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New Mexico

New Mexico

State of New Mexico

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Spanish explorers in 1540 called the area "the new Mexico."

NICKNAME: Land of Enchantment.

CAPITAL: Santa Fe.

ENTERED UNION: 6 January 1912 (47th).

SONG: "O Fair New Mexico;" "Así es Nuevo México."

MOTTO: Crescit eundo (It grows as it goes).

FLAG: The sun symbol of the Zia Indians appears in red on a yellow field.

OFFICIAL SEAL: An American bald eagle with extended wings grasps three arrows in its talons and shields a smaller eagle grasping a snake in its beak and a cactus in its talons (the emblem of Mexico, and thus symbolic of the change in sovereignty over the state). Below the scene is the state motto. The words "Great Seal of the State of New Mexico 1912" surround the whole.

BIRD: Roadrunner (chaparral bird).

FISH: Cutthroat trout.

FLOWER: Yucca (Our Lords Candles).

TREE: Piñon pine.

GEM: Turquoise.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans' Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; President's Day, day after Thanksgiving; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME: 5 am MST = noon GMT.

LOCATION, SIZE, AND EXTENT

New Mexico is located in the southwestern United States. Smaller only than Montana of the eight Rocky Mountain states, it ranks fifth in size among the 50 states. The area of New Mexico is 121,593 sq mi (314,926 sq km), of which land comprises 121,335 sq mi (314,258 sq km) and inland water 258 sq mi (668 sq km). Almost square in shape except for its jagged southern border, New Mexico extends about 352 mi (566 km) e-w and 391 mi (629 km) n-s.

New Mexico is bordered on the n by Colorado; on the e by Oklahoma and Texas; on the s by Texas and the Mexican state of Chihuahua (with a small portion of the south-central border formed by the Rio Grande); and on the w by Arizona. The total boundary length of New Mexico is 1,434 mi (2,308 km).

The geographic center of the state is in Torrance County, 12 mi (19 km) ssw of Willard.

TOPOGRAPHY

The Continental Divide extends from north to south through central New Mexico. The north-central part of the state lies within the Southern Rocky Mountains, and the northwest forms part of the Colorado Plateau. The eastern two-fifths of the state fall on the western fringes of the Great Plains.

Major mountain ranges include the Southern Rockies, the Chuska Mountains in the northwest, and the Caballo, San Andres, San Mateo, Sacramento, and Guadalupe ranges in the south and southwest. The highest point in the state is Wheeler Peak, at 13,161 ft (4,014 m); the lowest point, 2,842 ft (867 m), is at Red Bluff Reservoir. The mean elevation of the state is approximately 5,700 ft (1,739 m).

The Rio Grande traverses New Mexico from north to south and forms a small part of the state's southern border with Texas. Other major rivers include the Pecos, San Juan, Canadian, and Gila. The largest bodies of inland water are the Elephant Butte Reservoir and Conchas Reservoir, both created by dams.

The Carlsbad Caverns, the largest known subterranean labyrinth in the world, penetrate the foothills of the Guadalupes in the southeast. The caverns embrace more than 37 mi (60 km) of connecting chambers and corridors and are famed for their stalactite and stalagmite formations.

CLIMATE

New Mexico's climate ranges from arid to semiarid, with a wide range of temperatures. Average January temperatures vary from about 35°f (2°c) in the north to about 55°f (13°c) in the southern and central regions. July temperatures range from about 78°f (26°c) at high elevations to around 92°f (33°c) at lower elevations. The record high temperature for the state is 122°f (50°c), set most recently on 27 July 1994 at Lakewood; the record low, 50°f (46°c), was set on 1 February 1951 at Gavilan.

Average annual precipitation is about 8.5 in (21 cm) in Albuquerque in the desert; at high elevations, annual precipitation averaged over 20 in (50 cm). Nearly one-half the annual rainfall comes during July and August, and thunderstorms are common in the summer. Snow is much more frequent in the north than in the south; Albuquerque gets about 11 in (28 cm) of snow per year, and the northern mountains receive up to 100 in (254 cm).

FLORA AND FAUNA

New Mexico is divided into the following six life zones: lower Sonoran, upper Sonoran, transition, Canadian, Hudsonian, and arctic-alpine.

Characteristic vegetation in each zone includes, respectively, desert shrubs and grasses; piñon/juniper woodland, sagebrush, and chaparral; ponderosa pine and oak woodlands; mixed conifer and aspen forests; spruce/fir forests and meadows; tundra wild flowers and riparian shrubs. The yucca has three varieties in New Mexico and is the state flower. Thirteen plant species were listed as threatened or endangered in 2006, including Sacramento prickly poppy, Moncos milk-vetch, and two species of cacti.

Indigenous animals include pronghorn antelope, javelina, and black-throated sparrow in the lower Sonoran zone; mule and white-tailed deer, ringtail, and brown towhee in the upper Sonoran zone; elk and wild turkey in the transition zone; black bear and hairy woodpecker in the Canadian zone; pine marten and blue grouse in the Hudsonian zone; and bighorn sheep, pika, ermine, and white-tailed ptarmigan in the arctic-alpine zone. Among notable desert insects are the tarantula, centipede, and vinegarroon. The coatimundi, Baird's sparrow, and brook stickleback are among rare animals. Twenty-eight New Mexican animal species (vertebrates and invertebrates) were classified as threatened or endangered by the US Fish and Wildlife Service in April 2006, including two species of bat, whooping crane, bald eagle, southwestern willow flycatcher, Mexican spotted owl, three species of shiner, and razorback sucker.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Agencies concerned with the environment include the New Mexico Environment Department (NMED), the Environmental Improvement Board, the Water Quality Control Commission, and the Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department. As the state's leading environmental agency, the NMED's mission is to preserve, protect, and perpetuate New Mexico's environment for present and future generations. The Department is comprised of four divisions, 14 bureaus, four districts, and 17 field offices. Each entity is responsible for different areas and functions of environmental protection (or administrative support) concerning air, water, and land resources. Under the authority of state/federal laws and regulations, the NMED fulfills its mission through the judicious application of statewide regulatory, technical assistance, planning, enforcement, educational, and related functions in the service of its citizens.

Wetlands cover about 482,000 acres (195,058 hectares) of the state and include such diverse areas as forested wetlands, marshes, alpine snow glades, and salt meadows. Conversion of land for agricultural and urban development are the primary threats to these lands, which lie primarily in the eastern and northern areas of the state.

In 2003, 17.9 million lb of toxic chemicals were released in the state. Also in 2003, New Mexico had 120 hazardous waste sites listed in the US Environment Protection Agency (EPA) database, 12 of which were on the National Priorities List as of 2006. In 2005, the EPA spent over $3.2 million through the Superfund program for the cleanup of hazardous waste sites in the state. The same year, federal EPA grants awarded to the state included $8.3 million for the drinking water state revolving fund and $6.8 million for improvements in municipal wastewater treatment programs.

POPULATION

New Mexico ranked 36th in population in the United States with an estimated total of 1,928,384 in 2005, an increase of 6% since 2000. Between 1990 and 2000, New Mexico's population grew from 1,515,069 to 1,819,046, an increase of 20.1%. The population is projected to reach 2 million by 2015 and 2.1 million by 2025. The population density in 2004 was 15.7 persons per sq mi. In 2004 the median age was 35.8. Persons under 18 years old accounted for 25.9% of the population while 12.1% was age 65 or older.

In 2004, an estimated 484,246 people lived in Albuquerque. An estimated 781,447 lived in the Albuquerque metropolitan area. The Santa Fe metropolitan area had 138,705 inhabitants.

ETHNIC GROUPS

New Mexico has two large minorities: Indians and Hispanics. In 2000, the estimated American Indian population was 173,483 (9.5% of the total populationthe second-highest percentage of any state). In 2004, 10.1% of the population was American Indian. Part of Arizona's great Navaho reservation extends across the border into New Mexico. New Mexico's Navaho population was recorded as 67,397 in 2000. There are 2 Apache reservations, 19 Pueblo villages (including one for the Zia in Sandoval County), and lands allotted to other tribes. Altogether, Indian lands cover 8,152,895 acres (3,299,477 hectares), 10.5% of New Mexico's area (second only to Arizona in proportion of Indian lands). In 2000 the Zuni lands had a population of 7,758, and the Acoma reservation had 2,802 residents.

The Hispanic population is an old one, descending from Spanish-speaking peoples who lived there before the territory was annexed by the United States. In 2000, Hispanics and Latinos (including a small number of immigrants from modern Mexico) numbered 765,386 or 42.1% of the total state population. That percentage had increased to 43.3% of the state population in 2004.

As of 2000, an estimated 19,255 Asians, 1,503 Pacific Islanders, and 34,343 black Americans lived in the state. In 2004, 2.4% of the state's population was black, 1.3% Asian, and 0.1% Pacific Islander. That year, 1.5% of the population reported origin of two or more races.

LANGUAGES

New Mexico has large Indian and Spanish-speaking populations. But just a few place-names, like Tucumcari and Mescalero, echo in English the presence of the Apache, Zuni, Navaho, and other tribes living there. Numerous Spanish borrowings include vigas (rafters) in the northern half, and canales (gutters) and acequia (irrigation ditch) in the Rio Grande Valley. New Mexico English is a mixture of dominant Midland, with some Northern features (such as sick to the stomach ) in the northeast, and Southern and South Midland features such as spoonbread and carry (escort) in the eastern agricultural fringe.

In 2000, 1,072,947 New Mexicans63.5% of the resident population five years of age and olderspoke only English at home, down slightly from 64.5% in 1990.

The following table gives selected statistics from the 2000 Census for language spoken at home by persons five years old and over. The category "Other Native North American languages" includes Apache, Cherokee, Choctaw, Dakota, Keres, Pima, and Yupik.

LANGUAGE NUMBER PERCENT
Population 5 years and over 1,689,911 100.0
  Speak only English 1,072,947 63.5
  Speak a language other than English 616,964 36.5
Speak a language other than English 616,964 36.5
  Spanish or Spanish Creole 485,681 28.7
  Navajo 68,788 4.1
  Other Native North American languages 26,880 1.6
  German 7,871 0.5
  French (incl. Patois, Cajun) 4,332 0.3
  Chinese 2,983 0.2
  Vietnamese 2,523 0.1
  Italian 1,931 0.1
  Tagalog 1,603 0.1
  Japanese 1,263 0.1
  Korean 1,197 0.1
  Arabic 980 0.1

RELIGIONS

The first religions in New Mexico were practiced by Pueblo and Navaho Indians. Franciscan missionaries arrived at the time of Coronado's conquest in 1540, and the first Roman Catholic church in the state was built in 1598. Roman Catholicism has long been the dominant religion, though from the mid-1800s there has also been a steady increase in the number of Protestants. The first Baptist missionaries arrived in 1849, the Methodists in 1850, and the Mormons in 1877.

The state's Roman Catholic churches had about 435,244 members in 2004. The next largest denomination is the Southern Baptist Convention, with 132,675 in 2000; 2,856 newly baptized members reported in 2002. In 2004, there were 39,865 United Methodists statewide. In 2000, there were 22,070 members of Assemblies of God, 18,985 members of Churches of Christ, and 13,224 Presbyterians (USA). The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints reported about 61,862 members in 123 congregation in 2006; the state's first Mormon temple was dedicated in Albuquerque in 2000. The Jewish population was estimated at 10,500 in 2000 and the Muslim congregations had 2,604 adherents. The same year, about 761,218 people (about 41.8% of the population) were not counted as members of any religious organization.

TRANSPORTATION

Important early roads included El Camino Real, extending from Mexico City, Mexico, up to Santa Fe and the Santa Fe Trail, leading westward from Independence, Missouri. By 2004, New Mexico had 64,004 mi (103,046 km) of public roads and streets.

In 2004, some 1.539 million motor vehicles were registered in the state, of which around 681,000 were automobiles, approximately 820,000 were trucks of all types, some 36,000 were motorcycles, and about 2,000 were buses. In that same year, there were 1,271,365 licensed drivers in the state.

Rail service did not begin in New Mexico until 1879. New Mexico had 2,388 mi (3,844 km) of track in 2003, with Class I roads making up close to 94% of that total. The main rail lines serving the state are the Union Pacific and the Burlington Northern Santa Fe. As of 2006, Amtrak provided passenger service to five stations in New Mexico via its Chicago to Los Angeles Southwest Chief train and via its New Orleans to Los Angeles train the Sunset Limited.

In 2005, New Mexico had a total of 176 public and private-use aviation-related facilities. This included 150 airports, 25 heliports, and one seaplane base. Albuquerque International is the state's main airport. In 2004, the airport had 3,079,172 enplanements.

HISTORY

The earliest evidence of human occupation in what is now New Mexico, dating from about 20,000 years ago, has been found in Sandia Cave near Albuquerque. This so-called Sandia man was later joined by other nomadic huntersthe Clovis and Folsom people from the northern and eastern portions of the state, and the Cochise culture, which flourished in southwestern New Mexico from about 10,000 to 500 bc. The Mogollon people tilled small farms in the southwest from 300 bc to about 100 years before Columbus came to the New World. Also among the state's early inhabitants were the Basket Makers, a seminomadic people who eventually evolved into the Anasazi, or Cliff Dwellers. The Anasazi, who made their home in the Four Corners region (where present-day New Mexico meets Colorado, Arizona, and Utah), were the predecessors of the modern Pueblo Indians.

The Pueblo people lived along the upper Rio Grande, except for a desert group east of Albuquerque, who lived in the same kind of apartment-like villages as the river Pueblos. During the 13th century, the Navajo settled in the Four Corners area to become farmers, sheepherders, and occasional enemies of the Pueblos. The Apache, a more nomadic and warlike group who came at about the same time, later posed a threat to all the non-Indians who arrived in New Mexico during the Spanish, Mexican, and American periods.

Francisco Vásquez de Coronado led the earliest major expedition to New Mexico, beginning in 1540, 80 years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock. In 1598, Don Juan de Onate led an expedition up the Rio Grande, where, one year later, he established the settlement of San Gabriel, near present-day Espanola; in 1610, the Spanish moved their center of activity to Santa Fe. For more than two centuries, the Spaniards, who concentrated their settlements, farms, and ranches in the upper Rio Grande Valley, dominated New Mexico, except for a period from 1680 to about 1693, when the Pueblo Indians temporarily regained control of the region.

In 1821, Mexico gained its independence from Spain, and New Mexico came under the Mexican flag for 25 years. The unpopularity of government officials sent from Mexico City and the inability of the new republic to control the Apache led to the revolt of 1837, which was put down by a force from Albuquerque led by General Manuel Armijo. In 1841, as governor of the Mexican territory, Armijo defeated an invading force from the Republic of Texas, but he later made a highly controversial decision not to defend Apache Pass east of Santa Fe during the Mexican-American War, instead retreating and allowing US forces under the command of General Stephen Watts Kearny to enter the capital city unopposed on 18 August 1846.

Kearny, without authorization from Congress, immediately attempted to make New Mexico a US territory. He appointed the respected Indian trader Charles Bent, a founder of Bent's Fort on the Santa Fe Trail, as civil governor, and then led his army on to California. After Kearny's departure, a Mexican and Indian revolt in Taos resulted in Bent's death; the suppression of the Taos uprising by another US Army contingent secured American control over New Mexico, although the area did not officially become a part of the United States until the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War in 1848.

New Mexico became a US territory as part of the Compromise of 1850, which also brought California into the Union as a free state. Territorial status did not bring about rapid or dramatic changes in the lives of those who were already in New Mexico. However, an increasing number of people traveling on the Santa Fe Trailwhich had been used since the early 1820s to carry goods between Independence, Mo., and Santa Fewere Americans seeking a new home in the Southwest. One issue that divided many of these new settlers from the original Spanish-speaking inhabitants was land. Native New Mexicans resisted, sometimes violently, the efforts of new Anglo residents and outside capital to take over lands that had been allocated during the earlier Spanish and Mexican periods. Anglo lawyers such as Thomas Benton Catron acquired unprecedented amounts of land from native grantees as payment of legal fees in the prolonged litigation that often accompanied these disputes. Eventually, a court of private land claims, established by the federal government, legally processed 33 million acres (13 million hectares) of disputed land from 1891 to 1904.

Land disputes were not the only cause of violence during the territorial period. In 1862, Confederate General Henry Hopkins Sibley led an army of Texans up the Rio Grande and occupied Santa Fe; he was defeated at Glorieta Pass in northern New Mexico by a hastily assembled army that included volunteers from Colorado and New Mexico and Union regulars, in a battle that has been labeled the Gettysburg of the West. The so-called Lincoln County War of 187881, a range war pitting cattlemen against merchants and involving, among other partisans, William H. Bonney (Billy the Kid), helped give the territory the image of a lawless region unfit for statehood.

Despite the tumult, New Mexico began to make substantial economic progress. In 1879, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad entered the territory. General Lew Wallace, who was appointed by President Rutherford B. Hayes to settle the Lincoln County War, was the last territorial governor to enter New Mexico by stagecoach and the first to leave it by train.

By the end of the 19th century, the Indian threat that had plagued the Anglos, like the Spanish-speaking New Mexicans before them, had finally been resolved. New Mexicans won the respect of Theodore Roosevelt by enlisting in his Rough Riders during the Spanish-American War, and when he became president, he returned the favor by working for statehood. New Mexico finally became a state on 6 January 1912, under President William H. Taft.

In March 1916, irregulars of the Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa crossed the international boundary into New Mexico, killing, robbing, and burning homes in Columbus. US troops under the command of General John J. Pershing were sent into Mexico on a long and unsuccessful expedition to capture Villa, while National Guardsmen remained on the alert in the Columbus area for almost a year.

The decade of the 1920s was characterized by the discovery and development of new resources. Potash salts were found near Carlsbad, and important petroleum reserves in the southeast and northwest were discovered and exploited. Oil development made possible another important industry, tourism, which began to flourish as gasoline became increasingly available. This period of prosperity ended, however, with the onset of the Great Depression.

World War II revived the economy, but at a price. In 1942, hundreds of New Mexicans stationed in the Philippines were among the US troops forced to make the cruel "Bataan march" to Japanese prison camps. Scientists working at Los Alamos ushered in the Atomic Age with the explosion of the first atomic bomb at White Sands Proving Ground in June 1945.

The remarkable growth that characterized the Sunbelt during the postwar era has been noticeable in New Mexico. Newcomers from many parts of the country moved to the state, a demographic shift with profound social, cultural, and political consequences. Spanish-speaking New Mexicans, once an overwhelming majority, became a minority. As of the 2000 census, Hispanics accounted for 42% of the state's population, and Native Americans accounted for 9.5% of the population.

Defense-related industries have been a mainstay of New Mexico's economy in the postwar period. Income from this sector declined in the early 1990s due to reductions in military spending following the end of the Cold War. However, this decline was offset by New Mexico's diversification into nonmilitary production, including such high-tech projects as Intel's Rio Rancho plant, which, in the mid-1990s, was the world's largest computer-chip factory. Tourism also played a major role in New Mexico's economy through the 1990s, and the state remains a leading center of space and nuclear research.

Today New Mexico's leaders struggle with two persistent problemspoverty and crime. In 1998, with 20.4% of its residents living below the poverty level (the highest percentage in the nation), the state's children were found to be suffering. More than one in four children in New Mexico was poor, posing the immediate problems of hunger and malnutrition, lack of education, and a strain on the public health system as well as the long-term challenge to the juvenile justice system. Government figures in 1998 showed the state ranked as the most violent in the nation, with 961 crimes per 100,000 residents. New Mexico was one of four states (Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas were the other three) with a poverty rate for 200204 (based on a three-year average) of over 17%. (New Mexico's rate was 17.5%.)

The state's public education system also posed a major issue in 2000, with the debate centering on proposed voucher legislation that would help parents pay for private schools. Opponents, including New Mexico's Democratic Party, argued in favor of legislation that would boost public schools insteadincreasing teacher pay, reducing class sizes, and improving early childhood education.

Democratic Governor Bill Richardson, elected in 2002 by the largest margin of any candidate since 1964, came to the job with a long list of political credentials: former US Representative, UN ambassador, and Energy Secretary. He has been nominated several times for the Nobel Peace Prize. By 2005 he had made progress on such target issues as tax cuts, school reform, job creation, water projects, and efforts to combat drunk driving.

STATE GOVERNMENT

The constitution of New Mexico was drafted in 1910, approved by the voters in 1911, and came into effect when statehood was achieved in 1912. A new constitution drawn up by a convention of elected delegates was rejected by the voters in 1969. By January 2005, the 1912 document had been amended 151 times.

The legislature consists of a 42-member Senate and a 70-member House of Representatives. Senators must be at least 25 years old, qualified voters, and residents of their districts; they serve four-year terms. House members must be 21 years old, qualified voters, and residents of their districts; they serve two-year terms. The legislature meets every year, for 60 calendar days in odd-numbered years and 30 calendar days in even-numbered years. The legislature may call special sessions, limited to 30 calendar days, by petition of three-fifths of the members of each house. Legislators do not receive a salary from the state.

The executive branch consists of the governor and lieutenant governor (elected jointly), secretary of state, auditor, treasurer, attorney general, and commissioner of public lands. They are elected for four-year terms; none may serve more than two successive terms. Candidates for governor must be 30 years old, US citizens, qualified voters, and residents of New Mexico for at least five years prior to election. As of December 2004, the governor's salary was $110,000. Three elected members of the Corporation Commission, which has various regulatory and revenue-raising responsibilities, serve six-year terms.

A bill passed by the legislature becomes law if signed by the governor, if left unsigned by the governor for three days while the legislature is in session, or if passed over the governor's veto by two-thirds of the members present in each house. If the governor does not act on a bill after the legislature adjourns, the bill dies after 20 days.

New Mexico Presidential Vote by Political Parties, 19482004
YEAR ELECTORAL VOTE NEW MEXICO WINNER DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN PROGRESSIVE
*Won US presidential election.
**IND. Candidate Ross Perot received 91,895 votes in 1992 and 32,257 votes in 1996.
***IND. candidate Ralph Nader received 4,053 votes in 2004.
1948 4 *Truman (D) 105,240 80,303 1,037
1952 4 *Eisenhower (R) 105,435 132,170 225
CONSTITUTION
1956 4 *Eisenhower (R) 106,098 146,788 364
1960 4 *Kennedy (D) 156,027 153,733 570
1964 4 *Johnson (D) 194,015 132,838 1,217
AMERICAN IND.
1968 4 *Nixon (R) 130,081 169,692 25,737
AMERICAN
1972 4 *Nixon (R) 141,084 235,606 8,767
SOC. WORKERS
1976 4 Ford (R) 201,148 211,419 2,462
LIBERTARIAN
1980 4 *Reagan (R) 167,826 250,779 4,365
1984 4 *Reagan (R) 201,769 307,101 4,459
1988 4 *Bush (R) 244,497 270,341 3,268
1992** 5 *Clinton (D) 261,617 212,824 1,615
1996** 5 *Clinton (D) 273,495 232,751 2,996
2000 5 Gore (D) 286,783 286,417 2,058
2004*** 5 *Bush, G. W. (R) 376,930 370,942 2,382

In general, constitutional amendments must be approved by majority vote in each house and by a majority of the electorate. Amendments dealing with voting rights, school lands, and linguistic requirements for education can be proposed only by three-fourths of each house, and subsequently must be approved by three-fourths of the total electorate and two-thirds of the electorate in each county.

In order to vote in state elections, a person must be 18 years old, a US citizen, and a state resident. Restrictions apply to convicted felons and those declared mentally incompetent by the court.

POLITICAL PARTIES

Although Democrats hold a very substantial edge in voter registration53% of registered voters to the Republicans' 33% as of 1998New Mexico has been a "swing state" in US presidential elections since it entered the Union. Between 1948 and 1992, New Mexicans voted for Democratic presidential candidates four times and Republican presidential candidates eight times, choosing in every election except 1976 and 1992 the candidate who was also the presidential choice of voters nationwide. In the 2000 presidential election, Democrat Al Gore beat Republican candidate George W. Bush by a mere 366 votes, out of approximately 615,000 cast statewide. In 2004, Bush won the state, with 50% of votes cast to 49% for Democratic challenger John Kerry. In 2004 there were 1,105,000 registered voters. The state had five electoral votes in the 2004 presidential election.

New Mexico's US senators in 2003 were Democrat Jeff Bingaman, elected in 2000 to his fourth term, and Republican Peter V. Domenici, who was elected to his sixth term in 2002. Following the 2004 elections, New Mexico's US House delegation consisted of two Republicans and one Democrat. As of mid-2005 there were 23 Democrats and 19 Republicans in the state Senate and 42 Democrats and 28 Republicans in the state House. Governor Bill Richardson, Democrat, was first elected in 2002. He had previously served as a US Representative, UN ambassador, and Energy Secretary under President Bill Clinton.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

There were 33 counties in New Mexico as of 2005. Each is governed by commissioners elected for two-year terms. Other county officers include the clerk, assessor, treasurer, surveyor, sheriff, and probate judge. Municipalities are incorporated as cities, towns, or villages. As of 2005, there were 101 municipalities, 89 public school districts, and 628 special districts.

The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 reaffirmed the right of Indians to govern themselves, adopt constitutions, and form corporations to do business under federal law. Indians also retain the right to vote in state and federal elections. Pueblo Indians elect governors from each pueblo to form a coalition called the All-Indian Pueblo Council. The Apache elect a tribal council headed by a president and vice-president. The Navajoone-third of whom live in New Mexicoelect a chairman, vice-chairman, and council members from their reservation in New Mexico and Arizona.

In 2005, local government accounted for about 77,894 full-time (or equivalent) employment positions.

STATE SERVICES

To address the continuing threat of terrorism and to work with the federal Department of Homeland Security, homeland security in New Mexico operates under executive order; a special assistant to the governor is designated as the state homeland security advisor.

The Department of Transportation (until 2003 the State Highway Commission) supervises the state transportation system; with it is included the Division of Aviation.

Welfare services are provided through the Human Services Department. A related service agency is the Department of Indian Affairs. Health services are provided by the Department of Health. The various public protection agencies include the divisions of consumer protection, criminal appeals, civil, litigation, prosecutions and investigations, violence against women, and Medicaid fraudall within the purview of the Attorney General's Office; the Department of Public Safety; the Department of Corrections; and the New Mexico State Police. Education is regulated by the Department of Education.

The state's natural resources are protected by the Department of Game and Fish, the Environment Department, the Energy Minerals and Natural Resources Department, and the Tourism Department.

JUDICIAL SYSTEM

New Mexico's judicial branch consists of a supreme court, an appeals court, district courts, probate courts, magistrate courts, and other lesser courts as created by law.

The New Mexico Supreme Court is composed of a chief justice and four associate justices. The Appeals Court, created to take over some of the Supreme Court's caseload, is composed of 10 judges. All are elected for eight-year terms.

The state's 33 counties are divided into 13 judicial districts, served by 72 district judges, each elected for a six-year term. District courts have unlimited general jurisdiction and are commonly referred to as trial courts. They also serve as courts of review for decisions of lower courts and administrative agencies. Each county has a probate court, served by a probate judge who is elected from within the county for a two-year term.

As of 31 December 2004, a total of 6,379 prisoners were held in New Mexico's state and federal prisons, an increase from 6,223 of 2.5% from the previous year. As of year-end 2004, a total of 581 inmates were female, up from 576 or 0.9% from the year before. Among sentenced prisoners (one year or more), New Mexico had an incarceration rate of 318 per 100,000 population in 2004.

According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, New Mexico in 2004, had a violent crime rate (murder/nonnegligent manslaughter; forcible rape; robbery; aggravated assault) of 687.3 reported incidents per 100,000 population, or a total of 13,081 reported incidents. Crimes against property (burglary; larceny/theft; and motor vehicle theft) in that same year totaled 79,895 reported incidents or 4,197.7 reported incidents per 100,000 people. New Mexico has a death penalty, of which lethal injection is the sole method of execution. From 1976 through 5 May 2006, the state has carried out only one execution, on November 6, 2001. As of 1 January 2006, New Mexico had only two inmates on death row.

In 2003, New Mexico spent $71,574,810 on homeland security, an average of $36 per state resident.

ARMED FORCES

In 2004, there were 11,994 active-duty military personnel and 6,805 civilian personnel stationed in New Mexico, 6,523 of whom were in the Air Force. The major installations are Kirtland Air Force Base in the Albuquerque area, Holloman Air Force Base at Alamogordo, and White Sands Missile Range north of Las Cruces. Defense contract awards totaled more than $1.07 billion in 2004, and payroll outlays were $1.4 billion.

There were 180,172 veterans living in New Mexico in 2003. Of these, 22,349 served in World War II; 18,976 in the Korean conflict; 56,308 during the Vietnam era; and 28,154 served in the Persian Gulf War. For the fiscal year 2004, total Veterans Affairs expenditures in New Mexico amounted to $686 million.

As of 31 October 2004, the New Mexico State Police employed 565 full-time sworn officers.

MIGRATION

Prior to statehood, the major influx of migrants came from Texas and Mexico; many of these immigrants spoke Spanish as their primary language.

Wartime prosperity during the 1940s brought a wave of Anglos into the state. New Mexico experienced a net gain through migration of 78,000 people during 194060, a net loss of 130,000 during the economic slump of the 1960s, and another net gain of 154,000 between 1970 and 1983. In the 1980s, New Mexico had a net gain from migration of 63,000 residents, accounting for 28% of the state's population increase during those years. Between 1990 and 1998, the state had net gains of 55,000 in domestic migration and 36,000 in international migration. In 1998, 2,199 foreign immigrants entered New Mexico. The state's overall population increased 14.6% between 1990 and 1998. In the period 200005, net international migration was 27,974 and net internal migration was 9,527, for a net gain of 37,501 people.

INTERGOVERNMENTAL COOPERATION

New Mexico participates in the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact; Interstate Compact for Juveniles; Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education; Western Interstate Corrections Compact; Western Interstate Nuclear Compact; compacts governing use of the Rio Grande and the Canadian, Costilla, Colorado, La Plata, and Pecos rivers; and other interstate agreements including the Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad Compact. It is an associate member of the Interstate Mining Compact. In fiscal year 2005, New Mexico received $3.018 billion in federal grants, an estimated $3.070 billion in fiscal year 2006, and an estimated $3.142 billion in fiscal year 2007.

ECONOMY

New Mexico was primarily an agricultural state until the 1940s, when military activities assumed major economic importance. Currently, major industries include manufacturing, petroleum, and food. Tourism also continues to flourish. Major employers range from Wal-Mart, Intel, Kirtland Air Force Base, to Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Honeywell Inc. New Mexico's economy had an unusually large public sector, accounting for over 18% of total state product in 2001, compared to the state average of 12%. The state was relatively unaffected by both the boom of the late 1990s and the bust of 2001. In 1998 and 1999, the state posted anemic growth rates of 1.4% and 1.5%, and although this picked up to a strong 6.8% in 2000, growth continued at 5.4% in the recession year of 2001. The basis for the improvementgrowth in general services, the government, transportation and utilities sector, and financial services offsetting steady losses in mining, manufacturing and constructioncontinued into 2002. As was true with the previous national recession in the early 1990s, New Mexico has not experienced net job losses.

New Mexico's gross state product (GSP) in 2004 was $61.012 billion, of which the real estate sector accounted for the largest share at $7.105 billion or 11.6% of GSP, followed by manufacturing (durable and nondurable goods) at $5.446 billion (8.9% of GSP), and health care and social assistance services at $4.107 billion (6.7% of GSP). In that same year, there were an estimated 143,909 small businesses in New Mexico. Of the 42,241 businesses that had employees, an estimated total of 40,611 or 96.1% were small companies. An estimated 5,683 new businesses were established in the state in 2004, up 3.2% from the year before. Business terminations that same year came to 5,592, down 3.1% from 2003. There were 727 business bankruptcies in 2004, down by 6.1% from the previous year. In 2005, the state's personal bankruptcy (Chapter 7 and Chapter 13) filing rate was 485 filings per 100,000 people, ranking New Mexico as the 27th highest in the nation.

INCOME

In 2005 New Mexico had a gross state product (GSP) of $69 billion which accounted for 0.6% of the nation's gross domestic product and placed the state at number 38 in highest GSP among the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, in 2004 New Mexico had a per capita personal income (PCPI) of $26,184. This ranked 48th in the United States and was 79% of the national average of $33,050. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of PCPI was 4.0%. New Mexico had a total personal income (TPI) of $49,827,505,000, which ranked 37th in the United States and reflected an increase of 6.5% from 2003. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of TPI was 5.3%. Earnings of persons employed in New Mexico increased from $34,637,098,000 in 2003 to $37,209,628,000 in 2004, an increase of 7.4%. The 200304 national change was 6.3%.

The US Census Bureau reports that the three-year average median household income for 200204 in 2004 dollars was $37,587 compared to a national average of $44,473. During the same period an estimated 17.5% of the population was below the poverty line as compared to 12.4% nationwide.

