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Colorado

Colorado

State of Colorado

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: From the Spanish word colorado, meaning red or reddish brown. The Colorado River often runs red during flood stages.

NICKNAME: The Centennial State.

CAPITAL: Denver.

ENTERED UNION: 1 August 1876 (38th).

SONG: "Where the Columbines Grow."

MOTTO: Nil sine numine (Nothing without providence).

COAT OF ARMS: The upper portion of a heraldic shield shows three snow-capped mountains surrounded by clouds; the lower portion has a miner's pick and shovel crossed. Above the shield are an eye of God and a Roman fasces, symbolizing the republican form of government; the state motto is below.

FLAG: Superimposed on three equal horizontal bands of blue, white, and blue is a large red "C" encircling a golden disk.

OFFICIAL SEAL: The coat of arms surrounded by the words "State of Colorado 1876."

BIRD: Lark bunting.

FISH: Greenback cutthroat trout.

FLOWER: Columbine.

TREE: Blue spruce.

GEM: Aquamarine.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Lincoln's Birthday, 12 February; Washington's Birthday, 3rd Monday in February; Cesar Chavez Day, 31 March; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Colorado Day, 1st Monday in August; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Election Day, 1st Tuesday after 1st Monday in November in even-numbered years; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME: 5 AM MST = noon GMT.

LOCATION, SIZE, AND EXTENT

Located in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States, Colorado ranks eighth in size among the 50 states.

The state's total area is 104,091 sq mi (269,596 sq km), of which 103,595 sq mi (268,311 sq km) consists of land and 496 sq mi (1,285 sq km) comprises inland water. Shaped in an almost perfect rectangle, Colorado extends 387 mi (623 km) e-w and 276 mi (444 km) n-s.

Colorado is bordered on the n by Wyoming and Nebraska; on the e by Nebraska and Kansas; on the s by Oklahoma and New Mexico; and on the w by Utah (with the New Mexico and Utah borders meeting at Four Corners). The total length of Colorado's boundaries is 1,307 mi (2,103 km). The state's geographic center lies in Park County, 30 mi (48 km) nw of Pikes Peak.

TOPOGRAPHY

With a mean average elevation of 6,800 ft (2,074 m), Colorado is the nation's highest state. Dominating the state are the Rocky Mountains. Colorado has 54 peaks 14,000 ft (4,300 m) or higher, including Elbert, the highest in the Rockies at 14,433 ft (4,402 m), and Pikes Peak, at 14,110 ft (4,301 m), one of the state's leading tourist attractions.

The entire eastern third of the state is part of the western Great Plains, a high plateau that rises gradually to the foothills of the Rockies. Colorado's lowest point, 3,350 ft (1,022 m), on the Arkansas River, is located in this plateau region. Running in a ragged north-south line, slightly west of the state's geographic center, is the Continental Divide, which separates the Rockies into the Eastern and Western slopes. The Eastern Slope Front (Rampart) Range runs south from the Wyoming border and just west of Colorado Springs. Also on the Eastern Slope are the Park, Mosquito, Medicine Bow, and Laramie mountains. Western Slope ranges include the Sawatch, Gore, Elk, Elkhead, and William Fork mountains. South of the Front Range, crossing into New Mexico, is the Sangre de Cristo Range, separated from the San Juan Mountains to its west by the broad San Luis Valley. Several glaciers, including Arapahoe, St. Mary's, Andrews, and Taylor, are located on peaks at or near the Continental Divide. Colorado's western region is mostly mesa country: broad, flat plateaus accented by deep ravines and gorges, with many subterranean caves. Running northwest from the San Juans are the Uncompahgre Plateau, Grand Mesa, Roan Plateau, Flat Tops, and Danforth Hills. The Yampa and Green gorges are located in the northwestern corner of the state.

Blue Mesa Reservoir in Gunnison County is Colorado's largest lake. Six major river systems originate in Colorado: the Colorado River, which runs southwest from the Rockies to Utah; the South Platte, northeast to Nebraska; the North Platte, north to Wyoming; the Rio Grande, south to New Mexico; and the Arkansas and Republican, east to Kansas. Dams on these rivers provide irrigation for the state's farmland and water supplies for cities and towns. Eighteen hot springs are still active in Colorado; the largest is at Pagosa Springs.

CLIMATE

Abundant sunshine and low humidity typify Colorado's highland continental climate. Winters are generally cold and snowy, especially in the higher elevations of the Rocky Mountains. Summers are characterized by warm, dry days and cool nights.

The average annual temperature statewide ranges from 54°f (12°c) at Lamar and at John Martin Dam to about 32°f (0°c) at the top of the Continental Divide; differences in elevation account for significant local variations on any given day. Denver's annual average is 51°f (10°c); normal temperatures range from 16° to 43°f (9° to 6°c) in January and from 59° to 88°f (15° to 31°c) in July. Bennett recorded the highest temperature in Colorado, 118°f (48°c), on 11 July 1888; the record low was 61°f (52°c), in Moffat County, on 1 February 1985.

Annual precipitation ranges from a low of 7 in (18 cm) in Alamosa to a high of 25 in (64 cm) in Crested Butte, with Denver receiving about 15.8 in (40 cm) during 19712000. Denver's snowfall averages 60.3 in (153.2 cm) yearly. The average snowfall at Cubres in the southern mountains is nearly 300 in (762 cm); less than 30 mi (48 km) away at Manassa, snowfall is less than 25 in (64 cm). On 14-15 April 1921, Silver Lake had 76 in (193 cm) of snowfall, the highest amount ever recorded in North America during a 24-hour period.

FLORA AND FAUNA

Colorado's great range in elevation and temperature contributes to a variety of vegetation, distributed among five zones: plains, foothills, montane, subalpine, and alpine. The plains teem with grasses and as many as 500 types of wildflowers. Arid regions contain two dozen varieties of cacti. Foothills are matted with berry shrubs, lichens, lilies, and orchids, while fragile wild flowers, shrubs, and conifers thrive in the montane zone. Aspen and Engelmann spruce are found up to the timberline. As of 2003, 13 plant species were listed as threatened or endangered, including three species of cacti, two species of milk-vetch, Penland beardtongue, and Colorado butterfly plant.

Colorado has counted as many as 747 nongame wildlife species and 113 sport-game species. Principal big-game species are the elk, mountain lion, Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep (the state animal), antelope, black bear, and white-tailed and mule deer; the mountain goat and the mooseintroduced in 1948 and 1975, respectivelyare the only nonnative big-game quarry. The lark bunting is the state bird; blue grouse and mourning doves are numerous, and 28 duck species have been sighted. Colorado has about 100 sport-fish species. Scores of lakes and rivers contain bullhead, kokanee salmon, and a diversity of trout. Rare Colorado fauna include the golden trout, white pelican, and wood frog. In April 2006, a total of 30 species occurring within the state were on the threatened and endangered species list of the US Fish and Wildlife Service. These included 17 animal (vertebrates and invertebrates) and 13 plant species. The Mexican spotted owl and bald eagle are among threatened species. The razorback sucker, gray wolf, whooping crane, black-footed ferret, southwestern willow flycatcher, and bonytail chub are among endangered species.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

The Department of Natural Resources and the Department of Health share responsibility for state environmental programs. The first efforts to protect Colorado's natural resources were the result of federal initiatives. On 16 October 1891, US president Benjamin Harrison set aside the White River Plateau as the first forest reserve in the state. Eleven years later, President Theodore Roosevelt incorporated six areas in the Rockies as national forests. By 1906, 11 national forests covering about one-fourth of the state had been created. Mesa Verde National Park, founded in 1906, and Rocky Mountain National Park (1915) were placed under the direct control of the National Park Service. In 1978, Colorado became the first state in the United States to encourage taxpayers to allocate part of their state income tax refunds to wildlife conservation. In addition, a state lottery was approved in the late 1980s, with proceeds approved for Great Outdoors Colorado (GOCO) to be used for parks improvement and wildlife and resource management.

Air pollution, water supply problems, and hazardous wastes head the list of Colorado's current environmental concerns. The Air Quality Control Commission, within the Department of Health, has primary responsibility for air pollution control. Because of high levels of carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particulates in metropolitan Denver, Colorado Springs, Pueblo, and other cities, a motor vehicle emissions inspection system was inaugurated in January 1982 for gasoline-powered vehicles and in January 1985 for diesel-powered vehicles. The high altitudes of Colorado almost double auto emissions compared to auto emissions at sea level. The high level of particulates in the air is a result of frequent temperature inversions along Colorado's Front Range. The state has launched an aggressive campaign to improve air quality. Cars must use oxygenated fuels and pass tough vehicle emissions controls, and driving is discouraged on high-pollution days. In 2003, 22.5 million lb of toxic chemicals were released by the state.

Formal efforts to ensure the state's water supply date from the Newlands Reclamation Act of 1902, a federal program designed to promote irrigation projects in the semiarid plains areas; its first effort, the Uncompahgre Valley Project, reclaimed 146,000 acres (59,000 hectares) in Montrose and Delta counties. One of the largest undertakings, the Colorado-Big Thompson Project, started in the 1930s, diverts a huge amount of water from the Western to the Eastern Slope. Colorado's efforts to obtain water rights to the Vermejo River in the Rockies were halted in 1984 by the US Supreme Court, which ruled that New Mexico would retain these rights. Some 98% of Colorado's drinking water complies with federal and state standards. The Colorado Department of Health works with local officials to ensure federal standards for drinking water are met. Isolated aquifers are generally in good condition in Colorado, though a few are contaminated. Colorado's groundwater quality is generally high.

Colorado's rapid population growth during the 1970s and early 1980s taxed an already low water table, especially in the Denver metropolitan area. The Department of Natural Resource's Water Conservation Board and Division of Water Resources are responsible for addressing this and other water-related problems.

The Department of Health has primary responsibility for hazardous waste management. From 1984 until the mid-1990s, the department, along with federal agencies, undertook the cleanup of nearly 7,000 contaminated sites in Grand Junction and other parts of Mesa County; these sites, homes and properties, were contaminated during the 1950s and 1960s by radioactive mill tailings that had been used as building material and that were not considered hazardous at the time. (It is now known that the low-level radiation emitted by the mill tailings can cause cancer and genetic damage.) In the fall of 1984, Aspen was placed on the federal US Environment Protection Agency (EPA) list of dangerous waste sites because potentially hazardous levels of cadmium, lead, and zinc were found in Aspen's streets, buildings, and water. Cadmium, lead, and zinc mill tailings had been used as filling material during the construction of the popular resort. Also in the mid-1980s, Rocky Flats, a former plutonium production site near Golden, was closed and a major cleanup was begun; by 2003, all plutonium and uranium had been removed. During 2004 and 2005 the buildings at Rocky Flats were scheduled to be demolished. Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge was planned for the site when the demolition was complete. (The site had been the focus of many protests during the 1970s, and has been a major newsmaker since the start of the cleanup. In 2003, the EPA database listed 202 hazardous waste sites in Colorado, 17 of which were on the National Priorities List as of 2006, including the Rocky Mountain Arsenal (US Army), Denver Radium Site, and Uravan Uranium Project site of Union Carbide Corp. In 2005, the EPA spent over $22.9 million through the Superfund program for the cleanup of hazardous waste sites in the state. Also in 2005, federal EPA grants awarded to the state included $13.7 million for a cleanwater revolving loan fund.

Some 1.5% of the state's land is covered with wetlands, a 50% decrease over the last two centuries.

POPULATION

Colorado ranked 22nd in population in the United States, with an estimated total of 4,656,177 in 2005, an increase of 8.4% since 2000. Between 1990 and 2000, Colorado's population grew from 3,294,394 to 4,301,261, an increase of 30.6%. This was the third-largest percentage increase in the country for this period (exceeded only by Nevada and Arizona) and the eighth-largest gain in population size. The population was projected to reach 5 million by 2015 and 5.5 million by 2025.

Colorado rose from 30th in population in 1970 to 28th in 1980 and 26th in 1990, with a 14% increase during the 1980s. The population density in 2004 was 44.4 people per sq mi. The estimated median age in 2004 was 34.5 years; 9.8% of the population was over 65 and persons under 18 years old accounted for 25.6% of the population.

Denver is the state's largest city and was, in 2004, the 25th largest US city. Its estimated 2004 population was 556,835, but its metropolitan area (including Aurora) exceeded 2,330,146, or about half the state's population, in 2004. Other major cities, with their estimated 2004 population figures, are Colorado Springs, 369,363; Aurora, 291,843; Lakewood, 141,301; Fort Collins, 126,967; Westminster, 104,759; and Pueblo, 103,621.

ETHNIC GROUPS

Once the sole inhabitants of the state, American Indians in 2000 numbered 44,241, up from 28,000 in 1990. In 2004, American Indians accounted for 1.1% of the total population. The black population is also small, 165,063, or 3.8% in 2000; the percentage for Denver, however, was considerably higher (11.1% in 2000). In 2004, the black population was 4.1% of the total population. Of far greater importance to the state's history, culture, and economy are its Hispanic and Latino residents, of whom there were 735,601 in 2000 (17.1%), up from 424,000 (under 13%) in 1990. Among residents of Denver, 31.7% were Hispanic or Latino in 2000. In 2004, 19.1% of the state's residents was of Hispanic or Latino origin. Of over 95,213 Asians (2.2%), up from 60,000 in 1990, 11,571 were Japanese (down from 15,198 in 1990); 16,395, Korean (up from 12,490 in 1990); 15,457, Vietnamese (more than double the 1990 total of 6,679); 15,658, Chinese (up from 9,117 in 1990); and 8,941, Filipino. In 2004, 2.5% of the population was Asian. The population of Pacific Islanders was estimated at 4,621 in 2000. In 2004, the percentage of Pacific Islanders in Colorado was 0.1%. In all, 369,903 residents, or 8.6% of the state population, were foreign born in 2000. In 2004, 1.8% of the population reported origin of two or more races.

LANGUAGES

The first whites to visit Colorado found Arapaho, Kiowa, Comanche, and Cheyenne Indians roaming the plains and often fighting the Ute Indians in the mountains. Despite this diverse heritage, Indian place-names are not numerous: Pagosa Springs, Uncompahgre, Kiowa, and Arapahoe.

Colorado English is a mixture of the Northern and Midland dialects, in proportions varying according to settlement patterns. Homesteading New Englanders in the northeast spread sick to the stomach, pail, and comforter (tied and filled bedcover), which in the northwest and the southern half are Midland sick at the stomach, bucket, and comfort. South Midland butter beans and snap beans appear in the eastern agricultural strip. Denver has slat fence, and Heinz dog (mongrel). In the southern half of the state, the large Spanish population has bred many loanwords such as arroyo (small canyon or gulley) and penco (pet lamb).

In 2000, 3,402,266 Coloradans, amounting to 84.9% of the residents five years old and older, spoke only English at home, down from 89.5% in 1990.

The following table gives selected statistics from the 2000 Census for language spoken at home by persons five years old and over.

LANGUAGE NUMBER PERCENT
Population 5 years and over 4,006,285 100.0
  Speak only English 3,402,266 84.9
  Speak a language other than English 604,019 15.1
Speak a language other than English 604,019 15.1
  Speanish or Spanish Creole 421,670 10.5
  German 30,824 0.8
  French (incl. Patois, Cajun) 18,045 0.5
  Vietnames 12,499 0.3
  Korean 12,045 0.3
  Chinese 11,333 0.3
  Russian 10,737 0.3
  Japanese 6,605 0.2
  Italian 5,703 0.1
  Polish 5,064 0.1
  Tagalog 5,013 0.1
  Arabic 4,998 0.1

RELIGIONS

The Spanish explorers who laid claim to (but did not settle in) Colorado were Roman Catholic, but the first American settlers were mostly Methodists, Lutherans, and Episcopalians. Some evangelical groups sought to proselytize the early mining camps during the mid-19th century.

Roman Catholics comprise the single largest religious group in the state, with 627,753 adherents in 2006 parishes in 2004. The United Methodist Church, which was the second-largest Protestant denomination in 1990, slipped down to fourth in 2000, with 77,286 adherents in 222 congregations. The second-largest group is the Latter-Day Saints, with 126,118 adherents in 275 congregations as of 2006. The Southern Baptist Convention had 85,083 adherents in 243 congregations in 2000; there were 1,898 newly baptized members in 2002.

There were about 72,000 adherents in the Jewish community in 2000. The same year, there were about 72 Buddhist, 7 Hindu, and 12 Muslim congregations in the state. About 60.5% of the population did not specify a religious affiliation.

The World Evangelical Fellowship is headquartered in Colorado Springs. The national headquarters of Promise Keepers, primarily a Christian men's organization, is in Denver. A Youth for Christ national service center is located in Englewood.

TRANSPORTATION

As the hub of the Rocky Mountain states, Colorado maintains extensive road and rail systems.

Because of its difficult mountainous terrain, Colorado was bypassed by the first transcontinental railroads. In 1870, however, the Denver Pacific built a line from Denver to the Union Pacific's cross-country route at Cheyenne, Wyoming. Several intrastate lines were built during the 1870s, connecting Denver with the mining towns. In particular, the Denver and Rio Grande built many narrow-gauge lines through the mountains. Denver finally became part of a main transcontinental line in 1934. As of 2003, there were 3,645 rail mi (5,868 km) of track in the state, utilized by 14 railroads. This included two Class I railroads. As of 2006, two Amtrak trains, the California Zephyr and the Southwest Chief, provided service to nine cities in Colorado.

Colorado has an extensive network of roads, including 29 mountain passes. As of 2004 there were 87,096 mi (140,225 km) of roadway in Colorado. The major state roads are Interstate 70, US 40, and US 50 crossing the state from east to west, and Interstate 25 running north-south along the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains between Raton Pass and Cheyenne, Wyoming. Interstate 76 connects Denver on a northeasterly diagonal with Nebraska's I-80 to Omaha.

Of the approximately 1.990 million motor vehicles registered in 2004, there were some 880,000 automobiles, 1.096 million trucks of all types, and 2,000 buses. There were 3,205,054 licensed drivers in that same year.

In 2005, Colorado had a total of 437 public and private-use aviation-related facilities. This included 259 airports, 172 heliports, and 6 STOLports (Short Take-Off and Landing). Denver International Airport (DIA) replaced the former Stapleton International Airport in 1994 as the state's largest and busiest. In 2004, DIA handled 20,407,002 enplanements, making it the fifth busiest airport in the United States. In addition to DIA, Centennial Airport (formerly Arapahoe County Airport), located in suburban Denver, is the Rocky Mountain region's busiest general aviation airport, and in 2003, it ranked as the second-busiest such airport in the nation. General-aviation airports handle unscheduled flights, such as business and private aircraft.

HISTORY

A hunting people lived in eastern Colorado at least 20,000 years ago, but little is known about them. The Basket Makers, who came to southwestern Colorado after 100 bc, grew corn and squash and lived in pit houses. By ad 800, there were Pueblo tribes who practiced advanced forms of agriculture and pottery making. From the 11th through the 13th centuries (when they migrated southward), the Pueblo Indians constructed elaborate apartment-like dwellings in the cliffs of the Colorado canyons and planted their crops both on the mesa tops and in the surrounding valleys.

In the 1500s, when Spanish conquistadors arrived in the Southwest, northeastern Colorado was dominated by the Cheyenne and Arapaho, allied against the Comanche and Kiowa to the south. These plains-dwellers also warred with the mountain-dwelling Ute Indians, who were divided into the Capote, Moache, and Wiminuche in the southwest; the Yampa, Grand River, and Uintah in the northwest; and the Tabeguache and Uncompahgre along the Gunnison River.

The exact date of the first Spanish entry into the region now called Colorado is undetermined; the explorer Juan de Onate is believed to have traveled into the southeastern area in 1601. More than a century later, in 1706, Juan de Uribarri claimed southeastern Colorado for Spain, joining it with New Mexico. Meanwhile, French traders did little to stake out their claim to the Colorado region, which included most of the area east of the Rocky Mountains. In 1763, France formally ceded the Louisiana Territory to Spain, which returned it to the French in 1801. Two years later, as part of the Louisiana Purchase, Colorado east of the Rockies became US land; the rest of Colorado still belonged to Spain.

Formal boundaries had never been demarcated between the lands of French Louisiana and Spanish New Mexico. In 1806, the US government sent out a group led by Lt. Zebulon M. Pike to explore this southwestern border. Pike's group reached Pueblo on 23 November 1806 and then attempted without success to scale the peak that now bears his name. Not until 1819 did the United States and Spain agree to establish the boundary along the Arkansas River and then northward along the Continental Divide. The following year, Maj. Stephen Long explored this new border, and Dr. Edwin James made the first known ascent of Pikes Peak.

Eastern Colorado remained a wilderness for the next few decades, although traders and scouts like Charles and William Bent, Kit Carson, and Jim Bridger did venture into the largely uncharted and inhospitable land, establishing friendly relations with the Colorado Indians. It was in 1840 at Bent's Fort, the area's major trading center, that the four major eastern tribes ended their warfare and struck an alliance, a bond that lasted through their later struggle against the white settlers and US government. Between 1842 and 1853, John C. Frémont led five expeditions into the region, the first three for the US government. In 1842, he traveled along the South Platte River; on the next two trips, he crossed the Rockies. In his fourth expedition, he and a few of his party barely survived severe winter conditions. Finally, in 1853, Frémont led an expedition over a route traveled by Capt. John Gunnison earlier that year, through the San Luis Valley over Cochetopa Pass and along the Gunnison River. The 1853 trips were made five years after western and southern Colorado had come into US possession through the Mexican War.

The magnet that drew many Americans to Colorado was the greatly exaggerated report of a gold strike in Cherry Creek (present-day Denver) in July 1858. Within a year, thousands of prospectors had crossed the plains to seek their fortune. Many were disappointed and headed back east, but those who stayed benefited from a second strike at North Clear Creek, some 40 mi (64 km) to the west. The subsequent boom led to the founding of such mining towns as Central City, Tarryall, Golden, Blackhawk, Boulder, Nevadaville, Colorado City, and Gold Hill. By 1860, the pop-ulation exceeded 30,000. A bill to organize a territory called Colorado, along the lines of the state's present-day boundaries, was passed by the US Congress on 28 February 1861. Colorado City, Golden, and Denver served, at various times, as the territorial capital until 1867 when Denver was selected as the permanent site. Colorado sided with the Union during the Civil War, though some settlers fought for the Confederacy. Union troops from Colorado helped defeat a contingent led by Confederate Gen. Henry H. Sibley at La Glorieta Pass in New Mexico in 1862.

The 1860s also saw the most serious conflict between Indians and white settlers in Colorado history. Cheyenne and Arapaho chiefs had ceded most of their tribal holdings to the US government in 1861. Sent to a reservation in the Arkansas Valley, these nomadic tribes were expected to farm the land. Unsuccessful at farming, the Indians rebelled against the poor rations supplied them by the US government and sought to resume a nomadic lifestyle, hunting buffalo, raiding towns, and attacking travelers along the Overland and Sante Fe trails. Col. John Chivington was placed in charge of controlling the Indian unrest in the summer of 1864 as Territorial Governor John Evans departed for Washington, DC, leaving the situation in the hands of the military. On 29 November of that year, Chivington led his forces to Sand Creek, on the reservation's northeastern border, where they brutally massacred perhaps 200 Indian men, women, and children who thought they were under the protection of US military forces at nearby Ft. Lyon. Five more years of warfare followed, with the Indians finally defeated at Beecher Island (1868) and Summit Spring (1869). By 1874, most Plains Indians were removed to reservations in what is now Oklahoma. After gold and silver were discovered in areas belonging to the Ute in 1873, they too were forced off the land. By 1880, a series of treaties limited the Ute to a small reservation in the barren mesa country.

The first bill to admit Colorado to statehood was vetoed in 1866 by President Andrew Johnson, who at that time was in the midst of an impeachment fight and feared the entry of two more Republicans into the US Senate. Colorado finally entered the Union as the 38th state on 1 August 1876, less than a month after the nation's 100th birthday and during the presidency of Ulysses S. Grant.

In the early years of statehood, silver strikes at Leadville and Aspen brought settlers and money into Colorado. Rail lines, smelters, and refineries were built, and large coalfields were opened up. The High Plains attracted new farmers, and another new industry, tourism, emerged. As early as the 1860s, resorts had opened near some of the state's mineral springs. By the mid-1870s, scenic canyons and towns became accessible by train. One of the first major spas, Colorado Springs, recorded 25,000 tourists in 1878, and by the mid-1880s, Denver was accommodating up to 200,000 visitors a year. Colorado's boom years ended with a depression during the early 1890s. Overproduction of silver coupled with the US government's decision to adopt a gold standard in 1893 wiped out the silver market, causing the closing of mines, banks, and some businesses. Coinciding with this economic disaster was a drought that led to the abandonment of many farms. A more positive development was a gold find at Cripple Creek in 1891.

By the dawn of the 20th century, farmers were returning to the land and making better use of it. Immigrants from Germany and Russia began to grow sugar beets in the Colorado, Arkansas, and South Platte river valleys. Huge reclamation projects brought water to semiarid cropland, and dry-land farming techniques also helped increase yields. The development of the automobile and good roads opened up more of the mountain areas, bringing a big boom in tourism by the 1920s.

Following World War I, the agricultural and mining sectors fell into depression. From 1920 to 1940, statewide employment declined and the population growth rate lagged behind that of the United States as a whole. World War II (193945) brought military training camps, airfields, and jobs to the state. Colorado also became the site of several major prisoner-of-war (POW) camps as well as relocation centers for Japanese Americans (Nisei), especially the northeastern and southeastern areas of the state. After the war, the expansion of federal facilities in Colorado led to new employment opportunities. The placement of both the North American Air Defense Command and the US Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs helped stimulate the growth of defense, federal research, and aerospace-related industries in the state. As these and other industries grew, so too did Colorado's population and income: between 1960 and 1983, the state's population growth rate was more than twice that of the nation as a whole; and between 1970 and 1983, Colorado moved from 18th to 9th among the states in personal income per capita. The construction of the Air Force Space Operations Center at Colorado Springs, announced in 1983, also contributed Colorado's economic and population growth.

In the 1970s and early 1980s, Colorado experienced a boom in its oil, mining, and electronics industries. Prosperity attracted immigrants from other states, and for about a decade Colorado's population increased at an average of 3% a year. The economy began to shrink, however, in the mid-1980s with the drop in oil prices and the closing of mines, culminating in a full-scale recession by 1987. The economy rebounded by the early 1990s, spurred by an educated workforce and the low cost of doing business in the state. Industry in the state became more diverse, now including oil and gas, telecommunications, retail, and, very importantly, high technology. In 1998, the state ranked ninth nationally in per capita personal income, and by 1999 its unemployment rate, just 2.9%, was among the lowest in the country. Due to the 2001 economic recession in the United States and its aftermath, the Colorado unemployment rate stood at 5.8% in May 2003, below the national average of 6.1% but still causing difficulties for the state's economy. As of September 2005, Colorado's unemployment rate was 5.1%, exactly equal to the national unemployment rate.

On 20 April 1999, the affluent Denver suburb of Littleton made headlines around the world after two teenaged gunmen entered Columbine High School and went on a shooting rampage, killing 12 students and one teacher before turning their guns on themselves. Several others were injured. The tragic event escalated the national debate on gun control and reopened the discussion about what effect media violence has on the nation's youth.

Major challenges facing Colorado in the 1990s and into the 2000s included industrial pollution of its air and water, overcrowding on the Rockies eastern slope (home to four-fifths of its population), and water shortages. By spring 2000 one issue emerged that encompassed many of the problems Coloradans faced: the practice of open-pit gold mining. Gaping holes, forged by explosives and chemicals, had been created by mining companies across western states since 1980. According to environmentalists and other concerned citizens, the cost-efficient method for extracting the precious metal from stone had come at a price: cyanide, used to dissolve gold in the mines, leached into streams and rivers; and mishaps occurred, including the accidental cyanide release that contaminated 17 mi (27 km) of Colorado's Alamosa River in the early 1990s, the costliest mining disaster in US history. Banning open-pit mining had gained wide public support in the months preceding the 2000 election, when organizers hoped to place the initiative on the ballot. Although about 72% of Colorado voters were thought to be in agreement with the ban, the initiative failed to make the ballot in November 2000.

Colorado was among the western states ravaged by wildfires during the summer of 2000, the worst fire season since 1988. In the summer of 2002, wildfires burned over 7.1 million acres of public and private land. The Hayman fire of 2002 was called the largest wildfire in Colorado history. The Hayman fire burned 138,577 acres of Colorado land thirty miles southwest of Denver. Another major 2002 wildfire was the Missionary Ridge fire: it burned 72,964 acres of land north and northeast of Durango.

STATE GOVERNMENT

Colorado's state constitution, ratified on 1 July 1876, is a complex and extremely detailed document specifying the duties and structure of state and local government. Despite numerous amendments (145 by January 2005) and revisions, some anachronistic legislation has remained on the books.

The General Assembly, which meets annually from the second Wednesday of January into May (for a maximum of 120 calendar days), consists of a 35-member Senate and 65-member House of Representatives. The legislature may call special sessions by request of two-thirds of the members of each house. The governor may also call a special session of the legislature. Members of the legislature must be US citizens, at least 25 years old, and have lived in their district for at least one year. The legislative salary in 2004 was $30,000, unchanged from 1999.

Colorado Presidential Vote by Political Parties, 19482004
YEAR ELECTORAL VOTE COLORADO WINNER DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN PROGRESSIVE SOCIALIST SOC. LABOR
*Won US presidential election.
1948 6 *Truman (D) 267,288 239,714 6,115 1,678
CONSTITUTION
1952 6 *Eisenhower (R) 245,504 379,782 1,919 2,181
1956 6 *Eisenhower (R) 263,997 394,479 759 3,308
SOC. WORKERS
1960 6 Nixon (R) 330,629 402,242 563 2,803
1964 6 *Johnson (D) 476,024 296,767 2,537
AMERICAN IND.
1968 6 *Nixon (R) 335,174 409.345 60,813 235 3,016
AMERICAN
1972 7 *Nixon (R) 329,980 597,189 17,269 666 4,361
LIBERTARIAN
1976 7 Ford (R) 460,801 584,278 397 1,122 5,338
STATESMAN CITIZENS
1980 7 *Reagan (R) 368,009 652,264 1,180 5,614 25,744
1984 8 Reagan (R) 454,975 821,817 NEW ALLIANCE 11,257
1988 8 *Bush (R) 621,453 728,177 2,491 15,482
IND. (Perot)
1992 8 *Clinton (D) 629,681 562,850 366,010 1,608 8,669
GREEN (Nader)
1996 8 Dole (R) 671,152 691,848 99,629 25,070 12,392
FREEDOM (Buchanan)
2000 8 *Bush, G. W. (R) 738,227 883,748 10,465 91,434 12,799
AMERICAN CONSTITUTION (Peroutka) COLORADO REFORM (Nader)
2004 9 *Bush, G. W. (R) 1,001,732 1,101,255 2,562 12,718 7,664

The executive branch is headed by the governor, who submits the budget and legislative programs to the General Assembly, and appoints judges, department heads, boards, and commissions. The governor, who is limited to serving two consecutive terms, must be a US citizen, at least 30 years old, and have been a resident of the state for two years or more. Elected with the governor is the lieutenant governor, who assumes the governor's duties in the governor's absence. Other elective officers include the secretary of state, attorney general, and treasurer, all of whom serve four-year terms. As of December 2004, the governor's salary was $90,000, unchanged from 1999.

Bills may originate in either house of the General Assembly and become law when passed by majority vote of each house and signed by the governor; a bill may also become law if the governor fails to act on it within 10 days after receiving it (or within 30 days after the legislature has adjourned). A two-thirds vote of the elected members in each house is needed to override a gubernatorial veto.

The state constitution may be amended in several ways. An amendment may be introduced in the legislature, passed by a two-thirds majority in both houses, and submitted to the voters for approval. Alternatively, an initiative amendment, signed by a number of eligible voters equaling at least 5% of the number of votes cast for secretary of state in the previous election and then published in every county, may be filed no later than four months before the general election. If approved by the voters, it then becomes law.

Any US citizen 18 or older who is a resident of a Colorado state 30 days prior to an election may register to vote. Prisoners may not vote.

POLITICAL PARTIES

The Democratic and Republican parties are the major political organizations in Colorado. Although both parties were in existence when Colorado achieved statehood, the Republicans controlled most statewide offices prior to 1900. Since then, the parties have been more evenly balanced. Of the 2,990,000 registered voters in 2004, 30% were estimated to be Democratic, 36% Republican, and 33% unaffiliated or members of other parties. In 2000, 51% of all Coloradan voters cast their ballots for Republican George W. Bush; Democrat Al Gore won 42% of the vote; Green Party candidate Ralph Nader won 5% of the vote. In 2004, Bush won reelection with 54% to Democrat John Kerry's 48.8%. The state had nine electoral votes in the 2004 presidential election.

Following the election in November 2004, the state had one Democrat and one Republican US senator, and four Republican and three Democratic US representatives. Ben Nighthorse Campbell was elected US senator in 1992 as a Democrat. The only Native American in Congress, Campbell switched parties in March 1995. When he successfully ran for reelection in 1998, it was as a Republican. In the 2004 Senate contest, Democrat Ken Salazar defeated Republican Pete Coors, winning 51% of the vote to Coors's 47%. Republican Wayne Allard was elected to the Senate in 1996 and reelected in 2002.

Following the 2004 elections, the Democrats won narrow control of the state Senate (18 Democrats to 17 Republicans) and the state House (35 Democrats to 30 Republicans). Colorado's governor, Republican Bill Owens, was elected in 1998, succeeding Democrat Roy Romer, who had been in office for the maximum two terms. Owens was the first Republican elected to the governor's office in 28 years; he was reelected in 2002. In 2003, Colorado had the second-highest percentage of women in its state legislature, with 34% (Washington was first, with 36.7%).

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

As of 2005 there were 63 counties, 270 municipal governments, and 1,414 special districts. There were also 176 school districts. The administrative and policymaking body in each county is the board of county commissioners, whose three to five members (dependent on population) are elected to staggered, usually four-year, terms. Other county officials include the county clerk, treasurer, assessor, sheriff, coroner, superintendent of schools, surveyor, and attorney.

Statutory cities are those whose structure is defined by the state constitution. Power is delegated by the General Assembly to either a council-manager or mayor-council form of government. Colorado municipalities have increasingly opted for home rule, taking control of local functions from the state government. Towns, which generally have fewer than 2,000 residents, are governed by a mayor and a board of trustees. The major source of revenue for both cities and towns is the property tax.

Denver, Colorado's capital and largest city, is run by a mayor and city council; a city auditor, independently elected, serves as a check on the mayor. Denver and Broomfield have consolidated city-county governments.

In 2005, local government accounted for about 184,033 full-time (or equivalent) employment positions.

STATE SERVICES

To address the continuing threat of terrorism and to work with the federal Department of Homeland Security, homeland security in Colorado operates under the authority of state statute and executive order; the public safety director is designated as the state homeland security adviser.

The Department of Education, under the direction of the State Board of Education, supervises and makes policy decisions for all public elementary and secondary schools. The State Board is made up of seven elected representatives from the state's congressional districts and one member-at-large; the commissioner of education is a nonvoting secretary to the Board. The Board of Regents of the University of Colorado governs the operations of that institution. All other state-run colleges, as well as the Colorado Historical Society, Council on the Arts and Humanities, and Advanced Technology Institute, are under the jurisdiction of the Department of Higher Education.

The Department of Transportation builds, operates, and maintains state roads. The Department of Health Care Policy and Financing administers welfare, medical assistance, rehabilitation, and senior-citizens programs. Human resource planning and development are under the Department of Labor and Employment, and health conditions are monitored by the Department of Health and Environment. The Department of Human Services oversees mental health, youth services, and developmental disabilities programs. The state's correctional facilities are administered by the Department of Corrections.

All programs concerned with the protection and control of Colorado's natural resources are the responsibility of the Department of Natural Resources. Other state agencies include the Department of Agriculture, Department of Military and Veterans Affairs, Department of Regulatory Agencies, Department of Public Safety, and Department of Law.

JUDICIAL SYSTEM

The supreme court, the highest court in Colorado, consists of seven justices elected on a nonpartisan ballot. The number of justices may be increased to nine upon request of the court and concurrence of two-thirds of the members of the General Assembly. The justices select a chief justice, who also serves as the supervisor of all Colorado courts. The next highest court, the court of appeals, consists of 16 judges, and is confined to civil matters. The 22 district courts have original jurisdiction in civil, criminal, juvenile, mental health, domestic relations, and probate cases, except in Denver, where probate and mental health matters are heard by the probate court and all juvenile matters by the juvenile court.

All judges in state courts are appointed to two-year terms by the governor from a list of names recommended by a judicial nominating commission. The appointees must then be elected by the voters: supreme court justices for 10-year terms, appeals court judges for 8 years, and district court judges for 6.

County courts hear minor civil disputes and misdemeanors. Appeals from the Denver county courts are heard in Denver's superior court. Municipal courts throughout the state handle violations of municipal ordinances.

As of 31 December 2004, a total of 20,293 prisoners were held in Colorado's state and federal prisons, an increase from 19,671 or 3.2% from the previous year. As of year-end 2004, a total of 1,900 inmates were female, up 9.4% (from 1,736) from the year before. Among sentenced prisoners (one year or more), Colorado had an incarceration rate of 438 per 100,000 population in 2004.

According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Colorado in 2004 had a violent crime rate (murder/nonnegligent manslaughter; forcible rape; robbery; aggravated assault) of 373.5 reported incidents per 100,000 population, or a total of 17,185 reported incidents. Crimes against property (burglary; larceny/theft; and motor vehicle theft) in that same year totaled 180,342 reported incidents or 3,919.3 reported incidents per 100,000 people. Colorado has a death penalty, of which lethal injection is the sole method used. From 1976 through 5 May 2006, the state executed only one person, which took place in October 1997. As of 1 January 2006, there were only two inmates on death row.

In 2003, Colorado spent $125,819,023 on homeland security, an average of $28 per state resident.

ARMED FORCES

As of 2004, 38,234 personnel, of whom 6,455 were civilians, were stationed at the nine military facilities in the state. Additionally, there were 2,909 Reserve and National Guard personnel. The largest Army base is Ft. Carson in Colorado Springs, with 14,061 active-duty military personnel. Fort Carson is a split-based home to the 4th Infantry Division, shared with Fort Hood, Texas. This post is recognized as one of the world's premier locations to lead, train, and maintain while preparing soldiers. At the Army's Rocky Mountain Arsenal near Denver, chemical weapons have been produced and stored. Colorado Springs is the site of the US Air Force Academy. Peterson Air Force Base is also located in Colorado Springs, as is the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD). Defense contracts awarded in 2004 totaled nearly $3.1 billion, and defense payroll, including retired military pay, amounted to $3.0 billion.

There were 427,956 veterans of US military service in Colorado as of 2003, of whom 43,097 served in World War II; 37,689 in the Korean conflict; 137,790 during the Vietnam era; and 79,924 in the Gulf War. US Veterans Administration spending in Colorado totaled $1.0 billion in 2004.

As of 31 October 2004, the Colorado State Police employed 666 full-time sworn officers.

MIGRATION

The discovery of gold in 1858 brought an avalanche of prospectors. Some of these migrants later moved westward into the Rockies and Colorado River canyons. In 1873, another gold strike brought settlers into the Ute territory, eventually driving the Indians into a small reservation in the southwestern corner of the state. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the sparsely populated eastern plains were settled by farmers from Kansas and Nebraska and by immigrants from Scandinavia, Germany, and Russia. Five years of drought, from 1933 to 1938, helped drive many rural Coloradans off the land into the cities or westward to California.

Since the end of World War II, net migration into the state has been substantial, amounting to over 880,000 between 1950 and 1990. Between 1990 and 1998, Colorado had net gains of 359,000 in domestic migration and 58,000 in international migration. In 1998, 6,513 foreign immigrants were admitted to the state. Growth has been evident in both urban and rural areas, but the largest increase has been in the Denver metropolitan area, where by 1997, 14.3% of the total population was of Hispanic origin. A number of migrant workers, mostly Mexican Americans, work seasonally in the western orchards and fields. In the 1980s, migration accounted for 27% of the net population increase, with some 117,000 persons, even though there was a net loss from migration every year from 1986 to 1990. In 1990, native Coloradoans made up 43.3% of the population. Between 1990 and 1998, Colorado's overall population increased 20.5%. In the period 200005, net international migration was 112,217 and net internal migration was 47,740, for a net gain of 159,957 people.

INTERGOVERNMENTAL COOPERATION

Among the most important interstate agreements for Coloradoans are those governing water resources. Colorado participates with New Mexico in the Animas-La Plata Project, Costilla Creek, and La Plata River compacts; with Kansas in the Arkansas River Compact of 1949; and with Nebraska in the South Platte River Compact. The Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad Compact supports the tourism industry. Multistate compacts allocate water from the Colorado and Republican rivers and the Rio Grande. Colorado also is a signatory to such regional agreements as the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact and the Western Interstate Energy Compact.

The Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education has its headquarters in Boulder, and the National Conference of State Legislatures has its headquarters in Denver. Federal grants to Colorado totaled over $3.9 billion in 2001. Following a national trend, they declined to $3.375 billion in fiscal year 2005, before beginning to gradually increase to an estimated $3.464 billion in fiscal year 2006, and an estimated $3.572 billion in fiscal year 2007.

ECONOMY

During the late 1880s, Colorado was the nation's leading silver producer and an important source of gold. With its abundant reserves of coal, natural gas, and other mineralsand the economic potential of its vast oil-shale deposits, Colorado remains a major mining state, although the mineral industry's share of the state economy declined throughout the 20th century. Agriculture, primarily livestock, retains its historic importance.

Trade, services, government, and manufacturing were responsible for more than 75% of new jobs created between 1975 and 1985. From 1972 to 2000, Colorado's employment in advanced technology grew from 39,000 to 125,000 employees, growth in which the US government was a major factor. Mining and construction suffered the greatest losses of employment between 1982 and 1992. Mining jobs declined 53% in that decade, and construction jobs dropped 29%. Employment in services, in contrast, rose 36% in those years, and jobs in finance, insurance and real estate increased by 15%. Tourism has also expanded rapidly in all areas of the state. Colorado's economy recovered strongly in the 1990s. By 1997, Colorado's gross state product (GSP) was nearly $130 billion. By 2000, it had grown nearly 31%, with annual growth rates of 7.9% in 1998, 8.9% in 1999, and 11.2% in 2000. In the national recession of 2001, growth slowed abruptly to 2.6% as manufacturing fell 10.2% from the year before, leaving only a net gain of 1.5% in the sector from 1997 to 2001. Recovery remained elusive in 2002, as the state posted its first annual decline in employment since 1986.

In 2004, Colorado's GSP stood at $199.969 billion, of which the real estate sector accounted for the largest portion at $27.827 billion, or 13.9% of GSP, followed by professional and technical services at $17.082 billion (8.5% of GSP), and construction at $12.194 billion (6% of GSP). Mining, which has long been a staple of the state's economy, accounted for only $3.928 billion, or 1.9% of GSP. In 2004, Colorado had an estimated 493,886 small businesses. Of the 146,379 firms in the state that had employees in that year, an estimated 142,943, or 97.7%, worked for small firms, up by 1.8% from the previous year. An estimated 23,694 new companies were formed in Colorado in 2004, up 5.8% from the previous year. Business terminations in that same year totaled 9,734, a drop of 26.5% from 2003. However, business bankruptcies rose to 786 in 2004, an increase of 42.4% from 2003. In 2005, the personal bankruptcy (Chapter 7 and Chapter 13) filing rate stood at 564 per 100,000 people, ranking Colorado 24th nationally.

INCOME

In 2005 Colorado had a gross state product (GSP) of $216 billion, which accounted for 1.7% of the nation's gross domestic product and placed the state at number 21 in highest GSP among the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, in 2004 Colorado had a per capita personal income (PCPI) of $36,113. This ranked 10th in the United States and was 109% of the national average of $33,050. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of PCPI was 4.6%. Colorado had a total personal income (TPI) of $166,187,829,000, which ranked 21st in the United States and reflected an increase of 5.8% from 2003. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of TPI was 6.9%. Earnings of persons employed in Colorado increased from $127,196,780,000 in 2003 to $135,124,532,000 in 2004, an increase of 6.2%. The 200304 national change was 6.3%.

The US Census Bureau reports that the three-year average median household income for 200204 in 2004 dollars was $51,022, compared to a national average of $44,473. During the same period an estimated 9.8% of the population was below the poverty line, as compared to 12.4% nationwide.

LABOR

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), in April 2006, the seasonally adjusted civilian labor force in Colorado numbered 2,636,700, with approximately 113,100 workers unemployed, yielding an unemployment rate of 4.3%, compared to the national average of 4.7% for the same period. Preliminary data for the same period placed nonfarm employment at 2,264,700. Since the beginning of the BLS data series in 1976, the highest unemployment rate recorded in Colorado was 9.1%, in November 1982. The historical low was 2.5%, in January 2001. Preliminary nonfarm employment data by occupation for April 2006 showed that approximately 7.3% of the labor force was employed in construction; 6.6% in manufacturing; 18.5% in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 7.1% in financial activities; 14.4% in professional and business services; 10% in education and health services; 11.5% in leisure and hospitality services; and 16.1% in government.

Colorado's labor history has been marked by major disturbances in the mining industry. From 1881 to 1886, the Knights of Labor led at least 35 strikes in the mines; during the 1890s, the Western Federation of Miners struck hard-rock mines in Telluride and Cripple Creek. The United Mine Workers, who came into the state in 1899, shut down operations at numerous mines in 1900 and 1903. Violence was common in these disputes. In one well-known episode, after striking miners and their families set up a tent colony at Ludlow, near Trinidad, the governor called out the militia; in the ensuing conflict, on 20 April 1914, the miners' tents were burned, killing 2 women and 11 children, an event that touched off a rebellion in the whole area. Federal troops restored order in June, and the strike ended with promises of improved labor conditions. In 1917, the state legislature created the Colorado Industrial Commission, whose purpose is to investigate all labor disputes.

The US Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that in 2005, a total of 170,000 of Colorado's 2,052,000 employed wage and salary workers were formal members of a union. This represented 8.3% of those so employed, down from 8.4% in 2004, and below the national average of 12%. Overall in 2005, a total of 193,000 workers (9.4%) in Colorado were covered by a union or employee association contract, which includes those workers who reported no union affiliation. Colorado is one of 28 states that does not have a right-to-work law.

As of 1 March 2006, Colorado had a state-mandated minimum wage rate of $5.15 per hour. In 2004, women in the state accounted for 45.3% of the employed civilian labor force.

AGRICULTURE

Colorado ranked 14th among the 50 states in agricultural income in 2005, with $5.65 billion, of which more than $1.36 billion came from crops.

As of 2004 there were 30,900 farms and ranches covering about 30.9 million acres (12.5 million hectares); the average farm (including ranches) was 1,000 acres (405 hectares). The major crop-growing areas are the east and east-central plains, for sugar beets, beans, potatoes, and grains; the Arkansas Valley, for grains and peaches; and the Western Slope, for grains and fruits.

Colorado ranked seventh in the United States in production of dry edible beans in 2004, with 1,039,000 hundredweight; eighth in sugar beets, with 838,000 tons; fifth in barley, with 9.1 million bushels; and first in proso millet, with 7.9 million bushels (53% of the US total). Colorado is also a leading producer of wheat, with 46.9 million bushels. Other field crops include corn, hay, and sorghum. In 2004, Colorado produced 533,800 tons of fresh market vegetables, 27 million lb (12.3 million kg) of commercial apples, and 12 million lb (5.4 million kg) of peaches. About 100 tons of tart cherries were harvested in 2004. Colorado is also a major grower of roses.

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

A leading sheep-producing state, Colorado is also a major area for cattle and other livestock. Cattle and calves, dairy products, and hogs together accounted for 71% of agricultural receipts in 2004.

From 1858 to about 1890, cattle drives were a common sight in Colorado, as a few cattle barons had their Texas longhorns graze on public-domain lands along the eastern plains and Western Slope. This era came to an end when farmers in these regions fenced in their lands, and the better-quality shorthorns and Herefords took over the market. Today, huge tracts of pasture-land are leased from the federal government by both cattle and sheep ranchers, with cattle mostly confined to the eastern plains and sheep to the western part of the state.

Preliminary estimates of the number of cattle and calves for 2005 was 2,500,000 with an estimated total value of $2.5 billion. Colorado had an estimated 800,000 hogs and pigs in 2004 with an estimated total value of $76 million. In 2003, Colorado produced 62.6 million lb (28.5 million kg) of sheep and lambs for a gross income of $96.6 million. Colorado was estimated to have produced an estimated 2.57 million lb (1.1 million kg) of shorn wool in 2004.

Other livestock products in 2003 included chickens, at an estimated 8.7 million lb (4 million kg), and milk, estimated at 2.17 billion lb (1.0 billion kg). In the same year, the state produced an estimated 1.1 billion eggs.

FISHING

There is virtually no commercial fishing in Colorado. The many warm-water lakes lure the state's 752,060 licensed sport anglers with perch, black bass, and trout, while walleyes are abundant in mountain streams. The Hotchkiss National Fish Hatchery produces and distributes trout to stock over 80 different water areas in Colorado and New Mexico.

FORESTRY

Approximately 21,637,000 acres (8,756,494 hectares) of forested lands were located in Colorado as of 2004. In spite of this wood resource, however, commercial forestry is not a major element of the state's economy. Lumber production in 2004 was 135 million board feet. In Colorado, forestry emphasis occurs in diverse areas: traditional forest management and stewardship; urban and community forestry; resource protection (from wildfire, insects, and disease); and tree planting and care. As of 2005 Colorado had 12 national forests; gross national forest acreage as of 2003 was 16,015,000 acres (6,481,271 hectares).

MINING

According to the US Geological Survey, the value all nonfuel mineral production in Colorado for 2004 was $1.01 billion, up 50% from 2003. In 2004, Colorado ranked 17th among the 50 states in the production (by value) of nonfuel minerals, with molybdenum concentrates, construction sand and gravel, portland cement, gold and crushed stones, respectively, the top nonfuel minerals (by value) produced that year. Metals accounted for almost 52% of all nonfuel mineral production, of which (in descending order), molybdenum concentrates, gold, and silver were the top three.

In 2004 Colorado (by volume) ranked second in the nation in the production of molybdenum concentrates (out of six states) and third in soda ash (out of three states). That same year, the state ranked 4th in the production of gold and 10th in silver. Overall, the state ranked 17th among the 50 states in total nonfuel mineral production, by value, with over 2% of the national total. In 2004, Colorado mined 40.9 million metric tons of construction sand and gravel ($235 million), 11 million metric tons of crushed stone ($67.3 million), 26,000 tons of lime ($2.57 million), and 249,000,000 metric tons of common clay ($1.51 million).

ENERGY AND POWER

An abundant supply of coal, oil, and natural gas makes Colorado a major energy-producing state.

As of 2003, Colorado had 67 electrical power service providers, of which 29 were publicly owned and 28 were cooperatives. Of the remainder, two were investor owned, one was federally operated and seven were owners of independent generators that sold directly to customers. As of that same year there were 2,264,833 retail customers. Of that total, 1,365,652 received their power from investor-owned service providers. Cooperatives accounted for 508,019 customers, while publicly owned providers had 391,150 customers. There were five federal customers and seven independent generator or "facility" customers.

