Saint Joseph

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Saint Joseph (sānt jō´zəf). 1 City (1990 pop. 9,214), seat of Berrien co., SW Mich., a port on Lake Michigan at the mouth of the St. Joseph River across from Benton Harbor; inc. 1834. Located in a fruit-growing region, it is a resort with beaches and mineral springs. Auto parts, machinery, and swimming pools are produced. Native American villages, a Jesuit mission, Fort Miami (1679), and a fur-trading post occupied the site before permanent American settlement began c.1830. A campus of Western Michigan Univ. is there.

2 City (1990 pop. 71,852), seat of Buchanan co., NW Mo., on the Missouri River; inc. 1845. It is the trade center of a rich agricultural and farming area. The city is a large market for livestock and grain, and has meatpacking and food- and leather-processing plants. Among its manufactures are electrical products, machinery, chemicals, clothing, and pet food. The city was laid out c.1843 on the site of a trading post founded (1826) by Joseph Robidoux. In 1860, St. Joseph became the eastern terminus of the pony express. The city was also an early, important railroad center until bypassed by the transcontinental railroad. Of interest are the pony-express stables (now a museum), the poet Eugene Field's home, and the city museum with noted Native American relics. Missouri Western State College is there.

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Joseph, St. The husband of the Virgin Mary. In Matthew 1–2 and Luke 1–2 Mary is said to have been ‘betrothed’ to him when Jesus was born. According to Matthew 13. 55 he was a carpenter. From 1479, his feast day in the W. was on 19 Mar. Between 1914 and 1955 his feast day was on the third Wednesday after Easter. In 1955 it was transferred (as St Joseph the Worker) to 1 May, to align it with the secular holiday. It ceased to be obligatory in 1969. In the E. it is the first Sunday after Christmas.

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Saint Joseph, husband of the Virgin Mary, a carpenter, a descendant of the house of David. He was apparently dead at the time of the Passion, for his last appearance in the Gospels is at the finding of the 12-year-old Jesus in the temple (Luke 2.42–50). As the foster father of Jesus and the chaste spouse of Mary, St. Joseph is highly honored by Orthodox and Roman Catholics. The latter regard him as patron of the Church. Feast: Mar. 19; another feast, the Solemnity of St. Joseph: third Wednesday after Easter.

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Joseph, Saint In the New Testament, husband of Mary and the legal father of Jesus Christ. He was a carpenter from Nazareth, n Palestine. His feast day is March 19 or May 1.

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Saint Joseph, river, 210 mi (338 km) long, rising in S Mich. and flowing generally westward in wide curves to Lake Michigan at Benton Harbor, Mich. South Bend, Ind., is on the river, which was an important link to the Ohio River and Lake Erie for pioneer travelers.