 microform titles, 577 serials, 7,663 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $566,305. 175 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT FORT KENT B-8

23 University Dr.
Fort Kent, ME 04743-1292

Tel: (207)834-7500; 888-TRY-UMFK
Admissions: (207)834-7600
Fax: (207)834-7609

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.umfk.maine.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 4-year, coed. Part of University of Maine System. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1878. Setting: 52-acre rural campus. Endowment: $1.5 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2500. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2928 per student. Total enrollment: 1,076. 394 applied, 81% were admitted. 7% from top 10% of their high school class, 20% from top quarter, 60% from top half. 10 National Merit Scholars, 4 valedictorians, 20 student government officers. Students come from 30 states and territories, 12 other countries, 4% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 0.5% Hispanic, 1% black, 0.1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 27% international, 36% 25 or older, 30% live on campus. Retention: 59% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript. Recommended: recommendations, SAT and SAT Subject Tests or ACT. Required for some: interview, SAT, SAT and SAT Subject Tests or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 12 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 5% of eligible men and 5% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Performing Arts Club, Student Teachers Educational Professional Society, Student Nurses Organization, Diversity Club, Dorm Council. Major annual events: Quebec City Carnival Field Trip, Open Mic Nights, Spring Formal. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: controlled dormitory access, 8-hour night patrols by security personnel 11pm-7am. 300 college housing spaces available; 250 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Option: coed housing available. Waneta Blake Library plus 1 other with 69,189 books, 335 serials, 4,254 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $246,483. 100 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT MACHIAS K-11

9 O'Brien Ave.
Machias, ME 04654-1321

Tel: (207)255-1200; 888-GOTOUMM
Admissions: (207)255-1318
Fax: (207)255-1363

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.umm.maine.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 4-year, coed. Part of University of Maine System. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1909. Setting: 42-acre rural campus. Endowment: $1 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $268,937. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5302 per student. Total enrollment: 1,149. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 374 applied, 83% were admitted. 9% from top 10% of their high school class, 25% from top quarter, 64% from top half. Full-time: 462 students, 66% women, 34% men. Part-time: 687 students, 79% women, 21% men. Students come from 26 states and territories, 16 other countries, 23% from out-of-state, 4% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 5% international, 27% 25 or older, 42% live on campus, 3% transferred in. Retention: 67% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; interdisciplinary studies; biological/life sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early action, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: 2 recommendations, interview. Required for some: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 8/15, 12/15 for early action. Notification: continuous, 1/15 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $4290 full-time, $143 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $11,640 full-time, $388 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $555 full-time, $17.50 per credit hour part-time, $45 per term part-time. College room and board: $5678. College room only: $2858. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run radio station. Social organizations: 25 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 8% of eligible men and 4% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, 100% Society, International Club, MRPASS, Softball Club. Major annual events: homecoming, Winter Carnival, Spring Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, night security guard until 3:00 a.m., day security 8-5 p.m. 353 college housing spaces available; 309 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Option: coed housing available. Merrill Library plus 1 other with 82,664 books, 4,750 microform titles, 316 serials, 3,647 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $269,894. 185 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT PRESQUE ISLE D-10

181 Main St.
Presque Isle, ME 04769-2888

Tel: (207)768-9400
Admissions: (207)768-9453
Fax: (207)768-9608

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.umpi.maine.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 4-year, coed. Part of University of Maine System. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1903. Setting: 150-acre small town campus. Endowment: $1.1 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $7820. Total enrollment: 1,548. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 480 applied, 87% were admitted. 8% from top 10% of their high school class, 23% from top quarter, 51% from top half. Full-time: 1,112 students, 63% women, 37% men. Part-time: 436 students, 73% women, 27% men. Students come from 17 states and territories, 4 other countries, 2% from out-of-state, 4% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 9% international, 31% 25 or older, 28% live on campus, 15% transferred in. Retention: 55% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: liberal arts/general studies; education; business/marketing. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at Tri-Campus Exchange. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, recommendations. Required for some: 1 recommendation, interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadlines: Rolling, 10/31 for early action. Notification: continuous, 4/1 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $4290 full-time, $143 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,680 full-time, $356 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $530 full-time, $19 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $5246. College room only: $3000. Room and board charges vary according to board plan.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 25 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 1% of eligible men and 1% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, OAPI-Outdoor Adventure Program International, Student Activities Board, Student Organization of Social Work, Campus Crusade for Christ. Major annual events: Spring Fest, Winter Blast, Spring Ball. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: student patrols, late night transport-escort service, crime prevention programs, lighted pathways. College housing designed to accommodate 361 students; 368 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Option: coed housing available. UMPI Library with 455,372 books, 440,453 microform titles, 2,500 serials, 1,281 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $447,582. 82 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF NEW ENGLAND P-3

Hills Beach Rd.
Biddeford, ME 04005-9526

Tel: (207)283-0171

Free: 800-477-4UNE
Admissions: (207)283-0170

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.une.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and first professional degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1831. Setting: 410-acre small town campus. Endowment: $22.5 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $9375 per student. Total enrollment: 3,312. Faculty: 241 (137 full-time, 104 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 11:1. 2,055 applied, 92% were admitted. 17% from top 10% of their high school class, 49% from top quarter, 86% from top half. Full-time: 1,519 students, 77% women, 23% men. Part-time: 217 students, 76% women, 24% men. Students come from 35 states and territories, 3 other countries, 59% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.2% international, 13% 25 or older, 61% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Retention: 75% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: health professions and related sciences; biological/life sciences; psychology. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Greater Portland Alliance of Colleges and Universities. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, interview. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. Comprehensive fee: $31,005 includes full-time tuition ($21,540), mandatory fees ($735), and college room and board ($8730). Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Part-time tuition: $775 per credit.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 44 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Government, Outing Club, Campus Programming Board, Earth's Eco, Dance Team. Major annual events: homecoming, Jam Fest, Winter Fest. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. College housing designed to accommodate 881 students; 909 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Ketchum Library plus 1 other with 142,181 books, 6,281 microform titles, 2,443 serials, 9,879 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.6 million. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

On the Saco River, the University of New England is located outside the small City of Biddeford (pop. 25,000) on the coast of Southern Maine, two hours from Boston and 25 minutes from Portland, Maine's largest city. Part-time work is available for students. Biddeford city services include hospital, churches, library, and Chamber of commerce. Recreational facilities good, with beaches of Biddeford Pool, Kennebunk, and Old Orchard; golf, fishing, swimming, skiing, are within easy reach.

■ UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN MAINE O-3

96 Falmouth St., PO Box 9300
Portland, ME 04104-9300

Tel: (207)780-4141

Free: 800-800-4USM
Admissions: (207)780-5670
Fax: (207)780-5640

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.usm.maine.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of University of Maine System. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1878. Setting: 144-acre suburban campus. Endowment: $16.7 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $65.6 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7072 per student. Total enrollment: 10,944. Faculty: 704 (402 full-time, 302 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 3,599 applied, 79% were admitted. 10% from top 10% of their high school class, 31% from top quarter, 71% from top half. 4 valedictorians. Full-time: 4,788 students, 58% women, 42% men. Part-time: 3,834 students, 61% women, 39% men. Students come from 33 other countries, 8% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.01% international, 32% 25 or older, 40% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Retention: 57% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: health professions and related sciences; social sciences; business/marketing. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at National Student Exchange. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 2.8 high school GPA, 1 recommendation, interview. Required for some: interview, auditions for music majors. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 2/15. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $4980 full-time, $166 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,800 full-time, $460 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $926 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, degree level, and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition varies according to course load, degree level, and reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $6755. College room only: $3586. Room and board charges vary according to board plan, housing facility, and location.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 100 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 2% of eligible men and 2% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Outing and Ski Clubs, Gorham Events Board, Commuter Student Group, Circle K. Major annual events: Spring Fling, Winter Weekend, theatre and music performers. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, security lighting, preventive programs within residence halls. College housing designed to accommodate 1,551 students; 1,599 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. Option: coed housing available. University of Southern Maine Library plus 4 others with 545,246 books, 1 million microform titles, 2,585 serials, 2,705 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.4 million. 485 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ WASHINGTON COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-12

RR No. 1, Box 22C River Rd.
Calais, ME 04619

Tel: (207)454-1000
Fax: (207)454-1026
Web Site: http://www.wccc.me.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maine Technical College System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1969. Setting: 40-acre rural campus. Total enrollment: 350. 273 applied, 98% were admitted. 1% from top quarter of their high school class, 24% from top half. 2 student government officers. Students come from 12 states and territories, 1 other country, 4% from out-of-state, 59% 25 or older, 22% live on campus. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, double major, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, interview. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, recommendations. Placement: ACT ASSET required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group. Social organizations: 2 open to all. Most popular organizations: Hiking Club, Native American Club. Major annual events: Technology Fair, Christmas Party, graduation. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. Option: coed housing available. Washington County Technical College Library with 26,370 books, 232 serials, and 50 audiovisual materials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $104,175. 100 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ YORK COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE P-3

112 College Dr.
Wells, ME 04090

Tel: (207)646-9282

Free: 800-580-3820
Fax: (207)641-0837

E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.yccc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maine Technical College System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1994. Setting: 84-acre small town campus with easy access to Boston. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3161 per student. Total enrollment: 990. 216 applied, 90% were admitted. Students come from 3 states and territories, 1% from out-of-state. Calendar: semesters. Accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Required: essay, high school transcript. Placement: SAT recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 4 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Veteran's Club, Early Childhood Education Club, Skills-USA Club. Major annual events: family Homecoming events, Holiday Party, Spring Fling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. Library and Learning Resource Center plus 1 other with 4,000 books, 75 serials, 200 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $110,582. 35 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

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Maine

Maine

ANDOVER COLLEGE

901 Washington Ave.
Portland, ME 04103-2791
Tel: (207)774-6126
Free: 800-639-3110
Fax: (207)774-1715
Web Site: http://www.andovercollege.com/
President/CEO: Mark E. Jenkins
Registrar: Celia Dobson
Admissions: David Blessing
Financial Aid: Adrienne Amari
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 490, PT 12 Faculty: FT 12, PT 24 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 Library Holdings: 6,500 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates

BATES COLLEGE

Andrews Rd.
Lewiston, ME 04240-6028
Tel: (207)786-6255
Admissions: (207)786-6000
Fax: (207)786-6025
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bates.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Donald W. Harward
Registrar: Meredith H. Braz
Admissions: Wylie L. Mitchell
Financial Aid: Leigh P. Campbell
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400 + % Accepted: 29 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Decision Plan; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: January 01 Application Fee: $60.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $60. Comprehensive fee: $42,100. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 1,699, PT 31 Faculty: FT 164, PT 23 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 40 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 90 Library Holdings: 588,211 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 32 courses and 2 short terms, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Badminton M & W; Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Crew M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Equestrian Sports M & W; Fencing M & W; Field Hockey W; Football M; Golf M & W; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M & W; Rugby M & W; Sailing M & W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Squash M & W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Ultimate Frisbee M & W; Volleyball M & W; Water Polo M & W

BEAL COLLEGE

629 Main St.
Bangor, ME 04401-6896
Tel: (207)947-4591
Web Site: http://www.bealcollege.edu/
President/CEO: Allen T. Stehle
Registrar: Darin Pridham
Admissions: Catherine Haskell
Financial Aid: Diane Willett
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 239, PT 134 Faculty: FT 6, PT 10 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Library Holdings: 7,275 Credit Hours For Degree: 72 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACICS, AAMAE

BOWDOIN COLLEGE

5000 College Station
Brunswick, ME 04011
Tel: (207)725-3000
Admissions: (207)725-3958
Fax: (207)725-3003
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bowdoin.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Barry Mills
Registrar: Dr. Christine A. Brooks Cote
Admissions: Richard Steele
Financial Aid: Stephen H. Joyce
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400 + % Accepted: 25 Admission Plans: Early Decision Plan; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: January 01 Application Fee: $60.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $60. Comprehensive fee: $41,660 includes full-time tuition ($32,650), mandatory fees ($340), and college room and board ($8670). College room only: $3900. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 1,661, PT 5 Faculty: FT 157, PT 37 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 49 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 93 Library Holdings: 981,074 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 32 courses, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Crew M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Field Hockey W; Football M; Golf M & W; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M & W; Rugby M & W; Sailing M & W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Squash M & W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Ultimate Frisbee M & W; Volleyball W; Water Polo M & W

CENTRAL MAINE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

1250 Turner St.
Auburn, ME 04210-6498
Tel: (207)755-5100
Free: 800-891-2002
Admissions: (207)755-5334
Fax: (207)755-5491
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cmcc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Scott E. Knapp
Registrar: Ronald Bolstridge
Admissions: Elizabeth Oken
Financial Aid: Michael Roy
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maine Technical College System Scores: 69% SAT V 400+; 73% SAT M 400 + Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 53, PT 82 Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Exams: Other, SAT I % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 11 Library Holdings: 15,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 66 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABET, ACBSP, NAACLS, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W

CENTRAL MAINE MEDICAL CENTER SCHOOL OF NURSING

70 Middle St.
Lewiston, ME 04240-0305
Tel: (207)795-2840
Admissions: (207)795-2868
Fax: (207)795-2849
Web Site: http://www.cmmcson.edu/
President/CEO: Sharon Kuhrt
Registrar: Kathleen C. Jacques
Admissions: Lucille Webber
Financial Aid: Keith Bourgault
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400 + Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $40. Tuition: $2898 full-time, $138 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $1205 full-time, $20 per term part-time. College room only: $1500. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 22, PT 92 Faculty: FT 9, PT 3 Student-Faculty Ratio: 5:1 Exams: SAT I % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 2 Library Holdings: 1,975 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 69 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN

COLBY COLLEGE

Mayflower Hill
Waterville, ME 04901-8840
Tel: (207)872-3000
Free: 800-723-3032
Admissions: (207)859-4802
Fax: (207)872-3474
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.colby.edu/
President/CEO: William D. Adams
Registrar: George L. Coleman, II
Admissions: Parker Beverage
Financial Aid: Lucia Whittelsey
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400+; 2% ACT 18-23; 57% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 38 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Decision Plan; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: January 01 Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $41,770. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: 4-1-4, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 1,871 Faculty: FT 161, PT 64 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 38 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 93 Library Holdings: 350,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 128 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army Intercollegiate Athletics: Badminton M & W; Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Crew M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Equestrian Sports M & W; Fencing M & W; Field Hockey W; Football M; Golf M & W; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M & W; Rugby M & W; Sailing M & W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Squash M & W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Ultimate Frisbee M & W; Volleyball M & W; Water Polo M & W

COLLEGE OF THE ATLANTIC

105 Eden St.
Bar Harbor, ME 04609-1198
Tel: (207)288-5015
Free: 800-528-0025
Fax: (207)288-4126
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coa.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Steven K. Katona
Registrar: David Baldwin
Admissions: Sarah G. Baker
Financial Aid: Sarah Baker
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 96% SAT M 400+; 27% ACT 18-23; 59% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 66 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Decision Plan; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: February 15 Application Fee: $45.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $45. Comprehensive fee: $35,675 includes full-time tuition ($27,700), mandatory fees ($375), and college room and board ($7600). College room only: $4700. Part-time tuition: $9234 per term. Part-time mandatory fees: $125 per term. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 296, PT 14, Grad 8 Faculty: FT 19, PT 11 Student-Faculty Ratio: 9:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 93 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 40 Library Holdings: 50,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 36 credits, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Soccer M & W

EASTERN MAINE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

354 Hogan Rd.
Bangor, ME 04401-4206
Tel: (207)974-4600
Admissions: (207)974-4680
Fax: (207)974-4683
Web Site: http://www.emcc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Joyce B. Hedlund
Registrar: Candace Ward
Admissions: Veronica Delcort
Financial Aid: Candace Ward
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maine Community College System Admission Plans: Preferred Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 744, PT 1,046 Faculty: FT 54, PT 88 Student-Faculty Ratio: 11:1 Exams: Other, SAT I % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 20 Library Holdings: 17,554 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: JRCERT, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M; Soccer M & W

HUSSON COLLEGE

One College Circle
Bangor, ME 04401-2999
Tel: (207)941-7000
Free: 800-4-HUSSON
Admissions: (207)941-7100
Fax: (207)941-7935
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.husson.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. William H. Beardsley
Registrar: Donna Townsend
Admissions: Jane Goodwin
Financial Aid: Linda Conant
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 84.5% SAT V 400+; 83.5% SAT M 400+; 38% ACT 18-23 % Accepted: 95 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: September 01 Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $17,410 includes full-time tuition ($11,130), mandatory fees ($250), and college room and board ($6030). Full-time tuition and fees vary according to class time. Part-time tuition: $371 per credit hour. Part-time tuition varies according to class time and course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,605, PT 372, Grad 268 Faculty: FT 50, PT 4 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 65 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 56 Library Holdings: 37,871 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 semester hours, Associates; 120 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Navy Professional Accreditation: AACN, AOTA, APTA, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Field Hockey W; Football M; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving W; Volleyball W

KENNEBEC VALLEY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

92 Western Ave.
Fairfield, ME 04937-1367
Tel: (207)453-5000
Admissions: (207)453-5033
Web Site: http://www.kvcc.me.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Barbara Woodlee
Registrar: Lisa York-Lemelin
Admissions: Jim Bourgoin
Financial Aid: Ann Connors
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maine Community College System % Accepted: 71 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $20. State resident tuition: $2220 full-time, $74 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $4650 full-time, $155 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $600 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 523, PT 1,259 Faculty: FT 40, PT 176 Student-Faculty Ratio: 22:1 Exams: Other, SAT I or ACT Library Holdings: 19,629 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 61 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: AHIMA, AOTA, APTA, ACBSP, CARC, NLN

MAINE COLLEGE OF ART

97 Spring St.
Portland, ME 04101-3987
Tel: (207)775-3052
Free: 800-639-4808
Admissions: (207)775-5157
Fax: (207)772-5069
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.meca.edu/
President/CEO: Christine J. Vincent
Registrar: Anne Dennison
Admissions: Karen Townsend
Financial Aid: Michelle A. Leclerc
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 95.3% SAT V 400+; 88.6% SAT M 400+; 25% ACT 18-23; 25% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 69 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $40. Comprehensive fee: $34,590 includes full-time tuition ($24,670), mandatory fees ($650), and college room and board ($9270). Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 435, PT 23, Grad 32 Faculty: FT 32, PT 37 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 80 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 25 Library Holdings: 24,609 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: NASAD