LABOR

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), in April 2006 the seasonally adjusted civilian labor force in New Mexico numbered 958,000, with approximately 41,100 workers unemployed, yielding an unemployment rate of 4.3%, compared to the national average of 4.7% for the same period. Preliminary data for the same period placed nonfarm employment at 824,800. Since the beginning of the BLS data series in 1976, the highest unemployment rate recorded in New Mexico was 9.9% in April 1983. The historical low was 4% in March 2006. Preliminary nonfarm employment data by occupation for April 2006 showed that approximately 6.9% of the labor force was employed in construction; 4.5% in manufacturing; 17.1% in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 4.2% in financial activities; 11.4% in professional and business services; 13% in education and health services; 10.2% in leisure and hospitality services; and 24.7% in government.

The US Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that in 2005, a total of 63,000 of New Mexico's 777,000 employed wage and salary workers were formal members of a union. This represented 8.1% of those so employed, up from 6.7% in 2004, but still below the national average of 12%. Overall in 2005, a total of 83,000 workers (10.7%) in New Mexico were covered by a union or employee association contract, which includes those workers who reported no union affiliation. New Mexico is one of 28 states that does not have a right-to-work law.

As of 1 March 2006, New Mexico had a state-mandated minimum wage rate of $5.15 per hour. In 2004, women in the state accounted for 46.8% of the employed civilian labor force.

AGRICULTURE

The first farmers of New Mexico were the Pueblo Indians, who raised corn, beans, and squash. Wheat and barley were introduced from Europe, and indigo and chiles came from Mexico.

In 2005, New Mexico's total farm marketings were $2.67 billion. About 25% came from crops and 75% from livestock products. Leading crops included hay and wheat. In 2004, hay production was 1,365,000 tons, valued at $163,900,000, and wheat production was 7,800,000 bushels, valued at $24,570,000. The state also produced 10,440,000 bushels of corn for grain, and 594,000 hundredweight of potatoes in 2004.

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

Meat animals, especially cattle, represent the bulk of New Mexico's agricultural income. In 2005, there were nearly 1.5 million cattle and calves, valued at $1.64 billion. In 2004, there were an estimat-ed 2,500 hogs and pigs, valued at $275,000 on New Mexico farms. During 2003, New Mexico farms and ranches produced around 7.6 million lb (3.4 million kg) of sheep and lambs which brought in a gross income of some $7.7 million. The main stock-raising regions are in the east, northeast, and northwest.

FISHING

There is no commercial fishing in New Mexico. In 2004, the state issued 205,291 sport fishing licenses. The native cutthroat trout is prized by sport fishermen, however, and numerous species have been introduced into state lakes and reservoirs. The federal government sponsors two fish hatcheries and technology centers in New Mexico: in Dexter and Mora. The Dexter center is the only facility in the nation dedicated to studying and distributing endangered fish for restocking in waters where they naturally occur. The center works with 14 imperiled fish species including the razorback sucker, Colorado squawfish, Guzman beautiful shiner, bonytail chub, and the Yaqui catfish.

FORESTRY

Lumber production was 111 million board feet in 2002. Although lumbering ranks low as a source of state income, the forests of New Mexico are of crucial importance because of the role they play in water conservation and recreation.

In 2004, 16,680,000 acres (670,000 hectares), or more than 20% of New Mexico's land area, was forestland. Of the state total, 9,522,000 acres (3,854,000 hectares) were federally owned or managed, and 825,000 acres (334,000 hectares) were owned by the state. Privately owned lands accounted for 6,331,000 acres (2,562,000 hectares). Seven national forests covered 9 million acres (3.7 million hectares) in 2005, the largest of which was Gila National Forest, at 2.7 million acres (1.1 million hectares).

MINING

According to preliminary data from the US Geological Survey (USGS), the estimated value of nonfuel mineral production by New Mexico in 2003 was $533 million, a decrease from 2002 of about 5%. The USGS data ranked New Mexico as 25th among the 50 states by the total value of its nonfuel mineral production, accounting for almost 1.5% of total US output.

According to the preliminary data for 2003, potash and copper, followed by construction sand and gravel, cement (portland and masonry), and crushed stone were the state's top nonfuel minerals by value. Collectively, these five commodities accounted for around 90% of all nonfuel mineral output, by value. By volume, New Mexico in 2003, was the nation's leading producer of perlite, potash, and zeolites. The state also ranked third in copper, mica, and pumice output and fifth in molybdenum.

In 2003, preliminary data showed that New Mexico produced 85,000 metric tons of copper ore, valued at $153 million, and 14 million metric tons of construction sand and gravel valued at $68.6 million. Crushed stone output that same year totaled 3.9 million metric tons, with a value of $25.2 million.

According to the state, the vast majority of the potash finds its way as a soil amendment in agriculture; the remainder is used in industry for such things as manufacturing television tubes, chinaware, soaps, and synthetic rubber.

ENERGY AND POWER

As of 2003, New Mexico had 34 electrical power service providers, of which eight were publicly owned and 21 were cooperatives. Of the remainder, four were investor owned, and one was federally operated. As of that same year there were 894,309 retail customers. Of that total, 624,777 received their power from investor-owned service providers. Cooperatives accounted for 189,781 customers, while publicly owned providers had 79,747 customers. There were four federal customers.

Total net summer generating capability by the state's electrical generating plants in 2003 stood at 6.289 million kW, with total production that same year at 32.735 billion kWh. Of the total amount generated, 97.1% came from electric utilities, with the remainder coming from independent producers and combined heat and power service providers. The largest portion of all electric power generated, 28.812 billion kWh (88%), came from coal-fired plants, with natural gas fueled plants in second place at 3.518 billion kWh (10.7%). Other renewable power sources accounted for 0.6% of all power generated, with hydroelectric generation and petroleum fired plants accounting for 0.5% and 0.2%, respectively.

New Mexico is a major producer of oil and natural gas, and has significant reserves of low-sulfur bituminous coal.

Most of New Mexico's natural gas and oil fields are located in the southeastern counties of Eddy, Lea, and Chaves, and in the northwestern counties of McKinley and San Juan. As of 2004, New Mexico had proven crude oil reserves of 669 million barrels, or 3% of all proven US reserves, while output that same year averaged 176,000 barrels per day. Including federal offshore domains, the state that year ranked fifth (fourth excluding federal offshore) in proven reserves and sixth (fifth excluding federal offshore) in production among the 31 producing states. In 2004 New Mexico had 27,389 producing oil wells and accounted for 3% of all US production. As of 2005, the state's Three refineries had a combined crude oil distillation capacity of 112,600 barrels per day.

In 2004, New Mexico had 38,574 producing natural gas and gas condensate wells. In that same year, marketed gas production (all gas produced excluding gas used for repressuring, vented and flared, and nonhydrocarbon gases removed) totaled 1,632.539 billion cu ft (46.36 billion cu m). As of 31 December 2004, proven reserves of dry or consumer-grade natural gas totaled 18,512 billion cu ft (525.7 billion cu m).

New Mexico in 2004, had four producing coal mines, three of which were surface operations. Coal production that year totaled 27,250,000 short tons, up from 26,389,000 short tons in 2003. Of the total produced in 2004, surface mines accounted for 19,565,000 short tons. Recoverable coal reserves in 2004 totaled 1.3 billion short tons. One short ton equals 2,000 lb (0.907 metric tons).

INDUSTRY

More than 50% of the manufacturing jobs in the state are located in and around Albuquerque, in Bernalillo County. Other counties with substantial manufacturing activity include Santa Fe, San Juan, Otero, McKinley, and Dona Ana.

According to the US Census Bureau's Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) for 2004, New Mexico's manufacturing sector covered some 12 product subsectors. The shipment value of all products manufactured in the state that same year was $17.392 billion. Of that total, computer and electronic product manufacturing accounted for the largest share at $9.714 billion. It was followed by food manufacturing at $1.669 billion; miscellaneous manufacturing at $796.981 million; nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing at $437.260 million; and transportation equipment manufacturing at $416.578 million.

In 2004, a total of 32,927 people in New Mexico were employed in the state's manufacturing sector, according to the ASM. Of that total, 22,821 were actual production workers. In terms of total employment, the computer and electronic product manufacturing industry accounted for the largest portion of all manufacturing employees at 9,352 with 5,410 actual production workers. It was followed by food manufacturing at 3,875 employees (3,011 actual production workers); miscellaneous manufacturing at 3,248 employees (2,229 actual production workers); and fabricated metal product manufacturing with 2,519 employees (1,825 actual production workers).

ASM data for 2004 showed that New Mexico's manufacturing sector paid $1.343 billion in wages. Of that amount, the computer and electronic product manufacturing sector accounted for the largest share at $512.917 million. It was followed by food manufacturing at $128.635 million; miscellaneous manufacturing at $90.758 million; fabricated metal product manufacturing at $83.089 million; and transportation equipment manufacturing at $79.082 million.

COMMERCE

According to the 2002 Census of Wholesale Trade, New Mexico's wholesale trade sector had sales that year totaling $8.9 billion from 2,046 establishments. Wholesalers of durable goods accounted for 1,295 establishments, followed by nondurable goods wholesalers at 650 and electronic markets, agents, and brokers accounting for 101 establishments. Sales by durable goods wholesalers in 2002 totaled $3.7 billion, while wholesalers of nondurable goods saw sales of $4.3 billion. Electronic markets, agents, and brokers in the wholesale trade industry had sales of $903.6 million.

In the 2002 Census of Retail Trade, New Mexico was listed as having 7,227 retail establishments with sales of $18.3 billion. The leading types of retail businesses by number of establishments were: miscellaneous store retailers (1,085); gasoline stations tied with clothing and clothing accessories stores (958 each); motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts dealers (851); and food and beverage stores (639). In terms of sales, motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts dealers accounted for the largest share of retail sales at $4.7 billion, followed by general merchandise stores at $3.3 billion; gasoline stations at $2.09 billion; and food and beverage stores at $2.02 billion. A total of 89,413 people were employed by the retail sector in New Mexico that year.

New Mexico's foreign exports totaled $2.5 billion in 2005.

CONSUMER PROTECTION

Consumer protection in New Mexico is the responsibility of the Office of the Attorney General's Consumer Protection Division, which is authorized by the state's primary consumer law, the Unfair Practices Act, to provide a range of services designed to protect consumers and to resolve disputes between business and consumers. These services can involve the mediation of a dispute, educating the public on consumer issues, investigating suspicious business activities, the proposing of legislation, and through the Attorney General's Office, the initiation of litigation.

When dealing with consumer protection issues, the state's Attorney General's Office can initiate civil and criminal proceedings; represent the state before state and federal regulatory agencies; administer consumer protection and education programs; handle formal consumer complaints; and exercise broad subpoena powers. In antitrust actions, the Attorney General's Office can act on behalf of those consumers who are incapable of acting on their own; initiate damage actions on behalf of the state in state courts; initiate criminal proceedings; and representing other governmental entities in recovering civil damages under state or federal law. However, neither the Attorney General's office nor the Consumer Protection Division are authorized to act in a private capacity for an individual citizen.

The offices of the Consumer Protection Division are located in Santa Fe.

BANKING

New Mexico's first bank, the First National Bank of Santa Fe, was organized in 1870. After the turn of the century, banking establishments expanded rapidly in the state, mainly because of growth in the livestock industry.

As of June 2005, New Mexico had 57 insured banks, savings and loans, and saving banks, plus 25 state-chartered and 28 federally chartered credit unions (CUs). Excluding the CUs, the Albuquerque market area accounted for the largest portion of the state's financial institutions and deposits in 2004, with 24 institutions and $8.645 billion in deposits. As of June 2005, CUs accounted for 21.8% of all assets held by all financial institutions in the state, or some $4.516 billion. Banks, savings and loans, and savings banks collectively accounted for the remaining 78.2% or $16.230 billion in assets held.

In 2004, the median percentage of past-due/nonaccrual loans to total loans was 1.23%, down from 1,58% in 2003. The median net interest margin (the difference between the lower rates offered savers and the higher rates charged on loans) was 4.65% in 2004, up from 4.50% in 2003.

Regulation of state-chartered banks and other financial institutions is the responsibility of the Financial Institutions Division.

INSURANCE

In 2004, 679,000 individual life insurance policies were in force in the state, and their total value was about $52.7 billion; total value for all categories of life insurance (individual, group, and credit) was about $91.5 billion. The average coverage amount is $77,700 per policy holder. Death benefits paid that year totaled $297.2 million.

As of 2003, there were seven property and casualty and one life and health insurance company domiciled in the state. In 2004, direct premiums for property and casualty insurance totaled over $2.3 billion. That year, there were 12,655 flood insurance policies in force in the state, with a total value of $.4 billion. About $654 million of coverage was held through FAIR plans, which are designed to offer coverage for some natural circumstances, such as wind and hail, in high risk areas.

In 2004, 42% of state residents held employment-based health insurance policies, 4% held individual policies, and 30% were covered under Medicare and Medicaid; 22% of residents were uninsured. New Mexico has the lowest percentage of employment-based insureds among the 50 states and the second-highest percentage of uninsured residents (following Texas). In 2003, employee contributions for employment-based health coverage averaged at 18% for single coverage and 27% for family coverage. The state offers a six-month health benefits expansion program for small-firm employees in connection with the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA, 1986), a health insurance program for those who lose employment-based coverage due to termination or reduction of work hours.

In 2003, there were over 1.2 million auto insurance policies in effect for private passenger cars. Required minimum coverage includes bodily injury liability of up to $25,000 per individual and $50,000 for all persons injured in an accident, as well as property damage liability of $10,000. In 2003, the average expenditure per vehicle for insurance coverage was $730.46.

The insurance industry is regulated by the State Insurance Board.

SECURITIES

There are no securities exchanges in New Mexico. In 2005, there were 290 personal financial advisers employed in the state and 490 securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents. In 2004, there were over 23 publicly traded companies within the state, with over five NASDAQ companies and two NYSE listings. In 2006, the state had two Fortune 1,000 companies; PNM Resources (Albuquerque) ranked 785th in the nation with revenues of over $2 billion, followed by Thornburg Mortgage (Santa Fe) at 951st in the nations with $1.5 billion in revenues. Both companies are listed on the NYSE.

PUBLIC FINANCE

The governor of New Mexico submits a budget annually to the legislature for approval. The fiscal year (FY) runs 1 July-30 June.

Fiscal year 2006 general funds were estimated at $5.9 billion for resources and $5.3 billion for expenditures. In fiscal year 2004, federal government grants to New Mexico were $4.6 billion.

In the fiscal year 2007 federal budget, New Mexico was slated to receive: $52 million in State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) funds to help New Mexico provide health coverage to low-income, uninsured children who do not qualify for Medicaid. This funding is a 23% increase over fiscal year 2006; $11.7 million for the HOME Investment Partnership Program to help New Mexico fund a wide range of activities that build, buy, or rehabilitate affordable housing for rent or homeownership, or provide direct rental assistance to low-income people. This funding is an 11% increase over fiscal year 2006; and $2.6 million for the site acquisition and design of a new replacement border station in Columbus.

TAXATION

In 2005, New Mexico collected $4,471 million in tax revenues or $2,319 per capita, which placed it 20th among the 50 states in per capita tax burden. The national average was $2,192 per capita. Property taxes accounted for 0.9% of the total, sales taxes 34.8%, selective sales taxes 13.7%, individual income taxes 24.3%, corporate income taxes 5.4%, and other taxes 20.8%.

As of 1 January 2006, New Mexico had four individual income tax brackets ranging from 1.7% to 5.3%. The state taxes corporations at rates ranging from 4.8% to 7.6% depending on tax bracket.

In 2004, state and local property taxes amounted to $840,068,000 or $441 per capita. The per capita amount ranks the state third-lowest nationally. Local governments collected $786,994,000 of the total and the state government $52,779,000.

New Mexico taxes retail sales at a rate of 5%. In addition to the state tax, local taxes on retail sales can reach as much as 2.25%,

New MexicoState Government Finances
(Dollar amounts in thousands. Per capita amounts in dollars.)
AMOUNT PER CAPITA
Abbreviations and symbols: - zero or rounds to zero; (NA) not available; (X) not applicable.
source: U.S. Census Bureau, Governments Division, 2004 Survey of State Government Finances, January 2006.
Total Revenue 11,809,742 6,205.85
  General revenue 9,798,429 5,148.94
    Intergovernmental revenue 3,546,494 1,863.63
    Taxes 4,001,780 2,102.88
      General sales 1,443,300 758.43
      Selective sales 595,140 312.74
      License taxes 169,805 89.23
      Individual income tax 1,007,248 529.29
      Corporate income tax 138,196 72.62
      Other taxes 648,091 340.56
    Current charges 758,043 398.34
    Miscellaneous general revenue 1,492,112 784.08
  Utility revenue - -
  Liquor store revenue - -
  Insurance trust revenue 2,011,313 1,056.92
Total expenditure 11,024,686 5,793.32
  Intergovernmental expenditure 3,031,473 1,593.00
  Direct expenditure 7,993,213 4,200.32
    Current operation 6,029,536 3,168.44
    Capital outlay 447,139 234.97
    Insurance benefits and repayments 1,011,307 531.43
    Assistance and subsidies 341,021 179.20
    Interest on debt 164,210 86.29
Exhibit: Salaries and wages 1,787,554 939.33
Total expenditure 11,024,686 5,793.32
  General expenditure 10,013,379 5,261.89
    Intergovernmental expenditure 3,031,473 1,593.00
    Direct expenditure 6,981,906 3,668.89
  General expenditures, by function:
    Education 3,813,208 2,003.79
    Public welfare 2,492,564 1,309.81
    Hospitals 487,280 256.06
    Health 240,706 126.49
    Highways 633,467 332.88
    Police protection 111,883 58.79
    Correction 254,639 133.81
    Natural resources 173,372 91.10
    Parks and recreation 59,457 31.24
    Government administration 391,194 205.57
    Interest on general debt 164,210 86.29
    Other and unallocable 1,191,399 626.06
  Utility expenditure - -
  Liquor store expenditure - -
  Insurance trust expenditure 1,011,307 531.43
Debt at end of fiscal year 5,411,287 2,843.56
Cash and security holdings 33,923,425 17,826.29

making for a potential total tax on retail sales of 7.25%. Food purchased for consumption off-premises is taxable. The tax on cigarettes is 91 cents per pack, which ranks 22nd among the 50 states and the District of Columbia. New Mexico taxes gasoline at 18.9 cents per gallon. This is in addition to the 18.4 cents per gallon federal tax on gasoline.

According to the Tax Foundation, for every federal tax dollar sent to Washington in 2004, New Mexico citizens received $2.00 in federal spending, one of the highest rates in the nation.

ECONOMIC POLICY

The Economic Development Department (EDD) promotes industrial and community development through such measures as tax-free bonds for manufacturing facilities; tax credits for investment and for job training, venture capital funds; and community development block grants. The state also seeks export markets for New Mexico's products and encourages use of the state by the film industry. Total incentives to employ 100 workers in a rural area, exporting most of the product, and investing at least $15 million amounted to almost $4 billion in 2000. The Economic Development Partnership, the biggest part of the Economic Development Department, focuses on business and community development. Separate divisions include International Trade, the Film Office, the Office of Science and Technology, and the New Mexico Office for Space Commercialization (NMOSC). In 2006, New Mexico targeted the following areas for economic development: aerospace, biotechnology, film, food processing, manufacturing, maquila suppliers, renewable energy, and technology.

HEALTH

The infant mortality rate in October 2005 was estimated at 5.8 per 1,000 live births. The birth rate in 2003 was 14.9 per 1,000 population. The abortion rate stood at 14.7 per 1,000 women in 2000. In 2003, about 68.9% of pregnant woman received prenatal care beginning in the first trimester, this was the lowest rate for prenatal care in the nation. In 2004, approximately 84% of children received routine immunizations before the age of three.

The crude death rate in 2003 was 7.9 deaths per 1,000 population. As of 2002, the death rates for major causes of death (per 100,000 resident population) were: heart disease, 181.1; cancer, 165.3; cerebrovascular diseases, 38.5; chronic lower respiratory diseases, 46.2; and diabetes, 31.4. The mortality rate from HIV infection was 1.9 per 100,000 population. In 2004, the reported AIDS case rate was at about 9.6 per 100,000 population. In 2002, about 54.4% of the population was considered overweight or obese. As of 2004, about 20.3% of state residents were smokers.

In 2003, New Mexico had 37 community hospitals with about 3,700 beds. There were about 166,000 patient admissions that year and 4.5 million outpatient visits. The average daily inpatient census was about 2,100 patients. The average cost per day for hospital care was $1,563. Also in 2003, there were about 81 certified nursing facilities in the state with 7,443 beds and an overall occupancy rate of about 84.4%. In 2004, it was estimated that about 67.9% of all state residents had received some type of dental care within the year. New Mexico had 238 physicians per 100,000 resident population in 2004 and 579 nurses per 100,000 in 2005. In 2004, there were a total of 832 dentists in the state.

About 26% of state residents were enrolled in Medicaid programs in 2003; 13% were enrolled in Medicare programs in 2004. Approximately 22% of the state population was uninsured in 2004; this percentage ranked the state as second in the nation for uninsured residents, following Texas. In 2003, state health care expenditures totaled $2.4 million.

SOCIAL WELFARE

In 2004, about 32,000 people received unemployment benefits, with the average weekly unemployment benefit at $220. For 2005, the estimated average monthly participation in the food stamp program included about 240,637 persons (93,094 households); the average monthly benefit was about $87.07 per person. That year, the total of benefits paid through the state for the food stamp program was about $251.4 million.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), the system of federal welfare assistance that officially replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) in 1997, was reauthorized through the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. TANF is funded through federal block grants that are divided among the states based on an equation involving the number of recipients in each state. New Mexico's TANF program is called NM Works. In 2004, the state program had 46,000 recipients; state and federal expenditures on this TANF program totaled $79 million in fiscal year 2003.

In December 2004, Social Security benefits were paid to 303,610 New Mexico residents. This number included 180,860 retired workers, 29,700 widows and widowers, 42,150 disabled workers, 21,530 spouses, and 29,370 children. Social Security beneficiaries represented 15.9% of the total state population and 89.6% of the state's population age 65 and older. Retired workers received an average monthly payment of $892; widows and widowers, $825; disabled workers, $861; and spouses, $421. Payments for children of retired workers averaged $408 per month; children of deceased workers, $520; and children of disabled workers, $249. Federal Supplemental Security Income payments in December 2004 went to 51,656 New Mexico residents, averaging $377 a month. An additional $18,000 of state-administered supplemental payments were distributed to 177 residents.

The state maintains the Carrie Tingley Crippled Children's Hospital in Truth or Consequences, the Miners' Hospital of New Mexico in Raton, and the New Mexico School for the Visually Handicapped in Alamogordo.

HOUSING

In 2004, New Mexico had an estimated 825,540 housing units, 711,827 of which were occupied; 69.3% were owner-occupied. About 37.6% of all housing units in New Mexico were built from 1970 to 1989. About 62.5% of all units were single-family, detached homes; about 16% were mobile homes. Utility gas and electricity were the most common heating energy sources. It was estimated that 40,178 units lacked telephone service, 9,673 lacked complete plumbing facilities, and 10, 186 lacked complete kitchen facilities. The average household had 2.62 members.

In 2004, 12,600 new privately owned units were authorized for construction. The median home value was $110,788. The median monthly cost for mortgage owners was $935. Renters paid a median of $546 per month. In September 2005, the state received grants of over $1.5 million from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) for rural housing and economic development programs. For 2006, HUD allocated to the state over $14.2 million in community development block grants.

EDUCATION

In 2004, 82.9% of New Mexicans age 25 and older were high school graduates. Some 25.1% had obtained a bachelor's degree or higher.

The total enrollment for fall 2002 in New Mexico's public schools stood at 320,000. Of these, 224,000 attended schools from kindergarten through grade eight, and 96,000 attended high school. Approximately 32.8% of the students were white, 2.4% were black, 52.5% were Hispanic, 1.2% were Asian/Pacific Islander, and 11.2% were American Indian/Alaskan Native. Total enrollment was estimated at 318,000 in fall 2003 and expected to be 338,000 by fall 2014, an increase of 5.7% during the period 200214. Expenditures for public education in 2003/04 were estimated at $2.8 billion. There were 22,416 students enrolled in 176 private schools in fall 2003. Since 1969, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) has tested public school students nationwide. The resulting report, The Nation's Report Card, stated that in 2005 eighth graders in New Mexico scored 263 out of 500 in mathematics compared with the national average of 278.

As of fall 2002, there were 120,997 students enrolled in institutions of higher education; minority students comprised 53.4% of total postsecondary enrollment. In 2005 New Mexico had 42 degree-granting institutions including, 7 public four-year institutions, 20 public two-year institutions, and 6 nonprofit, private four-year institutions. The leading public schools are the University of New Mexico, with its main campus at Albuquerque, and New Mexico State University in Las Cruces.

ARTS

New Mexico Arts, the state arts commission, consists of 15 governor-appointed members and provides financial support for statewide art programs. In 2005, New Mexico Arts and other New Mexico arts organizations received 29 grants totaling $1,194,567 from the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA). State and private sources also contribute funding to the state's arts programs. New Mexico Arts has contributed funding to promote multicultural arts programs that reflect the Spanish and American Indian cultural influences of the area. The New Mexico Humanities Council was founded in 1972. In 2005, the National Endowment for the Humanities contributed $1,640,966 for 13 state programs.

New Mexico is a state rich in Indian, Spanish, Mexican, and contemporary art. Major exhibits can be seen at the University of New Mexico Art Museum in Albuquerque, which as of 2006, holding close to 30,000 pieces was considered the largest fine art collection in the state. The city of Taos is an artists' colony of renown and is home to the Hardwood Museum of Art, established in 1923. The Hardwood Museum of Art's permanent collection focuses both on the multicultural heritage of the state as well as the city's influence on the development of American art.

The Santa Fe Opera, established in 1957, has become one of the nation's most distinguished regional opera companies. In 2006, the Sante Fe Opera celebrated its 50th anniversary with a Golden Anniversary Gala Weekend. The New Mexico Symphony Orchestra (also called the Albuquerque Symphony Orchestra, established in 1932) and the Orchestra Chorus present a variety of musical programs from classical to pops.

The Santa Fe Chamber Music Festival began in 1972. After the 2005 season the Open Arts Foundation decided to end its annual Santa Fe Jazz and International Music Festival.

LIBRARIES AND MUSEUMS

In June 2001, New Mexico had 80 public library systems, with a total of 101 libraries, of which 21 were branches. The systems in that same year, had a combined total of 4,132,000 volumes of books and serial publications, and a circulation of 7,716,000. The system also had 91,000 audio and 64,000 video items, 4,000 electronic format items (CD-ROMs, magnetic tapes, and disks), and three bookmobiles. The largest municipal library is the Albuquerque Public Library, with over 1,235,211 volumes. The largest university library is that of the University of New Mexico, with 1,882,136 volumes. There is a scientific library at Los Alamos and a law library at Santa Fe. In fiscal year 2001, operating income for the state's public library system totaled $28,885,000 and included $219,000 in federal grants and $506,000 in state grants.

New Mexico has 109 museums. Especially noteworthy are the Maxwell Museum of Anthropology at Albuquerque; the Museum of New Mexico, Museum of International Folk Art, and Institute of American Indian Arts Museum, all in Santa Fe; and several art galleries and museums in Taos. Historic sites include the Palace of the Governors (1610), the oldest US capitol and probably the nation's oldest public building, in Santa Fe; Aztec Ruins National Monument, near Aztec; and Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, 44 mi (71 km) north of Silver City. A state natural history museum, in Albuquerque, opened in 1985.

COMMUNICATIONS

The first regular monthly mail service between New Mexico and the other US states began in 1849. In 2004, 91.4% of the state's occupied housing units had telephones. In addition, by June of that same year there were 939,091 mobile wireless telephone subscribers. In 2003, 53.9% of New Mexico households had a computer and 44.5% had Internet access. By June 2005, there were 175,303 high-speed lines in New Mexico, 155,493 residential and 19,810 for business. In 2005 there were 5 major AM radio stations and 37 major FM stations. There were 9 major network television stations in 2005. The Albuquerque-Santa Fe area had 568,650 television households, 57% of which had cable in 1999. A total of 29,730 Internet domain names were registered in the state in 2000.

PRESS

The first newspaper published in New Mexico was El Crep£sculo de la Libertad (Dawn of Liberty), a Spanish-language paper established at Santa Fe in 1834. The Santa Fe Republican, established in 1847, was the first English-language newspaper.

In 2005, there were 9 morning, 9 evening, and 13 Sunday newspapers in the state. The leading dailies include the Albuquerque Journal, with a morning circulation of 107,306 (151,146 on Sundays); and the Santa Fe New Mexican, with a morning circulation of 24,667 (26,812 on Sundays).

La Herencia, (est. 1994) and Tradición Revista are magazines devoted to regional Hispanic history, art, and culture.

ORGANIZATIONS

In 2006, there were over 1,570 nonprofit organizations registered within the state, of which about 1,121 were registered as charitable, educational, or religious organizations. National organizations with headquarters in New Mexico include the National Association of Consumer Credit Administrators (Santa Fe), the American Indian Law Students Association, the American Holistic Medical Association, and Futures for Children, all located in Albuquerque.

The state is home to several organizations focusing on the rights and welfare of Native Americans. These include the National Indian Youth Council, the All Indian Pueblo Council, Gathering of Nations, the Inter-Tribal Indian Ceremonial Association, and the National Tribal Environmental Council.

Art and cultural organizations include the El Paso Symphony Orchestra Association, the Indian Arts and Crafts Association, the Institute of American Indian Arts, the New Mexico Art League, the New Mexico Ballet Company, the Wordcraft Circle of Native Writers and Storytellers, and Spanish Colonial Arts Society. Special interest and hobbyist organizations based in New Mexico include the 3HO Foundation (yoga) and the American Amateur Baseball Congress.

TOURISM, TRAVEL, AND RECREATION

The development of New Mexico's natural recreational resources has made tourism a leading economic activity. In May 2006, the governor declared a national tourism week to celebrate the achievement of $5 billion in tourism revenue. An estimated 80,000 people employed in tourism. In 2002, the state hosted some 11.5 million travelers. About 28.6% of all trips were instate travel by residents, with 53% of visitors traveling from five states: Texas, Colorado, California, Arizona, and Oklahoma. The most popular vacation area was the Albuquerque-Sante Fe region (with 22.9% of all visitors), followed by Taos. Shopping, outdoor activities, and historical sites were the most popular attractions.

Hunting, fishing, camping, boating, and skiing are among the many outdoor attractions. Sandia Mountain is a popular ski destination. The state has a national parkCarlsbad Cavernsand 13 national monuments, among them Aztec Ruins, Bandelier, Capulin Mountain, Chaco Canyon, El Morro (Inscription Rock), Fort Union, Gila Cliff Dwellings, Gran Quivira, Pecos, and White Sands. In 1984, the US House of Representatives designated 27,840 acres (11,266 hectares) of new wilderness preserves in New Mexico's San Juan basin, including a 2,720-acre (1,100-hectare) "fossil forest." New Mexico has an annual hot air balloon festival, a summer opera season, and the famous Indian Corn Mart outdoor art festival. Santa Fe is known for its many art galleries. Taos has skiing and also Indian sacred sites.

SPORTS

New Mexico has no major professional sports teams, though Albuquerque does have a minor league baseball team, the Isotopes, in the Class-AAA Pacific Coast League. Thoroughbred and quarter-horse racing with pari-mutuel betting is an important spectator sport. Sunland Park, south of Las Cruces, has a winterlong schedule. From May to August there is racing and betting at Ruidoso Downs, Sun Ray Park, and the Downs at Albuquerque.

The Lobos of the University of New Mexico compete in the Mountain West Conference, while the Aggies of New Mexico State University belong to the Big West Conference. New Mexico State finished third in the 1970 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) basketball tournament.

Other annual sporting events include the Great Overland Wind-sail Race in Lordsburg in June, the Silver City RPCA Wild, Wild West Rodeo Week in Gila in June, and the International Balloon Fiesta in Albuquerque in October.

FAMOUS NEW MEXICANS

Among the earliest Europeans to explore New Mexico were Francisco Vasquez de Coronado (b.Spain, 151054) and Juan de Oñate (b.Mexico, 1549?1624?), the founder of New Mexico. Diego de Vargas (b.Spain, 16431704) reconquered New Mexico for the Spanish after the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, which was led by Popé (d.1685?), a San Juan Pueblo medicine man. Later Indian leaders include Mangas Coloradas (1795?1863) and Victorio (1809?80), both of the Mimbreño Apache. Two prominent native New Mexicans during the brief period of Mexican rule were Manuel Armijo (1792?1853), governor at the time of the American conquest, and the Taos priest José Antonio Martinez (17931867).

Army scout and trapper Christopher Houston "Kit" Carson (b.Kentucky, 180968) made his home in Taos, as did Charles Bent (b.Virginia, 17991847), one of the builders of Bent's Fort, a famous landmark on the Santa Fe Trail. A pioneer of a different kind was Jean Baptiste Lamy (b.France, 181488), the first Roman Catholic bishop in the Southwest; his life inspired Willa Cather's novel Death Comes for the Archbishop. Among the more notorious of the frontier figures in New Mexico was Billy the Kid (William H. Bonney, b.New York, 185981); his killer was New Mexico lawman Patrick Floyd "Pat" Garrett (b.Alabama, 18501908).

