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Arizona

Arizona

State of Arizona

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Probably from the Pima or Papago Indian word arizonac, meaning "place of small springs."

NICKNAME: The Grand Canyon State.

CAPITAL: Phoenix.

ENTERED UNION: 14 February 1912 (48th).

SONG: "Arizona;" "Arizona March Song."

MOTTO: Ditat Deus (God enriches).

FLAG: A copper-colored five-pointed star symbolic of the state's copper resources rises from a blue field; six yellow and seven red segments radiating from the star cover the upper half.

OFFICIAL SEAL: Depicted on a shield are symbols of the state's economy and natural resources, including mountains, a rising sun, and a dam and reservoir in the background; irrigated farms and orchards in the middle distance; a quartz mill, a miner, and cattle in the foreground; and the state motto. The words "Great Seal of the State of Arizona 1912" surround the shield.

BIRD: Cactus wren.

FLOWER: Blossom of the saguaro cactus.

TREE: Palo verde.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Martin Luther King Jr./Civil Rights Day, 3rd Monday in January; Lincoln/Washington/Presidents' Day, 3rd Monday in February; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME: 5 AM MST = noon GMT. Arizona does not observe daylight savings time.

LOCATION, SIZE, AND EXTENT

Located in the Rocky Mountains region of the southwestern United States, Arizona ranks sixth in size among the 50 states.

The total area of Arizona is 114,000 sq mi (295,260 sq km), of which land takes up 113,508 sq mi (293,986 sq km) and inland water 492 sq mi (1,274 sq km). Arizona extends about 340 mi (547 km) e-w; the state's maximum n-s extension is 395 mi (636 km).

Arizona is bordered on the n by Utah and on the e by New Mexico (with the two borders joined at Four Corners, the only point in the United States common to four states); on the s by the Mexican state of Sonora; and on the w by the Mexican state of Baja California Norte, California, and Nevada (with most of the line formed by the Colorado River). The total boundary length of Arizona is 1,478 mi (2,379 km). The state's geographic center is in Yavapai County, 55 mi (89 km) ese of Prescott.

TOPOGRAPHY

Arizona is a state of extraordinary topographic diversity and beauty. The Colorado Plateau, which covers two-fifths of the state in the north, is an arid upland region characterized by deep canyons, notably the Grand Canyon, a vast gorge more than 200 mi (320 km) long, up to 18 mi (29 km) wide, and more than 1 mi (1.6 km) deep. Also within this region are the Painted Desert and Petrified Forest, as well as Humphreys Peak, the highest point in the state, at 12,633 ft (3,853 m). The mean elevation of the state is approximately 4,100 ft (1,251 m).

The Mogollon Rim separates the northern plateau from a central region of alternating basins and ranges with a general northwest-southeast direction. Ranges in the Mexican Highlands in the southeast include the Chiricahua, Dos Cabezas, and Pinaleno mountains. The Sonora Desert, in the southwest, contains the lowest point in the state, 70 ft (21 m) above sea level, on the Colorado River near Yuma.

The Colorado is the state's major river, flowing southwest from Glen Canyon Dam on the Utah border through the Grand Canyon and westward to Hoover Dam, then turning south to form the border with Nevada and California. Tributaries of the Colorado include the Little Colorado and Gila rivers. Arizona has few natural lakes, but there are several large artificial lakes formed by dams for flood control, irrigation, and power development. These include Lake Mead (shared with Nevada), formed by Hoover Dam; Lake Powell (shared with Utah); Lake Mohave and Lake Havasu (shared with California), formed by David Dam and Parker Dam, respectively; Roosevelt Lake, formed by Theodore Roosevelt Dam; and the San Carlos Lake, created by Coolidge Dam.

CLIMATE

Arizona has a dry climate, with little rainfall. Temperatures vary greatly from place to place, season to season, and day to night. Average daily temperatures at Yuma, in the southwestern desert range from 48° to 69°f (8° to 20°c) in January, and from 81° to 107°f (27° to 41°c) in July. At Flagstaff, in the interior uplands, average daily January temperatures range from 15° to 42°f (9° to 5°c), and average daily July temperatures range from 50° to 82°f (10° to 27°c). The maximum recorded temperature was 128°f (53°c), registered at Lake Havasu City on 29 June 1994; the minimum, 40°f (40°c), was set at Hawley Lake on 7 January 1971.

The highest elevations of the state, running diagonally from the southeast to the northwest, receive between 25 and 30 in (63-76 cm) of precipitation a year, and the rest, for the most part, between 7 and 20 in (18-51 cm). Average annual precipitation at Phoenix is about 7.7 in (19 cm). The driest area is the extreme southwest, which receives less than 3 in (8 cm) a year. Snow, sometimes as much as 100 in (254 cm), falls on the highest peaks each winter but is rare in the southern and western lowlands.

The greatest amount of sunshine is registered in the southwest, with the proportion decreasing progressively toward the north-east; overall, the state receives more than 80% of possible sunshine, among the highest in the United States, and Phoenix's 86% is higher than that of any other major US city.

FLORA AND FAUNA

Generally categorized as desert, Arizona's terrain also includes mesa and mountains; consequently, the state has a wide diversity of vegetation. The desert is known for many varieties of cacti, from the saguaro, whose blossom is the state flower, to the cholla and widely utilized yucca. Desert flowers include the night-blooming cereus; among medicinal desert flora is the jojoba, also harvested for its oil-bearing seeds. Below the tree line (about 12,000 ft, or 3,658 m) the mountains are well timbered with varieties of spruce, fir, juniper, ponderosa pine, oak, and piñon. Rare plants, some of them endangered or threatened, include various cacti of commercial or souvenir value.

Arizona's fauna range from desert species of lizards and snakes to the deer, elk, and antelope of the northern highlands. Mountain lion, jaguar, coyote, and black and brown bears are found in the state, along with the badger, black-tailed jackrabbit, and gray fox. Small mammals include various cottontails, mice, and squirrels; prairie dog towns dot the northern regions. Rattlesnakes are abundant, and the desert is rife with reptiles such as the collared lizard and chuckwalla. Native birds include the thick-billed parrot, white pelican, and cactus wren (the state bird).

In April 2006, a total of 53 species occurring within the state were on the threatened and endangered species list of the US Fish and Wildlife Service. These included 35 animals (vertebrates and invertebrates) and 18 plant species. Arizona counts the desert tortoise and lesser long-nosed bat among its threatened wildlife. Officially listed as endangered or threatened were the southern bald eagle, masked bobwhite (quail), Sonoran pronghorn, ocelot, jaguar, black-footed ferret, four species of chub, two species of gray wolf, woundfin, Apache trout, Gila topminnow, Gila trout, and southwestern willow flycatcher.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Aside from Phoenix, whose air quality is poorer than that of most other US cities, Arizona has long been noted for its clear air, open lands, and beautiful forests. The main environmental concern of the state is to protect these resources in the face of growing population, tourism, and industry.

State agencies with responsibility for the environment include the State Land Department, which oversees natural resource conservation and land management; the Game and Fish Commission, which administers state wildlife laws; the Department of Health Services, which supervises sewage disposal, water treatment, hazardous and solid waste treatment, and air pollution prevention programs; and the Department of Water Resources, formed in 1980, which is concerned with the development, management, use, and conservation of water. The Department of Water Resources created five zones to monitor water use by about 80% of the population (using about 75% of the state's water). The Rural Arizona Watershed Alliance, representing the remaining 20% of its population who reside in the rural areas making up 85% of Arizona's land mass, has been funded by the legislature since 1999/2000 to undertake statewide planning for water resource use and allocation. In 2005, federal EPA grants awarded to the state included $9.4 million for safe drinking water projects and a $7.3 million grant for water pollution control projects.

Legislation enacted in 1980 attempts to apportion water use among cities, mining, and agriculture, the last of which, through irrigation, accounts for the largest share of the state's annual water consumption. Less than 1% of Arizona's land is wetlands. In 2003, 48.2 million lb of toxic chemicals were released by the state. In 2003, the US EPA database listed 167 hazardous waste sites in Arizona, nine of which were on the National Priorities List as of 2006, including the Tucson International Airport area. In 2005, the EPA spent over $4.8 million through the Superfund program for the cleanup of hazardous waste sites in the state.

POPULATION

The state ranked 17th in population in the United States with an estimated total of 5,939,292 in 2005, an increase of 15.8% since 2000. Between 1990 and 2000, Arizona's population grew from 3,665,228 to 5,130,632, the fifth-largest increase and second-largest percentage gain (40%) among the 50 states. The population is projected to reach 7.4 million by 2015 and 9.5 million by 2025.

Population density was 50.6 persons per sq mi in 2004. The median age was 34.1. Arizonans who were 65 years of age or older accounted for 12.7% of the population in 2004. Persons under 18 years old accounted for 26.9%.

Three out of four Arizonans live in urban areas. The largest metropolitan area is Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, with a 2004 estimated population of 3,715,360, and Tucson, with an estimated 907,059. The largest cities proper are Phoenix, with a 2004 estimated population of 1,418,041; Tucson, 512,023; Mesa, 437,454; Glendale, 235,591; and Chandler, 223,991. More than half the state's population resides in Maricopa County, which includes every leading city except Tucson. Phoenix was the nation's sixth-largest city in 2004.

ETHNIC GROUPS

Arizona has by far the nation's greatest expanse of American Indian lands: the state's 22 reservations have a combined area of 19.1 million acres (7.7 million hectares), 26% of the total state area. In 2000, Arizona had the nation's third-highest American Indian population, 255,879, or 5% of the state total population. The 5% figure was unchanged in 2004.

The largest single American Indian nation, the Navaho, with a population of 104,565 in 2000, is located primarily in the northeastern part of the state. The Navaho reservation, covering 14,221 sq mi (36,832 sq km) within Arizona, extends into Utah and New Mexico and comprises desert, mesa, and mountain terrain. Herders by tradition, the people are also famous for their crafts. The reservation's total American Indian population in 2000 was 173,631, up 21% from 143,405 in 1990. Especially since 1965, the Navaho have been active in economic development; reservation resources in uranium and coal have been leased to outside corporations, and loans from the US Department of Commerce have made possible roads, telephones, and other improvements. There are at least 12 and perhaps 17 other tribes (depending on definition). After the Navaho, the leading tribes are the Papago in the south, Apache in the east, and Hopi in the northeast. The Hopi reservation had a population of 6,946 in 2000.

The southern part of Arizona has most of the state's largest ethnic majority, a Hispanic and Latino population estimated at 1,295,617 in 2000, or 25.3% of the total population (up from the 1990 figure of 668,000, or 18% of the population). In 2004, the percentage of the population reporting Hispanic or Latino origin had risen to 28% of the total population. There are some old, long-settled Spanish villages, but the bulk of Hispanics (1,065,578) are of Mexican origin. Raul Castro, a Mexican-American, served as governor in 197577. There were an estimated 158,873 blacks as of 2000. In 2004, 3.5% of the population was black. Filipinos, Chinese, Japanese, and other Asians made up 1.8% of the population in 2000; by 2004, that figure had risen to 2.1% of the total population. In 2004, 1.5% of the population reported origin of two or more races.

LANGUAGES

With the possible exception of the Navaho word hogan (earth-and-timber dwelling), the linguistic influence of Arizona's Papago, Pima, Apache, Navaho, and Hopi tribes is almost totally limited to some place-names: Arizona itself, Yuma, Havasu, Tucson, and Oraibi. American Indian loan-words spreading from Arizona derive from the Nahuatl speech of the Mexican Aztecsfor example, coyote, chili, mesquite, and tamale. Spanish, dominant in some sections, has provided English mustang, ranch, stampede, rodeo, marijuana, bonanza, canyon, mesa, patio, and fiesta.

English in the state represents a blend of North Midland and South Midland dialects without clear regional differences, although new meanings developed in the north and east for meadow and in the southern strip for swale as terms for flat mountain valleys. The recent population surge from eastern states has produced an urban blend with a strong northern flavor. In 2000, 3,523,487 Arizonans74.1% of all residents five years old and olderspoke only English at home, a decrease from the 79.2% reported in 1990.

The following table gives selected statistics from the 2000 Census for language spoken at home by persons five years old and over. The category "Other Native North American languages" includes Apache, Cherokee, Choctaw, Dakota, Keres, Pima, and Yupik.

LANGUAGE NUMBER PERCENT
Poupulation 5 years and over 4,752,724 100.0
  Speak only English 3,523,487 74.1
  Speak a language other than English 1,229,237 25.9
Speak a language other than English 1,229,237 25.9
  Spanish or Spanish Creole 927,395 19.5
  Navajo 89,951 1.9
  Other Native North American languages 30,109 0.6
  German 25,103 0.5
  Chinese 17,111 0.4
  French (incl. Patois, Cajun) 15,663 0.3
  Tagalog 10,049 0.2
  Vietnamese 9,999 0.2
  Italian 8,992 0.2
  Korean 7,689 0.2

RELIGIONS

The first religions of Arizona were the sacred beliefs and practices of the American Indians. Catholic missionaries began converting Arizona Indians (Franciscans among the Hopi, and Jesuits among the Pima) to the Christian faith in the late 17th century. By the late 18th century, the Franciscans were the main missionary force, and the Roman Catholic Church was firmly established. In 2004, the state had 906,692 Catholics in 161 parishes.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) constitutes the second-largest Christian denomination, with a statewide membership of 346,677 in 701 congregations in 2006, up from 251,974 adherents in 643 congregations in 2000. Mormons were among the state's earliest Anglo settlers. Other major Christian denominations include the Southern Baptist Convention, which had 138,516 statewide adherents in 2000 and reported 3,155 newly baptized members in 2002. The Assemblies of God reported 82,802 members in 2000, while the United Methodist Church had 53,232. Also in 2000, Arizona's estimated Jewish population was 81,675. There were about 11,857 Muslims. There were also about 25 Buddhist and 9 Hindu congregations. About 60% of the population did not specify a religious affiliation.

The city of Sedona has become known for its community of believers in New Age religious movements.

TRANSPORTATION

Until the last decade of the 19th century, the principal reason for the development of transportation in Arizona was to open routes to California. The most famous early road was El Camino de Diablo (The Devil's Highway), opened by the missionary Eusebio Kino in 1699. The first wagon road across Arizona was the Gila Trail (Cooke's Wagon Road), opened in 1846 as a southern route to California: Beale's Road was inaugurated in 1857. Also in 1857, the first stagecoach began operations. Until the coming of the railroads in the 1880s, however, the bulk of territorial commerce was by water transport on the Colorado River. Railroad construction reached its peak in the 1920s and declined rapidly thereafter.

Railroad trackage totaled 1,836 rail mi (2,956 km) in 2003, with 10 railroads operating in the state. The state's two Class I railroads, the Burlington Northern Santa Fe and the Union Pacific, controlled 1,261 rail miles in 2003. In that same year, the top rail commodities (by weight) originating from within the state were glass and stone products, while coal was the top rail commodity (by weight) terminating in the state. As of 2006, Amtrak provided limited passenger service through Flagstaff, Kingman, and other cities in the north, and through Tucson and Yuma on its southern route.

In 2004, the state had 58,112 mi (93,544 km) of public streets and roads. Interstate highways in Arizona totaled 1,168 mi (1,879 km). Of the approximately 3.944 million motor vehicles registered in 2004, there were some 2.038 million automobiles, 1.697 million trucks of all types, and around 1,000 buses. There were 3,783,927 licensed drivers in 2004.

In 2005, Arizona had a total of 299 public- and private-use aviation-related facilities. This included 190 airports, 108 heliports, and 1 STOLport (Short Take-Off and Landing). The state's leading air terminal was Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport. In 2004, the airport had total passenger enplanements of 19,336,099, making it the seventh-busiest airport in the United States. Tucson International Airport was Arizona's second-largest airport, with 1,863,790 enplanements in that same year.

HISTORY

Evidence of a human presence in Arizona dates back more than 12,000 years. The first Arizonansthe off shoot of migrations across the Bering Straitwere large-game hunters: their remains have been found in the San Pedro Valley in the southeastern part of the state. By ad 500, their descendants had acquired a rudimentary agriculture from what is now Mexico and divided into several cultures. The Basket Makers (Anasazi) flourished in the northeastern part of the state; the Mogollon hunted and foraged in the eastern mountains; the Hokoham, highly sophisticated irrigators, built canals and villages in the central and southern valleys: and the Hakataya, a less-advanced river people, lived south and west of the Grand Canyon. For reasons unknowna devastating drought is the most likely explanationthese cultures were in decay and the population much reduced by the 14th century. Two centuries later, when the first Europeans arrived, most of the natives were living in simple shelters in fertile river valleys, dependent on hunting, gathering, and small-scale farming for subsistence. These Arizona Indians belonged to three linguistic families: Uto-Aztecan (Hopi, Paiute, Chemehuevi, Pima-Papago), Yuman (Yuma, Mohave, Cocopa, Maricopa, Yavapai, Walapai, Havasupai), and Athapaskan (Navaho-Apache). The Hopi were the oldest group, their roots reaching back to the Anasazi; the youngest were the Navaho-Apache, migrants from the Plains, who were not considered separate tribes until the early 18th century.

The Spanish presence in Arizona involved exploration, missionary work, and settlement. Between 1539 and 1605, four expeditions crossed the land, penetrating both the upland plateau and the lower desert in ill-fated attempts to find great riches. In their footsteps came Franciscans from the Rio Grande to work among the Hopi, and Jesuits from the south, led by Eusebio Kino in 1692, to proselytize among the Pima. Within a few years, Kino had established a major mission station at San Xavier del Bac, near present-day Tucson. In 1736, a rich silver discovery near the Pima village of Arizona, about 20 mi (32 km) southwest of present-day Nogales, drew Spanish prospectors and settlers northward. To control the restless Pima, Spain in 1752 placed a military outpost, or presidio, at Tubac on the Santa Cruz River north of Nogales. This was the first major European settlement in Arizona. The garrison was moved north to the new fort at Tucson, also on the Santa Cruz, in 1776. During these years, the Spaniards gave little attention to the Santa Cruz settlements, administered as part of the Mexican province of Sonora, regarding them merely as way stations for colonizing expeditions traveling overland to the highly desirable lands of California. The end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th were periods of relative peace on the frontier; mines were developed and ranches begun. Spaniards removed hostile Apache bands onto reservations and made an effort to open a road to Santa Fe.

When Mexico revolted against Spain in 1810, the Arizona settlements were little affected. Mexican authorities did not take control at Arizpe, the Sonoran capital, until 1823. Troubled times followed, characterized by economic stagnation, political chaos, and renewed war with the Apache. Sonora was divided into partidos (counties), and the towns on the Santa Cruz were designated as a separate partido, with the county seat at Tubac. The area north of the Gila River, inhabited only by American Indians, was vaguely claimed by New Mexico. With the outbreak of the Mexican War in 1846, two US armies marched across the region: Col. Stephen W. Kearny followed the Gila across Arizona from New Mexico to California, and Lt. Col. Philip Cooke led a Mormon battalion westward through Tucson to California. The California Gold Rush of 1849 saw thousands of Americans pass along the Gila toward the new El Dorado. In 1850, most of present-day Arizona became part of the new US Territory of New Mexico; the southern strip was added by the Gadsden Purchase in 1853.

Three years later, the Sonora Exploring and Mining Co. organized a large party, led by Charles D. Poston, to open silver mines around Tubac. A boom followed, with Tubac becoming the largest settlement in the valley; the first newspaper, the Weekly Arizonian, was launched there in 1859. The great desire of California for transportation links with the rest of the Union prompted the federal government to chart roads and railroad routes across Arizona, erect forts there to protect Anglo travelers from the Arizona Indians, and open overland mail service. Dissatisfied with their representation at Santa Fe, the territorial capital, Arizona settlers joined those in southern New Mexico in 1860 in an abortive effort to create a new territorial entity. The outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 saw the declaration of Arizona as Confederate territory and abandonment of the region by the Union troops. A small Confederate force entered Arizona in 1862 but was driven out by a volunteer Union army from California. On 24 February 1863, President Abraham Lincoln signed into law a measure creating the new Territory of Arizona. Prescott became the capital in 1864, Tucson in 1867, Prescott again in 1877, and finally Phoenix in 1889.

During the early years of territorial status, the development of rich gold mines along the lower Colorado River and in the interior mountains attracted both people and capital to Arizona, as did the discovery of silver bonanzas in Tombstone and other districts in the late 1870s. Additional military posts were constructed to protect mines, towns, and travelers. This activity, in turn, provided the basis for a fledgling cattle industry and irrigated farming. Phoenix, established in 1868, grew steadily as an agricultural center. The Southern Pacific Railroad, laying track eastward from California, reached Tucson in 1880, and the Atlantic and Pacific (later acquired by the Santa Fe), stretching west from Albuquerque through Flagstaff, opened service to California in 1883. By 1890, copper had replaced silver as the principal mineral extracted in Arizona. In the Phoenix area, large canal companies began wrestling with the problem of supplying water for commercial agriculture. This problem was resolved in 1917 with the opening of the Salt River Valley Project, a federal reclamation program that provided enormous agricultural potential.

As a creature of the Congress, Arizona Territory was presided over by a succession of governors, principally Republicans, appointed in Washington. In reaction, the populace was predominantly Democratic. Within the territory, a merchant-capitalist class, with strong ties to California, dominated local and territorial politics until it was replaced with a mining-railroad group whose influence continued well into the 20th century. A move for separate statehood began in the 1880s but did not receive serious attention in Congress for another two decades. In 1910, after Congress passed an enabling act that allowed Arizona to apply for statehood, a convention met at Phoenix and drafted a state constitution. On 14 February 1912, Arizona entered the Union as the 48th state.

During the first half of the 20th century, Arizona shook off its frontier past. World War I (191418) spurred the expansion of the copper industry, intensive agriculture, and livestock production. Goodyear Tire and Rubber established large farms in the Salt River Valley to raise pima cotton. The war boom also generated high prices, land speculation, and labor unrest; at Bisbee and Jerome, local authorities forcibly deported more than 1,000 striking miners during the summer of 1917. The 1920s brought depression: banks closed, mines shut down, and agricultural production declined. To revive the economy, local boosters pushed highway construction, tourism, and the resort business. Arizona also shared in the general distress caused by the Great Depression of the 1930s and received large amounts of federal aid for relief and recovery. A copper tariff encouraged the mining industry, additional irrigation projects were started, and public works were begun on Indian reservations, in parks and forests, and at education institutions. Prosperity returned during World War II (193945) as camps for military training, prisoners of war, and displaced Japanese Americans were built throughout the state. Meat, cotton, and copper markets flourished, and the construction of processing and assembly plants suggested a new direction for the state's economy.

Arizona emerged from World War II as a modern state. War industries spawned an expanding peacetime manufacturing boom that soon provided the principal source of income, followed by tourism, agriculture, and mining. During the 1950s, the political scene changed. Arizona Republicans captured the governorship, gained votes in the legislature, won congressional seats, and brought a viable two-party system to the state. The rise of Barry Goldwater of Phoenix to national prominence further encouraged Republican influence. Meanwhile, air conditioning improved the quality of life, prompting a significant migration to the state.

But prosperity did not reach into all sectors. While the state ranked as only the 19th poorest in the nation in 1990 (with a poverty rate of 13.7%), by 1998, it ranked sixth-poorest, with a poverty rate of 16.6%. Although the poverty rate in Arizona subsequently declined (to 13.9% in 2004), from 2000 to 2004 the Arizona poverty rate climbed two full percentage points, double the national average.

For many years Arizona had seen its water diverted to California. In 1985, however, the state acted to bring water from the Colorado River to its own citizens by building the Central Arizona Project (CAP). The CAP was a $3 billion network of canals, tunnels, dams and pumping stations which had the capacity to bring 2.8 million acre-feet of water a year from the Colorado River to Arizona's desert lands, cities, and farms. By 1994, however, many considered the project to be a failure, as little demand existed for the water it supplied. Farmers concluded that water-intensive crops such as cotton were not profitable, and Arizona residents complained that the water provided by the CAP was dirty and undrinkable.

Arizona politics in the recent past have been rocked by the discovery of corruption in high places. In 1988, Governor Evan Mecham was impeached on two charges of official misconduct. In 1989, Senators John McCain and Dennis DeConcini were indicted for interceding in 1987 with federal bank regulators on behalf of Lincoln Savings and Loan Association. Lincoln's president, Charles Keating Jr., had contributed large sums to the Senators' reelection campaigns. In 1990, Peter MacDonald, the leader of the Navajo Nation, was convicted in the Navajo Tribal Court of soliciting $400,000 in bribes and kickbacks from corporations and individuals who sought to conduct business with the tribe in the 1970s and 1980s. A year later, seven members of the Arizona state legislature were charged with bribery, money laundering, and filing false election claims, the result of a sting operation. The legislators were videotaped accepting thousands of dollars from a man posing as a gaming consultant in return for agreeing to legalize casino gambling.

The most recent in Arizona's series of political scandals was the investigation and 1996 indictment of Governor Fife Symington on 23 counts of fraud and extortion in connection with his business ventures before he became governor in 1991, and his filing of personal bankruptcy. The case went to trial in May 1997. Convicted of fraud, Symington was replaced by secretary of state Jane Hull, also a Republican. In 1998 gubernatorial elections, Hull was elected in her own right. Democrat Janet Napolitano was elected governor in 2002. In 2003, the Arizona Supreme Court decided to individually review the 27 death sentences imposed by judges rather than juries, which was a practice deemed unconstitutional by the US Supreme Court.

STATE GOVERNMENT

The current constitution of Arizona, drafted in 1910 at the height of the Progressive era, contained reform provisions that were very advanced for the time; initiative, referendum, workers' compensation, short terms for elected officials, suffrage for women, and the barring of trusts and monopolies from the state. The constitution was adopted in 1911 and had been amended 136 times by January 2005.

Legislative authority is vested in a 30-member Senate and a 60-member House of Representatives. Legislative sessions are annual, begin in January, and must adjourn no later than the Saturday of the week during which the 100th day of the session falls. Special sessions, which are not limited in duration, may be called by petition of two-thirds of the membership of each house. All senators and representatives serve two-year terms and are chosen at the general election in November of each even-numbered year. A legislator must be a US citizen, at least 25 years old, an Arizona resident for at least three years, and a member of the district for at least a year. The legislative salary in 2004 was $24,000.

Chief executive officials elected statewide include the governor, secretary of state (the designated successor to the governor, as there is no lieutenant governor), treasurer, attorney general, and superintendent of public instruction, all of whom serve four-year terms. The governor is limited to a maximum of two consecutive terms. The five members of the Corporation Commission, which regulates public services and utilities, are elected for a four-year term with the possibility of reelection to a second consecutive four-year term; the state mine inspector is elected for two years. Candidates for executive office must have been US citizens for at least 10 years, must be at least 25 years old, and must have been a citizen of Arizona for at least 5 years. As of December 2004, the governor's salary was $95,000.

Bills may originate in either house of the legislature and must be passed by both houses and approved by the governor in order to become law. A two-thirds vote of the elected members in each house is necessary to override the governor's veto. If the governor fails to sign or veto a bill, it becomes law after five days (Sundays excluded) or ten days after the legislature has adjourned. Under the initiative procedure, legislation and proposed constitutional amendments can be placed on the ballot by petition. The petition must be signed by 15% of total votes cast for all candidates for governor at the last election. Constitutional amendments proposed in the legislature are ratified by a majority vote of the electorate.

In order to vote in Arizona, a person must be 18 years old, a US citizen, a resident of the state for at least 29 days prior to the upcoming election. Restrictions apply to convicted felons and those declared mentally incapacitated by the court.

POLITICAL PARTIES

Of Arizona's 17 territorial governors, all of whom were federally appointed, 14 were Republicans and 3 were Democrats. Statehood meant a prolonged period of Democratic dominance. From 1912 through 1950, the state had nine Democratic and three Republican governors; during that period, Republicans held the statehouse for only six years.

Republican Party fortunes improved dramatically after 1950, largely because of the rise to state and national prominence of a conservative Republican, Barry Goldwater, first elected to the US Senate in 1952. From 1951 to 1994, eight Republican governors led the state for a total of 26 years, and five Democratic governors for 18 years. Several Arizona Republicans were appointed to high office during the Richard Nixon years, and in 1973, another Republican, John J. Rhodes, became minority leader in the US House of Representatives. Democrat and former governor Bruce Babbitt was named secretary of the interior for the Bill Clinton administration in 1992.

In 1992, Bill Clinton ended 40 years of Republican presidential victories in Arizona, becoming the first Democratic winner since 1952, with 47% of the vote to Republican Bob Dole's 44% and Independent Ross Perot's 8%. In 2000, the pendulum swung back to the Republican side, with Republican George W. Bush winning 51% of the vote to Democrat Al Gore's 45% and the Green Party candidate Ralph Nader's 3%. In 2004, Bush won reelection, with 55% of the vote to Democrat John Kerry's 45%. In 2004 there were 2,643,000 registered voters. Of registered voters in 2001, 38% were Democratic, 43% Republican, and 19% unaffiliated or members of other parties. The state had 10 electoral votes in 2004, an increase over 8 in the 2000 presidential election.

Arizona Presidential Vote by Political Party, 19482004
YEAR ELECTORAL VOTE ARIZONA WINNER DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN PROGRESSIVE
*Won US presidential election.
1948 4 *Truman (D) 95,251 77,597 3,310
1952 4 *Eisenhower (R) 108,528 152,042
1956 4 *Eisenhower (R) 112,880 176,990
1960 4 Nixon (R) 176,781 221,241
1964 5 Goldwater (R) 237,753 242,535
AMERICAN IND.
1969 5 *Nixon (R) 170,514 266,721 46,573
AMERICAN
1972 6 *Nixon (R) 198,540 402,812 21,208
1976 6 Ford (R) 295,602 418,642 7,647
1980 6 *Reagan (R) 246,843 529,688 18,784
1984 7 *Reagan (R) 333,854 681,416 10,585
1988 7 *Bush (R) 454,029 702,541 13,351
IND. (Perot)
1992 8 Bush (R) 543,086 572,086 353,741
1996 8 *Clinton (D) 653,288 622,073 112,072
GREEN
2000 8 *Bush, G. W. (R) 685,341 781,652 45,645
LIBERTARIAN
2004 10 *Bush, G. W. (R) 893,524 1,104,294 11,856

Democrat Dennis DeConcini won reelection to the US Senate in 1988; he retired in 1994, and his seat was won by Republican Jon Kyl, who was reelected in 2000. Republican John McCain was reelected senator in 1992, 1998, and 2004; McCain ran for the presidency in 2000 but dropped his bid. Following the November 1994 election, Arizona's delegation of US Representatives went from three Democrats and three Republicans to one Democrat and five Republicans; in the 109th Congress (200506), Arizona's congressional delegation was made up of six Republicans and two Democrats in the House. Arizonans elected a Democrat, Janet Napolitano, as governor in 2002; she was the first female governor to be elected back-to-back behind another female governor, Jane Dee Hull. In 2005, Arizona's state legislature consisted of 18 Republicans and 12 Democrats in the Senate, and 39 Republicans and 21 Democrats in the state House. In 2003 there were 25 women serving in the state legislature.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Each of Arizona's 15 counties has a sheriff, county attorney, county recorder, treasurer, assessor, superintendent of schools, and three or five supervisors, each elected to a four-year term. Counties act as agents of the state.

Other local governmental units are cities, charter cities, and towns (communities with populations under 3,000). Towns generally follow the council-mayor form of government. All of Arizona's largest cities are charter cities. In 2005, there were 87 municipal governments and 305 special districts. The state had 410 school districts.

Each of the 21 Indian reservations in Arizona has a tribal coun-cil or board with members elected by the people.

In 2005, local government accounted for about 212,570 full-time (or equivalent) employment positions.

STATE SERVICES

To address the continuing threat of terrorism and to work with the federal Department of Homeland Security, homeland security in Arizona operates under the authority of the governor; the emergency management director heads the Arizona Office of Homeland Security and is appointed by the governor.

The Arizona Department of Education regulates the school system. The Arizona Board of Regents governs the state's three public universities. A commission for postsecondary education provides students with financial aid, and school information. The Department of Transportation administers the state's highway and air-transport systems, among other functions. The Department of Financial Institutions supervises the financial institutions and enterprises of the state.

The Department of Health Services operates programs for environmental health, behavioral health (including alcohol abuse, drug abuse, and mental-illness treatment facilities), and family health services. The National Guard falls under the jurisdiction of the Department of Emergency and Military Affairs, while prisons and rehabilitation programs are administered by the State Department of Corrections. The Department of Public Safety oversees the state highway patrol.

Natural resources are the responsibility of several agencies, including the Game and Fish Commission, Department of Mines and Mineral Resources, Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, Parks Board, and Department of Water Resources. The Department of Economic Security handles employment services and public-assistance programs.

JUDICIAL SYSTEM

The Supreme Court is the highest court in Arizona and has administrative responsibility over all other courts in the state. The five supreme court justices, appointed by the governor for staggered six-year terms, choose a chief justice and vice-chief justice to preside over the court.

The Court of Appeals, established in 1964, is organized in two geographical divisions which together have 22 judges. Appeals court judges are appointed for terms of six years.

The superior court is the general trial court of the state, and there must be at least one superior court judge in every Arizona county. In 1999, there were 136 superior court judges, plus 2 part-time judges, in the state's 15 counties. In counties with populations over 150,000, superior court judges are appointed by the governor; they hold office for terms ending 60 days following the next regular general election after expiration of a two-year term. Those seeking retention run at the next general election on a nonpartisan ballot. In counties with a population under 150,000, superior court judges are elected by nonpartisan ballot to four-year terms.

Counties are divided into precincts, each of which has a justice court. Every incorporated city and town has a police court. The jurisdiction of justice courts and police courts is limited to minor civil and criminal cases. Local judges are elected for terms of four years.

As of 31 December 2004, a total of 32,515 prisoners were held in Arizona's state and federal prisons, an increase (from 31,170) of 4.3% from the previous year. As of year-end 2004, a total of 2,765 inmates were female, up (from 2,656) 4.1% from the year before. Among sentenced prisoners (one year or more), Arizona had an incarceration rate of 534 per 100,000 population in 2004.

According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Arizona in 2004 had a violent crime rate (murder/nonnegligent manslaughter; forcible rape; robbery; aggravated assault) of 504.1 reported incidents per 100,000 population, or a total of 28,952 reported incidents. Crimes against property (burglary; larceny/theft; and motor vehicle theft) that same year totaled 306,747 reported incidents or 5,340.5 reported incidents per 100,000 people. Arizona has a death penalty, which can be carried out by lethal injection or lethal gas, depending upon the prisoner's request. However, if the inmate was sentenced prior to 15 November 1992, execution is by lethal gas. From 1976 through 5 May 2006 the state executed 22 persons. As of May 2006, the most recent had been in November 2000. As of 1 January 2006, there were 125 inmates on death row.

In 2003, Arizona spent $258,260,247 on homeland security, an average of $49 per state resident.

ARMED FORCES

In 2004, 27,026 active-duty federal military personnel were stationed at five military installations in Arizona, with 5,319 National Guard, and 6,140 civilian employees in the state. Major military installations include the Army's Fort Huachuca at Sierra Vista, with the most military personnel in the state, 7,016. The Air Force's Williams base near Phoenix closed in 1993, but remaining are the Luke and Davis-Monthan bases, near Phoenix and Tucson, respectively. There is also the Marine Corps' Yuma Air Station. Defense Department expenditures in Arizona were approximately $11.0 billion in 2004, $8.4 billion for contracts (sixth in the nation), and about $2.6 billion for payroll, including retired military pay.

There were 555,223 veterans of US military service in Arizona as of 2003, of whom 84,587 served in World War II; 66,564 in the Korean conflict; 155,908 during the Vietnam era; and 83,907 in the Gulf War. On 10 September 1992, Nathan E. Cook, the last veteran of the Spanish-American War (18981902), died in Phoenix at the age of 106. In 2004, total Veterans Affairs expenditures amounted to $1.4 billion.

As of 31 October 2004, the Arizona Department of Public Safety employed 1,133 full-time sworn officers.

MIGRATION

Arizona's first migrants were the ancient peoples who came from Asia across the Bering Strait more than 12,000 years ago. Hispanic settlers began arriving in the late 17th century. Anglo migration, especially from the South, became significant as the United States developed westward to California, and increased at an even faster rate with the building of the railroads during the 1880s. Migration has accelerated since World War II (193945), and Arizona showed a net gain of 519,000 in domestic migration and 96,000 in international migration from 1990 to 1998. Mexico is the main source of foreign immigrants. In the 1980s, half of Arizona's total population increase was from migration; about 530,000 persons moved there during that time. By 1998, Arizona's Hispanic pop-ulation numbered 963,000; those of Hispanic origin numbered 1,034,000. In 1998, 6,211 immigrants from foreign countries arrived in Arizona, of whom 3,209 were from Mexico. Arizona's total population increased 27.4% between 1990 and 1998. In the period 200005, net international migration was 168,078 and net internal migration was 408,160, for a net gain of 576,238 people.

INTERGOVERNMENTAL COOPERATION

Arizona is a signatory to a boundary agreement with California (1963) and Nevada; and to such interstate accords as the Colorado River Compact, Desert Pacific Economic Region Compact, Interstate Compact for Juveniles, Interstate Oil and Gas Compact, Upper Colorado River Basin Compact, Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, Wildlife Violator Compact, and Western Interstate corrections, nuclear, and education compacts.

The most important federal project in the state has been the Central Arizona Project, approved by Congress in 1968 and designed to divert water from the Colorado River to the Phoenix and Tucson areas for agriculture, energy, and other purposes. Federal grants totaled $6.617 billion in fiscal year 2005, an estimated $7.156 billion in fiscal year 2006, and an estimated $7.631 billion in fiscal year 2007.

ECONOMY

Mining and cattle-raising were the principal economic activities in Arizona during the territorial period. With the introduction of irrigation in the early 1900s, farming assumed a greater importance. Improvements in transportation later in the 20th century led to the development of manufacturing and tourism.

Arizona's economy compiled an impressive growth record during the 1970s and early 1980s. Between 1973 and 1983, the state population increased by 39% (fourth in the United States). Nonfarm wage and salary employment grew by 49% (fifth in the United States), and total personal income by 218% (sixth in the United States). Overexpansion brought a slowdown in the late 1980s, and in the national recession of 1991, Arizona's annual job creation rate dropped from 3% to 0. However, economic recovery was rapid and Arizona's annual job creation rate rose to a peak of about 8% in 1994 and continued above 4% until the recession of 2001, when job growth turned negative, and only grew 0.2% in 2002. In addition to substantial layoffs in the manufacturing, transportation and utilities, and finance, insurance, and real estate sectors, the state budget crunch prompted scheduled layoffs in the government for fiscal 2004. Total assets in Arizona's financial institutions, which had grown from $38.8 billion in September 1998 to $65.3 billion by September 2001 (+68.3%), fell to $46.8 billion (28.3%) as of September 2002.

In 2004, state gross product (GSP) totaled $199.953 billion, of which the real estate sector accounted for the largest single portion at $26.327, or 13% of GSP. This was followed by manufacturing, at $23.55 billion (11.7% of GSP); healthcare services, at $13.382 billion (6.7% of GSP); and construction, at $12.273 billion (6% of GSP). Small businesses account for a large portion of Arizona's employed workforce. In 2004, of the 110,153 businesses with employees, 97.2% of that total, or 107,018, consisted of small businesses. For that same year, a total of 12,421 new businesses were formed, down 6.8% from 2003. Business terminations totaled 17,553 in 2004, up 13.3% from the previous year, although business bankruptcies fell 31.5% to 480 in that year. Personal bankruptcy filing rates in 2005 ranked the state around the middle nationally. In that year, the personal bankruptcy filing rate (Chapter 7 and Chapter 13) came to 570 filings per 100,000 people, putting the state 23rd.

INCOME

In 2005 Arizona had a gross state product (GSP) of $216 billion, which accounted for 1.7% of the nation's gross domestic product and placed the state at number 22 in highest GSP among the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, in 2004 Arizona had a per capita personal income (PCPI) of $28,658. This ranked 39th in the United States and was 87% of the national average of $33,050. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of PCPI was 4.1%. Arizona had a total personal income (TPI) of $164,495,305,000, which ranked 22nd in the United States and reflected an increase of 8.4% from 2003. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of TPI was 7.3%. Earnings of persons employed in Arizona increased from $114,663,260,000 in 2003 to $125,262,159,000 in 2004, an increase of 9.2%. The 200304 national change was 6.3%.

The US Census Bureau reports that the three-year average median household income for 200204 in 2004 dollars was $42,590, compared to a national average of $44,473. During the same period an estimated 13.8% of the population was below the poverty line, as compared to 12.4% nationwide.

LABOR

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), in April 2006 the seasonally adjusted civilian labor force in Arizona numbered 2,948,600, with approximately 127,600 workers unemployed, yielding an unemployment rate of 4.3%, compared to the national average of 4.7% for the same period. Preliminary data for the same period placed nonfarm employment at 2,612,600. Since the beginning of the BLS data series in 1976, the highest unemployment rate recorded in Arizona was 11.5% in February 1983. The historical low was 3.9% in December 2000. Preliminary nonfarm employment data by occupation for April 2006 showed that approximately 8.1% of the labor force was employed in construction; 7.0% in manufacturing; 19.4% in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 6.8% in financial activities; 15.0% in professional and business services; 10.8% in education and health services; 10.2% in leisure and hospitality services; and 15.5% in government.

Organized labor has a long history in Arizona. A local of the Western Federation of Miners was founded in 1896, and labor was a powerful force at the constitutional convention in 1910. Nevertheless, the state's workforce is much less organized than that of the nation as a whole.

The US Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that in 2005, a total of 145,000 of Arizona's 2,366,000 employed wage and salary workers were formal members of a union. This represented 6.1% of those so employed, down from 6.3% in 2004 and well below the national average of 12%. Overall in 2005, a total of 181,000 workers (7.7%) in Arizona were covered by a union or employee association contract, which includes those workers who reported no union affiliation. Arizona is one of 22 states with a right-to-work law.

As of 1 March 2006, Arizona did not have a state-mandated minimum wage law, leaving employees in that state covered under federal minimum wage statutes. In 2004, women in the state accounted for nearly 45% of the employed civilian labor force.

AGRICULTURE

Arizona's agricultural output (including livestock products) was valued at $3.18 billion in 2005 (29th in the United States). Cash receipts from crops alone amounted to $1.7 billion.

In 2004, there were about 10,200 farms covering 24.7 million acres (10.7 million hectares), or about 39% of the state's total area, but only 1,961,000 acres (389,000 hectares), or 1.3% of the state, were actually farmed for crops. Arizona's farmed cropland is intensely cultivated and highly productive. In 2004, Arizona was second among all states in cotton yield per acre (1,371 lb per acre). About 95% of all farmland is dependent on irrigation provided by dams and water projects.

Cotton is the leading cash crop in Arizona. In 2004 the state produced 680,000 bales of Upland cotton on 238,000 acres (96,000 hectares), with a total value of $163,200,000. Arizona also produced 6,000 bales of American-Pima cotton on 3,000 acres (1,200 hectares) valued at $2,857,000. Vegetables, especially head lettuce, accounted for a value of $858,010,000 in 2004. Hay is also an important item; total hay production was 2,119,000 tons in 2004, for a value of $208,269,000. Other crops are wheat, sorghum, barley, grapes, and citrus fruits.

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

The total inventory of cattle and calves was an estimated 910,000 in 2005, with a value of $928.2 million. In 2005, the state had an estimated 100,000 sheep and lambs. In 2004, the state had 136,000 hogs and pigs valued at $14.9 million.

A total of 3.5 billion lb (1.6 billion kg) of milk was produced in 2003.

FISHING

Arizona has no commercial fishing. Sports fishing, however, is popular with residents and tourists. In 2004, the state had about 361,958 licensed sport fishermen. The Alchesay and the Williams Creek National Fish Hatcheries, located on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation in east central Arizona, have played a leading role in the recovery of the threatened Apache trout. Rainbow, cutthroat, brown, and brook trout are raised for stocking, primarily on American Indian lands in Arizona, western New Mexico, and southern Colorado. The coldwater Willow Beach National Hatchery, located downriver from Hoover Dam on the Arizona side of the Colorado River, raises rainbow trout. Approximately 750,000 trout are stocked annually in the Colorado River. The Pinetop Fish Health Center is a federally sponsored research and technology center.

FORESTRY

The lumber industry in Arizona began during the 19th century, when the building of the transcontinental railroad created a demand for railroad ties. Production of lumber from Arizona's forests remained strong until the 1990s, when the primary emphasis shifted to conservation and recreation. Lumber production in 2004 was 65 million board feet.

The main forest regions stretch from the northwest to the southeast, through the center of the state. Altogether, in 2003 there were 19,427,000 acres (7,862,000 hectares) of forestland in Arizona, over 25% of the state's area and 2.6% of total US forestland. Commercial timberland accounted for only 3,527,000 acres (1,427,000 hectares). National forests covered 11,891,000 acres (4,812,000 hectares) as of 2003. Lumber production remains an important emphasis on the Kaibab, Coconino, and Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests, and on the Hualapai, Navajo, Ft. Apache, and San Carlos Apache Indian Reservations. The Rodeo-Chediski fire in 2002 burned over 400,000 acres (162,000 hectares).

MINING

Arizona ranked third in nonfuel mineral production by value in 2004. According to the US Geological Survey, nonfuel mineral production in Arizona during 2004 was valued at $3.3 billion, up almost 53% from the 2003s total of $2.18 billion, and up 11.8% from 2002 to 2003. Copper represented about 64% of the nonfuel mineral production by value in 2004, followed by construction sand and gravel, molybdenum concentrates, portland cement, crushed stone, and lime. The sharp increases in nonfuel mineral output by value mostly reflected increasing prices for copper and molybdenum, and to a lesser extent increases in construction sand and gravel, portland cement, and crushed stone. Copper output by volume in 2004, actually fell by around 2.5%, and molybdenum concentrate production increased only 2% that same year, although by value, output was over three times that of 2003.