MAINE MARITIME ACADEMY

Castine, ME 04420
Tel: (207)326-4311
Free: 800-227-8465
Admissions: (207)326-2215
Fax: (207)326-2515
Web Site: http://www.mainemaritime.edu/
President/CEO: Leonard H. Tyler, Jr.
Registrar: Tom Sawyer
Admissions: Jeffrey C. Wright
Financial Aid: Deidra Davis
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed % Accepted: 67 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Decision Plan; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: July 01 Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $15. State resident tuition: $6380 full-time, $230 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $9570 full-time, $410 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1240 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Part-time tuition varies according to program. College room and board: $6720. College room only: $2420. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 747, PT 99, Grad 15 Faculty: FT 50, PT 16 Student-Faculty Ratio: 12:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 69 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 80 Library Holdings: 177,800 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 78 credit hours, Associates; 140 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Navy Professional Accreditation: ABET Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Lacrosse M; Sailing M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Volleyball W

NEW ENGLAND SCHOOL OF COMMUNICATIONS

1 College Circle
Bangor, ME 04401-2999
Tel: (207)941-7176; 888-877-1876
Fax: (207)947-3987
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nescom.edu/
President/CEO: George E. Wildey
Registrar: Kim Nason
Admissions: Louise G. Grant
Financial Aid: Nicole Rediker
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 69 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $15. Comprehensive fee: $15,620 includes full-time tuition ($8890), mandatory fees ($700), and college room and board ($6030). Part-time tuition: $275 per credit. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 295, PT 10 Faculty: FT 7, PT 30 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: Other, SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 80 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 54 Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

NORTHERN MAINE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

33 Edgemont Dr.
Presque Isle, ME 04769-2016
Tel: (207)768-2700
Admissions: (207)768-2786
Fax: (207)768-2831
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nmcc.edu/
President/CEO: Timothy Crowley
Registrar: Betsy Harris
Admissions: William G. Casavant
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maine Technical College System % Accepted: 52 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $20. Area resident tuition: $2390 full-time, $78 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $115 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $4770 full-time, $159 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $4930. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 605, PT 316 Faculty: FT 44, PT 43 Exams: Other % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 28 Library Holdings: 11,200 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACBSP, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M & W; Ice Hockey M & W; Soccer M & W

SAINT JOSEPH'S COLLEGE OF MAINE

278 Whites Bridge Rd.
Standish, ME 04084-5263
Tel: (207)892-6766
Free: 800-338-7057
Admissions: (207)893-7746
Fax: (207)893-7862
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sjcme.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. David House
Admissions: Vincent J. Kloskowski
Financial Aid: Andrea Cross
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Roman Catholic Church Scores: 96% SAT V 400+; 97% SAT M 400+; 50% ACT 18-23; 6% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 77 Admission Plans: Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $40. Comprehensive fee: $29,185 includes full-time tuition ($19,890), mandatory fees ($715), and college room and board ($8580). Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Part-time tuition: $350 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $125 per year. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 925, PT 30 Faculty: FT 64, PT 44 Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 81 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 83 Library Holdings: 98,626 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 128 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: AACN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Field Hockey W; Golf M; Ice Hockey M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Volleyball W

SOUTHERN MAINE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

2 Fort Rd.
South Portland, ME 04106
Tel: (207)741-5500
Admissions: (207)741-5664
Fax: (207)741-5751
Web Site: http://www.smccme.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. James O. Ortiz
Registrar: Lisa Dolan
Admissions: David Tracy
Financial Aid: Scott MacDonald
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maine Community College System Admission Plans: Preferred Admission Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $20. State resident tuition: $2220 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $4650 full-time. College room and board: $5824. College room only: $2678. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,135, PT 1,968 Faculty: FT 89, PT 170 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: Other, SAT I % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 10 Library Holdings: 15,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: CARC, JRCERT, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Volleyball M & W

THOMAS COLLEGE

180 West River Rd.
Waterville, ME 04901-5097
Tel: (207)859-1111
Free: 800-339-7001
Admissions: (207)859-1101
Fax: (207)859-1114
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.thomas.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. George R. Spann
Registrar: Valerie Sirois
Admissions: Wendy Martin
Financial Aid: Angela Dostie
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 80% SAT V 400+; 83% SAT M 400+; 12.5% ACT 18-23; 12.5% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 73 Admission Plans: Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $25,160 includes full-time tuition ($17,280), mandatory fees ($450), and college room and board ($7430). Part-time tuition: $720 per credit hour. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 598, PT 133, Grad 144 Faculty: FT 23, PT 55 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 90 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 65 Library Holdings: 20,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Field Hockey W; Golf M; Lacrosse M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M; Volleyball W

UNITY COLLEGE

90 Quaker Hill Rd.
Unity, ME 04988
Tel: (207)948-3131
Fax: (207)948-6277
Web Site: http://www.unity.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. David C. Glenn-Lewin
Registrar: Holly Hein
Admissions: Kay Fiedler
Financial Aid: Rand Newell
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Scores: 88% SAT V 400+; 85.95% SAT M 400 + Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $24,310 includes full-time tuition ($16,740), mandatory fees ($940), and college room and board ($6630). Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $630 per credit hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 515, PT 6 Faculty: FT 32, PT 10 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 71 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 66 Library Holdings: 46,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 120 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M; Cross-Country Running M & W; Soccer M; Volleyball W

UNIVERSITY OF MAINE

Orono, ME 04469
Tel: (207)581-1110; 877-486-2364
Admissions: (207)581-1561
Fax: (207)581-1213
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.umaine.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Peter Hoff
Registrar: Peter Reid
Admissions: Sharon Oliver
Financial Aid: Peggy L. Crawford
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: University of Maine System Scores: 99% SAT V 400+; 98% SAT M 400+; 43% ACT 18-23; 37% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 80 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $5520 full-time, $184 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,660 full-time, $522 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1390 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition varies according to reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $6732. College room only: $3390. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 7,617, PT 1,562, Grad 2,256 Faculty: FT 496, PT 327 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 71 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 30 Library Holdings: 1,034,248 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Navy Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, AACN, ADtA, AHIMA, APA, ASLHA, AALS, CSWE, NASM, NASPAA, NCATE, SAF Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Field Hockey W; Football M; Ice Hockey M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

THE UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT AUGUSTA

46 University Dr.
Augusta, ME 04330-9410
Tel: (207)621-3000
Admissions: (207)621-3390
Fax: (207)621-3116
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uma.maine.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Charles M. Lyons
Registrar: Ann Corbett
Admissions: Sheri Cranston Fraser
Financial Aid: Lisa Bongiovanni
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: University of Maine System % Accepted: 52 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 31 Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $4290 full-time, $143 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,380 full-time, $346 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $735 full-time, $24.50 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to reciprocity agreements. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,544, PT 3,950 Faculty: FT 95, PT 229 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 89 Library Holdings: 83,766 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ADA, NAACLS, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Soccer W

UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT FARMINGTON

224 Main St.
Farmington, ME 04938-1990
Tel: (207)778-7000
Admissions: (207)778-7087
Fax: (207)778-8182
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.umf.maine.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Theodora J. Kalikow
Registrar: Hazel Doak
Admissions: Dr. William W. Geller
Financial Aid: Ronald Milliken
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: University of Maine System Scores: 91% SAT V 400+; 90% SAT M 400 + % Accepted: 74 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $5010 full-time, $167 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,240 full-time, $408 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $621 full-time, $75 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, reciprocity agreements, and student level. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, reciprocity agreements, and student level. College room and board: $5984. College room only: $3200. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,123, PT 329 Faculty: FT 118, PT 57 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 67 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 44 Library Holdings: 98,248 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Field Hockey W; Golf M & W; Ice Hockey M; Lacrosse M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Volleyball W

UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT FORT KENT

23 University Dr.
Fort Kent, ME 04743-1292
Tel: (207)834-7500; 888-TRY-UMFK
Admissions: (207)834-7600
Fax: (207)834-7609
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.umfk.maine.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Richard Cost
Registrar: Donald M. Raymond
Admissions: Douglas Barley
Financial Aid: Lisa Lipe
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: University of Maine System Scores: 72% SAT V 400+; 74% SAT M 400 + Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Decision Plan; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 786, PT 290 Faculty: FT 35, PT 37 Student-Faculty Ratio: 25:1 Exams: SAT I and SAT II or ACT, SAT I % Receiving Financial Aid: 44 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 30 Library Holdings: 69,189 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates; 120 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACN, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M & W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W

UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT MACHIAS

9 O'Brien Ave.
Machias, ME 04654-1321
Tel: (207)255-1200; 888-GOTOUMM
Admissions: (207)255-1318
Fax: (207)255-1363
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.umm.maine.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Sue Ann Huseman
Registrar: Mary Stover
Admissions: Stewart Bennett
Financial Aid: Stephanie D. Larrabee
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: University of Maine System Scores: 90.7% SAT V 400+; 77.9% SAT M 400+; 35.7% ACT 18-23; 35.7% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 83 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 15 Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $4290 full-time, $143 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $11,640 full-time, $388 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $555 full-time, $17.50 per credit hour part-time, $45 per term part-time. College room and board: $5678. College room only: $2858. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 462, PT 687 Faculty: FT 30, PT 58 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 77 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 42 Library Holdings: 82,664 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: NRPA Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Lacrosse M & W; Soccer M & W; Volleyball W

UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT PRESQUE ISLE

181 Main St.
Presque Isle, ME 04769-2888
Tel: (207)768-9400
Admissions: (207)768-9453
Fax: (207)768-9608
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.umpi.maine.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. William A. Shields
Registrar: Sharon E. Roix
Admissions: Erin V. Benson
Financial Aid: Barbara J. Bridges
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: University of Maine System Scores: 73% SAT V 400+; 74% SAT M 400 + % Accepted: 87 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $4290 full-time, $143 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,680 full-time, $356 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $530 full-time, $19 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $5246. College room only: $3000. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,112, PT 436 Faculty: FT 54, PT 62 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 57 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 28 Library Holdings: 455,372 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 61 credit hours, Associates; 120 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: CSWE, NAACLS, NRPA Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Volleyball W

UNIVERSITY OF NEW ENGLAND

Hills Beach Rd.
Biddeford, ME 04005-9526
Tel: (207)283-0171
Free: 800-477-4UNE
Admissions: (207)283-0170
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.une.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Sandra Featherman
Registrar: Mark Osborn
Admissions: Alan Liebrecht
Financial Aid: John Bowie
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 97% SAT V 400+; 97% SAT M 400 + % Accepted: 92 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $40. Comprehensive fee: $31,005 includes full-time tuition ($21,540), mandatory fees ($735), and college room and board ($8730). Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Part-time tuition: $775 per credit. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,519, PT 217, Grad 1,077 Faculty: FT 137, PT 104 Student-Faculty Ratio: 11:1 Exams: Other % Receiving Financial Aid: 83 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 60 Library Holdings: 142,181 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 68 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: AANA, ADA, AOTA, AOsA, APTA, CSWE, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Field Hockey W; Golf M; Lacrosse M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving W; Volleyball W

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN MAINE

96 Falmouth St., PO Box 9300
Portland, ME 04104-9300
Tel: (207)780-4141
Free: 800-800-4USM
Admissions: (207)780-5670
Fax: (207)780-5640
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.usm.maine.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Richard L. Pattenaude
Registrar: Steven Rand
Admissions: Dee Gardner
Financial Aid: Keith DuBois
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: University of Maine System Scores: 92% SAT V 400+; 95% SAT M 400+; 55% ACT 18-23; 21% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 79 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: February 15 Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $4980 full-time, $166 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,800 full-time, $460 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $926 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, degree level, and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition varies according to course load, degree level, and reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $6755. College room only: $3586. Room and board charges vary according to board plan, housing facility, and location. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 4,788, PT 3,834, Grad 2,063 Faculty: FT 402, PT 302 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 65 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 40 Library Holdings: 545,246 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates; 120 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, ACEHSA, ABA, ACA, AOTA, CORE, CSWE, JRCEPAT, NAIT, NASAD, NASM, NASPAA, NCATE, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Field Hockey W; Golf M & W; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M & W; Sailing M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W; Wrestling M

WASHINGTON COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

RR No. 1, Box 22C River Rd.
Calais, ME 04619
Tel: (207)454-1000
Fax: (207)454-1026
Web Site: http://www.wccc.me.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. William Flahive
Registrar: Cindy Thompson
Admissions: Kent Lyons
Financial Aid: Joyce Maker
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maine Technical College System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester Faculty: FT 29, PT 10 Student-Faculty Ratio: 9:1 Exams: Other % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 22 Library Holdings: 26,370 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credits, Associates

YORK COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

112 College Dr.
Wells, ME 04090
Tel: (207)646-9282
Free: 800-580-3820
Fax: (207)641-0837
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.yccc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Patricia Ryan
Registrar: Doreen Rogan
Admissions: Leisa Collins
Financial Aid: David Daigle
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maine Technical College System Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 7, PT 60 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Exams: SAT I Library Holdings: 4,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 63 credit hours, Associates

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Maine

Maine

ANDOVER COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

System Administration/Administrator, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

BATES COLLEGE

African-American/Black Studies, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Anthropology, B

Archeology, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Chemistry, B

Chinese Language and Literature, B

Classical, Ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern Studies and Archaeology, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

East Asian Studies, B

Economics, B

Engineering, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

German Language and Literature, B

History, B

Japanese Language and Literature, B

Mathematics, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, B

Near and Middle Eastern Studies, B

Neuroscience, B

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Russian Language and Literature, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Women's Studies, B

BEAL COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

BOWDOIN COLLEGE

African Studies, B

African-American/Black Studies, B

Anthropology, B

Archeology, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Asian Studies/Civilization, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Central/Middle and Eastern European Studies, B

Chemical Physics, B

Chemistry, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Computer Science, B

Dramatic/Theatre Arts and Stagecraft, B

Economics, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geochemistry, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Geophysics and Seismology, B

German Language and Literature, B

History, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Latin American Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics and Computer Science, B

Music, B

Neuroscience, B

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Romance Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Russian Language and Literature, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Women's Studies, B

CENTRAL MAINE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Architecture, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Science, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology, A

General Studies, A

Graphic and Printing Equipment Operator Production, A

Health and Medical Laboratory Technologies, A

Hospitality Administration/Management, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Safety and Health Technology/Technician, A

Telecommunications Technology/Technician, A

CENTRAL MAINE MEDICAL CENTER SCHOOL OF NURSING

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

COLBY COLLEGE

African-American/Black Studies, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Anthropology, B

Area Studies, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology, B

Chemistry, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Computer Science, B

Creative Writing, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

East Asian Studies, B

Economics, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Sciences, B

Environmental Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

German Language and Literature, B

History, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Latin American Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Molecular Biology, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, B

Neuroscience, B

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Russian Studies, B

Science, Technology and Society, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Women's Studies, B

COLLEGE OF THE ATLANTIC

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Botany/Plant Biology, B

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, B

Comparative Literature, B

Computer Graphics, B

Drawing, B

Economics, B

Education, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Biology, B

Environmental Design/Architecture, B

Environmental Education, B

Environmental Studies, BM

Evolutionary Biology, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Landscape Architecture, B

Law and Legal Studies, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, B

Maritime Science, B

Museology/Museum Studies, B

Music, B

Natural Sciences, B

Oceanography, Chemical and Physical, B

Philosophy, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Policy Analysis, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Wildlife Biology, B

Zoology/Animal Biology, B

EASTERN MAINE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Banking and Financial Support Services, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Carpentry/Carpenter, A

Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Heavy Equipment Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

HUSSON COLLEGE

Accounting, AB

Accounting and Computer Science, B

Banking and Financial Support Services, B

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Clinical Psychology, B

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, B

Computer Programming/Programmer, B

Criminal Justice/Police Science, AB

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, AB

Criminology, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Finance, B

Hospitality Administration/Management, B

Information Science/Studies, AB

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, AB

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Management Information Systems and Services, AB

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Nursing, M

Nursing - Advanced Practice, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physical Therapy/Therapist, BM

Psychiatric/Mental Health Nurse/Nursing, M

Sales, Distribution and Marketing Operations, B

Small Business Administration/Management, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

KENNEBEC VALLEY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Child Care Provider/Assistant, A

Communications Systems Installation and Repair Technology, A

Computer Installation and Repair Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming, A

Computer Software and Media Applications, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, A

Data Modeling/Warehousing and Database Administration, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Education, A

Electrical/Electronics Equipment Installation and Repair, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Executive Assistant/Executive Secretary, A

General Studies, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

Industrial Electronics Technology/Technician, A

Industrial Mechanics and Maintenance Technology, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Therapist Assistant, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Sales, Distribution and Marketing Operations, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

Wood Science and Wood Products/Pulp and Paper Technology, A

MAINE COLLEGE OF ART

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, B

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Graphic Design, B

Intermedia/Multimedia, B

Metal and Jewelry Arts, B

Painting, B

Photography, B

Printmaking, B

Sculpture, B

Visual and Performing Arts, B

MAINE MARITIME ACADEMY

Business Administration and Management, B

Engineering, B

Engineering Technology, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, BMO

Logistics and Materials Management, BMO

Management, MO

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, B

Marine Science/Merchant Marine Officer, B

Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, AB

Oceanography, Chemical and Physical, B

Systems Engineering, B

Transportation and Materials Moving, AB

Transportation/Transportation Management, MO

NEW ENGLAND SCHOOL OF COMMUNICATIONS

Advertising, AB

Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects, AB

Audio Engineering, AB

Broadcast Journalism, AB

Cinematography and Film/Video Production, AB

Communication, Journalism and Related Programs, AB

Communications Technologies/Technicians and Support Services, AB

Computer Graphics, AB

Computer Software and Media Applications, AB

Film/Video and Photographic Arts, AB

Graphic Communications, AB

Intermedia/Multimedia, AB

Marketing/Marketing Management, AB

Photographic and Film/Video Technology/Technician and Assistant, AB

Public Relations/Image Management, AB

Radio and Television, AB

Radio and Television Broadcasting Technology/Technician, AB

Recording Arts Technology/Technician, AB

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, AB

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, AB

NORTHERN MAINE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Carpentry/Carpenter, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Heavy Equipment Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Instrumentation Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Pipefitting/Pipefitter and Sprinkler Fitter, A

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, A

SAINT JOSEPH'S COLLEGE OF MAINE

Accounting, B

Advertising, B

Banking and Financial Support Services, B

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, B

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Digital Communication and Media/Multimedia, B

Education, BM

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Sciences, B

Environmental Studies, B

Finance, B

Health Services Administration, M

History, B

History Teacher Education, B

Human Development and Family Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Journalism, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Nursing, MO

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nursing Administration, O

Nursing Education, O

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Psychology, B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Quality Management, M

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

SOUTHERN MAINE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Agronomy and Crop Science, A

Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Botany/Plant Biology, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Machine Repairer, A

Cardiovascular Technology/Technologist, A

Carpentry/Carpenter, A

Child Development, A

Cinematography and Film/Video Production, A

Communications Technology/Technician, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Dietetics/Dieticians, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering, A

