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Kansas

Kansas

State of Kansas

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Named for the Kansa (or Kaw) Indians, the "people of the south wind."

NICKNAME: The Sunflower State; the Jayhawker State.

CAPITAL: Topeka.

ENTERED UNION: 29 January 1861 (34th).

SONG: "Home on the Range;" "The Kansas March." (march).

MOTTO: Ad astra per aspera (To the stars through difficulties).

FLAG: The flag consists of a dark blue field with the state seal in the center; a sunflower on a bar of twisted gold and blue is above the seal; the word "Kansas" is below it.

OFFICIAL SEAL: A sun rising over mountains in the background symbolizes the east; commerce is represented by a river and a steamboat. In the foreground, agriculture, the basis of the state's prosperity, is represented by a settler's cabin and a man plowing a field. Beyond this is a wagon train heading west and a herd of buffalo fleeing from two Indians. Around the top is the state motto above a cluster of 34 stars; the circle is surrounded by the words "Great Seal of the State of Kansas, January 29, 1861."

BIRD: Western meadowlark.

FLOWER: Wild native sunflower.

TREE: Cottonwood.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans' Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME: 6 AM CST = noon GMT; 5 AM MST = noon GMT.

LOCATION, SIZE, AND EXTENT

Located in the western north-central United States, Kansas is the second-largest Midwestern state (following Minnesota) and ranks 14th among the 50 states.

The total area of Kansas is 82,277 sq mi (213,097 sq km), of which 81,778 sq mi (211,805 sq km) are land, and the remaining 499 sq mi (1,292 sq km) inland water. Shaped like a rectangle except for an irregular corner in the ne, the state has a maximum extension e-w of about 411 mi (661 km) and an extreme n-s distance of about 208 mi (335 km).

Kansas is bounded on the n by Nebraska, on the e by Missouri (with the line in the ne following the Missouri River), on the s by Oklahoma, and on the w by Colorado, with a total boundary length of 1,219 mi (1,962 km). The geographic center of Kansas is in Barton County, 15 mi (24 km) ne of Great Bend.

TOPOGRAPHY

Although the popular image of the state is one of unending flatlands, Kansas has a diverse topography. Three main land regions define the state. The eastern third consists of the Osage Plains, Flint Hills, Dissected Till Plains, and Arkansas River Lowlands. The central third comprises the Smoky Hills (which include the Dakota sandstone formations, Greenhorn limestone formations, and chalk deposits) to the north and several lowland regions to the south. To the west are the Great Plains proper, divided into the Dissected High Plains and the High Plains. Kansas generally slopes eastward from a maximum elevation of 4,039 ft (1,232 m) at Mt. Sunflower (a mountain in name only) on the Colorado border to 679 ft (207 m) by the Verdigris River at the Oklahoma border. The mean elevation of the state is approximately 2,000 ft (610 m). More than 50,000 streams run through the state, and there are hundreds of artificial lakes. Major rivers include the Missouri, which defines the state's northeastern boundary; the Arkansas, which runs through Wichita; and the Kansas (Kaw), which runs through Topeka and joins the Missouri at Kansas City.

The geographic center of the 48 contiguous states is located in Smith County, in north-central Kansas, at 39°50n and 98°35w. Forty miles (64 km) south of this point, in Osborne County at 39°1327n and 98°3231w, is the North American geodetic datum, the controlling point for all land surveys in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Extensive beds of prehistoric ocean fossils lie in the chalk beds of two western counties, Logan and Gove.

CLIMATE

Kansas's continental climate is highly changeable. The average mean temperature is 55°f (13°c). The record high is 121°f (49°c), recorded near Alton on 24 July 1936, and the record low, 40°f (40°c), was registered at Lebanon on 13 February 1905. The normal annual precipitation ranges from slightly more than 40 in (101.6 cm) in the southeast to as little as 16 in (40.6 cm) in the west; in Wichita, average annual precipitation (19712000) was 30.4 in (77.2 cm). The overall annual precipitation for the state averages 27 in (68.6 cm), although years of drought have not been uncommon. About 70%-77% of the precipitation falls between 1 April and 30 September. The annual mean snowfall ranges from about 36 in (91.4 cm) in the extreme northwest to less than 11 in (27.9 cm) in the far southeast. Tornadoes are a regular fact of life in Kansas. Dodge City is said to be the windiest city in the United States, with an average wind speed of 14 mph (23 km/h).

FLORA AND FAUNA

Native grasses, consisting of 60 different groups subdivided into 194 species, cover one-third of Kansas, which is much overgrazed. Bluestemboth big and littlewhich grows in most parts of the state, has the greatest forage value. Other grasses include buffalo grass, blue and hairy gramas, and alkali sacaton. One native conifer, eastern red cedar, is found generally throughout the state. Hackberry, black walnut, and sycamore grow in the east while box elder and cottonwood predominate in western Kansas. There are no native pines. The wild native sunflower, the state flower, is found throughout the state. Other characteristic wildflowers include wild daisy, ivy-leaved morning glory, and smallflower verbena. The western prairie fringed orchid and Mead's milkweed, listed as threatened species by the US Fish and Wildlife Service in April 2006, are protected under federal statutes.

Kansas's indigenous mammals include the common cottontail, black-tailed jackrabbit, black-tailed prairie dog, muskrat, opossum, and raccoon; the white-tailed deer is the state's only big-game animal. There are 12 native species of bat, 2 varieties of shrew and mole, and 3 types of pocket gopher. The western meadowlark is the state bird. Kansas has the largest flock of prairie chickens remaining on the North American continent. The US Fish and Wildlife Service named 12 animal species occurring in the state as threatened or endangered in April 2006. Among these are the Indiana and gray bats, bald eagle, Eskimo curlew, Topeka Shiner, and black-footed ferret.

Cheyenne Bottoms, a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance, serves as a habitat for the endangered whooping crane and is also considered to be an important site for over 800,000 migratory birds each year. Nearly 45% of all migratory shorebirds that nest in North America use Cheyenne Bottoms as a staging area. The salt marshes of the Quivira National Wildlife Refuge (also a Ramsar site) serve as a nesting, migration, and winter habitat for over 311 species of bird, including the endangered peregrine falcon and bald eagle.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

No environmental problem is more crucial for Kansas than water quality, and its protection remains a primary focus of the state's environmental efforts, which include active regulatory and remedial programs for both surface and groundwater sources. Maintenance of air quality is also a primary effort, and the state works actively with the business community to promote pollution prevention.

Strip-mining for coal is decreasing in southeast Kansas, and the restoration of resources damaged by previous activities is ongoing.

Kansas is home to two Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance. Cheyenne Bottoms, located in Barton County, was designated in 1988. The site includes a state wildlife area, managed by the Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks, and the Cheyenne Bottoms Preserve, managed by the Nature Conservancy. The site is also considered to be part of the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network. The Quivira National Wildlife Refuge was designated by Ramsar in 2002. It includes freshwater and inland salt marshes. This site has been a National Wildlife Refuge since 1955.

In 2003, 28.9 million lb of toxic chemicals were released in the state. The state has sufficient capacity for handling solid waste, although the total number of solid waste facilities has decreased in recent years. In 2003, Kansas had 307 hazardous waste sites listed in the US Environment Protection Agency (EPA) database, 10 of which were on the National Priorities List as of 2006. Five sites were deleted from the National Priority List in 2006, but another two, the Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant and the Tri-County Public Airport, were proposed. In 2005, the EPA spent over $512,000 through the Superfund program for the cleanup of hazardous waste sites in the state. The same year, federal EPA grants awarded to the state included $9.7 million for a wastewater state revolving fund and $4.2 million for additional water quality projects.

POPULATION

Kansas ranked 33rd in population in the United States with an estimated total of 2,744,687 in 2005, an increase of 2.1% since 2000. Between 1990 and 2000, Kansas's population grew from 2,477,574 to 2,688,418, an increase of 8.5%. The population is projected to reach 2.85 million by 2015 and 2.91 million by 2025. The population density in 2004 was 33.4 persons per sq mi.

When it was admitted to the Union in 1861, Kansas's population was 107,206. During the decade that followed, the population grew by 240%, more than 10 times the US growth rate. Steady growth continued through the 1930s, but in the 1940s, the population declined by 4%. Since then, the population has risen, though at a slower pace than the national average.

In 2004, the median age for Kansans was 36.1; 25% of the population was below the age of 18 while 13% was 65 or older.

Whereas the populations of Wichita and Topeka grew 8.6% and 1.0% respectively, the population of Kansas City dropped 7.1% during the 1980s. Estimates for 2004 showed about 353,823 residents for Wichita, 162,728 for Overland Park, and 145,004 for Kansas City. The Wichita metropolitan area had an estimated 584,671 residents.

ETHNIC GROUPS

White settlers began to pour into Kansas in 1854, dispersing the 36 Indian tribes living there and precipitating a struggle over the legal status of slavery. Remnants of six of the original tribes still make their homes in the state. Some Indians live on three reservations covering 30,000 acres (12,140 hectares); others live and work elsewhere, returning to the reservations several times a year for celebrations and observances. There were 24,936 Indians in Kansas as of 2000. In 2004, American Indians made up 1% of the population.

Black Americans in Kansas numbered 154,198, or 5.7% of the population, in 2000, when the state also had 188,252 Hispanics and Latinos. In 2004, 5.9% of the population was black and 8.1% of Hispanic or Latino origin. The 2000 Census recorded 46,806 Asian residents, the largest group being 11,623 Vietnamese (up from 6,001 in 1990), followed by 8,153 Asian Indians and 7,624 Chinese. There were also sizable communities of Laotians and Cambodians. In 2004, 2.1% of the population was Asian, and 0.1% was of Pacific Island origin. That year, 1.6% of the population reported origin of two or more races.

The foreign born numbered 80,271 (2% of the population) in 2000, the most common lands of origin being Mexico, Germany, and Vietnam. Among persons who reported descent from a single ancestry group, the leading nationalities were German (914,955), English (391,542), and Irish (424,133).

LANGUAGES

Plains Indians of the Macro-Siouan group originally populated what is now Kansas; their speech echoes in such place-names as Kansas, Wichita, Topeka, Chetopa, and Ogallah.

Regional features of Kansas speech are almost entirely those of the Northern and North Midland dialects, reflecting the migration into Kansas in the 1850s of settlers from the East. Kansans typically use fish(ing) worms as bait, play as children on a teetertotter, see a snakefeeder (dragonfly) over a /krik/ (creek), make white bread sandwiches, carry water in a pail, and may designate the time 2:45 as a quarter to, or of, or till three.

The migration by southerners in the mid-19th century is evidenced in southeastern Kansas by such South Midland terms as pullybone (wishbone) and light bread (white bread); the expression wait on (wait for) extends farther westward.

In 2000, 2,281,705 Kansans91.3% of the residents five years old or older (down from 94.3% in 1990)spoke only English at home.

The following table gives selected statistics from the 2000 Census for language spoken at home by persons five years old and over.

LANGUAGE NUMBER PERCENT
Population 5 years and over 2,500,360 100.0
  Speak only English 2,281,705 91.3
  Speak a language other than English 218,655 8.7
Speak a language other than English 218,655 8.7
  Spanish or Spanish Creole 137,247 5.5
  German 16,821 0.7
  Vietnamese 10,393 0.4
  French (incl. Patois, Cajun) 6,591 0.3
  Chinese 6,437 0.3
  Korean 3,666 0.1
  Laotian 3,147 0.1
  Arabic 2,834 0.1
  Tagalog 2,237 0.1
  Russian 1,994 0.1

RELIGIONS

Protestant missions played an important role in early Kansas history. Isaac McCoy, a Baptist minister, was instrumental in founding the Shawnee Baptist Mission in Johnson County in 1831. Later, Baptist, Methodist, Quaker, Presbyterian, and Jesuit missions became popular stopover points for pioneers traveling along the Oregon and Santa Fe trails. Mennonites were drawn to the state by a law passed in 1874 allowing exemption from military service on religious grounds. Religious freedom is specifically granted in the Kansas constitution, and a wide variety of religious groups are represented in the state.

Roman Catholics constitute the single largest religious group in the state, with 409,906 adherents in 2004. One of the leading Protestant denominations is the United Methodist Church, with 162,202 members in 2004. Others (with 2000 membership data) include the Southern Baptist Convention with 101,696 adherents; the American Baptist Church, 64,312; the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, 62,712; and the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), 56,908. The estimated Jewish population in 2000 was 14,500, which represents an increase of over 5,000 adherents since 1990. There were over 18,000 Mennonites throughout the state and about 3,470 Muslims. About 50.6% of the population (or over 1.3 million people) did not report affiliation with a religious organization.

TRANSPORTATION

In the heartland of the nation, Kansas is at the crossroads of US road and railway systems. In 2001, Kansas had 25,638 bridges (third in the nation behind Texas and Ohio). In 2004, the state had 135,017 mi (217,377 km) of public roads. In that same year, there were some 845,000 automobiles, around 1.71 million trucks of all types, and some 1,000 buses registered in Kansas. In 2004, Kansas had 1,979,746 licensed drivers.

In the late 1800s, the two major railroads, the Kansas Pacific (now the Union Pacific) and the Santa Fe (now the Burlington Northern-Santa Fe) acquired more than 10 million acres (4 million hectares) of land in the state and then advertised for immigrants to come and buy it. By 1872, the railroads stretched across the state, creating in their path the towns of Ellsworth, Newton, Caldwell, Wichita, and Dodge City. One of the first "cow towns" was Abilene, the terminal point for all cattle shipped to the East.

In 2003, the state had 6,269 route mi (10,093 km) of railroad track. As of 2006, Amtrak's Southwest Chief passenger train crosses Kansas, serving six stations in the state en route from Chicago to Los Angeles.

In 2005, Kansas had a total of 409 public and private-use aviation-related facilities. This included 370 airports, 38 heliports, and 1 STOLport (Short Take-Off and Landing). The state's busiest airport is Kansas City International. In 2004, the airport had 5,040,595 enplanements, making it the 39th busiest airport in the United States.

River barges move bulk commodities along the Missouri River. The chief river ports are Atchison, Leavenworth, Lansing, and Kansas City. In 2004, Kansas had 120 mi (193 km) of navigable inland waterways. In 2003, waterborne shipments totaled 1.694 million tons.

HISTORY

Present-day Kansas was first inhabited by Paleo-Indians approximately 10,000 years ago. They were followed by several prehistoric cultures, forerunners of the Plains tribesthe Wichita, Pawnee, Kansa, and Osagethat were living or hunting in Kansas when the earliest Europeans arrived. These tribes were buffalo hunters who also farmed and lived in small permanent communities. Around 1800, they were joined on the Central Plains by the nomadic Cheyenne, Arapaho, Comanche, and Kiowa.

The first European, explorer Francisco Coronado, entered Kansas in 1541, searching for riches in the fabled land of Quivira. He found no gold but was impressed by the land's fertility. A second Spanish expedition to the Plains was led by Juan de Onate in 1601. Between 1682 and 1739, French explorers established trading contacts with the Indians. France ceded its claims to the area to Spain in 1762 but received it back from Spain in 1800.

Most of Kansas was sold to the United States by France as part of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. (The extreme southwestern corner was gained after the Mexican War.) Lewis and Clark examined the country along the Missouri River in 1804, and expeditions under the command of Zebulon Pike (1806) and Stephen Long (1819) traversed the land from east to west. Pike and Long were not impressed with the territory's dry soil, the latter calling the area "unfit for civilization, and of course uninhabitable by a people depending on agriculture for their subsistence."

Largely because of these negative reports, early settlement of Kansas was sparse, limited to a few thousand eastern Indians who were removed from their lands and relocated in what is now eastern Kansas. Included were such once-powerful tribes as the Shawnee, Delaware, Ojibwa, Wyandot, Ottawa, and Potawatomi. They were joined by a number of Christian missionaries seeking to transform the Indians into Christian farmers.

William Becknell opened the Santa Fe Trail to wagon traffic in 1822, and for 50 years that route, two-thirds of which lay in Kansas, was of commercial importance to the West. During the 1840s and 1850s, thousands of migrants crossed northeastern Kansas on the California-Oregon Trail. In 1827, Ft. Leavenworth was established, followed by Ft. Scott (1842) and Ft. Riley (1853). Today, Ft. Leavenworth and Ft. Riley are the two largest military installations in the state.

The Kansas Territory was created by the Kansas-Nebraska Act (30 May 1854), with its western boundary set at the Rocky Mountains. Almost immediately, disputes arose as to whether Kansas would enter the Union as a free or slave state. Both free-staters and proslavery settlers were brought in, and a succession of governors tried to bring order out of the chaos arising from the two groups' differences. Free-staters established an extralegal government at Topeka following the establishment of a territorial capital at Lecompton.

Because of several violent incidents, the territory became known as "Bleeding Kansas." One of the most memorable attacks came in May 1856, when the town of Lawrence was sacked by proslavery forces. John Brown, an abolitionist who had recently arrived from upstate New York, retaliated by murdering five proslavery settlers. Guerrilla skirmishes continued for the next few years along the Kansas-Missouri border. The final act of violence was the Marais des Cygnes massacre in 1858, which resulted in the death of several free-staters. In all, about 50 people were killed in the territorial periodnot an extraordinary number for a frontier community.

After several attempts to write a constitution acceptable to both anti- and proslavery groups, the final document was drafted in 1859. Kansas entered the Union on 29 January 1861 as a free state. Topeka was named the capital, and the western boundary was moved to its present location.

Although Kansas lay west of the major Civil War action, more than two-thirds of its adult males served in the Union Army, giving it the highest military death rate among the northern states. Kansas units saw action in the South and West, most notably at Wilson's Creek, Cane Hill, Prairie Grove, and Chickamauga. The only full-scale battle fought in Kansas was at Mine Creek in 1864, at the end of General Sterling Price's unsuccessful Confederate campaign in the West. The most tragic incident on Kansas soil came on 21 August 1863, when Confederate guerrilla William C. Quantrill raided Lawrence, killing at least 150 persons and burning the town.

Following the Civil War, settlement expanded in Kansas, particularly in the central part of the state. White settlers encroached on the hunting grounds of the Plains tribes, and the Indians retaliated with attacks on white settlements. Treaty councils were held, the largest at Medicine Lodge in 1867, but not until 1878 did conflict cease between Indians and whites. Most of the Indians were eventually removed to the Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma. Also during this period, buffalo, slaughtered for food and hides, all but disappeared from the state.

By 1872, both the Union Pacific and the Santa Fe railroads crossed Kansas, and other lines were under construction. Rail expansion brought more settlers, who established new communities. It also led to the great Texas cattle drives that meant prosperity to a number of Kansas townsincluding Abilene, Ellsworth, Wichita, Caldwell, and Dodge Cityfrom 1867 to 1885. This was when Bat Masterson, Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday, and Wild Bill Hickok reigned in Dodge City and Abilenethe now romantic era of the Old West.

A strain of hard winter wheat that proved particularly well suited to the state's soil was brought to Kansas in the 1870s by Russian Mennonites fleeing czarist rule, and Plains agriculture was thereby transformed. There were also political changes: The state adopted limited female suffrage in 1887. Prohibition, made part of the state constitution in 1880, was a source of controversy until its repeal in 1948.

Significant changes in agriculture, industry, transportation, and communications came after 1900. Mechanization became commonplace in farming, and vast areas were opened to wheat production, particularly during World War I. Some automobile manufacturing took place, and the movement for "good roads" began. The so-called agrarian revolt of the late 19th century, characterized politically by populism, evolved into the Progressive movement of the early 1900s, which focused attention on control of monopolies, public health, labor legislation, and more representative politics. Much of the Progressive leadership came from Kansas; Kansan newspaper editor and national Progressive leader William Allen White devoted considerable energy to Theodore Roosevelt's Bull Moose campaign in 1912.

Kansas suffered through the Great Depression of the 1930s. The state's western region, part of the Dust Bowl, was hardest hit. Improved weather conditions and the demands of World War II revived Kansas agriculture in the 1940s. The World War II era also saw the development of industry, especially in transportation. Wichita had been a major center of the aircraft industry in the 1920s and 1930s, and its plants became vital to the US war effort. Other heavy industry grew, and mineral productionoil, natural gas, salt, coal, and gypsumexpanded greatly. In 1952, a native Kansan, Dwight D. Eisenhower, was elected to the first of two terms as president of the United States. Two years later, Topeka became the focal point of a landmark in US historythe US Supreme Court ruling in the Brown v. Board of Education case that banned racial segregation in the nation's schools.

After World War II, Kansas grew increasingly urban. Agriculture became highly commercialized and the state became home to dozens of large companies that process and market farm products and supply materials to crop producers. Livestock production, especially in closely controlled feedlots, is a major enterprise. Kansas farmers were hit hard by the recession of the 1980s. Agricultural banks failed and many farms were lost, their owners forced into bankruptcy. As part of a solution, the state government worked to expand international exports of Kansas products, securing, for example, a trade agreement with the St. Petersburg region of Russia in 1993. The late 1980s and early 1990s also saw dramatic extremes of weather. Kansas received less than 25% of its normal average rainfall in 1988. Topsoil erosion damaged 865,000 acres (354,650 hectares) and drought drove up commodity prices and depleted grain stocks. From April through September of 1993, Kansas experienced the worst floods of the century. Some 13,500 people evacuated their homes, and the floods caused $574 million worth of damage.

In the 1990s, in response to the economic problems created by severe weather and a slowdown in industrial growth, the state government implemented a number of measures, including block grants to cities, to bolster economic development. Amid the sustained economic boom of the late 1990s, Kansas generally prospered. Unemployment dropped to just 3%, more than 1 percentage point below the national average, in 1999. The state's poverty rate declined in the period between 1989 (when it was 11.5%) and 1998, when it was 9.6%. But with farmers and ranchers still struggling in 1999, a bipartisan group of rural legislators came together to introduce a plan to address what was by then perceived as a crisis in the state's agricultural economy. Their nine-point plan aimed to shore up the farming sector by restraining the anticompetitive market forces they believed threatened family farmers.

In 1996, native son and US Senate majority leader Robert Dole won the Republican presidential nomination but was defeated by Democratic incumbent Bill Clinton, although Dole carried his home state with 54% of the vote to Clinton's 36%.

In 1999, the Kansas Board of Education voted 6-4 to adopt standards that downplayed the importance of evolution and omitted the Big Bang theory of the universe's origin from the curriculum. Though the standards were not mandatory, they drew national attention, with critics decrying the standards as "backward looking." The decision was later reversed. In 2005, Kansas adopted a constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage, and the Kansas Board of Education resumed hearings to determine whether evolution should once again be eliminated from state science standards.