Total net summer generating capability by the state's electrical generating plants in 2003 stood at 10.370 million kW, with total production that same year at 46.616 billion kWh. Of the total amount generated, 88.4% came from electric utilities, with the remainder coming from independent producers and combined heat and power service providers. The largest portion of all electric power generated, 36.115 billion kWh (77.5%), came from coal-fired plants, with natural gas plants in second place, at 9.226 billion kWh (19.8%), and hydroelectric plants in third, at 1.262 billion kWh (2.7%). Other renewable power sources accounted for 0.4% of all power generated, with petroleum-fired plants at 0.1%. Colorado has no nuclear power plants.

As of 2004, Colorado had proven crude oil reserves of 225 million barrels, or 1% of all proven US reserves, while output that same year averaged 60,000 barrels per day. Including federal offshore domains, the state that year ranked 12th (11th excluding federal offshore) in proven reserves and 12th (11th excluding federal offshore) in production among the 31 producing states. In 2004 Colorado had 6,750 producing oil wells and accounted for 1% of all US production. As of 2005, the state's two petroleum refineries had a combined crude oil distillation capacity of 87,000 barrels per day.

In 2004, Colorado had 16,718 producing natural gas and gas condensate wells. In that same year, marketed gas production (all gas produced excluding gas used for repressuring, vented and flared, and nonhydrocarbon gases removed) totaled 1,079.235 billion cu ft (30.65 billion cu m). As of 31 December 2004, proven reserves of dry or consumer-grade natural gas totaled 14,743 billion cu ft (418.7 billion cu m).

Colorado in 2004 had 13 producing coal mines, 5 of which were surface mines and 8 of which were underground. Coal produc-tion that year totaled 39,870,000 short tons, up from 35,831,000 short tons in 2003. Of the total produced in 2004, underground mines accounted for 29,608,000 short tons. Recoverable coal reserves in 2004 totaled 415 million tons. (One short ton equals 2,000 lb/0.907 metric tons.)

Colorado holds the major portion of the nation's proved oil shale reserves. Because of its ample sunshine and wind, Colorado is also well suited to renewable energy development. Among the many energy-related facilities in the state is the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden.

INDUSTRY

Colorado is the main manufacturing center of the Rocky Mountain states. During the 1980s and 1990s, high-technology research and manufacturing grew substantially in the state.

According to the US Census Bureau's Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) for 2004, Colorado's manufacturing sector covered some 17 product subsectors. The shipment value of all products manufactured in the state that same year was $33.594 billion. Of that total, food manufacturing accounted for the largest share at $6.119 billion. It was followed by computer and electric product manufacturing at $4.481 billion; beverage and tobacco product manufacturing at $2.818 billion; miscellaneous manufacturing at $2.527 billion; and transportation equipment manufacturing at $2.478 billion.

In 2004, a total of 132,925 people in Colorado were employed in the state's manufacturing sector, according to the ASM. Of that total, 87,447 were actual production workers. In terms of total employment, the computer and electronic product manufacturing industry accounted for the largest portion of all manufacturing employees at 17,690, with 9,092 actual production workers. It was followed by food manufacturing, with 16,722 employees (12,228 actual production workers); miscellaneous manufacturing, with 12,940 (7,114 actual production workers); fabricated metal product manufacturing, with 12,561 (9,151 actual production workers); and transportation equipment manufacturing, with 9,734 (7,630 actual production workers).

ASM data for 2004 showed that Colorado's manufacturing sector paid $5.950 billion in wages. Of that amount, the computer and electronic product manufacturing sector accounted for the largest share at $1.015 billion. It was followed by transportation equipment manufacturing, at $702.096 million; miscellaneous manufacturing, at $556.153 million; food manufacturing, at $498.082 million; and fabricated metal product manufacturing, at $491.239 million.

COMMERCE

Colorado is the leading wholesale and retail distribution center for the Rocky Mountain states. According to the 2002 Census of Wholesale Trade, Colorado's wholesale trade sector had sales that year totaling $92.09 billion from 7,339 establishments. Wholesalers of durable goods accounted for 4,495 establishments, followed by nondurable goods wholesalers at 2,093 and electronic markets, agents, and brokers accounting for 751 establishments. Sales by durable goods wholesalers in 2002 totaled $57.4 billion, while wholesalers of nondurable goods saw sales of $26.2 billion. Electronic markets, agents, and brokers in the wholesale trade industry had sales of $8.4 billion.

In the 2002 Census of Retail Trade, Colorado was listed as having 18,851 retail establishments with sales of $52.2 billion. The leading types of retail businesses by number of establishments were: miscellaneous store retailers (2,637); clothing and clothing accessories stores (2,463); food and beverage stores (2,243); motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts dealers (1,974); and gasoline stations (1,726). In terms of sales, motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts stores accounted for the largest share of retail sales, at $14.7 billion, followed by food and beverage stores, at $8.4 billion; general merchandise stores, at $7.7 billion; and building material/garden equipment and supplies dealers, at $4.5 billion. A total of 247,264 people were employed by the retail sector in Colorado that year.

Exporters located in Colorado exported $6.7 billion in merchandise during 2005.

CONSUMER PROTECTION

Colorado Attorney General's Consumer Protection Office is responsible for enforcing the state consumer protection laws including the Colorado Consumer Protection Act, the Unfair Trade Practices Act, the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, the Uniform Consumer Credit Code, the Credit Services Organization Act and the Rental Purchase Agreement Act. Other applicable legislation includes the Motor Vehicle Repair Act, the Lemon Law, the Unsolicited Merchandise Act, the Charitable Solicitations Act, and the Colorado Statutes Concerning Pyramid Schemes. The office also represents the interests of consumers, small business, and agriculture before the Public Utilities Commission in matters involving electric, gas, and telephone utility services.

When dealing with consumer protection issues, the state's attorney general can initiate civil and criminal proceedings; represent the state before state and federal regulatory agencies; administer consumer protection and education programs; handle consumer complaints; and has broad subpoena powers. However, the Attorney General's Office cannot represent individual residents or consumers. In antitrust actions, the attorney general can act on behalf of those consumers who are incapable of acting on their own; initiate damage actions on behalf of the state in state courts; initiate criminal proceedings; and represent counties, cities, and other governmental entities in recovering civil damages under state or federal law.

The attorney general is also responsible for the enforcement of the state's ElderWatch Program, which, in conjunction with the AARP Foundation, fights the financial abuse and fraud directed toward the state's senior citizens through consumer advocacy, referrals, and information.

The state's Consumer Protection Division, Attorney General's Office, and the ElderWatch Program are located in Denver. There are also county-level consumer protection offices in Colorado Springs, Denver, Greeley, and Pueblo.

BANKING

As of June 2005, Colorado had 175 insured banks, savings and loans, and saving banks, plus 69 state-chartered and 75 federally chartered credit unions (CUs). Excluding the CUs, the Denver-Aurora market area had 87 financial institutions in 2004, followed by Colorado Springs with 43. As of June 2005, CUs accounted for 22.2% of all assets held by all financial institutions in the state, or some $11.936 billion. Banks, savings and loans, and savings banks collectively accounted for the remaining 77.8%, or $41.760 billion in assets held.

State-chartered credit unions and savings and loans are regulated by the Division of Financial Services, under the Department of Regulatory Agencies (DORA). State-chartered commercial banks are regulated by the Division of Banking. Federally charted financial institutions are regulated by the US government through the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (banks), the Office of Thrift Supervision or the National Credit Union Administration.

In the year ending 31 December 2005, Colorado-based banks and thrifts had a median return on assets of 1.22%, which was above the national average of 1.04% in that year. In 2004, the median net interest margin (the difference between the lower rate offered savers and the higher rate charged on loans) was 4.33%, down from 4.35% in 2003, for the state's insured institutions.

INSURANCE

In 2004 there were 1.9 million individual life insurance policies in force with a total value of $229.6 billion; total value for all categories of life insurance (individual, group, and credit) was $351.1 billion. The average coverage amount is $118,000 per policy holder. Death benefits paid that year totaled over $814.6 million.

As of 2003, 21 property and casualty insurance companies and 10 life and health insurance companies were domiciled in Colorado. Direct premiums for property and casualty insurance amounted to about $7.57 billion in 2004. That year, there were 15,377 flood insurance policies in force in the state, with a total value of $2.7 billion.

In 2004, 58% of state residents held employment-based health insurance policies, 6% held individual policies, and 16% were covered under Medicare and Medicaid; 17% of residents were uninsured. In 2003, employee contributions for employment-based health coverage averaged at 16% for single coverage and 26% for family coverage. The state offers an 18-month health benefits expansion program for small-firm employees in connection with the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA, 1986), a health insurance program for those who lose employment-based coverage due to termination or reduction of work hours.

In 2003, there were over 3.1 million auto insurance policies in effect for private passenger cars. Required minimum coverage includes bodily injury liability of up to $25,000 per individual and $50,000 for all persons injured in an accident, as well as property damage liability of $15,000. In 2003, the average expenditure per vehicle for insurance coverage was $922.67.

SECURITIES

There are no stock or commodity exchanges in Colorado. In 2005, there were 1,750 personal financial advisers employed in the state and 5,860 securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents. In 2004, there were over 261 publicly traded companies within the state, with over 91 NASDAQ companies, 32 NYSE listings, and 22 AMEX listings. In 2006, the state had 10 Fortune 500 companies; Qwest Communications (based in Denver and traded on NYSE) ranked first in the state and 160th in the nation with revenues of over $19 billion, followed by First Data (NYSE), Trans-Montaigne (AMEX), Echostar Communications (NASDAQ), and Liberty Media (NYSE).

PUBLIC FINANCE

The governor's Office of State Planning and Budgeting has lead responsibility for preparing the annual budget, which is presented to the General Assembly on 1 November. The legislature is expected to adopt the budget in May for the fiscal year (FY), which runs from 1 July through 30 June. The constitution requires that the budget be balanced as submitted, as passed, and as signed into

ColoradoState Government Finances
(Dollar amounts in thousands. Per capita amounts in dollars.)
AMOUNT PER CAPITA
Abbreviations and symbols:zero or rounds to zero; (NA) not available; (X) not applicable.
source: U.S. Census Bureau, Governments Division, 2004 Survey of State Government Finances, January 2006.
Total Revenue 23,081,951 5,015.63
  General revenue 14,956,732 3,250.05
    Intergovernmental revenue 4,594,664 998.41
    Taxes 7,051,457 1,532.26
     General sales 1,909,246 414.87
     Selective sales 984,789 213.99
     License taxes 337,991 73.34
     Individual income tax 3,413,891 741.83
     Corporate income tax 239,591 52.06
     Other taxes 166,029 36.08
    Current charges 1,854,660 403.01
    Miscellaneous general revenue 1,455,951 316.37
  Utility revenue - -
  Liquor store revenue - -
  Insurance trust revenue 8,125,219 1,765.58
Total expenditure 18,060,533 3,924.50
  Intergovernmental expenditure 4,860,577 1,056.19
  Direct expenditure 13,199,956 2,868.31
    Current operation 8,485,058 1,843.78
    Capital outlay 1,123,706 244.18
    Insurance benefits and repayments 3,015,461 655.25
    Assistance and subsidies 161,239 35.04
    Interest on debt 414,492 90.07
Exhibit: Salaries and wages 2,796,221 607.61
Total expenditure 18,060,533 3,924.50
  General expenditure 15,034,648 3,266.98
    Intergovernmental expenditure 4,860,577 1,056.19
    Direct expenditure 10,174,071 2,210.79
  General expenditures, by function:
    Education 6,293,255 1,367.50
    Public welfare 3,537,787 768.75
    Hospitals 325,203 70.67
    Health 784,349 170.44
    Highways 1,374,131 298.59
    Police protection 112,341 24.41
    Correction 701,710 152.48
    Natural resources 207,025 44.99
    Parks and recreation 73,484 15.97
    Government administration 465,417 101.13
    Interest on general debt 408,130 88.69
    Other and unallocable 751,816 163.37
  Utility expenditure 10,424 2.27
  Liquor store expenditure - -
  Insurance trust expenditure 3,015,461 655.25
Debt at end of fiscal year 9,874,764 2,145.75
Cash and security holdings 47,441,031 10,308.79

law. These requirements are part of the Colorado Taxpayer's Bill of Rights (TABOR), the name for a set of amendments adopted in 1992. The TABOR limits increases in per capita spending to the inflation rate, and mandates the immediate refund to the taxpayers of any surplus, unless they vote to allocate those funds to the state. The voters may also vote for tax increases beyond the inflation rate, which they did for school spending in 2001. Fiscal year 2006 general funds were estimated at $6.8 billion for resources and $6.5 billion for expenditures. In fiscal year 2004, federal government grants to Colorado were $5.6 billion.

In the fiscal year 2007 federal budget, Colorado was slated to receive: $52 million for planning and design for a new veterans hospital in Denver; $57 million for ongoing construction of the Animas La Plata Project, which will help provide water to southwestern Colorado and northwestern New Mexico.

TAXATION

In 2005, Colorado collected $7,648 million in tax revenues or $1,640 per capita, which placed it 47th among the 50 states in per capita tax burden. The national average was $2,192 per capita. Sales taxes accounted for 26.2% of the total; selective sales taxes, 13.8%; individual income taxes, 49.3%; corporate income taxes, 4.1%; and other taxes, 6.6%.

As of 1 January 2006, Colorado had one individual income tax bracket of 4.63%. The state taxes corporations at a flat rate of 4.63%.

In 2004, local property taxes amounted to $4,722,286,000 or $1,026 per capita. The per capita amount ranks the state 23rd nationally. Colorado does not collect property taxes at the state level.

Colorado taxes retail sales at a rate of 2.90%. In addition to the state tax, local taxes on retail sales can reach as much as 7%, making for a potential total tax on retail sales of 9.90%. Food purchased for consumption off-premises is tax exempt. The tax on cigarettes is 84 cents per pack, which ranks 24th among the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Colorado taxes gasoline at 22 cents per gallon. This is in addition to the 18.4 cents per gallon federal tax on gasoline.

According to the Tax Foundation, for every federal tax dollar sent to Washington in 2004, Colorado citizens received $0.79 in federal spending.

ECONOMIC POLICY

The Colorado Office of Economic Development and International Trade (OEDIT) implements the state government's economic plans. In 2000, the Governor's Office of Innovation and Technology (OIT) was established, and Colorado's first secretary of technology was appointed. Colorado's economic programs are aimed at encouraging new industry, helping existing companies expand and compete, and providing assistance to small businesses and to farmers. Economic development in rural areas is a priority. It offers real estate loans to help companies purchase or expand existing buildings or to construct new buildings. It assists employers with training programs for newly created and existing jobs. Colorado seeks to aid small businesses by contributing to lenders' reserve funds for small commercial and agricultural loans, by extending to small businesses loans with fixed interest rates, by giving grants to small technology-based firms for research and development projects, and by offering capital loans and credit to small export/import companies. The state operates a network of Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs). The SBDCs offer Leading Edge courses to train businesspeople and people seeking to start business in entrepreneurial behaviors, covering such topics as strategic planning, marketing research, marketing, and cash-flow analysis. The state offers a variety of loan programs for economic development and manages a number of loan programs for farmers and agricultural producers. A limited program of grants are earmarked for agriculture feasibility studies, technology, and defense conversion programs.

Colorado's Enterprise Zone program provides tax incentives to encourage businesses to locate and expand in designated economically distressed areas of the state. There were 18 enterprise zones and subzones in Colorado in 2006. Businesses located in a zone may qualify for ten different enterprise zone tax credits and incentives to encourage job creation and investment in these zones. The OEDIT also operates a Minority Business Office, whose mission is to promote development of existing and new minority businesses across the state with emphasis on rural areas that do not have access to information and technical help. The OEDIT works with Colorado businesses, associations, universities, and others to encourage the growth and development of bioscience companies, the aerospace industry, and other emerging industries. The Colorado Tourism Office (CTO) was created to promote Colorado as a tourism and travel destination. The Colorado Economic Development Commission (EDC) approves loans and grants from an economic development fund to public and private entities throughout the state to help existing businesses expand and new companies locate to Colorado. It also implements marketing programs to support ongoing business activities.

HEALTH

The infant mortality rate in October 2005 was estimated at 6.6 per 1,000 live births. The birth rate in 2003 was 15.2 per 1,000 population. The abortion rate stood at 15.9 per 1,000 women in 2000. In 2003, about 79.3% of pregnant woman received prenatal care beginning in the first trimester. In 2004, approximately 77% of children received routine immunizations before the age of three.

The crude death rate in 2003 was 6.5 deaths per 1,000 population. As of 2002, the death rates for major causes of death (per 100,000 resident population) were: heart disease, 142.6; cancer, 141.7; cerebrovascular diseases, 42.5; chronic lower respiratory diseases, 41; and diabetes, 14.6. The mortality rate from HIV infection was 2.3 per 100,000 population. In 2004, the reported AIDS case rate was at about 7.3 per 100,000 population. In 2002, about 51.5% of the population was considered overweight or obese. As of 2004, about 20% of state residents were smokers.

In 2003, Colorado had 68 community hospitals with about 9,500 beds. There were about 444,000 patient admissions that year and 7 million outpatient visits. The average daily inpatient census was about 6,200 patients. The average cost per day for hospital care was $1,551. Also in 2003, there were about 215 certified nursing facilities in the state with 20,127 beds and an overall occupancy rate of about 81.2%. In 2004, it was estimated that about 72.3% of all state residents had received some type of dental care within the year. Colorado had 268 physicians per 100,000 resident popu-lation in 2004 and 708 nurses per 100,000 in 2005. In 2004, there were a total of 2,980 dentists in the state.

About 16% of state residents were enrolled in Medicaid and Medicare programs in 2004. Approximately 17% of the state population was uninsured in 2004. In 2003, state health care expenditures totaled $3.3 million.

SOCIAL WELFARE

In 2004, about 88,000 people received unemployment benefits, with the average weekly unemployment benefit at $298. In fiscal year 2005, the estimated average monthly participation in the food stamp program included about 245,926 persons (107,405 households); the average monthly benefit was about $106.14 per person. That year, the total of benefits paid through the state for the food stamp program was about $313.2 million.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), the system of federal welfare assistance that officially replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) in 1997, was reauthorized through the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. TANF is funded through federal block grants that are divided among the states based on an equation involving the number of recipients in each state. Colorado's TANF program is called Colorado Works. In 2004, the state program had 38,000 recipients; state and federal expenditures on this program totaled $53 million fiscal year 2003.

In December 2004, Social Security benefits were paid to 571,470 Colorado residents. This number included 366,660 retired workers, 55,380 widows and widowers, 69,780 disabled workers, 35,840 spouses, and 43,810 children. Social Security beneficiaries represented 12.4% of the total state population and 91.3% of the state's population age 65 and older. Retired workers received an average monthly payment of $935; widows and widowers, $910; disabled workers, $887; and spouses, $471. Payments for children of retired workers averaged $489 per month; children of deceased workers, $656; and children of disabled workers, $277. Federal Supplemental Security Income payments in December 2004 went to 54,131 Colorado residents, averaging $381 a month. An additional $7.4 million of state-administered supplemental payments was distributed to 33,724 residents.

HOUSING

In 2004, there were an estimated 2,010,806 housing units in the state, of which 1,850,238 units were occupied; 68.6% were owner occupied. It was estimated that about 65,261 units were without telephone service, 6,527 lacked complete plumbing facilities, and 7,242 lacked complete kitchen facilities. Though most homes employed gas and electricity as heating fuel, about 3,362 units were equipped for solar power heating. About 63.4% of all units were single-family, detached homes. The average household had 2.43 members.

In 2004, 46,500 new privately owned housing units were authorized. The median home value was $211,740. The median monthly cost for mortgage owners was $1,355 while the cost for renters was at a median of $724 per month. In September 2005, the state was awarded a grant of $150,000 from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) for rural housing and economic development programs. For 2006, HUD allocated to the state over $11 million in community development block grants.

The Denver-Boulder area is Colorado's primary region of housing growth.

EDUCATION

As of 2004, 86.9% of Coloradans 25 years and over were high school graduates, surpassing the national average of 84%. Some 35.5% of the adult population of Colorado had completed four or more years of college, higher than the national average of 26%

In fall 2002, Colorado's public elementary and secondary schools had 752,000 pupils. Of these, 534,000 attended schools from kindergarten through grade eight, and 217,000 attended high school. Approximately 64.5% of the students were white, 5.8% were black, 25.3% were Hispanic, 3.1% were Asian/Pacific Islander, and 1.2% were American Indian/Alaskan Native. Total enrollment was estimated at 756,000 in fall 2003 and expected to be 833,000 by fall 2014, an increase of 10.9% during the period 200214. There were 50,123 students enrolled in 345 private schools in fall 2003. Expenditures for public education in 2003/04 were estimated at $6.8 billion. Since 1969, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) has tested public school students nationwide. The resulting report, The Nation's Report Card, stated that in 2005, eighth graders in Colorado scored 281 out of 500 in mathematics compared with the national average of 278.

As of fall 2002, there were 282,343 students enrolled in institutions of higher education; minority students comprised 19.9% of total postsecondary enrollment. As of 2005, Colorado had 75 degree-granting institutions. The oldest state school is the Colorado School of Mines, founded in Golden in 1869. Although chartered in 1861, the University of Colorado did not open until 1876; its Boulder campus is now the largest in the state. Colorado State University was founded at Ft. Collins in 1870. The University of Denver was chartered in 1864 as the Colorado Seminary of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Colorado is also the home of the United States Air Force Academy.

ARTS

The Colorado Council on the Arts consists of 11 members appointed by the governor. In 2005, the council and other arts organizations received 26 grants totaling $2,304,700 from the National Endowment for the Arts. The Colorado Endowment for the Humanities was established in 1974. In 2005, 12 grants totaling $738,362 were awarded to state organizations from the National Endowment for the Humanities. The Council on the Arts is affiliated with the regional Western States Art Federation. The state government also provides a sizable share of the total for the support of the artists. In 1988, arts organizations in Denver successfully supported a proposal to contribute 0.1% of the area's sales tax to the development of the arts.

From its earliest days of statehood, Colorado has been receptive to the arts. Such showplaces as the Tabor Opera House in Leadville and the Tabor Grand Opera House in Denver were among the most elaborate buildings in the Old West. Newer centers are Denver's Boettcher Concert Hall, which opened in 1978 as the home of the Denver Symphony, and the adjacent Helen G. Bonfils Theater Complex, which opened in 1980 and houses a repertory theater company. The Colorado Symphony Orchestra was established in 1989 as the successor to the Denver Symphony.

Other artistic organizations include the Colorado Opera Festival of Colorado Springs; the Central City Opera House Association, which sponsors a summer opera season in this old mining town; and the Four Corners Opera Association in Durango. The amphitheater in Red Rocks Park near Denver, formed by red sandstone rocks, provides a natural and acoustically excellent concert area. In 2006, Red Rocks Amphitheater was scheduled to host a wide range of artists including the Allman Brothers, Ben Harper, and Chicago.

Aspen FilmFest, founded in 1979, offers several festivals throughout the year promoting interest in independent filmmaking. The Aspen Music Festival and School (AMFS), founded in 1949, is an annual internationally renowned classical music festival that offers over 200 events and educational opportunities throughout the summer.

LIBRARIES AND MUSEUMS

As of 2001, Colorado had 116 public library systems, with a total of 243 libraries, of which 138 were branches. In that same year, the state's public libraries held nearly 11,071,000 volumes of books and serial publications and had a total circulation of 43,460,000. The system also had 489,000 audio and 441,000 video items, 20,000 electronic format items (CD-ROMs, magnetic tapes, and disks), and 14 bookmobiles. The largest system was the Denver Public Library with 1,882,487 volumes in 27 branches. The leading academic library is at the University of Colorado at Boulder, with over 2.8 million volumes. Total public library operating income came to $167,910,000 in 2001, including federal grants worth $219,000 and state grants worth $4,080,000. Operating expenditures in that same year totaled $152,465,000, of which 62.4% was spent on staff, and 16.3% on the collection.

Colorado has more than 174 museums and historic sites. One of the most prominent museums in the West is the Denver Art Museum, with its large collection of American Indian, South Seas, and Oriental art. Another major art museum is the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, specializing in southwestern and western American art.

Other notable museums include the Denver Museum of Natural History, University of Colorado Museum in Boulder, Western Museum of Mining and Industry in Colorado Springs, and the Colorado Ski Museum-Ski Hall of Fame in Vail. Museums specializing in state history include the Colorado Heritage Center of the Colorado Historical Society in Denver, Ute Indian Museum in Montrose, Ft. Carson Museum of the Army in the West, Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site in La Junta, Georgetown-Silver Plume Historic District, Healy House-Dexter Cabin and Tabor Opera House Museum in Leadville, and Ft. Vasquez in Platteville.

COMMUNICATIONS

Colorado's first mail and freight service was provided in 1859 by the Leavenworth and Pikes Peak Express. Over 95.8% of the state's occupied housing units had telephones as of 2004. In addition, by June of that same year there were 2,727,910 mobile wireless telephone subscribers. In 2003, 70.0% of Colorado households had a computer and 63% had Internet access. By June 2005, there were 659,883 high-speed lines in Colorado, 623,716 residential and 72,167 for business.

Of the 80 major radio stations in operation in 2005, 22 were AM and 58 FM. There were 20 major television stations in operation in 2005. The Denver area had cable in 61% of its 1,268,230 television-owning households in 1999. A total of 109,775 Internet domain names were registered in Colorado by 2000.

PRESS

As of 2005, there were 21 morning dailies, 9 afternoon dailies, and 15 Sunday papers.

The leading newspapers are as follows:

AREA NAME DAILY SUNDAY
Colorado Springs Gazette (m, S) 90,900 107,945
Denver Rocky Mountain News (m, S) 595,512 705,593
Denver Post (m, S) 595,512 705,593

In May 2000, long-time rivals, the Rocky Mountain News and Denver Post, in search of an antitrust exemption to preserve rival editorial voices in Denver, applied for a joint operating agreement under the Newspaper Preservation Act. In 2001, they entered into a 50-50 partnership under a joint operating agreement, whereby they operate their advertising, marketing, circulation sales, distribution, and finance departments jointly. However, under their respective editors, they continue to express distinctive points of view.

In 2004, the Rocky Mountain News and Denver Post ranked 30th and 31st, respectively, among largest daily newspaper in the country, based on circulation. They ranked 8th in the nation for their combined Sunday circulation the same year.

In 2005, there were 103 weekly publications in Colorado, 71 paid weeklies, 7 free weeklies, and 25 combined weeklies. The total circulation of paid weeklies (308,254) and free weeklies (143,350) is 451,604.

ORGANIZATIONS

In 2006, there were over 4,880 nonprofit organizations registered within the state, of which about 3,613 were registered as charitable, educational, or religious organizations.

Professional and trade groups with national headquarters in the state include the Geological Society of America in Boulder; National Cattlemen's Association, the American School Food Service Association, American Sheep Producers Council, College Press Service, and National Livestock Producers Association.

Colorado Springs is the home of several important sports organizations, including the US Olympic Committee, USA Basketball, USA Hockey, Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association, and the US Ski Association. The Sports Car Club of America is in Englewood.

State arts and cultural organizations include the Colorado Artists Guild, the Colorado Historical Society, the Aspen Writers Foundation, and Young Audiences of Colorado. Junior Achievement has a national office in Colorado Springs.

TOURISM, TRAVEL, AND RECREATION

Tourism is making a comeback in the state as a result of improved funding and attention to the industry. A major slump for the industry began in 1993, when voters discontinued the state tourism tax. This resulted in a loss of $2.3 billion per year and a 33% decrease in Colorado's market share. The legislature reinstated funding of $6 million in 1999, and in 2000 the Colorado Tourism Office (CTO) was established as a branch of the office of Economic Development and International Trade. The new CTO is led by a 13-member board of directors representing various segments of the industry.

Florida, California, Arizona, and Texas are the state's primary competitors for tourism dollars. In 2004, there were 25.8 million overnight stays, and over 24 million visitors. Tourism accounts for over 200,000 jobs within the state.

Scenery, history, and skiing combine to make Colorado a prime tourist Mecca. Vail is the most popular ski resort center, followed by Keystone and Steamboat. Skiing aside, the state's most popular attraction is the US Air Force Academy near Colorado Springs. Nearby are Pikes Peak, the Garden of the Gods (featuring unusual red sandstone formations), and Manitou Springs, a resort center. Besides its many museums, parks, and rebuilt Larimer Square district, Denver's main attraction is the US Mint. Colorado is home to over 12,050 national landmarks.

All nine national forests in Colorado are open for camping, as are the state's two national parks: Rocky Mountain, encompassing 265,000 acres (107,000 hectares) in the Front Range; and Mesa Verde, 52,000 acres (2l,000 hectares) of mesas and canyons in the southwest.

Other attractions include the fossil beds at Dinosaur National Monument, Indian cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde, Black Canyon of the Gunnison, Colorado National Monument at Fruita, Curecanti National Recreation Area, Florissant Fossil Beds, Great Sand Dunes, Hovenweep National Monument, Durango-Silverton steam train, and white-water rafting on the Colorado, Green, and Yampa rivers.

SPORTS

There are four major professional sports teams in Colorado, all in Denver: the Broncos of the National Football League, the Nuggets of the National Basketball Association, the Avalanche of the National Hockey League, and the Colorado Rockies of Major League Baseball. The Broncos won the American Football Conference Championship in 1978, 1987, 1988, and 1990, losing each year in the Super Bowl. They won back-to-back Super Bowl titles in 1998 and 1999. The Avalanche, who moved to Denver from Quebec after the 1995 season, won the Stanley Cup in 1996. The Colorado Springs Sky Sox compete in the Pacific Coast division of minor league baseball, and the Colorado Gold Kings compete in the West Coast Hockey League.

Colorado is home to some of the world's finest alpine skiing resorts, such as Vail, Aspen, and Steamboat Springs.

The Buffaloes of the University of Colorado produced some excellent football teams in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and they were named National Champions in 1990 (with Georgia Tech). Colorado won the Orange Bowl in 1957 and 1991, the Fiesta Bowl in 1995, and the Cotton Bowl in 1996. The Buffaloes have won or shared five Big Eight titles, the last one in 1991. Since the conference expanded to the Big Twelve, the Buffaloes have won the title once, in 2001.

Jack Dempsey, the famous heavyweight boxer of the 1920s, was born in Manassa.

FAMOUS COLORADANS

Ft. Collins was the birthplace of Byron R. White (19172002), who as an associate justice of the US Supreme Court since 1962, has been the state's most prominent federal officeholder. Colorado's first US senator, Henry M. Teller (b. New York, 18301914), also served as secretary of the interior. Gary Hart (b. Kansas, 1937) was a senator and a presidential candidate in 1984 and 1988.

Charles Bent (b. Virginia, 17991847), a fur trapper and an early settler in Colorado, built a famous fort and trading post near present-day La Junta. Early explorers of the Colorado region include Zebulon Pike (b. New Jersey, 17791813) and Stephen Long (b. New Hampshire, 17841864). John Evans (181497) was Colorado's second territorial governor and founder of the present-day University of Denver. Ouray (182083) was a Ute chief who ruled at the time when mining districts were being opened. Silver magnate Horace Austin Warner Tabor (b. Vermont, 183099) served as mayor of Leadville and lieutenant governor of the state, spent money on lavish buildings in Leadville and Denver, but lost most of his fortune before his death. The story of Tabor and his second wife Elizabeth McCourt Doe Tabor (18621935), is portrayed in Douglas Moore's opera The Ballad of Baby Doe (1956). Willard F. Libby (190980), winner of the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1960, and Edward L. Tatum (190975), co-winner of the 1958 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine, were born in Colorado. Among the performers born in the state were actors Lon Chaney (18831930) and Douglas Fairbanks (18831939), and band leader Paul Whiteman (18911967). Singer John Denver (Henry John Deutschendorf Jr., b. New Mexico, 194397) was closely associated with Colorado and lived in Aspen until his death in a plane crash.

Colorado's most famous sports personality is Jack Dempsey (18951983), born in Manassa and nicknamed the "Manassa Mauler," who held the world heavyweight boxing crown from 1919 to 1926.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Abbott, Carl, Stephen J. Leonard, and Thomas J. Noel. Colorado: A History of the Centennial State. 3rd ed. Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2005.

Aylesworth, Thomas G. The Southwest: Colorado, New Mexico, Texas. Chicago: Chelsea House Publishers, 1996.

Council of State Governments. The Book of the States, 2006 Edition. Lexington, Ky.: Council of State Governments, 2006.

Cronin, Thomas E. Colorado Politics and Government: Governing the Centennial State. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993.

Harris, Katherine. Long Vistas: Women and Families on Colorado Homesteads. Niwot: University of Colorado Press, 1993.

Hill, Alice Polk. Colorado Pioneers in Picture and Story. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 2002.

Litvak, Dianna. Colorado. Santa Fe, N.M.: John Muir Publications, 1999.

Mahoney, Paul F., Thomas J. Noel, and Richard E. Stevens. Historical Atlas of Colorado. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1994.

Preston, Thomas. Rocky Mountains: Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico. 2nd ed. Vol. 3 of The Double Eagle Guide to 1,000 Great Western Recreation Destinations. Billings, Mont.: Discovery Publications, 2003.

US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, US Census Bureau. Colorado, 2000. Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics: 2000 Census of Population and Housing. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 2003.

Virden, William L. Cornerstones and Communities: A Historical Overview of Colorado's County Seats and Courthouses. Loveland, Colo.: Rodgers and Nelsen, 2001.

Wyckoff, William. Creating Colorado: the Making of a Western American Landscape, 18601940. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

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Colorado

COLORADO

COLORADO. Archaeological evidence reveals that humans have lived in the area that is now Colorado for over 10,000 years. In the aftermath of the last ice age, over 6,000 years ago, humans adapted to the main geographical regions of Colorado: the high plains of the east; the Rocky Mountains that cross the state from north to south; and the western plateaus and mesas. Rock paintings, remains of campsites, and other evidence reveal the social complexity of successive cultures of peoples who lived primarily through hunting and foraging, and later, agriculture. By the beginning of the Common Era, groups developed trading networks that skirted the Rocky Mountains south to New Mexico. The Ancestral Pueblans, also known as the Anasazi, built spectacular villages in southwestern Colorado. Mesa Verde, one of the best-known sites, was in habited between 600 and 1200 a.d. By 1500, many Native American groups lived in Colorado. The Ute lived in the mountains and western plains, while the Apache, Navajo, Comanche, Cheyenne, and Arapaho occupied the eastern plains.

The Spanish claimed Colorado as part of the province of New Mexico, but because it was at the northernmost edge of the empire, the Spanish presence was intermittent until the 1700s. However, the Spanish influence was profound. They brought with them the horse, which Native Americans adopted throughout the 1600s and 1700s, greatly affecting the social and economic base of their societies.

Over the centuries, the Spanish defended their claim to Colorado from the Ute and Comanche, the French, and the Americans. After the 1803 Louisiana Purchase, the U.S. government dispatched expeditions to survey its new territory. In 1805, Lieutenant Zebulon Pike led an expedition into the area and described the mountain now known as Pike's Peak. The Spanish captured Pike in 1806 and did not release him until the following year. In 1819 the U.S. and Spanish governments negotiated an international boundary that ran along the Arkansas River.

Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821. The new government encouraged trade with the United States, and the Santa Fe Trail, from Missouri to New Mexico, became an important route. Trinidad, Colorado, developed on the basis of this trade. In the 1830s and 1840s, the Mexican government gave away land grants in its New Mexico province to elite residents, with the expectation that the grantees would encourage settlement by farmers. One of the first towns the farmers established was San Luis, in present-day Colorado. During the next several decades, Spanish-speaking farmers created towns throughout southern Colorado based on the patterns they had known in New Mexico. These farmers irrigated their crops, a technique that later settlers would adopt.

At the beginning of the nineteenth century, trappers became an important presence in the region. These men sold beaver pelts to European and American markets via the New Mexico-Missouri trade route. The trappers traveled along the Rocky Mountains' rivers, lived and worked among Native Americans and Mexicans, and often married into these groups. Native American and Mexican women gave their husbands access to trade networks and social acceptance. In Colorado, settlements such as Bent's Fort, Fort Vasquez, and Fort Lupton became centers for trade and social interaction in this multiethnic enterprise. By the 1840s, however, the trappers had nearly wiped out the beaver. Some trappers became full-time traders and established new settlements, the most famous of which was El Pueblo (present-day Pueblo), which was founded in 1842.

The 1846–1848 war between Mexico and the United States ended in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848). This treaty required Mexico to surrender huge portions of its land to the United States; southern Colorado was part of the cession. The United States was slow to organize this territory, and present-day Colorado was variously considered part of Texas and the territories of Utah, New Mexico, Nebraska, and Kansas. The impetus for the organization of the Colorado territory was the discovery of gold.

Gold-Rush Colorado

From the time of the first Spanish explorers, many people hoped to find gold in Colorado, but it was not until 1858 that this hope was realized. The 1859 gold rush brought over 100,000 prospectors, merchants, and speculators to the region. Even after the initial claim dwindled, more discoveries of gold continued to bring settlers to the Rocky Mountains.

The confluence of the South Platte River and Cherry Creek became the headquarters for the rush, by passing the region's older towns. Two groups established towns on either side of Cherry Creek—Auraria and Denver City—each hoping that its town would become the dominant city. Denver won this contest and absorbed Auraria. Denver emerged as the transportation, business, and cultural hub of the region.

The Plains tribes—the Cheyenne and the Arapaho—were alarmed by the flood of settlers traveling through, and building cities on, land they considered theirs. Unlike the fur traders, these settlers had no interest in striking alliances with Native Americans. The tribes did not have a unified response to the settlers. Some, such as the Arapaho chief Little Raven, and the Cheyenne chief Black Kettle, advocated peacefully accommodating the newcomers, while others, especially members of Cheyenne warrior societies, argued for war. In the 1851 Fort Laramie Treaty, the Cheyenne and Arapaho agreed to restrict themselves to the land between the South Platte and Arkansas Rivers. Ten years later, the 1861 Fort Wise Treaty forced these groups to cede their claims to the foothills.

On 28 February 1861, the U.S. government organized the Territory of Colorado. (Colorado City and Golden served as the territory's capital, before Denver was declared the capital in 1867.) The territory was immediately thrown into the Civil War (1861–1865). Although the territory's residents included Southern sympathizers, radical and moderate abolitionists, and former slaves, the territory aligned itself with the Union cause. Troops from the Colorado Territory defeated General Henry S. Sibley's Confederates in the 1862 battle of Glorieta Pass, in New Mexico.

Another notorious military action was waged against the Cheyenne and the Arapaho. During 1864, the tensions between the Plains tribes and the settlers steadily escalated. Black Kettle led a group of his Cheyenne and Arapaho followers to their winter camp near Sand Creek, in southeastern Colorado Territory, after having declared his peaceful intentions to the military authorities. An American flag and a white flag flew over the camp, which largely consisted of the elderly, women, and children. The First and Third Colorado Volunteers, under the leader-ship of Colonel John Chivington, attacked this settlement on 29 November 1864. The soldiers killed over 150 people, wounded scores of others, and mutilated the dead. The Sand Creek Massacre began a cycle of violence between whites and Native Americans throughout the territory. In 1867, many of the Cheyenne and Arapaho agreed to the Medicine Lodge Treaty, which required them to relocate to Indian Territory.

Colorado in the Nineteenth Century

Colorado became a state on 1 August 1876. Due to the expansion of the railroads across the plains and into the mountains, and the subsequent increase in economic linkages, the state's population quickly grew. In 1870 there were 40,000 people in the Colorado Territory; by 1880, the population had increased to over 194,000.

Colorado's settlers demanded that the Ute, who occupied most of the western plateaus, cede their land. In 1879, several Northern Ute at the White River Agency rose up against the Indian agent and killed him, along with eleven other white men. Outraged Coloradoans called for the expulsion of the Ute. In March 1881, in Washington, D.C., the federal government concluded a treaty with the Ute that required the tribe's various bands to live in reservations in Utah or Colorado. Prospectors and farmers quickly swarmed into the land vacated by the Ute.

Farming, ranching, and mining formed the pillars of nineteenth-century Colorado's economy. Politicians and business leaders were preoccupied with encouraging economic development and growth. However, the state's economy proved to be vulnerable to violent fluctuations—a boom-and-bust cycle.

Colorado's early farmers grew grains, but by the early twentieth century sugar beets and potatoes had also become important crops. Farmers in western Colorado were known for their fruit orchards. Many farmers had to irrigate their fields, and the reliance on irrigation sparked off arguments between Colorado and its neighbors over water rights that still continue today.

Colorado was home to numerous, often short-lived, agricultural colonies. Some, such as Greeley, had utopian origins. Members of ethnic or religious groups also organized colonies. For example, in 1882 Jewish emigrants from Poland and Russia lived in a colony in Cotopaxi. One of the last colonies was the African American settlement of Dear field, established in 1910–1911.

Livestock ranching was an important sector of the economy. By the 1880s, cattle ranchers had large establishments along the South Platte and Arkansas Rivers. Cattle ranching later spread to western Colorado. From the 1880s to the 1920s, cattle ranchers and sheepherders repeatedly clashed over land in northwest Colorado. Access to public land for grazing also became a longstanding conflict between Colorado and the federal government.

In the nineteenth century, mining was a mainstay of the economy. Some settlements, such as Leadville and Georgetown, developed into full-fledged towns, while scores of mining camps faded when the vein of ore was exhausted. Mining activities altered the land: hills were deforested and many streams became polluted.

Smelting gold, silver, and other metals was an important component of the mining industry. This process gradually moved from the mining towns to large cities such as Pueblo and Denver. Pueblo was also a steel town and the home of Colorado Fuel and Iron, an enormous company that was eventually owned by the industrialist John D. Rockefeller.

Companies developed the coalfields in northern and southern Colorado and established "company towns" for their workers. The coal towns were racially and ethnically diverse. Whites, African Americans, and Hispanics worked alongside immigrants from Asia and central and eastern Europe.

The mining industries were the site of labor conflicts from the 1880s to the 1920s. During the nineteenth century, miners demanded better safety and working conditions, but the state was reluctant to enforce such measures. This situation led to many workers joining unions. Many gold and silver miners joined the Western Federation of Miners, while the United Mine Workers made progress on the coalfields. The strikes were often long and occasionally violent, such as the 1903–1904 strike by gold miners in Cripple Creek. From 1913 to 1914, coal miners striked in southern Colorado for greater health and safety regulations, recognition of their union, and an increase in wages. On 20 April 1914, at Ludlow, the National Guard attacked a tent colony, and the subsequent fire killed two women and eleven children.

Colorado in the Twentieth Century

Colorado began the century as a leader in some national reform movements. In 1893, women in Colorado received the right to vote. The state enacted prohibition of alcohol in 1916, long before the rest of the country. Colorado became home to two national parks at the beginning of the twentieth century. Mesa Verde became a national park in 1906; Rocky Mountain National Park was dedicated in 1915.

World War I (1914–1918) was a stimulus for Colorado's economy. The demand for crops such as sugar beets and wheat, and metals—molybdenum, vanadium, and tungsten— led to an economic boom. The bust came after the war, when prices for metals and agricultural commodities plummeted.

After the war, Colorado politics took a turn to the right. The state was consumed by a "RedScare" over feared Communist and Socialist influence. During the 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan emerged as a powerful statewide organization, widely disseminating its hate-based politics. The Klan dominated politics in Denver and held weekly cross burnings. Klan members and sympathizers controlled the lower house of the state legislature. Although the Klan's influence faded somewhat after the mid-1920s, local and state governments took little initiative in protecting the civil rights of political, racial, or ethnic minorities.

Colorado was ill equipped to deal with the economic disaster of the Great Depression. Prices dropped even lower for minerals and agriculture, and between 1933 and 1938, many of the farms of eastern Colorado were stripped bare by the Dust Bowl's winds. Displaced farmers and workers received very little aid from city and state governments that had only minimal provisions for the un-employed and needy. President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal programs helped fill this gap. For example, one New Deal program, the Works Progress Administration, became one of the state's largest employers, and by 1942 had completed over 5,000 projects in Colorado.

World War II had a wide-ranging impact on Colorado. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt ordered the detention of Japanese Americans living on the Pacific coast and in Arizona. A detention camp, Amache, was located in southeast Colorado. However, Colorado's governor resisted demands to intern Japanese American Coloradoans and allowed Japanese Americans from other parts of the country to settle in the state. Many military bases and facilities, such as Camp Hale, home of the Tenth Mountain Division, were located in the state. War industries boomed. Even the mining sector revived with the demand for uranium.

During the Cold War, industries involved in defense, aerospace, and high technology research moved into the state. The federal government also located many facilities in the state, including the new Air Force Academy, in Colorado Springs. This inflow of industry, commerce, and population, however, was concentrated among the Front Range cities.

Many of Colorado's oldest economic sectors were in steep decline by the 1970s. Sugar beet processors closed their operations. Mining was greatly diminished and concentrated on coal and molybdenum. In the 1970s, the Exxon Corporation developed facilities in northwest Colorado for processing oil shale into oil. When Exxon abruptly abandoned the project on 2 May 1982, the resulting crash had state wide ramifications.

Since the 1970s, Colorado's service industries have become an increasingly important part of the economy. For example, the tourism and recreation sectors have developed from the spas and campgrounds of the early twentieth century to the ski resort industry, which emerged after World War II.

During the last quarter of the twentieth century, Colorado wrestled with controversial issues, such as desegregation, environmental policy, the size of government, and nuclear energy. The issue of civil rights for African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanics, and gays and lesbians repeatedly surfaced during this time. Longstanding issues, including water policy, land use, and growth, remain vexing. Colorado's natural beauty and opportunities continue to attract immigrants from around the country and the world. According to the 1990 census, less than half of the population was born in the state. Over 82 percent of Colorado's 4.4 million people live in urban areas, and most of the population is concentrated on the Front Range. As the state enters the twenty-first century, it faces challenges and opportunities that are both grounded in its history and common to all of the United States.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Abbot, Carl, Stephen J. Leonard, and David McComb. Colorado: A History of the Centennial State. 3ded. Niwot: University Press of Colorado, 1994.

Deutsch, Sarah. No Separate Refuge: Culture, Class, and Gender on an Anglo-Hispanic Frontier in the American Southwest, 1880–1940. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Jameson, Elizabeth. All That Glitters: Class, Conflict, and Community in Cripple Creek. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1998.

Taylor, Quintard. In Search of the Racial Frontier: African Americans in the American West, 1528–1990. New York: W.W. Norton, 1998.

Ubbelohde, Carl, Maxine Benson, and Duane A. Smith. A Colorado History. 8th ed. Boulder, Colo.: Pruett Publishing Company, 2001.

West, Elliot. The Contested Plains: Indians, Gold seekers, and the Rush to Colorado. Lawrence: The University Press of Kansas, 1998.

Wyckoff, William. Creating Colorado: The Making of a Western American Landscape, 1860–1940. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1999.

Modupe G.Labode

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Colorado (state, United States)

Colorado (kŏlərăd´ə, –răd´ō, –rä´dō), state, W central United States, one of the Rocky Mt. states. It is bordered by Wyoming (N), Nebraska (N, E), Kansas (E), Oklahoma and New Mexico (S), and Utah (W); it touches Arizona (SW) in the Four Corners region.

Facts and Figures

Area, 104,247 sq mi (270,000 sq km). Pop. (2010) 5,029,196, a 16.9% increase since the 2000 census. Capital and largest city, Denver. Statehood, Aug. 1, 1876 (38th state). Highest pt., Mt. Elbert, 14,433 ft (4,402 m); lowest pt., Arkansas River, 3,350 ft (1,022 m). Nickname, Centennial State. Motto,Nil Sine Numine [Nothing without Providence]. State bird, lark bunting. State flower, Rocky Mountain columbine. State tree, Colorado blue spruce. Abbr., Colo., CO

Geography

Colorado's eastern expanses are part of the High Plains section of the Great Plains. On their western edge the plains give way to the Rocky Mountains, which run north-south through central Colorado. The mountains are divided into several ranges that make up two generally parallel belts, with the Front Range and a portion of the Sangre de Cristo Mts. on the east and the Park Range, Sawatch Mts., and San Juan Mts. on the west. Mt. Elbert (14,433 ft/4,399 m) is the highest peak in the U.S. Rocky Mts. The mountain ranges are separated by high valleys and basins called parks. These include North Park, Middle Park, South Park, Estes Park, and San Luis Park. The Continental Divide runs north-south along the Rocky Mts. in Colorado.

One of the most scenic states in the country, Colorado has recreational parks including Rocky Mountain National Park, Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park with its narrow gorge cut by the Gunnison River, Dinosaur National Monument in NW Colorado, and Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve in S central Colorado. Mesa Verde National Park and Canyons of the Ancients and Chimney Rock national monuments, once home to Ancestral Pueblo peoples (see cliff dwellers), are in the southwestern corner of the state, a beautiful but formidable area of mesas and canyons.

Most of W Colorado is occupied by the Colorado Plateau, where deep canyons have been formed by the action of the Colorado, Gunnison, and other rivers. Colorado has a mean elevation of c.6,800 ft (2,070 m) and has 51 of the 80 peaks in North America over 14,000 ft (4,267 m) high, thus laying claim to the name "top of the world."

A broad timber belt, largely coniferous and mostly within national forest reserves, covers large sections of the mountains. The mighty Colorado River originates in Rocky Mountain National Park, and the headwaters of the North Platte, South Platte, Arkansas, and Rio Grande also gather in Colorado's mountains. The average annual rainfall in Colorado is only 16.6 in. (42.2 cm), but the state has been able to develop otherwise unusable land and ranks high among the states in irrigated acres. The Colorado–Big Thompson project and the Fryingpan-Arkansas project are two major water-diversion systems that carry water by tunnel across the Continental Divide to farms on the plains of E Colorado.

Most of the population lives in cities among the Front Range foothills, principally in Denver, the capital, largest city, and regional metropolis. Other major cities are Colorado Springs, Aurora, Lakewood, and Pueblo.

Economy

Agriculture, especially the raising of cattle and sheep and production of dairy goods, is economically important in the state. Crops include wheat, hay, corn, and sugar beets. Since the 1950s manufacturing has been the major source of income in the state. Food processing is a major industry; others include the manufacture of computer equipment, aerospace products, transportation equipment, and electrical equipment; printing and publishing; and the production of fabricated metals, chemicals, and lumber. Federal facilities including army and air force bases, prisons, and the Denver Mint, as well as regional offices, contribute greatly to the economy. A new $4 billion international airport opened near Denver in Feb., 1995.

Tourism plays a vital role in Colorado's economy. The state's climate, scenery, historical sites, and extensive recreational facilities bring millions of visitors annually. Numerous resorts in towns such as Vail and Aspen attract visitors year-round as well as during ski season. Besides fine hunting, fishing, and skiing there are many special events held in the state, including arts festivals, rodeos, and fairs.

Gold, the lure to exploration and settlement of Colorado, was the first of many valuable minerals (notably silver and lead) discovered here. Leading minerals today are petroleum, coal, molybdenum, sand and gravel, and uranium. Gold is no longer mined extensively. There are also large coal and oil deposits.