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Food Technology and Processing, A

General Studies, A

Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Horticultural Science, A

Hospitality Administration/Management, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Landscaping and Groundskeeping, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Oceanography, Chemical and Physical, A

Pipefitting/Pipefitter and Sprinkler Fitter, A

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Special Products Marketing Operations, A

Surgical Technology/Technologist, A

THOMAS COLLEGE

Accounting, AB

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Computer and Information Sciences, AB

Computer Education, M

Computer Science, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Finance, B

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, B

Human Resources Management and Services, M

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Psychology, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

UNITY COLLEGE

Ecology, B

Environmental Biology, B

Environmental Education, B

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, B

Environmental Studies, B

Fishing and Fisheries Sciences and Management, B

Forestry, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, AB

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, B

Natural Resources and Conservation, B

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, B

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Wildlife Biology, B

UNIVERSITY OF MAINE

Accounting, M

Agribusiness, B

Agricultural Economics, BM

Agricultural Sciences, MD

Agricultural/Biological Engineering and Bioengineering, B

Agronomy and Soil Sciences, MD

Animal Sciences, BM

Anthropology, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biochemistry, BMD

Bioengineering, M

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, D

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical Sciences, B

Botany/Plant Biology, BM

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business/Commerce, B

Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology, B

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Child Development, B

Civil Engineering, BMD

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Clinical Psychology, D

Communication and Media Studies, M

Communication Disorders, BM

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer Engineering, BMD

Computer Science, BMD

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, MDO

Developmental Psychology, M

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Ecology, BMD

Economics, BM

Education, BMDO

Educational Leadership and Administration, MDO

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

Educational/Instructional Media Design, B

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, BMO

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MD

Engineering Physics, BM

Engineering Technology, B

English, M

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Entomology, M

Environmental Sciences, BMD

Experimental Psychology, MD

Finance, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Fish, Game and Wildlife Management, MD

Food Science, B

Food Science and Technology, MD

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

Foreign Language Teacher Education, BM

Foreign Languages and Literatures, B

Forest Engineering, B

Forestry, BMD

French Language and Literature, BM

French Language Teacher Education, B

Geology/Earth Science, BMD

Geosciences, MD

German Language and Literature, B

Health Teacher Education, B

Higher Education/Higher Education Administration, MDO

History, BMD

History Teacher Education, B

Horticultural Science, M

Human Development, M

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, D

International Relations and Affairs, B

Journalism, B

Kinesiology and Movement Studies, M

Labor and Industrial Relations, B

Landscaping and Groundskeeping, B

Latin Language and Literature, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Liberal Studies, M

Management Information Systems and Services, BM

Marine Affairs, M

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, BMD

Marine Sciences, MD

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, BM

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, B

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology, B

Microbiology, MD

Modern Languages, B

Molecular Biology, BMD

Music, BM

Music Teacher Education, B

Natural Resources and Conservation, D

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, BM

Natural Sciences, B

Nursing, MO

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nutritional Sciences, MD

Oceanography, Chemical and Physical, MD

Ornamental Horticulture, B

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BM

Physics, BMD

Plant Biology, D

Plant Pathology/Phytopathology, M

Plant Sciences, BMD

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, BMD

Public Administration, BMD

Reading Teacher Education, MDO

Romance Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, BMO

Secondary Education and Teaching, BMO

Social Psychology, M

Social Studies Teacher Education, BMO

Social Work, BM

Sociology, B

Soil Science and Agronomy, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, MO

Survey Technology/Surveying, B

Surveying Engineering, B

Systems Engineering, B

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, B

Women's Studies, B

Wood Science and Wood Products/Pulp and Paper Technology, B

Zoology/Animal Biology, BMD

THE UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT AUGUSTA

Accounting, B

Applied Horticulture/Horticultural Operations, A

Architectural Technology/Technician, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Assistant, A

Computer and Information Sciences, AB

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Dental Assisting/Assistant, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, AB

English Language and Literature, B

Financial Planning and Services, AB

Fine/Studio Arts, AB

General Studies, B

Human Services, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Library Assistant/Technician, A

Library Science, B

Mental and Social Health Services and Allied Professions, AB

Music, AB

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Photography, A

Public Administration, AB

Social Sciences, A

Veterinary/Animal Health Technology/Technician and Veterinary Assistant, A

UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT FARMINGTON

Anthropology, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Computer Science, B

Creative Writing, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Education/Teaching of Individuals with Emotional Disturbances, B

Education/Teaching of Individuals with Mental Retardation, B

Education/Teaching of Individuals with Specific Learning Disabilities, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Studies, B

General Studies, B

Geography, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Health Occupations Teacher Education, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Mental Health/Rehabilitation, B

Music, B

Philosophy, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Rehabilitation Therapy, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Science Teacher Education, B

Sociology, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Women's Studies, B

UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT FORT KENT

Behavioral Sciences, B

Bilingual and Multilingual Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Teacher Education, B

Computer Science, AB

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Education, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Studies, B

Forestry, A

Forestry Technology/Technician, A

French Language and Literature, B

French Language Teacher Education, B

General Studies, A

Human Services, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Public Administration, B

Social Science Teacher Education, B

Social Sciences, B

Teacher Education, Multiple Levels, B

UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT MACHIAS

Accounting, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Behavioral Sciences, B

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Teacher Education, B

Conservation Biology, B

Creative Writing, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Ecology, B

Education, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, B

Environmental Education, B

Environmental Studies, B

Family and Community Services, B

General Studies, B

History, B

History Teacher Education, B

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, B

Human Services, B

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Music, B

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Administration, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Social Science Teacher Education, B

Tourism and Travel Services Management, B

Visual and Performing Arts, B

UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT PRESQUE ISLE

Accounting, B

Applied Art, A

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Behavioral Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Creative Writing, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, AB

Education, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, A

Geology/Earth Science, B

Health Teacher Education, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, AB

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Political Science and Government, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

UNIVERSITY OF NEW ENGLAND

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Aquaculture, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Chemistry, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, AB

Education, M

Educational Leadership and Administration, O

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Sciences, B

Environmental Studies, B

Gerontology, O

Health and Medical Laboratory Technologies, B

Health and Physical Education/Fitness, B

Health Professions and Related Clinical Sciences, B

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

History, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, B

Mathematics, B

Nurse Anesthetist, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, AB

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, BM

Osteopathic Medicine, P

Physical Therapy/Therapist, BD

Physician Assistant, BM

Physiological Psychology/Psychobiology, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Health, MO

Public Health (MPH, DPH), B

Social Psychology, B

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, MO

Sociology, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling, O

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN MAINE

Accounting, BMO

Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching, MO

American/United States Studies/Civilization, M

Anthropology, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, M

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

BioTechnology, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MO

Chemistry, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer Science, BM

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, MO

Criminology, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, B

Education, MDO

Educational Administration and Supervision, O

Educational Leadership and Administration, MO

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

English as a Second Language, MO

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Health, B

Environmental Studies, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geography, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Health Services Administration, MO

Hispanic-American, Puerto Rican, and Mexican-American/Chicano Studies, B

History, B

Immunology, M

Industrial Education, M

International Relations and Affairs, B

Law and Legal Studies, PO

Linguistics, B

Manufacturing Engineering, M

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Medical/Surgical Nursing, M

Middle School Education, O

Modern Languages, B

Molecular Biology, M

Music, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Non-Profit/Public/Organizational Management, O

Nursing, MO

Nursing - Adult, MO

Nursing - Advanced Practice, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, M

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychiatric/Mental Health Nurse/Nursing, MO

Psychology, B

Public Health (MPH, DPH), B

Public Policy Analysis, MDO

Reading Teacher Education, MO

Russian Studies, B

School Psychology, MD

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, BM

Sociology, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, O

Statistics, M

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, B

Therapeutic Recreation/Recreational Therapy, AB

Trade and Industrial Teacher Education, B

Urban and Regional Planning, MO

Women's Studies, B

Writing, M

WASHINGTON COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering Technology, A

Marine Technology, A

YORK COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

General Studies, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

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Maine

MAINE

STATE EDUCATION OFFICE

Yvonne Davis, State Dir., Career and Tech. Education
Adult, Career, and Technical Education
State Department of Education
23 State House Sta. Augusta, ME 04333-0023
(207)624-6730

STATE REGULATORY INFORMATION

For specific information, contact the State Director at the above address.

AUBURN

Central Maine Community College

1250 Turner St., Auburn, ME 04210. Trade and Technical, Two-Year College. Founded 1964. Contact: Dr. Scott E. Knapp, Pres., (207)755-5100, (207)755-5273, 800-891-2002, Fax: (207)755-5495, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cmcc.edu; Elizabeth Oken, Admissions. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $74 credit hour in-state; $111 New England RSP; $155 credit hour out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 980. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ABET; NAAB; NLNAC; NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Architectural Technology (2 Yr); Automotive Service (1-2 Yr); Automotive Technology (2 Yr); Auto Parts Management (1-2 Yr); Building Construction Technology (1-2 Yr); Business Administration (1-2 Yr); Clinical Laboratory Sciences (2 Yr); Computer Business Systems Technology (1-2 Yr); Computer Technology (2 Yr); Culinary Arts (1 Yr); Early Childhood Education (1-2 Yr); Education (1-2 Yr); Electro-Mechanical Technology (1-2 Yr); Engineering Technology, Mechanical (1-2 Yr); Graphic Arts (1-2 Yr); Hospitality (2 Yr); Machine Tool & Die (1-2 Yr); Medical Transcription (1 Yr); Nursing, L.P.N. (1 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Printing Technology (1-2 Yr); Radiologic Technology (2 Yr); Technological Studies (2 Yr)

AUGUSTA

Maine Instrument Flight School

Augusta State Airport, PO Box 2, Augusta, ME 04332-0002. Flight and Ground. Founded 1946. Contact: Shirley P. Whitney, (207)622-1211, 888-MIF-FLYS, Fax: (207)622-7858, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.mif.aero/index.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: FAA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Aircraft Flight Instruction, Advanced Ground; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Airline Transport Pilot; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Basic Ground; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Commercial Flying; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Flight Instructor; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Flight Instructor Additional Rating; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Instrument Flying; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Multi-Engine Rating - Airplane; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Primary Flying

University of Maine at Augusta

46 University Dr., Augusta, ME 04330-9410. Other. Founded 1965. Contact: Sheri Fraser, Dir. of Admissions and Advising, (207)621-3000, (207)621-3390, 877-UMA-1234, Fax: (207)621-3116, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.uma.maine.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $143/credit Hour, resident; $346/credit hour, non-resident; $215/credit New England resident. Enrollment: Total 5,538. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: NCRA; ADA; NLNAC; AVMA; NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Architectural Design Technology (2 Yr); Art (2-4 Yr); Business Administration (2-4 Yr); Computer Information Science (2-4 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Dental Assisting (2 Yr); Dental Hygiene (2-4 Yr); Graphic Arts (2 Yr); Health Information Technology (2 Yr); Horticulture (2 Yr); Legal Technology (2 Yr); Liberal Arts (2 Yr); Library Technology (2-4 Yr); Medical Laboratory Technology (2 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Photography (2 Yr); Veterinary Technology (2 Yr)

BANGOR

All Breed Groom N' School

1410 Essex St., Bangor, ME 04401. Other. Founded 1990. Contact: Jessica Banks, (207)941-9825, (207)990-2613, Fax: (207)947-7840. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Pet Grooming (12 Wk)

Beal College

99 Farm Rd., Bangor, ME 04401-6831. Two-Year College. Founded 1891. Contact: Maggie Magee, Dir. of Financial Aid, (207)947-4591, 800-660-7351, Fax: (207)947-0208, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.bealcollege.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $11,650 - $12,830; $2,000 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 333. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Accreditation: ACICS; CAAHEP. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Airline & Travel Careers (2 Yr); Business Management (2 Yr); Clerk, Typist (1 Yr); Hotel & Restaurant Management (2 Yr); Medical Assistant (2 Yr); Medical Receptionist (2 Yr); Office Management (2 Yr); Paralegal (1 Yr); Secretarial, Executive (2 Yr); Secretarial, Junior (1 Yr); Secretarial, Legal (2 Yr); Secretarial, Medical (2 Yr); Word Processing (2 Yr)

Eastern Maine Community College

354 Hogan Rd., Bangor, ME 04401. Trade and Technical. Founded 1966. Contact: Nathaniel J. Crowley, Jr., (207)941-4600, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.emcc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Semester. Tuition: $3,301 in-state; $6,217 out-of-state; $700 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 2,051. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma, Associate. Accreditation: NEASC; CAAHEP; NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (1 Yr); Automotive Technology (2 Yr); Building Construction Technology (2 Yr); Business Management (2 Yr); Electrical Technology (2 Yr); Electronics Technology (2 Yr); Food Service & Management (1 Yr); Machine Tool & Die (2 Yr); Medical Laboratory Technology (2 Yr); Nursing, Practical (1 Yr); Radiologic Technology (2 Yr); Welding Technology (1 Yr)

New England School of Communications

One College Cir., Bangor, ME 04401. Trade and Technical. Founded 1981. Contact: Louise Grant, Dir. of Admissions, (207)941-7176, 888-877-1876, Fax: (207)947-3987, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.nescom.edu; Patricia Plourde, Admissions Rep., E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $9,440; $6,080 room and board; $750 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 300. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Advertising (2-4 Yr); Broadcasting, Nontechnical (2-4 Yr); Broadcasting Technology (2-4 Yr); Engineering Technology, Audio; Journalism; Marketing (2-4 Yr); Media Technology (2-4 Yr); Multimedia Design; Public Relations (2-4 Yr); Radio Announcing (2-4 Yr); Television & Radio Production (2-4 Yr); Television, Commercial & Announcing (2-4 Yr); Video Production (2-4 Yr)

Pierre's School of Cosmetology - Bangor

639 Broadway, Bangor, ME 04401-6534. Cosmetology. Founded 1993. Contact: Tina Saint Louis, (207)942-0039, Web Site: http://www.pierresschool.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $1,350 - $11,900; $550 books and supplies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Cosmetology Instructor (1000 Hr); Esthetician (600 Hr); Manicurist (200 Hr); Massage Therapy (600 Hr)

BIDDEFORD

University of New England - University Campus

11 Hills Beach Rd., Biddeford, ME 04005. Other. Contact: Alan Liebrecht II, Dean of Admissions, (207)283-0171, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.une.edu; Robert Pecchia, Associate Dean of Admissions. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $21,540; $1400 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 3,327. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: ADA; AOTA; AOsA; APTA; NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Counseling; Dental Hygiene (2 Yr); Education; Nursing (2 Yr)

BRIDGTON

Birthwise Midwifery School

24 S.High St., Bridgton, ME 04009. Other. Contact: Heidi Fillmore-patrick, Owner, (207)647-5968, Fax: (207)647-5919, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.birthwisemidwifery.org; Ritchie Mommers, Administrative Dir., E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $4,250; $998 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 40. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: MEAC. Curriculum: Midwifery (3 Sm)

New Hampshire Institute for Therapeutic Arts

27 Sandy Creek Rd., Bridgton, ME 04009. Other. Founded 1983. Contact: Janet Alexis, Dir., (207)647-3794, Fax: (603)598-9101, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.nhita.com; Karen Schilling, Associate Dir.. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $8,900; $1,000 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 24. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: COMTA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (12 Mo)

BROOKLIN

Wooden Boat School

Naskeag Rd., PO Box 78, Brooklin, ME 04616. Other, Trade and Technical. Founded 1980. Contact: Rich Hilsinger, Dir., (207)359-4651, Fax: (207)359-8920, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.woodenboat.com; Kim Sexton, Business Manager, E-mail: kim. [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies with program. Enrollment: Total 800. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Boat Building; Marine & Small Engine Repair; Marine Technology; Maritime; Navigation; Seaman; Ship Construction & Repairing; Wood Crafts

CALAIS

Washington County Community College

1 College Dr., Calais, ME 04619. Trade and Technical, Two-Year College. Founded 1969. Contact: Cynthia Moholland, (207)454-1000, (207)454-1049, 800-210-6932, Fax: (207)454-1026, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected].edu, Web Site: http://www.wccc.me.edu/. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $68/credit hour resident; $149/credit hr. non-resident; room and board $775/semester. Enrollment: Total 289. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Automotive Technology (1 Yr); Boat Building (2 Yr); Building Construction Technology (1 Yr); Computer Repair (1 Yr); Computer Technology (2 Yr); Diesel Technology (1 Yr); Dietetic Technology (1-2 Yr); Educational Media Technology (2 Yr); Electricity, Industrial (1 Yr); Food Service & Management (1 Yr); Heating Technology (1-2 Yr); Heavy Equipment (1-2 Yr); Hospitality (1 Yr); Marine Technology (1 Yr); Mechanical Technology (2 Yr); Mechanics, Heavy Equipment (1 Yr); Medical Office Management (1 Yr); Office Technology (2 Yr); Plumbing (1 Yr); Secretarial, General (1 Yr); Small Business Management (2 Yr); Tractor Trailer Operators Training (1 Yr); Welding Technology (6 Mo)

CARIBOU

Pierre's School of Cosmetology - Caribou

30 Skyway Dr., Caribou, ME 04736-2053. Cosmetology. Founded 1989. Contact: Juanita Pelletier, (207)498-6067, Fax: (207)498-2881, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.pierresschool.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $1,350 - $11,900; $550 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 25. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Cosmetology Instructor (1000 Hr); Esthetician (600 Hr); Manicurist (200 Hr); Massage Therapy (600 Hr)

FAIRFIELD

Kennebec Valley Technical College

92 Western Ave., Fairfield, ME 04937-1367. Two-Year College. Founded 1970. Contact: Jim Bourgoin, Dir. of Admissions, (207)453-5129, 800-528-5882, Fax: (207)453-5010, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.kvcc.me.edu; Kate Grambow, Admissions Counselor, E-mail: [email protected] Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $68 per credit hour, in-state; $102, New England Regional; $149, nonresident. Enrollment: men 434, women 637. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: AOTA; APTA; CAAHEP; NLNAC; NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Art (2 Yr); Biological Technology (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Clerical, General (1 Yr); Culinary Occupations (1 Yr); Drafting Technology (1 Yr); Electronics Technology (2 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (2 Yr); Health Technology (2 Yr); Industrial Maintenance (2 Yr); Medical Assistant (2 Yr); Nursing, Practical (1 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Occupational Therapy Assistant (2 Yr); Paper Technology (1 Yr); Paramedic (1 Yr); Physical Therapy Aide (2 Yr); Radiologic Technology (2 Yr); Respiratory Therapy (2 Yr); Secretarial, Executive (2 Yr); Secretarial, Legal (2 Yr); Secretarial, Medical (2 Yr)