The Kansas economy was improving in 2003, after the 2001 US recession. Unemployment in Kansas stood at 5% in July 2003. The national unemployment rate in July 2003 was 6.2%. In 2003, Kansas had a $230 million budget deficit for 2004, and Governor Kathleen Sebelius in April called for bond sales, expanded gambling, and more rapid tax collection to cover the shortfall. Her plans were met with opposition from the Republican-controlled legislature, however. In 2003, Sebelius focused on education, health care, transportation, and the economy. She also set forth plans to streamline state government and encourage citizen involvement in local communities. Sebelius in 2005 continued to stress goals of improving education, health care, and creating jobs. From 2003 to 2005, Wichita's aircraft industry was shored up, business development in small Kansas towns was increasing, and heavy investments were made in bioscience research at universities and medical centers.

Kansas Presidential Vote by Political Parties, 19482004
YEAR ELECTORAL VOTE KANSAS WINNER DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN PROGRESSIVE SOCIALIST PROHIBITION
*Won US presidential election.
1948 8 Dewey (R) 351,902 423,039 4,603 2,807 6,468
1952 8 *Eisenhower (R) 273,296 616,302 6,038 530 6,038
1956 8 *Eisenhower (R) 296,317 566,878 3,048
1960 8 Nixon (R) 363,213 561,474 4,138
1964 7 *Johnson (D) 464,028 386,579 1,901 5,393
AMERICAN IND.
1968 7 *Nixon (R) 302,996 478,674 88,921 2,192
1972 7 *Nixon (R) 270,287 619,812 21,808 4,188
LIBERTARIAN
1976 7 Ford (R) 430,421 502,752 4,724 3,242 1,403
1980 7 *Reagan (R) 326,150 566,812 7,555 14,470
1984 7 *Reagan (R) 333,149 677,296 3,329
1988 7 *Bush (R) 422,636 554,049 3,806 12,553
IND. (Perot)
1992 6 Bush (R) 390,434 449,951 312,358 4,314
1996 6 Dole (R) 387,659 583,245 92,639 4,557
(Nader) REFORM
2000 6 *Bush, G. W. (R) 399,276 622,332 36,086 4,525 7,370
REFORM (Nader) INDEPENDENT
2004 6 *Bush, G. W. (R) 434,993 736,456 9,348 4,013 2,899

STATE GOVERNMENT

The form of Kansas's constitution was a matter of great national concern, for the question of whether Kansas would be a free or slave state was in doubt throughout the 1850s. After three draft constitutions failed to win popular support or congressional approval, a fourth version, banning slavery, was drafted in July 1859 and ratified by Kansas voters that October. Signed by President James Buchanan on 29 January 1861, this constitution (with 92 subsequent amendments as of 2005, one of which was subsequently nullified by the state supreme court) governs Kansas to the present day.

The Kansas legislature consists of a 40-member Senate and a 125-member House of Representatives. Senators serve four-year terms and House members serve for two years; elections are held in even-numbered years. Legislative sessions, which begin the second Monday of January each year, are limited to 90 calendar days in even-numbered years but are unlimited in odd-numbered years. Legislators may call a special session by petition to the governor of two-thirds the membership of each house. Length of special sessions is not limited. Legislators must be at least 18 years old, state citizens, residents of their districts, and qualified voters. In 2004, legislators received a per diem salary of $78.75 during regular sessions.

Constitutional amendments are proposed by the legislature, where they must be approved by two-thirds of the members before being sent to the voters for ratification. A maximum of five proposed amendments may be submitted to the state's voters at any one time.

Officials elected statewide are the governor and lieutenant governor (elected jointly), secretary of state, attorney general, treasurer, and commissioner of insurance. Members of the state Board of Education are elected by districts. All elected state officials serve four-year terms. The governor cannot serve more than two consecutive terms. Every office in the executive branch is controlled by either the governor or another elected official. There are no formal age, citizenship, or residency provisions for a gubernatorial candidate's qualifications for office. As of December 2004, the governor's salary was $98,331.

A bill becomes law when it has been approved by 21 senators and 63 representatives and signed by the governor. A veto can be overridden by two-thirds of the elected members of both houses. If the governor neither vetoes nor signs a bill, it becomes law after 10 days (whether or not the legislature is in session).

To vote in the state, a person must be a US citizen, 18 years old at the time of the election, a resident of Kansas, and not able to claim the right to vote elsewhere. Restrictions apply to those convicted of certain crimes and to those judged by the court to be mentally incompetent to vote.

POLITICAL PARTIES

Kansas was dominated by the Republican Party for the first three decades of statehood (1860s1880s). Although the Republicans remain the dominant force in state politics, the Democrats controlled the governorship in the early 2000s.

The Republican Party of early Kansas espoused the abolitionist ideals of the New England settlers who sought to ban slavery from the state. After the Civil War, the railroads played a major role in Republican politics and won favorable tax advantages from the elected officials. The party's ranks swelled with the arrival of immigrants from Scandinavia and Germany, who tended to side with the party's strongly conservative beliefs.

The Republicans' hold over state life was shaken by the Populist revolt toward the end of the 19th century. The high point of Populist Party power came in 1892, when the insurgents won all statewide elective offices and also took control of the Senate. When electoral irregularities denied them control of the House, they temporarily seized the House chambers. The two parties then set up separate houses of representatives, the Populists meeting one day and the Republicans the next. This continued for six weeks, until the Kansas Supreme Court ruled that the Republicans constituted the rightful legal body. After a Republican sweep in 1894, the Populists returned to office in 1896, but the party declined rapidly thereafter.

The Democrats rose to power in the state as a result of a split between the conservative and progressive wings of the Republican Party in 1912. Nevertheless, the Democrats were very much a minority party until after World War II. Democratic Kathleen Sebelius was elected governor in 2002. Republicans have regularly controlled the legislature. In 2004, there were 1,694,000 registered voters. In 1998, 29% of registered voters were Democratic, 45% Republican, and 26% unaffiliated or members of other parties.

In 1988 and 1992, Kansans voted for George H. W. Bush in the presidential elections. In the 1996 election, native Kansan Bob Dole won 54% of the vote; Bill Clinton received 36%; and Independent Ross Perot garnered 9%. In the 2000 and 2004 elections, Republican George W. Bush won 58% and 62% of the vote, respectively, to Democrat Al Gore's 37% (in 2000) and Democrat John Kerry's 36% (in 2004). The state had six electoral votes in the 2004 presidential election.

Bob Dole, first elected to the US Senate in 1968 and elected Senate majority leader in 1984, reclaimed the post of majority leader when the Republicans gained control of the Senate in the elections of 1994. In a surprise move in May 1996, Dole announced his retirement from the Senate to concentrate on his presidential campaign. In November, the race to fill his remaining term was won by Republican Sam Brownback. Completing the term, Brownback won his first full term in November 1998; he was reelected in 2004. Kansas's other Republican senator, Nancy Landon Kassebaum, also vacated her seat in 1996; it was won by Republican congressman Pat Roberts, who was reelected in 2002. In the 2004 elections, Kansas voters sent three Republicans and one Democrat to the US House. In the state legislature in mid-2005, there were 30 Republicans and 10 Democrats in the state Senate and 83 Republicans and 42 Democrats in the state House.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

As of 2005, Kansas had 105 counties, 627 municipal governments, 304 public school districts, and 1,533 special districts. As of 2002, there were 1,299 townships.

By law, no county can be less than 432 sq mi (1,119 sq km). Each county government is headed by elected county commissioners. Other county officials include the county clerk, treasurer, register of deeds, attorney, sheriff, clerk of district court, and appraiser. Most cities are run by mayor-council systems.

In 2005, local government accounted for about 137,278 full-time (or equivalent) employment positions.

STATE SERVICES

To address the continuing threat of terrorism and to work with the federal Department of Homeland Security, homeland security in Kansas operates under the authority of the governor; the adjutant general is designated as the state homeland security adviser.

All education services, including community colleges, are handled by the state Board of Education; the state university system lies within the jurisdiction of the Board of Regents. The Department of Human Resources administers employment and worker benefit programs. The Kansas Housing Resources Corporation creates housing opportunities for Kansans. Social, vocational, and children's and youth programs are run by the Department of Social and Rehabilitation Services. The Department of Health and Environment supervises health, environment, and laboratory services. Other departments focus on agriculture, corrections, revenue, transportation, wildlife and parks, aging, and information systems and communication.

A "Sunset Law" automatically abolishes specified state agencies at certain times unless they receive renewed statutory authority.

JUDICIAL SYSTEM

The Kansas Supreme Court, the highest court in the state, is composed of a chief justice and six other justices. All justices are appointed by the governor but after one year must run for election in the next general election. They are then elected for six-year terms. In case of rejection by the voters, the vacancy is filled by appointment. An intermediate-level court of appeals consists of a chief judge and six other judges appointed by the governor; like supreme court justices, they must be elected to full terms, in this case for four years.

In January 1977, probate, juvenile, and county courts, as well as magistrate courts of countywide jurisdiction, were replaced by district courts. The 31 district courts are presided over by 156 district and associate district judges and 69 district magistrate judges.

As of 31 December 2004, a total of 8,966 prisoners were held in state and federal prisons in Kansas, a decrease (from 9,132) of 1.8% from the previous year. As of year-end 2004, a total of 620 inmates were female, down from 629 or 1.4% from the year before. Among sentenced prisoners (includes some sentenced to one year or less), Kansas had an incarceration rate of 327 per 100,000 population in 2004.

According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Kansas in 2004, had a violent crime rate (murder/nonnegligent manslaughter; forcible rape; robbery; aggravated assault) of 374.5 reported incidents per 100,000 population, or a total of 10,245 reported incidents. Crimes against property (burglary; larceny/theft; and motor vehicle theft) in that same year totaled 108,694 reported incidents or 3,973.5 reported incidents per 100,000 people. Kansas had a death penalty until 17 December 2004 when the state's death penalty statutes were declared unconstitutional. However, as of 1 January 2006, eight inmates remained on death row.

In 2003, Kansas spent $56,896,421 on homeland security, an average of $21 per state resident.

ARMED FORCES

The US Army's First Infantry Division, known as the Big Red One, was located at Ft. Riley in Junction City until 1996, when the colors of the First Infantry Division moved to Würzburg, Germany. Founded in 1827, Ft. Leavenworth is the oldest continuously active military fort west of the Mississippi. The Army's Combined Arms Center Command (CAC) and General Staff College is housed there. McConnell Air Force Base is located in Wichita. A total of 20,039 active-duty federal military personnel, along with 3,762 civilian personnel, were stationed in Kansas in 2004. In 2004, $1.4 billion in defense contracts was awarded to state firms, up from $762 million in 199596 and down from $2.4 billion in 198384. In addition, another $1.5 billion in defense payroll spending, including retired military pay, came to the state.

There were 246,359 veterans of US military service in Kansas as of 2003, of whom 36,042 served in World War II; 26,804 in the Korean conflict; 76,710 during the Vietnam era; and 38,422 in the Gulf War. During fiscal year 2004, expenditures on veterans were $592 million.

As of 31 October 2004, the Kansas Highway Patrol employed 535 full-time sworn officers.

MIGRATION

By the 1770s, Kansas was inhabited by a few thousand Indians, mainly from five tribes: the Kansa (Kaw) and the Osage, both of whom had migrated from the East, the Pawnee from the North, and the Wichita and Comanche, who had come from the Southwest. In 1825, the US government signed a treaty with the Kansa and Osage that allowed eastern Indians to settle in the state.

The first wave of white migration came during the 1850s with the arrival of New England abolitionists who settled in Lawrence, Topeka, and Manhattan. They were followed by a much larger wave of emigrants from the eastern Missouri and the upper Mississippi Valley, drawn by the lure of wide-open spaces and abundant economic opportunity.

The population swelled as a result of the Homestead Act of 1862, which offered land to anyone who would improve it and live on it for five years. The railroads promoted the virtues of Kansas overseas and helped sponsor immigrant settlers. By 1870, 11% of the population was European. More than 30,000 blacks, mostly from the South, arrived during 187880. Crop failures caused by drought in the late 1890s led to extensive out-migration from the western half of the state. Another period of out-migration occurred in the early 1930s, when massive dust storms drove people off the land. Steady migration from farms to cities has been a feature of Kansas since the early 20th century, with urban population surpassing farm population after World War II. From 1980 to 1990, the urban population increased from 66.7% to 69.1% of the state's total. Also from 1980 to 1990, Kansas had a net loss of 63,411 from migration. Only 10 of Kansas's 105 counties recorded a net gain from migration in the 1980s. Between 1990 and 1998, the state had a net loss of 13,000 in domestic migration and a gain of 24,000 in international migration. In 1998, 3,184 foreign immigrants arrived in the state. Between 1990 and 1998, Kansas's overall population increased 6.1%. In the period 200005, net international migration was 38,222 and net internal migration was 57,763, for a net loss of 19,541 people.

INTERGOVERNMENTAL COOPERATION

Kansas is a member of the Arkansas River Compact of 1949, Arkansas River Compact of 1965, Central Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact, Kansas-Nebraska Big Blue River Compact, Kansas City Area Transportation Authority, Kansas-Missouri Boundary Compact and Culture District Compact, Missouri River Toll Bridge Compact, Republican River Compact, and other interstate bodies. The Interstate Cooperation Commission assists state officials and employees in maintaining contact with governmental units in other states. In fiscal year 2001, Kansas received over $2.7 billion in federal grants. Following a national trend, that amount dropped to $2.561 billion in fiscal year 2005, before gradually recovering to an estimated $2.663 billion in fiscal year 2006 and an estimated $2.755 billion in fiscal year 2007.

ECONOMY

Although wheat production has long been the mainstay of the Kansas economy, efforts to bring other industries into the state began as early as the 1870s, when the railroads linked Kansas to eastern markets. By 2000, agricultural products and meat-packing industries were rivaled by the large aircraft industry centered in Wichita. Four Kansas companies, all located in Wichita, manufacture 70% of the world's general aviation aircraft. The Kansas City metropolitan area is a center of automobile production and printing. Metal fabrication, printing, and mineral products industries predominate in the nine southeastern counties. Kansas continues to lead all states in wheat production. The national recession of 2001 had a relatively mild impact on the Kansas economy. The annual economic growth rate, which had averaged 5% from 1998 to 2000, dipped to 3.2% in 2001. Net job creation, though sharply slowed by layoffs in 2001 and 2002, including several rounds of layoffs in the Wichita aircraft manufacturing industry, remained positive, in contrast to the nation as whole, in which job creation turned to net layoffs in the second half of 2001 and stayed negative throughout 2002. In December 2002, however, unemployment in Kansas was at the relatively high level of 4.6%. The farm sector was also afflicted by drought conditions, which persisted into the winter of 200203. In 2002, on a year-by-year basis, wheat production was down 19%, corn production down 26%, and soybean production down 29%. Kansas's rural population continues its long-term decline as people migrate to urban areas seeking better employment opportunities. Since 1970, 67 of the state's 105 counties have lost population, and in 19 of these, the rate of decrease accelerated during the 1990s. From 1997 to 2001, Kansas farm output experienced a net decrease of 34.5%, from $2.7 billion to $1.8 billion.

The state's gross state product (GSP) in 2004 totaled $98.946 billion, of which manufacturing (durable and nondurable goods) accounted for the largest portion at $14.897 billion or 15% of GSP, followed by real estate at $8.790 billion (8.8% of GSP) and health care and social services at $6.930 billion (7% of GSP). In that same year, there were an estimated 229,776 small businesses in Kansas. Of the 69,241 businesses that had employees, a total of 67,120 or 96.9% were small companies. An estimated 6,742 new businesses were established in the state in 2004, down 11.6% from the year before. Business terminations that same year came to 7,250, down 13.6% from 2003. There were 268 business bankruptcies in 2004, down 11.6% from the previous year. In 2005, the state's personal bankruptcy (Chapter 7 and Chapter 13) filing rate was 585 filings per 100,000 people, ranking Kansas as the 21st highest in the nation.

INCOME

In 2005, Kansas had a gross state product (GSP) of $105 billion, which accounted for 0.9% of the nation's gross domestic product and placed the state at number 32 in highest GSP among the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, in 2004, Kansas had a per capita personal income (PCPI) of $31,078. This ranked 27th in the United States and was 94% of the national average of $33,050. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of PCPI was 4.0%. Kansas had a total personal income (TPI) of $84,957,195,000, which ranked 31st in the United States and reflected an increase of 5.0% from 2003. The 19942004 average annual growth rate of TPI was 4.6%. Earnings of persons employed in Kansas increased from $61,785,883,000 in 2003 to $65,176,017,000 in 2004, an increase of 5.5%. The 200304 national change was 6.3%.

The US Census Bureau reports that the three-year average median household income for 200204 in 2004 dollars was $43,725 compared to a national average of $44,473. During the same period, 10.7% of the population was below the poverty line, compared to 12.4% nationwide.

LABOR

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), in April 2006, the seasonally adjusted civilian labor force in Kansas numbered 1,481,300. Approximately 67,400 workers were unemployed, yielding an unemployment rate of 4.6%, compared to the national average of 4.7% for the same period. Preliminary data for the same period placed nonfarm employment at 1,345,900. Since the beginning of the BLS data series in 1976, the highest unemployment rate recorded in Kansas was 7.4% in September 1982. The historical low was 2.9% in October 1978. Preliminary nonfarm employment data by occupation for April 2006 showed that approximately 4.9% of the labor force was employed in construction; 19.3% in manufacturing; 19.3% in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 9.8% in professional and business services; 12.4% in education and health services; 8.4% in leisure and hospitality services; and 18.9% in government. Data were unavailable for financial services.

The BLS reported that in 2005, a total of 85,000 of Kansas's 1,210,000 employed wage and salary workers were formal members of a union. This represented 7% of those so employed, down from 8.4% in 2004 and below the national average of 12%. Overall in 2005, a total of 115,000 workers (9.5%) in Kansas were covered by a union or employee association contract, which includes those workers who reported no union affiliation. Kansas is one of 22 states with a right-to-work law, which is a part of the state's constitution.

As of 1 March 2006, Kansas had a state-mandated minimum wage rate of $2.65 per hour. However, that rate does not apply to employment covered by the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act. In 2004, women in the state accounted for 46% of the employed civilian labor force.

AGRICULTURE

Known as the Wheat State and the breadbasket of the nation, Kansas typically produces more wheat than any other state. It ranked fifth in total farm income in 2005, with cash receipts of $9.7 billion.

Because of fluctuating prices, Kansas farmers have always risked economic disaster. During the 1920s, depressed farm prices forced many new farmers out of business. By World War II, Kansas farmers were prospering again, as record prices coincided with record yields. Since then, improved technology has favored corporate farms at the expense of small landholders. Between 1940 and 2002, the number of farms declined from 159,000 to 64,500, while the average size of farms more than doubled (to 732 acres/296 hectares). Income from crops in 2005 totaled $3.1 billion.

Other leading crops are alfalfa, hay, oats, barley, popcorn, rye, dry edible beans, corn and sorghums for silage, wild hay, red clover, and sugar beets.

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

In 2001, Kansas dairy farmers had an estimated 111,000 milk cows that produced 2.11 billion lb (0.96 billion kg) of milk.

In 2005, Kansas farmers had an estimated 6.65 million cattle and calves (second in the United States) worth $5.51 billion. Kan-sas farmers had an estimated 1.72 million hogs and pigs worth around $160 million in 2004. An estimated 6.9 million lb (3.1 million kg) of sheep and lambs were produced by Kansas farmers in 2003 and sold for $6.1 million. The wool clip in 2004 totaled 485,000 lb (220,000 kg).

FISHING

There is little commercial fishing in Kansas. Sport fishermen can find bass, crappie, catfish, perch, and pike in the state's reservoirs and artificial lakes. In 2004, there were 265,238 fishing licenses issued by the state. The Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks' objectives for fisheries include provision of 11.7 million angler trips annually on Kansas reservoirs, lakes, streams, and private waters, while maintaining the quantity and quality of the catch. There are four state hatcheries.

FORESTRY

Kansas was at one time so barren of trees that early settlers were offered 160 acres (65 hectares) free if they would plant trees on their land. This program was rarely implemented, however, and today much of Kansas is still treeless.

Kansas has 1,545,000 acres (625,000 hectares) of forestland, 2.9% of the total state area. There are 1,491,000 acres (491,000 hectares) of commercial timberland, of which 96% are privately owned.

MINING

According to data from the US Geological Survey (USGS), the value of nonfuel mineral production by Kansas in 2004 was $754 million, an increase from 2003 of 8.3%. The USGS data ranked Kansas as 23rd among the 50 states by the total value of its nonfuel mineral production, accounting for almost 1.7% of total US output.

Portland cement, Grade-A helium, salt, and crushed stone were the leading nonfuel mineral commodities produced by the state, accounting for around 28%, 25%, 17%, and 14%, respectively, of all nonfuel mineral production by value in 2004 and about 84% of all output collectively. Nationally, Kansas continued to rank first out of only two states in the production of Grade-A and crude helium. In addition, the state was fifth in the production of salt and eighth in the production of gypsum.

Portland cement production in 2004 totaled 2.69 million metric tons and was valued at an estimated $212 million. Grade-A helium output that same year totaled 82 million cu m and was valued at $189 million, while salt production totaled 2.89 million metric tons, with a value of $127 million. The production of crushed stone totaled 19.8 million metric tons and was valued at $109 million. Kansas was also a producer of common clays and dimension stone in 2004.

A total of 7,041 people were employed in Kansas in all aspects of mining during 2004.

ENERGY AND POWER

As of 2003, Kansas had 154 electrical power service providers, of which 119 were publicly owned and 29 were cooperatives. The remaining, six were investor owned. As of that same year, there were 1,400,945 retail customers. Of that total, 952,229 received their power from investor-owned service providers. Cooperatives accounted for 212,001 customers, while publicly owned providers had 236,715 customers.

Total net summer generating capability by the state's electrical generating plants in 2003 stood at 10.887 million kW, with total production that same year at 46.567 billion kWh. Of the total amount generated, 99.1% came from electric utilities, with the remainder coming from independent producers and combined heat and power service providers. The largest portion of all electric power generated, 35.109 billion kWh (75.4%), came from coal-fired plants, with nuclear plants in second place at 8.889 billion kWh (19.1%). Other renewable power sources accounted for 0.8%% of all power generated, with petroleum and natural gas-fired plants at 2.1% and 2.6%, respectively.

As of 2006, Kansas had one single-unit nuclear plant, the Wolf Creek plant in Burlington.

As of 2004, Kansas had proven crude oil reserves of 245 million barrels, or 1% of all proven US reserves, while output that same year averaged 92,000 barrels per day. Including federal offshore domains, the state that year ranked 11th (10th excluding federal offshore) in proven reserves and ninth (eighth excluding federal offshore) in production among the 31 producing states. In 2004, Kansas had 40,474 producing oil wells. As of 2005, the state's three refineries had a combined crude oil distillation capacity of 296,200 barrels per day.

In 2004, Kansas had 18,120 producing natural gas and gas condensate wells. In that same year, marketed gas production (all gas produced excluding gas used for repressuring, vented and flared, and nonhydrocarbon gases removed) totaled 397.121 billion cu ft (11.2 billion cu m). As of 31 December 2004, proven reserves of dry or consumer-grade natural gas totaled 4,652 billion cu ft (132.1 billion cu m).