Government, Politics, and Higher Education

Colorado's state government is based on the constitution drawn up in 1876 and since amended. The governor serves for a term of four years. The legislature is made up of a senate with 35 members and a house of representatives with 65 members. Colorado is represented in the U.S. Congress by two senators and six representatives and has eight votes in the electoral college. Democrat Roy Romer, elected governor in 1986 and reelected in 1990 and 1994, was succeeded by Republican Bill Owens, elected in 1998 and reelected in 2002. In 2006 a Democrat, Bill Ritter, won the governorship; John Hickenlooper, also a Democrat, was elected in 2010 and 2014.

Among Colorado's institutions of higher learning are the Univ. of Colorado, at Boulder; the Univ. of Denver, at Denver; Colorado State Univ., at Fort Collins; and the United States Air Force Academy, at Colorado Springs.

History

Early Inhabitants, European Exploration, and U.S. Conquest

Colorado's earliest inhabitants were the Basket Makers, Native Americans who settled in the mesa country before the beginning of the Christian era. Later people known as cliff dwellers inhabited the area, building their pueblos in canyon walls.

The first European to enter the region was probably the Spanish conquistador Francisco Vásquez de Coronado in the 16th cent. Spain subsequently claimed (1706) the territory, although no Spanish settlements were established there. Part of the area was also claimed for France as part of the Louisiana Territory. At the end of the French and Indian Wars (1763), France secretly ceded the Louisiana Territory, including much of Colorado, to Spain. The French regained the whole area in 1800 by the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso concluded with Spain (see San Ildefonso, Treaty of).

The United States bought the area N of the Arkansas River and E of the Rocky Mts. in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. The federal government sent expeditions to Colorado which generated some public interest in the new territory, and they explored routes opened earlier by the famous mountain men, trappers, and fur traders who included William H. Ashley, James Bridger, Jedediah S. Smith, Kit Carson, and the Bent brothers. Bent's Fort, in Colorado, was one of the best-known Western trading posts. Settlement in the area did not begin, however, until the United States acquired the remainder of present-day Colorado from Mexico by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848.

Gold, Settlement, and Statehood

In the early 1800s a small farming settlement had been established in the San Luis valley, but most settlers pushing westward across the Great Plains continued on to the more fertile lands of Oregon, Washington, and California. It was the discovery of gold that first brought large numbers of settlers to Colorado. Prospectors led by Green Russell discovered gold in 1858 at Cherry Creek, where part of the city of Denver now stands, and after another strike the following year, the mining boom began.

At the time of the gold rush the area in which the gold fields were located was part of the U.S. Kansas Territory. A group of miners organized the gold fields as Arapahoe co. of Kansas Territory. The region was divided into districts, and miners' and people's courts were set up to provide quick justice. The miners sought separate territorial status in 1859 and formed the illegal Territory of Jefferson, which operated until the bill for territorial status was passed by Congress in 1861. William Gilpin, the first territorial governor, chose the name Colorado [Span.,=red or colored]. Measures proposing statehood for Colorado were introduced in the U.S. Congress in 1864, and again in 1866 and 1867 when they were vetoed by Andrew Johnson. A bill granting Colorado's statehood was finally passed by Congress in 1876.

When the first settlers came to Colorado, the Ute lived in the mountain areas, while the Comanche, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Kiowa inhabited the Great Plains. Warfare between plains and mountain ethnic groups was continuous. The tribes of the plains combined their forces in 1840 to halt the invasion of their homelands and hunting grounds by settlers, and violence ensued. The warfare finally culminated in the Native Americans' defeat after the Indian Wars (1861–69) and the Buffalo War (1873–74). Colorado's Native Americans now live mainly on the Southern Ute reservation and in the Denver area.

Decline and Diversification

While Colorado was seeking to establish a government and engaged in conflict with Native Americans, the state's mining boom was in sharp decline. The surface gold had been extracted in the middle 1860s, and mining areas became, and in many cases remain, studded with ghost towns—machinery abandoned and shacks deserted. Other towns, such as Central City with its famous opera house dating from the city's days of opulence, managed to stay alive.

The completion (1870) of a railroad link from Denver to the Union Pacific in Cheyenne, Wyo., and later railroad construction helped to stimulate the extension of farming and the growth of huge cattle ranches as well as to encourage an influx of settlers. Between 1870 and 1880 population increased almost fivefold. Denver briefly became the largest receiving market for sheep, and a smelting industry was established.

In the 1870s the discovery of silver-bearing lead carbonite ore at Leadville started a new mining boom. Prosperity was short-lived, however, for in the 1890s, despite a rich silver strike at Creede and the discovery of the state's richest gold field at Cripple Creek, Colorado suffered a depression. In 1893 the U.S. government stopped buying silver in order to restore confidence in the nation's currency, which had been placed on the gold standard in 1873. The silver market subsequently collapsed, dealing a severe blow to Colorado's economy.

Labor conflicts, disputes over railway franchises, and warfare between sheep and cattle interests also plagued the state at the turn of the century. Many of labor's battles in this period were fought in the mines of Colorado, and the lawlessness and ruthlessness that prevailed among both employers and miners were reminiscent of the early days of the mining camps. When the silver market broke, Colorado turned politically to fusion Populist-Democratic leaders advocating a return to bimetallism. The free-silver movement, however, was unsuccessful, and by 1910, with the improvement of national economic conditions, Colorado settled down to a predominantly agricultural economy.

The Twentieth Century

Large national parks, established in the early 1900s, have provided a continuing source of revenue; tourism has grown steadily. During World War I the price of silver soared again and the economy prospered. The stock-market crash of 1929 and the droughts of 1935 and 1937 brought hardships, but the economy recovered again during World War II, when the state's foods, minerals, and metal products were important to the war effort.

In the mid-1960s Colorado experienced a large influx of new residents and rapid urban growth and development, especially along a strip (c.150 mi/240 km long) centered on Denver and stretching from Fort Collins and Greeley in the north to Pueblo in the south. This growth, combined with the area's high altitude, caused pollution problems, most notably smog. The discovery and exploitation of oil created a boom in the 1970s, which collapsed in the early 1980s. Diversifying industry, swelling in-migration and accompanying construction, and tourism and recreation have since enabled Colorado to rebound, and between 1990 and 2000 it had the third largest percentage of growth of any state in the union.

Bibliography

See P. Eberhart, Guide to the Colorado Ghost Towns and Mining Camps (1959); C. Bancroft, Colorful Colorado: Its Dramatic History (1959); P. F. Dorset, The New Eldorado: The Story of Colorado's Gold and Silver Rushes (1970); L. R. Hafen, Colorado: The Story of a Western Commonwealth (1970); C. Abbott, Colorado: A History of the Centennial State (1982); M. Griffiths and L. Rubright, Colorado: A Geography (1983); G. Lawson, Colorado (1990).

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Colorado

COLORADO


Mention the state of Colorado and Americans still conjure up images of freewheeling gold and silver mining towns, rugged mountains, open spaces, health spas, and ski resorts. To a large extent, all of these stereotypes correctly describe aspects of the state and its history. First developed by prospectors looking for riches in gold and silver, the state also discovered its agricultural potential and promoted its many tourist attractions. Contemporary Colorado has a healthy industrial base, as well as a steadily growing population attracted by the state's many amenities.

In the early 1600s, Spanish conquistadors arrived in Colorado, finding a number of warring Native American tribes. French fur traders were not much interested in what was called the Colorado region, which then included most of the area east of the Rocky Mountains. France ceded the territory to Spain in 1763, then regained it in 1801. In 1803 the area east of the Rockies became part of the Louisiana Purchase when France ceded it to the United States.

In 1806 Lt. Zebulon M. Pike (17791813) set out to explore the southwestern border of the territory, and he unsuccessfully attempted to scale the peak that now bears his name. In 1819 the United States and Spain established a boundary along the Arkansas River, then north to the Continental Divide. Stephen Long (17841864) soon arrived to explore the new border, and Dr. Edwin James was the first to climb Pikes Peak. Western and southern Colorado became U.S. territory after the Mexican War (18461848). John C. Frémont (18131890) led five expeditions into eastern Colorado between 1842 and 1853.

It was an exaggerated report of the discovery of gold at Cherry Creek (now Denver), however, which brought thousands of prospectors into the territory beginning in 1858. The so-called "Pikes Peakers" sent home glowing reports of fortunes to be made in Colorado. A number of mining towns sprang up, and by 1860 the population of Colorado was more than 30,000. In 1861 Colorado formally became a territory, with Denver becoming the capital in 1867.

Expansion and settlement of the Colorado region was not without its difficulties. The early history of the territory was marked by serious conflict between white settlers and Native Americans. Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians, who had been pushed onto reservations, began to rebel, raiding towns and attacking travelers. After a brutal massacre of the Indians at Sand Creek in 1864, more warfare followed; but most of the Plains Indians were eventually moved to reservations in the Oklahoma territory. In 1873 the Ute Indians were forced from their large reservation, supposedly forever given to them by the U.S. government, when gold and silver were discovered there. After a number of unsuccessful attempts, Colorado finally entered the Union in 1876 as the thirty-eighth state.

More people trekked to Colorado during the 1870s and 1880s to seek their fortunes in the silver and lead mines, and farmers were attracted to the High Plains. At first bypassed by the transcontinental railroads, Colorado soon had rail access from Denver to the Union Pacific rail station at Cheyenne, Wyoming. Early tourism was also important to the economy of the new state. Resorts developed around the many mineral springs, and narrow-gauge trains brought travelers to the scenic mountain areas. Colorado Springs, one of the most important early spas, attracted thousands of tourists during this period, as did Denver. Unfortunately, this boom in the economy ended abruptly with a depression during the early 1890s. Silver became a glut on the market when the U.S. government adopted a gold standard in 1893. In addition, a severe drought caused many to abandon their farms.

California mineral miners experienced a number of violent disturbances during the last two decades of the nineteenth century. The Knights of Labor led around 35 strikes against mine owners between 1881 and 1886; and the Western Federation of Miners struck at Telluride and Cripple Creek. The United Mine Workers shut down operations at a number of mines in the early 1900s; a particularly violent episode occurred at Ludlow in 1914, when several women and children were killed after the governor called out the militia.

In the early twentieth century, farmers began returning to the land after a period of farm depression. Many German and Russian immigrants planted sugar beets in the Colorado, Arkansas, and South Platte river valleys. Cattle barons from Texas also drove their longhorns to Colorado's public lands for grazing. Later local farmers began to fence their land to produce the more popular shorthorns and Herefords. Water, always in short supply in the semiarid state, was made more available during this period by large reclamation projects. Tourism also increased as more roads were built in the mountain areas.

The state's economy fell after World War I (19141918), when mining and agriculture went into decline. The population growth rate in the state also declined, as did employment. During World War II (19391945) a number of military bases brought jobs, as did postwar expansion of federal facilities. Colorado Springs benefited from the placement of the North American Air Defense Command, the U.S. Air Force Academy, and the Air Force Space Operations Center. Between 1960 and 1983 Colorado grew twice as fast as the rest of the nation; by 1983 the state ranked ninth in per capita income.

In the 1970s and early 1980s Colorado's economy boomed as the oil, mining, and electronic industries continued to expand. In the mid-1980s, however, a drop in oil prices and the closing of several mines brought a recession, with the number of new businesses dropping 23 percent between 1987 and 1988. An upturn, however, occurred in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The state continues to face challenges, including air pollution, overcrowding on the eastern slopes of the Rockies, water shortages, and unemployment caused by cuts in defense spending.

Though agriculture and mining continue to be important economic sectors in Colorado, more jobs were created in trade, government, and manufacturing between 1975 and 1985. The service sector now accounts for more than 50 percent of the state's gross product. The companies that grew the fastest in Colorado during the 1980s and early 1990s were high-technology concerns such as IBM, Hewlett-Packard, Apple Computer, and MCI Telecommunications. Tourism generates more than $6 billion each year for the state. Ski resorts, such as Vail and Aspen, and tourist attractions, such as the Air Force Academy and Colorado's rugged mountains, continue to bring thousands of visitors to the state during all seasons. The per capita income of Colorado in 1996 was nearly $25,000, placing thirteenth in the nation. Denver ranked thirtieth among the most important metropolitan areas in income.


See also: Louisiana Purchase, Pike's Expedition

FURTHER READING

Abbott, Carl. Colorado: A History of the Centennial State. Boulder: Colorado Associated University Press, 1994.

Athearn, Robert G. The Coloradans. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1982.

Aylesworth, Thomas G. The Southwest: Colorado, New Mexico, Texas. Chicago: Chelsea House Publishers, 1996.

Sprague, Marshall. Colorado: A Bicentennial History. New York: Norton, 1976.

Ubbelohde, Carol, et al. A Colorado History. Boulder: Pruett, 1982.

the pikes peakers created [the colorado territory], propelled by faith, greed, ambition, and zest for achieving the impossible.

marshall sprague, colorado: a bicentennial history, 1976

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Colorado

Colorado

ETHNONYMS: Tatchila, Tsáchela, Tsatchela, Zatchila


The 1,025 to 1,800 Colorado Indians live in the western lowlands of Ecuador, chiefly in Pichincha Province and especially in Santo Domingo de los Colorados. They speak a language belonging to the Chibchan Family. The Colorado call themselves the "Tsatchela," a name originating from their practice of dyeing their hair red with an extract of achiote (Bixa orellana). In 1900 the Colorado numbered 3,000, but their population has since declined. Pichincha Province has been heavily settled by Whites, and the Colorado often work for the newcomers as laborers on their plantations.

The Colorado traditionally made their living through subsistence horticulture, although many now raise cattle, and others are wage laborers in towns and cities. The Ecuadoran government has created reservations for the Colorado, on which mestizos are forbidden to settle.

By the beginning of the twentieth century, the Colorado had adopted the plantain and made it their staple crop, each family owning thousands of trees. They planted yams, peppers, and cacao near their houses, whereas maize, rice, manioc, sugarcane, pineapples, citrus fruits, and medicinal and fish-poison plants are grown in more distant fields. The Colorado use traps, nets, hooks, and especially the poison barbasco to kill fish. They traditionally hunted with blowguns, using clay pellets rather than darts, but by the mid-twentieth century shotguns had replaced blowguns. Deer, monkeys, and agoutis are the most commonly sought game. In addition, the Colorado raise pigs, chickens, guinea pigs, and dogs. Men and women share the labor involved in the cultivation, harvest, and transportation of products to market. Men clear fields, hunt, fish, and weave nets; women cook, care for the children and domestic animals, and weave cotton goods.

Colorado families live in houses surrounded by their fields and often by forest; each house is thus separated by some distance from others and there is no village. Households have a high degree of economic self-sufficiency. Colorado houses, whick lack walls, consist of palm-leaf thatched roofs held up by posts.

Colorado children are greatly indulged. When a boy reaches 10 to 12 years of age, his nose is pierced in a ritual by a shaman, and he then begins to paint his body in an adult fashion. Boys marry sometime after puberty, but girls marry almost immediately thereafter. A deceased Colorado individual is dressed in his or her best clothing and is waked for a day by relatives, who weep, drink, and play special games in order to remain awake and to repel spirits that cause disease. The corpse is buried underneath the floor of the house, with a string around its neck connected to the roof to aid the soul in leaving. After the burial, the house is abandoned.

Colorado religion has undergone three major influences: traditional, Highland Quechua, and Catholic. Catholicism has become the most visible influence (the Colorado observe Catholic ritual and ceremony), but traditional beliefs concerning the supernatural and the creation myth endure. Shamans cure by removing the effects of witchcraft.


Bibliography

Elliot, Elisabeth (1975). These Strange Ashes. New York: Harper & Row.


Karsten, Rafael (1924). "The Colorado Indians of Western Ecuador." Ymer (Stockholm) 44(2): 137-152.


Moore, Bruce R. (1979). El cambio cultural entre los colorado de Santo Domingo. Quito: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano.


Santiana, Antonio (1951). The Colorado Indians (Tsatchila). Quito: Imprenta de la Universidad.


Von Hagen, Victor W. (1939). "The Tsátchela Indians of Western Ecuador." Indian Notes and Monographs (Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation). Miscellaneous Series, no. 51. 79 pp.

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Colorado

COLORADO


Boulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

Colorado Springs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255

Denver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267

Fort Collins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279

The State in Brief

Nickname: Centennial State

Motto: Nil sine numine (Nothing without providence)

Flower: Rocky Mountain columbine

Bird: Lark bunting

Area: 104,093 square miles (2000; U.S. rank: 8th)

Elevation: Ranges from 3,350 feet to 14,433 feet above sea level

Climate: Dry and sunny, with a wide daily and seasonal variation in temperature and with alpine conditions in the high mountains

Admitted to Union: August 1, 1876

Capital: Denver

Head Official: Governor Bill Owens (R) (until 2007)

Population

1980: 2,890,000

1990: 3,377,000

2000: 4,302,015

2004 estimate: 4,601,403

Percent change, 19902000: 30.6%

U.S. rank in 2004: 22nd

Percent of residents born in state: 41.1% (2000)

Density: 41.5 people per square mile (2000)

2002 FBI Crime Index Total: 195,936

Racial and Ethnic Characteristics (2000)

White: 3,560,005

Black or African American: 165,063

American Indian and Alaska Native: 44,241

Asian: 95,213

Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 4,621

Hispanic or Latino (may be of any race): 735,601

Other: 309,931

Age Characteristics (2000)

Population under 5 years old: 297,505

Population 5 to 19 years old: 927,163

Percent of population 65 years and over: 9.7%

Median age: 34.3 years (2000)

Vital Statistics

Total number of births (2003): 69,341

Total number of deaths (2003): 29,462 (infant deaths, 416)

AIDS cases reported through 2003: 3,675

Economy

Major industries: Services, manufacturing, communications, transportation, agriculture

Unemployment rate: 4.8% (January 2005)

Per capita income: $34,510 (2003; U.S. rank: 8th)

Median household income: $50,224 (3-year average, 2001-2003)

Percentage of persons below poverty level: 9.4% (3-year average, 2001-2003)

Income tax rate: 4.63%

Sales tax rate: 2.9%

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Colorado

Colorado State in w USA; the state capital is Denver. Other major cities include Colorado Springs and Pueblo. It is the highest state in the USA, with an average elevation of 2073m (6800ft). In the w half are the ranges of the Rocky Mountains, and in the e the Great Plains. Major rivers are the Colorado, Rio Grande, Arkansas, and South Platte. The USA acquired the e of the state from France in the Louisiana Purchase (1803). The remainder was ceded by Mexico after the Mexican War (1848). The discovery of gold and silver encouraged immigration and Colorado was made a territory in 1861. It achieved statehood in 1876. Important agricultural activity includes sheep and cattle rearing on the Plains. Sugar beet, maize and hay are grown using irrigation. Industries: tourism, transport and electrical equipment, mining, chemicals. Area: 268,658sq km (103,729sq mi). Pop. (2000) 4,301,261.

Statehood :

August 1, 1876

Nickname :

The Centennial State

State bird :

Lark bunting

State flower :

Rocky Mountain columbine

State tree :

Blue spruce

State motto :

Nothing without providence

http://www.colorado.gov; http://www.colorado.com

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Colorado (river, Argentina)

Colorado (kōlōrä´ŧħō), river, c.550 mi (885 km) long, rising from tributaries in the Andes and flowing SE across S central Argentina to the Atlantic Ocean. It marks the northern limit of Patagonia. It is also a rough boundary between the commercial agriculture to the north and ranching to the south. The Colorado's lower course splits into two branches that flow into the Atlantic Ocean; the river often overflows its banks in spring.

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Colorado

Coloradoforeshadow, shadow •Faldo •accelerando, bandeau, Brando, glissando, Orlando •eyeshadow •aficionado, amontillado, avocado, Bardo, Barnardo, bastinado, bravado, Colorado, desperado, Dorado, eldorado, incommunicado, Leonardo, Mikado, muscovado, Prado, renegado, Ricardo, stifado •commando •eddo, Edo, meadow •crescendo, diminuendo, innuendo, kendo •carbonado, dado, Feydeau, gambado, Oviedo, Toledo, tornado •aikido, bushido, credo, Guido, Ido, libido, lido, speedo, teredo, torpedo, tuxedo •widow • dildo • window •Dido, Fido, Hokkaidocondo, rondeau, rondo, secondo, tondo •Waldo •dodo, Komodo, Quasimodo •escudo, judo, ludo, pseudo, testudo, Trudeau •weirdo • sourdough • fricandeau •tournedos • Murdo

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Colorado

COLORADO

COLORADO , U.S. state. Colorado was still an untamed wilderness when the discovery of gold near Pike's Peak in 1858 brought the area to the nation's attention. By the spring of 1859, fortune seekers began to arrive in droves. During the "big excitement," as the year of the gold discovery was called, at least 12 Jews of German descent migrated to Colorado to join the hunt for freedom, new opportunities, and wealth. Few Jews were miners, but most established small businesses in new towns and mining camps throughout Colorado. The first Rosh Hashanah service was held in Denver in 1859, and as men married and children were born, the fledgling Jewish community began to stabilize. Colorado Jews soon established a burial society, and in 1872 B'nai B'rith was founded in *Denver followed by the incorporation of Congregation Emanuel in 1874. Smaller Jewish communities were established in towns around the state such as Leadville, Cripple Creek, Central City, Colorado Springs, Trinidad, Ft. Collins, and Boulder, and synagogues were formed in each of these towns.

Jews became a vital component in the economic, social, and political development of Colorado. Fred Salomon opened the first general mercantile company in Colorado in 1859, David May located the first store of what was to become the May Company chain in Irwin, Colorado, in the 1870s, and in 1910 Jesse Shwayder and his brothers opened a small luggage factory that became one of the largest producers of luggage in America – the Samsonite Corporation. Wolfe Londoner, Denver's Jewish mayor, took office in 1889 and Simon *Guggenheim, part of the illustrious family whose fortune was rooted in mining activity in Leadville, Colorado, served as Colorado's only Jewish senator from 1906 to 1912.

By the turn of the century, Colorado had also become a mecca for health-seekers, primarily victims of tuberculosis,

and was nicknamed the World's Sanitorium. The Jewish community was the first to step forward with aid for consumptives. Frances Wisebart *Jacobs, known as "Colorado's Mother of Charities," spearheaded a movement that resulted in the founding of National Jewish Hospital for Consumptives, largely by German Reform Jews, which opened in 1899. A large percentage of the health-seekers were East European Jews, who flocked to Colorado after 1900 and significantly augmented the state's Jewish population and established Denver's west side Orthodox Jewish community. In 1904, a second Jewish sanitorium, the Jewish Consumptives' Relief Society, was founded by East European Jews who wished to provide a more traditional Jewish setting for its patients. Both hospitals gave their services free of charge, served patients from throughout the United States, and were formally nonsectarian, although the vast majority of patients at both sanatoria were Jewish.

From the first, most of Colorado's Jews resided in its capital, the "Queen City" of Denver, although active Jewish congregations still exist in Boulder, Colorado Springs, Pueblo, Ft. Collins, Greeley, and Grand Junction, and newer small congregations have been established in the resort towns of Aspen, Vail, Steamboat Springs, Breckenridge, and Durango. While metro Denver hosts nearly 25 congregations, Boulder now claims five synagogues as well as a growing Jewish day school. Chabad is active in most Colorado communities. A small group of Jews was active in Aspen from its beginnings as a mining town. Hyman Avenue, one of the central thoroughfares in Aspen, is named in honor of Jewish pioneer David Hyman, an early investor. Because of their beautiful mountain locations, both Aspen and the much newer ski town of Vail have been popular sites for many national Jewish conferences and meetings.

A wide array of Jewish religious, cultural, and educational institutions abound. Denver hosts several day schools. Hillel Academy, the oldest of the day schools, was organized in 1953 as an Orthodox elementary school; Herzl Day School is described as a community Jewish day school; the Denver Academy of Torah is a Modern Orthodox elementary school. On the high school level, Yeshiva Toras Chaim is an Orthodox yeshivah high school for young men with a talmudic college-level religious studies program as well, and Beth Jacob High School serves young Jewish women. The Rocky Mountain Hebrew Academy (rmha) is a co-ed private Jewish day school for secondary school students. In the late 1990s, Herzl and rmha combined forces to open the new Denver Campus for Jewish Education. The Central Agency for Jewish Education serves as a coordinating agency for a number of Jewish educational programs in the area, and the Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Denver provides a variety of courses in Jewish studies for college students as well as housing the Rocky Mountain Jewish Historical Society and Beck Archives, and the Holocaust Awareness Institute. The Hillel Council of Colorado sponsors Hillel branchesfor Jewish students at the University of Colorado at Boulder, cu – Denver, Colorado State University, and the University of Denver.

Today, Colorado also hosts many charitable and social service organizations, some with a long history such as the Allied Jewish Federation of Colorado, B'nai B'rith, Hadassah, the National Council of Jewish Women, the American Jewish Committee, The Anti-Defamation League, the Jewish Family Service, and Shalom Park, an award-winning continuum retirement complex and nursing home. The last formal population survey conducted in 1998 estimated the Jewish population of the state as approximately 63,000, and in 2004, informal estimates placed the Denver-Boulder population alone at between 65,000 and 70,000.

[Jeanne E. Abrams (2nd ed.)]

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Colorado

Colorado ★½ 1940

Roy tries to find his brother, a Union deserter, during the Civil War. 54m/B VHS, DVD . Roy Rogers, George “Gabby” Hayes, Milburn Stone; D: Joseph Kane.

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"Colorado." VideoHound's Golden Movie Retriever. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Learn more about citation styles

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Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

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Notes:
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Colorado

Colorado

■ ADAMS STATE COLLEGE L-10

208 Edgemont Blvd.
Alamosa, CO 81102
Tel: (719)587-7011
Free: 800-824-6494
Admissions: (719)587-7712
Fax: (719)587-7522
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.adams.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1921. Setting: 90-acre small town campus. Endowment: $62,512. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5602 per student. Total enrollment: 5,578. Faculty: 185 (104 full-time, 81 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 1,765 applied, 60% were admitted. 7% from top 10% of their high school class, 24% from top quarter, 52% from top half. Full-time: 1,876 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 562 students, 68% women, 32% men. Students come from 56 states and territories, 6 other countries, 11% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 29% Hispanic, 5% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander,0.1% international, 20% 25 or older, 40% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Retention: 57% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: liberal arts/general studies; business/marketing; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at members of the Consortium of State Colleges in Colorado.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, audition for music majors, SAT or ACT. Required for some: essay, high school transcript, recommendations, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Area resident tuition: $90 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1980 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $8250 full-time, $344 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $874 full-time. College room and board: $5760.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 40 open to all. Most popular organizations: student government, Student Ambassadors, Program Council, Circle K, Tri Beta. Major annual events: homecoming, Snow Daze, Spring Fest. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,126 college housing spaces available; 898 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Nielsen Library with 493,581 books, 842,498 microform titles, 614 serials, 3,796 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $305,019. 353 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Located in the center of San Luis Valley, an extensive grazing and farming area larger than the state of Connecticut, Alamosa is completely surrounded by mountain ranges. It has an ideal climate, with an average yearly temperature of 65 degrees. A commuter airline and a bus line serve the area. Alamosa has churches, radio stations, libraries, hotels and motels, a hospital and a number of civic, social, cultural, fraternal and veterans organizations.

■ AIMS COMMUNITY COLLEGE D-12

Box 69
Greeley, CO 80632-0069
Tel: (970)330-8008
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aims.edu/

Description:

District-supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1967. Setting: 185-acre urban campus with easy access to Denver. Endowment: $71,813. Total enrollment: 5,098. Full-time: 2,252 students, 51% women, 49% men. Part-time: 2,846 students, 57% women, 43% men. Students come from 8 states and territories, 60% 25 or older. Retention: 45% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs. ROTC: Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Placement: CPT required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 3 open to all. Major annual events: Fall-In Activity, Winter Fest, Spring-Fest/Blowout Activity. Student services: personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, day and evening patrols by trained security personnel. College housing not available. Aims Community College Library with 39,129 books, 258 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $247,345. 700 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Northern Colorado.

■ ARAPAHOE COMMUNITY COLLEGE F-11

5900 South Santa Fe Dr., PO Box 9002
Littleton, CO 80160-9002
Tel: (303)797-4222
Admissions: (303)797-5623
Fax: (303)797-5970
Web Site: http://www.arapahoe.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Community Colleges of Colorado. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 52-acre suburban campus with easy access to Denver. Total enrollment: 7,560. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 2,017 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 2,312 students, 56% women, 44% men. Part-time: 5,248 students, 66% women, 34% men. Students come from 35 other countries, 1% Native American, 9% Hispanic, 3% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at Metropolitan State College. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1619 full-time, $89.90 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $8000 full-time, $369.30 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $81 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Major annual events: International Day, Martin Luther King Day events, Veterans' Day events. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Weber Center for Learning Resources plus 1 other with 45,000 books, 3 microform titles, 441 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 200 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Littleton is a suburban area 10 miles from Denver with seasonal variations in temperature. There are churches of all denominations, shopping centers, and medical clinics, with all forms of transportation available. Community facilities include parks with playground equipment, public swimming pools, indoor tennis courts, fairgrounds, golf courses and an ice rink. Skiing in the nearby mountains is excellent. Part-time employment is available.

■ ARGOSY UNIVERSITY/DENVER F-12

1200 Lincoln St.
Denver, CO 80203
Tel: (303)248-2700; (866)431-5981
Web Site: http://www.argosyu.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards terminal associate degrees.

■ THE ART INSTITUTE OF COLORADO F-12

1200 Lincoln St.
Denver, CO 80203
Tel: (303)837-0825
Free: 800-275-2420
Fax: (303)860-8520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aic.artinstitutes.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Part of Education Management Corporation. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1952. Setting: urban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8465 per student. Total enrollment: 2,886. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 748 applied. 0% from top 10% of their high school class, 0% from top quarter, 0% from top half. Full-time: 2,137 students, 49% women, 51% men. Part-time: 749 students, 50% women, 50% men. Students come from 49 states and territories, 22 other countries, 50% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 8% Hispanic, 4% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 41% 25 or older, 9% live on campus, 0.4% transferred in. Retention: 65% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: personal and culinary services; education. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Tuition: $25,088 full-time, $392 per credit part-time. College room only: $7980.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 3 open to all; 50% of eligible men and 50% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Culinary Student Forum, Computer Animation Club, American Society of Interior Designers Student Chapter. Major annual events: quarterly portfolio review, student picnic. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. 254 college housing spaces available; 191 were occupied in 2003-04. Option: coed housing available. Art Institute of Colorado Learning Resource Center with 13,100 books, 200 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $130,394. 400 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ ASPEN UNIVERSITY F-12

501 South Cherry St., Ste. 350
Denver, CO 80246
Tel: (303)333-4224
Fax: (303)336-1144
Web Site: http://www.aspen.edu/

Description:

Independent, upper-level, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1987. Calendar: 5 terms per year.

■ BEL-REA INSTITUTE OF ANIMAL TECHNOLOGY F-12

1681 South Dayton St.
Denver, CO 80247
Tel: (303)751-8700
Free: 800-950-8001
Fax: (303)751-9969
Web Site: http://www.bel-rea.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards terminal associate degrees. Founded 1971. Setting: 4-acre suburban campus. Endowment: $17,500. Total enrollment: 615. 865 applied, 69% were admitted. 16% from top 10% of their high school class, 33% from top quarter, 62% from top half. Students come from 35 states and territories, 3 other countries, 45% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA. Recommended: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Most popular organization: National Association of Veterinary Technicians. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. 1,800 books and 57 serials. 4 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ BLAIR COLLEGE H-12

1815 Jet Wing Dr.
Colorado Springs, CO 80916
Tel: (719)638-6580; 888-741-4271
Admissions: (719)630-6580
Fax: (719)638-6818
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://blair-college.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Corinthian Colleges, Inc. Awards diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1897. Setting: 5-acre suburban campus with easy access to Denver. Total enrollment: 600. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Required: high school transcript, CPAt. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. Blair College Library with 45 serials. 45 computers available on campus for general student use.

Community Environment:

See The Colorado College.

■ BOULDER COLLEGE OF MASSAGE THERAPY E-11

6255 Longbow Dr.
Boulder, CO 80301
Tel: (303)530-2100
Free: 800-442-5131
Fax: (303)530-2204
Web Site: http://www.bcmt.org/

Description:

Independent, 2-year, coed. Founded 1975.

■ CAMBRIDGE COLLEGE F-12

12500 East Iliff Ave., No. 100
Aurora, CO 80014
Tel: (303)338-9700
Fax: (303)338-9701
Web Site: http://www.cambridgecollege.com/

Description:

Independent, 2-year.

■ COLLEGEAMERICA-COLORADO SPRINGS H-12

3645 Citadel Dr. South
Colorado Springs, CO 80909
Tel: (719)637-0600
Fax: (719)637-0806
Web Site: http://www.collegeamerica.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed.

■ COLLEGEAMERICA-DENVER F-12

1385 South Colorado Blvd.
Denver, CO 80222-1912
Tel: (303)691-9756
Fax: (303)692-9156
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.collegeamerica.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Founded 1962. Setting: urban campus.

■ COLLEGEAMERICA-FORT COLLINS D-11

4601 South Mason St.
Fort Collins, CO 80525-3740
Tel: (970)223-6060
Fax: (970)223-6060
Web Site: http://www.collegeamerica.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards terminal associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1962. Setting: suburban campus. Total enrollment: 232. 1 valedictorian. Students come from 3 states and territories, 0% from out-of-state, 70% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: continuous. Independent study, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, interview. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Required for some: recommendations. Entrance: noncompetitive. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available. Library with 12 serials and 30 audiovisual materials. 86 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ COLORADO CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY C-2

8787 West Alameda
Lakewood, CO 80226
Tel: (303)202-0100
Free: 800-44-FAITH
Admissions: (303)963-3163
Fax: (303)238-2191
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ccu.edu/

Description:

Independent interdenominational, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1914. Setting: 26-acre suburban campus with easy access to Denver. Endowment: $18.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5255 per student. Total enrollment: 2,142. Faculty: 46 (43 full-time, 3 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 21:1. 946 applied, 77% were admitted. 22% from top 10% of their high school class, 46% from top quarter, 79% from top half. Full-time: 1,075 students, 63% women, 37% men. Part-time: 751 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 45 states and territories, 9 other countries, 56% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 8% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.5% international, 65% live on campus, 3% transferred in. Retention: 72% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; computer and information sciences; education. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Colorado Institute of Art, Metropolitan State College, University of Colorado at Denver, Red Rocks Community College. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Required for some: minimum 2.8 high school GPA, 3 recommendations, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/21. Notification: 11/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $23,422 includes full-time tuition ($16,590), mandatory fees ($150), and college room and board ($6682). College room only: $3930. Part-time tuition: $700 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 26 open to all. Most popular organizations: FAT Boys (inner city ministry to homeless), SALT (Snowboarding as a Living Testimony), Freedom, In His Service Honor Society, Trash Club. Major annual events: Homecoming, O'Malley's Alley, Spring School Retreat. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols. 722 college housing spaces available; 570 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Clifton Fowler Library plus 1 other with 71,565 books, 300,000 microform titles, 1,192 serials, 4,200 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $390,375. 141 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Denver.

■ THE COLORADO COLLEGE H-12

14 East Cache La Poudre
Colorado Springs, CO 80903-3294
Tel: (719)389-6000
Free: 800-542-7214
Admissions: (719)389-6344
Fax: (719)389-6282
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coloradocollege.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees (master's degree in education only). Founded 1874. Setting: 90-acre urban campus with easy access to Denver. Endowment: $407.9 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $728,836. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $18,389 per student. Total enrollment: 2,016. Faculty: 206 (176 full-time, 30 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 9:1. 4,089 applied, 38% were admitted. 66% from top 10% of their high school class, 90% from top quarter, 99% from top half. Full-time: 1,928 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 49 students, 67% women, 33% men. Students come from 51 states and territories, 98% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 7% Hispanic, 2% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 1% 25 or older, 73% live on campus, 1% transferred in. Retention: 92% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: social sciences; biological/life sciences; visual and performing arts. Core. Calendar: modular. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, internships. Off campus study at American University, Associated Colleges of the Midwest Programs. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 3 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: very difficult. Application deadlines: 1/15, 11/15 for early action. Notification: 4/1, 12/20 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $37,668 includes full-time tuition ($30,048) and college room and board ($7620). College room only: $4116. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $948.38 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 80 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities. Most popular organizations: Community Service Center, student government, arts and crafts organizations, Outdoor Recreation Committee, theater workshop. Major annual events: homecoming, Llamapalooza (concert), arts and crafts annual sale. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, whistle program, student escort service. 1,470 college housing spaces available; 1,413 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Tutt Library plus 2 others with an OPAC and a Web page. 208 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Colorado Springs, metropolitan population of 500,000, is located 70 miles south of Denver at the foot of Pikes Peak. It is known for its healthful climate and spectacular scenery. the area averages more than 310 days of sunshine each year, has clean air, low humidity, cool summer nights, and mild winters. Bus, air, and good highways serve the area. The city has a fine arts center, opera, symphony, theatre, museums, art galleries, and numerous fine hotels, and motels. Areas for skiing, hunting, fishing, backpacking, and camping are nearby.

■ COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE G-7

831 Grand Ave.
Glenwood Springs, CO 81601
Tel: (970)945-7481
Free: 800-621-8559
Admissions: (970)947-8328
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coloradomtn.edu/

Description:

District-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Colorado Mountain College District System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 680-acre rural campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $9000 per student. Total enrollment: 867. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 579 applied, 100% were admitted. Students come from 38 states and territories, 20% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 0.3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 23% 25 or older, 44% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: SAT or ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1290 full-time, $43 per credit part-time. State resident tuition: $2160 full-time, $72 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6930 full-time, $231 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $180 full-time. College room and board: $6600. College room only: $3400.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Most popular organizations: student government, outdoor activities, World Awareness Society, Peer Mentors, Student Activities Board. Major annual events: Spring Fest, outdoor activities, residence hall activities. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, controlled dormitory access. 237 college housing spaces available; 200 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Quigley Library with 36,000 books, 186 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 65 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Glenwood Springs is an urban area with a moderate climate; a beautiful place to live. Railroads and buses serve the area and charter air service is available. Glenwood Springs is the county seat of Garfield County, and has the best shopping facilities in the county. The city has churches of all major denominations, library, museum, theatres, hospital and many of the civic clubs. Hot mineral springs have made Glenwood Springs a popular resort. Seven miles above the town is the Shoshone Hydroelectric Plant. The Colorado employment office is located here; several businesses hire part-time workers. Over 1,000 miles of fishing streams and more than 100 lakes are accessible from Glenwood Springs. The Sunlight Ski area is located nine miles south of the town; it has a 7,000 foot double chair lift. Aspen and Snowmass are 45 miles away. Other recreational activities include fishing, hiking, hunting and tennis. Strawberry day is an annual event in June.

■ COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, ALPINE CAMPUS D-8

1330 Bob Adams Dr.
Steamboat Springs, CO 80487
Tel: (970)870-4444
Free: 800-621-8559
Admissions: (970)945-8691
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coloradomtn.edu/

Description:

District-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Colorado Mountain College District System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 10-acre rural campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $9000 per student. Total enrollment: 1,104. 579 applied, 100% were admitted. Students come from 49 states and territories, 15% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 1% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 21% 25 or older, 44% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: SAT or ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1290 full-time, $43 per credit part-time. State resident tuition: $2160 full-time, $72 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6930 full-time, $231 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $180 full-time. College room and board: $6600. College room only: $3400.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 8 open to all. Most popular organizations: student government, Forensics Team, Ski Club, International Club, Phi Theta Kappa. Major annual events: Spring Fling, Winter Carnival. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, controlled dormitory access. College housing designed to accommodate 225 students; 230 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. 17,000 books, 192 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 60 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Steamboat Springs is 175 miles northwest of Denver. A permanent population of 6,000 swells to over 25,000 on Christmas Eve, largely due to the attraction of the town's famous champagne powder. The town flourishes with the contrasting influences of working cattle ranches and a world-class ski resort. The surrounding area offers unlimited opportunities for downhill and cross-country skiing, and hunting. Students learn additional outdoor skills through college-sponsored activities such as winter survival, desert camping, and orienteering.

■ COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, TIMBERLINE CAMPUS G-9

901 South Hwy. 24
Leadville, CO 80461
Tel: (719)486-2015
Free: 800-621-8559
Admissions: (970)945-8691
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coloradomtn.edu/

Description:

District-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Colorado Mountain College District System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 200-acre rural campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $9000 per student. Total enrollment: 1,305. 242 applied, 100% were admitted. Students come from 48 states and territories, 20% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 17% Hispanic, 0.1% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 33% 25 or older, 30% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for outdoor recreational leadership program. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1290 full-time, $43 per credit part-time. State resident tuition: $2160 full-time, $72 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6930 full-time, $231 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $180 full-time. College room and board: $6600. College room only: $3400.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Most popular organizations: Environmental Club, Outdoor Club, Student Activities Board. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, controlled dormitory access. 130 college housing spaces available; 90 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. 25,000 books and 185 serials. 30 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Leadville, situated at an altitude of 10,000 feet, is a rural community with a dry climate. Leadville has been the center of a famous mining district since the Placer Mines were opened in 1860. It became the silver capital and one of Colorado's greatest mining camps. Mining and tourism are major industries at the present. The city has a library, branch museum of the Colorado State Historical Society, churches, medical clinic and a hospital. Part-time work opportunities are available nearby. Recreation activities are numerous and include ice skating, golfing, tennis, fishing, soccer, bowling, swimming. There is skiing at Ski Cooper on the top of Tennessee Pass 12 miles north of Leadville and at nearby Copper Mountain, Vail, Keystone, Breckenridge and A-Basin. The World's Championship Pack Burro Race is an annual event the first weekend in August.

■ COLORADO NORTHWESTERN COMMUNITY COLLEGE E-4

500 Kennedy Dr.
Rangely, CO 81648-3598
Tel: (970)675-2261
Free: 800-562-1105
Admissions: (970)824-1103
Fax: (970)675-3343
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cncc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1962. Setting: 150-acre rural campus. Endowment: $27,000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4240 per student. Total enrollment: 2,242. 171 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 499 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 1,743 students, 50% women, 50% men. Students come from 28 states and territories, 3 other countries, 5% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.3% international, 12% 25 or older, 62% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 55% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for dental hygiene programs. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: essay, 3 recommendations, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Most popular organizations: Campus Activities Board, SADHA, Aero Club, Criminal Justice Club, Spartan Times Newspaper Club. Major annual events: All-Nighter Weekend, Crazy Daze, Christmas Dinner. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: student patrols, late night transport-escort service. 356 college housing spaces available; 170 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Colorado Northwestern Community College Library plus 1 other with 20,063 books, 5,525 microform titles, 230 serials, 3,559 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $126,399. 83 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Rangely is a rural community (population 2,500) located on the western slope of Colorado, 300 miles northwest of Denver and 130 miles west of Steamboat Springs. It is a friendly community that offers a sharp change of pace from the urban areas. Excellent area for cross-country skiing, backpacking, river rafting, fishing and hunting. Close to Dinosaur National Monument and Flaming Gorge Dam and Reservoir. The area is two hours from downhill skiing at Steamboat Springs, Powder Horn and Sunlight Mountain. Community recreation facilities include: The Taylor Draw Dam Reservoir, a nine-hole golf course, tennis courts, a fitness trail, an ice skating rink, an indoor Olympic-size swimming pool, racquetball courts, and a dance and aerobics room. Bus and airport facilities are nearby.

■ COLORADO SCHOOL OF HEALING ARTS C-2

7655 West Mississippi Ave., Ste. 100
Lakewood, CO 80226
Tel: (303)986-2320
Free: 800-233-7114
Fax: (303)980-6594
Web Site: http://www.csha.net/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1986. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $1688 per student. Total enrollment: 240. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 26 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 149 students, 88% women, 12% men. Part-time: 91 students, 84% women, 16% men. 2% Native American, 9% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 10/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Tuition: $8925 full-time. Mandatory fees: $1236 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Student services: personal-psychological counseling.

■ COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES C-1

1500 Illinois St.
Golden, CO 80401-1887
Tel: (303)273-3000
Free: 800-446-9488
Admissions: (303)273-3227
Fax: (303)273-3509
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mines.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees. Founded 1874. Setting: 373-acre small town campus with easy access to Denver. Endowment: $125 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $27.5 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $17,000 per student. Total enrollment: 3,921. Faculty: 299 (193 full-time, 106 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 3,215 applied, 80% were admitted. 48% from top 10% of their high school class, 81% from top quarter, 100% from top half. 72 class presidents, 80 valedictorians, 220 student government officers. Full-time: 2,909 students, 21% women, 79% men. Part-time: 189 students, 24% women, 76% men. Students come from 51 states and territories, 62 other countries, 18% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 7% Hispanic, 1% black, 5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 5% 25 or older, 25% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 84% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: engineering; computer and information sciences; physical sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: rank in upper one-third of high school class. Required for some: essay, recommendations, interview. Entrance: very difficult. Application deadline: 6/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $45. State resident tuition: $7248 full-time, $382 per semester hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $19,830 full-time, $661 per semester hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $895 full-time, $60 per semester hour part-time. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. College room and board: $6750. College room only: $3550. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 95 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 19% of eligible men and 19% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Residence Hall Association, Society of Women Engineers, American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Major annual events: Greek Casino Night, Celebration of Mines, Engineers' Days. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 800 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Option: coed housing available. Arthur Lakes Library with 150,000 books, 250,000 microform titles, 4,883 serials, 20 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2.4 million. 400 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

CSM is located in Golden, only 15 miles west of Denver's downtown business district. Golden is a community of 15,000 people nestled in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. Maintaining a distinct identity from the other Denver suburbs, Golden is also home to the National Earthquake Center and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Many CSM students enjoy the outdoors, and favorite summer activities include hiking, jogging, camping, and bicycling. During the winter months, skiing is the major activity with some of the world's best slopes virtually in CSM's backyard. With a population of over two million people, nearby Denver offers all the attractions of a major metropolitan area. As a commercial, transportation, and financial center for the Rocky Mountain region, Denver is home to many government agencies, colleges and universities, and business involved in natural resources, computers, and biotechnology.

■ COLORADO SCHOOL OF TRADES C-2

1575 Hoyt St.
Lakewood, CO 80215-2996
Tel: (303)233-4697
Free: 800-234-4594
Fax: (303)233-4723
Web Site: http://www.schooloftrades.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards terminal associate degrees. Total enrollment: 125. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. 174 applied, 87% were admitted. Full-time: 125 students, 2% women, 98% men. 88% from out-of-state.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: essay, high school transcript, interview.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Tuition: $16,200 full-time. Mandatory fees: $154 full-time.

■ COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY D-11

Fort Collins, CO 80523-0015
Tel: (970)491-1101
Admissions: (970)491-6909
Fax: (970)491-7799
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.colostate.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of Colorado State University System. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees. Founded 1870. Setting: 666-acre urban campus with easy access to Denver. Endowment: $178.8 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $224.2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8700 per student. Total enrollment: 27,133. Faculty: 881 (851 full-time, 30 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 10,770 applied, 88% were admitted. 17% from top 10% of their high school class, 46% from top quarter, 84% from top half. 14 National Merit Scholars. Full-time: 18,995 students, 52% women, 48% men. Part-time: 2,511 students, 48% women, 52% men. Students come from 50 other countries, 18% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 2% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 7% 25 or older, 23% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 82% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; family and consumer sciences; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Aims Community College. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 7/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. State resident tuition: $3381 full-time, $188 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $14,343 full-time, $797 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $1181 full-time. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. College room and board: $6316. College room only: $2852. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 300 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 8% of eligible men and 8% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Club Sports Association, Associated Students (student government), Office of Community Services, Colorado Public Interest Research Group. Major annual events: Homecoming/Family Weekend, International Week, Earth Day/Spring Fest. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 5,031 college housing spaces available; 4,922 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. William E. Morgan Library plus 3 others with 1.9 million books, 2.5 million microform titles, 20,935 serials, 9,428 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $12.7 million. 2,095 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Fort Collins, a community of 110,000 is situated at the foot of the Rocky Mountains. The excellent climate and beautiful mountains create an ideal college setting about 65 miles north of Denver. The city has many churches, a local airport, hospital, hotels, motels, and is the shopping center of Northern Colorado. Part-time employment is available for students and some full-time employment is available for graduates.

■ COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY-PUEBLO J-12

2200 Bonforte Blvd.
Pueblo, CO 81001-4901
Tel: (719)549-2100
Admissions: (719)549-2461
Fax: (719)549-2419
Web Site: http://www.colostate-pueblo.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Colorado State University System. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1933. Setting: 275-acre suburban campus with easy access to Colorado Springs. Endowment: $3.5 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $626,706. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4169 per student. Total enrollment: 5,835. 1,850 applied, 94% were admitted. 2% from top 10% of their high school class, 10% from top quarter, 41% from top half. Full-time: 3,367 students, 56% women, 44% men. Part-time: 2,050 students, 66% women, 34% men. Students come from 44 states and territories, 37 other countries, 8% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 27% Hispanic, 5% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 35% 25 or older, 18% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 64% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Adams State College, Colorado State University, University of Colorado at Denver. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Required for some: essay, recommendations. Placement: SAT or ACT required. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: continuous until 8/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. State resident tuition: $2902 full-time, $120.92 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,542 full-time, $564.25 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $964 full-time, $40.17 per credit part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to reciprocity agreement. College room and board: $6088. College room only: $2960. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 49 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 2% of eligible men and 1% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Belmont Residence Hall Association, Associated Student Government, Hawaii Club, Medical Science Society, Student Social Worker's Association. Major annual events: Colorado Music Fest, Parti Gras, Winter Formal. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 650 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Colorado State University-Pueblo Library with 270,761 books, 10,000 microform titles, 1,327 serials, 16,862 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.1 million. 521 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Pueblo is a city of approximately 100,000 people located on the Arkansas River on the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains. The city is a manufacturing and retail center for southeastern Colorado with a mild and semiarid climate. Recreational activities including skiing, hiking, camping, boating, fishing, and swimming are available in Pueblo and its immediate vicinity. The city and the university cooperate to provide cultural activities including a symphony orchestra and theatrical productions.

■ COLORADO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY H-12

4435 North Chestnut St.
Colorado Springs, CO 80907-3896
Tel: (719)598-0200
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coloradotech.edu

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Part of Whitman Education Group. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 14-acre suburban campus with easy access to Denver. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6200 per student. Total enrollment: 1,684. 180 applied, 93% were admitted. Full-time: 305 students, 21% women, 79% men. Part-time: 910 students, 28% women, 72% men. Students come from 10 states and territories, 2% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 10% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.5% international, 82% 25 or older, 10% transferred in. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Recommended: high school transcript, minimum 3.0 high school GPA, interview, SAT or ACT. Required for some: essay, ACT COMPASS. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 7 open to all. Most popular organizations: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Society of Logistic Engineers, Association of Computing Machinery, Society of Women Engineers, Phi Beta Lambda. Major annual events: Artsfest, Career Fair. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Colorado Technical University Library with 29,819 books, 3,000 microform titles, 10,098 serials, 620 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $345,000. 130 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Colorado Tech is located at the foot of beautiful Pikes Peak. This ideal location provides convenient access to Colorado's magnificent outdoor recreational facilities: skiing, camping, hunting, fishing, and backpacking. Beautiful Colorado Springs and its environs constitute a progressive, growing city of approximately 400,000.