FARMINGTON

University of Maine at Farmington

246 Main St., Farmington, ME 04938-1994. Other. Founded 1864. Contact: James G. Collins, Dir. of Admission, (207)778-7050, (207)778-7039, Fax: (207)778-8182, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.umf.maine.edu; Lisa M. Ellrich, Asst. Dir. of Admission, E-mail: [email protected] Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $5,010 residents; $12,240 non-residents; NE regional $7,515; $621 mandatory fees (all); room and board $5,984 full-time. Enrollment: Total 2,347. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NCATE; NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Ski Area Technology (29-54 Hr)

FORT KENT

University of Maine, Fort Kent

23 University Dr., Fort Kent, ME 04743-1292. Other. Founded 1878. Contact: Jerald R. Nadeau, Assoc.Dir. of Admissions, (207)834-7500, (207)834-7603, 888-879-8635, Fax: (207)834-7887, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.umfk.maine.edu/. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $4,650 per year full time(in-state); $11,220 non-resident; New England/Canadian regional $6,990; Part time: $155/credit. Enrollment: Total 1,193. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: NLNAC; NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Business (2 Yr); Computer Science (2 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Forestry Technology (2 Yr); Human Services (2 Yr)

GORHAM

University of Southern Maine

37 College Ave., Gorham, ME 04038. Other. Founded 1878. Contact: Denise Gardner, Dir. of Admission, (207)780-5670, (207)780-4141, 800-800-4876, Fax: (207)780-5640, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.usm.maine.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $4,620 in-state; $12,780 out-of-state; $6,316 room & board; $562 fees. Enrollment: men 4,227, women 6,418. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Business Administration (2 Yr); Recreation Therapy (2 Yr)

KENNEBUNKPORT

Landing School of Boatbuilding and Design

286 River Rd., PO Box 1490, Kennebunkport, ME 04046. Trade and Technical. Founded 1978. Contact: Dennis E. Collins, Assistant Dir., (207)985-7976, Fax: (207)985-7942, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.landingschool.org; Glen Shivel, Associate Dir., Web Site: http://www.landingschool.org/ls_contact.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Year. Tuition: $13,600; $1,733 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 68. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Boat Building (1600 Hr); Marine Technology (1365 Hr); Yacht Design (1425 Hr)

LEWISTON

Andover College

475 Lisbon St., Lewiston, ME 04240. Two-Year College. Founded 1966. Contact: Matthew Cote, Admissions Dir., (207)333-3300, 800-639-3110, Fax: (207)333-3305, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.andovercollege.edu; Wendy B. Burbank, Associate Dir. of Admissions, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $7,825; $1,200 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 750. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Administrative Assistant (2 Yr); Business (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 Yr); Early Childhood Specialist (1 Yr); Management (2 Yr); Marketing (2 Yr); Medical Assistant (2 Yr); Office Administration (2 Yr); Paralegal (2 Yr); Secretarial, Executive (2 Yr); Secretarial, Legal (2 Yr); Secretarial, Medical (2 Yr); Travel & Tourism (2 Yr)

Central Maine Medical Center School of Nursing

70 Middle St., Lewiston, ME 04240. Allied Medical. Founded 1891. Contact: Sharon Kuhrt, Dir., (207)795-2840, (207)795-2843, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cmmcson.edu; Susan Baltrus, Associate Dir., E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $4,283; $2,132 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 115. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NLNAC; NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Nursing (4 Sm)

Central Maine Medical Center School of Radiologic Technology

300 Main St., Lewiston, ME 04240. Allied Medical. Founded 1949. Contact: Judith M. Ripley, (207)795-2428, Fax: (207)795-5539, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cmmc.org. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $3,500 per year; books $600 per year. Enrollment: men 10, women 14. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: JRCERT; JRCNMT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Nuclear Medical Technology (12 Mo); Radiologic Technology (24 Mo)

Mr. Bernard's School of Hair Fashion, Inc.

PO Box 1163, Lewiston, ME 04243-1163. Cosmetology. Founded 1959. Contact: A.A. Fournier, (207)783-7765, (207)783-7250, 800-696-6781, Fax: (207)786-4725. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $10,385, $1,102.50 kit & book, and $150 registration fee. Enrollment: men 5, women 79. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Cosmetology Instructor (1000 Hr)

PORTLAND

Mercy Hospital School of Radiologic Technology

144 State St., Portland, ME 04101. Allied Medical. Founded 1957. Contact: Catherine A. Munroe, (207)879-3501, Fax: (207)879-2452. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Trisemester. Tuition: $1,850; $600 books and supplies. Enrollment: men 3, women 15. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: JRCERT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Radiologic Technology (2 Yr)

Pierre's School of Cosmetology - Portland

319 Marginal Way, Portland, ME 04101-2543. Cosmetology. Contact: Thomas McGuern, Pres., (207)774-1913, Web Site: http://www.pierresschool.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $1,350 - $11,900; $550 books and supplies. Enrollment: men 14, women 326. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Cosmetology Instructor (1000 Hr); Esthetician (600 Hr); Manicurist (200 Hr); Massage Therapy (600 Hr)

Spa Tech Institute-Portland

1041 Brighton Ave., Portland, ME 04102. Cosmetology. Founded 1976. Contact: Augie Favazza, Dir., (207)772-2591, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.spatech.edu; Theresa Favazza, Dir., Web Site: http://www.spatech.edu/dev/info_request2.htm. Private. Coed. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $12,000. Enrollment: Total 72. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Barbering (1000 Hr); Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Esthetician (600 Hr); Nail Technology (200 Hr)

University of New England - Westbrook College Campus

716 Stevens Ave., Portland, ME 04103. Other. Founded 1831. Contact: Alan Liebrecht II, Dean of Admissions, (207)797-7261, Fax: (207)797-7225, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.une.edu; Robert Pecchia, Associate Dean of Admissions. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $21,540; $1400 books and supplies. Enrollment: men 50, women 250. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Accreditation: ADA; NLNAC; NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Counseling; Dental Hygiene (2 Yr); Education; Nursing (2 Yr)

PRESQUE ISLE

Northern Maine Community College

33 Edgemont Dr., Presque Isle, ME 04769. Two-Year College. Founded 1961. Contact: William G. Casavant, Dir. of Admissions, (207)768-2700, Fax: (207)768-2831, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.nmcc.edu/. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $2,040 per year. Enrollment: Total 981. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: NEASC; NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Auto Body & Fender Repair (2 Yr); Automotive Technology (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Carpentry (2 Yr); Computer Aided Design (2 Yr); Computer Programming (2 Yr); Drafting, Architectural (2 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 Yr); Electrical Construction (2 Yr); Electronics & Computer Technology (2 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (2 Yr); General Studies (2 Yr); Heating Technology (2 Yr); Hydraulic Technology (2 Yr); Information Sciences Technology (2 Yr); Legal Administration (2 Yr); Medical Office Management (2 Yr); Nursing, L.P.N. (1 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Office Administration (1 Yr); Plumbing (2 Yr); Secretarial, Executive (2 Yr); Secretarial, General (2 Yr); Sheet Metal (2 Yr); Technological Studies (2 Yr); Welding Technology (1 Yr)

SANFORD

Pierre's School of Cosmetology - Sanford

913 Main St., Sanford, ME 04073-3564. Cosmetology. Contact: Thomas McGuern, Pres., (207)490-1274, Web Site: http://www.pierresschool.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $1,350 - $11,900; $550 books and supplies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Cosmetology Instructor (1000 Hr); Esthetician (600 Hr); Manicurist (200 Hr); Massage Therapy (600 Hr)

SCARBOROUGH

Northeast Technical Institute

51 US Rte. 1, Ste. K, Scarborough, ME 04074-7134. Trade and Technical. Founded 1979. Contact: James Liponis, Pres., (207)883-5130, 800-447-1151, Fax: (207)883-6048, Web Site: http://www.northeasttech.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $1,995-$6,895. Enrollment: men 800, women 400. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: AAMAE. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Bartending (4 Wk); Computer Networking (15 Wk); Computer Repair (15 Wk); Legal Transcriber (4 Wk); Medical Assistant (10 Wk); Medical Insurance Specialist (4 Wk); Medical Transcription (32 Wk); Pharmacy Technician (20 Wk); Truck Driving (5 Wk)

SOUTH PORTLAND

Dental Careers Institute

25 Long Creek Dr., South Portland, ME 04106. Allied Medical. Founded 1992. Contact: Bernadette Serafin, (207)773-5417, (207)761-5525. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $3,000. Enrollment: Total 55. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Dental Assisting (80 Hr)

Southern Maine Community College

2 Fort Rd., South Portland, ME 04106. Two-Year College. Founded 1946. Contact: James O. Ortiz, Pres., (207)741-5500, (207)741-5800, 877-282-2182, Fax: (207)767-9671, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.smccme.edu; Odilia Silveira-Harmon, Dir. Admissions Outreach, E-mail: [email protected] Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $2,940 in-state; $5,370 out-of-state; $900 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 4,103. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NEASC; JRCERT; NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration (1 Yr); Automotive Technology (2 Yr); Building Construction Technology (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Cardio - Pulmonary Technology (2 Yr); Culinary Occupations (2 Yr); Dietetic Technology (2 Yr); Drafting Technology (2 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 Yr); Electrical Technology (2 Yr); Electricity, Industrial (2 Yr); Electronics Technology (2 Yr); Fire Science (2 Yr); Graphic Design (2 Yr); Health Technology (1 yr); Hotel & Motel Management (2 Yr); Landscaping (2 Yr); Law Enforcement (2 Yr); Machine Tool & Die (2 Yr); Masonry (2 Yr); Nursing, Practical (1 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Nursing, Vocational (2 Yr); Oceanographic Technology (2 Yr); Office Management (2 Yr); Paramedic (2 Yr); Plumbing (1 Yr); Radiation Therapy Technology (2 Yr); Radiologic Technology (2 Yr); Respiratory Therapy (2 Yr); Restaurant Operations (2 Yr); Surgical Technology (2 Yr); Video Production (2 Yr)

TURNER

Turner Aviation, Inc.

Twitchell's Airport, Turner, ME 04282. Flight and Ground. Founded 1946. (207)225-3490, Fax: (207)225-3496, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.mainecareers.com/seaplane.htm. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: FAA. Curriculum: Aircraft Flight Instruction, Commercial Flying; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Flight Instructor; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Instrument Flying; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Primary Flying; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Seaplane Rating

WALDOBORO

Downeast School of Massage

99 Moose Meadow Ln., PO Box 24, Waldoboro, ME 04572-0024. Trade and Technical. Founded 1980. Contact: Nancy W. Dail, (207)832-5531, Fax: (207)832-0504, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.downeastschoolofmassage.net. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $9582 - $10,818; $650 books and supplies. Enrollment: men 15, women 65. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: COMTA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (11 Mo)

WATERVILLE

Pierre's School of Cosmetology - Waterville

251 Kennedy Memorial Dr., Waterville, ME 04901. Cosmetology. Contact: Thomas McGuern, Pres., (207)873-0682, Web Site: http://www.pierresschool.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $1,350 - $11,900; $550 books and supplies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Cosmetology Instructor (1000 Hr); Esthetician (600 Hr); Manicurist (200 Hr); Massage Therapy (600 Hr)

WELLS

York County Community College

112 College Dr., Wells, ME 04090. Two-Year College, Trade and Technical. Contact: Fred Quistgard, Dir. of Admissions, (207)646-9282, 800-580-3820, Fax: (207)641-0837, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.yccc.edu; Jessica Shaffer, Admissions Rep., E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://webct.yccc.edu/contact_us/contactform2.html. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $78 per credit in-state; $159 per credit out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 975. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Accreditation: NEASC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Curriculum: Architectural Design Technology (27 Credits); Cisco Network (30 Credits); Computer Support Technology (30 Credits); Early Childhood Education (34 Credits); Food Distribution & Management (33 Credits); Food Service & Management (30 Credits); Hotel & Motel Management (33 Credits); Mechanical Drafting (27 Credits)

WESTBROOK

Spa Tech Institute-Westbrook

100 Larrabee Rd, Westbrook, ME 04092. Cosmetology. Founded 1976. Contact: Augie Favazza, Dir., (207)591-4141, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.spatech.edu; Theresa Favazza, Dir., Web Site: http://www.spatech.edu/dev/info_request2.htm. Private. Coed. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $11,250. Enrollment: Total 63. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Fitness Management (660 Hr); Massage Therapy (600 Hr)

WOOLWICH

Shelter Institute

873 US Rte. 1, Woolwich, ME 04579-4808. Other. Founded 1974. Contact: Blueberry Hennin, Registrar, (207)442-7938, Fax: (207)442-7939, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.shelterinstitute.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Month. Tuition: $750-$1,700. Enrollment: Total 35. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Construction Technology; Real Estate Appraisal

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Maine

Maine

1 Location and Size

2 Topography

3 Climate

4 Plants and Animals

5 Environmental Protection

6 Population

7 Ethnic Groups

8 Languages

9 Religions

10 Transportation

11 History

12 State Government

13 Political Parties

14 Local Government

15 Judicial System

16 Migration

17 Economy

18 Income

19 Industry

20 Labor

21 Agriculture

22 Domesticated Animals

23 Fishing

24 Forestry

25 Mining

26 Energy and Power

27 Commerce

28 Public Finance

29 Taxation

30 Health

31 Housing

32 Education

33 Arts

34 Libraries and Museums

35 Communications

36 Press

37 Tourism, Travel & Recreation

38 Sports

39 Famous Mainers

40 Bibliography

State of Maine

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Derived either from the French for a historical district of France, or from the early use of “main” to distinguish coast from islands.

NICKNAME : The Pine Tree State.

CAPITAL: Augusta.

ENTERED UNION: 15 March 1820 (23rd).

OFFICIAL SEAL: Same as the coat of arms.

FLAG: The coat of arms is on a blue field, with a yellow fringed border surrounding three sides.

COAT OF ARMS: A farmer and sailor support a shield on which are depicted a pine tree, a moose, and water. Under the shield is the name of the state; above it are the state motto and the North Star. MOTTO: Dirigo (“I direct” or “I lead”).

SONG: “State of Maine Song.”

FLOWER: White pine cone, tassel; wintergreen (herb).

TREE: White pine.

ANIMAL: Moose.

BIRD: Chickadee.

FISH: Landlocked salmon.

CRUSTACEAN: Blue crab.

INSECT: Honeybee.

MINERAL: Tourmaline.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year’s Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Washington’s Birthday, 3rd Monday in February; Patriots’ Day, 3rd Monday in April; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November and day following; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME: 7 AM EST = noon GMT.

1 Location and Size

Situated in the extreme northeastern corner of the United States, Maine is the nation’s most easterly state, the largest in New England, and 39th in size among the 50 states. The total area of Maine is 33,265 square miles (86,156 square kilometers), including 30,995 square miles (80,277 square kilometers) of land and 2,270 square miles (5,879 square kilometers) of inland water. Maine extends 207 miles (333 kilometers) east-west and 322 miles (518 kilometers) north-south. Hundreds of islands dot Maine’s coast. The largest is Mt. Desert Island. Others include Deer Isle, Vinalhaven, and Isle au Haut. Maine’s total boundary length is 883 miles (1,421 kilometers).

2 Topography

Maine is divided into four main regions: coastal lowlands, the piedmont, mountains, and uplands. Maine’s mountain region, the Longfellow range, is at the northeastern end of the Appalachian Mountain system. This zone contains nine peaks over 4,000 feet (1,200 meters), including Mt. Katahdin, which at 5,267 feet (1,606 meters) is the highest point in the state. The summit of Katahdin marks the northern terminus of the 2,000-mile (3,200-kilometer) Appalachian Trail. Maine’s uplands form a high, relatively flat plateau. The eastern part of this zone is the Aroostook potato-farming region and the western part is heavily forested.

Of Maine’s more than 2,200 lakes and ponds, the largest are Moosehead Lake, 117 square miles (303 square kilometers), and Sebago Lake, 13 miles (21 kilometers) by 10 miles (16 kilometers). Of the more than 5,000 rivers and streams, the Penobscot, Androscoggin, Kennebec, and Saco rivers are the most important. The longest river in Maine is the St. John, but it runs for most of its length in the Canadian province of New Brunswick.

3 Climate

Maine has three climatic regions: the northern interior zone, comprising roughly the northern half of the state between Quebec and New Brunswick; the southern interior zone; and the coastal zone. The northern zone is both drier and cooler in all four seasons than either of the other zones, while the coastal zone is more moderate

Maine Population Profile

Total population estimate in 2006:1,321,574
Population change, 2000–06:3.7%
Hispanic or Latino†:0.9%
Population by race
One race:99.0%
White:96.6%
Black or African American:0.7%
American Indian /Alaska Native:0.5%
Asian:0.8%
Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander:0.0%
Some other race:0.4%
Two or more races:1.0%

Population by Age Group

Major Cities by Population
City Population % change 2000–05
Notes: †A person of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race. NA indicates that data are not available.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey and Population Estimates. www.census.gov/ (accessed March 2007).
Portland63,889-0.6
Lewiston36,0501.0
Bangor31,074-1.3
South Portland23,7421.8
Auburn23,6021.7
Biddeford22,0725.4
Augusta18,6260.4
Saco18,2308.4
Westbrook16,108-0.2
Waterville15,6210.1

in temperature year-round than the other two. Annual mean temperatures range from about 40°f (5°c) in the northern zone to 44°f (7°c) in the southern interior and 46°f (8°c) in the coastal zone. Record temperatures for the state are -48°f (-44°c) registered at Van Buren on 19 January 1925, and 105°f (41°c), registered at North Bridgton on 10 July 1911. The mean annual precipitation ranges from 40.2 inches (102 centimeters) in the north to 41.5 inches (105 centimeters) in the southern interior and 45.7 in (116 cm) on the coast. Average annual snowfall is 78 inches (198 centimeters).

4 Plants and Animals

The trees in Maine’s forests are largely softwoods, such as red and white spruces, eastern hemlock, and white and red pine. Important hardwoods include beech, white oak, and black willow. Maine is home to most of the flowers and shrubs common to the north temperate zone, including an important commercial resource, the low-bush blueberry. Maine has 17 rare orchid species. Two species, the small whorled pogonia and the eastern prairie fringed orchid, were classified as threatened plant species as of April 2006. The furbish lousewart was classified as endangered that year.

About 30,000 white-tailed deer are killed by hunters in Maine each year, but the herd does not appear to diminish. Moose hunting was banned in Maine in 1935. Other common forest animals include the bobcat, beaver, mink, red fox, and snowshoe hare. Seals and porpoises are found in

Maine Population by Race

Census 2000 was the first national census in which the instructions to respondents said, “Mark one or more races.” This table shows the number of people who are of one, two, or three or more races. For those claiming two races, the number of people belonging to the various categories is listed. The U.S. government conducts a census of the population every ten years.