Kansas in 2004, had only one producing coal mine, a surface operation. Coal production that year totaled 71,000 short tons, down from 154,000 short tons in 2003. One short ton equals 2,000 lb (0.907 metric tons).

INDUSTRY

Kansas is a world leader in aviation, claiming a large share of both US and world production and sales of commercial aircraft. Wichita is a manufacturing center for Boeing, Cessna, Learjet, and Raytheon, which combined manufacture approximately 70% of the world's general aviation aircraft.

According to the US Census Bureau's Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) for 2004, Kansas's manufacturing sector covered some 17 product subsectors. The shipment value of all products manufactured in the state that same year was $56.464 billion. Of that total, transportation equipment manufacturing accounted for the largest share at $15.553 billion. It was followed by food manufacturing at $14.704 billion; machinery manufacturing at $4.413 billion; petroleum and coal products manufacturing at $4.286 billion; and chemical manufacturing at $3.654 billion.

In 2004, a total of 167,982 people in Kansas were employed in the state's manufacturing sector, according to the ASM. Of that total, 117,307 were actual production workers. In terms of total employment, the transportation equipment manufacturing industry accounted for the largest portion of all manufacturing employees at 40,982 with 24,250 actual production workers. It was followed by food manufacturing at 30,574 employees (24,828 actual pro-duction workers); machinery manufacturing at 17,677 employees (11,786 actual production workers); fabricated metal product manufacturing at 13,598 employees (9,941 actual production workers); and plastics and rubber products manufacturing with 11,632 employees (9,782 actual production workers).

ASM data for 2004 showed that Kansas's manufacturing sector paid $6.937 billion in wages. Of that amount, the transportation equipment manufacturing sector accounted for the largest share at $2.239 billion. It was followed by food manufacturing at $918.509 million; machinery manufacturing at $710.873 billion; fabricated metal product manufacturing at $483.794 million; and plastics and rubber products manufacturing at $435.765 million.

COMMERCE

Domestically, Kansas is not a major commercial state. According to the 2002 Census of Wholesale Trade, Kansas's wholesale trade sector had sales that year totaling $44.1 billion from 4,705 establishments. Wholesalers of durable goods accounted for 2,535 establishments, followed by nondurable goods wholesalers at 1,741 and electronic markets, agents, and brokers accounting for 429 establishments. Sales by durable goods wholesalers in 2002 totaled $18.1 billion, while wholesalers of nondurable goods saw sales of $21.9 billion. Electronic markets, agents, and brokers in the wholesale trade industry had sales of $4.03 billion.

In the 2002 Census of Retail Trade, Kansas was listed as having 11,890 retail establishments with sales of $26.5 billion. The leading types of retail businesses by number of establishments were motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts dealers (1,612); gasoline stations (1,464); miscellaneous store retailers (1,382); and food and beverage stores (1,379). In terms of sales, motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts dealers accounted for the largest share of retail sales at $6.8 billion, followed by general merchandise stores $4.7 billion; food and beverage stores at $3.8 billion; gasoline stations $2.6 billion; and building material/garden equipment and supplies dealers $2.3 billion. A total of 144,874 people were employed by the retail sector in Kansas that year.

Exporters located in Kansas exported $6.7 billion in merchandise during 2005.

CONSUMER PROTECTION

The attorney general's Consumer Protection and Antitrust Division enforces the Kansas Consumer Protection Act, which protects consumers against fraud and false advertising. The consumer credit commissioner is responsible for administering the state's investment and common credit codes.

When dealing with consumer protection issues, the state's Attorney General's Office (through its Consumer Protection Division) can initiate civil and criminal proceedings; represent the state before state and federal regulatory agencies; administer consumer protection and education programs; handle formal consumer complaints; and exercise broad subpoena powers. In antitrust actions, the Attorney General's Office can act on behalf of those consumers who are incapable of acting on their own and can initiate damage actions on behalf of the state in state courts. However, the office cannot commence criminal proceedings, nor can it represent counties, cities, and other governmental entities in recovering civil damages under state or federal law.

The attorney general's Consumer Protection and Antitrust Division is located in Topeka. County government-based consumer protection offices are located in the cities of Olathe and Wichita.

BANKING

As of June 2005, Kansas had 371 insured banks, savings and loans, and saving banks, plus 94 state-chartered and 26 federally chartered credit unions (CUs). Excluding the CUs, the Kansas City (Missouri and Kansas) market area had the most financial institutions in the state with 152 and deposits at $32.593 billion, followed by Wichita at 58 and $8.453 billion, respectively. As of June 2005, CUs accounted for 5% of all assets held by all financial institutions in the state, or some $3.082 billion. Banks, savings and loans, and savings banks collectively accounted for the remaining 95% or $58.460 billion in assets held.

Regulation of Kansas's state-chartered financial institutions is handled by the Kansas Office of the State Bank Commissioner. In 1993, the state savings and loan commissioner's office was merged into the state bank commissioner's office.

In 2005, the state's insured financial institutions reported a median return on assets (ROA) of 1.02%, up slightly from 2004, which stood at 1%. The improvement in ROA resulted from lower loan losses and improved net interest margins.

INSURANCE

In 2004 there were over 1.6 million individual life insurance policies in force with a total value of over $129 billion; total value for all categories of life insurance (individual, group, and credit) was about $195 billion. The average coverage amount was $76,800 per policy holder. Death benefits paid that year totaled $570 million.

In 2003, 12 life and health and 27 property and casualty insurance companies were domiciled in Kansas. In 2004, direct premiums for property and casualty insurance totaled $4.4 billion. That year, there were 9,933 flood insurance policies in force in the state, with a total value of $1 billion. About $290 million of coverage was offered through FAIR (Fair Access to Insurance) Plans, which are designed to offer coverage for some natural circumstances, such as wind and hail, in high risk areas.

In 2004, 59% of state residents held employment-based health insurance policies, 6% held individual policies, and 21% were covered under Medicare and Medicaid; 11% of residents were uninsured. In 2003, employee contributions for employment-based health coverage averaged at 23% for single coverage and 29% for family coverage. The state offers a six-month health benefits expansion program for small-firm employees in connection with the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA, 1986), a health insurance program for those who lose employment-based coverage due to termination or reduction of work hours.

In 2003, there were over 2.2 million auto insurance policies in effect for private passenger cars. Required minimum coverage includes bodily injury liability of up to $25,000 per individual and $50,000 for all persons injured in an accident, as well as property damage liability of $10,000. Personal injury protection and uninsured motorist coverage are also required. In 2003, the average expenditure per vehicle for insurance coverage was $610.29.

SECURITIES

There are no stock exchanges in Kansas. In 2005, there were 800 personal financial advisers employed in the state and 1,480 securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents. In 2004, there were over 46 publicly traded companies within the state, with over 26 NASDAQ companies, 4 NYSE listings, and 2 AMEX listings. In 2006, the state had one Fortune 500 company; YRC Worldwide (on NASDAQ) ranked 263rd in the nation with revenues of over $8.7 million. Seaboard (AMEX), Payless Shoesource (NYSE), Ferrellgas Partners (NYSE), and Westar Energy (NYSE) all made the Fortune 1,000 list.

PUBLIC FINANCE

The state budget is prepared by the Division of the Budget and submitted by the governor to the legislature for approval. The fiscal year (FY) runs from 1 July to 30 June. Generally, according to state law, no Kansas governmental unit may issue revenue bonds to finance current activities. These must operate on a cash basis. Bonds may be issued for such capital improvements as roads and buildings.

In fiscal year 2006, general funds were estimated at $5.6 billion for resources and $5.1 billion for expenditures. In fiscal year 2004, federal government grants to Kansas were $3.4 billion.

In the fiscal year 2007 federal budget, Kansas was slated to receive $33.9 million in State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) funds to help the state provide health coverage to low-income, uninsured children who do not qualify for Medicaid. This funding is a 23% increase over fiscal year 2006. The state was also scheduled to receive $14.5 million for the HOME Investment Partnership Program to help Kansas fund a wide range of activities that build, buy, or rehabilitate affordable housing for rent or homeownership, or provide direct rental assistance to low-income people. This funding is a 13% increase over fiscal year 2006.

TAXATION

In 2005, Kansas collected $5,599 million in tax revenues or $2,040 per capita, which placed it 32nd among the 50 states in per capita tax burden. The national average was $2,192 per capita. Property taxes accounted for 1.1% of the total, sales taxes 35.6%, selective sales taxes 14.1%, individual income taxes 36.6%, corporate income taxes 4.4%, and other taxes 8.2%.

As of 1 January 2006, Kansas had three individual income tax brackets ranging from 3.5% to 6.45%. The state taxes corporations at a flat rate of 4.0%.

In 2004, state and local property taxes amounted to $3,246,616,000 or $1,187 per capita. The per capita amount ranks the state 14th nationally. Local governments collected $3,189,062,000 of the total and the state government $57,554,000.

Kansas taxes retail sales at a rate of 5.30%. In addition to the state tax, local taxes on retail sales can reach as much as 3%, making for a potential total tax on retail sales of 8.30%. Food purchased for consumption off premises is taxable, although an income tax credit is allowed to off set sales tax on food. The tax on cigarettes is 79 cents per pack, which ranks 27th among the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Kansas taxes gasoline at 24 cents per gallon. This is in addition to the 18.4 cents per gallon federal tax on gasoline.

According to the Tax Foundation, for every federal tax dollar sent to Washington in 2004, Kansas citizens received $1.12 in federal spending.

ECONOMIC POLICY

The first state commission to promote industrial development was formed in 1939. In 1986, this commission was reorganized into the Kansas Department of Commerce, and in 1992 it became the Department of Commerce and Housing. The department later renamed itself the Department of Commerce (KDOC) once again. The department in 2006 consisted of five divisions: Agriculture

KansasState Government Finances
(Dollar amounts in thousands. Per capita amounts in dollars.)
AMOUNT PER VCAPITA
Abbreviations and symbols: - zero or rounds to zero; (NA) not available; (X) not applicable.
source: U.S Census Bureau, Governments Division, 2004 Survey of State Government Finances, January 2006.
Total Revenue 11,044,146 4,039.56
  General revenue 9,868,956 3,609.71
    Intergovernmental revenue 3,000,037 1,097.31
    Taxes 5,283,676 1,932.58
      General sales 1,932,927 707.00
      Selective sales 790,225 289.04
      License taxes 274,619 100.45
      Individual income tax 1,915,530 700.63
      Corporate income tax 166,609 60.94
      Other taxes 203,766 74.53
    Current charges 897,814 328.39
    Miscellaneous general revenue 687,429 251.44
  Utility revenue - -
  Liquor store revenue - -
  Insurance trust revenue 1,175,190 429.84
Total expenditure 11,207,121 4,099.17
  Intergovernmental expenditure 2,878,801 1,502.96
  Direct expenditure 8,328,320 3,046.20
      Current operation 5,736,524 2,098.22
      Capital outlay 1,032,362 377.60
      Insurance benefits and repayments 1,104,320 403.96
      Assistance and subsidies 288,708 105.60
      Interest on debt 166,406 60.87
Exhibit: Salaries and wages 1,639,641 599.72
Total expenditure 11,207,121 4,099.17
  General expenditure 10,102,801 3,695.25
    Intergovenmental expenditure 2,878,801 1,052.96
    Direct expenditure 7,224,000 2,642,28
  General expenditures, by function:
    Education 4,444,689 1,625.71
    Public welfare 2,475,046 905.28
    Hospitals 107.780 39.42
    Health 287,430 105.13
    Highways 1,225,504 448,25
    Police protection 74,193 27.14
    Correction 316,669 115.83
    Natural resources 185,658 67.91
    Parks and recreation 7,466 2.73
    Government adminsitration 420,302 153.73
    Interest on general debt 166,406 60.87
    Other and unallocable 391,658 143.25
  Utility expenditure - -
  Liquor store expenditure - -
  Insurance trust expenditure 1,104,320 403.92
Debt at end of fiscal year 4,571,408 1,672.06
Cash and security holdings 14,077,579 5,149.08

Marketing Development; Community Development; Travel and Tourism; Business Development; and Trade Development. In the 21st century, the KDOC has recommended investments in the fields of aviation, plastics, value-added agriculture, call centers, administrative service centers, and wholesale, packaging, and distribution. Events sponsored by the KDOC include training in downtown revitalization, conferences on finding new markets though international trade and, for leaders, facilitating international business, and workshops on applying for community development block grants (CDBGs).

Kansas provides tax-exempt bonds to help finance business and industry. Specific tax incentives include job expansion and investment tax credits; tax exemptions or moratoriums on land, capital improvements, and specific machinery; and certain corporate income tax exemptions.

HEALTH

The infant mortality rate in October 2005 was estimated at 6.3 per 1,000 live births. The birth rate in 2003 was 14.5 per 1,000 population. The abortion rate stood at 21.4 per 1,000 women in 2000. In 2003, about 87.8% of pregnant woman received prenatal care beginning in the first trimester. In 2004, approximately 78% of children received routine immunizations before the age of three.

The crude death rate in 2003 was 9 deaths per 1,000 population. As of 2002, the death rates for major causes of death (per 100,000 resident population) were as follows: heart disease, 246; cancer, 197.4; cerebrovascular diseases, 67.9; chronic lower respiratory diseases, 50.3; and diabetes, 28.2. The mortality rate from HIV infection was 1.4 per 100,000 population. In 2004, the reported AIDS case rate was at about 4.2 per 100,000 population. In 2002, about 57.5% of the population was considered overweight or obese. As of 2004, about 19.8% of state residents were smokers.

In 2003, Kansas had 134 community hospitals with about 10,600 beds. There were about 331,000 patient admissions that year and 6 million outpatient visits. The average daily inpatient census was about 5,900 patients. The average cost per day for hospital care was $952. Also in 2003, there were about 374 certified nursing facilities in the state with 27,045 beds and an overall occupancy rate of about 78%. In 2004, it was estimated that about 74.5% of all state residents had received some type of dental care within the year. Kansas had 235 physicians per 100,000 resident population in 2004 and 923 nurses per 100,000 in 2005. In 2004, there was a total of 1,360 dentists in the state.

About 21% of state residents were enrolled in Medicaid and Medicare programs in 2004. Approximately 11% of the state population was uninsured in 2004. In 2003, state health care expenditures totaled $2.7 million.

The University of Kansas has the state's only medical and pharmacology schools. The university's Mid-America Cancer Center and Radiation Therapy Center are the major cancer research and treatment facilities in the state. The Menninger Foundation has a research and treatment center for mental health.

SOCIAL WELFARE

Public assistance and social programs are coordinated through the Department of Human Resources and the Department of Social and Rehabilitation Services. In 2004, about 68,000 people received unemployment benefits, with the average weekly unemployment benefit at $272. In fiscal year 2005, the estimated average monthly participation in the food stamp program included about 177,782 persons (78,165 households); the average monthly benefit was about $84.37 per person. That year, the total of benefits paid through the state for the food stamp program was about $179.9 million.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), the system of federal welfare assistance that officially replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) in 1997, was reauthorized through the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. TANF is funded through federal block grants that are divided among the states based on an equation involving the number of recipients in each state. Kansas's TANF program is called Kansas Works. In 2004, the state program had 44,000 recipients; state and federal expenditures on this TANF program totaled $83 million fiscal year 2003.

In December 2004, Social Security benefits were paid to 447,140 Kansas residents. This number included 291,570 retired workers, 45,770 widows and widowers, 51,520 disabled workers, 24,660 spouses, and 33,620 children. Social Security beneficiaries represented 16.4% of the total state population and 93.7% of the state's population age 65 and older. Retired workers received an average monthly payment of $979; widows and widowers, $956; disabled workers, $866; and spouses, $497. Payments for children of retired workers averaged $497 per month; children of deceased workers, $628; and children of disabled workers, $253. Federal Supplemental Security Income payments went to 38,476 Kansas residents in December 2004, averaging $384 a month.

HOUSING

Kansas has relatively old housing stock. According to a 2004 survey, about 20% of all housing units were built in 1939 or earlier and 49.6% were built between 1940 and 1979. The overwhelming majority (73.8%) were one-unit, detached structures and 69.5% were owner occupied. The total number of housing units in 2004 was estimated at 1,185,114, of which 1,076,366 were occupied. Most units relied on utility gas and electricity for heating. It was estimated that 46,269 units lacked telephone service, 3,554 lacked complete plumbing facilities, and 5,093 lacked complete kitchen facilities. The average household had 2.47 members.

In 2004, 13,300 privately owned units were authorized for construction. The median home value was $102,458. The median monthly cost for mortgage owners was $1,013. Renters paid a median of $567 per month. In 2006, the state received over $17.2 million in community development block grants from the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).

EDUCATION

In 2004, 89.6% of those age 25 and older were high school graduates, compared to the national average of 84%. Some 30% had obtained a bachelor's degree or higher.

In 1954, Kansas was the focal point of a US Supreme Court decision that had enormous implications for US public education. The court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka that Topeka's "separate but equal" elementary schools for black and white students were inherently unequal, and it ordered the school system to integrate.

Total public school enrollment for fall 2002 stood at 471,000. Of these, 322,000 attended schools from kindergarten through grade eight, and 149,000 attended high school. Approximately 76.4% of the students were white, 8.9% were black, 11% were Hispanic, 2.3% were Asian/Pacific Islander, and 1.4% were American Indian/Alaskan Native. Total enrollment was estimated at 465,000 in fall 2003 and was estimated to be 471,000 by fall 2014, an increase of 0.1% during the period 200214. Expenditures for public education in 2003/04 were estimated at $3.96 billion. There were 41,762 students enrolled in 229 private schools in fall 2003. Since 1969, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) has tested public school students nationwide. The resulting report, The Nation's Report Card, stated that in 2005, eighth graders in Kansas scored 284 out of 500 in mathematics compared with the national average of 278.

As of fall 2002, there were 188,049 students enrolled in institutions of higher education; minority students comprised 13.3% of total postsecondary enrollment. In 2005 Kansas had 63 degree-granting institutions. There are 9 four-year public institutions, 27 public two-year schools, and 21 private nonprofit four-year institutions. In addition, Kansas has a state technical institute, a municipal university (Washburn University, Topeka), and an American Indian university. Kansas State University was the nation's first land-grant university. Washburn University and the University of Kansas have the state's two law schools. The oldest higher-education institution in Kansas is Highland Community College, which was chartered in 1857. The oldest four-year institution is Baker University, a United Methodist institution, which received its charter just three days after Highland's was issued. The Kansas Board of Regents offers scholarships and tuition grants to Kansas students in need.

ARTS

The Kansas Arts Commission is a state arts agency governed by a 12-member panel of commissioners appointed for four-year rotating terms by the governor. The commission's annual budget is made up of funds appropriated by the Kansas legislature and grants awarded to the agency by the National Endowment for the Arts. In 2005, the Kansas Arts Commission and other Kansas arts organizations received 12 grants totaling $767,470 from the National Endowment for the Arts. The Arts Commission is also in partnership with the regional Mid-America Arts Alliance. The Kansas Humanities Council, founded in 1972, sponsors programs involving over 500,000 people each year. In 2005, the state received $864,264 in the form of 13 grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

The largest and most active arts organization in the state is the Wichita Symphony Orchestra; established in 1944, it is one of the oldest arts organizations in the state. The Koch Industries Twilight Pops Concert has become the largest event of the annual Wichita River Festival. Attracting some 100,000 people, the Wichita Symphony performs a wide range of music at this outdoor concert, including favorite patriotic pieces and rock choices. The Topeka Performing Arts Center presents concerts and shows of a variety of music. Topeka also hosts the Topeka Symphony, established in 1946. The 2005/06 season marked the Topeka Symphony's 60th Anniversary Diamond Jubilee celebration.

The Wichita Art Museum, established in 1915, is noted for its emphasis on American art and American artistic heritage. Its permanent Roland P. Murdock Collection boasts works by Mary Cassatt, Winslow Homer, and Edward Hopper.

LIBRARIES AND MUSEUMS

In 2001, Kansas had 321 public library systems, with a total of 373 libraries, of which 53 were branches. In that same year, the state's public library system had 10,438,000 volumes of books and serial publications on its shelves and a total circulation of 21,488,000. The system also had 339,000 audio and 411,000 video items, 21,000 electronic format items (CD-ROMs, magnetic tapes, and disks), and five bookmobiles. The Dwight D. Eisenhower Library in Abilene houses a collection of papers and memorabilia from the 34th president. There is also a museum. The Menninger Foundation Museum and Archives in Topeka maintains various collections pertaining to psychiatry. The Kansas State Historical Society Library (Topeka) contains the state's archives. Volumes of books and documents on the Old West are found in the Cultural Heritage and Arts Center Library in Dodge City. with 10,207,000 volumes and a circulation of 20,808,000. In 2001, operating income for the state's public library system totaled $770,029,000, which included $607,000 in federal grants and $1,870,000 in state grants.

Almost 188 museums, historical societies, and art galleries were scattered across the state in 2000. The Dyche Museum of Natural History at the University of Kansas, Lawrence, draws many visitors. The Kansas State Historical Society maintains an extensive collection of ethnological and archaeological materials in Topeka.

Among the art museums are the Mulvane Art Center in Topeka, the Helen Foresman Spencer Museum of Art at the University of Kansas, and the Wichita Art Museum. The Dalton Museum in Coffeyville displays memorabilia from the famed Dalton family of desperadoes. La Crosse is the home of the Barbed Wire Museum, displaying more than 500 varieties of barbed wire. The Emmett Kelly Historical Museum in Sedan honors the world-famous clown born there. The US Cavalry Museum is on the grounds of Ft. Riley. The Sedgwick County Zoo in Wichita and the Topeka Zoo are the largest of seven zoological gardens in Kansas.

The entire town of Nicodemus, where many blacks settled after the Civil War, was made a national historic landmark in 1975. The chalk formations of Monument Rocks in western Kansas constitute the state's only national natural landmark. Ft. Scott and Ft. Larned are national historic parks.

COMMUNICATIONS

About 94.8% of all households had telephone service in 2004. Additionally, by June of that same year, there were 1,345,160 mobile wireless telephone subscribers. In 2003, 63.8% of Kansas households had a computer and 54.3% had Internet access. By June 2005, there were 419,938 high-speed lines in Kansas, 385,369 residential and 34,569 for business.

The state had 15 major AM and 54 major FM radio stations, 14 major commercial television stations, and 4 public television stations in 2005. In 2000, Kansas had registered a total of 42,009 Internet domain names.

PRESS

Starting with the Shawnee Sun, a Shawnee-language newspaper founded by missionary Jotham Meeker in 1833, the press has played an important role in Kansas history. The most famous Kansas newspaperman was William Allen White, whose Emporia Gazette was a leading voice of Progressive Republicanism around the turn of the century. Earlier, John J. Ingalls launched his political career by editing the Atchison Freedom's Champion. Captain Henry King came from Illinois to found the State Record and Daily Capital in Topeka.