Production and values in 2004 for the principal minerals are as follows: copper, 723,000 metric tons ($2.13 billion); construction sand and gravel, 79.6 million metric tons ($430 million); and crushed stone, 11.1 million metric tons ($57.2 million).

Arizona continued to lead the country in copper and molybdenum concentrate production in 2004, producing over 62% of all copper mined and produced in the United States. Arizona also ranked second in gemstones (by value); third in perlite, and in construction sand and gravel. The state ranked seventh in silver output and tenth in gold production.

Population growth and freeway construction projects in metropolitan Phoenix have contributed to Arizona's ranking as the nation's third-largest producer of sand and gravel.

ENERGY AND POWER

As of 2003, Arizona had 45 electrical power service providers, of which 28 were publicly owned and 9 were cooperatives. Of the remainder, three were federally operated, while five were investor owned. As of that same year there were over 2.422 million retail customers. Of that total, over 1,381,302 received their power from the state's five investor-owned service providers. Cooperatives accounted for 148,880 customers, while publicly owned providers had 872,381 customers.

Total net summer generating capability by the state's electrical generating plants in 2003 stood at 25.510 million kW, with total production that same year at 94.396 billion kWh. Of the total amount generated, 85.1% came from electric utilities, with the remainder from independent producers and combined heat and power service providers. The largest portion of all electric pow-er generated, 38.091 billion kWh (40.4%), came from coal-fired plants, with nuclear fueled plants in second place, at 28.851 billion kWh (30.3%).

As of 2006, Arizona had one nuclear power-generating plant, the three unit Palo Verde facility near Wintersburg in Maricopa County.

Arizona's fossil-fuel potential remains largely undeveloped, though oil and natural-gas exploration began in the 1980s. As of 2004, the state had proven crude oil reserves of less than 1% of all US reserves, while output that same year averaged 142 barrels per day, most of which came from so-called "stripper wells," wells that produce under 10 barrels per day. Including federal off shore domains, Arizona that year ranked 31st (30th excluding federal off shore) among the 31 producing states. In 2004 the state had 18 producing oil wells and accounted for less than 1% of all US production. As of 2005, there were no refineries in Arizona.

In 2004, Arizona had six producing natural gas and gas condensate wells. In that same year, marketed gas production (all gas produced excluding gas used for repressuring, vented and flared, and nonhydrocarbon gases removed) totaled 331 million cu ft (9.4 million cu m). There is no data on the state's proven reserves of natural gas.

Arizona in 2004, had two producing coal mines, both of which were surface operations. Coal production that year totaled 12,731,000 short tons, up from 12,059,000 short tons in 2003.

Energy resource development in the state is encouraged by the Department of Mines and Mineral Resources, Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, and Department of Water Resources.

INDUSTRY

Manufacturing, which has grown rapidly since World War II (193945), became the state's leading economic activity in the 1970s. Factors contributing to this growth included a favorable tax structure, available labor, plentiful electric power, and low land costs. The major manufacturing centers are the Phoenix and Tucson areas.

According to the US Census Bureau's Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) for 2004, Arizona's manufacturing sector covered some 17 product subsectors. The shipment value of all products manufactured in the state that same year was $41.644 billion. Of that total, the manufacturing of computer and electric products accounted for the largest portion, at $11.587 billion. It was followed by the manufacture of transportation equipment at $9.437 billion, fabricated metal products at $3.208 billion, and food manufacturing at $3.146 billion.

In 2004, a total of 158,004 people in Arizona were employed in the state's manufacturing sector, according to the ASM. Of that total, 95,923 were production workers. In terms of total employment, the transportation equipment manufacturing sector accounted for the largest portion of all manufacturing employees at 30,334, with 12,981 actual production workers. It was followed by computer and electronic product manufacturing, with 27,129 employees (12,357 actual production workers); fabricated metal product manufacturing at 17,218 employees (12,230 actual production workers); wood product manufacturing with 10,508 employees (7,809 actual production workers); and food manufacturing at 9,386 employees (6,824 actual production workers).

ASM data for 2004 showed that Arizona's manufacturing sector paid $7.240 billion in wages. Of that amount, the transportation equipment manufacturing sector accounted for the largest portion at $1.994 billion. It was followed by computer and electronic product manufacturing at $880.272 million and fabricated metal product manufacturing at $688.006 million.

Principal manufacturers of electronic and technology-intensive equipment in Arizona include: Motorola, Allied Signal Aerospace, Honeywell, Hughes Missile Systems Co., and Intel. Intel expanded its operations in Arizona with the construction of a $1.3 billion plant in 1994. While high-tech manufacturing actually declined in Arizona in 1998 and early 1999, in part because of the Asian financial crisis, the state's low-tech manufacturing improved.

COMMERCE

According to the 2002 Census of Wholesale Trade, Arizona's wholesale trade sector had sales that year totaling $60.9 billion from 6,651 establishments. Wholesalers of durable goods accounted for 4,154 establishments, followed by nondurable goods wholesalers at 1,950, and electronic markets, agents, and brokers accounting for 547 establishments. Sales data for durable and nondurable goods wholesalers, as well as for electronic markets, agents, and brokers, was unavailable. Most wholesale establishments were concentrated in Maricopa and Pima counties.

In the 2002 Census of Retail Trade, Arizona was listed as having 17,238 retail establishments, with sales of $56.4 billion. The leading types of retail businesses by number of establishments were: miscellaneous store retailers (2,463); clothing and clothing accessories stores (2,426); motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts dealers (1,966); and gasoline stations (1,866). In terms of sales, motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts stores accounted for the largest share of retail sales, at $16.05 billion, followed by food and beverage stores at $8.1 billion; gasoline stations at $4.9 billion; and building material/garden equipment and supplies dealers at $3.7 billion. A total of 268,584 people were employed by the retail sector in Arizona that year.

Exporters located in Arizona exported $14.9 billion in merchandise during 2005.

CONSUMER PROTECTION

Consumer protection in Arizona is the responsibility of the Public Advocacy Division of the state's Office of the Attorney General. Under the state's Consumer Fraud Act, the Arizona attorney general has primary enforcement powers regarding consumer protection, although enforcement may be delegated to County Attorneys. In addition, private citizens, under the Consumer Fraud Act, may also initiate legal action within one year from the date, from which the claim arises.

When dealing with consumer protection issues, the state's attorney general can initiate civil (but not criminal) proceedings, and is responsible for the administration of consumer protection and education programs and the handling of consumer complaints. However, the Attorney General's Office cannot represent the state before state regulatory agencies and has limited subpoena powers that can only be used in antitrust actions. In those actions, the attorney general can act on behalf of those consumers who are incapable of acting on their own; can initiate damage actions on behalf of the state in state courts; can initiate criminal proceedings; and can represent counties, cities, and other governmental entities in recovering civil damages under state or federal law.

The Attorney General's Office has locations in Phoenix and Tucson. County Attorney's Offices are located in the cities of Clifton, Flagstaff, Florence, Globe, Holbrook, Kingman, Nogales, Parker, Prescott, Safford, St. Johns, and Yuma.

BANKING

As of June 2005, Arizona had 51 insured banks, savings and loans, and saving banks, along with 28 state-chartered and 35 federally chartered credit unions (CUs). Excluding the CUs, the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale market area had 65 financial institutions in 2004, followed by Tucson at 21, Prescott at 12, Yuma at 9, and Flagstaff at 8. As of June 2005, CUs accounted for 12.8% of all assets held by all financial institutions in the state, or some $10.841 billion. Banks, savings and loans, and savings banks collectively accounted for the remaining 87.2% or $74.020 billion in assets held.

Arizona has a high percentage of new banking institutions. As of the fourth quarter of 2005, 11 were less than 3 years old. For the same period, the median net interest margin (the difference between the lower rates offered to savers and the higher rates charged on loans) was 5.38%. The state's median annualized return on average assets (ROA) ratio (the measure of earnings in relation to all resources) was 1.19%.

State-chartered financial institutions in Arizona are regulated by the Department of Banking. Nationally or federally chartered financial institutions either are under the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (banks), the Office of Thrift Supervision, or the National Credit Union Administration. Federally regulated institutions in Arizona include the Bank of America, Bank One, Wells Fargo Bank, Desert Schools Federal Credit Union, and Arizona Federal Credit Union.

INSURANCE

In 2004 there were 1.79 million individual life insurance policies in force with a total value of $203.9 billion; total value for all categories of life insurance (individual, group, and credit) was $309 billion. The average coverage amount was $113,800 per policy holder. Death benefits paid that year totaled $874 million.

As of 2003, there were 50 property and casualty and 262 life and health insurance companies incorporated or organized in the state. Direct premiums for property and casualty insurance amounted to $7.5 billion in 2004. That year, there were 29,078 flood insurance policies in force in the state, with a total value of $4.97 billion.

In 2004, 48% of state residents held employment-based health insurance policies, 6% held individual policies, and 27% were covered under Medicare and Medicaid; 17% of residents were uninsured. In 2003, employee contributions for employment-based health coverage averaged at 18% for single coverage and 30% for family coverage. For family coverage, an average employee contribution rate of 30% was one of the highest in the country. Arizona does not offer extended health benefits in connection with the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA), a health insurance extension program for those who lose employment-based coverage due to termination or reduction of work hours.

In 2003, there were over 3.3 million auto insurance policies in effect for private passenger cars. Required minimum coverage includes bodily injury liability of up to $25,000 per individual and $30,000 for all persons injured, as well as property damage liability of $10,000. In 2003, the average expenditure per vehicle for insurance coverage was $920.38.

The Department of Insurance regulates the state's insurance industry and examines and licenses agents, and brokers.

SECURITIES

The Arizona Stock Exchange (AZX), originally established by Steve Wunsch in 1990 as the Wunsch Auction System, was an electronic call market that traded equity securities, including many Arizona-based companies. However, the AZX closed in 2001 due to lack of volume.

In 2005, there were 2,590 personal financial advisers employed in the state. In 2004, there were over 133 publicly traded companies within the state, with over 45 NASDAQ companies, 17 NYSE listings, and 7 AMEX listings. In 2006, the state had four Fortune 500 companies; Avnet (Phoenix) ranked first in the state and 212th in the nation with revenues of over $11 billion, followed by Phelps Dodge (Phoenix), Allied Waste Industries (Scottsdale), and US Airways Group (Tempe), all of which are NYSE companies. PetSmart (Phoenix), a NASDAQ listing, made the Fortune 1,000 list, at 518th in the nation.

PUBLIC FINANCE

The governor's budgets are prepared in the Office of Strategic Planning and Budgeting (OSPB). During the 1990's, Arizona moved from an annual to a biennial budget format. Agency requests are submitted to the OSPB by September 1, and agency hearings are held in November and December. The governor's budget is submitted in January and the legislature is expected to pass the budget in the period January to April. With rebounding tourism dollars, cost cutting, and strong population increases Arizona's fiscal picture has improved. Fiscal year 2006 general funds were estimated at nearly $9.3 billion for resources and $8.2 billion for expenditures. In fiscal year 2004, federal government grants to Arizona were $8.3 billion. For fiscal year 2007, federal funding for border station improvements was authorized, as was increased funding for research on water purification technology under the Water 2025 program.

TAXATION

In 2005, Arizona collected $11,008 million in tax revenues, or $1,854 per capita, which placed it 40th among the 50 states in per capita tax burden. The national average was $2,192 per capita. Property taxes accounted for 3.4% of the total; sales taxes, 47.3%; selective sales taxes, 13.5%; individual income taxes, 25.9%; corporate income taxes, 6.4%; and other taxes 3.5%.

As of 1 January 2006, Arizona had five individual income tax brackets ranging from 2.87% to 5.04%. The state taxes corporations at a flat rate of 6.968%.

In 2004, state and local property taxes amounted to $4,867,990,000, or $848 per capita. The per capita amount ranks the state 35th highest nationally. Local governments collected $4,521,563,000 of the total and the state government, $346,427,000.

Arizona taxes retail sales at a rate of 5.60%. In addition to the state tax, local taxes on retail sales can reach as high as 4.50%, making for a potential total tax on retail sales of 10.10%. Food purchased for consumption off-premises is tax exempt. The tax on cigarettes is 118 cents per pack, which ranks 16th among the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Arizona taxes gasoline at 18 cents per gallon. This is in addition to the 18.4 cents per gallon federal tax on gasoline.

According to the Tax Foundation, for every federal tax dollar sent to Washington in 2004, Arizona citizens received $1.30 in federal spending.

ArizonaState Government Finances
(Dollar amounts in thousands. Per capita amounts in dollars.)
AMOUNT PER CAPITA
Abbreviations and symbols: - zero or rounds to zero; (NA) not available; (X) not applicable.
source: U.S. Census Bureau, Governments Division, 2004 Survey of State Government Finances, January 2006.
Total Revenue 23,753,397 4,138.22
  General revenue 18,949,181 3,301.25
   Intergovernmental revenue 6,987,389 1,217.32
   Taxes 9,606,318 1,673.57
     General sales 4,719,642 822.24
     Selective sales 1,351,095 235.38
     License taxes 289,803 50.49
     Individual income tax 2,315,865 403.46
     Corporate income tax 525,650 91.58
     Other taxes 404,263 70.43
   Current charges 1,169,721 203.78
   Miscellaneous general revenue 1,185,753 206.58
  Utility revenue 25,446 4.43
  Liquor store revenue - -
  Insurance trust revenue 4,778,770 832.54
Total expenditure 21,748,803 3,788.99
  Intergovernmental expenditure 7,544,080 1,314.30
  Direct expenditure 14,204,723 2,474.69
    Current operation 9,930,123 1,729.99
    Capital outlay 1,460,258 254.40
    Insurance benefits and repayments 2,179,136 379.64
    Assistance and subsidies 394,561 68.74
    Interest on debt 240,645 41.92
Exhibit: Salaries and wages 2,627,433 457.74
Total expenditure 21,748,803 3,788.99
  General expenditure 19,541,494 3,404.44
   Intergovernmental expenditure 7,544,080 1,314.30
   Direct expenditure 11,997,414 2,090.14
  General expenditures, by function:
   Education 7,149,182 1,245.50
   Public welfare 5,162,214 899.34
   Hospitals 59,012 10.28
   Health 1,133,082 197.40
   Highways 1,891,625 329.55
   Police protection 188,754 32.88
   Correction 790,485 137.72
   Natural resources 238,297 41.52
   Parks and recreation 167,668 29.21
   Government administration 484,420 84.39
   Interest on general debt 237,435 41.36
   Other and unallocable 2,039,320 355.28
  Utility expenditure 28,173 4.91
  Liquor store expenditure - -
  Insurance trust expenditure 2,179,136 379.64
Debt at end of fiscal year 6,773,923 1,180.13
Cash and security holdings 38,840,515 6,766.64

ECONOMIC POLICY

The Department of Commerce has primary responsibility for attracting business and industry to Arizona, aiding existing business and industry, and assisting companies engaged in international trade. Its programs emphasize job opportunities, energy conservation, support of small businesses, and development of the film industry. The Commerce and Economic Development Commission (CEDC), a six-member agency chaired by the director of the Department of Commerce, was established in 1989 as the state economic policy and planning board. Its budget is provided by two scratch games in the Arizona lottery. Economic development programs supported at least in part by the state include the Arizona Enterprise Zone (EZ) Program, which offers tax reductions and exemptions for investment in areas where poverty and/or unemployment are high; the Military Reuse Zone (MRZ) program, established 1992, which offers incentives for investments to retool military installations for civilian use; the Tucson Empowerment Zone Tax Incentive Plan, a $17 billion tax incentive program designed after Tucson won designation by the federal government as an empowerment zone; the Arizona Job Training Program, which designs job training programs; the Economic Strengths Program (ESP), which provides grants for road construction; Waste Reduction Assistance (WRA); the Waste Reduction Initiative Through Education (WRITE); the Private Activity Bonds (PAB) Program, which in 1986 replaced the Industrial Development Bond Program, and which offers finance in favorable terms for the construction of industrial and manufacturing facilities, student loans, housing, private utility projects, and some municipal projects; the Lease Excise Tax Program, which offered tax abatements to businesses that lease, rather than own, city property; and the IT Training Tax Credit, which offered training for up to 20 employees in information technology (IT) skills. As of 2006, the state had also designated seven Foreign Trade Zones (FTZs), which were accorded treatment as territory outside of the state's tax jurisdiction. Other tax incentives offered by Arizona include a 10% Pollution Control Tax credit on real and personal property used to control pollution; a schedule of tax credits for research and development expenditures; and accelerated depreciation for capital investments.

HEALTH

The infant mortality rate in October 2005 was estimated at 6.9 per 1,000 live births. The birth rate in 2003 was 16.3 per 1,000 population, the third-highest in the nation (following Utah and Texas). The abortion rate stood at 16.5 per 1,000 women in 2000. In 2003, about 76.6% of pregnant woman received prenatal care beginning in the first trimester. In 2004, approximately 79% of children received routine immunizations before the age of three.

The crude death rate in 2003 was 7.8 deaths per 1,000 population. As of 2002, the death rates for major causes of death (per 100,000 resident population) were: heart disease, 198.9; cancer, 171.5; cerebrovascular diseases, 46.5; chronic lower respiratory diseases, 47.2; and diabetes, 22.6. The mortality rate from HIV infection was 3 per 100,000 population. In 2004, the reported AIDS case rate was at about 9.8 per 100,000 population. In 2002, about 54.1% of the population was considered overweight or obese. As of 2004, about 18.5% of state residents were smokers.

In 2003, Arizona had 61 community hospitals with about 10,800 beds. There were about 603,000 patient admissions that year and 6.7 million outpatient visits. The average daily inpatient census was about 7,300 patients. The average cost per day for hospital care was $1,570. Also in 2003, there were about 135 certified nursing facilities in the state, with 16,451 beds and an overall occupancy rate of about 80.5%. In 2004, it was estimated that about 68.6% of all state residents had received some type of dental care within the year. Arizona had 225 physicians per 100,000 resident population in 2004 and 522 nurses per 100,000 in 2005. In 2004, there was a total of 2,976 dentists in the state.

About 27% of state residents were enrolled in Medicaid and Medicare programs in 2004. Approximately 17% of the state population was uninsured in 2004. In 2003, state healthcare expenditures totaled $5.5 million.

SOCIAL WELFARE

In 2004, about 96,000 people received unemployment benefits with the average weekly unemployment benefit at $177. In fiscal year 2005, the estimated average monthly participation in the food stamp program included about 550,291 persons (220,498 households); the average monthly benefit was about $95.98 per person. That year, the total benefits paid through the state for the food stamp program was about $633.8 million.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), the system of federal welfare assistance that officially replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) in 1997, was reauthorized through the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. TANF is funded through federal block grants that are divided among the states based on an equation involving the number of recipients in each state. Arizona's TANF program is called EMPOWER (Employing and Moving People Off Welfare and Encouraging Responsibility). In 2004, the state program had 115,000 recipients; state and federal expenditures on the TANF program totaled $175 million in fiscal year 2003.

In December 2004, Social Security benefits were paid to 888,460 Arizona residents. This number included 578.590 retired workers, 76,490 widows and widowers, 114,250 disabled workers, 49,760 spouses, and 69,370 children. Social Security beneficiaries represented 15.5% of the total state population and 86.3% of the state's population age 65 and older. Retired workers received an average monthly payment of $973; widows and widowers, $930; disabled workers, $924; and spouses, $482. Payments for children of retired workers averaged $467 per month; children of deceased workers, $605; and children of disabled workers, $262. Federal Supplemental Security Income payments in December 2004 went to 94,400 Arizona residents, averaging $406 a month. An additional $23,000 in state-administered supplemental payments was distributed to 457 residents.

HOUSING

In 2004, there were an estimated 2,458,231 housing units, of which 2,131,534 were occupied. In the same year, 68.7% of all housing units were owner-occupied. It was estimated that about 101,678 units statewide were without telephone service, 14,897 lacked complete plumbing facilities, and 11,543 lacked complete kitchen facilities. About 59% of all units were single-family detached homes; about 13.2% were mobile homes. The average household had 2.64 members.

From 1980 to 1990, the housing boom in Arizona caused the number of housing units to increase by 55%. About 27.6% of all housing structures in Arizona were built in 1995 or later. In 2004, the median value of a home was $145,741. The median monthly cost for mortgage owners was $1,130; the median cost monthly cost for renters was $691. Approximately 90,600 new units were authorized in 2004. In September 2005, the state was awarded grants of over $2 million from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) for rural housing and economic development programs. For 2006, HUD allocated to the state over $12.1 million in community development block grants.

EDUCATION

In 2004, 84.4% of Arizonans 25 years old and over were high school graduates. Some 28% had obtained a bachelor's degree or higher.

The first public school in the state opened in 1871 at Tucson, with 1 teacher and 138 students. In the fall of 2002, total enrollment in public schools was 938,000. Of these, 660,000 attended schools from kindergarten through grade eight, and 277,000 attended high school. Approximately 49.2% of the students were white, 4.8% were black, 37.2% were Hispanic, 2.2% were Asian/Pacific Islander, and 6.6% were American Indian/Alaskan Native. Total enrollment was estimated at 949,000 in fall 2003 and expected to be 1,074,000 by fall 2014, an increase of 14.5% during the period 200214. There were 46,366 students enrolled in 292 private schools in fall 2003. Expenditures for public education in 2003/04 were estimated at $6.7 billion or $6,036 per student, the third-lowest among the 50 states. Since 1969, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) has tested public school students nationwide. The resulting report, The Nation's Report Card, stated that in 2005 eighth graders in Arizona scored 274 out of 500 in mathematics compared with the national average of 278.

As of fall 2002, there were 401,605 students enrolled in college or graduate school; minority students comprised 28.8% of total postsecondary enrollment. As of 2005, Arizona had 74 degree-granting institutions. The leading public higher educational institutions, the University of Arizona at Tucson and Arizona State University (originally named the Arizona Territorial Normal School) at Tempe, were both established in 1885. Thunderbird, The Garvin School of International Management, a private institution, is located in Glendale.

ARTS

The Arizona Commission on the Arts was established as a permanent state agency in 1967. The Arizona Humanities Council was established in 1973. In 2005, the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) awarded 18 grants totaling $977,400 to Arizona arts organizations; the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) awarded 11 grants totaling $1,241,940. State arts programs are also supported by the Arizona Arts Endowment Fund (also called Arizona ArtShare), which was established in 1996. Arizona is also a member state of the Western States Art Federation (WESTAF).

Arizona has traditionally been a center for American Indian folk arts and crafts. The Arizona State Museum (Tucson), Colorado River Indian Tribes Museum (Parker), Heard Museum of Anthropology and Primitive Art (Phoenix), Mohave Museum of History and Arts (Kingman), Navajo Tribal Museum (Window Rock), and Pueblo Grande Museum (Phoenix) all display Indian creations, both historic and contemporary. Modern Arizona artists are featured at the Tucson Museum of Art and the Yuma Art Center.

Musical and dramatic performances are presented in Phoenix, Tucson, Scottsdale, and other major cities. One of Arizona's oldest arts organization and one of the longest-running theaters nationwide, the Phoenix Theatre celebrated its 85th season in 2005. Ballet Arizona, based in Phoenix, celebrated 20 years of performance during its 2005/06 season. The Arizona Opera Company and the Arizona Theatre Company perform both in Tucson and Phoenix. As of 2006, there were two major orchestras, the Phoenix Symphony, founded in 1947, and the Tucson Symphony Orchestra, founded in 1928, one of the oldest symphonies in the Southwest. The annual Grand Canyon Music Festival (est. 1984) features the finest in both classical and folk music.

LIBRARIES AND MUSEUMS

For the fiscal year ending in June 2001, Arizona had 35 public library systems, with a total of 176 libraries, of which 148 were branches. Also that year, the system had a combined book and serial publications stock of 8,760,000 volumes, and a total circulation of 33,066,000. The system also had 364,000 audio and 484,000 video items, 38,000 electronic format items (CD-ROMs, magnetic tapes, and disks), and 15 bookmobiles. Principal public libraries included the Phoenix Public Library and the State Library and Department of Archives in Phoenix, and the Arizona Historical Society Library in Tucson. The largest university libraries are located at the University of Arizona and Arizona State University. Total operating income for the public library system amounted to $118,286,000 in fiscal year 2001, including $682,000 in federal grants and $652,000 in state grants.

Arizona has more than 120 museums and historic sites. Attractions in Tucson include the Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona Museum of Art, Arizona Historical Society, Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Flandreau Planetarium, and Gene C. Reid Zoological Park. Phoenix has the Heard Museum (anthropology and primitive art), Arizona Mineral Resources Museum, Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix Zoo, Pueblo Grande Museum, and Desert Botanical Garden. The Museum of Northern Arizona and Lowell Observatory are in Flagstaff. Kitt Peak National Observatory is in Tucson.

Archaeological and historical sites include the cliff dwellings at the Canyon de Chelly, Casa Grande Ruins, Montezuma Castle, Tonto, and Tuzigoot national monuments; the town of Tombstone, the site of the famous O. K. Corral gunfight in the early 1880s; and the restored mission church at Tumacacori National Monument and San Xavier del Bac Church near Tucson.

COMMUNICATIONS

Over 91.8% of housing units had telephones in 2004. In addition, by June of that same year there were 3,079,657 mobile wireless telephone subscribers. In 2003, 64.3% of Arizona households had a computer and 55.2% had Internet access. By June 2005, there were 860,082 high-speed lines in Arizona, 783,322 residential and 76,760 for business. A total of 131,164 Internet domain names had been registered in Arizona as of 2000.

There were 70 major radio stations broadcasting in Arizona in 2005 (15 AM and 55 FM). The state also had 15 major television stations in 2005. In 1999, 59% of Phoenix's 1,390,750 television households received cable.

PRESS

The Weekly Arizonian, started in 1859, was the first newspaper in the state. The Daily Arizona Miner, the state's first daily, was founded at Prescott in 1866. In 2004, The Arizona Republic was the 15th largest newspaper in the country, based on daily circulation rates. As of 2005 there were 10 morning dailies and 6 evening dailies; 11 dailies had Sunday editions.

The following table shows 2005 circulations for leading dailies:

AREA NAME DAILY SUNDAY
Phoenix Arizona Republic (m,S) 413,268 530,751
Tucson Arizona Daily Star (m,S) 100,824 161,957
Citizen (e) 30,090

In 2005, there were 68 weekly publications in Arizona, including 29 paid weeklies, 27 free weeklies, and 12 combined weeklies. The total circulation of paid weeklies (180,610) and free weeklies (531,432) is 712,042. Tucson's Shopper, with a circulation of 328,149, ranked 20th in the nation among publications of its type.

Among the most notable magazines and periodicals published in Arizona were Phoenix Magazine, Phoenix Living, and Arizona Living, devoted to the local and regional life-style; American West, dedicated to the Western heritage; Arizona and the West, published quarterly by the University of Arizona Library in Tucson; and Arizona Highways, a beautifully illustrated monthly published by the Department of Transportation in Phoenix.

ORGANIZATIONS

In 2006, there were over 2,880 nonprofit organizations registered within the state, of which about 2,069 were registered as charitable, educational, or religious organizations. Among the organizations headquartered in Arizona are the National Foundation for Asthma (Tucson), the American Bicycle Association (Chandler), the American Federation of Astrologers (Tempe), the American Rock Art Research Association (Tucson), the Muscular Dystrophy Association (Tucson), the Western National Parks Association (Tucson), the Make-A-Wish Foundation of America (Phoenix), Safari Club International (Tucson), and the United States Handball Association (Tucson). The national Fisher-Price Collector's Club is based in Mesa.

The National Native American Cooperative in Tucson and the Association of American Cultures serves local and national members who strive to preserve and promote interest in native arts and cultures. The desert Bluegrass Association is another regional arts association. The Desert Botanical Garden in Phoenix presents tours of the gardens and a museum as well as offering seminars on the flora of arid lands. Offices for the Messianic Jewish Movement International are based in Chandler.

TOURISM, TRAVEL, AND RECREATION

Tourism and travel is a leading industry in Arizona. In 2004, tourism and travel accounted for more than $13.76 billion in direct sales. There were 27.8 million domestic visitors and 900,000 from overseas.

There are 22 national parks and monuments located entirely within Arizona. By far the most popular is Grand Canyon National Park. Petrified Forest National Park and Saguaro National Monument are also popular national parks. There are also 14 state parks that regularly attract over a million visitors per year.

Arizona offers excellent camping on both public and private land, and there are many farm vacation sites and dude ranches, particularly in the Tucson and Wickenburg areas. Popular for sightseeing and shopping are the state's American Indian reservations, particularly those of the Navaho and Hopi. Boating and fishing on Lake Mead, Lake Powell, Lake Mohave, Lake Havasu (people can revisit the original London Bridge), the Colorado River, and the Salt River lakes are also attractions. The Hoover Dam is located on the Arizona-Nevada border. The red rock country of Sedona is a popular destination. The nearby city of Jerome is a real ghost town. Winter visitors can ski and enjoy other winter sports in Flagstaff in an area called the Snow Bowl. Biosphere 2 in Oracle is another popular tourist attraction. Tourists interested in architecture can visit Frank Lloyd Wright's workshop, Taliesin West, in Carefree. In the late winter and early spring, many Major League Baseball teams conduct their spring training at camps in Arizona. Visitors can watch practice games and visit with the players. For auto racing fans, NASCAR also has a big presence in Arizona.

SPORTS

There are five major professional teams in Arizona, all in Phoenix: the Cardinals of the National Football League, the Suns of the National Basketball Association, the Coyotes of the National Hockey League, the Mercury of the Women's National Basketball Association, and the Diamondbacks of Major League Baseball. The Diamondbacks captured the World Series in 2001. There is a minor league hockey team, also in Phoenix. Several Major League Baseball teams hold spring training in Arizona, and there is a minor league team in Tucson, as well as several rookie league teams throughout the state. There is horse racing at Turf Paradise in Phoenix, and dog racing at Phoenix, Tucson, and Yuma. Auto racing is held at Manzanita Raceway and International Raceway, in Phoenix. Phoenix International Raceway also hosts NASCAR Nextel Cup and Busch Series events. Both Phoenix and Tucson have hosted tournaments on the Professional Golfers Association's nationwide tour.

The first organized rodeo that awarded prizes and charged admission was held in Prescott on 4 July 1988, and rodeos continue to be held throughout the state.

Both Arizona State and the University of Arizona joined the Pacific 10 Conference in 1978. The Sun Devils won the Rose Bowl in their first appearance in 1987, and also appeared in 1997. The Wildcats captured National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I baseball championships in 1975, 1980, and 1986, and the NCAA Division I men's basketball championship in 1997. The men's basketball team at the University of Arizona has reached the NCAA Tournament for 22 consecutive years. The Sun Devils won the baseball championship in 1981. College football's Fiesta Bowl is held annually at Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, the home stadium for the Arizona State football team.

Other annual sporting events include the Thunderbird Balloon Classic in Scottsdale in November.

FAMOUS ARIZONIANS

Although Arizona entered the Union relatively late (1912), many of it citizens have achieved national prominence, especially since World War II (193945). William H. Rehnquist (b.Wisconsin, 19242005) was appointed associate justice of the US Supreme Court in 1971 and chief justice in 1986; in 1981 Sandra Day O'Connor (b.Texas, 1930) became the first woman to serve on the Supreme Court. Arizona natives who became federal officeholders include Lewis Douglas (18941974), a representative who served as director of the budget in 193334 and ambassador to the Court of St. James's from 1947 to 1950; Stewart L. Udall (b.1920), secretary of the interior, 196169; and Richard B. Kleindienst (19232000), attorney general, 197273, who resigned during the Watergate scandal. Another native son was Carl T. Hayden (18771972), who served in the US House of Representatives from statehood in 1912 until 1927 and in the US Senate from 1927 to 1969, thereby setting a record for congressional tenure. Barry Goldwater (190998), son of a pioneer family, was elected to the US Senate in 1952, won the Republican presidential nomination in 1964, and returned to the Senate in 1968. His Republican colleague, John J. Rhodes (b.Kansas, 19162003), served in the US House of Representatives for 30 years and was House minority leader from 1973 to 1980. Raul H. Castro (b.Mexico, 1916), a native of Sonora, came to the United States in 1926, was naturalized, served as Arizona governor from 1975 to 1977, and has held several ambassadorships to Latin America. Morris K. Udall (192298), first elected to the US House of Representatives in 1960, contended for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1976.

Prominent state officeholders include General John C. Frémont (b.Georgia, 181390), who was territorial governor of Arizona from 1878 to 1883, and George W. P. Hunt (18591934), who presided over the state constitutional convention in 1910 and was elected governor seven times during the early decades of statehood. Eusebio Kino (b.Italy, 1645?1711) was a pioneer Jesuit who introduced missions and European civilization to Arizona. Also important to the state's history and development were Charles D. Poston (18251902), who in the late 1850s promoted settlement and separate territorial status for Arizona; Chiricahua Apache leaders Cochise (1812?74) and Geronimo (18291909), who, resisting the forced resettlement of their people by the US government, launched a series of raids that occupied the Army in the Southwest for over two decades; Wyatt Earp (b.Illinois, 18481929), legendary lawman of Tombstone during the early 1880s; John C. Greenway (18721926), copper magnate and town builder who was a nominee on the Democratic ticket in 1924 for US vice president; and Frank Luke Jr. (18971918), a World War I flying ace who was the first American airman to receive the Medal of Honor.

Distinguished professional people associated with Arizona have included James Douglas (b.Canada, 18371918), metallurgist and developer of the Bisbee copper district; Percival Lowell (b.Massachusetts, 18551916), who built the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff; and Andrew Ellicott Douglass (b.Vermont, 18671962), astronomer, university president, and inventor of dendrochronology, the science of dating events and environmental variations through the study of tree rings and aged wood. Cesar Chavez (192793) was president of the United Farm Workers of America.

Writers whose names have been associated with Arizona include novelist Harold Bell Wright (b.New York, 18721944), who lived for an extended period in Tucson; Zane Grey (b.Ohio, 18751939), who wrote many of his Western adventure stories in his summer home near Payson; and Joseph Wood Krutch (b.Tennessee, 18931970), an essayist and naturalist who spent his last two decades in Arizona. Well-known performing artists from Arizona include singers Marty Robbins (192570), and Linda Ronstadt (b.1946). Joan Ganz Cooney (b.1929), president of the Children's Television Workshop, was one of the creators of the award-winning children's program, Sesame Street.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Alampi, Gary (ed.). Gale State Rankings Reporter. Detroit: Gale Research, Inc., 1994.

Bischoff, Matt C. Touring Arizona Hot Springs. Helena, Mont.: Falcon, 1999.

Busby, Mark (ed.). The Southwest. Vol. 8 in The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Regional Cultures. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2004.

Cities of the United States. 5th ed. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale, 2005.

Council of State Governments. The Book of the States, 2006 Edition. Lexington, Ky.: Council of State Governments, 2006.

Eichholz, Alice. Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources. 3rd ed. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004.

FDIC, Division of Research and Statistics. Statistics on Banking: A Statistical Profile of the United States Banking Industry. Washington, D.C.: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 1993.

Goldwater, Barry. Arizona. New York: Random House, 1978.

Parzybok, Tye W. Weather Extremes in the West. Missoula, Mont.: Mountain Press, 2005.

Preston, Thomas. Intermountain West: Idaho, Nevada, Utah, and Arizona. Vol. 2 of The Double Eagle Guide to 1,000 Great Western Recreation Destinations. 2nd ed. Billings, Mont.: Discovery Publications, 2003.

Sheridan, Thomas E. Arizona: A History. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1995.

US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, US Census Bureau. Arizona, 2000. Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics: 2000 Census of Population and Housing. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 2003.

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Arizona

ARIZONA

ARIZONA. Situated on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains, the forty-eighth state covers 113,956 square miles of arid terrain divided into three geographical provinces. The Colorado Plateau province, bounded by Utah to the north and the Mogollon Rim to the south, is a scenic combination of extensive forests, open grasslands, spiraling mesas, and stunning canyons, including the Grand Canyon. Streams crisscrossing the eroded country feed into the Little Colorado River, which flows northeast to the Colorado River. Cutting diagonally from the White Mountains in the northeast to the Sierra Estrella range in the central southwest is the Central Mountain province, characterized by elongated mountains that join the Sonora Desert province, which stretches southward to the Mexican border. Both of the southern provinces claim watersheds that drain into the Gila River, which flows westward to the Colorado River.

Indigenous Roots

Evidence indicates human habitation of the region at approximately twelve thousand years ago, with the ancient Anasazi Indians occupying the Plateau region above the Rim and the more technologically advanced Hohokam residing in the Gila Valley, where they engineered an extensive system of canal networks that ultimately attracted the attention of Jack Swilling, who founded the capital city of Phoenix in 1867.

By the time of the official Spanish Entrada in 1540, the majority of the native population was living in essentially four areas: the Moqui or present-day Hopi (possibly descendants of the Anasazi) and the Navajo resided north of the Little Colorado; the Walapai, Havasupai, Mohave, and Yuma nations along the Colorado River; the Yavapai and Apache in the central and eastern mountains; and the Pima and Papago (possible descendants of the Hohokam) located in the central river valleys.

Spanish and Mexican Era (1539–1846)

A rumor floating around European cities about seven Catholic fathers founding seven golden cities spurred Spanish interest in the region, particularly in the aftermath of Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca's colorful report on his trek from Florida to northern Sonora. In 1539, Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza dispatched Fray Marcos de Niza (Franciscan) and Esteban, a Moorish slave who had accompanied Cabeza de Vaca, to investigate the allegations. Following the course of the San Pedro River through eastern Arizona, the party eventually reached the Zuni villages in western New Mexico. After Esteban was slain by the natives, Fray Marcos returned to Mexico City, where he filed a report that led to the formation of a larger mission launched the following year and led by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, who captured the Zuni pueblos, then sent exploration parties westward to the Moqui villages and canyon country. Hernando de Alarcón simultaneously sailed up the Colorado River with Coronado's supply ships and explored the regions around present-day Yuma.

By 1690, Father Eusebio Kino and other Jesuit missionaries had introduced Christianity and cattle raising to the Piman-speaking people, conducted extensive explorations of the Santa Cruz and San Pedro Valleys, and followed the Gila River to its juncture with the Colorado. The Jesuits planted three missions: San Xavier del Bac (1700), San Cayetano del Tumacacori (1701), and San Gabriel de Guevavi (1701).

Arizona was popularly accorded its name following a silver strike known as Real de Arizonac on a ranchero near present-day Nogales in 1736. The discovery evoked controversy when its founders failed to report it to the Crown. Rumors spread that the Jesuits were behind the secrecy, setting in motion a list of conflicts that would lead Charles III to expel the order from the Spanish Empire entirely in 1767, following the Pima Revolt of 1751, which led to the founding of a presidio at Tubac as a means of quelling future uprisings. The first European American women arrived the following year, in 1752.

When Spanish ventures in southern Arizona fell under the threat of Apache attack, Charles III authorized the military to achieve by force what the missionaries had failed to accomplish with the Bible. Hugo O'Conor, an Irish mercenary under services to the Spanish Crown, was appointed Commandant-Inspector for the interior regions. In 1776, he relocated the Tubac presidio farther north on the Santa Cruz River, opposite the Pima village of Tucson.

Even that radical measure proved of little consequence in curbing Apache raids until Bernardo de Galvez became Viceroy of New Spain in 1786. Aware that the Apache were infinitely better schooled in the art of desert warfare than Spanish soldiers, he ordered that the raiders be persuaded to settle near the presidio, where they could be systematically debauched with alcohol.

In the midst of the newfound calm, the first cries for Mexican independence echoed across the south. The struggle, which lasted from 1810 to 1821, had virtually no impact on Arizona, since no resident participated in the fighting nor did the battlefields extend into the northern regions.

As a means of replenishing war-depleted coffers, the Mexican government opened the Santa Fe Trade in 1822. The first set of arrivals were mountain men and trappers like James Ohio Pattie, Jedediah S. Smith, William Sherley "Old Bill" Williams, Paulino Weaver, and others. Along with mapping most of the rivers, they systematically destroyed the ecological balance by their callous decimation of the beaver population.

The Mexico City government's hold over the area was so precarious that Colonel Stephen W. Kearny took Santa Fe on 18 August 1846 without firing a shot, before crossing Arizona en route to Mexico. The Mormon Battalion played a critical role in isolating locations for settlements that Salt Lake City planted across the northern regions, through the White Mountains and as far south as Gilbert. When the new civil government was established, Arizona was opaquely made part of the New Mexico Territory. Those areas south of the Gila River were acquired through the 1853 Gadsden Purchase.

Geographical proximity to California goldfields brought an estimated 60,000 hopefuls across Arizona during the next decade, many of whom retraced their steps after gold was discovered at the confluence of the Sacramento Wash and Colorado River in 1857. The previous year, the Sonora Exploring and Mining Company had reopened a number of old silver mines near Tubac. Miners and the entrepreneurs who came to mine them sparked a population increase that led to the founding of ferry services along the Colorado River and mercantile houses in most large settlements.

Beginning in 1856, residents began to petition Congress for a separate Arizona Territory under the rationale that the Santa Fe government was incapable of efficiently administering the western region. Four years of rejection led delegates from thirteen Arizona and New Mexico towns to form the Provisional Territory of Arizona. When the Southern states left the Union in 1861, a group of Southern sympathizers met at Mesilla and pledged loyalty to the Confederate States of America. Union forces arrived the following year and recaptured the area after minor clashes at Stanwix Station and Picacho Pass, the two westernmost battles of the Civil War (1861–1865). On 24 February 1863, President Abraham Lincoln affixed his signature to the Organic Act, which officially proclaimed the Territory of Arizona, with a north-south boundary line of 109degrees latitude, as opposed to the east-west line of 34 degrees longitude stipulated in the original documents.

The Territory of Arizona (1863–1912)

Mining, military, railroad building, and agricultural activities dominated the economic landscape during the early decades of the territorial era. Rich gold and silver discoveries, including the legendary silver bonanza at Tombstone in 1877, drew eastern investors to the area, a trend that found renewed vigor when the discovery of electricity gave new value to copper during the 1870s.

By 1880, copper was king, with mines operating at Ray, Clifton-Morenci, Jerome, Globe-Miami, Ajo, and Bisbee. Copper companies such as Phelps Dodge and the Arizona Copper Company built towns, short-line railroads, and a modern business and banking network, and they claimed political dominance in the legislature, which shifted locations with the territorial capital from Prescott (1865–1866) to Tucson (1867–1888) and back to Prescott (1888), before the capital was permanently located in Phoenix in 1889.

The threat of Navajo and Apache raiders led to the building of an excess of two dozen camps, forts, and supply depots by 1870. In 1863, renowned Colonel Kit Carson led a contingent of U.S. soldiers and Ute warriors on a mission to round up the Navajo. In the grim finale, approximately 8,000 Navajo were forced to take the Long Walk to the Bosque Redondo Reservation in New Mexico. When they were finally allowed to return to Arizona in 1868, little headway had been made toward curbing the Apache, whose resistance continued until the Chiricahua were forcibly relocated to Florida in 1886.

Completion of the first transcontinental railroad occurred when the Southern Pacific reached Tucson in 1880, sparking a decade of railroad building that facilitated troops, mail, and the agricultural activities taking place in the Salt River Valley. Cattle ranching and citrus were nascent industries destined to assume dominance, particularly after the completion of the Roosevelt Dam in 1911 granted Salt River Valley Ranches a stable source of water.

People kept pace with the promise, including a steady stream of health seekers, which led to the founding of tent cites that transformed into hospitals and fancy resorts in both Tucson and Phoenix.

Population increases put new fire to the growing movement for statehood. In 1902, the statehood issue was debated in Congress. An enabling act passed in 1910, leading to a convention in Phoenix that drafted a constitution and submitted it to Washington. After a recall provision was eliminated, President William H. Taft signed Arizona into the union on 14 February 1912.

Since Statehood

As the last contiguous state, Arizona was uniquely poised by both geography and social temperament to evolve into its current status as a classroom for the cyber-age. By 1912, years of isolation and perceived federal indifference had given way to an insular form of capitalism kept honest by low-density settlement patterns and paperless business transactions sealed by a handshake. Moneymaking enjoyed the reverence of a secular religion, with chance, change, and experimentation its primary tenets. Because the majority of local leaders were either first-generation heirs to pioneer fortunes built subsequent to the California Gold Rush or recent affluent arrivals seeking relief from various respiratory ailments, the rights of the individual most often took precedence over the general welfare, reducing social reform efforts to little more than a dull roar throughout most of the century.

When it became a state, Arizona's growth pattern essentially mirrored that of the nation, albeit with the deviance common to the built-in perks and special privilege explicit in solicited development. Land was plentiful, taxes were low, labor cheap, crime virtually nonexistent, and governmental restraint on free enterprise minimal and never vigorously enforced. Local boosters touted potential and investors took notice, heralding a new era of prosperity that ranked Arizona ninth in the nation in per capita motor vehicle ownership by 1921, a consumer preference that proved critical to the development of a thoroughly modern road system by decade's end. These same years witnessed the introduction of air-cooled commercial buildings in both Phoenix and Tucson, adding a definitive brick to boosters' arguments that desert living was tantamount to "paradise on earth."

Although Arizona's prosperity was primarily based on copper, cotton, cattle, and citrus, tourism was fast adding a fifth arm to the economic equation, particularly after the advent of five-star resorts such as the $2 million Arizona Biltmore, which was opened in Phoenix in 1929 by a team of investors, including chewing gum magnet William Wrigley Jr., who built an opulent mansion adjacent to the hotel. Louis Swift, Cornelius Vanderbilt Jr., and other industrial giants soon followed suit, earning the capital city prestigious renown as the fashionable place for the wealthy to winter.

The new arrivals brought with them the political conservatism of their Midwestern roots, complete with the self-help doctrine that holds charitable giving a matter of private conscience rather than legal statute. Poverty, dislocation, and disease were remedied by private contributions and formal fundraising events, typically hosted by a prominent individual with a broad network of affluent friends. The success of these venues limited tax-based relief for human tragedies to the Insane Asylum of Arizona, which was informally renamed the Arizona State Hospital in 1922.