■ COLORADO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY DENVER CAMPUS D-3

5775 Denver Tech Center Blvd.
Greenwood Village, CO 80111
Tel: (303)694-6600
Fax: (303)694-6673
Web Site: http://www.coloradotech.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Part of Whitman Education Group. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 1-acre urban campus with easy access to Denver. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8200 per student. Total enrollment: 298. 23 applied, 65% were admitted. Full-time: 41 students, 24% women, 76% men. Part-time: 151 students, 19% women, 81% men. Students come from 12 states and territories, 7 other countries, 2% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 7% black, 5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 5% international, 79% 25 or older, 8% transferred in. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Recommended: high school transcript, minimum 3.0 high school GPA, interview, SAT or ACT. Required for some: essay, ACT COMPASS. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Social organizations: 1 open to all. Most popular organization: Association of Information Technology Professionals. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Colorado Technical University Resource Center with 12,715 books, 9,869 serials, and 15 audiovisual materials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $35,000. 112 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF AURORA F-12

16000 East Centre Tech Parkway
Aurora, CO 80011-9036
Tel: (303)360-4700
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ccaurora.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1983. Setting: suburban campus with easy access to Denver. Endowment: $3.3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $1590 per student. Total enrollment: 5,477. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 21:1. 3,568 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 1,412 students, 52% women, 48% men. Part-time: 4,065 students, 64% women, 36% men. 0.1% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 13% Hispanic, 24% black, 6% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 59% 25 or older, 1% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at T. H. Pickens Technical Vocational Center.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: early admission. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $2236 full-time, $74.55 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,354 full-time, $345.15 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $126 full-time, $3 per credit hour part-time, $20.75.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group. Student services: women's center. Campus security: late night transport-escort service. 120 college housing spaces available; 90 were occupied in 2003-04. 7,440 books, 126 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $12,924. 160 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF DENVER F-12

PO Box 173363
Denver, CO 80217-3363
Tel: (303)556-2600
Admissions: (303)556-6325
Web Site: http://www.ccd.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Community Colleges of Colorado. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1970. Setting: 171-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 8,909. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 23:1. Full-time: 2,041 students, 64% women, 36% men. Part-time: 6,868 students, 63% women, 37% men. Students come from 35 states and territories, 0.4% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 26% Hispanic, 17% black, 6% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 6% international, 47% 25 or older, 2% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at Metropolitan State College, University of Colorado at Denver. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for health occupation and computer information systems programs. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $2237 full-time, $74.55 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,355 full-time, $345.15 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $612 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 10 open to all. Most popular organizations: Trio Advocates for Multicultural Students, Student Alliance for Human Services, Ad Hoc Nursing, Black Men on Campus, Auraria Fine Arts. Major annual events: Halloween Scene, Cinco de Mayo, Black Community Leaders Luncheon. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Auraria Library plus 1 other with 683,045 books, 1.1 million microform titles, 3,233 serials, 16,821 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 1,142 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Denver.

■ DENVER ACADEMY OF COURT REPORTING F-11

9051 Harlan St., Unit 20
Westminster, CO 80030
Tel: (303)427-5292
Free: 800-574-2087
Fax: (303)427-5383
Web Site: http://www.dacr.org/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards terminal associate degrees. Founded 1975. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 225. Students come from 12 states and territories, 8% from out-of-state, 56% 25 or older. Core. Double major, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: Common Application. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. 75 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ DENVER AUTOMOTIVE AND DIESEL COLLEGE F-12

460 South Lipan St.
Denver, CO 80223-2025
Tel: (303)722-5724
Free: 800-347-3232
Fax: (303)778-8264
Web Site: http://www.dadc.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1963. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment:368. Full-time: 368 students, 5% women, 95% men. Students come from 34 states and territories, 56% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 7% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.3% international, 31% 25 or older, 1% transferred in. Core. Calendar: 8 six-week terms. Services for LD students, summer session for credit.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: Common Application. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Most popular organization: student council. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. College housing not available. Denver Automotive and Diesel College Library plus 1 other with 1,050 books, 8 serials, and a Web page. 4 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ DENVER CAREER COLLEGE F-11

500 East 84th Ave., Ste. W-200
Thornton, CO 80229
Tel: (303)295-0550
Web Site: http://www.denvercareercollege.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1977. Calendar: continuous.

■ DEVRY UNIVERSITY (BROOMFIELD) B-2

12202 Airport Way, Ste. 190
Broomfield, CO 80021-2588
Tel: (303)469-9220
Admissions: (303)329-3340
Fax: (303)469-9224
Web Site: http://www.devry.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Part of DeVry University. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 2001. Total enrollment:460. 329 applied, 66% were admitted. Full-time: 307 students, 18% women, 82% men. Part-time: 153 students, 33% women, 67% men. Students come from 16 states and territories, 4 other countries, 14% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 11% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 51% 25 or older, 0% transferred in. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, distance learning, part-time degree program, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, interview, CPT. Recommended: SAT or ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Learning Resource Center with 5,037 books, 46,172 serials, 446 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 435 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus.

■ DEVRY UNIVERSITY (COLORADO SPRINGS) H-12

225 South Union Blvd.
Colorado Springs, CO 80910
Tel: (719)632-3000; (866)338-7934
Web Site: http://www.devry.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Part of DeVry University. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 2001. Setting: 9-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 275. Faculty: 42 (1 full-time, 41 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 9:1. Full-time: 89 students, 39% women, 61% men. Part-time: 127 students, 31% women, 69% men. Students come from 12 states and territories, 1 other country, 1% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 18% black, 5% Asian American or Pacific Islander,0.5% international, 63% 25 or older. Retention: 36% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; computer and information sciences. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. One-time mandatory fee: $40. Tuition: $12,450 full-time, $460 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $270 full-time, $30 per year part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 1 open to all. Most popular organization: Association for Information Technology Professionals. Major annual event: various food events. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, safety pamphlets, lighted sidewalks/pathways. College housing not available. Learning Resource Center with an OPAC and a Web page.

■ DEVRY UNIVERSITY (WESTMINSTER) F-11

1870 West 122nd Ave.
Westminster, CO 80234-2010
Tel: (303)280-7400; (866)338-7934
Web Site: http://www.devry.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Administratively affiliated with DeVry, Inc. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1945. Setting: 3-acre urban campus with easy access to Denver. Total enrollment:745. Faculty: 73 (14 full-time, 59 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. Full-time: 407 students, 39% women, 61% men. Part-time: 216 students, 43% women, 57% men. 1% Native American, 12% Hispanic, 6% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.3% international, 74% 25 or older, 6% transferred in. Retention: 48% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; computer and information sciences; engineering technologies. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, double major, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: essay, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. One-time mandatory fee: $40. Tuition: $12,450 full-time, $460 per term part-time. Mandatory fees: $270 full-time, $160 per year part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Major annual events: Pancake Breakfast and Western Day, Campus Family Picnic. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. 500,000 books, 27 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $15,000. 83 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ FORT LEWIS COLLEGE L-6

1000 Rim Dr.
Durango, CO 81301-3999
Tel: (970)247-7010
Admissions: (970)247-7184
Fax: (970)247-7179
Web Site: http://www.fortlewis.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1911. Setting: 350-acre small town campus. Endowment: $3.8 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $194,011. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3545 per student. Total enrollment: 3,946. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 2,765 applied, 74% were admitted. 4% from top 10% of their high school class, 20% from top quarter, 53% from top half. Full-time: 3,637 students, 48% women, 52% men. Part-time: 309 students, 49% women, 51% men. Students come from 49 states and territories, 15 other countries, 29% from out-of-state, 19% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 15% 25 or older, 32% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 58% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; liberal arts/general studies; social sciences. Core. Calendar: modified trimesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: electronic application. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, recommendations, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $4862 full-time, $121 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,870 full-time, $643 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $830 full-time, $45.75 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $6160. College room only: $3258. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 56 open to all. Most popular organizations: Business Club, AISES (American Indian Science and Engineering Club), Circle K, Cycling Sport Club, Dance Team. Major annual events: Weekend Wipeout, Homecoming, Hozhoni Days. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,460 college housing spaces available; 1,357 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. John F. Reed Library plus 1 other with 184,860 books, 339,467 microform titles, 5,800 serials, 4,334 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.1 million. 607 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Durango is located in the Four-Corners region where the states of Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico come to a common point. Durango has magnificent mountain landscapes and glistening sunshine at an elevation of 6,700 feet. A modern jet port serves the area. Near Durango nestled in the spruce of the high country gleam thousands of mountain lakes, including two of the larger, Lemon and Vallecito. A few miles south is Navajo Lake, which extends into New Mexico. Agriculture and tourism are an integral part of the economy, as is retailing education, medicine, and law. La Plata County is home to over 27,000 people, and Durango has a population of over 13,000. Purgatory ski area offers complete ski resort facilities.

■ FRONT RANGE COMMUNITY COLLEGE F-11

3645 West 112th Ave.
Westminster, CO 80031-2105
Tel: (303)466-8811
Admissions: (303)404-5000
Web Site: http://frcc.cc.co.us/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Community Colleges of Colorado System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1968. Setting: 90-acre suburban campus with easy access to Denver. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4404 per student. Total enrollment: 14,957. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 6,269 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 5,149 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 9,808 students, 62% women, 38% men. Students come from 40 states and territories, 104 other countries, 2% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 1% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 19% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at Metropolitan State College, University of Colorado at Denver, Colorado State University. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1746 full-time, $72 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $8284 full-time, $345 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $223 full-time, $4.05 per credit part-time, $40.40 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 15 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, Student Colorado Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf, Alpha Mu Psi, Alpha Tau Kappa, Hispanic Club. Major annual events: Spring Fling, Chili Cook-Off, culture days. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. College Hill Library with an OPAC and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $498,927. 62 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Denver.

■ HERITAGE COLLEGE F-12

12 Lakeside Ln.
Denver, CO 80212-7413
Tel: (303)477-7240
Fax: (303)477-7276
Web Site: http://www.heritage-education.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Founded 1986.

■ INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS & MEDICAL CAREERS D-11

1609 Oakridge Dr., Ste. 102
Fort Collins, CO 80525
Tel: (970)223-2669
Web Site: http://www.ibmcedu.com/

Description:

Private, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1987. Setting: suburban campus with easy access to Denver. Total enrollment: 302. 366 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 302 students, 89% women, 11% men. 2% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 22% Hispanic, 1% black, 6% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 20% 25 or older, 0% live on campus. Retention: 69% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Calendar: continuous.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $75. Tuition: $13,800 full-time. Mandatory fees: $75 full-time. Tuition guaranteed not to increase for student's term of enrollment.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper. Most popular organization: Alpha Beta Kappa. Major annual events: Nine News Health Fair, New West Festival.

■ INTELLITEC COLLEGE (COLORADO SPRINGS) H-12

2315 East Pikes Peak Ave.
Colorado Springs, CO 80909-6030
Tel: (719)632-7626
Free: 800-748-2282
Fax: (719)632-7451
Web Site: http://www.intelliteccollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Technical Trades Institute, Inc. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 2-acre urban campus with easy access to Denver. Total enrollment: 427. Students come from 3 states and territories, 5% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 15% Hispanic, 19% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international. Core. Calendar: 6-week terms. Advanced placement, double major.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: Common Application. Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Major annual events: Summer Spree Day, student appreciation days. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. 274 books and 28 serials. 45 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ INTELLITEC COLLEGE (GRAND JUNCTION) H-5

772 Horizon Dr.
Grand Junction, CO 81506
Tel: (970)245-8101
Fax: (970)243-8074
Web Site: http://www.intelliteccollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, and transfer associate degrees. Setting: small town campus. Total enrollment: 486. 256 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 486 students, 83% women, 17% men. 1% Native American, 28% Hispanic, 2% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international. Calendar: continuous.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Tuition: $5940 full-time.

■ INTELLITEC MEDICAL INSTITUTE H-12

2345 North Academy Blvd.
Colorado Springs, CO 80909
Tel: (719)596-7400
Fax: (719)596-2464
Web Site: http://www.intelliteccollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1966. Setting: suburban campus. Total enrollment: 361. 191 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 361 students, 92% women, 8% men. 2% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 12% Hispanic, 25% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 1% transferred in. Retention: 70% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Calendar: clock hours. Services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application. Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Social organizations: 1 open to all. Most popular organization: AMT. Major annual event: Student Appreciation Day. College housing not available. 40 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE F-11

500 East 84th Ave., Ste. B12
Thornton, CO 80229
Tel: (303)288-4488
Free: 800-395-4488
Fax: (303)288-8166
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of ITT Educational Services, Inc. Awards terminal associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1984. Setting: 2-acre suburban campus with easy access to Denver. Core.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Recommended: recommendations. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. College housing not available.

■ JOHNSON & WALES UNIVERSITY F-12

7150 Montview Blvd.
Denver, CO 80220
Tel: (303)256-9300; 877-598-3368
Fax: (303)256-9333
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.jwu.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed. Administratively affiliated with Johnson & Wales University (RI). Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1993. Setting: small town campus. Endowment: $168.3 million. Total enrollment: 1,544. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 27:1. 3,252 applied, 84% were admitted. Full-time: 1,521 students, 50% women, 50% men. Part-time: 23 students, 39% women, 61% men. Students come from 50 states and territories, 20 other countries, 55% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 6% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 12% 25 or older. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: history; family and consumer sciences; parks and recreation. Core. Calendar: modular. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Required for some: essay, minimum 2.75 high school GPA, interview, SAT or ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $29,326 includes full-time tuition ($19,875), mandatory fees ($951), and college room and board ($8500). Part-time tuition: $368 per quarter hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. 786 college housing spaces available. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Johnson & Wales University Library with 26,000 books, 165 serials, 800 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 184 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ JONES INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY

9697 East Mineral Ave.
Centennial, CO 80112
Tel: (303)784-8904
Free: 800-811-5663
Fax: (303)784-8547
Web Site: http://www.jonesinternational.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees (offers only online degree programs). Founded 1995. Total enrollment: 1,411. Faculty: 60 (all part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 23:1. 70 applied, 57% were admitted. Part-time: 255 students, 60% women, 40% men. Students come from 38 states and territories, 90% from out-of-state, 0.4% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 13% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 87% 25 or older. Retention: 65% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: communications/journalism; computer and information sciences; business/marketing. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Tuition: $9720 full-time, $1215 per course part-time. Mandatory fees: $480 full-time, $60 per course part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available. Jones e-global Library with a Web page.

■ LAMAR COMMUNITY COLLEGE J-16

2401 South Main St.
Lamar, CO 81052-3999
Tel: (719)336-2248
Free: 800-968-6920
Fax: (719)336-24408
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.lamarcc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1937. Setting: 125-acre small town campus. Endowment: $200,000. Total enrollment: 1,021. 414 applied, 100% were admitted. Students come from 25 states and territories, 12 other countries, 43% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 9/16. Preference given to state residents.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Major annual events: Homecoming, Earth Day, Antelope Night. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Learning Resources Center with 27,729 books and 172 serials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $127,718. 60 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Lamar is an All-America City located at the junction of U.S. Highways 50, 287, and 385 with a dry climate and a population of 9,000. Livestock and poultry are primary concerns in this extensively irrigated area for which Lamar is a trading center. Airlines, railroads and buses serve the area. The community facilities include churches, a hospital and clinics, a library and various civic clubs. Part-time employment is available. The recreational activities include hunting, fishing, boating, golfing, swimming, and baseball.

■ MESA STATE COLLEGE H-5

1100 North Ave.
Grand Junction, CO 81501-3122
Tel: (970)248-1020
Free: 800-982-MESA
Admissions: (970)248-1875
Fax: (970)248-1973
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mesastate.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of State Colleges in Colorado. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1925. Setting: 42-acre small town campus. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3500. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2988 per student. Total enrollment: 6,062. Faculty: 396 (206 full-time, 190 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 4,628 applied, 82% were admitted. 6% from top 10% of their high school class, 20% from top quarter, 47% from top half. Full-time: 4,521 students, 58% women, 42% men. Part-time: 1,513 students, 63% women, 37% men. Students come from 46 states and territories, 8% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 8% Hispanic, 2% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 38% 25 or older, 18% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 57% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; visual and performing arts; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at members of the Consortium of State Colleges in Colorado, National Student Exchange Program. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for Associate degree programs. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Required for some: 1 recommendation, interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $3442 full-time, $132.40 per hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,660 full-time, $410 per hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 50 open to all. Most popular organizations: Environmental Club, Student Body Association, KMSA radio station, Rodeo Club, Campus Residents Association. Major annual events: Homecoming, Spring Fling, Unityfest. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 959 college housing spaces available; 909 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. John U. Tomlinson Library with 247,338 books, 935,100 microform titles, 31,992 serials, 9,787 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.3 million. 350 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Grand Junction is located in an irrigated valley in the heart of a vast vacationland that is also rich in energy-related natural resources. The climate is invigorating, sunny, and mild. The community has churches of many denominations, excellent public schools, library facilities, cultural programs, city parks, golf courses, tennis courts, 4 hospitals, and good transportation services including three major airlines. Recreational activities in the nearby mountains and deserts include hiking, camping, boating, river rafting, fishing, hunting, cross-country and downhill skiing, and more.

■ METROPOLITAN STATE COLLEGE OF DENVER F-12

PO Box 173362
Denver, CO 80217-3362
Tel: (303)556-2400
Admissions: (303)556-3058
Fax: (303)556-6345
Web Site: http://www.mscd.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1963. Setting: 175-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 20,761. 4,407 applied, 85% were admitted. 4% from top 10% of their high school class, 16% from top quarter, 44% from top half. Full-time: 12,397 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 8,364 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 40 states and territories, 58 other countries, 2% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 14% Hispanic, 6% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 41% 25 or older, 11% transferred in. Retention: 62% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at 3 members of the Consortium of State Colleges in Colorado, University of Colorado at Denver, Community College of Denver. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Required for some: essay, recommendations, SAT or ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 8/7. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. State resident tuition: $2283 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $9366 full-time. Mandatory fees: $576 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and location.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 90 open to all. Most popular organizations: Political Science Association, Accounting Students Organization, Christian Students Organization, LGBTA, Golden Key National Honor Society. Major annual events: Into the Streets, Campus Involvement Week, Earth Day. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Auraria Library with 607,971 books, 1 million microform titles, 2,380 serials, 16,309 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 800 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Denver.

■ MORGAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE E-14

17800 County Rd. 20
Fort Morgan, CO 80701-4399
Tel: (970)542-3100
Free: 800-622-0216
Admissions: (970)542-3156
Web Site: http://www.morgancc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1967. Setting: 20-acre rural campus with easy access to Denver. Total enrollment: 1,564. 177 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 351 students, 68% women, 32% men. Part-time: 1,213 students, 64% women, 36% men. Students come from 3 states and territories, 2% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 0.2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.2% international, 52% 25 or older, 3% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper. College housing not available. Learning Resource Center with 13,800 books, 80 serials, 1,096 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 60 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Morgan County has an abundant supply of facilities for recreational enjoyment. In addition to the athletic activities close at hand, the students have access to the metropolitan offerings in Denver, one hour away, and the beautiful Rocky Mountains, a two hour drive on Interstate highways.

■ NAROPA UNIVERSITY E-11

2130 Arapahoe Ave.
Boulder, CO 80302-6697
Tel: (303)444-0202
Free: 800-772-0410
Admissions: (303)546-3572
Fax: (303)444-0410
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.naropa.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, and first professional degrees. Founded 1974. Setting: 12-acre urban campus with easy access to Denver. Endowment: $2.9 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $10,556 per student. Total enrollment: 1,221. Faculty: 224 (55 full-time, 169 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 122 applied, 84% were admitted. 1 valedictorian. Full-time: 404 students, 58% women, 42% men. Part-time: 75 students, 63% women, 37% men. Students come from 43 states and territories, 12 other countries, 76% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 7% Hispanic, 1% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 36% 25 or older, 6% live on campus, 17% transferred in. Retention: 82% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: psychology; interdisciplinary studies; visual and performing arts. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, interview. Recommended: SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 1/15, 1/15 for nonresidents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $25,736 includes full-time tuition ($18,500) and college room and board ($7236). College room only: $4437. Full-time tuition varies according to course load. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $600 per semester hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $250 per term. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 20 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Union of Naropa (SUN), GLBT Group, International Students' Group, Root Outdoor Organization, Greenworks Environmental Group. Major annual events: Practice Day, Shambhala Day, Convocation. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, foot and vehicle patrol 4:30 pm -midnight. 26 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. Option: coed housing available. Allen Ginsberg Library with 27,500 books, 75 serials, 10,150 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $200,942. 48 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (COLORADO SPRINGS) H-12

5125 North Academy Blvd.
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Tel: (719)277-0588
Fax: (719)277-0589
Web Site: http://www.national.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1941. Setting: 1-acre suburban campus with easy access to Denver. Total enrollment: 250. Students come from 25 states and territories, 16% Hispanic, 15% black, 6% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 75% 25 or older. Retention: 73% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Tuition: $11,650 full-time, $235 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $200 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Campus security: late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. National American University Library with 15,000 books and 100 serials. 60 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (DENVER) F-12

1325 South Colorado Blvd, Ste. 100
Denver, CO 80222
Tel: (303)758-6700
Fax: (303)758-6810
Web Site: http://www.national.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1974. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 250. 85% 25 or older. Retention: 60% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Tuition: $8820 full-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course load, location, and program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available. NAU Library with 400 books and 33 serials. 47 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ NAZARENE BIBLE COLLEGE H-12

1111 Academy Park Loop
Colorado Springs, CO 80910-3704
Tel: (719)884-5000
Free: 800-873-3873
Admissions: (719)884-5061
Fax: (719)884-5199
Web Site: http://www.nbc.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed, affiliated with Church of the Nazarene. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1967. Setting: 64-acre urban campus with easy access to Denver. Endowment: $2.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2942 per student. Total enrollment: 532. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 356 applied, 44% were admitted. Full-time: 181 students, 35% women, 65% men. Part-time: 351 students, 32% women, 68% men. Students come from 48 states and territories, 55% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 89% 25 or older, 6% transferred in. Retention: 60% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic area with the most degrees conferred: theology and religious vocations. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/31.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Tuition: $8460 full-time, $235 per semester hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $225 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group, student-run newspaper. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: student patrols. College housing not available. Trimble Library with 75,842 books, 7,000 microform titles, 320 serials, 8,667 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $164,477. 10 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See The Colorado College.

■ NORTHEASTERN JUNIOR COLLEGE D-15

100 College Ave.
Sterling, CO 80751-2399
Tel: (970)521-6600
Admissions: (970)521-7000
Fax: (970)522-4945
Web Site: http://www.njc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1941. Setting: 65-acre small town campus. Endowment: $800,000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2589 per student. Total enrollment: 3,633. 941 applied, 100% were admitted. 6% from top 10% of their high school class, 47% from top half. Full-time: 910 students, 52% women, 48% men. Part-time: 2,723 students, 59% women, 41% men. Students come from 21 states and territories, 10% from out-of-state, 3% 25 or older, 1% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT recommended; SAT or ACT required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: continuous until 8/1. Preference given to state residents.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 27 open to all. Most popular organizations: Associated Student Government, Post Secondary Agriculture (PAS), Rodeo Team and Club, Students in Free Enterprise (SIFE), Campus Christian Fellowship. Major annual events: Midnight Barbecue and Dance, Spring Formal, Associated Student Government elections. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, controlled dormitory access, night patrols by trained security personnel. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Monahan Library with 45,260 books, 414 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $303,723. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Sterling, population 15,000, in northeastern Colorado on the South Platte River, has a mild climate. Trains and buses serve the area. Community facilities include churches, hospitals, libraries, a health center, and museum. Recreational activities include golf, tennis, swimming, bowling, roller skating, and boating. Rooming houses and private homes are available for student housing. The County Fair and Overland Trail Roundup are annual events. Part-time work is available.

■ OTERO JUNIOR COLLEGE K-14

1802 Colorado Ave.
La Junta, CO 81050-3415
Tel: (719)384-6831
Admissions: (719)384-6833
Fax: (719)384-6880
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ojc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1941. Setting: 50-acre rural campus. Total enrollment: 1,636. 6% from top 10% of their high school class, 28% from top quarter, 65% from top half. Full-time: 771 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 865 students, 66% women, 34% men. Students come from 12 states and territories, 2% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 30% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international, 49% 25 or older, 14% live on campus, 15% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program. Options: electronic application, early admission. Recommended: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/30. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1788 full-time, $74.50 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6626 full-time, $276.10 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $184 full-time. College room and board: $4512.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 6 open to all. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. 220 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Wheeler Library with 36,701 books, 183 serials, and an OPAC. 100 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

La Junta is located in the rich agricultural and stock-raising territory of the Arkansas River Valley with a mild year-round climate; the average mean temperature being 54.1 degrees, and the average yearly precipitation, 13.61 inches. The community facilities include a library, churches, many shopping facilities, hotels, motels, hospital and a community sponsored concert association. La Junta has many civic and service organizations. Industries include canning, manufacture of copper tubings and the renovation of railroad cars. The Kid's Rodeo is held here each year in August.

■ PARKS COLLEGE (AURORA) F-12

14280 East Jewell Ave., Ste. 100
Aurora, CO 80014
Tel: (303)745-6244
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.parks-college.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Founded 1989.

■ PARKS COLLEGE (DENVER) F-12

9065 Grant St.
Denver, CO 80229-4339
Tel: (303)457-2757
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.parks-college.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards terminal associate degrees. Founded 1895. Setting: 11-acre campus. Total enrollment: 425. 1% from top 10% of their high school class, 9% from top quarter, 56% from top half. Students come from 3 states and territories, 30% 25 or older. Core. Summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: CPAt. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. College housing not available. 2,000 books and 58 serials. 66 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ PIKES PEAK COMMUNITY COLLEGE H-12

5675 South Academy Blvd.
Colorado Springs, CO 80906-5498
Tel: (719)576-7711; (866)411-7722
Admissions: (719)540-7041
Fax: (719)540-7614
Web Site: http://www.ppcc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Colorado Community College System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1968. Setting: 287-acre urban campus with easy access to Denver. Endowment: $1.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3014 per student. Total enrollment: 10,917. Full-time: 3,944 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 6,973 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 48 states and territories, 90 other countries, 12% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 8% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 50% 25 or older, 7% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: international baccalaureate accepted. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

State resident tuition: $2183 full-time, $72.75 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,355 full-time, $345.15 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $156 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and reciprocity agreements.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Student services: women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. PPCC Library plus 1 other with 34,332 books, 4,505 microform titles, 311 serials, 3,832 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $690,702. 180 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Colorado Springs, a community of approximately 278,000 people, is situated 70 miles south of Denver. The dry, temperate climate and 310 days of sunshine annually make it a highly desirable place to live year-round. Many high technology industries are located in Colorado Springs. Housing is readily available and buses serve all parts of the city. Skiing, hiking, fishing, hunting, backpacking, and camping can be enjoyed within a one-half hour to one hour drive from Colorado Springs.

■ PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE F-12

1701 West 72nd Ave., Ste. 130
Denver, CO 80221
Tel: (303)426-1800; 888-898-9048
Fax: (303)412-8752
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.pmi.edu

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Vocational Training Institutes, Inc. Awards certificates and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1988. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 724. Calendar: modular. Academic remediation for entering students, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: interview, Wonderlic Scholastic Level Exam. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: minimally difficult.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available.

■ PLATT COLLEGE F-12

3100 South Parker Rd., Ste. 200
Aurora, CO 80014-3141
Tel: (303)369-5151
Web Site: http://www.plattcolorado.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1986. Setting: suburban campus. Total enrollment: 215. 47 applied, 100% were admitted. Calendar: continuous. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available.

■ PUEBLO COMMUNITY COLLEGE J-12

900 West Orman Ave.
Pueblo, CO 81004-1499
Tel: (719)549-3200
Admissions: (719)549-3010
Fax: (719)549-3012
Web Site: http://www.pueblocc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1933. Setting: 35-acre urban campus. Endowment: $5.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3061 per student. Total enrollment: 5,747. 1,230 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 2,208 students, 62% women, 38% men. Part-time: 3,539 students, 66% women, 34% men. 1% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 31% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.2% international, 38% 25 or older, 2% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for allied health programs. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Placement: ACT required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run radio station. Social organizations: 20 open to all. Most popular organizations: Criminal Justice Club, Phi Beta Lambda, Automotive Society, Nursing Club, Business and Office Technology Club. Major annual events: Spring Fling, Fall Festival, Christmas Party. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Pueblo Community College Learning Resources Center with 23,755 books, 2,980 microform titles, 286 serials, 14,626 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $262,034. 365 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Pueblo, population 126,000, is 42 miles south of Colorado Springs and 112 miles south of Denver on I-25. The original site of Pueblo was a crossroad for Indians, Spanish troops, friars, fur trappers, and explorers. A trading post was built in 1842 and served travelers on their way to California. Pueblo's location as the focal point for travel to the Rocky Mountain Empire continues to serve business and industry in the area. Puebloans enjoy clean air, uncrowded highways, and nearby water and mountain recreation set in the warm pleasant atmosphere of the Southwest. Pueblo boasts a fine community college, a university, symphony orchestra, chorale, ballet, theatrical groups, and a beautiful arts center.

■ RED ROCKS COMMUNITY COLLEGE C-2

13300 West 6th Ave.
Lakewood, CO 80228-1255
Tel: (303)914-6600
Fax: (303)914-6666
Web Site: http://www.rrcc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1969. Setting: 120-acre urban campus with easy access to Denver. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5674 per student. Total enrollment: 7,693. 4,499 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 2,264 students, 46% women, 54% men. Part-time: 5,429 students, 49% women, 51% men. Students come from 27 states and territories, 2% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 1% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 53% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs. Off campus study at Metropolitan State College, University of Colorado at Denver, Colorado School of Mines. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: early admission. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Student services: personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. College housing not available. Marvin Buckels Library with 55,188 books, 9,958 microform titles, 350 serials, 4,497 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $357,270. 580 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Colorado School of Mines.

■ REGIS UNIVERSITY F-12

3333 Regis Blvd.
Denver, CO 80221-1099
Tel: (303)458-4100
Free: 800-388-2366
Admissions: (303)458-4905
Fax: (303)964-5534
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.regis.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic (Jesuit), comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1877. Setting: 90-acre suburban campus. Endowment: $29.3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4992 per student. Total enrollment: 16,335. 40,275 applied, 25% were admitted. 21% from top 10% of their high school class, 47% from top quarter, 79% from top half. Full-time: 2,261 students, 62% women, 38% men. Part-time: 5,898 students, 61% women, 39% men. Students come from 40 states and territories, 24% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 9% Hispanic, 5% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 77% 25 or older, 8% live on campus, 84% transferred in. Retention: 79% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at other Jesuit colleges and universities. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: SAT Subject Tests. Required for some: 2 recommendations, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: Rolling, Rolling for nonresidents. Notification: continuous, continuous for nonresidents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. Comprehensive fee: $31,890 includes full-time tuition ($23,500), mandatory fees ($200), and college room and board ($8190). College room only: $4700. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $734 per hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $140 per year. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 30 open to all. Most popular organizations: Programming Activities Council, hall governing boards, Student Executive Board, Outdoor Club, Rugby Club. Major annual events: Mistletoe Madness, Ranger Day and Week, Thursday Thrills. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 780 college housing spaces available; 657 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Dayton Memorial Library with 350,000 books, 70,000 microform titles, 20,800 serials, 110,000 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2.6 million. 300 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Denver.

■ REMINGTON COLLEGE-COLORADO SPRINGS CAMPUS H-12

6050 Erin Park Dr., No. 250
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Tel: (719)532-1234
Admissions: (719)532-1234
Fax: (719)264-1234
Web Site: http://www.remingtoncollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Setting: 3-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 282. 71 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 282 students, 51% women, 49% men. 1% Native American, 17% Hispanic, 16% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international.

Entrance Requirements:

Entrance: noncompetitive.

Costs Per Year:

Tuition: $15,745 full-time. Tuition guaranteed not to increase for student's term of enrollment.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available.

■ REMINGTON COLLEGE-DENVER CAMPUS C-2

11011 West 6th Ave.
Lakewood, CO 80215-0090
Tel: (303)445-0500
Free: 800-999-5181
Fax: (303)445-0090
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.remingtoncollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Part of Education America Inc. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Setting: 1-acre suburban campus. Total enrollment: 500. Students come from 3 other countries, 0% from out-of-state, 90% 25 or older. Core. Accelerated degree program, double major, summer session for credit, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Entrance: noncompetitive.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available. Education American Denver Campus Library plus 1 other with 5,000 books, 23 serials, 60 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 30 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ ROCKY MOUNTAIN COLLEGE OF ART & DESIGN C-2

1600 Pierce St.
Lakewood, CO 80214
Tel: (303)753-6046
Free: 800-888-ARTS
Fax: (303)759-4970
Web Site: http://www.rmcad.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1963. Setting: 23-acre suburban campus. Total enrollment: 448. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 216 applied, 100% were admitted. 2% from top 10% of their high school class, 8% from top quarter, 36% from top half. Full-time: 365 students, 53% women, 47% men. Part-time: 83 students, 69% women, 31% men. Students come from 36 states and territories, 4 other countries, 31% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 8% Hispanic, 2% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 22% 25 or older, 18% live on campus, 17% transferred in. Retention: 64% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: visual and performing arts; communication technologies; education. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, interview, portfolio. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Tuition: $17,880 full-time, $745 per credit part-time. College room only: $3840.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 5 open to all. Most popular organizations: Artists Representative Team, The American Society of Interior Designers, The American Institute of Graphic Arts, Art Directors Club of Denver, International Animated Film Association. Major annual events: Annual Student Exhibition, Annual Faculty Exhibition, art and design forums. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. 88 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Rocky Mountain College of Art and Design Library with 6,287 books and 65 serials. 47 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ TEIKYO LORETTO HEIGHTS UNIVERSITY F-12

3001 South Federal Blvd.
Denver, CO 80236-2711
Tel: (303)937-4200
Web Site: http://www.tlhu.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year. Part of Teikyo University Group.

■ TRINIDAD STATE JUNIOR COLLEGE M-12

600 Prospect
Trinidad, CO 81082-2396
Tel: (719)846-5011
Free: 800-621-8752
Admissions: (719)846-5545
Fax: (719)846-5667
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.trinidadstate.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1925. Setting: 17-acre small town campus. Endowment: $4.7 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2346 per student. Total enrollment: 1,831. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 841 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 775 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 1,056 students, 64% women, 36% men. Students come from 33 states and territories, 5 other countries, 8% from out-of-state, 59% 25 or older, 30% live on campus, 2% transferred in. Retention: 50% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for practical nursing program. Options: Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $2,182 full-time, $72.75 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $8280 full-time, $276 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $528 full-time, $14.35 per credit part-time. College room and board: $4298. College room only: $1048. Room and board charges vary according to board plan.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 15 open to all. Most popular organizations: student association, International Club, Gunsmithing Club, Nursing Club, Cosmetology Club. Major annual events: Winter Formal, Trinidad State Junior College Basketball Tourney, Job Fair. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 350 college housing spaces available; 182 were occupied in 2003-04. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Frendenthal Library plus 1 other with 54,255 books, 17,076 microform titles, 105 serials, 1,574 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $92,000. 125 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Located in South Central Colorado, Trinidad is the County Seat of Las Animas County and was a trading post on the Old Santa Fe Trail. Good highways, busses, and the railroad serve the area. Leading industries are coal production, farming, and ranching. The area offers Monument Lake, a 1,200-acre city owned park with fishing, boating and camping; Trinidad Lake, located 36 miles west of Trinidad in scenic Stonewall Valley, with water skiing, fishing, boating, camping, hiking and a recreation area; Cuchara Ski Area, located 50 miles west of Trinidad in scenic Cuchara valley.

■ UNITED STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY HQ USAFA/XPR

2304 Cadet Dr., Ste. 200
USAF Academy, CO 80840-5025
Tel: (719)333-1818
Free: 800-443-9266
Admissions: (719)333-2520
Fax: (719)333-3012
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.usafa.edu/

Description:

Federally supported, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1954. Setting: 18,000-acre suburban campus with easy access to Denver. Total enrollment: 4,365. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 8:1. 9,601 applied, 15% were admitted. 57% from top 10% of their high school class, 85% from top quarter, 98% from top half. Full-time: 4,365 students, 18% women, 82% men. Students come from 54 states and territories, 21 other countries, 94% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 4% black, 7% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 0.4% 25 or older, 100% live on campus, 0% transferred in. Retention: 89% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, internships. Off campus study at other United States service academies. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, interview, authorized nomination, SAT or ACT. Entrance: most difficult. Application deadline: 1/31. Notification: continuous until 5/15.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 100 open to all. Most popular organizations: Cadet Ski Club, choir, Scuba Club, Aviation Club, Drum and Bugle Corps. Major annual events: Ring Dance, Doolie Day Out, Graduation. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, self-defense education, well-lit campus. College housing designed to accommodate 4,000 students; 4,219 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Option: coed housing available. United States Air Force Academy Library plus 2 others with 445,379 books, 635,244 microform titles, 1,693 serials, 4,458 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3 million.

■ UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT BOULDER E-11

Boulder, CO 80309
Tel: (303)492-1411
Admissions: (303)492-6301
Fax: (303)492-7115
Web Site: http://www.colorado.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of University of Colorado System. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professionl degrees. Founded 1876. Setting: 600-acre small town campus with easy access to Denver. Endowment: $247.5 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $246.3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8353 per student. Total enrollment: 31,068. Faculty: 1,786 (1,227 full-time, 559 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 17,111 applied, 88% were admitted. 22% from top 10% of their high school class, 54% from top quarter, 89% from top half. 8 National Merit Scholars, 192 valedictorians. Full-time: 23,539 students, 47% women, 53% men. Part-time: 2,303 students, 45% women, 55% men. Students come from 52 states and territories, 100 other countries, 30% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 2% black, 6% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 7% 25 or older, 22% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 83% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: social sciences; business/marketing; communications/journalism. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at other units of the University of Colorado System. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Naval, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, minimum 3.0 high school GPA, recommendations. Required for some: audition for music program. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 1/15. Notification: continuous. Preference given to state residents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. One-time mandatory fee: $108. State resident tuition: $4446 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $21,900 full-time. Mandatory fees: $926 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. College room and board: $7980. Room and board charges vary according to board plan, location, and student level.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 200 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local sororities; 7% of eligible men and 9% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: student government, Ski and Snowboard Club, Environmental Center, AIESEC, Program Council. Major annual events: Homecoming, Parents' Weekend, Global Jam. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, University police department. 7,100 college housing spaces available. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Norlin Library plus 5 others with 3.5 million books, 6.8 million microform titles, 20,677 serials, 444,169 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $18.4 million. 1,525 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT COLORADO SPRINGS H-12

1420 Austin Bluffs Parkway
PO Box 7150
Colorado Springs, CO 80933-7150
Tel: (719)262-3000
Free: 800-990-8227
Admissions: (719)262-3375
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uccs.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 400-acre suburban campus with easy access to Denver. Endowment: $14.7 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2.2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4512 per student. Total enrollment: 8,437. Faculty: 556 (200 full-time, 356 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 1,899 applied, 76% were admitted. 15% from top 10% of their high school class, 42% from top quarter, 78% from top half. Full-time: 4,827 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 1,444 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 44 states and territories, 26 other countries, 20% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 9% Hispanic, 4% black, 5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international, 10% live on campus. Retention: 67% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; social sciences; communications/journalism; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. ROTC: Army.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 7/1. Notification: continuous. Preference given to state residents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. State resident tuition: $3966 full-time, $178 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,260 full-time, $763 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $922 full-time. College room and board: $6418. College room only: $4878.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 55 open to all; local fraternities, local sororities. Most popular organizations: Business Club, Ski Club, United Students of Color, Psychology Club. Major annual events: Welcome Back Week, Casino Night, Comedy Night. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 600 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. University of Colorado at Colorado Springs Kraemer Family Library with 391,638 books, 642,082 microform titles, 2,201 serials, 5,229 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2 million. 250 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER AND HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER - DOWNTOWN DENVER CAMPUS F-12

PO Box 173364
Denver, CO 80217-334
Tel: (303)556-2400
Admissions: (303)556-3287
Fax: (303)556-2398
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cudenver.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of University of Colorado System. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1912. Setting: 171-acre urban campus. Endowment: $181.5 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $6.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5427 per student. Total enrollment: 19,755. Faculty: 1,362 (579 full-time, 783 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. 2,681 applied, 69% were admitted. 13% from top 10% of their high school class, 37% from top quarter, 74% from top half. Full-time: 5,763 students, 56% women, 44% men. Part-time: 4,479 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 51 states and territories, 121 other countries, 4% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 4% black, 9% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 32% 25 or older, 10% transferred in. Retention: 72% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; social sciences; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Metropolitan State College, Community College of Denver. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 7/22, 7/22 for nonresidents. Notification: continuous, continuous for nonresidents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. State resident tuition: $4224 full-time, $210 per semester hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,394 full-time, $924 per semester hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $797 full-time, $14 per semester hour part-time, $377.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 65 open to all. Most popular organizations: Gold Key National Honor Society, Muslim Student Association, Model United Nations (International Forum Club), Psi Chi Honor Society, Associated Engineering Students. Major annual events: Fall Festival, Spring Fling, Auraria Blood Drive. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Auraria Library with 588,582 books, 1 million microform titles, 4,364 serials, 15,720 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $6.6 million. 750 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ UNIVERSITY OF DENVER F-12

University Park
2199 South University Park
Denver, CO 80208
Tel: (303)871-2000
Free: 800-525-9495
Admissions: (303)871-3383
Fax: (303)871-3301
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.du.edu/

Description:

Independent, university, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees. Founded 1864. Setting: 125-acre suburban campus. Endowment: $194.4 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $21.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $11,225 per student. Total enrollment: 10,374. Faculty: 1,050 (484 full-time, 566 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 11:1. 4,038 applied, 82% were admitted. 36% from top 10% of their high school class, 69% from top quarter, 90% from top half. Full-time: 4,431 students, 53% women, 47% men. Part-time: 446 students, 82% women, 18% men. Students come from 52 states and territories, 54 other countries, 50% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 7% Hispanic, 3% black, 5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 4% international, 16% 25 or older, 49% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 88% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; communications/journalism; social sciences. Core. Calendar:; semesters for law school. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early action, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, interview, SAT or ACT. Required for some: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 1/15, 11/1 for early action. Notification: 3/15, 1/15 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $37,159 includes full-time tuition ($27,756), mandatory fees ($654), and college room and board ($8749). College room only: $5355. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to class time, course load, and program. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $771 per quarter hour. Part-time tuition varies according to class time, course load, and program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 82 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 20% of eligible men and 19% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: student government, Club Sports Council, Programming Board, International Student Organization, Residence Hall Association. Major annual events: Winter Carnival, Homecoming/Family Weekend, Festival of Nations. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, 24-hour locked residence hall entrances. College housing designed to accommodate 1,933 students; 1,978 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Penrose Library with 1.2 million books, 1 million microform titles, 6,283 serials, 6,293 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $9 million. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Denver is a metropolitan area, capital of Colorado, situated at the foot of the Rocky Mountains. The climate is temperate and considered healthful. The State Museum, Art Museum, Museum of Natural History, many public and private hospitals, churches, and the fine shopping areas make up the city. Part-time employment opportunities are good. Denver is the gateway to the playgrounds of the mountains; the city's mountain parks of 20,000 acres include the Genesee Mountain with its game preserve. There are lakes in the area for water sports and fishing. Denver has become a great center for snow sports activities, with several of the best known ski areas located 55 to 85 miles from Denver in the Arapaho National Forest. The annual National Western Stock Show is in January.

■ UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN COLORADO D-12

Greeley, CO 80639
Tel: (970)351-1890
Admissions: (970)351-2881
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.unco.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees (specialist). Founded 1890. Setting: 240-acre suburban campus with easy access to Denver. Endowment: $72.2 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2.7 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4291 per student. Total enrollment: 13,156. Faculty: 601 (400 full-time, 201 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 24:1. 7,318 applied, 82% were admitted. 12% from top 10% of their high school class, 32% from top quarter, 68% from top half. 25 valedictorians. Full-time: 9,685 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 1,126 students, 62% women, 38% men. Students come from 48 states and territories, 9% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 8% Hispanic, 2% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.3% international, 8% 25 or older, 31% live on campus, 8% transferred in. Retention: 71% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: interdisciplinary studies; business/marketing; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at National Student Exchange. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.9 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $3192 full-time, $133 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $11,736 full-time, $489 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $645 full-time, $32.25 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $6412. College room only: $3150. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 93 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 6% of eligible men and 4% of eligible women are members. Major annual events: homecoming, The Main Event, UPC Bazaar. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. College housing designed to accommodate 3,101 students; 3,162 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. James A. Michener Library plus 2 others with 1 million books, 2 million microform titles, 3,417 serials, 30,450 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $4.8 million. 1,100 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Located one hour north of Denver and one hour east of Rocky Mountain National Park, the city of Greeley has a population of more than 75,000. It has a symphony, rock and jazz concerts, community theatre, and the largest 4th of July rodeo in the country. The dry, desert climate produces sunny days and cool nights. There is some snow and very little rain.

■ UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-DENVER CAMPUS D-3

10004 Park Meadows Dr.
Lone Tree, CO 80124-5453
Tel: (303)694-9093
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees and post-master's certificates. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 3,420. Faculty: 378 (5 full-time, 373 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 9:1. 57 applied. Full-time: 2,010 students, 60% women, 40% men. 0.2% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 9% international, 92% 25 or older. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; computer and information sciences; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: continuous. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: deferred admission. Required: 1 recommendation. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $110. Tuition: $9480 full-time, $316 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. University Library with 444 books, 666 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. System-wide operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.2 million.

■ UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-SOUTHERN COLORADO CAMPUS H-12

5475 Tech Center, Ste. 130
Colorado Springs, CO 80919-2335
Tel: (719)599-5282
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1999. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 1,294. Faculty: 175 (2 full-time, 173 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 7:1. 17 applied. Full-time: 775 students, 52% women, 48% men. 0% from out-of-state, 0.3% Native American, 4% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 27% international, 94% 25 or older. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; computer and information sciences; security and protective services. Core. Calendar: continuous. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: deferred admission. Required: 1 recommendation. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $110. Tuition: $9489 full-time, $316 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. University Library with 444 books, 666 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. System-wide operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.2 million.

■ WESTERN STATE COLLEGE OF COLORADO I-8

600 North Adams St.
Gunnison, CO 81231
Tel: (970)943-0120
Free: 800-876-5309
Admissions: (970)943-2119
Fax: (970)943-7069
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.western.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1901. Setting: 381-acre small town campus. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $92,860. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4097 per student. Total enrollment: 2,177. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 1,308 applied, 83% were admitted. 7% from top 10% of their high school class, 20% from top quarter, 50% from top half. 3 valedictorians. Full-time: 2,034 students, 40% women, 60% men. Part-time: 143 students, 45% women, 55% men. Students come from 50 states and territories, 27% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 13% 25 or older, 41% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 61% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; visual and performing arts; parks and recreation. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at State Colleges of Colorado, National Student Exchange. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 2.5 high school GPA. Required for some: essay, 2 recommendations, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: 11/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $2,411 full-time, $100.45 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,968 full-time, $457 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $796 full-time, $26.05 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $6976. College room only: $3794.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 110 open to all; national fraternities, local fraternities, local sororities. Most popular organizations: Mountain Search and Rescue Team, Student Government Association, Rodeo Club, wilderness pursuits, Peak Productions. Major annual events: Earth Day, Homecoming, Family Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,200 college housing spaces available; 1,000 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Savage Library with 158,698 books, 1.2 million microform titles, 719 serials, 1,539 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $572,911. 175 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Gunnison is a community with a population of about 7,000. Western State students are welcome to participate in all kinds of cultural, political, recreational, and religious activities offered by the community. The summer climate and the natural beauties of the region annually attract millions of tourists. Winter sports enthusiasts enjoy excellent skiing at Crested Butte Mountain Resort and Monarch Ski Area and ice fishing on Colorado's Blue Mesa Reservoir, which is located just 9 miles from the campus.

■ WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER NORTH F-12

7350 North Broadway
Denver, CO 80221-3653
Tel: (303)650-5050
Free: 800-992-5050
Fax: (303)426-0702
Web Site: http://www.westwood.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1953. Setting: 11-acre suburban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4301 per student. Total enrollment: 1,423. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 2,332 applied, 45% were admitted. Full-time: 1,086 students, 32% women, 68% men. Part-time: 337 students, 33% women, 67% men. Students come from 38 states and territories, 2 other countries, 16% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 16% Hispanic, 3% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 32% 25 or older, 0.2% transferred in. Retention: 28% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Calendar: 5 terms. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, interview. Recommended: SAT or ACT, SAT and SAT Subject Tests or ACT. Required for some: ACCUPLACER, ACCUPLACER. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100. Tuition: $2796 per term part-time. Mandatory fees: $425 per credit part-time, $120 per term part-time. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 3 open to all. Most popular organizations: American Institute of Graphic Arts, Social Club, Gaming Club. Major annual events: Summer BBQ, sports events. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. Westwood DNN Library with 2,000 books, 90 serials, 120 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $63,465. 30 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed.

■ WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER SOUTH F-12

3150 South Sheridan Blvd.
Denver, CO 80227
Tel: (303)934-2790
Free: 800-281-2978
Fax: (303)934-2583
Web Site: http://www.westwood.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards terminal associate and bachelor's degrees. Setting: urban campus with easy access to Denver, CO. Total enrollment: 429. 303 applied, 58% were admitted. Full-time: 294 students, 33% women, 67% men. Part-time: 135 students, 27% women, 73% men. 0% Native American, 17% Hispanic, 4% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 49% 25 or older. Calendar: continuous.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: interview, high school diploma or GED and entrance exam (SAT/ACT or Accuplacer).

■ YESHIVA TORAS CHAIM TALMUDICAL SEMINARY F-12

1400 Quitman St.
Denver, CO 80204-1415
Tel: (303)629-8200
Fax: (303)623-5949

Description:

Independent Jewish, comprehensive, men only. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1967. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 20. Students come from 6 states and territories, 2 other countries. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, honors program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: early admission. Entrance: moderately difficult.

Collegiate Environment:

On-campus residence required through senior year. 5 computers available on campus for general student use.