Notable US senators from New Mexico were Thomas Benton Catron (b.Missouri, 18401921), a Republican who dominated New Mexico politics during the territorial period; Albert Bacon Fall (b.Kentucky, 18611944), who later, as secretary of the interior, gained notoriety for his role in the Teapot Dome scandal; Dennis Chavez (18881962), the most prominent and influential native New Mexican to serve in Washington; Carl A. Hatch (b.Kansas, 18891963), best known for the Hatch Act of 1939, which limited partisan political activities by federal employees; and Clinton P. Anderson (b.South Dakota, 18951975) who was also secretary of agriculture.

New Mexico has attracted many artists and writers. Painters Bert G. Phillips (b.New York, 18681956) and Ernest Leonard Blumenschein (b.Ohio 18741960) started the famous Taos art colony in 1898. Mabel Dodge Luhan (b.New York, 18791962) did much to lure the creative community to Taos through her writings; the most famous person to take up residence there was English novelist D. H. Lawrence (18851930). Peter Hurd (194084) was a muralist, portraitist, and book illustrator. New Mexico's best-known artist is Georgia O'Keeffe (b.Wisconsin, 18871986). Maria Povera Martinez (1887?1980) was known for her black-on-black pottery.

Other prominent persons who have made New Mexico their home include rocketry pioneer Robert H. Goddard (b.Massachusetts, 18821945), Pulitzer Prize-winning editorial cartoonist Bill Mauldin (19212003), novelist and popular historian Paul Horgan (b.New York, 190395), novelist N. Scott Momaday (b.Oklahoma, 1934), and golfer Nancy Lopez-Melton (b.California, 1957). Al Unser Sr., four-time winner of the Indianapolis 500, was born in Albuquerque, New Mexico, 29 May 1939.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Busby, Mark (ed.). The Southwest. Vol. 8 in The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Regional Cultures. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2004.

Council of State Governments. The Book of the States, 2006 Edition. Lexington, Ky.: Council of State Governments, 2006.

Enchanted Lifeways: The History, Museums, Arts & Festivals of New Mexico. Compiled by the New Mexico Office of Cultural Affairs. Santa Fe: New Mexico Magazine, 1995.

Parzybok, Tye W. Weather Extremes in the West. Missoula, Mont.: Mountain Press, 2005.

Preston, Christine, Douglas Preston, and José Antonio Esquibel. The Royal Road: El Camino Real from Mexico City to Santa Fe. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1998.

Preston, Thomas. Rocky Mountains: Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, 2nd ed. Vol. 3 of The Double Eagle Guide to 1,000 Great Western Recreation Destinations. Billings, Mont.: Discovery Publications, 2003.

Rees, Amanda (ed.). The Great Plains Region. Vol. 1 in The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Regional Cultures. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2004.

Etulain, Richard W., and Ferenc M. Szasz (eds.). Religion in Modern New Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1997.

Reséndez, Andrés. Changing National Identities at the Frontier: Texas and New Mexico, 18001850. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Roberts, David. The Pueblo Revolt: The Secret Rebellion that Drove the Spaniards Out of the Southwest. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004.

Samora, Julian, and Patricia Vandel Simon. A History of the Mexican-American People. Rev. ed. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1993.

Staats, Todd. New Mexico: Off the Beaten Path. Guilford, Conn.: Globe Pequot Press, 1999.

US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, US Census Bureau. New Mexico, 2000. Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics: 2000 Census of Population and Housing. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 2003.

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New Mexico

NEW MEXICO

NEW MEXICO. Having encountered unfathomable wealth and high civilization among the Aztecs in the Valley of Mexico, Spaniards quickly turned their attention northward, hoping to find another Mexico. New Mexico acquired its name and its early European visitors and residents from this misplaced belief in its potential mineral wealth. The Europeans found a dry, mountainous land of few trees and even less water populated by indigenous descendants of Anasazi Indians, whom the Spaniards named "Pueblos" for their towns that occupied the best lands along the banks of the Rio Grande. Seminomadic Athapascan and Shoshonean peoples, the Apaches and the Navajos, also called the high desert plateau home. The descendants of all of these groups inhabit the "Land of Enchantment" in the twenty-first century. New Mexico's history revolves around the relationships, sometimes tense, sometimes violent, sometimes friendly, among these groups and the land.

Another Mexico

The miraculous return in 1536 of Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, the Moorish slave Esteban, and two others from the disastrous 1528 Florida expedition of Pánfilo de Narváez piqued the curiosity of Spaniards. Cabeza de Vaca and his compatriots did not return with glowing reports of northern wealth, just rumors of a populous country to the north with large houses and trade in turquoise and other valuable items. These rumors sparked wild speculation as to the existence of another Mexico. When Cabeza de Vaca refused Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza's offer to return to the north, Mendoza selected the Franciscan

Fray Marcos de Niza to lead the expedition to verify the presence of wealthy northern cities. He was accompanied by the experienced Esteban.

After departing from Culiacán in 1539, Esteban and his Native retinue ranged ahead of Fray Marcos. In accordance with their plans, Esteban sent to Fray Marcos crosses of varying sizes, depending on his findings. When Esteban heard of Cíbola, he sent a large cross to Fray Marcos. The friar instructed Esteban to wait but to no avail. Esteban forged ahead, arriving at one of the Zuni pueblos, Háwikuh, where the Zunis seized and killed Esteban. Horrified at his companion's fate and eager to return to Mexico City, the Franciscan friar caught a glimpse of the Zuni village from afar, declared it Cíbola, and returned to Mexico City.

Fray Marcos's report of the golden glories of the north prompted Viceroy Mendoza to appoint his protégé Francisco Vásquez de Coronado to lead an expedition northward. The expedition seemed a mobile colony, including 350 Spaniards outfitted in armor and weaponry, 1,000 Native Mexican auxiliaries, six Franciscans, and hundreds of support staff. In July 1540 the expedition's vanguard arrived at the Zuni villages Fray Marcos had identified as the legendary Seven Cities of Cíbola, a rival to the wealth and size of Mexico City. Coronado and his forces discovered an adobe pueblo of some one hundred families. Disgusted with the friar's apparent lies, Coronado sent him back to Mexico City. The expedition settled down at Zuni for five months, where Coronado entertained delegations from other pueblos. The delegation from Pecos Pueblo told him all about the Great Plains, prompting Coronado to send Captain Hernando de Alvarado to return to Pecos with the delegation. At Pecos, a citadel of some two thousand people on the western edge of the Plains, Alvarado learned from an Indian slave called "the Turk" of a rich kingdom known as Quivira out on the Plains.

Alvarado brought the Turk to Coronado, who had relocated to Tiguex Pueblo. The expedition settled into a pueblo vacated for them north of present-day Albuquerque, where they spent the severe winter of 1540–1541. When spring finally arrived, almost the entire expedition headed for the Plains in search of Quivira, which proved elusive. Coronado, at the behest of the Turk, took thirty Spaniards and support persons deep into the Plains of central Kansas. Although other Indians claimed the Turk was lying, Coronado pushed onward. At last he located Quivira, not a rich kingdom but a village of grass lodges. In league with Pecos Pueblo, the Turk had hoped the Spaniards would be enveloped by the Plains and never return to New Mexico. For his treachery the Turk was garroted. Now convinced that no kingdom or city filled with riches lay hidden in the north, Coronado returned to Mexico in the spring of 1542. Although Coronado took no gold or riches back with him, his expedition mapped out much of the American Southwest, transforming the region from a mystery into an area ripe for permanent European settlement.

European Settlement

The scion of a silver-rich Zacatecas family, don Juan de Oñate received royal permission to colonize New Mexico in 1595. He spent three years organizing the privately funded expedition and recruiting colonists. After six months of travel, Oñate and his colonists arrived at San Juan Pueblo on the banks of the Rio Grande in northern New Mexico. The San Juans graciously shared their food and homes with their new neighbors, who soon founded their first capital at San Gabriel. Oñate and his colonists hoped New Mexico would prove rich in mineral wealth, and to that end the governor made several early forays into the New Mexican wilderness. While Oñate was out on one such journey in the late fall of 1598, his nephew Juan de Zaldivar, who was second-in-command, was killed in a battle with the Acomans at the summit of their sky city fortress. In retaliation Oñate launched a successful war party against Acoma. Determined to send a message to would be rebels among the Pueblos, Oñate passed harsh punishments onto the Acomans, the severity of which set the stage for rebellion against the Spaniards.

Finding no mineral wealth, Oñate's colony failed, leading the Spanish government to take it over in 1608. No longer proprietary, New Mexico became a royal colony maintained to secure the thousands of indigenous souls Franciscan friars had baptized during Oñate's tenure. Spain also found it prudent to maintain New Mexico as a buffer zone against foreign encroachment on the profitable mining areas of northern New Spain. The royal governor Pedro de Peralta replaced Oñate in 1608 as a symbol of Spain's takeover of the colony. In 1610 Peralta removed the San Gabriel settlement to a site further from Pueblo settlements and renamed it Santa Fe.

Franciscans established missions along the Rio Grande in or near existing Pueblo Indian communities. In addition the Franciscans launched a harsh campaign of eradication against the Pueblo religion, particularly against Native priests, which angered the Pueblos. Peralta almost immediately clashed with religious authorities in New Mexico, inaugurating a competition for authority that endured until the 1680 Pueblo revolt. Civil and religious leaders argued over which group held control of and authority over Pueblos and their tributes. In essence the contest between the two groups was over control of New Mexico itself. Such squabbles revealed to Pueblo Indians the weaknesses of the sparsely populated northern colony of less than two thousand Europeans.

Pueblo Revolt

In one of their first acts of unity, most of the Rio Grande and western Pueblos (Tanos, Tewas, and Keres), with the exception of Socorro, which did not get the word of revolt in time, and Isleta, which was hampered by the presence of too many Spaniards, organized to drive the Spaniards out of New Mexico. Plans were to revolt on 11 August 1680. The New Mexico governor Antonio de Otermín found out about the plan, however, so the revolt was moved up one day to 10 August. On that day Pueblos rose up against everyone and everything Spanish, killing twenty-two Franciscan missionaries and some four hundred Spanish settlers and destroying mission churches as the most hated symbols of Spanish domination. The Pueblo Indian Popé directed the rebellion, allegedly hiding from the Spanish in a Taos Pueblo kiva. The revolt was largely successful. The Spanish survivors, many of them female heads of households, accompanied by some Isleta and Socorro Pueblos, spent twelve years in exile in the El Paso area.


In 1692 don Diego de Vargas arrived in El Paso as New Mexico's new governor and led a "bloodless" and largely symbolic reconquest of New Mexico. The Pueblos had lost their unity, and some sought to ally themselves with the Spanish. Vargas's bloodless reconquest had to be followed by force, including a room-by-room siege of Pueblo-held Santa Fe. The Spanish victory in Santa Fe provided Vargas with a stronghold, from which he conducted a difficult military campaign against the Pueblos throughout 1694. The Pueblos answered his campaign with another revolt in 1696, during which they killed five Franciscan priests and twenty-one other Spaniards and burned churches and convents. Determined to subdue the Pueblos, Vargas launched a war of attrition that lasted six months, targeting food supplies as well as rebellious Natives. By the war's end all but the three western pueblos (Acoma, Zuni, and Hopi) were subdued. The resumption of trade in European goods beckoned the rest of the Pueblos, and they fell in line.

Accommodation

New Mexico after Vargas was largely a different place from what it had been in the seventeenth century. The eighteenth century ushered in more accommodation between Spanish settlers and Pueblos, ending the "mainly missions" atmosphere of the seventeenth century and the religious intolerance of the Franciscans. The two groups intermingled on a daily basis, sometimes intimately. Most New Mexicans eked out a meager existence, combining agriculture with raising small livestock. Merchants, soldiers, and government officials fared better, often employing a retinue of servants to tend their fields and care for their families. Roman Catholicism provided a central focus for many New Mexicans, including the Pueblo Indians, who practiced a form of Catholicism that left much of their Native religion intact.

In the eighteenth century raids by Comanche and Apache Indians and foreign encroachment from the French, British, and later the upstart Americans posed the largest threats to New Mexico. In 1786 Governor Juan Bautista de Anza engineered a "Comanche peace" by defeating the Comanche leader Cuerno Verde. Spaniards learned from the French that "peace by purchase" was far cheaper in the long run than continual raids and protracted battles. Anza convinced the Comanches to join with the Spanish against their common enemy the Apaches. The joint forces were successful in ending the Apache raids that had impoverished New Mexico's Spanish and Pueblo communities. The independence-oriented turmoil in Mexico in the 1810s and 1820s brought an end to "peace by purchase" payments to the two tribes and therefore an end to the peace.

Although Spanish officials frowned upon foreign trade, a few tenacious foreign souls attempted to reach Santa Fe and its markets prior to Mexican independence in 1821. In the late 1730s the French traders Pierre Mallet and Paul Mallet embarked on a mission to establisha trade route from New France (the modern-day upper Midwest) to Santa Fe. En route to New Mexico in 1739 they lost their six tons of trade goods in the Saline River in Kansas. Spanish authorities in Mexico denied the Mallet brothers' request for a trade license, but the brothers made a private agreement to trade with Santa Feans despite the government's decision.

Over the next few decades dozens of French traders from the Illinois country carried implements, cloth, and manufactured goods to Santa Fe in exchange for furs, gold, and silver. The international trade made Santa Fe a thriving town, and by the advent of the Missouri–Santa Fe highway, Santa Fe boasted nearly two thousand inhabitants. A few intrepid Americans, such as Zebulon Pike, rediscovered the trail to Santa Fe in the early 1800s. The trade remained the same as with the French, furs and silver in exchange for textiles, cutlery, and utensils.

The American purchase of the Louisiana Territory in 1803 put New Mexico on the defensive. Spanish officials justifiably feared invasion, as American explorers and traders kept appearing along the border and even in Santa Fe. But Spain, weak and on the verge of collapse, was in no position to guard New Mexico from the Americans. Mexican independence from Spain in 1821 brought looser trade policies to New Mexico, but Mexico had as much difficulty protecting its northern frontier from foreign intrusion as had Spain.

Santa Fe Trail

Thanks to the fortune of good timing, William Becknell, an Indian trader from Missouri, first broke open the Santa Fe trade. In so doing Becknell paved the way for American traders to tap into the pent-up consumer desires of New Mexicans. In the autumn of 1821 Becknell followed the Arkansas River west from Franklin, Missouri, with twenty men and a pack train of horses loaded with trade goods. As Becknell's group crossed Raton Pass north of Santa Fe to trade with Indians, they by chance encountered Mexican soldiers, who told them of Mexican independence and predicted that Santa Feans would gladly welcome the Missouri traders. To Becknell's delight the Mexican soldiers were correct. From trading with the New Mexicans, Becknell earned a healthy profit in silver. New Mexicans were pleased as well, for Becknell sold them higher-quality goods than what they received from the Chihuahua, Mexico, merchants, who had been their only legitimate source of trade goods prior to Becknell's visit to Santa Fe.

Becknell returned to Santa Fe in June 1822 with even more goods and men, including three wagons loaded with trade items worth$5,000. Seeking a shorter and easier route for wagon travel than the long and arduous trip across Raton Pass, Becknell forged the alternate Cimarron route, crossing the Cimarron River west of modern Dodge City, Kansas. This route, despite its heat and lack of water, became the Santa Fe Trail. By 1824 a well-established highway marked the route between Independence, Missouri, and Santa Fe.

Under Mexican Rule

American fur trappers also made their way into New Mexico in the 1820s, and Taos became the focus of the western American fur trade. By 1826 more than one hundred mountain men trapped beaver along the Rio Grande and the Gila. While Mexican authorities saw these mountain men as a threat, presciently recognizing them as the advance wave of American movement into the Southwest, they were not willing to interrupt the lucrative trade the trappers ushered into New Mexico. For the most part Mexican authorities left New Mexico to its own devices. Accustomed to benign neglect, New Mexicans reacted strongly to Mexican dictator Antonio López de Santa Anna's attempts to centralize Mexico. Heavy-handed attempts at imposing order on the province by Governor Albino Pérez, the only nonlocal governor of New Mexico during the Mexican period, ended in chaos in 1837 as rebellion swept through the province. The fleeing Pérez lost his life to a rabble and was replaced by the native New Mexican Manuel Armijo, who restored order. In 1844 Governor Armijo successfully warded off attempts by land-hungry Texans to claim all the land east of the Rio Grande to its source, an episode that engendered a long-held antipathy toward Texans.

The U.S.–Mexican War

Texas's bid to join the United States launched a war between Mexico and the United States in 1846. U.S. general Stephen Kearney took New Mexico without a fight. Rather than organizing a defense, Governor Armijo departed for Chihuahua after meeting with the trader James Magoffin, who somehow negotiated a peaceful conquest, although no one knows for certain what happened. All did not remain peaceful, however. Discontented New Mexicans planned an uprising for 24 December 1846, but rumors reached officials, who managed to squelch the opposition's plans. On 19 January 1847 a rebel mob scalped the appointed U.S. governor Charles Bent and twelve others sympathetic to the American cause. Rebellion spread throughout northern New Mexico. In February 1847 Colonel Sterling Price marched on Taos Pueblo, where the rebels had gathered. After a bloody battle the ringleaders were hanged, bringing an end to the armed resistance to the American occupation of New Mexico.

In the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which officially ended the war in 1848, New Mexico became part of the United States, and its people became American citizens. New Mexico had the necessary population for statehood, sixty-one thousand Hispanics and thirty thousand Indians in the 1850 census, and the support of Presidents James K. Polk and Zachary Taylor, but circumstances changed as gold was discovered in California. The Compromise of 1850 declared New Mexico a territory without restrictions on the issue of slavery and adjusted the long-contested boundary between New Mexico and Texas. New Mexico lost its bid for statehood to the politics of slavery and remained a territory for sixty-two years, until 1912.

The Civil War

During the 1850s the U.S. military built an elaborate defense system in New Mexico consisting of six military posts designed to keep hostile Indian tribes under control. The military thereby became the mainstay of the territory's economy and allowed the population to spread out from the Rio Grande valley. In 1861, however, Federal troops returned home to fight the Civil War, abandoning the defense system protecting those settlers and disrupting the orderly development of New Mexico. The territory sided with the Union, mostly out of hatred for the Confederate Texans. The few Civil War battles, including Valverde and Glorieta Pass (1862), that took place in New Mexico were more a reassertion of Texas imperialism than an integral part of Confederate strategy. Indeed most of the fighting in New Mexico during the Civil War years was against Indians. Colonel James H. Carleton ordered Colonel Christopher "Kit" Carson, a former mountain man, to campaign against the Mescalero Apaches (1863) and then the Navajos (1864). Carson prevailed against both tribes. Survivors were marched to Bosque Redondo, the first experiment in Indian reservations, which failed utterly. An 1868 treaty allowed the Navajos to return to their much-reduced homeland. The U.S. military confronted the Comanches and the Apaches in the 1870s and 1880s and confined both groups to reservations by the end of the 1880s.

The Civil War was a watershed in New Mexico history, bending the territory toward the United States and away from Mexico. After the war New Mexico shared much of the history of the rest of the American West, range wars, mining booms, railroad construction, Indian wars, nationalized forests, and military bases. As Anglo-Americans moved into the territory, Hispanic New Mexicans found it more difficult to hold onto their ancestral lands. The 1878–1879 Lincoln County War reflected the tensions among New Mexico's various populations, especially Hispanic sheepherders and Anglo cattle ranchers.

Statehood

New Mexico finally achieved statehood in 1912, beginning a new era. Statehood meant that a satisfactory level of Americanization had been reached, and participation in the twentieth century's major military efforts continued the process. Some 50,000 New Mexicans served their country in World War II, including Navajo Code Talkers. The state had the highest volunteer rate of any state. Many of these volunteers died in the Bataan death march. Northern New Mexico's mountains hid the secret Los Alamos labs and the Manhattan Project during World War II, and the first atomic bomb was detonated at the Trinity Test Site at White Sands on 16 July 1945, establishing the state as a major location for federal defense projects. Investments reached $100 billion by the end of the Cold War. Military defense continued to boost New


Mexico's economy in the early twenty-first century along with tourism and some manufacturing. The legendary Route 66 bisected the state, passing through Albuquerque and bringing tourists who sampled the state's blend of cultures and drank in the romanticized Spanish and Indian past provided by boosters.

Indians maintained a significant presence in New Mexico. Unlike most Native Americans, the Pueblos, Navajos, and Apaches remained on a portion of their ancestral homelands, while many other Native Americans settled in Albuquerque. India agent John Collier and the General Federation of Women's Clubs helped New Mexican Pueblos successfully overturn the 1922 Bursum bill, which would have given squatters land ownership and water rights in traditional Pueblo lands. The Pueblo Lands Act of 1924 protected Pueblo lands from squatters and recognized the land rights Pueblos had enjoyed under Spanish and Mexican rule. In recent years, Indian gaming brought an influx of cash to some of New Mexico's tribes and added punch to their political presence.

After 1848 Hispanics sought redress for the loss of their ancestral lands, mostly through the U.S. court system. In the last half of the twentieth century the issue of land grants generated some isolated violence, namely the July 1967 takeover of the county courthouse at Tierra Amarilla by the activist Reies Lopes Tijerina and his followers. New Mexican Indians also fought the loss of their lands, particularly sacred sites such as Taos Pueblo's Blue Lake, which had been swallowed by the Carson National Forest. President Richard M. Nixon returned Blue Lake to them in the 1970s. The twentieth century also put New Mexico on the map as a center for the arts. Early in the century Taos became an arts colony, attracting artists, writers, and other intellectuals. In 1914, artists Ernest L. Blumenschein and Bert Philips founded the Taos Society of Artists, prompting the development of a distinctive New Mexican style. Santa Fe, the state capital, also draws artists and the tourists who support them. The mix of three cultures, Indian, Hispanic, and Anglo, makes the forty-seventh state a vibrant laboratory for race relations.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Boyle, Susan Calafate. Los Capitalistas: Hispano Merchants and the Santa Fe Trade. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1997.

DeBuys, William. Enchantment and Exploitation: The Life and Hard Times of a New Mexico Mountain Range. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1985.

DeMark, Judith Boyce, ed. Essays in Twentieth-Century New Mexico History. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1994.

Deutsch, Sarah. No Separate Refuge: Culture, Class, and Gender on an Anglo-Hispanic Frontier in the American Southwest, 1880–1940. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Gutiérrez, Ramón A. When Jesus Came, the Corn Mothers Went Away: Marriage, Sexuality, and Power in New Mexico, 1500–1846. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1991.

Jensen, Joan M., and Darlis A. Miller, eds. New Mexico Women: Intercultural Perspectives. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1986.

Kessell, John L. Kiva, Cross, and Crown: The Pecos Indians and New Mexico, 1540–1840. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, 1979.

Simmons, Marc. New Mexico: An Interpretive History. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1988.

Szasz, Ferenc Morton. The Day the Sun Rose Twice: The Story of the Trinity Site Nuclear Explosion, July 16, 1945. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1984.

Vargas, Diego de. Remote beyond Compare: Letters of Don Diego de Vargas to His Family from New Spain and New Mexico, 1675–1706. Edited by John L. Kessell. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1989.

Weber, David J. The Mexican Frontier, 1821–1846: The American Southwest under Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1982.

———. The Spanish Frontier in North America. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1992.

Dedra S.McDonald

See alsoExploration and Expeditions: Spanish ; Mexican War ; Mexico, Relations with ; andvol. 9:Glimpse of New Mexico .

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New Mexico

New Mexico, state in the SW United States. At its northwestern corner are the so-called Four Corners, where Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah meet at right angles; New Mexico is also bordered by Oklahoma (NE), Texas (E, S), and Mexico (S).

Facts and Figures

Area, 121,666 sq mi (315,115 sq km). Pop. (2010) 2,059,179, a 13.2% increase since the 2000 census. Capital, Santa Fe. Largest city, Albuquerque. Statehood, Jan. 6, 1912 (47th state). Highest pt., Wheeler Peak, 13,161 ft (4,014 m); lowest pt., Red Bluff Reservoir, 2,817 ft (859 m). Nickname, Land of Enchantment. Motto,Crescit Eundo [It Grows as It Goes], State bird, chaparral ( "roadrunner" ). State flower, yucca. State tree, piñon. Abbr., N.Mex.; NM

Geography

New Mexico is roughly bisected by the Rio Grande and has an approximate mean altitude of 5,700 ft (1,737 m). The topography of the state is marked by broken mesas, wide deserts, heavily forested mountain wildernesses, and high, bare peaks. The mountain ranges, part of the Rocky Mts., rising to their greatest height (more than 13,000 ft/3,962 m) in the Sangre de Cristo Mts., are in broken groups, running north to south through central New Mexico and flanking the Rio Grande. In the southwest is the Gila Wilderness.

Broad, semiarid plains, particularly prominent in S New Mexico, are covered with cactus, yucca, creosote bush, sagebrush, and desert grasses. Water is rare in these regions, and the scanty rainfall is subject to rapid evaporation. The two notable rivers besides the Rio Grande—the Pecos and the San Juan—are used for some irrigation; the Carlsbad and Fort Sumner reclamation projects are on the Pecos, and the Tucumcari project is nearby. Other projects utilize the Colorado River basin; however, the Rio Grande, harnessed by the Elephant Butte Dam, remains the major irrigation source for the area of most extensive farming. The capital of New Mexico is Santa Fe, and the largest city is Albuquerque.

Economy

Because irrigation opportunities are few, most of the arable land is given over to grazing. There are many large ranches, with cattle and sheep on the open range year round. In the dry farming regions, the major crops are hay and sorghum grains. Onions, potatoes, and dairy products are also important. In addition, piñon nuts, pinto beans, and chilis are crops particularly characteristic of New Mexico. Pinewood is the chief commercial wood.

Much of the state's income is derived from its considerable mineral wealth. New Mexico is a leading producer of uranium ore, manganese ore, potash, salt, perlite, copper ore, natural gas, beryllium, and tin concentrates. Petroleum and coal are also found in smaller quantities. Silver and turquoise have been used in making jewelry since long before European exploration.

The federal government is the largest employer in the state, accounting for over one quarter of New Mexico's jobs. A large percentage of government jobs in the state are related to the military; there are several air force bases, along with national observatories and the Los Alamos and Sandia laboratories. Climate and increasing population have aided New Mexico's effort to attract new industries; manufacturing, centered especially around Albuquerque, includes food and mineral processing and the production of chemicals, electrical equipment, and ordnance. High-technology manufacturing is increasingly important, much of it in the defense industry.

Millions of acres of the wild and beautiful country of New Mexico are under federal control as national forests and monuments and help to make tourism a chief source of income. Best known of the state's attractions are the Carlsbad Caverns National Park and the Aztec Ruins National Monument. Thousands of tourists annually visit the White Sands, Bandelier, Capulin Volcano, El Morro, Fort Union, Gila Cliff Dwellings, Río Grande del Norte, and Salinas Pueblo Missions national monuments and Chaco Culture National Historical Park (see National Parks and Monuments, table). Several of New Mexico's surviving native pueblos are also much visited.

Government and Higher Education

New Mexico is governed under the constitution of 1912. The legislature has a senate of 42 members and a house of representatives with 70 members. The governor is elected for four years and may be reelected. The state elects two U.S. senators and three representatives and has five electoral votes. New Mexico has been generally Democratic in politics, although it joined the national trend toward conservatism in the 1980s. Gary Johnson, a Republican, was elected governor in 1994 and reelected in 1998, but a Democrat, Bill Richardson, won the governorship in 2002 and 2006. In 2010 Republican Susana Martinez was elected to the post. Reelected in 2014, she was the first woman to serve in the office.

The most prominent educational institutions in the state are the Univ. of New Mexico, at Albuquerque; New Mexico State Univ., at Las Cruces; New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, at Socorro, and St. John's College, at Santa Fe.

History

Native Americans and the Spanish

Use of the land and minerals of New Mexico goes back to the prehistoric time of the early cultures in the Southwest that long preceded the flourishing sedentary civilization of the Pueblos that the Spanish found along the Rio Grande and its tributaries. Many of the Native American pueblos exist today much as they were in the 13th cent. Word of the pueblos reached the Spanish through Cabeza de Vaca, who may have wandered across S New Mexico between 1528 and 1536; they were enthusiastically identified by Fray Marcos de Niza as the fabulously rich Seven Cities of Cibola.

A full-scale expedition (1540–42) to find the cities was dispatched from New Spain, under the leadership of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado. The treatment of the Pueblo people by Coronado and his men led to the long-standing hostility between the Native Americans and the Spanish and slowed Spanish conquest. The first regular colony at San Juan was founded by Juan de Oñate in 1598. The Native Americans of Acoma revolted against the Spanish encroachment and were severely suppressed.

In 1609 Pedro de Peralta was made governor of the "Kingdom and Provinces of New Mexico," and a year later he founded his capital at Santa Fe. The little colony did not prosper greatly, although some of the missions flourished and haciendas were founded. The subjection of Native Americans to forced labor and attempts by missionaries to convert them resulted in violent revolt by the Apache in 1676 and the Pueblo in 1680. These uprisings drove the Spanish entirely out of New Mexico.

The Spanish did not return until the campaign of Diego de Vargas Zapata reestablished their control in 1692. In the 18th cent. the development of ranching and of some farming and mining was more thorough, laying the foundations for the Spanish culture in New Mexico that still persists. Over one third of the population today is of Hispanic origin (and few are recent immigrants from Mexico) and roughly the same percentage speak Spanish fluently.

When Mexico achieved its independence from Spain in 1821, New Mexico became a province of Mexico, and trade was opened with the United States. By the following year the Santa Fe Trail was being traveled by the wagon trains of American traders. In 1841 a group of Texans embarked on an expedition to assert Texan claims to part of New Mexico and were captured.

The Anglo Influence

The Mexican War marked the coming of the Anglo-American culture to New Mexico. Stephen W. Kearny entered (1846) Santa Fe without opposition, and two years later the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ceded New Mexico to the United States. The territory, which included Arizona and other territories, was enlarged by the Gadsden Purchase (1853).

A bid for statehood with an antislavery constitution was halted by the Compromise of 1850, which settled the Texas boundary question in New Mexico's favor and organized New Mexico as a territory without restriction on slavery. In the Civil War, New Mexico was at first occupied by Confederate troops from Texas, but was taken over by Union forces early in 1862. After the war and the withdrawal of the troops, the territory was plagued by conflict with the Apache and Navajo. The surrender of Apache chief Geronimo in 1886 ended conflict in New Mexico and Arizona (which had been made a separate territory in 1863). However, there were local troubles even after that time.

Already the ranchers had taken over much of the grasslands. The coming of the Santa Fe RR in 1879 encouraged the great cattle boom of the 80s. There were typical cow towns, feuds among cattlemen as well as between cattlemen and the authorities (notably the Lincoln County War), and the activities of such outlaws as Billy the Kid. The cattlemen were unable to keep out the sheepherders and were overwhelmed by the homesteaders and squatters, who fenced in and plowed under the "sea of grass." Land claims gave rise to bitter quarrels among the homesteaders, the ranchers, and the old Spanish families, who made claims under the original grants. Despite overgrazing and reduction of lands, ranching survived and continues to be important together with the limited but scientifically controlled irrigated and dry farming. Statehood was granted in 1912.

Modern New Mexico

In 1943 the U.S. government built Los Alamos as a center for atomic research. The first atom bomb was exploded at the White Sands Proving Grounds in July, 1945. The growth and use of military and nuclear facilities continued after World War II. High-altitude experiments were apparently responsible for a 1947 incident near Roswell that led to persistent claims that the government was concealing captured extraterrestrial corpses and equipment. In the 1990s the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, deep in salt formations near Carlsbad, was readied for storage of nuclear wastes, amid controversy.

New Mexico's climate, tranquillity, and startling panoramas have made the state a place of winter or year-round residence for those seeking health or a place of retirement. Many writers and artists have made their homes in communities such as Taos and Santa Fe, including D. H. Lawrence and Georgia O'Keeffe. The Apache, Navajo, and Pueblo, and some Ute, live on federal reservations within the state—the Navajo Nation, with over 16 million acres (6.5 million hectares), is the largest in the country—and the Pueblo, a settled agricultural people, live in pueblos scattered throughout the state. At the beginning of the 1990s the Native American population of New Mexico was more than 134,000.

Bibliography

See W. A. Beck, New Mexico: A History of Four Centuries (1962, repr. 1982); A. K. Gregg, New Mexico in the Nineteenth Century (1968); R. W. Larson, New Mexico's Quest for Statehood (1968); W. W. Davis, El Gringo: New Mexico and Her People (1982); R. V. Jackson, New Mexico Historical and Biographical Index (1984); J. L. Williams, ed., New Mexico in Maps (2d ed. 1986); N. H. Warren, Villages of Hispanic New Mexico (1987).