The Great Depression brought the winds of change and a new system of social recompense that never fell easy on the minds of leaders attuned to the notion of unfettered free enterprise and individual responsibility. Although the suffering was acute and widespread in rural areas, urban centers were immune to the hardships until 1932, when a downturn in world copper prices led to layoffs and mine closures. Out-of-work miners descended on Phoenix and Tucson, quickly outstripping charitable resources to the point that both cities vigorously petitioned for federal funds from the Reconstruction Finance Corporation during the final hours of the Herbert Hoover administration.

During the New Deal, over forty Civilian Conservation Corps camps were built in Arizona, opening the floodgates to massive federal spending regionwide during the years surrounding World War II (1939–1945). Motorola, AiResearch, and other semiconductor concerns sprang up, giving a boost to both aviation and population, as well as raising issues about the color line separation historically practiced in Arizona up to that time. Federal dollars meant federal rules, including ending segregation in the military and public schools. Renowned pilot Lincoln Ragsdale, one of the original Tuskegee airmen, was charged with integrating Luke Air Force Base in the aftermath of World War II. A fully integrated school system was not realized statewide until the mid-1960s. Housing integration was an even more exacting fight, with over 90 percent of the state's minority residents living in neighborhoods drawn along racial line as late as 1962. Three years later, Arizona passed its first civil rights law, but de facto segregation on the basis of economics continues.

Gender was less of an issue than race in determining social status, but antiquated notions of the "weaker sex" led to certain disparities in the body politic. For example, when Eva Dugan was tried, convicted, and sentenced to hang for the murder of a local farmer in 1926, a public outcry of special circumstance arose on the basis of gender. When the only woman to be hanged in Arizona received her punishment on 21 February 1930, misadjusted balance weights resulted in her decapitation as she dropped through the trap, launching a new round of arguments that prompted Arizona voters to select the lethal gas chamber as the official means of execution in 1933. That same year, the state sent its first woman to the national Congress, Isabella Selmes Greenway of Tucson, a childhood friend and bridesmaid of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt.

The Democratic Party enjoyed nearly complete dominance statewide until the "free people, free speech, free enterprise" philosophies of Phoenix businessman Barry M. Goldwater gave rise to a renegade/conservative movement determined to quell the perceived excesses of the liberal temper of the times. Following Goldwater's election to the U.S. Senate in 1952, the Republican Party supplanted its Democratic rivals everywhere except southern Arizona, which has steadfastly remained the most liberal section of the state.

Throughout most of the twentieth century, Arizona enjoyed the prestige of two of the most powerful voices in the national Congress: Democratic Senator Carl Hayden and Republican Barry M. Goldwater, the first Arizonan to run for the office of President of the United States. The state claimed additional accolades when President Richard Nixon appointed Phoenix attorney William H. Rehnquist to the United States Supreme Court. President Ronald Reagan appointed him Chief Justice in 1986. Reagan also appointed the august body's first female jurist, Arizonan Sandra Day O'Connor, in 1981.

Politics were turbulent during the final half of the twentieth century. In 1988, Governor Evan Mecham was impeached and found guilty of two of the three counts cited in the original indictment. Secretary of State Rose Mofford was appointed Arizona's first female governor. On 7 September 1997, Governor Fife Symington resigned in the wake of fraud charges stemming from his years as a developer. He was subsequently tried, convicted on seven felony counts, and ordered to pay back his investors. On 9 September 1997, Justice Sandra Day O'Connor swore in Jane Hull as governor. She was elected to the office in her own right during the November elections, wherein Arizona made history by being the first state in the nation to elect women to the top five posts in state government.

Arizona's population of a half million in 1940 increased tenfold by 2000, earning the state two additional seats in the House of Representatives. Of the 5,130,632 residents listed in the 2000 federal census, 63.8 percent were of European American descent, 25.3 percent cited their heritage as Hispanic or Latino, 3.1 percent as African American, 5.0 percent as American Indian or Alaskan Native, 1.8 percent as Asian, and 0.1 percent as Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, with the remainder claiming no specific heritage. The average household enjoyed an annual income of $34,751, with an estimated 15.5 percent of Arizona residents living beneath the federal poverty line. Of that number, 23.4 percent are children living in single-parent households. Roughly 68 percent of the population owns their own home, as opposed to 66.2 percent nationwide.

Approximately 85 percent of Arizona residents live in Maricopa County, with an estimated 1,500 new residents arriving daily. Growth has left Tucson with a ground-water shortage problem and raised environmental concerns statewide. During the 1990s alone, the gross state product jutted from $66 million in 1990 to over $140 million at the end of the century. Roughly 13.2 percent of resident firms are minority owned, with another 27 percent owned by women, a figure that is a full percentage point higher than the national average. In 2002, the Phoenix metropolitan area was ranked as the top manufacturing urban complex in the nation.

Less than 18 percent of Arizona land is in private hands, leaving vast stretches of wilderness available for recreation. The Grand Canyon alone boasts an estimated 10 million tourists annually. Every sport from skydiving to golf is available in the state. Residents share the victory and defeats of three major league teams: the Phoenix Suns, the Arizona Cardinals, and the Arizona Diamondbacks (who won the 2001 World Series), as well as enjoy a broad slate of cultural activities and state-of-theart institutions, including three state universities and numerous private colleges and specialty schools. Along with horse and dog racing, legalized gambling is available in one of the many Indian casinos that have sprung up over the past two decades.

Modern Arizona is best likened to the rest of the United States and several foreign countries combined. Less than a third of the residents are Arizona born, with the average tenure of white-collar executives less than four years. The majority of the latter transfer to the area to work in the highly mobile computer chip industry, a vital lynchpin in the state's economy since the 1980s. The lion's share of new arrivals continue to be lured to the area by climate, spectacular scenery, and the economic potential intrinsic to a high-growth setting, despite the fact that Arizona ranks in the bottom third of the nation with regard to tax dollars allocated for indigent care, mental health, and other social welfare programs.

The quality of public education is an ongoing concern without easy remedy. In 1998, the Arizona legislature allocated roughly $400 million in state funding to construct, equip, and maintain public schools at state-established minimum standards, leaving districts the option of passing capital overrides to pay for projects and facilities not included in the original plan. Recent trends toward vouchers have spurred a new round of debate similar to those occurring in other parts of the nation relative to the face and future of tax-supported education in the twenty-first century.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

"Arizona Land Ownership Status," adapted from Circular No. 2, Revised June 1995, by Ken A. Phillips, Chief Engineer, Salt River Project.

Department of Economic Security, Arizona State Data Center, 2001.

Faulk, Odie B. Arizona: A Short History. Norman: The University of Oklahoma Press, 1970.

Iverson, Peter. Barry Goldwater: Native Arizonan. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997.

Luckingham, Bradford. Phoenix: The History of a Southwestern Metropolis. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 1989.

Sheridan, Thomas E. Los Tucsonenses: The Mexican Community in Tucson, 1854–1941. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 1986.

Sonnichsen, C. L. Tucson: The Life and Times of an American City. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982.

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Arizona, 2000.

Wagoner, Jay J. Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 1975.

———. Arizona Territory, 1863–1912: A Political History. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 1970.

Walker, Henry P., and Don Bufkin. Historical Atlas of Arizona. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1979.

Evelyn S.Cooper

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Arizona

Arizona (âr´əzō´nə), state in the SW United States. It is bordered by Utah (N), New Mexico (E), Mexico (S), and, largely across the Colorado River, Nevada and California (W); it touches Colorado (NE) in the Four Corners region.

Facts and Figures

Area, 113,909 sq mi (295,024 sq km). Pop. (2010) 6,392,017, a 24.6% increase since the 2000 census. Capital and largest city, Phoenix. Statehood, Feb. 14, 1912 (48th state). Highest pt., Humphreys Peak, 12,633 ft (3,853 m); lowest pt., Colorado River, 70 ft (21 m). Nickname, Grand Canyon State, Copper State. Motto,Ditat Deus [God Enriches]. State bird, cactus wren. State flower, blossom of the saguaro cactus. State tree, paloverde. Abbr., Ariz.; AZ

Geography

Northern Arizona lies on the Colorado Plateau, an area of dry plains more than 4,000 ft (1,220 m) high, with deep canyons, including the famous Grand Canyon carved by the Colorado River. Along the Little Colorado River, which runs northwest through the plateau to join the Colorado, are the Painted Desert, where erosion has left colorful layers of sediment exposed, and the Petrified Forest National Park, one of the world's most extensive areas of petrified wood. South of the Grand Canyon are the San Francisco Peaks, including Humphreys Peak, the highest point (12,655 ft/3,857 m) in the state. The southern edge of the Colorado Plateau is marked by an escarpment called Mogollon Rim.

The southern half of the state has desert basins broken up by mountains with rocky peaks and extending NW to SE across central Arizona. To the south, the Gila River, a major tributary of the Colorado, flows west across the entire state. This area has desert plains separated by mountain chains running north and south; in the west the plains fall to the relatively low altitude of c.140 ft (43 m) in the region around Yuma.

Although some mountain peaks receive an annual rainfall of more than 30 in. (76 cm), precipitation in most of the state is low, and much of Arizona's history has been shaped by the inadequate water supply. Since the early 20th cent., massive irrigation projects have been built in Arizona's valleys. Roosevelt, Horse Mesa, Mormon Flat, and Stewart Mountain dams, with reservoirs and storage lakes, irrigate the Salt River valley. The Gillespie Dam on the Gila River helps irrigate the Yuma vicinity. The Coolidge Dam, with its San Carlos reservoir, serves the area near Casa Grande in the southeast. W Arizona is irrigated by Colorado River dams, which also serve California. These include Hoover, Glen Canyon, Davis, Parker, Imperial, and Laguna dams. At the Parker dam, the Central Arizona Project diverts water via canal to Phoenix, the state's capital and largest city, and Tucson, the second largest city. Arizona also obtains water from groundwater pumping stations.

Economy

The state's principal crops are cotton, lettuce, cauliflowers, broccoli, and sorghum. Cattle, calves, and dairy goods are, however, the most valuable Arizona farm products. Manufacturing is the leading economic activity, with electronics, printing and publishing, processed foods, and aerospace and transportation leading sectors. High-technology research and development, communications, and service industries are also important, as are construction (the state is rapidly growing) and tourism. Military facilities contributing to Arizona's economy include Fort Huachuca, Luke and Davis-Monthan air force bases, and the Yuma Proving Grounds. Testing and training with military aircraft and desert storage of commercial and military planes are both major undertakings.

Arizona abounds in minerals. Copper is the state's most valuable mineral; Arizona leads the nation in production. Other leading resources are molybdenum, sand, gravel, and cement.

The mountains in the north and central regions have 3,180,000 acres (1,286,900 hectares) of commercial forests, chiefly ponderosa pines and other firs, which support lumber and building-materials industries. The U.S. government owns about 95% of the commercial forests in the state. National and state forests attract millions of tourists yearly. Tourism centers in the N on the Grand Canyon, the Painted Desert, the Petrified Forest, meteor craters, ancient Native American ruins, and the Navajo and Hopi reservations that cover nearly all of the state's northeast quadrant. SE Arizona's warm, dry climate and Spanish colonial ruins also attract a large tourist trade, as do golf courses and other leisure facilities.

People

Between 1940 and 1960, Arizona's population increased more than 100%, and since then growth has continued. By the 2000 census the cumulative increase since 1940 amounted to more than 1000%, and Arizona was ranked among the fastest growing states in the nation. The mountainous north, however, has not shared the population growth of the southern sections of the state. Over 80% of the people are Caucasian and nearly 20% are Hispanic.

There were 203,527 Native Americans in Arizona in 1990 (or almost 6% of the people), the third highest such population in the United States. In addition to the Navajo, they include Mohave, Apache, Hopi, Paiute, Tohono O'Odham, Pima, Maricopa, Yavapaí, Hualapai, and Havasupai. Agriculture is the basis of their economy, but lack of water makes farming difficult; there is much poverty. The production of handicrafts, including leather goods, woven items, pottery, and the famous silver and turquoise jewelry of the Navajo; tourism; and mineral leases have also brought income to the tribes.

Government, Politics, and Education

The state's constitution provides for an elected governor and bicameral legislature, with a 30-member senate and a 60-member house of representatives. The governor and members of the legislature serve two-year terms. The state elects two senators and nine representatives to the U.S. Congress and has 11 electoral votes.

Republicans have dominated the politics of Arizona since the 1960s. In the late 1980s and 90s, political scandals tainted Arizona's governors. In 1988, Governor Evan Mecham, charged with obstructing justice and financial improprieties, was impeached and removed from office. J. Fife Symington 3d, another Republican, won election in 1991 and was reelected in 1994; in 1997, convicted on fraud charges, he too resigned. Republican secretary of state Jane Dee Hull succeeded Symington and won election on her own in 1998. In 2002, Democrat Janet Napolitano was elected to succeed Hull. She was reelected in 2006, but resigned in 2009 to become Homeland Security secretary. Arizona's secretary of state, Jan Brewer, a Republican, succeeded her, and was elected to the office in 2010; Doug Ducey, also a Republican, was elected in 2014.

Arizona's educational institutions include the Univ. of Arizona, at Tucson; Arizona State Univ., at Tempe; Northern Arizona Univ., at Flagstaff; and several private institutions.

History

Early History

Little is known of the earliest indigenous cultures in Arizona, but they probably lived in the region as early as 25,000 BC A later culture, the Hohokam (AD 500–1450), were pit dwellers who constructed extensive irrigation systems. The Pueblo flourished in Arizona between the 11th and 14th cent. and built many of the elaborate cliff dwellings that still stand. The Apache and Navajo came to the area in c.1300 from Canada.

Spanish Exploration and Mexican Control

Probably the first Spanish explorer to enter Arizona (c.1536) was Cabeza de Vaca. Franciscan friar Marcos de Niza reached the state in 1539; he was followed by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, who led an expedition from Mexico in 1540 in search of the seven legendary cities of gold, reaching as far as the Grand Canyon. Despite extensive exploration, the region was neglected by the Spanish in favor of the more fruitful area of New Mexico. Father Eusebio Kino, a Jesuit, founded the missions of Guevavi (1692) and Tumacacori (1696), near Nogales, and San Xavier del Bac (1700), near Tucson. The Spanish Empire, however, expelled the Jesuits in 1767, and those in Arizona subsequently lost their control over the indigenous people.

The Arizona region came under Mexican control following the Mexican war of independence from Spain (1810–21). In the early 1800s, U.S. mountain men, trappers and traders such as Kit Carson, trapped beaver in the area, but otherwise there were few settlers.

U.S. Acquisition and the Discovery of Minerals

In the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848), ending the Mexican War (1846–48), Mexico relinquished control of the area N of the Gila River to the United States. This area became part of the U.S. Territory of New Mexico in 1850. The United States, wishing to build a railroad through the area S of the Gila River, bought the area between the river and the S boundary of Arizona from Mexico in the Gadsden Purchase (1853).

Arizona's minerals, valued even by prehistoric miners, attracted most of the early explorers, and although the area remained a relatively obscure section of the Territory of New Mexico, mining continued sporadically. Small numbers of prospectors, crossing Arizona to join the California gold rush (1849), found gold, silver, and a neglected metal—copper.

In 1861, at the outbreak of the Civil War, conventions held at Tucson and Mesilla declared the area part of the Confederacy. In the only engagement fought in the Arizona area, a small group of Confederate pickets held off Union cavalry NW of Tucson in the skirmish known as the battle of Picacho Pass.

Territorial Status and Statehood

In 1863, Arizona was organized as a separate territory, with its first, temporary capital at Fort Whipple. Prescott became the capital in 1865. Charles D. Poston, who had worked to achieve Arizona's new status, was elected as the territory's first delegate to the U.S. Congress. The capital was moved to Tucson in 1867, back to Prescott in 1877, and finally to Phoenix in 1889.

The region had been held precariously by U.S. soldiers during the intermittent warfare (1861–86) with the Apaches, who were led by Cochise and later Geronimo. General George Crook waged a successful campaign against the Apaches in 1882–85, and in 1886 Geronimo finally surrendered to federal troops. When Confederate troops were routed and Union soldiers went east to fight in the Civil War, settlement was abandoned. It was resumed after the war and encouraged by the Homestead Act (1862), the Desert Land Act (1877), and the Carey Land Act (1894)—all of which turned land over to settlers and required them to develop it.

In the 1870s mining flourished, and by the following decade the Copper Queen Company at Bisbee was exploiting one of the area's largest copper deposits. In 1877 silver was discovered at Tombstone, setting off a boom that drew throngs of prospectors to Arizona but lasted less than 10 years. Tombstone also became famous for its lawlessness; Wyatt Earp and his brothers gained their reputations during the famous gunfight (1881) at the O. K. Corral. By 1880 the Santa Fe and Southern Pacific railroads both extended into Arizona. Ranching began to thrive and sheep raising grew from solely a Navajo occupation to a major enterprise among white settlers. After 1897, the U.S. Forestry Bureau issued grazing permits to protect public land from depletion.

In 1912, Arizona, still a frontier territory, attained statehood. Its constitution created a storm, with such "radical" political features as initiative, referendum, and judicial recall. Only after recall had been deleted did President Taft sign the statehood bill. Once admitted to the Union, Arizona restored the recall provision.

Modern Development

Irrigation, spurred by the Desert Land Act and by Mormon immigration, promoted farming in the southern part of the territory. By 1900, diverted streams were irrigating 200,000 acres (80,940 hectares). With the opening of the Roosevelt Dam (1911), a federally financed project, massive irrigation projects transformed Arizona's valleys. Although Arizona's mines were not unionized until the mid-1930s, strikes occurred at the copper mines of Clifton and Morenci in 1915 and at the Bisbee mines in 1917.

During World War II, defense industries were established in Arizona. Manufacturing, notably electronic industries, continued to develop after the war, especially around Phoenix and Tucson; in the 1960s, manufacturing achieved economic supremacy over mining and agriculture in Arizona. During the 1970s and 80s the state experienced phenomenal economic growth as it and other Sun Belt states attracted high-technology industries with enormous growth potential.

Arizona has contributed several major figures to national politics. Among them, Senator Barry M. Goldwater, the unsuccessful 1964 Republican candidate for the U.S. presidency, was long the standard bearer for American conservatism. Democrat Stewart L. Udall served as secretary of the interior under presidents Kennedy and Johnson.

With the development of irrigation and hydroelectric projects along the Colorado River and its tributaries, water rights became a subject of litigation between Arizona and California. In 1963 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Arizona had rights to a share of the water from the Colorado's main stream and sole water rights over tributaries within Arizona. In 1968, Congress authorized the Central Arizona Project, a 335-mi (539-km) canal system to divert water from the Colorado River to the booming metropolitan areas of Phoenix and Tucson. The canal, which uses dams, tunnels, and pumps to raise the water 1,247 ft (380 m) to the desert plain, was opposed by environmentalists, who feared it would damage desert ecosystems. Construction was completed in 1991, at a cost of over $3.5 billion.

In 1992 a six-year political controversy ended when Arizona voters approved a proposal to observe an annual state holiday honoring Martin Luther King, Jr. The state again became a focus of national (and international) controversy in 2010 when it enacted a law requiring local law officers to check the status of someone stopped for an offense if the person is believed to an illegal alien; although that aspect of the law was upheld in 2012 by the U.S. Supreme Court, other aspects were struck down.

Bibliography

See E. H. Peplow, Jr., History of Arizona (3 vol., 1958); Univ. of Arizona Faculty, Arizona: Its People and Resources (rev. 2d ed. 1972); M. R. Comeaux, Arizona: A Geography (1982); T. Miller, ed., Arizona: The Land and Its People (1986); J. E. Officer, Hispanic Arizona (1987); M. Trimble, Arizona: A Cavalcade of History (1989).

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Arizona

ARIZONA

Arizona is known to most people in the United States as a haven for vacationers and retirees. With its hot, arid climate and scenic wonders, it offers many advantages to those seeking unusual terrain or refuge from northern winters. The state, however, is much more than just a refuge. For over a hundred years it has been an important source of livestock and minerals. Moreover, after waters from its rivers were diverted into the rest of the state, Arizona has emerged as an important producer of manufactured goods and farm crops.

The first Spanish explorers in Arizona found a number of Native American tribes subsisting on hunting, gathering, and limited farming. Four Spanish expeditions set out between 1539 and 1605 across the upland plateau and lower desert in failed attempts to find riches. Franciscan friars also came to proselytize among the Hopi and Pima Indians, establishing a large mission at the site of present-day Tucson. The first important European settlement was a military outpost at Tubac, north of Nogales; this outpost was moved to Tucson in 1776. The Spaniards treated most of the outposts in the territory as merely way stations to California, thought to be a more desirable area for colonization.

When war started between Mexico and the United States in 1846, over the U.S. annexation of Texas, Col. Stephen W. Kearny and Lt. Philip Cooke led troops across Arizona on their way to California. With the defeat of Mexico in the Mexican War (18461848) most of present-day Arizona became part of the United States as part of the Mexican Cession. Thousands of U.S. citizens passed through the region during the California Gold Rush of 1849. In 1850 Arizona was formally organized as part of the territory of New Mexico, with a southern strip added by the terms of the Gadsden Purchase in 1853.

By the early 1860s the federal government was planning road and railroad routes through Arizona in an effort to provide better links to California. The Army put up forts to protect travelers from the Indians, and the government established overland mail service. Citizens of Arizona unsuccessfully tried to join with southern New Mexico in a new territory when they became dissatisfied with their territorial government at Santa Fe. The region was declared part of the Confederacy during the American Civil War (18611865), but Union troops occupied the region. The U.S. Congress declared Arizona an official territory in 1863.

Gold and silver mining were the mainstays of Arizona's economy during the 1850s and 1860s. Jackson Snively first discovered gold on the Gila River, 20 miles above the Colorado. Those who rushed in to pan for gold earned as much as $125 a day for their efforts, and Gila City soon became a boom town with gambling halls, saloons, and temporary dwellings for the prospectors. Gold mines were also established along the Colorado and in the interior mountains, and silver was discovered in Tombstone and other districts.

As military posts sprung up to protect the influx of people and the towns they created, the cattle industry benefited from the increased demand for beef. Irrigated farming developed and Phoenix became an agricultural center. Cattle ranching continued to expand in the 1870s after the Apache Indian threat subsided. At first driven in from Texas and Mexico to supply the armies that protected Arizona, cattle soon became a major source of income. Along with lumbering and mining, cattle ranching flourished when the Southern Pacific Railroad reached Tucson in 1880; the Atlantic and Pacific (later merged with the Santa Fe) offered service to California through Flagstaff in 1883. Copper mining became more profitable than silver mining by the 1890s.

During the late nineteenth century political power responded to the needs of the merchants and capitalists with strong ties to California and the East, such as the mining and railroad interests, by calling for statehood for Arizona. The movement for statehood was slow to attract interest on the federal level but in 1912 Arizona finally became the 48th state.

During World War I (19141918) the copper industry continued to grow. Problems with the lack of water were partially solved in 1917 when the Salt River Valley Project was opened, providing enough water for agricultural development in central Arizona. The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company soon established large farms in the Salt River Valley to produce pima cotton. Labor unrest followed much of this expansion. More than one thousand striking miners were deported from the cities of Bisbee and Jerome in 1917. In the 1920s a general depression closed banks, discouraged agriculture, and shut down mines. Local promoters tried to bring relief by encouraging highway building and tourist resorts.

In the 1930s Arizona suffered from the Great Depression (19291939), as did the rest of the country. A copper tariff brought some relief to the mining industry and federal relief and recovery funds also helped through the initiation of irrigation and public works projects. During World War II (19391945) recovery occurred rapidly as camps were built in the state for military troops, prisoners of war, and displaced Japanese Americans. The meat, cotton, and copper industries thrived, and many processing and assembly plants were built in the state.

Following the war Arizona developed a truly modern economy. Wartime production was replaced by peacetime manufacturing, which soon became the major source of income in the state, especially in the Phoenix and Tucson areas. The state made itself attractive to industry with a favorable tax structure, plenty of electric power, an available labor pool, and low land costs. The advent of air conditioning also made business and living more bearable in Arizona's torrid heat.

Like the rest of the southwest "sun belt" states, Arizona grew phenomenally during the 1970s and 1980s, increasing in population by 39 percent between 1973 and 1983. During the same period total employment grew by 49 percent and personal income by 218 percent. The most prosperous areas were the populous Maricopa and Pima counties, with a far lower income level in most other counties. This distribution of wealth in large part overlapped the ethnic composition of the state, with much of Arizona's large Mexican American population among the poorest citizens of the state. Despite this fact, Arizona politics were traditionally conservative, a political characteristic reinforced by the presence of many retirees. Statewide in 1995, only about eight percent of its workers belonged to labor unions.

The problem of water supply continued to plague Arizona in the late twentieth century. To address this issue, in 1985 the Central Arizona Project (CAP) was built, diverting water from the Colorado River to the rest of the state. This project included a $3 billion dollar network of canals, tunnels, dams, and pumping stations. CAP was controversial; many felt that the water supply exceeded demand and that the water was of poor quality.

Modern Arizona's major products include electronic components, non-electrical machinery, copper, cattle, and cotton. Some of the important electronics and technology-related industries in the state include Motorola, Allied Signal Aerospace, Honeywell, Hughes Missile Systems, and Intel. Next to the technology industry, the state's biggest employer is tourism. Twenty-two national parks and monuments are located within the state, the most popular of which is Grand Canyon National Park. Lake Mead and other lakes created during water reclamation projects attract vacationers, as do Indian reservations and dude ranches. In 1996 the state ranked 36th among the 50 states in per capita personal income.

See also: Mexican Cession, Sun Belt

FURTHER READING

Council of State Governments. The Book of the States, 19941995 Edition, Vol. 30. Lexington, KY: Council of State Governments, 1994.

Fireman, Bert M. Arizona: Historic Land. New York: Knopf, 1982.

Peck, Anne Merriman. The March of Arizona History. Tucson, AZ: Arizona Silhouettes, 1962.

Powell, Lawrence C. Arizona: A Bicentennial History. New York: Norton, 1976.

Sheridan, Thomas E. Arizona: A History. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 1995.

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Arizona

ARIZONA


Flagstaff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Mesa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

Phoenix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

Scottsdale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

Tucson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

The State in Brief

Nickname: Grand Canyon State Motto: Ditat Deus (God enriches)

Flower: Blossom of the saguaro cactus Bird: Cactus wren

Area: 113,635 square miles (2000; U.S. rank: 6th)

Elevation: Ranges from 100 feet to 12,670 feet above sea level

Climate: Dry and sunny, but heavy snows in the high central area

Admitted to Union: February 14, 1912

Capital: Phoenix

Head Official: Governor Janet Napolitano (D) (until 2007)

Population

1980: 2,718,000

1990: 3,750,000

2000: 5,130,632

2004 estimate: 5,743,834

Percent change, 19902000: 40.0%

U.S. rank in 2004: 18th

Percent of residents born in state: 34.7% (2000)

Density: 45.2 people per square mile (2000)

2002 FBI Crime Index Total: 348,467

Racial and Ethnic Characteristics (2000)

White: 3,873,611

Black or African American: 158,873

American Indian and Alaska Native: 255,879

Asian: 92,236

Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 6,733

Hispanic or Latino (may be of any race): 1,295,617

Other: 596,774

Age Characteristics (2000)

Population under 5 years old: 382,386

Population 5 to 19 years old: 1,135,802

Percent of population 65 years and over: 13.0%

Median age: 34.2 years (2000)

Vital Statistics

Total number of births (2003): 90,931

Total number of deaths (2003): 43,346 (infant deaths, 591)

AIDS cases reported through 2003: 4,127

Economy

Major industries: Services, trade, manufacturing, agriculture

Unemployment rate: 4.2% (January 2005)

Per capita income: $26,931 (2003; U.S. rank: 39th)

Median household income: $42,062 (3-year average, 2001-2003)

Percentage of persons below poverty level: 13.9% (3-year average, 2001-2003)

Income tax rate: ranges from 2.87% to 5.04%

Sales tax rate: 5.6% (food and prescription drugs are exempt)

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Arizona

Arizona State in the sw USA, bordering on Mexico; the capital is Phoenix, other cities include Tucson and Mesa. After the end of the Mexican War (1848), Mexico ceded most of the present state to the USA, and it became the 48th state of the Union in 1912. The Colorado Plateau occupies the n part of the state, and is cut by many steep canyons, notably the Grand Canyon, through which the Colorado River flows. Arizona's mineral resources, grazing and farmland have long been mainstays of the economy. Mining and agriculture are still important, but since the 1950s manufacturing has been the most profitable sector. The state has many scenic attractions (including the Petrified Forest, Fort Apache, and the reconstructed London Bridge at Lake Havasu). Tourism is now a major source of income. It also has the largest Native American population of any US state (255,879 in 2000), with Indian reservations comprising 28% of the land area. Between 1950 and 1970 Arizona's population more than doubled; in the 1970s its annual growth rate was more than 35%, and it grew a further 41% between 1980 and 1982. Area: 295,025sq km (113,909sq mi). Pop. (2000) 5,130,632.

Statehood :

February 14, 1912

Nickname :

The Grand Canyon State

State bird :

Cactus wren

State flower :

Saguaro (giant cactus)

State tree :

Paloverde

State motto :

God enriches

http://www.az.gov

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Arizona

Arizonabelladonna, Connor, donna, goner, gonna, honour (US honor), Maradona, Mashona, O'Connor, Shona, wanna •corner, fauna, forewarner, Lorna, Morna, mourner, sauna, scorner, suborner, warner •softener • Faulkner •downer, uptowner •sundowner •Arizona, Barcelona, boner, condoner, corona, Cremona, Desdemona, donor, Fiona, groaner, Iona, Jonah, kroner, Leona, loaner, loner, moaner, Mona, owner, Pamplona, persona, postponer, Ramona, stoner, toner, Valona, Verona, Winona •landowner • homeowner • shipowner •coiner, joiner, purloiner •crooner, harpooner, lacuna, lacunar, lampooner, Luna, lunar, mizuna, Oona, oppugner, Poona, pruner, puna, schooner, spooner, Tristan da Cunha, tuna, tuner, Una, vicuña, yokozuna •honeymooner • Sunna • Brookner •koruna

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Arizona

ARIZONA

ARIZONA , state in the southwestern United States. Arizona had an estimated population in 2000 of 5,130,632, out of which 120,000 were Jews; of these 84,000 were in the *Phoenix metropolitan area and 25,000 in *Tucson. The Prescott Jewish community was estimated to be over 1,000. Organized Jewish congregations were also found in Flagstaff, Kingman, Lake Havasu, Sedona, and Yuma. In the latest demographic study (2002) Phoenix was ranked as the 13th largest Jewish community in the country and growing rapidly.

Permanent settlement of Arizona by Europeans occurred after the California Gold Rush of 1848–50. The discovery of gold in Arizona brought many new residents to the state from 1862 to 1864. Most of them came from California, and they included many Jewish businessmen. During the 1860s much of the retail business in the towns of La Paz, Wickenburg, Prescott, and Tucson was operated by Jews. The merchants and entrepreneurs who set up enterprises at the sites of new mines also included Jews. When the mines were exhausted or proved unprofitable, businesses and entire communities were abandoned. Consequently, the business population and its Jewish component fluctuated sharply. The opportunities for mercantile activity brought to Arizona such pioneer Jewish families as Goldberg, Goldman, Solomon, Drachman, Zeckendorf, Steinfeld, Mansfeld, Isaacson, and Frank. Michael Goldwater (grandfather of Senator Barry Goldwater who was not of the Jewish faith) was a government contractor and freighter as well as a wholesale and retail merchant, a mine operator, and a forwarding agent. His son Morris served 22 years as mayor of Prescott. Charles and Harry Lesinsky opened large copper mines near Clifton in the mid-1870s, and to serve that enterprise they built Arizona's first railroad. Michael Wormser was Arizona's leading farmer at the end of the 19th century.

Relations between Jews and Christians in pioneer Arizona were generally good; many well-known firms had Jewish and Christian partners. Only in rare instances did newspaper writers make disparaging remarks about Jews. Many Jews

served in territorial and state legislatures. Jacob Weinberger was the youngest member of the state constitutional convention in 1910. Beginning in the 1880s, many easterners, especially those who suffered from tuberculosis, went to Arizona in hope of a cure. Some stayed on. During the mining boom in Tombstone (1881) the first organized Jewish community in the state emerged with Samuel Blace as president of the Jewish community. Newspapers reported Day of Atonement services that year, meeting in Turnverein Hall. A B'nai B'rith lodge was established in Tucson in 1882. From about the time of Arizona's statehood in 1912, an increasing number of Jews were in the professions, mainly law and medicine. The Jewish population grew rapidly after World War ii. Houses of worship existed in Tucson, Phoenix, Mesa, and Scottsdale. Among the fields that Jews were most often found at the beginning of the 21st century were merchandising, the professions, technical fields, and service industries.

Among the leading Jewish officeholders of the state in the late 1960s were Justice Charles Bernstein of the State Supreme Court and Representative Sam Steiger of the third congressional district. Sam Coppersmith served in Congress in the 1980s. Andrew D Hurwitz and Stanley Feldman have served on the Arizona Supreme Court. There have been several Jewish mayors of Phoenix and Tucson in recent years.

bibliography:

H. Parish, History of Arizona, 7 vols. (1915–18); F.S. Fierman, Some Early Jewish Settlers in the South Western Frontier (1960); idem, in: aja, 16 (1964), 135–60; 18 (1966), 3–19; J.R. Marcus, ibid., 10 (1958), 95–120; Aron, ibid., 8 (1956), 94–98.

[Bert Fireman /

Risa Mallin (2nd ed.)]

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Arizona

Arizona

■ AMERICAN INDIAN COLLEGE OF THE ASSEMBLIES OF GOD, INC. P-9

10020 North Fifteenth Ave.
Phoenix, AZ 85021-2199
Tel: (602)944-3335
Free: 800-933-3828
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aicag.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed, affiliated with Assemblies of God. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1957. Setting: 10-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 73. 18 applied, 44% were admitted. 60% from top half of their high school class. Full-time: 60 students, 45% women, 55% men. Part-time: 13 students, 62% women, 38% men. Students come from 10 states and territories, 29% from out-of-state, 67% Native American, 7% Hispanic, 3% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 14% 25 or older, 7% transferred in. Retention: 88% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, independent study, distance learning, double major, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: essay, high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 8/15. Preference given to members of Assemblies of God and other evangelical churches.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group. Most popular organizations: Missions Fellowship, Associated Student Body, yearbook. Major annual events: homecoming, Student Benefit Festival, College Days. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: student patrols. On-campus residence required through senior year. Cummings Memorial Library with 19,899 books, 120 serials, and an OPAC. 39 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ APOLLO COLLEGE-PHOENIX, INC. P-9

8503 North 27th Ave.
Phoenix, AZ 85051
Tel: (602)864-1571
Fax: (602)864-8207
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.apollocollege.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Apollo Colleges, Inc. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1976. Setting: urban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3204 per student. Total enrollment: 603. 366 applied, 97% were admitted. Students come from 6 states and territories, 3 other countries, 6% from out-of-state, 11% Native American, 30% Hispanic, 7% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 72% 25 or older. Calendar: continuous. Academic remediation for entering students.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: Peterson's Universal Application. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: essay, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available.

■ APOLLO COLLEGE-TRI-CITY, INC. I-7

630 West Southern Ave.
Mesa, AZ 85210-5004
Tel: (480)831-6585
Free: 800-36-TRAIN
Fax: (480)827-0022
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.apollocollege.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Apollo Colleges, Inc. Awards diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1977. Setting: suburban campus. Total enrollment: 244. 50% 25 or older. Calendar: semesters.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, Wonderlic aptitude test. Required for some: recommendations, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. 25 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ APOLLO COLLEGE-TUCSON, INC. L-9

3870 North Oracle Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85705-3227
Tel: (520)888-5885
Free: 800-36-TRAIN
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.apollocollege.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Apollo Colleges, Inc. Awards diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1984. Setting: suburban campus. Total enrollment: 202. Calendar: semesters modular courses are offered.

Entrance Requirements:

Required for some: essay, high school transcript, recommendations, interview.

Collegiate Environment:

25 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ APOLLO COLLEGE-WESTSIDE, INC. P-9

2701 West Bethany Home Rd.
Phoenix, AZ 85017
Tel: (602)433-1333
Free: 800-36-TRAIN
Admissions: (602)433-1222
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.apollocollege.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Apollo Colleges, Inc. Awards transfer associate and terminal associate degrees. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 136. 65% 25 or older. Calendar: semesters.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, Wonderlic aptitude test. Required for some: recommendations, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. 10 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ ARGOSY UNIVERSITY/PHOENIX P-9

2301 West Dunlap Ave., Ste. 211
Phoenix, AZ 85021
Tel: (602)216-2600; (866)216-2777
Fax: (602)216-2601
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.argosyu.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, upper-level, coed. Part of Argosy University. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1997. Setting: 1-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 394. 22 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 36 students, 92% women, 8% men. Students come from 50 states and territories, 5 other countries, 80% from out-of-state. Calendar: semesters.

Costs Per Year:

Tuition: $14,400 full-time. Mandatory fees: $25 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Social organizations: 1 open to all; 20% of eligible men and 80% of eligible women are members. Most popular organization: Diversity Club. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available.

■ ARIZONA AUTOMOTIVE INSTITUTE I-6

6829 North 46th Ave.
Glendale, AZ 85301-3597
Tel: (602)934-7273
Admissions: (623)934-7273
Fax: (602)937-5000
Web Site: http://www.azautoinst.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4083 per student. Total enrollment: 600. 303 applied, 100% were admitted. Students come from 10 states and territories, 25% Native American, 24% Hispanic, 4% black, 5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 40% 25 or older.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript. Application deadline: Rolling.

■ ARIZONA COLLEGE OF ALLIED HEALTH I-6

4425 West Olive Ave., Ste. 300
Glendale, AZ 85302-3843
Tel: (602)222-9300
Fax: (602)200-8726
Web Site: http://www.arizonacollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Founded 1992.

■ ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY I-7

Tempe, AZ 85287
Tel: (480)965-9011
Admissions: (480)965-7788
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.asu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of Arizona State University. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1885. Setting: 814-acre suburban campus with easy access to Phoenix. Endowment: $277.3 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $97.5 million. Total enrollment: 51,612. Faculty: 2,282 (1,878 full-time, 404 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 22:1. 19,914 applied, 91% were admitted. 27% from top 10% of their high school class, 53% from top quarter, 83% from top half. 161 National Merit Scholars. Full-time: 32,865 students, 52% women, 48% men. Part-time: 8,391 students, 52% women, 48% men. Students come from 53 states and territories, 96 other countries, 24% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 13% Hispanic, 4% black, 5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 17% 25 or older, 18% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Retention: 79% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; communications/journalism; interdisciplinary studies. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at University of Arizona, Northern Arizona University. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: early action, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 3.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25, $50 for nonresidents. State resident tuition: $4311 full-time, $225 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,000 full-time, $625 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $95 full-time, $24 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to program. College room and board: $6768. College room only: $4275. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 515 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, NPHC fraternities and sororities; 6% of eligible men and 6% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Ski Club, Outing Club, Students Against Discrimination (SAD). Major annual events: World Festival, Blueprint Leadership Conference, Homecoming. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 6,342 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. Option: coed housing available. Hayden Library plus 4 others with 2.4 million books, 5.7 million microform titles, 28,159 serials, 1.3 million audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 5,000 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY AT THE POLYTECHNIC CAMPUS I-7

7001 East Williams Field Rd.
Mesa, AZ 85212
Tel: (480)727-3278
Admissions: (480)727-1041
Fax: (480)727-1008
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.poly.asu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Arizona State University. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1995. Setting: 600-acre suburban campus with easy access to Phoenix. Endowment: $5.1 million. Total enrollment: 4,865. Faculty: 139 (130 full-time, 9 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 28:1. 762 applied, 86% were admitted. 30% from top 10% of their high school class, 67% from top quarter, 84% from top half. Full-time: 1,244 students, 49% women, 51% men. Part-time: 2,839 students, 51% women, 49% men. Students come from 42 states and territories, 27 other countries, 12% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 2% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 38% 25 or older, 10% transferred in. Retention: 0% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; agriculture. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, early action, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: minimum 3.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Required for some: essay, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: Rolling, 11/1 for early action. Notification: 12/1 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. State resident tuition: $4301 full-time, $221 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,918 full-time, $580 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $45 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to degree level, location, and program. Part-time tuition varies according to course load, degree level, location, and program. College room and board: $5155. College room only: $2655. Room and board charges vary according to board plan, housing facility, and student level.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 32 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 1% of eligible men and 1% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Professional Golf Management Club, Aero Management Tech Student Advisory Committee, Graphic Information Technology Club, National Agri-Marketing Association, One Nation Club. Major annual events: Convocation, Dean's Feast and Fest, Dauntless Drumstix Dash. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 1,126 college housing spaces available. Freshmen given priority for college housing. Option: coed housing available. ASU East Library plus 1 other with 315 microform titles, 196 serials, 256 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 456 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY WEST P-9

PO Box 37100, 4701 W Thunderbird Rd
Phoenix, AZ 85069-7100
Tel: (602)543-5500
Admissions: (602)543-8134
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.west.asu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Arizona State University. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1984. Setting: 300-acre urban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4442 per student. Total enrollment: 7,734. Faculty: 388 (233 full-time, 155 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 1,403 applied, 63% were admitted. 31% from top 10% of their high school class, 60% from top quarter, 88% from top half. Full-time: 4,843 students, 66% women, 34% men. Part-time: 1,777 students, 62% women, 38% men. Students come from 31 states and territories, 23 other countries, 4% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 19% Hispanic, 5% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 40% 25 or older, 2% live on campus, 18% transferred in. Retention: 73% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; security and protective services; psychology. Core. Calendar: semesters. Services for LD students, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 3.0 high school GPA. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. State resident tuition: $4251 full-time, $221 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,000 full-time, $625 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $95 full-time. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. College room only: $5836.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 37 open to all. Most popular organizations: Justice Studies Club, American Marketing Association West, Beta Alpha Psi Accounting Honor Society, Communication Club, Outdoor Recreation Club. Major annual events: Martin Luther King Week, Cultural Fest, Student Activities Fair. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. Freshmen given priority for college housing. Option: coed housing available. ASU West Library with 397,987 books, 1.5 million microform titles, 2,481 serials, 27,535 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 400 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ ARIZONA WESTERN COLLEGE K-1

PO Box 929
Yuma, AZ 85366-0929
Tel: (928)317-6000; 888-293-0392
Admissions: (928)317-7617
Fax: (928)344-7730
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.azwestern.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Arizona State Community College System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1962. Setting: 640-acre rural campus. Total enrollment: 6,731. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. Full-time: 1,849 students, 56% women, 44% men. Part-time: 4,882 students, 61% women, 39% men. Students come from 26 states and territories, 7% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 53% Hispanic, 3% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 10% international, 6% live on campus. Retention: 50% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1200 full-time, $40 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $5760 full-time, $46 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $4468. College room only: $1790.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 15 open to all. Most popular organizations: Associated Students Governing Board, MECHA, Umoja, Honors Club, UVU. Major annual events: Career and Technology Fair, Spring Fling, Christmas Formal. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. 335 college housing spaces available. Option: coed housing available. Arizona Western College Library with 6,015 microform titles, 698 serials, 10,800 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 500 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Yuma, population 770,000, is on the bank of the Colorado River, midway between Phoenix and San Diego. This is a metropolitan area with a warm, dry climate. Rail, air, and all other modes of transportation are available. There are over 50 churches of major denominations, a public library, historic Yuma Territorial Prison and Museum, Yuma Fine Arts Association, Community Concert Association, the St. Thomas Mission, and many civic, fraternal, and veteran's organizations. Recreational activities include boating, fishing, water skiing, and hunting. The Silver Spur Rodeo is in February; the County Fair is in April. Part-time employment is available.

■ THE ART CENTER DESIGN COLLEGE L-9

2525 North Country Club Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85716-2505
Tel: (520)325-0123
Free: 800-825-8753
Fax: (520)325-5535
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.theartcenter.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1983. Setting: suburban campus. Total enrollment: 330. Calendar: semester with a full summer program. Part-time degree program.

Entrance Requirements:

Required for some: ACT ASSET. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Tuition: $11,376 full-time, $474 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available.

■ THE ART INSTITUTE OF PHOENIX P-9

2233 West Dunlap Ave.
Phoenix, AZ 85021-2859
Tel: (602)331-7500
Free: 800-474-2479
Fax: (602)331-5301
Web Site: http://www.aipx.artinstitutes.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Part of Education Management Corporation. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1995. Setting: 3-acre suburban campus. Total enrollment: 1,114. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. Full-time: 866 students, 45% women, 55% men. Part-time: 248 students, 42% women, 58% men. Students come from 33 states and territories, 7 other countries, 31% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 23% Hispanic, 6% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 51% 25 or older, 10% live on campus. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, distance learning, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: Common Application. Required: essay, high school transcript, interview. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. One-time mandatory fee: $100. Tuition: $18,144 full-time, $378 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course load. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. College room only: $5217. Tuition guaranteed not to increase for student's term of enrollment.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 5 open to all. Most popular organizations: Computer Arts and Animation Club, Student Activities Council, Gay and Straight Student Alliance, American Institute of Graphic Arts, International Student Club. Major annual events: All-School Picnic, Halloween Costume Contest, Sexual Responsibility Week. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service, security guard during open hours. 131 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Learning Resource Center with 13,463 books, 150 serials, and 2,724 audiovisual materials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $23,000. 258 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ THE BRYMAN SCHOOL P-9

2250 W. Peoria Ave.
Phoenix, AZ 85029
Tel: (602)274-4300
Free: 800-729-4819
Fax: (602)248-9087
Web Site: http://www.brymanschool.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1964. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 1,100. Students come from 20 states and territories, 20% from out-of-state, 30% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: continuous.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, interview, The Health Occupations Basic Entrance Test. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Campus security: late night transport-escort service. College housing not available.

