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Quebec (province, Canada)

Quebec (kwēbĕk´, kwə–, kē–, kə–), Fr. Québec (kābĕk´), province (2001 pop. 7,237,479), 594,860 sq mi (1,553,637 sq km), E Canada.

Geography

Quebec is bounded on the N by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay, on the E by the Labrador area of Newfoundland and Labrador and the Gulf of St. Lawrence, on the S by New Brunswick and the United States, and on the W by Ontario, James Bay, and Hudson Bay. Quebec is Canada's largest province; it is three times the size of France and seven times the size of Great Britain. The Canadian (or Laurentian) Shield underlies the northern nine tenths of the province, which is relatively unexplored and uninhabited; the region has been planed by glacial action into a pattern of rounded hills (including the Laurentian Mts.), swiftly flowing rivers, and numerous lakes and bogs. Dense forests cover much of the land, and the region is rich in minerals.

South of the Canadian Shield lies the great St. Lawrence River. On both sides of the river south of Quebec city are lowlands that are the centers of agriculture, commerce, and industry. Quebec city and Trois Rivières are on the north bank of the river, and Montreal, the leading industrial center of Canada, occupies an island where the Ottawa River joins the St. Lawrence. Another industrial center is the region of Jonquière and Chicoutimi, on the Saguenay River north of Quebec city. In the southeast are the Appalachian Highlands, which run parallel to the St. Lawrence. The Gaspé Peninsula, on the south of the St. Lawrence, extends into the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

Quebec's climate is generally temperate, with variations among the regions. Tourism is important throughout the province during the summer season, and in the winter the Laurentian Mts. attract skiers. The Eastern Townships (Estrie) region, near the New York and Vermont borders, has many fashionable lake and country resorts. Quebec has vast waterpower resources—Hydro-Quebec is the largest producer of electricity in Canada. The massive James Bay Project, whose first phases exploited the flow of La Grande and nearby rivers, was dealt a severe blow in 1992, when the New York State Power Authority refused to sign a purchase contract; the proposed development of the Great Whale River was held up by opposition from the Cree who live in and claim the area. Further work on the entire project was suspended in 1994, but a 2002 agreement with the Cree allowed completion of the La Grande complex.

The city of Quebec is the capital. Montreal is the largest city; other important centers are Verdun, Laval, Trois Rivières, Gatineau, Sherbrooke, and Hull.

Economy and Higher Education

The forests of the north yield wood for pulp, paper, and lumber industries, and throughout the north copper, iron, zinc, silver, and gold are mined. Iron ore deposits in the Ungava Bay region have been exploited in recent decades. Asbestos is found in the far north, but more importantly in the Thetford Mines region of the Appalachian Highlands. Jonquière has one of the world's largest aluminum plants.

The small farms of the lowlands yield dairy products, sugar beets, and tobacco. Quebec is second to Ontario among the Canadian provinces in industrial production. Its main manufactures include refined petroleum, food products, beverages, motor vehicles, aircraft, clothing, furniture, iron and steel, chemicals, and metal and paper products. The fur and fishing trades are still important in Quebec. The service sector has grown significantly since 1970. Although many anglophone businesses have abandoned the Montreal area since the 1960s in response to separatist agitation and provincial laws requiring the nearly exclusive use of French, Quebec continues to be a center of international commerce. Montreal and Quebec city are both tourist magnets.

Quebec has many universities, including Bishop's Univ., at Lennoxville; Concordia Univ., McGill Univ., and the Univ. of Montreal, at Montreal; Laval Univ., at Quebec city; the Univ. of Sherbrooke, at Sherbrooke; and the Univ. of Quebec, with an administrative center at Sainte-Foy and campuses at Chicoutimi, Hull, Montreal, Rimouski, Rouyn, and Trois Rivières.

History and Politics

Early History

Since many continental explorations began in the region, Quebec has been called the cradle of Canada. In 1534, Jacques Cartier planted a cross on the Gaspé and the following year he sailed up the St. Lawrence. In 1608, Samuel de Champlain built a trading post on the site of the present-day Quebec city, and from this and subsequent settlements Catholic missionaries, explorers, and fur traders penetrated the North American continent. The activities of private fur-trading companies ended, for a time, in 1663 when Louis XIV made the region, then known as New France, a royal colony and chose Jean Baptiste Talon to be intendant, or administrator.

The long struggle to protect the colony and the fur trade from the Iroquois (other tribes were allies of the French) and the British was effectively lost in 1759, when the British defeated the French on the Plains of Abraham (see Abraham, Plains of). By the Treaty of Paris of 1763, Great Britain acquired New France. In an attempt to conciliate the French inhabitants, the British passed the Quebec Act of 1774, under which the colony was allowed to continue its semifeudal system of land tenure and to retain its language, religion, legal system, and customs.

After the American Revolution, many British Loyalists came to settle in Quebec. By the Constitutional Act of 1791 the British separated the area west of the Ottawa River and created the colony of Upper Canada (now Ontario) there. Quebec became known as Lower Canada, and in 1791 the first elective assembly was introduced.

The resentment of leaders of the French community toward the British precipitated a revolt in 1837 led by Louis Papineau. Although the rebellion was crushed, the disturbances in Upper and Lower Canada caused the British to send the Earl of Durham (see Durham, John George Lambton, 1st earl of) to study conditions in the British North American colonies. His report led ultimately to internal self-government and the creation of the Canadian confederation. Upper and Lower Canada were reunited in 1841, and Quebec became known as Canada East. Responsible (elected) government was granted in 1849.

Confederation and the French-English Question

With the formation of the confederation of Canada in 1867, Canada East became the province of Quebec. Provisions for the preservation of its special, traditional institutions were specifically written into the Canadian constitution. English and French were made the official languages of both Quebec and the Canadian parliament, and a dual school system was established within Quebec. However, in 1974 French was made the sole official language of the province, and all non-English-speaking children were required to attend French-language schools. But the coexistence of majority-French and minority-English cultures within the province and the reverse situation within Canada as a whole have remained sources of tension. Attempts in Manitoba and Ontario at the beginning of the 20th cent. to curtail or abolish separate Catholic schools increased the French Canadians' feeling of isolation. In 1917 they vehemently opposed conscription for World War I.

Twentieth-Century Economic and Political Developments

During the 20th cent. great economic growth in Quebec was coupled with increased determination to maintain and broaden provincial rights. The boundary between Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador was only finalized in 1927, when Newfoundland was not yet part of Canada; although the boundary was accepted by Canada, Quebec has never officially recognized it. In the 1960s separatist groups, advocating an independent Quebec, gained attention. In 1970 separatist terrorists kidnapped a British diplomat, James R. Cross, and the Quebec Minister of Labour, Pierre Laporte. Cross was later released, but Laporte was found murdered.

In 1976 the Parti Québécois (PQ), a party of French-Canadian nationalists formed in 1970, won control of the provincial parliament under René Lévesque. The new government initiated a series of language and cultural reforms whereby the use of English was discouraged; this caused an out-migration of English-speakers and their companies, mainly to Ontario. During the 1980s, however, Montreal attracted many high-technology and financial services companies.

In 1980, Lévesque's plan for an independent Quebec, called sovereignty-association, was rejected in a provincial referendum by 60% of the voters. The PQ was returned to power in 1981, however, and in 1982 the provincial government refused to accept the new Canadian constitution. From 1985 to 1994, the Liberal party, led by Robert Bourassa and Daniel Johnson, controlled the assembly. In 1987 there appeared to be progress on the issue of Quebec separatism, when the Meech Lake Accord was signed, but the accord collapsed in 1990. A package of constitutional reforms was subsequently drafted by the Canadian government and presented to voters in a national referendum in Oct., 1992, but it was defeated.

In 1994 the PQ, now led by Jacques Parizeau, regained control of the provincial government. A referendum on independence was narrowly defeated in Oct., 1995. Parizeau announced his resignation and was replaced in 1996 by Lucien Bouchard, who had led the Bloc Québécois in Ottawa. Quebec was recognized by Parliament as a "distinct society" because of its language and culture and was granted a veto over constitutional amendments. Separatists said the changes were symbolic and vowed to continue their struggle. They suffered two blows in 1998, however, when Canada's Supreme Court ruled that Quebec could not legally secede on its own and the PQ's majority shrank in provincial elections.

In 1999 polls showed that support for secession had shrunk to about 40% of Quebec voters; in the Oct., 2000, national elections the Bloc Québécois received fewer votes than the Liberals for the first time since 1980. A federal law designed to make it harder for Quebec to secede was passed in July, 2000; it required that a clear majority support a clearly worded proposition and that borders, the seceding province's responsibility for a share of the national debt, and other issues be resolved by negotiations. In 2001, Bouchard resigned; he was succeeded as premier by the new PQ party leader, Bernard Landry.

The Liberals, led by Jean Charest, decisively defeated the PQ in the Apr., 2003, elections, and Charest became premier. In the Mar., 2007, provincial elections, the Liberals lost seats but secured a plurality and formed a minority government. Charest called for new elections in Dec., 2008, and succeeded in securing a legislative majority. In 2012, the Liberals narrowly lost to the PQ, which secured a plurality and formed a minority government headed by Pauline Marois, the province's first woman premier. Two years later, however, the Liberals returned to power when the possibility of secession again became prominent, and Philippe Couillard became premier.

Quebec sends 24 senators and 75 representatives to the national parliament.

