Skip to main content

Quebec campaign

Quebec campaign, 1775–76, of the American Revolution. The Continental Congress decided to send an expedition to Canada to protect the northern frontier from British attack and to persuade Canada to join the revolt against England. Late in Aug., 1775, Gen. Philip Schuyler led troops up Lake Champlain and captured St. Johns; illness forced him to turn over his command to Gen. Richard Montgomery, who proceeded to capture Montreal in Nov., 1775. In Sept., 1775, General Washington sent Benedict Arnold to lead an expedition against Quebec by way of the Kennebec and Chaudière rivers in Maine. When this force arrived, it was so weakened by the incredibly hard march, illness, desertion, and lack of supplies that Arnold was forced to wait for Montgomery before attacking. The unsuccessful assault was launched in the early morning of Dec. 31, 1775. The Continentals withdrew after Montgomery was killed, Arnold wounded, and Daniel Morgan captured. Arnold and Montgomery's successor, David Wooster, continued the siege until spring, when British reinforcements enabled Sir Guy Carleton to push the Americans, now commanded by Gen. John Thomas, back to Crown Point on Lake Champlain.

See H. Bird, Attack on Quebec (1968).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Quebec campaign." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 23 Apr. 2018 <>.

"Quebec campaign." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (April 23, 2018).

"Quebec campaign." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 23, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.