■ CENTRAL ARIZONA COLLEGE J-8

8470 North Overfield Rd.
Coolidge, AZ 85228-9779
Tel: (520)426-4444
Admissions: (520)426-4406
Fax: (520)426-4234
Web Site: http://www.cac.cc.az.us/

Description:

County-supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1961. Setting: 709-acre rural campus with easy access to Phoenix. Total enrollment: 6,388. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 2,469 applied, 73% were admitted. Students come from 6 other countries, 6% Native American, 32% Hispanic, 5% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 71% 25 or older, 17% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

State resident tuition: $1316 full-time, $47 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6356 full-time, $94 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $16 full-time, $8 per term part-time. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course level. College room and board: $4160. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. 424 college housing spaces available; 380 were occupied in 2003-04. Learning Resource Center with 99,480 books and 494 serials.

Community Environment:

Population 7,000. Coolidge is located in Pinal County near the intersection of two major interstate freeways that serve the areas of Southern California and Arizona's two principal cities, Phoenix and Tucson. One can be in the heart of either city within an hour. There are four Native American Reservations in the county. The area is rich in history of mining, cattle and agriculture. Few places on earth have more hours of sunshine a year than south-central Pinal County, which averages approximately 4,000 hours per year according to U.S. Weather Bureau records.

■ CHANDLER-GILBERT COMMUNITY COLLEGE J-7

2626 East Pecos Rd.
Chandler, AZ 85225-2479
Tel: (480)732-7000
Admissions: (480)732-7307
Web Site: http://www.cgc.maricopa.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maricopa County Community College District System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1985. Setting: 80-acre rural campus with easy access to Phoenix. Endowment: $315,961. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $14.4 million. Total enrollment: 8,663. Students come from 38 states and territories, 5 other countries, 4% from out-of-state, 4% Native American, 16% Hispanic, 4% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 31% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, freshman honors college, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except nursing and aviation programs. Options: Common Application, electronic application. Placement: ACT ASSET required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group, student-run newspaper. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. Chandler-Gilbert Community College Library with 26,060 books, 90 microform titles, 170 serials, 990 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $580,807. 140 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ CHAPARRAL COLLEGE L-9

4585 East Speedway, No 204
Tucson, AZ 85712
Tel: (520)327-6866
Fax: (520)325-0108
Web Site: http://www.chap-col.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, transfer associate, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees (bachelor's degree in business administration only). Founded 1972. Setting: suburban campus with easy access to Phoenix. Total enrollment: 400. Students come from 3 other countries, 0% from out-of-state, 70% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: 5 five-week modules. Academic remediation for entering students, summer session for credit, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: Common Application. Required: high school transcript, interview, CPAt. Required for some: recommendations, entrance test. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Student-run newspaper. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. 6,000 books, 65 serials, 500 audiovisual materials, and a Web page. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ COCHISE COLLEGE (DOUGLAS) N-12

4190 West Hwy. 80
Douglas, AZ 85607-9724
Tel: (520)364-7943
Free: 800-966-7946
Admissions: (520)417-4050
Fax: (520)364-0236
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cochise.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Cochise College. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1962. Setting: 500-acre rural campus. Endowment: $1.3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2702 per student. Total enrollment: 4,610. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 759 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 1,440 students, 60% women, 40% men. Part-time: 3,170 students, 60% women, 40% men. Students come from 4 states and territories, 8 other countries, 5% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 37% Hispanic, 7% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.2% international, 33% 25 or older, 17% live on campus, 1% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Recommended: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

State resident tuition: $1350 full-time, $45 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6300 full-time, $65 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $60 full-time, $30 per term part-time. College room and board: $3562.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group. Social organizations: 6 open to all. Most popular organizations: student government, Phi Theta Kappa. Major annual events: Red and White Ball, Valentine Dance, Springfest. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, controlled dormitory access. 240 college housing spaces available; 120 were occupied in 2003-04. 42,876 books, 182 serials, and a Web page. 84 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Douglas, population 17,000, located in Cochise County, has a dry climate with average yearly temperatures of 79.2 degrees high and 46.3 degrees low. The area is scenically beautiful and rich in historical lore. Hotels, motels, churches, a library, hospital, medical center, and civic and service organizations are available. There are recreational facilities for golf, tennis, football, baseball, basketball, and swimming. The Cochise County Fair is the last weekend in September. Part-time work is available for students.

■ COCHISE COLLEGE (SIERRA VISTA) N-10

901 North Columbo
Sierra Vista, AZ 85635-2317
Tel: (520)515-0500
Free: 800-593-9567
Admissions: (520)515-4770
Fax: (520)364-0206
Web Site: http://www.cochise.cc.az.us/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Cochise College. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1977. Setting: 200-acre small town campus with easy access to Tucson. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7299 per student. Total enrollment: 4,446. 1,088 applied, 63% were admitted. 6% from top 10% of their high school class, 24% from top quarter, 74% from top half. Full-time: 1,257 students, 50% women, 50% men. Part-time: 3,189 students, 59% women, 41% men. Students come from 27 states and territories, 8 other countries, 5% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 31% Hispanic, 7% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.5% international, 50% 25 or older, 6% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Recommended: high school transcript, SAT, ACT, SAT or ACT, SAT and SAT Subject Tests or ACT, SAT Subject Tests. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended; ACCUPLACER required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 6 open to all. Most popular organizations: student government, Phi Theta Kappa. Major annual events: Red and White Ball, Halloween Dance. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. 240 college housing spaces available; 161 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Charles DiPeso Main Library plus 1 other with 67,317 books, 5,662 microform titles, 305 serials, 3,124 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 450 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ COCONINO COMMUNITY COLLEGE E-8

2800 South Lonetree Rd.
Flagstaff, AZ 86001
Tel: (928)527-1222
Free: 800-350-7122
Fax: (928)526-1821
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coconino.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1991. Setting: 5-acre small town campus. Endowment: $11,275. Total enrollment: 3,689. 38% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $10. State resident tuition: $1344 full-time, $56 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $5376 full-time, $224 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Choral group. Campus security: 24-hour patrols. College housing not available. 100 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ COLLEGE OF THE HUMANITIES AND SCIENCES, HARRISON MIDDLETON UNIVERSITY I-7

1105 East Broadway
Tempe, AZ 85282
Tel: (480)317-5955; 877-248-6724
Fax: (480)829-4999
Web Site: http://www.chumsci.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Founded 1998. Calendar: continuous.

■ COLLEGEAMERICA-FLAGSTAFF E-8

5200 East Cortland Blvd., Ste. A-19
Flagstaff, AZ 86004
Tel: (928)526-0763
Admissions: 800-977-5455
Fax: (928)526-3468
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.collegeamerica.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Total enrollment: 28,650.

■ COLLINS COLLEGE: A SCHOOL OF DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY I-7

1140 South Priest Dr.
Tempe, AZ 85281-5206
Tel: (480)966-3000
Free: 800-876-7070
Fax: (480)966-2599
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.collinscollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Part of Career Education Corporation. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1978. Setting: 3-acre urban campus with easy access to Phoenix. Total enrollment: 1,828. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 30:1. 4,304 applied, 37% were admitted. Students come from 49 states and territories, 75% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 4% Hispanic, 3% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 26% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: trimesters.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, interview. Recommended: SAT or ACT. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Tuition: $13,875 full-time. Full-time tuition varies according to class time, course level, course load, degree level, location, program, reciprocity agreements, and student level. College room only: $2970. Tuition guaranteed not to increase for student's term of enrollment.

Collegiate Environment:

Option: coed housing available. Al Collins Graphic Design School Library with 1,000 books and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $60,000. 402 computers available on campus for general student use.

■ DEVRY UNIVERSITY (MESA) I-7

1201 South Alma School Rd.
Mesa, AZ 85210-2011
Tel: (480)827-1511
Fax: (480)827-2552
Web Site: http://www.devry.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Calendar: semesters.

Costs Per Year:

One-time mandatory fee: $40. Tuition: $11,790 full-time, $440 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $60 full-time, $30 per year part-time.

■ DEVRY UNIVERSITY (PHOENIX) P-9

2149 West Dunlap Ave.
Phoenix, AZ 85021-2995
Tel: (602)870-9222; (866)338-7934
Web Site: http://www.devry.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Part of DeVry University. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1967. Setting: 18-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 1,380. Faculty: 87 (39 full-time, 48 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 20:1. Full-time: 774 students, 22% women, 78% men. Part-time: 390 students, 26% women, 74% men. Students come from 41 states and territories, 4 other countries, 7% Native American, 18% Hispanic, 8% black, 6% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 45% 25 or older. Retention: 49% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: computer and information sciences; business/marketing; engineering technologies. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs. ROTC: Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. One-time mandatory fee: $40. Tuition: $11,790 full-time, $440 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $270 full-time, $160 per year part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 13 open to all. Most popular organizations: Telecommunications Club, Board and Ski Club, Travel Club, SIFE, Institute of Electronic and Electrical Engineers. Major annual events: Thanksgiving dinner, Ethnic Day, Cinco de Mayo. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, trained security personnel on duty, lighted pathways/sidewalks. College housing not available. Learning Resource Center with 22,500 books, 1 microform title, 7,230 serials, 11 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 436 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ DINÉ COLLEGE C-12

PO Box 98
Tsaile, AZ 86556
Tel: (520)724-6600
Admissions: (928)724-6633
Fax: (520)724-3349
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.dinecollege.edu/

Description:

Federally supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1968. Setting: 1,200-acre rural campus. Endowment: $3.5 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $383,607. Total enrollment: 1,825. Full-time: 843 students, 70% women, 30% men. Part-time: 982 students, 81% women, 19% men. Students come from 3 other countries, 98% Native American, 0% Hispanic, 0.2% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 63% 25 or older, 8% live on campus, 12% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs. Off campus study at members of the American Indian Higher Education Consortium, Arizona State University.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission. Required: high school transcript, certificate of Indian Blood form for Native American Students. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous. Preference given to Native Americans.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $720 full-time, $30 per hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $720 full-time, $30 per hour part-time. College room and board: $3764. College room only: $1180.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 7 open to all. Most popular organizations: Associate Students of Navajo Community College, Bar-N-Rodeo Club, Red Dawn Indian Club, Native American Church. Major annual events: Fall Bash, Spring Fling, Farewell Dance. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. Option: coed housing available. Tsaile-Navajo Community College Library plus 1 other with 50,000 books, 329 serials, and a Web page. 262 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE K-11

PO Box 769
Thatcher, AZ 85552-0769
Tel: (520)428-8322
Admissions: (928)428-8247
Fax: (520)428-8462
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.eac.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Arizona State Community College System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1888. Setting: small town campus. Endowment: $1.6 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $110,090. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3326 per student. Total enrollment: 5,239. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 2,287 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 1,413 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 3,826 students, 60% women, 40% men. Students come from 29 states and territories, 6% from out-of-state, 14% Native American, 28% Hispanic, 4% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 19% 25 or older, 5% live on campus. Retention: 43% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program, some emergency medical technology programs. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Recommended: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1220 full-time, $50 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6460 full-time, $100 per credit part-time. College room and board: $4320.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band. Social organizations: 20 open to all. Most popular organizations: Latter-Day Saints Student Association, Criminal Justice Student Association, Multicultural Council, Phi Theta Kappa, Mark Allen Dorm Club. Major annual events: Fall Homecoming, Fall Campus Picnic, Yearbook Party. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, 20-hour patrols by trained security personnel. 370 college housing spaces available; 243 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Alumni Library plus 1 other with an OPAC and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $496,767. 458 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Population over 4,000. Thatcher is located in the broad valley of the Gila River. It is on Highway 70 about 75 miles east of the junction of Highways 60 and 70 at Globe, about 165 miles east of Phoenix, and 250 miles west of El Paso. Nearby Safford, with a population of over 9,000, is the county seat of government for Graham County. In addition, it serves as the hotel and shopping center for the upper Gila Valley. The area enjoys an invigorating climate with sunshine 90% of the year; rainfall is approximately nine inches during the year. The valley is flanked by the 10,000-foot Graham Mountains, Gila Mountain Range, Indian Hot Springs, Red Knolls Desert Theatre, Coolidge Dam, and the Great Surface copper mines. All are within easy driving distance. Elevation: 3,000.

■ EMBRY-RIDDLE AERONAUTICAL UNIVERSITY G-6

3700 Willow Creek Rd.
Prescott, AZ 86301-3720
Tel: (928)777-3728
Free: 800-888-3728
Admissions: (928)777-6600
Fax: (928)777-3740
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.embryriddle.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1978. Setting: 547-acre small town campus. Endowment: $46.4 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $6.9 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $10,687 per student. Total enrollment: 1,685. Faculty: 114 (96 full-time, 18 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. 1,163 applied, 89% were admitted. 24% from top 10% of their high school class, 51% from top quarter, 83% from top half. Full-time: 1,466 students, 17% women, 83% men. Part-time: 187 students, 14% women, 86% men. Students come from 52 states and territories, 31 other countries, 77% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 2% black, 7% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 9% 25 or older, 49% live on campus, 6% transferred in. Retention: 78% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: transportation and materials moving; engineering; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, early decision, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, recommendations, interview. Required for some: minimum 3.0 high school GPA, medical examination for flight students. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 3/1, 12/1 for early decision plan 2. Notification: continuous, 12/31 for early decision plan 2.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $30,006 includes full-time tuition ($22,820), mandatory fees ($670), and college room and board ($6516). College room only: $3580. Part-time tuition: $955 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 61 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 85% of eligible men and 93% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Hawaii Club, Strike Eagles, Theta XI, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), Arnold Air Society. Major annual events: October West/Homecoming, Spring Fling, Hawaii Club Luau. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. 849 college housing spaces available; 802 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. ERAU - Prescott Campus Library with 28,264 books, 188,740 microform titles, 629 serials, 2,518 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.1 million. 365 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The Prescott area is one of the most colorful areas of the Bradshaw Mountains and has an approximate population of 60,000. The campus is surrounded by a national forest, rolling ranchlands, hiking trails, and wilderness areas. The city of Phoenix is approximately 90 miles away.

■ ESTRELLA MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY COLLEGE P-8

3000 North Dysart Rd.
Avondale, AZ 85323-1000
Tel: (623)935-8000
Admissions: (623)935-8808
Web Site: http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maricopa County Community College District System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Setting: urban campus with easy access to Phoenix. Total enrollment: 5,947. 5,947 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 1,372 students, 60% women, 40% men. Part-time: 4,575 students, 62% women, 38% men. 2% Native American, 31% Hispanic, 7% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international. Calendar: semesters.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Entrance: noncompetitive.

■ EVEREST COLLEGE P-9

10400 North 25th Ave.
Ste. 190
Phoenix, AZ 85021
Tel: (602)942-4141
Fax: (602)943-0960
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.everest-college.com/

Description:

Proprietary, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, transfer associate, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1982. Setting: urban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3083 per student. Total enrollment: 804. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 24:1. 526 applied, 73% were admitted. Full-time: 378 students, 84% women, 16% men. Part-time: 426 students, 77% women, 23% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 25% from out-of-state, 4% Native American, 28% Hispanic, 11% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 95% 25 or older. Retention: 65% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: 6 or 12 week terms. Distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, interview. Required for some: essay. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Tuition: $13,111 full-time, $259 per quarter hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $100 full-time, $25 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 2 open to all. Most popular organizations: Collegiate Secretaries International, Toastmasters. Major annual event: picnic. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. College housing not available. Academy of Business College Library with 57 serials and a Web page. 50 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ GATEWAY COMMUNITY COLLEGE P-9

108 North 40th St.
Phoenix, AZ 85034-1795
Tel: (602)286-8000
Admissions: (602)286-8052
Fax: (602)286-8003
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maricopa County Community College District System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1968. Setting: 20-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 9,377. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 25:1. Full-time: 976 students, 64% women, 36% men. Part-time: 8,401 students, 46% women, 54% men. Students come from 50 states and territories, 26 other countries, 3% from out-of-state, 4% Native American, 21% Hispanic, 8% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 31% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for health science, nursing programs. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1560 full-time, $65 per credit part-time. State resident tuition: $6720 full-time, $85 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6720 full-time, $85 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $30 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Social organizations: 15 open to all. Most popular organizations: Associated Students, African-American Students Association, MECHA SAMO THRACE, Volunteer Committee, VA Club. Major annual events: Christmas Buffet, Annual Campus Celebration, Cultural Week. Student services: personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Gateway Library with 50,000 books, 300 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $339,763. 300 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ GLENDALE COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-6

6000 West Olive Ave.
Glendale, AZ 85302-3090
Tel: (623)845-3000
Admissions: (623)435-3305
Fax: (623)845-3329
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.gc.maricopa.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maricopa County Community College District System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 160-acre suburban campus with easy access to Phoenix. Endowment: $353,507. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4978 per student. Total enrollment: 20,070. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 22:1. Full-time: 6,108 students, 53% women, 47% men. Part-time: 13,962 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 50 states and territories, 3% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 22% Hispanic, 7% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 44% 25 or older, 28% transferred in. Retention: 60% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, freshman honors college, honors program, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application, international baccalaureate accepted. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/23. Notification: continuous until 8/23.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1560 full-time, $65 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $6720 full-time, $280 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6720 full-time, $280 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $30 full-time, $15 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 28 open to all. Most popular organizations: LDS Student Association, Phi Theta Kappa International Honor Society, band, Glendale Association of Student Nurses, Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship. Major annual events: Student Art Show, Multicultural Week, Read Fest. Student services: legal services, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Library/Media Center plus 1 other with 79,006 books, 196,824 microform titles, 406 serials, 3,807 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.3 million. 1,500 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ GRAND CANYON UNIVERSITY P-9

3300 W Camelback Rd., PO Box 11097
Phoenix, AZ 85017-1097
Tel: (602)249-3300
Fax: (602)589-2580
Web Site: http://www.gcu.edu/

Description:

Independent Southern Baptist, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1949. Setting: 90-acre suburban campus. Endowment: $5.4 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $21,749. Total enrollment: 4,113. Faculty: 274 (97 full-time, 177 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 823 applied, 69% were admitted. 29% from top 10% of their high school class, 54% from top quarter, 78% from top half. 1 National Merit Scholar, 10 valedictorians. Full-time: 1,327 students, 66% women, 34% men. Part-time: 282 students, 55% women, 45% men. Students come from 40 states and territories, 14 other countries, 19% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 7% Hispanic, 3% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 30% 25 or older, 30% live on campus, 19% transferred in. Retention: 76% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Coalition for Christian Colleges and Universities. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, minimum 3.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Required for some: essay, 3 recommendations, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous until 9/1.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $50. State resident tuition: $4875 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $6000 full-time. College room and board: $7130.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Student services: health clinic. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Fleming Library with 75,905 books, 82,561 microform titles, 1,174 serials, 404 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $258,654. 119 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Phoenix College

■ HIGH-TECH INSTITUTE P-9

1515 East Indian School Rd.
Phoenix, AZ 85014-4901
Tel: (602)279-9700
Fax: (602)279-2999
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.high-techinstitute.com/

Description:

Proprietary, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees. Setting: 4-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 1,544. Full-time: 1,544 students, 28% women, 72% men. 5% Native American, 35% Hispanic, 12% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander. Calendar: semesters.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Most popular organizations: Alpha Beta Kappa, American Design Drafting Association, American Institute of Architects, American Institute of Building Designers, American Institute for Design and Drafting. College housing not available.

■ INTERNATIONAL BAPTIST COLLEGE I-7

2150 East Southern Ave.
Tempe, AZ 85282
Tel: (480)838-7070
Free: 800-422-4858
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.tri-citybaptist.org/ibc/

Description:

Independent Baptist, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1980. Setting: 12-acre suburban campus with easy access to Phoenix. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5426 per student. Total enrollment: 76. Faculty: 13 (3 full-time, 10 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 12:1. Full-time: 47 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 28 students, 39% women, 61% men. 32% from out-of-state, 4% Native American, 14% Hispanic, 4% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: theology and religious vocations; education. Core. Calendar: 4-1-4. Part-time degree program, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, 3 recommendations. Application deadline: 8/20.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $10,870 includes full-time tuition ($6000), mandatory fees ($570), and college room and board ($4300). Part-time tuition: $250 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $9 per credit.

Collegiate Environment:

Choral group. Social organizations: local fraternities, local sororities; 100% of eligible men and 100% of eligible women are members. 6 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ INTERNATIONAL IMPORT-EXPORT INSTITUTE P-9

2432 West Peoria Ave., Ste. 1026
Phoenix, AZ 85029
Tel: (602)648-5750
Free: 800-474-8013
Fax: (602)648-5755
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.iiei.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, upper-level, coed. Founded 1995. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. 0% from out-of-state. Calendar: 4 semesters per year.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0.

■ INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (MESA) I-7

925 South Gilbert Rd., Ste. 201
Mesa, AZ 85204-4448
Tel: (480)545-8755; 888-886-2428
Fax: (480)926-1371
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aibtonline.com/

Description:

Independent, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1982. Total enrollment: 174. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. 17% Native American, 29% Hispanic, 7% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international. Calendar: semesters.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadlines: Rolling, Rolling for nonresidents. Notification: continuous, continuous for nonresidents.

Costs Per Year:

One-time mandatory fee: $200. Tuition: $9850 full-time. Mandatory fees: $350 full-time.

■ INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (PHOENIX) P-9

6049 North 43rd Ave.
Phoenix, AZ 85019-1600
Tel: (602)242-6265
Free: 800-793-2428
Fax: (602)973-2572
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aibtonline.com/

Description:

Independent, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1979. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 240. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 13:1. Students come from 7 states and territories, 4% Native American, 30% Hispanic, 15% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 76% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Accelerated degree program, distance learning, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadlines: Rolling, Rolling for nonresidents. Notification: continuous, continuous for nonresidents.

Costs Per Year:

One-time mandatory fee: $200. Tuition: $9850 full-time. Mandatory fees: $350 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Major annual events: job fairs, holiday-themed student gatherings. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. Learning Resource Center with 1,974 books, 1,750 serials, 120 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $307,394. 421 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (TUCSON) L-9

5441 East 22nd St., Ste. 125
Tucson, AZ 85711-5444
Tel: (520)748-9799; 888-292-2428
Fax: (520)748-9355
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aibtonline.com/

Description:

Independent, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1979. Total enrollment: 298. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 6% Native American, 46% Hispanic, 12% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international. Calendar: semesters.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadlines: Rolling, Rolling for nonresidents. Notification: continuous, continuous for nonresidents.

■ INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (WEST VALLEY) P-9

4136 North 75th Ave., Ste. 211
Phoenix, AZ 85033-3196
Tel: (623)849-8208; 888-884-2428
Fax: (623)849-0110
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aibtonline.com/

Description:

Independent, primarily 2-year, coed. Awards diplomas, terminal associate, and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1979. Total enrollment: 205. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. 5% Native American, 37% Hispanic, 15% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international. Calendar: semesters.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadlines: Rolling, Rolling for nonresidents. Notification: continuous, continuous for nonresidents.

Costs Per Year:

One-time mandatory fee: $200. Tuition: $9850 full-time. Mandatory fees: $350 full-time.

■ ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (PHOENIX) P-9

4837 East McDowell Rd.
Phoenix, AZ 85008-4292
Tel: (602)252-2331
Free: 800-879-4881
Fax: (602)267-8727
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of ITT Educational Services, Inc. Awards terminal associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1972. Setting: 2-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 447. Core.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Recommended: recommendations. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Most popular organization: Student Activities Council. Major annual events: Very Special Arts Fair, APSA Sports Tournaments, St. Mary's Food Bank Annual Food Drive. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. College housing not available.

■ ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (TEMPE) I-7

5005 S. Wendler Dr.
Tempe, AZ 85282
Tel: (602)437-7500
Free: 800-879-4881
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1963.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Recommended: recommendations. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100.

■ ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (TUCSON) L-9

1455 West River Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85704
Tel: (520)408-7488
Free: 800-870-9730
Fax: (520)292-9899
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, primarily 2-year, coed. Part of ITT Educational Services, Inc. Awards terminal associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1984. Setting: 3-acre urban campus. Core.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Recommended: recommendations. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available.

■ LAMSON COLLEGE I-7

1126 North Scottsdale Rd., Ste. 17
Tempe, AZ 85281
Tel: (480)898-7000
Free: 800-898-7017
Fax: (480)967-6645
Web Site: http://www.lamsoncollege.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of National Career Education, Inc. Awards transfer associate and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1889. Setting: urban campus with easy access to Phoenix. 1% from top 10% of their high school class, 5% from top quarter, 20% from top half. Students come from 4 states and territories, 5 other countries, 40% 25 or older. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: high school transcript, interview, CPAt. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Campus security: 24-hour patrols. College housing not available. 4,400 books and 18 serials. 45 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ LONG TECHNICAL COLLEGE P-9

13450 North Black Canyon Hwy., Ste. 104
Phoenix, AZ 85029
Tel: (602)548-1955; 877-548-1955
Fax: (602)548-1956
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.longtechnicalcollege.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Founded 1972. Calendar: continuous.

■ MESA COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-7

1833 West Southern Ave.
Mesa, AZ 85202-4866
Tel: (480)461-7000
Admissions: (480)461-7478
Fax: (480)461-7805
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mc.maricopa.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maricopa County Community College District System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 160-acre urban campus with easy access to Phoenix. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $150,000. Total enrollment: 28,000. Students come from 18 states and territories, 4% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 14% Hispanic, 3% black, 5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 44% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs. Off campus study at Servicemembers Opportunity Colleges. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Placement: ACT ASSET required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/22. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 25 open to all. Most popular organizations: MECHA, International Student Association, American Indian Association, Asian/Pacific Islander Club. Major annual events: Bash, Homecoming. Student services: legal services, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols. College housing not available. Information Commons with 56,224 books, 794 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $500,000. 600 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Population 375,000, Arizona's third largest city, located 16 miles east of Phoenix, adjacent to Tempe, and near the Superstition Mountains. The average yearly temperature is 68.3 degrees, low humidity and 86 percent of the daylight hours are sunny. Mesa is a beautiful and friendly city; there are part-time jobs available for the college students. Most kinds of sports and recreation facilities available, plus many cultural activities.

■ METROPOLITAN COLLEGE OF COURT REPORTING P-9

4640 East Elwood St., Ste. 12
Phoenix, AZ 85040
Tel: (602)955-5900
Admissions: (480)955-5900
Fax: (480)894-8999
Web Site: http://www.metropolitancollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1991. Setting: 1-acre suburban campus. Total enrollment: 118. 16 applied, 100% were admitted. 60% from top quarter of their high school class. Full-time: 118 students, 97% women, 3% men. Students come from 6 states and territories, 2 other countries, 15% from out-of-state, 85% 25 or older, 3% transferred in. Retention: 67% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: trimesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, accelerated degree program, independent study, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview, typing test.

Collegiate Environment:

Student services: personal-psychological counseling. College housing not available. 20 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ MIDWESTERN UNIVERSITY, GLENDALE CAMPUS I-6

19555 North 59th Ave.
Glendale, AZ 85308
Tel: (623)572-3200; 888-247-9271
Admissions: (623)572-3340
Web Site: http://www.midwestern.edu/

Description:

Independent, upper-level, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1996. Total enrollment: 1,117. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 20:1. 25 applied, 80% were admitted. Full-time: 20 students, 80% women, 20% men.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $24,341 includes full-time tuition ($15,306), mandatory fees ($250), and college room and board ($8785). College room only: $5670.

■ MOHAVE COMMUNITY COLLEGE E-3

1971 Jagerson Ave.
Kingman, AZ 86401
Tel: (928)757-4331; 888-664-2832
Admissions: (928)757-0847
Fax: (928)757-0808
Web Site: http://www.mohave.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1971. Setting: 160-acre small town campus. Total enrollment: 6,187. 332 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 1,208 students, 69% women, 31% men. Part-time: 4,979 students, 66% women, 34% men. Students come from 8 states and territories, 8% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 13% Hispanic, 1% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 69% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, paramedic programs. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Required for some: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

State resident tuition: $1104 full-time, $46 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $3312 full-time, $138 per credit hour part-time. Part-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 10 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities. Most popular organizations: Art Club, Pottery Club, Astronomy Club, Phi Theta Kappa. Major annual events: Career Fair, Brighter Future Festival, New Student BBQ. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Mohave Community College Library with 45,849 books and 476 serials. 120 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The College campuses are accessible by all forms of transportation: bus, rail and air. The area is a rapidly expanding one, offering a variety of year-round activities due to its arid climate. Lake Havasu City boasts the famous London Bridge and English Village. The areas provide opportunities for hunting, fishing, camping and water sports.

■ NORTHCENTRAL UNIVERSITY G-6

505 West Whipple St.
Prescott, AZ 86301-1747
Tel: (928)541-7777; 888-327-2877
Admissions: (866)776-0331
Fax: (928)541-7817
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ncu.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees (offers only distance learning programs). Total enrollment: 1,401. Full-time: 10 students, 70% women, 30% men. Part-time: 156 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 51 states and territories, 93% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 19% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 92% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: continuous. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $100. Tuition: $9000 full-time, $375 per credit part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Major annual event: graduation. College housing not available. Electronic Learning Resources Center with a Web page.

■ NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY E-8

South San Francisco St.
Flagstaff, AZ 86011
Tel: (928)523-9011; 888-MORE-NAU
Admissions: (928)523-6053
Fax: (928)523-0226
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nau.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of Arizona University System. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1899. Setting: 730-acre small town campus. Endowment: $11.7 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $18.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7357 per student. Total enrollment: 18,779. Faculty: 1,374 (723 full-time, 651 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 7,304 applied, 86% were admitted. Full-time: 11,261 students, 60% women, 40% men. Part-time: 1,991 students, 63% women, 37% men. Students come from 50 states and territories, 66 other countries, 17% from out-of-state, 7% Native American, 12% Hispanic, 2% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 23% 25 or older, 38% live on campus, 11% transferred in. Retention: 69% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; visual and performing arts. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at National Student Exchange. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 3.0 high school GPA. Required for some: recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. State resident tuition: $4223 full-time, $221 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,853 full-time, $536 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $170 full-time, $85 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to program. College room and board: $5960. College room only: $3256. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 157 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 8% of eligible men and 6% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: ASNAU, Black Student Union, New Student Organization, Cardinal Key Society, Blue Key Society. Major annual events: Homecoming, Parents' Weekend, International Student Week. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center, tutoring. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 6,000 college housing spaces available; 5,500 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Cline Library plus 1 other with 633,417 books, 547,729 microform titles, 2,595 serials, 31,746 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $5.5 million. 903 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Flagstaff, population 58,000, is a city of Seven Wonders in the heart of the Coconino National Forest located at the foot of the San Francisco Peaks. Mountain slopes, canyons, buttes, Indian ruins, forests, and deserts mingle in a setting forever challenging in its appeal. The elevation, the protection provided by the forest, and the Arizona sunshine give Flagstaff unsurpassed year round climate. Recreational activities include hiking, bicycling, boating, fishing, and hunting. Skiing is nearby as are the Grand Canyon, the Petrified forest, numerous Indian villages, and national monuments.

■ NORTHLAND PIONEER COLLEGE F-10

PO Box 610
Holbrook, AZ 86025-0610
Tel: (928)524-7600
Free: 800-266-7845
Admissions: (928)536-6257
Fax: (928)524-7612
Web Site: http://www.npc.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Arizona State Community College System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1974. Setting: 50-acre rural campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2802 per student. Total enrollment: 4,928. Full-time: 971 students, 67% women, 33% men. Part-time: 3,957 students, 67% women, 33% men. Students come from 13 states and territories, 5 other countries, 42% Native American, 7% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 76% 25 or older, 1% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Retention: 2% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: early admission. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Most popular organization: Hiking/Skiing Club. Campus security: evening security. 24 college housing spaces available; 6 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Option: coed housing available. Northland Pioneer College Library with 60,000 books, 240 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $357,360. 200 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The service area of 21,000 square miles has a population of approximately 154,000 people. The service area includes parts of three Indian reservations. The economy is based primarily on agriculture, tourism, and the lumber industry.

■ PARADISE VALLEY COMMUNITY COLLEGE P-9

18401 North 32nd St.
Phoenix, AZ 85032-1200
Tel: (602)787-6500
Admissions: (602)787-7020
Fax: (602)787-6625
Web Site: http://www.pvc.maricopa.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maricopa County Community College District System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1985. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 8,237. 1% Native American, 10% Hispanic, 3% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, distance learning, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: early admission. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 16 open to all. Most popular organizations: Phi Theta Kappa, International Student Club, Recreational Outing Club, AWARE, Student Christian Association. Major annual events: International Education Week, Black American Month/Hispanic Week/Women's Week. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Paradise Valley Community College Library plus 1 other with an OPAC and a Web page. 500 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ THE PARALEGAL INSTITUTE, INC. P-9

2933 West Indian School Rd.
Phoenix, AZ 85017
Tel: (602)212-0501
Free: 800-354-1254
Web Site: http://www.theparalegalinstitute.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year. Awards diplomas and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1974. Total enrollment: 400. 500 applied, 25% were admitted.

■ PHOENIX COLLEGE P-9

1202 West Thomas Rd.
Phoenix, AZ 85013-4234
Tel: (602)285-7500
Admissions: (602)285-7503
Fax: (602)285-7813
Web Site: http://www.pc.maricopa.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maricopa County Community College District System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1920. Setting: 52-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 12,549. Students come from 42 states and territories, 2% from out-of-state, 4% Native American, 32% Hispanic, 8% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, freshman honors college, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1560 full-time, $65 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6720 full-time, $280 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $30 full-time, $15 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Most popular organizations: Black Student Union, NASA (Native American Club), Asian American Club, MECHA (Mexican Club). Major annual event: Homecoming Week. Student services: legal services, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Fannin Library with 83,000 books and 394 serials. 250 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Phoenix, population over one million, is a thriving industrial and agricultural city. Easily accessible, served by railroads, buses and airlines, the city has many churches, libraries, museums, and theatres, as well as numerous fine restaurants, hotels, and motels. It is located in proximity to many scenic and historical places of interest including the Grand Canyon, the Petrified Forest, Montezuma Castle, and Oak Creek Canyon. It is one of the outstanding winter resorts of America with The Valley of the Sun nearby.

■ PIMA COMMUNITY COLLEGE L-9

4905 East Broadway
Tucson, AZ 85709-1010
Tel: (520)206-4666
Admissions: (520)206-4640
Fax: (520)884-6728
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.pima.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1966. Setting: 483-acre urban campus. Endowment: $2.7 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5325 per student. Total enrollment: 30,884. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 21:1. 5,456 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 9,187 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 21,697 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 40 states and territories, 64 other countries, 5% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 31% Hispanic, 4% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 42% 25 or older, 9% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. ROTC: Army (c), Naval (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for allied health programs. Options: Common Application, early admission. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $5. State resident tuition: $1104 full-time, $46 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $5544 full-time, $78 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $80 full-time, $2.50 per credit part-time, $10 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Student services: personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Pima College Library with 217,049 books, 14,419 microform titles, 984 serials, 24,005 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2.5 million. 2,500 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Arizona.

■ PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE (MESA) I-7

957 South Dobson Rd.
Mesa, AZ 85202
Tel: (480)644-0267; 888-898-9048
Fax: (480)649-5249
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.pimamedical.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Vocational Training Institutes, Inc. Awards certificates and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1985. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 592. Calendar: modular.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: interview, Wonderlic aptitude test. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: minimally difficult.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available.

■ PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE (TUCSON) L-9

3350 East Grant Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85716-2800
Tel: (520)326-1600; 888-898-9048
Fax: (520)326-4125
Web Site: http://www.pmi.edu

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of Vocational Training Institutes, Inc. Awards certificates and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1972. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 711. 120 applied, 97% were admitted. Full-time: 711 students, 81% women, 19% men. Calendar: modular. Academic remediation for entering students, accelerated degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, early admission. Required: interview, Wonderlic Scholastic Level Exam. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: minimally difficult.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $150.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. College housing not available. Resource Center with an OPAC and a Web page. 30 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ PRESCOTT COLLEGE G-6

220 Grove Ave.
Prescott, AZ 86301
Tel: (928)778-2090
Free: 800-628-6364
Fax: (928)776-5157
Web Site: http://www.prescott.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Founded 1966. Setting: small town campus. Endowment: $150,000. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $35,000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4358 per student. Total enrollment: 1,044. Faculty: 87 (50 full-time, 37 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 7:1. 147 applied, 88% were admitted. 12% from top 10% of their high school class, 19% from top quarter, 50% from top half. Full-time: 723 students, 65% women, 35% men. Part-time: 70 students, 51% women, 49% men. Students come from 44 states and territories, 1 other country, 67% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international, 43% 25 or older, 23% transferred in. Retention: 68% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; natural resources/environmental science; psychology. Core. Calendar: (4-week blocks followed by 10-week terms for each quarter). Services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at Four Corners School of Outdoor Education, Grand Canyon Field Institute.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 8/15, 12/1 for early decision. Notification: continuous, 12/15 for early decision.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Tuition: $18,576 full-time, $516 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $935 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 10 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Union, Amnesty International, Student Environmental Network. Major annual events: Student-Directed Days, PC Environmental Award. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. College housing not available. Prescott College Library with 23,899 books, 243 microform titles, 270 serials, 1,151 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $237,000. 30 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Located a mile high in the forested mountains of central Arizona, Prescott has a moderate climate and four seasons. Described by"Arizona Highways" magazine as"Everybody's Hometown," the community is known for its friendly atmosphere and small town charm. It was the capital of the Territory of Arizona back in the 1800s and the old governor's mansion still stands today. The town is rich in local history including gold-mining lore, cowboys, and the historic Roughriders. Classic Victorian homes line the streets. With clean air, abundant sunshine, and natural beauty in every direction, the Prescott area is truly an enjoyable place to live.

■ THE REFRIGERATION SCHOOL P-9

4210 East Washington St.
Phoenix, AZ 85034-1816
Tel: (602)275-7133
Web Site: http://www.refrigerationschool.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 350. Calendar: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available.

■ REMINGTON COLLEGE-TEMPE CAMPUS I-7

875 West Elliot Rd., Ste. 216
Tempe, AZ 85284
Tel: (480)834-1000
Free: 800-395-4322
Fax: (480)491-2970
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.remingtoncollege.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, 4-year, coed.

■ RIO SALADO COLLEGE I-7

2323 West 14th St.
Tempe, AZ 85281-6950
Tel: (480)517-8000
Free: 800-729-1197
Admissions: (480)517-8151
Fax: (480)517-8199
Web Site: http://www.rio.maricopa.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maricopa County Community College District System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1978. Setting: urban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $1807 per student. Total enrollment: 6,000. Students come from 44 states and territories, 38 other countries, 4% from out-of-state, 43% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for dental hygiene program. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Placement: ACT ASSET required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Rio Salado Library and Information Center with 16,000 books, 125 serials, 8,000 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $197,853. 750 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ SCOTTSDALE COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-7

9000 East Chaparral Rd.
Scottsdale, AZ 85256-2626
Tel: (480)423-6000
Admissions: (602)423-6133
Fax: (480)423-6200
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sc.maricopa.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maricopa County Community College District System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1969. Setting: 160-acre urban campus with easy access to Phoenix. Total enrollment: 11,261. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 517 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 3,342 students, 46% women, 54% men. Part-time: 7,919 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 49 other countries, 3% from out-of-state, 5% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 4% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 43% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs. Off campus study at Servicemembers Opportunity Colleges.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: early admission. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1980 full-time, $65 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $8430 full-time, $90 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $8430 full-time, $90 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $15 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, 24-hour automatic surveillance cameras. College housing not available. 75 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Phoenix College.

■ SCOTTSDALE CULINARY INSTITUTE I-7

8100 East Camelback Rd., Ste. 1001
Scottsdale, AZ 85251-3940
Tel: (480)990-3773
Free: 800-848-2433
Fax: (480)990-0351
Web Site: http://www.scichefs.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1986. Total enrollment: 1,200. Calendar: semesters.

■ SOUTH MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY COLLEGE P-9

7050 South Twenty-fourth St.
Phoenix, AZ 85040
Tel: (602)243-8000
Admissions: (602)243-8120
Fax: (602)243-8329
Web Site: http://www.smc.maricopa.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Maricopa County Community College District System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1979. Setting: 108-acre suburban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7803 per student. Total enrollment: 3,933. 2% from out-of-state, 4% Native American, 43% Hispanic, 14% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 42% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs. ROTC: Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/22. Notification: continuous until 8/22.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1440 full-time. State resident tuition: $6192 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $6192 full-time. Mandatory fees: $10 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Social organizations: 9 open to all. Major annual events: Festive Fall, Multicultural Week, Spring Fling. Student services: legal services. Campus security: late night transport-escort service, 18-hour patrols, campus lockdown. College housing not available. Learning Resource Center with 35,591 books, 475 serials, and an OPAC. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Located near both downtown Phoenix and Tempe, the college is just minutes from I-10 and Superstition freeways and Arizona State University. Ample parking is available. The college is served by the Phoenix Transit Bus System. Affordable housing, shopping, and services are within easy commuting distance. The campus is located in the shadow of South Mountain Park, the largest municipal park in the United States.

■ SOUTHWEST INSTITUTE OF HEALING ARTS I-7

1100 East Apache Blvd.
Tempe, AZ 85281
Tel: (480)994-9244; 888-504-9106
Fax: (480)994-3228
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.swiha.org/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Founded 1992.

■ SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE P-9

2625 East Cactus Rd.
Phoenix, AZ 85032-7042
Tel: (602)992-6101
Free: 800-247-2697
Web Site: http://www.swcaz.edu/

Description:

Independent Conservative Baptist, 4-year, coed. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1960. Setting: 19-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 267. 210 applied, 48% were admitted. Full-time: 237 students, 52% women, 48% men. Part-time: 30 students, 53% women, 47% men. Students come from 19 states and territories, 3 other countries, 16% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 7% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 16% 25 or older, 40% live on campus, 24% transferred in. Retention: 61% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: 4-4-1. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, double major, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs, internships. ROTC: Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 1 recommendation, SAT and SAT Subject Tests or ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: continuous until 8/20.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $15,930 includes full-time tuition ($11,130), mandatory fees ($440), and college room and board ($4360). College room only: $3360. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Part-time tuition: $464 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $220 per term. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 4 open to all. Most popular organizations: newspaper, drama, choral group, Student Leadership Council. Major annual events: Southwestern Days, Homecoming, Welcome Week. Campus security: controlled dormitory access. 176 college housing spaces available; 105 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. R. S. Beal Library with 29,948 books, 20,446 microform titles, 808 serials, 2,866 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. 44 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ TOHONO O'ODHAM COMMUNITY COLLEGE M-7

PO Box 3129
Sells, AZ 85634
Tel: (520)383-8401
Fax: (520)383-8403
Web Site: http://www.tocc.cc.az.us/

Description:

Independent, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1998. Total enrollment: 171. 97% Native American. Calendar: semesters.

■ UNIVERSAL TECHNICAL INSTITUTE P-8

10695 W. Pierce St.
Avondale, AZ 85323-7946
Tel: (602)264-4164
Free: 800-859-1202
Fax: (602)264-6412
Web Site: http://www.uticorp.com/

Description:

Private, 2-year. Awards terminal associate degrees.

Entrance Requirements:

Required: interview. Entrance: minimally difficult.

■ UNIVERSITY OF ADVANCING TECHNOLOGY I-7

2625 West Baseline Rd.
Tempe, AZ 85283-1042
Tel: (602)383-8228
Free: 800-658-5744
Fax: (602)383-8222
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uat.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1983. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 1,004. 834 applied, 93% were admitted. Full-time: 983 students, 9% women, 91% men. Students come from 39 states and territories, 61% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 4% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 28% 25 or older. Calendar: semesters. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay. Required for some: minimum 2.5 high school GPA, ACT, SAT Subject Tests. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Tuition: $14,600 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Most popular organizations: Web Club, Gaming Club, Animation Club, Video Club, student government. Major annual events: technology forums, information nights, luncheons. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols. College housing not available. University of Advancing Computer Technology Library with 19,211 books, 129 serials, 1,000 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $178,000. 190 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA L-9

Tucson, AZ 85721
Tel: (520)621-2211
Admissions: (520)621-3237
Fax: (520)621-9799
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.arizona.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of Arizona Board of Regents. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees. Founded 1885. Setting: 362-acre urban campus. Endowment: $348.3 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $328.5 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $8281 per student. Total enrollment: 37,036. Faculty: 1,424 (1,378 full-time, 46 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 18,880 applied, 83% were admitted. 34% from top 10% of their high school class, 61% from top quarter, 88% from top half. 58 National Merit Scholars. Full-time: 24,725 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 3,737 students, 51% women, 49% men. Students come from 27 states and territories, 135 other countries, 27% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 15% Hispanic, 3% black, 6% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 9% 25 or older, 18% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 79% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; communications/journalism; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Naval, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, early admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: SAT or ACT. Required for some: minimum 3.0 high school GPA, recommendations, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 4/1. Notification: continuous. Preference given to state residents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. State resident tuition: $4394 full-time, $246 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,578 full-time, $582 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $104 full-time, $83 per year part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. College room and board: $7460. College room only: $4100. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 280 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities, local sororities; 15% of eligible men and 15% of eligible women are members. Most popular organization: Student Government Association. Major annual events: Spring Fling, Homecoming, Family Weekend. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, emergency telephones. 5,467 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. University of Arizona Main Library plus 5 others with 4.4 million books, 5.3 million microform titles, 23,790 serials, 51,136 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $27 million. 1,950 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Tucson is in a valley of the Sonoran Desert, and is surrounded by mountain ranges. Approximately 700,000 reside in the metropolitan area. Just north of the city are ski slopes and ponderosa pines as well as canyons and grassy meadows, which are popular with hikers and climbers. Yet Tucson has mild winters (average yearly temperature of 85 degrees) and attracts golf, tennis, and other sports enthusiasts year-round. The city has a professional symphony orchestra, opera company, theater company, and ballet, in addition to outstanding medical facilities. Located sixty miles north of Mexico, the community reflects the cultures of its Native American, Spanish, Mexican, and pioneer forefathers.

■ UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX ONLINE CAMPUS P-9

3157 East Elwood St.
Phoenix, AZ 85034-7209
Tel: (602)387-7000
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Web Site: http://www.uopxonline.com/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1989. Total enrollment: 117,259. Faculty: 5,974 (16 full-time, 5,958 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 505 applied. Full-time: 70,820 students, 59% women, 41% men. 0.4% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 5% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 12% international, 91% 25 or older. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; computer and information sciences; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: continuous. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: deferred admission. Required: 1 recommendation. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $110. Tuition: $13,320 full-time, $444 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. University Library with 444 books, 666 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. System-wide operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.2 million.

■ UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-PHOENIX CAMPUS P-9

4635 East Elwood St.
Phoenix, AZ 85040-1958
Tel: (480)804-7600
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1976. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 9,408. Faculty: 784 (19 full-time, 765 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 175 applied. Full-time: 5,898 students, 57% women, 43% men. 0% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 6% international, 89% 25 or older. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; computer and information sciences; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: continuous. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: deferred admission. Required: 1 recommendation. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $110. Tuition: $9765 full-time, $323 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. University Library with 442 books, 666 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. System-wide operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.2 million.

■ UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-SOUTHERN ARIZONA CAMPUS L-9

5099 East Grant Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85712-2732
Tel: (520)881-6512
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Fax: (520)795-6177
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1979. Setting: urban campus. Total enrollment: 3,392. Faculty: 380 (4 full-time, 376 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 8:1. 47 applied. Full-time: 2,431 students, 57% women, 43% men. 0% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 15% international, 88% 25 or older. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; computer and information sciences; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: continuous. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: deferred admission. Required: 1 recommendation. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $110. Tuition: $9675 full-time, $322.50 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. University Library with 444 books, 666 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. System-wide operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.2 million.

■ WESTERN INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY P-9

9215 North Black Canyon Hwy.
Phoenix, AZ 85021-2718
Tel: (602)943-2311
Web Site: http://www.wintu.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Administratively affiliated with Apollo Group, Inc. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1978. Setting: 4-acre urban campus. Endowment: $20,000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3351 per student. Total enrollment: 3,751. Full-time: 2,856 students, 56% women, 44% men. Students come from 40 other countries, 0.5% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 3% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 90% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: continuous. ESL program, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, interview. Recommended: 3 recommendations. Required for some: 3 recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Social organizations: 3 open to all. Most popular organizations: Delta Mu Delta, Student Association, International Student Organization. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Learning Resource Center with 7,500 books, 125 serials, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $157,987. 30 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ YAVAPAI COLLEGE G-6

1100 East Sheldon St.
Prescott, AZ 86301-3297
Tel: (928)445-7300
Free: 800-922-6787
Admissions: (928)776-2188
Fax: (928)776-2151
Web Site: http://www2.yc.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Arizona State Community College System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1966. Setting: 100-acre small town campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4339 per student. Total enrollment: 7,422. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. Full-time: 1,322 students, 53% women, 47% men. Part-time: 6,100 students, 64% women, 36% men. Students come from 30 states and territories, 18% from out-of-state, 4% Native American, 7% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.02% international, 70% 25 or older, 5% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at Northern Arizona University. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, gunsmithing and independent filmmaking. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: essay, recommendations. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

State resident tuition: $1080 full-time, $45 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6880 full-time, $56 per credit part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 20 open to all. Most popular organizations: Re-Entry Club, Student Nurses Association, Native American Club, International Club, VICA. Major annual events: Welcome Week, Homecoming/Parents' Weekend, Earth Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 371 college housing spaces available; 360 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Option: coed housing available. Yavapai College Library with 81,144 books, 1,091 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $789,150. 677 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Population 30,000. The city of Prescott is imbued with thoroughly Western informality. The city is easily reached from all parts of the United States by regularly scheduled airlines and bus service. Climate is ideal, embracing four seasons, but without the extremes of heat, cold, dryness, or dampness. Employment opportunities are average for a community of this size. Prescott has a community concert program, and an active interest in the arts provides cultural atmosphere. Prescott Frontier Days are held during the July Fourth weekend; this is the original cowboy rodeo of America. The Yavapai County Fair is held during September. There is horse racing at Prescott Downs on weekends from Memorial Day through Labor Day.

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Arizona

Arizona

AMERICAN INDIAN COLLEGE OF THE ASSEMBLIES OF GOD, INC.

10020 North Fifteenth Ave.
Phoenix, AZ 85021-2199
Tel: (602)944-3335
Free: 800-933-3828
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aicag.edu/
President/CEO: Jim H. Lopez
Registrar: Donald Keeter
Admissions: Sandy Ticeahkie
Financial Aid: Nadine Waldrop
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Assemblies of God Admission Plans: Preferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 60, PT 13 Faculty: FT 5, PT 15 Student-Faculty Ratio: 8:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT Library Holdings: 19,899 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 73 semester hours, Associates; 128 semester hours, Bachelors

APOLLO COLLEGE-PHOENIX, INC.

8503 North 27th Ave.
Phoenix, AZ 85051
Tel: (602)864-1571
Fax: (602)864-8207
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.apollocollege.com/
President/CEO: Margaret Carlson
Registrar: Karen Rotarius
Admissions: Randy Utley
Financial Aid: Carol Deman
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Apollo Colleges, Inc Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $75.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 603 Faculty: FT 30, PT 8 Credit Hours For Degree: 66 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABHES, CARC

APOLLO COLLEGE-TRI-CITY, INC.

630 West Southern Ave.
Mesa, AZ 85210-5004
Tel: (480)831-6585
Free: 800-36-TRAIN
Fax: (480)827-0022
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.apollocollege.com/
President/CEO: Margaret Carlson
Registrar: Cynthia Gamingaso
Admissions: James Norris Miller
Financial Aid: Emma Rutherford
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Apollo Colleges, Inc Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $75.00 Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester Faculty: FT 12, PT 5 Exams: Other Credit Hours For Degree: 66 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABHES, CARC

APOLLO COLLEGE-TUCSON, INC.

3870 North Oracle Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85705-3227
Tel: (520)888-5885
Free: 800-36-TRAIN
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.apollocollege.com/
President/CEO: Margaret Carlson
Registrar: Darlene Lewis
Admissions: Jenell McKinney
Financial Aid: Barbra Disney
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Apollo Colleges, Inc Application Fee: $75.00 Calendar System: Semester Credit Hours For Degree: 67 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABHES

APOLLO COLLEGE-WESTSIDE, INC.

2701 West Bethany Home Rd.
Phoenix, AZ 85017
Tel: (602)433-1333
Free: 800-36-TRAIN
Admissions: (602)433-1222
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.apollocollege.com/
President/CEO: Margaret Carlson
Admissions: Cindy Nestor
Financial Aid: Suellen Boyer
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Apollo Colleges, Inc Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $75.00 Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester Faculty: FT 11, PT 2 Exams: Other Credit Hours For Degree: 66 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABHES

ARGOSY UNIVERSITY/PHOENIX

2301 West Dunlap Ave., Ste. 211
Phoenix, AZ 85021
Tel: (602)216-2600; (866)216-2777
Fax: (602)216-2601
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.argosyu.edu/
President/CEO: Mike Robinson
Admissions: Andy Hughes
Type: Two-Year Upper Division Sex: Coed Affiliation: Argosy University Costs Per Year: Tuition: $14,400 full-time. Mandatory fees: $25 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester Enrollment: FT 36, Grad 358 Faculty: FT 16, PT 10 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 100 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Professional Accreditation: APA

ARIZONA AUTOMOTIVE INSTITUTE

6829 North 46th Ave.
Glendale, AZ 85301-3597
Tel: (602)934-7273
Admissions: (623)934-7273
Fax: (602)937-5000
Web Site: http://www.azautoinst.com/
President/CEO: Alan Klager
Admissions: Mark LaCara
Type: Two-Year College Faculty: FT 13, PT 2 Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

ARIZONA COLLEGE OF ALLIED HEALTH

4425 West Olive Ave., Ste. 300
Glendale, AZ 85302-3843
Tel: (602)222-9300
Fax: (602)200-8726
Web Site: http://www.arizonacollege.edu/
President/CEO: C. Larkin Hicks
Financial Aid: Carline Harbour
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Calendar System: Quarter Professional Accreditation: ABHES

ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY

Tempe, AZ 85287
Tel: (480)965-9011
Admissions: (480)965-7788
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.asu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Michael M. Crow
Registrar: Lou Ann Denny
Admissions: Martha Byrd
Financial Aid: Craig Fennell
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: Arizona State University Scores: 96.8% SAT V 400+; 96.7% SAT M 400+; 44.7% ACT 18-23; 40.1% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 91 Admission Plans: Early Action Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25, $50 for nonresidents. State resident tuition: $4311 full-time, $225 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,000 full-time, $625 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $95 full-time, $24 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to program. College room and board: $6768. College room only: $4275. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 32,865, PT 8,391, Grad 9,719 Faculty: FT 1,878, PT 404 Student-Faculty Ratio: 22:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 42 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 18 Library Holdings: 2,380,457 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credits, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, ACEHSA, ACEJMC, AACN, ABA, ACCE, ACA, ACSP, APA, ASLA, ASLHA, AALS, CEPH, CSWE, FIDER, NAACLS, NASAD, NASM, NASPAA NLN, NRPA Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Gymnastics W; Soccer W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W; Water Polo W; Wrestling M

ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY AT THE POLYTECHNIC CAMPUS

7001 East Williams Field Rd.
Mesa, AZ 85212
Tel: (480)727-3278
Admissions: (480)727-1041
Fax: (480)727-1008
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.poly.asu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Charles Backus
Admissions: Dr. Gary McGrath
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Arizona State University Scores: 93% SAT V 400+; 97% SAT M 400+; 54% ACT 18-23; 28% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 86 Admission Plans: Early Action Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. State resident tuition: $4301 full-time, $221 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,918 full-time, $580 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $45 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to degree level, location, and program. Part-time tuition varies according to course load, degree level, location, and program. College room and board: $5155. College room only: $2655. Room and board charges vary according to board plan, housing facility, and student level. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,244, PT 2,839, Grad 782 Faculty: FT 130, PT 9 Student-Faculty Ratio: 28:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 52 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: ABET, ADtA, CAA, NAIT

ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY WEST

PO Box 37100, 4701 W Thunderbird Rd
Phoenix, AZ 85069-7100
Tel: (602)543-5500
Admissions: (602)543-8134
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.west.asu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Michael M. Crow
Registrar: Thomas Cabot
Admissions: Thomas Cabot
Financial Aid: Leah Samudio
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Arizona State University Scores: 91% SAT V 400+; 93% SAT M 400+; 58% ACT 18-23; 31% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 63 Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. State resident tuition: $4251 full-time, $221 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $15,000 full-time, $625 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $95 full-time. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. College room only: $5836. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 4,843, PT 1,777, Grad 1,114 Faculty: FT 233, PT 155 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 55 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 2 Library Holdings: 397,987 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACSB, CSWE, NRPA

ARIZONA WESTERN COLLEGE

PO Box 929
Yuma, AZ 85366-0929
Tel: (928)317-6000; 888-293-0392
Admissions: (928)317-7617
Fax: (928)344-7730
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.azwestern.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Don Schoening
Admissions: Bryan Doak
Financial Aid: Luis Barajas
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Arizona State Community College System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted. For applicants 18 or over: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1200 full-time, $40 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $5760 full-time, $46 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $4468. College room only: $1790. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,849, PT 4,882 Faculty: FT 109, PT 235 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 6 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M; Football M; Soccer M; Softball W; Volleyball W

THE ART CENTER DESIGN COLLEGE

2525 North Country Club Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85716-2505
Tel: (520)325-0123
Free: 800-825-8753
Fax: (520)325-5535
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.theartcenter.edu/
President/CEO: Sharmon Woods
Registrar: Amy Woods
Admissions: Colleen Gimbel-Froebe
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted. For non-degree programs: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Tuition: $11,376 full-time, $474 per credit hour part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous Exams: Other Credit Hours For Degree: 156 quarter hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT, FIDER

THE ART INSTITUTE OF PHOENIX

2233 West Dunlap Ave.
Phoenix, AZ 85021-2859
Tel: (602)331-7500
Free: 800-474-2479
Fax: (602)331-5301
Web Site: http://www.aipx.artinstitutes.edu/
President/CEO: Karyn A. Bryant
Registrar: Stephanie Schroeder
Admissions: Jerry Driskill
Financial Aid: Paula Cady
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Education Management Corporation Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. One-time mandatory fee: $100. Tuition: $18,144 full-time, $378 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course load. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. College room only: $5217. Tuition guaranteed not to increase for student's term of enrollment. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 866, PT 248 Faculty: FT 45, PT 64 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 10 Library Holdings: 13,463 Credit Hours For Degree: 96 credits, Associates; 186 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACICS

THE BRYMAN SCHOOL

2250 W. Peoria Ave.
Phoenix, AZ 85029
Tel: (602)274-4300
Free: 800-729-4819
Fax: (602)248-9087
Web Site: http://www.brymanschool.edu/
President/CEO: Cathy Brauff
Admissions: Vicki Maurer
Financial Aid: Tim Kulesha
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous, Summer Session Not available Faculty: FT 59, PT 0 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: Other Professional Accreditation: ABHES, ACCSCT, AAMAE

CENTRAL ARIZONA COLLEGE

8470 North Overfield Rd.
Coolidge, AZ 85228-9779
Tel: (520)426-4444
Admissions: (520)426-4406
Fax: (520)426-4234
Web Site: http://www.cac.cc.az.us/
President/CEO: Dr. Terry Calaway
Admissions: Doris Helmich
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 73 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: State resident tuition: $1316 full-time, $47 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6356 full-time, $94 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $16 full-time, $8 per term part-time. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course level. College room and board: $4160. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,928, PT 4,460 Faculty: FT 94, PT 236 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 17 Library Holdings: 99,480 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Equestrian Sports M & W; Golf M; Softball W; Track and Field M & W

CHANDLER-GILBERT COMMUNITY COLLEGE

2626 East Pecos Rd.
Chandler, AZ 85225-2479
Tel: (480)732-7000
Admissions: (480)732-7307
Web Site: http://www.cgc.maricopa.edu/
President/CEO: Maria L. Hesse
Registrar: Lois Bartholomew
Admissions: Irene Pearl
Financial Aid: Doug Bullock
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maricopa County Community College District System Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 92, PT 320 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 Exams: Other Library Holdings: 26,060 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credits, Associates

CHAPARRAL COLLEGE

4585 East Speedway, No 204
Tucson, AZ 85712
Tel: (520)327-6866
Fax: (520)325-0108
Web Site: http://www.chap-col.edu/
President/CEO: Scott Rhude
Admissions: Becki Rossini
Financial Aid: Kris Johnson
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $35.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 14, PT 24 Student-Faculty Ratio: 20:1 Exams: Other Library Holdings: 6,000 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credit hours, Associates; 183 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACICS

COCHISE COLLEGE (DOUGLAS)

4190 West Hwy. 80
Douglas, AZ 85607-9724
Tel: (520)364-7943
Free: 800-966-7946
Admissions: (520)417-4050
Fax: (520)364-0236
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cochise.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Karen Nicodemus
Registrar: Catherine Knapp
Admissions: Dr. Bo Hall
Financial Aid: Phillip Schroeder
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Cochise College % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required. For applicants under 18, nursing program: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: State resident tuition: $1350 full-time, $45 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6300 full-time, $65 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $60 full-time, $30 per term part-time. College room and board: $3562. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,440, PT 3,170 Faculty: FT 91, PT 277 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 17 Library Holdings: 42,876 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Soccer W

COCHISE COLLEGE (SIERRA VISTA)

901 North Columbo
Sierra Vista, AZ 85635-2317
Tel: (520)515-0500
Free: 800-593-9567
Admissions: (520)515-4770
Fax: (520)364-0206
Web Site: http://www.cochise.cc.az.us/
President/CEO: Dr. Karen A. Nicodemus
Admissions: Dr. James (Bo) Hall
Financial Aid: Dartle Atherton
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Cochise College Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required. For applicants under 18, nursing program: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,257, PT 3,189 Faculty: FT 91, PT 303 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 Exams: ACT, Other, SAT I or ACT, SAT I and SAT II or ACT, SAT I, SAT II Library Holdings: 67,317 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Equestrian Sports M & W; Soccer W

COCONINO COMMUNITY COLLEGE

2800 South Lonetree Rd.
Flagstaff, AZ 86001
Tel: (928)527-1222
Free: 800-350-7122
Fax: (928)526-1821
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coconino.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Thomas Jordan
Registrar: Steve Miller
Admissions: Steve Miller
Financial Aid: Patricia Sprengeler
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $10.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $10. State resident tuition: $1344 full-time, $56 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $5376 full-time, $224 per credit hour part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 25, PT 180 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates

COLLEGE OF THE HUMANITIES AND SCIENCES, HARRISON MIDDLETON UNIVERSITY

1105 East Broadway
Tempe, AZ 85282
Tel: (480)317-5955; 877-248-6724
Fax: (480)829-4999
Web Site: http://www.chumsci.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. David W. Curd
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Calendar System: Continuous Professional Accreditation: DETC

COLLEGEAMERICA-FLAGSTAFF

5200 East Cortland Blvd., Ste. A-19
Flagstaff, AZ 86004
Tel: (928)526-0763
Admissions: 800-977-5455
Fax: (928)526-3468
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.collegeamerica.com/
President/CEO: Pescal Berlioux
Admissions: Pescal Berlioux
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Professional Accreditation: ABHES, ACCSCT

COLLINS COLLEGE: A SCHOOL OF DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY

1140 South Priest Dr.
Tempe, AZ 85281-5206
Tel: (480)966-3000
Free: 800-876-7070
Fax: (480)966-2599
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.collinscollege.edu/
President/CEO: John Calman
Admissions: Toby Craver
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Career Education Corporation % Accepted: 37 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. Tuition: $13,875 full-time. Full-time tuition varies according to class time, course level, course load, degree level, location, program, reciprocity agreements, and student level. College room only: $2970. Tuition guaranteed not to increase for student's term of enrollment. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Trimester Enrollment: FT 1,828 Faculty: FT 101, PT 0 Student-Faculty Ratio: 30:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 69 Library Holdings: 1,000 Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

DEVRY UNIVERSITY (MESA)

1201 South Alma School Rd.
Mesa, AZ 85210-2011
Tel: (480)827-1511
Fax: (480)827-2552
Web Site: http://www.devry.edu/
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Costs Per Year: One-time mandatory fee: $40. Tuition: $11,790 full-time, $440 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $60 full-time, $30 per year part-time. Calendar System: Semester Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools

DEVRY UNIVERSITY (PHOENIX)

2149 West Dunlap Ave.
Phoenix, AZ 85021-2995
Tel: (602)870-9222; (866)338-7934
Web Site: http://www.devry.edu/
President/CEO: Jim Dugan
Registrar: Pam Nadeau-Morrison
Financial Aid: Kathy Wyse
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: DeVry University Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. One-time mandatory fee: $40. Tuition: $11,790 full-time, $440 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $270 full-time, $160 per year part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 774, PT 390, Grad 216 Faculty: FT 39, PT 48 Student-Faculty Ratio: 20:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 75 Library Holdings: 22,500 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 86 credit hours, Associates; 122 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Air Force Professional Accreditation: ABET

DINE COLLEGE

PO Box 98
Tsaile, AZ 86556
Tel: (520)724-6600
Admissions: (928)724-6633
Fax: (520)724-3349
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.dinecollege.edu/
President/CEO: Cassandra Manuelito-Kerkvliet
Registrar: Louise Litzin
Admissions: Louise Litzin
Financial Aid: Grace Nakaidinae
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Preferred Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $720 full-time, $30 per hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $720 full-time, $30 per hour part-time. College room and board: $3764. College room only: $1180. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 843, PT 982 Faculty: FT 65, PT 91 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 8 Library Holdings: 50,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Archery M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W

EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE

PO Box 769
Thatcher, AZ 85552-0769
Tel: (520)428-8322
Admissions: (928)428-8247
Fax: (520)428-8462
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.eac.edu/
President/CEO: Gherald L. Hoopes, Jr.
Registrar: Ralph Orr
Admissions: Jeff Savage
Financial Aid: Melvin Jones
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Arizona State Community College System % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1220 full-time, $50 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6460 full-time, $100 per credit part-time. College room and board: $4320. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,413, PT 3,826 Faculty: FT 88, PT 210 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 5 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Softball W; Volleyball W

EMBRY-RIDDLE AERONAUTICAL UNIVERSITY

3700 Willow Creek Rd.
Prescott, AZ 86301-3720
Tel: (928)777-3728
Free: 800-888-3728
Admissions: (928)777-6600
Fax: (928)777-3740
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.embryriddle.edu/
President/CEO: Daniel Carrell
Registrar: Mary Lahann
Admissions: Bill Thompson
Financial Aid: Dan Lupin
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 97% SAT V 400+; 98% SAT M 400+; 38% ACT 18-23; 45% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 89 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Early Decision Plan; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: March 01 Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. Comprehensive fee: $30,006 includes full-time tuition ($22,820), mandatory fees ($670), and college room and board ($6516). College room only: $3580. Part-time tuition: $955 per credit hour. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,466, PT 187, Grad 32 Faculty: FT 96, PT 18 Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 63 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 49 Library Holdings: 28,264 Regional Accreditation: Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: ABET, CAA Intercollegiate Athletics: Volleyball W; Wrestling M

ESTRELLA MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY COLLEGE

3000 North Dysart Rd.
Avondale, AZ 85323-1000
Tel: (623)935-8000
Admissions: (623)935-8808
Web Site: http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Homero Lopez
Registrar: Joe Ochap
Admissions: Dr. Ernesto Laura
Financial Aid: Lauren Shellenbarger
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maricopa County Community College District System Admission Plans: Open Admission Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester Enrollment: FT 1,372, PT 4,575 Faculty: FT 55, PT 230 Student-Faculty Ratio: 20:1 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools

EVEREST COLLEGE

10400 North 25th Ave.
Ste. 190
Phoenix, AZ 85021
Tel: (602)942-4141
Fax: (602)943-0960
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.everest-college.com/
President/CEO: Donna L. Green
Registrar: Maud Chesnutt
Admissions: Melissa Agee
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 73 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Tuition: $13,111 full-time, $259 per quarter hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $100 full-time, $25 per term part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 378, PT 426 Faculty: FT 7, PT 27 Student-Faculty Ratio: 24:1 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACICS

GATEWAY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

108 North 40th St.
Phoenix, AZ 85034-1795
Tel: (602)286-8000
Admissions: (602)286-8052
Fax: (602)286-8003
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/
President/CEO: Eugene Giovannini
Registrar: Cathy Gibson
Admissions: Cathy Gibson
Financial Aid: Bradley Honious
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maricopa County Community College District System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required. For health science, nursing programs: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1560 full-time, $65 per credit part-time. State resident tuition: $6720 full-time, $85 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6720 full-time, $85 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $30 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 976, PT 8,401 Faculty: FT 70, PT 189 Student-Faculty Ratio: 25:1 Library Holdings: 50,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: APTA, CARC, JRCERT, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M & W; Tennis M & W

GLENDALE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

6000 West Olive Ave.
Glendale, AZ 85302-3090
Tel: (623)845-3000
Admissions: (623)435-3305
Fax: (623)845-3329
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.gc.maricopa.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Phil D. Randolph
Registrar: Mary Lou Massal
Admissions: Mary Lou Massal Financial Aid: Ellen Neel Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maricopa County Community College District System Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Deadline: August 23 Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1560 full-time, $65 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $6720 full-time, $280 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6720 full-time, $280 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $30 full-time, $15 per term part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 6,108, PT 13,962 Faculty: FT 277, PT 635 Student-Faculty Ratio: 22:1 Library Holdings: 79,006 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

GRAND CANYON UNIVERSITY

3300 W Camelback Rd., PO Box 11097
Phoenix, AZ 85017-1097
Tel: (602)249-3300
Fax: (602)589-2580
Web Site: http://www.gcu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Gil Stafford
Registrar: April Chapman
Financial Aid: Rosanna Short
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Southern Baptist Scores: 53% ACT 18-23; 22% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 69 Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $50. State resident tuition: $4875 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $6000 full-time. College room and board: $7130. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,327, PT 282, Grad 2,504 Faculty: FT 97, PT 177 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 66 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 30 Library Holdings: 75,905 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 128 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACN, ACBSP, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Golf M; Soccer M & W; Tennis W; Volleyball W

HIGH-TECH INSTITUTE

1515 East Indian School Rd.
Phoenix, AZ 85014-4901
Tel: (602)279-9700
Fax: (602)279-2999
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.high-techinstitute.com/
President/CEO: David Wyckoff
Registrar: Patt Meisler
Admissions: Rich Craven
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester Enrollment: FT 1,544 Faculty: FT 55, PT 5 Student-Faculty Ratio: 27:1 Credit Hours For Degree: 75 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

INTERNATIONAL BAPTIST COLLEGE

2150 East Southern Ave.
Tempe, AZ 85282
Tel: (480)838-7070
Free: 800-422-4858
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.tri-citybaptist.org/ibc/
President/CEO: Dr. Jerry Tetreau
Registrar: Dr. Stan Bushey
Admissions: Rebecca M. Stertzbach
Financial Aid: Norm Fisher
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Baptist Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: August 20 Application Fee: $35.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $35. Comprehensive fee: $10,870 includes full-time tuition ($6000), mandatory fees ($570), and college room and board ($4300). Part-time tuition: $250 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $9 per credit. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: 4-1-4 Enrollment: FT 47, PT 28, Grad 1 Faculty: FT 3, PT 10 Student-Faculty Ratio: 12:1 Credit Hours For Degree: 67 semester hours, Associates; 133 semester hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: TACCS

INTERNATIONAL IMPORT-EXPORT INSTITUTE

2432 West Peoria Ave., Ste. 1026
Phoenix, AZ 85029
Tel: (602)648-5750
Free: 800-474-8013
Fax: (602)648-5755
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.iiei.edu/
President/CEO: Ted Nicholson
Admissions: Dr. Donald N. Burton
wType: Two-Year Upper Division Sex: Coed Application Fee: $0.00 Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Calendar System: Miscellaneous Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Professional Accreditation: DETC

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (MESA)

925 South Gilbert Rd., Ste. 201
Mesa, AZ 85204-4448
Tel: (480)545-8755; 888-886-2428
Fax: (480)926-1371
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aibtonline.com/
President/CEO: Meredith D. Jenson
Admissions: Meredith Kiljan
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Application Deadline: Rolling Costs Per Year: One-time mandatory fee: $200. Tuition: $9850 full-time. Mandatory fees: $350 full-time. Calendar System: Semester Enrollment: FT 174 Faculty: FT 7, PT 18 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Professional Accreditation: ACICS

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (PHOENIX)

6049 North 43rd Ave.
Phoenix, AZ 85019-1600
Tel: (602)242-6265
Free: 800-793-2428
Fax: (602)973-2572
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aibtonline.com/
President/CEO: Dr. Logan P. Bauer
Admissions: Lynn McConnell
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: One-time mandatory fee: $200. Tuition: $9850 full-time. Mandatory fees: $350 full-time. Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 240 Faculty: FT 14, PT 12 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Library Holdings: 1,974 Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACICS

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (TUCSON)

5441 East 22nd St., Ste. 125
Tucson, AZ 85711-5444
Tel: (520)748-9799; 888-292-2428
Fax: (520)748-9355
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aibtonline.com/
President/CEO: Leigh Pechota
Admissions: Leigh Anne Pechota
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Application Deadline: Rolling Calendar System: Semester Enrollment: FT 298 Faculty: FT 20, PT 3 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 Professional Accreditation: ACICS

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (WEST VALLEY)

4136 North 75th Ave., Ste. 211
Phoenix, AZ 85033-3196
Tel: (623)849-8208; 888-884-2428
Fax: (623)849-0110
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.aibtonline.com/
Admissions: Dr. Lori Ebert
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Application Deadline: Rolling Costs Per Year: One-time mandatory fee: $200. Tuition: $9850 full-time. Mandatory fees: $350 full-time. Calendar System: Semester Enrollment: FT 205 Faculty: FT 10, PT 10 Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Professional Accreditation: ACICS

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (PHOENIX)

4837 East McDowell Rd.
Phoenix, AZ 85008-4292
Tel: (602)252-2331
Free: 800-879-4881
Fax: (602)267-8727
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/
President/CEO: Michael M. Henry
Registrar: Michael Valletta
Admissions: Chuck Wilson
Financial Aid: Laurie Robbins
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: ITT Educational Services, Inc Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $100.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Not available Exams: Other Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credit hours, Associates; 180 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACICS

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (TEMPE)

5005 S. Wendler Dr.
Tempe, AZ 85282
Tel: (602)437-7500
Free: 800-879-4881
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/
President/CEO: Charles R. Wilson
Registrar: Glenda Kelsey
Admissions: Chuck Wilson
Type: Four-Year College Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $100.00 Costs Per Year: Application fee: $100. Exams: Other

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (TUCSON)

1455 West River Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85704
Tel: (520)408-7488
Free: 800-870-9730
Fax: (520)292-9899
Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/
President/CEO: Timothy Riordan
Admissions: Timothy Riordan
Financial Aid: Betty Marchant
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: ITT Educational Services, Inc Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $100.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $100. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Not available Exams: Other Credit Hours For Degree: 96 credit hours, Associates; 180 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACICS

LAMSON COLLEGE

1126 North Scottsdale Rd., Ste. 17
Tempe, AZ 85281
Tel: (480)898-7000
Free: 800-898-7017
Fax: (480)967-6645
Web Site: http://www.lamsoncollege.com/
President/CEO: Ralph Bilbao, EdD
Registrar: Harry Merritt
Admissions: Chico Chavez
Financial Aid: Brian Whitney
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: National Career Education, Inc Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 4, PT 7 Exams: Other Library Holdings: 4,400 Credit Hours For Degree: 92 quarter hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACICS

LONG TECHNICAL COLLEGE

13450 North Black Canyon Hwy., Ste. 104
Phoenix, AZ 85029
Tel: (602)548-1955; 877-548-1955
Fax: (602)548-1956
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.longtechnicalcollege.com/
President/CEO: Michael Savely
Admissions: Michael S. Savely
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Calendar System: Continuous Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT, ACICS, CARC

MESA COMMUNITY COLLEGE

1833 West Southern Ave.
Mesa, AZ 85202-4866
Tel: (480)461-7000
Admissions: (480)461-7478
Fax: (480)461-7805
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mc.maricopa.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Larry K. Christiansen
Registrar: Gordon Benson
Admissions: Carol Petersen
Financial Aid: Joan Grover
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maricopa County Community College District System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 265, PT 800 Exams: Other Library Holdings: 56,224 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: ABFSE, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M; Football M; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W; Wrestling M

METROPOLITAN COLLEGE OF COURT REPORTING

4640 East Elwood St., Ste. 12
Phoenix, AZ 85040
Tel: (602)955-5900
Admissions: (480)955-5900
Fax: (480)894-8999
Web Site: http://www.metropolitancollege.edu/
President/CEO: Terry Smith
Registrar: Tom Kildow
Admissions: Shannon Buchanan
Financial Aid: Michelle C. Lawrence
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $50.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Trimester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 118 Faculty: FT 4, PT 7 Student-Faculty Ratio: 12:1 Credit Hours For Degree: 90 credit hours, Associates; 123 credits hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

MIDWESTERN UNIVERSITY, GLENDALE CAMPUS

19555 North 59th Ave.
Glendale, AZ 85308
Tel: (623)572-3200; 888-247-9271
Admissions: (623)572-3340
Web Site: http://www.midwestern.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Kathleen Goeppinger
Admissions: James Walters
Type: Two-Year Upper Division Sex: Coed % Accepted: 80 Application Deadline: August 06 Application Fee: $0.00 Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $24,341 includes full-time tuition ($15,306), mandatory fees ($250), and college room and board ($8785). College room only: $5670. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter Enrollment: FT 20 Student-Faculty Ratio: 20:1 % Receiving Financial Aid: 91 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Professional Accreditation: AANA, ACPhE, AOTA, AOsA, APTA

MOHAVE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

1971 Jagerson Ave.
Kingman, AZ 86401
Tel: (928)757-4331; 888-664-2832
Admissions: (928)757-0847
Fax: (928)757-0808
Web Site: http://www.mohave.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Thomas C. Henry
Registrar: John Wilson
Admissions: John Wilson
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: State resident tuition: $1104 full-time, $46 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $3312 full-time, $138 per credit hour part-time. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,208, PT 4,979 Faculty: FT 58, PT 531 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Library Holdings: 45,849 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 semester hours, Associates

NORTHCENTRAL UNIVERSITY

505 West Whipple St.
Prescott, AZ 86301-1747
Tel: (928)541-7777; 888-327-2877
Admissions: (866)776-0331
Fax: (928)541-7817
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ncu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Donald Hecht
Registrar: Cathy Righter
Admissions: Melissa Bowers
Financial Aid: Jane Hersh
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Application Fee: $100.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $100. Tuition: $9000 full-time, $375 per credit part-time. Calendar System: Continuous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 10, PT 156, Grad 1,235 Faculty: FT 3, PT 135 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 semester hour, Bachelors

NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY

South San Francisco St.
Flagstaff, AZ 86011
Tel: (928)523-9011; 888-MORE-NAU
Admissions: (928)523-6053
Fax: (928)523-0226
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nau.edu/
President/CEO: John Denis Haeger
Registrar: Patrick F. Martin
Admissions: Chris Lynch
Financial Aid: Jane Kuhn
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: Arizona University System Scores: 95% SAT V 400+; 95% SAT M 400+; 50% ACT 18-23; 34% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 86 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. State resident tuition: $4223 full-time, $221 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $12,853 full-time, $536 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $170 full-time, $85 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to program. College room and board: $5960. College room only: $3256. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 11,261, PT 1,991, Grad 5,405 Faculty: FT 723, PT 651 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 54 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 38 Library Holdings: 633,417 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 120 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, AACN, ACCE, ACA, ADA, APTA, ASLHA, CEPH, CSWE, NASM, NRPA, SAF Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf W; Soccer W; Swimming and Diving W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

NORTHLAND PIONEER COLLEGE

PO Box 610
Holbrook, AZ 86025-0610
Tel: (928)524-7600
Free: 800-266-7845
Admissions: (928)536-6257
Fax: (928)524-7612
Web Site: http://www.npc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Richard B. Fleming
Registrar: A. Daniel Simper
Admissions: Dawn Edgmon
Financial Aid: Beaulah Bob Pennypacker
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Arizona State Community College System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 971, PT 3,957 Faculty: FT 64, PT 299 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 1 Library Holdings: 60,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates

PARADISE VALLEY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

18401 North 32nd St.
Phoenix, AZ 85032-1200
Tel: (602)787-6500
Admissions: (602)787-7020
Fax: (602)787-6625
Web Site: http://www.pvc.maricopa.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Mary Kathryn Kickels
Registrar: Dr. Shirley Green
Admissions: Dr. Shirley Green
Financial Aid: Joann Caufield
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maricopa County Community College District System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,118, PT 6,119 Faculty: FT 84, PT 260 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W

THE PARALEGAL INSTITUTE, INC.

2933 West Indian School Rd.
Phoenix, AZ 85017
Tel: (602)212-0501
Free: 800-354-1254
Web Site: http://www.theparalegalinstitute.com/
President/CEO: John Morrison
Admissions: John W. Morrison
Type: Two-Year College % Accepted: 25 Faculty: FT 1, PT 3 Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: DETC

PHOENIX COLLEGE

1202 West Thomas Rd.
Phoenix, AZ 85013-4234
Tel: (602)285-7500
Admissions: (602)285-7503
Fax: (602)285-7813
Web Site: http://www.pc.maricopa.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Corina Gardea
Admissions: Mary Blackwell
Financial Aid: Genevieve Watson
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maricopa County Community College District System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1560 full-time, $65 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6720 full-time, $280 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $30 full-time, $15 per term part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 104, PT 0 Library Holdings: 83,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: ADA, AHIMA, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

PIMA COMMUNITY COLLEGE

4905 East Broadway
Tucson, AZ 85709-1010
Tel: (520)206-4666
Admissions: (520)206-4640
Fax: (520)884-6728
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.pima.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Robert Jensen
Registrar: Nancee Sorenson
Admissions: Dr. Wendy Kilgore
Financial Aid: Lupita Murphy
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Scores: 38% ACT 18-23; 12% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $5.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $5. State resident tuition: $1104 full-time, $46 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $5544 full-time, $78 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $80 full-time, $2.50 per credit part-time, $10 per term part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 9,187, PT 21,697 Faculty: FT 318, PT 1,057 Student-Faculty Ratio: 21:1 Library Holdings: 217,049 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army, Navy, Air Force Professional Accreditation: ADA, CARC, JRCERT, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE (MESA)

957 South Dobson Rd.
Mesa, AZ 85202
Tel: (480)644-0267; 888-898-9048
Fax: (480)649-5249
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.pimamedical.com/
President/CEO: Janis Stiewing
Admissions: Lisa LaTourette
Financial Aid: William Ellis
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Vocational Training Institutes, Inc Calendar System: Miscellaneous Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Exams: Other Professional Accreditation: ABHES, ACCSCT, CARC, JRCERT

PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE (TUCSON)

3350 East Grant Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85716-2800
Tel: (520)326-1600; 888-898-9048
Fax: (520)326-4125
Web Site: http://www.pmi.edu
President/CEO: Stan Bodzioney
Admissions: Carlos Flores
Financial Aid: Mike Nigl
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Vocational Training Institutes, Inc Admission Plans: Early Admission Application Fee: $150.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $150. Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Not available Faculty: FT 6, PT 30 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Exams: Other Credit Hours For Degree: 66 credits, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABHES, CARC, JRCERT

PRESCOTT COLLEGE

220 Grove Ave.
Prescott, AZ 86301
Tel: (928)778-2090
Free: 800-628-6364
Fax: (928)776-5157
Web Site: http://www.prescott.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Daniel Garvey
Registrar: Mary Trevor
Admissions: Timothy Robison
Financial Aid: Heather Lester
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 98% SAT V 400+; 95% SAT M 400+; 35% ACT 18-23; 56% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 88 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 15 Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Tuition: $18,576 full-time, $516 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $935 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 723, PT 70, Grad 251 Faculty: FT 50, PT 37 Student-Faculty Ratio: 7:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 54 Library Holdings: 23,899 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 32 courses, Bachelors

THE REFRIGERATION SCHOOL

4210 East Washington St.
Phoenix, AZ 85034-1816
Tel: (602)275-7133
Web Site: http://www.refrigerationschool.com/
President/CEO: Elizabeth Loney-Cline
Registrar: Anne-Marie O'Rourke
Admissions: Mary Simmons
Financial Aid: Anne-Marie O'Rourke
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous Faculty: FT 10, PT 9 Student-Faculty Ratio: 38:1 Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

REMINGTON COLLEGE-TEMPE CAMPUS

875 West Elliot Rd., Ste. 216
Tempe, AZ 85284
Tel: (480)834-1000
Free: 800-395-4322
Fax: (480)491-2970
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.remingtoncollege.edu/
President/CEO: Joe Drennen
Admissions: Joe Drennen
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Professional Accreditation: ACICS

RIO SALADO COLLEGE

2323 West 14th St.
Tempe, AZ 85281-6950
Tel: (480)517-8000
Free: 800-729-1197
Admissions: (480)517-8151
Fax: (480)517-8199
Web Site: http://www.rio.maricopa.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Linda Thor
Registrar: Ruby Miller
Admissions: Barbara Poe
Financial Aid: Linda Ross
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maricopa County Community College District System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 15, PT 989 Student-Faculty Ratio: 25:1 Exams: Other Library Holdings: 16,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ADA

SCOTTSDALE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

9000 East Chaparral Rd.
Scottsdale, AZ 85256-2626
Tel: (480)423-6000
Admissions: (602)423-6133
Fax: (480)423-6200
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sc.maricopa.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Arthur W. DeCabooter
Admissions: Fran Watkins
Financial Aid: Dolores Shipley
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maricopa County Community College District System % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1980 full-time, $65 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $8430 full-time, $90 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $8430 full-time, $90 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $15 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 3,342, PT 7,919 Faculty: FT 167, PT 477 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

SCOTTSDALE CULINARY INSTITUTE

8100 East Camelback Rd., Ste. 1001
Scottsdale, AZ 85251-3940
Tel: (480)990-3773
Free: 800-848-2433
Fax: (480)990-0351
Web Site: http://www.scichefs.com/
President/CEO: Jacalyn Lynn
Registrar: Andrea Hendricks
Admissions: Jon Alberts
Financial Aid: Ida Hernandez
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester Faculty: FT 67, PT 8 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT, ACF

SOUTH MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY COLLEGE

7050 South Twenty-fourth St.
Phoenix, AZ 85040
Tel: (602)243-8000
Admissions: (602)243-8120
Fax: (602)243-8329
Web Site: http://www.smc.maricopa.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Ken Atwater
Registrar: Tony Bracamonte
Admissions: Tony Bracamonte
Financial Aid: Inez Weinert-Moreno
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Maricopa County Community College District System Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $0.00 Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1440 full-time. State resident tuition: $6192 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $6192 full-time. Mandatory fees: $10 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 49, PT 146 Exams: Other Library Holdings: 35,591 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Air Force Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Soccer M; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

SOUTHWEST INSTITUTE OF HEALING ARTS

1100 East Apache Blvd.
Tempe, AZ 85281
Tel: (480)994-9244; 888-504-9106
Fax: (480)994-3228
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.swiha.org/
President/CEO: K. C. Miller
Admissions: Katie Yearous
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Calendar System: Quarter Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE

2625 East Cactus Rd.
Phoenix, AZ 85032-7042
Tel: (602)992-6101
Free: 800-247-2697
Web Site: http://www.swcaz.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Brent D. Garrison
Registrar: Judy Cross
Admissions: Pete Leonard
Financial Aid: Pete Leonard
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Conservative Baptist Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $15,930 includes full-time tuition ($11,130), mandatory fees ($440), and college room and board ($4360). College room only: $3360. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Part-time tuition: $464 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $220 per term. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and program. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 237, PT 30 Faculty: FT 9, PT 24 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: SAT I and SAT II or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 75 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 40 Library Holdings: 29,948 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 semester hours, Associates; 128 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Air Force Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Volleyball W

TOHONO O'ODHAM COMMUNITY COLLEGE

PO Box 3129
Sells, AZ 85634
Tel: (520)383-8401
Fax: (520)383-8403
Web Site: http://www.tocc.cc.az.us/
President/CEO: Olivia Vanegas-Funcheon
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Calendar System: Semester Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools

UNIVERSAL TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

10695 W. Pierce St.
Avondale, AZ 85323-7946
Tel: (602)264-4164
Free: 800-859-1202
Fax: (602)264-6412
Web Site: http://www.uticorp.com/
President/CEO: Robert D. Hartman
Type: Two-Year College H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Faculty: FT 107 Student-Faculty Ratio: 30:1 Professional Accreditation: ACCSCT

UNIVERSITY OF ADVANCING TECHNOLOGY

2625 West Baseline Rd.
Tempe, AZ 85283-1042
Tel: (602)383-8228
Free: 800-658-5744
Fax: (602)383-8222
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uat.edu/
President/CEO: Dominic Pistillo
Registrar: Judith Drayer
Admissions: Jason Pistillo
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Tuition: $14,600 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 983, Grad 21 Faculty: FT 28, PT 15 Student-Faculty Ratio: 13:1 Exams: ACT, SAT I or ACT, SAT II Library Holdings: 19,211 Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACICS

THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA

Tucson, AZ 85721
Tel: (520)621-2211
Admissions: (520)621-3237
Fax: (520)621-9799
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.arizona.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Peter Likins
Registrar: Gary Wagner
Admissions: Lori Goldman
Financial Aid: Magdalena Vargas
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: Arizona Board of Regents Scores: 96.8% SAT V 400+; 96.7% SAT M 400+; 41.9% ACT 18-23; 41.6% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 83 Admission Plans: Preferred Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: April 01 Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. State resident tuition: $4394 full-time, $246 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,578 full-time, $582 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $104 full-time, $83 per year part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. College room and board: $7460. College room only: $4100. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 24,725, PT 3,737, Grad 7,361 Faculty: FT 1,378, PT 46 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 39 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 18 Library Holdings: 4,359,195 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 125 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Navy, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, ACEJMC, AACN, AAFCS, ABA, ACPhE, ADtA, ACSP, ALA, APA, ASLA, ASLHA, AALS, CEPH, CORE, LCMEAMA, NAACLS, NASAD, NASD NASM, NASPAA, NAST, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Gymnastics W; Ice Hockey M; Lacrosse M & W; Rugby M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball M & W; Wrestling M

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX ONLINE CAMPUS

3157 East Elwood St.
Phoenix, AZ 85034-7209
Tel: (602)387-7000
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Web Site: http://www.uopxonline.com/
Admissions: Nina Omelchanko
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $110.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $110. Tuition: $13,320 full-time, $444 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 70,820, Grad 46,439 Faculty: FT 16, PT 5,958 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Library Holdings: 444 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: NLN

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-PHOENIX CAMPUS

4635 East Elwood St.
Phoenix, AZ 85040-1958
Tel: (480)804-7600
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Laura Palmer Noone
Registrar: Tandy Elisala
Admissions: Nina Omelchanko
Financial Aid: Robert Collins
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $110.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $110. Tuition: $9765 full-time, $323 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 5,898, Grad 3,510 Faculty: FT 19, PT 765 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Library Holdings: 442 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACA, NLN

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-SOUTHERN ARIZONA CAMPUS

5099 East Grant Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85712-2732
Tel: (520)881-6512
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Fax: (520)795-6177
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Laura Palmer Noone
Registrar: Tandy Elisala
Admissions: Nina Omelchanko
Financial Aid: Robert Collins
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $110.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $110. Tuition: $9675 full-time, $322.50 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 2,431, Grad 961 Faculty: FT 4, PT 376 Student-Faculty Ratio: 8:1 Library Holdings: 444 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: ACA, NLN

WESTERN INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY

9215 North Black Canyon Hwy.
Phoenix, AZ 85021-2718
Tel: (602)943-2311
Web Site: http://www.wintu.edu/
President/CEO: Michael J. Siedien
Registrar: Hue Haslim
Admissions: Jo Arney
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Apollo Group, Inc Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $85.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Calendar System: Continuous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,856, Grad 895 Faculty: PT 243 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Library Holdings: 7,500 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates; 126 credit hours, Bachelors

YAVAPAI COLLEGE

1100 East Sheldon St.
Prescott, AZ 86301-3297
Tel: (928)445-7300
Free: 800-922-6787
Admissions: (928)776-2188
Fax: (928)776-2151
Web Site: http://www2.yc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Doreen Dailey
Admissions: David Vanness
Financial Aid: Vikki Gill
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Arizona State Community College System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: State resident tuition: $1080 full-time, $45 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $6880 full-time, $56 per credit part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,322, PT 6,100 Faculty: FT 107, PT 265 Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 5 Library Holdings: 81,144 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credits, Associates ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running W; Soccer M; Volleyball W

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Arizona

Arizona

AMERICAN INDIAN COLLEGE OF THE ASSEMBLIES OF GOD, INC.