 Number Percent
Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Census 2000: Redistricting Data. Press release issued by the Redistricting Data Office. Washington, D.C., March, 2001. A dash (—) indicates that the percent is less than 0.1.
Total population1,274,923.100.0
One race1,262,276.99.0
Two races11,987.0.9
White and Black or African American1,914.0.2
White and American Indian/Alaska Native5,387.0.4
White and Asian2,054.0.2
White and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander182.
White and some other race1,598.0.1
Black or African American and American Indian/Alaska Native115.
Black or African American and Asian87.
Black or African American and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander19.
Black or African American and some other race245.
American Indian/Alaska Native and Asian47.
American Indian/Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander11.
American Indian/Alaska Native and some other race65.
Asian and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander68.
Asian and some other race183.
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander and some other race12.
Three or more races660.0.1

coastal waters, along with practically every variety of North Atlantic fish and shellfish, including the famous Maine lobster. Coastal waterfowl include the osprey, great and double-crested cormorants, and herring and great black-backed gulls. Matinicus Rock, an island near Penobscot Bay, is the only known North American nesting site of the common puffin, or sea parrot.

In 2006, a total of 11 Maine animal species were classified as threatened or endangered by the US Fish and Wildlife Service, including the bald eagle, piping plover, Atlantic Gulf of Maine salmon, two species of whale, and the leather-back sea turtle.

5 Environmental Protection

The Department of Environmental Protection is the primary state agency for environmental concerns. The Land Use Regulation Commission extends the principles of town planning and zoning to unorganized townships, “plantations,” and numerous coastal islands that have no local government and might otherwise be subject to ecologically unsound development. In 2003, Maine had 59 hazardous waste sites listed in the Environmental Protection Agency’s database, 12 of which were on the National Priorities List as of 2006.

6 Population

In 2005, Maine ranked 40th in population in the United States with an estimated total of 1,321,574 residents. The population is projected to grow to 1.41 million by 2025. The population density for 2004 was 42.7 persons per square mile (16.48 persons per square kilometer). More than half the population lives on less than one-seventh of the land within 25 miles (40 kilometers) of the Atlantic coast, and almost half the state is virtually uninhabited. In 2004, the median age was 40.7 years, the highest median in the country. In 2005, of all Maine residents, 14% were age 65 or older, while 22% were 18 or younger. The largest cities are Portland, Bangor, and Lewsiton-Auburn, all of which have populations under 100,000.

7 Ethnic Groups

Maine’s population is primarily Yankee, both in its English and Scotch-Irish origins and in its retention of many of the values and folkways of rural New England. As of the 2000 census, a total of 274,423 claimed English ancestry, followed by 192,901 claiming Irish ancestry, 181,663 claiming French ancestry and 110,344 who claimed Canadian or French-Canadian ancestry. The population of Hispanics and Latinos was 9,360. In 2006, Hispanics and Latinos accounted for 0.9% of the population. The Native American population included 7,098 residents. In 2006, Native Americans accounted for 0.5% of the state’s population. The leading tribes were the Penobscot, the Aristook Band of Micmac, the Passamaquoddy, and the Houlton Band of Maliseets. Maine in 2000 had 6,760 black American residents and 9,111 Asians, including 2,034 Chinese, 1,159 Filipinos, and 1,021 Asian Indians. Pacific Islanders numbered 382. There were 36,691 foreign-born residents in the state.

8 Languages

Maine English is celebrated as typical Yankee speech. The final /r/ is often absent form a word. A vowel sound between /ah/ and the /a/ is used in words such as car and garden. Maple syrup comes from rock or sugar maple trees in a sap or sugar orchard. Cottage cheese is called curd cheese and pancakes are fritters. Native Algonkian place-names abound, including Saco, Kennebec, and Skowhegan.

In 2000, of all Maine residents five years old or older, 92.2% reported speaking only English in the home. About 63,640 residents, or 5.3%, spoke French.

9 Religions

In 2004, Maine had about 217,676 Roman Catholics, and an estimated 8,290 Jews in 2000. Leading Protestant denominations were the United Methodist Church, with 31,689 adherents, and the American Baptists USA, with 26,259 members (both as of 2000), and the United Church of Christ with 23,060 followers, as of 2005. The Muslim community had about 800 members. Over 800,000 people (about 63.6% of the population) were not counted as members of any religious organization.

10 Transportation

Railroad development in Maine has declined rapidly since World War II, while passenger service has been nearly dropped altogether. Although Maine had no Class I railroads in 2003, there

were 7 regional and local railroads that operated on 1,148 miles (1,848 kilometers) of railroad track. As of 2006, Amtrak provided service to four stations in Maine via its Downeaster train that ran from Portland to Boston.

About three-quarters of all communities and about half the population depend entirely on highway trucking for the overland transportation of freight. In 2004, Maine had 22,748 miles (36,624 kilometers) of public roads. There were 1.086 million registered motor vehicles, and 984,829 licensed drivers in the same year. The Maine Turnpike and I-95 are the major highways.

River traffic has been central to the lumber industry. Maine has 10 established seaports, with Portland and Searsport being the main depots for overseas shipping. Portland International Jetport is the largest and most active airport in Maine. In 2004, it had 687,344 passenger boardings. In 2005, Maine had 103 airports, 13 heliports and 37 seaplane bases.

11 History

Sometime around 1600, English expeditions began fishing the Gulf of Maine regularly. By 1630, however, there were permanent English settlements on several islands and at nearly a dozen spots along the coast. In 1652, the government of the Massachusetts Bay Colony began absorbing the small Maine settlements, and in

Maine Governors: 1820–2007

Democratic Republican – Dem-Rep
National Republican – Nat-Rep
1820–1821William KingDem-Rep
1821William Durkee WilliamsonDem-Rep
1821–1822Benjamin AmesDem-Rep
1822Daniel RoseDem-Rep
1822–1827Albion Keith ParrisDem-Rep
1827–1829Enoch LincolnRepublican
1829–1830Nathan CutlerDemocrat
1830Joshua HallDemocrat
1830–1831Johathan Glidden HuntonNat-Rep
1831–1834Samuel Emerson SmithJacksonian
1834–1838Robert Pinckney DunlapDemocrat
1838–1839Edward KentWhig
1839–1841John FairfieldDemocrat
1841Richard H. VoseDemocrat
1841–1842Edward KentWhig
1842–1843John FairfieldDemocrat
1843–1844Edward KavanaghDemocrat
1844David DunnDemocrat
1844John Winchester DanaDemocrat
1844–1847Hugh Johnston AndersonDemocrat
1847–1850John Winchester DanaDemocrat
1850–1853John HubbardDemocrat
1853–1855William George CrosbyWhig
1855–1856Anson Peaslee MorrillMaine Law
1856–1857Samuel WellsDemocrat
1857Hannibal HamlinRepublican
1857–1858Joseph Hartwell WilliamsRepublican
1858–1861Lot Myrick MorrillRepublican
1861–1863Israel Washburn, Jr.Republican
1863–1864Abner CoburnRepublican
1864–1867Samuel ConyRepublican
1867–1871Jushua Lawrence ChamberlainRepublican
1871–1874Sidney PerhamRepublican
1874–1876Nelson Dingley, Jr.Republican
1876–1879Selden ConnorRepublican
1879–1880Alonzo GarcelonDemocrat
1880–1881Daniel Franklin DavisRepublican
1881–1883Harris Merrill PlaistedFusion
1883–1887Frederick RobieRepublican
1887Joseph Robinson BodwellRepublican
1887–1889Sebastian Streeter MarbleRepublican
1889–1893Edwin Chick BurleighRepublican
1893–1897Henry B. CleavesRepublican
1897–1901Llewellyn PowersRepublican
1901–1905John Fremont HillRepublican
1905–1909William Titcomb CobbRepublican
1909–1911Bert Manfred FernaldRepublican
1911–1913Frederick William PlaistedRepublican
1913–1915William Thomas HainesRepublican
1915–1917Oakley Chester CurtisDemocrat
1917–1921Carl Elias MillikenRepublican
1921Frederic Hale ParkhurstRepublican
1921–1925Percival Proctor BaxterRepublican
1925–1929Ralph Owen BrewsterRepublican
1929–1933William Tudor GardinerRepublican
1933–1937Louis Jefferson BrannDemocrat
1937–1941Lewis Orin BarrowsRepublican
1941–1945Sumner SewallRepublican
1945–1949Horace Augustus HildrethRepublican
1949–1952Frederick George PayneRepublican
1952–1955Burton Melvin CrossRepublican
1955–1959Edmund Sixtus MuskieDemocrat
1959Robert Nelson HaskellRepublican
1959Clinton Amos ClausonDemocrat
1959–1967John Hathaway ReedRepublican
1967–1975Kenneth M. CurtisDemocrat
1975–1979James Bernard LongleyIndependent
1979–1987Joseph Edward BrennanDemocrat
1987–1995John Rettie McKernan, Jr.Republican1995
1995–2002Angus S. King, Jr.Independent
2002–John BaldacciDemocrat

1691, Maine became a district of Massachusetts. During the first hundred years of settlement, Maine’s economy was based on farming, fishing, trading, and exploitation of the forests.

The first naval encounter of the Revolutionary War occurred in Machias Bay, when, on 12 June 1775, angry colonials captured the British armed schooner Margaretta. An expedition through the Maine woods in the fall of 1775 intended to drive the British out of Quebec, but this failed.

Another disaster was a 1779 expedition in which Massachusetts forces, failing to dislodge British troops at Castine, abandoned many of its own ships near the Penobscot River. Popular pressure for separation from Massachusetts mounted after the War of 1812. Admission of Maine to the Union as a free state was joined with the admission of Missouri as a slave state in the Missouri Compromise of 1820.

Textile mills and shoe factories came to Maine between 1830 and 1860. After the Civil War, the revolution in papermaking that substituted wood pulp for rags brought a vigorous new industry to the state. By 1900, Maine was one of the leading papermaking states in the United States, and the industry continues to dominate the state today. The rise of tourism and the conflict between economic development and environmental protection have been central in the postwar period.

In the 1980s, the state government paid $81.5 million to the Penobscot and Passamaquoddy tribes. This settled a suit claiming that a 1794 treaty under which the Passamaquoddy handed over most of its land—amounting to the northern two-thirds of Maine—was illegal and had never been ratified by Congress.

In the late 1990s, Maine’s economy experienced strong growth, but in the early 2000s, the state’s economy was troubled. By 2003, the state budget was showing a deficit of $24 million. Despite the state’s economic woes, in June 2003, Maine’s governor signed into law a statewide health plan called Dirigo Health.

By 2005, plans were being made by the state to deal with the closing of military bases, including the Brunswick Naval Air Station.

12 State Government

Maine’s constitution was adopted in 1819, and had been amended 169 times as of January 2005. The document sets up a two-house legislature, consisting of a 35-member Senate and a 151-member House of Representatives. The legislature convenes every two years in joint session to elect the secretary of state, attorney general, auditor, and state treasurer. The governor is the

Maine Presidential Vote by Major Political Parties, 1948–2004

YEAR MAINE WINNER DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN
*Won US presidential election.
**Independent candidate Ross Perot received 206,820 votes in 1992 and 85,970 votes in 1996.
1948Dewey (R)111,916150,234
1952*Eisenhower (R)118,806232,353
1956*Eisenhower (R)102,468249,238
1960*Eisenhower (R)102,468249,238
1960Nixon (R)181,159240,608
1964*Johnson (D)262,264118,701
1968Humphrey (D)217,312169,254
1972*Nixon (R)160,584256,458
1976Ford (R)232,279236,320
1980*Reagan (R)220,974238,522
1984*Reagan (R)214,515336,500
1988*Bush (R)243,569307,131
1992***Clinton (D)263,420206,504
1996***Clinton (D)312,788186,378
2000Gore (D)319,951286,616
2004Kerry (D)396,842330,201

only official elected statewide. The governor is limited to two four-year terms. The governor’s veto may be overridden by a two-thirds vote of members present and voting in each legislative chamber.

The legislative salary in 2004 was $11,384 for the first year and $8,302 for the second. The governor’s salary as of December 2004 was $70,000.

13 Political Parties

The Republican Party dominated Maine politics for 100 years after its formation in the 1850s. The rise of Democrat Edmund S. Muskie, elected governor in 1954 and 1956, and to the first of four terms in the US Senate in 1960, signaled a change. Muskie appealed personally to many traditionally Republican voters, but his party’s revival was also the result of demographic changes, especially an increase in the proportion of French-Canadian voters. In 2002 there were 912,092 registered voters. In 1998, of all registered voters in Maine, 32% were Democrats, 29% Republicans, and 39% unaffiliated or members of other parties.

In 2002, Democrat John Baldacci was elected governor; he was reelected in 2006. In 2006 Republican Olympia Snowe won reelection in the US Senate. Republican Susan E. Collins won the seat left vacant by retiring three-term senator William S. Cohen in 1996 (Collins was reelected in 2002). Cohen, a Republican, went on to serve Democratic president Bill Clinton as Secretary of Defense. Both of Maine’s seats in the US House of Representatives were held by Democrats following the 2006 midterm elections. In 2000, Democrat Al Gore won 49% of the presidential vote and Republican George W. Bush received 44%. In the 2004 election, Democrat John Kerry received 53.4% of the presidential vote to George W. Bush’s 44.6%. Following the 2006 elections, the state house of representatives had 89 Democrats, 60 Republicans, and 2 independents, while the state senate had 18 Democrats and 17 Republicans. Forty-three women were elected in the state legislature in 2006, or 23.1%.

14 Local Government

The principal units of local government in 2005 included 16 counties, 22 cities, 282 public school districts, and 222 special districts. In 2000, there were 467 townships. As is customary in New England, the basic instrument of town government is the annual town meeting, with an elective board of selectmen supervising town affairs between meetings. Some of the larger towns employ full-time town managers. Maine’s counties function primarily as judicial districts.

15 Judicial System

The highest state court is the Supreme Judicial Court, which has statewide appeals jurisdiction in all civil and criminal matters. The 16-member Superior Court has original jurisdiction in cases involving trial by jury and also hears some appeals. The district courts hear non-felony criminal cases and small claims and juvenile cases. In 2004, Maine’s violent crime rate (murder/nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault) was 103.5 incidents per 100,000 persons (the second-lowest in the United States after North Dakota). As of 31 December 2004, there were 2,024 state and federal prisoners held in Maine. The state has not had a death penalty since 1887, but does provide for a life sentence without parole.

16 Migration

Throughout the colonial and early national periods, Maine’s population grew primarily by immigration from elsewhere in New England. About 1830, after agriculture in the state had passed its peak, Maine farmers and woodsmen began moving west. Europeans and French Canadians came to the state at about that time.

Between 1990 and 1998, the state had a net loss of 15,000 in domestic migration and a net gain of 3,000 in international migration. In the period 2000–05, some 5,004 people moved into the state from other countries, while 36,804 moved into the state from other states, for a net gain of 41,808 people.

17 Economy

Maine’s greatest economic strengths are its forests and waters, yielding wood products, water power, fisheries, and ocean commerce. As of 2005, among the largest industries in the state was paper manufacturing, for which both forests and water power are essential. Maine’s greatest current economic weakness is its limited access to the national transportation network that links major production and manufacturing centers with large metropolitan markets. On the other hand, this relative isolation, combined with the state’s traditional natural assets, has contributed to Maine’s attractiveness as a place for tourism and recreation.

Maine’s gross state product (GSP) in 2004 totaled $43.336 billion, of which the real estate sector accounted for the largest portion, by value, at 13.4%, followed by manufacturing at 11.9% of GSP. Of the 40,304 businesses that had employees, an estimated 97.5% were small companies.

18 Income

In 2004, Maine ranked 34th among the 50 states and the District of Columbia with a per capita (per person) income of $30,046, compared to the national average of $33,050. For the three-year period 2002 through 2004, the state’s median household income was $39,395, compared to the national average of $44,473. For the same period, 12.2% of the state’s residents lived below the federal poverty level, as compared to 12.4% nationwide.

19 Industry

Manufacturing in Maine has always been related to the forests. From the 17th century through much of the 19th, the staples of Maine industry were shipbuilding and lumber. As of 2005, it was papermaking and wood products, but footwear, textiles and apparel, shipbuilding, and electronic components and accessories are also important items.

Maine has the largest paper-production capacity of any state in the nation. There are large papermills and pulpmills in more than a dozen towns and cities. As of 2004, wood-related industries (paper, lumber, wood products) accounted for about 25% of the value of all manufactured product shipments. In 2004, the shipment value of all products manufactured in the state was $13.656 billion. Of that total, paper manufacturing accounted for the largest share at $3.601 billion, followed by transportation equipment at $2.019 billion. In that same year, a total of 57,901 people were employed in the state’s manufacturing sector.

20 Labor

In April 2006, the civilian labor force in Maine numbered 716,300, with approximately 30,000 workers unemployed, yielding an unemployment rate of 4.2%, compared to the national average of 4.7% for the same period. In April 2006, early nonfarm employment data indicated that about 5% of the labor force was employed in construction; 9.7% in manufacturing; 20.4% in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 5.5% in financial activities; 8.3% in professional and business services; 18.4% in educational and health services; 9.7% in leisure and hospitality services; and 17.1% in government.

In 2005, a total of 69,000 of Maine’s 582,000 employed wage and salary workers were members of a union. This represented 11.9% of those so employed, and below the national average of 12%.

21 Agriculture

Maine’s gross farm income in 2005 was $546 million (43rd in the United States). There were 7,200 farms in 2004, with an estimated 1.37 million acres (554,000 hectares) of land.

Maine produces more food crops for human consumption than any other New England state. Maine ranks first in the world in the production of blueberries, producing over 25% of the total blueberry crop and over 50% of the world’s wild blueberries. Maine is also home to the largest bioagricultural firm in the world, which produces breeding stock for the broiler industry worldwide. In New England, Maine ranks first in potato production and second in the production of milk and apples. Nationally, Maine ranks third in maple syrup and seventh in potatoes. The greenhouse/nursery and wild blueberry sectors have also shown steady growth in sales since 1990.

22 Domesticated Animals

In 2005, Maine had an estimated 92,000 cattle and calves worth around $101.2 million. Dairy farmers had an estimated 35,000 milk cows, which produced 624 million pounds (283.6 million kilograms) of milk in 2003. Poultry farmers sold an estimated 10.2 million pounds (4.6 million kilograms) of chickens in the same year. South-central Maine is the leading poultry region.