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Colorado

Colorado

ADAMS STATE COLLEGE

208 Edgemont Blvd.
Alamosa, CO 81102
Tel: (719)587-7011
Free: 800-824-6494
Admissions: (719)587-7712
Fax: (719)587-7522
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.adams.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Lee A. Halgren
Registrar: Belen Maestas
Admissions: Eric Carpio
Financial Aid: Philip Schroeder
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 82.75% SAT V 400+; 82.75% SAT M 400+; 48.76% ACT 18-23; 12.81% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 60 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 01 Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $20. Area resident tuition: $90 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1980 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $8250 full-time, $344 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $874 full-time. College room and board: $5760. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,876, PT 562, Grad 3,140 Faculty: FT 104, PT 81 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 91 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 40 Library Holdings: 493,581 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 semester hours, Associates; 120 semester hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACA, NASM Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W; Wrestling M

AIMS COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Box 69
Greeley, CO 80632-0069
Tel: (970)330-8008
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aims.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Marilynn Liddell
Registrar: Stuart Thomas
Admissions: Stuart Thomas
Financial Aid: Lynne Suppes
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,252, PT 2,846 Faculty: FT 102, PT 219 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: Other Library Holdings: 39,129 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 96 quarter hours, Associates ROTC: Air Force Professional Accreditation: JRCERT

ARAPAHOE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

5900 South Santa Fe Dr., PO Box 9002
Littleton, CO 80160-9002
Tel: (303)797-4222
Admissions: (303)797-5623
Fax: (303)797-5970
Web Site: http://www.arapahoe.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Berton Glandon
Registrar: Matt Jamison
Admissions: Matt Jamison
Financial Aid: James Contreras
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Community Colleges of Colorado % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required. For medical laboratory technology, medical assistant technology, nursing, medical records technology, police & fire science academy, mortuary science: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1619 full-time, $89.90 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $8000 full-time, $369.30 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $81 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,312, PT 5,248 Faculty: FT 114, PT 300 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 Library Holdings: 45,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 61 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: ABFSE, AHIMA, APTA, NAACLS

ARGOSY UNIVERSITY/DENVER

1200 Lincoln St.
Denver, CO 80203
Tel: (303)248-2700; (866)431-5981
Web Site: http://www.argosyu.edu/
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed

THE ART INSTITUTE OF COLORADO

1200 Lincoln St.
Denver, CO 80203
Tel: (303)837-0825
Free: 800-275-2420
Fax: (303)860-8520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aic.artinstitutes.edu/
President/CEO: David C. Zorn
Registrar: Bonnie Gronenthal
Admissions: Brian Parker
Financial Aid: Shannon May
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Education Management Corporation Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Tuition: $25,088 full-time, $392 per credit part-time. College room only: $7980. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 2,137, PT 749 Faculty: FT 68, PT 54 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 82 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 9 Library Holdings: 13,100 Credit Hours For Degree: 105 credit hours, Associates; 192 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACICS, ACF

ASPEN UNIVERSITY

501 South Cherry St., Ste. 350
Denver, CO 80246
Tel: (303)333-4224
Fax: (303)336-1144
Web Site: http://www.aspen.edu/
President/CEO: Ron Boehm
Registrar: Kris Larson
Type: Two-Year Upper Division Sex: Coed Application Fee: $50.00 Calendar System: Miscellaneous Professional Accreditation: DETC

BEL-REA INSTITUTE OF ANIMAL TECHNOLOGY

1681 South Dayton St.
Denver, CO 80247
Tel: (303)751-8700
Free: 800-950-8001
Fax: (303)751-9969
Web Site: http://www.bel-rea.com/
President/CEO: Marc Schapiro
Admissions: Paulette Kaufman
Financial Aid: Staci Bottinelli
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Application Fee: $100.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Not available Faculty: FT 19, PT 5 Student-Faculty Ratio: 25:1 Library Holdings: 1,800 Credit Hours For Degree: 125 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

BLAIR COLLEGE

1815 Jet Wing Dr.
Colorado Springs, CO 80916
Tel: (719)638-6580; 888-741-4271
Admissions: (719)630-6580
Fax: (719)638-6818
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://blair-college.com/
President/CEO: Tom Andron
Registrar: Robert Johnston
Admissions: Dawn Collins
Financial Aid: Jami Moore
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Corinthian Colleges, Inc Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Not available Faculty: FT 12, PT 16 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Exams: Other Credit Hours For Degree: 96 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACICS, AAMAE

BOULDER COLLEGE OF MASSAGE THERAPY

6255 Longbow Dr.
Boulder, CO 80301
Tel: (303)530-2100
Free: 800-442-5131
Fax: (303)530-2204
Web Site: http://www.bcmt.org/
President/CEO: Dr. Suzanne Miller
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Calendar System: Quarter Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

CAMBRIDGE COLLEGE

12500 East Iliff Ave., No. 100
Aurora, CO 80014
Tel: (303)338-9700
Fax: (303)338-9701
Web Site: http://www.cambridgecollege.com/
President/CEO: Sandi Parks
Financial Aid: Richard Semakula
Type: Two-Year College Professional Accreditation: ABHES, ACCSCT

COLLEGEAMERICA-COLORADO SPRINGS

3645 Citadel Dr. South
Colorado Springs, CO 80909
Tel: (719)637-0600
Fax: (719)637-0806
Web Site: http://www.collegeamerica.com/
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

COLLEGEAMERICA-DENVER

1385 South Colorado Blvd.
Denver, CO 80222-1912
Tel: (303)691-9756
Fax: (303)692-9156
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.collegeamerica.com/
President/CEO: Barbara W. Thomas
Registrar: Mary Acker
Admissions: Barbara W. Thomas
Financial Aid: Marty Doyscher
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Scholarships: Available Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

COLLEGEAMERICA-FORT COLLINS

4601 South Mason St.
Fort Collins, CO 80525-3740
Tel: (970)223-6060
Fax: (970)223-6060
Web Site: http://www.collegeamerica.edu/
President/CEO: Anna DiTorrice-Mull
Admissions: Anna DiTorrice-Mull
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Calendar System: Continuous, Summer Session Not available Faculty: FT 11, PT 22 Student-Faculty Ratio: 22:1 Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

COLORADO CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY

8787 West Alameda
Lakewood, CO 80226
Tel: (303)202-0100
Free: 800-44-FAITH
Admissions: (303)963-3163
Fax: (303)238-2191
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ccu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Larry Donnithorne
Registrar: Wendy Wibbens
Admissions: Ronald Rex
Financial Aid: Steve Woodburn
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: interdenominational Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 92% SAT M 400+; 46% ACT 18-23; 37% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 77 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 21 Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $23,422 includes full-time tuition ($16,590), mandatory fees ($150), and college room and board ($6682). College room only: $3930. Part-time tuition: $700 per credit hour. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,075, PT 751, Grad 316 Faculty: FT 43, PT 3 Student-Faculty Ratio: 21:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 67 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 65 Library Holdings: 71,565 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates; 128 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M; Soccer M & W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

THE COLORADO COLLEGE

14 East Cache La Poudre
Colorado Springs, CO 80903-3294
Tel: (719)389-6000
Free: 800-542-7214
Admissions: (719)389-6344
Fax: (719)389-6282
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coloradocollege.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Richard F. Celeste
Admissions: Mark Hatch
Financial Aid: James M. Swanson
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 99.66% SAT M 400+; 8.74% ACT 18-23; 52.46% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 38 Admission Plans: Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: January 15 Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $37,668 includes full-time tuition ($30,048) and college room and board ($7620). College room only: $4116. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $948.38 per credit hour. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,928, PT 49, Grad 39 Faculty: FT 176, PT 30 Student-Faculty Ratio: 9:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 45 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 73 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 128 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Equestrian Sports M & W; Field Hockey M & W; Football M; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M & W; Rugby M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Ultimate Frisbee M & W; Volleyball M & W; Water Polo M & W

COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE

831 Grand Ave.
Glenwood Springs, CO 81601
Tel: (970)945-7481
Free: 800-621-8559
Admissions: (970)947-8328
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coloradomtn.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Cynthia M. Heelan
Registrar: Mearl Kerns
Admissions: Bill Sommers
Financial Aid: Gary Lewis
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado Mountain College District System % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted. For some adult applicants: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1290 full-time, $43 per credit part-time. State resident tuition: $2160 full-time, $72 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6930 full-time, $231 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $180 full-time. College room and board: $6600. College room only: $3400. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 22 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 44 Library Holdings: 36,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credits, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Soccer M & W

COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, ALPINE CAMPUS

1330 Bob Adams Dr.
Steamboat Springs, CO 80487
Tel: (970)870-4444
Free: 800-621-8559
Admissions: (970)945-8691
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coloradomtn.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Robert Ritschel
Registrar: Merle Kearns
Admissions: Bill Sommers
Financial Aid: Mary Edwards
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado Mountain College District System % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1290 full-time, $43 per credit part-time. State resident tuition: $2160 full-time, $72 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6930 full-time, $231 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $180 full-time. College room and board: $6600. College room only: $3400. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 454, PT 650 Faculty: FT 19 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 44 Library Holdings: 17,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credits, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Skiing (Downhill) M & W

COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, TIMBERLINE CAMPUS

901 South Hwy. 24
Leadville, CO 80461
Tel: (719)486-2015
Free: 800-621-8559
Admissions: (970)945-8691
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coloradomtn.edu/
President/CEO: Gary Smith, PhD
Registrar: Mearl Kerns
Admissions: Bill Sommers
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado Mountain College District System % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1290 full-time, $43 per credit part-time. State resident tuition: $2160 full-time, $72 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6930 full-time, $231 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $180 full-time. College room and board: $6600. College room only: $3400. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 14 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 30 Library Holdings: 25,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credits, Associates

COLORADO NORTHWESTERN COMMUNITY COLLEGE

500 Kennedy Dr.
Rangely, CO 81648-3598
Tel: (970)675-2261
Free: 800-562-1105
Admissions: (970)824-1103
Fax: (970)675-3343
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cncc.edu/
President/CEO: Peter Angstadt
Registrar: Gene Bilodeau
Admissions: Gene Bilodeau
Financial Aid: Tresa England
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted. For except dental hygiene program: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 499, PT 1,743 Faculty: FT 41, PT 236 Student-Faculty Ratio: 9:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 62 Library Holdings: 20,063 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 semester hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ADA Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running W; Softball W

COLORADO SCHOOL OF HEALING ARTS

7655 West Mississippi Ave., Ste. 100
Lakewood, CO 80226
Tel: (303)986-2320
Free: 800-233-7114
Fax: (303)980-6594
Web Site: http://www.csha.net/
President/CEO: Dennis Simpson
Admissions: Victoria Steere
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 100 Application Deadline: October 01 Application Fee: $50.00 Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. Tuition: $8925 full-time. Mandatory fees: $1236 full-time. Calendar System: Quarter Enrollment: FT 149, PT 91 Faculty: FT 4, PT 31 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES

1500 Illinois St.
Golden, CO 80401-1887
Tel: (303)273-3000
Free: 800-446-9488
Admissions: (303)273-3227
Fax: (303)273-3509
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mines.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. John U. Trefny
Registrar: Lara Medley
Admissions: Bill Young
Financial Aid: Roger A. Koester
Type: University Sex: Coed Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400+; 13% ACT 18-23; 64% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 80 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: June 01 Application Fee: $45.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $45. State resident tuition: $7248 full-time, $382 per semester hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $19,830 full-time, $661 per semester hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $895 full-time, $60 per semester hour part-time. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. College room and board: $6750. College room only: $3550. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,909, PT 189, Grad 817 Faculty: FT 193, PT 106 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 68 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 25 Library Holdings: 150,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 137 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: ABET Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M; Skiing (Downhill) M; Soccer M; Softball W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W; Wrestling M

COLORADO SCHOOL OF TRADES

1575 Hoyt St.
Lakewood, CO 80215-2996
Tel: (303)233-4697
Free: 800-234-4594
Fax: (303)233-4723
Web Site: http://www.schooloftrades.com/
President/CEO: Robert Martin
Admissions: Robert Martin
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 87 Application Fee: $25.00 Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Tuition: $16,200 full-time. Mandatory fees: $154 full-time. Scholarships: Available Enrollment: FT 125 Faculty: FT 10 Student-Faculty Ratio: 12:1 Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY

Fort Collins, CO 80523-0015
Tel: (970)491-1101
Admissions: (970)491-6909
Fax: (970)491-7799
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.colostate.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Larry E. Penley
Registrar: G. Kay Jacks
Admissions: Mary Ontiveros
Financial Aid: Sandy Calhoun
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado State University System Scores: 98% SAT V 400+; 99% SAT M 400+; 46% ACT 18-23; 45% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 88 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: July 01 Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. State resident tuition: $3381 full-time, $188 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $14,343 full-time, $797 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $1181 full-time. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. College room and board: $6316. College room only: $2852. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 18,995, PT 2,511, Grad 5,090 Faculty: FT 851, PT 30 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 39 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 23 Library Holdings: 1,863,052 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credits, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, ACEJMC, AAMFT, AAFCS, ACCE, ACA, ADtA, AOTA, APA, ASLA, AVMA, CSWE, FIDER, NASM, NCATE, NRPA, SAF Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving W; Tennis W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W; Water Polo W

COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY-PUEBLO

2200 Bonforte Blvd.
Pueblo, CO 81001-4901
Tel: (719)549-2100
Admissions: (719)549-2461
Fax: (719)549-2419
Web Site: http://www.colostate-pueblo.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Ronald Applbaum
Registrar: Joe Marshall
Admissions: Joe Marshall
Financial Aid: Ofelia Morales
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado State University System Scores: 80% SAT V 400+; 82% SAT M 400+; 62% ACT 18-23; 12% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. State resident tuition: $2902 full-time, $120.92 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,542 full-time, $564.25 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $964 full-time, $40.17 per credit part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $6088. College room only: $2960. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 3,367, PT 2,050, Grad 418 Faculty: FT 149, PT 163 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 65 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 18 Library Holdings: 270,761 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, CSWE, NASM, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running W; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

COLORADO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

4435 North Chestnut St.
Colorado Springs, CO 80907-3896
Tel: (719)598-0200
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coloradotech.edu
President/CEO: David D. O'Donnell
Registrar: Bob Golightly
Admissions: Ron Begora
Financial Aid: Pat Hollenbeck
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Whitman Education Group Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 305, PT 910, Grad 469 Faculty: FT 35, PT 102 Student-Faculty Ratio: 20:1 Exams: Other, SAT I or ACT Library Holdings: 29,819 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 90 quarter hours, Associates; 178 quarter hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: ABET

COLORADO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY DENVER CAMPUS

5775 Denver Tech Center Blvd.
Greenwood Village, CO 80111
Tel: (303)694-6600
Fax: (303)694-6673
Web Site: http://www.coloradotech.edu/
President/CEO: Robert Golightly
Admissions: Suzanne Hyman
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Whitman Education Group Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 41, PT 151, Grad 106 Faculty: FT 5, PT 46 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 Exams: Other, SAT I or ACT Library Holdings: 12,715 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credit hours, Associates; 178 credit hours, Bachelors

COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF AURORA

16000 East Centre Tech Parkway
Aurora, CO 80011-9036
Tel: (303)360-4700
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ccaurora.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Linda S. Bowman
Registrar: Connie Simpson
Admissions: Kristen Cusak
Financial Aid: Terry Campbell-Caron
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $2236 full-time, $74.55 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,354 full-time, $345.15 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $126 full-time, $3 per credit hour part-time, $20.75. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,412, PT 4,065 Faculty: FT 27, PT 320 Student-Faculty Ratio: 21:1 Library Holdings: 7,440 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 semester hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: CARC

COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF DENVER

PO Box 173363
Denver, CO 80217-3363
Tel: (303)556-2600
Admissions: (303)556-6325
Web Site: http://www.ccd.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Christine Johnson
Registrar: Emita Samuels
Admissions: Emita Samuels
Financial Aid: Carol Linsley
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Community Colleges of Colorado Scores: 68.75% SAT V 400+; 81.25% SAT M 400+; 38.16% ACT 18-23; 6% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $2237 full-time, $74.55 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,355 full-time, $345.15 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $612 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,041, PT 6,868 Faculty: FT 64, PT 377 Student-Faculty Ratio: 23:1 Library Holdings: 683,045 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: ARCEST, ADA, JRCERT

DENVER ACADEMY OF COURT REPORTING

9051 Harlan St., Unit 20
Westminster, CO 80030
Tel: (303)427-5292
Free: 800-574-2087
Fax: (303)427-5383
Web Site: http://www.dacr.org/
President/CEO: Charles W. Jarstfer
Registrar: Eva Gomez
Admissions: Howard Brookner
Financial Aid: Maureen Connors
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $75.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter Faculty: FT 8, PT 4 Credit Hours For Degree: 99 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACICS

DENVER AUTOMOTIVE AND DIESEL COLLEGE

460 South Lipan St.
Denver, CO 80223-2025
Tel: (303)722-5724
Free: 800-347-3232
Fax: (303)778-8264
Web Site: http://www.dadc.com/
President/CEO: Joe Chalupa
Registrar: Roseanne Kosovich
Admissions: John Chalupa
Financial Aid: Sonja Aceves
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Application Fee: $150.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 368 Faculty: FT 21 Library Holdings: 1,050 Credit Hours For Degree: 108 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

DENVER CAREER COLLEGE

500 East 84th Ave., Ste. W-200
Thornton, CO 80229
Tel: (303)295-0550
Web Site: http://www.denvercareercollege.com/
President/CEO: William P. Murtagh, Jr.
Registrar: Betsy Covington
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Calendar System: Continuous Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

DEVRY UNIVERSITY (BROOMFIELD)

12202 Airport Way, Ste. 190
Broomfield, CO 80021-2588
Tel: (303)469-9220
Admissions: (303)329-3340
Fax: (303)469-9224
Web Site: http://www.devry.edu/
President/CEO: Timothy Campagna
Registrar: Lisa Barry
Admissions: Rick Rodman
Financial Aid: Terry Bargas
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: DeVry University Admission Plans: Deferred Admission H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester Enrollment: FT 307, PT 153 Faculty: FT 19, PT 43 Student-Faculty Ratio: 7:1 Exams: Other, SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 87 Library Holdings: 5,037 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 67 credit hours, Associates; 128 credit hours, Bachelors

DEVRY UNIVERSITY (COLORADO SPRINGS)

225 South Union Blvd.
Colorado Springs, CO 80910
Tel: (719)632-3000; (866)338-7934
Web Site: http://www.devry.edu/
President/CEO: Timothy Campagna
Registrar: Sam Pedregon
Financial Aid: Terry Bargas
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: DeVry University Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. One-time mandatory fee: $40. Tuition: $12,450 full-time, $460 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $270 full-time, $30 per year part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 89, PT 127, Grad 59 Faculty: FT 1, PT 41 Student-Faculty Ratio: 9:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 73 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 67 credit hours, Associates; 122 credit hours, Bachelors

DEVRY UNIVERSITY (WESTMINSTER)

1870 West 122nd Ave.
Westminster, CO 80234-2010
Tel: (303)280-7400; (866)338-7934
Web Site: http://www.devry.edu/
President/CEO: Timothy N. Campagna
Registrar: Lisa Barry
Financial Aid: Carey Brown
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: DeVry, Inc Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. One-time mandatory fee: $40. Tuition: $12,450 full-time, $460 per term part-time. Mandatory fees: $270 full-time, $160 per year part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 407, PT 216, Grad 122 Faculty: FT 14, PT 59 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 67 Library Holdings: 500,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools

FORT LEWIS COLLEGE

1000 Rim Dr.
Durango, CO 81301-3999
Tel: (970)247-7010
Admissions: (970)247-7184
Fax: (970)247-7179
Web Site: http://www.fortlewis.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Brad Bartel
Registrar: Sherri Waggoner
Admissions: Gretchen Foster
Financial Aid: Elaine S. Redwine
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Scores: 93% SAT V 400+; 94% SAT M 400+; 59% ACT 18-23; 20% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 74 Application Deadline: August 01 Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $4862 full-time, $121 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,870 full-time, $643 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $830 full-time, $45.75 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $6160. College room only: $3258. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 3,637, PT 309 Faculty: FT 177, PT 64 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 49 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 32 Library Holdings: 184,860 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACSB, JRCEPAT, NASM Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Fencing M & W; Football M; Golf M; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M; Rock Climbing M & W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Ultimate Frisbee M & W; Volleyball W; Wrestling M & W

FRONT RANGE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

3645 West 112th Ave.
Westminster, CO 80031-2105
Tel: (303)466-8811
Admissions: (303)404-5000
Web Site: http://frcc.cc.co.us/
President/CEO: Dr. Thomas Gonzales
Registrar: Dr. Phyllis Abt
Admissions: Yolanda Espinoza
Financial Aid: Elaine Redwine
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Community Colleges of Colorado System % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1746 full-time, $72 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $8284 full-time, $345 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $223 full-time, $4.05 per credit part-time, $40.40 per term part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 5,149, PT 9,808 Faculty: FT 175, PT 826 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: ADA, CARC

HERITAGE COLLEGE

12 Lakeside Ln.
Denver, CO 80212-7413
Tel: (303)477-7240
Fax: (303)477-7276
Web Site: http://www.heritage-education.com/
President/CEO: Dr. Roy Sutton
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS & MEDICAL CAREERS

1609 Oakridge Dr., Ste. 102
Fort Collins, CO 80525
Tel: (970)223-2669
Web Site: http://www.ibmcedu.com/
President/CEO: Richard Laub
Registrar: Karla Alpers
Admissions: Steve Steele
Financial Aid: Bill Bush
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Application Fee: $75.00 Costs Per Year: Application fee: $75. Tuition: $13,800 full-time. Mandatory fees: $75 full-time. Tuition guaranteed not to increase for student's term of enrollment. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous Enrollment: FT 302 Faculty: FT 11, PT 23 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 0 Professional Accreditation: ACICS

INTELLITEC COLLEGE (COLORADO SPRINGS)

2315 East Pikes Peak Ave.
Colorado Springs, CO 80909-6030
Tel: (719)632-7626
Free: 800-748-2282
Fax: (719)632-7451
Web Site: http://www.intelliteccollege.edu/
President/CEO: Dave Bean
Registrar: Rhonda Motte
Admissions: Ellen Pitrone
Financial Aid: Kristy Schaeffer
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Technical Trades Institute, Inc Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous Enrollment: FT 427 Faculty: FT 13, PT 15 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Library Holdings: 274 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

INTELLITEC COLLEGE (GRAND JUNCTION)

772 Horizon Dr.
Grand Junction, CO 81506
Tel: (970)245-8101
Fax: (970)243-8074
Web Site: http://www.intelliteccollege.edu/
President/CEO: Rich Counts
Registrar: Vanessa Rhodes
Financial Aid: Sherry Martin
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 100 Application Fee: $0.00 Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Tuition: $5940 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous Enrollment: FT 486 Faculty: FT 26, PT 20 Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

INTELLITEC MEDICAL INSTITUTE

2345 North Academy Blvd.
Colorado Springs, CO 80909
Tel: (719)596-7400
Fax: (719)596-2464
Web Site: http://www.intelliteccollege.edu/
President/CEO: Tom Andron
Admissions: Michelle Squibb
Financial Aid: Paula M. Rizzi
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 361 Faculty: FT 3, PT 17 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 Credit Hours For Degree: 99 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABHES

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

500 East 84th Ave., Ste. B12
Thornton, CO 80229
Tel: (303)288-4488
Free: 800-395-4488
Fax: (303)288-8166
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/
President/CEO: Richard F. Hanson
Registrar: Dr. Gloria Griswold
Admissions: Fred Hansen
Financial Aid: Brad Hettich
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: ITT Educational Services, Inc Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $100.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $100. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Not available Exams: Other Credit Hours For Degree: 96 credit hours, Associates; 180 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACICS

JOHNSON & WALES UNIVERSITY

7150 Montview Blvd.
Denver, CO 80220
Tel: (303)256-9300; 877-598-3368
Fax: (303)256-9333
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.jwu.edu/
President/CEO: Mark Burke
Admissions: Kim Ostrowski
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Johnson & Wales University (RI) % Accepted: 84 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $29,326 includes full-time tuition ($19,875), mandatory fees ($951), and college room and board ($8500). Part-time tuition: $368 per quarter hour. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,521, PT 23 Faculty: FT 47, PT 35 Student-Faculty Ratio: 27:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 73 Library Holdings: 26,000 Regional Accreditation: New England Association of Schools and Colleges Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credits, Associates; 180 credits, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Golf M; Soccer M; Tennis M & W

JONES INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY

9697 East Mineral Ave.
Centennial, CO 80112
Tel: (303)784-8904
Free: 800-811-5663
Fax: (303)784-8547
Web Site: http://www.jonesinternational.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Pamela S. Pease
Admissions: Candice Morrissey
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed % Accepted: 57 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. Tuition: $9720 full-time, $1215 per course part-time. Mandatory fees: $480 full-time, $60 per course part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: , PT 255, Grad 1,156 Faculty: FT 0, PT 60 Student-Faculty Ratio: 23:1 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 semester hour, Bachelors

LAMAR COMMUNITY COLLEGE

2401 South Main St.
Lamar, CO 81052-3999
Tel: (719)336-2248
Free: 800-968-6920
Fax: (719)336-2448
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.lamarcc.edu/
President/CEO: Bette Matkowski
Registrar: Gary Hammer
Admissions: Angela Woodward
Financial Aid: Gary Hammer
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Preferred Admission; Early Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 24, PT 24 Exams: SAT I or ACT Library Holdings: 27,729 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M; Cross-Country Running W; Equestrian Sports M & W; Golf M; Softball W; Volleyball W

MESA STATE COLLEGE

1100 North Ave.
Grand Junction, CO 81501-3122
Tel: (970)248-1020
Free: 800-982-MESA
Admissions: (970)248-1875
Fax: (970)248-1973
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mesastate.edu/
President/CEO: Tim Foster
Registrar: Patrick Hampton
Admissions: Tyre Bush
Financial Aid: Curt Martin
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: State Colleges in Colorado Scores: 85.2% SAT V 400+; 86.2% SAT M 400+; 55.6% ACT 18-23; 16.5% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 82 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $3442 full-time, $132.40 per hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,660 full-time, $410 per hour part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 4,521, PT 1,513, Grad 28 Faculty: FT 206, PT 190 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 58 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 18 Library Holdings: 247,338 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates; 123 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACN, JRCERT Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running W; Football M; Golf W; Soccer W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

METROPOLITAN STATE COLLEGE OF DENVER

PO Box 173362
Denver, CO 80217-3362
Tel: (303)556-2400
Admissions: (303)556-3058
Fax: (303)556-6345
Web Site: http://www.mscd.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Raymond N. Kieft
Registrar: Tom Gray
Admissions: William Hathaway-Clark
Financial Aid: Cindy Hejl
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Scores: 92.3% SAT V 400+; 88% SAT M 400+; 58.3% ACT 18-23; 14.4% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted. For 20 or over or at least 30 college credits: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. State resident tuition: $2283 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $9366 full-time. Mandatory fees: $576 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and location. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 12,397, PT 8,364 Faculty: FT 395, PT 746 Student-Faculty Ratio: 23:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 45 Library Holdings: 607,971 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: ABET, APA, CSWE, NASAD, NASM, NCATE, NLN, NRPA Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Soccer M & W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

MORGAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE

17800 County Rd. 20
Fort Morgan, CO 80701-4399
Tel: (970)542-3100
Free: 800-622-0216
Admissions: (970)542-3156
Web Site: http://www.morgancc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Michele Haney
Registrar: Kent Bauer
Admissions: Randall Watson
Financial Aid: Kent Bauer
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 351, PT 1,213 Faculty: FT 36, PT 185 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Exams: ACT Library Holdings: 13,800 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: APTA

NAROPA UNIVERSITY

2130 Arapahoe Ave.
Boulder, CO 80302-6697
Tel: (303)444-0202
Free: 800-772-0410
Admissions: (303)546-3572
Fax: (303)444-0410
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.naropa.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Thomas B. Coburn
Registrar: Jamie Peta
Admissions: Susan Boyle
Financial Aid: Cheryl Barbour
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400+; 57% ACT 18-23; 29% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 84 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: January 15 Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $25,736 includes full-time tuition ($18,500) and college room and board ($7236). College room only: $4437. Full-time tuition varies according to course load. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $600 per semester hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $250 per term. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 404, PT 75, Grad 709 Faculty: FT 55, PT 169 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 69 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 6 Library Holdings: 27,500 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 semester hours, Bachelors

NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (COLORADO SPRINGS)

5125 North Academy Blvd.
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Tel: (719)277-0588
Fax: (719)277-0589
Web Site: http://www.national.edu/
President/CEO: Jeanne Liepe
Admissions: Markita McKamie
Financial Aid: Teresa Thomas
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Tuition: $11,650 full-time, $235 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $200 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 10, PT 35 Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Library Holdings: 15,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 96 quarter hours, Associates; 193 quarter hours, Bachelors

NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (DENVER)

1325 South Colorado Blvd, Ste. 100
Denver, CO 80222
Tel: (303)758-6700
Fax: (303)758-6810
Web Site: http://www.national.edu/
President/CEO: Nathan Larson
Admissions: Casey Crist
Financial Aid: Tina Black
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Tuition: $8820 full-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course load, location, and program. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Available Faculty: PT 35 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT Library Holdings: 400 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 97 quarter credits, Associates; 193 quarter credits, Bachelors

NAZARENE BIBLE COLLEGE

1111 Academy Park Loop
Colorado Springs, CO 80910-3704
Tel: (719)884-5000
Free: 800-873-3873
Admissions: (719)884-5061
Fax: (719)884-5199
Web Site: http://www.nbc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Hiram E. Sanders
Registrar: Dr. Mike Worrell
Admissions: Dr. Laurel Matson
Financial Aid: Malcolm Britton
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Church of the Nazarene % Accepted: 44 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 31 Application Fee: $35.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $35. Tuition: $8460 full-time, $235 per semester hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $225 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 181, PT 351 Faculty: FT 14, PT 38 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 89 Library Holdings: 75,842 Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates; 128 semester hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AABC

NORTHEASTERN JUNIOR COLLEGE

100 College Ave.
Sterling, CO 80751-2399
Tel: (970)521-6600
Admissions: (970)521-7000
Fax: (970)522-4945
Web Site: http://www.njc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Bruce C. Perryman
Registrar: Karen Munson
Admissions: Tina Joyce
Financial Aid: Carolee Goldsmith
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Preferred Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 910, PT 2,723 Faculty: FT 57, PT 229 Student-Faculty Ratio: 4:1 Exams: ACT, SAT I or ACT Library Holdings: 45,260 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Equestrian Sports M & W; Softball W; Volleyball W

OTERO JUNIOR COLLEGE

1802 Colorado Ave.
La Junta, CO 81050-3415
Tel: (719)384-6831
Admissions: (719)384-6833
Fax: (719)384-6880
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ojc.edu/
President/CEO: Jim Rizzuto
Registrar: Brad Franz
Admissions: Brad Franz
Financial Aid: Jeff Paolucci
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: August 30 Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1788 full-time, $74.50 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6626 full-time, $276.10 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $184 full-time. College room and board: $4512. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 771, PT 865 Faculty: FT 36, PT 42 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 14 Library Holdings: 36,701 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 semester hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Golf M & W; Softball W; Volleyball W

PARKS COLLEGE (AURORA)

14280 East Jewell Ave., Ste. 100
Aurora, CO 80014
Tel: (303)745-6244
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.parks-college.com/
Admissions: Rick Harding
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Calendar System: Quarter Professional Accreditation: ACICS

PARKS COLLEGE (DENVER)

9065 Grant St.
Denver, CO 80229-4339
Tel: (303)457-2757
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.parks-college.com/
President/CEO: Jan Schoonmaker
Registrar: Erin L. Maloney
Admissions: JoAnn Q. Navarro
Financial Aid: Joyce Sitton
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 29, PT 44 Exams: Other Library Holdings: 2,000 Credit Hours For Degree: 96 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACICS, AAMAE

PIKES PEAK COMMUNITY COLLEGE

5675 South Academy Blvd.
Colorado Springs, CO 80906-5498
Tel: (719)576-7711; (866)411-7722
Admissions: (719)540-7041
Fax: (719)540-7614
Web Site: http://www.ppcc.edu/
President/CEO: Joseph A. Garcia
Registrar: Nicole Striegel
Admissions: Troy Nelson
Financial Aid: Sherri McCullough
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado Community College System Scores: 75% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400+; 48% ACT 18-23; 10% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Open Admission H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: State resident tuition: $2183 full-time, $72.75 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,355 full-time, $345.15 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $156 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and reciprocity agreements. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 3,944, PT 6,973 Faculty: FT 150, PT 523 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Library Holdings: 34,332 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: ADA Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M; Soccer M; Volleyball W

PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE

1701 West 72nd Ave., Ste. 130
Denver, CO 80221
Tel: (303)426-1800; 888-898-9048
Fax: (303)412-8752
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.pmi.edu
President/CEO: Susan J. Anderson
Registrar: Melody Pozerl
Admissions: Susan J. Anderson
Financial Aid: Casey Frei
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Vocational Training Institutes, Inc Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Not available Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Exams: Other Credit Hours For Degree: 76 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABHES, CARC, JRCERT

PLATT COLLEGE

3100 South Parker Rd., Ste. 200
Aurora, CO 80014-3141
Tel: (303)369-5151
Web Site: http://www.plattcolorado.edu/
President/CEO: Jerald B. Sirbu
Registrar: Cherri Lamarr
Admissions: Jerald Sirbu
Financial Aid: Margaret Rose
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $75.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous Enrollment: FT 215 Faculty: FT 14, PT 8 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 Credit Hours For Degree: 96 quarter hours, Associates; 200 quarter hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

PUEBLO COMMUNITY COLLEGE

900 West Orman Ave.
Pueblo, CO 81004-1499
Tel: (719)549-3200
Admissions: (719)549-3010
Fax: (719)549-3012
Web Site: http://www.pueblocc.edu/
President/CEO: Mike Davis
Admissions: Mary Santoro
Financial Aid: Audrey Osswald
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System Scores: 45.7% ACT 18-23; 6.9% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,208, PT 3,539 Faculty: FT 83, PT 285 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 Exams: ACT Library Holdings: 23,755 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACF, ADA, AOTA, APTA, CARC, JCAHPO, JRCEMT, NLN

RED ROCKS COMMUNITY COLLEGE

13300 West 6th Ave.
Lakewood, CO 80228-1255
Tel: (303)914-6600
Fax: (303)914-6666
Web Site: http://www.rrcc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Eric Reno
Registrar: Jennifer Hughes
Financial Aid: Diane DeReyes
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,264, PT 5,429 Faculty: FT 74, PT 350 Student-Faculty Ratio: 9:1 Library Holdings: 55,188 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: AAMAE

REGIS UNIVERSITY

3333 Regis Blvd.
Denver, CO 80221-1099
Tel: (303)458-4100
Free: 800-388-2366
Admissions: (303)458-4905
Fax: (303)964-5534
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.regis.edu/
President/CEO: Rev. Michael J. Sheeran, SJ
Registrar: Patsy Young
Admissions: Vic Davolt
Financial Aid: Lydia MacMillan
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Roman Catholic (Jesuit) Scores: 97.12% SAT V 400+; 95.67% SAT M 400+; 51.23% ACT 18-23; 36.49% ACT 24-29 Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $40. Comprehensive fee: $31,890 includes full-time tuition ($23,500), mandatory fees ($200), and college room and board ($8190). College room only: $4700. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $734 per hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $140 per year. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,261, PT 5,898, Grad 7,978 Faculty: FT 240, PT 2,139 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT, SAT II % Receiving Financial Aid: 59 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 8 Library Holdings: 350,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 128 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACN, AHIMA, APTA, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Golf M & W; Lacrosse W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Volleyball W

REMINGTON COLLEGE-COLORADO SPRINGS CAMPUS

6050 Erin Park Dr., No. 250
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Tel: (719)532-1234
Admissions: (719)532-1234
Fax: (719)264-1234
Web Site: http://www.remingtoncollege.edu/
Admissions: Shibu Thomas
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Costs Per Year: Tuition: $15,745 full-time. Tuition guaranteed not to increase for student's term of enrollment. Calendar System: Quarter Enrollment: FT 282 Faculty: FT 7, PT 23 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Professional Accreditation: ACICS

REMINGTON COLLEGE-DENVER CAMPUS

11011 West 6th Ave.
Lakewood, CO 80215-0090
Tel: (303)445-0500
Free: 800-999-5181
Fax: (303)445-0090
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.remingtoncollege.edu/
President/CEO: Shibu Thomas
Registrar: Wayne Sell
Admissions: Jim Ploskonka
Financial Aid: Jamie Weisberg
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Education America Inc Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 3, PT 28 % Receiving Financial Aid: 98 Library Holdings: 5,000 Professional Accreditation: ACICS

ROCKY MOUNTAIN COLLEGE OF ART & DESIGN

1600 Pierce St.
Lakewood, CO 80214
Tel: (303)753-6046
Free: 800-888-ARTS
Fax: (303)759-4970
Web Site: http://www.rmcad.edu/
President/CEO: Steven Sumner
Registrar: Cathy Hehr
Admissions: Marianna Bagge
Financial Aid: Julia Alexander
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $35.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $35. Tuition: $17,880 full-time, $745 per credit part-time. College room only: $3840. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 365, PT 83 Faculty: FT 25, PT 40 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 85 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 18 Library Holdings: 6,287 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 126 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: FIDER, NASAD

TEIKYO LORETTO HEIGHTS UNIVERSITY

3001 South Federal Blvd.
Denver, CO 80236-2711
Tel: (303)937-4200
Web Site: http://www.tlhu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Shigeho Morita
Registrar: Kohtaro Miyazawa
Type: Four-Year College Affiliation: Teikyo University Group Application Fee: $65.00 Scholarships: Available Professional Accreditation: ACICS

TRINIDAD STATE JUNIOR COLLEGE

600 Prospect
Trinidad, CO 81082-2396
Tel: (719)846-5011
Free: 800-621-8752
Admissions: (719)846-5545
Fax: (719)846-5667
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.trinidadstate.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Frank Armijo
Registrar: Gloria Coke
Admissions: Alex Borja
Financial Aid: Gary Fresquez
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Colorado Community College and Occupational Education System % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $2,182 full-time, $72.75 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $8280 full-time, $276 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $528 full-time, $14.35 per credit part-time. College room and board: $4298. College room only: $1048. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 775, PT 1,056 Faculty: FT 40, PT 100 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 30 Library Holdings: 54,255 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 semester hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABET Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M; Softball W; Volleyball W

UNITED STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY

HQ USAFA/XPR
2304 Cadet Dr., Ste. 200
USAF Academy, CO 80840-5025
Tel: (719)333-1818
Free: 800-443-9266
Admissions: (719)333-2520
Fax: (719)333-3012
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.usafa.edu/
President/CEO: Lt. Gen. John W. Rosa, Jr.
Registrar: Dr. Dean H. Wilson
Admissions: Col. William Carpenter
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 15 Application Deadline: January 31 Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 4,365 Faculty: FT 559, PT 0 Student-Faculty Ratio: 8:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 100 Library Holdings: 445,379 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 145 semester hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Fencing M & W; Football M; Golf M; Gymnastics M & W; Ice Hockey M; Lacrosse M; Riflery M & W; Rugby W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W; Water Polo M; Weight Lifting M & W; Wrestling M

UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT BOULDER

Boulder, CO 80309
Tel: (303)492-1411
Admissions: (303)492-6301
Fax: (303)492-7115
Web Site: http://www.colorado.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Richard Byyny
Admissions: Kevin MacLennan
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: University of Colorado System Scores: 99% SAT V 400+; 99% SAT M 400+; 30% ACT 18-23; 56% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 88 Admission Plans: Preferred Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: January 15 Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. One-time mandatory fee: $108. State resident tuition: $4446 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $21,900 full-time. Mandatory fees: $926 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. College room and board: $7980. Room and board charges vary according to board plan, location, and student level. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 23,539, PT 2,303, Grad 4,732 Faculty: FT 1,227, PT 559 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 32 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 22 Library Holdings: 3,484,982 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Navy, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, ACEJMC, ABA, APA, ASLHA, AALS, NASM, NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Bowling M & W; Crew M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Equestrian Sports M & W; Fencing M & W; Field Hockey M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Ice Hockey M & W; Lacrosse M & W; Racquetball M & W; Rugby M & W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Squash M & W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Ultimate Frisbee M & W; Volleyball M & W; Water Polo M & W; Wrestling M

UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT COLORADO SPRINGS

1420 Austin Bluffs Parkway
PO Box 7150
Colorado Springs, CO 80933-7150
Tel: (719)262-3000
Free: 800-990-8227
Admissions: (719)262-3375
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uccs.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Pamela Shockley
Admissions: Steve Ellis
Financial Aid: Lee Ingalls Noble
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 96.04% SAT V 400+; 96.04% SAT M 400+; 55.24% ACT 18-23; 38.24% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 76 Admission Plans: Preferred Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: July 01 Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. State resident tuition: $3966 full-time, $178 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,260 full-time, $763 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $922 full-time. College room and board: $6418. College room only: $4878. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 4,827, PT 1,444, Grad 2,166 Faculty: FT 200, PT 356 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 50 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 10 Library Holdings: 391,638 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, AACN, ACA, NASPAA, NCATE, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball M & W

UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER AND HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER - DOWNTOWN DENVER CAMPUS

PO Box 173364
Denver, CO 80217-3364
Tel: (303)556-2400
Admissions: (303)556-3287
Fax: (303)556-2398
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cudenver.edu/
President/CEO: James Shore
Registrar: Cheryl Apodaca
Admissions: Barbara Edwards
Financial Aid: Ellie Miller
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: University of Colorado System Scores: 93.8% SAT V 400+; 97.7% SAT M 400+; 55.2% ACT 18-23; 33.4% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 69 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: July 22 Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. State resident tuition: $4224 full-time, $210 per semester hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,394 full-time, $924 per semester hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $797 full-time, $14 per semester hour part-time, $377. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 5,763, PT 4,479, Grad 8,111 Faculty: FT 579, PT 783 Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 47 Library Holdings: 588,582 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, ACEHSA, ACA, ACSP, ASLA, NASM, NASPAA, NCATE

UNIVERSITY OF DENVER

University Park
2199 South University Park
Denver, CO 80208
Tel: (303)871-2000
Free: 800-525-9495
Admissions: (303)871-3383
Fax: (303)871-3301
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.du.edu/
President/CEO: Daniel Ritchie
Registrar: Dennis Becker
Admissions: Thomas F. Willoughby
Financial Aid: Craig Johnson
Type: University Sex: Coed Scores: 98% SAT V 400+; 99% SAT M 400+; 28% ACT 18-23; 55% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 82 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: January 15 Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $37,159 includes full-time tuition ($27,756), mandatory fees ($654), and college room and board ($8749). College room only: $5355. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to class time, course load, and program. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $771 per quarter hour. Part-time tuition varies according to class time, course load, and program. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 4,431, PT 446, Grad 4,315 Faculty: FT 484, PT 566 Student-Faculty Ratio: 11:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 43 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 49 Library Holdings: 1,212,392 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 183 quarter hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, ABA, ALA, APA, AALS, CSWE, NASAD, NASM Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Golf M & W; Gymnastics W; Ice Hockey M; Lacrosse M & W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball M & W

UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN COLORADO

Greeley, CO 80639
Tel: (970)351-1890
Admissions: (970)351-2881
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.unco.edu/
President/CEO: Kay Norton
Registrar: Rebecca Barnes
Admissions: Gary Gullickson
Financial Aid: Donni Clark
Type: University Sex: Coed Scores: 96% SAT V 400+; 95% SAT M 400+; 61% ACT 18-23; 31% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 82 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 01 Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $3192 full-time, $133 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $11,736 full-time, $489 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $645 full-time, $32.25 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $6412. College room only: $3150. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 9,685, PT 1,126, Grad 2,345 Faculty: FT 400, PT 201 Student-Faculty Ratio: 24:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 45 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 31 Library Holdings: 1,046,197 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, AACN, ACA, ADtA, APA, ASLHA, CEPH, CORE, JRCEPAT, NASM, NCATE, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running W; Football M; Golf M & W; Lacrosse M; Rugby M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W; Wrestling M

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-DENVER CAMPUS

10004 Park Meadows Dr.
Lone Tree, CO 80124-5453
Tel: (303)694-9093
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Laura Palmer Noone
Registrar: Tandy Elisala
Admissions: Nina Omelchanko
Financial Aid: Robert Collins
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $110.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $110. Tuition: $9480 full-time, $316 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 2,010, Grad 1,410 Faculty: FT 5, PT 373 Student-Faculty Ratio: 9:1 Library Holdings: 444 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: NLN

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-SOUTHERN COLORADO CAMPUS

5475 Tech Center, Ste. 130
Colorado Springs, CO 80919-2335
Tel: (719)599-5282
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Laura Palmer Noone
Registrar: Tandy Elisala
Admissions: Nina Omelchanko
Financial Aid: Robert Collins
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $110.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $110. Tuition: $9489 full-time, $316 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 775, Grad 519 Faculty: FT 2, PT 173 Student-Faculty Ratio: 7:1 Library Holdings: 444 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: NLN

WESTERN STATE COLLEGE OF COLORADO

600 North Adams St.
Gunnison, CO 81231
Tel: (970)943-0120
Free: 800-876-5309
Admissions: (970)943-2119
Fax: (970)943-7069
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.western.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Jay W. Helman
Registrar: Maryette Rogers
Admissions: Timothy Albers
Financial Aid: Marty Somero
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Scores: 93% SAT V 400+; 92% SAT M 400+; 60% ACT 18-23; 23% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 83 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 01 Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $2,411 full-time, $100.45 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,968 full-time, $457 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $796 full-time, $26.05 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $6976. College room only: $3794. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,034, PT 143 Faculty: FT 104, PT 31 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 37 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 41 Library Holdings: 158,698 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: NASM Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Ice Hockey M; Lacrosse M & W; Rugby M & W; Skiing (Cross-Country) M & W; Skiing (Downhill) M & W; Soccer M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball M & W; Wrestling M & W

WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER NORTH

7350 North Broadway
Denver, CO 80221-3653
Tel: (303)650-5050
Free: 800-992-5050
Fax: (303)426-0702
Web Site: http://www.westwood.edu/
President/CEO: Jamie Turner
Registrar: Martin Easters
Admissions: Ben Simms
Financial Aid: Lisa Engelking
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 45 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $100.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $100. Tuition: $2796 per term part-time. Mandatory fees: $425 per credit part-time, $120 per term part-time. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,086, PT 337 Faculty: FT 34, PT 63 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Exams: Other, SAT I or ACT, SAT I and SAT II or ACT Library Holdings: 2,000 Credit Hours For Degree: 128 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT, AAMAE

WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER SOUTH

3150 South Sheridan Blvd.
Denver, CO 80227
Tel: (303)934-2790
Free: 800-281-2978
Fax: (303)934-2583
Web Site: http://www.westwood.edu/
Admissions: Ron DeJong
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 58 Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous Enrollment: FT 294, PT 135 Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

YESHIVA TORAS CHAIM TALMUDICAL SEMINARY

1400 Quitman St.
Denver, CO 80204-1415
Tel: (303)629-8200
Fax: (303)623-5949
President/CEO: Zvi Gelt
Admissions: Rabbi Israel Kagan
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Men Affiliation: Jewish Admission Plans: Early Admission H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Calendar System: Trimester Credit Hours For Degree: 168 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AARTS

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Colorado

Colorado

ADAMS STATE COLLEGE

Agribusiness, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Chemistry, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Education, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Geology/Earth Science, B

Health Education, M

History, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Performance, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, M

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Engineering, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Nursing Studies, B

Pre-Pharmacy Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

AIMS COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Mechanization, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Avionics Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Child Development, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering Technology, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

ARAPAHOE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, A

Building/Home/Construction Inspection/Inspector, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Child Care Provider/Assistant, A

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Communications Systems Installation and Repair Technology, A

Communications Technology/Technician, A

Computer Graphics, A

Computer Programming, A

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Computer Software and Media Applications, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Data Modeling/Warehousing and Database Administration, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, A

Finance, A

Food Technology and Processing, A

Funeral Service and Mortuary Science, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

ARGOSY UNIVERSITY/DENVER

Business Administration, Management and Operations, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

THE ART INSTITUTE OF COLORADO

Advertising, B

Art/Art Studies, General, AB

Cinematography and Film/Video Production, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, AB

Computer Graphics, AB

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, AB

Industrial Design, B

Interior Design, B

Intermedia/Multimedia, A

Photography, A

ASPEN UNIVERSITY

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MO

Information Science/Studies, M

Management Information Systems and Services, MO

Project Management, MO

BEL-REA INSTITUTE OF ANIMAL TECHNOLOGY

Veterinary/Animal Health Technology/Technician and Veterinary Assistant, A

BLAIR COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

COLLEGEAMERICA-FORT COLLINS

Accounting, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Graphics, A

Computer Installation and Repair Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

COLORADO CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Bible/Biblical Studies, B

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Counseling Psychology, M

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Education, M

English Language and Literature, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Health and Physical Education, B

History, B

International/Global Studies, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Management Information Systems and Services, AB

Management Science, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Social Sciences, B

Youth Ministry, B

THE COLORADO COLLEGE

Anthropology, B

Art Education, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Asian Studies/Civilization, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Chemistry, B

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Comparative Literature, B

Creative Writing, B

Dance, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Econometrics and Quantitative Economics, B

Economics, B

Education, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, M

English Education, M

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Sciences, B

Ethnic, Cultural Minority, and Gender Studies, B

Film/Cinema Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Foreign Language Teacher Education, M

French Language and Literature, B

French Studies, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

German Language and Literature, B

Hispanic-American, Puerto Rican, and Mexican-American/Chicano Studies, B

History, B

International Economics, B

Italian Language and Literature, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics and Computer Science, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, M

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, M

Neuroscience, B

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Romance Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Russian Language and Literature, B

Russian Studies, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, M

Secondary Education and Teaching, M

Social Sciences, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, M

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Women's Studies, B

COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Behavioral Sciences, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

English Language and Literature, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Mathematics, A

Natural Sciences, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Photography, A

Psychology, A

Social Sciences, A

Therapeutic Recreation/Recreational Therapy, A

Veterinary/Animal Health Technology/Technician and Veterinary Assistant, A

COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, ALPINE CAMPUS

Accounting, A

Behavioral Sciences, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, A

English Language and Literature, A

Fine/Studio Arts, A

Geology/Earth Science, A

Hospitality Administration/Management, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mathematics, A

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, A

Physical Sciences, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Social Sciences, A

COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, TIMBERLINE CAMPUS

Accounting, A

Business/Commerce, A

Corrections, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, A

Environmental Studies, A

General Studies, A

Historic Preservation and Conservation, A

Land Use Planning and Management/Development, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, A

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, A

COLORADO NORTHWESTERN COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Aesthetician/Esthetician and Skin Care Specialist, A

Aircraft Powerplant Technology/Technician, A

Airframe Mechanics and Aircraft Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Airline/Commercial/Professional Pilot and Flight Crew, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, A

E-Commerce/Electronic Commerce, A

Education, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

English Language and Literature, A

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, A

Environmental Sciences, A

Fine Arts and Art Studies, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

General Studies, A

Geology/Earth Science, A

Hair Styling/Stylist and Hair Design, A

Health Services/Allied Health/Health Sciences, A

History, A

Human Services, A

Instrumentation Technology/Technician, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, A

Music, A

Nail Technician/Specialist and Manicurist, A

Natural Resources and Conservation, A

Nurse/Nursing Assistant/Aide and Patient Care Assistant, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, A