Business Administration and Management, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, B

APOLLO COLLEGE-PHOENIX, INC.

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, A

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

APOLLO COLLEGE-TRI-CITY, INC.

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

APOLLO COLLEGE-TUCSON, INC.

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Occupational Therapist Assistant, A

APOLLO COLLEGE-WESTSIDE, INC.

Hospital and Health Care Facilities Administration/Management, A

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, A

Occupational Therapist Assistant, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

ARGOSY UNIVERSITY/PHOENIX

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MD

Clinical Psychology, MDO

Counseling Psychology, M

Curriculum and Instruction, DO

Education, DO

Educational Leadership and Administration, DO

Forensic Psychology, M

International Business/Trade/Commerce, D

Psychology, BMDO

School Psychology, MD

Sport Psychology, MDO

ARIZONA AUTOMOTIVE INSTITUTE

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Automotive Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Diesel Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BMDO

Aeronautics/Aviation/Aerospace Science and Technology, B

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, MD

African-American/Black Studies, B

American Indian/Native American Studies, B

Animal Behavior and Ethology, MD

Anthropology, BMDO

Applied Mathematics, BMD

Architectural History and Criticism, D

Architecture, BMO

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Astronomy, MD

Biochemistry, BMD

Bioengineering, MD

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, BMD

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical/Medical Engineering, B

Biostatistics, MD

Botany/Plant Biology, B

Building Science, M

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MDO

Cell Biology and Anatomy, MD

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Child and Family Studies, D

City/Urban, Community and Regional Planning, B

Civil Engineering, BMD

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Clinical Psychology, D

Cognitive Sciences, D

Communication and Media Studies, MD

Communication Disorders, BMD

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computational Biology, M

Computational Sciences, MD

Computer Engineering, B

Computer Science, BMD

Conservation Biology, BMD

Construction Engineering, B

Construction Engineering and Management, M

Counseling Psychology, D

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Curriculum and Instruction, MD

Dance, BM

Demography and Population Studies, MD

Design and Applied Arts, M

Developmental Biology and Embryology, MD

Developmental Psychology, D

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

East Asian Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Ecology, MD

Economics, BMDO

Education, MD

Educational Administration and Supervision, MD

Educational Leadership and Administration, D

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, MD

Educational Psychology, MD

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MDO

English, MD

English as a Second Language, M

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Design/Architecture, D

Evolutionary Biology, MD

Exercise and Sports Science, D

Family Resource Management Studies, B

Film/Cinema Studies, B

Finance, B

Finance and Banking, D

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Foundations and Philosophy of Education, M

French Language and Literature, BM

Genetics, MD

Geography, BMD

Geological Engineering, MD

Geology/Earth Science, B

Geosciences, MD

German Language and Literature, BM

Graphic Design, B

Health Services Administration, MO

Health Services Research, D

Higher Education/Higher Education Administration, MD

Hispanic-American, Puerto Rican, and Mexican-American/Chicano Studies, B

History, BMD

History of Science and Technology, MD

Human Development, MD

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, M

Industrial Design, B

Industrial Engineering, B

Industrial/Management Engineering, MDO

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Interior Architecture, B

International/Global Studies, B

Italian Language and Literature, B

Journalism, BM

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Kinesiology and Movement Studies, M

Landscape Architecture, BM

Latin American Studies, MD

Law and Legal Studies, PO

Legal and Justice Studies, MDO

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Logistics and Materials Management, D

Management, D

Management Information Systems and Services, BMDO

Marketing, D

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Materials Engineering, BMD

Materials Sciences, MD

Mathematics, BMD

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology, B

Microbiology, MD

Molecular Biology, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, BMD

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Music Theory and Composition, B

Music Therapy/Therapist, B

Neuroscience, MD

Nursing, MO

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Philosophy, BMD

Physics, BMD

Physiology, MD

Political Science and Government, BMD

Psychology, BD

Public Affairs, MD

Public History, M

Purchasing, Procurement/Acquisitions and Contracts Management, B

Real Estate, B

Recreation and Park Management, M

Religion/Religious Studies, BMD

Russian Language and Literature, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, MD

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Psychology, D

Social Sciences, MDO

Social Work, BMD

Sociology, BMD

Spanish Language and Literature, BMD

Special Education and Teaching, BM

Speech and Interpersonal Communication, M

Statistics, MD

Theater, MD

Transportation/Transportation Management, O

Urban and Regional Planning, M

Urban Studies/Affairs, B

Women's Studies, B

Writing, M

ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY AT THE POLYTECHNIC CAMPUS

Aeronautics/Aviation/Aerospace Science and Technology, B

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, M

Agribusiness, M

Agricultural Business and Management, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, M

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Communication, Journalism and Related Programs, B

Computer Engineering, M

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Computer Science, M

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, B

Electrical Engineering, M

Electrical/Electronics Equipment Installation and Repair, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, M

Environmental Policy and Resource Management, M

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering, B

Exercise and Sports Science, M

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

General Studies, B

Graphic Communications, B

Health and Physical Education/Fitness, B

Health Professions and Related Clinical Sciences, B

Industrial Technology/Technician, B

Information Science/Studies, M

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Manufacturing Engineering, M

Manufacturing Technology/Technician, B

Mechanical Engineering, M

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Nutritional Sciences, M

Psychology, B

Real Estate, B

Science Technologies/Technicians, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Transportation/Transportation Management, M

ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY WEST

Accounting, BO

American/United States Studies/Civilization, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Communication and Media Studies, MO

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Criminology, M

Education, MO

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, BMO

English Language and Literature, B

Gerontology, O

History, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, BM

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, BMO

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, BM

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, BM

Visual and Performing Arts, B

Women's Studies, B

ARIZONA WESTERN COLLEGE

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agriculture, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Broadcast Journalism, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Chemistry, A

Computer Science, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Developmental and Child Psychology, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Education, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering Technology, A

English Language and Literature, A

Environmental Studies, A

Family and Consumer Economics and Related Services, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Geology/Earth Science, A

Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Hospitality Administration/Management, A

Human Services, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Massage Therapy/Therapeutic Massage, A

Mathematics, A

Music, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physics, A

Public Health (MPH, DPH), A

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Social Sciences, A

Spanish Language and Literature, A

Water Quality and Wastewater Treatment Management and Recycling Technology/Technician, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

THE ART CENTER DESIGN COLLEGE

Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Graphic Design, B

Illustration, B

Interior Design, AB

Photography, B

THE ART INSTITUTE OF PHOENIX

Advertising, B

Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects, B

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, AB

Fashion Merchandising, B

Graphic Design, AB

Interior Design, B

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, B

THE BRYMAN SCHOOL

Dental Assisting/Assistant, A

Hospital and Health Care Facilities Administration/Management, A

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Surgical Technology/Technologist, A

CENTRAL ARIZONA COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agriculture, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Development, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Science, A

Corrections, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Dietetics/Dieticians, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Engineering, A

Health Aide, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Materials Sciences, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical Transcription/Transcriptionist, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

CHANDLER-GILBERT COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Airframe Mechanics and Aircraft Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Avionics Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

CHAPARRAL COLLEGE

Accounting, AB

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, AB

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, AB

COCHISE COLLEGE (DOUGLAS)

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Airframe Mechanics and Aircraft Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Airline/Commercial/Professional Pilot and Flight Crew, A

Anthropology, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Avionics Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Chemistry, A

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, A

Computer and Information Systems Security, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, A

Economics, A

Education, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

English Language and Literature, A

Family Psychology, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Foreign Languages and Literatures, A

General Studies, A

Health and Physical Education, A

Health Services/Allied Health/Health Sciences, A

History, A

Hospitality Administration/Management, A

Human Services, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Journalism, A

Language Interpretation and Translation, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Manufacturing Engineering, A

Mathematics, A

Military Technologies, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Nursing Studies, A

Psychology, A

Social Work, A

Sociology, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

COCHISE COLLEGE (SIERRA VISTA)

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Anthropology, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Behavioral Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Chemistry, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Education, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

English Language and Literature, A

Film/Cinema Studies, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

History, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Information Science/Studies, A

International Relations and Affairs, A

Journalism, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Political Science and Government, A

Psychology, A

Social Sciences, A

Social Work, A

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

COCONINO COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

COLLINS COLLEGE: A SCHOOL OF DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY

Cinematography and Film/Video Production, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology, A

Design and Visual Communications, AB

Graphic Design, B

Interior Design, B

DEVRY UNIVERSITY (MESA)

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

DEVRY UNIVERSITY (PHOENIX)

Biomedical Technology/Technician, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, BM

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, B

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, B

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, AB

Information Science/Studies, B

Medical Informatics, B

Operations Management and Supervision, B

DINÉ COLLEGE

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

American Indian/Native American Studies, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Science, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Geology/Earth Science, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Public Health (MPH, DPH), A

Social Sciences, A

Social Work, A

EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE

Agribusiness, A

Agriculture, A

Anthropology, A

Art Teacher Education, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Operations Support and Secretarial Services, A

Business Teacher Education, A

Business, Management, Marketing, and Related Support Services, A

Chemistry, A

Child Care Provider/Assistant, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Corrections, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

English Language and Literature, A

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, A

Foreign Languages and Literatures, A

Forestry, A

Geology/Earth Science, A

Health and Physical Education, A

Health/Medical Preparatory Programs, A

History, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Machine Shop Technology/Assistant, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Mathematics, A

Mining Technology/Technician, A

Music, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physics, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Law Studies, A

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, A

Pre-Pharmacy Studies, A

Psychology, A

Secondary Education and Teaching, A

Sociology, A

Technology Teacher Education/Industrial Arts Teacher Education, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

Wildlife Biology, A

EMBRY-RIDDLE AERONAUTICAL UNIVERSITY

Aeronautics/Aviation/Aerospace Science and Technology, B

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, B

Airline/Commercial/Professional Pilot and Flight Crew, B

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, B

Computer Engineering, B

Computer Software Engineering, B

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Physics, B

Safety Engineering, M

Science, Technology and Society, B

ESTRELLA MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY COLLEGE

General Studies, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

EVEREST COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Business/Commerce, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, AB

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

GATEWAY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business/Commerce, A

Carpentry/Carpenter, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, A

Computer Programming, Vendor/Product Certification, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Court Reporting/Court Reporter, A

Diagnostic Medical Sonography/Sonographer and Ultrasound Technician, A

Economics, A

Education, A

Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology, A

Finance, A

General Office Occupations and Clerical Services, A

General Studies, A

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, A

Heating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology/Technician, A

Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Technology, A

International Business/Trade/Commerce, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management Science, A

Materials Sciences, A

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, A

Nuclear Medical Technology/Technologist, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Safety and Health Technology/Technician, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Pipefitting/Pipefitter and Sprinkler Fitter, A

Psychology, A

Real Estate, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Social Work, A

Surgical Technology/Technologist, A

System Administration/Administrator, A

GLENDALE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookkeeping, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agribusiness, A

Applied Horticulture/Horticultural Operations, A

Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business/Commerce, A

Cinematography and Film/Video Production, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Engineering Technology, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Human Services, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Landscaping and Groundskeeping, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Nurse/Nursing Assistant/Aide and Patient Care Assistant, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Public Relations/Image Management, A

Real Estate, A

GRAND CANYON UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Bible/Biblical Studies, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Teacher Education, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Chemistry, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Comparative Literature, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Divinity/Ministry (BD, MDiv.), B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, B

Education, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

English as a Second Language, M

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Biology, B

Finance, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

History, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Management and Merchandising, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physical Sciences, B

Piano and Organ, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Reading Teacher Education, M

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Religious/Sacred Music, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, BM

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Theology/Theological Studies, B

Voice and Opera, B

Wildlife Biology, B

Wind and Percussion Instruments, B

HIGH-TECH INSTITUTE

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

INTERNATIONAL BAPTIST COLLEGE

Bible/Biblical Studies, AB

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, MD

Teacher Education, Multiple Levels, B

Theology and Religious Vocations, M

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (MESA)

Accounting, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (PHOENIX)

Accounting, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (TUCSON)

Accounting, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (WEST VALLEY)

Accounting, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (PHOENIX)

Computer and Information Systems Security, B

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, B

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, AB

Information Technology, B

System Administration/Administrator, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (TEMPE)

Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects, B

Business Administration and Management, B

CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician, A

Computer and Information Systems Security, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Software Technology/Technician, B

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

E-Commerce/Electronic Commerce, B

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, AB

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (TUCSON)

Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects, B

Business Administration and Management, B

CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Software Technology/Technician, B

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

E-Commerce/Electronic Commerce, B

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, AB

System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

LAMSON COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

MESA COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agricultural Mechanization, A

Agronomy and Crop Science, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Development, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Engineering Technology, A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, A

Fashion Merchandising, A

Finance, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Heavy Equipment Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Horticultural Science, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Insurance, A

Interior Design, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Library Science, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Music, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Ornamental Horticulture, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Quality Control Technology/Technician, A

Real Estate, A

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

MIDWESTERN UNIVERSITY, GLENDALE CAMPUS

Allied Health and Medical Assisting Services, MPO

Bioethics/Medical Ethics, MO

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, M

Biomedical Sciences, B

Cardiovascular Sciences, M

Health Education, M

Nurse Anesthetist, M

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, M

Osteopathic Medicine, P

Pharmacy, P

Physician Assistant, M

Podiatric Medicine, P

MOHAVE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, A

Computer Science, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

English Language and Literature, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

History, A

Information Technology, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mathematics, A

Metal and Jewelry Arts, A

Music, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Psychology, A

Public Health (MPH, DPH), A

Sociology, A

Word Processing, A

NORTHCENTRAL UNIVERSITY

Business Administration and Management, B

General Studies, B

Psychology, B

NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Advertising, B

Allied Health and Medical Assisting Services, MDO

American Government and Politics (United States), B

American Indian/Native American Studies, B

Anthropology, BM

Applied Physics, M

Archeology, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Arts Management, B

Astronomy, B

Biochemistry, M

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MD

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Botany/Plant Biology, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business/Commerce, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Cell/Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences, B

Chemistry, BM

Civil Engineering, B

Communication and Media Studies, M

Communication Disorders, M

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Communication, Journalism and Related Programs, B

Community College Education, M

Composition, M

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Counseling Psychology, D

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, BM

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Criminology, MO

Curriculum and Instruction, D

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, B

Drama and Dance Teacher Education, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Ecology, BO

Economics, B

Education, BMDO

Education/Teaching of Individuals with Speech or Language Impairments, B

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Leadership and Administration, BMD

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, MO

Educational Psychology, D

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MDO

Engineering Physics, B

English, M

English as a Second Language, MDO

English Education, M

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Policy, MO

Environmental Sciences, MO

Environmental Studies, B

Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering, B

Exercise and Sports Science, M

Finance, B

Foreign Language Teacher Education, M

Forest Sciences and Biology, B

Forestry, MD

French Language and Literature, B

General Studies, B

Geochemistry, B

Geographic Information Systems, MO

Geography, BMO

Geology/Earth Science, BM

Geosciences, M

German Language and Literature, B

Health Education, M

Health Promotion, M

Health Psychology, M

Health Teacher Education, B

History, BMD

History Teacher Education, B

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Interior Design, B

International Relations and Affairs, B

Journalism, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Liberal Studies, M

Linguistics, MDO

Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, BM

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, BM

Mathematics Teacher Education, BM

Mechanical Engineering, B

Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology, B

Multilingual and Multicultural Education, MO

Music, BM

Music History, Literature, and Theory, M

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, BM

Music Theory and Composition, M

Nursing, MO

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Performance, M

Philosophy, B

Photography, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BM

Physical Sciences, B

Physical Therapy/Therapist, D

Physics, B

Physics Teacher Education, B

Political Science and Government, BMDO

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, BM

Public Administration, MO

Public Health, M

Public Policy Analysis, BD

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Radio and Television, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Rhetoric, M

School Psychology, MD

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, BM

Science Technologies/Technicians, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, M

Social Science Teacher Education, B

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, BM

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, BM

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Statistics, M

Teacher Education and Professional Development, Specific Subject Areas, B

Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language/ESL Language Instructor, B

Technology Teacher Education/Industrial Arts Teacher Education, B

Vocational and Technical Education, M

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, B

Women's Studies, B

Writing, M

Zoology/Animal Biology, B

NORTHLAND PIONEER COLLEGE

Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookkeeping, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agriculture, A

Apparel and Textiles, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Building/Property Maintenance and Management, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business and Personal/Financial Services Marketing Operations, A

Business/Commerce, A

Business/Office Automation/Technology/Data Entry, A

Carpentry/Carpenter, A

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Child Care Provider/Assistant, A

Child Development, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Graphics, A

Computer Installation and Repair Technology/Technician, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Corrections, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Court Reporting/Court Reporter, A

Data Modeling/Warehousing and Database Administration, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, A

Education/Teaching of Individuals in Early Childhood Special Education Programs, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Electrician, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Entrepreneurial and Small Business Operations, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

General Studies, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

Industrial Mechanics and Maintenance Technology, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Legal Professions and Studies, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Library Assistant/Technician, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Massage Therapy/Therapeutic Massage, A

Medical Transcription/Transcriptionist, A

Museology/Museum Studies, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, A

Photography, A

Restaurant, Culinary, and Catering Management/Manager, A

Small Business Administration/Management, A

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

Teaching Assistants/Aides, A

Turf and Turfgrass Management, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

PARADISE VALLEY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator, A

International Business/Trade/Commerce, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Occupational Safety and Health Technology/Technician, A

THE PARALEGAL INSTITUTE, INC.

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

PHOENIX COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Behavioral Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Graphics, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Corrections, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, A

Fashion/Apparel Design, A

Finance, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Health and Medical Laboratory Technologies, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Interior Design, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management Science, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Real Estate, A

Special Products Marketing Operations, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

PIMA COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Aircraft Powerplant Technology/Technician, A

American Indian/Native American Studies, A

Anthropology, A

Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, A

Building/Property Maintenance and Management, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Child Care Provider/Assistant, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Dental Laboratory Technology/Technician, A

Design and Visual Communications, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

General Studies, A

Hospitality Administration/Management, A

International Business/Trade/Commerce, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Machine Shop Technology/Assistant, A

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, A

Music, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Pharmacy Technician/Assistant, A

Political Science and Government, A

Real Estate, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Restaurant, Culinary, and Catering Management/Manager, A

Security and Protective Services, A

Sign Language Interpretation and Translation, A

Sociology, A

Veterinary/Animal Health Technology/Technician and Veterinary Assistant, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE (MESA)

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Respiratory Therapy Technician/Assistant, A

PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE (TUCSON)

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Respiratory Therapy Technician/Assistant, A

PRESCOTT COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Anthropology, B

Art Therapy/Therapist, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Bilingual and Multilingual Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Comparative Literature, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Counseling Psychology, M

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Dance, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Ecology, BM

Education, BM

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Design/Architecture, B

Environmental Education, BM

Environmental Studies, BM

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, B

Film/Cinema Studies, B

History, BM

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, BM

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Latin American Studies, B

Leisure Studies, M

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Management Science, B

Marine Science/Merchant Marine Officer, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Mental Health/Rehabilitation, B

Multilingual and Multicultural Education, M

Music Teacher Education, B

Natural Resources and Conservation, B

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Philosophy, B

Photography, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Psychology, M

Social Science Teacher Education, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Sustainable Development, M

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, B

THE REFRIGERATION SCHOOL

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

RIO SALADO COLLEGE

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Programming, A

Computer Science, A

Consumer Services and Advocacy, A

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Information Technology, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Public Administration, A

Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling, A

System Administration/Administrator, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster, A

SCOTTSDALE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Culinary Arts/Chef Training, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Environmental Design/Architecture, A

Equestrian/Equine Studies, A

Fashion Merchandising, A

Finance, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Hospitality Administration/Management, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Interior Design, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Photography, A

Public Administration, A

Real Estate, A

Special Products Marketing Operations, A

SOUTH MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Chemistry, A

Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator, A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, A

History, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Mathematics, A

Music, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physics, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Psychology, A

Sociology, A

SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE

Bible/Biblical Studies, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Counseling Psychology, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Youth Ministry, B

UNIVERSITY OF ADVANCING TECHNOLOGY

Cinematography and Film/Video Production, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Computer Graphics, AB

Computer Programming/Programmer, AB

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst, B

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, B

Design and Visual Communications, B

Management of Technology, M

THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA

Accounting, BM

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, BMD

Agricultural Economics, BM

Agricultural Education, M

Agricultural Engineering, MD

Agricultural Sciences, MD

Agricultural Teacher Education, B

Agricultural/Biological Engineering and Bioengineering, B

Agriculture, B

Agronomy and Soil Sciences, MD

Allopathic Medicine, PO

American Indian/Native American Studies, MDO

Anatomy, D

Animal Physiology, B

Animal Sciences, BMD

Anthropology, BMD

Applied Mathematics, MD

Applied Physics, M

Architecture, BM

Art Education, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, BMD

Art Teacher Education, B

Astronomy, BMD

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, BMD

Biochemistry, BMD

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MDO

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biosystems Engineering, MD

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MDO

Business/Commerce, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Cancer Biology/Oncology, D

Cell Biology and Anatomy, MD

Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology, B

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Child and Family Studies, MD

City/Urban, Community and Regional Planning, B

Civil Engineering, BMD

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, BM

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Communication and Media Studies, MD

Communication Disorders, BMD

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Comparative Literature, MD

Composition, MD

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, BMD

Computer Science, MD

Consumer Economics, BMD

Creative Writing, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Dance, B

Drama and Dance Teacher Education, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

East Asian Studies, BMD

Ecology, MD

Economics, BMDO

Education, MDO

Educational Administration and Supervision, D

Educational Psychology, MD

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, BMD

Engineering, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MD

Engineering Physics, B

Engineering/Industrial Management, B

English, MD

English as a Second Language, MD

English Education, MD

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Entomology, MD

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, B

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, MD

Environmental Policy and Resource Management, M

Environmental Sciences, MD

Environmental Studies, B

Epidemiology, MD

Evolutionary Biology, MD

Family and Consumer Sciences/Home Economics Teacher Education, B

Finance, B

Finance and Banking, MD

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Fish, Game and Wildlife Management, MD

Foreign Language Teacher Education, BM

Forestry, MD

French Language and Literature, BMD

French Language Teacher Education, B

Genetics, MD

Geography, BMD

Geological/Geophysical Engineering, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Geosciences, MD

German Language and Literature, BM

German Language Teacher Education, B

Gerontology, MO

Health Teacher Education, B

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Higher Education/Higher Education Administration, MD

Hispanic-American, Puerto Rican, and Mexican-American/Chicano Studies, B

History, BMD

History Teacher Education, B

Home Economics, MD

Human Development, MD

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Hydrology and Water Resources Science, MD

Immunology, MD

Industrial Engineering, B

Industrial/Management Engineering, MD

Information Science/Studies, MD

Interdisciplinary Studies, MDO

Italian Language and Literature, B

Jewish/Judaic Studies, B

Journalism, BM

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Landscape Architecture, BM

Latin American Studies, BM

Law and Legal Studies, MPO

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Library Science, MD

Linguistics, BMD

Management Information Systems and Services, BMD

Management Strategy and Policy, M

Marketing, MD

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Materials Engineering, MD

Materials Sciences, BMD

Mathematics, BM

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Mechanics, MD

Media Studies, M

Microbiology, MD

Mineral/Mining Engineering, MD

Mining and Mineral Engineering, B

Molecular Biology, MD

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Multilingual and Multicultural Education, MDO

Music, BMD

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, BMD

Music Theory and Composition, MD

Musicology and Ethnomusicology, M

Natural Resources and Conservation, MD

Near and Middle Eastern Studies, BMD

Neuroscience, D

Nuclear Engineering, BMD

Nursing, MD

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nutritional Sciences, BMD

Operations Management and Supervision, B

Optics/Optical Sciences, BMD

Pathobiology, MD

Performance, MD

Pharmaceutical Sciences, MD

Pharmacology, MD

Pharmacy, MDP

Philosophy, BMDO

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, BMD

Physics Teacher Education, B

Physiology, D

Planetary Astronomy and Science, MD

Plant Pathology/Phytopathology, MD

Plant Sciences, BMD

Political Science and Government, BMD

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, BDO

Public Administration, BMD

Public Health, M

Public Policy Analysis, MD

Radio and Television, B

Range Science and Management, MD

Reading Teacher Education, MDO

Rehabilitation Counseling, MDO

Reliability Engineering, M

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Rhetoric, MD

Russian Language and Literature, BM

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Science Technologies/Technicians, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, BMD

Social Science Teacher Education, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Sociology, BMD

Soil Science and Agronomy, B

Spanish Language and Literature, BMD

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, BMDO

Speech Teacher Education, B

Systems Engineering, BMD

Teacher Education and Professional Development, Specific Subject Areas, B

Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language/ESL Language Instructor, B

Technical Theatre/Theatre Design and Technology, B

Theater, M

Toxicology, D

Urban and Regional Planning, M

Visual and Performing Arts, B

Water Resources, MD

Water Resources Engineering, BM

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, B

Women's Studies, BM

Writing, M

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX ONLINE CAMPUS

Accounting, BM

Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching, M

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MD

Computer Programming/Programmer, B

Corrections and Criminal Justice, B

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Education, MDO

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

Electronic Commerce, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, M

Finance, B

General Studies, B

Health Services Administration, MD

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Human Resources Management and Services, M

Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Management of Technology, M

Management Science, B

Marketing, M

Nursing, M

Organizational Management, MD

Secondary Education and Teaching, M

Special Education and Teaching, MO

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-PHOENIX CAMPUS

Accounting, M

Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching, M

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Community Psychology, M

Computer Science, M

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, MO

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Distance Education Development, M

Education, MO

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

Electronic Commerce, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, M

English as a Second Language, M

General Studies, A

Health Services Administration, M

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Human Resources Management and Services, M

Information Science/Studies, M

Information Technology, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, M

Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, BM

Management of Technology, M

Management Science, B

Marketing, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Marriage and Family Therapy/Counseling, M

Nursing, MO

Nursing - Advanced Practice, MO

Nursing Administration, M

Nursing Science, B

Organizational Management, M

Public Administration and Social Service Professions, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, M

Special Education and Teaching, MO

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-SOUTHERN ARIZONA CAMPUS

Accounting, BM

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Community Psychology, M

Corrections and Criminal Justice, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Education, MO

Educational Psychology, M

Electronic Commerce, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, M

Finance, B

Health Services Administration, M

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Information Technology, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, M

Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, BM

Management of Technology, M

Management Science, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Marriage and Family Therapy/Counseling, M

Nursing, MO

Nursing - Advanced Practice, O

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Nursing Science, B

Organizational Management, M

Public Administration and Social Service Professions, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, M

Special Education and Teaching, O

WESTERN INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Behavioral Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Finance, B

Finance and Banking, M

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

Information Science/Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, BM

International Relations and Affairs, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Marketing, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

YAVAPAI COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agribusiness, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agriculture, A

Aquaculture, A

Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Education, A

Equestrian/Equine Studies, A

Film/Cinema Studies, A

Fine Arts and Art Studies, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Graphic Design, A

Gunsmithing/Gunsmith, A

Horse Husbandry/Equine Science and Management, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

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Arizona

ARIZONA

STATE EDUCATION OFFICE

Claudia Cabrera, Program and Project Specialist
Career and Technical Education
Arizona State Department of Education
1535 West Jefferson
Phoenix, AZ 85007
(602)542-5212

STATE REGULATORY INFORMATION

For specific information, contact the Arizona State Department of Education, address above.

AVONDALE

Maricopa Beauty College

515 W. Western Ave., Avondale, AZ 85323. Contact: Charlotte Mehlhorn, Owner, (623)932-4414. Private. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $7,400. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

Universal Technical Institute

10695 W. Pierce, Avondale, AZ 85323. Trade and Technical. Founded 1965. Contact: Mike Klackla, School Dir., (623)245-4600, 800-859-1202, Fax: (623)254-4601, Web Site: http://uticorp.com; Web Site: http://uticorp.com/go/contactus/. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: Varies by program. Enrollment: Total 220. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Auto Mechanics (51 Wk); Auto Mechanics - Diesel (51 Wk); Automotive Collision Repair (51 Wk); Automotive Technology (51 Wk); Diesel Technology (51 Wk)

CHANDLER

Artistic Beauty Colleges-Chandler

2978 N. Alma School Rd., No. 1-3, Chandler, AZ 85224. Cosmetology. Contact: Dawn Williamson, President, (480)855-7901, 888-303-0267, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $12,600; $1,250 books and fees. Enrollment: Total 147. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (40-65 Wk); Cosmetology Instructor (17 Wk); Esthetician (20-24 Wk); Nail Technology (20-24 Wk)

Classic Beauty College-Chandler

2390 N. Alama School Rd., Chandler, AZ 85224. Cosmetology. Founded 1976. Contact: Earleen Andrews, (602)494-4661. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 50. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1600 Hr); Cosmetology Instructor (650 Hr); Manicurist (300 Hr)

PPEP Tec

85 W. Boston St., Chandler, AZ 85224. Other. Founded 1990. Contact: Cheryl Benson, (480)857-1499, 800-573-7737, Fax: (602)963-1379. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCET. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, Automated; Business Management; Data Processing; Microcomputers; Word Processing

CLARKDALE

Arizona School of Integrative Studies

701 S. Broadway, Clarkdale, AZ 86324-3106. Trade and Technical. Founded 1996. Contact: Lin Mickelsen, (928)639-3455, (866)334-3348, Fax: (928)639-3694, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.asismassage.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $6,250 for 800 hr training; $5,250 for 625 hr training. Enrollment: Total 26. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Hydrotherapy; Structural Integration (600-800 Hr)

COOLIDGE

Central Arizona College

8470 N. Overfield Rd., Coolidge, AZ 85228. Two-Year College. Founded 1969. Contact: Dr. Leonor Machado, Registrar, (520)494-5260, 800-237-9814, Fax: (520)876-1983, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cac.cc.az.us. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 5,914. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Advertising; Agribusiness; Agriculture - Production; Agri-Engineering & Mechanics; Agri-Management; Air Conditioning & Refrigeration; Automotive Technology; Building Trades; Child Care & Guidance; Civil Engineering Technology; Clerical, General; Computer Technology; Construction Technology; Criminal Justice; Data Processing; Drafting Technology; Electricity, Industrial; Emergency Medical Technology; Engineering; Heavy Equipment; Hotel & Restaurant Management; Industrial Management & Supervision; Law Enforcement; Manufacturing Technology; Marketing Management; Mechanical Drafting; Nurse, Assistant; Nursing, Practical; Nursing, R.N.; Office Administration; Paramedic; Secretarial, General; Secretarial, Legal; Secretarial, Medical; Welding Technology

DOUGLAS

Cochise College

4190 W. Highway 80, Douglas, AZ 85607. Two-Year College. Founded 1962. Contact: Debbie Quick, Admissions, (520)515-5336, (520)515-5412, 800-966-7943, Fax: (520)417-4006, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cochise.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $43/credit in-state, $62/credit 1-6 credits out-of-state, $244 over 6 credits, out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 1,530. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: FAA; NLNAC; NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Administrative Assistant; Agriculture, General; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Airline Transport Pilot; Airframe Mechanics (15 Mo); Business; Clerk, Typist; Computer Aided Design; Computer Aided Manufacturing; Computer Science - Terminal Operation; Computer Technology (2 Yr); Criminal Justice; Data Processing - Business (2 Yr); Drafting Technology; Electronics Technology; Fire Fighting; Fire Protection Technology; Fire Science; Hospitality; Marketing; Mechanics, Aviation (15 Mo); Mid-Management; Nursing, Practical; Nursing, R.N.; Nursing, Vocational; Power Plant Mechanics (15 Mo); Secretarial, Bilingual; Secretarial, Executive; Secretarial, General; Secretarial, Legal; Social Work Technology; Welding Technology

FLAGSTAFF

Artistic Beauty Colleges-Flagstaff

1790 E. Rte. 66, Flagstaff, AZ 86004. Cosmetology. Contact: Dawn Williamson, President, (928)774-7146, 888-303-0267, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $12,600; $1,250 books and fees. Enrollment: Total 44. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (40-65 Wk); Cosmetology Instructor (17 Wk); Esthetician (20-24 Wk); Nail Technology (20-24 Wk)

College America

1800 South Milton Rd., Flagstaff, AZ 86001. Two-Year College. Contact: Josh Swayne, Assoc. Dir., (928)526-0763, 800-622-2894, Web Site: http://www.collegeamerica.edu. Private. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $28,650. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: ACCSCT.

FOUNTAIN HILLS

American Institute of Interior Design

16855 East Parkview, PO Box 17366, Fountain Hills, AZ 85268. Trade and Technical. Founded 1981. Contact: Judy A. Thompson, (480)946-9601, Fax: (480)837-8116, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.americandesignschool.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $8,500. Enrollment: men 5, women 15. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Architectural Design Technology; Business; Design; Drafting Technology; Interior Decoration; Interior Design (27 Wk); Marketing & Sales; Textile Design; Textile Technology

GLENDALE

Arizona Automotive Institute

6829 N. 46th Ave., Glendale, AZ 85301-3579. Trade and Technical. Contact: Arthur Benjamin, President, (623)934-7273, 800-528-0717, Web Site: http://www.aai.edu. Private. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $19,315 in-state; $19,315 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

Arizona College of Allied Health

4425 W. Olive Ave., Ste. 300, Glendale, AZ 85302. Allied Medical. Founded 1992. Contact: Larkin Hicks, Pres., (602)222-9300, Fax: (602)200-8726, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.arizonacollege.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $7,295 (includes tuition, books, supplies, and insurance). Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ABHES. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Medical Assistant (40 Wk); Pharmacy Technician (40 Wk)

Artistic Beauty Colleges-Glendale

10820 N. 43rd Ave., No. 200, Glendale, AZ 85304. Cosmetology. Founded 1964. Contact: Dawn Williamson, President, (623)937-2749, 888-303-0267, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $12,700; $,1250 books and fees. Enrollment: Total 140. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (40-65 Wk); Cosmetology Instructor (17 Wk); Esthetician (20-24 Wk); Nail Technology (20-24 Wk)

Bartending Academy (Glendale)

5135 West Thunderbird Rd., Glendale, AZ 85308. Trade and Technical. Founded 1975. Contact: Richard Majdanski, (602)548-1300, (602)957-3771, 800-BAR-TEND, Fax: (480)860-6957, (480)377-8112, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.pbsa.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $99-$499. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Bar Management (32 Hr); Bartending (40 Hr)

Glendale Community College

6000 W. Olive, Glendale, AZ 85302. Two-Year College. Founded 1965. Contact: Jean Ann Abel, President, (623)845-3000, (623)845-3010, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.gc.maricopa.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $55/credit hour for resident. Enrollment: men 9,071, women 11,578. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NATEF; NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Administrative Assistant (1 Yr); Agribusiness (2 Yr); Audio Technology (2 Yr); Automotive Technology (2 Yr); Business (2 Yr); Computer Aided Drafting & Design (2 Yr); Computer Applications (2 Yr); Computer Graphics (2 Yr); Computer Information Systems (2 Yr); Computer Networking (2 Yr); Computer Repair (1 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Data Entry (1 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 Yr); Electronics Technology (1 Yr); Emergency Management (2 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (1 Yr); Fire Fighting (2 Yr); Fire Science (1 Yr); Home Furnishings (1 Yr); Horticulture (2 Yr); Human Services (2 Yr); Landscape Architecture (1 Yr); Law Enforcement (1 Yr); Manufacturing Technology (2 Yr); Multimedia Design (2 Yr); Music, Business (2 Yr); Network Support (2 Yr); Nursery Management (1 Yr); Nursing (2 Yr); Nursing, Certified Assistant (1 Yr); Nursing, Practical (2 Yr); Nutritionist (1 Yr); Office Administration (2 Yr); Police Science (1 Yr); Power Plant Mechanics (2 Yr); Public Relations (2 Yr); Real Estate, Basic (2 Yr); Receptionist (1 Yr); Retail Management (2 Yr); Small Business Management (1 Yr); Systems Analyst (2 Yr); Tractor Trailer Operators Training (1 Yr); Video Production (2 Yr); Web Development (2 Yr)

KINGMAN

Mohave Community College

1971 Jagerson Ave., Kingman, AZ 86409. Two-Year College. Founded 1971. Contact: Roger L. Johnson, (928)757-4331, Fax: (928)757-0837, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.mohave.edu/pages/1.asp; Brandi Colbert, Admissions Counselor. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $580 per year, in-state; $3,480 per year, out-of-state. Enrollment: men 1,867, women 3,706. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Automotive Technology (1 Yr); Computer Information Science (2 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 Yr); Electricity, Industrial (1 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (1 Yr); Fire Science (2 Yr); Jewelry Design Repair & Stone Setting (2 Yr); Law Enforcement (2 Yr); Management (2 Yr); Marine Technology (1 Yr); Marketing (2 Yr); Nursing, Practical (1 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Office, General (2 Yr); Secretarial, General (2 Yr); Social Services Aide (2 Yr)

SAGE Technical Services

Mohave Community College, 1971 Jagerson Ave, Kingman, AZ 86401. Trade and Technical.(866)622-2351, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.sageschools.com; Web Site: http://www.sageschools.com/sage-contact_sage.htm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $1,925-$4,035. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Tractor Trailer Operators Training (150 Hr)

LAKE HAVASU CITY

Charles of Italy Beauty College

1987 Mcculloch Blvd., Ste. 205, Lake Havasu City, AZ 86403. Cosmetology. Founded 1980. Contact: Charles Bartolomeo, Owner, (928)453-6666, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.charlesofitaly.com. Private. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $9,320. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

MESA

Apollo College of Medical & Dental Careers

1322 S. Country Club Dr., Mesa, AZ 85210. Trade and Technical. Founded 1979. Contact: James Miller, Campus Dir., (480)831-6585, 877-205-1458, Fax: (480)827-0022, Web Site: http://www.apollocollege.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Term: Month. Tuition: $6,900-$17,750. Enrollment: men 18, women 182. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ABHES; AOTA; CAAHEP; JRCERT; AMTA; CARC. Curriculum: Dental Assisting (9 Mo); Medical Assistant (9 Mo); Medical Office Management (9 Mo); Respiratory Therapy (20 Mo)

Apollo College-Tri City Inc.

630 W. Southern Ave., Mesa, AZ 85210. Two-Year College. Contact: James Miller, Dir., (480)831-6585, Fax: (480)827-0022, Web Site: http://www.apollocollege.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $10,000. Enrollment: Total 333. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Financial aid available.

Arizona Institute of Business and Technology

925 S. Gilbert Rd., Ste. 201, Mesa, AZ 85204. Trade and Technical. Founded 1979. Contact: Meredith Jenson, Dir., 888-886-2428. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies on number of credit hours. Enrollment: men 110, women 240. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, Automated (30 Wk); Business Administration (66 Wk); Business Management (66 Wk); Business Technology (30 Wk); Computer Technology (30 Wk); Health Aide (33 Wk); Health Occupations (66 Wk); Medical Assistant (30 Wk); Medical Record Technology (30 Wk); Medical Transcription (75 Wk); Microcomputers (71 Wk); Nurse, Assistant (30 Wk); Security Training (30 Wk)

Earls Academy of Beauty

2111 S. Alma School Rd., Ste. 21, Mesa, AZ 85210. Cosmetology. Founded 1967. Contact: April Montes, President-Owner, (480)897-1688, Fax: (480)897-6735, Web Site: http://www.earlsacademy.com; Web Site: http://www.earlsacademy.com/contact.htm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $11,911 cosmetology; $4,293 nail technology. Degrees awarded: Diploma, Associate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1600 Hr); Nail Technology (600 Hr)

Everest College (Mesa)

5416 E. Baseline Rd., Ste. 200, Mesa, AZ 85206. Two-Year College, Business. Founded 2005.(480)830-5151, 888-741-4270, Fax: (480)830-1824, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.everest-college.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Month. Tuition: $12,507; $1,554 books and supplies. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Business Administration; Criminal Investigations; Criminal Justice; Medical Assistant; Medical Insurance Specialist

International Academy of Beauty

42 N. Stapley Dr., Mesa, AZ 85203. Cosmetology. Founded 1963. Contact: Jane Franks, (480)964-8675, Fax: (602)964-5528, Web Site: http://www.intlacademy.biz. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $12,500, cosmetology; $4,100, instructor. Enrollment: Total 87. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1600 Hr); Cosmetology Instructor (650 Hr); Manicurist (600 Hr)

International Instructor Academy

2245 W. Broadway Rd., Mesa, AZ 85202. Trade and Technical. Founded 1988. Contact: Archer Shelton, Dir., (480)833-2971, 800-525-5524, Fax: (480)898-0194, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.elmar.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Month. Tuition: Varies with program. Enrollment: men 23, women 7. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Placement service available. Curriculum: Diving, Scuba

Mesa Community College

1833 W. Southern, Mesa, AZ 85202. Two-Year College. Founded 1965. Contact: Gerri Silva, Admin. Asst. Admissions/Recruitment, (480)461-7000, (480)461-7600, Fax: (480)461-7321, E-mail: [email protected] maricopa.edu, Web Site: http://www.mc.maricopa.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $60 per credit, in-county; $85 out-of-county/state. Enrollment: Total 8,495. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Agribusiness; Apparel Arts; Architectural Design Technology; Automotive Technology; Business; Computer Information Science; Computer Networking; Computer Programming; Construction Technology; Drafting, Electro-Mechanical; Drafting Technology; Early Childhood Education; Electro-Mechanical Technology; Electronic Engineering Technology; Electronics Technology; Fire Science; Horticulture; Industrial Technology; Instructional Aide; Internet Technologies; Interior Design; Library Technology; Machine Tool & Die; Management; Manufacturing Technology; Marketing; Microsoft Certified Specialist; Mortuary Science; Nurse, Assistant; Nursing, Practical; Nursing, R.N.; Office Technology; Police Science; Public Relations; Real Estate, Basic; Veterinary Assistant; Welding Technology

Pima Medical Institute - Mesa

957 S. Dobson Rd., Mesa, AZ 85202. Allied Medical, Trade and Technical. Founded 1986. Contact: Christy Lyle, (480)644-0267, (480)345-7777, 800-477-PIMA, Fax: (480)898-0689, Web Site: http://www.pima.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $7,710 per year; $7,047 room and board. Enrollment: men 60, women 40. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ACCSCT; ABHES; CAAHEP; JRCERT; CARC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Dental Assisting (30-33 Wk); Medical Assistant (35-40 Wk); Pharmacy Technician (35-40 Wk); Respiratory Therapy (85 Wk); Veterinary Assistant (30-34 Wk)

PHOENIX

American Institute of Technology

440 S. 54th Ave., Phoenix, AZ 85043-4729. Contact: Wade Murphree, President, (602)233-2222, 888-233-2222, Fax: (602)278-4849, Web Site: http://www.ait-schools.com. Private. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $7,320. Enrollment: Total 64. Degrees awarded: Certificate.