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New Mexico

New Mexico

Sources

Spanish Conquest. Nowhere is the Spanish colonial cultural legacy more visible than in New Mexico, the first area of the southwestern United States colonized by the Spanish. Although the conquistador Francisco Vásquez de Coronado claimed the territory for the Spanish monarchy in 1542, permanent settlements were only established there after persistent indigenous resistance to colonization. The first Spanish explorers arrived in 1540, led by Coronado, followed by another Spanish expedition in 1581 and a third in 1582. Finding little mineral wealth, these explorers quickly abandoned the desolate area.

Oñates Expedition. The Spanish king, Philip II, officially authorized settlement of New Mexico in 1583. He was interested in establishing missions to convert the Indians and in protecting Mexicos northern mines. He chose Juan de Oñate as the official leader and financier of the colonizing expedition. Oñates group, including ten Franciscan missionary friars, left Zacatecas, Mexico, in 1598. On 30 April, Oñate officially took possession of New Mexico at modern-day El Paso. In that same year Oñate chose San Gabriel (today Chamita), the second permanent European settlement in North America, as New Mexicos capital. Jn the course of the seventeenth century, between two and three thousand Spaniards arrived to settle New Mexico. The region, however, proved difficult to colonize due to harsh conditions. In 1609 Oñates successor as governor, Pedro de Peralta, founded a new capital, La Villa Real de la Santa Fe (The Royal City of the Holy Faith), present-day Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Early Missions. The Franciscan friars immediately began converting the native population to Catholicism. During the initial period of 1598 to 1609 the missionaries built temporary, provisional churches. In 1609, however, King Philip III made New Mexico a royal colony and henceforth the pace of mission building accelerated. The self-taught architect-friars directed the building projects, utilizing Native American labor. By 1617 friars and Native Americans had built eleven churches which purportedly served fourteen thousand new Catholic converts in New Mexico. The missionaries also directed native production of Catholic works of art. These artworks combined native techniques and styles with European content and form, resulting in hybrid or syncretic works of art. Like these works of art and architecture, Pueblo Catholicism was also syncretic. Many Pueblo Indians even today combine Catholic beliefs with traditional native practices. Undoubtedly many of the initial conversions were nominal at best, for during the Pueblo Revolt of 16801692 the Pueblos eagerly returned to their original native religion.

Permanent Missions. The period from 1620 to 1680 witnessed the building of larger, more monumental

churches. These missions extended from old El Paso (now Ciudad Juárez in Mexico) north to Taos, New Mexico, and from Pecos in the east to Zuñi in the west. Although located on the fringes of the Spanish Empire, these churches demonstrate innovative plans, window arrangements, and roofing designs. In addition, the architecture displays a unique Indo-Christian style which features Pueblo Indian influence. This style was distinctive from Spanish colonial architecture in New Spain (Mexico), California, Texas, Arizona, or Florida. Mission development came to an end with the 1680 Pueblo Revolt, the most successful native uprising in North America.

Mexican Mission Precedents

During the age of exploration the Spanish destroyed countless indigenous temples in order to build thousands of Catholic missions throughout the Spanish empire. The purpose of this vast building program was to create a new Christian utopia in the New World. Most Spanish missions followed the pattern established by Mexicos first viceroy, Antonio de Mendoza, in the sixteenth century. Thus all missions included a church, friary, atrium, and some type of outdoor chapel. Often missions were intentionally constructed on top of preexisting native religious structures.

The Franciscan mission of St. Michael the Archangel at Huejotzingo, Puebla, Mexico, is typical. Built in the 1550s by Native Americans under the direction of friar-architects, it defines the fortress church type. Fortress churches tower over the landscape in order to impress the native population with the power of Christianity. They may have also served as refuges in the event of attack. Fortress churches may have additionally contributed to the friars notions of themselves as soldiers of Christ in a spiritual conquest in the Americas. These monumental churches, with their massive, bare walls, platformlike roofs, towers, high windows, and powerful buttresses, seem more like fortresses than churches.

Sources: James Early, The Colonial Architecture of Mexico (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1994);

George Kubler, Mexican Architecture of the Sixteenth Century (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1948);

Kubler and Martin Soria, Art and Architecture in Spain and Portugal and Their American Dominions, 1500 to 1800 (London & Baltimore: Penguin, 1959).

Sources

Bainbridge Bunting, Early Architecture in New Mexico (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1976);

Mary Grizzard, Spanish Colonial Art and Architecture of Mexico and the U.S. Southwest (Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, 1986);

George Kubler, The Religious Architecture of New Mexico in the Colonial Period and since the American Occupation (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1990);

Trent Elwood Sanford, The Architecture of the Southwest: Indian, Spanish, American (New York: Norton, 1950);

David J. Weber, The Spanish Frontier in North America (New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1992).

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New Mexico

NEW MEXICO


Albuquerque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423

Las Cruces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435

Santa Fe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447

The State in Brief

Nickname: Land of Enchantment

Motto: Crescit eundo (It grows as it goes)

Flower: Yucca

Bird: Roadrunner

Area: 121,589 square miles (2000; U.S. rank: 5th)

Elevation: Ranges from 2,842 feet to 13,161 feet above sea level

Climate: Semi arid and sunny, with temperatures varying according to elevation

Admitted to Union: January 6, 1912

Capital: Santa Fe

Head Official: Governor Bill Richardson (D) (until 2007)

Population

1980: 1,302,894

1990: 1,515,069

2000: 1,819,046

2004 estimate: 1,903,289

Percent change, 19902000: 20.1%

U.S. rank in 2004: 36th

Percent of residents born in state: 51.5% (2000)

Density: 15.0 people per square mile (2000)

2002 FBI Crime Index Total: 94,196

Racial and Ethnic Characteristics (2000)

White: 1,214,253

Black or African American: 34,343

American Indian and Alaska Native: 173,483

Asian: 19,255

Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 1,503

Hispanic or Latino (may be of any race): 765,386

Other: 309,882

Age Characteristics (2000)

Population under 5 years old: 130,628

Population 5 to 19 years old: 434,231

Percent of population 65 years and over: 11.7%

Median age: 34.6 years (2000)

Vital Statistics

Total number of births (2003): 27,672

Total number of deaths (2003): 14,636 (infant deaths, 157)

AIDS cases reported through 2003: 1,182

Economy

Major industries: Government; manufacturing; services; finance, insurance, and real estate; trade

Unemployment rate: 5.6% (February 2005)

Per capita income: $25,502 (2003; U.S. rank: 47th)

Median household income: $35,265 (3-year average, 2001-2003)

Percentage of persons below poverty level: 18.4% (1999)

Income tax rate: Ranges from 1.7% to 6.8%

Sales tax rate: 5.0%

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New Mexico

New Mexico State in sw USA, on the Mexican border; the capital is Santa Fe. The largest city is Albuquerque. The Spanish established the first permanent settlement at Santa Fe in 1610. The USA acquired the region in 1848, at the end of the Mexican War. In 1912, it entered the Union as the 47th state. The first atomic bomb exploded at Alamogordo in 1945. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains in the n flank the Rio Grande, which runs n to s through the state. The terrain includes desert, forested mountains, and stark mesa. In the s and sw are semi-arid plains. The s Pecos and Rio Grande rivers irrigate cotton crops; hay, wheat, dairy produce and chilli peppers are also important. A large proportion of the state's wealth comes from mineral deposits, including uranium, manganese, copper, silver, turquoise, oil, coal, and natural gas. Area: 314,334sq km (121,335sq mi). Pop. (2000) 1,819,406.

Statehood :

January 16, 1912

Nickname :

The Land of Enchantment

State bird :

Roadrunner

State flower :

Yucca flower

State tree :

Pine nut

State motto :

It grows as it goes

http://www.newmexico.org

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New Mexico

NEW MEXICO


In 1803 when President Thomas Jefferson (18011809) purchased the Louisiana Territory from France, New Mexico had been under Spanish rule for nearly 250 years. After the real estate deal with Napoleon Bonaparte was completed, New Mexico had a new U.S. neighbor.

In 1821 Mexico won its independence from Spain and New Mexico became a province of Mexico. Until then, the Spanish had been very careful about allowing foreigners into Mexican territory. But the new Mexican government was eager to allow New Mexico to deal with U.S. traders. Missourian William Becknell entered Santa Fe and sold U.S. goods such as cloth, pans, and tools to residents there. In exchange he received furs, gold, and silver. He made such a profit that his success created a rush of other businessmen to Mexico who traveled along an 800-mile pathway between Independence, Missouri and Santa Fe, known as the Santa Fe Trail.

America's bid to extend its boundaries to the Pacific Ocean involved the conquest of New Mexico. In 1846 war broke out between the United States and Mexico. When the war ended in 1848, the red, white and blue American flag flew over Santa Fe. Mexico was forced to give up California and New Mexico to the United States. Soon after settlers from eastern and southern states began migrating to New Mexico in the early 1850s to ranch or search for gold and silver.

In 1862 the United States began a campaign against the Native Americans in New Mexico to drive them to a reservation on the Pecos River. Christopher "Kit" Carson, a mountain man and military officer, led the charge against the Apaches and Navajos. As the Native Americans resisted, Carson and his men burned the Native Americans' cornfields and pumpkin patches. Two million pounds of grain were destroyed the first year, causing starvation among the Navajos.

At the same time settlers were fighting among themselves. Cattle ranchers fought against merchants for control of Lincoln County. The Lincoln County War, as it came to be known, involved William H. Bonney, or Billy the Kid, and helped give the territory the image of lawlessness.

In the late 1870s the development of railroad lines across the landscape of New Mexico changed the territory forever. Railroads connected cities in the west and the Southern Pacific line became the first transcontinental track to cross southern New Mexico. Prospectors and equipment for mining were brought to New Mexico by train. Several silver mines were established and towns sprang up. Cattle ranching spread to New Mexico from the southeast region of Texas.

In 1876 statehood for New Mexico was opposed by mining companies, railroads and cattle ranchers who anticipated higher taxes as a result. In addition, New Mexico's diverse population, which included Native American, Spanish, and Mexican cultures, rather than bringing about cultural interchange and amalgamation, fueled the fires of bigotry and racism. However, in 1912 Congress proclaimed New Mexico a state.

Soon after, New Mexico became a haven for talented artists attracting painters, poets and novelists from the East and Midwest. In 1930 a scientist and visionary named Robert Goddard moved to New Mexico to test rocket models. Eventually aerospace became one of New Mexico's major industries.

As the Great Depression rocked the country in the 1930s, New Mexico was devastated as mines closed and railroads and cattle ranches laid off workers. Economic recovery in the state began after the start of World War II (19391945). A steady stream of newcomers were going to a New Mexican ranch called Los Alamos. The ranch had been turned into a secret laboratory for the Manhattan Project, a plan to build the most dangerous war weapon ever.

In 1945 the first atomic bomb test took place in a desert near Alamogordo, New Mexico. Subsequently, the war ended shortly after atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. New Mexico was instrumental in bringing the war to an end and the world into the nuclear age.

After the war the federal government turned Los Alamos into a huge nuclear laboratory. Nuclear research was conducted at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. The government created the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico, a test site for rockets. In addition, in 1950 uranium, a metal used in nuclear bombs and nuclear power plants, was discovered in northwest New Mexico. Thus New Mexico became a leading uranium-mining state.

Many scientists, researchers, engineers and their families moved to New Mexico to work at the sites. The state's population doubled in size between 1950 and 1960 and Albuquerque's population quadrupled. So many people were coming from other parts of the country that Spanish-speaking New Mexicans, who once were the majority, became a minority. In the 1990 census, Hispanics accounted for 38 percent of the state's population.

Over the next three decades the state's nuclear and hightech industries flourished. In 1987 New Mexican companies were awarded $1.8 million to build the SDI or "Star Wars" missile defense system. Even though the government reduced military spending and income from the nuclear industry decreased in the 1990s, New Mexico's high tech industry offset those losses with Intel's Rio Rancho plant which was the world's largest computer chip factory in the mid-1990s.

Tourism played a major role in the state's economy in the mid1990s and the state continued to be a leader in space and nuclear research. However, poverty affects a significant number of New Mexico's residents. In the early 1990s the government instituted job training programs to address unemployment issues. In addition, in 1993 a border crossing opened across from Juarez, Mexico to encourage trade between New Mexico and Mexico. In 1995 the median household income was $25,991 and 25.3 percent of New Mexicans lived below the poverty level.

See also: Santa Fe, Santa Fe Trial


FURTHER READING

Early, Theresa S. New Mexico, Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Company, 1993.

Jenkins, Myra E. A Brief History of New Mexico, Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1974.

Simmons, Marc. New Mexico: A Bicentennial History, New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1977.

Thompson, Kathleen. New Mexico. In Portrait of America. Austin, Texas: SteckVaughn Publishers, 1996.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States. Detroit: Gale Research, 1998, s.v. "New Mexico."

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New Mexico

NEW MEXICO

NEW MEXICO , a southwestern state of the U.S. with a minimally estimated Jewish population of 11,500 in the year 2001. Albuquerque, the largest city in the state, held about 7,500 in that year. In 2005, other significant Jewish numbers resided in Santa Fe, Las Cruces, Los Alamos, and Taos. Smaller groups dwelt in a number of towns. In 2005 Albuquerque had organized religious communities of Reform, Conservative, Renewal, Chabad, and Chavurah expression. Santa Fe had several Reform, Orthodox, Renewal, and Chabad communities. Las Cruces had a Reform congregation. Smaller communities such as Carlsbad, Los Alamos, Rio Rancho, Roswell, and Taos had less well-defined groups. Several regional groups existed in Gallup, New Mexico, and in Durango and Trinidad, Colorado, that included parts of New Mexico.

New Mexico became a settled part of New Spain with the expedition northward from Mexico of Juan de Onate in 1598. Recent research suggests the presence of crypto-Jews among the early settlers, following a period of active investigation and trials by the Holy Office of the Inquisition in Mexico City against the well-placed Carvajal family in Nuevo Leon in the mid-1590s. The existence of descendents of crypto-Jews re-emerged in the latter decades of the 20th century with open declarations of their past and, for some, their continuing of reawakened adherence to Judaism.

The takeover of the southwest by the United States from the mid-1840s allowed the influx of Americans (Anglos), among them Jewish traders who had accompanied the American military expeditions into the area. The earliest Jewish settlers, mostly from Germanic states, established a pattern of inviting family members or acquaintances to join them after they established themselves as merchants. Many of their enterprises proved highly successful, producing some of the wealthiest Anglo families in the Territory until the coming of the railroads in 1879–1880. They engaged in retail enterprises along with wholesale operations that linked local farmers with supplying army forts and Indian reservations. They

lived mainly in Santa Fe, the capital, Las Vegas, and Las Cruces. Among the best known were the Spiegelbergs and Staabs of Santa Fe, the Ilfelds in Las Vegas, and the Freudenthal-Lesinskys in Las Cruces. In 1880, there were probably some 180 Jews in the whole Territory.

Religious and social institutions developed very slowly. The scarcity of Jewish women and the slow development of family life probably contributed to that condition. It was only after the railroad reached New Mexico that the first formal institutions appeared. B'nai B'rith led the way in Albuquerque in 1883 followed by the first congregation, Congregation Montefiore, in Las Vegas in 1884. Albuquerque's Jews organized Congregation Albert in 1897, today the oldest extant religious community in the state. Both congregations followed the practice of Reform Judaism. In 1920 Congregation B'nai Israel was formed in Albuquerque, which adopted the practice of Conservative Judaism.

Santa Fe suffered a sharp economic decline in the 1880s as a result of the main line of the railroads bypassing the town, and it recovered only in the second decade of the 20th century. Its Jewish population had dwindled as the town's economic condition worsened. No formal Jewish organization existed until the creation of a B'nai B'rith chapter in the mid-1930s.

After the railroad's arrival, the old-style enterprises largely disappeared to be replaced by more modest mercantile operations and some expansion into ranching and mining in the more easterly plains and southwestern mountains where newer towns such as Roswell, Clayton, and Silver City flourished. Where Jews lived in some 16 places in 1880 they lived in no less than 35 towns in 1900. One of the more unusual events arising out of the close contacts of isolated Jews with local populations was the marriage of Solomon Bibo to Juana Valle, a member of the Acoma Indian pueblo. He was appointed its governor in 1888 and served in that post a number of times.

New Mexico's Jews participated heavily in the political life of the territory and state. They served as both appointed and elected officials in local communities and countries across the Territory. Nathan Jaffa of Roswell became secretary of the Territory after 1907. The first mayor of Albuquerque after its incorporation in 1885 was Henry N. Jaffa, who later was a stalwart member of Congregation Albert. In 1890, Mike Mandell was also elected to the post of mayor. In 1930 Arthur Seligman of Santa Fe attained the governorship of the state and died while in office, although his adherence to Judaism has been questioned.

World War ii and the half-century since brought great and rapid changes to New Mexico and its Jewish population. Its open spaces, clear weather, and isolation persuaded the federal government to build a number of air force facilities and locate the site for the Manhattan project to create the atomic bomb in Los Alamos. The Cold War that followed World War ii witnessed expansion of what had begun during the war years. The half million population of the state in 1940 had more than tripled by the year 2000. Albuquerque grew from 35,000 in 1940 to 200,000 in 1960 to nearly a half-million in 2000.

The Jewish population stood at somewhat over 1,100 in 1940. By the year 2001, it had grown to at least 11,500, outpacing the growth of the general population. Increased numbers also altered the economic makeup of the Jewish community. Where in 1940 merchants had formed an overwhelming proportion of the Jews' economic activity, the changing economy fostered by the federal government's goals brought in a professional population of scientists, engineers, professors, and doctors. The growth of Los Alamos, a new town, exemplifies some of the change. Population growth and the gi Bill offering college education to veterans of the war swelled the numbers in state universities. The University of New Mexico established medical and law schools adding considerable numbers of Jewish professors to the general faculty as well as to the professional school faculties. Growing recognition of New Mexico as a place to retire led to the creation of such towns as Rio Rancho, which drew Jews from the northeast in the 1960s and 1970s. The new population, by the nature of its employment, outdistanced its older mercantile appearance that had existed before World War ii.

The problems created by the war, for the Jews, such as a large refugee population in Europe and the establishment of Israel, gave impetus to a rapid expansion of Jewish organization – both secular and religious. Increasing numbers allowed the formation of formal congregations where there had been none before the war and growth in those institutions that did exist. The desire to collect funds for aid and relocation of refugees and support for the new and endangered state of Israel led to the formation of the Albuquerque Jewish Welfare Fund, which translated itself into the Jewish Community Council of Albuquerque and into a broader Jewish Federation of Greater Albuquerque. In 1971 the community created a monthly newspaper, the New Mexico Jewish Link, which contains the most concentrated source of information concerning Jewish activity in the state.

Jews continued to make their mark in the economic and political affairs of the state. More specialized than in the past, large businesses made a new appearance or grew greatly in the post-war economy. Among the most successful were those in furniture sales (American Furniture), home building (Sam Hoffman), and building supplies (Duke City Lumber), especially in the early decades after the war. Jews also moved into new areas of visibility, as they became police chiefs, conductors of the symphony, and leading architects. Well-known artists, such as Judy *Chicago, moved to the state. In the late 1980s a Jew and a Republican, Steve Schiff, was elected to the national House of Representatives where he remained for five terms until his death in 1998.

While New Mexico was heavily Catholic historically, the rapid growth of a diverse religious population led to an atmosphere of toleration and interreligious toleration and cooperation in the post-World War ii period. Following Vatican ii, in 1965, Jews and Catholics established formal dialogues. Jews became far more active in social causes such as civil rights and the rights of women than was the case before World War ii. At the turn of the 20th century that expansive mood still existed.

bibliography:

H. J. Tobias, A History of the Jews in New Mexico (1990); F.S. Fierman, Guts and Ruts: The Jewish Pioneer on the Trail in the American Southwest (1985); W.J. Parish, The Charles Ilfeld Company: The Rise and Decline of Mercantile Capitalism in New Mexico (1961); S. Hordes, To the End of the Earth: A History of the Crypto-Jews of New Mexico (2005).

[Henry J. Tobias (2nd ed.)]

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New Mexico

New Mexico

■ THE ART CENTER DESIGN COLLEGE E-6

5000 Marble NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: (505)254-7575
Free: 800-825-8753
Admissions: (520)325-0123
Fax: (505)254-4754
Web Site: http://www.theartcenter.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1989. Total enrollment: 275. Part-time degree program.

Entrance Requirements:

Required for some: ACT ASSET. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available.

■ CENTRAL NEW MEXICO COMMUNITY COLLEGE E-6

525 Buena Vista, SE
Albuquerque, NM 87106-4096
Tel: (505)224-3000
Fax: (505)224-4740
Web Site: http://www.tvi.cc.nm.us/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Awards transfer associate and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 60-acre urban campus. Endowment: $1.2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3080 per student. Total enrollment: 23,107. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 21:1. 4,388 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 6,925 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 16,182 students, 61% women, 39% men. 1% from out-of-state, 8% Native American, 42% Hispanic, 3% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.3% international, 54% 25 or older, 8% transferred in. Calendar: trimesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. ROTC: Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, respiratory therapy, medical laboratory technology programs. Options: electronic application, early admission. Recommended: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1,490 full-time, $41.40 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1,796 full-time, $49.90 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $7,945 full-time, $220.70 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $90 full-time, $30 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Most popular organizations: Phi Theta Kappa, student government, Hispanic Club, TVI Times (student newspaper). Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Main Campus Library with an OPAC and a Web page.

■ CLOVIS COMMUNITY COLLEGE G-13

417 Schepps Blvd.
Clovis, NM 88101-8381
Tel: (505)769-2811
Admissions: (505)769-4021
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.clovis.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1990. Setting: 25-acre small town campus. Endowment: $558,291. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5693 per student. Total enrollment: 3,937. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. 648 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 688 students, 71% women, 29% men. Part-time: 3,249 students, 64% women, 36% men. Students come from 47 states and territories, 29% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 37% Hispanic, 5% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.05% international, 52% 25 or older, 5% transferred in. Retention: 55% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, radiological technician, cosmetology, construction programs. Option: Common Application. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $736 full-time, $29 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $784 full-time, $31 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $1480 full-time, $60 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $36 full-time, $3 per credit part-time, $20 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 11 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Student Nursing Association, Black Advisory Council, Hispanic Advisory Council, student ambassadors. Major annual events: campuswide socials, Health and Fitness Fair, concert series. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Clovis Community College Library and Learning Resources Center with 52,000 books, 138,000 microform titles, 370 serials, 2,900 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $319,757. 280 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ COLLEGE OF SANTA FE D-7

1600 Saint Michael's Dr.
Santa Fe, NM 87505-7634
Tel: (505)473-6011
Free: 800-456-2673
Admissions: (505)473-6133
Fax: (505)473-6127
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.csf.edu

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1947. Setting: 100-acre suburban campus with easy access to Albuquerque. Total enrollment: 1,661. Faculty: 275 (76 full-time, 199 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 7:1. 598 applied, 73% were admitted. 9% from top 10% of their high school class, 30% from top quarter, 65% from top half. Full-time: 640 students, 56% women, 44% men. Part-time: 702 students, 60% women, 40% men. 67% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 26% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 14% 25 or older, 62% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 75% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: visual and performing arts; business/marketing; education. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Great Lakes Colleges Association, New York City Arts Program. Study abroad program. ROTC: Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, interview, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 3.0 high school GPA, portfolio or audition for visual and performing arts programs. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $28,978 includes full-time tuition ($21,530), mandatory fees ($746), and college room and board ($6702). College room only: $3204. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $720 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $16 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 14 open to all. Major annual events: Annual Day of Service, Christmas Semi-Formal, Fiesta De Santa Fe. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. 499 college housing spaces available; 457 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Fogelson Library Center plus 2 others with an OPAC and a Web page. 180 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Santa Fe, the oldest state capital in the United States, is one of the country's top art markets and cultural centers. According to Conde Nast Traveler magazine, Santa Fe is one of the top tourist destinations in the world. The charm of narrow, winding streets and fascinating architecture, combined with such exciting annual events as the Indian Market and Fiestas, make Santa Fe a fun place to visit and a great place in which to live and study. Outdoors, Santa Fe has an ideal four-season climate. Recreation includes world-class skiing, white water rafting on the Rio Grande, biking, and hiking. Any time of the year, Sante Fe's sunsets are notoriously beautiful.

■ COLLEGE OF THE SOUTHWEST K-13

6610 Lovington Hwy.
Hobbs, NM 88240-9129
Tel: (505)392-6561
Free: 800-530-4400
Admissions: (505)392-6563
Web Site: http://www.csw.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1962. Setting: 162-acre small town campus. Endowment: $486,583. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4812 per student. Total enrollment: 741. 1,994 applied, 46% were admitted. 9% from top 10% of their high school class, 35% from top quarter, 68% from top half. Full-time: 427 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 181 students, 66% women, 34% men. Students come from 11 states and territories, 11 other countries, 26% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 30% Hispanic, 3% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 4% international, 42% 25 or older, 23% live on campus, 15% transferred in. Retention: 63% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $14,300 includes full-time tuition ($9300) and college room and board ($5000). Full-time tuition varies according to course load. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Part-time tuition: $310 per semester hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 6 open to all. Most popular organizations: student government, Students in Free Enterprise, Southwest Association of Future Educators, Fellowship of Christian Athletes. Major annual events: homecoming, Family Week. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: student patrols, night security. 156 college housing spaces available; 134 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. Scarborough Memorial Library plus 1 other with 76,217 books, 24,195 microform titles, 287 serials, 1,333 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $183,225. 35 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See New Mexico Junior College.

■ CROWNPOINT INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY D-3

PO Box 849
Crownpoint, NM 87313
Tel: (505)786-4100
Fax: (505)786-5644
Web Site: http://crownpointtech.org/

Description:

Independent, 2-year, coed. Founded 1979. Calendar: semesters.

■ DOÑ A ANA BRANCH COMMUNITY COLLEGE L-6

MSC-3DA, Box 30001
3400 South Espina St.
Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001
Tel: (505)527-7500
Fax: (505)527-7515
Web Site: http://dabcc-www.nmsu.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Mexico State University System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1973. Setting: 15-acre urban campus with easy access to Ciudad Juarez and El Paso. Total enrollment: 6,347. 1,629 applied, 99% were admitted. Full-time: 3,596 students, 56% women, 44% men. Part-time: 2,751 students, 56% women, 44% men. 2% Native American, 63% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 3% transferred in. Retention: 80% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, freshman honors college, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for radiological technology, nursing, respiratory care, paramedic, electrical apprenticeship, area vocational school programs. Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: recommendations. Placement: ACT, ACT ASSET, or ACT COMPASS recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $15. Area resident tuition: $1080 full-time, $45 per credit part-time. State resident tuition: $1320 full-time, $55 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $3240 full-time, $135 per credit part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 10 open to all. Major annual events: Homecoming, Spring Fling, Return to Campus. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. Option: coed housing available. Library/Media Center with 17,140 books, 213 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $184,000. 433 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ EASTERN NEW MEXICO UNIVERSITY H-13

1200 West University
Portales, NM 88130
Tel: (505)562-1011
Free: 800-367-3668
Admissions: (505)562-2178
Fax: (505)562-2118
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.enmu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Eastern New Mexico University System. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1934. Setting: 240-acre rural campus. Endowment: $7.2 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $569,683. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5279 per student. Total enrollment: 4,033. Faculty: 263 (149 full-time, 114 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 1,804 applied, 65% were admitted. 12% from top 10% of their high school class, 34% from top quarter, 67% from top half. Full-time: 2,510 students, 53% women, 47% men. Part-time: 781 students, 68% women, 32% men. Students come from 37 states and territories, 16 other countries, 19% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 30% Hispanic, 7% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 25% 25 or older, 28% live on campus, 10% transferred in. Retention: 58% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; liberal arts/general studies. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1992 full-time, $83 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $7548 full-time, $314.50 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $792 full-time, $33 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $4480. College room only: $2090. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 51 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, Student Activities Board, Residence Hall Association, IFC. Major annual events: Peanut Valley Festival, Homecoming, Spring Fling. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,176 college housing spaces available; 837 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Golden Library with 305,108 books, 738,873 microform titles, 7,621 serials, 26,408 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.4 million. 493 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ EASTERN NEW MEXICO UNIVERSITY-ROSWELL J-10

PO Box 6000
Roswell, NM 88202-6000
Tel: (505)624-7000
Admissions: (505)624-7145
Fax: (505)624-7119
Web Site: http://www.enmu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Eastern New Mexico University System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1958. Setting: 241-acre small town campus. Endowment: $494,460. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2427 per student. Total enrollment: 3,522. 860 applied, 55% were admitted. Students come from 6 states and territories, 3 other countries, 1% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 47% Hispanic, 2% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 55% 25 or older, 5% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at other units of the Eastern New Mexico University System. ROTC: Army (c), Naval (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, occupational therapy programs. Options: Common Application, early admission. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 20 open to all. Most popular organizations: student government, Spanish Club, Drama Club, Phi Theta Kappa. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. Option: coed housing available. Learning Resource Center with 251,449 microform titles, 327 serials, 5,727 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $304,720. 60 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ INSTITUTE OF AMERICAN INDIAN ARTS D-7

83 Avan Nu Po Rd.
Santa Fe, NM 87508
Tel: (505)424-2300
Admissions: (505)424-2328
Fax: (505)424-0505
Web Site: http://www.iaia.edu/

Description:

Federally supported, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards transfer associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1962. Setting: 120-acre urban campus. Endowment: $4 million. Total enrollment: 183. 109 applied, 69% were admitted. Full-time: 156 students, 47% women, 53% men. Part-time: 27 students, 41% women, 59% men. Students come from 29 states and territories, 88% Native American, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 51% 25 or older. Retention: 46% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, internships. Off campus study at College of Santa Fe, Santa Fe Community College, University of Arizona, Haystack School of Crafts, University of New Mexico.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 3 recommendations. Recommended: interview. Placement: ACT recommended. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 4/15. Notification: continuous until 7/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $2400 full-time, $100 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2400 full-time, $100 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $200 full-time, $20 per term part-time. College room and board: $4648. College room only: $2212. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 10 open to all. Most popular organizations: Powwow Club, Museum Club, Ski Club, Spring Break Club. Major annual events: Powwow, gallery openings, visit to Indian reservations. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. 100 college housing spaces available; 97 were occupied in 2003-04. Option: coed housing available. Fogelson Library with 15,200 books and 60 serials. 20 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS E-6

4201 Central Ave. NW, Ste. J
Albuquerque, NM 87105-1649
Tel: (505)880-2877; 888-660-2428
Fax: (505)352-0199
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aibtonline.com/

Description:

Independent, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees. Setting: 1-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 232. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. 13% Native American, 67% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international. Retention: 100% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Calendar: continuous.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

One-time mandatory fee: $200. Tuition: $9850 full-time. Mandatory fees: $350 full-time.

■ ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE E-6

5100 Masthead, NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109-4366
Tel: (505)828-1114
Fax: (505)828-1849
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of ITT Educational Services, Inc. Awards terminal associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1989. Core.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Recommended: recommendations. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available.

■ LUNA COMMUNITY COLLEGE D-9

PO Box 1510
Las Vegas, NM 87701
Tel: (505)454-2500
Free: 800-588-7232
Admissions: (505)454-2020
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.luna.cc.nm.us/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Setting: 25-acre rural campus. Endowment: $12,911. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $1779 per student. Total enrollment: 2,041. 154 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 502 students, 65% women, 35% men. Part-time: 1,539 students, 59% women, 41% men. 0.5% Native American, 88% Hispanic, 0.5% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 25% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, honors program, independent study, distance learning, part-time degree program, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive.

Costs Per Year:

Area resident tuition: $600 full-time, $25 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $888 full-time, $37 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $1824 full-time, $76 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $44 full-time, $22 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, program, and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, program, and reciprocity agreements.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available. Samuel F. Vigil Learning Resource Center plus 1 other with 37,343 books, 178 serials, 5,000 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $421,509.

■ MESALANDS COMMUNITY COLLEGE E-12

911 South Tenth St.
Tucumcari, NM 88401
Tel: (505)461-4413
Fax: (505)461-1901
Web Site: http://www.mesalands.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1979. Setting: small town campus. Endowment: $16,000. Total enrollment: 563. Students come from 10 states and territories, 5% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 35% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 52% 25 or older. Calendar: semesters.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT COMPASS required. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

State resident tuition: $1050 full-time, $37 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $1890 full-time, $66 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $284 full-time, $7 per credit hour part-time, $27 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Social organizations: 11 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Chi Alpha, Phi Theta Kappa, SHOE, Natural Sciences Club. Major annual events: Student Appreciation Days, Cinco de Mayo Celebration. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available.

■ METROPOLITAN COLLEGE OF COURT REPORTING E-6

8100 Mountain Rd. NE, Ste. 200
Albuquerque, NM 87110-4129
Tel: (505)888-3400
Fax: (505)254-3738
Web Site: http://www.metropolitancollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Founded 1980. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 147. 60 applied, 80% were admitted. Calendar: trimesters.

■ NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (ALBUQUERQUE) E-6

4775 Indian School, NE, Ste. 200
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: (505)265-7517
Free: 800-843-8892
Fax: (505)265-7542
Web Site: http://www.national.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1941. Setting: 5-acre suburban campus. Total enrollment: 519. Students come from 2 other countries, 0% from out-of-state, 6% Native American, 38% Hispanic, 6% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 92% 25 or older. Retention: 60% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Tuition: $11,280 full-time, $235 per quarter hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $420 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Major annual events: Spring Graduation, Galas. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. 70 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (RIO RANCHO) E-6

1601 Rio Rancho
Ste. 200
Rio Rancho, NM 87124
Tel: (505)891-1111
Web Site: http://www.national.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed.

■ NATIONAL COLLEGE OF MIDWIFERY B-8

209 State Rd. 240
Taos, NM 87571
Tel: (505)758-8914
Fax: (505)758-0302
Web Site: http://www.midwiferycollege.org/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, women only. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1989. Total enrollment: 59. 30 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 30 students. Part-time: 27 students. 2% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 0% international. Calendar: trimesters.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available.

■ NEW MEXICO HIGHLANDS UNIVERSITY D-9

PO Box 9000
Las Vegas, NM 87701
Tel: (505)454-3000
Free: 800-338-6648
Admissions: (505)454-3405
Fax: (505)454-3311
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nmhu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1893. Setting: 120-acre small town campus. Endowment: $2 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.6 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3578 per student. Total enrollment: 3,750. Faculty: 109 (73 full-time, 36 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 25:1. 1,193 applied, 69% were admitted. 5% from top 10% of their high school class, 14% from top quarter, 41% from top half. Full-time: 1,245 students, 56% women, 44% men. Part-time: 741 students, 71% women, 29% men. Students come from 19 states and territories, 3 other countries, 8% from out-of-state, 9% Native American, 59% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international, 44% 25 or older, 10% live on campus, 14% transferred in. Retention: 54% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: health professions and related sciences; education; business/marketing. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at San Juan Community College, Santa Fe Community College, NMHU Center at Roswell; NMHU Center at Rio Rancho.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Required for some: 2 recommendations, interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $15. State resident tuition: $2280 full-time, $95 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $3420 full-time, $95 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $20 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and location. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and location. College room and board: $3992. College room only: $2056. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 30 open to all. Most popular organizations: BESO Club, Activities Board, Campus Crusade, AISES, Cowboy Cheerleaders. Major annual events: Homecoming activities, Performing Arts Series, Welcome Back Weeks. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 474 college housing spaces available; 284 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Donnelly Library with 386,489 books, 183,913 microform titles, 740 serials, 826 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.3 million. 500 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Las Vegas has grown considerably since its days as a Mormon outpost on the Santa Fe Trail. The city is in the foothills of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains and produces lumber, dairy and wool products. The area has a stimulating, dry climate with winters that are bracing but sunny. Recreational facilities nearby include hunting, fishing and skiing. Some part-time employment is available for students.

■ NEW MEXICO INSTITUTE OF MINING AND TECHNOLOGY H-5

801 Leroy Place
Socorro, NM 87801
Tel: (505)835-5011
Free: 800-428-TECH
Admissions: (505)835-5424
Fax: (505)835-5989
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nmt.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1889. Setting: 320-acre small town campus with easy access to Albuquerque. Endowment: $16.2 million. Total enrollment: 1,891. Faculty: 147 (125 full-time, 22 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 11:1. 428 applied, 81% were admitted. 41% from top 10% of their high school class, 71% from top quarter, 88% from top half. Full-time: 1,125 students, 26% women, 74% men. Part-time: 263 students, 56% women, 44% men. Students come from 24 states and territories, 29 other countries, 12% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 20% Hispanic, 1% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 11% 25 or older, 49% live on campus, 6% transferred in. Retention: 68% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: engineering; physical sciences; computer and information sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview, ACT. Required for some: 2 recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $15. State resident tuition: $3156 full-time, $131.48 per hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $9975 full-time, $415.63 per hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $448 full-time. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. College room and board: $4866. College room only: $2116. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 55 open to all. Most popular organizations: Search and Rescue, Society for Creative Anachronism, Amateur Astronomers, Ski Club. Major annual events: 49'ers, Spring Fling, International Fair. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 644 college housing spaces available. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. New Mexico Tech Library plus 1 other with 321,829 books, 217,540 microform titles, 884 serials, 2,526 audiovisual materials, and a Web page. 225 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Located 75 miles south of Albuquerque, Socorro (Spanish meaning"help") is in the valley of the Rio Grande. Socorro is the county seat of Socorro County and relies primarily on a service economy and serves a trade territory encompassing both Socorro and Catron Counties. The town draws trade and population from those who work at Stallion Site on the northern end of the White Sands Missile Range, and at the Very Large Array (VLA), the largest radio telescope complex in the world, located on the San Augustin Plains, about 50 miles west of Socorro. The Tech campus provides facilities for golf, tennis, and swimming. The surrounding area provides mountain biking, hiking, and fishing. The town also supports an improving public school system, a general hospital, and 14 churches. Opportunities for part-time employment on the Tech campus are excellent.

■ NEW MEXICO JUNIOR COLLEGE K-13

5317 Lovington Hwy.
Hobbs, NM 88240-9123
Tel: (505)392-4510
Admissions: (505)392-5092
Fax: (505)392-2527
Web Site: http://www.nmjc.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Mexico Commission on Higher Education. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 185-acre small town campus. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $21,370. Total enrollment: 3,222. 9% from top 10% of their high school class, 24% from top quarter, 72% from top half. 5 valedictorians. Students come from 17 states and territories, 7 other countries, 10% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 32% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.2% international, 52% 25 or older, 15% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Placement: ACT recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group. Most popular organizations: Student Nurses Association, Phi Theta Kappa, Fellowship of Christian Athletes. Major annual events: Cowboy Roundup Days, Southwest Poets' Conference, New Mexico Junior College Rodeo. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 200 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Pannell Library with 118,500 books, 45 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 275 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

A tent city sprang up in this once little-known ranchland corner of New Mexico when oil was discovered in 1927. The settlement soon became the terminal point for oil companies, producing 90% of the state's petroleum. Farmlands in the surrounding area are irrigated by artesian wells and produce alfalfa, cotton and grain sorghums. The city has an airport and bus service for transportation. Community facilities include churches representing major denominations, a library, a hospital, and various civic and fraternal organizations. Recreational areas within reasonable distance provide hunting, fishing, golf, boating and other water sports. Part-time employment is available for students.

■ NEW MEXICO MILITARY INSTITUTE J-10

101 West College Blvd.
Roswell, NM 88201-5173
Tel: (505)622-6250
Free: 800-421-5376
Admissions: (505)624-8050
Fax: (505)624-8067
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nmmi.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Mexico Commission on Higher Education. Awards transfer associate degrees. Founded 1891. Setting: 42-acre small town campus. Endowment: $298.5 million. Total enrollment: 455. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 7:1. 601 applied, 62% were admitted. Students come from 42 states and territories, 13 other countries, 55% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 16% Hispanic, 11% black, 5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 0% 25 or older, 100% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, summer session for credit. ROTC: Army.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: continuous. Preference given to state residents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $60. State resident tuition: $1304 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $4258 full-time. Mandatory fees: $1558 full-time. College room and board: $3645.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 30 open to all. Most popular organizations: band, chorus, drill teams, Officer's Club. Major annual events: Parents' Weekend, Homecoming, Open House. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, controlled dormitory access. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. Paul Horgan Library plus 2 others with 65,000 books, 200 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $165,220. 700 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

With a population of approximately 45,000, Roswell, a Pecos Valley City, noted for its fine climate, is the distributing and supply point for a great agricultural, stockraising and oil producing territory. The summer mean temperature is 77.5 degrees, and the winter mean temperature is 41.2 degrees. The area is reached by bus, rail and air lines. Community services include several churches, a public library, a community museum and art center, a community concert association and 2 hospitals. A local park offers a swimming pool, tennis courts and golf courses.

■ NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY L-6

PO Box 30001
Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001
Tel: (505)646-0111
Free: 800-662-6678
Admissions: (505)646-3121
Fax: (505)646-6330
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nmsu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of New Mexico State University System. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1888. Setting: 900-acre suburban campus with easy access to El Paso. Endowment: $52.7 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $97.7 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5682 per student. Total enrollment: 16,072. Faculty: 833 (667 full-time, 166 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 5,522 applied, 81% were admitted. 20% from top 10% of their high school class, 49% from top quarter, 82% from top half. Full-time: 10,238 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 2,418 students, 59% women, 41% men. Students come from 52 states and territories, 44 other countries, 16% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 45% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 20% 25 or older, 16% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 70% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; engineering. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at members of the National Student Exchange, other units of the New Mexico State University System. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/19. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $15. State resident tuition: $2868 full-time, $163.25 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,156 full-time, $550.25 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $1050 full-time. College room and board: $5332. College room only: $3072. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and gender.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 253 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 4% of eligible men and 3% of eligible women are members. Major annual events: homecoming, Earth Day, Noche de Luminarias. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 2,255 college housing spaces available; 2,061 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. New Mexico State University Library plus 2 others with 1.6 million books, 1.4 million microform titles, 5,975 serials, 34,845 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $6.4 million. 500 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-ALAMOGORDO K-7

2400 North Scenic Dr.
Alamogordo, NM 88311-0477
Tel: (505)439-3600
Admissions: (505)439-3700
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://alamo.nmsu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Mexico State University System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1958. Setting: 540-acre small town campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3024 per student. Total enrollment: 1,915. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 268 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 714 students, 68% women, 32% men. Part-time: 1,201 students, 64% women, 36% men. Students come from 5 other countries, 4% Native American, 28% Hispanic, 5% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 70% 25 or older, 14% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at other branches of New Mexico State University.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for medical laboratory technology, nursing programs. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $15. Area resident tuition: $1248 full-time, $52 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1416 full-time, $59 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $3960 full-time, $165 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $48 full-time, $2 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 12 open to all. Most popular organizations: Social Science Club, Phi Theta Kappa, Student/NEA, Christian Fellowship, Epsilon Tau Sigma. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. David H. Townsend Library with 39,000 books, 350 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $274,000. 200 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-CARLSBAD L-11

1500 University Dr.
Carlsbad, NM 88220-3509
Tel: (505)234-9200
Admissions: (505)234-9220
Fax: (505)885-4951
Web Site: http://www.cavern.nmsu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Mexico State University System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1950. Setting: 40-acre small town campus. Total enrollment: 1,236. Students come from 6 states and territories, 2 other countries, 1% Native American, 39% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.2% international, 70% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, radiological technology programs. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT recommended; ACT required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group. Social organizations: 10 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Nurses Association, Alpha Sigma Phi (criminal justice), Phi Theta Kappa, Associated Students. Major annual events: Haunted House, Kramer Entertainment. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. 300 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-GRANTS E-3

1500 3rd St.
Grants, NM 87020-2025
Tel: (505)287-7981
Web Site: http://grants.nmsu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Mexico State University System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1968. Setting: small town campus. Total enrollment: 636. Full-time: 233 students, 73% women, 27% men. Part-time: 403 students, 70% women, 30% men. 41% Native American, 29% Hispanic, 1% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international. Core. Calendar: semesters. Summer session for credit, part-time degree program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission. Required: high school transcript, CPT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 7/30.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. 30,000 books and 20 serials. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ NORTHERN NEW MEXICO COMMUNITY COLLEGE D-7

921 Paseo de Oñate Espanola, NM 87532
Tel: (505)747-2100
Admissions: (505)747-2193
Web Site: http://www.nnmcc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Mexico Commission on Higher Education. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1909. Setting: 35-acre rural campus. Endowment: $829,791. Total enrollment: 2,272. 320 applied, 100% were admitted. 5% from top 10% of their high school class, 23% from top quarter, 52% from top half. Students come from 5 states and territories, 1% from out-of-state, 60% 25 or older, 1% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program.

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Mexico Commission on Higher Education. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1909. Setting: 35-acre rural campus. Endowment: $829,791. Total enrollment: 2,272. 320 applied, 100% were admitted. 5% from top 10% of their high school class, 23% from top quarter, 52% from top half. Students come from 5 states and territories, 1% from out-of-state, 60% 25 or older, 1% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Social organizations: 9 open to all. Most popular organizations: nursing organization, radiography organization, AISES, Aikido, Phi Theta Kappa. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. Option: coed housing available. Northern New Mexico Community College Library with 18,065 books and 222 serials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $112,638. 12 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE E-6

2201 San Pedro NE, Bldg. 3, Ste. 100
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: (505)881-1234; 888-898-9048
Fax: (505)884-8371
Web Site: http://www.pmi.edu

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Vocational Training Institutes, Inc. Awards certificates and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1985. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 420. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 20:1. 85 applied, 66% were admitted. Full-time: 420 students, 88% women, 12% men. Calendar: modular. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: early admission. Required: interview, Wonderlic Scholastic Level Exam. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: minimally difficult.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available. 56 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE D-7

1160 Camino Cruz Blanca
Santa Fe, NM 87505-4599
Tel: (505)984-6000
Free: 800-331-5232
Admissions: (505)984-6060
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.stjohnscollege.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Administratively affiliated with St. John's College (MD). Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1964. Setting: 250-acre small town campus. Endowment: $81.9 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $15,159 per student. Total enrollment: 533. Faculty: 71 (68 full-time, 3 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 6:1. 318 applied, 83% were admitted. 38% from top 10% of their high school class, 54% from top quarter, 86% from top half. 2 National Merit Scholars, 3 class presidents, 2 valedictorians. Full-time: 431 students, 46% women, 54% men. Part-time: 4 students, 75% women, 25% men. Students come from 56 states and territories, 8 other countries, 90% from out-of-state, 0.5% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 1% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 5% 25 or older, 75% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 76% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Summer session for credit, internships. Off campus study at St. John's College (MD).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations. Recommended: 3 recommendations, interview. Required for some: interview, SAT or ACT. Entrance: very difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $42,776 includes full-time tuition ($34,306), mandatory fees ($200), and college room and board ($8270). College room only: $3938. Part-time tuition: $1009 per unit.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 32 open to all. Most popular organizations: student government, film society, Search and Rescue Team, student newspaper, theatre group. Major annual events: Reality (graduation party), Fashing Ball, Halloween Dance and Costume Party. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing designed to accommodate 329 students; 335 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Meem Library with 65,000 books, 140 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $390,000. 30 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ SAN JUAN COLLEGE B-3

4601 College Blvd.
Farmington, NM 87402-4699
Tel: (505)326-3311
Admissions: (505)566-3300
Fax: (505)599-3385
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sanjuancollege.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Mexico Commission on Higher Education. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1958. Setting: 698-acre small town campus. Endowment: $10.5 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4602 per student. Total enrollment: 5,064. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 1,184 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 2,606 students, 58% women, 42% men. Part-time: 2,458 students, 61% women, 39% men. Students come from 18 states and territories, 7% from out-of-state, 33% Native American, 12% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.3% international, 37% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $720 full-time, $30 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $960 full-time, $40 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: national fraternities, national sororities; 1% of men are members. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. San Juan College Library with 81,116 books, 134,776 microform titles, 6,677 serials, 1,779 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $607,642. 900 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

At the junction of the San Juan, Las Animas and La Plata Rivers, Farmington is a producer of gas and oil. This is the starting point for two large natural gas pipelines, one leading to Los Angeles, San Diego and San Francisco, the other to the Pacific Northwest. Irrigated lands surrounding the general locale produce farm crops and grazing for livestock. The region is also noted for apple and peach raising. Some part-time employment is available for students.

■ SANTA FE COMMUNITY COLLEGE D-7

6401 Richards Ave.
Santa Fe, NM 87508-4887
Tel: (505)428-1000
Admissions: (505)428-1261
Fax: (505)428-1237
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sfccnm.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1983. Setting: 366-acre suburban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2062 per student. Total enrollment: 5,452. Full-time: 915 students, 65% women, 35% men. Part-time: 4,537 students, 63% women, 37% men. Students come from 50 states and territories, 6 other countries, 10% from out-of-state, 5% Native American, 51% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.5% international, 64% 25 or older, 1% transferred in. Retention: 47% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, early childhood education programs. Options: early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group, student-run radio station. Social organizations: 9 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Nurses Association, Native American Student Association, Service-Learning Club, MECHA (Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlan), Phi Theta Kappa. Major annual events: Graduation, Welcome Back Week, Margaret Mead Film Festival. Student services: personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Learning Resource Center with 38,226 books, 9,808 microform titles, 206 serials, 2,010 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $288,100. 340 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ SOUTHWESTERN INDIAN POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE E-6

9169 Coors, NW, Box 10146
Albuquerque, NM 87184-0146
Tel: (505)346-2347
Admissions: (505)346-2362
Fax: (505)346-2343
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sipi.bia.edu/

Description:

Federally supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1971. Setting: 174-acre suburban campus. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $72,958. Total enrollment: 818. 337 applied, 95% were admitted. 3% from top 10% of their high school class, 11% from top quarter, 32% from top half. Students come from 33 states and territories, 35% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: Common Application. Required: high school transcript, certificate of Indian Blood form. Placement: TABE or ACT COMPASS required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous. Preference given to Native Americans.

Collegiate Environment:

Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. 26,000 books and 120 serials. 124 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO E-6

Albuquerque, NM 87131-2039
Tel: (505)277-0111
Admissions: (505)277-2446
Fax: (505)277-6686
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.unm.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1889. Setting: 875-acre urban campus with easy access to Albuquerque. Endowment: $245.2 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $149.7 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8522 per student. Total enrollment: 26,172. Faculty: 1,411 (885 full-time, 526 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 7,134 applied, 74% were admitted. 20% from top 10% of their high school class, 48% from top quarter, 78% from top half. Full-time: 14,839 students, 58% women, 42% men. Part-time: 3,886 students, 61% women, 39% men. Students come from 51 states and territories, 56 other countries, 11% from out-of-state, 6% Native American, 35% Hispanic, 3% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 24% 25 or older, 11% live on campus, 6% transferred in. Retention: 76% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at National Student Exchange, Western Undergraduate Exchange, Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, International Student Exchange. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Naval, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.25 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Required for some: essay, recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 6/15. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Area resident tuition: $171.20 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $4108 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,438 full-time. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. College room and board: $6518. College room only: $3818. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 300 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 3% of eligible men and 3% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Associated Students of UNM, Graduate and Professional Students Association, Golden Key National Honor Society. Major annual events: Spring Fiestas, Welcome Back Days, Homecoming. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 2,245 college housing spaces available; 2,104 were occupied in 2003-04. Option: coed housing available. The University of New Mexico General Library plus 7 others with 2.7 million books, 3.8 million microform titles, 592,243 serials, 58,405 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $15.7 million. 446 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO-GALLUP D-2

200 College Rd.
Gallup, NM 87301-5603
Tel: (505)863-7500
Admissions: (505)863-7576
Fax: (505)863-7532
Web Site: http://www.gallup.unm.edu/

Description:

State-supported, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of New Mexico Commission on Higher Education. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1968. Setting: 80-acre small town campus. Total enrollment: 2,858. 2% from top 10% of their high school class, 5% from top quarter, 30% from top half. Students come from 10 states and territories, 4 other countries, 76% Native American, 10% Hispanic, 0.3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.2% international, 50% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: early admission. Required for some: high school transcript, SAT, ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Campus security: late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Zollinger Library plus 1 other with 36,172 books and 354 serials. 300 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO-LOS ALAMOS BRANCH D-6

4000 University Dr.
Los Alamos, NM 87544-2233
Tel: (505)662-5919
Admissions: (505)661-4692
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.la.unm.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Mexico Commission on Higher Education. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1980. Setting: 5-acre small town campus. Total enrollment: 890. 213 applied, 100% were admitted. Students come from 12 states and territories, 3 other countries, 3% Native American, 39% Hispanic, 1% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 40% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at University of New Mexico, Northern New Mexico Community College, Santa Fe Community College.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Placement: SAT or ACT required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/12. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 4 open to all. 10,000 books and 160 serials. 60 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO-TAOS B-8

115 Civic Plaza Dr.
Taos, NM 87571
Tel: (505)758-7667
Web Site: http://taos.unm.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Calendar: semesters.

■ UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO-VALENCIA CAMPUS F-6

280 La Entrada
Los Lunas, NM 87031-7633
Tel: (505)925-8500
Admissions: (505)925-8580
Fax: (505)925-8563
Web Site: http://www.unm.edu/~unmvc/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of New Mexico Commission on Higher Education. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1981. Setting: small town campus with easy access to Albuquerque. Total enrollment: 1,544. Students come from 4 states and territories, 2 other countries, 76% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Recommended: high school transcript. Required for some: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Placement: ACT COMPASS recommended; SAT or ACT, ACT COMPASS required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous until 8/25.

Collegiate Environment:

Major annual events: Halloween Carnival, Cultural Festival. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. 9,500 books and 150 serials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $140,091. 65 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-NEW MEXICO CAMPUS E-6

7471 Pan American Freeway NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109-4645
Tel: (505)821-4800
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 4,724. Faculty: 448 (17 full-time, 431 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 11:1. 119 applied. Full-time: 3,669 students, 61% women, 39% men. 1% Native American, 24% Hispanic, 1% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 16% international, 91% 25 or older. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; computer and information sciences; public administration and social services. Core. Calendar: continuous. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: deferred admission. Required: 1 recommendation. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $110. Tuition: $9390 full-time, $313 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. University Library with 444 books, 666 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. System-wide operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.2 million.

■ WESTERN NEW MEXICO UNIVERSITY K-2

PO Box 680
Silver City, NM 88062-0680
Tel: (505)538-6336
Admissions: (505)538-6106
Fax: (505)538-6155
Web Site: http://www.wnmu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1893. Setting: 83-acre rural campus. Endowment: $2.2 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $38,500. Total enrollment: 3,074. 8% from top 10% of their high school class, 21% from top quarter, 40% from top half. Students come from 33 states and territories, 6 other countries, 46% 25 or older. Retention: 52% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: ACT. Placement: ACT COMPASS required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $10. State resident tuition: $2733 full-time, $95 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,293 full-time. Mandatory fees: $85 full-time, $42.50 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper. Student services: personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. 425 college housing spaces available; 294 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Miller Library plus 2 others with 245,146 books, 236 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $707,000. 85 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Once an Apache Indian campsite and later a booming gold, silver, and zinc mining town, Silver City is a trading center for the cattle ranching and copper-mining area today. The city, located in the foothills of the mountains, has various active civic, fraternal, and veteran's organizations, and is served by commuter airline. Recreational activities include football, hunting, fishing, camping, and picnicking.

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New Mexico

New Mexico

THE ART CENTER DESIGN COLLEGE

5000 Marble NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: (505)254-7575
Free: 800-825-8753
Admissions: (520)325-0123
Fax: (505)254-4754
Web Site: http://www.theartcenter.edu/
President/CEO: Gayle Anderson
Registrar: Amy Woods
Admissions: Colleen Gimbel-Froebe
Financial Aid: Margarita Carey
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted. For non-degree programs: High school diploma or equivalent not required Calendar System: Quarter Exams: Other Credit Hours For Degree: 156 quarter hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

CENTRAL NEW MEXICO COMMUNITY COLLEGE

525 Buena Vista, SE
Albuquerque, NM 87106-4096
Tel: (505)224-3000
Fax: (505)224-4740
Web Site: http://www.tvi.cc.nm.us/
President/CEO: Michael J. Glennon
Registrar: Jane Campbell
Admissions: Jane Campbell
Financial Aid: Lee Carillo
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1,490 full-time, $41.40 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1,796 full-time, $49.90 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $7,945 full-time, $220.70 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $90 full-time, $30 per term part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 6,925, PT 16,182 Faculty: FT 331, PT 754 Student-Faculty Ratio: 21:1 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Air Force Professional Accreditation: ABET, ACCE, ACF, ADA, ACBSP, CARC, NAACLS, NLN

CLOVIS COMMUNITY COLLEGE

417 Schepps Blvd.
Clovis, NM 88101-8381
Tel: (505)769-2811
Admissions: (505)769-4021
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.clovis.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Beverlee McClure
Registrar: Rosie Corrie
Admissions: Rosie Corrie
Financial Aid: April Chavez
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $736 full-time, $29 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $784 full-time, $31 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $1480 full-time, $60 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $36 full-time, $3 per credit part-time, $20 per term part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 688, PT 3,249 Faculty: FT 50, PT 134 Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Library Holdings: 52,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: JRCERT, NLN

COLLEGE OF SANTA FE

1600 Saint Michael's Dr.
Santa Fe, NM 87505-7634
Tel: (505)473-6011
Free: 800-456-2673
Admissions: (505)473-6133
Fax: (505)473-6127
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.csf.edu
President/CEO: Dr. Linda N. Hanson
Registrar: Mary Angell
Admissions: Jeff Miller
Financial Aid: Patty Hoban
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 98% SAT V 400+; 97% SAT M 400+; 42% ACT 18-23; 38% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 73 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Decision Plan; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $35.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $28,978 includes full-time tuition ($21,530), mandatory fees ($746), and college room and board ($6702). College room only: $3204. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $720 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $16 per credit hour. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 640, PT 702, Grad 319 Faculty: FT 76, PT 199 Student-Faculty Ratio: 7:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 67 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 62 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates; 128 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Air Force Intercollegiate Athletics: Tennis M & W

COLLEGE OF THE SOUTHWEST

6610 Lovington Hwy.
Hobbs, NM 88240-9129
Tel: (505)392-6561
Free: 800-530-4400
Admissions: (505)392-6563
Web Site: http://www.csw.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Gary A. Dill
Registrar: Glenna M. Ohaver
Admissions: Karen Workentin
Financial Aid: David Arnold
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 82% SAT V 400+; 91% SAT M 400+; 53% ACT 18-23; 8% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $14,300 includes full-time tuition ($9300) and college room and board ($5000). Full-time tuition varies according to course load. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Part-time tuition: $310 per semester hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 427, PT 181, Grad 133 Faculty: FT 29, PT 61 Student-Faculty Ratio: 12:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 81 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 23 Library Holdings: 76,217 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 128 semester hours, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

CROWNPOINT INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

PO Box 849
Crownpoint, NM 87313
Tel: (505)786-4100
Fax: (505)786-5644
Web Site: http://crownpointtech.org/
President/CEO: James M. Tutt
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Calendar System: Semester Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools

DOÑA ANA BRANCH COMMUNITY COLLEGE

MSC-3DA, Box 30001
3400 South Espina St. Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001
Tel: (505)527-7500
Fax: (505)527-7515
Web Site: http://dabcc-www.nmsu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Margie C. Huerta
Admissions: Valerie Pickett
Financial Aid: Gladys Chairez
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Mexico State University System Scores: 34% ACT 18-23; 2% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $15. Area resident tuition: $1080 full-time, $45 per credit part-time. State resident tuition: $1320 full-time, $55 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $3240 full-time, $135 per credit part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 3,596, PT 2,751 Faculty: FT 92, PT 304 Student-Faculty Ratio: 30:1 Exams: Other Library Holdings: 17,140 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 66 credits, Associates ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: ADA, ACBSP, CARC, JRCERT, JRCEMT, NLN

EASTERN NEW MEXICO UNIVERSITY

1200 West University
Portales, NM 88130
Tel: (505)562-1011
Free: 800-367-3668
Admissions: (505)562-2178
Fax: (505)562-2118
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.enmu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Steven Gamble
Registrar: Betty Crane
Admissions: Donna Kittrell
Financial Aid: Joyce Eldridge
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Eastern New Mexico University System Scores: 75.8% SAT V 400+; 77.9% SAT M 400+; 51.4% ACT 18-23; 12.21% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 65 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1992 full-time, $83 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $7548 full-time, $314.50 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $792 full-time, $33 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $4480. College room only: $2090. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,510, PT 781, Grad 742 Faculty: FT 149, PT 114 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 28 Library Holdings: 305,108 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates; 128 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AAFCS, ASLHA, ACBSP, NASM, NCATE, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Soccer W; Softball W; Tennis W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

EASTERN NEW MEXICO UNIVERSITY-ROSWELL

PO Box 6000
Roswell, NM 88202-6000
Tel: (505)624-7000
Admissions: (505)624-7145
Fax: (505)624-7119
Web Site: http://www.enmu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Judith Armstrong
Registrar: Ida M. Stover
Admissions: Ida M. Stover
Financial Aid: Jessie Hall
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Eastern New Mexico University System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 63, PT 207 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 5 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army, Navy, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AAMAE, AOTA, CARC, JRCEMT, NLN

INSTITUTE OF AMERICAN INDIAN ARTS

83 Avan Nu Po Rd.
Santa Fe, NM 87508
Tel: (505)424-2300
Admissions: (505)424-2328
Fax: (505)424-0505
Web Site: http://www.iaia.edu/
President/CEO: Della Warrior
Registrar: Charlotte Tenorio
Admissions: Myra Garro
Financial Aid: Danny Suazo
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $2400 full-time, $100 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2400 full-time, $100 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $200 full-time, $20 per term part-time. College room and board: $4648. College room only: $2212. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 156, PT 27 Faculty: FT 13, PT 20 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Exams: ACT Library Holdings: 15,200 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 65 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: NASAD

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS

4201 Central Ave. NW, Ste. J
Albuquerque, NM 87105-1649
Tel: (505)880-2877; 888-660-2428
Fax: (505)352-0199
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aibtonline.com/
President/CEO: Rick Rickel
Admissions: Ed Sigman
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Application Deadline: Rolling Costs Per Year: One-time mandatory fee: $200. Tuition: $9850 full-time. Mandatory fees: $350 full-time. Calendar System: Continuous Enrollment: FT 232 Faculty: FT 13, PT 6 Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Professional Accreditation: ACICS

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

5100 Masthead, NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109-4366
Tel: (505)828-1114
Fax: (505)828-1849
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/
President/CEO: Marianne Rittner
Admissions: Marianne Rittner-Holmes
Financial Aid: Eulalia Chavez
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: ITT Educational Services, Inc Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $100.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $100. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Not available Exams: Other Credit Hours For Degree: 96 credit hours, Associates; 180 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACICS

LUNA COMMUNITY COLLEGE

PO Box 1510
Las Vegas, NM 87701
Tel: (505)454-2500
Free: 800-588-7232
Admissions: (505)454-2020
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.luna.cc.nm.us/
President/CEO: Leroy Sanchez
Registrar: Johnathan Ortiz
Admissions: Henrietta Griego
Financial Aid: Regina Madrid
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Area resident tuition: $600 full-time, $25 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $888 full-time, $37 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $1824 full-time, $76 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $44 full-time, $22 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, program, and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, program, and reciprocity agreements. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester Enrollment: FT 502, PT 1,539 Faculty: FT 33, PT 88 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Library Holdings: 37,343 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 66 credit hours, Associates

MESALANDS COMMUNITY COLLEGE

911 South Tenth St.
Tucumcari, NM 88401
Tel: (505)461-4413
Fax: (505)461-1901
Web Site: http://www.mesalands.edu/
President/CEO: Phillip O. Barry
Admissions: Ken Brashear
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Costs Per Year: State resident tuition: $1050 full-time, $37 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $1890 full-time, $66 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $284 full-time, $7 per credit hour part-time, $27 per term part-time. Calendar System: Semester Faculty: FT 12, PT 15 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Exams: Other Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools

METROPOLITAN COLLEGE OF COURT REPORTING

8100 Mountain Rd. NE, Ste. 200
Albuquerque, NM 87110-4129
Tel: (505)888-3400
Fax: (505)254-3738
Web Site: http://www.metropolitancollege.edu/
Financial Aid: Misty Cordova
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Trimester Faculty: FT 3, PT 15 Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (ALBUQUERQUE)

4775 Indian School, NE, Ste. 200
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: (505)265-7517
Free: 800-843-8892
Fax: (505)265-7542
Web Site: http://www.national.edu/
President/CEO: Lisa Knigge
Registrar: Mary Borella
Admissions: Nancy Pointer
Financial Aid: Brenda Graves
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Tuition: $11,280 full-time, $235 per quarter hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $420 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and program. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 218, PT 301 Faculty: PT 56 Student-Faculty Ratio: 11:1 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 192 credits, Bachelors

NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (RIO RANCHO)

1601 Rio Rancho
Ste. 200
Rio Rancho, NM 87124
Tel: (505)891-1111
Web Site: http://www.national.edu/Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed

NATIONAL COLLEGE OF MIDWIFERY

209 State Rd. 240
Taos, NM 87571
Tel: (505)758-8914
Fax: (505)758-0302
Web Site: http://www.midwiferycollege.org/
President/CEO: Elizabeth Gilmore
Admissions: Beth Enson
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Women Calendar System: Trimester Enrollment: FT 30, PT 27, Grad 2 Faculty: FT 31, PT 0 Student-Faculty Ratio: 2:1 Professional Accreditation: MEAC