23 Fishing

Fishing has been important to the economy of Maine since its settlement. In 2004, Maine landings brought a total of 208.4 million pounds (84.3 million kilograms) with a value of $315.8 million (the third highest value in the nation). Rockland and Portland were main ports.

The most valuable Maine fishery product is the lobster. In 2004, Maine led the nation in landings of American lobster for the 23rd consecutive year, with 58.5 million pounds (26.6 million kilograms). Flounder, halibut, scallops, and shrimp were also caught. Maine also was the leading state in soft clams catch, with 2.4 million pounds of meats (1.1 million kilograms) in 2004. In 2003, there were 35 processing and 176 wholesale plants in the state, with a total of about 1,780 employees. The state commercial fleet in 2001 had 5,836 boats and 1,656 vessels.

In 2004, Maine had 15 trout farms. The state also has nine inland fish hatcheries and hosts two national fish hatcheries. In 2004, there were 270,698 licensed sports fishing participants in the state.

24 Forestry

Maine’s 17.7 million acres (7.2 million hectares) of forest in 2003 contained over 3.6 billion trees and covered 90% of the state’s land area, the largest percentage for any state in the United States. About 16,952,000 acres (6,860,000 hectares) are classified as commercial timberland, over 96% of it privately owned, and half of that by a dozen large paper companies and land managing corporations. Principal commercial hardwood include ash, hard maple, white and yellow birch, beech, and oak; commercially significant softwoods include white pine, hemlock, cedar, spruce, and fir. Total lumber production in 2004 was 964 million board feet, of which 86% was softwood.

25 Mining

The value of nonfuel mineral production in Maine in 2003 was estimated to be $100 million. The mining and production of construction materials accounted for the vast majority of the state’s nonfuel mineral production. Construction sand and gravel, and crushed stone, together accounted for about 65% of total nonfuel mineral output by value that year. According to preliminary data, output of construction sand and gravel totaled 9.3 million metric tons, worth $37.9 million, while crushed stone production came to 4.4 million metric tons, and was valued at $26 million. In 2003, portland cement, and dimension granite were also important nonfuel minerals produced in Maine. Gemstone production that same year was valued at $262,000.

26 Energy and Power

In 2003, Maine had a total net summer generating capacity of 4.285 million kilowatts, with output that same year of 18.971 billion kilowatt hours. Natural gas-fueled power plants accounted for 49.8% of all power generated, followed by other renewable sources at 20.6% and hydroelectric plants at 16.7%. Maine no longer generates electricity through nuclear power. As of 2003, Maine’s only nuclear plant, the Maine Yankee Atomic Power plant in Wiscasset, was being dismantled after being closed down in 1997.

Maine has no proven reserves or production of crude oil, coal, or natural gas.

27 Commerce

In 2002, Maine’s wholesale trade sector had sales of $10.3 billion, while the state’s retail sector in that same year had sales of $16.05 billion. Motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts dealers accounted for the largest portion of retail sales at $3.7 billion, followed by food and beverage stores at $2.7 billion. The value of Maine’s exports amounted to $2.3 billion in 2005.

28 Public Finance

Maine’s biennial budget is prepared by the Bureau of the Budget and submitted by the governor to the legislature for consideration. The fiscal year extends from 1 July to 30 June.

Total revenues for 2004 were $8.3 billion, while total expenditures were $7.3 billion. The largest general expenditures were for public welfare ($2.286 billion), education ($1.65 billion), and highways ($536 million). The state had a total debt of about $4.6 billion, or $3,531.55 per capita (per person).

29 Taxation

As of 1 January 2006, the state’s individual income tax had four brackets ranging from 2% to 8.5%. The corporate income tax ranges from 3.5% to 8.93%. The state sales tax is 5% on most goods, although basic foods are tax exempt if consumed off premises (such as at home). Cigarettes and gasoline are subject to state excise taxes

In 2005, Maine collected $3.071 billion in tax revenues, or $2,323 per person, placing the state 19th out of the 50 states in per capita tax burden, compared to the national average of $2,192 per person. Of the tax revenues raised, 42.3% was generated by the state income tax, followed by sales taxes at 30.4%, and state excise taxes at 13.9%. The state’s corporate income tax accounted for 4.4% of all tax revenues collected.

In 2003, Maine’s crude death rate was 9.6 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants. As of October 2005, the state’s infant mortality rate was estimated at 6.1 per 1,000 live births. In 2004, about 20.9% of the state’s population were smokers. Maine’s reported AIDS case rate in 2004 stood at around 4.6 per 100,000 people. The death rates from major causes of death in 2002 (per 100,000 people) were: heart disease at 244.9; cancer at 247.7; cerebrovascular disease at 63.6; chronic lower respiratory diseases at 61.1; and diabetes at 31.2.

Maine’s 37 community hospitals had about 3,700 beds in 2003. There were 1,009 nurses per 100,000 people in 2005, while in 2004 there were 302 physicians per 100,000 population in 2004. In that same year, Maine had 629 dentists. The average expense for community hospital care was $1,416 per day in 2003. In 2004, about 10% of the state’s population was uninsured.

31 Housing

There were an estimated 676,667 housing units in Maine in 2004. Approximately 534,412 of the total units were occupied, with 72.9% being owner-occupied. About 68.9% of all units are single-family, detached homes. Fuel oils and kerosene are the primary heating fuel for most units. It was estimated that 12,214 units lacked telephone service, 3,771 lacked complete plumbing facilities, and 3,336 lacked complete kitchen facilities. The average household size was 2.39 people.

In 2004, a total of 8,800 privately owned units were authorized for construction. The median home value is $143,182. The median monthly cost for mortgage owners was $1,020. Renters paid a median of $582 per month.

32 Education

Maine has a long and vigorous tradition of education at all levels, both public and private. In 2004, of Maine residents age 25 and older, 87.1% were high school graduates, and 24.2% had obtained a bachelor’s degree or higher.

Total public school enrollment was estimated at 200,000 in fall 2003, and was expected to drop to 178,000 by fall 2014. Enrollment in nonpublic schools in fall 2003 was 20,696. Expenditures for public education in 2003/2004 were estimated at $2.2 billion.

As of fall 2002, there were 63,308 students enrolled in institutions of higher education. As of 2005, Maine had 30 degree-granting institutions. Since 1968, the state’s public colleges and universities have been incorporated into a single University of Maine System. The original land grant campus is at Orono. The other major campus in the system is the University of Southern Maine at Portland and Gorham. The state also operates the Maine Maritime Academy at Castine and the Maine Technical College System, comprised of seven technical colleges. Of the state’s private colleges and professional schools, Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Colby College in Waterville, and Bates College in Lewiston are the best known.

33 Arts

Maine has long held an attraction for painters and artists, including Winslow Homer and Andrew Wyeth. The state has many summer theaters, the oldest and most famous of which is at Ogunquit, which celebrated its 74th anniversary in 2006.

The Portland Symphony (est. 1923) is Maine’s leading orchestra. Augusta and Bangor also host symphonies. The Maine State Ballet Company is based in Westbrook. The Portland Ballet is also well known in the state. The Bossov Ballet Theatre in Pittsfield is part of a boarding school for high school students looking for rigorous pre-professional training in dance. One of the newest additions to Maine’s cultural life is the Maine Grand Opera Company (est. 2001), based at the Camden Opera House. There are many local theater groups.

Some well-known festivals include the Arcady Summer Music Festival (est. 1980), specializing in chamber music, and the annual Bowdoin Summer Music Festival (est. 1964), presented at Bowdoin College in Brunswick.

The Maine Arts Commission is an independent state agency funded in part by the Maine State Legislature and the National Endowment for the Arts. The state Department of Educational and Cultural Services has an Arts and Humanities Bureau that provides funds to artists in residence, Maine touring artists, and community arts councils. The Maine Humanities Council, founded in 1975, provides support to about 100 nonprofit art organizations each year. Several ongoing reading programs sponsored in part by MHC include Born to Read, for children and youth; New Books, New Readers, for adult learners; and Let’s Talk About It, for adult readers.

34 Libraries and Museums

In 2001, Maine had 280 public libraries, of which 7 were branch libraries. In that same year, the state’s libraries had 5,891,000 volumes and a combined circulation of 8,155,000. Leading libraries included the Maine State Library at Augusta, Bowdoin College at Brunswick, and the University of Maine School of Law. Maine has at least 121 museums and historic sites. The Maine State Museum in Augusta houses collections in history, natural history, anthropology, marine studies, mineralogy, science, and technology. The privately supported Maine Historical Society in Portland maintains a research library and the Wadsworth Longfellow House, the boyhood home of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. The largest of several maritime museums is in Bath.

35 Communications

In 2004, a total of 96.6% of occupied housing units had telephones, while as of June 2004, there were 610,533 mobile telephone service subscribers. In 2003, of all households in the state, 67.8% had a computer, while 57.9% had access to the Internet. Maine had 33 major commercial radio stations (5 AM, 28 FM) in 2005, along with 11 major television stations. Educational television stations broadcast from Augusta, Biddeford, Calais, Orono, and Presque Isle.

By 2000, a total of 25,583 Internet domain names had been registered in Maine.

36 Press

In 2005, Maine had seven daily newspapers and four Sunday editions. The most widely read newspapers (with their 2005 circulation) were the Bangor Daily News (mornings, 62,462; weekend, 74,754) and the Portland Press Herald (mornings, 77,788). Maine’s largest Sunday newspaper is the Portland Sunday Telegram (125,858). The capital is served by the Augusta Kennebec Journal (15,167 daily; 14,422 Sundays). Regional interest magazines include Maine Times and Down East

37 Tourism, Travel & Recreation

In 2004, the state of Maine hosted 43 million travelers who spent $13.6 billion dollars. Though Maine is a year-round resort destination, 59% of travelers arrive during the months of July, August, and September.

Sightseeing and outdoor activities are the primary tourist attractions. In the summer, the southern coast offers sandy beaches, icy surf, and several small harbors for sailing and saltwater fishing. Northeastward, the scenery becomes more rugged and spectacular, and sailing and hiking are the primary activities. Hundreds of lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams offer opportunities for freshwater bathing, boating, and fishing. Whitewater canoeing lures the adventurous along the Allagash Wilderness Waterway in northern Maine. Maine has always attracted hunters, especially during the fall deer season. Wintertime recreation facilities include nearly 60 ski areas and countless opportunities for cross-country skiing.

There are 12 state parks and beaches. Acadia National Park is a popular attraction, along with other wildlife areas, refuges, and forests. The state fair is held at Bangor.

38 Sports

Maine has no major league professional sports team. The Portland Pirates (a minor league hockey team) of the American Hockey League play on their home ice at the Cumberland County Civic Center in Portland. Minor league baseball’s Sea Dogs of the AA Eastern League play their games at Hadlock Field, which opened in 1994.

Harness racing is held at Scarborough Downs and other tracks and fairgrounds throughout the state. Sailing is a popular participant sport with a Windsummer Festival held each July at Boothbay Harbor and a Retired Skippers Race at Castine in August.

39 Famous Mainers

The highest federal officeholders born in Maine were Hannibal Hamlin (1809–1891), the nation’s first Republican vice-president, under Abraham Lincoln; and Nelson A. Rockefeller (1908–1979), governor of New York State from 1959 to 1973 and US vice-president under Gerald Ford. Margaret Chase Smith (1897–1995) served longer in the US Senate—24 years—than any other woman.

Maine claims a large number of well-known reformers and humanitarians: Dorothea Lynde Dix (1802–1887), who led the movement for hospitals for the insane; Elijah Parish Lovejoy (1802–1837), an abolitionist killed while defending his printing press from a proslavery mob in St. Louis, Missouri; and Harriet Beecher Stowe (b.Connecticut, 1811–1896), whose novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) was written in Maine. Other important writers include poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807–1882) and Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856–1923), author of Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm. Edwin Arlington Robinson (1869–1935) and Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892–1950) were both Pulitzer Prize-winning poets. E. B. (Elwyn Brooks) White (1899–1985), New Yorker essayist and author of the children’s classic Charlotte’s Web, maintained a home in Maine, which inspired much of his writing. Winslow Homer (b.Massachusetts, 1836–1910) had a summer home at Prouts Neck, where he painted many of his seascapes. Joan Benoit-Samuelson (b.1957), famous distance runner during the 1980s, was born in Cape Elizabeth.

40 Bibliography

BOOKS

Beem, Edgar Allen. Maine: the Spirit of America. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000.

Bristow, M. J. State Songs of America. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Brown, Jonatha A. Maine. Milwaukee, WI: Gareth Stevens, 2007.

Dornfeld, Margaret. Maine. New York: Benchmark Books, 2001.

Gale, Robert L. A Sarah Orne Jewett Companion. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.

McAuliffe, Emily. Maine Facts and Symbols. Rev. ed. Mankato, MN: Capstone, 2003.

Murray, Julie. Maine. Edina, MN: Abdo Publishing, 2006.

WEB SITES

Official Website of the State of Maine. Maine.gov. www.state.me.us (accessed March 1, 2007).

Visit New England. Maine. www.visit-maine.com (accessed March 1, 2007).

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Maine

Maine

Maine entered the Union as the twenty-third state, on March 15, 1820. Located in the extreme northeastern corner of the United States, Maine is the most easterly state and ranks thirty-ninth in size among the fifty. It is bordered by Canada, New Hampshire , and the Atlantic Ocean.

As early as 1600, English expeditions began fishing the Gulf of Maine. Within thirty years, there were English settlements on several of the many islands off the coast, as well as along mainland Maine's coastline. The government of Massachusetts Bay Colony began taking over the small settlements in 1652, and Maine became a district of Massachusetts in 1691. For the first hundred years of Maine's settlement, its economy was based on fishing, farming, trading, and forestry.

Textile mills and shoe factories were built in Maine between 1830 and 1860, but it was papermaking that brought lively new industry to the state after the American Civil War (1861–65). Until then, paper had been made from rags (cloth), but a new process replaced rags with wood pulp. By 1900, Maine was a leader in the paper-making industry, and continues into the twenty-first century.

Maine was home to more than 1.3 million people in 2006. The majority (96.6 percent) of the population was white. The next largest ethnic group was Native Hawaiian /Pacific Islander (0.8 percent), then African American (0.7 percent). Thirty percent of the population was between the ages of forty-five and sixty-four.

Maine was a state of Republicans for the first hundred years after its formation in the 1850s, but that changed as more French-Canadian voters migrated to the state. Twenty-first century Maine is largely a Democratic state.

The economy of Maine depends heavily upon its natural resources. The state's largest industry during the first decade of the twenty-first century was paper manufacturing, which relies on forests and water power. Other manufacturing includes wood products, footwear, shipbuilding, and electronic components. Although agriculture is not a leading industry in Maine, the state does produce more food crops for human consumption than any other state in New England.

There are no professional sports teams in Maine, but the state hosts millions of tourists each year, most of whom arrive in the months of July, August, and September. Visitors enjoy the area's beaches, and activities such as hunting, sailing, and skiing are popular.

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Maine

MAINE

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Maine

Maine

Dirigo (I direct)

At a Glance

Name: Maine probably comes from the word mainland. Early English explorers used the phrase "the main" to distinguish Maine from its offshore islands.

Nickname: Pine Tree State

Capital: Augusta

Size: 33,265 sq. mi. (87,727 sq km)

Population: 1,274,923

Statehood: Maine became the 23rd state on March 15, 1820.

Electoral votes: 4 (2004)

U.S. Representatives: 2 (until 2003)

State tree: eastern white pine

State flower: white pinecone and tassel

State cat: Maine coon cat

Highest point: Mount Katahdin, 5,267 ft. (1,606 m)

The Place

Maine forms the northeastern tip of New England and shares approximately half of its border with Canada. Maine's Atlantic coastline is famous for its bays, coves, and inlets. Most of the land along the shore is flat, but it gets higher in the central and southern regions of the state, which have areas of rich soil and good farmland.

Maine's northwest is covered by the White Mountains, part of the Appalachian Mountain chain. The northern and central parts of the state are dotted with ponds and lakes, and about 90 percent of Maine is forested. Maine produces many different kinds of minerals and mineral products, including limestone, granite, slate, copper, zinc, lead, sand, and gravel.

Because of its location on the northeast coast of the country, Maine is one of the coolest states. It lies to the north of where the Gulf Stream, a warm current of air from Europe, ends. As a result, Maine has cold, snowy winters and cool summers.

The Past

Historians believe that the Norse mariner Leif Eriksson and a group of Vikings explored Maine around a.d. 1000, a time when the only other inhabitants of the region were Native Americans. The first true European settlement, however, did not begin until the 1620s, when different groups of English settlers moved into the region. In general, these settlers lived peacefully with the Native Americans, which included several Algonquian tribes.

Maine: Facts and Firsts

  1. With a total land area of 33,265 square miles, Maine is larger than all of the other five New England states combined.
  2. Maine lies the farthest east of any state. Eastport is the eastern most city in the United States.
  3. Maine borders only one other state.
  4. Maine's Acadia National Park is the second most-visited national park in the United States.
  5. In June 1775, the first naval battle of the Revolutionary War was fought between the British and the American colonists off the coast near Machias.
  6. Maine produces at least 98 percent of all of the nation's blueberries, 50 percent of the nation's lobsters, and 90 percent of all the nation's toothpicks.
  7. In 1964, U.S. senator Margaret Chase Smith of Maine was the first woman ever to seek the presidential nomination from a major political party.

In 1677, Maine became a part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Many Maine patriots fought in the Revolutionary War. In 1785, a movement began for Maine's separation from Massachusetts and admission to the Union, but it was not until after the War of 1812 that the movement gained strength. In 1820, Maine became an independent state as part of the Missouri Compromise. Maine entered the Union as a free state, while Missouri entered as a slave-holding state, thereby maintaining the balance of free and slave states in Congress. Maine strongly supported the Union cause during the Civil War.

After the war, Maine's textile and power industries began to develop, while small farms began to disappear. During the 1920s, the production of paper products from Maine's extensive forests became more important to the state's economy. During World War II, Maine produced ships, shoes, and food for American troops.

Maine: State Smart

Maine harvests more lobsters than any other state. More than 47 million pounds (21.3 million kg) were harvested in 1998.

During the second half of the 20th century, tourism began to grow, as did the lumber and food-processing industries. Maine's growth was slowed during the 1970s and 1980s by overcutting in state forests and overfishing in its waters. Air and water pollution also became problems.

The Present

Maine is sometimes called Vacationland because of its popularity as a tourist destination. Maine's rugged coastline, historic lighthouses, scenic lakes, and White Mountains ski resorts attract millions of tourists every year.

Paper production, electronics, and shipbuilding are also important industries. Although agriculture declined in economic importance over much of the 20th century, Maine still produces one of the largest potato crops in the nation and more blueberries than any other state. Many farms also produce dairy products, including milk and cheese. Although pollution is still a concern, Maine residents are learning how to balance their industrial needs with the need to preserve their natural environment.