In 2005, Kansas had 43 daily newspapers (9 morning and 34 evening) and 14 Sunday papers.

Leading newspapers and their circulations in 2005 were as follows:

AREA NAME DAILY SUNDAY
Topeka Capitalu-Journal (m,S) 89,469 64,585
Wichita Eagle (m,S) 96,506 146,727

The Kansas City (Missouri) Star (275,747 daily; 388,425 Sundays) is widely read in the Kansas as well as in the Missouri part of the metropolitan area.

ORGANIZATIONS

In 2006, there were over 3,790 nonprofit organizations registered within the state, of which about 2,440 were registered as charitable, educational, or religious organizations. Among the national organizations headquartered in Kansas are the American Association for Public Opinion Research, American Institute of Baking, American Medical Society for Sports Medicine, International Association for Jazz Education, and Lefthanders International.

State and regional cultural and educational organizations include the Association of Community Arts Agencies of Kansas and the Kansas State Historical Society, as well as a number of county historical societies and regional arts groups. The national offices of Mennonite Women USA and Mennonite Voluntary services are in Newton.

TOURISM, TRAVEL, AND RECREATION

Kansas has 23 state parks, 2 national historic sites, 24 federal reservoirs, 48 state fishing lakes, more than 100 privately owned campsites, and more than 304,000 acres (123,000 hectares) of public hunting and game management lands. The two major national historic sites are Ft. Larned and Ft. Scott, both 19th-century Army bases on the Indian frontier. In 2002, the top five parks (based on number of visitors) were Hillsdale State Park (1.6 million), El Dorado State Park (1 million), Clinton Lake, Perry Lake, and Tuttle Creek Lake.

The most popular tourist attraction, with over 2.4 million visitors in 2002, is Cabela's (Kansas City), a 190,000 square-foot showroom and shopping center featuring a mule deer museum, a 65,000 gallon aquarium, a gun library, and Yukon base camp grill. The next-ranking visitor sites in 2002 were Harrah's Prairie Band Casino (Mayetta), the Kansas City Speedway, Sedgwick County Zoo (Wichita), Woodlands Race Tracks (Kansas City), New Theatre Restaurant (Overland Park), Exploration Place (Wichita) and the Kansas Cosmosphere and Space Center (Hutchinson).

Topeka features a number of tourist attractions, including the state capitol, state historical museum, and Menninger Foundation. Dodge City offers a reproduction of Old Front Street as it was when the town was the "cowboy capital of the world." Historic Wichita Cowtown is another frontier-town reproduction. In Hanover stands the only remaining original and unaltered Pony Express station. A recreated "Little House on the Prairie," near the childhood home of Laura Ingalls Wilder, is 13 mi (21 km) southwest of Independence. The Eisenhower Center in Abilene contains the 34th president's family home, library, and museum. The state fair is held in Hutchinson.

Kansas has six national parks including the site of the famous school desgregation lawsuit Brown v. the Board of Education (in Shawnee County). Carrie Nation (of Medicine Lodge) founded the Temperance Movement leading to the Prohibition Act, which outlawed the sale and consumption of alcohol. The University of Kansas (at Lawrence) is home to the Dole Institute of Politics, founded by former vice president Robert Dole. Famous aviator Amelia Earhart hails from Abilene, as does President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Each April, the city of Flint Hills hosts the Prairie Fire Festival, when there is a controlled burn of dead prairie material.

SPORTS

There are no major professional sports teams in Kansas. The minor league Wichita Wranglers play in the Double-A Texas League and the Kansas City T-Bones play in the Northern League. There is also a minor league hockey team in Wichita. During spring, summer, and early fall, horses are raced at Eureka Downs. The national Greyhound Association Meet is held in Abilene.

The University of Kansas and Kansas State both play collegiate football in the Big Twelve Conference. Kansas went to the Orange Bowl in 1948 and 1969, losing both times. The Jayhawks won the Aloha Bowl in 1992 and 1995. Kansas State played in the Cotton Bowl in 1996 and 1997, winning in 1996, and they won the Fiesta Bowl in 1998. In basketball, Kansas won the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Championship in 1952 and 1988 and has appeared in 12 Final Four Tournaments. The National Junior College Basketball Tournament is held in Hutchinson each March. The Kansas Relays take place at Lawrence in April. The Flint Hills Rodeo in Strong City is one of many rodeos held statewide. The Kansas Speedway hosts the NASCAR Nextel Cup and Busch series event.

A US sporting event unique to Kansas is the International Pancake Race, held in Liberal each Shrove Tuesday. Women wearing housedresses, aprons, and scarves run along an S-shaped course carrying skillets and flipping pancakes as they go.

Hall of Fame pitcher Walter Johnson was born in Humboldt, NFL great Barry Sanders in Wichita, and basketball legend Adolph Rupp in Halstead.

FAMOUS KANSANS

Kansas claims only one US president and one US vice president. Dwight D. Eisenhower (b.Texas, 18901969) as elected the 34th president in 1952 and reelected in 1956; he had served as the Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in World War II. He is buried in Abilene, his boyhood home. Charles Curtis (18601936) was vice president during the Herbert Hoover administration.

Two Kansans have been associate justices of the US Supreme Court: David J. Brewer (18371910) and Charles E. Whittaker (190173). Other federal officeholders from Kansas include William Jardine (18791955), secretary of agriculture; Harry Woodring (18901967), secretary of war; and Georgia Neese Clark Gray (190095), treasurer of the Unites States. Prominent US sen-ators include Edmund G. Ross (18261907), who cast a crucial acquittal vote at the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson; John J. Ingalls (18331900), who was also a noted literary figure; Joseph L. Bristow (18611944), a leader in the Progressive movement; Arthur Caper (18651951), a former publisher and governor; Robert Dole (b.1923), who was the Republican candidate for vice president in 1976, twice served as Senate majority leader, and was his party's presidential candidate in 1996; and Nancy Landon Kassebaum (b.1932), elected to the US Senate in 1978. Among the state's important US representatives were Jeremiah Simpson (18421905), a leading Populist, and Clifford R. Hope (18931970), important in the farm bloc. Gary Hart, a senator and a presidential candidate in 1984 and 1988, was born in Ottowa, Kansas, on 28 November 1936.

Notable Kansas governors include George W. Glick (18271911); Walter R. Stubbs (18581929); Alfred M. Landon (18871984), who ran for US president on the Republican ticket in 1936; and Frank Carlson (18931984). Other prominent political figures were David L. Payne (183684), who helped open Oklahoma to settlement; Carry Nation (18461911), the colorful prohibitionist; and Frederick Funston (18651917), hero of the Philippine campaign of 1898 and a leader of San Francisco's recovery after the 1906 earthquake and fire.

Earl Sutherland (191574) won the Nobel Prize in 1971 for physiology or medicine. Other leaders in medicine and science include Samuel J. Crumbine (18621954), a public health pioneer; the doctors MenningerC. F. (18621953), William (18991966), and Karl (18931990)who established the Menninger Foundation, a leading center for mental health; Arthur Hertzler (18701946), a surgeon and author; and Clyde Tombaugh (190697), who discovered the planet Pluto.

Kansas also had several pioneers in aviation, including Clyde Cessna (18801954), Glenn Martin (18861955), Walter Beech (18911950), Amelia Earhart (18981937), and Lloyd Stearman (18981975). Cyrus K. Holliday (18261900) founded the Santa Fe Railroad; William Coleman (18701957) was an innovator in lighting; and Walter Chrysler (18751940) was a prominent automotive developer.

Most famous of Kansas writers was William Allen White (18681944), whose son, William L. White (190073), also had a distinguished literary career; Damon Runyon (18841946) was a popular journalist and storyteller. Novelists include Edgar Watson Howe (18531937), Margaret Hill McCarter (18601938), Dorothy Canfield Fisher (18791958), Paul Wellman (18981966), and Frederic Wakeman (b.1909). Gordon Parks (19122006) has made his mark in literature, photography, and music. William Inge (191373) was a prize-winning playwright who contributed to the Broadway stage. Notable painters are Sven Birger Sandzen (18711954), John Noble (18741934), and John Steuart Curry (18971946). Sculptors include Robert M. Gage (18921981), Bruce Moore (190580), and Bernard Frazier (190676). Among composers and conductors are Thurlow Lieurance (b.Iowa 18781963), Joseph Maddy (18911966), and Kirke L. Mechem (b.1926). Jazz great Charlie "Bird" Parker (Charles Christopher Parker Jr., 192055) was born in Kansas City.

Stage and screen notables include Fred Stone (18731959), Joseph "Buster" Keaton (18951966), Milburn Stone (190480), Charles "Buddy" Rogers (190499), Vivian Vance (191279), Edward Asner (b.1929), and Shirley Knight (b.1937). The clown Emmett Kelly (18981979) was a Kansan. Operatic performers include Marion Talley (190683) and Kathleen Kersting (190965).

Glenn Cunningham (190988) and Jim Ryun (b.1947) both set running records for the mile. Also prominent in sports history were James Naismith (18611939), the inventor of basketball; baseball pitcher Walter Johnson (18871946); and Gale Sayers (b.1943), a football running back.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bair, Julene. One Degree West: Reflections of a Plainsdaughter. Minneapolis, Minn.: Mid-List Press, 2000.

Council of State Governments. The Book of the States, 2006 Edition. Lexington, Ky.: Council of State Governments, 2006.

Dean, Virgil W. (ed.). John Brown to Bob Dole: Movers and Shakers in Kansas History. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2006.

Everhart, Michael J. Oceans of Kansas: A Natural History of the Western Interior Sea. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005.

Frederickson, H. George (ed.). Public Policy and the Two States of Kansas. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1992.

Hoard, Robert J., and William E. Banks (eds.). Kansas Archaeology. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas in Association with the Kansas State Historical Society, 2006.

Mobil Travel Guide. Great Plains 2006: Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma. Lincolnwood, Ill.: ExxonMobil Travel Publications, 2006.

Preston, Thomas. Great Plains: North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Vol. 4, The Double Eagle Guide to 1,000 Great Western Recreation Destinations. Billings, Mont.: Discovery Publications, 2003.

Richmond, Robert W. Kansas, a Land of Contrasts. Wheeling, Ill.: Harland Davidson, 1999.

Shortridge, James R. Peopling the Plains: Who Settled Where in Frontier Kansas. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1995.

Socolofsky, Homer, and Virgil W. Dean. Kansas History: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Greenwood, 1992.

US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, US Census Bureau. Kansas, 2000. Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics: 2000 Census of Population and Housing. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office, 2003.

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Kansas

KANSAS

KANSAS. The geographic center of the 48 contiguous states of the United States is in Kansas, one mile north of the city of Lebanon. The geodetic center (which takes into account the curvature of the earth) of North America is in Osborne County in north-central Kansas. The state is rectangular, approximately 408 miles east to west, and 206 miles north to south. Kansas is bordered to the east by Missouri, to the south by Oklahoma, to the west by Colorado, and to the north by Nebraska. Because of its geographic center and because of its agricultural prominence, Kansas is often referred to as "the heartland of America."

The state is customarily divided into four different geologic regions. The northeastern part of Kansas is the Dissected Till Plains, so-called because the retreating glaciers of the last ice age left the land looking as though it had been divided and plowed. It has forests and an abundance of water. The southeastern part of Kansas, known as the Southeastern Plains, is marked by limestone hills, the Osage Plains, and grass. To the west of these two regions is the Plains Border, so called because its western edge borders the eastern edge of the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. This region is plagued by severe droughts and tornadoes. Also prone to drought are the High Plains, which occupy the western part of Kansas and rise westward up into the Rockies. It is a dry area whose people rely on an underground aquifer for irrigation of their crops.

The most historically important of Kansas's rivers are the Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, and Cimarron. The Missouri River forms part of the northeastern border and has been important for shipping. The Kansas River begins in north central Kansas at the confluence of the Republican and Smoky Hill Rivers and flows eastward to the Missouri. It formed a natural boundary between the Native American tribes, in the northeast, and the rest of the state. The Arkansas River enters Kansas a third of the way north on Kansas's western border, meanders east, then northeast, then crosses the border into Oklahoma. The Santa Fe Trail, used by hundreds of thousands of migrants and traders, followed the Kansas River, then turned southwest to the Arkansas River and followed it to the west. Some people chose a quicker but more hazardous route by crossing south over the Arkansas River and heading southwest to cross the Cimarron River, which originates in the High Plains and flows southeastward to Oklahoma.

Prehistory

It is not known when humans first arrived in what is now Kansas. Archaeologists and paleoanthropologists have continued to push backward in time the era when the first people arrived in North America, probably more than 100,000 years ago. During the last ice age, a glacier extended southward into northeastern Kansas and would have obliterated evidence of habitation earlier than 11,000 b.c.

There is much evidence of humans south of the glacier in 11,000 b.c., including long sharpened stone points for spears. These Paleo-Indians, a term meaning people who predate the Native American cultures that existed after 7000 b.c., were nomads who hunted mammoths and giant bison, as well as other big game. By 7000 b.c., the glacier had retreated far to the north, leaving the gouged landscape of the Dissected Till Plains; as the climate of Kansas warmed, new cultures were introduced. The archaic Indians of 7000 b.c. were not the wanderers their predecessors had been. With the extermination of large game, they became focused on small animals and on plants as sources for food. During the period between 5000 b.c. and 3500 b.c., people formed small settlements, and they often hunted with atlatls, slotted spear throwers that added greater power than was possible when throwing a spear by hand alone. These people also developed techniques for making ceramics.

By a.d. 1, the people in Kansas lived off of the wildlife of Kansas's forest. They still used stone tools, but they were making great strides in their pottery making. During this era, bows and arrows began to supplant spears and atlatls, with spear points becoming smaller and sharper. Maize, first grown in Mexico and Central America, appeared in Kansas, perhaps between a.d. 800 and 1000, probably coming from an ancient trade route that extended southwestward into what is now Mexico. Settlements became larger, and in eastern Kansas large burial mounds were built, suggesting evolution of complex societies.

After a.d. 1000, Native Americans in Kansas grew not only maize, but squash and beans as well. They used the bow and arrow to hunt bison and small game. The

Native Americans of northern Kansas and southern Nebraska lived in large communal lodges built of sod. Those to the south made thatched-roofed, plaster-covered houses. These people likely traded with the Pueblo Indians to the southwest, and at least one habitation within what is now Kansas was built by the Pueblo.

By the time of the arrival of the first European explorers in 1541, the settled cultures probably had already been driven out by numerous invasions of warlike nomadic cultures such as the Apache. The Pawnees inhabited northwestern Kansas, the Kiowas the high western plains, the Comanches the central part of Kansas, and the Wichita the southern plains. The Kansas, "the people of the south wind," for whom the state is named, and the Osages had yet to migrate into eastern Kansas; they would arrive in the 1650s. There were frequent wars among these tribes, and they often fought the nomadic Apaches, who tended to follow the herds of bison.

Exploration

The first recorded European explorer of the Kansas region was Francisco Vásquez de Coronado and his followers, who were looking for riches. In Kansas, he found a land rich in farms and diverse Native American cultures. Some of the tribes he encountered resented Roman Catholic priests for trying to convert them, and one priest was killed. Pieces of Spanish chain mail have been uncovered in central Kansas, indicating that a few Spanish soldiers also may have died there.

France claimed the region of Kansas in 1682, but it was not until 1724 that explorers from Europe and European American colonies began coming to Kansas on a regular basis. The first was Étienne Veniard de Bourgmont, who traveled through Kansas as a trader, while exploring the land for the French government. In 1739, Paul and Pierre Mallet led several traders through Kansas to the southwest, blazing a trail for other traders. The French built Fort Cavagnial, near what would become Leavenworth, to aid French travelers and to provide a meeting place for Native Americans and French traders; the fort was closed in 1764. In 1803, the United States purchased the Louisiana territory, which included Kansas, from France.

Kansas was still a frontier when the Lewis and Clark expedition passed through it in 1804. In 1806, Zebulon M. Pike led an expedition through Kansas, helping to blaze trails from east to west that Americans would follow. In 1819, Major Stephen H. Long explored part of Kansas and the Great Plains, calling the region the Great American Desert, probably because of a drought and the seemingly endless dry, brown grass. Perhaps he missed or dismissed the large forest that still covered much of Kansas.

Early Settlements

Irrigation had been introduced to Kansas along Beaver Creek in western Kansas in 1650 by the Taos Indians, setting the stage for year-round settlements in the dry High Plains. The explorer William Becknell established the Santa Fe Trail in 1821, beginning the busy travel of traders through Kansas to the American southwest. In 1827, Fort Leavenworth was established by Colonel Henry Leavenworth to provide a place for settling disputes among the Native American tribal factions. That same year, Daniel Morgan Boone, son of Daniel Boone, became the first American farmer in Kansas. In 1839, Native Americans imported wheat from the east and became the first wheat farmers in Kansas, clearing and farming plots of land along rivers. Treaties with the American government supposedly protected the Native American farmers in what was called "Indian Country." In 1852, the Native American Mathias Splitlog established Kansas's first flour mill just west of the Missouri River in what is now Wyandotte County.

Bleeding Kansas

In 1854, in the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the U.S. Congress established Kansas as an official territory, but in so doing, Congress violated a compromise between slave states and free states that was supposed to make both Kansas and Nebraska free states. Instead, Congress said that the people of Kansas and Nebraska would vote on whether to make the territories free or slave states when they applied for statehood.

In 1855, Kansas tried to elect a legislature that would write a state constitution to present to Congress as part of its application for statehood. Most of the settlers in Kansas, such as Mennonites and Quakers, were antislavery (known as "free staters"), but proslavery men from outside Kansas were imported to vote in the election, and through intimidation of antislavery voters and ballot-box stuffing, they "won" the election. The new legislature quickly wrote a proslavery constitution, which Congress rejected because the state legislature was not recognized as legitimate. In 1855, the Topeka Movement favoring a free state was begun, and its followers wrote their own state constitution; this, too, was rejected by Congress because the authors had not been properly elected.

By 1856, proslavery terrorists were killing free-state farmers. On 21 August 1856, an out-of-state proslavery gang invaded Lawrence, Kansas, an overwhelmingly free-state community, and murdered over 150 people and burned down most of the town. The antislavery fanatic John Brown gathered some of his followers and invaded farms along Pottawatomie Creek, south of Kansas City, Kansas, murdering five proslavery men; this became known as the Pottawatomie Massacre. A proslavery militia later attacked John Brown and some of his followers, only to be captured by those they tried to kill. This made John Brown a hero among many antislavery people. These events inspired the nickname "Bleeding Kansas," and the violence and murders continued even after the conclusion of the Civil War (1861–1865).

Statehood

Beginning in 1860 and lasting until telegraph lines were established between America's West and East, the Pony Express passed through Kansas. By 1861, Kansas had managed to have an election that Congress recognized as valid, and the resulting territorial legislature wrote a state constitution forbidding slavery that Congress also recognized as valid. On 29 January 1861, Kansas was admitted as the thirty-fourth state in the Union, although a large chunk of its western territory was ceded to what eventually would become the state of Colorado. Topeka was declared the state capital. On 12 April 1861, the Civil War began, pitting proslavery Southern states, the Confederacy, against the rest of the country, the Union.

Over 20,000 Kansans, out of only 30,000 eligible men, enlisted in the Union army; at the war's end, 8,500 (28.33 percent) of the Kansas soldiers had been killed, the highest mortality rate of any Union state. The first skirmishes against Confederate regulars occurred in 1861 along the Missouri River, with the first significant combat for Kansan troops occurring near Springfield, Missouri, in the Battle of Wilson's Creek, with the First Kansas Volunteer Infantry suffering heavy losses. Kansan historians claim that the first African Americans to see significant combat in the Civil War were the First Kansas Colored Infantry, who were formed into a regiment in August 1862, and who fought Confederate troops at Butler, Missouri, on 29 October 1862 in the Battle of Toothman's Mound. Under Colonel James M. Williams, white and black Union troops fought together as a unit for the first time in a battle at Cabin Creek on 2 July 1863 in the Indian Territory (now Oklahoma), against Confederate troops who had raided a train.

The most significant battle in Kansas during the Civil War occurred when Union forces under the command of Major General James G. Blunt and Confederate forces under General Douglas Cooper met in a series of clashes involving more than 25,000 troops, concluding in the Battle of Mine Creek, in which 10,000 troops fought. The First Kansas Colored Infantry underwent a forced march northeastward through Kansas to the battle and was stationed in the Union line's center. The regiment advanced to within thirty yards of the Confederate center, enduring heavy losses until the Confederate line broke and fled, ending the major Confederate threat to Kansas.

During the war, Confederate guerrilla units raided Kansan settlements. Under the command of Captain William Clarke Quantrill, "Quantrill's Raiders" executed farm families and burned villages and towns. On 21 August 1863, Quantrill led 450 of his troops into Lawrence, Kansas; with most of the men of Lawrence off to war, Quantrill's Raiders killed nearly 200, few of them men. Quantrill remains despised in Kansas.

Building a State

From 1867 to 1869, a fierce war between the United States and Native Americans was fought in western Kansas. The Pawnees and others had objected to violations of treaties that guaranteed them the right of ownership of some of the land in Kansas. In 1868, General Phil Sheridan led an offensive against the warring tribes, and in 1869 the tribes were forced to settle in the Indian Territory, southwest of Kansas.

The 1870s and 1880s saw an influx of over 300,000 people into Kansas. Many were guided there by the New England Emigrant Aid Society (NEEAS) of Massachusetts. Among the people the NEEAS guided to Kansas were Mennonites from Russia, who in 1874 brought with them a hardy, drought-resistant, cold-resistant strain of dwarf wheat called "Turkey red wheat." This soon became the favorite winter wheat of Kansas, and it helped advance the growing of wheat throughout the United States.

One of the first actions of the new state legislature in 1861 was to grant women the right to vote in school board elections. It was a small advance for voting rights, but it was considered progressive at the time. Even so, some women activists scorned it, making enemies where they once had friends. During the 1870s and 1880s (known as the sodbuster decades for the sod houses that were built), many women activists were sidetracked by the prohibitionist movement, which was seen as a woman's issue because of the severe social problem of drunken husbands beating their wives. In 1880, Kansas voters approved the prohibition of sale or consumption of alcoholic beverages in the state. The law was ignored throughout Kansas; saloons operated openly in many towns.

In 1874, locusts invaded Kansas and much of the Midwest, denuding farmlands. It was an era of drought, and an adequate irrigation system did not yet exist. Over 30,000 people fled the drought. Once the rains returned in the late 1870s, the influx of settlers renewed. During 1879–1880, 30,000 "Exodusters" (a play on "sodbuster" and "exodus"), African Americans fleeing Southern states, migrated into Kansas.