Physical Sciences, A

Political Science and Government, A

Psychology, A

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

Wildlife Biology, A

COLORADO SCHOOL OF HEALING ARTS

Massage Therapy/Therapeutic Massage, A

COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES

Applied Physics, D

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Civil Engineering, B

Computer Science, BMD

Economics, B

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Electronic Materials, M

Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MDO

Engineering Management, M

Engineering Physics, B

Engineering Science, B

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, MD

Environmental Sciences, MD

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering, B

Geochemistry, MD

Geological Engineering, MDO

Geological/Geophysical Engineering, B

Geology/Earth Science, MDO

Geophysics and Seismology, MDO

Geophysics Engineering, MD

Geosciences, O

Hydrology and Water Resources Science, O

Management of Technology, M

Materials Engineering, MD

Materials Sciences, MD

Mathematics, BMD

Mechanical Engineering, B

Metallurgical Engineering, BMD

Mineral Economics, MD

Mineral/Mining Engineering, MD

Mining and Mineral Engineering, B

Petroleum Engineering, BMD

Physics, MD

Systems Engineering, MD

COLORADO SCHOOL OF TRADES

Gunsmithing/Gunsmith, A

COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BM

Advertising and Public Relations, M

African Studies, M

Agribusiness, B

Agricultural and Extension Education Services, B

Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Breeding, B

Agricultural Economics, BMD

Agricultural Engineering, MD

Agricultural Sciences, MD

Agricultural Teacher Education, B

Agriculture, B

Agronomy and Crop Science, B

Agronomy and Soil Sciences, MD

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Animal Sciences, BMD

Anthropology, BM

Apparel and Textiles, B

Applied Horticulture/Horticultural Operations, B

Applied Mathematics, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Asian Studies/Civilization, B

Asian-American Studies, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, MD

Biochemistry, BMD

Bioengineering, MD

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MD

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical Engineering, MD

Botany/Plant Biology, BMD

Building Science, M

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Teacher Education, B

Cell Biology and Anatomy, MD

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, B

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Child and Family Studies, M

Civil Engineering, BMD

Cognitive Sciences, M

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Communication Theory, M

Composition, M

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, BMD

Computer Science, BMD

Construction Engineering and Management, M

Consumer Economics, M

Counseling Psychology, M

Creative Writing, B

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Crop Production, B

Dance, B

Dietetics/Dieticians, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Drawing, B

Ecology, MD

Economics, MD

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MD

Engineering Management, M

Engineering Physics, B

Engineering Science, B

English, M

English Education, M

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Entomology, BMD

Environmental and Occupational Health, MD

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, MD

Environmental Health, B

Environmental Policy, D

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering, B

Equestrian/Equine Studies, B

Exercise and Sports Science, M

Family and Consumer Sciences/Home Economics Teacher Education, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, B

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, B

Fiber, Textile and Weaving Arts, B

Finance, B

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Fish, Game and Wildlife Management, MD

Fishing and Fisheries Sciences and Management, B

Food Science and Technology, MD

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

Foreign Languages and Literatures, B

Forest Sciences and Biology, B

Forestry, MD

French Language and Literature, BM

French Language Teacher Education, B

Genetics, MD

Geology/Earth Science, BM

Geosciences, MD

Geotechnical Engineering, MD

German Language and Literature, BM

German Language Teacher Education, B

Graphic Design, M

Historic Preservation and Conservation, M

History, BM

Horticultural Science, BMD

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, B

Human Development, M

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Hydraulics and Fluid Power Technology, MD

Hydrology and Water Resources Science, MD

Immunology, MD

Industrial and Organizational Psychology, M

Industrial/Management Engineering, MD

Information Science/Studies, B

Interior Design, B

Jewelry/Metalsmithing, M

Journalism, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Landscape Architecture, BMD

Landscaping and Groundskeeping, B

Latin American Studies, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Manufacturing Engineering, MD

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Materials Engineering, MD

Mathematics, BMD

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Mechanics, MD

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology, B

Metal and Jewelry Arts, B

Microbiology, MD

Molecular Biology, MD

Museology/Museum Studies, M

Music, BM

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, BM

Music Therapy/Therapist, BM

Natural Resources and Conservation, D

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, BM

Neuroscience, M

Nutritional Sciences, MD

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, MD

Painting, BM

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Pathology/Experimental Pathology, MD

Performance, M

Philosophy, BM

Photography, B

Physical Sciences, B

Physics, BMD

Physics Teacher Education, B

Plant Pathology/Phytopathology, MD

Plant Physiology, MD

Plant Sciences, BMD

Political Science and Government, BMD

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Printmaking, BM

Psychology, BMD

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Radiation Biology/Radiobiology, MD

Radio and Television, B

Range Science and Management, BMD

Real Estate, B

Recreation and Park Management, MD

Resource Management, MD

Rhetoric, M

Sales and Marketing Operations/Marketing and Distribution Teacher Education, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Sculpture, BM

Social Psychology, M

Social Sciences, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, BM

Sociology, BMD

Spanish Language and Literature, BM

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Speech and Interpersonal Communication, M

Statistics, MD

Structural Engineering, MD

Technical and Business Writing, M

Technical Communication, M

Textile Design, M

Turf and Turfgrass Management, B

Veterinary Medicine, P

Veterinary Sciences, MD

Vocational and Technical Education, MD

Water Resources, MD

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, B

Writing, M

Zoology/Animal Biology, BMD

COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY-PUEBLO

Accounting, B

Advertising, B

Applied Art, B

Applied Science and Technology, M

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical Technology/Technician, B

Broadcast Journalism, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, B

Cinematography and Film/Video Production, B

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Clinical Psychology, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Corrections, B

Criminology, B

Developmental and Child Psychology, B

Education, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, M

Engineering Technology, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Biology, B

Environmental Health, B

Experimental Psychology, B

Finance, B

History, B

Industrial Engineering, B

Industrial/Management Engineering, M

Instrumentation Technology/Technician, B

Journalism, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Pharmacy Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Radio and Television, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Sciences, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Systems Engineering, M

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, B

Telecommunications Technology/Technician, B

COLORADO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MD

Computer Engineering, BM

Computer Science, BMD

Electrical Engineering, M

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, AB

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Human Resources Management and Services, M

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Information Science/Studies, BM

Logistics and Materials Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, BM

Organizational Management, M

Project Management, M

Software Engineering, M

Systems Science and Theory, M

Telecommunications Technology/Technician, B

COLORADO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY DENVER CAMPUS

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Computer and Information Sciences, AB

Computer Science, BM

Information Science/Studies, AB

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Project Management, M

Securities Services Administration/Management, M

Software Engineering, M

System Management, M

Systems Science and Theory, M

COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF AURORA

Accounting, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Finance, A

Fire Services Administration, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF DENVER

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electroneurodiagnostic/Electroencephalographic Technology/Technologist, A

General Studies, A

Graphic Design, A

Human Services, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Office Management and Supervision, A

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

Veterinary/Animal Health Technology/Technician and Veterinary Assistant, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

DENVER ACADEMY OF COURT REPORTING

Court Reporting/Court Reporter, A

Medical Transcription/Transcriptionist, A

DENVER AUTOMOTIVE AND DIESEL COLLEGE

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

DENVER CAREER COLLEGE

Legal and Justice Studies, O

DEVRY UNIVERSITY (COLORADO SPRINGS)

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, BM

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, B

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, AB

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, AB

DEVRY UNIVERSITY (WESTMINSTER)

Biomedical Technology/Technician, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, AB

Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology, AB

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, AB

Health Information/Medical Records Technology/Technician, A

Medical Informatics, B

FORT LEWIS COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Agricultural Business and Management, B

Agriculture, A

American Indian/Native American Studies, B

Anthropology, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Arts Management, B

Asian Studies/Civilization, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Cell/Cellular and Molecular Biology, B

Chemistry, B

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Computer Science, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Economics, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering Physics, B

Engineering/Industrial Management, B

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Biology, B

Ethnic and Cultural Studies, B

European Studies/Civilization, B

Finance, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

History, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Information Science/Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Latin American Studies, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Tourism and Travel Services Management, B

Women's Studies, B

FRONT RANGE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Automotive Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business/Office Automation/Technology/Data Entry, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Construction Trades, A

Dietetic Technician (DTR), A

Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, A

Electrical/Electronics Maintenance and Repair Technology, A

General Studies, A

Heating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology/Technician, A

Intermedia/Multimedia, A

Landscaping and Groundskeeping, A

Language Interpretation and Translation, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Medical Staff Services Technology/Technician, A

Nurse/Nursing Assistant/Aide and Patient Care Assistant, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Restaurant/Food Services Management, A

Veterinary/Animal Health Technology/Technician and Veterinary Assistant, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS & MEDICAL CAREERS

Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookkeeping, A

Business Administration and Management, A

General Office Occupations and Clerical Services, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Massage Therapy/Therapeutic Massage, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Pharmacy Technician/Assistant, A

INTELLITEC COLLEGE (COLORADO SPRINGS)

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, A

Interior Design, A

INTELLITEC COLLEGE (GRAND JUNCTION)

Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Assistant, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Massage Therapy/Therapeutic Massage, A

Mechanical Drafting and Mechanical Drafting CAD/CADD, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

System Administration/Administrator, A

INTELLITEC MEDICAL INSTITUTE

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects, B

Business Administration and Management, B

CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician, A

Computer and Information Systems Security, B

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, AB

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

JOHNSON & WALES UNIVERSITY

Accounting, AB

Advertising, A

Baking and Pastry Arts/Baker/Pastry Chef, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Teacher Education, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, AB

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, AB

Family and Consumer Sciences/Home Economics Teacher Education, B

Fashion Merchandising, A

Finance and Financial Management Services, B

Food Service, Waiter/Waitress, and Dining Room Management/Manager, B

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, AB

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Restaurant/Food Services Management, AB

JONES INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY

Accounting and Finance, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business/Corporate Communications, B

Conflict Resolution and Mediation/Peace Studies, M

Corporate and Organizational Communication, M

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Distance Education Development, M

Education, M

Educational Leadership and Administration, M

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, M

Finance, B

Finance and Banking, M

Health Services Administration, M

Management of Technology, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Organizational Management, M

Selling Skills and Sales Operations, B

LAMAR COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agricultural Teacher Education, A

Agriculture, A

Agronomy and Crop Science, A

Animal Sciences, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Behavioral Sciences, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Teacher Education, A

Community Organization and Advocacy, A

Comparative Literature, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Engineering, A

English Language and Literature, A

Equestrian/Equine Studies, A

European Studies/Civilization, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

History, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical Office Management/Administration, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Sciences, A

Physics, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Quality Control Technology/Technician, A

Range Science and Management, A

Social Sciences, A

Social Work, A

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

MESA STATE COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, AB

Anthropology, B

Applied Art, B

Applied Mathematics, B

Art/Art Studies, General, AB

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Behavioral Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, AB

Broadcast Journalism, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Chemistry, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Science, AB

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminology, B

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, AB

Education, B

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering, A

English Language and Literature, AB

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, A

Finance, B

Geology/Earth Science, AB

Heavy Equipment Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

History, B

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Human Services, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, AB

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, AB

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Music, AB

Music Teacher Education, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, AB

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physical Sciences, B

Physics, AB

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Engineering, A

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Radio and Television, B

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Sciences, AB

Sociology, B

Statistics, B

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

METROPOLITAN STATE COLLEGE OF DENVER

Accounting, B

African-American/Black Studies, B

Anthropology, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, B

Aviation/Airway Management and Operations, B

Behavioral Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Chemistry, B

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Science, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Economics, B

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Finance, B

Foreign Languages and Literatures, B

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Hispanic-American, Puerto Rican, and Mexican-American/Chicano Studies, B

History, B

Hospitality Administration/Management, B

Human Services, B

Industrial Design, B

Industrial Technology/Technician, B

Journalism, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Land Use Planning and Management/Development, B

Management Science, B

Marketing Research, B

Mathematics, B

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, B

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Survey Technology/Surveying, B

Teacher Education, Multiple Levels, B

Urban Studies/Affairs, B

MORGAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Teacher Education, A

Business/Managerial Economics, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

NAROPA UNIVERSITY

Art Therapy/Therapist, M

Asian Languages, M

Counseling Psychology, M

Dance Therapy/Therapist, M

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Education, M

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Policy and Resource Management, M

Environmental Studies, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Gerontology, M

Health and Physical Education/Fitness, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music Performance, B

Music Therapy/Therapist, M

Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, M

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, BM

Theater, M

Theology and Religious Vocations, MP

Therapeutic Recreation, M

Transpersonal and Humanistic Psychology, M

Visual and Performing Arts, B

Writing, M

NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (COLORADO SPRINGS)

Accounting, AB

Accounting and Business/Management, AB

Allied Health and Medical Assisting Services, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Information Science/Studies, AB

Medical Office Management/Administration, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (DENVER)

Accounting, AB

Business Administration and Management, AB

Computer and Information Sciences, AB

Computer Programming, AB

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, AB

Computer Programming/Programmer, AB

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, AB

Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, AB

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, AB

Health Services/Allied Health/Health Sciences, A

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, AB

Information Science/Studies, AB

Information Technology, AB

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Medical/Health Management and Clinical Assistant/Specialist, A

System Administration/Administrator, AB

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager, AB

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, AB

NAZARENE BIBLE COLLEGE

Bible/Biblical Studies, AB

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, B

Pre-Theology/Pre-Ministerial Studies, A

Religious Education, AB

Religious/Sacred Music, AB

Women's Studies, A

NORTHEASTERN JUNIOR COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agricultural Economics, A

Agricultural Mechanization, A

Agricultural Teacher Education, A

Agriculture, A

Agronomy and Crop Science, A

Anatomy, A

Animal Sciences, A

Applied Mathematics, A

Art Teacher Education, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Teacher Education, A

Child Development, A

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Science, A

Corrections, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Drawing, A

Economics, A

Education, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

English Language and Literature, A

Equestrian/Equine Studies, A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

Fashion Merchandising, A

Fine/Studio Arts, A

Forestry, A

History, A

Horticultural Science, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Journalism, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Landscaping and Groundskeeping, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Marine Technology, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Music, A

Music Teacher Education, A

Natural Sciences, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physical Sciences, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Psychology, A

Public Health (MPH, DPH), A

Radio and Television, A

Social Sciences, A

Social Work, A

Trade and Industrial Teacher Education, A

Zoology/Animal Biology, A

OTERO JUNIOR COLLEGE

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Development, A

Comparative Literature, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

History, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Modern Languages, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Psychology, A

Social Sciences, A

PARKS COLLEGE (DENVER)

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Economics, A

English Language and Literature, A

Fashion Merchandising, A

Geography, A

Hospitality Administration/Management, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Psychology, A

PIKES PEAK COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookkeeping, A

Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Autobody/Collision and Repair Technology/Technician, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, A

Building/Property Maintenance and Management, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Development, A

Cooking and Related Culinary Arts, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Dental Assisting/Assistant, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Fire Protection and Safety Technology/Technician, A

General Studies, A

Graphic Communications, A

Interior Design, A

Landscaping and Groundskeeping, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Machine Shop Technology/Assistant, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Medical Office Management/Administration, A

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Psychiatric/Mental Health Services Technician, A

Robotics Technology/Technician, A

Sign Language Interpretation and Translation, A

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE

Ophthalmic Technician/Technologist, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Respiratory Therapy Technician/Assistant, A

PLATT COLLEGE

Advertising, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, AB

Computer Graphics, A

Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, A

Intermedia/Multimedia, AB

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, AB

PUEBLO COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Autobody/Collision and Repair Technology/Technician, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Graphics, A

Corrections, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Dental Assisting/Assistant, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Design and Visual Communications, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering Technology, A

General Studies, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

Heavy Equipment Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, A

Metal and Jewelry Arts, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Therapist Assistant, A

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, A

Ophthalmic Laboratory Technology/Technician, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Psychiatric/Mental Health Services Technician, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Special Products Marketing Operations, A

Surgical Technology/Technologist, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

RED ROCKS COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Carpentry/Carpenter, A

Chemistry, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Economics, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

English Language and Literature, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

French Language and Literature, A

Geology/Earth Science, A

German Language and Literature, A

Heavy Equipment Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

History, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Hydrology and Water Resources Science, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Mathematics, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Physics, A

Political Science and Government, A

Psychology, A

Public Administration, A

Real Estate, A

Sociology, A

Solar Energy Technology/Technician, A

Spanish Language and Literature, A

Survey Technology/Surveying, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

REGIS UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BM

Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching, MO

Allied Health and Medical Assisting Services, MD

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MO

Chemistry, B

Communication and Media Studies, MO

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer Science, BMO

Conflict Resolution and Mediation/Peace Studies, O

Counseling Psychology, M

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Economics, B

Education, BMO

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, O

Electronic Commerce, MO

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

English as a Second Language, M

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, B

Finance and Banking, M

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

French Language and Literature, B

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, B

Health Services Administration, M

History, B

Human Resources Management and Services, MO

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Industrial and Manufacturing Management, M

Information Science/Studies, MO

International Business/Trade/Commerce, MO

Legal and Justice Studies, O

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Liberal Studies, MO

Management, MO

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Management of Technology, MO

Marketing, M

Mathematics, B

Neuroscience, B

Non-Profit/Public/Organizational Management, MO

Nursing, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Organizational Management, M

Philosophy, B

Physical Therapy/Therapist, D

Physician Assistant, M

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Project Management, MO

Psychology, BM

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, M

Social Sciences, M

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Technical and Business Writing, O

Telecommunications Management, M

Visual and Performing Arts, B

REMINGTON COLLEGE-COLORADO SPRINGS CAMPUS

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, AB

Operations Management and Supervision, B

REMINGTON COLLEGE-DENVER CAMPUS

Business Administration and Management, AB

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, AB

ROCKY MOUNTAIN COLLEGE OF ART & DESIGN

Art Teacher Education, B

Film/Video and Photographic Arts, B

Graphic Design, B

Illustration, B

Interior Design, B

Painting, B

Sculpture, B

TRINIDAD STATE JUNIOR COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Aquaculture, A

Art Teacher Education, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Carpentry/Carpenter, A

Chemistry, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Science, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Corrections, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Design and Visual Communications, A

Digital Communication and Media/Multimedia, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Education, A

Engineering, A

English Language and Literature, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

Forestry, A

Gunsmithing/Gunsmith, A

Heavy Equipment Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Information Technology, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Music, A

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, A

Nurse/Nursing Assistant/Aide and Patient Care Assistant, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Safety and Health Technology/Technician, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Pre-Engineering, A

UNITED STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, B

Area Studies, B

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, B

Behavioral Sciences, B

Biochemistry, B

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Chemistry, B

Civil Engineering, B

Computer Science, B

Economics, B

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Engineering, B

Engineering Mechanics, B

Engineering Science, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering, B

Geography, B

History, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Law and Legal Studies, B

Materials Sciences, B

Mathematics, B

Mechanical Engineering, B

Military Studies, B

Operations Research, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT BOULDER

Accounting, BM

Advertising, B

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, BMD

Animal Behavior and Ethology, MD

Anthropology, BMD

Applied Mathematics, BMD

Architectural Engineering, BMD

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, M

Asian Studies/Civilization, B

Astronomy, B

Astrophysics, MD

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, MD

Behavioral Genetics, MD

Biochemistry, BMD

Broadcast Journalism, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MDO

Cell Biology and Anatomy, MD

Cell/Cellular and Molecular Biology, B

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, M

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Chinese Language and Literature, B

Chinese Studies, M

Civil Engineering, BMD

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, BMD

Communication and Media Studies, MD

Communication Disorders, MD

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Comparative Literature, MD

Composition, MD

Computer Engineering, BMD

Computer Science, BMD

Construction Engineering and Management, MD

Corporate and Organizational Communication, M

Curriculum and Instruction, MD

Dance, BMD

Developmental Biology and Embryology, BMD

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

East Asian Studies, M

Ecology, MD

Ecology, Evolution, Systematics and Population Biology, B

Economics, BMD

Education, MD

Educational Measurement and Evaluation, D

Educational Psychology, MD

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MDO

Engineering Management, M

Engineering Physics, B

English, MD

English Language and Literature, B

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, M

Environmental Design/Architecture, B

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, MD

Environmental Studies, BMD

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering, B

Ethnic and Cultural Studies, B

Evolutionary Biology, BMD

Film/Cinema Studies, B

Finance, B

Finance and Banking, MD

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, BMD

Genetics, MD

Geography, BMD

Geology/Earth Science, BMD

Geophysics and Seismology, D

Geotechnical Engineering, MD

German Language and Literature, M

Germanic Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

History, BMD

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Industrial and Manufacturing Management, M

International Affairs, M

International/Global Studies, B

Italian Language and Literature, B

Japanese Language and Literature, B

Japanese Studies, M

Journalism, BMD

Kinesiology and Movement Studies, MD

Law and Legal Studies, PO

Linguistics, BMD

Management of Technology, M

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, MD

Marketing, MD

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, MD

Mathematical Physics, D

Mathematics, BMD

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Media Studies, D

Medical Physics, D

Microbiology, MD

Molecular Biology, MD

Multilingual and Multicultural Education, MD

Museology/Museum Studies, M

Music, BMD

Music Teacher Education, BMD

Musicology and Ethnomusicology, D

Neurobiology and Neurophysiology, MD

Oceanography, Chemical and Physical, MD

Operations Research, M

Optics/Optical Sciences, D

Organizational Management, MD

Painting, M

Performance, MD

Philosophy, BMD

Photography, M

Physical Chemistry, D

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, M

Physics, BMD

Physiology, MD

Plant Biology, MD

Plant Physiology, MD

Plasma and High-Temperature Physics, MD

Political Science and Government, BMD

Printmaking, M

Psychology, BMD

Public Policy Analysis, M

Real Estate, M

Religion/Religious Studies, BM

Russian Studies, B

Sacred Music, M

Sculpture, M

Sociology, BMD

Spanish Language and Literature, BMD

Structural Engineering, MD

Taxation, M

Telecommunications, MO

Telecommunications Management, MO

Theater, MD

Water Resources Engineering, MD

Women's Studies, B

UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT COLORADO SPRINGS

Accounting, BM

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, M

Anthropology, B

Applied Mathematics, BM

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, B

Cognitive Sciences, D

Communication and Media Studies, M

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, B

Computer Science, BMD

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Criminology, M

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Ecology, B

Economics, B

Education, M

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Leadership and Administration, M

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MD

Engineering Management, M

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Sciences, M

Finance, B

Finance and Banking, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Geography, BM

Gerontological Nursing, M

Health Services Administration, M

History, BM

Human Services, M

Information Science/Studies, M

International Business/Trade/Commerce, M

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Management of Technology, M

Manufacturing Engineering, M

Marketing, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Maternal/Child Health and Neonatal Nurse/Nursing, M

Maternity Nursing, M

Mathematics, B

Mechanical Engineering, BM

Nursing, M

Nursing - Adult, M

Nursing - Advanced Practice, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nursing Administration, M

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, BMD

Public Administration, M

Public Affairs, M

Public Health (MPH, DPH), B

Sociology, BM

Software Engineering, M

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Women's Health Nursing, M

UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER AND HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER - DOWNTOWN DENVER CAMPUS

Accounting, M

Anthropology, BM

Applied Mathematics, MD

Applied Science and Technology, M

Architecture, MD

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, M

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical Sciences, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business/Commerce, B

Chemistry, BM

Civil Engineering, BMD

Communication and Media Studies, M

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computational Sciences, D

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, M

Computer Science, MD

Counseling Psychology, MO

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, MO

Criminology, M

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Economics, BM

Education, MDO

Educational Administration and Supervision, MO

Educational Leadership and Administration, D

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

Educational Psychology, M

Electrical Engineering, M

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, M

English, M

English as a Second Language, M

English Composition, B

English Education, M

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Sciences, M

Finance and Banking, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geography, B

Health Education, D

Health Services Administration, M

History, BM

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, M

Information Science/Studies, D

International Business/Trade/Commerce, M

International/Global Studies, B

Landscape Architecture, M

Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, MD

Marketing, M

Mathematics, BM

Mechanical Engineering, BM

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, BM

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, BM

Psychology, BM

Public Administration, M

Public Affairs, D

School Psychology, O

Social Sciences, M

Sociology, BM

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Technical Communication, M

Theater, M

Urban and Regional Planning, M

Urban Design, M

UNIVERSITY OF DENVER

Accounting, BM

Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching, MD

Advertising and Public Relations, M

Animal Sciences, B

Anthropology, BM

Applied Mathematics, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, BM

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Asian-American Studies, B

Biochemistry, B

Bioinformatics, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MD

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biopsychology, B

Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business, Management, Marketing, and Related Support Services, B

Business/Commerce, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Chemistry, BMD

Clinical Psychology, MD

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Communication and Media Studies, MD

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Composition, M

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, BM

Computer Science, MD

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, B

Construction Engineering and Management, M

Counseling Psychology, MD

Creative Writing, B

Criminology, BM

Curriculum and Instruction, MD

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, BM

Education, MDO

Educational Administration and Supervision, D

Educational Psychology, MDO

Electrical Engineering, M

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Electronic Commerce, M

Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MD

English, MD

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Policy and Resource Management, M

Environmental Studies, B

Film, Television, and Video Production, M

Finance, B

Finance and Banking, M

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, BM

Geographic Information Systems, M

Geography, BMD

German Language and Literature, BM

Higher Education/Higher Education Administration, MD

History, BM

Hospitality Administration/Management, BM

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, B

Human Resources Management and Services, M

Information Science/Studies, M

International Affairs, MD

International Business/Trade/Commerce, BM

International Relations and Affairs, B

Italian Language and Literature, B

Jewish/Judaic Studies, M

Journalism, B

Latin American Studies, B

Law and Legal Studies, MP

Legal and Justice Studies, M

Liberal Studies, M

Library Science, M

Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, BM

Management of Technology, M

Marketing, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, M

Materials Sciences, D

Mathematics, BMD

Mechanical Engineering, BM

Media Studies, M

Molecular Biology, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Museology/Museum Studies, M

Music, BM

Music History, Literature, and Theory, M

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, M

Music Theory and Composition, M

Musicology and Ethnomusicology, B

Operations Research, B

Organizational Management, M

Performance, M

Philosophy, BM

Physics, BMD

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, BMD

Public Administration, B

Public Policy Analysis, M

Real Estate, BM

Religion/Religious Studies, BM

Russian Language and Literature, B

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, MD

Sociology, BM

Spanish Language and Literature, BM

Speech and Interpersonal Communication, MD

Statistics, B

Taxation, M

Telecommunications, M

Transportation/Transportation Management, M

Travel and Tourism, M

Women's Studies, B

UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN COLORADO

Adult Development and Aging, B

African-American/Black Studies, B

Audiology/Audiologist and Hearing Sciences, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MD

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Chemistry, BMD

Communication and Media Studies, M

Communication Disorders, M

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Community Health and Preventive Medicine, M

Counseling Psychology, MD

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, MD

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Dietetics/Dieticians, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Dramatic/Theatre Arts and Stagecraft, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Economics, B

Education, MDO

Education/Teaching of the Gifted and Talented, M

Educational Leadership and Administration, MDO

Educational Measurement and Evaluation, MD

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, MD

Educational Psychology, MD

Elementary Education and Teaching, MD

English, M

English Language and Literature, B

Exercise and Sports Science, MD

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Foreign Languages and Literatures, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geography, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Geosciences, M

German Language and Literature, B

Gerontology, M

Higher Education/Higher Education Administration, D

Hispanic-American, Puerto Rican, and Mexican-American/Chicano Studies, B

History, BM

Human Services, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, BMD

O Journalism, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Mathematics, BMD

Mathematics Teacher Education, MD

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, BMD

Music Teacher Education, BMD

Nursing, M

Nursing - Advanced Practice, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nursing Education, M

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, BM

Public Health, M

Public Health Education and Promotion, B

Reading Teacher Education, MD

Rehabilitation Counseling, MD

School Psychology, DO

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, MD

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, BM

Spanish Language and Literature, BM

Special Education and Teaching, BMD

Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist, B

Student Personnel Services, D

Vocational Rehabilitation Counseling/Counselor, B

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-DENVER CAMPUS

Accounting, B

Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching, M

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Community Psychology, M

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Distance Education Development, M

Education, M

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

Electronic Commerce, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, M

English as a Second Language, M

Information Technology, B

Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, BM

Management of Technology, M

Management Science, B

Nursing, M

Nursing Science, B

Organizational Management, M

Public Administration and Social Service Professions, B

School Psychology, M

Secondary Education and Teaching, M

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-SOUTHERN COLORADO CAMPUS

Accounting, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Community Psychology, M

Corrections and Criminal Justice, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Education, MO

Educational Administration and Supervision, MO

Electronic Commerce, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, M

Health Services Administration, M

Human Resources Management and Services, M

Information Science/Studies, M

Information Technology, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, M

Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, BM

Management of Technology, M

Management Science, B

Nursing, M

Nursing Science, B

Organizational Management, M

Secondary Education and Teaching, M

WESTERN STATE COLLEGE OF COLORADO

Accounting, B

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Anthropology, B

Architecture, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biopsychology, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology, B

Chemistry, B

Clinical Psychology, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Computer Science, B

Counseling Psychology, B

Creative Writing, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Ecology, B

Economics, B

Education, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Sciences, B

Environmental Studies, B

Finance, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Graphic Design, B

History, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Journalism, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Molecular Biology, B

Music, B

Music Management and Merchandising, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Organizational Communication, B

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Policy Analysis, B

Radio and Television, B

Resort Management, B

Sales, Distribution and Marketing Operations, B

School Psychology, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Science Teacher Education, B

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, B

Tourism and Travel Services Marketing Operations, B

Wildlife Biology, B

WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER NORTH

Accounting and Business/Management, B

Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects, B

Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business/Commerce, B

Computer and Information Systems Security, B

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, B

Computer Software Technology/Technician, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, AB

Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, B

Corrections and Criminal Justice, B

Design and Visual Communications, B

E-Commerce/Electronic Commerce, B

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, AB

Fashion Merchandising, B

Graphic Design, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Interior Design, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Survey Technology/Surveying, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, B

WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER SOUTH

Accounting and Business/Management, B

Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects, B

Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Assistant, A

Computer and Information Systems Security, B

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, B

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, AB

Corrections and Criminal Justice, B

Design and Visual Communications, B

E-Commerce/Electronic Commerce, B

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Fashion Merchandising, B

Graphic Design, A

Interior Design, B

Intermedia/Multimedia, AB

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager, B

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, B

YESHIVA TORAS CHAIM TALMUDICAL SEMINARY

Jewish/Judaic Studies, B

Rabbinical Studies, B

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Colorado

COLORADO

STATE EDUCATION OFFICE

Doug Hawk, Communications
Colorado Community College System
9101 E. Lowry Blvd.
Denver, CO 80203
(303)620-4000

STATE REGULATORY INFORMATION

Effective January 1, 1989, the Colorado legislature enacted the Private Occupational Educational Act of 1981. Legislative declaration. (1) It is the purpose of this article to provide standards for and to foster and improve private occupational schools and their educational services and to protect the citizens of this state against fraudulent or substandard private occupational schools by:

  1. Prohibiting the use of false or misleading literature, advertising, or representations by private occupational schools or their agents;
  2. Establishing accountability for private occupational schools and their agents through the setting of standards relative to the quality of educational services, fiscal responsibility, and ethical business practices;
  3. Providing for the preservation of essential records;
  4. Providing certain rights and remedies to the state board for community colleges and occupational education and the consuming public necessary to effectuate the purposes of this article; and
  5. Providing for the authorization of appropriate educational credentials by approved schools including, but not limited to, certificates, diplomas, and associate degrees.

"Private occupational school" or "school" means any entity or institution for profit or not for profit located within or without this state which offers educational credentials of educational services that constitute occupational education in this state and which is not specifically exempt from the provisions of this article.

"Educational services" or "education" includes, but is not limited to, and class, course, or program of training, instruction, or study which is designed or is purported to meet all or part of the requirements for employment in an agricultural, trade, industrial, technical, business, office, sales, service, or health occupation and which constitutes occupational education.

Issuance of certificates of approval.

  1. Following the review and evaluation of an application for a certificate of approval and any further information required by the state board to be submitted by the applicant and such investigation and appraisal of the applicant as the state deems necessary or appropriate, the state board shall either grant or deny a certificate of approval to the applicant. A certificate of approval shall be issued to the applicant in the name of the school and shall state in clear and conspicuous language the name and address of the school, the date of issuance, and the term of approval.
  2. The term for which a certificate of approval is issued shall be for three years commencing on July 1 and expiring on June 30 of the third year thereafter or upon the cessation of operation of the school. New schools shall be issued a provisional certificate of approval which shall expire on June 30 of the second year following the date of issuance or upon the cessation of operation of the school.
  3. At any time within the period of a certificate of approval, the state board may require the school to submit supplementary documentation or information deemed necessary to enable the state board to determine whether said school is continuing to be operated in compliance with the provisions of this article.

No occupational school, covered by the Act of 1981, will be issued a certificate of approval by the state board unless it can demonstrate it has sufficient financial resources to fulfill its commitments to students, make proper refunds of tuition and fees (as outlined in the Act of 1981), meet the school's financial obligations as well as furnish and maintain the required surety bonds. The school must have adequate facilities, equipment, instructional materials and staff (with sufficient education and experience qualifications); provide a catalog; maintain adequate educational and financial records; comply with pertinent ordinances and laws relative to the health and safety of all upon its premises. It also must not discriminate on account of race, color, creed, national origin or sex; and it must provide each student with an agreement or contract; submit to the state board the names of its agents; designate an agent (who shall be maintained continuously) upon whom any process, notice or demand may be served. Finally, upon satisfactory completion of training, the students are to be given appropriate educational credentials such as diplomas, certificates, or associate degrees. In addition to establishing the minimum criteria outlined above for granting approval, the state board establishes criteria for agent's permits; it investigates and evaluates applications; publishes and maintains a list of schools authorized to operate within Colorado; enforces an institution's record keeping; posts school closure notices; may investigate - including physical inspection of records and facilities - an institution; deny or revoke permits; hold hearings; negotiate and enter into interstate reciprocity agreements with similar agencies; promulgate rules and regulations or adopt procedures necessary or appropriate for the conduct of its work and the implementation of the Colorado Private Occupational Education Act of 1981. It, or the district attorney, may invoke civil or criminal (or both) penalties against a school.

ARVADA

Artistic Beauty Colleges-Arvada

6520 Wadsworth Blvd., No. 209, Arvada, CO 80003. Cosmetology. Contact: Dawn Williamson, President, (303)455-0100, 888-303-0267, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $14,175; $1,250 book and fees. Enrollment: Total 73. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (40-65 Wk); Cosmetology Instructor (17 Wk); Esthetician (20-24 Wk); Nail Technology (20-24 Wk)

AURORA

American Health Science University & National Institute of Nutritional Education

1010 S. Joliet St., Ste. 107, Aurora, CO 80012. Correspondence. Founded 1980. Contact: Susan Toy, Registrar, (303)340-2054, 800-530-8079, Fax: (303)367-2577, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.ahsu.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $4760 for CN program; $900 fees MS program. Enrollment: men 107, women 243. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: DETC. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Nutritionist

Artistic Beauty Colleges-Aurora

16800 Mississippi Ave., Aurora, CO 80017. Cosmetology. Contact: Dawn Williamson, President, (303)745-6300, 888-303-0267, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $12,600; $1,250 books and fees. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (40-65 Wk); Cosmetology Instructor (17 Wk); Esthetician (20-24 Wk); Nail Technology (20-24 Wk)

Cambridge College

350 Blackhawk St., Aurora, CO 80011. Trade and Technical, Allied Medical. (720)859-7900, 800-322-4132, Fax: (720)303-1376, Web Site: http://www.cambridgecollege.com; Web Site: http://www.cambridgecollege.com/request.php?. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $9,412 - $29,065. Enrollment: men 148, women 444. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT; ABHES. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Criminal Justice; Massage Therapy; Medical Assistant; Medical Billing; Surgical Technology; X-Ray Technology

Champion Business Service, Inc.

2121 S. Blackhawk St, Ste. 120, Aurora, CO 80014-1488. Business. Founded 1986. Contact: Carol E. McCallister, (303)873-9147, Fax: (303)383-9149, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.championbusiness.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $70. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Business

Community College of Aurora

16000 E. Centre Tech Pky., Aurora, CO 80011-9036. Two-Year College. Contact: Linda S. Bowman, Pres., (303)360-4700, (303)360-4790, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.ccaurora.edu; Kristen Cusack, Dir. Admissions and Registration, E-mail: [email protected] Public. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $2,004 in-state; $10,354 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

ConCorde Career Institute

111 N. Havana St., Aurora, CO 80010-4314. Allied Medical, Trade and Technical. Founded 1966. Contact: Jimmy Henig, Dir. of Admissions, (303)861-1151, 800-464-1212, Fax: (303)839-5478, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.concordecareercolleges.com/denver; Web Site: http://www.concordecareercolleges.com/contact.asp. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $8,730-$32,182; $796 books and supplies. Enrollment: men 96, women 344. Degrees awarded: Diploma, Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Dental Assisting (8 Mo); Medical Assistant (8 Mo); Medical Insurance Specialist (8 Mo); Nursing, Practical (12 Mo); Radiologic Technology (26 Mo); Surgical Technology (12 Mo)

Parks College-Aurora

14280 East Jewell Ave., Aurora, CO 80012. Two-Year College. Founded 1895. Contact: Kim Martinez, (303)745-6244, Fax: (303)745-6245, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://parks-college.com/about.php?schoolLocation=Aurora. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $9,828. Enrollment: Total 1,035. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Business Administration; Computer Science; Medical Assistant; Medical Office Management; Paralegal

Platt College

3100 S. Parker Rd., Aurora, CO 80014. Trade and Technical. Founded 1980. Contact: Jerry Sirbu, (303)369-5151, 877-369-5151, Fax: (303)745-1433, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://plattcolorado.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 118. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Advertising (44 Mo); Computer Graphics (21-44 Mo); Graphic Design (18 Mo); Multimedia Design (24-44 Mo); Web Development (24 Mo)

University of Colorado School of Dentistry, Department of Dental Hygiene

Lazzara Center for Oral-Facial Health, PO Box 6508, Mail Stop F833, Aurora, CO 80045. Allied Medical. Founded 1974. Contact: Denise K. Kassebaum, DDS, Dean, (303)724-7122, (303)724-6900, Fax: (303)724-7109, Web Site: http://www.uchsc.edu/sod. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $9,825. Enrollment: Total 20. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cytotechnology; Dental Hygiene (2 Yr); Histologic Technology; Medical Technology; Radiologic Technology

Xenon International School of Hair Design

2231 S. Peoria St., Aurora, CO 80014. Cosmetology. Founded 1988. Contact: Gayla Henry, (303)752-1560, 800-323-6258, Fax: (303)752-0218, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://xenonintl.com; Web Site: http://xenonintl.com/contact.asp?mailTo=AURORA. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $10,500. Enrollment: Total 52. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1450 Hr); Esthetician (550 Hr); Manicurist (550-750 Hr)

BOULDER

Boulder School of Massage Therapy

6255 Longbow Dr., Boulder, CO 80301. Trade and Technical. Founded 1975. Contact: Jennifer Wolfe, (303)530-2100, 800-442-5131, Fax: (303)530-2204, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.bcmt.org. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $15,645. Enrollment: men 72, women 276. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT; AMTA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Bodywork; Massage Therapy (1000Hr-2Yr)

Healing Spirits Massage Training Program

100 Arapahoe Rd., Ste. 4, Boulder, CO 80306. Other. Founded 1997. Contact: Helen Grigg, Dir./Owner, (303)525-5213, 800-462-9908, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.healingspirits.net. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Year. Tuition: $7,300-$8,650; $945-$1,615 additional expenses. Enrollment: Total 16. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (600 Hr)

Institute for Nuclear Medical Education

5660 Airport Blvd., Ste. 101, Boulder, CO 80301. Allied Medical. Contact: Charles H. Rose, CEO/Pres., (303)541-0044, 800-548-4024, Fax: (303)541-0066, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.nuclearcardiology.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCET. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Nuclear Medical Technology

International Guide Academy/International Tour Manager Academy, Inc.

PO Box 19649, Boulder, CO 80308-2649. Trade and Technical. Founded 1973. Contact: Frank M. Slater, Ph.D., Pres., (303)780-0131, (303)530-3420, 877-442-4862, Fax: (303)530-3553, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.bepaidtotravel.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $995-$1,625. Enrollment: men 45, women 65. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: IATM. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Travel & Transportation Management (80 Hr); Travel Guides (73 Hr)

Rocky Mountain Center for Botanical Studies

PO Box 19244, Boulder, CO 80308. Other. Founded 1993. Contact: Rabia Welsh, (303)442-6861, Fax: (303)442-6294, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $6,800 full year program; $4,500 advanced program; $3,100 for other programs. Tuition subject to change. Enrollment: Total 200. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Horticulture

Rolf Institute

5055 Chaparral Ct., Ste. 103, Boulder, CO 80301. Other. Founded 1971. Contact: Kim Olson, (303)449-5903, 800-530-8875, Fax: (303)449-5978, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.rolf.org. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Other. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NCBTMB. Financial aid available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy

Ruseto College

2900 Valmont Rd., Rm. E-1, Boulder, CO 80301. Other, Allied Medical, Correspondence. Founded 1992. Contact: Pao-Chin R. Huang, (303)449-1686, (303)449-5818, Fax: (303)449-1686, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.ruseto.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $15,000 for 3-year program. Enrollment: Total 50. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Acupuncture (3 Yr)

BROOMFIELD

Cortiva Institute - Colorado

390 Interlocken Crescent, Broomfield, CO 80021. Trade and Technical. Contact: Kristin Coverly, Admissions Specialist, (866)COR-TIVA, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cortiva.edu; Web Site: http://www.cortiva.com/locations/denver/about/RequestInfo.html?SchoolId=5. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Month. Tuition: $10,400. Enrollment: Total 19. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (12-17 Mo)

Westwood College of Aviation Technology

10851 W. 120th Ave., Broomfield, CO 80021. Trade and Technical. Founded 1965. Contact: M. Foss, (303)466-1714, 877-801-1025, Fax: (303)469-3797, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.westwood.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $24,000. Enrollment: men 600, women 75. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Accreditation: FAA; ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration; Airframe Mechanics (17.5 Mo); Avionics (17.5 Mo); Power Plant Mechanics

COLLBRAN

Alpine Outfitters Guide School

57100 ME Rd., Collbran, CO 81624. Other. Founded 1974. Contact: Jack Cassidy, (970)487-3378, Fax: (970)487-3175, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cassidyoutfitters.com. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $3,500 includes room & board. Enrollment: Total 12. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Packing & Outfitting; Recreation Leadership

COLORADO SPRINGS

Academy of Nails

5635 N. Academy, Colorado Springs, CO 80918. Cosmetology. Founded 1995. Contact: Chris Brinker, (719)593-1708. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $1,995. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Manicurist (350 Hr)

Americana Beauty College II

3650 Austin Bluffs Pkwy., Ste. 174, Colorado Springs, CO 80918-6691. Cosmetology, Barber. Founded 1974. Contact: Karen Fiolkoski, Dir. Admissions, (719)598-4188, 888-626-9108, Fax: (719)264-9003, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.csbeautyschools.com/. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: men 39, women 137. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Barbering (1500 Hr); Cosmetology (1800 Hr); Esthetician; Hair Styling (1200 Hr); Manicurist (600 Hr); Massage Therapy

Blair College

1815 Jet Wing Dr., Colorado Springs, CO 80916. Two-Year College. Founded 1897.(719)638-6580, 888-741-4270, Fax: (719)638-6818, Web Site: http://www.blair-college.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: men 210, women 320. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACICS; CAAHEP. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Accounting, Junior (9 Mo); Business Administration (2 Yr); Computer Networking (2 Yr); Computer Science (2 Yr); Medical Assistant (2 Yr); Medical Office Management (9 Mo); Paralegal (2 Yr); Secretarial, Advanced (2 Yr); Secretarial, General (9 Mo); Travel & Tourism (2 Yr)

Century 21 Academy Real Estate School

311 Main St., Colorado Springs, CO 80911. Trade and Technical. Founded 1989. Contact: Melanie Cornell, (719)574-9701, 888-574-9701, Fax: (719)390-0620, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.century21academy.com/career.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $895; $945 correspondence. Enrollment: Total 49. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Real Estate Broker

Collinson School of Therapeutics and Massage

2596 Palmer Park Blvd., Colorado Springs, CO 80909. Trade and Technical. Founded 1982. Contact: Dr. Torry Collinson, Dir., (719)473-0145, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Enrollment: Total 25. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (40 Wk)

Colorado Institute of Massage Therapy

1490 W. Fillmore St., Ste. 101, Colorado Springs, CO 80904. Other. Founded 1985. Contact: Greg Smith, Admissions Dir., (719)634-7347, 888-634-7347, Fax: (719)447-9198, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.coimt.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $7,900. Enrollment: men 25, women 75. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: AMTA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (1150 Hr)

Colorado Outdoor Adventure Guide School

PO Box 60248, Colorado Springs, CO 80960. Trade and Technical. Founded 1990. Contact: Gary Jordan, Pres., 800-714-4864, 800-714-4864, Fax: (719)599-7108, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://guideschool.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $2,500 2 weeks; $4,500 4 weeks; $6,500 6 weeks; $8,500 8 weeks includes lodging, meals, texts and training materials. Enrollment: Total 100. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Horsemanship; Wilderness Guide (2-8 Wk)

Critter Clips School of Dog Grooming

5781 N. Academy Blvd., Colorado Springs, CO 80920. Other. Founded 1995. Contact: Terri Becker, Dir., (719)593-5880, (866)CRI-TTER, Fax: (719)593-2188, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.critterclips.com; Kim Matheney, Owner, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $4,000. Enrollment: Total 5. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Pet Grooming (110-450 Hr)

DATS - Academy School of Dental Assisting

1304 N. Academy Blvd., Ste. 104, Colorado Springs, CO 80909. Allied Medical. Contact: Ruth Bishop, (719)637-9369, 800-230-2165, Fax: (719)572-8934, Web Site: http://www.dats.net. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $1,995. Enrollment: Total 12. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Dental Assisting (2-8 Wk)

Devry University

1175 Kelly Johnson Blvd., Colorado Springs, CO 80920-3928. Other. Founded 1945. Contact: Shibu Thomas, Dean of Enrollment, (719)632-3000, (303)280-7657, 877-691-3002, Fax: (719)866-6770, Web Site: http://www.cs.devry.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: men 147, women 75. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: ABHES; ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Business; Computer Information Systems; Electronics Technology; Management; Technical Communication

IntelliTec College (Colorado Springs)

2315 E. Pikes Peak, Colorado Springs, CO 80909. Trade and Technical. Founded 1965. Contact: Ellen Pitrone, (719)632-7626, Fax: (719)632-7451, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.intelliteccollege.edu/cs; Web Site: http://www.intelliteccollege.edu/cform.php?c=cs&t=cm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $7,425 per academic year. Enrollment: men 235, women 30. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (18 Mo); Computer Networking (17 Mo); Computer Repair (18 Mo); Drafting, Architectural (17 Mo); Electronics Technology (18 Mo); Mechanical Drafting (17 Mo)

IntelliTec Medical Institute

2345 N. Academy Blvd., Colorado Springs, CO 80909. Allied Medical, Two-Year College. Founded 1966. Contact: Raymond Ada, Dir., (719)596-7400, 800-748-3115, Fax: (719)596-2464, Web Site: http://www.intelliteccollege.com/imi/medical.html; Web Site: http://www.intelliteccollege.com/cform.php?c=imi&t=cm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 786. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Accreditation: ABHES. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Dental Assisting; Massage Therapy; Medical Assistant (4 Qt); Medical Laboratory Technology (6 Qt); Pharmacy Technician; Secretarial, Medical (3 Qt)

International Beauty Academy

1360 N. Academy Blvd., Colorado Springs, CO 80909. Cosmetology, Trade and Technical. Founded 1971. Contact: Karen Fiolkoski, Admissions Dir., (719)597-1413, (719)598-4188, 888-626-9108, Fax: (719)573-5099, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.csbeautyschools.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: varies. Enrollment: Total 207. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Barbering (15 Mo); Cosmetology (1800 hr); Esthetician (7 1/2 Mo); Massage Therapy (1200 Hr); Skin Care (600 Hr)

Jones Real Estate Colleges, Inc. (Colorado Springs)

1919 N. Union Blvd., Colorado Springs, CO 80909. Other. Founded 1958. Contact: Cheryl Jimerson, (719)473-0385, 800-660-2188, Fax: (719)632-9265, Web Site: http://www.jonescollege.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $1099. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Real Estate Broker (168 Hr)

Memorial Hospital School of Radiologic Technology

1400 E. Boulder St., Colorado Springs, CO 80909-5533. Allied Medical. Founded 1969. Contact: Elaine R. Ivan, B.S., R.T.(R), (719)365-6819, (719)365-8292, Fax: (719)365-5374, E-mail: [email protected]ospcs.org, Web Site: http://memorialhospital.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $3,500/yr. Enrollment: men 8, women 19. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: JRCERT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Radiologic Technology (24 Mo)

Penrose St. Francis Healthcare System - School of Medical Technology

2215 N. Cascade Ave., Colorado Springs, CO 80907. Allied Medical. Founded 1949. Contact: Sr. Rose Brown, CLS/MT, (719)776-5221, (719)776-5227, Fax: (719)776-5584, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,000 CLS/MT. Enrollment: Total 4. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NAACLS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Medical Technology (12 Mo)

Pikes Peak Community College

5675 S. Academy Blvd., Colorado Springs, CO 80906. Two-Year College. Founded 1969. Contact: Mr. Joseph A. Garcia, President, (719)540-7722, (719)540-7113, 800-456-6847, Fax: (719)540-7614, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.ppcc.cccoes.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,902 in-state; $8,410 out-of-state. Enrollment: men 4,802, women 5,192. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ADA; NLNAC; ABA; NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration; Architectural Technology; Art; Auto Body & Fender Repair; Auto Mechanics Diesel; Automotive Collision Repair; Automotive Technology; Broadcasting, Nontechnical; Building Maintenance; Business; Business Administration; Business Management; Clerical, General; Computer Aided Drafting; Computer Aided Manufacturing; Computer Information Science; Criminal Justice; Culinary Arts; Customer Service; Dental Assisting; Drafting, Architectural; Early Childhood Education; Electronics Technology; Emergency Medical Technology; Energy Management; Engineering; Environmental Health; Environmental Technology; Fire Science; Geriatric Care; Health Technology; Horseshoeing; Interior Design; Legal Assistant; Machine Technology; Maintenance Technology; Marketing Management; Mechanical Drafting; Medical Assistant; Medical Receptionist; Medical Technology; Medical Transcription; Microcomputers; Natural Resources Technology; Nursing, R.N.; Office Administration; Office Technology; Radio & Television Technology; Radio Announcing; Safety Technology; Social Services Aide; Social Work Technology; Theatre Arts; Upholstering; Visual Communications; Welding, Arc & Gas; Welding, Combination; Welding Technology; Word Processing

Pima Medical Institute - Colorado Springs

370 Printers Pkwy., Colorado Springs, CO 80910. Allied Medical, Trade and Technical. Founded 2002.800-477-PIMA, Web Site: http://www.pmi.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $7,710 per year; $7,047 room and board. Enrollment: Total 318. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ABHES; JRCERT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Dental Assisting (30-33 Wk); Medical Assistant (35-40 Wk); Pharmacy Technician (35-40 Wk); Veterinary Assistant (30-34 Wk)

Remington College (Colorado Springs Campus)