Bibliography

See C. C. Nish, ed., Quebec in the Duplessis Era, 1935–1959 (1970); F. Grenier, ed., Quebec (1972); W. D. Coleman, The Independence Movement in Quebec, 1945–80 (1984); A. Greer, Peasant, Lord and Merchant: Rural Society in Three Quebec Parishes, 1740–1840 (1985); R. Handler, Nationalism and the Politics of Culture in Quebec (1988); H. Guidon, Quebec Society (1988).

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QUEBEC

QUEBECAlso Québec. The name of both the largest province of Canada (home of the largest FRENCH-speaking community in North America) and of its capital city (founded by Samuel Champlain in 1608). Out of a population of c.6m, 82% speak French, 16% English. ITALIAN and GREEK are prominent immigrant languages, and Cree and Mohawk are prominent indigenous languages. The first Europeans to settle in the region were the French in the 17c, and their colony was known as Nouvelle France (New France) until well into the 18c. In its heyday, the French empire in North America stretched from the valley of the St Lawrence down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers to the Gulf of Mexico, limiting British expansion west. In the late 20c, however, Quebec is the only politically significant French-speaking community in North America.

Quebec French

The French of Quebec descends from the speech of 17c Normandy and Picardy. Distinctive and varied, it has a broad form known as joual (pronounced ‘zhwal’: a variant of cheval horse). The traditional standard of education and the media has been that of Paris, often referred to as le français international. Local French of all varieties and most social levels has been stigmatized both in France and in Quebec as a patois marred by its accents, its ARCHAISMS, and its ANGLICISMS.

Quebec English

British Empire Loyalists from the US, after the end of the War of Independence in 1783, were the first significant English-speaking settlers in Quebec. They founded the Eastern Townships south-east of Montreal. By 1831, ANGLOPHONES of British descent were in the majority in Montreal itself, but an influx of rural francophones, who filled the ranks of the urban working class, had by 1867 reversed that trend. By 1981, 66% of the city's population was French-speaking. Such facts explain why English as used in Montreal (and more generally in Quebec) is not as homogeneous as other Canadian regional Englishes. Rather it exists as a continuum, from long-established unilingual anglophones broadly similar to anglophones in Ontario through bilinguals of various kinds to francophones using English as a second language. Until 1970, Montreal was the economic capital of Canada, but many controlling anglophone companies relocated, especially in Toronto, as a result of mounting separatist pressures in the 1970s and early 1980s among the French majority and under the government of the secessionist Parti Québécois (1976–85).

Much has been written in French on the effects of English on French in Quebec. In such works, the dominating role of English in North America has generally been considered pernicious, and francophones have often been urged to éviter les anglicismes (avoid Anglicisms) and not commettre un anglicisme (commit an Anglicism) in their French. The French of Quebec and Canada as a whole, however, continues to be heavily influenced by both CANADIAN ENGLISH and AmE, as for example the widespread use of bienvenu(e), the equivalent of You're welcome (in response to merci thank you), rather than the de rien (It's nothing) of France. There has been little comparable concern in Quebec about the effects of French on English and there have been few studies of Quebec English. However, the research that has been done indicates that in Montreal, for socio-economic reasons, English was until c.1975 regarded in both communities as the language of prestige. In the last 15 years, however, under the impact of pro-French legislation, French has gained greatly in prestige. In addition, English in Montreal tends to favour the norms of AmE more than English in Ontario, and Montrealers are less likely to employ Canadian Raising in their speech.

The most marked feature of local English is the influence of French. Many expressions have simply moved into English, such as: autoroute highway, caisse populaire credit union, depanneur convenience store, corner shop, and subvention subsidy. Anglophones who speak French constantly use such loan expressions as: give a conference give a lecture (from donner une conférence), sc(h)olarity schooling (from scolarité), and syndicate a trade union (from syndicate). The Gallicisms of francophones when speaking English range from such easily grasped expressions as collectivity (for community) and annex (for the appendix to a document) to a common place misuse of faux amis, such as deceive in I was deceived when she didn't come (from décevoir to disappoint), reunion in We have a reunion at 5 o'clock (from réunion a meeting), and souvenir in We have a good souvenir of our trip to Louisiana (from souvenir a memory). See CAJUN, CANADIAN LANGUAGES, DIALECT IN CANADA, MÉTIS.

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Quebec (city, Canada)

Quebec, Fr. Québec, city (1991 pop. 167,517), provincial capital, S Que., Canada, at the confluence of the St. Lawrence and St. Charles rivers. The population is largely French speaking, and the town is at the ideological core of French Canada. Quebec is an important port and is an industrial, cultural, service, and tourist center. Part of the city is built on the waterfront and is called Lower Town; that part called Upper Town is on Cape Diamond, a bluff rising c.300 ft (91 m) above the St. Lawrence. Winding, narrow streets link the two sections of the city. The chief industries are shipbuilding and tourism, and the manufacture of pulp, paper, newsprint, leather products, textiles, clothing, machinery, and foods and beverages. The site of Quebec was visited by Cartier in 1535, and in 1608 Champlain established a French colony in the present Lower Town; this was captured (1629) by the English, who held it until 1632. In 1663, Quebec was made the capital of New France and became the center of the fur trade. The city was unsuccessfully attacked by the English in 1690 and 1711. Finally in 1759 English forces under Wolfe defeated the French under Montcalm on the Plains of Abraham (see Abraham, Plains of) and captured Quebec. During the American Revolution, Americans under Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold failed (1775–76) to capture the city, although Arnold briefly held the Lower Town. Quebec became the capital of Lower Canada in 1791. After the union (1841) of Upper and Lower Canada, it was twice the capital of the United Provinces of Canada (1851–55 and 1859–65). The Quebec Conference was held in the city in 1864. Historic old Quebec, much of which is preserved, was named a World Heritage Site by the United Nations. There are many notable old structures, including the Ursuline Convent (1639); the Basilica of Notre Dame (1647); Quebec Seminary (1663); and parts of the fortifications enclosing Old Quebec. The surrounding area also has many notable sights, such as Montmorency Falls, the Île d'Orléans, and the shrine of Ste Anne de Beaupré. Laval Univ. is a center for the city's largely francophone culture.

See M. de la Roche, Quebec, Historic Seaport (1944); W. P. Percival, The Lure of Quebec (rev. ed. 1965); M. Gaumond, Place Royale: Its Houses and Their Occupants (tr. 1971); D. T. Ruddel, Quebec City, Seventeen Sixty-Five to Eighteen Thirty-Two (1988).

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Québec

Québec Province in e Canada; the second-largest province in area and in population; the capital is Québec and the largest city is Montréal. Most of the province, however, is on the Canadian Shield and is relatively uninhabited. In 1535, Jacques Cartier landed on the Gaspé Peninsula of e Canada, and in 1536 he sailed up the St Lawrence River. In 1608, Samuel de Champlain established the first settlement on the present-day site of Québec City. It served as headquarters for the fur-traders' exploration of the interior. Following the French and Indian Wars (1754–63), Britain gained French Canada in the Treaty of Paris (1763). Québec retained its distinctive French culture. The Constitution Act of 1791 separated off the area w of the Ottawa River as the colony of Upper Canada (now Ontario). Québec became the British colony of Lower Canada. The revolt (1837) led by Louis Papineau saw the appointment of the Earl of Durham. With the establishment of the Dominion of Canada in 1867, Québec became a province. In the late 20th century, the French-speaking inhabitants of the province intensified their demands for recognition of their cultural heritage, including complete independence. In a 1995 referendum, a small majority of the population voted against independence. The lowlands by the St Lawrence River are the centre of industry and agriculture; the province's small farms provide vegetables, tobacco and dairy produce. Québec produces much hydroelectric power and timber. Copper, iron, zinc, asbestos and gold are mined. Area: 1,540,687sq km (594,860sq mi). Pop. (2001) 7,237,479.

http://www.gouv.qc.ca

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Québec

Québec (Québec) City and seaport at the confluence of the St Lawrence and St Charles rivers, s Québec province, Canada; capital of Québec province. Samuel de Champlain established a French trading post here in 1608. Captured by the British in 1629, France later regained the city and it became the capital of New France in 1663. Britain took control of Québec at the end of the French and Indian Wars (1754–63). It served as the capital of Lower Canada (1791–1841) and of the United Provinces of Canada (1851–55, 1859–65), before becoming capital of Québec province in 1867. In recent years, the city of Québec has become a focal point for Canada's French-speaking separatists. Industries: shipbuilding, paper, leather, textiles, machinery, canned food, tobacco, chemicals. Pop. (2001) 169,076; 682,757 (metropolitan).

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Quebec, University of

University of Quebec, administrative center at Sainte Foy, Que., Canada; provincially supported; French language; founded 1968. Its largest campus is at Montreal and there are also campuses at Trois Rivières, Chicoutimi, Rimouski, Hull, and Rouyn. The university maintains a school of advanced technology at Montreal, an oceanography center at Rimouski, and a gerontological institute at Hull. A popular distance-learning program, the Télé-Université (1972), is run from Sainte-Foy.