Kansas was proud of its progressive image, and in 1887, women at last received the right to vote in municipal elections. Within a few weeks, the first female mayor elected in America, Susanna Madora Salter, became mayor of the town of Argonia. The next year, five towns had female mayors and city councils consisting entirely of women. The Populist Party (a.k.a. the People's Party) was founded in Topeka in 1890, and Populist Kansas governors, beginning with Lorenzo Lewelling in 1892, were supported by women. By 1911, over 2,000 women held public office in Kansas. In 1912, Kansas voted to give women full suffrage, the same voting rights as men had. In 1932, Kansas elected its first female member of the U.S. House of Representatives, Kathryn O'Loughlin McCarthy.

In 1900, Kansas had an official population of 1,470,495 people. Before 1907, maize was the state's principal crop, but it was replaced in 1907 by wheat, much of it descended from the Turkey red wheat brought by Russian immigrants. The land still suffered from drought, about once every twenty years, but it was not until 1920 that farmers began to extensively irrigate their farmland. The irrigation system created a boom that made Kansas the world's leader in wheat production. In 1923, a motorized combine was introduced to Kansas, allowing a couple of men to do what had been the work of several horses and a score of men in 1900. In 1930, portable irrigation sprinkler systems were introduced, and the state became an example of prosperity.

Dust Bowl

Drought hit Kansas again during the 1930s. Most of the state's forest had been converted to farmland; its native grasses and other plants had been supplanted by sweeping farms, rich in wheat, maize, sorghum, and other cultivated grains. When streams dried up, and when the irrigation system could not find enough water for the central and western parts of the state, the soil dried. The topsoil had become powder. Kansas had always had high winds, and in the 1930s, the winds blew the powdery soil high into the air, often making day as dark as night. During 1934, the region became known as the "dust bowl."

Many farmers abandoned their farms. Some found work in Kansas's factories. Oil and natural gas strikes in southern Kansas and zinc mining in the western hills helped provide Kansas with income. By 1937, the prohibition law was seen as oppressive. Kansas changed the law to allow 3.2 percent beer to be produced and taxed; it also instituted a sales tax.

World War II and the 1950s

During World War II, Fort Riley, established in 1853 to protect travelers on the Santa Fe Trail, became a major military training base. In 1942, a prisoner of war camp was built near Concordia. The factories of Kansas became important parts of the production for war, and the oil and natural gas suppliers gained in importance. In 1943, Dwight David Eisenhower, who had been raised in Abilene, became Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in Europe, and he helped the growth of the military industry in Kansas.

The "progressive" state of Kansas had long had a dirty secret: racial segregation. On 28 February 1951, the father of eleven-year-old Linda Brown, an African American, filed suit in the United States District Court against Topeka's Board of Education, asking that she be allowed to attend a whites-only school and alleging that segregation violated Amendment XIV of the U.S. Constitution. On 17 May 1954, a team of attorneys led by Thurgood Marshall won a ruling from the U.S. Supreme Court that racial segregation was inherently unequal and therefore a violation of the Constitution. Brown v. Board of Education became the landmark court decision that would change the course of American society during the next fifty years.

The Modern Era

By 1960, the population of Kansas had increased to over 2,000,000 people. In 1969, part of the Kansas National Guard was called to duty and sent to serve in Vietnam. In 1970, the student union at Kansas University was set afire, probably as part of protests against the war.

In 1972, the state's constitution was amended, reducing the number of elected officials in the executive branch and extending to four years from two the terms of the elected officials of the executive branch. During that year, the Kansas legislature ratified the ill-fated Equal Rights Amendment that would have added a statement to the United States Constitution that women and men were to have the same civil rights. In 1973, the Wolf Creek nuclear power plant was begun; it would not come on line until 1985. In 1978, Nancy Landon Kassebaum, daughter of Alf Landon, Republican nominee for president in 1936, was elected to the United States Senate. She was the first woman who was not a widow of a senator to be elected to the Senate.

In 1980, Kansas established and funded programs to prevent child abuse. In 1986, Kansas changed its alcoholic beverage laws to allow serving liquor "by the drink." It also approved a state lottery. Its population was just under 2,500,000 in 1990. In 1991, Joan Finney became Kansas's first woman governor. Former Governor Mike Hayden was placed in charge of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Park Service. During the 1990s, the elaborate irrigation system for the High Plains and Plains Border regions became severely strained because the underground aquifer, consisting of sand mixed with water, was being seriously diminished, creating sinkholes and threatening an end to the underground water supply. In 2000, nearly 3,000,000 people lived in Kansas, mostly in cities.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Anderson, George L., Terry H. Harmon, and Virgil W. Dean, eds. History of Kansas: Selected Readings. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1987.

Bader, Robert Smith. Hayseeds, Moralizers, and Methodists: The Twentieth-Century Image of Kansas. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1988.

Davis, Kenneth S. Kansas: A Bicentennial History. New York: Norton, 1976.

Masters, Nancy Robinson. Kansas. New York: Grolier, 1998.

Napier, Rita, ed. A History of the Peoples of Kansas. Lawrence: Independent Study, Division of Continuing Education, University of Kansas, 1985.

Shortridge, James R. Peopling the Plains: Who Settled Where in Frontier Kansas. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1995.

Wedel, Waldo R. Central Plains Prehistory: Holocene Environments and Culture Change in the Republican River Basin. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1986.

Kirk H.Beetz

See alsoMidwest ; Tribes: Great Plains .

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Kansas (state, United States)

Kansas (kăn´zəs), midwestern state occupying the center of the coterminous United States. It is bordered by Missouri (E), Oklahoma (S), Colorado (W), and Nebraska (N).

Facts and Figures

Area, 82,264 sq mi (213,064 sq km). Pop. (2010) 2,853,118, a 6.1% increase since the 2000 census. Capital, Topeka. Largest city, Wichita. Statehood, Jan. 29, 1861 (34th state). Highest pt., Mt. Sunflower, 4,039 ft (1,232 m); lowest pt., Verdigris River, 680 ft (207 m). Nickname, Sunflower State. Motto,Ad Astra per Aspera [To the stars through difficulties]. State bird, Western meadowlark. State flower, native sunflower. State tree, cottonwood. Abbr., Kans.; KS

Geography

Almost rectangular in shape and mostly part of the Great Plains, Kansas is famous for its seemingly endless fields of ripe golden wheat. The land rises more than 3,000 ft (914 m) from the eastern alluvial prairies of Kansas to its western semiarid high plains, which stretch toward the foothills of the Rocky Mts. The rise is so gradual, however, that it is imperceptible, although the terrains of the east and the west are markedly different. The state is drained by the Kansas and Arkansas rivers, both of which generally run from west to east.

The average annual rainfall of 27 in. (69 cm) is not evenly distributed: the eastern prairies receive up to 40 in. (102 cm) of rain, while the western plains average 17 in. (43 cm). Occasional dust storms plague farmers and ranchers in the west. The climate is continental, with wide extremes—cold winters with blizzards and hot summers with tornadoes. Floods also wreak havoc in the state; hence, flood-control projects, such as dams, reservoirs, and levees, are a major undertaking.

Topeka is the capital; other important cities are Wichita (the state's largest city), Lawrence, and Kansas City (adjoining Kansas City, Mo.). Points of historical interest include the boyhood home of President Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Eisenhower Library in Abilene. Medicine Lodge has the home of Carry Nation, who, at the turn of the 20th cent., waged war on the saloons. Fort Leavenworth is the site of a large federal penitentiary. The Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve is one of the few large tracts of virgin prairie in the United States.

Economy

Kansas is historically an agricultural state. Manufacturing and services have surpassed agriculture as income producers, but farming is still important to the state's economy, and Kansas follows only Texas and Montana in total agricultural acreage. The nation's top wheat grower, Kansas is also a leading producer of grain sorghum and corn. Hay, soybeans, and sunflowers are also major crops. Cattle and calves, however, constitute the single most valuable agricultural item. Meatpacking and dairy industries are major economic activities, and the Kansas City stockyards are among the nation's largest. Food processing ranked as the state's third largest industry in the 1990s.

The two leading industries are the manufacture of transportation equipment and industrial and computer machinery. Wichita is a center of the aircraft industry, producing chiefly private planes. Other important manufactures are petroleum and coal products and nonelectrical machinery. The state is a major producer of crude petroleum and has large reserves of natural gas and helium. Kansas was once part of a great shallow sea and has commercially valuable salt deposits.

Government and Higher Education

Government in Kansas is based on the constitution of 1859, adopted just before Kansas attained statehood. An elected governor serves a term of four years. The legislature has a senate with 40 members and a house of representatives with 125 members. Kansas is represented in the U.S. Congress by four representatives and two senators and has six electoral votes in presidential elections. The state has long been a Republican stronghold but has had some Democratic governors. Republican Bill P. Graves, elected in 1994 and reelected in 1998, was succeeded by Democrat Kathleen Sebelius, who also won (2002, 2006) two terms. Sebelius resigned in 2009 to become U.S. secretary of health and human services and was succeeded by Lieutenant Governor Mark Parkinson, also a Democrat. Republican Sam Brownback was elected to the post in 2010 and reelected in 2014.

Institutions of higher learning include the Univ. of Kansas, at Lawrence; Kansas State Univ., at Manhattan; Wichita State Univ., at Wichita; and Washburn Univ. of Topeka, at Topeka.

History

Early Inhabitants, Exploration, and Relocations

When the Spanish explorer Francisco Vásquez de Coronado visited (1541) the Kansas area in his search for Quivira, a fabled kingdom of riches, the area was occupied by various Native American groups of the Plains descent, notably the Kansa, the Wichita and the Pawnee. Another Spanish explorer, Juan de Oñate, penetrated the region in 1601. A result of Spanish entry into the region was the introduction of the horse, which revolutionized the life of the Native Americans. While not actually exploring the Kansas area, Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle, claimed (c.1682) for France all territory drained by the Mississippi River, including Kansas.

French traders and Native Americans had a great deal of contact during most of the 18th cent. By the Treaty of Paris of 1763 ending the French and Indian Wars, France ceded the territory of W Louisiana (including Kansas) to Spain. In 1800, Spain secretly retroceded the territory to France, from whom the United States acquired it in the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. The region was little known, however, and subsequent explorations to include Kansas were the Lewis and Clark expedition (1803–6), the Arkansas River journey of Zebulon M. Pike in 1806, and the scientific expedition of Stephen H. Long in 1819.

Most of the territory that eventually became Kansas was in an area known as the "Great American Desert," considered unsuitable for U.S. settlement because of its apparent barrenness. In the 1830s the region was designated a permanent home for Native Americans, and northern and eastern tribes were relocated there. Forts were constructed for frontier defense and for the protection of the growing trade along the Santa Fe Trail, which crossed Kansas. Fort Leavenworth was established in 1827, Fort Scott in 1842, and Fort Riley in 1853.

Pro- and Antislavery Factions

Kansas, at this time mainly a region to be crossed on the way to California and Oregon, was organized as a territory in 1854. Its settlement, however, was spurred not so much by natural westward expansion as by the determination of both proslavery and antislavery factions to achieve a majority population in the territory. The struggle between the factions was further complicated by conflict over the location of a transcontinental railroad, with proponents of a central route (rather than a southern route) eager to resolve the slavery issue in the area and promote settlement.

The Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854), an attempted compromise on the extension of slavery, repealed the Missouri Compromise and reopened the issue of extending slavery north of lat. 36°30′ by providing for popular sovereignty in Kansas and Nebraska, allowing settlers of territories to decide the matter themselves. Meanwhile, the Emigrant Aid Company was organized in Massachusetts to foster antislavery immigration to Kansas, and proslavery interests in Missouri and throughout the South took counteraction. Towns were established by each faction—Lawrence and Topeka by the free-staters and Leavenworth and Atchison by the proslavery settlers.

Soon all the problems attendant upon organizing a territory for statehood became subsidiary to the single issue of slavery. The first elections in 1854 and 1855 were won by the proslavery group; armed Missourians intimidated voters and election officials and stuffed the ballot boxes. Andrew H. Reeder was appointed the first territorial governor in 1854. The first territorial legislature ousted (1855) all free-state members, secured the removal of Gov. Reeder, established the capital in Lecompton, and adopted proslavery statutes. In retaliation the abolitionists set up a rival government at Topeka in Oct., 1855.

The Wakarusa War and Bleeding Kansas

Violence soon came to the territory. The murder of a free-state man in Nov., 1855, led to the so-called Wakarusa War, a bloodless series of encounters along the Wakarusa River. The intervention of the new governor, Wilson Shannon, kept proslavery men from attacking Lawrence. However, civil war ultimately turned the territory into "bleeding Kansas." On May 21, 1856, proslavery groups and armed Missourians known as "Border Ruffians" raided Lawrence. A few days later a band led by the abolitionist crusader John Brown murdered five proslavery men in the Pottawatamie massacre. Guerrilla warfare between free-state men called Jayhawkers and proslavery bands—both sides abetted by desperadoes and opportunists—terrorized the land. After a new governor, John W. Geary, persuaded a large group of "Border Ruffians" to return to Missouri, the violence subsided.

The Lecompton legislature met in 1857 to make preparations for convening a constitutional convention. Gov. Geary resigned after it became clear that free elections would not be held to approve a new constitution. Robert J. Walker was appointed governor, and a convention held at Lecompton drafted a constitution. Only that part of the resulting proslavery constitution dealing with slavery was submitted to the electorate, and the question was drafted to favor the proslavery group. Free-state men refused to participate in the election with the result that the constitution was overwhelmingly approved.

Despite the dubious validity of the Lecompton constitution, President James Buchanan recommended (1858) that Congress accept it and approve statehood for the territory. Instead, Congress returned it for another territorial vote. The proslavery group boycotted the election, and the constitution was rejected. Lawrence became de facto capital of the troubled territory until after the Wyandotte constitution (framed in 1859 and totally forbidding slavery) was accepted by Congress. The Kansas conflict and the question of statehood for the territory became a national issue and figured in the 1860 Republican party platform.

Kansas became a state in 1861, with the capital at Topeka. Charles Robinson was the first governor and James H. Lane, an active free-stater during the 1850s, one of the U.S. Senators. In the Civil War, Kansas fought with the North and suffered the highest rate of fatal casualties of any state in the Union. Confederate William C. Quantrill and his guerrilla band burned Lawrence in 1863.

Life on the Prairie

With peace came the development of the prairie lands. The construction of railroads made cow towns such as Abilene and Dodge City, with their cowboys, saloons, and frontier marshals, the shipping point for large herds of cattle driven overland from Texas. The buffalo herds disappeared (some buffalo still roam in state parks and game preserves), and cattle took their place. Pioneer homesteaders, adjusting to life on the timberless prairie and living in sod houses, suffered privation. In 1874, Mennonite emigrants from Russia brought the Turkey Red variety of winter wheat to Kansas. This wheat was instrumental in making Kansas the Wheat State as winter wheat replaced spring wheat on an ever-increasing scale. Corn, too, soon became a major cash crop.

Agricultural production was periodically disrupted by national depressions and natural disasters. Repeated and prolonged droughts accompanied by dust storms, occasional grasshopper invasions, and floods all caused severe economic dislocation. Mortgages often weighed heavily on farmers, and discontent was expressed in farmer support of radical farm organizations and third-party movements, such as the Granger movement, Greenback party, and Populist party. Tax relief, better regulation of interest rates, and curbs on the power of railroads were sought by these organizations. Twice in the 1890s, Populist-Democrats were elected to the governorship.

As conditions improved, Kansas returned largely to its allegiance to the Republican party and gained a reputation as a conservative stronghold with a bent for moral reform, indicated in the state's strong support of prohibition; laws against the sale of liquor remained on the books in Kansas from 1880 to 1949. Over the years the use of improved agricultural methods and machines increased crop yield. Irrigation proved practicable in some areas, and winter wheat and alfalfa could be cultivated in dry regions.

Wars and Depression

Wheat production greatly expanded during World War I, but the end of the war brought financial difficulties. During the 1920s and 30s, Kansas was faced with labor unrest and the economic hardships of the depression. As part of the Dust Bowl, Kansas sustained serious land erosion during the long drought of the 1930s. Erosion led to the implementation of conservation and reclamation projects, particularly in the northern and western parts of the state. In 1924 an effort of the Ku Klux Klan to gain political control was fought by William Allen White, editor of the Emporia Gazette, who supported many liberal causes. Alfred M. Landon, elected governor in 1932, was one of the few Republican candidates in the country to win election in the midst of the sweeping Democratic victory that year. He was nominated as the Republican presidential candidate in 1936.

During World War II agriculture thrived and industry expanded rapidly. The food-processing industry grew substantially, the cement industry enjoyed a major revival, and the aircraft industry boomed. After the war agricultural prosperity once again declined when the state was hit by a severe drought and grasshopper invasion in 1948. Prosperity returned briefly during the Korean War, but afterward farm surpluses and insufficient world markets combined to make the state's tremendous agricultural ability part of the national "farm problem."

Modern Kansas

Kansas has become increasingly industrialized and urbanized, and industrial production has surpassed farm production in economic importance. Flood damage in the state, especially after a major flood in 1951, spurred the construction of dams (such as the Tuttle Creek, Milford, and Wilson dams) on major Kansas rivers, and their reservoirs have vastly increased water recreational facilities for Kansans. Since the 1970s, Kansas has become increasingly more urban and suburban. Accordingly, the economy has shifted its emphasis to finance and service industries located in and around the major urban centers.

Bibliography

See P. Gates, Fifty Million Acres: Conflicts over Kansas Land Policy, 1854–1890 (1954); R. S. Brownlee, Gray Ghosts of the Confederacy (1960); W. T. Nugent, The Tolerant Populists (1963); J. R. Cook, The Border and the Buffalo (1967); C. C. Howes, This Place Called Kansas (1984); H. E. Socolofsky and H. Self, Historical Atlas of Kansas (2d rev. ed. 1989); R. Richmond, Kansas: A Land of Contrasts (3d ed. 1989).

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Kansas

KANSAS


Native Americans roamed the plains of Kansas at the time French explorers paddled the Mississippi River in the 1700s. The area now known as Kansas was part of the vast French holdings in central North America known as the Louisiana Territory. In 1803 Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of France, needed funds to support his European wars. U.S. President Thomas Jefferson (18011809) seized this opportunity and purchased Louisiana land for $15 million, doubling the size of the United States and bringing the region that would become Kansas and several other states under American control.

President Jefferson sent the Lewis and Clark expedition to explore the country from St. Louis to the Pacific Ocean. When the expedition reached Kansas, they described the country as "delightful . . . the whole country exhibits a rich appearance." Although this account was favorable, other explorers reported Kansas to be a dry wasteland, and as a result migration to Kansas started out slowly compared to other parts of the country. However, the rich abundance of furbearing animals lured American trappers and traders to the area.

During the first half of the 1800s settlers started to migrate west to Kansas, at this point still an unorganized territory, in search of adventure and a new life. Missionaries also came to the plains and taught tribes of the region how to work the land. Eventually, the United States government would push all Native Americans westward onto reservations.

When gold was discovered in the 1850s in what is now Colorado, miners rushed across the country to seek their fortune. As mining grew in the west, transportation was needed to carry people and goods. The Leavenworth and Pike's Peak Express to Denver made 19 stops in Kansas along the route. Federal land grants were awarded to other companies to encourage more railroad building and settlement along the railroads. Over the next several decades about 200 companies built railroads across Kansas. Many towns sprang up along the track, together with hotels, gambling houses, and saloons.

The 1850s were also a period of political turmoil in Kansas. The passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854 formally organized the territory of Kansas, and allowed for the people who lived there to determine if slavery would be permitted there. Previously, the Missouri Compromise had prevented slavery from spreading into Kansas, and the predominantly anti-slavery North was greatly angered by what they saw as an attempt by the South to expand its power and influence. Pro-slavery southerners and anti-slavery northerners flooded into the region in an effort to gain control. There was frequent conflict between the two sides, the area became known as "Bleeding Kansas." The controversy over Kansas worsened the split between the North and the South, was a major force behind the formation of the Republican Party, and helped drive the nation in the American Civil War (18611865). Kansas would eventually be admitted to the Union as a free state in 1861.

After the Civil War thousands migrated to Kansas to take advantage of the government's promise of free land. In a government-backed effort to encourage settlers to move west, the Homestead Act of 1862 allowed any citizen who paid a ten dollar filing fee to claim up to 160 acres of federal land as long as they farmed the land for 5 years. In 1873 the Timber Culture Act made the same promise to those who would plant trees on one-fourth of the land they claimed within four years. By that time new Kansas homesteaders had already claimed about 6 million acres.

After the Civil War the government also encouraged the development of railroads by giving the railroad companies land grants. More than 200 companies laid tracks that zigzagged across Kansas. As the railroads offered land grant acreage at low prices and reduced fares to new settlers, they helped to open the state for commerce and development.

The new settlers in Kansas were known as "sodbusters" because they cut up large squares of sod and, as lumber was scarce, used them to make walls and roofs for their new homes. They planted crops in place of the sod. They soon discovered how harsh life could be on the plains. "Rattlesnakes, bedbugs, fleas, and the 'prairie itch' were what kept us awake at nights and made life miserable," wrote W.H. Russell, a Rush County settler. Also, a grasshopper plague in 1874 destroyed crops on 5,000 square miles of farmland. In addition, the severe weatherblizzards, rainstorms, droughts, and prairie firesstranded trains and destroyed crops and homes.

After the Civil War cattle was abundant in Texas but scarce in the north. Texas cattle ranchers took advantage of the demand from the north and began driving their cattle to the nearest railroad stations in Kansas. "Cow towns" were established at cattle shipping points. The cow towns played host to cowboys looking to spend their money in hotels, saloons, dance halls, and gambling houses.

During the boom years of the 1870s and 1880s new settlers were attracted to Kansas due to better weather conditions and improved farming methods as well as easy railroad access to outlying areas of the state. Wealthy farmers and land developers bought up land and established towns. At the same time, more than 15,000 former slaves traveled from the south to Kansas to establish a new way of life for themselves. A blizzard in 1886 and a drought in 1887, however, quickly caused the state to fall into a depression. Ranchers were forced to leave because more than 20 percent of the state's cattle herd perished in the blizzard and the farmers lost all their crops in the drought.

Farmers who stayed behind were frustrated by falling wheat prices and the high cost of shipping goods. They formed the Farmers' Alliance and became a major component of the Populist Party in the 1890s. Members of the party were voted into congressional seats of other political office. The Populists were instrumental in implementing laws that helped farmers by regulating banks, stockyards, railroads, telegraph companies, and building-and-loan associations.

The Populist movement gave way to the Progressive administrations of governors from 1905 to 1913. New reforms called for laws that reduced railroad fares and costs for shipping grain. Child labor laws were instituted along with workmen's compensation and further banking regulations. In addition, the use of machines such as tractors and threshers made farming easier and helped increase crop production. New crops such as sorghum, sugar beets, broomcorn, and alfalfa were harvested in the plains.