Born in Maine

  1. Dorothea Dix , civil rights reformer
  2. John Ford , film director
  3. Marsden Hartley , painter
  4. Sarah Orne Jewett , author
  5. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow , poet
  6. Stephen King , author
  7. Linda Lavin , actress
  8. Edna St. Vincent Millay , poet
  9. Marston Morse , mathematician
  10. Edwin Arlington Robinson , poet
  11. Margaret Chase Smith , politician

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Maine

MAINE

For most of the eighteenth century, Maine was a sparsely settled frontier appendage of Massachusetts. The French and Indian War removed threats to settlers and helped to spur migration to Maine. From a total of roughly 10,000 white inhabitants in 1750, Maine's population grew to 42,241 by 1777, numbered 96,540 in the first census of 1790, and 151,719 in 1800. The American Revolution marked a turning point in Maine's early history. The burning of Falmouth (Portland) early in the war and the 1779 occupation of Castine at the mouth of the Penobscot River convinced many that Maine should seek independence from Massachusetts. The supporters of separation were often yeomen farmers in the district's interior, many of whom lacked title to their land. Coastal merchants and creditors generally opposed statehood. Conflict over these issues dominated the political landscape until after the War of 1812.

The British conquest of eastern Maine in 1814 during the War of 1812 was the catalyst for Maine statehood. Mainers overwhelmingly voted in favor of separation in the spring of 1819. The ensuing Maine Constitution would be one of the most democratic in the nation, embracing freedom of religion, extending both the franchise and the right to hold state offices to all adult males regardless of race or property ownership, and instituting annual elections of state representatives. Maine's entry into the Union was delayed by the Missouri controversy. When Northern legislators sought to prevent Missouri from entering the Union as a slave state, Southerners held Maine's application for admission hostage to prevent an imbalance between free and slave states. Many Mainers were willing to forgo statehood to prevent the expansion of slavery, but ultimately the pro-statehood arguments overwhelmed antislavery principles, and Maine was admitted as the twenty-third state on 15 March 1820.

Maine had 298,335 inhabitants in 1820, an increase from the 1810 figure of 228,705. Most of the newcomers to this overwhelmingly rural state were farmers who had come from other parts of New England. The great majority of Maine residents were white: only 929 Mainers were nonwhites (Native Americans were not included in the census), and only 1,680 were unnaturalized immigrants. Over 90 percent of the population was either Congregationalist or Baptist. Lumber, shipbuilding, and commerce were important in Maine's few towns, the largest of which was Portland, with just 8,581 inhabitants. During the 1820s the population grew by roughly 10,000 a year, increasing from 298,335 in 1820 to 399,455 in 1830. Much of the growth resulted from migration into the interior. Although Maine's economy did not dramatically change during this period, lumber and land sales became increasingly prominent facets of the local economy.

After Maine achieved statehood, several details of the separation remained unresolved. The most pressing issue was the status of Maine's northern border. The Treaty of Paris following the American Revolution offered an imprecise description of the U.S.-Canada border. Initial efforts to resolve this issue failed, and the resulting boundary dispute would dominate state politics for a generation.

See alsoConstitutionalism: State Constitution Making; French and Indian War, Consequences of; Lumber and Timber Industry; Massachusetts; Missouri Compromise .

bibliography

Banks, Ronald F. Maine Becomes a State: The Movement to Separate Maine from Massachusetts, 1785–1820. Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 1970.

Greenleaf, Moses. A Survey of the State of Maine in Reference to Its Geographical Features, Statistics and Political Economy. 1829. Augusta: Maine State Museum, 1970.

Hatch, Louis C., ed. Maine: A History. 4 vols. New York: American Historical Society, 1919.

Judd, Richard W., Edwin A. Churchill, and Joel W. Eastman, eds. Maine: The Pine Tree State from Prehistory to Present. Orono: University of Maine Press, 1995.

Leamon, James S. Revolution Downeast: The War for American Independence in Maine. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1993.

Taylor, Alan. Liberty Men and Great Proprietors: The Revolutionary Settlement on the Maine Frontier, 1760–1820. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.

J. Chris Arndt

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Maine

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Maine

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Maine

Maine

Agry Point
Arnold Trail
Cathedral Pines Historic Site
Colonial Pemaquid State Historical Site
Cross Over Place
Fort George State Memorial
Fort Halifax
Fort Popham Historic Site
Fort Pownall
Great Carry Sites
Height of Land
Kittery
Machias Bay
Montpelier (Knox Home) Replica
Old Fort Western
Skowhegan Falls
Solon (Carratunkas) Falls Portage Site

Maine's historic sites, most of them coastal forts, are maintained by Maine's Bureau of Parks and Land. This state agency has pertinent information on nearly all of the historic areas concerning Maine during the American Revolution and is a practical place to begin a specific search. The feature "Find Parks and Lands" on its website is particularly useful for obtaining information. The Bureau of Parks and Land is headquartered at 22 State House Station, 18 Elkins Lane, Augusta, Maine 04333. Phone: (207) 287-3821; website: www.state.me.us/doc/parks/. Another good general source is the Maine Office of Tourism. It publishes a helpful travel guide, Maine Invites You, which is billed as the state's "official travel planner" and includes information on numerous historic areas. Phone: (888) 624-6345; website: www.visitmaine.com. The Maine Historical Society, located at 489 Congress Street in Portland, offers a wealth of information on the state's role in the Revolutionary War. It maintains a well-staffed research library and displays a variety of museum exhibits and historical programs. Phone: (207) 774-1822; website: www.mainehistory.org.

State highways, 201, 4, and 17 are now designated as National Scenic Byways and dozens of interpretive panels, most of which pertain to the American Revolution, can be viewed. Designed by Nancy Montgomery, they are usually located at rest areas and road pullouts.

There are many books written on the American Revolution in the fourteen states, such as James S. Leamon's outstanding Revolution Downeast: The War for American Independence in Maine (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1993). With Maine, however, attention has focused particularly on Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec in 1775. Kenneth Lewis Roberts, author of the popular 1933 novel Arundel, collected diaries and letters from the expedition in March to Quebec (New York: Doubleday, 1940). Stephen Clark's Following in Their Footsteps: A Travel Guide and History of the 1775 Secret Expedition to Capture Quebec (Shapleigh, Maine: Clark Books, 2003) provides a description of the landmarks and topography of Arnold's march while also providing canoeing and hiking maps for anyone willing to duplicate his incredible journey. Thomas Desjardin has written a narrative of the expedition, Through a Howling Wilderness, due from St. Martin's Press in 2006.

Agry Point

Agry Point, Kennebec River, short loop of old Maine 27 about 2 miles south of the Gardiner-Randolph bridge. The site is clearly visible from the river for those fortunate enough to have this means of sightseeing. Motorists should start at the point about 2 miles south of the Kennebec River bridge between Gardiner and Randolph. Here the landmarks are Arnold Road coming in from the east to new Maine 27 and a loop of old Maine 27 going off to the west.

Easily spotted on the right of old Route 27 as you drive north is a cemetery close to the road. The most conspicuous monument is to Major Reuben Colburn, whose home and shipyard site you will come to in a moment. He happened to be at Cambridge (Washington's headquarters during the siege of Boston) when the Arnold Expedition was planned. Within a period of eighteen days he made the trip home and had two hundred bateaux built and waiting for the Arnold Expedition when it arrived here by ship on 22 September 1775. (Another twenty were requested by Arnold after his arrival and were promptly built.) In addition, Colburn assembled flour and meat, packed these provisions in kegs, sent two scouts to reconnoiter the route, and furnished Arnold with fifty artificers to accompany the expedition.

A short distance north of the cemetery and near the road is the Colburn House on the left. Acquired by the state in 1972, it is leased by the Arnold Expedition Historical Society (AEHS) and serves as its headquarters. The AEHS is not as active nowadays as it has been in the past, but it does provide tours by appointment during the weekend in July and August. Phone: (207) 582-7080. The Colburn House, built in 1765, is a simple, two-story frame structure of traditional New England design with a central chimney, ridged roof, and large attic. The clapboard siding is painted brown, and the tall, narrow windows trimmed in white. Down the hill from the Colburn House and slightly south is a flat area along the river where the bateaux were built. The attractive little white house that looks like a national historic landmark is modern. Behind it and on somewhat higher ground is a frame building that was a tavern when the thirsty bateaux builders were at work and when Arnold's troops bivouacked here. In an overgrown area of higher ground just to the north of the tavern is a cemetery where the grave of Thomas Agry can be found.

Arnold Trail

Arnold Trail. Many of the principal landmarks of the march led by Colonel Benedict Arnold through Maine in September and October of 1775 can be found along U.S. 201 and Maine 16 and 27. The Appalachian Trail goes by the three Carry Ponds along the general route followed by Arnold, although the portion of the hiking trail from Caratunk to the East Carry Pond was not Arnold's route. Meanwhile, the road-bound traveler must backtrack from the vicinity of Bingham, start of the Great Carry, to Solon, take Alternate U.S. 201 to North Anson, and Maine 16 north to Stratton. Here one may pick up Arnold's trail on the portion of Dead River not flooded by Flagstaff Lake, and on Maine 27 can follow the general route to the vicinity of Coburn Gore, on the Canadian border.

The line of time-worn Indian trails, portages, and waterways followed by the Arnold Expedition in 1775 had been explored by a number of men in colonial days. A British army engineer, Captain John Montresor, reconnoitered it in 1761 and submitted a report that it was a militarily feasible route. The Patriots followed Montresor's route. In retracing their steps historians have been aided by the fact that so many of Arnold's officers and men kept diaries and journals.

Washington himself conceived the plan of sending a battalion of crack Continental troops over Montresor's route to seize Quebec by a surprise attack before the British could organize its defenses and while they were coping with the major effort being made along the Lake Champlain avenue of approach into Canada. Colonel Benedict Arnold had already impressed Washington and other authorities as being the kind of leader for such a desperate venture, and events proved that he was the ideal commander in this case. But they did not give him much time for preparations before the great white cold descended. As luck would have it, a Kennebec boatbuilder named Reuben Colburn happened to be in Cambridge, Massachusetts when initial preparations were being made in Washington's headquarters, and he agreed to furnish Arnold with two hundred light bateaux on short order. (A bateaux was a flat-bottomed boat with tapering ends used on rivers for carrying heavy and bulky loads.) Colburn sped ahead to start their construction at his shipyard (see agry point).

A call for volunteers was meanwhile issued among the lines of bored Patriot troops besieging Boston, and a good many venturesome soldiers stepped forward. Washington's order specified that all volunteers be "active woodsmen and well acquainted with batteaux." As things happen in military service, many of Arnold's men did not have these qualifications, but foolish optimism was not a shortcoming of the first American commander in chief, and Washington had directed that men be ordered to fill the ranks of the expedition if not enough volunteered.

About 1,100 men sailed with Arnold from Newburyport, Massachusetts in "dirty coasters and fish boats," as one described it. After a day and a night of stormy weather they reached the mouth of the Kennebec on 20 September, picking up the pilot near Fort Popham (see fort popham historic site). Modern development has somewhat changed the 35 miles of the beautiful Kennebec River through which they wound their way to Colburn's shipyard from the way Arnold's men saw it in 1775. Yet, some of the original natural splendor remains, and visitors stand a very good chance of spotting an eagle.

At Agry Point, a short distance south of modern Gardiner, the bateaux and provisions were waiting. Subsequent landmarks of the Arnold Trail are covered under the following headings: old fort western, fort halifax, skowhegan falls, solon falls portage site, cross over place, great carry sites, cathedral pines historic site, and height of land. See arnold trail under Canada to continue the trip.

Among the landmarks obliterated by dams along the Kennebec are Ticonic Falls, Five Mile Falls, and almost all of the "fearsome" Norridgewock Falls just above Skowhegan. What the diarists and subsequent writers commonly call "falls," incidentally, were rapids rather than true falls, except at Skowhegan and Solon. A reasonable facsimile of the rapids negotiated by the Arnold Expedition is furnished by the Carrabassett River at North Anson.

As you retrace this route remember that Arnold had the misfortune not only of starting too late in the season and of underestimating his distance (see below), but also of encountering one of the most severe winters in Maine history.

Arnold had figured 180 miles from Agry Point to Quebec, whereas the route was 300 miles. He estimated that the march would take twenty days and started with food for forty-five. The expedition took forty-six days to get from Fort Western to Quebec, but because of spoilage and losses the men were on starvation rations at the end of a month. At this time, 25 October, Arnold stripped his command of all but those who could be given fifteen days' provisions. About seven hundred men made the last leg of the journey across Height of Land and on to Quebec.

The romance and travail of the Arnold Expedition can be experienced two centuries after the event because so much of the primary source material is in print and because most of the terrain is as the Patriots saw it in 1775. Literature is available from official agencies of the state of Maine. Readers with more than a casual interest should get in touch with the Arnold Expedition Historical Society (AEHS), or refer to either Desjardin's or Clark's above-mentioned books.

Cathedral Pines Historic Site

Cathedral Pines Historic Site, Arnold Trail on Dead River (Flagstaff Lake). A great stand of Norway pines overlooked a curve of Dead River when the Arnold Expedition came this way in 1775. Flagstaff Lake has flooded about 20 miles of his route along the river, including the Indian village that was the home of the mysterious Nantais. Arnold landed at the latter place and erected a flag, and the white settlement subsequently established there was named Flagstaff. A historical marker was moved about 9 miles west to New Flagstaff (part of Eustis) in 1948 when old Flagstaff village was flooded, and is now in front of the Flagstaff Memorial Chapel, just north of Cathedral Pines Park.

The latter site, about 4 miles north of Stratton on Maine 27 and about 2 miles south of Eustis, has a number of plaques commemorating the Arnold Expedition. One honors Colonel Timothy Bigelow (1739–1790), a battalion major who climbed a 4,150-foot mountain in the area for Arnold to find out whether Quebec was in sight. It wasn't, but the mountain bears Bigelow's name. The Appalachian Trail runs over the top of Mount Bigelow.

There had been 4 inches of snow around the Carry Ponds when the Patriots came through; then it started raining heavily, the temperature dropped further, and a tremendous hurricane struck on 21 October after they reached Dead River. So called because of its slow, meandering character most of the time, Dead River was flooded to a width of 200 yards soon after Arnold's men started battling their way up it.

For today's traveler, however, the most scenic portion of Arnold's trail is along Maine 27 from Cathedral Pines to the Canadian border. The highway closely parallels the historic trail, passing running water and the picturesque Chain of Ponds to the Height of Land.

Colonial Pemaquid State Historical Site

Colonial Pemaquid State Historical Site, Pemaquid River mouth, about a mile west of New Harbor, which is about 13 miles south of Damariscotta on Maine 129 and 130. A large circular stone tower was reconstructed in 1908 as a replica of the third and fourth forts (of 1692 and 1729) on this picturesque coastal point. At its top, the stone tower has, along with a gorgeous view of John's Bay, a fascinating artifact display. Around the masonry wall on the second floor are thirteen exhibits giving the history of the site and surrounding area. The center well is encircled by displays of colonial tools and utensils, including artifacts found in archaeological explorations of a settlement just north of Fort William Henry, which is now reconstructed. (Excavated cellars at the "Pemaquid Diggings" may be visited.) Some authorities believe this community dates back to about 1620, and that it achieved considerable importance. The site of Fort William Henry was first occupied by Fort Pemaquid, a stockade built around 1630 as a defense against pirates. In 1632 it was captured by the pirate Dixie Bull. The second fort, a wooden structure called Fort Charles, was put up in 1677 and destroyed in 1689 by the Penobscot Indians. Sir William Phips had Fort William Henry built in 1692, at which time it was the largest and strongest stone fort in America. French and Indian forces under Baron de Castine and d'Iberville flattened this one in 1696, their attack being supported by three men-of-war. In 1729 Fort Frederick was built on this embattled site, and the Patriots themselves destroyed this one in 1775 to keep it from being taken over by the British during the Revolution.

Colonial Pemaquid State Historic Site features a recently repaired Fort House that holds an archeology lab and a research library. The site's visitors' center has a museum with hundreds of Revolutionary War and prewar artifacts. It is open to the public from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily from Memorial Day through Labor Day. Admission for adults is $2. Phone: (207) 677-2423. The site also has a public boat-launch facility.

Cross Over Place

Cross Over Place, Kennebec River. A scenic and historic site turnout and small picnic area is at the point on the Kennebec where the Arnold Expedition left the river and started the Great Carry (see great carry sites). This wayside park is midway between Bingham and Caratunk on scenic U.S. 201. A plaque erected by the DAR commemorating the episode can be found there. Approximately a mile up the highway is a rest area, and one of the interpretive panels referenced earlier can be found. Bear in mind, however, that the river as it was in 1775 has been transformed into a lake by the Wyman Dam, built in the 1920s. Also, the terrain over which the marching column of Arnold's Expedition approached the bank from the east has been altered by the construction of U.S. 201.

Fort George State Memorial

Fort George State Memorial, Penobscot Bay, Castine. The British fort of 1779, a large rectangular work covering about 3 acres (with a softball field located unceremoniously in the middle of it), is in an area of exceptional beauty and interest. The site is state owned; however, the town of Castine manages it. French, Dutch, and English flags have flown over this picturesque piece of American territory, and it was visited by famous European explorers, perhaps even the Vikings, before it became a bone of imperial contention in the Colonial Wars. During the Revolution the British built Fort George, gave the Patriots a humiliating beating in the Penobscot River, and held the fort until 1783. They reoccupied it during the War of 1812. Castine has more than one hundred historical markers and many old houses in addition to its beautiful coastal scenery and recreational facilities.

The French settlement called Pentegoet was here in 1625. The eventual name was bestowed in honor of Vincent de St. Castine, one of the many French explorers of Penobscot. When the British acquired the region by the Treaty of 1763 Castine became the northernmost settlement of any significance on the seaboard of the Thirteen Colonies.

In the summer of 1779 a British force of about 750 troops under General Francis McLean and three sloops of war arrived at Castine from Nova Scotia and started building Fort George. The area was a source of timber, which the British needed for their shipyards at Halifax. Fort George was also to be a base for the forward defense of Nova Scotia and for operations against American coastal waters. The Massachusetts authorities reacted quickly. Without consulting Congress or the Continental army they mounted the largest amphibious operation of the Revolution: about 20 fighting ships and 2,000 militia troops aboard 20 trading vessels. The roster of commanders included some of the proudest names in New England. Generals Solomon Lovell and Peleg Wadsworth (grandfather of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow) commanded the militia. Lieutenant Colonel Paul Revere had charge of the American artillery. Captain Dudley Saltonstall of the Continental navy was overall naval commander.