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Québec

Québecbeck, bedeck, check, cheque, Chiang Kai-shek, crosscheck, Czech, deck, dreck, exec, fleck, heck, hitech, keck, lek, neck, peck, Québec, rec, reck, sec, sneck, spec, speck, spot-check, tec, tech, Toulouse-Lautrec, trek, wreck •Hayek • Baalbek • pinchbeck •Steinbeck • Warbeck •Brubeck, Lübeck •Uzbek • Beiderbecke • hacek •soundcheck • Dubcek • foredeck •sundeck • afterdeck • quarterdeck •Dalek, Palekh •fartlek • Chichimec • Olmec • redneck •breakneck • V-neck • bottleneck •swan-neck • roughneck • rubberneck •halterneck • leatherneck • turtleneck •henpeck • kopek • shipwreck • Hasek •Aztec • Mixtec • Toltec • infotech •discothèque • Zapotec

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Quebec

QUEBEC

QUEBEC , Canadian province. Quebec is Canada's second largest province and the only one of Canada's provinces with a French-speaking majority. It is also home to Canada's longest-established Jewish community. In 2005 it has a Jewish population of approximately 94,000, making it the province with the second largest Jewish community in the country.

Quebec's first Jewish settlers accompanied the British military during the Seven Years' War when it captured the vast territory from the French in 1760. While Jews concentrated in Montreal, they were also present in other parts of what was then known as Lower Canada. Mainly involved in the fur trade and other commercial activities, as many as one out of 10 merchants in the city were of the Jewish faith. Canadian Jewish communal and organizational life traces its origins to Montreal, where in 1768 the first congregation was established – Shearith Israel – more commonly known as the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue. By 1830 there were about 100 Jews in Lower Canada.

Because they enjoyed British legal status, Jews benefited from the privileges of the early colonial regime. But their status became the object of debate. The first major test emerged in 1807 with the election of the first Jew, Ezekiel Hart, to the Legislature by the voters of Trois-Rivières. Hart's right to sit was challenged by French Catholics who argued that a Jew could not legitimately take an oath of office which included the words "on the faith of a Christian." As a consequence he was prohibited from assuming office. It took some 25 years but on January 31, 1831, the Bill of Equal Rights was adopted by the Assembly of Lower Canada granting Jews the right to hold public office. Championed by the prominent French Canadian political reformer Louis Joseph Papineau, the Bill was received favorably by England's Parliament and became law within a year. The granting of freedoms to Jews proved to be a catalyst for the freedoms of others within the colony, directly resulting in the abolition of certain religious restrictions for Catholics.

The Jewish population continued to grow slowly and in middle of the 19th century, institutions were established to facilitate the absorption of Jewish settlers. In 1847, the Hebrew Philanthropic Society of Canada was founded and replaced in 1863 by the Young Men's Hebrew Benevolent Society (ymhbs). In the 1870s Jews from Eastern Europe began arriving in Montreal. By 1886 there were some 3,000 Jews in the province and by 1890 the imminent influx of immigrants prompted the established Jewish community to enhance relief efforts. With significant financial aid from Maurice Baron de *Hirsch, the ymhbs was renamed the Baron de Hirsch Institute with a mission to provide services to the new immigrants.

In the early 20th century, Montreal's Jewish leadership was confronted by the challenge of assisting a large influx of East European Jewish immigrants. Between the mid-1890s and the onset of World War i in 1914 the Jewish community of Quebec, largely centered in Montreal, increased nearly fourfold from 7,600 to 30,000. The fast-growing numbers contributed to rising demands for service from Montreal's existing Jewish community. In 1916 the established Jewish leadership consolidated the major Jewish community institutions with the creation of the Montreal Federation of Jewish Philanthropies.

By far the largest percentage of the early 20th century immigration was Yiddish speaking and such individuals often looked to their own *landsmannshaften, labor and political organizations and congregations, for support rather than to the Federation. The massive immigration of the Yiddish-speaking group not only altered the composition of the Montreal Jewish community but the city on the whole. By the 1920s, Yiddish had become the third most widely used language in Montreal after French and English. Based in Montreal, the country's only daily Yiddish newspaper, the Keneder Odler ("Canadian Eagle") was established in 1907 with a growing readership. Conflicts emerged between the predominantly immigrant working-class Yiddish speakers (commonly referred to as "downtowners") and the mainly English-speaking community establishment (referred to as "uptowners").

Given the demographic and political importance of the "downtowners" their views could not be ignored. Within the province's biconfessional structure of Catholics and Protestants, Jews were considered Protestant for educational purposes. This situation resulted in certain limits on the rights of Jewish students in publicly funded schools. In the late 1920s, the downtowners pressed for the creation of a publicly funded Jewish school board alongside the existing Catholic and Protestant school systems, a proposal to which the established Jewish leadership was less favorable. Although the Quebec government submitted a bill in support of the initiative, the negative reaction from the province's Catholic hierarchy prompted the administration to reverse course.

By 1931 the Quebec Jewish population grew to nearly 60,000. The economic depression of the 1930s was characterized by a significant rise in antisemitism in the province. Elements within the Quebec Catholic hierarchy disseminated antisemitism through various publications. Influenced by European fascism Catholic intellectuals such as Lionel Groulx propagated anti-Jewish sentiment. A concrete expression of the antisemitism of the decade was the "achat chez nous" ("buy from your own kind") movement which under the guise of promoting French Canadian economic progress urged a boycott of Jewish-owned businesses. Antisemitism was not confined to the French Canadian population, as certain programs at McGill University imposed quotas on the admission of Jewish students.

Despite the challenges of the 1930s, Jewish community leaders aimed to address the problem of badly needed services. The construction of the Jewish General Hospital with a substantial financial contribution from Sir Mortimer B. *Davis ensured quality health care for subsequent generations of Jews. Today the Jewish General is Quebec's most multiethnic hospital.

During the 1930s, conflict within the Jewish community appeared to wane as the growing threat of antisemitism both locally and abroad drew the community together. In 1934 the reactivation of the Canadian Jewish Congress (which first convened in 1919) under the leadership of Montreal's Samuel *Bronfman aimed to reinforce the political influence of the Canadian Jewish community to help address the plight of European Jewry. Locally, the already strained relations between Jews and French Canadians suffered a further setback around the issue of military involvement in World War II. While the Jewish community was committed to greater involvement in the war effort, French Canadians were overwhelmingly opposed to military conscription.

In 1943 the persistent ideological divisions within the Quebec Jewish community surfaced around the election of the Communist candidate, Fred *Rose (Rosenberg), in the federal riding of Cartier. Rose contended that a vote for the Communist Party would support Russia and the war effort and was thus a vote in support of the Canadian war effort. After the war, political divisions within the Jewish community diminished further as the leadership turned its attention to providing relief to East European Jews. Between 1947 and 1952, more than 4,500 Holocaust survivors settled in Montreal and benefited from the assistance of Jewish immigration aid services.

As in the rest of Canada in the aftermath of World War ii, there was some reexamination on the part of the Quebec Catholic hierarchy of its attitude towards the Jewish population. Dialogue between Jews and French Catholics were organized through the Council of Christians and Jews. But the dialogue encountered ongoing difficulties and thus initiatives aimed at fostering interfaith and intergroup understanding were spear-headed by Quebec intellectuals, writers, and elected officials. The postwar period and the challenges to which it gave rise proved a source of great cultural inspiration for Quebec Jews. Based in Montreal, such writers as Leonard *Cohen and Mordechai *Richler achieved international status with their literary works. In his popular book The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz, Richler offered some insight into the often difficult relationship between Jews and both English and French Canadian communities in Montreal.

During the 1950s through the 1970s, the Quebec Jewish community welcomed yet another wave of immigrants. Jews from Middle Eastern and North African countries, mainly French-speaking, further modified the composition of the community. Aside from their largely Sephardi religious traditions, these Sephardi Jews often brought with them the customs of their particular countries of origin. As well as the adaptation effort put forward by the institutions of the predominantly English-speaking Ashkenazi Jewish population, the process of integration of the Sephardi population also involved the creation of a series of parallel organizations directed at specific needs of the new immigrants.

During the 1960s the Jewish community witnessed a significant expansion of its Jewish day schools, a network that existed since the early 20th century. The provincial authorities did not offer these Jewish schools public status equal to the Catholic and Protestant sectors, but in 1968 the Quebec government did declare that the funding of private Jewish schools was in the public interest and thus assumed the majority of Jewish school costs. Although funding diminished somewhat in the decades that followed, approximately half of the Quebec Jewish student population are today enrolled in Jewish schools. The Jewish schools are characterized by significant internal diversity and differences in affiliation and include Sephardi establishments and a number of educational institutions for the growing hasidic segment of the community.

By 1971 the Quebec Jewish population reached more than 120,000 persons, but declined quite sharply thereafter. During the 1970s the Quebec provincial government was more and more challenged by French-Canadian nationalists to protect and expand French language primacy in Quebec. The government responded by passing legislation aimed at making the French language the province's common language. But this was not enough for the growing body of support for Quebec independence amongst the French-speaking majority. Strongly supportive of Quebec's remaining part of Canada, many in the province's Jewish community were uneasy with the rise in nationalism and the threat of separatism. In the growing atmosphere of political uncertainty, the overwhelming number of Jews in Quebec endorsed the federalist Quebec Liberal party. Certainly the Jewish community in Quebec was unprepared for the 1976 provincial electoral victory of the separatist Parti Québécois. Quebec Jewish community leadership had few contacts with the new government and thus tensions occasionally emerged. During the 1980 referendum on sovereignty, the Canadian Jewish Congress (cjc) chose to remain officially neutral though community members voted massively in favor of Canadian unity. During the 1995 referendum on Quebec sovereignty, the cjc chose to officially endorse the federalist position. In both cases the federalist side won, but only by the slimmest of majorities in 1995. Despite the often difficult political climate in Quebec, relations between Jews and increasingly urban, secular, and educated French Quebecers have much improved and although antisemitic expression has not altogether disappeared, it is but a pale shadow of what it was less than a generation ago.