6050 Erin Park Dr., Colorado Springs, CO 80918-3401. Trade and Technical, Two-Year College.(719)532-1234, Fax: (719)264-1234, Web Site: http://remingtoncollege.edu; Web Site: http://remingtoncollege.edu/contact2.php4?campus=CSP. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Month. Tuition: $11,780-$31,540. Enrollment: Total 238. Degrees awarded: Diploma, Associate. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Computer Support Technology (8 Mo); Criminal Justice (18-24 Mo); Medical Assistant (8 Mo); Operations (18 Mo); Pharmacy Technician (8 Mo)

Toni and Guy Hairdressing Academy

332 Main St., Colorado Springs, CO 80911. Cosmetology. Founded 1993. Contact: Sandra Chandler, Exec.Dir, (719)390-9898, Fax: (719)390-0977, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.toniguy.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $6,250. Enrollment: men 4, women 106. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Beauty (3.5 Mo); Cosmetology (9 Mo); Hair Styling (7 Mo)

DELTA

Delta Montrose Technical College

1765 U.S. Hwy. 50, Delta, CO 81416. Trade and Technical. Contact: John Jones, Center manager, (970)874-7671, Fax: (970)874-8796, Web Site: http://www.dmavtc.tec.co.us/; JoAnn Carrington, Administration Secretary. Public. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $3,165. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

DENVER

Art Institute of Colorado

1200 Lincoln St., Denver, CO 80203-2172. Art, Trade and Technical. (303)837-0825, 800-275-2420, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artinstitutes.edu/denver/; Web Site: http://www.artinstitutes.edu/denver/studentinquiry.asp. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $18,336; $2,955 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 2,212. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACICS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Applied Science (7 Qt); Cooking, Commercial (4 Qt); Culinary Arts - Pastry (7 Qt); Graphic Design (7 Qt); Interactive Media (7 Qt); Photography (7 Qt); Video Production (7 Qt)

Bear Valley Bible Institute of Denver

2707 S. Lamar, Denver, CO 80227. Two-Year College, Other. Founded 1965. Contact: Denny Petrillo, Pres., (303)986-5800, 800-766-4641, Fax: (303)986-8003, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.bvbid.org. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: none required. Enrollment: Total 75. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Bible Study (2 Yr)

Bel-Rea Institute of Animal Technology

1681 S. Dayton St., Denver, CO 80247. Trade and Technical. Founded 1971. Contact: Paulette Kaufman, (303)751-8700, 800-950-8001, Fax: (303)751-9969, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.bel-rea.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $9,375 per year. Enrollment: men 25, women 575. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Veterinary Technology (18 Mo)

Center of Advanced Therapeutics

1212 S. Broadway, Ste. 200, Denver, CO 80210. Allied Medical, Trade and Technical, Other. Founded 1995. Contact: Sally Fanjoy, (303)765-2201, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.catinc.net. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $8,000. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (600 Hr)

Coldwell Banker Real Estate Academy

101 University Blvd., Ste. 60, Denver, CO 80206. Other. Founded 1985. Contact: Annette Fast, Dir., (303)285-2900, Fax: (303)285-2919, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cbschools.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 300. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Real Estate Broker (168 Hr)

CollegeAmerica

1385 S. Colorado Blvd., Ste. A512, Denver, CO 80222. Trade and Technical, Business, Two-Year College. Founded 1964. Contact: Barbara W. Thomas, (303)691-9756, 800-622-2894, Fax: (303)692-9156, Web Site: http://www.collegeamerica.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Month. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 497. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (26 Mo); Business Administration (24 Mo); Business Management (15 Mo); Computer Business Systems Technology (15 Mo); Computer Networking (15 Mo); Computer Programming (15 Mo); Computer Science (29 Mo); Computer Technology (15 Mo); Graphic Arts (15 Mo); Health Care & Management (26 Mo); Medical Specialties (15 Mo)

Colorado Real Estate Institute

1780 S. Bellaire St., Ste. 222, Denver, CO 80222. Trade and Technical. Founded 1972. Contact: Margot Manuel, Ass't. Dir., (303)744-1363, 800-826-6246, Fax: (303)756-1363, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.creiwrei.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students not accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Real Estate Broker

Colorado School of Traditional Chinese Medicine

1441 York St., Ste. 302, Denver, CO 80206. Other. Founded 1989. Contact: Erik Peltz, Dir. of Admin., (303)329-6355, (303)370-6747, Fax: (303)388-8165, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.traditionalhealing.net. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $11,000 per year. Enrollment: men 30, women 60. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: ACAOM. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Oriental Medicine (2835 Hr)

Colorado School of Upholstery

6485 Federal Blvd., Denver, CO 80221. Trade and Technical. Founded 1969. Contact: G. Garcia, (303)428-8414. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $2,350. Enrollment: Total 5. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Upholstering (48 Wk)

Community College of Denver

1111 W. Colfax Ave., Denver, CO 80204. Two-Year College. Contact: Christine Johnson, Ph.D., Pres., (303)556-2600, (303)556-2430, Web Site: http://www.ccd.edu. Public. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,603 in-state; $8,284 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

Cuttin' Up Beauty Academy

8101 E. Colfax Ave., Denver, CO 80220. Cosmetology, Barber. Founded 1996. Contact: Karen Hall, Dir., (303)388-5700, Fax: (303)388-5700, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $9,900 cosmetology; $8,700 barbering. Enrollment: Total 10. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Barbering (9 Mo); Cosmetology (10 Mo); Manicurist (2 Mo)

Dearborn Financial Institute

2150 S. Cherry St., Denver, CO 80222. Other. Founded 1958.(303)758-1033, 800-987-0874, Fax: (303)758-5332, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.dearborn.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: varies by course. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Insurance, Fire & Casualty (50 Hr); Insurance, Life & Disability (50 Hr); Investment Securities (3 Days)

Denver Automotive and Diesel College

460 S. Lipan St., Denver, CO 80223. Trade and Technical. Founded 1963. Contact: Bob Orfield, (303)722-5724, 800-347-3232, Fax: (303)778-8264. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Quarter. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 600. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Automotive Technology (15-20 Mo); Diesel Technology (15-20 Mo)

Denver Institute of Technology

7350 N. Broadway, Denver, CO 80221. Trade and Technical. Founded 1953. (303)650-5050. 800-992-5050. Fax: (303)426-4647. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Other. Tuition: $6,000-$14,959. Enrollment: men 800, women 400. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT; AAMAE. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration (900 Hr); Automotive Specialist (894 Hr); Automotive Systems (894 Hr); Automotive Technology (1515 Hr); Cartography (1320 Hr); Civil Engineering Technology (1279 Hr); Drafting, Architectural (1441 Hr); Drafting, Electro-Mechanical (835 Hr); Electronics Technology (828 Hr); Graphic Design (1350 Hr); Hospitality (1438 Hr); Mechanical Drafting (835 Hr); Medical Assistant (1395 Hr); Medical Office Management (1377 Hr); Medical Transcription (1461 Hr); Occupational Therapy Assistant (1819 Hr); Recreation Therapy (1693 Hr); Secretarial, Medical (689 Hr); Surveying (1320 Hr)

Denver Technical College (Denver)

925 S. Niagara St., Denver, CO 80224. Trade and Technical. Founded 1945. Contact: Peter Dinneen, Dean, (303)329-3000, (866)338-7934, Fax: (303)329-4486, Web Site: http://www.devry.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 1,100. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ABHES; ACCSCT; NCAHLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Business; Computer Information Science; Drafting, Architectural; Drafting Technology; Electronics Technology; Medical Assistant

ELS Language Centers

Johnson & Wales University, 7150 Montview Blvd, Foote Hall, Denver, CO 80220. Other. Founded 1961. Contact: Pat Johnson, Center Dir., (303)256-9480, Fax: (303)256-9485, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.els.com/denver.htm. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Month. Tuition: $1,395 intensive; $1,045 semi-intensive. Enrollment: Total 60. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCET. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: English As A Second Language (3-4 Wk)

Emily Griffith Opportunity School

1250 Welton St., Denver, CO 80204-2197. Trade and Technical. Founded 1916. Contact: Sharon Robinson, (303)575-4700, (303)575-4702, Fax: (303)575-4860, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.egos-school.com. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 14,500. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ADA; FAA; AAMAE; NCAHLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, Clerical; Accounting, Specialist; Administrative Assistant; Air Conditioning & Refrigeration; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Primary Flying; Aircraft Mechanics; Airframe Mechanics; Appliance Repair; Auto Mechanics; Automotive Collision Repair; Automotive Technology; Avionics; Barbering; Cabinet & Mill Work; Candy & Cake Decorating; Carpentry; Carpet Installation; Clerical, Receptionist; Commercial Art; Computer Aided Drafting; Computer Networking; Computer Repair; Construction Technology; Cooking, Commercial; Cosmetology; Culinary Arts; Custodial Training; Data Entry; Dental Assisting; Early Childhood Education; Electricity, Apprenticeship; Electronics Technology; Fashion Design & Merchandising; Floristry; Glazing; Health Aide; Health Information Technology; Health Technology; Import - Export; Insurance, General; Legal Transcriber; Machinist, Advanced; Manufacturing Technology; Masonry; Medical Assistant; Medical Insurance Specialist; Medical Transcription; Millwright; Nurse, Assistant; Nursing, Practical; Office, General; Optical Dispensing; Painting; Physical Fitness; Pipefitting; Plumbing; Real Estate, Basic; Restaurant Operations; Sewing, Commercial; Sheet Metal; Traffic & Transportation Management; Travel Agents; Travel & Tourism; Video Production; Watchmaking & Repairing; Web Development; Welding Technology; Word Processing

Healthone Alliance School of Medical Technology

1719 E. 19th Ave., Box 27, Denver, CO 80218. Allied Medical. Founded 1961. Contact: Carolyn Swartz, Admissions Coord., (303)839-6485, Fax: (303)869-1720, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.health1.org. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Year. Tuition: $6,800. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Medical Technology (12 Mo)

Heritage Education

12 Lakeside Ln., Denver, CO 80212. Trade and Technical, Cosmetology. Founded 1986. Contact: Steve Strong, (303)477-7240, 888-334-7339, Fax: (303)477-7276, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.heritage-education.com; Web Site: http://www.heritage-education.com/requestinfo.htm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $15,323; $672 books and fees. Enrollment: Total 250. Degrees awarded: Diploma, Associate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (14 Mo); Medical Assistant (8 Mo); Pharmacy Technician (8 Mo)

Jones Real Estate Colleges, Inc. (Denver)

2150 S. Cherry St., Denver, CO 80222. Other. Founded 1958. Contact: Evan Mellman, Dir., (303)758-1033, 800-660-2188, Fax: (303)758-5332, Web Site: http://www.jonescollege.com; Web Site: http://www.kpscolorado.com/colorado/misc_topic.aspx?topic_id=170. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Real Estate Broker (144 Hr); Real Estate Sales License (96 Hr)

Massage Therapy Institute of Colorado

1441 York St., Ste. 301, Denver, CO 80206. Other. Founded 1986. Contact: Teresa Taylor, Administrator, (303)329-6345, Fax: (303)321-7783, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.mtic.edu/?gclid=CP_4q4GCj4UCFUVbGAodHyLAGQ; Mark H. Manton, Dir., E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Year. Tuition: $6,400; table, supplies, books are additional. Enrollment: men 39, women 112. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (1000 Hr)

Modern Institute of Reflexology

7063 W. Colfax Ave., Denver, CO 80215. Correspondence. Founded 1952. Contact: Zackary K. Brinkerhoff III, (303)237-1530, (303)237-1562, 800-533-1837, Fax: (303)237-1606, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.reflexologyinstitute.com; Web Site: http://www.reflexologyinstitute.com/contact.php. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $2,425 includes supplies. Enrollment: Total 87. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Reflexology

Pima Medical Institute - Denver

1701 W. 72nd Ave., No.130, Denver, CO 80221. Allied Medical, Trade and Technical. Founded 1988.800-477-PIMA, Web Site: http://www.pmi.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $7,710 per year; $7,047 room and board. Enrollment: Total 263. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ABHES; JRCERT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Dental Assisting (30-33 Wk); Medical Assistant (35-40 Wk); Medical Technology - Phlebotomy (11-13 Wk); Pharmacy Technician (35-40 Wk); Respiratory Therapy (85 Wk); Veterinary Assistant (30-34 Wk)

Rocky Mountain Accounting & Business Center

10200 E. Girard Ave., C-350, Denver, CO 80231. Business. Founded 1996. Contact: Tim Oswald, Contact, (303)755-6885, 800-772-6885, Fax: (303)755-7854, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.rmabc.biz. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Administrative Assistant (112 Hr); Bookkeeping (108-124 Hr); Income Tax Preparation (60 Hr)

Rocky Mountain College of Electrology/Laser

250 N. Steele, Ste. 206, Denver, CO 80206. Allied Medical. Founded 1948. Contact: Lorenzo Kunze, College Administrator, (303)985-8520, 800-314-4990, Fax: (303)985-4959, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.laserlaser.com; Lorenzo Kunze, Principal, Web Site: http://www.laserlaser.com/laserschool/school-contact.htm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $3,000 laser; $3,900 electrologist. Enrollment: Total 500. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Electrology (80 Hr)

St. Anthony Hospitals School of Radiologic Sciences

1601 Lowell Blvd., Denver, CO 80204. Allied Medical. Founded 1929. Contact: Wayne Stellick, R.T.(R), (303)899-5267, Fax: (303)899-5134, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Trisemester. Tuition: $2,500/year. Enrollment: Total 30. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: JRCERT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Radiologic Technology (2 Yr)

Starkey International Institute for Household Management

1350 Logan St., Denver, CO 80203. Trade and Technical. Founded 1990. Contact: Director of Admissions, (303)832-5510, 800-888-4904, Fax: (303)832-5015, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.starkeyintl.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $11,437. Enrollment: Total 80. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Home Economics (8 Wk)

Trim International Floral School, Ltd.

4800 Dahlia St., Denver, CO 80216. Trade and Technical. Founded 1982. Contact: Lois Trim, Owner/Dir., (303)388-7377, 800-858-9854, Fax: (303)376-3120, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.floralschools.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Month. Tuition: $1460 for 5-week basic course; $1635 with advanced course; $20 book; $200/course home study. Enrollment: men 1, women 11. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Floristry (1 Wk)

Westwood College-Denver, North Campus

7350 N. Broadway, Denver, CO 80221-3653. Trade and Technical, Two-Year College. Contact: Kevin P. Paveglio, Exec.Dir., (303)426-7000, 800-281-2978, Fax: (303)487-0214, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.westwood.edu; Web Site: http://www.westwood.edu/request-information/1. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $11,745. Enrollment: Total 3,379. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Financial aid available. Curriculum: Automotive Technology; Computer Aided Design; Computer Networking; Graphic Design; Hotel & Restaurant Management; Medical Assistant; Medical Billing; Medical Coding Specialist; Surveying

Westwood College of Technology

7350 N. Broadway, Denver, CO 80221. Allied Medical. Founded 1990. Contact: Chris Hollander, (303)426-7000, 800-875-6050, Fax: (303)426-1832. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Other. Tuition: Varies with program. Enrollment: Total 40. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: AAMAE; ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Medical Assistant (1208 Hr); Secretarial, Medical (746 Hr)

DURANGO

Durango Air Service, Inc.

1340 Airport Rd., Durango, CO 81301. Flight and Ground. Founded 1979. Contact: Donley E. Watkins, (970)247-5535, Fax: (970)247-5537. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies with program. Enrollment: men 24, women 3. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: FAA; ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Placement service not available. Curriculum: Aircraft Flight Instruction, Airline Transport Pilot; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Airplane Rating; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Commercial Flying; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Flight Instructor; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Instrument Flying

Gregg Flying Service

Animas Air Park, PO Box 1797, Durango, CO 81302. Flight and Ground. Founded 1951. Contact: Del Gregg, Dir., (970)247-4632, Fax: (970)247-4676. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: FAA. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Aircraft Flight Instruction, Commercial Flying; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Flight Instructor; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Flight Instructor Additional Rating; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Instrument Flying; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Primary Flying

EATON

Academy of Natural Therapy

123 Elm Ave., Eaton, CO 80615. Allied Medical. Founded 1989. Contact: James Mongan, 888-211-9097, (970)454-2628, 888-211-9097, Fax: (303)454-3147, E-mail: naturalth[email protected], Web Site: http://www.natural-therapy.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Year. Tuition: $9,000 massage therapy; $6130 advanced massage therapy. Enrollment: men 6, women 24. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Curriculum: Kinesiology (60 Hr); Massage Therapy (1 Yr); Science (2 Yr)

ENGLEWOOD

Englewood Beauty College

3200 S. Acoma St., Englewood, CO 80110. Cosmetology, Barber. Founded 1965.(303)761-1206, Fax: (303)789-6014, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Other. Tuition: $9,500 Cosmetology; $3,400 Manicuring; $6,550 Hairstyling; $3,650 Esthetics. Enrollment: Total 120. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1800 Hr); Hair Styling (1200 Hr); Manicurist (600 Hr)

Environmental Training Center

2761 W. Oxford Ave., Ste. 7, Englewood, CO 80110. Other. Founded 1988. Contact: Lester Ablin, Pres., (303)781-0422, Fax: (303)781-3048. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Environmental Health; Environmental Technology; Hazardous Waste Technology

FORT COLLINS

Hair Dynamics Education Center

6464 S.College, Fort Collins, CO 80525. Contact: Tina Matuska, Owner, (970)223-9943. Private. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $8,800. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

Institute of Business and Medical Careers

1609 Oakridge Dr., Ste. 102, Fort Collins, CO 80525. Trade and Technical, Allied Medical, Business, Nursing. Founded 1987. Contact: Randy Rosenbusch, V.P. Academic Affairs, (970)223-2669, 800-495-2669, Fax: (970)223-2796, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.ibmcedu.com; Web Site: http://www.ibmcedu.com/contact.asp. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $12,500-$23,900. Enrollment: Total 300. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Administrative Assistant (60 Wk); Legal Assistant (60 Wk); Medical Assistant (60 Wk); Medical Office Management (80 Wk)

FORT MORGAN

Morgan Community College

920 Barlow Rd., Fort Morgan, CO 80701. Two-Year College. Contact: Michelle Haney, President, (970)542-3100, (970)542-3105, 800-622-0216, Fax: (970)867-6608, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.morgancc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,976 in-state; $8,284 out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 1,618. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC; APTA; CAPTE.

GLENWOOD SPRINGS

Colorado Mountain College (Glenwood Springs)

1402 Blake Ave., Roaring Fork Campus, Glenwood Springs, CO 81601. Two-Year College. Founded 1965. Contact: Deb Cutter, Enrollment Services Specialist, (970)945-7481, (970)945-7486, 800-621-8559, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.coloradomtn.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 900. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Art (2 Yr); Cisco Network (2 Yr); Computer Networking (2 Yr); Education (1 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (176 Hr); General Studies (2 Yr); Graphic Design (2 Yr); Nurses Aide (120 Hr); Nursing, L.P.N. (1 Yr); Nursing, Practical (1 Yr); Photography (2 Yr); Science (2 Yr); Veterinary Technology (2 Yr); Web Development (1-2 Yr)

Glenwood Beauty Academy

51241 Hwy. 6 & 24, Ste. 1, Glenwood Springs, CO 81601. Cosmetology. Founded 1982. Contact: Myles or Winnie Rovig, (970)945-0485, Fax: (970)945-1287. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Hour. Tuition: $2,000-$9,800 plus books and supplies. Enrollment: men 2, women 49. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Barbering (1450 Hr); Cosmetology (1650 Hr); Cosmetology Instructor (750 Hr); Esthetician (550 Hr); Facial Technology (800 Hr); Manicurist (350 Hr)

GRAND JUNCTION

Academy of Beauty Culture I

2992 North Ave., Grand Junction, CO 81504. Cosmetology. Founded 1977. Contact: Rhonda L. Porter, (970)245-5570, 800-278-5570, Fax: (970)245-0314, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cosmetologyschool.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $1,200-$6,000. Enrollment: Total 48. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1450 Hr); Manicurist (350 Hr); Skin Care (600 Hr)

IntelliTec College (Grand Junction)

772 Horizon Dr., Grand Junction, CO 81506. Trade and Technical. Founded 1984. Contact: Rich Counts, (970)245-8101, Fax: (970)243-8074, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.intelliteccollege.edu/gj. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 304. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Administrative Assistant (15 Mo); Dental Assisting; Drafting, Architectural (18 Mo); Electronic Engineering Technology (18 Mo); Massage Therapy; Mechanical Drafting (18 Mo); Medical Assistant (15 Mo); Medical Coding Specialist

Mesa State College

1100 N. Ave, PO Box 2647, Grand Junction, CO 81501. Other. Founded 1925. Contact: Heather Exby, Interim Dir. of Admissions, (970)248-1875, (970)248-1376, 800-982-6372, Fax: (970)248-1973, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.mesastate.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Term: Semester. Tuition: $2515 in-state/year, $8168 out-of-state/year. Enrollment: Total 4,612. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NLNAC; NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Agri-Management (2 Yr); Auto Body & Fender Repair (2 Sm); Auto Mechanics (2 Sm); Business, General Office (2 Yr); Civil Engineering Technology (2 Yr); Commercial Art (2 Yr); Computer Aided Drafting (1 Yr); Computer Science - Terminal Operation (2 Sm); Data Processing (2 Sm); Early Childhood Specialist (1 Yr); Electronic Engineering Technology (2 Yr); Electronics Technology (2 Yr); Hospitality (2 Yr); Machine Operator, General (2 Sm); Machinery Parts & Sales (2 Sm); Machine Shop Operator (2 Sm); Machine Technology (4 Sm); Manufacturing Technology (4 Sm); Mechanics, Heavy Equipment (2 Yr); Medical Assistant (2 Sm); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Power Lineman (2 Sm); Printing Technology (2 Yr); Radiologic Technology (2 Yr); Secretarial, General (2 Yr); Secretarial, Legal (2 Yr); Secretarial, Medical (2 Yr); Word Processing (2 Sm)

SAGE Technical Services (Grand Junction)

647 4th Ave., Grand Junction, CO 81501-7765. Trade and Technical. Founded 1989. Contact: Len Mendenhall, (970)257-7243, (970)257-1576, 800-523-0492, Fax: (970)257-1593, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.sageschools.com; Web Site: http://www.sageschools.com/sage-contact_sage.htm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $1,925-$4,035. Enrollment: men 80, women 20. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Heavy Equipment (150 Hr); Tractor Trailer Operators Training (150 Hr)

GREELEY

Aims Community College

5401 W. 20th St., PO Box 69, Greeley, CO 80632. Two-Year College. Founded 1967. Contact: Dana Anderson, Admissions Advisor, (970)330-8008, (970)339-6292, 800-301-5388, Fax: (970)339-6677, E-mail: dana. [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.aims.edu; Jannette Noonan, Admissions Advisor, E-mail: [email protected] Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: 1-15 credits: $50 in-district, $86 out-of-district; $300 out-of-state; 15 plus credits: $39; $66; $285. Enrollment: Total 1,866. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (1-2 Yr); Administrative Assistant (2 Yr); Aircraft Flight Instruction (1-2 Yr); Aircraft Flight Instruction, Airline Transport Pilot (2 Yr); Auto Body & Fender Repair (1 Yr); Automotive Collision Repair (1-2 Yr); Automotive Technology (1-2 Yr); Business Technology (1 Yr); Civil Engineering Technology (2 Yr); Communications Technology (2 Yr); Computer Aided Drafting (2 Yr); Computer Information Science (2 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Design (2 Yr); Early Childhood Education (1-2 Yr); Electronics Technology (1-2 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (1 Yr); Fire Fighting (1 Yr); Fire Science (2 Yr); Graphic Design (1-2 Yr); Marketing Management (2 Yr); Medical Administrative Assistant (2 Yr); Nurses Aide (1 Qr); Nursing, Practical (2 Yr); Office Technology (2 Yr); Radiologic Technology (2 Yr); Secretarial, Legal (2 Yr); Surgical Technology (1-2 Yr); Web Development (2 Yr); Welding Technology (1-2 Yr)

GREENWOOD VILLAGE

Cottonwood School of Massage Therapy

7995 East Prentice Ave., Greenwood Village, CO 80111. Other. Founded 1993. Contact: Jackie Otey, (720)482-9560, (720)482-9564, Fax: (303)751-1861, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cottonwoodschool.com. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $6,200. Enrollment: men 15, women 35. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (605-1000 H)

HENDERSON

SAGE Technical Services (Henderson)

9690 Dallas St., Ste. L, Henderson, CO 80640. Trade and Technical.800-867-9856, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.sageschools.com; Web Site: http://www.sageschools.com/sagecontact_sage.htm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $1,925-$4,035. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Heavy Equipment (150 Hr); Tractor Trailer Operators Training (150 Hr)

LA JUNTA

Otero Junior College

1802 Colorado Ave., La Junta, CO 81050. Two-Year College. Founded 1941. Contact: Brad Franz, VP for Student Serv., (719)384-6831, (719)384-6833, Fax: (719)384-6933, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.ojc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $2,367 in-state; $8,454 out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 1,676. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC; NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 yr); Automotive Technology (2 yr); Business Management (2 yr); Business Occupations (2 yr); Cosmetology (1 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 yr); Law Enforcement (1 Sm); Marketing Management (2 yr); Microcomputers (2 yr); Nurse, Assistant (6 mo); Nursery School Assistant (1 yr); Nursing, Practical (2 yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 yr); Office Management (2 yr); Secretarial, Executive (2 yr); Secretarial, General (1 yr); Secretarial, Legal (2 yr); Secretarial, Medical (2 yr); Secretarial, Technical (2 yr); Word Processing (2 Yr)

LAKEWOOD

Artistic Beauty Colleges-Lakewood

441 Wadsworth Blvd., Lakewood, CO 80214. Cosmetology. Contact: Dawn Williamson, President, (303)238-7501, 888-303-0267, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $14,175; $1,250 book and fees. Enrollment: Total 80. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (40-65 Wk); Cosmetology Instructor (17 Wk); Esthetician (20-24 Wk); Nail Technology (20-24 Wk)

Center for the Art of Dog Grooming

1864 S. Wadsworth Blvd., Lakewood, CO 80232. Other. Founded 1995. Contact: Marquene Betancourt, (303)980-8933, Fax: (303)980-8933. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $3,000. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Pet Grooming (390 Hr)

Colorado School of Healing Arts

7655 W. Mississippi Ave., Ste. 100, Lakewood, CO 80226. Trade and Technical, Two-Year College. Founded 1988. Contact: Victoria Steere, Dir., (303)986-2320, 800-233-7114, Fax: (303)980-6594, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.csha.net. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $8,300 for 700-hour program, $50 application fee. Enrollment: Total 256. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT; AMTA; ABMP. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (6-18 Mo)

Colorado School of Trades

1575 Hoyt St., Lakewood, CO 80215. Trade and Technical. Founded 1947. Contact: Admissions Department, (303)233-4697, 800-234-4594, Fax: (303)233-4723, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://schooloftrades.com; Web Site: http://schooloftrades.com/contact.cfm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: men 108, women 2. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Gunsmithing (1800 Hr); Horseshoeing (615 Hr)

Red Rocks Community College

13300 W. Sixth Ave., Lakewood, CO 80228-1255. Two-Year College. Contact: Cliff Richardson, President, (303)914-6600, (303)914-6206, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.rrcc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,964 in-state; $8,502 out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 7,484. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC; JRCERT. Financial aid available.

Remington College (Denver Campus)

11011 W. 6th Ave, Lakewood, CO 80215-5501. Trade and Technical, Two-Year College.(303)445-0500, 800-999-5181, Fax: (303)445-0090, Web Site: http://remingtoncollege.edu; Web Site: http://remingtoncollege.edu/contact2.php4?campus=DVR. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Month. Tuition: $11,780-$31,540. Enrollment: Total 167. Degrees awarded: Diploma, Associate. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Medical Assistant (8 Mo); Medical Insurance Specialist (8 Mo)

Rocky Mountain College of Art and Design

1600 Pierce St., Lakewood, CO 80214. Art. Founded 1963. Contact: Jenny Stevenson, V.P. for Academic Affairs, (303)753-6046, (303)225-8576, 800-888-2787, Fax: (303)759-4970, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.rmcad.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Trisemester. Tuition: $8,940 per semester; $745/credit hr part time. Enrollment: Total 458. Accreditation: NCA-HLC; FIDER; NASAD. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Art; Art, Mixed Media; Graphic Design; Illustration; Interactive Media; Interior Design; Media Technology; Painting; Sculpture

LAMAR

Lamar Community College

2401 S. Main, Lamar, CO 81052. Two-Year College. Founded 1937. Contact: Angela Woodward, Dir. Admissions, (719)336-2248, (719)336-1590, Fax: (719)336-2448, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.lamarcc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $66.80 in-state; $276.10 out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 1,061. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Agribusiness (2 Yr); Business Automation (2 Yr); Computer Information Science (2 Yr); Cosmetology (1 Yr); Horse Management (1 Yr); Horsemanship (2 Yr); Nursing, Practical (1 Yr); Office Technology (2 Yr); Ranch & Farm Management (2 Yr); Small Business Management (1 Yr)

LEADVILLE

Colorado Mountain College (Leadville)

901 S. Hwy 24, Timberline Campus, Leadville, CO 80461. Two-Year College. Founded 1967. Contact: Virginia Espinoza, (719)486-2015, (719)486-4291, 800-621-8559, Fax: (719)486-3212, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.coloradomtn.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $43 per credit for in-district students, $72 per credit for in-state students, $231 per credit for out-of-state students. Enrollment: Total 584. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Environmental Technology (2 Yr); Recreation Leadership (2 Yr); Ski Area Technology (2 Yr); Small Business Management

LITTLETON

Arapahoe Community College

PO Box 9002, Littleton, CO 80160-9002. Two-Year College. Founded 1966. Contact: Matthew Jamison, Registrar/Dir. of Admissions, (303)797-4222, (303)797-5621, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.arapahoe.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Term: Semester. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: men 2,779, women 4,169. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma, Associate. Accreditation: CAAHEP. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Agri-Management; Apartment House Management; Appliance Repair; Architectural Technology; Art, Advertising - Commercial; Auto Body & Fender Repair; Automotive Technology; Banking; Building Construction Technology; Building Trades; Business Management; Clerk, Typist; Computer Operator; Computer Programming; Construction Technology; Cosmetology; Court Reporting; Drafting Technology; Electrical Construction; Electro-Mechanical Technology; Electronics Technology; Emergency Medical Technology; Energy Management; Fashion Merchandising; Finance; Industrial Management & Supervision; Insurance, General; Interior Design; Key Punch; Landscape Architecture; Law Enforcement; Legal Assistant; Machine Technology; Marine & Small Engine Repair; Mechanical Technology; Medical Laboratory Technology; Medical Office Management; Medical Record Technology; Merchandising, Sales; Nursing, R.N.; Psychiatric Technology; Safety Technology; Salesmanship; Secretarial, General; Secretarial, Legal; Secretarial, Medical; Security Training; Stenography, General; Stenography, Legal; Welding Technology; Word Processing

Artistic Beauty Colleges-Littleton

Bowles Ave. Marketplace Shopping Ctr., 8996 W. Bowles Ave., Ste. E, Littleton, CO 80123. Cosmetology. Contact: Dawn Williamson, President, (303)904-4400, 888-303-0267, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $12,600; $1,250 books and fees. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (40-65 Wk); Cosmetology Instructor (17 Wk); Esthetician (20-24 Wk); Nail Technology (20-24 Wk)

Personalized Training Academy

5151 S. Federal Blvd., Littleton, CO 80123. Trade and Technical. Founded 1993. Contact: Joseph McElroy, (303)792-2354, 800-852-5536, Fax: (303)792-3230. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $1,335 tuition; $50 registration; $65 books. Enrollment: men 12, women 48. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Travel Agents (10 Wk); Travel & Tourism

LOUISVILLE

Institute of Taoist Education and Acupuncture

608 Main St., Louisville, CO 80027. Other. Founded 1996. Contact: Sandra Lillie, (720)890-8922, (720)890-1577, Fax: (720)890-7719, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.itea-school.com; Web Site: http://www.itea-school.com/html/contact.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Year. Tuition: $8,000 per year. Enrollment: men 6, women 34. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Acupuncture (4 Yr)

LOVELAND

Classy Pet Grooming School

1542 W. Eisenhower Blvd., Loveland, CO 80537. Trade and Technical. Founded 1995. Contact: Astrid Kitchens, Owner, (970)667-7632, (970)667-2766, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.classypetgroomingschool.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Other. Tuition: $4,950 (includes tools) 12 wk course 300 hours. Enrollment: Total 6. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Pet Grooming (300 Hr)

MANCOS

San Juan Basin Technical College

33057 Highway 160, Mancos, CO 81328. Trade and Technical. Contact: William H. Lewis, President, (970)565-8457, Fax: (970)565-8450, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.sjbtc.edu. Public. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,680 in-state; $3,800 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

PUEBLO

Pueblo Community College

900 W. Orman Ave., Pueblo, CO 81004. Two-Year College. Founded 1979. Contact: Mary Santoro, Admissions, (719)549-3200, (719)549-3010, 888-642-6017, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.pueblocc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $85.61/credit hour CO resident; $363.96 non-resident. Enrollment: Total 1,543. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ADA; AOTA; CAAHEP; NLNAC; APTA; NATEF; NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Auto Body & Fender Repair (1 Yr); Auto Mechanics (1 Yr); Business, General Office (1 Yr); Business Management (1 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Dental Hygiene (2 Yr); Drafting Technology (2 Yr); Electronics Technology (1 Yr); Food Service & Management (1 Yr); Machine Technology (2 Yr); Nursing, Practical (1 Yr); Occupational Therapy Assistant (2 Yr); Physical Therapy Aide (2 Yr); Psychiatric Technology (1 Yr); Radiologic Technology (2 Yr); Ranch & Farm Management (1 Yr); Respiratory Therapy; Surgical Technology (2 Yr); Television & Radio Production (2 Yr)

United States Truck Driving School (Midway)

19825 Wigwam Rd., Pueblo, CO 81008. Trade and Technical. Founded 1959. Contact: Richard D. Lammers, Pres., (719)382-3000, 800-494-9706, Fax: (719)382-3004, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.ustruck.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $3,995. Enrollment: men 250, women 50. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Truck Driving (160 Hr)

RANGELY

Colorado Northwestern Community College

500 Kennedy Dr., Rangely, CO 81648. Cosmetology, Flight and Ground, Allied Medical, Two-Year College. Founded 1962. Contact: Gene Bilodeau, Dean, (970)675-2261, (970)824-0013, 800-562-1105, Fax: (970)675-3343, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cncc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $74.55 per credit hour, resident. Enrollment: men 594, women 830. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ADA; FAA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Aviation Maintenance Technology; Aviation Technology (2 Yr); Business, General Office (2 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Dental Hygiene (2 Yr); Instrumentation Technology (2 Yr); Microcomputers (2 Yr); Office, General (1 Yr); Secretarial, Data Processing (2 Yr); Secretarial, General (1 Yr); Secretarial, Legal (2 Yr); Secretarial, Science (2 Yr); Small Business Management (2 Yr); Word Processing (2 Yr)

RIFLE

Executive Security International

125 West 4th St., Ste. 103, Rifle, CO 81650. Other. Founded 1981. Contact: Bob Duggan, Owner, (970)625-9000, 888-718-3105, Fax: (970)625-9044, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.esi-lifeforce.com; Web Site: http://www.esi-lifeforce.com/mailform1.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies with program. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Investigation; Security Training

STERLING

Northeastern Junior College

100 College Ave., Sterling, CO 80751. Two-Year College. Founded 1941. Contact: Barbara Baker, (970)521-6600, (970)521-6611, 800-626-4637, Fax: (970)522-4945, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.njc.edu; Tina Joyce, Dir. Admissions, E-mail: [email protected] Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $2,315 in state; $7,195 out of state. Enrollment: Total 902. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Administrative Assistant (2 Yr); Agribusiness (1 Yr); Agriculture - Production (2 Yr); Automotive Technology (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Computer Networking (2 Yr); Cosmetology (1 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (2 Yr); Horticulture, Ornamental (2 Yr); Small Business Management (1 Yr)

THORNTON

Artistic Beauty Colleges - Thornton

3811 E. 120th Ave., Thornton, CO 80233. Cosmetology. Founded 1982. Contact: Dawn Williamson, Pres., (303)451-5808, (303)422-5219, 888-303-0267, Fax: (303)421-0986, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $12,600; $1,250 books and fees. Enrollment: men 4, women 42. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1450 Hr); Manicurist (350 Hr)

Denver Career College

500 E. 84th Ave., Ste. W-200, Thornton, CO 80229. Allied Medical, Other. Founded 1977. Contact: Peggy Marshall, (303)295-0550, 800-848-0550, Fax: (303)295-0102, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.denvercareercollege.com/index.html; Web Site: http://www.denvercareercollege.com/request-info.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Criminal Justice (18 Mo); Massage Therapy (7 Mo); Paralegal (20 Wk)

ITT Technical Institute

500 East 84th Ave., Thornton, CO 80229-5338. Trade and Technical. (303)288-4488, 800-395-4488, Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu; Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/contact/form.cfm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $14,196 per year. Enrollment: Total 578. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Computer Aided Drafting & Design (96 Credits); Computer Networking (96 Credits); Computer Programming, Games (96 Credits); Criminal Justice (96 Credits); Electrical Engineering Technology (96 Credits); Information Technology (96 Credits); Multimedia Design (96 Credits); Software Development/Engineering (96 Credits); Web Development (96 Credits)

Parks College

9065 Grant St, Thornton, CO 80229. Two-Year College. Founded 1895. Contact: Allan Short, Pres., (303)457-2757, 888-741-4271, Fax: (303)457-4030, Web Site: http://parks-college.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $13,204 yr. Enrollment: Total 1,129. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACICS; CAAHEP. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Computer Networking (2 Yr); Computer Technology (2 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Dental Office Management (7 Mo); Legal Assistant (2 Yr); Medical Administrative Assistant (7 Mo); Medical Assistant (2 Yr); Medical Insurance Specialist (6 Mo); Office Administration (6 Mo); Paralegal (2 Yr); Security Training (7 Mo)

TRINIDAD

Trinidad State Junior College

600 Prospect St., Trinidad, CO 81082. Two-Year College. Founded 1925. Contact: Ruth Ann Woods, Dean, (719)846-5011, (719)846-5541, 800-621-TSJC, Fax: (719)846-5667, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.trinidadstate.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $62.85 per credit hour, in-state; $244.00 per credit hour, out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 2,106. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Auto Mechanics; Building Trades; Business Administration; Commercial Art; Computer Information Science; Computer Networking; Correctional Science; Cosmetology; Criminal Justice; Early Childhood Specialist; Emergency Medical Technology; Engineering Technology; Farm Management Technology; Farm Operations; Graphic Design; Gunsmithing; Industrial Technology; Law Enforcement; Media Technology; Nurse, Assistant; Nursing, Practical; Nursing, R.N.; Office Technology; Safety Technology

TWIN LAKES

College of the Cannons

PO Box 118, Twin Lakes, CO 81251-0118. Trade and Technical. Founded 1965. Contact: Ernst F. Baumann, Pres., (719)275-4530, Fax: (719)542-1839. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $2,500 Mudlogging. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Petroleum Technology (120 Hr)

WESTMINSTER

Artistic Beauty Colleges - Westminster

3049 W. 74th Ave., Unit A, Westminster, CO 80030-4934. Cosmetology, Trade and Technical. Founded 1968. Contact: Sherri Cameron, Dir., (303)428-5100, 888-303-0267, Fax: (303)428-1874, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com; Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com/ContactUs.html. Private. Coed. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $15,425. Enrollment: men 3, women 91. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1450 Hr); Esthetician; Nail Technology (20 Cr. Hr.)

Colorado Locksmith College

4991 West 80th Ave, Ste. 103, PO Box 5, Westminster, CO 80036-0005. Trade and Technical. Founded 1986. Contact: Howard Smith, Dir., (303)427-7773, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.locksmithcollege.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $4,775. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Locksmithing

Denver Academy of Court Reporting

9051 Harlan St., Unit 20, Westminster, CO 80030. Business. Founded 1975. Contact: Sherry Becker, Dir. of Education, (303)427-5292, Fax: (303)427-5383, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.dacr.org. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $6,300; $435 books and supplies. Enrollment: men 14, women 240. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: ACICS; NCRA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Court Reporting (27 Mo)

Front Range Community College

3645 W. 112th Ave., Westminster, CO 80030. Two-Year College. Founded 1968. Contact: Karen Reinertson, Pres., (303)404-5000, (303)404-5422, Fax: (303)466-1623, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.frontrange.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $72.75/credit hr resident/$345.15 non-resident. Enrollment: Total 15,669. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Aircraft Powerplant Maintenance; Architectural Technology; Auto Body & Fender Repair; Auto Mechanics; Clerical, General; Computer Programming; Dental Assisting; Dietetic Technology; Drafting, Machine Design; Early Childhood Specialist; Electronics Technology; Horticulture; Machine Shop; Management; Marketing; Nursing, Vocational; Secretarial, General; Small Engine Repair; Stenography, General

WHEAT RIDGE

United States Truck Driving School (Wheat Ridge)

8150 W. 48th Ave., Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-3119. Trade and Technical. Founded 1959. Contact: Richard Lammers, Pres., (303)431-7600, 800-480-2523, Fax: (303)431-4417, Web Site: http://www.ustruck.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Month. Tuition: $3,995 for 160-hour program. Enrollment: men 300, women 50. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Truck Driving (120 Hr)

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Colorado

Colorado

1 Location and Size

2 Topography

3 Climate

4 Plants and Animals

5 Environmental Protection

6 Population

7 Ethnic Groups

8 Languages

9 Religions

10 Transportation

11 History

12 State Government

13 Political Parties

14 Local Government

15 Judicial System

16 Migration

17 Economy

18 Income

19 Industry

20 Labor

21 Agriculture

22 Domesticated Animals

23 Fishing

24 Forestry

25 Mining

26 Energy and Power

27 Commerce

28 Public Finance

29 Taxation

30 Health

31 Housing

32 Education

33 Arts

34 Libraries and Museums

35 Communications

36 Press

37 Tourism, Travel & Recreation

38 Sports

39 Famous Coloradans

40 Bibliography

State of Colorado

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: From the Spanish word colorado, meaning red or reddish brown. The Colorado River often runs red during flood stages.

NICKNAME : The Centennial State.

CAPITAL: Denver.

ENTERED UNION: 1 August 1876 (38th).

OFFICIAL SEAL: The coat of arms surrounded by the words “State of Colorado 1876.”

FLAG: Superimposed on three equal horizontal bands of blue, white, and blue is a large red “C” encircling a golden disk.

COAT OF ARMS: The upper portion of a heraldic shield shows three snow-capped mountains surrounded by clouds; the lower portion has a miner’s pick and shovel crossed. Above the shield are an eye of God and a Roman fasces, symbolizing the republican form of government; the state motto is below.

MOTTO: Nil sine numine (Nothing without providence).

SONG: “Where the Columbines Grow.”

FLOWER: Columbine.

TREE: Blue spruce.

ANIMAL: Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep.

BIRD: Lark bunting.

FISH: Greenback cutthroat trout.

GEM: Aquamarine.

FOSSIL: Stegasaurus.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year’s Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Lincoln’s Birthday, 12 February; Washington’s Birthday, 3rd Monday in February; Cesar Chavez Day, 31 March; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Colorado Day, 1st Monday in August; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Election Day, 1st Tuesday after 1st Monday in November in even-numbered years; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME: 5 AM MST = noon GMT.

1 Location and Size

Located in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States, Colorado ranks eighth in size among the 50 states. The state’s total area is 104,091 square miles (269,596 square kilometers), of which 103,595 square miles (268,311 square kilometers) consist of land and 496 square miles (1,285 square kilometers) are inland waters. Shaped in an almost perfect rectangle, Colorado extends 387 miles (623 kilometers) east-west and 276 miles (444 kilometers) north-south. The total length of Colorado’s boundaries is 1,307 miles (2,103 kilometers).

2 Topography

With a mean average elevation of 6,800 feet (2,074 meters), Colorado is the nation’s highest state. Dominating the state are the Rocky Mountains. Colorado has 54 peaks 14,000 feet (4,300 meters) or higher, including Elbert, the highest in the Rockies at 14,433 feet (4,402 meters), and Pikes Peak, at 14,110 feet (4,301 meters).

The entire eastern third of the state is part of the western Great Plains, a high plateau that includes Colorado’s lowest point, 3,350 feet (1,022 meters), on the Arkansas River. Slightly west of the state’s geographic center, is the Continental Divide, which separates the Rockies into the Eastern and Western slopes. Several glaciers, including Arapahoe, St. Mary’s, Andrews, and Taylor, are located on peaks at or near the Continental Divide. Colorado’s western region is mostly mesa country—broad, flat plateaus accented by deep ravines and gorges, with many subterranean caves. The Yampa and Green gorges are located in the northwestern corner of the state.

Blue Mesa Reservoir in Gunnison County is Colorado’s largest lake. Six major river systems originate in Colorado: the Colorado River, which runs southwest from the Rockies to Utah; the South Platte, northeast to Nebraska; the North Platte, north to Wyoming; the Rio Grande, south to New Mexico; and the Arkansas and Republican, east to Kansas. Dams on these rivers provide irrigation for the state’s farmland

Colorado Population Profile

Total population estimate in 2006:4,753,377
Population change, 2000–06:10.5%
Hispanic or Latino†:19.5%
Population by race 
One race:97.4%
White:83.5%
Black or African American:3.6%
American Indian /Alaska Native:0.9%
Asian:2.6%
Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander:0.1%
Some other race:6.7%
Two or more races:2.6%

Population by Age Group

Major Cities by Population
City Population % change 2000–05
Notes: †A person of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race. NA indicates that data are not available.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey and Population Estimates. www.census.gov/ (accessed March 2007).
Denver557,9170.6
Colorado Springs369,8152.5
Aurora297,2357.5
Lakewood140,671-2.4
Fort Collins128,0267.9
Thornton105,18227.7
Westminster105,0844.1
Arvada103,9661.8
Pueblo103,4951.3
Centennial98,243NA

and water supplies for cities and towns. Eighteen hot springs are still active in Colorado; the largest is at Pagosa Springs.

3 Climate

Colorado has a highland continental climate with abundant sunshine and low humidity. Winters are generally cold and snowy. Summers are characterized by warm, dry days and cool nights. The average annual temperature statewide ranges from 54°f (12°c) at Lamar and at John Martin Dam to about 32°f (0°c) at the top of the Continental Divide. In Denver, normal temperatures range from 16° to 43°f (-9° to 6°c) in January and from 59° to 88°f (15° to 31°c) in July. The city of Bennett recorded the highest temperature in Colorado, 118°f (48°c), on 11 July 1888. The record low in the state was -61°f (-52 °c), in Moffat County on 1 February 1985. Annual precipitation ranges from a low of 7 inches (18 centimeters) in Alamosa to a high of 25 inches (64 centimeters) in Crested Butte. Denver receives about 15.8 inches (40 centimeters) of rain per year. Denver’s snowfall averages 60.3 inches (153.2 centimeters) yearly. The average snowfall at Cubres in the southern mountains is nearly 300 inches (762 centimeters). Less than 30 miles (48 kilometers) away at Manassa, snowfall is less than 25 inches (64 centimeters) per year. On 14–15 April 1921, Silver Lake had 76 inches (193 centimeters) of snowfall, the highest amount ever recorded in North America during a 24-hour period.

Colorado Population by Race

Census 2000 was the first national census in which the instructions to respondents said, “Mark one or more races.” This table shows the number of people who are of one, two, or three or more races. For those claiming two races, the number of people belonging to the various categories is listed. The U.S. government conducts a census of the population every ten years.

 Number Percent
Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Census 2000: Redistricting Data. Press release issued by the Redistricting Data Office. Washington, D.C., March, 2001. A dash (—) indicates that the percent is less than 0.1.
Total population4,301,261100.0
One race4,179,07497.2
Two races114,6122.7
White and Black or African American13,4260.3
White and American Indian/Alaska Native24,7950.6
White and Asian16,2340.4
White and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander1,735
White and some other race42,3831.0
Black or African American and American Indian/Alaska Native2,4860.1
Black or African American and Asian1,518
Black or African American and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander291
Black or African American and some other race3,8760.1
American Indian/Alaska Native and Asian637
American Indian/Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander107
American Indian/Alaska Native and some other race2,9460.1
Asian and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander1,234
Asian and some other race2,5340.1
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander and some other race410
Three or more races7,5750.2

4 Plants and Animals

Colorado has a variety of vegetation distributed among five zones: plains, foothills, montane, subalpine, and alpine. The plains teem with grasses and as many as 500 types of wildflowers. Arid regions contain two dozen varieties of cacti. Foothills are matted with berry shrubs, lichens, lilies, and orchids. Fragile wild flowers, shrubs, and conifers thrive in the montane zone. Aspen and Engelmann spruce are found up to the timberline. As of 2003, 13 plant species were listed as threatened or endangered, including three species of cacti, two species of milk-vetch, Penland beardtongue, and Colorado butterfly plant.

Colorado has 747 nongame wildlife species and 113 sport-game species. Principal biggame species include the elk, mountain lion, and Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep (the state animal). The lark bunting is the state bird. Blue grouse and mourning doves are numerous and 28 duck species have been sighted. Colorado has about 100 sport-fish species. In 2006, a total of 30 species were on the endangered or threatened species list of the US Fish and Wildlife Service. The Mexican spotted owl and bald eagle are among threatened species. The razorback sucker, gray wolf, whooping crane, black-footed ferret, southwestern willow flycatcher, and bonytail chub are among endangered species.

5 Environmental Protection

The Department of Natural Resources and the Department of Health share responsibility of state environmental programs. In 1978, Colorado became the first state in the United States to encourage taxpayers to allocate part of their state income tax refunds to wildlife conservation. In addition, a state lottery was approved in the late 1980s, with proceeds approved for Great Outdoors Colorado (GOCO) to be used for parks improvement and wildlife and resource management.

Air pollution, water supply problems, and hazardous wastes head the list of Colorado’s current environmental concerns. The Air Quality Control Commission, within the Department of Health, has primary responsibility for air pollution control. Because of high levels of carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particulates in metropolitan Denver, Colorado Springs, Pueblo, and other cities, a motor vehicle emissions inspection system is in effect. Cars must use oxygenated fuels, and pass tough vehicle emissions controls.

About 98% of Colorado’s drinking water complies with federal and state standards. The Colorado Department of Health works with local officials to ensure federal standards for drinking water are met. The Department of Natural Resources’ Water Conservation Board and Division of Water Resources are responsible for addressing water-related problems.

The Department of Health has primary responsibility for hazardous waste management. In 2003, the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) database listed 202 hazardous waste sites in Colorado, 17 of which were on the National Priorities List as of 2006. As of 2005, the EPA spent over $22.9 million through the Superfund program for the cleanup of hazardous waste sites in the state.

6 Population

In 2006, Colorado was the 22nd most populous state in the country. That year, the population was estimated at 4,753,377 people. The population density in 2004 was 44.4 persons per square mile (17.14 per square kilometer). The US Census Bureau projects that the population will reach 5.5 million by 2025. The estimated median age as of 2004 was 34.53 years. In 2005, about 10% of all residents were 65 years old or older and about 26% were 18 years old or younger.