NEW MEXICO HIGHLANDS UNIVERSITY

PO Box 9000
Las Vegas, NM 87701
Tel: (505)454-3000
Free: 800-338-6648
Admissions: (505)454-3405
Fax: (505)454-3311
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nmhu.edu/
President/CEO: Manny M. Aragon
Registrar: John Coca
Admissions: John Coca
Financial Aid: Eileen Sedillo
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 59% SAT V 400+; 76% SAT M 400+; 44% ACT 18-23; 7% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 69 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $15. State resident tuition: $2280 full-time, $95 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $3420 full-time, $95 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $20 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and location. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and location. College room and board: $3992. College room only: $2056. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,245, PT 741, Grad 1,764 Faculty: FT 73, PT 36 Student-Faculty Ratio: 25:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 66 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 10 Library Holdings: 386,489 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates; 128 semester hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACBSP, CSWE, NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Soccer W; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

NEW MEXICO INSTITUTE OF MINING AND TECHNOLOGY

801 Leroy Place
Socorro, NM 87801
Tel: (505)835-5011
Free: 800-428-TECH
Admissions: (505)835-5424
Fax: (505)835-5989
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nmt.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Daniel H. Lopez
Registrar: Luz Diaz Barreras
Admissions: Mike Kloeppel
Financial Aid: Annette Kaus
Type: University Sex: Coed Scores: 99% SAT V 400+; 99% SAT M 400+; 22% ACT 18-23; 60% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 81 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 01 Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $15. State resident tuition: $3156 full-time, $131.48 per hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $9975 full-time, $415.63 per hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $448 full-time. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. College room and board: $4866. College room only: $2116. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,125, PT 263, Grad 503 Faculty: FT 125, PT 22 Student-Faculty Ratio: 11:1 Exams: ACT, SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 40 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 49 Library Holdings: 321,829 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 65 credit hours, Associates; 130 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ABET Intercollegiate Athletics: Golf M & W; Rugby M & W; Soccer M & W

NEW MEXICO JUNIOR COLLEGE

5317 Lovington Hwy.
Hobbs, NM 88240-9123
Tel: (505)392-4510
Admissions: (505)392-5092
Fax: (505)392-2527
Web Site: http://www.nmjc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Steve McCleery
Registrar: Robert Bensing
Admissions: Robert Bensing
Financial Aid: Linda Neel
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Mexico Commission on Higher Education Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required. For automotive technology, medical laboratory technology, nursing programs: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 65, PT 55 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 Exams: ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 15 Library Holdings: 118,500 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Golf M

NEW MEXICO MILITARY INSTITUTE

101 West College Blvd.
Roswell, NM 88201-5173
Tel: (505)622-6250
Free: 800-421-5376
Admissions: (505)624-8050
Fax: (505)624-8067
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nmmi.edu/
President/CEO: Rear Adm. David Ellison
Registrar: Maj. Edwin G. Preble
Admissions: Lt. Col. Steven D. Klein
Financial Aid: Maj. Sonja Rodriguez
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Mexico Commission on Higher Education Scores: 68% ACT 18-23; 20% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 62 Admission Plans: Preferred Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 01 Application Fee: $60.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $60. State resident tuition: $1304 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $4258 full-time. Mandatory fees: $1558 full-time. College room and board: $3645. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 455 Faculty: FT 69, PT 0 Student-Faculty Ratio: 7:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 100 Library Holdings: 65,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 68 hours, Associates ROTC: Army Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M; Fencing M & W; Football M; Golf M; Riflery M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M; Volleyball W

NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY

PO Box 30001
Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001
Tel: (505)646-0111
Free: 800-662-6678
Admissions: (505)646-3121
Fax: (505)646-6330
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nmsu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Michael Martin
Registrar: Michael R. Zimmerman
Admissions: Angela Mora-Riley
Financial Aid: Cydney Conway
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Mexico State University System Scores: 53% ACT 18-23; 22% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 81 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 19 Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $15. State resident tuition: $2868 full-time, $163.25 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,156 full-time, $550.25 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $1050 full-time. College room and board: $5332. College room only: $3072. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and gender. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 10,238, PT 2,418, Grad 3,416 Faculty: FT 667, PT 166 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 57 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 16 Library Holdings: 1,642,678 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 66 credits, Associates; 128 credits, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, ACEJMC, AACN, AAFCS, ACA, APA, ASLHA, CEPH, CSWE, JRCEPAT, NASM, NASPAA, NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Equestrian Sports M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field W; Volleyball W

NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-ALAMOGORDO

2400 North Scenic Dr.
Alamogordo, NM 88311-0477
Tel: (505)439-3600
Admissions: (505)439-3700
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://alamo.nmsu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Rodger Bates
Admissions: Kathy Fuller
Financial Aid: Sharon Fischer
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Mexico State University System % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $15. Area resident tuition: $1248 full-time, $52 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1416 full-time, $59 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $3960 full-time, $165 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $48 full-time, $2 per credit hour part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 714, PT 1,201 Faculty: FT 53, PT 45 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 Library Holdings: 39,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 66 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: NAACLS, NLN

NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-CARLSBAD

1500 University Dr.
Carlsbad, NM 88220-3509
Tel: (505)234-9200
Admissions: (505)234-9220
Fax: (505)885-4951
Web Site: http://www.cavern.nmsu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Melvin M. Vuk
Registrar: Everal Shannon
Admissions: Michael J. Cleary
Financial Aid: Judi Sears
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Mexico State University System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 24, PT 49 Student-Faculty Ratio: 23:1 Exams: ACT Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 66 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN

NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-GRANTS

1500 3rd St.
Grants, NM 87020-2025
Tel: (505)287-7981
Web Site: http://grants.nmsu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Martin Parks
Registrar: Irene Lutz
Admissions: Irene Lutz
Financial Aid: Irene Lutz
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Mexico State University System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 233, PT 403 Faculty: FT 12, PT 45 Exams: Other Library Holdings: 30,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 66 credits, Associates

NORTHERN NEW MEXICO COMMUNITY COLLEGE

921 Paseo de Oñate
Espanola, NM 87532
Tel: (505)747-2100
Admissions: (505)747-2193
Web Site: http://www.nnmcc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Sigfredo Maestas
Registrar: Michael Costello
Admissions: Mike L. Costello
Financial Aid: Alfredo Montoya
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Mexico Commission on Higher Education Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 45, PT 208 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 1 Library Holdings: 18,065 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACBSP, JRCERT

PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE

2201 San Pedro NE, Bldg. 3, Ste. 100
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: (505)881-1234; 888-898-9048
Fax: (505)884-8371
Web Site: http://www.pmi.edu
President/CEO: Popie White
Registrar: Betty Hoover
Admissions: Martha Garcia
Financial Aid: Teresa Lambert
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Vocational Training Institutes, Inc % Accepted: 66 Admission Plans: Early Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 420 Student-Faculty Ratio: 20:1 Exams: Other Credit Hours For Degree: 88.5 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABHES, JRCERT

ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE

1160 Camino Cruz Blanca
Santa Fe, NM 87505-4599
Tel: (505)984-6000
Free: 800-331-5232
Admissions: (505)984-6060
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.stjohnscollege.edu/
President/CEO: Christopher B. Nelson
Registrar: Marline Marquez Scally
Admissions: Larry Clendenin
Financial Aid: Michael Rodriguez
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: St. John's College (MD) Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400+; 3% ACT 18-23; 59% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 83 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $42,776 includes full-time tuition ($34,306), mandatory fees ($200), and college room and board ($8270). College room only: $3938. Part-time tuition: $1009 per unit. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 431, PT 4, Grad 98 Faculty: FT 68, PT 3 Student-Faculty Ratio: 6:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 73 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 75 Library Holdings: 65,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 132 credits, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Fencing M & W; Soccer M & W

SAN JUAN COLLEGE

4601 College Blvd.
Farmington, NM 87402-4699
Tel: (505)326-3311
Admissions: (505)566-3300
Fax: (505)599-3385
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sanjuancollege.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Carol J. Spencer
Registrar: Dr. Cheryl Drangmeistar
Admissions: Rus Florez
Financial Aid: Roger Evans
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Mexico Commission on Higher Education % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $720 full-time, $30 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $960 full-time, $40 per credit hour part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,606, PT 2,458 Faculty: FT 96, PT 224 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 Library Holdings: 81,116 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABET, ADA, AHIMA, APTA, ACBSP, NLN

SANTA FE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

6401 Richards Ave.
Santa Fe, NM 87508-4887
Tel: (505)428-1000
Admissions: (505)428-1261
Fax: (505)428-1237
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sfccnm.edu/
President/CEO: James N. McLaughlin
Registrar: Barbara Tucci
Admissions: Anna Tupler
Financial Aid: Willie Bachicha
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 915, PT 4,537 Faculty: FT 56, PT 247 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Library Holdings: 38,226 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ADA, NLN

SOUTHWESTERN INDIAN POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE

9169 Coors, NW, Box 10146
Albuquerque, NM 87184-0146
Tel: (505)346-2347
Admissions: (505)346-2362
Fax: (505)346-2343
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sipi.bia.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Carolyn Elgin
Registrar: Frank Kekahbah
Admissions: Myra Garro
Financial Aid: Marilyn Pargas
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Preferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Exams: Other Library Holdings: 26,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 59 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: COptA Intercollegiate Athletics: Cross-Country Running M & W

UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO

Albuquerque, NM 87131-2039
Tel: (505)277-0111
Admissions: (505)277-2446
Fax: (505)277-6686
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.unm.edu/
President/CEO: Louis E. Caldera
Registrar: Kathleen Sena
Admissions: Terry Babbitt
Financial Aid: Ron Martinez
Type: University Sex: Coed Scores: 93.6% SAT V 400+; 92.7% SAT M 400+; 53.9% ACT 18-23; 28.5% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 74 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: June 15 Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $20. Area resident tuition: $171.20 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $4108 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,438 full-time. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. College room and board: $6518. College room only: $3818. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 14,839, PT 3,886, Grad 6,429 Faculty: FT 885, PT 526 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 48 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 11 Library Holdings: 2,730,993 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 semester hours, Associates; 128 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Navy, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, AACN, AAFCS, ABA, ACNM, ACCE, ACPhE, ACA, ADA, ADtA, ACSP, AOTA, APTA, APA, ASLA, ASLHA, AALS, CEPH, JRCEMT JRCEPAT, LCMEAMA, NAACLS, NASD, NASM, NASPAA, NAST, NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO-GALLUP

200 College Rd.
Gallup, NM 87301-5603
Tel: (505)863-7500
Admissions: (505)863-7576
Fax: (505)863-7532
Web Site: http://www.gallup.unm.edu/
President/CEO: Beth Miller
Registrar: Tom Ray
Admissions: Pearl A. Morris
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Mexico Commission on Higher Education Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 75, PT 84 Student-Faculty Ratio: 25:1 Exams: ACT, SAT I Library Holdings: 36,172 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates; 136 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ADA, AHIMA, NAACLS, NLN

UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO-LOS ALAMOS BRANCH

4000 University Dr.
Los Alamos, NM 87544-2233
Tel: (505)662-5919
Admissions: (505)661-4692
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.la.unm.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Carlos B. Ramirez
Registrar: Maisie Tuyillo
Admissions: Anna Mae Apodaca
Financial Aid: Yohanna Wiuff
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Mexico Commission on Higher Education Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 0, PT 96 Exams: SAT I or ACT Library Holdings: 10,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates

UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO-TAOS

115 Civic Plaza Dr.
Taos, NM 87571
Tel: (505)758-7667
Web Site: http://taos.unm.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Alicia F. Chavez
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Calendar System: Semester Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools

UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO-VALENCIA CAMPUS

280 La Entrada
Los Lunas, NM 87031-7633
Tel: (505)925-8500
Admissions: (505)925-8580
Fax: (505)925-8563
Web Site: http://www.unm.edu/~unmvc/
President/CEO: Dr. Alice V. Letteney
Registrar: Lucy Sanchez
Admissions: Lucy Sanchez
Financial Aid: Ray Rondeau
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: New Mexico Commission on Higher Education Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 19, PT 74 Exams: Other, SAT I or ACT Library Holdings: 9,500 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-NEW MEXICO CAMPUS

7471 Pan American Freeway NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109-4645
Tel: (505)821-4800
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/
President/CEO: Randy Lichtenfeld
Admissions: Nina Omelchanko
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $110.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $110. Tuition: $9390 full-time, $313 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 3,669, Grad 1,055 Faculty: FT 17, PT 431 Student-Faculty Ratio: 11:1 Library Holdings: 444 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: NLN

WESTERN NEW MEXICO UNIVERSITY

PO Box 680
Silver City, NM 88062-0680
Tel: (505)538-6336
Admissions: (505)538-6106
Fax: (505)538-6155
Web Site: http://www.wnmu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. John E. Counts
Registrar: Betsy Miller
Admissions: Michael Alecksen
Financial Aid: Charles Kelly
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 43% ACT 18-23; 5% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $10.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $10. State resident tuition: $2733 full-time, $95 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,293 full-time. Mandatory fees: $85 full-time, $42.50 per term part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 90, PT 55 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: ACT, Other % Receiving Financial Aid: 77 Library Holdings: 245,146 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates; 128 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AOTA, ACBSP, CSWE, NCATE, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Rock Climbing M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

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New Mexico

New Mexico

THE ART CENTER DESIGN COLLEGE

Advertising, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

CENTRAL NEW MEXICO COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD, A

Banking and Financial Support Services, A

BioTechnology, A

Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, A

Construction Trades, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Court Reporting/Court Reporter, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Diagnostic Medical Sonography/Sonographer and Ultrasound Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Electrical/Electronics Drafting and Electrical/Electronics CAD/CADD, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Engineering, A

Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering, A

Fire Protection and Safety Technology/Technician, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

Hospitality Administration/Management, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Laser and Optical Technology/Technician, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Vehicle Maintenance and Repair Technologies, A

CLOVIS COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Bilingual and Multilingual Education, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business/Office Automation/Technology/Data Entry, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator, A

Corrections, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology, A

Executive Assistant/Executive Secretary, A

Finance, A

Fine/Studio Arts, A

Health and Physical Education, A

Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Library Assistant/Technician, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical Office Assistant/Specialist, A

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, A

Nail Technician/Specialist and Manicurist, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Sciences, A

Psychology, A

Sign Language Interpretation and Translation, A

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

Technical and Business Writing, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

COLLEGE OF SANTA FE

Accounting, B

Acting, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art Therapy/Therapist, B

Arts Management, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Teacher Education, B

Computer Science, B

Counseling Psychology, B

Creative Writing, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Dramatic/Theatre Arts and Stagecraft, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Education, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, AB

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Sciences, B

Film/Cinema Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Industrial and Organizational Psychology, B

Intermedia/Multimedia, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Multilingual and Multicultural Education, M

Music, B

Natural Resources and Conservation, B

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, B

Painting, B

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, B

Photography, B

Political Science and Government, B

Printmaking, B

Psychology, B

Public Administration, B

Regional Studies (U.S., Canadian, Foreign), B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Sculpture, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Technical and Business Writing, B

Technical Theatre/Theatre Design and Technology, B

Theatre/Theatre Arts Management, B

COLLEGE OF THE SOUTHWEST

Accounting, B

Bilingual and Multilingual Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Teacher Education, B

Computer Science, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Education, BM

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Measurement and Evaluation, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

History, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Psychology, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Sciences, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

DOÑA ANA BRANCH COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Fashion Merchandising, A

Finance, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Hospitality Administration/Management, A

Hydrology and Water Resources Science, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Library Science, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

EASTERN NEW MEXICO UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Agricultural Business and Management, B

Agricultural Teacher Education, B

Anthropology, BM

Art/Art Studies, General, AB

Audiology/Audiologist and Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, M

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Teacher Education, B

Chemistry, BM

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Communication and Media Studies, M

Communication Disorders, M

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Education, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering Technology, B

English, M

English Language and Literature, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, B

Finance, B

General Studies, A

Geology/Earth Science, B

History, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, M

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BM

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, ABM

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Sales and Marketing Operations/Marketing and Distribution Teacher Education, B

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, BM

Statistics, B

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, B

EASTERN NEW MEXICO UNIVERSITY-ROSWELL

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Airframe Mechanics and Aircraft Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Banking and Financial Support Services, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Medical Office Management/Administration, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Therapist Assistant, A

Social Work, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

INSTITUTE OF AMERICAN INDIAN ARTS

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, A

Creative Writing, A

Drawing, A

Fiber, Textile and Weaving Arts, A

Fine/Studio Arts, A

Metal and Jewelry Arts, A

Museology/Museum Studies, A

Photography, A

Printmaking, A

Sculpture, A

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS

Accounting, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, A

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Computer and Information Systems Security, B

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

E-Commerce/Electronic Commerce, B

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, AB

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN

Management/Manager, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

LUNA COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Civil Drafting and Civil Engineering CAD/CADD, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Manufacturing Technology/Technician, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, A

MESALANDS COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Animal Sciences, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, A

Diesel Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Geology/Earth Science, A

History, A

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Metal and Jewelry Arts, A

Paleontology, A

Public Administration, A

Social Work, A

NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (ALBUQUERQUE)

Accounting, AB

Applied Art, AB

Business Administration and Management, AB

Engineering, B

Hospitality Administration/Management, AB

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, AB

Information Science/Studies, AB

Management Information Systems and Services, AB

NATIONAL COLLEGE OF MIDWIFERY

Nurse Midwife/Nursing Midwifery, MD

NEW MEXICO HIGHLANDS UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, M

Anthropology, BM

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Bilingual and Multilingual Education, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, M

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, BM

Cognitive Sciences, M

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Computer Art and Design, M

Computer Programming/Programmer, B

Computer Science, BM

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Criminology, B

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Education, BM

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Leadership and Administration, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, AB

Engineering, B

English, M

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Policy and Resource Management, M

Environmental Studies, B

Exercise and Sports Science, M

Film, Television, and Video Production, M

Health Teacher Education, B

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Hispanic Studies, M

History, BM

Information Science/Studies, B

Internet and Interactive Multimedia, M

Journalism, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Political Science and Government, BM

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Psychology, BM

Public Affairs, M

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Work, BM

Sociology, BM

Spanish Language and Literature, BM

Special Education and Teaching, BM

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, B

NEW MEXICO INSTITUTE OF MINING AND TECHNOLOGY

Applied Mathematics, D

Astrophysics, MD

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, MD

Biochemistry, M

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, M

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Chemical Engineering, B

Chemistry, BMD

Civil Engineering, B

Computer Science, BMD

Electrical Engineering, M

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Engineering Management, M

Engineering Mechanics, B

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, M

Environmental Sciences, D

Environmental Studies, B

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering, B

General Studies, A

Geochemistry, MD

Geology/Earth Science, BMD

Geophysics and Seismology, BMD

Geosciences, MD

Hydrology and Water Resources Science, MD

Information Technology, B

Materials Engineering, BMD

Mathematical Physics, D

Mathematics, BMD

Mechanical Engineering, B

Mechanics, M

Mineral/Mining Engineering, M

Mining and Mineral Engineering, B

Operations Research, M

Petroleum Engineering, BMD

Physical Sciences, B

Physics, BMD

Psychology, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, M

Technical and Business Writing, B

NEW MEXICO JUNIOR COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agriculture, A

Art Teacher Education, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Teacher Education, A

Carpentry/Carpenter, A

Chemistry, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Graphics, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Education, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Engineering, A

English Language and Literature, A

Environmental Education, A

Environmental Studies, A

Finance, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

History, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Music, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, A

Petroleum Technology/Technician, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Public Health (MPH, DPH), A

Real Estate, A

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, A

Trade and Industrial Teacher Education, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

NEW MEXICO MILITARY INSTITUTE

Accounting, A

Army JROTC/ROTC, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Chemistry, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Economics, A

Engineering, A

English Language and Literature, A

Finance, A

French Language and Literature, A

German Language and Literature, A

History, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Mathematics, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physics, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Social Sciences, A

Spanish Language and Literature, A

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, A

NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BM

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, B

Agribusiness, B

Agricultural Economics, BM

Agricultural Education, M

Agricultural Sciences, MD

Agricultural Teacher Education, B

Agriculture, B

Agronomy and Crop Science, B

Agronomy and Soil Sciences, MD

Animal Sciences, BMD

Anthropology, BM

Apparel and Textiles, B

Astronomy, MD

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biochemistry, BMD

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MD

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MD

Business/Commerce, AB

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

City/Urban, Community and Regional Planning, B

Civil Engineering, BMD

Communication and Media Studies, M

Communication Disorders, M

Community Organization and Advocacy, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, MD

Computer Science, MD

Counseling Psychology, MDO

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, MDO

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, AB

Criminology, M

Curriculum and Instruction, MDO

Dance, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Economics, BM

Education, MDO

Education/Teaching of Individuals with Speech or Language Impairments, B

Educational Administration and Supervision, MD

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MD

Engineering Physics, B

Engineering Technology, AB

English, MD

English Language and Literature, B

Entomology, M

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, M

Environmental Health, B

Environmental Studies, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Home Economics Teacher Education, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, M

Finance, B

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Fish, Game and Wildlife Management, M

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

Foreign Languages and Literatures, B

General Studies, B

Geography, BM

Geology/Earth Science, BM

History, BM

Horticultural Science, BMD

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Industrial Engineering, B

Industrial/Management Engineering, MD

Information Science/Studies, B

Information Technology, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, BMD

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Journalism, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Management Science, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, BMD

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology, B

Microbiology, B

Molecular Biology, MD

Music, M

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Nursing, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, BMD

Plant Pathology/Phytopathology, BM

Plant Sciences, M

Political Science and Government, BM

Psychology, BMD

Public Health, M

Public Health (MPH, DPH), B

Public Health Education and Promotion, B

Range Science and Management, BMD

Reading Teacher Education, O

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Work, BM

Sociology, BM

Soil Science and Agronomy, B

Spanish Language and Literature, M

Special Education and Teaching, BM

Statistics, M

Survey Technology/Surveying, B

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

Tourism Promotion Operations, B

Visual and Performing Arts, B

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, B

Wildlife Biology, B

Writing, M

NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-ALAMOGORDO

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business/Commerce, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Education, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

General Office Occupations and Clerical Services, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Social Work, A

NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-CARLSBAD

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agriculture, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Science, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Education, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering Technology, A

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Social Work, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-GRANTS

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Education, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

NORTHERN NEW MEXICO COMMUNITY COLLEGE

BioTechnology, A

Business/Commerce, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Environmental Studies, A

Fine/Studio Arts, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Engineering, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Library Assistant/Technician, A

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, A

PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE

Ancient/Classical Greek Language and Literature, B

Asian Languages, M

Asian Studies/Civilization, M

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Comparative Literature, B

English Language and Literature, B

Ethics, B

European Studies/Civilization, B

Foreign Languages and Literatures, B

French Language and Literature, B

General Studies, B

History, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Liberal Studies, M

Mathematics, B

Philosophy, B

Philosophy and Religious Studies, B

Physical Sciences, B

Physics, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

SAN JUAN COLLEGE

Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookkeeping, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Airline/Commercial/Professional Pilot and Flight Crew, A

Anthropology, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Autobody/Collision and Repair Technology/Technician, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Banking and Financial Support Services, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Carpentry/Carpenter, A

Chemistry, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, A

Computer Science, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Diesel Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Economics, A

Education, A

Engineering, A

English Language and Literature, A

Fire Protection and Safety Technology/Technician, A

Foreign Languages and Literatures, A

General Studies, A

Geology/Earth Science, A

Health Information/Medical Records Technology/Technician, A

History, A

Human Services, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Instrumentation Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Mathematics, A

Music, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, A

Philosophy, A

Physical Sciences, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Physics, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, A

Psychology, A

Public Administration, A

Real Estate, A

Social Work, A

Sociology, A

Water Quality and Wastewater Treatment Management and Recycling Technology/Technician, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

SANTA FE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Area Studies, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Dance, A

Design and Visual Communications, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering, A

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, A

General Studies, A

Health and Physical Education, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Interior Design, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, A

Physical Sciences, A

Radio and Television Broadcasting Technology/Technician, A

Sign Language Interpretation and Translation, A

Social Work, A

Spanish Language and Literature, A

Survey Technology/Surveying, A

Visual and Performing Arts, A

SOUTHWESTERN INDIAN POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Science, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering Technology, A

Laser and Optical Technology/Technician, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, A

UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO

Accounting, M

African-American/Black Studies, B

Allopathic Medicine, P

American/United States Studies/Civilization, BMD

Anthropology, BMD

Architecture, BM

Art Education, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, BMD

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Asian Studies/Civilization, B

Astrophysics, B

Audiology/Audiologist and Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist, B

Biochemistry, BMD

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MD

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MO

Cell Biology and Anatomy, MD

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Child and Family Studies, MD

Civil Engineering, BMD

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Clinical Psychology, MD

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, B

Communication and Media Studies, MD

Communication Disorders, M

Community Organization and Advocacy, A

Comparative Literature, BMD

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, BMD

Computer Science, MD

Corrections, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, MD

Dance, BM

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, ABM

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Economics, BMD

Education, MDO

Educational Administration and Supervision, MDO

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, MDO

Educational Psychology, MD

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MD

Engineering Science, B

English, MD

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Design/Architecture, B

Environmental Sciences, B

European Studies/Civilization, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, B

Film/Cinema Studies, B

Finance and Banking, M

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

Foreign Languages and Literatures, B

Foundations and Philosophy of Education, MD

French Language and Literature, BMD

General Studies, B

Genetics, MD

Geography, BM

Geology/Earth Science, B

Geosciences, MD

German Language and Literature, BM

Health Education, M

Health Teacher Education, B

History, BMD

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Human Resources Management and Services, M

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, M

Journalism, B

Landscape Architecture, M

Latin American Studies, BMDO

Law and Legal Studies, PO

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Linguistics, BMD

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Management of Technology, M

Management Strategy and Policy, M

Manufacturing Engineering, M

Marketing, M

Mathematics, BMD

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, AB

Microbiology, MD

Molecular Biology, MD

Multilingual and Multicultural Education, DO

Music, M

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Neuroscience, MD

Nuclear Engineering, BMD

Nursing, MDO

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nutritional Sciences, M

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, M

Optics/Optical Sciences, MD

Organizational Management, M

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Pathology/Experimental Pathology, MD

Pharmaceutical Sciences, MD

Pharmacy, BP

Philosophy, BMD

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BMDO

Physical Therapy/Therapist, M

Physician Assistant, B

Physics, BMD

Physiology, MD

Planetary Astronomy and Science, MD

Political Science and Government, BMD

Portuguese Language and Literature, BMD

Psychology, BMD

Public Administration, MO

Public Health, M

Recreation and Park Management, MO

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Russian Language and Literature, B

Russian Studies, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Sign Language Interpretation and Translation, B

Sociology, BMD

Spanish Language and Literature, BMD

Special Education and Teaching, BMDO

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Statistics, BMD

Taxation, M

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

Technical Theatre/Theatre Design and Technology, B

Technology Teacher Education/Industrial Arts Teacher Education, B

Theater, M

Toxicology, MD

Urban and Regional Planning, MO

Water Resources, M

Women's Studies, B

Writing, M

UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO-GALLUP

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, A

Community Organization and Advocacy, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Corrections, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Education, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, AB

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, A

General Studies, AB

Graphic and Printing Equipment Operator Production, A

Health Teacher Education, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, AB

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physical Sciences, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO-LOS ALAMOS BRANCH

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Applied Art, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering, A

Environmental Studies, A

Fine/Studio Arts, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Pre-Engineering, A

UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO-VALENCIA CAMPUS

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agriculture, A

Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Science, A

Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Education, A

Human Services, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Real Estate, A

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-NEW MEXICO CAMPUS

Accounting, BM

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Counseling Psychology, M

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Education, M

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Electronic Commerce, M

Health Services Administration, M

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Human Resources Management and Services, M

Information Science/Studies, M

Information Technology, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, M

Management Information Systems and Services, BM

Management of Technology, M

Management Science, B

Marketing, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Marriage and Family Therapy/Counseling, M

Nursing, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nursing Science, B

Organizational Management, M

Public Administration and Social Service Professions, B

WESTERN NEW MEXICO UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Botany/Plant Biology, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Teacher Education, B

Chemistry, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Computer Science, B

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, AB

Criminal Justice/Police Science, AB

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Education, BM

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

English Language and Literature, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Hispanic-American, Puerto Rican, and Mexican-American/Chicano Studies, B

History, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, BM

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physical Sciences, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Administration, B

Reading Teacher Education, M

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, BM

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, BM

Special Products Marketing Operations, B

Trade and Industrial Teacher Education, B

Welding Technology/Welder, A

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, B

Zoology/Animal Biology, B

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"New Mexico." College Blue Book. . Encyclopedia.com. 10 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"New Mexico." College Blue Book. . Retrieved September 10, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-and-education-magazines/new-mexico-4

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New Mexico

NEW MEXICO

STATE EDUCATION OFFICE

Lena Trujillo-Chavez, Assistant Superintendent
Career, Technical, and Community Services
Public Education Dept.
300 Don Gaspar St.
Santa Fe, NM 87501-2786
(505)827-6670

STATE REGULATORY INFORMATION

Operation of proprietary schools is governed by two statutes, one for licensing in-state and one for registering out-of-state schools. Schools must file pertinent operating information with the Commission on Higher Education, pay a fee, and post a surety bond.

ALAMOGORDO

New Mexico State University-Alamogordo

2400 North Scenic Dr., Alamogordo, NM 88310. Two-Year College, Trade and Technical. Contact: Dr. Rodger Bates, Campus Exec Officer, (505)439-3600, (505)439-3700, Web Site: http://alamo.nmsu.edu. Public. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,152 in-state; $3,912 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Associate.

Olympian University of Cosmetology

1810 10th St., Alamogordo, NM 88310. Cosmetology. Founded 1956. Contact: Kendell Shumard, Admissions, (505)437-2221, (480)966-9576, Fax: (505)437-2572. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $4,000-$11,500 plus books and supplies. Enrollment: men 15, women 358. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Barbering (1200 Hr); Cosmetology (1600 Hr); Cosmetology Instructor (1000 Hr); Manicurist (600 Hr)

ALBUQUERQUE

Albuquerque Barber College

601 San Pedro NE, Ste. 104, Albuquerque, NM 87108. Barber. Founded 1982. Contact: Pierre Gonzales, Dir., (505)266-4900, (505)266-4901, Fax: (505)266-4903. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $6,500. Enrollment: Total 30. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NABS; ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Barbering (1200 Hr)

Albuquerque Technical-Vocational Institute

525 Buena Vista SE, Albuquerque, NM 87106. Trade and Technical. Founded 1964. Contact: Jane Campbell, (505)224-3000, (505)224-3224, Web Site: http://tvi.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: None for occupational courses. Enrollment: Total 16,192. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma, Associate. Accreditation: CAAHEP; NLNAC; ABET; NAACLS; ABA; ACCE; ACBSP. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (1 Yr); Auto Mechanics (1 Yr); Baking (8 Mo); Business Administration (12 Mo); Carpentry (8 Mo); Cashiering; Child Care & Guidance; Data Processing (16 Mo); Drafting, Electro-Mechanical (1 Yr); Drafting, Structural (16 Mo); Electrical Technology (16 Mo); Electronics Technology (16 Mo); Entrepreneurship; Food Preparation & Service (8 Mo); Food Service & Management; Hospitality; Instrumentation Technology (2 Yr); Law Enforcement; Legal Assistant; Machine Shop (16 Mo); Mechanics, Diesel (1 Yr); Medical Technology - Phlebotomy; Merchandising (15 Wk); Nurse, Assistant (15 Wk); Nursing, Practical (1 Yr); Nursing, R.N.; Office, General (1 Yr); Optical Technology; Plumbing (8 Mo); Printing (8 Mo); Receptionist (15 Wk); Respiratory Therapy (1 Yr); Small Business Management (15 Wk); Surveying (16 Mo); Welding Technology; Word Processing (15 Wk)

Ayurvedic Institute

11311 Menaul NE, Albuquerque, NM 87112. Other. Founded 1985. Contact: Wynn Werner, Administrator, (505)291-9698, Fax: (505)294-7572, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.ayurveda.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $2,250/quarter Ayurvedic Studies; other programs vary. Enrollment: Total 55. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Holistic Health

Crystal Mountain Massage Therapy School & Clinic

4125 Carlisle, NE, Albuquerque, NM 87107. Other. Founded 1988. Contact: Linda Delker, (505)872-2030, 800-967-5678, Fax: (505)872-2071, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Other. Tuition: $4,250-$4,700. Enrollment: Total 24. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (6-11 Mo)

De Wolff College Hair Styling And Cosmetology

1500 Eubank N. E., Albuquerque, NM 87112-4413. Cosmetology. Contact: S. Washburn, President, (505)296-4100. Private. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $2,296-$9,981 plus books and supplies. Enrollment: men 7, women 95. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Curriculum: Cosmetology (600-1600H); Cosmetology Instructor (1000 Hr); Esthetician (600 Hr); Nail Technology (500 Hr)

Evelyn's Sewing School

3159 San Mateo Blvd. NE, Albuquerque, NM 87110. Trade and Technical. Founded 1973. Contact: Evelyn Justice, Dir., (505)299-1968, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Term: Varies with Program. Enrollment: Total 25. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Sewing, Commercial (8 Wk); Tailoring (8 Wk)

ITT Technical Institute

5100 Masthead NE, Albuquerque, NM 87109. Two-Year College. Founded 1989. Contact: Maryanne Rittner, Dir., (505)828-1114, 800-636-1114, Fax: (505)828-1849, Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu; Web Site: http://www.itttech.edu/contact/form.cfm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $14,196 per year. Enrollment: Total 666. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Business Administration (96 Credits); Computer Aided Drafting & Design (96 Credits); Computer Networking (96 Credits); Criminal Justice (96 Credits); Electrical Engineering Technology (96 Credits); Information Technology (96 Credits); Multimedia Design (96 Credits); Software Development/Engineering (96 Credits); Web Development (96 Credits)

John Robert Powers

2021 San Mateo NE, Albuquerque, NM 87110. Other. Founded 1983. Contact: Diana Horner, (505)266-5677, Fax: (505)266-6829, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.johnrobertpowers.net/home.asp. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Acting; Modeling & Charm; Modeling & Personal Improvement; Modeling Instructor; Modeling, Professional

Kaplan Professional Schools

8205 Spain N.E., Ste. 109, Albuquerque, NM 87109. Trade and Technical. (505)821-5556, 800-777-1171, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.dearbornrealestateinstitute.com. Coed. Tuition: in-state; out-of-state.