However, political uncertainty has cost the Quebec Jewish community dearly. During the 1970s through the turn of the century, as many as 35,000 Jews left the province, notably the younger, better educated, and more mobile segment of the community. By 2001 the number of Quebec Jews dropped below 95,000. This out-migration had significant consequences for the demographic condition of the community and the establishment of priorities. Amongst other issues, the departure of so many younger Jews has contributed to the aging profile of the population and the need to direct greater attention to service provision for the elderly. More than one out of five Quebec Jews are over the age of 65. Other priorities included trying to stem the departure of young Jewish professionals through enhanced youth employment services.

In 2001, immigrants constituted some one-third of the Quebec Jewish population. More recently efforts have been directed at attracting Russian and Argentinian immigration. The community profile continues to possess characteristics that set it apart from Jewish communities elsewhere in Canada and for that matter in North America. While most Quebec Jews are English speaking, Quebec has both the largest French-speaking Jewish population on the continent and the largest share of Holocaust survivors of any Jewish community in Canada. Moreover it is one of the few Jewish communities in the world where Yiddish is still spoken almost as much as Hebrew. As a result of the pressure on the population to acquire the French language, Quebec Jews are the most trilingual group in North America.

On a national scale, the exodus of many Quebec Jews, a large number to Toronto, resulted in the decline of the Jewish population of Quebec. It dropped from around 40% of the total Canadian Jewish population in 1971 to just above one-quarter in 2001. As a result, the center of national Jewish decision-making has increasingly shifted away from Montreal as witnessed by the move of the national headquarters of the cjc from Montreal to Ottawa. Still, the Jewish historic contribution of Jews to Quebec life qualifies Jews as one of the province's founding peoples.

[Jack Jedwab (2nd ed.)]

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Quebec

Quebec

■ BISHOP'S UNIVERSITY

Lennoxville, QC, Canada J1M 1Z7
Tel: (819)822-9600; 877-822-8200
Fax: (819)822-9661
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ubishops.ca/

Description:

Province-supported, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1843. Setting: 500-acre small town campus. Endowment: $30 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $550,000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7300 per student. Total enrollment: 2,721. Faculty: 177 (123 full-time, 54 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 1,403 applied, 85% were admitted. Students come from 10 provinces and territories, 37 other countries, 60% from out-of province, 12% 25 or older, 31% live on campus. Retention: 82% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; visual and performing arts. Calendar: Canadian standard year. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at State Universities of California, New England Board of Higher Education, Quebec Inter-University Exchanges, University of New Mexico, University of North Dakota. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 3.0 high school GPA, birth certificate, copy of student visa, SAT or ACT. Recommended: SAT Subject Tests. Required for some: essay, 1 recommendation. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 3/1. Notification: continuous until 8/31.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $55. Province resident tuition: $1668 full-time, $55.61 per credit part-time. Canadian resident tuition: $4518 full-time, $150.60 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $840 full-time. College room and board: $5320. College room only: $4440. International student tuition: $10,068 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 65 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 3% of eligible men and 3% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Big Buddies, The Campus, Psychology Club, Student Patrol, Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship. Major annual events: Homecoming, Freshman Orientation Week, Winter Carnival. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 683 college housing spaces available; 675 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Options: coed, women-only housing available. John Bassett Memorial Library plus 1 other with 447,086 books, 118,415 microform titles, 5,662 serials, 24,232 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2 million. 200 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ CONCORDIA UNIVERSITY L-10

1455 de Maisonneuve Blvd. West
Montreal, QC, Canada H3G 1M8
Tel: (514)848-2424
Fax: (514)848-2621
Web Site: http://www.concordia.ca/

Description:

Province-supported, university, coed. Part of Province of Quebec University System. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1974. Setting: 110-acre urban campus. Endowment: $30.1 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $33 million. Total enrollment: 31,042. Faculty: 1,765 (831 full-time, 934 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 35:1. 15,706 applied, 65% were admitted. Students come from 13 provinces and territories, 125 other countries, 1% live on campus. Retention: 76% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Calendar: trimesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Consortium of Quebec Universities (CREPUQ) Centre for International Academic Cooperation (CIAC). Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.76 high school GPA. Required for some: essay, 2 recommendations, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 3/1, 2/1 for early action. Notification: continuous until 9/1. Preference given to graduates of Colleges d'Enseignement General et Professionnel (CEGEP).

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50 Canadian dollars. Tuition, fee, and room and board charges are reported in Canadian dollars. Province resident tuition: $1668 full-time, $55.61 per credit part-time. Canadian resident tuition: $4651 full-time, $155.03 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $979 full-time, $177.96 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to program. College room and board: $6905. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. International student tuition: $11,238 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 160 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities. Most popular organizations: ethnic clubs, student media, departmental clubs. Major annual events: Homecoming, Orientation, Concordia Shuffle. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 144 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Option: coed housing available. Webster Library plus 2 others with 3 million books, 5,900 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $11.7 million. 350 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ HEC MONTREAL L-10

3000, chemin de la Côte-Sainte-Catherine
Montréal, QC, Canada H3T 2A7
Tel: (514)340-6000
Admissions: (514)340-6991
Fax: (514)340-5640
Web Site: http://www.hec.ca/

Description:

Province-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Universite de Montreal. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1910. Setting: 9-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 11,784. Faculty: 611 (251 full-time, 360 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 21:1. 2,466 applied, 72% were admitted. Full-time: 4,574 students, 46% women, 54% men. Part-time: 4,563 students, 53% women, 47% men. Students come from 4 provinces and territories, 41 other countries, 1% from out-of province, 48% 25 or older. Retention: 79% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic area with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs. Off campus study at all universities in Quebec. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: cote de rendement collegial. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 3/1, 2/15 for nonresidents. Notification: 3/30, 4/30 for nonresidents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $60 Canadian dollars. Tuition, fee, and room only charges are reported in Canadian dollars. Province resident tuition: $1,668 full-time, $55.61 per credit part-time. Canadian resident tuition: $4,651 full-time, $155.03 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $622 full-time, $16.63 per credit part-time, $58.70 per term part-time. College room only: $2,927. International student tuition: $11,238 full-time. Nonresident alien program tuitions range from $9468 to $11240.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper, radio station. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. Myriam et J.-Robert Ouimet Library plus 1 other with 345,143 books, 16,757 microform titles, 5,557 serials, 2,313 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 250 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ MCGILL UNIVERSITY L-10

845 Sherbrooke St. West
Montréal, QC, Canada H3A 2T5
Tel: (514)398-4455
Admissions: (514)398-4193
Fax: (514)398-4193
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mcgill.ca/

Description:

Province-supported, university, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1821. Setting: 80-acre urban campus. Endowment: $764.2 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $286.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $27,617 per student. Total enrollment: 30,333. Faculty: 2,402 (1,597 full-time, 805 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 18,963 applied, 56% were admitted. Full-time: 17,972 students, 60% women, 40% men. Part-time: 3,363 students, 62% women, 38% men. Students come from 13 provinces and territories, 138 other countries, 32% from out-of province, 11% 25 or older, 10% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 92% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: social sciences; business/marketing; biological/life sciences. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Canex, CREPUQ, CUSAP, Universitas 21. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 3.3 high school GPA. Required for some: recommendations, interview, audition for music program, portfolio for architecture program. Entrance: very difficult. Application deadline: 1/16. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $60. Province resident tuition: $55.61 per credit part-time. Canadian resident tuition: $163.79 per credit part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 180 open to all. Most popular organizations: Debating Union, UNSAM (Model United Nations), Sexual Assault Centre, Walksafe, Queer McGill. Major annual events: Discover McGill, Orientation Week, Frosh Program. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, disability services. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 2,200 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Options: coed, women-only housing available. McLennan Library plus 13 others with 4.2 million books, 1.8 million microform titles, 25,673 serials, 579,805 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $24.6 million. 3,679 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ TÉLÉ-UNIVERSITÉ I-13

455, rue de l'Église
C.P. 4800, succ. Terminus
Québec, QC, Canada G1K 9H5
Tel: (418)657-2262
Fax: (418)657-2094
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.teluq.uquebec.ca/

Description:

Province-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Universite du Quebec. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees (offers only distance learning degree programs). Founded 1972. 2,649 applied, 100% were admitted. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Services for LD students, accelerated degree program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at other units of the Universite du Quebec, other universities in the province of Quebec.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: Common Application. Required: Diploma of Collegiate Studies (and transcript) or equivalent. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. 12,567 books and 277 serials.