Apollo College of Medical and Dental Careers

8503 N. 27th Ave., Phoenix, AZ 85051. Trade and Technical. Founded 1976. Contact: Roxanne Perkins, Admissions, (602)864-1571, 800-36T-RAIN, Fax: (602)864-8207, Web Site: http://www.apollocollege.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Month. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: men 180, women 200. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: ABHES. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Administrative Assistant (9 Mo); Dental Assisting (9 Mo); Medical Assistant (9 Mo); Medical Technology - Phlebotomy (4 Mo); Pharmacy Technician (9 Mo); Respiratory Therapy (20 Mo)

Arizona Paralegal Training Program

4646 E. Van Buren St, No. 350, Phoenix, AZ 85008-6952. Other. Founded 1994. Contact: Natalie D. Witt, (602)252-2171, 800-990-2380, Fax: (602)252-1891, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.phoenixparalegal.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $7,550 (evening) or $8,550 (day). Enrollment: Total 48. Degrees awarded: Diploma, Certificate. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Paralegal (6 Mo)

Art Institute of Phoenix

2233 W. Dunlap Ave., Phoenix, AZ 85021. Art, Trade and Technical. Founded 1995. Contact: Karen Bryant, Pres., (602)678-4300, 800-474-2479, Fax: (602)331-5301, Web Site: http://www.aipx.artinstitutes.edu; Web Site: http://www.artinstitutes.edu/getinfo.asp. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $17,712 per year; $8,097 room and board; $4,536 other. Enrollment: Total 1,201. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Advertising (12 Qt); Animation (12 Qt); Computer Programming, Games (12 Qt); Computer - Virtual Environments (12 Qt); Culinary Arts (3-6 Qt); Fashion Design & Merchandising (12 Qt); Graphic Design (12 Qt); Interior Design (12 Qt); Media Arts (12 Qt); Multimedia Design (12 Qt); Video Production (12 Qt); Visual Communications (12 Qt)

Artistic Beauty Colleges-Phoenix

402 E. Greenway Pkwy, Ste. 21 & 28, Phoenix, AZ 85022. Cosmetology. Contact: Dawn Williamson, President, (602)863-2101, 888-303-0267, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $12,600; $1,250 books and fees. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (40-65 Wk); Cosmetology Instructor (17 Wk); Esthetician (20-24 Wk); Nail Technology (20-24 Wk)

Bryman School-Phoenix

2250 W. Peoria Ave., No. A-200, Phoenix, AZ 85029. Allied Medical, Trade and Technical. Founded 1964. Contact: Dennis Pobiak, Pres., (602)274-4300, 877-431-8909, Fax: (602)248-9087, Web Site: http://www.brymanschool.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Week. Tuition: $20,102 - $24,011. Enrollment: Total 1,546. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: AAMAE; ABHES; CAAHEP; ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Dental Assisting (63 Wk); Hospital Management (63 Wk); Massage Therapy (74 Wk); Medical Assistant (63 Wk); Medical Billing (64 Wk); Pharmacy Technician (64 Wk); Radiologic Technology (66 Wk); Surgical Technology (72 Wk)

Everest College (Phoenix)

10400 N. 25th Ave., Ste. 190, Phoenix, AZ 85021. Two-Year College, Business. Founded 1982. Contact: Todd McDonald, (602)942-4141, 888-741-4270, Fax: (602)943-0960, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.everest-college.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Month. Tuition: $12,432; $1,300 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 650. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (9-24 Mo); Business Administration; Criminal Investigations; Criminal Justice (24-36 Mo); Legal Assistant (9-24 Mo); Medical Insurance Specialist; Paralegal

Gateway Community College

108 N. 40th St., Phoenix, AZ 85034. Two-Year College. Founded 1968. Contact: Ms. Cathy Gibson, Admissions Dir., (602)286-8052, (602)286-8200, Fax: (602)286-8072, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Semester. Tuition: $55 per credit hour, in-county; $220 per credit hour, out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 1,144. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: JRCRTE; CAAHEP; ABET; JRCERT; NEASC; ADtA; ASHP. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Administrative Assistant; Air Conditioning; Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration; Art, Advertising Commercial (2 Yr); Auto Air Conditioning (2 Yr); Auto Engine Diagnosis (2 Yr); Auto Mechanics - Automatic Transmission (2 Yr); Auto Mechanics Brake & Wheel Alignment (2 Yr); Automotive Technology (2 Yr); Bookkeeping (2 Yr); Business (2 Yr); Business Management; Clerical, General; Computer Information Science; Dietetic Technology; Dietician Training; Drafting, Electro-Mechanical (2 Yr); Drafting Technology (2 Yr); Early Childhood Education; Electrical Technology (2 Yr); Electricity, Apprenticeship (2 Yr); Electricity, Industrial (2 Yr); Electricity - Master Electrician (2 Yr); Electro-Mechanical Technology (2 Yr); Electronics Technology (2 Yr); English As A Second Language; Family Living Specialist; Health Care & Management; Hospital Management; Hospital Ward Clerk; Industrial Management & Supervision (1 Yr); Medical Transcription; Microcomputers (2 Yr); Nuclear Medical Technology (1 Yr); Nurse, Assistant; Nursing, Practical (2 Sm); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Office Technology; Personal Computing; Pharmacy Technician (1 Yr); Physical Fitness; Respiratory Therapy (2 Yr); Secretarial, General; Small Business Management (1 Yr); Surgical Technology (1 Yr); Ultrasonography (2 Yr); Word Processing (1 Yr); X-Ray Technology (2 Yr)

High-Tech Institute

1515 E. Indian School Rd., Phoenix, AZ 85014. Trade and Technical, Allied Medical. Founded 1965. Contact: David Wyckoff, College Director, (602)279-9700, 800-832-4011, Fax: (602)279-2999, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.hightechinstitute.edu; Web Site: http://www.hightechinstitute.edu/request.php. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $11,950 - $22,750, varies depending on program. Enrollment: men 1,100, women 400. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Computer Aided Drafting (42-72 Wk); Computer Networking (42-72 Wk); Criminal Justice; Digital Program Design (72 Wk); Electronics Technology (42-72 Wk); Graphic Design; Medical Assistant (32-61 Wk); Medical Billing; Veterinary Technology

Institute for Natural Therapeutics

3913 E. Campbell Ave., Phoenix, AZ 85018-3605. Other. Founded 1988. Contact: Kay Hill, Administrator, (480)844-2255, (480)844-1959, Fax: (480)962-9907, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $3,600 (level I), $2,400 (level II). Enrollment: men 9, women 21. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy

International Institute of the Americas

4136 N. 75th Ave., Ste. 211, Phoenix, AZ 85033. Business, Allied Medical, Nursing, Two-Year College. Founded 1979. Contact: Linda Berzi, (623)849-8208, 888-884-2428, Fax: (602)849-0110, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.iia.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $1,050-$22,500. Enrollment: men 148, women 230. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, Automated (30 Wk); Business Administration (66 Wk); Business Automation (30 Wk); Criminal Justice (63 Wk); Health Technology (66 Wk); Management (126 Wk); Medical Assistant (30 Wk); Medical Transcription (75 Wk); Nurses Aide (33 Wk); Nursing (75 Wk); Nursing, Certified Assistant (6 Wk); Security Training (30 Wk)

Long Technical College

13450 N. Black Canyon Hwy., Ste. 104, Phoenix, AZ 85029. Trade and Technical. Contact: Michael Savely, Exec.Dir., (602)548-1955, (602)548-1366, 877-548-1955, Web Site: http://www.longtechnicalcollege.com. Private. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $27,129. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ACCSCT.

Maricopa Skill Center, Division of Gateway Community College

1245 E. Buckeye, Phoenix, AZ 85034-4101. Trade and Technical. Founded 1962. Contact: Susan McRae, (602)238-4300, (602)238-4350, Fax: (602)238-4307, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.gwc.maricopa.edu/msc/. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $55/credit hr.; $220 out-of-state/credit hr. Enrollment: Total 2,289. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, Automated (980 Hr); Auto Body & Fender Repair (735 Hr); Automotive Collision Repair (735 Hr); Auto Painting (630 Hr); Baking (630 Hr); Banking (700-735 Hr); Building Maintenance (875 Hr); Cashiering (490 Hr); Clerical, General (700 Hr); Clerk, File (245 Hr); Clerk, Typist (630 Hr); Computer Operations (980 Hr); Computer Science Terminal Operation (700 Hr); Cooking, Commercial (945 Hr); Custodial Training (875 Hr); Data Entry (770 Hr); Machine Operator, General (630 Hr); Machinist, Advanced (875 Hr); Machinist, General (385 Hr); Machinist, Production (875 Hr); Meat Cutting (770 Hr); Meat Cutting, Packing & Handling (630 Hr); Medical Assistant (805 Hr); Microcomputers (980 Hr); Numerical Control (875 Hr); Nursing, Practical (1250 Hr); Printing (980 Hr); Printing, Offset (630 Hr); Receptionist (630 Hr); Reprographics (980 Hr); Teller, Bank (700 Hr); Transcribing Machine Operator (805 Hr); Travel Agents (980 Hr); Welding, Combination (840 Hr); Welding, Electric Arc (420 Hr); Welding, Heli Arc (665 Hr); Welding, MIG (350 Hr); Welding, TIG (665 Hr)

Metropolitan College

4129 E. Van Buren St., Ste. 100, Phoenix, AZ 85008-6940. Trade and Technical. Founded 1980. Contact: Cheryl King, Dir., (602)955-5900, Fax: (602)385-2500, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://metropolitancollege.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $10,000 per year. Enrollment: Total 150. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Court Reporting (33-45 Mo); Paralegal (33-45 Mo)

Motorcycle Mechanics Institute

2844 W. Deer Valley Rd., Phoenix, AZ 85027. Trade and Technical. Founded 1973. Contact: Bryan Fishkind, School Dir., (623)869-9644, 800-528-7995, Fax: (623)581-2871, Web Site: http://uticorp.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $17,900-$24,450. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Motorcycle Repair (57-111 Wk)

Mundus Institute

2001 W. Camelback Rd., Ste. 140, Phoenix, AZ 85015. Trade and Technical. Founded 1979. Contact: Marie Ruggieri, Pres., (602)246-7111, 800-835-3727, Fax: (602)246-7222, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.mundusinstitute.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $800-$13,500. Enrollment: men 125, women 125. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Clerical, Medical (7 Mo); Golf Course Management (11 Mo); Landscaping (4 Mo); Resort Management (7 Mo)

Paralegal Institute, Inc.

2933 W. Indian School Rd., Phoenix, AZ 85017. Correspondence. Founded 1974. Contact: John W. Morrison, (602)212-0501, 800-354-1254, Fax: (602)212-0502, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $2950 - $6250 depending on course. Enrollment: Total 600. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: DETC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Curriculum: Criminal Justice; Legal; Medical Transcription; Nursing; Paralegal

Phoenix College

1202 W. Thomas Rd., Phoenix, AZ 85013. Two-Year College. Founded 1920. Contact: Debbie Kushibab, Ph.D., Dean of Student Affairs, (602)285-7500, (602)285-7502, Fax: (602)285-7813, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.pc.maricopa.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Semester. Tuition: $60 per credit hour. Enrollment: men 5,129, women 8,143. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Biological Technology; Child Care & Guidance; Clerical, General; Court Reporting; Credit Union Management; Data Processing; Dental Hygiene; Drafting Technology; Electrical Technology; Electro-Mechanical Technology; Electronics Technology; Fashion Merchandising; Fire Science; Food Service & Management; Health Care & Management; Insurance, Life & Disability; Interior Design; Law Enforcement; Legal Assistant; Mechanical Drafting; Medical Receptionist; Medical Record Technology; Medical Transcription; Mid-Management; Nursing, R.N.; Real Estate, Basic; Secretarial, General; Secretarial, Legal; Travel Agents

Refrigeration School, Inc.

4210 E. Washington St., Phoenix, AZ 85034. Trade and Technical. Founded 1965. Contact: Mary Simmons, (602)275-7133, 877-477-4669, Fax: (602)267-4805, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://refrigerationschool.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $5,000-$15,000. Enrollment: men 350, women 6. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration (24-38 Wk); Electrical Technology (12-19 Wk); Electro-Mechanical Technology (32-50 Wk); Mechanical Engineering (60-80 Wk)

Roberto-Venn School of Luthiery

4011 S. 16th St., Phoenix, AZ 85040. Trade and Technical. Founded 1975. Contact: William Eaton, Dir., (602)243-1179, 800-507-FRET, Fax: (602)304-1175, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.roberto-venn.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $8950. Enrollment: men 31, women 2. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Luthiery (5 Mo)

South Mountain Community College

7050 S. 24th St., Phoenix, AZ 85040. Two-Year College. Founded 1979. Contact: Tony Braccamonte, Dean, Student Services, (602)243-8000, (602)243-8120, Fax: (602)243-8329, E-mail: [email protected] maricopa.edu, Web Site: http://www.southmountaincc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $60/credit hr.; out-of-county/state: $85/credit 7 or less credits, $258/credit 7 or more. Enrollment: Total 965. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Business Management; Computer Information Science; Computer Networking; Computer Programming; Computer Repair; Early Childhood Education; Mid-Management; Office Technology; Quality Control; Supermarket Management; Telecommunications Technology

Universal Schools and Colleges of Health and Human Services

10002 N. 7th St., Apt. 1097, Phoenix, AZ 85020-1755. Trade and Technical. Founded 1998. Contact: Gary Fell, (602)433-5544, 888-433-5545, Fax: (602)433-5561. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $2,195. Enrollment: Total 15. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Investigation (160 Hr)

Western's School of Horseshoeing, Inc.

2801 W. Maryland Ave., Phoenix, AZ 85017-1204. Trade and Technical. Founded 1970. Contact: Terry Western, (602)242-2560, Fax: (602)242-6670. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Other. Tuition: $3,300 (equipment/tool costs are not included). Enrollment: Total 10. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Curriculum: Horseshoeing (8 Wk)

PRESCOTT

Artistic Beauty Colleges-Prescott

410 W. Goodwin St., Prescott, AZ 86303. Cosmetology. Contact: Dawn Williamson, President, (928)778-5064, 888-303-0267, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $12,600; $1,250 books and fees. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (40-65 Wk); Cosmetology Instructor (17 Wk); Esthetician (20-24 Wk); Nail Technology (20-24 Wk)

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Prescott Campus

3700 Willow Creek Rd., Prescott, AZ 86301-3720. Flight and Ground, Other. Founded 1926.(928)777-6600, 800-888-3728, Fax: (928)777-6606, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.embryriddle.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $28,865/year; $13,340 room and board/year. Enrollment: Total 1,467. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: FAA; SACS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Aeronautics; Aviation Maintenance Technology; Aviation Management; Aviation Technology; Electrical Engineering Technology; Information Sciences Technology

Yavapai College

1100 E. Sheldon St., Prescott, AZ 86301. Two-Year College. Founded 1969. Contact: Michael Dougherty, Dean of Student Services, (602)445-7300, (928)776-2219, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www2.yc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 5,800. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Automotive Technology; Business Administration; Clerical, General; Computer Aided Design; Construction Technology; Data Entry; Data Processing; Electronics Assembly; Emergency Medical Technology; Fire Science; Graphic Design; Gunsmithing; Law Enforcement; Manufacturing Technology; Medical Office Management; Mid-Management; Nursing, R.N.; Office Administration; Photography; Power Plant Mechanics; Secretarial, General; Secretarial, Legal; Welding Technology; Word Processing

SAN LUIS

PPEP Tech

10455 W. Ave. B, San Luis, AZ 85349. Business. Founded 1967. Contact: Mary Loveland, (928)627-8050, 800-573-7737, Fax: (602)627-8980. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $4,300 6-month program. Enrollment: men 9, women 20. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCET. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, Automated (6 Mo); Data Processing (6 Mo); Word Processing (6 Mo)

SCOTTSDALE

Artistic Beauty Colleges-Scottsdale

7730 E. McDowell Rd., No. 106, Scottsdale, AZ 85257. Cosmetology. Contact: Dawn Williamson, President, (602)248-2828, (480)949-7557, 888-303-0267, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $12,600; $1,250 books and fees. Enrollment: Total 62. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (40-65 Wk); Cosmetology Instructor (17 Wk); Esthetician (20-24 Wk); Nail Technology (20-24 Wk)

Discovery Detective Academy

6501 E. Greenway Pkwy., Stes. 103-500, Scottsdale, AZ 85254. Trade and Technical. Founded 1981. Contact: Dana Young, (480)946-7173, 800-589-2098, Fax: (480)922-4656, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://discoverydetectivegroup.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $4965. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Continuing Education; Investigation (345 Hr); Process Server

Golf Academy of Arizona

7373 N. Scottsdale Rd., Ste, B-100, Scottsdale, AZ 85253. Trade and Technical. Founded 1966. Contact: Vicki Burgess, Student Dir., (480)905-9288, 800-342-7342, Fax: (480)905-8705, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.sdgagolf.com; Web Site: http://www.sdgagolf.com/info_form.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Trisemester. Tuition: $9,563; $700 books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 100. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Golf Course Management (2 Yr)

Phoenix Therapeutic Massage College

8010 East McDowell Rd., Ste. 214, Scottsdale, AZ 85257. Other, Allied Medical. Founded 1981. Contact: Fredonna Newton, (480)945-9461, Fax: (602)425-8247, Web Site: http://www.ptmcaz.net. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $7,605-$12,175. Enrollment: Total 100. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: ACCET; AMTA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (640-1160Hr)

Rainstar University

8370 E. Via de Ventura, Ste. K100, Scottsdale, AZ 85258. Other. Founded 1994. Contact: Jody Russell, Founder/CEO, (480)423-0375, 888-RAINSTAR, Fax: (480)990-8854, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.rainstaruniversity.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: College of Oriental Medicine: $42,000 plus books, supplies, fees; Massage: $12.00/clock hr., $16,080 degree, $12,480 100. Enrollment: men 100, women 150. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: NCBTMB; ACAOM. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Acupuncture (39 Mo); Homeopathic Medicine (39 Mo); Massage Therapy (6-18 Mo)

Sales Training Institute

8485 E. McDonald Dr., No. 323, Scottsdale, AZ 85250-6335. Trade and Technical. Founded 1957. Contact: Phyllis Porter, Mgr., (480)994-8069, 800-784-1552, Fax: (480)601-3629, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.salesinstitute.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Salesmanship (18 Hr)

Sawyer Aviation Flight Training Center

15000 North Airport Dr., No. 7, Scottsdale, AZ 85260-2462. Flight and Ground. Founded 1961. Contact: Hiram Miller, Dir., (480)922-5652, 877-FLY-SAWYER, Fax: (480)922-5653, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.sawyeraviation.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $5000 to $8000. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: FAA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Aircraft Flight Instruction; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Commercial Flying; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Flight Instructor; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Instrument Flying; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Multi-Engine Rating - Airplane

Scottsdale Community College

9000 E. Chaparral Rd., Scottsdale, AZ 85250. Two-Year College. Founded 1970.(480)423-6000, (480)423-6549, Fax: (480)423-6200, Web Site: http://www.sc.maricopa.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $60 resident, $258 out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 11,479. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NLNAC; NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Architectural Technology (2 Yr); Business Automation (1 Yr); Business, General Office (2 Yr); Business, International (1 Yr); Child Care & Guidance (1-2 Yr); Computer Information Science (2 Yr); Computer Networking (2 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Culinary Arts (1 Yr); Early Childhood Education (1 Yr); Electrical Technology (1-2 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (1 Yr); Fire Science (1 Yr); Horse Management (1-2 Yr); Hospitality (1 Yr); Hotel & Motel Management (1 Yr); Interior Design (2 Yr); Law Enforcement (1 Yr); Motion Pictures; Nurses Aide; Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Restaurant Operations (2 Yr); Retail Management (2 Yr); Safety Technology (2 Yr); Secretarial, General; Secretarial, Medical; Small Business Management (2 Yr); Television Production; Tribal Management; Word Processing (1 Yr)

Scottsdale Culinary Institute

8100 E. Camelback Rd., Ste. 1001, Scottsdale, AZ 85251. Trade and Technical. Founded 1986. Contact: Fred Pressel, (602)990-3773, 888-356-6666, Fax: (602)990-0351, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.chefs.edu/. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $27,000; $1,200 books & supplies. Enrollment: men 423, women 205. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Chef Training; Culinary Arts; Food Service & Management; Hotel & Restaurant Cooking

Tony and Guy Academy

7201 E. Camelback, Ste. 100, Scottsdale, AZ 85251. Cosmetology. Founded 1984. Contact: Robert A. Smith, Dir., (480)994-4222, Fax: (480)994-8319, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.attheacademy.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Year. Tuition: $9,975. Enrollment: Total 65. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology

SIERRA VISTA

Devoe College of Beauty

750 Bartow, Sierra Vista, AZ 85635. Cosmetology. Founded 1977. Contact: Martha Sprenkle, (520)458-8660, Fax: (520)458-8514, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $8,340 (Cosmetology); $3,200 (Nail Tech). Enrollment: men 3, women 37. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1 Yr); Cosmetology Instructor (5 Mo); Manicurist (4 Mo)

TEMPE

Arizona School of Massage Therapy - Tempe Branch Campus

1409 W. Southern Ave., Ste. 6, Tempe, AZ 85282. Trade and Technical. Founded 1986.(480)983-2222, 877-969-2639, Fax: (480)784-9477, Web Site: http://www.arizonasmt.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $8,900-$13,240. Enrollment: Total 1,100. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCET. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (7-12 Mo)

Bartending Academy (Tempe)

1250 E. Apache Blvd., Ste. 108, Tempe, AZ 85281. Trade and Technical. Founded 1994. Contact: Richard Majdansk, (480)921-9925, (602)957-3771, 800-BAR-TEND, Fax: (480)860-6957, (480)377-8112, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.pbsa.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $99-$499. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Bartending (40 Hr)

Bryman School-Tempe

8945 S. Harl Dr., Ste. 102, Tempe, AZ 85284. Allied Medical, Trade and Technical.800-819-6471, Fax: (480)763-1415, Web Site: http://www.brymanschool.edu; Web Site: http://www.brymanschool.edu/request.php?. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Week. Tuition: $9,821 - $20,971. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Dental Assisting (63 Wk); Hospital Management (63 Wk); Massage Therapy (74 Wk); Medical Assistant (63 Wk); Medical Billing (64 Wk); Pharmacy Technician (64 Wk); Surgical Technology (72 Wk)

Carsten Institute of Hair and Beauty

3345 S. Rural Rd., Tempe, AZ 85282. Cosmetology. Founded 1989. Contact: Radhika Barcus, (480)491-0449, (480)491-1721, Fax: (480)820-3157, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.carsteninstitute.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $8,600-$12,700. Enrollment: Total 122. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available.

Collins College

1140 S. Priest Dr., Tempe, AZ 85281. Art. Founded 1978. Contact: Toby Craver, (480)966-3000, 800-310-0200, Fax: (480)966-2599, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.collinscollege.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Other. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: men 1,425, women 520. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Computer Networking (15-30 Mo); Interior Design (30 Mo); Visual Communications (18-30 Mo)

Conservatory of Recording Arts & Sciences

2300 E. Broadway Rd., Tempe, AZ 85282-1707. Trade and Technical. Founded 1980. Contact: Kirt Hamm, Administrator, (480)858-0764, 800-562-6383, Fax: (480)829-1332, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://audiorecordingschool.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $13,500. Enrollment: Total 480. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Audio Technology

International Academy of Hair Design

4812 S. Mill Ave., Tempe, AZ 85282. Cosmetology. Founded 1963. Contact: Jane Franks, Dir., (480)964-8675, Fax: (408)964-5528, Web Site: http://intlacademy.biz. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $12,500 cosmetology; $4,100 cos. inst. Enrollment: men 7, women 67. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1600 Hr); Cosmetology Instructor (650 Hr)

ITT Technical Institute (Tempe)

5005 S. Wendler Dr, Tempe, AZ 85282. Trade and Technical.(602)437-7500, 800-879-4881, Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu; Web Site: http://www.itttech.edu/contact/form.cfm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $14,196 per year. Enrollment: Total 675. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Computer Aided Drafting & Design (96 Credits); Computer Networking (96 Credits); Electrical Engineering Technology (96 Credits); Multimedia Design (96 Credits); Software Development/Engineering (96 Credits); Web Development (96 Credits)

Lamson College

1126 N. Scottsdale Rd., Ste. 17, Tempe, AZ 85281-1700. Two-Year College. Contact: James Alexander, Exec. Dir., (480)898-7000, 800-915-2194, Web Site: http://www.lamsoncollege.com. Private. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $11,067 in-state; $11,067 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ACICS. Placement service available.

Remington College (Tempe Campus)

875 W. Elliot Rd., Ste. 126, Tempe, AZ 85284-1133. Trade and Technical, Two-Year College.(480)834-1000, 800-395-4322, Fax: (480)491-2970, Web Site: http://remingtoncollege.edu; Web Site: http://remingtoncollege.edu/contact2.php4?campus=TEM. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Month. Tuition: $11,780-$31,540. Enrollment: Total 262. Degrees awarded: Diploma, Associate. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Computer Networking (24 Mo); Criminal Justice (18-24 Mo); Medical Assistant (8 Mo); Pharmacy Technician (8 Mo)

THATCHER

Eastern Arizona College

615 N. Stadium Ave, Thatcher, AZ 85552. Two-Year College. Founded 1921. Contact: Charlene Whitmire, Admissions, (928)428-8272, 800-678-3808, Fax: (928)428-8462, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.eac.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: includes tuition, books, room, meals: $2,804 resident; $5,294 out-of-state: $3,056 WUE states. Enrollment: Total 9,611. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Advertising; Agribusiness; Agriculture, General; Art; Auto Mechanics; Automotive Service; Auto Parts Specialist; Biological Technology; Bookkeeping; Business; Business Education; Computer Business Systems Technology; Computer Information Science; Computer Science; Criminal Justice; Drafting Technology; Early Childhood Education; Early Childhood Specialist; Emergency Medical Technology; Forestry Technology; Health Aide; Machine Shop; Medical Assistant; Medical Transcription; Microcomputers; Nurse, Assistant; Nursing, Practical; Office, General; Office Technology; Paramedic; Small Business Management; Welding Technology; Word Processing

TSAILE

Dine College

1 Circle Dr., Tsaile, AZ 86556. Two-Year College. Founded 1968. Contact: Edison Curtis, Dir., (928)724-6600, (928)724-6727, Fax: (928)724-3349, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.dinecollege.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $360 tuition; $2,812/semester (includes tuition, room, board, books, and fees). Enrollment: Total 1,000. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Business (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Computer Science (2 Yr); Engineering Technology (2 Yr); Fine Arts (2 Yr); Health Care & Management (2 Yr); Language (2 Yr); Office Administration (2 Yr); Office Technology (1 Yr); Social Work Technology (2 Yr)

TUCSON

Academy of Handwriting Sciences

PO Box 65095, Tucson, AZ 85728. Correspondence. Founded 1982. Contact: Heidi H. Harralson, (520)975-2275, Fax: (520)760-7444, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://iwhome.com/spectrum/academy.htm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $1895. Enrollment: Total 30. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available.

Apollo College

3550 N. Oracle Rd., Tucson, AZ 85705. Trade and Technical, Two-Year College. Founded 1984. Contact: Jeff Turner, (520)888-5885, 877-205-1458, Fax: (520)887-3005, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.apollocollege.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 280. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ABHES; AOTA; CAAHEP; JRCERT; AMTA; CARC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Administrative Assistant (9 Mo); Computer Networking (9-16 Mo); Database Management (9-16 Mo); Dental Assisting (9 Mo); Massage Therapy (16 Mo); Medical Assistant (9 Mo); Pharmacy Technician (10 Mo)

Arizona Academy of Beauty Inc.

5631 E. Speedway Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85712. Cosmetology. Contact: Stewart White, Owner, (520)885-4120, Web Site: http://www.arizonaacademy.com. Private. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $11,755. Enrollment: Total 71. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

Arizona School of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine

4646 E. Ft. Lowell, Ste. 104, Tucson, AZ 85712. Allied Medical, Other. Founded 1996. Contact: Mary Hall-Gatzka, Admissions Dir., (520)795-0787, 877-367-5624, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://asaom.edu; Lynn Reed, Financial Aid Advisor, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Enrollment: Total 33. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: ACAOM; NCBTMB. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Acupuncture (36 Mo); Homeopathic Medicine (36 Mo); Orthodontic Assisting (36 Mo)

The Art Center Design College

2525 N. Country Club Rd., Tucson, AZ 85716. Other. Founded 1983. Contact: Colleen Gimbel-Froebe, (520)325-0123, 800-825-8753, Fax: (520)325-5535, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.theartcenter.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $310 per quarter credit hour. Enrollment: men 160, women 140. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ACCSCT; FIDER. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Art, Advertising - Commercial (18 Mo); Computer Graphics (9 Mo)

Artistic Beauty Colleges-Tucson

3210 E. Speedway Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85716. Cosmetology. Contact: Dawn Williamson, President, (602)248-2828, (520)327-6544, 888-303-0267, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $12,700; $1,250 books and fees. Enrollment: Total 131. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (40-65 Wk); Cosmetology Instructor (17 Wk); Esthetician (20-24 Wk); Nail Technology (20-24 Wk)

Artistic Beauty Colleges-Tuscon North

4343 N. Oracle Rd., Ste. i, Tucson, AZ 85705. Cosmetology. Contact: Dawn Williamson, President, (520)888-3011, 888-303-0267, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.artisticbeautycolleges.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Week. Tuition: $12,600; $1,250 books and fees. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (40-65 Wk); Cosmetology Instructor (17 Wk); Esthetician (20-24 Wk); Nail Technology (20-24 Wk)

Barbizon of Tucson, Inc.

4811 E. Grant Rd., Ste. 255, Tucson, AZ 85712. Other. Founded 1939. Contact: Jean Hutchinson, Dir., (520)323-5010, 800-211-1262, Fax: (520)323-7797, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.barbizonmodeling.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Modeling & Personal Improvement

Brodsky School of Real Estate

720 S. Craycroft, Tucson, AZ 85711. Other. Founded 1977. Contact: F. Brodsky, (520)747-1485, 877-276-3759, Fax: (520)747-1455, Web Site: http://brodskyschool.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Month. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Mortgage Broker (24 Hr); Real Estate, Basic (90 Hr); Real Estate Broker (90 Hr)

Chaparral Career College

4585 E. Speedway, Ste. 204, Tucson, AZ 85712. Other, Business. Founded 1968. Contact: Scott Rhude, Pres., (520)327-6866, 888-827-2064, Fax: (520)325-0108, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.chap-col.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $2,560/quarter. Enrollment: men 156, women 239. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (70-140 Wk); Business Administration (60-140 Wk); Criminal Justice (60-140 Wk); Medical Insurance Specialist (70 Wk)

Desert Institute of the Healing Arts (Cortiva Institute)

140 E. 4th St., Tucson, AZ 85705. Trade and Technical. Founded 1982. Contact: Becky Rosenthal, Admissions Coordinator, (520)882-0899, (866)COR-TIVA, Fax: (520)624-2996, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cortiva.edu; Web Site: http://www.cortiva.com/locations/diha/about/RequestInfo.html?SchoolId=10. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: massage therapy $11,493 (1000 hr day), $8,622 (750 hr night); $8,046 zen shiatsu. Enrollment: Total 162. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT; COMTA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (1000 Hr)

Fleur De Lis Institute of Landscape Design/Management

1133 S. Swan Rd., Tucson, AZ 85711-4909. Other. Founded 2003. Contact: Milton Corey, Executive Dir., (520)747-8200, (866)747-8300, Fax: (520)747-0300, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.fdlinstitute.org. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $180/Credit hr; $9,360/Certificate; $17,640/Associate. Degrees awarded: Associate, Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Landscaping

Fosi's Glamour Techniques & Modeling School

2777 N. Campbell Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719. Trade and Technical. Contact: F.C. Burritt, (520)795-3534, Fax: (520)795-6037. Private. HS diploma not required. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Curriculum: Modeling & Charm; Modeling, Professional

ITT Technical Institute (Tucson)

1455 W. River Rd., Tucson, AZ 85704. Trade and Technical. Founded 1984. Contact: Tim Riordan, Dir. of Education, (520)408-7488, 800-870-9730, Fax: (520)292-9899, Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu; Web Site: http://www.itt-tech.edu/contact/form.cfm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $14,196 per year. Enrollment: Total 515. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Computer Aided Drafting & Design (96 Credits); Computer Networking (96 Credits); Electrical Engineering Technology (96 Credits); Multimedia Design (96 Credits); Software Development/Engineering (96 Credits); Web Development (96 Credits)

Pima Community College - Community Campus

401 North Bonita Ave., Tucson, AZ 85709-5000. Two-Year College, Trade and Technical. Founded 1969. Contact: Wendy Kilgore, Dir. of Admissions-Registrar, (520)206-3933, (520)206-4790, 800-860-PIMA, Fax: (520)206-4790, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.pima.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $44 per credit hour in-state; $75 per credit out-of-state. Enrollment: Total 31,545. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: JRCRTE; ADA; NLNAC; NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Aircraft Airframe Maintenance (2 Yr); Aircraft Mechanics (2 Yr); Aircraft Powerplant Maintenance (2 Yr); Art (2 Yr); Automation Technology (2 Yr); Auto Mechanics (1 Yr); Avionics (2 Yr); Building Construction Technology (1-2 Yr); Business (1-2 Yr); Child Care - Nanny (2 Yr); Commercial Vehicle; Computer Applications (1-2 Yr); Correctional Science (2 Yr); Counseling (1 Yr); Crime Scene Technology (1 Yr); Culinary Arts (1 Sm); Dental Laboratory Technology (2 Yr); Digital Computing (2 Yr); Digital Program Design (2 Yr); Drug Abuse Counseling (2 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 Yr); Education; Educational Media Technology (1 sm-1 Yr); Electronics Technology (2 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (1 Sm); Fire Science (1 Sm); Human Services (1 Yr); Information Sciences Technology (2 Yr); Interior Design (2 Yr); Machine Technology (1-2 Yr); Mechanics, Aviation (2 Yr); Nurse, Assistant (1 Sm); Nursing, Practical (1 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Office Administration (2 Yr); Office, General (1 Yr); Optical Technology; Paralegal (2 Yr); Pharmacy Technician (2 Yr); Physical Fitness (1 Yr); Radiologic Technology (2 Yr); Respiratory Therapy (1 Yr); Secretarial, Bilingual (1 Sm); Secretarial, Executive (2 Yr); Secretarial, General (2 Yr); Secretarial, Legal (2 Yr); Secretarial, Medical (2 Yr); Sewing, Commercial (2 Yr); Social Services Aide (2 Yr); Technological Studies (2 Yr); Tourism (1 Yr); Travel & Tourism (1-2 Yr); Truck Driving (1 sm-1 Yr); Veterinary Technology (2 Yr); Youth Services (2 Yr)

Pima Medical Institute - Tucson

3350 E. Grant Rd., Ste. 200, Tucson, AZ 85716. Allied Medical, Trade and Technical. Founded 1972. Contact: Judith T. Kautz, (520)326-1600, 800-477-PIMA, Fax: (520)326-4125, Web Site: http://www.pmi.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: varies. Enrollment: men 409, women 583. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ABHES; JRCERT; NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Dental Assisting (30 Wk); Hospital Ward Clerk (18 Wk); Medical Assistant (35 Wk); Medical Technology - Phlebotomy (11 Wk); Ophthalmic Assistant (32 Wk); Pharmacy Technician (32 Wk); Physical Therapy Technology (33 Wk); Radiologic Technology (96 Wk); Respiratory Therapy (108.5 Wk); Secretarial, Medical (20 Wk); Veterinary Assistant (31 Wk)

PPEP-TEC

802 E. 46th St., Tucson, AZ 85713. Business. Founded 1983. Contact: Elise Arnold, Dir., (520)622-3553, Fax: (520)622-1480. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: men 70, women 130. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCET. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, Automated (750 Hr); Data Processing (750 Hr); Office, General (540 Hr); Small Business Management (750 Hr); Word Processing (750 Hr)

Tucson School of Horseshoeing

2230 N. Kimberlee Rd., Tucson, AZ 85749. Trade and Technical. Founded 1972. Contact: George Goode, Owner, (520)749-5212, 800-657-2779, Fax: (520)760-0886, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.tucsonhorseshoeing.com. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Month. Tuition: $1,000-2 wk; $2,000-4 wk; $2,850-6 wk; $3,550-8 wk; $5,550-12 wk. Enrollment: men 22, women 6. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Horseshoeing (6 Wk)

Wesland Institute Inc.

3367 N. Country Club, Tucson, AZ 85716. Other, Correspondence. Founded 1988. Contact: Richard Corvino, (520)881-1530, Fax: (520)881-1530, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.weslandinstitute.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $1,200. Enrollment: Total 10. Degrees awarded: Diploma, Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Hypnotism

YUMA

Arizona Western College

2020 S. Ave 8 E, Box 929, Yuma, AZ 85366-0929. Two-Year College. Founded 1963. Contact: Dr. Joann Linville, VP Student Services, (928)317-6000, 888-293-0392, Fax: (928)344-7730, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.azwestern.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Enrollment: Total 6,450. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Agribusiness; Agricultural Science; Agriculture, General; Air Conditioning; Art; Auto Mechanics; Automotive Technology; Biological Technology; Broadcasting Technology; Business; Business Administration; Casino Operations; Chemical Technology; Computer Aided Drafting; Computer Graphics; Computer Information Science; Computer Networking; Criminal Justice; Culinary Arts; Dietetic Technology; Early Childhood Specialist; Emergency Medical Technology; Engineering; Engineering Technology; Family Living Specialist; Fire Science; Geology; Hospitality; Human Services; Industrial Technology; Instructor, Vocational Education; Juvenile Justice; Language; Marketing Management; Mathematics; Medical Transcription; Microcomputers; Music; Nurses Aide; Nursing, Practical; Nursing, R.N.; Oceanographic Technology; Office Administration; Physical Education; Plant Science; Television Production; Theatre Arts; Water & Waste Water Pollution Technology; Welding Technology

Yuma School of Beauty

50 W. 3rd St., Yuma, AZ 85364. Cosmetology. Founded 1946. Contact: Marilyn M. Davis, (928)783-3141, 888-783-3141, Fax: (928)783-6811, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.yumaschoolofbeauty.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Other. Tuition: $6,000 cosmetology; $3,000 nail technology; $3,000 esthetics. Enrollment: Total 45. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (10 Mo); Cosmetology Instructor (4 Mo); Esthetician (4 Mo); Manicurist (4 Mo)

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Arizona

Arizona

1 Location and Size

2 Topography

3 Climate

4 Plants and Animals

5 Environmental Protection

6 Population

7 Ethnic Groups

8 Languages

9 Religions

10 Transportation

11 History

12 State Government

13 Political Parties

14 Local Government

15 Judicial System

16 Migration

17 Economy

18 Income

19 Industry

20 Labor

21 Agriculture

22 Domesticated Animals

23 Fishing

24 Forestry

25 Mining

26 Energy and Power

27 Commerce

28 Public Finance

29 Taxation

30 Health

31 Housing

32 Education

33 Arts

34 Libraries and Museums

35 Communications

36 Press

37 Tourism, Travel & Recreation

38 Sports

39 Famous Arizonians

40 Bibliography

State of Arizona

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Probably from the Pima or Papago Indian word arizonac, meaning “place of small springs.”

NICKNAME : The Grand Canyon State.

CAPITAL: Phoenix.

ENTERED UNION: 14 February 1912 (48th).

OFFICIAL SEAL: Depicted on a shield are symbols of the state’s economy and natural resources, including mountains, a rising sun, and a dam and reservoir in the background; irrigated farms and orchards in the middle distance; a quartz mill, a miner, and cattle in the foreground; and the state motto. The words “Great Seal of the State of Arizona 1912” surround the shield.

FLAG: A copper-colored five-pointed star symbolic of the state’s copper resources rises from a blue field; six yellow and seven red segments radiating from the star cover the upper half.

MOTTO: Ditat Deus (God enriches).

SONG: “Arizona;” “Arizona March Song.”

FLOWER: Blossom of the saguaro cactus.

TREE: Palo verde.

BIRD: Cactus wren.

NECKWEAR: Bola tie.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year’s Day, 1 January; Martin Luther King Jr./Civil Rights Day, 3rd Monday in January; Lincoln/Washington/Presidents’ Day, 3rd Monday in February; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME: 5 AM MST = noon GMT. Arizona does not observe daylight savings time.

1 Location and Size

Located in the Rocky Mountains region of the southwestern United States, Arizona ranks sixth in size among the 50 states. The total area of Arizona is 114,000 square miles (295,260 square kilometers), of which land takes up 113,508 square miles (293,986 square kilometers) and inland water 492 square miles (1,274 square kilometers). Arizona extends about 340 miles (547 kilometers) east-west. The state’s maximum north-south extension is 395 miles (636 kilometers). Arizona’s total boundary length is 1,478 miles (2,379 kilometers).

2 Topography

The Colorado Plateau, which covers two-fifths of the state in the north, is an arid upland region characterized by deep canyons, including the Grand Canyon, a vast gorge more than 200 miles (320 kilometers) long, up to 18 miles (29 kilometers) wide, and more than 1 mile (1.6 kilometers) deep. Also within this region are the Painted Desert and Petrified Forest, as well as Humphreys Peak, the highest point in the state, at 12,633 feet (3,853 meters).

The Mogollon Rim separates the northern plateau from a central region of alternating basins and ranges. Ranges in the Mexican Highlands in the southeast include the Chiricahua, Dos Cabezas, and Pinaleno mountains. The Sonora Desert, in the southwest, contains the lowest point in the state, 70 feet (21 meters) above sea level, on the Colorado River near Yuma.

The Colorado is the state’s major river. Tributaries of the Colorado include the Little Colorado and Gila rivers. Arizona has few natural lakes, but there are several large artificial lakes formed by dams for flood control, irrigation, and power development. These include Lake Mead, formed by Hoover Dam; Lake Mohave, formed by David Dam; Lake Havasu, formed by Parker Dam; Roosevelt Lake, formed by Theodore Roosevelt Dam; and the San Carlos Lake, created by Coolidge Dam.

3 Climate

Arizona has a dry climate. Average daily temperatures at Yuma, in the southwestern desert, range from 48°f to 69°f (8°c to 20°c) in January and from 81°f to 107°f (27°c to 41°c) in July. The maximum recorded temperature was 128°f

Arizona Population Profile

Total population estimate in 2006:6,166,318
Population change, 2000–06:20.2%
Hispanic or Latino†:28.6%
Population by race 
One race:97.6%
White:76.2%
Black or African American:3.1%
American Indian /Alaska Native:4.7%
Asian:2.2%
Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander:0.1%
Some other race:11.3%
Two or more races:2.4%

Population by Age Group

Major Cities by Population
City Population % change 2000–05
Notes: †A person of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race. NA indicates that data are not available.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey and Population Estimates. www.census.gov/ (accessed March 2007).
Phoenix1,461,57510.6
Tucson515,5265.9
Mesa442,78011.7
Glendale239,4359.4
Chandler234,93933.0
Scottsdale226,01311.5
Gilbert173,98958.6
Tempe161,1431.6
Peoria138,20027.5
Yuma84,6889.3

(53°c), registered at Lake Havasu City on 29 June 1994. The record minimum of -40°f (-40°c), was set at Hawley Lake on 7 January 1971.

Annual precipitation ranges from 3 inches (8 centimeters) in the extreme southwest to between 25 and 30 inches (63 to 76 centimeters) at the highest elevations of the state. Snow falls on the highest peaks each winter, sometimes accumulating as much as 100 inches (254 centimeters). Snowfall is rare in the southern and western lowlands.

4 Plants and Animals

The desert is known for many varieties of cacti including the saguaro, whose blossom is the state flower; the cholla; and the widely utilized yucca. Desert flowers include the night-blooming cereus. The jojoba is a medicinal desert flower that is also harvested for its oil-bearing seeds. Trees include spruce, fir, juniper, ponderosa pine, oak, and piñon.

Arizona’s native animals range from desert species of lizards and snakes to the deer, elk, and

Arizona Population by Race

Census 2000 was the first national census in which the instructions to respondents said, “Mark one or more races.” This table shows the number of people who are of one, two, or three or more races. For those claiming two races, the number of people belonging to the various categories is listed. The U.S. government conducts a census of the population every ten years.

 Number Percent
Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Census 2000: Redistricting Data. Press release issued by the Redistricting Data Office. Washington, D.C., March, 2001. A dash (—) indicates that the percent is less than 0.1.
Total population5,130,632100.0
One race4,984,10697.1
Two races138,6552.7
White and Black or African American13,7320.3
White and American Indian/Alaska Native23,0090.4
White and Asian15,6240.3
White and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander2,044
White and some other race.62,9271.2
Black or African American and American Indian/Alaska Native2,8890.1
Black or African American and Asian1,346
Black or African American and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander200
Black or African American and some other race4,5370.1
American Indian/Alaska Native and Asian809
American Indian/Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander249
American Indian/Alaska Native and some other race.5,4300.1
Asian and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander1,556
Asian and some other race3,5370.1
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander and some other race766
Three or more races.7,8710.2

antelope of the northern highlands. Mountain lion, jaguar, coyote, and black and brown bears are found in the state. Prairie dog “towns” dot the northern regions. Rattlesnakes are abundant, and the desert is filled with reptiles such as the collared lizard and chuckwalla. Native birds include the thick-billed parrot, white pelican, and cactus wren (the state bird). As of April 2006, there were 35 animal species and 18 plant species listed as endangered or threatened by the US Fish and Wildlife Service. These include the desert tortoise, the lesser long-nosed bat, the southern bald eagle, masked bobwhite (quail), Sonoran pronghorn, ocelot, jaguar, black-footed ferret, four species of chub, two species of gray wolf, woundfin, Apache trout, Gila topminnow, Gila trout, and southwestern willow flycatcher.

5 Environmental Protection

Aside from Phoenix, whose air quality is poorer than that of most other US cities, Arizona has long been noted for its clear air, open lands, and beautiful forests. The main environmental concern of the state is to protect these resources in the face of growing population, tourism, and industry.

State agencies with responsibility for the environment include the State Land Department, the Game and Fish Commission, the Department of Health Services, and the Department of Water Resources.

Legislation enacted in 1980 attempts to apportion water use among cities, mining, and agriculture, the last of which, through irrigation, accounts for the largest share of the state’s annual water consumption. In 2003, the Environmental Protection Agency’s database listed 167 hazardous waste sites in Arizona, nine of which were on the National Priorities List as of 2006.

6 Population

Arizona rose to 16th (from 17th) in population among the 50 states, with an estimated total population of 6,166,318 people in 2006. The population is projected to reach 9.5 million by 2025. In 2004, Arizona had a population density of only 50.6 persons per square mile (19.5 persons per square kilometer).

In 2004, the median age was 34.1 years old. As of 2005, approximately 13% of Arizonans were 65 years of age or older and about 27% of all residents were 18 years old or younger. Three out of four Arizonans live in urban areas. Phoenix had a 2005 population of over 1.46 million people. The next largest cities in 2005 were Tucson, 515,526; Mesa, 442,780; Glendale, 239,435; and Chandler, 234,939. More than half of the population lives in Maricopa County, which includes every major city except Tucson.