During World War I (19141918) Kansas stepped up production of wheat to feed the troops. After the war more roads were built to accommodate automobiles built by a Kansan Walter P. Chrysler (18751940), founder of the Chrysler Motors automobile company. This modest recovery, however, was only temporary. During the Great Depression (19291939) Kansas was devastated. The country suffered the worst depression in history; stock markets crashed and Kansas crop prices dropped. In 1932 a severe drought began and turned the area into a "dust bowl. Governor Alfred M. Landon attempted to bring relief to farmers and businessmen by reorganizing state banks, cutting taxes, and halting mortgage foreclosures for six months. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's (19331945) New Deal provided jobs building libraries, schools, and post offices. The Agricultural Adjustment Act was also passed in 1933 as part of the New Deal. It sought to raise farm prices by encouraging farmers to reduce production. But true economic relief only came at the start of World War II (19391945). During the war plants in Kansas built more than 25,000 aircraft and produced munitions and artillery for the war effort. Wheat and soybean farming also stepped up to provide food for military personnel.

After the war, manufacturing growth steadily increased and people began to move from rural to urban areas. For the first three decades after the war, businesses grew in Kansas and meat packing, mining, flour milling, and petroleum refining became the largest industries in the state. In addition, more aircraft were built in Kansas than anywhere else in the country. Farming remained the most prominent part of the state's economy.

Farmers enjoyed prosperity in the 1960s and 1970s as feeds and improved fertilizers increased production, but they faced a crisis as a recession hit in the 1980s. Many farmers lost their land and were forced into bankruptcy. Kansas sought to expand its market of products and signed a trade agreement with the St. Petersburg region of Russia in 1993.

The 1990s also brought extremes in the weather. Drought and topsoil erosion damaged 865,000 acres, drove up prices, and depleted grain stores. From April through September 1993, floods caused more than $574 million worth of damage. Efforts to restore economic growth included the allocation of government block grants. In 1995 the median household income in Kansas was $30,346 and about 11 percent of all Kansans lived below the federal poverty level.

See also: Bleeding Kansas, Cow Towns ,Dust Bowl, Farmers' Alliance, Homestead Act, Homesteaders, Kansas-Nebraska Act, Lewis and Clark Expedition


FURTHER READING


Anderson, George L. Kansas West. San Marino, CA: Golden West Books, 1963.

Aylesworth, Thomas G. South Central: Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1988.

Fredeen, Charles. Kansas. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications, 1992.

Kummer, Patricia K. Kansas. Mankato, MN: Capstone Press, 1999.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1998, s.v. "Kansas."

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Kansas

KANSAS


Kansas City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157

Overland Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167

Topeka . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179

Wichita . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

The State in Brief

Nickname: Sunflower State

Motto: Ad astra per aspera (To the stars through difficulties)

Flower: Native sunflower

Bird: Western meadowlark

Area: 82,276 square miles (2000; U.S. rank: 15th)

Elevation: Ranges from 680 feet to 4,039 feet above sea level

Climate: Temperate, but with seasonal extremes of temperature as well as blizzards, tornadoes, and severe thunderstorms; semi-arid in the west

Admitted to Union: January 29, 1861

Capital: Topeka

Head Official: Governor Kathleen Sebelius (D) (until 2007)

Population

1980: 2,364,000

1990: 2,495,000

2000: 2,688,824

2004 estimate: 2,735,502

Percent change, 19902000: 8.5%

U.S. rank in 2004: 33rd

Percent of residents born in state: 59.5% (2000)

Density: 32.9 people per square mile (2000)

2002 FBI Crime Index Total: 110,997

Racial and Ethnic Characteristics (2000)

White: 2,313,944

Black or African American: 154,198

American Indian and Alaska Native: 24,936

Asian: 46,806

Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 1,313

Hispanic or Latino (may be of any race): 188,252

Other: 90,725

Age Characteristics (2000)

Population under 5 years old: 188,708

Population 5 to 19 years old: 609,710

Percent of population 65 years and over: 13.3%

Median age: 35.2 years (2000)

Vital Statistics

Total number of births (2003): 40,609

Total number of deaths (2003): 24,840 (infant deaths, 261)

AIDS cases reported through 2003: 1,123

Economy

Major industries: Agriculture, oil production, mining, manufacturing

Unemployment rate: 5.4% (March 2005)

Per capita income: $29,545 (2003; U.S. rank: 27th)

Median household income: $43,622 (3-year average, 2001-2003)

Percentage of persons below poverty level: 10.3% (3-year average, 2001-2003)

Income tax rate: Ranges from 3.5% to 6.45%

Sales tax rate: 5.3%

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Kansas

Kansas State in central USA; the capital is Topeka. Other major cities are Wichita and Kansas City. First visited by Spanish explorers in the 16th century, the area passed from France to the new United States under the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. It was Native American territory until 1854, when the Territory of Kansas was created and the area opened up for settlement. Part of the Great Plains, the land rises from the prairies of the e to the semi-arid high plains of the w. The area is drained by the Kansas and Arkansas rivers. Kansas is the leading US producer of wheat. Corn, hay, and sorghum are also grown and cattle raising is important. Manufacturing is economically significant. Industries: transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, machinery. Area: 213,094sq km (82,276sq mi). Pop. (2000) 2,688,418.

Statehood :

January 29, 1861

Nickname :

Sunflower state

State bird :

Western meadowlark

State flower :

Sunflower

State tree :

Cottonwood

State motto :

To the stars through difficulties

http://www.state.ks.us

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Kansas (river, United States)

Kansas or Kaw, river, 170 mi (274 km) long, formed by the junction of the Smoky Hill and Republican rivers in NE Kansas and flowing E to the Missouri River at Kansas City; the system drains parts of Kansas, Nebraska, and Colorado. Heavy floods (especially in 1951 and 1977) on the Kansas and its tributaries caused great damage to the surrounding farms and Kansas City area. Numerous dams, reservoirs, and levees have since been built to prevent flooding.

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Kansas

Kansas

Rock group

For the Record

Hoodwinked Label

Turning Point in 1976

Stardom, Predictably Followed by Implosion

Selected discography

Sources

In the 1970s, Kansas emerged as one of the most successful rock acts in America with their fusion of hard-hitting Midwestern power guitars into ornate, violin-and-organ fueled arrangements that borrowed heavily from British progressive rock. In 1977 alone, two of their albums achieved platinum status, and their best-known track,Carry on Wayward Son, was the most frequently played song on classic rock radio station play lists in 1997, 20 years after its debut. In 1978, British music writer Ian Birch described Kansas signature sound in Melody Maker as full of monolithic chord structures meshed with complex textures, dramatic harmonies, lengthy improvisations, spiritually swashbuckling lyrics and hard-core instrumental prowess. It will either turn your stomach or hook you from the first note.

Most of the original members of Kansas, all of whom were born between 1949 and 1951, knew one another from high school in Topeka. They had been playing in a series of bands since the late 1960s, but failed to achieve any real success on the Plains biker-bar circuit in their respective outfits. Kansas itself was formed from the remnants of two other bands led by Kerry Livgren and Phil Ehart. Livgren would become the main songwriter and was also responsible for the

For the Record

Members include Phil Ehart (born in 1951 in Kansas), drums; Dave Hope (born on October 7, 1949, in Kansas), bass; Kerry Livgren (born on September 18, 1949, in Topeka, KS), guitars, keyboards; Robby Steinhardt (born in 1951 in Michigan), violin, vocals; Steve Walsh (born in 1951 in St. Joseph, MO), keyboards, vocals; Rich Williams (born in 1951 in Kansas), guitar.

Band formed as Kansas in Topeka, KS, 1970; changed name to White Clover, 1971; reformed as Kansas, 1972; signed with Kirshner Records and released self-titled debut, 1974; disbanded in 1983; regrouped, 1986.

Addresses: Record company Epic Records, 550 Madison Ave., 22nd Fl, New York, NY 10022. Website-The Art of the StateThe Kerry Livgren Website: http://www.progrock.org.

bands intricate guitar sound. Ehart, a drummer, recruited bassist Dave Hope, whom he knew from his days at West Topeka High, and the trio named themselves Kansas in 1970. Their sound drew heavily from Frank Zappa, who was then at the forefront of the American avant-garde rock scene, but it failed to catch on with local audiences. For a time, they played under a different name, White Clover, but had trouble retaining the rest of their lineup. In 1972, a frustrated Ehart moved to England for a few months and tried to break into the music business there. He was only offered country-and-western gigs, and so returned, dismayed, to Topeka. He reunited White Clover, and they soon decided to revert to their original name.

Hoodwinked Label

Other founding members of Kansas were guitarist Rich Williams, keyboard player Steve Walshwho would write much of its future material with Livgrenand a violinist, Robby Steinhardt, whose father chaired the music department at the University of Kansas. Steinhardt had already spent time playing with orchestras in Europe, but was eager to experiment with his instrument in a rock band. The musicians knew, however, that their unique sound would not likely attract attention from hit-seeking record company executives, so they recorded a demo tape to send out that contained five standard rock songs. At the time, the band was broke and members were living on a dollar a day. It was very lonely, Ehart recalled in an interview with Jon Pareles of Rolling Stone a few years later. We were going to play this style of music and not compromise, even if we had to f***ing starve. We believed in Kansas more than anythingit was our life, our religion, our food. That was it, there was nothing else, zero.

The demo tape attracted the attention of Don Kirshner, host of a late-night live-music program that aired on NBC called Don Kirshners Rock Concert. When the phone call came from New York, It was like, Weve been saved, Ehart recalled in the interview with Pareles. Somebody just threw us a rope.

Kirshner sent his assistant, Wally Gold, out to see the band, and to make a good impression, the band rented out Topekas old opera house. They advertised a free concert with free beer, and the turnout was appropriately enthusiastic enough to impress Gold. He signed the band to Kirshners label and became the producer of its first record, though his sole other credit as a producer had been for a Barbra Streisand album.

Kansas was released in 1974, and sold a modest 100,000 copies. Like all of the bands subsequent records, it featured lyrics that ventured into the metaphysical, while a heavy guitar sound and complex chord structures placed them firmly in the Jethro Tull/Emerson, Lake and Palmer camp. They began to win fans while working as the opening act for Queen, Bad Company, Foghat, and other mainstream rock bands. Walsh said at the time he was always assured of Kansas potential as rock stars in their own right. Thats not ego, thats reality. If I wasnt completely convinced, this business would be much too big a hassle to mess around in, he told Patrick Snyder in Rolling Stone.

Turning Point in 1976

Kansas released two LPs for Kirshner in 1975, Song for America and Masque, and continued to tour heavily. A distribution deal with CBS Records helped both sell around 250, 000, but it took several tries for their unique sound to emerge on vinyl, for the band members were seasoned professionals on stage but had little experience in the studio. Moreover, the records were usually made during brief breaks between lengthy tours. Finally, they decided to let their sound engineer, Jeff Glixman, serve as producer for Leftoverture, their 1976 release, and the combination of talents finally clicked. Buoyed by the success of its first single, Carry on Wayward Son, Leftoverture quickly became their biggest success, reaching number five on the Billboard album charts and achieving platinum status in March of 1977.

Rock critics, however, hated Kansas, and wrote disparagingly of them. Their music hybridizes cornfed American shuffle riffs with the odd time signatures and quick changes of British progressive rock, explained Páreles in Rolling Stone, who described them as a perfect targettoo fancy for barroom rockers, too simple for die-hard progressives, too pretentious for most adults and too derivative for the critics. The British music press was even less kind. The obvious broadside to fire at Kansas is that of pretension, wrote Birch in Melody Maker. The arrangements, and lyrics especially, are knee-deep in layers of chintzy grandeur. There are key words and themes like eyes, old men, blind men, childhood, the natural elements, endless questioning and a kind of patriotic zeal for the motherland.

At best, Kansas was faulted for a certain absence of soul in its music. The band plays a brand of baroque rock in the tradition of King Crimson, Yes and ELO, filled with monumental chord structures overlaid with glittering textures, wrote Snyder in Rolling Stone. The moving force here is precisionnot emotion. At worst, Kansass music was described as a passing pubescent phase. In the 1979 Rolling Stone article, Pareles quoted a top-secret survey of the bands fans that found its music appeals to the twelve-to-fifteen-year-old teenager who finds himself or herself asking questions of universal import as part of his psychological development. The survey explained that a Kansas stage was the natural progression after a teenagers Kiss stage.

Stardom, Predictably Followed by Implosion

The band left Topeka for good when they relocated to Atlanta around 1977. But internal pressures, exacerbated by the slaughter in the press, took their toll. Even today, we still dont quite fit in, Ehart said in the interview with Pareles. People are behind us and really with us and everything, but some still cant figure out this group. Its still, Whats the deal? Theyre American, but they dont play like Americans and dont act European either. Nobody knows why it sounds that way. Walsh almost quit during the making of Point of Know Return, but the record fared even better than Leftoverture and firmly established the band in the annals of Seventies rock. It reached number four, and two singles, Point of Know Return and Dust in the Wind did extremely well. The latter, a morbid acoustic number, became one of the most popular youth-culture anthems of the era, perennially voted to serve as the graduation song for high school seniors and even serving as a requiem at funerals for tragic teen fatalities.

In 1978, Kansas released a live LP, Two for the Show, and continued to tour heavily. Live, their sound was impressive, as even Pareles conceded. He described it as a hurtling steeplechase of grandiose riffs and high-powered choruses leaping past sudden breaks and rapid-fire interpolations. The set is virtually relentless. The bands seventh record, Monolith, was the first one that they produced themselves, but its singles were not as memorable as the previous records releases. Walsh made a solo album, Schemer-Dreamer, that came out at the end of that year, and Livgren followed with Seeds of Change in 1980. Walsh left the band in 1981, dissatisfied with the direction it had taken with its 1980 LP, Audio Visions. Like Monolith, Audio Visions went gold, but no hit singles emerged from it. John Elefante replaced Walsh on vocals and keyboards, and Kansas recorded Vinyl Confessions in 1982. One of its tracks, Play the Game Tonight, reached the top twenty, but after dismal sales for 1983s Drastic Measures, the group officially disbanded.

Meanwhile, both Livgren and Hope had become born-again Christians with a band called AD, which, like Walshs solo ensemble Streets, failed to lure fans. Ehart, Williams and Walsh reformed Kansas for its third incarnation in 1986, adding Steve Morse, a jazz-fusion guitarist. They recorded Power that same year, which yielded the groups last top twenty single, All I Wanted. A 1988 release, In the Spirit of Things, sank, and seven years separated that record with Freaks of Nature. Livgren, still nominally a Kansas member, appeared on Somewhere to Elsewhere, a 2000 effort for their new Epic/Legacy label home. Greatest-hits compilations on CD have done surprisingly well. Fortune writer Jeff Gordinier reviewed The Best of Kansas in 1999, and noted that while some of the tracks seem pretty sillyespecially those Byzantine violin solos its shocking how many of the songs have aged well.

Selected discography

Kansas, Kirshner Records, 1974.

Song for America, Kirshner Records, 1975.

Masque, Kirshner Records, 1975.

Leftoverture, Kirshner Records, 1976.

Point of Know Return, Kirshner Records, 1977.

Two for the Show (live), Kirshner Records, 1978.

Monolith, Kirshner Records, 1979.

Audio Visions, Kirshner Records, 1980.

Vinyl Confessions, Kirshner Records, 1982.

Drastic Measures, CBS Associated, 1983.

The Best of Kansas, CBS Associated, 1984.

Poller, CBS Associated, 1986.

In the Spirit of Things, CBS Associated, 1988.

Live at the Whiskey, CBS Associated, 1992.

Freaks of Nature, CBS Associated, 1995.

The Best of Kansas, Epic/Legacy, 1999.

Somewhere to Elsewhere, Epic/Legacy, 2000.

Sources

Amusement Business, January 28, 1989, p. 5.

Fortune, May 24, 1999, p. 72.

Melody Maker, February 25, 1978.

Rolling Stone, March 10, 1977, p. 26; August 23, 1979, p. 9.

Carol Brennan

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Kansas

Kansas •Malthus •acanthus, agapanthus, clianthus, dianthus, helianthus, polyanthus •Hyacinthus • Aegisthus • traverse •canvas, canvass •Selvas • grievous • mischievous •redivivus • fulvous • nervous •Peleus, rebellious •Kansas • Jesus

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Kansas

KANSAS

KANSAS , midwestern state in the central United States. The population in 2001 numbered 2,692,000, with a Jewish population of 14,000, the bulk of the Jews living in the greater Kansas City area. Wichita has some 1,300 Jews. The first Jewish settlers began arriving soon after Kansas Territory was established in 1854. Two early arrivals were August *Bondi and Theodore Wiener, who were members of John Brown's Free-Soil army and also fought in the Civil War. The state's first Jewish cemetery was the Mt. Zion Cemetery Association, founded in Leavenworth in 1857. That city was also the site of the state's earliest congregation, B'nai Jeshurun, which was formed in 1859. An Orthodox congregation, Beth Jacob, was organized much later. The second congregation to be formed in Kansas was Emanu-El, of Wichita, in 1885. The first rabbi, Bernard Cantor, was killed in 1920 while serving as a representative of the Joint Distribution Committee in the Ukraine. An Orthodox congregation, Ahavath Achim, was organized in 1913. The I. Goldsmith Memorial Library, containing the largest collection of Judaica in Kansas, was located in Wichita. It was named after Ike Goldsmith, who opened the city's first bookstore and was one of the founders of Temple Emanu-El. There were many unsuccessful Jewish agricultural colonies, the most important of which was Beersheba, established in 1882 by Isaac Mayer Wise. Other colonies, such as Lasker, Montefiore, Gilead, Touro, Leeser, and Hebron also failed. The settlers returned to the East, moved on to Colorado, or joined other settlements. By 1890 Kansas contained six Jewish congregations, with a membership of 486. Between that date and 1905 only one more was formed, Ohev Shalom in Kansas City. In 1917 the Jewish Community Center of Kansas

City, Kansas first opened its doors. In 1924 Congregation Beth Shalom was organized in Topeka, and the city of Hutchinson later built a Jewish center. Many Jews were scattered among the smaller Kansas communities, where often there was not a sufficient number to organize a congregation. There are old Jewish cemeteries in Atchinson, Fort Scott, and Eudora, indicating that these towns once had Jewish communities, which have since disappeared. The Mid-Kansas Jewish Federation was created in 1935 to unify the Jewish population of south-central Kansas. In 1959 came the establishment of The Jewish Community Foundation of Kansas City, Kansas, which provides education and charitable contributions as well as caring for urgent economic needs of the community. The Kansas City Jewish Chronicle was founded in 1920 to provide the Jews of Kansas City, Kansas, and Missouri with news on their community. In recent years the Jewish population of Kansas has greatly diminished, mainly because young people attend colleges in areas of larger Jewish population, and do not return to Kansas. Still, both major universities in the state, the University of Kansas and Kansas State University, maintain Hillel houses that help their student populations to live a Jewish life on campus and offer courses in Jewish Studies. Several Kansas Jews have distinguished themselves in public life, such as Adolph Gluck, mayor of Dodge City; Sol Kohn, mayor of Wichita; and B.I. Litovich, president of the Kansas Bar Association. Kansas Jews are served by Topeka-Lawrence Jewish Federation and the Mid-Kansas Jewish Welfare Federation. Dan *Glickman was a U.S. congressman representing Wichita and later the first Jewish secretary of agriculture. Senator Arlen *Spector of Pennsylvania was born in Kansas and was a descendant of Jewish farmers.

[Helen Kragness-Romanishan /

Ben Paul (2nd ed.)]

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Kansas

Kansas ★ 1988 (R)

Two young men, one a lawless rebel, the other a rational loner, stage a bank heist, and then go on the lam. Lame plot and very weak acting combine to make this film a dud. 111m/C VHS, DVD . Matt Dillon, Andrew McCarthy, Leslie Hope, Kyra Sedgwick; D: David Stevens; W: Spencer Eastman; C: David Eggby; M: Pino Donaggio.

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Kansas

Kansas

■ ALLEN COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE G-15

1801 North Cottonwood St.
Iola, KS 66749-1607
Tel: (620)365-5116
Fax: (620)365-7406
Web Site: http://www.allencc.net/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas State Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1923. Setting: 88-acre small town campus. Endowment: $2.7 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $1833 per student. Total enrollment: 2,256. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 893 applied, 100% were admitted. 8% from top 10% of their high school class, 16% from top quarter, 29% from top half. Full-time: 824 students, 60% women, 40% men. Part-time: 1,432 students, 65% women, 35% men. Students come from 17 states and territories, 16 other countries, 4% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 35% 25 or older, 10% live on campus, 76% transferred in. Retention: 56% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, self-designed majors, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/24. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1184 full-time, $37 per hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1280 full-time, $40 per hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $1280 full-time, $40 per hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $512 full-time, $16 per hour part-time. College room and board: $3600. College room only: $2600.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Most popular organizations: intramurals, Student Senate, Biology Club, student newspaper, Phi Theta Kappa. Major annual events: Homecoming, Outstanding Sophomore, Welcome Week. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: controlled dormitory access. 190 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. Learning Resource Center with 49,416 books, 159 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $134,304. 65 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Iola is a rural area with community facilities that provide a library, hospital, many churches and a fine arts center. Part-time employment is available. Fishing, boating, golf and bowling are some of the recreational activities. The County 4-H Fair is an annual event as is the Farm-City Day Celebration.

■ BAKER UNIVERSITY E-16

Box 65
Baldwin City, KS 66006-0065
Tel: (785)594-6451
Free: 800-873-4282
Admissions: (785)594-8307
Fax: (785)594-6721
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bakeru.edu/

Description:

Independent United Methodist, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1858. Setting: 26-acre small town campus with easy access to Kansas City. Endowment: $32.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6047 per student. Total enrollment: 916. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 1,051 applied, 63% were admitted. 25% from top 10% of their high school class, 52% from top quarter, 81% from top half. 10 valedictorians. Full-time: 860 students, 53% women, 47% men. Part-time: 56 students, 52% women, 48% men. Students come from 18 states and territories, 5 other countries, 26% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 8% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.5% international, 2% 25 or older, 82% live on campus, 6% transferred in. Retention: 81% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; library science. Core. Calendar: 4-1-4, semesters for nursing program. Services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, internships. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 3.0 high school GPA, minimum ACT score of 21. Required for some: essay, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $22,190 includes full-time tuition ($16,100), mandatory fees ($460), and college room and board ($5630). College room only: $2580. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to location and program. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $485 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $45. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 75 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities; 39% of eligible men and 45% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Delta Sigma Pi, Earth We Are, Mungano, Fellowship of Christian Athletes. Major annual events: Homecoming, Orientation, Baker Preview Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, controlled dormitory access. 524 college housing spaces available; 422 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Collins Library with 98,258 books, 207,943 microform titles, 482 serials, 3,344 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $815,618. 222 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

A rural town located 30 miles southwest of Kansas City and 15 miles south of Lawrence. The city is 10 miles from Lone Star Lake, which provides recreational facilities. Churches of many denominations are represented here. Shopping, a public library, and a clinic all serve the community. The larger shopping centers of Kansas City and

Topeka are excellent as are the cultural advantages of these two cities, which contribute to the enjoyment of the smaller surrounding areas.