This amateur effort failed to achieve surprise, and the God of War called Strike One. The Patriots then failed to make a coordinated attack with sea and land forces, which should have succeeded because the British had only their three sloops, and Fort George had not been completed. For almost three weeks the Patriot force made elaborate preparations to attack, and Strike Two was called. At the worst possible moment, just as the ground troops had debarked for their attack, the British relief force arrived. From Sandy Hook with 10 vessels, including a 64-gun ship, and 1,600 men came Captain Sir George Collier (1738–1795). Collier was a brilliant naval commander, but he needed no particular genius to destroy the entire American flotilla. Saltonstall, who had favored aggressive action against the three British sloops and the incomplete fort on 25 July, did not have a chance on 12 August. The troops scrambled back aboard, and the fleet made a show of resistance before heading up the river, beaching their ships, and escaping into the brush. It was Strike Three and out.

The Massachusetts legislators struck back by blaming Saltonstall for the fiasco, praising their militia generals, and putting in a claim to Congress for part of the $7 million the affair had cost them. (Congress awarded Massachusetts $2 million.) Saltonstall was dismissed from the Continental Navy and returned to his business as a privateer and merchant captain. Paul Revere was accused of disobedience, unsoldierly conduct, and cowardice. More than two years later his case was tried and the court-martial acquitted him of all charges.

During the War of 1812 the British took possession of all of the present state of Maine east of the Penobscot River. They repaired Fort George, and Castine was a popular town for the British forces and a bustling center of trade. On 25 April 1815, almost four months after the Treaty of Ghent ended the war, the British blew up the works and decamped for the last time. The Castine Historical Society serves as an additional source of this town's rich Revolutionary War past. Phone: (207) 326-4118.

Fort Halifax

Fort Halifax, Winslow, Kennebec County, on U.S. 201 a mile south of the Winslow-Waterville bridge. The oldest blockhouse standing in the United States (1754) rests where Arnold's Expedition saw it in 1775. A 1987 flood disassembled the blockhouse, but the state reassembled it one year later, piece by piece, not unlike a giant jigsaw puzzle. The quality of its reconstruction is evident by the site's ability to retain its National Historic Landmark status. The site comprises about half an acre of level grass and a steep wooded slope down to the creek. However, it is surrounded by a mostly urban setting. Fort Halifax had been established as an outpost for early warning during the French and Indian War. It was a way station for Arnold's Expedition, which took two days to pole its bateaux 18 miles up the Kennebec to this point from Fort Western. The Fort Halifax site is open free to the public from Memorial Day to Labor Day. Phone: (207) 941-4014.

Fort McClary State Memorial

Fort McClary State Memorial. Seekittery.

Fort O'Brien

Fort O'Brien. Seemachias bay and vicinity.

Fort Popham Historic Site

Fort Popham Historic Site and vicinity, near Popham Beach State Park (follow signs) about 15 miles south of Bath on Maine 209. The Arnold Expedition of 1775 picked up a pilot here for its trip up the Kennebec to Colburn's shipyard at Agry Point. Civil War Fort Popham (1861) is on the site of a Revolutionary War post at Hunniwell's Point. Whether it was fortified in 1775 is not known, but a wooden blockhouse mounting a 4-pounder, which had been an alarm gun at Fort Frankfort, was there not long after the Revolution started. Cox's Head, just to the north, and other high ground provided good lookouts to sea, and the post at Hunniwell's Point was maintained primarily to give early warning of British naval threats.

The Popham colonists of 1607 built their fort on Sabino Head, just west of Hunniwell's Point. The Popham Memorial (not to be confused with Fort Popham) marks the site of this first (although unsuccessful) English colony in New England. The settlers took formal possession on 29 August 1607 and built themselves a large earthwork of wood-revetted walls some 450 yards in total length. This was named Fort St. George. Within its walls they put up a storehouse, church, and about fifteen houses for the 120 or so men who would spend the first winter. In addition, they built a ship, the Virginia. But the fates were not kind. The weather was unusually harsh, the storehouse burned, their leader, Captain George Popham, died, and the colonists learned that their sponsor back in England, Chief Justice Sir John Popham, also was dead. The Popham colony was abandoned less than a year after its beginning.

The Kennebec River's lower portion has changed somewhat due to increased development; however, one can still get a sense of the way it appeared to the men of Arnold's Expedition. The highway south from Bath, Route 209, generally follows the river and is one of the most scenic in Maine.

Fort Pownall

Fort Pownall, Penobscot River, about 3.5 miles from Stockton Springs (U.S. 1). Governor Thomas Pownall of Massachusetts selected the location and directed the construction of this fort, which was completed in 1758 or 1759. Its purpose was not only to guard the mouth of the Penobscot north of the embattled works where the Fort George State Memorial now stands, but also to control the valuable traffic with the Indians. After French power in Canada was eliminated, the small garrison of Fort Pownall was reduced to a guard detachment. In March 1775 the British took all the heavy guns and ammunition from the place and set fire to the wooden fortification. During the fiasco of 1779 at Fort George the works were destroyed by the retreating Patriots. The earthworks have survived, and an archaeological dig uprooted many historical items, most of which are held at the Maine State Museum.

Great Carry Sites

Great Carry Sites, Arnold Trail. The Middle and West Carry Ponds are not accessible by roads open to the public. All three ponds, their natural beauty unspoiled, are on the Appalachian Trail. Moose are plentiful. The start of the Great Carry on the Kennebec at the Cross Over Place is easily reached by road, and East Carry Pond can be found by car in good weather, although at some risk to the crankcase. The roads do not show on most highway maps, having been put in by paper companies and private landowners, but at least as far as the Cross Over Place on the west bank there is a splendid highway. The entire length of the Great Carry Sites is about 12 miles, and almost all of the land is owned by a paper company.

From Bingham on the Kennebec drive west across the bridge and turn north. Almost exactly 4 miles from the bridge on this road, turn right at a junction where signs indicate that the Carry Ponds are 11 miles in that direction.

At 7.8 miles is a modern logging trail leading down the riverbank to the right (east). This is the vicinity of Carry Place Stream, where Arnold's bateaux were taken out of the Kennebec to start the carry to Dead River and where a log storehouse was built. The lower ground to the south of the modern road is where the Arnold Trail ran. It followed the ancient Indian route and was used by subsequent generations of settlers and loggers in this region after the Revolution, which is why the trace has survived the centuries.

To reach the East Carry Pond (and others when they are opened to the public), continue north for 0.9 mile and turn left. This leads to a private resort on East Carry Pond at a distance of about 2.5 miles. There is nothing wrong with the road, unless it is covered with snow, except that the clearance at many points is low. The Arnold Trail crosses back and forth across this modern route. At 1.7 miles from the road you will cross a stretch of smooth rock ledges that are mentioned in the journals of the Arnold Expedition, confirming that this is the way they came. (This rock formation is common in many other parts of the country but quite unusual in this part of Maine.) At exactly 2 miles is the junction of the Appalachian Trail and a road fork; the road to the left (west) leads to Middle Carry Pond. Taking the right branch for about 0.1 mile you come to a collection of resort cabins where Arnold launched into the first carrying pond. One of his two launching sites is at the point closest to the main house of this resort colony.

Height of Land

Height of Land, Arnold Trail, vicinity of Coburn Gore (on Canadian border). "The Terrible Carrying Place," as Arnold's men dubbed it, was a 4.25-mile portage through snow and over granite ledges to get from the Chain of Ponds to Lake Megantic. Having sent to the rear all the bateaux except one per company, the Americans headed due north from what is now called Arnold Pond, passed through a saddle of the mountain range, and then went generally westward to Great Meadows in Canada. They were following the route reconnoitered by Captain John Montresor in 1761.

Montresor's map shows "Height of Land" as a long, narrow ridge generally along the present border between Canada and Maine. The name leads one to the conclusion that it is a formidable mountain barrier, whereas the route followed through it by Arnold's men was a rather low saddle. For troops in good physical condition the Height of Land would have presented little challenge. Associates of the Forest Ranger Headquarters at Eustis, who have explored this route with members of the Arnold Expedition Historical Society, believe that Arnold's men had trouble primarily because of their starved and exhausted condition. As for physical obstacles, it is thought that they had to lift their bateaux over several rock strata and had snow to contend with, but that Montresor's route was otherwise an easy one here. People may wonder why they wouldn't have taken the route of today's highway, for it looks to be a much easier way to go. The answer probably lies in the fact that it would have been much longer, and that the route probably had many obstacles since cleared by modern construction equipment.

When you cross from Maine and look back you will see that Height of Land makes sense as a geographical term to travelers approaching it from the flat terrain of Canada, if not to those coming north through the mountains of Maine.

Arnold's exact route through Height of Land is not completely known. The region has many logging roads and trails, but, according to experts, none of these correspond with Arnold's route. It is interesting and instructive to study the modern, large-scale topographic maps of this region that are available from the United States and Canadian official map services. (The United States map sheets are the "Arnold Pond" and "Chain of Ponds" quadrangles. The Canadian maps are "21E/7 West and East WOBURN" and "21E/10 West and East MEGANTIC." See the introduction, above, for addresses and instructions on ordering.) The saddle due north of Arnold's Pond through which the expedition is believed to have passed is at coordinates 580300. Arnold's first camp due west of here was around the surviving house at coordinates 548276, northeast of Woburn; this area was known as Great Meadows or Beautiful Meadow.

Kittery

Kittery and vicinity. Just across the state line on U.S. 1 is the John Paul Jones Memorial (1924) near the place where the U.S.S. Ranger was built. Flying the new Stars and Stripes created by a congressional resolution on the day he was given command of the Ranger, Jones sailed for France from Badger's Island in early November 1777. The Ranger carried the news of Burgoyne's surrender at Saratoga. On 14 February 1778 in Quiberon Bay the new American flag gained its first formal recognition by a foreign power when the French fleet there was induced to exchange salutes with the Ranger (American ships had received salutes from foreign craft since the Dutch fired a salute at St. Eustatius in the West Indies on 16 November 1776). Two months later Jones took the Ranger on an audacious and highly successful raid into British waters, giving the Stars and Stripes its baptism of fire (Quaife, Weig, Appleman, History of the U.S. Flag, pp. 29, 33, 42).

For more on the naval history of the Revolution and shipbuilding in Maine, visit the Maine Maritime Museum in Bath, open daily 9:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., at 243 Washington Street. Phone: (207) 443-1316; website: http://www.bathmaine.com.

Around Kittery Point (take Maine 103) are several homes from the colonial era. The John Bray House (1662) is the oldest in Maine. The house built in 1682 by Bray's son-in-law William Pepperrell, and birthplace of Sir William Pepperrell (1696–1759), is still standing. The house built about 1760 by Lady Pepperrell, widow of Sir William, is of particular architectural significance and qualifies as a Registered National Historic Landmark. Privately owned, it was listed for sale in 2005 by a prominent real estate company for $1.5 million. Opposite it are the First Congregational Church and old parsonage, dating from 1730.

The Fort McClary State Historical Site is on land once owned by Colonel William Pepperrell. The original fortification here, probably a breastwork on which cannons could be mounted, appears to have been erected around 1722. First named Fort William, it went through various transformations. After the Battle of Bunker Hill it was renamed for the senior officer killed in that action, Major Andrew McClary. As reconstructed, Fort McClary features a six-sided blockhouse that was reconstructed in 1986. The blockhouse features a granite base and wooden second story, as it probably looked around 1846. The site commands an impressive view of the Portsmouth Navy Yard, the Isles of Shoals (9 miles southward), the Fort Point Light, and other famous naval landmarks. The state of Maine opens the site to the public from Memorial Day to Labor Day. Phone: (207) 384-5160.

The Maine Information Center at the junction of U.S. 1 and the Maine Turnpike should have travel literature on all these places.

Machias Bay

Machias Bay and vicinity, Washington County. Near the eastern end of the Maine coast, the historic seaport of Machias started as a trading post of the French and English. Well over a century later, in 1763, an American settlement was established. An outstanding example of a colonial inn is Burnham Tavern at High and Free Streets in Machias. In good condition, it is now a museum and open to the public from the middle of June until early September. Phone: (207) 255-4432.

The spirit of revolt here was strong. Maine's first Liberty Pole is claimed by civic boosters, and Machias calls itself the birthplace of the American navy (as does Whitehall, New York). "The Lexington of the Sea" is the name that has been applied, with some exaggeration, to "the first naval battle of the American Revolution" in a portion of Machias Bay overlooked by the Fort O'Brien State Historic Memorial on Maine 92, 5 miles southeast of Machias. Only breastworks remain here of the place first called Fort Machias when erected in 1775. Although the capture of a four-gun schooner does not constitute a "battle," there was initiative, personal heroism, and historical significance aplenty in the little affair on Machias Bay, and here are the basic facts.

The British schooner Margaretta (four guns) escorted two sloops, Polly and Unity, into the port of Machias on 2 June 1775 to get lumber for the troops in Boston. The Revolution had started a few weeks earlier at Lexington and Concord (19 April), and local Patriots whipped up a scheme to capture the British ships by surprise while the captain of the Margaretta and his officers were in church, but this attempt was aborted and the three enemy ships headed for sea. Jeremiah O'Brien and Joseph Wheaton then threw together a force that pursued and captured the Unity (on 11 June) and the Margaretta (on 12 June). Total losses were seven men killed and wounded on each side.

O'Brien was given command of the Unity, renamed the Machias Liberty and armed with the Margaretta's four guns. A few weeks later he captured the British naval schooner Diligent and its tender off Machias without firing a shot. These two schooners, under O'Brien's command, became the nucleus of the Massachusetts navy (not the Continental navy), and they took a few prizes before being put out of commission in the fall of 1776. Jeremiah O'Brien (1744–1818) had been born in Kittery. He had moved with his family to Machias in 1765. After commanding privateers in the Revolution, interrupted by imprisonment and escape from British prisons, he spent his last seven years as collector of customs at Machias.

Montpelier (Knox Home) Replica

Montpelier (Knox Home) Replica, 7 miles east of Thomaston on U.S. 1. This landmark is unique in that it went from state ownership back to private ownership. The Friends of Montpelier now own and manage the site, which is open to the public from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tuesday through Saturday. The Friends of Montpelier are a very active group and they offer a variety of special events, programs, and classes throughout the year. Phone: (207) 354-8062. The house itself is a replica of the handsome mansion built in 1793, during the ten years after the Revolution when Henry Knox was the first United States secretary of war. The original house was razed in 1871.

Old Fort Western

Old Fort Western, Augusta, east bank of the Kennebec just south of City Hall near at Bowman Street at 16 Cony Street. In a now urban setting is an unprepossessing structure of great historical significance, the surviving garrison house of the New Plymouth Trading Post. The post was established in 1626, but the building dates from 1754. A long, low structure with cedar shake siding, it is a museum depicting colonial living. A few feet in front of the building, along the high bank of the river, are two blockhouses connected by a stockade. These are replicas of the original fortifications. One touch of landscaping is provided by a marker in a small fenced area of grass, where a bronze plaque on a boulder identifies the scene. Adjacent to the site is the Augusta City Center.

The Arnold Expedition was just getting under way when it paused at Fort Western. On Maine 201 about 2 miles south of Augusta are three pictorial panels marked by a highway sign: "Historical Site, Arnold Trail." There is a good view up and down the Kennebec from this spot, and the panels give highlights of the expedition's experiences in this portion of the route. Just north of Fort Western at the fork of U.S. 201 and 202 (Bangor Street and North Belfast Avenue) is a cemetery where a few early settlers are buried. Some of these settlers' remains may have come from the Howard Cemetery, originally located on the actual fort grounds. It is presently a supermarket parking lot. In this cemetery (or possibly in the earlier mentioned cemetery, if his remains were moved) lies the grave of a soldier from the Arnold expedition named Rueben Bishop. The death of Bishop was apparently a significant event, as almost every diarist on the march made serious mention of it. A hotheaded fellow named John McCormack, who had earlier been offended for some unknown reason, burst through the door of the soldier's barracks and fired a shot. Bishop was the unlucky recipient of that ball. He died a few days later. McCormack was tried, found guilty, and sentenced to die the next day at 3 p.m. by hanging. Interestingly, minutes before his execution, Arnold pardoned the killer and sent him off to Washington, and McCormack eventually died in prison. Many of the diarists noted that Bishop died a tormented death, not because of the pain, but because he, unlike most of his comrades, had not fully embraced the ways of Calvinism, and was very agitated over his uncertain afterlife possibilities. Phone: (207) 626-2385.

Pepperrell Family Sites

Pepperrell Family Sites. Seekittery.

Skowhegan Falls

Skowhegan Falls, Kennebec River, fork of U.S. 201 and 201A. The Arnold Expedition's bateaux approached these seemingly insurmountable falls over half a mile of dangerous rapids. They then came to the small island that splits the Kennebec here, and through a crevice in the steep rock they lifted and dragged their awkward, 400-pound bateaux.

A Central Maine Power Company substation and dam has pretty well destroyed the natural features of this site, but for the informed visitor enough is left to make a short walk rewarding. You will spot the site easily while crossing the river on U.S. 201 going north. Walk to the left corner of this structure as you face it (generally behind the fire station) and a remnant of the rock ledge that formed the falls will be visible. (Skowhegan means "a place to watch" for salmon.) Blasted out and buried under the power station is the crevice through which countless generations of Indians had lifted their birch canoes and through which Arnold's men cursed their way in 1775.

Solon (Carratunkas) Falls Portage Site

Solon (Carratunkas) Falls Portage Site, Kennebec River. Solon and its dam are on the highway maps, but there are no signs pointing to the place where Arnold made his portage in this area.

On U.S. 201 just north of the main highway junction in little Solon is a white frame church with a conspicuous spire. After another 0.4 mile north, turn left (west) onto Falls Road, which goes a short distance before ending in a recreation area alongside the river where Solon Dam is located. A DAR marker is on an isolated boulder where you can readily spot it, and it carries a vague message to the effect that Arnold's Expedition passed this way in 1775.

To find the portage, walk back from the boulder about 40 yards along the road you followed in. A trail coming in to the right is probably the portage route of 1775. Follow it south about 200 yards through the woods and you will see where the ground starts dropping off to the flat stretch of riverbank where the bateaux were beached. In its undeveloped condition the area has a wild charm that could be destroyed by misguided efforts to "improve" it as a tourist attraction.

The original inhabitants of Maine were the Abnaki, almost all of whom sided with the British during the Revolution and settled permanently in Canada after the war as the United States expropriated their lands. The exception was the Penobscot of coastal Maine, who were confined to Indian Island in the Penobscot River. The Penobscot National Historical Society Museum is devoted to their history and culture. It is located on the island on Highway 2 just north of Old Town and is open Monday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Phone: (207) 827-6544.

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