■ UNIVERSITÉ LAVAL I-13

C.P. 2208, succursale Terminus
Québec, QC, Canada G1K 7P4
Tel: (418)656-3333; 877-785-2825
Admissions: (418)656-3080
Fax: (418)656-2809
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ulaval.ca/

Description:

Independent, university, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and first professional certificates. Founded 1852. Setting: 465-acre urban campus with easy access to Quebec City. Endowment: $410 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $96.2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $13,758 per student. Total enrollment: 38,376. Faculty: 1,456 (1,380 full-time, 76 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 7:1. 10,847 applied, 66% were admitted. Students come from 7 provinces and territories, 91 other countries, 4% from out-of province, 21% 25 or older, 7% live on campus. Retention: 95% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, general knowledge of French language. Required for some: essay, interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadlines: 3/1, 3/1 for nonresidents. Notification: 5/15.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30 Canadian dollars. Tuition, fee, and room and board charges are reported in Canadian dollars. Area resident tuition: $2076 full-time. Province resident tuition: $4809 full-time. Canadian resident tuition: $10,176 full-time. Mandatory fees: $900 full-time. College room and board: $9000. College room only: $3000.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 88 open to all; national fraternities. Most popular organizations: Drama Club, Improvisation Ligue, Creation Litteraire, Chorale de L'universite Laval, Amnistie Internationale. Major annual events: Rendez-vous Laval, Carrefour de L'Emploi, Student Festival. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, video cameras in most buildings, underground walkways. 2,400 college housing spaces available; 2,160 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Bibliotheque Generale plus 1 other with 3 million books, 55,507 microform titles, 13,928 serials, 20,094 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $8.9 million. 2,200 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITÉ DE MONTRÉAL L-10

CP 6128, Succursale Centre-ville
Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 3J7
Tel: (514)343-6111
Admissions: (514)343-7076
Fax: (514)343-5788
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.umontreal.ca/

Description:

Independent, university, coed. Administratively affiliated with L'Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, HEC Montreal. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1920. Setting: 150-acre urban campus. Endowment: $837 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $14,061 per student. Total enrollment: 55,150. Retention: 87% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: trimesters. ESL program, services for LD students, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at Quebec Interuniversity Exchange.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: Common Application. Required: Diploma of Collegiate Studies (and transcript) or equivalent. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 3/1. Notification: 5/15.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30 Canadian dollars. Tuition and fee charges are reported in Canadian dollars. Tuition: $55.61 per unit part-time. Canadian resident tuition: $335.61 per unit part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 50 open to all. Most popular organization: Federation des Associations Etudiantes du Campus. Major annual events: Winter Carnival, Multicultural Week, Inter-University Photograph Exhibition. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, cameras, alarm systems, crime prevention programs. 1,122 college housing spaces available. Option: coed housing available. Bibliothique des lettres et sciences humaines plus 18 others with 1.7 million microform titles, 18,330 serials, 178,528 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 1,500 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC EN ABITIBI-TÉMISCAMINGUE F-2

445 Blvd. de l'Université
Rouyn-Noranda, QC, Canada J9X 5E4
Tel: (819)762-0971
Fax: (819)797-4727
Web Site: http://www.uqat.ca/

Description:

Province-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Universite du Quebec. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1983. Setting: 5-acre small town campus. Total enrollment: 755. Students come from 8 other countries. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Services for LD students, accelerated degree program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at other units of the Universite du Quebec, other universities in the province of Quebec.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for some quota programs. Required: Diploma of Collegiate Studies (and transcript) or equivalent. Required for some: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: 5/15.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols. College housing not available. 135,882 books, 302 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 85 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC ÀCHICOUTIMI E-13

555, Blvd. de L'Université
Chicoutimi, QC, Canada G7H 2B1
Tel: (418)545-5011
Admissions: (418)545-5005
Fax: (418)545-5012
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uqac.uquebec.ca/

Description:

Province-supported, university, coed. Part of Universite du Quebec. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1969. Setting: 100-acre urban campus. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Services for LD students, accelerated degree program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs. Off campus study at other units of the Universite du Quebec, other universities in the province of Quebec.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for some quota programs. Required: Diploma of Collegiate Studies (and transcript) or equivalent. Required for some: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 3/1. Notification: 5/15.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. Option: coed housing available. 689,214 books and 5,092 serials.

■ UNIVERSITE DU QUEBEC, ECOLE DE TECHNOLOGIE SUPERIEURE L-10

1100, rue Notre Dame Ouest
Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 1K3
Tel: (514)396-8800
Admissions: (514)396-8885
Fax: (514)289-8950
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.etsmtl.ca/

Description:

Province-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Universite du Quebec. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1974. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 4,262. 1,541 applied, 88% were admitted. Full-time: 2,763 students, 8% women, 92% men. Part-time: 1,091 students, 16% women, 84% men. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Services for LD students, accelerated degree program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs. Off campus study at other units of the Universite du Quebec, other universities in the province of Quebec.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Required: Diploma of Collegiate Studies (and transcript) or equivalent. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 3/1. Notification: 5/15.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper, radio station. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. 400 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. 44,195 books, 630 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page.

■ UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC ÀMONTRÉAL L-10

CP 8888, Succursale Centre-ville
Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 3P8
Tel: (514)987-3000
Admissions: (514)987-7740
Fax: (514)987-7728
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uqam.ca/

Description:

Province-supported, university, coed. Part of Universite du Quebec. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1969. Setting: 286-acre urban campus. 42,208 applied. Students come from 10 provinces and territories, 102 other countries. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Services for LD students, accelerated degree program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at other units of the Universite du Quebec, other universities in the province of Quebec.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for some quota programs. Required: Diploma of Collegiate Studies (and transcript) or equivalent. Required for some: essay, recommendations, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 3/1. Notification: 5/15.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 40 open to all. Most popular organizations: Centre D'Ecoute et de Reference Halt-Ami, Groupe de Recherche d'Interet, Public du Quebec A LUqam, Club Marketing Uqam, Association des Etudiants Africainses de LUqam. Major annual event: Salon Etudiant de la Rentre. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Bibliotheque Centrale plus 15 others with 2.3 million books, 10,819 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 889 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC EN OUTAOUAIS L-6

Case Postale 1250, Succursale Hull
Gatineau, QC, Canada J8X 3X7
Tel: (819)595-3900
Free: 800-567-1283
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uqo.ca/

Description:

Province-supported, university, coed. Part of Universite du Quebec. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1981. Setting: small town campus with easy access to Ottawa. Total enrollment: 5,510. Students come from 25 other countries, 0% from out-of province. Retention: 90% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Services for LD students, accelerated degree program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at other units of the Universite du Quebec, other universities in the province of Quebec. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for some quota programs. Option: international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, Diploma of Collegiate Studies (and transcript) or equivalent. Required for some: interview, Diploma of Collegiate Studies (and transcript) or equivalent. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadlines: 3/1, 3/1 for nonresidents. Notification: 5/15.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. Tuition: $194.34 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $2099 full-time. International student tuition: $10,463 full-time. Area resident tuition: $2099 full-time. Canadian resident tuition: $474.34 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $2099 full-time. International student tuition: $10,463 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper, radio station. Most popular organizations: AGE, AIESEC, AEME, REMAA. Major annual events: Salon de l'Etudiant, Carnaval Etudiant, Jeux du Commerce. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 200 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. On-campus residence required through senior year. Option: coed housing available. Brault Library plus 1 other with 230,910 books, 25,908 microform titles, 12,351 serials, 11,972 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 141 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC ÀRIMOUSKI E-17

300, Allee des Ursulines, CP 3300
Rimouski, QC, Canada G5L 3A1
Tel: (418)723-1986
Admissions: (418)724-1432
Fax: (418)724-1525
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uqar.qc.ca/

Description:

Province-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Universite du Quebec. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1973. Setting: small town campus. 2,278 applied, 99% were admitted. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Services for LD students, accelerated degree program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at other units of the Universite du Quebec, other universities in the province of Quebec.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for some quota programs. Required: Diploma of Collegiate Studies (and transcript) or equivalent. Required for some: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 3/1. Notification: 5/15.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper, radio station. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, security cameras. Option: coed housing available. 263,142 books and 3,951 serials.

■ UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC ÀTROIS-RIVIÈRES J-11

3351 blvd des Forges, Case post 500
Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada G9A 5H7
Tel: (819)376-5011
Free: 800-365-0922
Admissions: (819)376-5045
Fax: (819)376-5210
Web Site: http://www.uqtr.ca/

Description:

Province-supported, university, coed. Part of Universite du Quebec. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1969. Setting: urban campus with easy access to Montreal. Endowment: $3.3 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $579,866. Total enrollment: 9,618. Students come from 33 other countries. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Services for LD students, accelerated degree program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs. Off campus study at other units of the Universite du Quebec, other universities in the province of Quebec.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for some quota programs. Required: Diploma of Collegiate Studies (and transcript) or equivalent. Required for some: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 3/1. Notification: 6/1.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. Option: coed housing available. Main library plus 1 other with 464,338 books, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2.2 million. 200 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITÉ DE SHERBROOKE L-12

Sherbrooke, QC, Canada J1K 2R1
Tel: (819)821-8000
Admissions: (819)821-7685
Fax: (819)821-7966
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.usherbrooke.ca/

Description:

Independent, university, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees. Founded 1954. Setting: 800-acre urban campus with easy access to Montreal. Total enrollment: 21,596. Faculty: 2,837 (1,014 full-time, 1,823 part-time). 8,467 applied, 74% were admitted. Full-time: 9,974 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 3,867 students, 59% women, 41% men. Students come from 3 provinces and territories, 62 other countries, 0% from out-of province. Calendar: Canadian standard year. ESL program, services for LD students, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Consortium of Quebec Universities (CREPUQ). Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, early admission. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: recommendations, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 3/1. Notification: continuous until 5/15. Preference given to province residents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $8508 includes full-time tuition ($4650), mandatory fees ($362), and college room and board ($3496). College room only: $1760. Part-time tuition: $155.03 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $10.74 per credit, $30 per term. International student tuition: $9768 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 20 open to all. Major annual events: homecoming, Winter Carnival. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. Option: coed housing available. Carrefour de l'Information plus 5 others with 1.2 million books, 5,937 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 300 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