■ BARCLAY COLLEGE

607 North Kingman Haviland, KS 67059-0288
Tel: (620)862-5252
Free: 800-862-0226
Fax: (620)862-5403
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.barclaycollege.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed, affiliated with Society of Friends. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1917. Setting: 13-acre rural campus. Endowment: $812,000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5929 per student. Total enrollment: 131. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 7:1. 65 applied, 58% were admitted. Full-time: 90 students, 50% women, 50% men. Part-time: 41 students, 46% women, 54% men. Students come from 26 states and territories, 1 other country, 58% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 4% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 43% 25 or older, 14% transferred in. Retention: 69% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: theology and religious vocations; psychology; business/marketing. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.3 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, interview, SAT or ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 9/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $15. Comprehensive fee: $17,830 includes full-time tuition ($12,730) and college room and board ($5100). College room only: $2000. Part-time tuition: $390 per hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: 3 open to all. Most popular organizations: Pep Club, Drama Club, Missions Club. Major annual events: Homecoming, Christmas banquet. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: student patrols. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Worden Memorial Library with 63,759 books, 404 microform titles, 21,988 serials, 2,291 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $48,810. 20 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Haviland is a small town in a rural area with a friendly and supportive atmosphere. Especially welcoming to young families.

■ BARTON COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE F-8

245 Northeast 30th Rd.Great Bend, KS 67530-9283
Tel: (620)792-2701
Free: 800-722-6842
Admissions: (620)792-9241
Fax: (620)792-3238
Web Site: http://www.bartonccc.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1969. Setting: 140-acre rural campus. Endowment: $4.3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3728 per student. Total enrollment: 3,821. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. Full-time: 943 students, 55% women, 45% men. Part-time: 2,878 students, 51% women, 49% men. Students come from 40 states and territories, 15 other countries, 17% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 13% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 47% 25 or older, 4% live on campus, 3% transferred in. Retention: 65% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission. Recommended: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1568 full-time, $49 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2176 full-time, $68 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $576 full-time, $18 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3854.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 20 open to all. Most popular organizations: Danceline, Business Professionals, Psychology Club, Agriculture Club, Cougarettes. Major annual events: homecoming, Parents' Day, Orientation/Welcome Back Days. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. 292 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Barton County Community College Library with 26,322 books, 4,178 microform titles, 179 serials, 1,529 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $146,481. 350 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

An urban area, Great Bend (population 18,000) is in the wheat belt and is a large oil producing area. Thirty churches, a library, a hospital and good shopping facilities are a part of the community. Brit Spaugh Park has recreational facilities for tennis, baseball, swimming, and picnicking. Cheyenne Bottoms, nearby, is a wildlife and waterfowl refuge of more than 18,000 acres of which 15,000 acres are covered by water. All forms of commercial transportation are available.

■ BENEDICTINE COLLEGE B-16

1020 North 2nd St.Atchison, KS 66002-1499
Tel: (913)367-5340
Free: 800-467-5340
Fax: (913)367-3673
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.benedictine.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1859. Setting: 225-acre small town campus with easy access to Kansas City. Endowment: $9.6 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $15,000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3458 per student. Total enrollment: 1,508. Faculty: 114 (68 full-time, 46 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 708 applied, 90% were admitted. Full-time: 1,176 students, 50% women, 50% men. Part-time: 280 students, 64% women, 36% men. Students come from 36 states and territories, 19 other countries, 55% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 8% Hispanic, 4% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 3% 25 or older, 69% live on campus, 4% transferred in. Retention: 72% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; social sciences; area and ethnic studies; education. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at 16 members of the Kansas City Regional Council for Higher Education, Kansas State University. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $22,968 includes full-time tuition ($15,110), mandatory fees ($650), and college room and board ($7208). College room only: $2730. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and degree level. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $450 per credit hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and degree level.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 42 open to all. Most popular organizations: student government, Students in Free Enterprise, Knights of Columbus, Concert Chorale/Chamber Singers, Campus Activities Board. Major annual events: Springfest, Homecoming, Parents' Weekend. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing designed to accommodate 749 students; 750 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Benedictine College Library with 368,558 books, 37,482 microform titles, 504 serials, 857 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $290,724. 80 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Atchison is located on the Kansas-Missouri border, within 30-50 miles of St. Joseph and Kansas City, Missouri, and Topeka and Kansas City, Kansas.

■ BETHANY COLLEGE E-10

421 North First St. Lindsborg, KS 67456-1897
Tel: (785)227-3311
Free: 800-826-2281
Fax: (785)227-2860
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bethanylb.edu/

Description:

Independent Lutheran, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1881. Setting: 80-acre small town campus. Endowment: $20.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6460 per student. Total enrollment: 588. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 11:1. 868 applied, 63% were admitted. 17% from top 10% of their high school class, 41% from top quarter, 78% from top half. 12 valedictorians. Full-time: 552 students, 46% women, 54% men. Part-time: 36 students, 36% women, 64% men. Students come from 25 states and territories, 11 other countries, 41% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 8% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 4% international, 4% 25 or older, 68% live on campus, 10% transferred in. Retention: 61% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; biological/life sciences. Core. Calendar: 4-1-4. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, internships. Off campus study at 6 members of the Associated Colleges of Central Kansas. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Required for some: essay, recommendations, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $21,480 includes full-time tuition ($16,000), mandatory fees ($210), and college room and board ($5270). College room only: $2850. Part-time tuition: $300 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 62 open to all; local fraternities, local sororities; 15% of eligible men and 18% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Business Club, Bethany Student Education Association, Multicultural Student Association, Bethany Youth Ministry Team, Bio Chem Club. Major annual events: Handel's Messiah by the Bethany Oratorio Society, Homecoming events/talent show, Swedestock. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, night patrols by security personnel. 547 college housing spaces available; 354 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Wallerstedt Library plus 1 other with 84,730 books, 6,400 microform titles, 709 serials, 2,648 audiovisual materials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $155,519. 50 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ BETHEL COLLEGE G-11

300 East 27th St.North Newton, KS 67117
Tel: (316)283-2500
Free: 800-522-1887
Admissions: (316)284-5230
Fax: (316)284-5286
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bethelks.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed, affiliated with Mennonite Church USA. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1887. Setting: 60-acre small town campus with easy access to Wichita. Endowment: $17.4 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $10,775. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6783 per student. Total enrollment: 514. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 9:1. 581 applied, 72% were admitted. 17% from top 10% of their high school class, 46% from top quarter, 79% from top half. 4 National Merit Scholars, 12 valedictorians. Full-time: 476 students, 49% women, 51% men. Part-time: 38 students, 71% women, 29% men. Students come from 19 states and territories, 14 other countries, 24% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 4% Hispanic, 6% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 5% international, 9% 25 or older, 68% live on campus, 12% transferred in. Retention: 66% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: health professions and related sciences; business/marketing; public administration and social services; visual and performing arts. Core. Calendar: 4-1-4. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at 6 members of the Associated Colleges of Central Kansas, Hesston College. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Required for some: essay, 2 recommendations. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $21,650 includes full-time tuition ($15,550) and college room and board ($6100). College room only: $3200. Full-time tuition varies according to course load. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $550 per credit hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 25 open to all. Most popular organizations: Bethel College Service Corps, The Collegian (newspaper), Student Alumni Association, Student Senate, Student Activities Board. Major annual events: Fall Fest, Christmas Gala, Spring Fling. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, student patrols, community police patrols. 456 college housing spaces available; 345 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Option: coed housing available. Mantz Library plus 1 other with 137,130 books, 13,615 microform titles, 571 serials, 163,189 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $290,496. 38 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-KANSAS CITY L-16

9705 Lenexa Dr.Lenexa, KS 66215
Tel: (913)768-1900
Free: 800-635-9101
Fax: (913)823-7448
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bmcaec.com/

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Part of The Brown Mackie College. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1892. Setting: 3-acre suburban campus with easy access to Kansas City. Total enrollment: 370. Full-time: 370 students, 77% women, 23% men. Students come from 2 states and territories, 35% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 8% Hispanic, 26% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 60% 25 or older. Core. Academic remediation for entering students, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview. Recommended: essay, minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Required for some: essay. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Tuition: $7164 full-time. Mandatory fees: $432 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Social organizations: 1 open to all. Most popular organization: Coffee Club (service and social organization). Major annual events: Summer Picnic, Halloween Costume Competition, Sweethearts Elections. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. College housing not available. The Brown Mackie College Library plus 1 other with 48 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 185 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-SALINA D-10

2106 South 9th St.
Salina, KS 67401-2810
Tel: (785)825-5422
Free: 800-365-0433
Fax: (785)827-7623
Web Site: http://www.brownmackie.edu/locations.asp?locid=13

Description:

Proprietary, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1892. Setting: 10-acre small town campus with easy access to Wichita. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $1677 per student. Total enrollment: 367. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 15:1. 136 applied, 96% were admitted. Full-time: 367 students, 68% women, 32% men. Students come from 10 states and territories, 2 other countries, 26% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 8% Hispanic, 12% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 38% 25 or older, 3% transferred in. Core. Calendar: modular. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Tuition: $9072 full-time. Mandatory fees: $576 full-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 2 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Athletic Booster Club. Major annual events: Commencement, summer picnic, Thanksgiving/Christmas Dinner. College housing not available. Brown Mackie College Library plus 1 other with 14,788 books, 500 microform titles, 45 serials, 195 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $44,886. 162 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ BUTLER COMMUNITY COLLEGE G-12

901 South Haverhill Rd.
El Dorado, KS 67042-3280
Tel: (316)321-2222
Fax: (316)322-3109
Web Site: http://www.butlercc.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1927. Setting: 80-acre small town campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2824 per student. Total enrollment: 8,863. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. Full-time: 3,658 students, 56% women, 44% men. Part-time: 5,205 students, 63% women, 37% men. Students come from 28 states and territories, 21 other countries, 5% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 12% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 42% 25 or older, 4% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 57% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/19. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1756 full-time, $55 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $3164 full-time, $99 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $448 full-time, $14 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $4335. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Most popular organizations: Agriculture Club, Art Club, Campus Crusade for Christ, Grizzly Ambassadors, intramurals. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, controlled dormitory access, video cameras at dormitory entrances and parking lot. 377 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. L.W. Nixon Library with 38,000 books, 36,920 microform titles, 220 serials, 914 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $108,482. 90 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Butler County attracts visitors because of its location near the scenic Flint Hills in Kansas and the El Dorado Lake, a federal Corps of Engineers Project covering approximately 4,500 acres. Butler County has an approximate population of 50,000 persons in nine communities. Butler County communities offers good schools, numerous musical, writing and civic clubs with an emphasis toward educational and cultural opportunities. Located just 30 minutes east of Wichita, a city of approximately 300,000 residents, Butler County residents and BCCC students are also offered all the advantages of a major metropolitan city.

■ CENTRAL CHRISTIAN COLLEGE OF KANSAS F-10

1200 South Main
PO Box 1403
McPherson, KS 67460-5799
Tel: (620)241-0723
Free: 800-835-0078
Fax: (620)241-6032
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.centralchristian.edu/

Description:

Independent Free Methodist, 4-year, coed. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1884. Setting: 16-acre small town campus. Endowment: $5.7 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4829 per student. Total enrollment: 336. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 289 applied, 98% were admitted. 15% from top 10% of their high school class, 42% from top quarter, 80% from top half. 4 valedictorians, 25 student government officers. Full-time: 314 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 22 students, 55% women, 45% men. Students come from 29 states and territories, 2 other countries, 61% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 7% Hispanic, 8% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 12% 25 or older, 81% live on campus, 5% transferred in. Retention: 57% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; liberal arts/general studies; theology and religious vocations. Core. Calendar: 4-1-4. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at McPherson College, Christian Center for Urban Studies, Focus on the Family Institute, CCCU. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $19,500 includes full-time tuition ($14,000), mandatory fees ($500), and college room and board ($5000). College room only: $2400. Part-time tuition: $405 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 9 open to all. Most popular organizations: C.O.L.O.R.S. (Cross Over Lines of Racial Stereotype), Performing Arts Club, Student Activities Committee, Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Phi Beta Lambda Business Club. Major annual events: All College Picnic, Community Service Day, Christmas Banquet. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: controlled dormitory access. 258 college housing spaces available; 224 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Briner Library with 35,156 books, 524 microform titles, 95 serials, 779 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $71,445. 37 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The community of McPherson, Kansas is an attractive Midwestern agricultural and petroleum based city of 14,000. Located 50 miles north of Wichita, the community is rated the thirty-third best small town in the United States.

■ CLOUD COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE B-10

2221 Campus Dr., PO Box 1002
Concordia, KS 66901-1002
Tel: (785)243-1435
Free: 800-729-5101
Fax: (785)243-1043
Web Site: http://www.cloud.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas Community College System. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 35-acre rural campus. Total enrollment: 3,521. Students come from 12 states and territories, 5 other countries, 1% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 6% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international, 12% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT ASSET required; ACT recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 9/11. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1560 full-time, $52 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2220 full-time, $74 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $540 full-time, $18 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3780.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Most popular organizations: Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Block and Bridle Club, Student Senate. Major annual event: Homecoming. Student services: health clinic. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. 18,010 books and 142 serials. 57 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Located in the Republican River Valley, Concordia is a central shopping, industrial and medical district for the citizens of North Central Kansas. The city of approximately 7,000 is home to St. Joseph Hospital, which is operated by the Sisters of St. Joseph. The city features a large municipal swimming complex, a vigorous summer recreational program, tennis courts and spacious parks. Concordia hosts the annual North Central Kansas Rodeo and the annual Fall Fest Celebration, and is the home of the Cloud County Fair. The Brown Grand Theater, which is on the National Register of Historic Sites, features many cultural events throughout the year.

■ COFFEYVILLE COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-15

400 West 11th St.
Coffeyville, KS 67337-5063
Tel: (620)251-7700
Fax: (620)252-7098
Web Site: http://www.coffeyville.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1923. Setting: 39-acre small town campus with easy access to Tulsa. Endowment: $2.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4300 per student. Total enrollment: 1,766. 1,499 applied, 100% were admitted. 10% from top 10% of their high school class, 20% from top quarter, 20% from top half. Full-time: 665 students, 40% women, 60% men. Part-time: 1,101 students, 63% women, 37% men. Students come from 19 states and territories, 4 other countries, 8% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 12% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 43% 25 or older, 27% live on campus, 38% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT, ACT COMPASS required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $896 full-time, $28 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2176 full-time, $68 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $704 full-time, $22 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3380.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band. Social organizations: 30 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, Phi Theta Kappa, Delta Psi Omega, Agriculture Club. Major annual events: Homecoming, musicals and plays. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. 304 college housing spaces available; 250 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Option: coed housing available. Russell H. Graham Learning Resource Center plus 1 other with 27,482 books, 3,005 microform titles, 238 serials, 1,415 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $116,000. 90 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

A town of diversified industries, Coffeyville has churches of many denominations, a hospital and numerous civic, service and social organizations. A municipal airport, railroads and bus lines provide transportation. A significant point of interest is the Dalton Defenders Museum. Coffeyville was once the home of the famous baseball pitcher, Walter Johnson; a memorial to Johnson may be seen in Walter Johnson Park.

■ COLBY COMMUNITY COLLEGE C-3

1255 South Range
Colby, KS 67701-4099
Tel: (785)462-3984
Fax: (785)462-4600
Web Site: http://www.colbycc.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas Board of Regents. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1964. Setting: 80-acre small town campus. Endowment: $3.2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2891 per student. Total enrollment: 1,784. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 19:1. 647 applied, 100% were admitted. 12% from top 10% of their high school class, 25% from top quarter, 63% from top half. Students come from 14 states and territories, 5 other countries, 13% from out-of-state, 0.2% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 22% 25 or older, 30% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for animal science, health-related programs. Options: early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

State resident tuition: $1536 full-time, $48 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2784 full-time, $87 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $768 full-time, $24 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3632.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 16 open to all. Most popular organizations: KSNEA, Physical Therapist Assistants Club, Block and Bridle, SVTA, COPNS. Major annual events: Fall Formal, Spring Formal, End of Year Event. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols. 264 college housing spaces available; 240 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Davis Library with 32,000 books, 350 serials, and an OPAC. 178 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Colby is in the state's leading wheat-producing area, the northwest corner of the state. Population 6,000. Community facilities include a fine hospital, library and churches of most faiths. Job opportunities are open with the city and community providing employment for students wherever possible.

■ COWLEY COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE AND AREA VOCATIONAL-TECHNICAL SCHOOL I-12

125 South Second, PO Box 1147
Arkansas City, KS 67005-1147
Tel: (620)442-0430
Free: 800-593-CCCC
Admissions: (620)441-5245
Fax: (620)441-5350
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cowley.cc.ks.us/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas State Board of Education. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1922. Setting: 19-acre small town campus. Endowment: $3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2577 per student. Total enrollment: 4,679. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 31:1. 1,185 applied, 100% were admitted. 5% from top 10% of their high school class, 19% from top quarter, 45% from top half. Full-time: 2,386 students, 53% women, 47% men. Part-time: 2,293 students, 65% women, 35% men. Students come from 16 states and territories, 12 other countries, 6% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 4% Hispanic, 8% black, 5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 19% 25 or older, 7% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Recommended: ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1290 full-time, $43 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1440 full-time, $48 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $3000 full-time, $100 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $570 full-time, $19 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3530.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 21 open to all. Most popular organizations: Volunteer Club, Peers Advocating for Wellness, Phi Theta Kappa, Student Government Association, Phi Beta Lambda. Major annual events: Mr. Cinderfella, Puttin' on the Hits, Homecoming. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: student patrols, late night transport-escort service, residence hall entrances are locked at night. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Renn Memorial Library with 26,000 books and 100 serials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $149,256. 53 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ DODGE CITY COMMUNITY COLLEGE H-5

2501 North 14th Ave.
Dodge City, KS 67801-2399
Tel: (620)225-1321
Admissions: (316)225-1321
Fax: (620)225-0918
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.dccc.cc.ks.us/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas State Board of Education. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1935. Setting: 143-acre small town campus. Total enrollment: 1,956. 5% from top 10% of their high school class, 50% from top half. Students come from 20 states and territories, 5 other countries, 67% 25 or older, 20% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, self-designed majors, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT ASSET required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1120 full-time, $35 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $1344 full-time, $42 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $806 full-time, $23 per credit hour part-time, $35 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. College room and board: $4060.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Major annual events: Homecoming, Spring Fling, Multicultural Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Option: coed housing available. Learning Resource Center with 30,000 books and 225 serials. 125 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Dodge City serves as a supply and trade center for a large agricultural area. It is located on the plains of western Kansas. All modes of transportation are accessible. Community facilities include a library, hospitals, churches of all major denominations, community concert association, and many fraternal, civic and veteran's organizations. Sports include golf, bowling, fishing, hunting and boating. Points of interest are Boot Hill, Fort Dodge and Point Rocks. Special events are Dodge City Days rodeo and the Square Dance Festival.

■ DONNELLY COLLEGE D-17

608 North 18th St.Kansas City, KS 66102-4298
Tel: (913)621-6070
Admissions: (913)621-8769
Fax: (913)621-0354
Web Site: http://www.donnelly.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1949. Setting: 4-acre urban campus. Endowment: $4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5141 per student. Total enrollment: 398. 327 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 198 students, 75% women, 25% men. Part-time: 200 students, 66% women, 34% men. Students come from 15 states and territories, 12% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 22% Hispanic, 54% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 4% international, 85% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Recommended: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Collegiate Environment:

Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. 10 undergraduates lived in college housing during 2003-04. Trant Memorial Library with 33,752 books, 114 serials, 1,020 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $86,469. 51 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ EMPORIA STATE UNIVERSITY F-14

1200 Commercial St.Emporia, KS 66801-5087
Tel: (620)341-1200; 877-468-6378
Admissions: (620)341-5465
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.emporia.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Kansas Board of Regents. Awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1863. Setting: 207-acre small town campus with easy access to Wichita. Endowment: $52.1 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $550,554. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2632 per student. Total enrollment: 6,288. Faculty: 282 (252 full-time, 30 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 1,188 applied, 78% were admitted. Full-time: 3,797 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 554 students, 63% women, 37% men. Students come from 30 states and territories, 30 other countries, 5% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 16% 25 or older, 25% live on campus, 11% transferred in. Retention: 68% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, ACT, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $2638 full-time, $88 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $9990 full-time, $333 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $668 full-time, $41 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to degree level. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to degree level. College room and board: $4787. College room only: $2363. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 112 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 13% of eligible men and 9% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Union Activities Council, Associated Student Government, Black Student Union. Major annual events: Homecoming, Flintstock, Family Day. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, 24-hour residence hall monitoring, safety and self-awareness programs. 1,148 college housing spaces available; 1,053 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. William Allen White Library with 2.4 million books, 53,656 microform titles, 815 serials, 8,728 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.9 million. 410 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Emporia, close to the nation's geographical center, is an industrial city as well as a "university town." From this agricultural area more than 100,000 cattle are sent to market each year. The community facilities include a hospital, libraries, an auditorium and many civic, social and veteran's organizations. All forms of commercial transportation are available. Parks, golf courses, a skating rink, tennis courts, ball fields, bowling alley, and swimming pools are some of the facilities for recreation.

■ FLINT HILLS TECHNICAL COLLEGE F-14

3301 West 18th Ave.
Emporia, KS 66801
Tel: (620)341-2300
Free: 800-711-6947
Fax: (620)343-7252
Web Site: http://www.fhtc.net/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Founded 1963. Calendar: semesters.

■ FORT HAYS STATE UNIVERSITY D-7

600 Park St.Hays, KS 67601-4099
Tel: (785)628-4000
Free: 800-628-FHSU
Admissions: (785)628-5666
Fax: (785)628-4014
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.fhsu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Kansas Board of Regents. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1902. Setting: 200-acre small town campus. Endowment: $27.6 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $47,638. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5102 per student. Total enrollment: 7,373. 1,938 applied, 94% were admitted. 9% from top 10% of their high school class, 31% from top quarter, 65% from top half. Full-time: 4,126 students, 53% women, 47% men. Part-time: 1,794 students, 56% women, 44% men. Students come from 48 states and territories, 15 other countries, 10% from out-of-state, 0.5% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 1% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 16% international, 18% 25 or older, 20% live on campus, 21% transferred in. Retention: 72% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at members of the National Student Exchange. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, ACT, SAT or ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $1886 full-time, $101.75 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $7104 full-time, $319.17 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $556 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, location, and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and location. College room and board: $6190. College room only: $3577. Room and board charges vary according to board plan, housing facility, and student level.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 105 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 2% of eligible men and 2% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, University Activities Board, Residence Hall Association, International Student Union, Block and Bridle. Major annual events: homecoming, Back to School Picnic, Oktoberfest. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 1,250 college housing spaces available; 1,000 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Forsyth Library with 624,637 books, 404,433 microform titles, 1,689 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.9 million. 813 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Fort Hays, a military post on the old frontier, gave this railroad town its name of Hays. Known as an agricultural, educational, and regional medical center Hays has vast interests in oil and livestock as well. Ellis county, the county in which Hays is located, is the largest oil producing county in the State of Kansas. Fort Hays Experiment Station, one of the largest dryland experiment stations in the world, is located here.