7 Ethnic Groups

In 2000, Arizona had the third-highest population of Native Americans in the nation, with a total of 255,879 people, or 5% of the state total population. The largest single Native American nation, the Navaho, had a population of 104,565 in 2000. The Navaho reservation is located primarily in the northeastern part of the state. Herders by tradition, the people are also famous for their crafts. There are at least 12 and perhaps 17 other tribes within the states. After the Navaho, the leading tribes are the Papago in the south, the Apache in the east, and the Hopi in the northeast. The Hopi reservation had a population of 6,946 in 2000.

Also in 2000, the largest ethnic majority is the Hispanic and Latino population, estimated at 1,295,617. In 2006, about 28.6% of the total population reported Hispanic or Latino origins. There are some old, long-settled Spanish villages, but most Hispanics (about 1,065,578 people) are of Mexican origin. There were an estimated 158,873 black residents as of 2000. In 2006, about 3.1% of the population was black. Filipinos, Chinese, Japanese, and other Asians made up 2.2% of the population.

8 Languages

The linguistic influence of Arizona’s Papago, Pima, Apache, Navajo, and Hopi tribes is almost totally limited to some place-names, including Arizona, Tucson, and Yuma. Most borrowed Indian words are derived from the Nahuatl speech of the Mexican Aztecs—for example, coyote, chili, mesquite, and tamale.

English in the state is a blend of North Midland and South Midland dialects without clear regional differences. As of 2000, 74.1% of all residents five years old and older speak only English at home. Other languages spoken at home, and the number of people speaking them, include Spanish, 927,395 (or 19.5%); Navaho, 89,951; various Native American languages, 30,109; and German, 25,103.

9 Religions

The first religions of Arizona were the sacred beliefs and practices of the Indians. Catholic missionaries began converting Arizona Indians (Franciscans among the Hopi, and Jesuits among the Pima) to the Christian faith in the late 17th century. In 2004, the state had 906,692 Catholics. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) was the second-largest Christian denomination with 346,677 adherents in 2006. Other major Christian denominations included the Southern Baptist Convention, 138,516 adherents; Assemblies of God reported 82,802 members in 2000 while the United Methodist Church had 53,232 members. Arizona’s estimated Jewish population in 2000 was 81,675. There were about 11,857 Muslims the same year. There were also about 25 Buddhist and 9 Hindu congregations. About 60% of the population were not counted as members of any religious organization.

10 Transportation

In 2003, there were 1,836 rail miles (2,956 kilometers), with 10 railroads operating in the state. The state has two Class I railroads, Burlington Northern Santa Fe and Union Pacific. Amtrak provides limited passenger service through Flagstaff, Kingman, and other cities in the north, and through Tucson, Phoenix, and Yuma on the southern route.

The most famous early road was El Camino de Diablo (The Devil’s Highway), opened by the missionary Eusebio Kino in 1699. In 2004, the state had 58,112 miles (93,554 kilometers) of public streets and roads. In 2004, there were 3.9 million motor vehicles registered, including 2 million automobiles, 1.6 million trucks, and 1,000 buses. There were 3,783,927 licensed drivers in 2004.

Arizona had 190 airports and 108 heliports in 2005. The leading air terminal was Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport; Tucson International Airport ranked second.

11 History

It is believed that by ad 500, early inhabitants of present-day Arizona had acquired a basic agriculture from what is now Mexico. They were divided into several cultures—the Anasazi, the Mogollon, and the Hohokam. For reasons unknown—a devastating drought is the most likely explanation—these cultures were in decay and the population much reduced by the 14th century. Two centuries later, when the first Europeans arrived, most of the natives were living in simple shelters in fertile river valleys, dependent on hunting, gathering, and small-scale farming for subsistence. The Hopi were the oldest group, their roots reaching back to the Anasazi.

The Spanish presence in Arizona involved exploration, missionary work, and settlement. Between 1539 and 1605, four expeditions crossed the land, followed by Franciscan and Jesuit missionaries. The Spanish military outpost, or presidio, established at Tubac on the Santa Cruz River in 1752 was the first major European settlement in Arizona. The end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th were periods of relative peace on the frontier.

When Mexico revolted against Spain in 1810, the Arizona settlements were not affected. However, with the outbreak of the Mexican War in 1846, two US armies marched across the region. The California gold rush of 1849

saw thousands of Americans pass along the Gila River. In 1850, most of present-day Arizona became part of the new US Territory of New Mexico; the southern strip was added by the Gadsden Purchase in 1853.

The outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 saw the declaration of southern Arizona as Confederate territory. A small Confederate force entered Arizona in 1862 but was driven out by a volunteer Union army from California. On 24 February 1863, President Abraham Lincoln signed into law the Organic Act of Arizona, a measure creating the new Territory of Arizona.

Statehood The development of rich gold mines along the lower Colorado River and in the interior mountains attracted both people and money to Arizona, as did the discovery of silver in Tombstone and other districts in the late 1870s. Phoenix, established in 1868, grew steadily as an agricultural center, eventually becoming the state capital in 1889. On 14 February 1912, Arizona entered the Union as the 48th State.

World War I spurred the expansion of the copper industry, intensive agriculture, and livestock production, but the 1920s brought depression: banks closed, mines shut down, and agricultural production declined. To revive the economy, local citizens pushed highway construction, tourism, and the resort business. Arizona also shared in the general distress caused by the Great Depression of the 1930s and received large amounts of federal aid for relief and recovery.

Prosperity returned during World War II as camps for military training, prisoners of war, and displaced Japanese-Americans were built throughout the state. Arizona emerged from World War II a modern state. Wartime industries spawned an expanding peacetime manufacturing boom that soon provided the principal source of income, followed by tourism, agriculture, and mining.

During the 1950s, the political scene changed. Arizona Republicans captured the governorship, gained votes in the legislature, won congressional seats, and brought a viable two-party system to the state. The rise of Barry Goldwater of Phoenix to national prominence further encouraged Republican influence. Meanwhile, air conditioning changed lifestyles, prompting a significant migration to the state.

Arizona politics in recent years have been rocked by the discovery of corruption in high places. In 1988, Governor Evan Mecham was impeached on two charges of official misconduct. In 1989, two senators, John McCain and Dennis DeConcini, were indicted for influencing federal bank regulators on behalf of Lincoln Savings and Loan Association. Lincoln’s president, Charles Keating Jr., had contributed large sums to the senators’ re-election campaigns. In 1990, Peter MacDonald, the leader of the Navajo Nation, was convicted in the Navajo Tribal Court of soliciting $400,000 in bribes and kickbacks. In 1996, Governor Fife Symnigton was indicted on 23 counts of fraud and extortion in connection with his business ventures before becoming governor in 1991. He was convicted in 1997 and replaced by Jane Hull. Hull was elected in her own right in the 1998 elections, but lost the 2002 election to Janet Napolitano. Napolitano was thus the first woman elected to succeed another woman as a governor of a US state.

12 State Government

Legislative authority is vested in a 30-member senate and a 60-member house of representatives. All senators and representatives serve two-year terms and are chosen at the general election in November of each even-numbered year. Chief executive officials elected statewide include the governor, secretary of state the designated successor to the governor, as there is no lieutenant governor), treasurer, attorney general, state mine inspector, and superintendent of public instruction, all of whom serve four-year terms.

Bills may originate in either house of the legislature and must be passed by both houses and approved by the governor in order to become

law. A two-thirds vote in each house is necessary to override the governor’s veto. Under the initiative procedure, legislation and proposed constitutional amendments can be placed on the ballot by petition.

In 2004, the governor’s salary was $95,000 and the legislative salary was $24,000.

13 Political Parties

Conservative Republican Senator Barry Goldwater, who was first elected in 1952 and

Arizona Presidential Vote by Major Political Parties, 1960–2004

YEAR ELECTORAL VOTE ARIZONA WINNER DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN PROGRESSIVE
*Won US presidential election.
19484*Truman (D)95,25177,5973,310
19524*Eisenhower (R)108,528152,042
19564*Eisenhower (R)112,880176,990
19604Nixon (R)176,781221,241
19645Goldwater (R)237,753242,535
     AMERICAN IND.
19685*Nixon (R)170,514266,72146,573
     AMERICAN
19726*Nixon (R)198,540402,81221,208
19766Ford (R)295,602418,6427,647
19806*Reagan (R)246,843529,68818,784
19847*Reagan (R)333,854681,41610,585
19887*Bush (R)454,029702,54113,351
     IND. (PEROT)
19928Bush (R)543,086572,086353,741
19968*Clinton (D)653,288622,073112,072
20008*Bush, G. W. (R)685,341781,65245,645
200410*Bush, G. W. (R)893,5241,104,294

won the Republican presidential nomination in 1964, led the Republican party to dominance in Arizona politics in the post-World War II period. Arizonans gave the most votes to Republican presidential candidates in every election from 1952 through 1992. Several Arizona Republicans were appointed to high office during the Nixon years. Democrat and former governor Bruce Babbitt was named Secretary of the Interior for the Clinton administration in 1992.

Although Democrat Bill Clinton carried the state in the 1992 presidential election, Republicans continue to dominate Arizona politics. Republican John McCain was reelected US senator in 2004. Arizona’s other senator as of 2006, Jon Kyl, is also a Republican. Following the 2006 midterm elections, the state’s US House delegation consists of four Republicans and four Democrats. Republican George W. Bush was the Arizona winner in the 2000 and 2004 presidential elections. Following the 2006 elections, the state house had 32 Republicans and 28 Democrats, while the state Senate consists of 18 Republicans and 12 Democrats. However, Arizonans elected a Democrat, Janet Napolitano, as governor in 2002, and reelected her in 2006. Following the 2006 elections, there were 30 women (representing 33% of the total) serving in the Arizona state legislature.

14 Local Government

Arizona is divided into 15 counties. Local governmental units include towns, cities, and charter cities. Towns generally follow the council-mayor form of government. In 2005, there were 87 municipal governments and 305 special districts. The state also had 410 school districts. Each of the 21 Indian reservations in Arizona has a tribal council or board with members elected by the people.

15 Judicial System

The supreme court is the highest court in Arizona and has administrative responsibility over all other courts in the state. The court of appeals is organized in two geographical divisions which together have 22 judges. The superior court is the general trial court of the state; there must be at least one superior court judge in every Arizona county.

Counties are divided into precincts, each of which has a justice court. Every incorporated city and town has a police court. According to the FBI Crime Index of 2004, Arizona had a violent crime rate of 504.1 reported incidents per 100,000 population. In December 2004, federal and state institutions held 32,515 prisoners. As of 2006, Arizona had executed 22 prisoners since 1976.

16 Migration

Arizona’s first migrants were the ancient peoples who came from Asia across the Bering Strait more than 12,000 years ago. Hispanic settlers began arriving in the late 17th century. Anglo migration, especially from the South, became significant as the United States developed westward to California, and increased at an even faster rate with the building of the railroads during the 1880s. Migration has accelerated since World War II (1939–45). Mexico is the main source of foreign immigrants. In the period 2000–05, net international migration was 168,078 and net internal migration was 408,160 for a net gain of 576,238 people.

Arizona Governors: 1913–2007

1913–1916George Wylie Paul HuntDemocrat
1917Thomas Edward CampbellRepublican
1918George Wylie Paul HuntDemocrat
1919–1922Thomas Edward CampbellRepublican
1923–1928George Wylie Paul HuntDemocrat
1929–1930John C. PhillipsRepublican
1931–1932George Wylie Paul HuntDemocrat
1933–1936Benjamin Baker MoeurDemocrat
1937–1938Rawghlie Clement StanfordDemocrat
1939–1940Robert Taylor JonesDemocrat
1941–1948Sidney Preston OsbornDemocrat
1948–1950Dan E. GarveyDemocrat
1951–1954John Howard PyleRepublican
1955–1958Ernest William McFarlandDemocrat
1959–1964Paul Jones FanninRepublican
1965–1966Samuel Pearson Goddard, Jr.Democrat
1967–1975John Richard WilliamsRepublican
1975–1977Raul Hector CastroDemocrat
1977–1978Wesley H. BolinDemocrat
1978–1987Bruce Edward BabbittDemocrat
1987–1988Evan MechamRepublican
1988–1991Rose MoffordDemocrat
1991–1998Fife Symington (resigned)Republican
1998–2002Jane D. HullRepublican
2002–Janet NapolitanoDemocrat

17 Economy

Mining and cattle-raising were the main economic activities during the territorial period. With the introduction of irrigation in the early 1900s, farming became more important. Improvements in transportation later in the 20th century led to the development of manufacturing and tourism. Leading industries today include electronic components from the manufacturing sector, copper from the mining sector, and cattle and cotton from the farming sector. Tourism is also an important contributor to revenues.

Between 1973 and 1983, the state population increased by 39% (4th in the nation), and total personal income rose by 218% (6th in the nation). The economic recession of 1991 caused a decrease in jobs, but economic recovery in the 1990s was rapid. The state’s economy slowed during the 2001 recession in the nation, with many job layoffs. In 2004, 12,421 new businesses were formed and business terminations totaled 17,553.

18 Income

In 2005, the gross state product was $216 billion. In 2004, Arizona ranked 39th among the 50 states with a per capita (per person) income of $28,658. The three-year average median household income for 2002–04, was $42,590 compared to the national average of $44,473. For the same, 13.8% of Arizonians lived below the federal poverty level, compared to the national average of 12.4%. In 2001, the median income for a family of four was $56,067 compared to the national average of $63,278.

19 Industry

Manufacturing, which has grown rapidly since World War II, became the state’s leading economic activity in the 1970s. The major manufacturing centers are the Phoenix and Tucson areas. Principal industries include transportation equipment, computer and electronic equipment (semiconductors, communication equipment), fabricated metals, wood products, and food products. Major companies in the state include Motorola, Allied Signal Aerospace, and Honeywell.

20 Labor

In April 2006, the civilian labor force in Arizona numbered 2,948,600, with approximately 127,600 workers unemployed, yielding an unemployment rate of 4.3%, compared to the national average of 4.7% for the same period. It was estimated that in 2001, about 8.1% of the labor force was employed in construction; 7% in manufacturing; 19.4% in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 6.8% in financial services; 15% in professional business services; 10.8% in education and health; 10.2% in leisure and hospitality services, and 15.5% in government.

Organized labor has a long history in Arizona. A local of the Western Federation of Miners was founded in 1896. Nevertheless, the state’s work force is much less organized than that of the nation as a whole. In 2005, 145,000 of Arizona’s 2,366,000 employed wage and salary workers were members of unions. This represented 6.1% of those so employed. The national average is 12%.

21 Agriculture

Arizona’s agricultural output (including livestock products) was valued at $3.18 billion in 2005 (29th in the United States). In 2004, there were about 10,200 farms covering 24.7 million acres (10.7 million hectares), or about 39% of the state’s total area, but only 1.9 million acres (389,000 hectares), or 1.3% of the state, were actually farmed for crops. Arizona’s farmed cropland is intensely cultivated and highly productive. About 95% of all farmland is dependent on irrigation provided by dams and water projects.

In 2004, the state produced a total of 680,000 bales of Upland cotton, with a total value of $163.2 million. Arizona also produced 6,000 bales of American-Pima cotton, valued at $2.8 million. Other crops are head lettuce, hay, wheat, sorghum, barley, grapes, and citrus fruits.

22 Domesticated Animals

The total inventory of cattle and calves was an estimated 910,000 in 2005, with a value of $928.2 million. In 2005, the state had an estimated 100,000 sheep and lambs. In 2004, the state had 136,000 hogs and pigs valued at $14.9 million. A total of 3.5 billion pounds (1.6 billion kilograms) of milk was produced in 2003.

23 Fishing

Arizona has no commercial fishing. Sport fishing, however, is popular with residents and tourists. In 2004, the state had about 361,958 licensed sport fishermen. The Alchesay and the Williams Creek National Fish Hatcheries, located on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation in east central Arizona, have played a leading role in the recovery of the threatened Apache trout. Rainbow, cutthroat, brown, and brook trout are raised for stocking primarily on Indian lands in Arizona, western New Mexico, and southern Colorado. The coldwater Willow Beach National Hatchery, located downriver from Hoover Dam on the Arizona side of the Colorado River, raises rainbow trout. Approximately 750,000 trout are stocked annually in the Colorado River. The Pinetop Fish Health Center is a federally sponsored research and technology center.

24 Forestry

The lumber industry in Arizona began during the 19th century, when the building of the transcontinental railroad created a demand for railroad ties. Production of lumber from Arizona’s forests remained strong until the 1990s, during which the primary emphasis shifted to conservation and recreation. Lumber production in 2004 was 65 million board feet.

The main forest regions stretch from the northwest to the southeast, through the center of the state. Altogether, in 2003 there were 19,427,000 acres (7,862,000 hectares) of forestland in Arizona, over 25% of the state’s area and 2.6% of the US total forestland. Commercial timberland accounted for only 3,527,000 acres (1,427,000 hectares). National forests covered 11,891,000 acres (4,812,000 hectares). Lumber production remains an important emphasis on the Kaibab, Coconino, and Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests, and on the Hualapai, Navajo, Ft. Apache, and San Carlos Apache Indian Reservations.

25 Mining

Arizona ranked third in the nation in nonfuel mineral production value in 2004. According to US Geological Survey estimates, nonfuel mineral production in Arizona during 2004 was valued at $3.3 billion. Copper represented 64% of the nonfuel mineral production value in 2004. Construction sand and gravel was the state’s second-leading nonfuel mineral, followed by molybdenum concentrates, portland cement, and crushed stone.

In 2004, Arizona continued to lead the nation in copper and molybdenum production. The state accounted for over 62% of all copper mined and produced in the United States. Arizona also ranked second in production of gemstones; third in perlite and construction sand and gravel; seventh in silver; and tenth in gold.

Population growth and freeway construction projects in metropolitan Phoenix have contributed to Arizona’s ranking as the nation’s third-largest producer of sand and gravel.

26 Energy and Power

In 2003, Arizona produced 94 billion kilowatt hours of electric power (utility and nonutility). The state had 45 electrical power service providers. as of 2006, the state had one nuclear power plant in operation—the Palo Verde nuclear plant in Maricopa County.

In 2004, Arizona had six producing natural gas and gas condensate wells. In the same year, marketed gas production totaled about 331 million cubic feet (9.4 million cubic meters). Also in 2004, the state had two producing surface coal mines. Coal production that year was 12.7 million tons.

27 Commerce

In 2002, wholesale sales in Arizona totaled $60.9 billion. Most wholesale establishments are located in Maricopa and Pima counties. Retail sales in 2002 totaled $56.4 billion. In 2005, exports of goods produced in Arizona were worth $14.9 billion.

28 Public Finance

The governor’s budgets are prepared in the Office of Strategic Planning and Budgeting (OSPB). Government revenues for 2006 were $25.7 billion, while expenditures for the same period were $21.7 billion. The largest general expenditures were for education ($7.1 billion), public welfare ($5.1 billion), and highways ($1.8 billion). Arizona’s total outstanding debt was $6.7 billion, or about $1,180.13 per person.

29 Taxation

In 2005, 60.8% of state tax revenues were raised by the Arizona’s sales taxes (general and selective) and 25.9% by the state’s personal income tax.

The state retail sales tax rate is 5.6% (with exemptions for food). Localities can impose up to 4.5% additional sales tax for a maximum 10.1%. The personal income tax has five brackets ranging from 2.87% to 5.04%. Selective sales taxes (excises) accounted for 13.5% of state tax collections in 2005. Such excises are imposed on motor fuels, tobacco products, insurance premiums, alcoholic beverages, public utilities, and amusements.

Arizona’s corporate income tax is a flat 6.968% on net income. In 2005, corporate taxes accounted for 6.4% of state tax collections.

In 2005, Arizona ranked 40th among the states in per capita tax burden at about $1,854 per person, compared to the national average of $2,192 per person.

In 2005, Arizona’s infant mortality was 6.9 per 1,000 live births. The overall death rate in 2003 was 7.8 deaths per 1,000 population). As of 2002, death rates for major causes of death (per 100,000 population) were heart disease, 198.9; cancer, 171.5; cerebrovascular diseases, 46.5; chronic lower respiratory diseases, 47.2; and diabetes, 22.6. In 2004, the reported acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) rate was at about 9.8 per 100,000. As of 2004, about 18.5% of state residents were smokers.

In 2003, there were 61 community hospitals, with 10,800 beds. The state had 225 physicians per 100,000 people in 2004 and 522 nurses per 100,000 in 2005. In 2003, the average cost per day for hospital care was $1,570. At least 17% of the state population was uninsured in 2004.

31 Housing

In 2004, an estimated 2,458,231 housing units were in Arizona, of which 2,131,534 were occupied. In the same year, 68.7% of all housing units were owner-occupied. About 59% of all units were single-family detached homes and about 13.2% were mobile homes. It was estimated that about 101,678 units statewide were without telephone service, 14,897 lacked complete plumbing facilities, and 11,543 lacked complete kitchen facilities.

During 2004, approximately 90,600 new units were authorized. Also in 2004, the median value of a home was $145,741. The median monthly cost for mortgage owners was $1,130 while the median cost monthly cost for renters was $691.

32 Education

In 2004, 84.4% of Arizonans 25 years old and over were high school graduates. Some 28% had obtained a bachelor’s degree or higher.

The first public school in the state opened in 1871 at Tucson, with 1 teacher and 138 students. Total enrollment in public schools was estimated at 938,000 in fall 2002. Enrollment in private schools in fall 2003 was 46,366. Expenditures for public education in 2003/04 were estimated at $6.7 billion, or $6,036 per student.

As of fall 2002, there were 401,605 students enrolled in college or graduate school. As of 2005, Arizona had 74 degree-granting institutions. The leading public higher educational institutions, the University of Arizona at Tucson and Arizona State University (originally named the Arizona Territorial Normal School) at Tempe, were both established in 1885. The American Graduate School of International Management, a private institution, is located in Glendale.

33 Arts

The Arizona Commission on the Arts was established as a permanent state agency in 1967. The Arizona Humanities Council was established in 1973. Many state arts programs are supported by the Arizona Arts Endowment Fund (also called Arizona ArtShare), which was established in 1996. Arizona is also a member state of the Western States Art Federation. In 2005, the National Endowment for the Arts awarded 18 grants totaling $977,400 to Arizona arts organizations.

Arizona has traditionally been a center for Indian folk arts and crafts. Modern Arizona artists are featured at the Tucson Museum of Art and the Yuma Art Center. Musical and dramatic performances are presented in Phoenix, Tucson, Scottsdale, and other major cities. There are two major orchestras, the Phoenix Symphony and the Tucson Symphony Orchestra. The Arizona Opera Company and the Arizona Theatre Company perform in both Tucson and Phoenix. Ballet Arizona is based in Phoenix. The annual Grand Canyon Music Festival (est. 1984) features the finest in both classical and folk music.

34 Libraries and Museums

In 2001, Arizona had 35 public library systems with a combined book stock of 8,760,000 volumes and total circulation of 33,066,000. There were a total of 176 public libraries in the state. Principal public libraries include the Phoenix Public Library, the State Library and Department of Archives, and the Arizona Historical Society Library. The largest university libraries are located at the University of Arizona and Arizona State University.

Arizona has more than 120 museums and historic sites. Attractions in Tucson include the Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona Museum of Art, Arizona Historical Society, Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Flandreau Planetarium, and Gene C. Reid Zoological Park. Phoenix has the Heard Museum (anthropology and primitive art), Arizona Mineral Resources Museum, Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix Zoo, Pueblo Grande Museum, and the Desert Botanical Garden. The Museum of Northern Arizona and Lowell Observatory are in Flagstaff. Kitt Peak National Observatory is in Tucson.

Archaeological and historical sites include the cliff dwellings at the Canyon de Chelly, Casa Grande Ruins, Montezuma Castle, Tonto, and Tuzigoot national monuments and the town of Tombstone, the site of the famous O. K. Corral gunfight in the early 1880s.

35 Communications

Over 91.8% of the households in Arizona had telephones in 2004. Also in 2004, there were over 3 million mobile wireless phone subscribers. There were 70 major radio stations broadcasting in Arizona in 2005 (15 AM and 55 FM). The state also had 15 major television stations in 2005. In 2000, 59% of Phoenix’s 1,390,750 television households received cable. A total of 131,164 Internet domain names had been registered in Arizona by the year 2000. In 2003, 64.3% of households had a computer and 55.2% had Internet access.

36 Press

The Weekly Arizonian, started in 1859, was the first newspaper in the state. The Daily Arizona Miner, the state’s first daily, was founded at Prescott in 1866. As of 2005 there were 10 morning dailies, 6 evening dailies, and 11 Sunday editions of newspapers. Leading dailies (with 2005 daily circulation figures) include the Arizona Republic (413,268); the Arizona Daily Star (100,824); and The Citizen (30,090). Among the most notable magazines and periodicals published in Arizona are Arizona Highways, Phoenix Magazine, Phoenix Living, and Arizona Living, devoted to the local and regional lifestyle.

37 Tourism, Travel & Recreation

Tourism and travel is a leading industry in Arizona. In 2004, tourism and travel accounted for more than $13.76 billion in direct sales. There were about 27.8 million domestic visitors and 900,000 from overseas.

There are 22 national parks and monuments located entirely within Arizona. There are also 14 state parks that regularly attract over 1 million visitors per year. By far the most popular is Grand Canyon National Park. Petrified Forest

National Park and Saguaro National Monument are also popular national parks.

Popular for sightseeing and shopping are the state’s Indian reservations, particularly those of the Navajo and Hopi. The red rock country of Sedona is a popular destination. There are also a number of resorts and spas across the state. Biosphere 2 in Oracle is another popular tourist attraction.

38 Sports

There are five major league professional teams in Arizona, all in Phoenix: the Cardinals of the National Football League, the Suns of the National Basketball Association, the Coyotes of the National Hockey League, the Mercury of the Women’s National Basketball Association, and the Diamondbacks of the National League in baseball. The Diamondbacks captured the World Series in 2001.

There is a minor league hockey team, also in Phoenix. Several Major League Baseball teams hold spring training in Arizona, and there is a minor league team in Tucson, as well as several rookie league teams throughout the state. There is horse racing at Turf Paradise in Phoenix, and dog racing at Phoenix, Tucson, and Yuma. Auto racing is held at Manzanita Raceway and International Raceway, in Phoenix. Phoenix International Raceway also hosts a NASCAR Winston Cup event in early November. Both

Phoenix and Tucson have hosted tournaments on the Professional Golfers Association’s nationwide tour.

The first organized rodeo that awarded prizes and charged admission was held in Prescott on 4 July 1988 and rodeos continue to be held throughout the state.

Both Arizona State and the University of Arizona are members of the Pacific 10 Conference. The Sun Devils won the Rose Bowl in 1987 and played in the bowl in 1997. The Wildcats captured NCAA Division I baseball championships three times and the NCAA Division I men’s basketball championship in 1997. The Sun Devils won the championship in 1981. College football’s Fiesta Bowl is held annually at Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, the home stadium for the Arizona State football team.

Other annual sporting events include the Thunderbird Balloon Classic in Scottsdale in November.

39 Famous Arizonians

Although Arizona entered the Union relatively late, many of its citizens have achieved national prominence, especially since World War II. William H. Rehnquist (b.Wisconsin, 1924–2005) was appointed associate justice of the US Supreme Court in 1971 and chief justice in 1986. In 1981 Sandra Day O’Connor (b.Texas, 1930) became the first woman to serve on the Supreme Court. Barry Goldwater (1909–1998), son of a pioneer family, was elected to the US Senate in 1952, won the Republican presidential nomination in 1964, and returned to the Senate in 1968.

Chiricahua Apache leaders Cochise (1812?–1874) and Geronimo (1829–1909), who, resisting the forced resettlement of their people by the US government, launched a series of raids that occupied the Army in the Southwest for over two decades. Wyatt Earp (b.Illinois, 1848–1929) was a legendary lawman of Tombstone during the early 1880s. César Chávez (1927–1993) was a well-known activist for migrant workers and president of the United Farm Workers of America.

A writer whose name has been associated with Arizona is Zane Grey (b.Ohio, 1875–1939), who wrote many of his western adventure stories in his summer home near Payson.

Well-known performing artists from Arizona include singers Marty Robbins (1925–1970) and Linda Ronstadt (b.1946). Joan Ganz Cooney (b.1929), president of the Children’s Television Workshop, was one of the creators of the award-winning children’s program, Sesame Street.

40 Bibliography

BOOKS

Blashfield, Jean F. Arizona. New York: Children’s Press, 2000.

Bristow, M. J. State Songs of America. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Brown, Jonatha A. Arizona. Milwaukee, WI: Gareth Stevens, 2006.

McAuliffe, Emily. Arizona Facts and Symbols. New York: Bridgestone Books, 2003.

McDaniel, Melissa. Arizona. Tarrytown, NY: Benchmark Books, 2000.

Murray, Julie. Arizona. Edina, MN: Abdo Publishing, 2006.

WEB SITES

Arizona Office of Tourism. Arizona: Grand Canyon State. www.arizonaguide.com (accessed March 1, 2007).

State of Arizona. Arizona @ Your Service. www.az.gov (accessed March 1, 2007).

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Arizona

Arizona

Nicknamed the Grand Canyon State, Arizona entered the Union on February 14, 1912, as the forty-eighth state. It is the sixth-largest state in terms of size, with a total boundary length of 1,478 miles (2,379 kilometers). Arizona lies in the Rocky Mountains region of the United States and is bordered by Utah , Nevada , California , New Mexico , and Mexico.

It is believed that the region now known as Arizona was inhabited by several cultures by 500 C.E., including the Anasazi, Mogollon, and Hohokam. These cultures were in decline by the fourteenth century for reasons unknown even in the twenty-first century. When the first Europeans arrived in the sixteenth century, they found native populations—the oldest of which were the Hopi—living a hunter-gatherer lifestyle in the river valleys.

Arizona was a largely peaceful territory, even when Mexico revolted against Spain in 1810. When the Mexican-American War (1846–48) broke out in 1846, two U.S. armies marched across the Arizona region. The California Gold Rush in 1849 also brought thousands of Americans through the region. In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865; served 1861–65) signed the Organic Act of Arizona, which created the new Territory of Arizona.

Arizona is largely desert and has a dry, hot climate. The northern region of the state includes the Grand Canyon, a vast gorge more than 200 miles (320 kilometers) long, up to 18 miles (29 kilometers) wide, and more than 1 mile (1.6 kilometers) deep. This same region boasts the Painted Desert, the Petrified Forest, and Humphreys Peak, the highest point in the state at 12,633 feet (3,853 meters).

Although Phoenix has air quality poorer than most other U.S. cities, most of the state is known for its clear air, open lands, and breathtaking forests. Arizona works hard to protect these resources in the wake of a growing population and tourist industry.

Population and economy

Arizona once was considered a “retirement” state, where people moved in their sixties. This is no longer true; only 13 percent of the population in 2006 was age sixty-five and older. The majority of the population (28 percent) was age twenty-five to forty-four. By far, the largest concentration of the state's residents (nearly 1.5 million) lived in the capital city of Phoenix. The next most populated city was Tucson, home to just over five hundred thousand people.

By the 1970s, Arizona's agricultural economy had been replaced by manufacturing, with centers in Phoenix and Tucson. The state's primary industries included wood products, computer and electronic equipment, and transportation equipment. Still, Arizona ranked twenty-ninth in the nation in terms of agricultural output value in 2005. The state led the nation in copper and molybdenum production in 2004.

Tourism and travel accounted for more than $13.76 billion in direct sales in Arizona in 2004, and 27.8 million Americans and another 900,000 international tourists visited the state that year. The state's twenty-two national parks and monuments, the most popular being Grand Canyon National Park, attract millions of visitors annually.

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Arizona

Arizona

Arizona, a colonial territory of Spain (until 1821) and part of the Mexican state of Sonora (until 1853). Jesuit missions, slowly expanding north from Sinaloa after 1630, reached southern Arizona by 1700, led by the noted missionary Father Eusebio Kino. Until the cessation of hostilities with the Apaches in the 1770s, Hispanic population was limited to the missions of San Xavier del Bac and Tumacácori, and to the presidio of Tubac (moved to Tucson in 1776). Thereafter, the Hispanic population slowly expanded along the Santa Cruz valley and then east to the San Pedro valley, peaking at well over 1,000 in the 1820s. However, the breakdown of the presidial system (including cessation of gift rations to the Apaches) and of the missions (administered by the Franciscans after the Jesuit expulsion of 1767) led to renewed Apache raiding after 1830 that forced a retreat of the Mexican frontier in southern Arizona. When U.S. troops occupied Tucson in late 1846, Mexicans remained only there and at Tubac. In 1848, Apaches forced the complete abandonment of the latter. Through purchase under the Treaty of La Mesilla (December 30, 1853), southern Arizona was joined to the rest of Arizona as a territory of the United States. Arizona remains a site of contention between the United States and Mexico. Mexican immigration into the United States grew rapidly beginning in the 1980s, and the Arizona desert is one of the main crossing points. Many U.S. citizens in Arizona protest this labor movement, but the Mexican government and U.S. immigrants-rights groups argue that the United States should expand legal visa options so that Mexican workers do not continue to cross the dangerous Arizona desert.

See alsoUnited States-Mexico Border .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Jay Wagoner, Early Arizona, Prehistory to Civil War (1975).

John L. Kessell, Friars, Soldiers, and Reformers: Hispanic Arizona and the Sonoran Mission Frontier 1767–1856 (1976).

David J. Weber, The Mexican Frontier, 1821–1846: The American Southwest Under Mexico (1982).

Additional Bibliography

Weber, David J., and Jorge Ferreiro. La frontera española en América del Norte. México: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2000.

                                        Stuart F. Voss

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Arizona

ARIZONA

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Arizona

Arizona

Ditat Deus (God enriches).

At a Glance

Name: Arizona comes from the Native American word Arizonac, which means "little spring" or "young spring."

Nickname: Grand Canyon State

Capital: Phoenix

Size: 114,006 sq. mi.

Population: 5,130,632

Statehood: Arizona became the 48th state on February 14, 1912.

Electoral votes: 8 (2004)

U.S. Representatives: 6 (until 2003)

State tree: paloverde

State flower: saguaro cactus blossom

State bird: cactus wren

Highest point: Humphreys Peak, 12,633 ft.

The Place

Arizona is located in the southwestern region of the United States. Its northeastern corner forms part of the Four Corners, where Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona meet. Four Corners is the only place in the United States where a person can simultaneously stand in four different states.

Much of Arizona consists of desert, including the famous Painted and Sonoran Deserts. These regions have a dry climate that is hot in the summer and warm in the winter. Many of these areas are irrigated with water from Arizona's large rivers, including the Colorado River, and the lands are used for farming.

Other areas of Arizona are mountainous and are home to some of the largest ponderosa pine forests in the United States. The climate is cooler in these parts of the state. Arizona has large deposits of minerals, including gold, silver, and copper.

The Past

Human remains dating back about 12,000 years have been found in Arizona. Many native civilizations flourished there, including the Hohokam and the Anasazi, who built complex cliff dwellings between 1100 and 1300. Apache and Navajo peoples migrated to Arizona during the 1400s.

Spanish explorers first arrived in 1539. Franciscan friar Marcos de Niza was the first Spaniard to visit Arizona in his search for the mythical Seven Cities of Cíbola. A year later, explorer Francisco Vásquez de Coronado arrived. In the following years, Spanish missionaries settled the land.

Arizona: Facts and Firsts

  1. Arizona has the third-largest Native American population in the United States.
  2. Kykotsmovi is believed to be the oldest inhabited village in the United States. The Hopi people built this settlement during the 1100s.
  3. Tucson, the astronomy capital of the world, has more telescopes than anyplace else. The largest solar telescope in the world is located in Kitt Peak National Observatory in Sells.
  4. Arizona is the home of some of the country's most famous landmarks, including Grand Canyon National Park, the Painted Desert, the Petrified Forest, and the Sonoran (or Gila) Desert.
  5. Arizona produces more copper than any other state; the copper covering atop the Arizona state capitol building is equivalent to 4.8 million pennies.

As part of Mexico, Arizona remained under Spanish rule until Mexico was granted independence from Spain in 1821. In 1848, after the Mexican War, the United States won most of Arizona from Mexico. The United States bought the rest of the territory in 1853 as part of the Gadsden Purchase.

Arizona: State Smart

Arizona has more tribal land reserved for use by Native Americans than any other state—approximately 20 million acres, more than one-quarter of the state's total area.

Once the territory became part of the United States, several wars broke out between frontiersmen and Native Americans. These wars did not end until 1886, when Apache leader Geronimo surrendered. The territory became a state on February 14, 1912.

The Present

When Spanish explorers first arrived in Arizona in the 16th century, they found a dry region that was covered with deserts and mesas. Today, Arizona is a modern, industrial state that manufactures many electrical, communications, and aeronautical items.

Irrigation from Arizona's large rivers, including the Colorado, has transformed some of the state's desert regions into rich farmland. Cotton, vegetables, and sorghum are important crops. In the mountainous regions, farmers raise cattle and sheep.

Arizona's scenery, landmarks, and warm climate make it a popular tourist destination. The Grand Canyon, the Painted Desert, and the Petrified Forest attract thousands of people each year. The state's rich heritage and history also attract visitors.

Born in Arizona

  1. Lynda Carter , actress
  2. Cesar Chavez , labor leader
  3. Cochise , Apache chief
  4. Geronimo (Goyathlay), Apache leader
  5. Barry Goldwater , politician
  6. Charles Mingus , jazz musician and composer
  7. Carlos Montezuma , doctor and Native American spokesman
  8. Stevie Nicks , singer
  9. Linda Ronstadt , singer
  10. Kerri Strug , gymnast

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Arizona

Arizona

AMERICAN INDIAN COLLEGE OF THE ASSEMBLIES OF GOD, INC. P-9
APOLLO COLLEGE-PHOENIX, INC. P-9
APOLLO COLLEGE-TRI-CITY, INC. I-7
APOLLO COLLEGE-TUCSON, INC. L-9
APOLLO COLLEGE-WESTSIDE, INC. P-9
ARGOSY UNIVERSITY/PHOENIX P-9
ARIZONA AUTOMOTIVE INSTITUTE I-6
ARIZONA COLLEGE OF ALLIED HEALTH I-6
ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY I-7
ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY EAST I-7
ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY WEST P-9
ARIZONA WESTERN COLLEGE K-1
THE ART CENTER DESIGN COLLEGE L-9
THE ART INSTITUTE OF PHOENIX P-9
THE BRYMAN SCHOOL P-9
CENTRAL ARIZONA COLLEGE J-8
CHANDLER-GILBERT COMMUNITY COLLEGE J-7
CHAPARRAL COLLEGE L-9
COCHISE COLLEGE (DOUGLAS) N-12
COCHISE COLLEGE (SIERRA VISTA) N-10
COCONINO COMMUNITY COLLEGE E-8
COLLEGE OF THE HUMANITIES AND SCIENCES I-7
COLLEGEAMERICA-FLAGSTAFF E-8
COLLINS COLLEGE: A SCHOOL OF DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY I-7
DEVRY UNIVERSITY (MESA) I-7
DEVRY UNIVERSITY (PHOENIX) P-9
DINE COLLEGE C-12
EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE K-11
EMBRY-RIDDLE AERONAUTICAL UNIVERSITY G-6
ESTRELLA MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY COLLEGE P-8
EVEREST COLLEGE P-9
GATEWAY COMMUNITY COLLEGE P-9
GLENDALE COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-6
GRAND CANYON UNIVERSITY P-9
HIGH-TECH INSTITUTE P-9
INTERNATIONAL BAPTIST COLLEGE I-7
INTERNATIONAL IMPORT-EXPORT INSTITUTE P-9
INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (MESA) I-7
INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (PHOENIX) P-9
INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (PHOENIX) P-9
INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF THE AMERICAS (TUCSON) L-9
ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (PHOENIX) P-9
ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (TEMPE) I-7
ITT TECHNICAL INSTITUTE (TUCSON) L-9
LAMSON COLLEGE I-7
LONG TECHNICAL COLLEGE P-9
MESA COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-7
METROPOLITAN COLLEGE OF COURT REPORTING P-9
MIDWESTERN UNIVERSITY, GLENDALE CAMPUS I-6
MOHAVE COMMUNITY COLLEGE E-3
NORTHCENTRAL UNIVERSITY G-6
NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY E-8
NORTHLAND PIONEER COLLEGE F-10
PARADISE VALLEY COMMUNITY COLLEGE P-9
THE PARALEGAL INSTITUTE, INC. P-9
PHOENIX COLLEGE P-9
PIMA COMMUNITY COLLEGE L-9
PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE (MESA) I-7
PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE (TUCSON) L-9
PRESCOTT COLLEGE G-6
THE REFRIGERATION SCHOOL P-9
REMINGTON COLLEGE-TEMPE CAMPUS I-7
RIO SALADO COLLEGE I-7
SCOTTSDALE COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-7
SCOTTSDALE CULINARY INSTITUTE I-7
SOUTH MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY COLLEGE P-9
SOUTHWEST INSTITUTE OF HEALING ARTS I-7
SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE P-9
TOHONO O'ODHAM COMMUNITY COLLEGE M-7
UNIVERSAL TECHNICAL INSTITUTE P-8
UNIVERSITY OF ADVANCING TECHNOLOGY I-7
THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA L-9
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX ONLINE CAMPUS P-9
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-PHOENIX CAMPUS P-9
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-SOUTHERN ARIZONA CAMPUS L-9
WESTERN INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY P-9
YAVAPAI COLLEGE G-6

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Arizona

Arizona

AMERICAN INDIAN COLLEGE OF THE ASSEMBLIES OF GOD, INC.
APOLLO COLLEGE-PHOENIX, INC.
APOLLO COLLEGE-TRI-CITY, INC.
APOLLO COLLEGE-TUCSON, INC.
APOLLO COLLEGE-WESTSIDE, INC.
ARGOSY UNIVERSITY/PHOENIX
ARIZONA AUTOMOTIVE INSTITUTE
ARIZONA COLLEGE OF ALLIED HEALTH
ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY
ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY EAST
ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY WEST
ARIZONA WESTERN COLLEGE
THE ART CENTER DESIGN COLLEGE
THE ART INSTITUTE OF PHOENIX
THE BRYMAN SCHOOL
CENTRAL ARIZONA COLLEGE
CHANDLER-GILBERT COMMUNITY COLLEGE
CHAPARRAL COLLEGE
COCHISE COLLEGE (DOUGLAS)
COCHISE COLLEGE (SIERRA VISTA)
COCONINO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
COLLEGE OF THE HUMANITIES AND SCIENCES
COLLEGEAMERICA-FLAGSTAFF
COLLINS COLLEGE: A SCHOOL OF DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY
DEVRY UNIVERSITY (MESA)
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MOHAVE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
NORTHCENTRAL UNIVERSITY
NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY
NORTHLAND PIONEER COLLEGE
PARADISE VALLEY COMMUNITY COLLEGE
THE PARALEGAL INSTITUTE, INC.
PHOENIX COLLEGE
PIMA COMMUNITY COLLEGE
PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE (MESA)
PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE (TUCSON)
PRESCOTT COLLEGE
THE REFRIGERATION SCHOOL
REMINGTON COLLEGE-TEMPE CAMPUS
RIO SALADO COLLEGE
SCOTTSDALE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SCOTTSDALE CULINARY INSTITUTE
SOUTH MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SOUTHWEST INSTITUTE OF HEALING ARTS
SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE
TOHONO O'ODHAM COMMUNITY COLLEGE
UNIVERSAL TECHNICAL INSTITUTE
UNIVERSITY OF ADVANCING TECHNOLOGY
THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX ONLINE CAMPUS
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-PHOENIX CAMPUS
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-SOUTHERN ARIZONA CAMPUS
WESTERN INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY
YAVAPAI COLLEGE

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Arizona

ARIZONA

AMERICAN INDIAN COLLEGE OF THE ASSEMBLIES OF GOD, INC.
APOLLO COLLEGE-PHOENIX, INC.
APOLLO COLLEGE-TRI-CITY, INC.
APOLLO COLLEGE-TUCSON, INC.
APOLLO COLLEGE-WESTSIDE, INC.
ARGOSY UNIVERSITY/PHOENIX
ARIZONA AUTOMOTIVE INSTITUTE
ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY
ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY EAST
ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY WEST
ARIZONA WESTERN COLLEGE
THE ART CENTER DESIGN COLLEGE
THE ART INSTITUTE OF PHOENIX
THE BRYMAN SCHOOL
CENTRAL ARIZONA COLLEGE
CHANDLER-GILBERT COMMUNITY COLLEGE
CHAPARRAL COLLEGE
COCHISE COLLEGE (DOUGLAS)
COCHISE COLLEGE (SIERRA VISTA)
COCONINO COMMUNITY COLLEGE
COLLINS COLLEGE: A SCHOOL OF DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY
DEVRY UNIVERSITY (PHOENIX)
DINE COLLEGE
EASTERN ARIZONA COLLEGE
EMBRY-RIDDLE AERONAUTICAL UNIVERSITY
ESTRELLA MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY COLLEGE
EVEREST COLLEGE
GATEWAY COMMUNITY COLLEGE
GLENDALE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
GRAND CANYON UNIVERSITY
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LAMSON COLLEGE
MESA COMMUNITY COLLEGE
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MOHAVE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
NORTHCENTRAL UNIVERSITY
NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY
NORTHLAND PIONEER COLLEGE
PARADISE VALLEY COMMUNITY COLLEGE
THE PARALEGAL INSTITUTE, INC.
PHOENIX COLLEGE
PIMA COMMUNITY COLLEGE
PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE (MESA)
PIMA MEDICAL INSTITUTE (TUCSON)
PRESCOTT COLLEGE
THE REFRIGERATION SCHOOL
RIO SALADO COLLEGE
SCOTTSDALE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SOUTH MOUNTAIN COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE
UNIVERSITY OF ADVANCING TECHNOLOGY
THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX ONLINE CAMPUS
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-PHOENIX CAMPUS
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-SOUTHERN ARIZONA CAMPUS
WESTERN INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY
YAVAPAI COLLEGE

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