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Quebec

Quebec

BISHOP'S UNIVERSITY

Lennoxville, QC, Canada J1M 1Z7
Tel: (819)822-9600; 877-822-8200
Fax: (819)822-9661
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ubishops.ca/
President/CEO: J. M. Hodder
Registrar: Ann Montgomery
Admissions: Damien Roy
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 96% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400+; 25% ACT 18-23; 50% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 85 Application Deadline: March 01 Application Fee: $55.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted. For some adult students: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $55. Province resident tuition: $1668 full-time, $55.61 per credit part-time. Canadian resident tuition: $4518 full-time, $150.60 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $840 full-time. College room and board: $5320. College room only: $4440. International student tuition: $10,068 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 123, PT 54 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT, SAT II % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 31 Library Holdings: 447,086 Credit Hours For Degree: 93 credits, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Field Hockey W; Football M; Golf M; Ice Hockey W; Lacrosse M & W; Rugby M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer W; Volleyball W

CONCORDIA UNIVERSITY

1455 de Maisonneuve Blvd. West
Montréal, QC, Canada H3G 1M8
Tel: (514)848-2424
Fax: (514)848-2621
Web Site: http://www.concordia.ca/
President/CEO: Dr. Frederick H. Lowy
Registrar: Linda Healey
Admissions: Sophie Fontaine
Financial Aid: Roger Cote
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: Province of Quebec University System % Accepted: 65 Admission Plans: Preferred Admission Application Deadline: March 01 Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted. For applicants 21 or over and out of high school at least 2 years: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50 Canadian dollars. Tuition, fee, and room and board charges are reported in Canadian dollars. Province resident tuition: $1668 full-time, $55.61 per credit part-time. Canadian resident tuition: $4651 full-time, $155.03 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $979 full-time, $177.96 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to program. College room and board: $6905. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. International student tuition: $11,238 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 16,850, PT 9,398, Grad 4,794 Faculty: FT 831, PT 934 Student-Faculty Ratio: 35:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 1 Library Holdings: 3,000,000 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACSB, APA Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Football M; Ice Hockey M & W; Rugby M & W; Soccer M & W; Wrestling M & W

HEC MONTREAL

3000, chemin de la Cǒte-Sainte-Catherine
Montréal, QC, Canada H3T 2A7
Tel: (514)340-6000
Admissions: (514)340-6991
Fax: (514)340-5640
Web Site: http://www.hec.ca/
President/CEO: Dr. Jean-Marie Toulouse
Registrar: Manon Vaillant
Admissions: Brigitte Lauzon
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Université de Montréal % Accepted: 72 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: March 01 Application Fee: $60.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $60 Canadian dollars. Tuition, fee, and room only charges are reported in Canadian dollars. Province resident tuition: $1,668 full-time, $55.61 per credit part-time. Canadian resident tuition: $4,651 full-time, $155.03 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $622 full-time, $16.63 per credit part-time, $58.70 per term part-time. College room only: $2,927. International student tuition: $11,238 full-time. Nonresident alien program tuitions range from $9468 to $11240. Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 4,574, PT 4,563, Grad 2,647 Faculty: FT 251, PT 360 Student-Faculty Ratio: 21:1 Library Holdings: 345,143 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACSB

MCGILL UNIVERSITY

845 Sherbrooke St. West
Montréal, QC, Canada H3A 2T5
Tel: (514)398-4455
Admissions: (514)398-4193
Fax: (514)398-4193
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mcgill.ca/
President/CEO: Dr. Bernard Shapiro
Registrar: Sophie Marcoux
Admissions: Kim Bartlett
Financial Aid: Judy Stymest
Type: University Sex: Coed Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 99.7% SAT M 400+; 2.13% ACT 18-23; 51.06% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 56 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: January 16 Application Fee: $60.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $60. Province resident tuition: $55.61 per credit part-time. Canadian resident tuition: $163.79 per credit part-time. Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 17,972, PT 3,363, Grad 7,546 Faculty: FT 1,597, PT 805 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: SAT I and SAT II % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 10 Library Holdings: 4,184,776 Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ADA, ALA, APA, ATS, LCMEAMA Intercollegiate Athletics: Badminton M & W; Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Crew M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Fencing M & W; Field Hockey W; Football M; Golf M & W; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M & W; Rugby M & W; Sailing M & W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Squash M & W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Ultimate Frisbee M & W; Volleyball M & W; Wrestling M & W

TÉLÉ-UNIVERSITÉ

455, rue de l'Église
C.P. 4800, succ. Terminus
Québec, QC, Canada G1K 9H5
Tel: (418)657-2262
Fax: (418)657-2094
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.teluq.uquebec.ca/
President/CEO: Anne Marrec
Registrar: Louise Bertrand
Admissions: Louise Bertraud
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Université du Québec Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 36, PT 0 Library Holdings: 12,567 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credits, Bachelors

UNIVERSITÉ LAVAL

C.P. 2208, succursale Terminus
Québec, QC, Canada G1K 7P4
Tel: (418)656-3333; 877-785-2825
Admissions: (418)656-3080
Fax: (418)656-2809
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ulaval.ca/
President/CEO: Michel Pigeon
Registrar: Danielle Fleury
Admissions: Danielle Fleury
Financial Aid: Jacques Beaulieu
Type: University Sex: Coed % Accepted: 66 Application Deadline: March 01 Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $30 Canadian dollars. Tuition, fee, and room and board charges are reported in Canadian dollars. Area resident tuition: $2076 full-time. Province resident tuition: $4809 full-time. Canadian resident tuition: $10,176 full-time. Mandatory fees: $900 full-time. College room and board: $9000. College room only: $3000. Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 19,954, PT 8,356, Grad 10,124 Faculty: FT 1,380, PT 76 Student-Faculty Ratio: 7:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 7 Library Holdings: 3,000,000 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ADA, LCMEAMA Intercollegiate Athletics: Badminton M & W; Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Gymnastics M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball M & W

UNIVERSITÉ DE MONTRÉAL

CP 6128, Succursale Centre-ville
Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 3J7
Tel: (514)343-6111
Admissions: (514)343-7076
Fax: (514)343-5788
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.umontreal.ca/
President/CEO: Robert Lacroix
Registrar: Fernand Boucher
Admissions: Pierre Chenard
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: L'Ecole Polytechnique de Montrèal, HEC Montrèal Application Deadline: March 01 Application Fee: $30.00 Costs Per Year: Application fee: $30 Canadian dollars. Tuition and fee charges are reported in Canadian dollars. Tuition: $55.61 per unit part-time. Canadian resident tuition: $335.61 per unit part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 26,757, PT 14,605, Grad 13,788 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACEHSA, ADA, ACSP, ALA, AOA, ASLA, AVMA, LCMEAMA Intercollegiate Athletics: Badminton M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Volleyball M & W

UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC EN ABITIBI-TÉMISCAMINGUE

445 Blvd. de l'Université
Rouyn-Noranda, QC, Canada J9X 5E4
Tel: (819)762-0971
Fax: (819)797-4727
Web Site: http://www.uqat.ca/
President/CEO: Jules Arsenault
Registrar: Denis Veret
Admissions: Denis Verret
Financial Aid: Norman Murphy
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Université du Québec Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 71, PT 88 Library Holdings: 135,882 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credits, Bachelors

UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC ÀCHICOUTIMI

555, Blvd. de L'Université
Chicoutimi, QC, Canada G7H 2B1
Tel: (418)545-5011
Admissions: (418)545-5005
Fax: (418)545-5012
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uqac.uquebec.ca/
President/CEO: Michel Belley
Admissions: Dr. Andre Dorion
Financial Aid: Renaud Theriault
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: Université du Québec Admission Plans: Open Admission H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 221, PT 173 Library Holdings: 689,214 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credits, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Badminton M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Soccer W; Volleyball M & W

UNIVERSITE DU QUEBEC, ECOLE DE TECHNOLOGIE SUPERIEURE

1100, rue Notre Dame Ouest
Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 1K3
Tel: (514)396-8800
Admissions: (514)396-8885
Fax: (514)289-8950
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.etsmtl.ca/
President/CEO: Dr. Yves Beauchamp
Registrar: Francine Gamache
Admissions: Francine Gamache
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Universite du Quebec Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,763, PT 1,091, Grad 408 Faculty: FT 119, PT 162 Library Holdings: 44,195 Credit Hours For Degree: 114 credits, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Rugby M

UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC ÀMONTRÉAL

CP 8888, Succursale Centre-ville
Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 3P8
Tel: (514)987-3000
Admissions: (514)987-7740
Fax: (514)987-7728
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uqam.ca/
President/CEO: Roch Denis
Registrar: Dr. Ygal Leibu
Admissions: Ygal Leibu
Financial Aid: Ruth Bourassa
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: Université du Québec Admission Plans: Open Admission H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 993, PT 2,011 Library Holdings: 2,300,000 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credits, Bachelors

UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC EN OUTAOUAIS

Case Postale 1250, Succursale Hull
Gatineau, QC, Canada J8X 3X7
Tel: (819)595-3900
Free: 800-567-1283
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uqo.ca/
President/CEO: Dr. Francis R. Whyte
Registrar: Richard Bérubé
Admissions: Luc Maurice
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: Université du Québec Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Deadline: March 01 Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $30. Tuition: $194.34 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $2099 full-time. International student tuition: $10,463 full-time. Area resident tuition: $2099 full-time. Canadian resident tuition: $474.34 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $2099 full-time. International student tuition: $10,463 full-time. Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Library Holdings: 230,910 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credits, Bachelors

UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC ÀRIMOUSKI

300, Allee des Ursulines, CP 3300
Rimouski, QC, Canada G5L 3A1
Tel: (418)723-1986
Admissions: (418)724-1432
Fax: (418)724-1525
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uqar.qc.ca/
President/CEO: Michel Ringuet
Registrar: Raymond Cote
Admissions: Raymond Cote
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Université du Québec Admission Plans: Open Admission H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 168, PT 156 Library Holdings: 263,142 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credits, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Badminton M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W

UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC ÀTROIS-RIVIÈRES

3351 blvd des Forges, Case post 500
Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada G9A 5H7
Tel: (819)376-5011
Free: 800-365-0922
Admissions: (819)376-5045
Fax: (819)376-5210
Web Site: http://www.uqtr.ca/
President/CEO: Claire V. de la Durantaye
Registrar: Denis De Carufel
Admissions: Denis De Carufel
Financial Aid: Marc-Andre Hainse
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: Université du Québec Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 317, PT 413 Library Holdings: 464,338 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credits, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Badminton M & W; Cross-Country Running M; Ice Hockey M & W; Soccer M & W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Track and Field M & W

UNIVERSITÉ DE SHERBROOKE

Sherbrooke, QC, Canada J1K 2R1
Tel: (819)821-8000
Admissions: (819)821-7685
Fax: (819)821-7966
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.usherbrooke.ca/
President/CEO: Bruno Marie Bechard
Registrar: France Myette
Admissions: France Myette
Financial Aid: Lise Grenier
Type: University Sex: Coed % Accepted: 74 Admission Plans: Preferred Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: March 01 Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $8508 includes full-time tuition ($4650), mandatory fees ($362), and college room and board ($3496). College room only: $1760. Part-time tuition: $155.03 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $10.74 per credit, $30 per term. International student tuition: $9768 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 9,974, PT 3,867, Grad 7,314 Faculty: FT 1,014, PT 1,823 Library Holdings: 1,200,000 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: LCMEAMA Intercollegiate Athletics: Badminton M & W; Football M; Soccer M & W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball M & W

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Quebec

Quebec

BISHOP'S UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Arts Management, B

Biochemistry, B

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Canadian Studies, B

Chemistry, B

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Comparative Literature, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Programming/Programmer, B

Computer Science, B

Computer Teacher Education, B

Drama and Dance Teacher Education, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, B

Education, BMO

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English as a Second Language, O

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Studies, B

Film/Cinema Studies, B

Finance, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

French Language Teacher Education, B

Geography, B

Geography Teacher Education, B

German Language and Literature, B

Gerontology, B

History, B

History Teacher Education, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Italian Language and Literature, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Modern Languages, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Natural Sciences, B

Neuroscience, B

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Physics Teacher Education, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Teaching French as a Second or Foreign Language, B

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, B

Women's Studies, B

CONCORDIA UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BO

Acting, B

Actuarial Science, B

Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching, MO

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, M

Anthropology, BM

Applied Mathematics, B

Art Education, MD

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, BMD

Art Teacher Education, B

Art Therapy/Therapist, BM

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Aviation/Airway Management and Operations, O

Behavioral Sciences, B

Biochemistry, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MDO

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

BioTechnology, O

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MDO

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology, B

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, B

Chemistry, BMD

Child and Family Studies, M

Cinematography and Film/Video Production, B

Civil Engineering, BMDO

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Clinical Psychology, MDO

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Communication and Media Studies, MDO

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Comparative Literature, B

Computer Art and Design, O

Computer Engineering, BMD

Computer Science, BMDO

Construction Engineering and Management, MDO

Creative Writing, B

Dance, B

Design and Applied Arts, O

Developmental and Child Psychology, B

Drama and Dance Teacher Education, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Drawing, B

Ecology, B

Economics, BMDO

Education, MDO

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, MDO

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Electronic Commerce, O

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MDO

English, M

English Language and Literature, B

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, B

Environmental Biology, B

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, O

Environmental Studies, BO

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering, B

Ethnic and Cultural Studies, B

European Studies/Civilization, B

Exercise and Sports Science, M

Fiber, Textile and Weaving Arts, B

Film, Television, and Video Production, M

Film, Television, and Video Theory and Criticism, M

Film/Cinema Studies, B

Finance, B

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, BMO

Genomic Sciences, O

Geography, BO

German Language and Literature, B

Health Services Administration, O

History, BMD

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, D

Industrial Engineering, B

Industrial/Management Engineering, MDO

Information Science/Studies, M

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Investment Management, MO

Italian Language and Literature, B

Jazz/Jazz Studies, B

Jewish/Judaic Studies, M

Journalism, BO

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Language Interpretation and Translation, B

Linguistics, BM

Management, O

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Marketing Research, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, BMD

Mathematics Teacher Education, M

Mechanical Engineering, BMDO

Media Studies, M

Modern Languages, B

Molecular Biology, B

Music, BO

Music Performance, B

Neuroscience, B

Organizational Management, M

Painting, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Performance, O

Philosophy, BM

Photography, B

Physics, B

Playwriting and Screenwriting, B

Political Science and Government, B

Printmaking, B

Psychology, BMD

Public Administration, BM

Public Affairs, O

Public Policy Analysis, BM

Religion/Religious Studies, BMD

Rural Planning and Studies, O

Sculpture, B

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, BM

Software Engineering, MDO

South Asian Studies, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, O

Statistics, B

Systems Engineering, MO

Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language/ESL Language Instructor, B

Technical Theatre/Theatre Design and Technology, B

Theology and Religious Vocations, M

Theology/Theological Studies, B

Therapeutic Recreation/Recreational Therapy, B

Translation and Interpretation, O

Urban and Regional Planning, O

Urban Studies/Affairs, B

Women's Studies, B

Writing, M

HEC MONTREAL

Accounting, BMO

Applied Economics, BM

Arts Management, O

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MD

Business Statistics, B

Business/Commerce, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, B

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, B

Corporate and Organizational Communication, O

Electronic Commerce, MO

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, B

Finance, B

Finance and Banking, M

Financial Engineering, M

Human Resources Management and Services, M

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Industrial and Manufacturing Management, M

Information Science/Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, BM

International Economics, B

International Finance, B

Logistics and Materials Management, M

Management, O

Management Information Systems and Services, BM

Management Science, B

Management Strategy and Policy, M

Marketing, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Sales, Distribution and Marketing Operations, B

Taxation, MO

MCGILL UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BMO

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, M

African Studies, B

Agribusiness, B

Agricultural Business and Management, B

Agricultural Economics, BM

Agricultural Engineering, MD

Agricultural Sciences, MDO

Agricultural/Biological Engineering and Bioengineering, B

Agronomy and Soil Sciences, MD

Allopathic Medicine, MDP

O Anatomy, MD

Animal Genetics, B

Animal Physiology, B

Animal Sciences, BMD

Anthropology, BMD

Applied Mathematics, BM

Architecture, BMDO

Area Studies, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, BMD

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, BMD

Biochemistry, BMD

Bioengineering, MD

Bioethics/Medical Ethics, M

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MD

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical Engineering, MD

Biostatistics, MDO

BioTechnology, MO

Botany/Plant Biology, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MDO

Business Teacher Education, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Canadian Studies, B

Cell Biology and Anatomy, MD

Central/Middle and Eastern European Studies, B

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Civil Engineering, MD

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Clinical Psychology, D

Communication and Media Studies, MD

Communication Disorders, MD

Community Health and Preventive Medicine, M

Composition, MD

Computational Sciences, M

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, BMD

Computer Science, BMD

Counseling Psychology, MD

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Dental and Oral Surgery, MD

Dentistry, MDPO

Developmental Psychology, MDO

Dietetics/Dieticians, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

East Asian Studies, BMD

Ecology, B

Economics, BMD

Education, BMDO

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Leadership and Administration, O

Educational Psychology, MD

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MDO

English, MD

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Entomology, MD

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, BM

Environmental and Occupational Health, MDO

Environmental Biology, B

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, MD

Environmental Studies, B

Epidemiology, MDO

Experimental Psychology, MD

Finance, B

Finance and Banking, M

Fish, Game and Wildlife Management, MD

Food Engineering, MD

Food Science, B

Food Science and Technology, MD

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

Foreign Language Teacher Education, MD

Foreign Languages and Literatures, B

Forensic Science and Technology, O

Forestry, MD

Foundations and Philosophy of Education, MD

French Language and Literature, BMD

French Language Teacher Education, B

Genetic Counseling/Counselor, M

Geography, BMD

Geology/Earth Science, B

Geophysics and Seismology, B

Geosciences, MD

Geotechnical Engineering, MD

German Language and Literature, BMD

Health Physics/Radiological Health, MD

Health Services Administration, M

Hispanic Studies, MD

History, BMD

History of Medicine, MD

History Teacher Education, B

Human Genetics, MD

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Hydraulics and Fluid Power Technology, MD