Denver is the state’s largest city. In 2005, it was the 25th largest city in the nation with a population of 557,917. Populations of other cities in 2005 were Colorado Springs, 369,815; Aurora, 297,235; Lakewood, 140,671; Fort Collins, 128,026; Thornton, 105,182; Westminster, 105,084; Arvada, 103,966; and Pueblo, 103,495.

7 Ethnic Groups

According to the 2000 census, the number of Native Americans in Colorado numbered 44,241. The black population numbered about 165,063. There were 735,601 Hispanic and Latino residents and over 95,213 Asians. About 11,571 of the Asians were Japanese, 16,395 were Korean, 15,457 were Vietnamese, 15,658 were Chinese, and 8,941 were Filipino. The population of Pacific Islanders was estimated at 4,621 in 2000. In all, 369,903 residents, or 8.6% of the state population, were foreign born in 2000.

8 Languages

Colorado English is a mixture of the Northern and Midland dialects. In the northeast spread, a resident might use the terms sick to the stomach, pail, and comforter (tied and filled bedcover) for things that those in the northwest and the southern half would call sick at the stomach, bucket, and comfort. In the southern half of the state, the large Hispanic population has introduced many Spanish words, such as arroyo (gulley), into the language. In 2000, 3,402,266 Coloradans, or 84.9% of the residents five years old and older, spoke only English at home. Other primary languages spoken, and the number of residents who speak them, are Spanish, 421,670 people; German, 30,824, and French 18,045.

9 Religions

The Spanish explorers who laid claim to (but did not settle in) Colorado were Roman Catholic, but the first American settlers were mostly Methodists, Lutherans, and Episcopalians. As of 2004, Roman Catholics comprise the single largest religious group in the state, with 627,753 adherents. The second-largest group is the Latter-day Saints with 126,118 adherents in 275 congregations as of 2006. The Southern Baptist Convention with 85,083 adherents and the United Methodist Church with 77,286 adherents in 2000 were the next largest groups

There were about 72,000 adherents in the Jewish community in 2000. The same year, there were about 72 Buddhist, 7 Hindu, and 12 Muslim congregations in the state. About 60.5% of the population were not counted as members of any religious organization.

10 Transportation

As the hub of the Rocky Mountain states, Colorado maintains extensive road and rail systems. As of 2003, there were 3,645 rail miles (5,868 kilometers) of track in the state, utilized by 14 railroads. As of 2006, two Amtrak trains, the California Zephyr and the Southwest Chief, provided service to nine cities in Colorado.

Colorado has an extensive network of roads, including 29 mountain passes. As of 2004, there were 87,096 miles (140,225 kilometers) of roadway in Colorado. The major state roads are Interstate 70, US 40, and US 50, all crossing the state from east to west, and Interstate 25 running north–south along the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains between Raton Pass and Cheyenne, Wyoming. Interstate 76 connects Denver with Nebraska’s I-80 to Omaha.

Of the 1.99 million motor vehicles registered in 2004, 880,000 were automobiles, 1.096 million were trucks, and 2,000 were buses. There were 3,205,054 licensed drivers that year.

In 2005, Colorado had a total of 437 public and private-use aviation-related facilities, including 259 airports, 172 heliports, and 6 STOLports (Short Take-Off and Landing). Denver International Airport (DIA) replaced the former Stapleton International Airport in 1994 as the state’s largest and busiest. In 2003, Centennial Airport ranked as the second-busiest general aviation airport in the nation.

11 History

By ad 800 there were tribes of Pueblos in present-day Colorado, who practiced advanced forms of agriculture and pottery making. From the 11th through the 13th centuries, the Pueblos constructed elaborate apartment-like dwellings in the cliffs of the Colorado canyons and planted their crops both on the mesa tops and in the surrounding valleys.

The explorer Juan de Onate is believed to have traveled into the southeastern area in 1601. In 1706, Juan de Uribarri claimed southeastern Colorado for Spain, joining it with New Mexico. Meanwhile, the French had claimed most of the area east of the Rocky Mountains. In 1763, France formally ceded the Louisiana Territory to Spain, which returned it to the French in 1801. Two years later, as part of the Louisiana Purchase, Colorado east of the Rockies became US land; the rest of Colorado still belonged to Spain.

Eastern Colorado remained a wilderness for the next few decades, although traders and scouts like Kit Carson did venture into the largely uncharted land, establishing friendly relations with the Indians. Between 1842 and 1853, John C. Frémont led five expeditions into the region, the first three for the US government. Western and southern Colorado came into US possession after the Mexican War (1846–48).

The magnet that drew many Americans to Colorado was the greatly exaggerated report of a gold strike in Cherry Creek (present-day Denver) in July 1858. The subsequent boom led to the founding of such mining towns as Boulder, Colorado City, Central City, and Gold Hill. By 1860, the population exceeded 30,000. A bill to organize the Territory of Colorado was passed by the US Congress on 28 February 1861. Colorado sided with the Union during the Civil War, though some settlers fought for the Confederacy.

The 1860s also saw the most serious conflict between Indians and white settlers in Colorado history. After ceding most of their tribal holdings to the US government, the Cheyenne and Arapaho, unsuccessful at farming, resumed a nomadic lifestyle. They hunted buffalo, raided towns, and attacked travelers along the Overland and Sante Fe trails. On 29 November, US military forces under the command of Colonel John Chivington brutally massacred as many as 200 Native Americans near their reservation in the Arkansas Valley.

Statehood Colorado entered the Union as the 38th state on 1 August 1876, during the presidency of Ulysses S. Grant. In the early years of statehood, silver strikes at Leadville and Aspen brought settlers and money into Colorado. Rail lines, smelters, and refineries were built, and large coalfields were opened up. The High Plains attracted new farmers, and another new industry—tourism—emerged. As early as the 1860s, resorts had opened near some of the state’s mineral springs.

Colorado’s boom years ended with a depression during the early 1890s, when the silver market declined. By the dawn of the 20th century, farmers were returning to the land. The development of the automobile and the advent of good roads opened up more of the mountain areas, bringing a big boom in tourism by the 1920s.

From 1920 to 1940, statewide employment declined, and population growth lagged behind that of the United States as a whole. World War II brought military training camps, airfields, and jobs to the state. After the war, the placement of both the North American Air Defense Command and the US Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs helped stimulate the growth of

defense, federal research, and aerospace-related industries in the state.

As these and other industries grew, so too did Colorado’s population and income. Between 1960 and 1983, the state’s population growth rate was more than twice that of the nation as a whole; and between 1970 and 1983, Colorado moved from 18th to 9th rank among the states in income per capita (per person). In the 1970s and early 1980s, Colorado experienced a boom in its oil, mining, and electronics industries. The economy began to shrink, however, in the mid-1980s with the drop in oil prices and the closing of mines. Business starts declined by 23% between 1987 and 1988.

The economy rebounded by the early 1990s, aided by the presence of an educated workforce and the low cost of doing business in the state. Industry became more diverse, now including oil and gas, telecommunications, retail, and, very importantly, high technology.

On 20 April 1999, the affluent Denver suburb of Littleton made headlines around the world after two teenaged gunmen entered Columbine High School and went on a shooting rampage, killing 12 students and one teacher before turning their guns on themselves. Several others were injured. The tragic event heightened the national debate on gun control and reopened the discussion about what effect media violence has had on the nation’s youth.

Major challenges facing Colorado in the 21st century included industrial pollution of its air and water, overcrowding on the Rockies eastern slope (home to four-fifths of the state’s population), and water shortages. Also, the practice

Colorado Governors: 1886–2007

1886–1879John Long RouttRepublican
1879–1883Frederick Walker PitkinRepublican
1883–1885James Benton GrantDemocrat
1885–1887Bejamin Harrison EatonRepublican
1887–1889Alva AdamsDemocrat
1889–1891Job Adams CooperRepublican
1891–1893John Long RouttRepublican
1893–1895Davis Hanson WaitePopulist
1895–1897Albert Wills McIntireRepublican
1897–1899Alva AdamsDemocrat
1899–1901Charles Spalding ThomasDemocrat
1901–1903James B. OrmanDemocrat
1903–1905James Hamilton PeabodyRepublican
1905Alva AdamsDemocrat
1905James Hamilton PeabodyRepublican
1905–1907Jesse Fuller McDonaldRepublican
1907–1909Henry Augustus BuchtelRepublican
1909–1913John Franklin ShafrothDemocrat
1913–1915Elias Milton AmmonsDemocrat
1915–1917George Alfred CarlsonRepublican
1917–1919Julius Caldeen GunterDemocrat
1919–1923Oliver Henry Nelson ShoupRepublican
1923–1925William Ellery SweetDemocrat
1925–1927Clarence J. MorleyRepublican
1927–1933William Herbert AdamsDemocrat
1933–1937Edwin Carl JohnsonDemocrat
1937Ray H. TalbotDemocrat
1937–1939Teller AmmonsDemocrat
1939–1943Ralph L. CarrRepublican
1943–1947John Charles VivianRepublican
1947–1950William Lee KnousDemocrat
1950–1951Walter Walfred JohnsonDemocrat
1951–1955Daniel Isaac J. ThorntonRepublican
1955–1957Edwin Carl JohnsonDemocrat
1957–1963Stephen L. R. McNicholsDemocrat
1963–1973John A. LoveRepublican
1973–1975John David VanderhoofRepublican
1975–1987Richard David LammDemocrat
1987–1999Roy RomerDemocrat
1999–2006Bill OwensRepublican
2006–William Ritter, Jr.Democrat

of open-pit gold mining had become an environmental problem, as the cyanide used to dissolve gold in the mines leaches into streams and rivers.

Colorado was among the western states ravaged by wildfires during the summer of 2000, the worst fire season since 1988. In the summer of 2002, wildfires burned over 7.1 million acres of public and private land. The Hayman fire of 2002 was called the largest wildfire in Colorado history. The Hayman fire burned 138,577 acres of Colorado land thirty miles southwest of Denver. Another major 2002 wildfire was the Missionary Ridge fire: it burned 72,964 acres of land north and northeast of Durango.

12 State Government

Colorado’s constitution, which was ratified in 1876, had been amended 145 times by January 2005. In 2002 voters approved several constitutional reforms, including a campaign finance reform measure.

Colorado’s general assembly, which meets annually, consists of a 35-member senate and 65-member house of representatives. There is no constitutional limit to the length of a session, and the legislature may call special sessions by request of two-thirds of the members of each house.

The executive branch is headed by the governor, who submits the budget and legislative programs to the general assembly, and appoints judges, department heads, boards, and commissions. Elected with the governor is the lieutenant governor, who assumes the governor’s duties in the governor’s absence.

Bills may originate in either house of the general assembly and become law when passed by majority vote of each house and signed by the

Colorado Presidential Vote by Political Parties, 1948–2004

YEAR WINNER DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN PROGRESSIVE SOCIALIST SOC. LABOR
* Won US presidential election.
1948*Truman (D)267,288239,7146,1151,678
     CONSTITUTION  
1952*Eisenhower (R)245,504379,7821,9192,181
1956*Eisenhower (R)263,997394,4797593,308
     SOC. WORKERS  
1960Nixon (R)330,629402,2425632,803
1964*Johnson (D)476,024296,7672,537
    AMERICAN IND .  
1968*Nixon (R)335,174409,34560,8132353,016
    AMERICAN   
1972*Nixon (R)329,980597,18917,2696664,361
      LIBERTARIAN
1976Ford (R)460,801584,2783971,1225,338
    STATESMAN CITIZENS  
1980*Reagan (R)368,009652,2641,1805,61425,744
1984*Reagan (R)454,975821,817NEW ALLIANCE 11,257
1988*Bush (R)621,453728,1772,49115,482
    IND. (PEROT)   
1992*Clinton (D)629,681562,850366,0101,6088,669
     GREEN (NADER)  
1996Dole (R)671,152691,84899,62925,07012,392
2000*Bush, G. W. (R)738,227883,74891,434712216
2004*Bush, G. W. (R)1,001,7321,101,255

governor. A bill may also become law if the governor fails to act on it within 10 days after receiving it. A two-thirds vote in each house is needed to override a gubernatorial veto.

The governor’s salary as of December 2004 was $90,000, unchanged from 1999.

13 Political Parties

The Republicans controlled most statewide offices prior to 1900. Since then, the parties have been more evenly balanced. Of the 2,990,000 registered voters in 2004, 30% were estimated to be Democrats; 36% were Republicans; and 33% were unaffiliated or members of other parties. Following the November 2006 election, the state had one Democratic and one Republican US Senator, and four Democratic and three Republican US Representatives.

Following the 2006 elections, the Democrats held control of the state senate (20 Democrats to 15 Republicans) and the state house (39 Democrats to 26 Republicans).There were 32 women serving in the state legislature, or 32%. For the first time in 28 years, a Republican, Bill Owens, was elected governor in 1998 and reelected in 2002. In 2006, Democrat William Ritter Jr. was elected governor. In the 2004 presidential election, incumbent President George W. Bush carried Colorado with 54% of the vote, while Democrat John Kerry won 48.8% of the vote. Ben Nighthorse Campbell, then the only Native American in Congress, was reelected to a second term as senator in 1998. He did not run for reelection in 2004.

14 Local Government

As of 2005 there were 63 counties, 270 municipal governments, cities, towns, and designated places, and 176 school districts. There were 1,414 special districts. The administrative and policymaking body in each county is the board of county commissioners. Other county officials include the county clerk, treasurer, assessor, sheriff, coroner, superintendent of schools, surveyor, and attorney.

Statutory cities are those whose structure is defined by the state constitution. Power is delegated by the general assembly to either a council-manager or mayor-council form of government. Towns, which generally have fewer than 2,000 residents, are governed by a mayor and a board of trustees.

Denver, Colorado’s capital and largest city, is run by a mayor and city council. A city auditor, independently elected, serves as a check on the mayor.

15 Judicial System

The supreme court, the highest court in Colorado, consists of seven justices elected on a nonpartisan ballot. The next highest court, the court of appeals, consists of 16 judges and is confined to civil matters.

County courts hear minor civil disputes and misdemeanors. Appeals from the Denver county courts are heard in Denver’s superior court. Municipal courts throughout the state handle violations of municipal ordinances. Colorado’s FBI Crime Index reported that the violent crime rate in 2004 was 373.5 per 100,000 people. Crimes against property that same year totaled 3,919.3 incidents per 100,000 people. There were 20,293 inmates in state and federal prisons as of 31 December 2004. Colorado has a death penalty and had executed one person between 1976 and 5 May 2006.

16 Migration

The discovery of gold in 1858 brought an avalanche of prospectors. Some of these migrants later moved westward into the Rockies and Colorado River canyons. In 1873, another gold strike brought settlers into the Ute territory, eventually driving the Indians into a small reservation in the southwestern corner of the state. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the sparsely populated eastern plains were settled by farmers from Kansas and Nebraska and by immigrants from Scandinavia, Germany, and Russia.

Since the end of World War II, net migration into the state has been substantial, amounting to over 880,000 between 1950 and 1990. A number of migrant workers, mostly Mexican Americans, work seasonally in the western orchards and fields. In the period 2000–05, net international migration was 112,217 and net internal migration was 47,740, for a net gain of 159,957 people.

17 Economy

With its abundant reserves of coal, natural gas, and other minerals—and the economic potential of its vast oil-shale deposits—Colorado is a major mining state, although the mineral industry’s share of the state economy declined throughout the 20th century. Agriculture, primarily livestock, remains important. Trade is the leading source of employment, while real estate is the principal contributor to the gross state product. The US government employs tens of thousands of people, making it a driving force in Colorado’s economy. Tourism has also expanded in all areas of the state.

The 2001 national recession affected the state, as growth slowed, particularly in manufacturing. In 2002, the state posted its first decline in employment since 1986.

In 2004, the real estate sector accounted for 13.9% of gross state product (GSP), followed by professional and technical services (8.5%), and construction (6%). Mining, long a staple of the state’s economy, accounted for only 1.9% of GSP. In 2004, Colorado had an estimated 493,886 small businesses. An estimated 23,694 new companies were formed in 2004, up 5.8% from 2003. Business terminations in 2004 totaled 9,734, a drop of 26.5% from 2003. However, business bankruptcies rose to 786 in 2004, an increase of 42.4% from 2003.

18 Income

In 2005, Colorado had a gross state product (GSP) of $216 billion, placing the state at number 21 in the highest GSP among the 50 states and the District of Columbia. In 2004, Colorado ranked 10th among the 50 states in per capita (per person) income, with $36,113. Averaged over the 2002–04 period, the median household income was $51,022, compared to the national average of $44,473. During the same period, 9.8% of the state’s residents lived below the federal poverty level, as compared to 12.4% nationwide.

19 Industry

Colorado is the main manufacturing center of the Rocky Mountain states; the value of shipments by manufacturers was $33.6 billion in 2004. During the 1980s and 1990s, high-technology research and manufacturing grew substantially in the state. The major industries are food and food products, computer and electronic products, beverage and tobacco products, miscellaneous manufacturing, and transportation equipment.

In 2004, a total of 132,925 people in Colorado were employed in the manufacturing sector. The computer and electronic product manufacturing industry accounted for the largest portion of all manufacturing employees at 17,690. Colorado’s manufacturing sector paid $5.9 billion in wages in 2004.

20 Labor

In April 2006, the civilian labor force in Colorado numbered 2,636,700, with approximately 113,100 workers unemployed, yielding an unemployment rate of 4.3%, compared to the national average of 4.7% for the same period. As of April 2006, 7.3% of the nonfarm labor force was employed in construction; 6.6% in manufacturing; 18.5% in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 7.1% in financial activities; 14.4% in professional and business services; 10% in education and health services; 11.5% in leisure and hospitality services; and 16.1% in government.

Colorado’s labor history has been marked by major disturbances in the mining industry. From 1881 to 1886, the Knights of Labor led at least 35 strikes in the mines. During the 1890s, the Western Federation of Miners went on strike from hard-rock mines in Telluride and Cripple Creek. The United Mine Workers, who came into the state in 1899, shut down operations at numerous mines in 1900 and 1903. Violence was common in these disputes. In 1917, the state legislature created the Colorado Industrial Commission, whose purpose is to investigate all labor disputes.

In 2005, 170,000 of Colorado’s 2,052,000 employed wage and salary workers were members of unions. This represented 8.3% of those so employed. The national average was 12%.

21 Agriculture

Colorado ranked 14th among the 50 states in agricultural income in 2005, at $5.65 billion. As of 2004 there were 30,900 farms and ranches covering about 30.9 million acres (12.5 million hectares). The major crop-growing areas are the east and east-central plains for sugar beets, beans, potatoes, and grains; the Arkansas Valley for grains and peaches; and the Western Slope for grains and fruits.

In 2004, Colorado ranked seventh in the United States in production of dry edible beans and fifth in barley production. Colorado is also a leading producer of wheat. Other field crops include sugar beets, corn, hay, and sorghum. In 2004, Colorado produced 533,800 tons of fresh market vegetables, 27 million pounds (12.3 million kilograms) of commercial apples, and 12 million pounds (5.4 million kilograms) of peaches. About 100 tons of tart cherries were harvested in 2004. Colorado is also a major grower of roses.

22 Domesticated Animals

A leading sheep-producing state, Colorado is also a major area for cattle and other livestock. Huge tracts of pasture land are leased from the federal government by both cattle and sheep ranchers, with cattle mostly confined to the eastern plains and sheep to the western part of the state.

The estimate of the number of cattle and calves for 2005 was 2,500,000 with an estimated total value at $2.5 billion. Colorado had an estimated 800,000 hogs and pigs in 2004 with an estimated total value at $76 million. In 2003 Colorado produced 62.6 million pounds (28.5 million kilograms) of sheep and lambs at a gross income of $96.6 million. Colorado was estimated to have produced an estimated 2.57 million pounds (1.1 million kilograms) of shorn wool in 2004.

Other livestock products in 2003 included chickens, at an estimated 8.7 million pounds (4 million kilograms), and milk, estimated at 2.17 billion pounds (1.0 billion kilograms). In the same year, the state produced an estimated 1.1 billion eggs.

23 Fishing

There is virtually no commercial fishing in Colorado. The many warm-water lakes lure the state’s 752,060 licensed sport anglers with perch, black bass, and trout, while walleyes are abundant in mountain streams. The Hotchkiss National Fish Hatchery produces and distributes trout to stock over 80 different water areas in Colorado and New Mexico.

24 Forestry

As of 2004, approximately 21,637,000 acres (8,756,494 hectares) of forested lands were located in Colorado. In spite of this wood resource, however, commercial forestry is not a major element of the state’s economy. Lumber production in 2004 was 135 million board feet. In Colorado, forestry emphasis occurs in diverse areas: traditional forest management and stewardship, urban and community forestry, resource protection (from wildfire, insects, and disease), and tree planting and care. As of 2005, Colorado had 12 national forests; gross national forest acreage as of 2003 was 16,015,000 acres (6,481,271 hectares).

25 Mining

According to the US Geological Survey estimates, the value of nonfuel mineral production for 2004 was about $1.01 billion. Industrial minerals, especially construction gravel, portland cement, and crushed stone, account for much of the state’s nonfuel mineral production. However, in 2004 metals accounted for almost 52% of all nonfuel mineral production, of which (in descending order), molybdenum concentrates, gold, and silver were the top three.

In 2004, Colorado ranked second in the nation in production of molybdenum and third in soda ash. The state ranked 4th in the production of gold and 10th in silver. Overall, the state ranked 17th among the 50 states in total nonfuel mineral production, by value. In 2004, Colorado mined 40.9 million metric tons of sand and gravel, 11 million metric tons of crushed stone, 26,000 tons of lime, and 249,000,000 metric tons of clay.

26 Energy and Power

An abundant supply of coal, oil, and natural gas makes Colorado a major energy-producing state. During 2003, 46.6 billion kilowatt hours of electricity were generated in Colorado, about 77.5% of that in coal-fired plants. Petroleum production in 2004 was 60,000 barrels per day (the 11th highest in the nation). Proven reserves contained 225 million barrels (the 11th highest in the nation). The marketed natural gas production in 2004 was nearly 1.08 trillion cubic feet (30.65 billion cubic meters). As of 31 December 2004, reserves were at nearly 14.7 trillion cubic feet (418.7 billion cubic meters).

In 2004, Colorado’s coal output was 39.87 million tons. In 2004, Colorado had 13 producing coal mines, 5 of which were surface mines and 8 of which were underground. Recoverable coal reserves in 2004 totaled 415 million tons.

In 2000, Colorado’s total per capita energy consumption was 279 million Btu (70.3 million kilocalories), ranking it 41st among the states.

Colorado holds the major portion of the nation’s proved oil shale reserves. Because of its ample sunshine and wind, Colorado is also well suited to renewable energy development. Among the many energy-related facilities in the state is the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden.

27 Commerce

Colorado is the leading wholesale and retail distribution center for the Rocky Mountain states. Sales from wholesale trade totaled $92.09 billion in 2002, and retail sales totaled $52.2 billion. Exports in 2005 included $6.7 billion in goods.

28 Public Finance

The governor’s Office of State Planning and Budgeting has lead responsibility for preparing the annual budget, which is presented to the general assembly on 1 November. The legislature is expected to adopt the budget in May for the fiscal year, which runs from 1 July to 30 June. The constitution requires that the budget be balanced as submitted, as passed, and as signed into law. These requirements are part of the Colorado Taxpayer’s Bill of Rights (TABOR), the name for a set of amendments adopted in 1992. The amendment also requires a vote of the people for any new or increased taxes.

Revenues for 2004 were $23 billion and expenditures were $18 billion. The largest general expenditures were for education ($6.3 billion), public welfare ($3.5 billion), and highways ($1.4 billion). Colorado’s outstanding debt totaled $9.8 billion or $2,145.75 per person.

29 Taxation

As of 1 January 2006, the state of Colorado had an individual income tax bracket of 4.63% of federal taxable income. The corporate tax rate is the same flat rate. The state also had a 2.9% general sales tax, however, food and prescription drugs are exempt from the general sales tax. There are also selective sales taxes (excises) on tobacco products, alcoholic beverages, pari-mutuel racing, motor fuels, insurance premiums, public utilities, and other selected goods, as well as various license fees.

Colorado municipalities are allowed to levy sales and use taxes. Property taxes are the major source of revenue for local governments.

State tax collections in Colorado in 2005 totaled $7.648 billion in 2005. Of the total, 49.3% came from individual income taxes, 26.2% from the general sales tax, 13.8% from selective sales taxes, 4.1% from the corporate income tax; and 6.6% from other taxes.

Colorado’s infant mortality rate was 6.6 per 1,000 live births in October 2005. The death rate from all causes was 6.5 per 1,000 population. As of 2002, the death rates for major causes of death (per 100,000 resident population) were: heart disease, 142.6; cancer, 141.7; cerebrovascular diseases, 42.5; chronic lower respiratory diseases, 41; and diabetes, 14.6. The death rate due to HIV infection in 2000 was 2.3 per 100,000 population. In 2002, about 51.5% of the population was considered overweight or obese. As of 2004, about 20% of state residents were smokers.

In 2003, Colorado’s 68 community hospitals had 9,500 beds and reported 444,000 admissions. Hospital personnel included 12,230 full-time registered nurses and 964 full-time licensed practical nurses. The state had 268 physicians per 100,000 population in 2004 and 708 nurses per 100,000 in 2005. In 2003, the average cost per day for inpatient care was $1,551. In 2004, 17% of the adult population was uninsured. The state’s only medical school is the University of Colorado Medical Center in Denver.

31 Housing

In 2004, there were an estimated 2,010,806 housing units in the state, of which 1,850,238 units were occupied. About 68.6% were owner-occupied. About 63.4% of all units were single-family, detached homes. It was estimated that about 65,261 units were without telephone service, 6,527 lacked complete plumbing facilities, and 7,242 lacked complete kitchen facilities. Though most homes employed gas and electricity as heating fuel, about 3,362 units were equipped for solar power heating. The average household size was 2.43 people.

In 2004, 46,500 new privately-owned housing units were authorized. The median home value was $211,740. The median monthly cost for mortgage owners was $1,355 while the cost for renters was at a median of $724 per month.

32 Education

As of 2004, 35.5% of all residents ages 25 and older had completed four or more years of college. About 86.9% of all adult Coloradans were high school graduates.

Total enrollment in public schools was estimated at 752,000 in fall 2002 and expected to be 833,000 by fall 2014. Enrollment in private schools in fall 2003 was 50,123. Expenditures for public education in 2003/04 were estimated at $6.8 billion.

As of fall 2002, there were 282,343 students enrolled in institutions of higher education. As of 2005, Colorado had 75 degree-granting institutions. The oldest state school is the Colorado School of Mines, founded in Golden in 1869. Although chartered in 1861, the University of Colorado did not open until 1876. Its Boulder campus is now the largest in the state. Colorado State University was founded at Ft. Collins in 1870. The University of Denver was chartered in 1864 as the Colorado Seminary of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Colorado is also the home of the United States Air Force Academy.

33 Arts

The Colorado Council on the Arts (est. 1967) and the Colorado Endowment for the Humanities (est. 1974) sponsors many arts programs throughout the state. The Council on the Arts is affiliated with the regional Western States Art Federation. Colorado’s arts programs include the contributions of well over 100,000 artists. Arts education programs are presented to over 11,000 schoolchildren. In 2003, there were over 80 local arts organizations in the state.

From its earliest days of statehood, Colorado has been receptive to the arts. Such showplaces as the Tabor Opera House in Leadville and the Tabor Grand Opera House in Denver were among the most elaborate buildings in the Old West. Newer centers are Denver’s Boettcher Concert Hall, which opened in 1978 as the home of the Denver Symphony, and the adjacent Helen G. Bonfils Theater Complex, which opened in 1980 and houses a repertory theater company.

Other artistic organizations include the Colorado Springs Symphony, Colorado Opera Festival of Colorado Springs, the Central City Opera House Association, and the Four Corners Opera Association in Durango. The amphitheater in Red Rocks Park near Denver, formed by red sandstone rocks, provides a natural and acoustically excellent concert area.

Aspen FilmFest, founded in 1979, offers several festivals throughout the year promoting interest in independent filmmaking. The annual Moondance International Film Festival for independent filmmakers has been considered to be one of the most important film festivals in the country. The Aspen Music Festival and School, founded in 1949, is an annual internationally renowned classical music festival that offers over 200 events and educational opportunities throughout the summer.

34 Libraries and Museums

In 2001, Colorado had 116 public library systems, with a total of 243 libraries, of which 138 were branches. That year, the state’s public libraries held more than 11 million volumes with a circulation of more than 43.4 million. The largest system was the Denver Public Library with 1,882,487 volumes in 27 branches. The leading academic library is at the University of Colorado at Boulder, with over 2.8 million volumes.

Colorado has 174 museums and historic sites. One of the most prominent museums in the West is the Denver Art Museum, with its large collection of Native American, South Seas, and Oriental art. Its new Frederick C. Hamilton Building, designed by Daniel Libeskind, opened in October 2006. Another major art museum is the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, specializing in southwestern and western American art. The Colorado Ski Museum–Ski Hall of Fame are in Vail.

35 Communications

Over 95.8% of all households in the state had telephones as of 2004. In addition, by June of

that year there were 2,727,910 mobile phone subscribers. In 2003, 70% of Colorado households had a computer and 63% had Internet access. Of the 80 major radio stations in operation in 2005, 22 were AM and 58 were FM. The Denver area had cable in 61% of its 1,268,230 television-owning households in 1999. A total of 109,775 Internet domain names were registered in Colorado in 2000.

36 Press

As of 2005, there were 21 morning dailies, 9 afternoon dailies, and 15 Sunday papers. The leading newspapers were the Rocky Mountain News, with a circulation of 595,512 in the mornings and 705,593 on Sundays; and the Denver Post, 595,512 mornings and 705,593 Sundays.

37 Tourism, Travel & Recreation

In 2000, tourism was the second-largest industry in the state, with travel spending reaching $8 billion. In 2004, the state had over 24 million visitors. Tourism accounts for over 200,000 jobs within the state.

Scenery, history, and skiing combine to make Colorado a prime tourist mecca. Vail and Aspen are popular ski resort centers. Colorado has over 25 ski areas. Skiing is in season from mid-November through late March.

The US Air Force Academy near Colorado Springs is a popular tourist attraction, as is nearby Pikes Peak, the Garden of the Gods (featuring unusual red sandstone formations), and Manitou Springs, a resort center. Besides its many museums, parks, and rebuilt Larimer Square district, Denver’s main attraction is the US Mint.

All nine national forests in Colorado are open for camping, as are the state’s two national parks: Rocky Mountain and Mesa Verde. Other attractions include the fossil beds at Dinosaur National Monument, Indian cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde, the Durango-Silverton steam train, and white-water rafting on the Colorado, Green, and Yampa rivers.

38 Sports

There are four major league professional sports teams in Colorado, all in Denver: the Broncos of the National Football League, the Nuggets of the National Basketball Association, the Colorado Rockies of Major League Baseball, the Avalanche of the National Hockey League.

The Colorado Springs Sky Sox compete in the Pacific Coast division of minor league baseball and the Colorado Gold Kings compete in the West Coast Hockey League. Colorado is home to some of the world’s finest alpine skiing resorts, such as Vail, Aspen, and Steamboat Springs.

The Buffaloes of the University of Colorado produced some excellent football teams in the late 1980s and early 1990s and were named national Champions in 1990 (with Georgia Tech). They won the Big Twelve conference title in 2001.

Jack Dempsey, the famous heavyweight boxer of the 1920s, was born in Manassa, Colorado, and was appropriately named the “Manassa Mauler.”

39 Famous Coloradans

Fort Collins was the birthplace of Byron R. White (b.1917–2002), an associate justice of the US Supreme Court from 1962. Gary Hart (b.Kansas, 1936) was a senator and a presidential candidate in 1984 and 1988. Early explorers of the Colorado region include Zebulon Pike (b.New Jersey, 1779–1813). Ouray (1820–1883) was a Ute chief who ruled at the time when mining districts were being opened. Willard F. Libby (1909–1980), won the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1960.

Among the performers born in the state were actors Lon Chaney (1883–1930) and Douglas Fairbanks (1883–1939). Singer John Denver (Henry John Deutschendorf Jr., b.New Mexico, 1943–1997) was closely associated with Colorado and lived in Aspen until his death in a plane crash.

Colorado’s most famous sports personality is Jack Dempsey (1895–1983), who held the world heavyweight boxing crown from 1919 to 1926.

40 Bibliography

BOOKS

Ayer, Eleanor H. Colorado. New York: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark, 2006.

Bristow, M. J. State Songs of America. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Deady, Kathleen W. Colorado. Milwaukee, WI: Gareth Stevens, 2006.

Harling, Michael. Peter Forsberg. New York: Greystone, 2000.

McAuliffe, Emily. Colorado Facts and Symbols. Rev. ed. Mankato, MN: Capstone, 2003.

Murray, Julie. Colorado. Edina, MN: Abdo Publishing, 2006.

Shuter, Jane. Mesa Verde. Chicago: Heinemann, 2000.

WEB SITES

Colorado Tourism Office. Colorado: Fresh Air and Fond Memories Served Daily. www.colorado.com (accessed March 1, 2007).

State of Colorado. Welcome to Colorado.gov: The Official Site of the State of Colorado. www.colorado.gov (accessed March 1, 2007).

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Colorado

Colorado

Colorado entered the Union on August 1, 1876, the thirty-eighth state to do so. Its capital is Denver and it is nicknamed the Centennial State because it became a state one hundred years after the signing of the Declaration of Independence . Colorado is the eighth largest state in the nation, with a total area of 104,091 square miles (269,596 square kilometers). It is located in the Rocky Mountain region, surrounded by New Mexico , Utah , Wyoming , Nebraska , Kansas , and Oklahoma . The southwest corner of the state touches the northwest corner of Arizona .

By 800 ce, the Pueblo lived in the region now known as Colorado. These Native Americans were advanced in agricultural know-how as well as pottery making. Their homes were elaborate apartment-like dwellings built into the cliffs of canyons. Various Spanish explorers visited the area in the 1700s, but the French claimed most of the region east of the Rocky Mountains. The eastern region remained a wilderness for several decades.

In July 1858, gold was found in Cherry Creek (today's Denver). Reports of the gold strike were greatly exaggerated, and they brought thousands of people to Colorado. They developed mining towns such as Boulder, Central City, and Gold Hill. The population of what would become Colorado exceeded thirty thousand by 1860.

The 1860s were host to the most severe conflict between Native Americans and white settlers in the state's history. After being forced into ceding most of their tribal lands to the federal government, the Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes returned to their nomadic lifestyle. They hunted buffalo and often clashed with the white settlers who were taking over their land. In an effort to stop the violence, state officers offered the tribes amnesty if they reported to army forts. Believing themselves to be protected, the Native Americans set up camp and flew the American flag and white flag (a sign of truce). On November 29, 1864, U.S. military forces brutally massacred two hundred Native Americans, most of them women and children, as they camped. This was known as the Sand Creek Massacre .

Colorado became a popular tourist destination even in the 1860s, as resorts opened near some of the state's mineral springs. After a decline in the silver market caused an economic depression in the 1890s, farmers returned to the land at the beginning of the twentieth century. The establishment of the U.S. Air Force Academy and the North American Air Defense Command in Colorado Springs stimulated the growth of defense and aerospace-related industries.

Current-day Colorado relies on tourism and manufacturing for the bulk of its income. Major industries include food, computer and electronic products, and beverage and tobacco products. Tourism provides more than two hundred thousand jobs in the state.

Colorado cemented a place in the history of American tragedies in 1999 when two teenage students at Columbine High School went on a shooting rampage and killed twelve students and one teacher before killing themselves. Many more students were injured, and the event heightened the national debate on gun control and the effects of media violence on youth.

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Colorado

COLORADO

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Colorado

Colorado

Nil Sine Numine (Nothing without providence).

At a Glance

Name: Colorado is a Spanish word that means "colored red." The name was first given to the Colorado River by Spanish explorers because it flows through red stone canyons.

Nickname: Centennial State

Capital: Denver

Size: 104,100 sq. mi.

Population: 4,301,261

Statehood: Colorado became the 38th state on August 1, 1876.

Electoral votes: 9 (2004)

U.S. Representatives: 6 (until 2003)

State tree: Colorado blue spruce

State flower: Rocky Mountain columbine

State animal: bighorn sheep

Highest point: Mount Elbert, 14,433 ft.

The Place

Colorado is located partly in the Rocky Mountains. Because the western portion of the state is mountainous, Colorado has the highest average elevation of any state. More than 800 of its peaks are higher than 10,000 feet, and more than 50 are higher than 14,000 feet.

The western half of the state is separated from the eastern half by the Continental Divide, the high point of the Rocky Mountains that runs from north to south and separates the waters that flow west into the Pacific Ocean from those that flow east. The eastern half of the state, an area of plains and prairies, is part of the Great Plains region. This area becomes gradually higher as it slopes to meet the Rockies in the west, and it is good farming and cattle-raising land.

The alpine terrain of the western mountains is full of towering peaks, wide valleys, jagged canyons, high plateaus, and deep basins. Six major rivers flow through Colorado. The Colorado River is the most important one because it supplies hydro-electricity and water for irrigation. Over many years, the Colorado River carved out the Grand Canyon (in Arizona) in its southwest journey to the Gulf of California.

Colorado's weather is typically cool and pleasant in summer, and winters are very snowy. Colorado is rich in many minerals, including gold, silver, uranium, coal, molybdenum (used in making steel), and petroleum.

The Past

Evidence of Colorado's long geographical history can be seen in Great Sand Dunes National Monument. For thousands of years, prevailing southwesterly winds blew over the San Juan Mountains and down over the Rio Grande flood plain, picking up sand particles on the way. These particles were then deposited at the east edge of the river valley as the wind moved upward to cross the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. This process continues today as the wind changes the shape and sand patterns of the dunes daily.

Colorado: Facts and Firsts

  1. Colorado's southwest corner is part of the Four Corners. There, the borders of Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah all touch. This is the only place in the United States where four states meet.
  2. Colorado is home to the world's highest suspension bridge, the Royal Gorge Bridge, located near Cañon City. The bridge crosses the Arkansas River at a height of 1,053 feet.
  3. Great Sand Dunes National Monument, located outside Alamosa, has the tallest sand dune in America.
  4. Mesa Verde National Park contains more than 4,000 cliff dwellings, as well as a four-story city, created by the Ancestral Pueblo people between 600 and the late 1200s. These Native American inhabitants gradually abandoned the cliffs by 1300.
  5. Katherine Lee Bates was inspired to compose the song "America the Beautiful" after climbing to the top of Pikes Peak, the most famous mountain in Colorado. Pikes Peak is 14,110 feet above sea level.
  6. Denver annually hosts the world's largest rodeo, the Western Stock Show.
  7. Denver is one of several American cities that claim to be the home of the original cheeseburger. A Denver monument reads, "On this site in 1935, Louis E. Ballast created the cheeseburger."
  8. The Colorado state capitol building is decorated with beulah red marble from the town of Beulah. No more of this marble exists; all of it known in the world was used in the construction of the capitol.

Colorado has a long human history, stretching back before the year 600, when Native Americans constructed cliff dwellings and cities in what is now Mesa Verde National Park, near Cortez. Although these people, known as Anasazi, mysteriously vanished from the cliffs by 1300, Colorado was home to many Native American groups when the Spanish arrived there in the 1500s.

Eastern Colorado became a U.S. territory in 1803 as a part of the Louisiana Purchase. That agreement with France gave the United States all of France's former territories north of Mexico and south of Canada. The central part of the state became a territory in 1845. Western Colorado was added after the United States acquired it, along with other territory, from Mexico in the Mexican-American War, which ended in 1848.

Colorado: State Smart

Colorado has the highest average elevation—6,800 feet above sea level.

Gold was discovered in Colorado in 1858, and a rush of fortune seekers and settlers began to populate the area. When Colorado became a full-fledged state on August 1, 1876, it was an important agricultural and mining region.

The Present

The eastern part of Colorado is still an important agricultural area where many fruits and vegetables grow on irrigated land. Cattle are raised in nonirrigated areas, and beef is another of Colorado's chief products.

Colorado's beautiful scenery, history, extensive park system, and ideal skiing terrain make tourism an important industry. Tourism provides jobs in food service, hotels, transportation, and entertainment.

Although Colorado's past economy was based on mining and agriculture, the state's economy now centers on high technology and the service industries. While Colorado is a modern, industrial state, its residents strive to preserve its history and natural splendor for future generations.

Born in Colorado

  1. Tim Allen , actor and comedian
  2. M. Scott Carpenter , astronaut
  3. Lon Chaney , actor
  4. Mary Coyle Chase , playwright
  5. Chipeta , Native American negotiator
  6. Jack Dempsey , boxer
  7. Douglas Fairbanks , actor
  8. Eugene Fodor , violinist
  9. Willard Libby , scientist
  10. Ouray , Ute chief
  11. Florence Sabin , scientist
  12. Lowell Thomas , commentator and author
  13. Dalton Trumbo , screenwriter and novelist
  14. Byron R. White , jurist
  15. Paul Whiteman , conductor

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Colorado

Colorado

ADAMS STATE COLLEGE L-10
AIMS COMMUNITY COLLEGE D-12
ARAPAHOE COMMUNITY COLLEGE F-11
THE ART INSTITUTE OF COLORADO F-12
ASPEN UNIVERSITY F-12
BEL-REA INSTITUTE OF ANIMAL TECHNOLOGY F-12
BLAIR COLLEGE H-12
BOULDER COLLEGE OF MASSAGE THERAPY E-11
CAMBRIDGE COLLEGE F-12
COLLEGEAMERICA-COLORADO SPRINGS H-12
COLLEGEAMERICA-DENVER F-12
COLLEGEAMERICA-FORT COLLINS D-11
COLORADO CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY C-2
THE COLORADO COLLEGE H-12
COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, ALPINE CAMPUS D-8
COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, SPRING VALLEY CAMPUS G-7
COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, TIMBERLINE CAMPUS G-9
COLORADO NORTHWESTERN COMMUNITY COLLEGE E-4
COLORADO SCHOOL OF HEALING ARTS C-2
COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES C-1
COLORADO SCHOOL OF TRADES C-2
COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY D-11
COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY-PUEBLO J-12
COLORADO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY H-12
COLORADO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY DENVER CAMPUS D-3
COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF AURORA F-12
COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF DENVER F-12
DENVER ACADEMY OF COURT REPORTING F-11
DENVER AUTOMOTIVE AND DIESEL COLLEGE F-12
DEVRY UNIVERSITY (BROOMFIELD) B-2
DEVRY UNIVERSITY (COLORADO SPRINGS) H-12
DEVRY UNIVERSITY (WESTMINSTER) F-11
FORT LEWIS COLLEGE L-6
FRONT RANGE COMMUNITY COLLEGE F-11
HERITAGE COLLEGE F-12
INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS & MEDICAL CAREERS D-11
INTELLITEC COLLEGE (COLORADO SPRINGS) H-12
INTELLITEC COLLEGE (GRAND JUNCTION) H-5
INTELLITEC MEDICAL INSTITUTE H-12
ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE F-11
JOHNSON & WALES UNIVERSITY F-12
JONES INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY
LAMAR COMMUNITY COLLEGE J-16
MESA STATE COLLEGE H-5
METROPOLITAN STATE COLLEGE OF DENVER F-12
MORGAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE E-14
NAROPA UNIVERSITY E-11
NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (COLORADO SPRINGS) H-12
NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (DENVER) F-12
NAZARENE BIBLE COLLEGE H-12
NORTHEASTERN JUNIOR COLLEGE D-15
OTERO JUNIOR COLLEGE K-14
PARKS COLLEGE (AURORA) F-12
PARKS COLLEGE (DENVER) F-12
PIKES PEAK COMMUNITY COLLEGE H-12
PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE F-12
PLATT COLLEGE F-12
PUEBLO COMMUNITY COLLEGE J-12
RED ROCKS COMMUNITY COLLEGE C-2
REGIS UNIVERSITY F-12
REMINGTON COLLEGE-COLORADO SPRINGS CAMPUS H-12
REMINGTON COLLEGE-DENVER CAMPUS C-2
REVANS UNIVERSITY-THE UNIVERSITY OF ACTION LEARNING E-11
ROCKY MOUNTAIN COLLEGE OF ART & DESIGN C-2
TEIKYO LORETTO HEIGHTS UNIVERSITY F-12
TRINIDAD STATE JUNIOR COLLEGE M-12
UNITED STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT BOULDER E-11
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT COLORADO SPRINGS H-12
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER AND HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER - DOWNTOWN DENVER CAMPUS F-12
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER AND HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER - HEALTH SCIENCES PROGRAM F-12
UNIVERSITY OF DENVER F-12
UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN COLORADO D-12
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-COLORADO CAMPUS D-3
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-SOUTHERN COLORADO CAMPUS H-12
WESTERN STATE COLLEGE OF COLORADO I-8
WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER B-2
WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER NORTH F-12
WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER SOUTH F-12
YESHIVA TORAS CHAIM TALMUDICAL SEMINARY F-12

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Colorado

Colorado

ADAMS STATE COLLEGE
AIMS COMMUNITY COLLEGE
ARAPAHOE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
THE ART INSTITUTE OF COLORADO
ASPEN UNIVERSITY
BEL-REA INSTITUTE OF ANIMAL TECHNOLOGY
BLAIR COLLEGE
BOULDER COLLEGE OF MASSAGE THERAPY
CAMBRIDGE COLLEGE
COLLEGEAMERICA-COLORADO SPRINGS
COLLEGEAMERICA-DENVER
COLLEGEAMERICA-FORT COLLINS
COLORADO CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY
THE COLORADO COLLEGE
COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, ALPINE CAMPUS
COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, SPRING VALLEY CAMPUS
COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, TIMBERLINE CAMPUS
COLORADO NORTHWESTERN COMMUNITY COLLEGE
COLORADO SCHOOL OF HEALING ARTS
COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES
COLORADO SCHOOL OF TRADES
COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY
COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY-PUEBLO
COLORADO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
COLORADO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY DENVER CAMPUS
COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF AURORA
COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF DENVER
DENVER ACADEMY OF COURT REPORTING
DENVER AUTOMOTIVE AND DIESEL COLLEGE
DEVRY UNIVERSITY (BROOMFIELD)
DEVRY UNIVERSITY (COLORADO SPRINGS)
DEVRY UNIVERSITY (WESTMINSTER)
FORT LEWIS COLLEGE
FRONT RANGE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
HERITAGE COLLEGE
INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS & MEDICAL CAREERS
INTELLITEC COLLEGE (COLORADO SPRINGS)
INTELLITEC COLLEGE (GRAND JUNCTION)
INTELLITEC MEDICAL INSTITUTE
ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE
JOHNSON & WALES UNIVERSITY
JONES INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY
LAMAR COMMUNITY COLLEGE
MESA STATE COLLEGE
METROPOLITAN STATE COLLEGE OF DENVER
MORGAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE
NAROPA UNIVERSITY
NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (COLORADO SPRINGS)
NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (DENVER)
NAZARENE BIBLE COLLEGE
NORTHEASTERN JUNIOR COLLEGE
OTERO JUNIOR COLLEGE
PARKS COLLEGE (AURORA)
PARKS COLLEGE (DENVER)
PIKES PEAK COMMUNITY COLLEGE
PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE
PLATT COLLEGE
PUEBLO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
RED ROCKS COMMUNITY COLLEGE
REGIS UNIVERSITY
REMINGTON COLLEGE-COLORADO SPRINGS CAMPUS
REMINGTON COLLEGE-DENVER CAMPUS
REVANS UNIVERSITY-THE UNIVERSITY OF ACTION LEARNING
ROCKY MOUNTAIN COLLEGE OF ART & DESIGN
TEIKYO LORETTO HEIGHTS UNIVERSITY
TRINIDAD STATE JUNIOR COLLEGE
UNITED STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT BOULDER
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT COLORADO SPRINGS
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER AND HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER - DOWNTOWN DENVER CAMPUS
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER AND HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER - HEALTH SCIENCES PROGRAM
UNIVERSITY OF DENVER
UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN COLORADO
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-COLORADO CAMPUS
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-SOUTHERN COLORADO CAMPUS
WESTERN STATE COLLEGE OF COLORADO
WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER
WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER NORTH
WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER SOUTH
YESHIVA TORAS CHAIM TALMUDICAL SEMINARY

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Colorado

COLORADO

ADAMS STATE COLLEGE
AIMS COMMUNITY COLLEGE
ARAPAHOE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
THE ART INSTITUTE OF COLORADO
ASPEN UNIVERSITY
BEL-REA INSTITUTE OF ANIMAL TECHNOLOGY
BLAIR COLLEGE
COLLEGEAMERICA-FORT COLLINS
COLORADO CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY
THE COLORADO COLLEGE
COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, ALPINE CAMPUS
COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, SPRING VALLEY CAMPUS
COLORADO MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, TIMBERLINE CAMPUS
COLORADO NORTHWESTERN COMMUNITY COLLEGE
COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES
COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY
COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY-PUEBLO
COLORADO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
COLORADO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY DENVER CAMPUS
COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF AURORA
COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF DENVER
DENVER ACADEMY OF COURT REPORTING
DENVER AUTOMOTIVE AND DIESEL COLLEGE
DEVRY UNIVERSITY (COLORADO SPRINGS)
DEVRY UNIVERSITY (WESTMINSTER)
FORT LEWIS COLLEGE
FRONT RANGE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS & MEDICAL CAREERS
INTELLITEC COLLEGE (COLORADO SPRINGS)
INTELLITEC COLLEGE (GRAND JUNCTION)
INTELLITEC MEDICAL INSTITUTE
ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE
JOHNSON & WALES UNIVERSITY
JONES INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY
LAMAR COMMUNITY COLLEGE
MESA STATE COLLEGE
METROPOLITAN STATE COLLEGE OF DENVER
MORGAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE
NAROPA UNIVERSITY
NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (COLORADO SPRINGS)
NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY (DENVER)
NAZARENE BIBLE COLLEGE
NORTHEASTERN JUNIOR COLLEGE
OTERO JUNIOR COLLEGE
PARKS COLLEGE (DENVER)
PIKES PEAK COMMUNITY COLLEGE
PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE
PLATT COLLEGE
PUEBLO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
RED ROCKS COMMUNITY COLLEGE
REGIS UNIVERSITY
REMINGTON COLLEGE-COLORADO SPRINGS CAMPUS
REMINGTON COLLEGE-DENVER CAMPUS
ROCKY MOUNTAIN COLLEGE OF ART & DESIGN
TRINIDAD STATE JUNIOR COLLEGE
UNITED STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT BOULDER
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT COLORADO SPRINGS
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER AND HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER - DOWNTOWN DENVER CAMPUS
UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT DENVER AND HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER - HEALTH SCIENCES PROGRAM
UNIVERSITY OF DENVER
UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN COLORADO
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-COLORADO CAMPUS
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-SOUTHERN COLORADO CAMPUS
WESTERN STATE COLLEGE OF COLORADO
WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER
WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER NORTH
WESTWOOD COLLEGE-DENVER SOUTH
YESHIVA TORAS CHAIM TALMUDICAL SEMINARY

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"Colorado." College Blue Book. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-and-education-magazines/colorado-6

"Colorado." College Blue Book. . Retrieved November 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-and-education-magazines/colorado-6

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Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
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