Queen Anne's War

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Queen Anne's War

England and France fought four wars for dominance in the New World from 1689 to 1763. The wars are known collectively in English history as the French and Indian War . This is also the American name for the last of the four wars, fought from 1754 to 1763.

The second war of the French and Indian War was Queen Anne's War (1702–13), named in America for Queen Anne (1665–1714) of England, Scotland, and Ireland. From Europe's perspective, Queen Anne's War was just the New World theater for a larger war being fought in Europe called the War of the Spanish Succession. Both wars pitted France and Spain against England, which had allies in Europe.

Early in Queen Anne's War, England burned much of St. Augustine, Florida , which was controlled by Spain. Fighting there ended the Spanishs mission system in the region. As in all of the French and Indian wars, some Native American tribes fought for France. In the Deerfield Massacre of 1704, French forces and Algonquian Indians attacked New England from Canada, burning Deerfield, Massachusetts , in the raid.

Queen Anne's War ended with the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. Under the treaty, England got many New World regions from France, including Acadia (later renamed Nova Scotia), Newfoundland, the Hudson Bay region, and the island of St. Kitts in the Caribbean.