Pima Medical Institute

2201 San Pedro NE, Bldg. 3, Ste. 100, Albuquerque, NM 87110. Allied Medical, Trade and Technical. Founded 1985.800-477-PIMA, Web Site: http://www.pmi.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $7,710 per year; $8,622 room and board. Enrollment: Total 194. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ABHES; JRCERT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Dental Assisting (30-33 Wk); Medical Assistant (35-40 Wk); Pharmacy Technician (35-40 Wk); Respiratory Therapy (85 Wk); Veterinary Assistant (30-34 Wk)

Southwest Acupuncture College

7801 Academy NE, Bldg. 1, Albuquerque, NM 87109. Other. Founded 1980. Contact: Skya Abbate, Academic Dean, (505)438-8884, (505)888-8898, Fax: (505)888-1380, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.acupuncturecollege.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $42,000 for complete 3,000 hr. program ($14/semester hr.). Enrollment: Total 253. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: ACAOM. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Acupuncture (3000 Hr)

Southwest Health Career Institute

5981 Jefferson Rd. NE, Ste. A, Albuquerque, NM 87109. Trade and Technical. Founded 1993. Contact: Wayne Zellner, Dir., (505)345-6800, Fax: (505)345-6868, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.swhci.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $5,275-$6,495. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ABHES. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Dental Assisting (40 Wk); Dental Laboratory Technology (40 Wk); Dental Technology (40 Wk); Massage Therapy (40 Wk); Nurse, Assistant (40 Wk)

Trim International Floral School

4725 Lumber N.E., Ste. 4, Albuquerque, NM 87109. Other. Founded 1995. Contact: Lois Trim, Owner/Dir., (505)884-4691, 800-786-2640, Fax: (505)286-1368, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.floralschools.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Month. Tuition: $1,566-$1,655. Enrollment: men 2, women 37. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Floristry (5 Wk)

Universal Therapeutic Massage Institute

3410 Aztec Rd. N.E., Albuquerque, NM 87107-4403. Other. Founded 1993. Contact: Wesley Jones, President, (505)888-0020, 800-557-0020, Fax: (505)837-1828, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.utmi.com. Private. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $5528. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT.

CARLSBAD

Eddy County Beauty College

1115 W. Mermod St., Carlsbad, NM 88220. Cosmetology. Contact: John Dillender, Owner, (505)885-4545, (505)887-2666. Private. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $6,500. Enrollment: Total 5. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

New Mexico State University at Carlsbad

1500 University Dr., Carlsbad, NM 88220. Other. Founded 1950. Contact: Mike Cleary, Admissions, (505)234-9200, 888-888-2199, Fax: (505)885-4951, Web Site: http://cavern.nmsu.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $540 in-state; $1248 out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 1,100. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NLNAC; NCAHLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (1 Yr); Banking (1 Yr); Bookkeeping (1 Yr); Business Education (2 Yr); Computer Information Science (2 Yr); Computer Operations (1 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Data Processing - Programmer Analyst (1 Yr); Electronics Technology (2 Yr); Environmental Technology (2 Yr); Microcomputers (1 Yr); Nursing, Practical (1 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Paralegal (1 Yr); Radiologic Technology (2 Yr); Secretarial, Administrative (2 Yr); Secretarial, General (1 Yr); Welding Technology (2 Yr); Word Processing (1 Yr)

CLOVIS

Clovis Community College

417 Schepps Blvd., Clovis, NM 88101. Two-Year College, Cosmetology, Nursing. Founded 1970. Contact: Becky Carruthers, Dean of Educational Services, (505)769-2811, (505)769-4913, Fax: (505)769-4190, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.clovis.cc.nm.us. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Semester. Tuition: $356/semester (13-18 credits) in-district; $380/semester out-of-district, non-resident. Enrollment: Total 1,127. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: CAAHEP; NLNAC; NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration; Art; Auto Mechanics; Aviation Technology; Banking; Business Administration; Computer Information Science; Computer Programming; Criminal Justice; Drafting Technology; Electronics, Digital; Fire Protection Technology; Legal Technology; Library Technology; Marketing & Sales; Microcomputers; Nursing, Practical; Nursing, Vocational; Office Administration; Physical Fitness; Radiologic Technology; Real Estate, Basic; Word Processing

CROWNPOINT

Crownpoint Institute of Technology

Lower Point Rd., State Rd. 371, PO Box 849, Crownpoint, NM 87313-0849. Trade and Technical. Contact: James M. Tutt, President, (505)786-4100, (505)786-4107, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.citech.edu. Public. Coed. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $720 in-state; $720 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Certificate.

ESPANOLA

Northern New Mexico Community College

921 Paseo de Onate, Espanola, NM 87532. Two-Year College. Founded 1909. Contact: Mike Costello, Dean of Students, (505)747-2100, (505)747-2128, Fax: (505)747-2180. Public. Coed. Term: Semester. Tuition: $700 in-state; $1,500 out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 2,035. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Sm); Auto Body & Fender Repair (3 Sm); Auto Mechanics (4 Sm); Cosmetology (4 Sm); Electrical Technology (2 Sm); Electronics Technology (4 Sm); Machine Tool & Die (4 Sm); Meat Cutting (2 Sm); Mechanics, Diesel (4 Sm); Nursing, Practical (12 Mo); Plumbing (2 Sm); Radiologic Technology; Secretarial, General (3 Sm); Welding Technology (3 Sm); Word Processing (3 Sm)

FARMINGTON

Medicine Wheel

1243 W. Apache, Farmington, NM 87401. Trade and Technical. Founded 1992. Contact: Susan Barnes, (505)327-1914, (505)326-5103, 888-327-1914, Fax: (505)327-2234, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Trisemester. Tuition: $7,750 for diploma; $15,750 for associate; $18,500 for ND. Enrollment: men 1, women 8. Degrees awarded: Diploma, Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Holistic Health (1200 Hr); Massage Therapy (750 Hr); Occupational Science (1200 Hr)

San Juan College

4601 College Blvd., Farmington, NM 87402. Two-Year College. Founded 1956. Contact: Marianne Harris, Admissions Specialist, (505)326-3311, Fax: (505)566-3500, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.sjc.cc.nm.us/pages/1.asp. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $300 in-state; $420 out-state (Costs based per semester). Enrollment: Total 6,000. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ABET; APTA; NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Art; Auto Body & Fender Repair; Automotive Service; Automotive Technology; Aviation Technology; Banking; Biological Technology; Business Education; Carpentry; Chemical Technology; Computer Aided Drafting; Computer Networking; Computer Science; Criminal Justice; Diesel Technology; Early Childhood Education; Economics & Business Administration; Energy Management; Engineering; Geology; Health Information Technology; Human Services; Information Systems; Language; Language Arts; Legal Assistant; Machine Technology; Mathematics; Media Technology; Medical Receptionist; Medical Transcription; Microcomputers; Music; Nursing, R.N.; Office Administration; Office Technology; Physical Therapy Aide; Real Estate, Basic; Recreation Leadership; Theatre Arts; Theatre, Technical; Water & Waste Water Pollution Technology; Welding Technology

GALLUP

University of New Mexico-Gallup Campus

200 College Rd., Gallup, NM 87301. Contact: Elizabeth Miller, Ph.D., Exec. Dir., (505)863-7500, (505)863-7576, Web Site: http://www.gallup.unm.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,056 in-state; $2,208 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Associate.

GRANTS

New Mexico State University-Grants

1500 3rd St., Grants, NM 87020. Contact: Felicia Casados, Campus Exec. Officer, (505)287-7981, Web Site: http://grants2.nmsu.edu. Public. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,104 in-state; $2,376 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Associate.

HOBBS

New Mexico Junior College

5317 Lovington Hwy., Hobbs, NM 88240. Two-Year College. Founded 1965. Contact: Robert M. Bensing, Dean of Enrollment, (505)392-5092, (505)492-2545, 800-657-6260, Fax: (505)392-0322, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.nmjc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $400 in-state; $900 out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 1,200. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Art; Athletic Trainer; Automotive Technology; Business Administration; Business, General Office; Computer Aided Drafting; Computer Science; Cosmetology; Data Processing; Drafting Technology; Fire Science; Graphic Arts; Journalism; Law Enforcement; Mechanics, Basic; Medical Laboratory Technology; Mid-Management; Music; Nursing, Practical; Nursing, Vocational; Secretarial, Administrative; Secretarial, General; Secretarial, Medical; Welding Technology; Word Processing

LAS CRUCES

Business Skills Institute-Las Cruces

1400 El Paseo Road, Las Cruces, NM 88001. Contact: Kerry Caldwell, Director, (505)526-5579, Web Site: http://www.ibclubbock.com. Private. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $7,750. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

Mesilla Valley School of Therapeutic Arts

715 Idaho, Ste. 4M, Las Cruces, NM 88001. Other. Founded 1987. Contact: Wanita R. Thompson, (505)527-1239, Fax: (505)527-1344, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $4,200 for 2 semesters. Enrollment: Total 32. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (750 Hr)

New Mexico State University-Dona Ana

3400 S. Espina St., Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001. Contact: Margie Huerta, Campus Exec Officer, (505)527-7500, (505)527-7710, Web Site: http://dabcc.nmsu.edu/. Public. Coed. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,128 in-state; $2,832 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Associate.

New Mexico State University, Dona Ana Branch

Box 3DA, 3400 S. Espina, Las Cruces, NM 88003. Two-Year College. Founded 1973. Contact: Dr. Alana Fotelo, Admissions, (505)527-7500, Fax: (505)527-7763. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $408 resident; $1,056 nonresident (costs based per semester). Enrollment: Total 4,471. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, Automated (1 Yr); Administrative Assistant (2 Yr); Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration (1 Yr); Architectural Technology (1 Yr); Automotive Technology (2 Yr); Bookkeeping (1 Yr); Building Maintenance (2 Yr); Business Education (1 Yr); Business Occupations (2 Yr); Computer Aided Drafting (1 Yr); Computer Technology (2 Yr); Electricity, Apprenticeship (1 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (2 Yr); Fire Science (2 Yr); Hospitality (2 Yr); Legal Assistant (2 Yr); Marketing; Marketing & Sales (1 Yr); Radiologic Technology (2 Yr); Respiratory Therapy (2 Yr); Secretarial, Administrative (2 Yr); Secretarial, Legal (2 Yr); Secretarial, Medical (2 Yr); Technician, Electronic Service (1 Yr); Water & Waste Water Pollution Technology (2 Yr); Welding Technology (2 Yr); Word Processing (2 Yr)

New Mexico State University, Las Cruces

1780 E. University, Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003-3004. Other. Founded 1888. Contact: Angela Mora-Riley, Dir. of Admissions & Records, (505)646-3121, (505)646-0111, 800-662-6678, Fax: (505)646-6330, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.nmsu.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $2,103/semester (12-18 credits) resident; $6,780/semester non-resident. Enrollment: Total 10,648. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ABET; JRCERT; NAACLS; NCATE; NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, Automated (12 Mo); Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration (12 Mo); Automotive Technology (12 Mo); Banking (12 Mo); Bookkeeping (12 Mo); Business Occupations (12 Mo); Child Care - Nanny (12 Mo); Computer Aided Drafting (12 Mo); Computer Literacy (12 Mo); Computer Programming (12 Mo); Computer Repair (12 Mo); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Data Processing - Programmer Analyst (12 Mo); Drafting, Architectural (12 Mo); Electrical Technology (12 Mo); Emergency Medical Technology (12 Mo); Engineering Technology (2 Yr); Geriatric Care (12 Mo); Marketing (12 Mo); Medical Office Management (12 Mo); Microcomputers (12 Mo); Nurse, Assistant (12 Mo); Nursing, Practical (12 Mo); Paralegal (12 Mo); Paramedic (12 Mo); Photography (12 Mo); Secretarial, Administrative (12 Mo); Water & Waste Water Pollution Technology (12 Mo); Welding, Arc & Gas (12 Mo); Welding, Combination (12 Mo); Welding Technology (12 Mo); Word Processing (12 Mo)

LAS VEGAS

Luna Community College

366 Luna Dr., Las Vegas, NM 87701. Two-Year College. Founded 1970. Contact: Leroy Sanchez, President, (505)454-2500, 800-588-7232, Fax: (505)454-2519, Web Site: http://www.luna.cc.nm.us. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: men 638, women 1,018. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Automation Technology; Automotive Service; Business; Cabinet & Mill Work; Carpentry; Computer Information Science; Computer Science; Criminal Justice; Dental Assisting; Drafting Technology; Early Childhood Education; Electronics Technology; Laser Technology; Manufacturing Technology; Medical Laboratory Technology; Nursing, Practical; Office Administration; Office Technology; Physical Therapy Aide; Public Administration Technology; Small Business Management; Welding Technology

New Mexico Highlands University

PO Box 9000, Las Vegas, NM 87701. Other. Founded 1893. Contact: Manny Aragon, President, (505)454-3520, (505)454-3269, 877-850-9064, Fax: (505)454-0026, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.nmhu.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $95/credit hour; 12-18 credits: $1140 resident, $1,710 non-resident, $2,280 international. Enrollment: Total 1,268. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ABET. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Computer Information Science (2 Yr); Computer Science (2 Yr); Engineering Technology, Computer (2 Yr); Engineering Technology, Electronic (2 Yr); Teacher Assistant (2 Yr)

LOS ALAMOS

University of New Mexico-Los Alamos Campus

4000 University Dr., Los Alamos, NM 87544-1999. Contact: Carlos Ramirez, Exec.Dir., (505)662-5919, (505)662-0332, 800-894-5919, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.la.unm.edu. Public. Coed. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $888 in-state; $2,544 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

LOS LUNAS

University of New Mexico-Valencia County Branch

280 La Entrada, Los Lunas, NM 87031. Contact: Alice V. Letteney, (505)925-8500, (505)925-8580; Web Site: http://www.unm.edu/~unmvc/. Public. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: 984 in-state; $3,024 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

ROSWELL

Aladdin Beauty College

108 S. Union St., Roswell, NM 88203. Cosmetology. Contact: Virginia Munoz, Admissions, (505)623-6331, Fax: (505)622-2072. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Curriculum: Cosmetology (13 Mo)

Eastern New Mexico University-Roswell

52 University Blvd, PO Box 6000, Roswell, NM 88202-6000. Two-Year College. Founded 1958. Contact: Dr. Dwight Rogers, (505)624-7000, (505)624-7161, 800-243-6687, Fax: (505)624-7119, E-mail: [email protected] enmu.edu, Web Site: http://www.roswell.enmu.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $462/semester (12-18 credits) in-district; $478/semester out-of-district; $2,017/semester non-resident. Enrollment: Total 4,241. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: FAA; NCA-HLC; CARC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Administrative Assistant (1 Yr); Aircraft Flight Instruction (2 Yr); Automotive Technology (2 Yr); Aviation Technology (2 Yr); Bookkeeping (1 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Child Care & Guidance (2 Yr); Computer Applications (2 Yr); Computer Information Science (2 Yr); Drafting Technology (2 Yr); Electronics Technology (2 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (2 Yr); Fire Protection Technology (2 Yr); Human Services (2 Yr); Industrial Technology (2 Yr); Legal Assistant (2 Yr); Medical Assistant (2 Yr); Medical Technology - Phlebotomy (6 Mo); Medical Transcription (1 Yr); Nurse, Assistant (2 Yr); Nursing, Practical (3 Sm); Nursing, Vocational (1 Yr); Occupational Therapy (2 Yr); Police Science (2 Yr); Respiratory Therapy (2 Yr); Safety Technology (1-2 Yr); Welding Technology (1-2 Yr)

New Mexico Military Institute

101 W. College Blvd., Roswell, NM 88201-5173. Other. Founded 1891. Contact: Dr. Larry Skogen, Academic Dean, (505)622-6250, (505)624-8020, Web Site: http://www.nmmi.edu. Public. Coed. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,156 in-state; $3,652 out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 258.

RUIDOSO

Eastern New Mexico University-Ruidoso

709 Mechem Dr., Ruidoso, NM 88345. Two-Year College, Trade and Technical. Contact: James P. Miller, Center director, (505)257-2120, Web Site: http://www.ruidoso.enmu.edu/. Public. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $755 in-state; $862 out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 674. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: NCATE; NCA-HLC.

SANTA FE

New Mexico Department of Public Safety - Training and Recruiting Division

4491 Cerrillos Rd., Santa Fe, NM 87507. Trade and Technical. Founded 1970. Contact: Thomas D. Lyon, Dir., (505)827-9251, 800-521-9911, Fax: (505)827-3449, Web Site: http://www.dps.nm.org/training. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Police Science (800 Hr)

SILVER CITY

Western New Mexico University

1000 W. College Ave. at C St., Silver City, NM 88061. Other. Founded 1893. Contact: Mike Alecksen, Director of Admissions, (505)538-6106, (505)538-6096, 800-872-9668, Fax: (505)538-6127, Web Site: http://www.wnmu.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,278/semester (12-18 credits) resident; $4,783/semester non-resident. Enrollment: Total 1,540. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCATE; ACBSP; NCAHLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Automotive Technology (2 Yr); Construction Technology (2 Yr); Machine Tool Programming Technology (1 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Occupational Therapy Assistant (2 Yr); Office Technology (1 Yr); Police Science (9 Mo); Secretarial, General (1 Yr); Welding Technology (1 Yr)

TAOS

University of New Mexico-Taos Branch

115 Civic Plaza Dr., Taos, NM 87571. Contact: Dr. Alicia Fedelina, (505)737-6200, Web Site: http://taos.unm.edu. Public. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $960 in-state; $2,232 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

TIJERAS

Westbrook University

87 Edelweis, Tijeras, NM 87059. Nursing, Other, Allied Medical. Founded 1984. Contact: Dr. Lizabeth Gregg, Dir., (505)286-7558, 800-447-6496, Fax: (505)286-1350, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.westbrooku.edu/; Gregory C. Baldt, Dean of Instruction. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: Varies depending on program. Enrollment: men 210, women 490. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available.

TUCUMCARI

Mesalands Community College

911 S.Tenth St., Tucumcari, NM 88401-3352. Two-Year College. Contact: Dr. Phillip Barry, President, (505)461-4413, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.mesalands.edu. Public. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,050 in-state; $1,890 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

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New Mexico

New Mexico

1 Location and Size

2 Topography

3 Climate

4 Plants and Animals

5 Environmental Protection

6 Population

7 Ethnic Groups

8 Languages

9 Religions

10 Transportation

11 History

12 State Government

13 Political Parties

14 Local Government

15 Judicial System

16 Migration

17 Economy

18 Income

19 Industry

20 Labor

21 Agriculture

22 Domesticated Animals

23 Fishing

24 Forestry

25 Mining

26 Energy and Power

27 Commerce

28 Public Finance

29 Taxation

30 Health

31 Housing

32 Education

33 Arts

34 Libraries and Museums

35 Communications

36 Press

37 Tourism, Travel & Recreation

38 Sports

39 Famous New Mexicans

40 Bibliography

State of New Mexico

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Spanish explorers in 1540 called the area “the new Mexico.”

NICKNAME : Land of Enchantment.

CAPITAL: Santa Fe.

ENTERED UNION: 6 January 1912 (47th).

OFFICIAL SEAL: An American bald eagle with extended wings grasps three arrows in its talons and shields a smaller eagle grasping a snake in its beak and a cactus in its talons (the emblem of Mexico, and thus symbolic of the change in sovereignty over the state). Below the scene is the state motto. The words “Great Seal of the State of New Mexico 1912” surround the whole.

FLAG: The sun symbol of the Zia Indians appears in red on a yellow field.

MOTTO: Crescit eundo (It grows as it goes).

SONG: “O Fair New Mexico;” “Así es Nuevo México.”

FLOWER: Yucca (Our Lord’s Candles).

TREE: Piñon pine.

ANIMAL: Black bear.

BIRD: Roadrunner (chaparral bird).

FISH: Cutthroat trout.

GEM: Turquoise.

FOSSIL: Coelophysis dinosaur.

VEGETABLE: Chile and frijoles (pinto beans).

LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year’s Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans’ Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; President’s Day, day after Thanksgiving; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME: 5 AM MST = noon GMT.

1 Location and Size

New Mexico is located in the southwestern United States. One of the eight Rocky Mountain states, it ranks fifth in size among the 50 states, with an area of 121,593 square miles (314,926 square kilometers), of which land comprises 121,335 square miles (314,258 square kilometers) and inland water 258 square miles (668 square kilometers). New Mexico extends about 352 miles (566 kilometers) from east to west and 391 miles (629 kilometers) from north to south. Its total boundary length is 1,434 miles (2,308 kilometers).

2 Topography

The Continental Divide extends from north to south through central New Mexico. The north-central part of the state lies within the Southern Rocky Mountains, the northwest forms part of the Colorado Plateau, and the eastern two-fifths of the state falls on the western fringes of the Great Plains. Major mountain ranges include the Southern Rockies, the Chuska Mountains in the northwest, and the Caballo, San Andres, San Mateo, Sacramento, and Guadalupe ranges in the south and southwest. The highest point in the state is Wheeler Peak, at 13,161 feet (4,014 meters). The lowest point, 2,842 feet (867 meters), is at Red Bluff Reservoir.

Major rivers include the Rio Grande, San Juan, Pecos, and Gila. The largest bodies of inland water are the Elephant Butte and Conchas reservoirs, both created by dams.

The Carlsbad Caverns, the largest known subterranean labyrinth in the world, penetrate the foothills of the Guadalupes in the southeast. The caverns embrace more than 37 miles (60 kilometers) of connecting chambers and corridors and are famed for their stalactite and stalagmite formations.

3 Climate

New Mexico has a climate that ranges from arid to semiarid with a wide range of temperatures. Average January temperatures vary from about 35°f (2°c) in the north to about 55°f (13°c) in the southern and central regions. July temperatures range from about 78°f (26°c) at high elevations, to around 92°f (33°c) at lower elevations. The record high temperature for the state is 122°f (50°c), set on 27 July 1994 at Lakewood. The

New Mexico Population Profile

Total population estimate in 2006:1,954,599
Population change, 2000–06:7.5%
Hispanic or Latino†:43.6%
Population by race
One race:96.8%
White:69.5%
Black or African American:1.9%
American Indian /Alaska Native:9.6%
Asian:1.2%
Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander:0.1%
Some other race:14.5%
Two or more races:3.2%

Population by Age Group

Major Cities by Population
City Population % change 2000–05
Notes: †A person of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race. NA indicates that data are not available.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey and Population Estimates. www.census.gov/ (accessed March 2007).
Albuquerque494,23610.2
Las Cruces82,67111.3
Santa Fe70,63113.5
Rio Rancho66,59928.7
Roswell45,199-0.2
Farmington43,16114.0
Alamogordo36,2451.9
Clovis33,3572.1
Hobbs29,0061.2
Carlsbad25,300-1.3

record low, -50°f (-46°c), was set on 1 February 1951 at Gavilan.

Average annual precipitation in the desert city of Albuquerque is 9.5 inches (24 centimeters). At high elevations, the average annual precipitation is over 20 inches (50 centimeters). Thunderstorms are common in the summer. Snow is much more frequent in the north than in the south. Albuquerque gets about 10 inches (25 centimeters) of snow per year while the northern mountains receive up to 100 inches (254 centimeters).

4 Plants and Animals

New Mexico is divided into six life zones, with vegetation varying from desert shrubs and grasses to ponderosa pine and oak woodlands, and from mixed conifer and aspen forests to tundra wild-flowers. The yucca is the state flower. Thirteen plant species were listed as threatened or endangered in 2006, including Sacramento prickly poppy, Moncos milk-vetch, and two species of cacti.

Native animals included pronghorn antelope, javelina, elk, wild turkey, black bear, hairy woodpecker, bighorn sheep, and ermine. Among notable desert insects are the tarantula, centipede, and vinegarroon. The coatimundi, Baird’s sparrow, and brook stickleback are among rare animals.

In April 2006, the US Fish and Wildlife Service listed 28 New Mexican animal species as threatened or endangered, including two species

New Mexico Population by Race

Census 2000 was the first national census in which the instructions to respondents said, “Mark one or more races.” This table shows the number of people who are of one, two, or three or more races. For those claiming two races, the number of people belonging to the various categories is listed. The U.S. government conducts a census of the population every ten years.

 Number Percent
Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Census 2000: Redistricting Data.Press release issued by the Redistricting Data Office. Washington, D.C., March, 2001. A dash (—) indicates that the percent is less than 0.1.
Total Population1,819,046100.0
One race1,752,71996.4
Two races63,3773.5
White; Black or African-American3,5680.2
White and American Indian/Alaska Native11,5670.6
White and Asian4,1850.2
White and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander451
White and some other race35,3911.9
Black or African American and American Indian/Alaska Native1,0600.1
Black or African American and Asian327
Black or African American and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander36
Black or African American and some other race1,7190.1
American Indian/Alaska Native and Asian298
American Indian/Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander92
American Indian/Alaska Native and some other race3,0060.2
Asian and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander297
Asian and some other race1,1440.1
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander and some other race236
Three or more races2,9500.2

of bat, whooping crane, bald eagle, southwestern willow flycatcher, Mexican spotted owl, three species of shiner, and razorback sucker.

5 Environmental Protection

State environment agencies include the New Mexico Environment Department (NMED), the Environmental Improvement Board, the Water Quality Control Commission, and the Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department. As the state’s leading environmental agency, the NMED’s mission is to preserve, protect, and perpetuate New Mexico’s environment for present and future generations. The NMED is comprised of 4 divisions, 14 bureaus, 4 districts, and 17 field offices. Each entity is responsible for different areas and functions of environmental protection (or administrative support) concerning air, water, and land resources.

In 2003, New Mexico had 120 hazardous waste sites listed in the Environmental Protection Agency’s database, 12 of which were on the National Priorities List in 2006.

New Mexico had 482,000 acres (195,058 hectares) of wetlands, which are located primarily in the eastern and northern areas of the state.

6 Population

In 2005, New Mexico ranked 36th in population out of the 50 states, with an estimated total

of 1,954,599 residents. The population is projected to reach 2 million by 2015 and 2.1million by 2025. In 2004 the state had a population density of 15.7 persons per square mile (6.06 per square kilometer). In that same year, the median age was 35.8 years. Of all residents in 2005, 12% were 65 years old or older, while 26% were 18 or younger.

In 2005, an estimated 494,236 people lived in Albuquerque, while the metropolitan area had an estimated population of almost twice that. Las Cruces had a 2005 population of 82,671, and Santa Fe (the capital), 70,631.

7 Ethnic Groups

New Mexico has two large minorities: American Indians and Hispanics. In 2000, the estimated American Indian population was 173,483, which was 9.5% of the total state population. In 2006, American Indians accounted for 9.6% of the population. New Mexico’s Navajo population was recorded as 67,397 in 2000. In the same year, the Zuni lands had a population of 7,758 and the Acoma reservation had 2,802 residents. There are two Apache reservations, nineteen Pueblo villages, and lands allotted to other tribes.

New Mexico’s Hispanic population is descended from Spanish-speaking peoples who lived in the area before the territory was annexed by the United States. In 2000, Hispanics and Latinos (including a small number of immigrants from modern Mexico) numbered 765,386 or 42.1% of the total state population. In 2006, Hispanics and Latinos accounted for 43.6% of the state’s residents.

As of 2000, there were an estimated 19,255 Asians, 1,503 Pacific Islanders, and 34,343 black Americans lived in the state. In 2006, black Americans accounted for 1.9% of the population, while Asians accounted for 1.2%, and Pacific Islanders 0.1%.

8 Languages

New Mexico has large Native American and Spanish-speaking populations. Numerous Spanish borrowings include vigas (rafters) in the northern half and canales (gutters) in the Rio Grande Valley. New Mexico English is a mixture of dominant Midland, with Northern, Southern, and South Midland features in some areas. In 2000, of the resident population five years of age and older, 63.5% spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home, and the number of speakers, included Spanish at 485,681; Navajo at 68,788; and various Native American languages at 26,880.

9 Religions

The first religions in New Mexico were practiced by the Pueblo and Navajo. Franciscan missionaries arrived in 1540 and the first Roman Catholic church in the state was built in 1598. The first Baptist missionaries arrived in 1849, the Methodists came in 1850, and the Mormons arrived in 1877.

In 2004, Roman Catholics numbered around 435,244 in the state. Among Protestants in 2000, there were 132,675 Southern Baptists, 22,070 members of Assemblies of God, 18,985 members of Churches of Christ, and 13,224 Presbyterians (USA). In 2004 there were 39,865 United Methodists. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints reported about 61,862 members in 2006. In 2000, the Jewish population was estimated at 10,500, while Muslim congregations had 2,604 adherents, that year. About 761,218 people (about 41.8% of the population) were not counted as members of any religious organization in 2000.

10 Transportation

In 2004, New Mexico had 64,004 miles (103,046 kilometers) of public roads and streets. In that same year, there were about 1.539 million motor vehicles registered in the state, of which about 681,000 were automobiles, some 820,000 were trucks, around 36,000 were motorcycles, and about 2,000 were buses.

New Mexico in 2003, had 2,388 miles (3,844 kilometers) of railroad track, with up to 94% belonging to Class I railroads. The main rail lines serving the state are the Union Pacific and Burlington Northern Santa Fe. As of 2006, Amtrak provided passenger to five stations via its Chicago to Los Angeles Southwest Chief train, and via its New Orleans to Los Angeles train, the Sunset Limited.

In 2005, New Mexico had 150 airports, 25 heliports, and 1 seaplane base. Albuquerque International is the state’s main airport. In 2004, the airport had 3,079,172 passenger boardings.

11 History

There were Native Americans living in present-day New Mexico when the first Europeans arrived, including the Pueblo people, living initially along the upper Rio Grande; the Navajo, farmers and sheepherders; and the Apache, a more nomadic and warlike group who later posed a threat to all newcomers who arrived during the Spanish, Mexican, and American periods.

Francisco Vásquez de Coronado led the earliest major European expedition to New Mexico, beginning in 1540, 80 years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock. In 1599, Don Juan de Oñate established the settlement of San Gabriel. In 1610, the Spanish moved their center of activity to Santa Fe, dominating New Mexico for more than two centuries. In 1821, Mexico gained its independence from Spain, and New Mexico came under Mexican rule until the

Mexican-American War, 25 years later. The area officially became a part of the United States with the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo in 1848.

New Mexico became a US territory as part of the Compromise of 1850. An increasing number of people traveling on the Santa Fe Trail—in use since the early 1820s to carry goods between Independence, Missouri, and Santa Fe—were Americans seeking a new home in the Southwest. Native New Mexicans resisted, sometimes violently, the efforts of new non-Hispanic residents to take over lands assigned to them during the earlier Spanish and Mexican periods. The so-called Lincoln County War of 1878–81, a range war pitting cattle ranchers against merchants and involving, among others, William H. Bonney (Billy the Kid), helped give the territory an image of lawlessness, seemingly unfit for statehood.

Statehood Despite the turmoil, New Mexico began to make substantial economic progress. In 1879, the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad entered the territory. By the end of the 19th century, disputes with the area’s Native Americans had finally been resolved. New Mexico finally became a state on 6 January 1912, under President William H. Taft.

The decade of the 1920s was characterized by the discovery and development of new resources, including potash salts and petroleum reserves. A period of prosperity ended with the onset of the Great Depression, but World War II revived the economy. Scientists working at Los Alamos ushered in the Atomic Age with the explosion of the first atomic bomb at White Sands Proving Ground in June 1945.

The remarkable growth of the so-called Sunbelt during the postwar era has been most noticeable in New Mexico. Newcomers from many parts of the country have moved to the state, a population shift with profound social, cultural, and political consequences. As of 2000, Hispanics accounted for over 42% of the state’s population. New Mexico has the highest percentage of Hispanic and Native Americans among the fifty states, and they exercise political influence. In 1982, former state attorney general Toney Anaya, a Democrat, became the only Hispanic state governor in the United States.