Immunology, MD

Industrial and Manufacturing Management, M

Information Science/Studies, BMD

O International Agriculture, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, BM

International Development, M

Italian Language and Literature, BMD

Jazz/Jazz Studies, B

Jewish/Judaic Studies, BMD

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Kinesiology and Movement Studies, MDO

Labor and Industrial Relations, B

Latin American Studies, B

Law and Legal Studies, MDO

Library Science, MDO

Linguistics, BMD

Management, O

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Management Science, B

Management Strategy and Policy, M

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, B

Marketing, M

Marketing Research, B

Materials Engineering, BMD

Mathematics, BMD

Mathematics and Computer Science, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Mechanics, MD

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology, B

Medical Physics, MD

Metallurgical Engineering, MD

Meteorology, MD

Microbiology, MD

Mineral/Mining Engineering, MDO

Mining and Mineral Engineering, B

Molecular Biology, B

Music, BMD

Music History, Literature, and Theory, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, BMD

Music Theory and Composition, BMD

Musicology and Ethnomusicology, MD

Natural Resources and Conservation, BMD

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, B

Near and Middle Eastern Studies, BMD

O Neuroscience, MD

Nursing, MDO

Nursing - Advanced Practice, O

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nutritional Sciences, BMD

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, B

Oceanography, Chemical and Physical, MD

Organizational Behavior Studies, B

Parasitology, MDO

Pathology/Experimental Pathology, MD

Performance, MD

Pharmacology, MD

Philosophy, BMD

Philosophy and Religious Studies, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BMD

O Physical Therapy/Therapist, B

Physics, BMD

Physics Teacher Education, B

Physiological Psychology/Psychobiology, B

Physiology, MD

Piano and Organ, B

Planetary Astronomy and Science, MD

Plant Sciences, BMDO

Political Science and Government, BMD

Psychology, BMD

Rehabilitation Sciences, MD

Religion/Religious Studies, BMD

Religious Education, B

Russian Language and Literature, BMD

Russian Studies, B

Sales, Distribution and Marketing Operations, B

School Psychology, MDO

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Science Teacher Education, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, BMDO

Sociology, BMD

Soil Science and Agronomy, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Statistics, BMD

Structural Engineering, MD

Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language/ESL Language Instructor, B

Theology and Religious Vocations, MD

Transportation/Transportation Management, M

Urban and Regional Planning, MD

Urban Studies/Affairs, B

Voice and Opera, B

Water Resources Engineering, MD

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, B

Wildlife Biology, B

Women's Studies, B

Zoology/Animal Biology, B

TÉLÉ-UNIVERSITÉ

Business Administration and Management, B

Computer Science, D

Distance Education Development, M

Education, B

Finance and Banking, M

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

UNIVERSITÉ LAVAL

Accounting, MO

Actuarial Science, B

Advertising and Public Relations, O

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, M

Agricultural Economics, BM

Agricultural Engineering, M

Agricultural Sciences, MDO

Agronomy and Crop Science, B

Agronomy and Soil Sciences, MD

Allopathic Medicine, PO

Anatomy, MDO

Animal Sciences, MD

Anthropology, ABM

D Archeology, BMD

Architecture, BM

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, ABM

D Art Teacher Education, B

Biochemistry, BMDO

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MDO

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MO

Cancer Biology/Oncology, O

Cardiovascular Sciences, O

Cell Biology and Anatomy, MD

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Civil Engineering, BMD

O Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Clinical Psychology, D

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Communication Disorders, M

Community Health and Preventive Medicine, MDO

Community Psychology, D

Comparative Literature, ABMD

Composition, M

Computer Engineering, B

Computer Science, BMD

Computer Software Engineering, B

Consumer Economics, O

Consumer Services and Advocacy, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, BMD

Curriculum and Instruction, MD

Dentistry, P

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, AB

Econometrics and Quantitative Economics, B

Economics, BMD

Education, MDO

Educational Administration and Supervision, MD

Educational Leadership and Administration, O

Educational Measurement and Evaluation, MD

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, MD

Educational Psychology, MD

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Electronic Commerce, MO

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Emergency Medical Services, O

Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MDO

Engineering Physics, B

English, MD

English Language and Literature, AB

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, O

Environmental and Occupational Health, O

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, M

Environmental Sciences, M

Environmental Studies, BM

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering, B

Epidemiology, MD

Ethics, O

Ethnic and Cultural Studies, MD

Ethnic, Cultural Minority, and Gender Studies, A

Facilities Planning and Management, M

Film, Television, and Video Theory and Criticism, MD

Finance and Banking, M

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Food Science, B

Food Science and Technology, MD

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

Forest Management/Forest Resources Management, B

Forestry, BMD

French Language and Literature, ABM

French Language Teacher Education, B

Geodetic Sciences, MD

Geography, ABMD

Geography Teacher Education, B

Geological/Geophysical Engineering, B

Geology/Earth Science, BMD

Geosciences, MD

Gerontology, O

Graphic Design, M

Health Physics/Radiological Health, O

History, BMD

History Teacher Education, B

Immunology, MD

Industrial and Labor Relations, MD

Industrial/Management Engineering, O

Infectious Diseases, O

Insurance, A

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Affairs, M

International Business/Trade/Commerce, M

Jazz/Jazz Studies, A

Journalism, O

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Kinesiology and Movement Studies, MD

Labor and Industrial Relations, AB

Language Interpretation and Translation, B

Law and Legal Studies, BMDO

Legal and Justice Studies, O

Linguistics, BMD

Management, MDO

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Management of Technology, O

Marketing, M

Mass Communication/Media Studies, BM

Mathematics, BMD

Mathematics and Computer Science, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology, B

Metallurgical Engineering, BMD

Microbiology, MD

Mineral/Mining Engineering, MD

Mining and Mineral Engineering, B

Modern Languages, B

Molecular Biology, MD

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Museology/Museum Studies, O

Music, BMD

Music Teacher Education, BM

Musicology and Ethnomusicology, M

Neurobiology and Neurophysiology, MD

Nursing, MO

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nutritional Sciences, BMD

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, B

Oceanography, Chemical and Physical, D

Oral and Dental Sciences, MO

Organizational Management, M

Pathology/Experimental Pathology, O

Pharmaceutical Sciences, MDO

Pharmacy, B

Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Sciences, and Administration, B

Philosophy, ABMD

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physical Therapy/Therapist, B

Physics, BMD

Physiology, MD

Plant Biology, MD

Political Science and Government, ABMD

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Pharmacy Studies, B

Psychology, BD

Rabbinical Studies, AB

Religion/Religious Studies, MD

Rural Planning and Studies, O

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Work, BMD

Sociology, BMD

Software Engineering, O

Spanish Language and Literature, BMD

Statistics, BM

Survey Technology/Surveying, B

Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language/ESL Language Instructor, B

Teaching French as a Second or Foreign Language, B

Technical Teacher Education, B

Theater, MD

Theology and Religious Vocations, MD

Theology/Theological Studies, AB

Translation and Interpretation, MO

Urban and Regional Planning, MD

Urban Forestry, B

Women's Studies, O

UNIVERSITÉ DE MONTRÉAL

Actuarial Science, B

Allopathic Medicine, PO

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O Physical Therapy/Therapist, B

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UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBECÀCHICOUTIMI

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Geosciences, M

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UNIVERSITE DU QUEBEC, ECOLE DE TECHNOLOGIE SUPERIEURE

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UNIVERSITÉ DE SHERBROOKE

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Quebec

QUEBEC

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Quebec

QUEBEC

National Assembly - Quebec
The Charest Administration - Quebec
Legislatures Since 1867 - Quebec
List of Members - Quebec
List of Constituencies - Quebec
Biographies - Quebec
Principal Officials of the National Assembly - Quebec
General Election - 2003: Quebec
Previous General Elections - Quebec
Standing of Parties - Quebec

QUÉBEC




Confederation Date / Fit son entrée dans la Confédération
1867


Area / Superficie
Land / Terre - 1,356,790 sq.km/km2
Water / Eau - 183,890 sq.km/km2
Total - 1,540,680 sq.km/km2


Population
(Census / Recensement): 1891 - 1,489,000; 1901 - 1,649,000; 1911 - 2,006,000; 1921 - 2,361,000; 1931 - 2,874,700; 1941 - 3,331,900; 1951 - 4,055,700; 1956 - 4,628,400; 1961 - 5,259,200; 1966 - 5,780,800; 1971 - 6,027,800; 1976 - 6,234,400; 1981 - 6,438,200; 1986 - 6,540,200; 1991 - 6,895,963; 1996 - 7,389,137; 2001 - 7,410,500; (Estimate/Estimation 2004) 7,542,760


Capital / Capitale
Québec


Major Metropolitan Areas / Régions métropolitaines principales (Estimate/ Estimation 2004)
Montréal: 3,511,800 (2001)
Québec: 693,100 (2001)
Chicoutimi-Jonquière: 158,700 (2001)
Sherbrooke: 160,000
Trois-Rivières: 130,000

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Quebec

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Quebec

Quebec

QUEBEC. 6 May 1776. A sortie by General Guy Carleton routed General John Thomas's force of American besiegers. The Americans fled, beginning the collapse of their northern army. Carleton did not pursue them, waiting for the arrival of his reinforcements under the command of General John Burgoyne.

SEE ALSO Canada Invasion.

                         revised by Michael Bellesiles

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"Quebec." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Quebec." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved October 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/quebec

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