Defense-related industries were a mainstay of New Mexico’s economy through the 1970s and 1980s. Income from this sector declined in the early 1990s due to reductions in military spending, but decline was offset by the growth in nonmilitary production such as Intel’s Rio Rancho plant, which is one of the world’s largest computer chip factories.

Tourism and space and nuclear research also contributed to New Mexico’s economy through the 1990s. New Mexico’s leaders struggled with two persistent problems into the 2000s—poverty and crime. In 1998, with 20.4% of its residents living below the poverty level (the highest percentage in the nation), the state’s children were found to be suffering the most. More than one in four children in New Mexico was poor, posing the immediate problems of hunger and malnutrition, lack of education, and a strain on the public health system. Government figures in 1998 showed the state ranked as the most violent in the nation, with 961 crimes per 100,000 residents.

Another major issue involved the state’s public education system. Debate centered on proposed voucher legislation that would help parents pay for private schools. Opponents argued that money spent on vouchers would be better spent on reducing class size, increasing teacher pay, and improving early childhood education.

In 2002, Bill Richardson won the governorship for the Democrats by a solid majority. An experienced politician, Richardson by 2005 had made progress on such issues as school reform, taxation, job creation, and water projects.

12 State Government

The legislature consists of a 42-member senate and a 70-member house of representatives. Senators serve four-year terms, and House members serve two-year terms. The executive branch consists of 10 elected officials, including the governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state, auditor, treasurer, attorney general, and commissioner of public lands. They are elected for four-year terms. The governor’s veto can be overridden by a two-thirds majority of the members of each legislative chamber.

Legislators do not receive a salary from the state. The governor’s salary as of December 2004 was $110,000.

New Mexico’s constitution was drafted in 1910, approved by the voters in 1911 and went into effect in 1912. As of January 2005, the 1912 constitution has been amended 151 times.

New Mexico Governors: 1912–2007

1912–1916William C. McDonaldDemocrat
1917Ezequiel Cabeza DeBacaDemocrat
1917–1918Washington Ellsworth LindseyRepublican
1919–1920Octaviano Amrosio LarrazoloRepublican
1921–1922Merritt Cramer MechemRepublican
1923–1924James Fielding HinkleDemocrat
1925–1926Arthur Thomas HannettDemocrat
1927–1930Richard Charles DillonRepublican
1931–1933Arthur SeligmanDemocrat
1933–1934Andrew W. HockenhullDemocrat
1935–1938Clyde TingleyDemocrat
1939–1942John Esten MilesDemocrat
1943–1944John Joseph DempseyDemocrat
1947–1950Thomas Jewett MabryDemocrat
1951–1954Edwin Leard MechemRepublican
1955–1956John Field Simms, Jr.Democrat
1957–1958Edwin Leard MechemRepublican
1959–1960John BurroughsDemocrat
1961–1962Edwin Leard MechemRepublican
1962Thomas Felix BolackRepublican
1963–1966John M. CampbellDemocrat
1967–1970David Francis CargoRepublican
1971–1975Bruce KingDemocrat
1975–1979Raymond S. ApodacaDemocrat
1979–1983Bruce KingDemocrat
1983–1987Toney AnayaDemocrat
1987–1991Garrey Edward CarruthersRepublican
1991–1995Bruce KingDemocrat
1995–2002Gary JohnsonRepublican
2002–Bill RichardsonDemocrat

13 Political Parties

Democrats hold a large lead in voter registration—53% of voters were registered Democrats and 33% were registered Republicans as of 1998. Nevertheless, New Mexico has been a “swing state” in US presidential elections since it entered the Union. In 2000, Democrat Al Gore beat Republican George W. Bush by a mere 366 votes out of 615,000 cast. However, in the 2004 presidential election, Bush won the state with 50% of the vote to John Kerry’s 49%. New Mexico’s senators following the 2006 mid-term elections were Democrat Jeff Bingaman (reelected that year) and Republican Peter Domenici, who was elected to his sixth term in 2002. Following the midterm elections of 2006, one Democrat and two Republicans had been elected to the US House of Representatives. Following the 2006 elections, there were 24 Democrats and 18 Republicans in the state senate, and 42 Democrats and 28 Republicans in the state house. Thirty-five women were elected to the state legislature, or 31.3%. Governor Bill Richardson, Democrat, was first elected in 2002 and reelected in 2006. He had previously served as a representative to the US Congress, ambassador to the United Nations, and secretary of energy under President Bill Clinton.

14 Local Government

As of 2005, there were 33 counties in New Mexico. Each was governed by commissioners elected for two-year terms. In that same year, there were 101 municipalities, 89 public school districts, and 628 special districts. Among the Native Americans, governors are elected from each village to form an unofficial coalition called the All-Indian Pueblo Council. Each Apache tribe elects its own president. The Navajo elect a chairperson, vice chairperson, and council members for each chapter.

15 Judicial System

The judicial branch consists of a supreme court, an appeals court, district courts, probate courts, magistrate courts, and other inferior courts as created by law. The New Mexico Supreme Court is composed of a chief justice and 4 associate justices. The Appeals Court is composed of 10 judges, all of whom are elected to eight-year

New Mexico Presidential Vote by Political Parties, 1948–2004

YEAR NEW MEXICO WINNER DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN PROGRESSIVE
* Won US presidential election.
** Independent candidate Ross Perot received 91,895 votes in 1992 and 32,257 votes in 1996.
1948*Truman (D)105,21079,8961,037
1952*Eisenhower (R)105,349131,477225
    CONSTITUTION
1956*Eisenhower (R)106,098146,788364
1960*Kennedy (D)156,027153,733570
1964*Johnson (D)194,017132,8381,217
    AMERICAN IND.
1968*Nixon (R)130,081169,69225,737
    AMERICAN
1972*Nixon (R)141,084235,6068,767
    SOC. WORKERS
1976Ford (R)201,148211,4192,462
    LIBERTARIAN
1980*Reagan (R)167,826250,7794,365
1984*Reagan (R)201,769307,1014,459
1988*Bush (R)244,497270,3413,268
1992***Clinton (D)261,617212,8241,615
1996***Clinton (D)273,495232,7512,996
2000Gore (D)286,783286,4172,058
2004*Bush, G. W. (R)376,930370,9422,382

terms. The state’s 33 counties are divided into 13 judicial districts, served by 72 district judges. District courts have unlimited general jurisdiction and are commonly referred to as trial courts. They also serve as courts of review for decisions of lower courts and administrative agencies.

In 2004, New Mexico had a violent crime (murder/nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault) rate of 687.3 incidents per 100,000 persons. New Mexico imposes the death penalty, but as of 5 May 2006, had only executed one person since 1976. There were only two inmates on death row as of 1 January 2006.

16 Migration

Prior to statehood, the major influx of migrants came from Texas and Mexico. Wartime prosperity during the 1940s brought a wave of migrants from other states into New Mexico.

Between 1990 and 1998, the state had net gains of 55,000 in domestic migration and 36,000 in international migration. In the period 2000–05, net international migration was 27,974, while net domestic migration was 9,527, for a net gain of 37,501 people.

17 Economy

New Mexico was primarily an agricultural state until the 1940s, when military activities assumed major economic importance. Major industries include manufacturing, petroleum, and food. Tourism also continues to flourish.

New Mexico relies to a great extent on the public area of its economy, which accounted for over 18% of the gross state product in 2001 compared to the national average of 12%. Growth in services, the government, transportation, and utilities areas of the economy offset losses in mining, manufacturing, and construction in the early years of the 21st century.

In 2004, New Mexico’s gross state product (GSP) was $61 billion, of which real estate accounted for the largest portion of GSP at $7.105 billion or 11.6%, followed by manufacturing at 8.9%, and health care and social assistance at 6.7% of GSP. Of the 42,241 businesses in the state that had employees, an estimated 96.1% were small companies.

18 Income

In 2004, New Mexico ranked 48th among the 50 states and the District of Columbia with a per capita (per person) income of $26,184, compared to the national average of $33,050. Median household income for the period 2002–04 was $37,587 compared to the national average of $44,473. In the same period, an estimated 17.5% of the state’s residents lived below the federal poverty level, compared to 12.4% nationwide.

19 Industry

The shipment value of all products manufactured in the state in 2004 was $17.392 billion. Of that total, computer and electronic product manufacturing accounted for the largest share at $9.714 billion, followed by food manufacturing at $1.669 billion, and miscellaneous manufacturing at $976.981 million. In 2004, a total of 32,927 people were employed in the state’s manufacturing sector, of which computer and electronic product manufacturing was the largest at 9,352 employees, followed by food manufacturing at 3,875, and miscellaneous manufacturing at 3,248. More than half of the state’s manufacturing jobs are located in the Albuquerque area.

20 Labor

In April 2006, the seasonally adjusted civilian labor force in New Mexico numbered 958,000, with approximately 41,100 workers unemployed, yielding an unemployment rate of 4.3%, compared to the national average of 4.7% for the same period. Employment data for April 2006 showed that about 6.9% of the labor force was employed in construction; 4.5% in manufacturing; 17.1% in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 4.2% in financial activities, 11.4% in professional and business services; 13% in educational and health services; 10.2% in leisure and hospitality services; and 24.7% in government.

In 2005, a total of 63,000 of New Mexico’s 777,000 employed wage and salary workers were members of a union, representing 8.1% of those so employed, compared to the national average of 12%.

21 Agriculture

The first farmers of New Mexico were the Pueblo Native Americans, who raised corn, beans, and squash. Wheat and barley were introduced from Europe, and indigo and chilies came from Mexico.

In 2005, New Mexico’s total farm marketings were $2.67 billion. About 25% came from crops and 75% from livestock products. Leading crops included hay and wheat. The state also produced corn for grain and potatoes.

22 Domesticated Animals

Meat animals, especially cattle, represent the bulk of New Mexico’s agricultural income. In 2005, there were nearly 1.5 million cattle and calves, valued at $1.64 billion. In 2004, there were an estimated 2,500 hogs and pigs, valued at $275,000 on New Mexico farms. During 2003, state farms and ranches produced around 7.6 million pounds (3.4 million kilograms) of sheep and lambs, which brought in a gross income of some $7.7 million. The main stock-raising regions are in the east, northeast, and northwest.

23 Fishing

There is no commercial fishing in New Mexico. In 2004, the state issued 205,291 sport fishing licenses. The native cutthroat trout is prized by sport fishermen, however, and numerous species have been introduced into state lakes and reservoirs. The federal government sponsors two fish hatcheries and technology centers in New Mexico, in Dexter and Mora. The Dexter center is the only facility in the nation dedicated to studying and distributing endangered fish for restocking in waters where they naturally occur. The center has worked with 14 imperiled fish species including the razorback sucker, Colorado squawfish, Guzman beautiful shiner, bonytail chub, and the Yaqui catfish.

24 Forestry

Lumber production was 111 million board feet in 2002. Although lumbering ranks low as a source of state income, the forests of New Mexico are of crucial importance because of the role they play in water conservation and recreation.

In 2004, there were 16,680,000 acres (670,000 hectares) of forestland, or more than 20% of New Mexico’s land area. Of that total, 9,522,000 acres (3,854,000 hectares) were federally owned or managed, and 825,000 acres (334,000 hectares) were owned by the state. Privately owned lands accounted for 6,331,000 acres (2,562,000 hectares).

25 Mining

In 2003, mineral production by New Mexico was valued at $533 million, placing the state at 25th in the nation. In 2003, New Mexico’s top minerals by value were potash and copper, followed by construction sand and gravel, cement (portland and masonry), and crushed stone. Together, these minerals accounted for about 90% of all mineral production.

By volume, the state continued to lead the country in the production of perlite, potash, and zeolite in 2003. The state ranked third in copper, mica, and pumice output, and fifth in molybdenum. The vast majority of the potash is used as a soil amendment in agriculture. The remainder is used in industry for such things as manufacturing television tubes, chinaware, soaps, and synthetic rubber.

26 Energy and Power

New Mexico is a major producer of oil and natural gas and has significant reserves of low-sulfur bituminous coal.

In 2003, total net summer generating capability was 6.289 million kilowatts, with total production that same year at 32.735 billion kilowatt hours. Of the total produced, 88% came from coal-fired plants, with natural-gas fired plants accounting for 10.7% of output. The remaining production came from other renewable sources, hydroelectric generation, and petroleum-fired plants.

Most of New Mexico’s natural gas and oil fields are located in the southeastern counties of Eddy, Lea, and Chaves, and in the northwestern counties of McKinley and San Juan. In 2004, crude oil production averaged 176,000 barrels per day. There were proven reserves in that same year of 669 million barrels. Marketed natural gas production in 2004 totaled 1.632 trillion cubic feet (46.36 billion cubic meters). Proven reserves of natural gas totaled 18.5 trillion cubic feet (525.7 billion cubic meters). In 2004, New Mexico’s four operating coal mines mined 19.565 million tons of coal.

27 Commerce

In 2002, New Mexico’s wholesale trade sector had sales totaling $8.9 billion, while the state’s retail trade sector that same year, had sales totaling of $18.3 billion. Motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts dealers accounted for the largest share of retail sales at $4.7 billion, followed by general merchandise stores at $3.3 billion, and gasoline stations at $2.09 billion. New Mexico’s foreign exports totaled $2.5 billion in 2005.

28 Public Finance

The governor of New Mexico submits a budget annually to the legislature for approval. The fiscal year runs from 1 July to 30 June.

Total revenues for 2004 were $11.8 billion, while total expenditures in that same year were $11.02 billion. The largest general expenditures were for education ($3.8 billion), public welfare ($2.49 billion), and highways ($633 million). New Mexico had a total outstanding debt of $5.4 billion, with a per capita (per person) debt of $2,843.56.

29 Taxation

As of 1 January 2006, New Mexico’s personal income tax schedule had four tax brackets ranging from 1.7% to 5.3%. The corporate tax rate ranged from 4.8% to 7.6%. The state levies a gross receipts tax on goods and services of 5%, which is in addition to local rates that reached to 2.25%. Food purchased for consumption off premises (such as at home) is also taxed. The state also imposes excise taxes on gasoline and on cigarettes.

The state collected $4.471 billion in taxes in 2005, of which 34.8% came from the general sales tax, 24.3% from individual income taxes, 13.7% from selective sales taxes, 5.4% from corporate income taxes, and 20.8% from other taxes. In that same year, New Mexico ranked 20th among the states in terms of combined state and local tax burden, which amounted to $2,319 per capita (per person), compared to the national average of $2,192 per person.

In October 2005, New Mexico’s infant death rate was 5.8 per 1,000 live births. The crude death rate in 2003 stood at 7.9 deaths per 1,000 population. As of 2002, major causes of death in New Mexico were heart disease, cancer, cerebrovascular diseases, chronic lower respiratory diseases, and diabetes. In 2004, 20.3% of all state residents were smokers. The rate of death from HIV-related infections was 1.9 per 100,000

population. In 2004, the reported AIDS case rate was around 9.6 per 100,000 residents.

New Mexico’s 37 community hospitals had about 3,700 beds in 2003. In 2004, there were 238 physicians per 100,000 population, and a total of 832 dentists. In 2005, there were 579 nurses per 100,000 people in New Mexico. The average expense for community hospital care was $1,563 per day. In 2004, approximately 22% of New Mexico’s residents were uninsured, the second highest percentage in the country (after Texas).

31 Housing

In 2004, New Mexico had an estimated 825,540 housing units, of which 711,827 were occupied, and 69.3% were owner-occupied. About 37.6% of all housing units in New Mexico were built from 1970 to 1989. Around 62.5% of all units were single-family, detached homes; and about 16% were mobile homes. Utility gas and electricity were the most common heating energy sources. It was estimated that 40,178 units lacked telephone service, 9,673 lacked complete plumbing facilities, and 10,186 lacked complete kitchen facilities. The average household size was 2.62 people.

In 2004, a total of 12,600 new privately owned units were authorized for construction. The median home value was $110,788. The median monthly cost for mortgage owners was $935, while renters paid a median of $546 per month.

32 Education

In 2004, of all New Mexicans age 25 and older, 82.9% were high school graduates. About 25.1% had obtained a bachelor’s degree or higher.

Total public school enrollment was estimated at 318,000 in fall 2003 and was expected to reach 338,000 by fall 2014. Expenditures for public education in 2003/04 were estimated at $2.8 billion. Enrollment in private schools in fall 2003 was 22,416.

As of fall 2002, there were 120,997 students enrolled in institutions of higher education. In 2005, New Mexico had 42 degree-granting institutions. The leading public institutions are the University of New Mexico, with its main campus at Albuquerque, and New Mexico State University in Las Cruces.

33 Arts

New Mexico is a state rich in Native American, Spanish, Mexican, and contemporary art. Major exhibits can be seen at the University of New Mexico Art Museum in Albuquerque, and the Art Museum of the Harwood Foundation in Taos. Taos itself is an artists’ colony of renown.

The Santa Fe Opera, one of the nation’s most distinguished regional opera companies, has its season during July and August. The New Mexico Symphony Orchestra (est. 1932, also called the Albuquerque Symphony Orchestra) and the Orchestra Chorus present a variety of musical programs from classical to pops. The Santa Fe Chamber Music Festival began in 1972.

New Mexico Arts, the state’s arts commission, has contributed funding to promote multicultural arts programs that reflect the Spanish and Native American cultural influences of the area. The New Mexico Endowment for the Humanities was founded in 1972.

34 Libraries and Museums

In 2001, there were 101 public libraries in New Mexico, of which 21 were branches. Collectively, the public library system had a combined total of over 4.13 million volumes and a circulation of 7.7 million. The largest municipal library is the Albuquerque Public Library. The largest university library is that of the University of New Mexico. There is a scientific library at Los Alamos and a law library at Santa Fe.

New Mexico has 109 museums. Noteworthy museums include the Maxwell Museum of Anthropology at Albuquerque and the Museum of International Folk Art in Santa Fe. The Institute of American Indian Arts Museum is also in Santa Fe. Historic sites include the Palace of the Governors (1610), the oldest US capital and probably the nation’s oldest public building. The Aztec Ruins National Monument and the Gila Cliff Dwellings Monument are also noteworthy.

35 Communications

In 2004, about 91.4% of the state’s occupied housing units had telephones. That same year, there were 939,091 wireless telephone service subscribers. In 2003, computers were in 53.9% of all households in the state, while 44.5% had access to the Internet. In 2005 there were 5 major AM and 37 major FM radio stations. There were also nine major network television stations in that same year. The Albuquerque-Santa Fe area had 568,650 television households, 57% of which had cable. A total of 29,730 Internet domain names were registered in the state in 2000.

36 Press

The first newspaper published in New Mexico was El Crepsculo de la Libertad (Dawn of Liberty), a Spanish-language paper established in Santa Fe in 1834. The Santa Fe Republican, established in 1847, was the first English-language newspaper. In 2005, there were 18 daily newspapers (including 9 morning and 9 evening) and 13 Sunday newspapers in the state. The leading dailies and their approximate circulation rates in 2004 included the Albuquerque Journal, 107,306 daily, 151,146 Sundays; and the Santa Fe New Mexican, 24,667 daily, 26,812 Sundays. La Herencia (est. 1994) and Tradicin Revista are magazines devoted to regional Hispanic history, art, and culture.

37 Tourism, Travel & Recreation

In 2002, the state hosted about 11.5 million travelers. About 28.6% of all trips were instate travel by residents. The most popular vacation area was the Albuquerque-Santa Fe region (with 22.9% of all visitors), followed by Taos.

Shopping, outdoor activities, and historical sites were the most popular attractions. Hunting, fishing, camping, boating, and skiing are among the many outdoor attractions. The state has a national park—Carlsbad Caverns—and 13 national monuments, including Aztec Ruins, Chaco Canyon, and Gila Cliff Dwellings. Roswell, the site of an alleged UFO crash in 1947, is also popular with tourists. In 1984, the US House of Representatives designated 27,840 acres (11,266 hectares) of new wilderness preserves in New Mexico’s San Juan basin, including a 2,720-acre (1,100-hectare) “fossil forest.”

38 Sports

New Mexico has no professional major league sports teams, but Albuquerque does have a minor league baseball team in the AAA Pacific Coast League. Thoroughbred and quarter horse racing with pari-mutuel betting is an important spectator sport. Sunland Park, south of Las Cruces, has a winter long schedule. From May to August there is racing and betting at Ruidoso Downs, Sun Ray Park, and the Downs at Albuquerque.

The Lobos of the University of New Mexico compete in the Mountain West Conference, while the Aggies of New Mexico State belong to the Big West Conference.

Other annual sporting events include the Great Overland Windsail Race in Lordsburg in June, the Silver City RPCA Wild, Wild West Rodeo Week in Gila in June, and the International Balloon Fiesta in Albuquerque in October.

39 Famous New Mexicans

Among the earliest Europeans to explore New Mexico were Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (b.Spain, 1510–1554) and Juan de Oñate (b.Mexico, 1549?–1624?), the founder of New Mexico. Army scout and trapper Christopher Houston “Kit” Carson (b.Kentucky, 1809–1868) made his home in Taos. Among the more notorious of the frontier figures in New Mexico was Billy the Kid (William H. Bonney, b.New York, 1859–1881).

New Mexico has attracted many artists and writers. Painters Bert G. Phillips (b.New York, 1868–1956) and Ernest Leonard Blumenschein (b.Ohio 1874–1960) started the famous Taos art colony in 1898. The most famous person to take up residence there was English novelist D. H. Lawrence (1885–1930). New Mexico’s best known artist is Georgia O’Keeffe (b.Wisconsin, 1887–1986). Entertainers born in the state include John Denver (1943–1998) and Demi Moore (b.1962).

Other prominent persons who have made New Mexico their home include Pulitzer Prize-winning editorial cartoonist Bill Mauldin (1921–2003) and novelist N. Scott Momaday (b.Oklahoma, 1934); and golfer Nancy Lopez (b.California, 1957). Auto racer Al Unser, Sr. (b.1939) was born in Albuquerque.

40 Bibliography

BOOKS

Bristow, M. J. State Songs of America. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Heinrichs, Ann. New Mexico. Minneapolis, MN: Compass Point Books, 2004.

Murray, Julie. New Mexico. Edina, MN: Abdo Publishing, 2006.

Sateren, Shelley Swanson. New Mexico Facts and Symbols. Rev. ed. Mankato, MN: Capstone Press, 2003.

Weiss-Malik, Linda S. New Mexico. Milwaukee, WI: Gareth Stevens, 2007.

WEB SITES

New Mexico Tourism Department. New Mexico: Land of Enchantment. www.newmexico.org (accessed March 1, 2007).

State of New Mexico. Welcome to the New Mexico. www.newmexico.gov (accessed March 1, 2007).

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New Mexico

New Mexico

New Mexico entered the Union on January 6, 1912, as the forty-seventh state. Located in the southwestern United States, it is bordered by Colorado , Oklahoma , Texas , Mexico, Arizona , and Utah . New Mexico is the fifth-largest state, with a total area of 121,593 square miles (314,924 square kilometers).

The first major European expedition to New Mexico began in 1540 and was led by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (c. 1510–1554). These Spanish explorers met several Native American tribes, including the Pueblo, Navajo, and Apache.

The first settlement was formed in 1599, and in 1610 the Spanish developed Santa Fe as the center of all activity. In 1821, New Mexico fell under Mexican rule and remained so for twenty-five years. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed in 1848, officially made New Mexico a part of the United States. Two years later, it became a U.S. territory.

As greater numbers of white settlers traveled the Santa Fe Trail seeking homes in the Southwest, Native Americans resisted having their lands taken from them. The conflicts were sometimes violent. Cattle ranchers and merchants also fought over land in the Lincoln County War (1878–81). The most famous participant in the war was outlaw Billy the Kid (c. 1859–1881), who fought on the side of the ranchers.

The 1920s brought prosperity to New Mexico, as reserves of potash salts and petroleum were discovered. The Great Depression (1929–41) brought an end to that period of economic development, but World War II (1939–45) revived the economy once more.

In more recent years, New Mexico experienced an influx of newcomers, which has brought about major social, cultural, and political change. In 2006, New Mexico had the highest percentage of Hispanic and Native American populations (43.6 percent and 9.6 percent, respectively) in the United States. Total population that year was just under two million.

Santa Fe remains the center of cultural activity in New Mexico, a state renowned for its dedication to multicultural arts. The state's largest city, Albuquerque, attracts millions of visitors each year, as does Taos.

New Mexico's economy depends on major industries such as petroleum, food, and manufacturing. Tourism is a flourishing sector of the state's economy, with natural attractions like the Carlsbad Caverns and Roswell, the site of an alleged UFO crash in 1947, as main attractions. Roswell is also home to the New Mexico Military Institute.

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New Mexico

New Mexico

New Mexico, a colony of Spain (1598–1821), province of Mexico (1822–1846), territory (1846–1912), and state (1912) in the southwestern United States. The colony, or kingdom and provinces of New Mexico, with its capital at Santa Fe (1610), represented Spain's grandiose but ill-defined claim to the far north of New Spain. Founded in 1598 by Juan de Oñate under contract with the Spanish crown, New Mexico offered no easily exploitable resource, so Oñate resigned as governor in 1607. Its status changed from proprietary to royal colony in 1609 when it became, in effect, a government-subsidized Franciscan ministry to the Pueblo nation. A momentous event, the Pueblo Rebellion (1680–1696), caused a readjustment of human relations, as crusading intolerance gave way to practical military cooperation against common enemies. The purpose of the colony, which was still subsidized, shifted from missionary to military, when it began serving as buffer against Frenchmen and Englishmen, Apaches and Comanches.

About 1750 the Hispanic population surpassed that of the Pueblos for the first time and by 1800 stood at about 20,000. A series of alliances with non-Pueblo groups negotiated by Governor Juan Bautista de Anza, the most important of which was that with the Comanches in 1786, permitted a century of unprecedented expansion. In 1821, Mexican independence and encouragement of foreign commerce gave rise to the Santa Fe trade and to the economic reorientation of New Mexico from Chihuahua to Missouri. As a result, the United States faced only sporadic resistance when its Army of the West occupied New Mexico in 1846 during the Mexican-American War. Although it was the most populous of the Mexican provinces that fell to the United States, New Mexico was long considered by Congress a wasteland between the great states of Texas and California. Given their familiar boundaries in the 1850s and 1860s, New Mexico and Arizona did not achieve statehood until 1912. As of 2006, New Mexico's population was estimated at 1,954,599. As of 2000, it was 42 percent Hispanic, and 9.5 percent Native American.

See alsoAnza, Juan Bautista de; Comanches; Missions: Spanish America; Oñate, Juan de; Pueblo Rebellion; Santa Fe, New Mexico.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

See Handbook of North American Indians, vols. 9 and 10, Southwest, edited by Alfonso Ortiz (1979; 1983); Marc Simmons, New Mexico: An Interpretive History (1988); Jerry L. Williams, ed., New Mexico in Maps, 2d ed. (1986); and Charles L. Briggs and John R. Van Ness, eds., Land, Water, and Culture: New Perspectives on Hispanic Land Grants (1987).

Additional Bibliography

Chavez, Thomas E. An Illustrated History of New Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2002.

Chavez, Thomas E. New Mexico Past and Future. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2006.

Will de Chaparro, Martina. Death and Dying in New Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2007.

                                      John L. Kessell

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New Mexico

NEW MEXICO

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New Mexico

New Mexico

Crescit eundo (It grows as it goes).

At a Glance

Name: New Mexico was named after Mexico by Spanish explorers in the 16th century.

Nickname: Land of Enchantment

Capital: Santa Fe

Size: 121,598 sq. mi. (314,939 sq km)

Population: 1,819,046

Statehood: New Mexico became the 47th state on January 6, 1912.

Electoral votes: 5 (2004)

U.S. representatives: 3 (until 2003)

State tree: piñon

State flower: yucca

State animal: black bear

Highest point: Wheeler Peak, 13,161 ft. (4,011 m)

The Place

New Mexico, a southwestern state, is the fifth-largest state in area but is one of the least populated. The eastern third of New Mexico is part of the Great Plains, and irrigation has made parts of this area into good farmland. The Rocky Mountains extend through the middle of New Mexico. Snow from the tops of these mountains provides water for crop irrigation in the Rio Grande valley.

To the south and west of the Rockies, toward the borders with Arizona and Mexico, are more isolated mountain ranges. Desert basins lie between some of these mountains. The northwestern corner of New Mexico is the most unusual, with rugged valleys, plains, canyons, cliffs, and flat-topped hills called mesas. (Mesa is Spanish for "table.")

New Mexico has few lakes, but forests cover about one-fourth of the state. Desert plants, including cactus and sage, are common in the driest regions. New Mexico's climate is warm and dry, and the state receives less than 20 inches (51 cm) of rain or snow each year. The northern mountains receive the majority of New Mexico's precipitation.

New Mexico: Facts and Firsts

  1. Santa Fe, at 7,000 feet (2,134 m) above sea level, is the highest capital city in the United States. Its Palace of Governors, built in 1610, is the oldest government building in the United States.
  2. The Taos Pueblo, outside the city of Taos, has been occupied for more than 900 years.
  3. In several small, isolated villages in north-central New Mexico, including Truchas, Chimayo, and Coyote, some residents still speak a form of 16th-century Spanish that is extinct in the rest of the world.
  4. Three-quarters of New Mexico's roads are unpaved. The climate is so dry that these roads do not wash away.
  5. New Mexico's state flower, the yucca, can be woven into rope, baskets, and sandals.
  6. In 1945, the first atomic bomb, which was manufactured in Los Alamos, was tested at the White Sands Testing Site outside of Alamogordo.
  7. More than one-third of New Mexican families speaks Spanish at home.

New Mexico has plentiful deposits of oil, natural gas, and uranium.

The Past

New Mexico has been the home of Native Americans for more than 10,000 years. One of the most advanced Native American groups, the Anasazi, built cliff dwellings that still stand today. One of these dwellings, the Pueblo Bonito, was an apartment building–like structure with between 600 and 700 rooms. Descendants of the Anasazi, the Pueblo, still live in New Mexico today.

The Spanish explored New Mexico in the 1530s after they had traveled from Florida to Mexico. Upon their return to Europe, they told stories of seven mythical cities made of gold that referred to New Mexico. The lure of riches attracted other explorers, and a Spanish colony was established near the Chama River in 1598. The Spanish imposed forced labor, taxation, and the Roman Catholic religion on the native peoples, who revolted and attacked the Spaniards.

In the 1700s, trappers from the American East made their way into New Mexico. They were friendly with the Mexican government, which took control of New Mexico in 1821. The United States won New Mexico from Mexico in 1848. In 1850, New Mexico became a U.S. territory. Fighting between the native peoples and Mexican and American settlers took place during this entire period.

Native American unrest lasted until 1886, when the Apache leader Geronimo surrendered to the United States. Fighting between the new settlers was common also, as outlaws such as Billy the Kid fought sheriffs like Pat Garrett, the sheriff of Lincoln County.

New Mexico: State Smart

The Kodak International Balloon Fiesta, held every October in Albuquerque, is the largest balloon festival in the world.

During the late 1800s, new railroads linked New Mexico with the rest of the country, and the territory enjoyed a mining and cattle boom. In 1912, New Mexico entered the Union as a state.

Cattle ranching was the most common occupation in the state until the 1920s, when oil was discovered. In 1930, the famous Carlsbad Caverns became the site of a national park, and brought tourists to the state.

New Mexico played an important role in World War II, when the first atomic bombs were built at Los Alamos, a nuclear science research center. Scientific research conducted at Los Alamos National Laboratory in the 1940s and 1950s led to growth in many of New Mexico's industries. Another boost to the economy came from the tourist industry, which grew during the 1960s and 1970s with the construction of winter sports resorts.

New Mexico's economy was hurt in the early 1990s when the U.S. government curtailed spending on military research, but growth in the tourism and manufacturing industries helped the state to recover.

The Present

Today, scientists at Los Alamos continue to conduct research, but their studies are now on nuclear energy. Nuclear weapons research is performed at Sandia National Laboratory in Albuquerque. Large plants located near Albuquerque produce military communications equipment and computer chips.

Mining and manufacturing are other key industries in New Mexico. Mines bring millions of gallons of oil and natural gas from the ground. Companies in the state produce chemicals, clothing, petroleum products, and primary metals.

Cattle ranching continues to be New Mexico's most important agricultural activity. Farms, which occupy about 55 percent of New Mexico's land, grow hay, chili peppers, pecans, cotton, onions, and wheat.

Born in New Mexico

  1. John Denver , singer and songwriter
  2. Conrad Hilton , hotel executive
  3. Peter Hurd , artist
  4. Maria Martinez , artist
  5. Demi Moore , actress
  6. Bill Mauldin , political cartoonist
  7. Al Unser , auto racer
  8. Linda Wertheimer , radio journalist

New Mexico, with its rich, colorful history, unique scenery, and winter sports, attracts thousands of tourists every year. As more people are attracted to the state because of its warm, dry climate, New Mexico has become one of the country's fastest-growing states.

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