■ FORT SCOTT COMMUNITY COLLEGE G-17

2108 South Horton
Fort Scott, KS 66701
Tel: (316)223-2700
Free: 800-874-3722
Fax: (316)223-4927
Web Site: http://www.fortscott.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1919. Setting: 147-acre small town campus. Total enrollment: 1,923. 662 applied. Students come from 24 states and territories, 1% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 6% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.3% international, 9% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, early admission, deferred admission. Placement: ACT ASSET required; ACT required for some. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 8/15.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band. Most popular organizations: Aggie Club, Student Nurses Association, student government, Soccer Club, Phi Theta Kappa. Major annual events: homecoming, Spring Fling, Endowment Dinner. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: controlled dormitory access, evening security from 9 pm to 6am. 200 college housing spaces available; 198 were occupied in 2003-04. Option: coed housing available. Learning Resource Center with 25,308 books, 124 serials, and an OPAC. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $103,628. 95 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

FSCC is located in Fort Scott, Kansas, a thriving agricultural-industrial town at the intersection of U.S. highways 69 and 54 in southeast Kansas. About 9,000 persons live in Fort Scott and an additional 6,000 live in the surrounding Bourbon County area. Fort Scott citizens continue to value their historic background, dating from the time the town was established as a military outpost in 1842. The original army post on the Indian frontier, restored and operated by the National Park Service as the Fort Scott National Historic Site, draws thousands of tourists annually. The city is served by major highways and bus lines and has a municipal airport. Superb medical facilities, including a 164-bed hospital, provide medical services for much of southeast Kansas. Numerous cultural opportunities include an active arts council and civic symphony. Outstanding community recreational programs and facilities, 180 acres of parks and several area lakes enhance the college experience for FSCC students.

■ FRIENDS UNIVERSITY H-11

2100 West University St. Wichita, KS 67213
Tel: (316)295-5000
Free: 800-577-2233
Admissions: (316)295-5100
Fax: (316)262-5027
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.friends.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1898. Setting: 45-acre urban campus. Endowment: $22.2 million. Total enrollment: 3,190. 668 applied, 93% were admitted. Students come from 30 states and territories, 25 other countries, 10% from out-of-state, 0.3% 25 or older, 18% live on campus. Retention: 63% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Newman University, Wichita Area Vocational/Technical Institute.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: early admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Required for some: essay, 1 recommendation. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group. Social organizations: local fraternities, local sororities. Most popular organizations: Singing Quakers, Phi Beta Lambda, Student Association. Major annual events: homecoming, Cherry Carnival, Falcon Frenzy. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Edmund Stanley Library plus 3 others with 105,989 books, 857 serials, and an OPAC. 190 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ GARDEN CITY COMMUNITY COLLEGE G-3

801 Campus Dr.
Garden City, KS 67846-6399
Tel: (316)276-7611
Admissions: (620)276-7611
Web Site: http://www.gcccks.edu/

Description:

County-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1919. Setting: 63-acre rural campus. Endowment: $4.9 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4890 per student. Total enrollment: 2,174. 845 applied, 100% were admitted. 17% from top 10% of their high school class, 19% from top quarter, 34% from top half. Full-time: 925 students, 49% women, 51% men. Part-time: 1,249 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 31 states and territories, 7% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 20% Hispanic, 9% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 39% 25 or older, 12% live on campus. Retention: 78% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for transfer students. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT COMPASS required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1248 full-time, $39 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2080 full-time, $65 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $672 full-time, $21 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and location. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and location. College room and board: $4500. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 23 open to all. Most popular organizations: student government, Hispanic American Leadership Organization, Business Professionals of America, Criminal Justice Organization, Phi Theta Kappa. Major annual events: Earth Day, Homecoming, Hispanic Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 306 college housing spaces available. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Option: coed housing available. Saffell Library with 42,080 books, 2,771 microform titles, 116 serials, 303 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $166,111. 150 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Garden City is on the Arkansas River in a fertile agricultural area. Predominant crops are corn, alfalfa, wheat and grain sorgums, with beef cattle production very strong. Shopping facilities are good. Finnup Park, a large recreational development, contains a swimming pool, picnic sites, museum and zoo. Other facilities for recreation are golf courses and local parks. One of the largest buffalo herds is located at Garden City on the Buffalo Preserve. All forms of commercial transportation are available.

■ HASKELL INDIAN NATIONS UNIVERSITY D-15

155 Indian Ave., No. 5031
Lawrence, KS 66046-4800
Tel: (785)749-8404
Admissions: (785)749-8454
Fax: (785)749-8429
Web Site: http://www.haskell.edu/

Description:

Federally supported, 4-year, coed. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1884. Setting: 320-acre suburban campus. Total enrollment: 1,028. 10% from top 10% of their high school class, 30% from top half. Full-time: 922 students, 47% women, 53% men. Part-time: 106 students, 47% women, 53% men. Students come from 37 states and territories, 100% Native American, 0% Hispanic, 0% black, 0% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 1% 25 or older, 9% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships. Off campus study at members of the American Indian Higher Education Consortium, Kansas City Regional Council for Higher Education, University of Kansas. ROTC: Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, ACT. Required for some: 2 recommendations. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 7/30. Notification: continuous. Preference given to applicants with at least one-fourth Native American ancestry or tribal membership.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $10. State resident tuition: $0 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $0 full-time. Mandatory fees: $420 full-time, $70 per term part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 40 open to all. Most popular organizations: Phi Beta Lambda, Aises, H-Club, Navajo Club, Unity. Major annual events: Spring Graduation Pow-Wow, Haskell Indian Art Market, Welcome Back Pow Wow. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: night patrol only. 822 college housing spaces available; 762 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. 50,000 books, 400 serials, and an OPAC. 35 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See University of Kansas.

■ HESSTON COLLEGE F-11

Box 3000
Hesston, KS 67062-2093
Tel: (620)327-4221
Free: 800-995-2757
Admissions: (620)327-8222
Fax: (620)327-8300
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.hesston.edu/

Description:

Independent Mennonite, 2-year, coed. Awards transfer associate and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1909. Setting: 50-acre small town campus with easy access to Wichita. Total enrollment: 477. 710 applied, 83% were admitted. Full-time: 414 students, 48% women, 52% men. Part-time: 63 students, 65% women, 35% men. Students come from 30 states and territories, 13 other countries, 50% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 9% international, 50% 25 or older, 74% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Retention: 76% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing and pastoral ministries programs. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, 2 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $15. Comprehensive fee: $22,354 includes full-time tuition ($16,246), mandatory fees ($250), and college room and board ($5858). Part-time tuition: $676 per hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $60 per term.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Major annual events: Thanksgiving Weekend, Feast of Carols, Spring Celebration. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices. 376 college housing spaces available; 75 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Mary Miller Library with 35,000 books, 234 serials, 2,409 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 67 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Hesston is a small, progressive, south central Kansas town with a population of 4,000. It is located 35 miles north of Wichita, and has ready access to air, rail, and bus transportation. Part-time employment for students is available in the area and is coordinated through the Cooperative Education office on campus. A temperate climate allows considerable outside activity. Recreational facilities located in or near Hesston include an 18-hole golf course, bike trails, tennis courts, year-round swimming pool, and numerous county and state parks and lakes.

■ HIGHLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE

606 West Main St.
Highland, KS 66035
Tel: (785)442-6000
Admissions: (785)442-6020
Fax: (785)442-6100
Web Site: http://www.highlandcc.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas Community College System. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1858. Setting: 20-acre rural campus. Total enrollment: 3,040. 11% from top 10% of their high school class, 38% from top quarter, 67% from top half. Students come from 9 states and territories, 31% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, early admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT ASSET required; ACT recommended. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 8/20. Notification: continuous. Preference given to state residents.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $888 full-time, $37 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1080 full-time, $45 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2280 full-time, $95 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1056 full-time, $44 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3872. College room only: $2242.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Option: coed housing available. 30,000 books and 268 serials. 94 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ HUTCHINSON COMMUNITY COLLEGE AND AREA VOCATIONAL SCHOOL G-10

1300 North Plum St.
Hutchinson, KS 67501-5894
Tel: (620)665-3500
Free: 800-289-3501
Admissions: (620)665-3536
Fax: (620)665-3310
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.hutchcc.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1928. Setting: 47-acre small town campus. Endowment: $3.6 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3345 per student. Total enrollment: 4,869. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 2,940 applied, 100% were admitted. 10% from top 10% of their high school class, 20% from top quarter, 50% from top half. Full-time: 1,956 students, 51% women, 49% men. Part-time: 2,913 students, 62% women, 38% men. Students come from 34 states and territories, 18 other countries, 7% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 4% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international, 32% 25 or older, 11% live on campus, 10% transferred in. Retention: 56% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for allied health programs. Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Recommended: high school transcript. Required for some: interview. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $50 per hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1600 full-time, $50 per hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2816 full-time, $88 per hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $480 full-time, $15 per hour part-time. College room and board: $4060. Room and board charges vary according to board plan.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 15 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, Black Cultural Society, Hispanic-American Leadership Organization, Hutchinson Christian Fellowship, Campus Crusade for Christ. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 350 college housing spaces available; all were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. John F. Kennedy Library plus 1 other with 41,812 books, 76,808 microform titles, 245 serials, 3,039 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $86,614. 475 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ INDEPENDENCE COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-15

Brookside Dr. and College Ave.
PO Box 708 Independence, KS 67301-0708
Tel: (620)331-4100
Free: 800-842-6063
Admissions: (620)332-5400
Fax: (620)331-5344
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.indycc.edu/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas State Board of Education. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1925. Setting: 68-acre small town campus. Total enrollment: 906. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. Full-time: 478 students, 43% women, 57% men. Part-time: 428 students, 66% women, 34% men. Students come from 18 states and territories, 17 other countries, 9% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 2% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 44% 25 or older, 10% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, honors program, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, electronic application, early admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $800 full-time. State resident tuition: $800 full-time, $25 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2080 full-time, $65 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $800 full-time. College room and board: $4100.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Phi Theta Kappa, Student Ambassadors, Campus Christians, multicultural student organization. Major annual events: homecoming, Winter Formal, fall/spring picnics. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: night patrol. 300 college housing spaces available; 180 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Independence Community College Library plus 1 other with 32,408 books and 166 serials. 75 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Independence, is in a predominately agricultural region that also produces oil. The community includes a number of churches, a hospital and numerous civic, fraternal and veteran's organizations. An airport is within a ten-minute drive. Montgomery County State Lake and the Elk City Reservoir provide facilities for all water sports. Other recreational activities are golf, tennis and bowling.

■ JOHNSON COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE L-16

12345 College Blvd.
Overland Park, KS 66210-1299
Tel: (913)469-8500
Web Site: http://www.johnco.cc.ks.us/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas State Board of Education. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1967. Setting: 220-acre suburban campus with easy access to Kansas City. Endowment: $4.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3245 per student. Total enrollment: 18,612. Full-time: 6,378 students, 51% women, 49% men. Part-time: 12,234 students, 58% women, 42% men. Students come from 26 states and territories, 36 other countries, 5% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 4% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 43% 25 or older, 1% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at Metropolitan Community College.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing, dental hygiene, paralegal, respiratory care, interpreter training, emergency medical technology programs. Option: early admission. Required for some: high school transcript. Placement: ACT, ACT ASSET required for some. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $10. Area resident tuition: $1920 full-time, $64 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $2370 full-time, $79 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $4350 full-time, $145 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course load. Part-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, student-run newspaper. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Johnson County Community College Library with 89,400 books, 708 serials, 4,770 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.2 million. 800 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ KANSAS CITY KANSAS COMMUNITY COLLEGE D-17

7250 State Ave.
Kansas City, KS 66112-3003
Tel: (913)334-1100
Admissions: (913)288-7694
Fax: (913)696-9646
Web Site: http://www.kckcc.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1923. Setting: 148-acre urban campus. Total enrollment: 5,419. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. Full-time: 1,925 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 3,494 students, 67% women, 33% men. Students come from 29 states and territories, 23 other countries, 5% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 7% Hispanic, 25% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 49% 25 or older, 7% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program. Options: Common Application, electronic application, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1470 full-time, $49 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $4410 full-time, $147 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $300 full-time, $10 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 20 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Senate, Phi Theta Kappa, Drama Club, The African American Student Union, Christian Student Union. Major annual events: Last Class Bash, Candle Lighting Program, First Class Bash. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service. College housing not available. Kansas City Kansas Community College Library with 65,000 books, 250,000 microform titles, 200 serials, 12,000 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 775 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY C-13

Manhattan, KS 66506
Tel: (785)532-6011
Admissions: (785)532-6250
Fax: (785)532-6393
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ksu.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of Kansas Board of Regents. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees. Founded 1863. Setting: 668-acre suburban campus with easy access to Kansas City. Endowment: $340.5 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $98.8 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5764 per student. Total enrollment: 23,182. Faculty: 792 (714 full-time, 78 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 21:1. 8,207 applied, 59% were admitted. Full-time: 16,519 students, 49% women, 51% men. Part-time: 2,319 students, 54% women, 46% men. Students come from 50 states and territories, 100 other countries, 13% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 3% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 9% 25 or older, 37% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Retention: 81% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; social sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Manhattan Christian College, University of Missouri-Kansas City, 19 Kansas community colleges. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $4560 full-time, $152 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,890 full-time, $463 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $564 full-time. College room and board: $5772. Room and board charges vary according to board plan.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 372 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 20% of eligible men and 20% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: athletic department groups, marching band, Union Governing Board, theater productions, debate team. Major annual events: Homecoming, Multicultural Week, open house. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Hale Library plus 3 others with 1.6 million books, 2.5 million microform titles, 1,365 serials, 5,056 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $11.9 million. 326 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Manhattan, a beautiful city, situated on the Blue River and Kansas River, enjoys the excellent recreational facilities of Tuttle Creek Dam. The community offers libraries, churches, hospitals, hotels, motels, rooming houses and four attractive shopping centers including Manhattan Town Center. Numerous civic, service and social organizations exist. Part-time work is available. Historic Fort Riley is eight miles away.

■ KANSAS WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY D-10

100 East Claflin Ave.
Salina, KS 67401-6196
Tel: (785)827-5541
Free: 800-874-1154
Admissions: (785)829-5541
Fax: (785)827-0927
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.kwu.edu/

Description:

Independent United Methodist, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1886. Setting: 28-acre urban campus. Endowment: $13.5 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3911 per student. Total enrollment: 805. 1,097 applied, 53% were admitted. 9% from top 10% of their high school class, 38% from top quarter, 71% from top half. Full-time: 597 students, 57% women, 43% men. Part-time: 171 students, 65% women, 35% men. Students come from 24 states and territories, 4 other countries, 39% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 6% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.4% international, 26% 25 or older, 65% live on campus, 17% transferred in. Retention: 74% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: 2 semesters with a summer term. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Associated Colleges of Central Kansas. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, minimum ACT composite score of 18, SAT or ACT. Recommended: SAT, ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $21,400 includes full-time tuition ($15,800) and college room and board ($5600). College room only: $2400. Part-time tuition: $200 per credit hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 20 open to all; local fraternities, local sororities, societies; 1% of eligible men and 1% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Fellowship of Christian Athletes, student government, Wesleyan Chorale, Multicultural Student Association, Business Club. Major annual events: Homecoming, Sweetheart Dance, Spring Fling. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, evening patrols by security. 400 college housing spaces available; 360 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Memorial Library with 100,000 microform titles, 370 serials, 1,055 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $177,612. 72 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Salina (pop. 42,299), situated in the central part of the state, is the fifth largest city in Kansas. Major forms of transportation are available. Community facilities include a public library, municipal shopping center, museum, community theater, and numerous churches. Points of interest include Kanapolis Lake and Rock City.

■ LABETTE COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-16

200 South 14th St.
Parsons, KS 67357-4299
Tel: (620)421-6700
Web Site: http://www.labette.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas State Board of Education. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1923. Setting: 4-acre small town campus. Total enrollment: 1,401. 212 applied, 100% were admitted. 20% from top 10% of their high school class, 59% from top half. Full-time: 466 students, 58% women, 42% men. Part-time: 935 students, 69% women, 31% men. Students come from 7 states and territories, 4 other countries, 1% Native American, 4% Hispanic, 4% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 40% 25 or older. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study. ROTC: Army (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program. Option: early admission. Recommended: high school transcript. Required for some: recommendations, interview. Placement: ACT COMPASS required; ACT recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Choral group. Social organizations: 18 open to all. Most popular organizations: Adult Women Who Are Returning to Education (AWARE), Phi Beta Lambda. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Option: coed housing available. Labette Community College Library with 26,000 books, 1,770 microform titles, 235 serials, 542 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. 66 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

This is an agricultural and industrial area, dairying being the principal source of income. Lake Parsons, which is municipally owned, provides facilities for picnicking, fishing and boating. Camping is available at Marvel Park and the Neosho Water Fowl Management Area, 12 miles north of the city, affords fishing and hunting as well.

■ MANHATTAN AREA TECHNICAL COLLEGE C-13

3136 Dickens Ave.
Manhattan, KS 66503-2499
Tel: (913)587-2800
Free: 800-352-7575
Admissions: (785)587-2800
Fax: (913)587-2804
Web Site: http://www.matc.net/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1965. Setting: 19-acre suburban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3563 per student. Total enrollment: 401. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 11:1. Full-time: 324 students, 34% women, 66% men. Part-time: 77 students, 36% women, 64% men. 2% Native American, 4% Hispanic, 4% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 32% 25 or older, 37% transferred in. Core. Calendar: semesters.

Entrance Requirements:

Recommended: high school transcript. Required for some: high school transcript.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $2035 full-time, $55 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $400 full-time, $10 per credit hour part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

College housing not available. Matc Library with an OPAC.

■ MANHATTAN CHRISTIAN COLLEGE C-13

1415 Anderson Ave.
Manhattan, KS 66502-4081
Tel: (785)539-3571; 877-246-4622
Fax: (785)539-0832
Web Site: http://www.mccks.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed, affiliated with Christian Churches and Churches of Christ. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1927. Setting: 10-acre small town campus. Endowment: $939,895. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3144 per student. Total enrollment: 331. 156 applied, 78% were admitted. 30% from top 10% of their high school class, 40% from top quarter, 70% from top half. Full-time: 262 students, 49% women, 51% men. Part-time: 69 students, 62% women, 38% men. Students come from 12 states and territories, 1 other country, 35% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 4% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.3% international, 13% 25 or older, 65% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 60% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, adult/continuing education programs, internships. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 3 recommendations, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $15,228 includes full-time tuition ($9444), mandatory fees ($194), and college room and board ($5590). Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $389 per hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 25 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Council, Unspoken Message (drama and dance team), praise bands, Drama Team, Prison Ministry. Major annual events: Family Weekend, Oasis, Orientation. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. 182 college housing spaces available; 151 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Manhattan Christian College Library with 3,300 books, 1,800 microform titles, 3,000 serials, 2,200 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $65,147. 16 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Kansas State University.

■ MCPHERSON COLLEGE F-10

1600 East Euclid, PO Box 1402
McPherson, KS 67460-1402
Tel: (620)241-0731
Free: 800-365-7402
Fax: (620)241-8443
Web Site: http://www.mcpherson.edu/

Description:

Independent, 4-year, coed, affiliated with Church of the Brethren. Awards associate and bachelor's degrees. Founded 1887. Setting: 26-acre small town campus. Endowment: $31.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $7338 per student. Total enrollment: 464. 555 applied, 75% were admitted. 10% from top 10% of their high school class, 27% from top quarter, 71% from top half. Full-time: 443 students, 36% women, 64% men. Part-time: 21 students, 52% women, 48% men. Students come from 30 states and territories, 0.4% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 9% black, 0.4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 24% 25 or older, 70% live on campus, 13% transferred in. Retention: 83% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: 4-1-4. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at 6 members of the Associated Colleges of Central Kansas. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: ACT. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $21,010 includes full-time tuition ($14,900), mandatory fees ($260), and college room and board ($5850). College room only: $2400. Part-time tuition: $450 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $280 per credit hour, $1580 per term. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 32 open to all. Most popular organizations: Today's Educators, Spectator (newspaper), drama productions, athletics, choir. Major annual events: homecoming, Alumni Weekend, graduation. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: student patrols, controlled dormitory access. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: coed, men-only housing available. Miller Library with 89,946 books, 60,561 microform titles, 345 serials, 4,465 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $105,692. 60 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

McPherson is a small city of 14,000 located near Highway I-135. The county seat, as well as the business center for the surrounding agricultural area, McPherson's principal industries include oil refining, insulation, plastic pipe, pharmaceuticals, mobile homes, and farm equipment. The community supports many cultural activities such as activities symphony, theatre guild, chorale, and art festival. Air transportation is available at nearby Wichita, Salina and Hutchinson, as well as churches, motels, and several parks.

■ MIDAMERICA NAZARENE UNIVERSITY D-16

2030 East College Way
Olathe, KS 66062-1899
Tel: (913)782-3750
Free: 800-800-8887
Admissions: (913)791-3380
Fax: (913)791-3481
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mnu.edu/

Description:

Independent, comprehensive, coed, affiliated with Church of the Nazarene. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1966. Setting: 105-acre suburban campus with easy access to Kansas City. Endowment: $17.4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4442 per student. Total enrollment: 1,779. Faculty: 173 (71 full-time, 102 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 750 applied, 69% were admitted. 1 National Merit Scholar, 4 valedictorians. Full-time: 1,198 students, 52% women, 48% men. Part-time: 159 students, 55% women, 45% men. Students come from 40 states and territories, 11 other countries, 34% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 4% Hispanic, 7% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 22% 25 or older, 62% live on campus, 8% transferred in. Retention: 67% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships. Off campus study at Coalition for Christian Colleges and Universities. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 1 recommendation, SAT or ACT. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $21,798 includes full-time tuition ($14,968), mandatory fees ($1000), and college room and board ($5830). Part-time tuition: $500 per semester hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $500 per term.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 20 open to all. Most popular organizations: Associated Student Government, Residence Hall Government, ministry groups, intramurals, Gospel Station. Major annual events: homecoming, Mock Rock, Welcome Week. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 715 college housing spaces available; 657 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Mabee Library with 132,991 books, 337,000 microform titles, 1,250 serials, 11,427 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $427,946. 85 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY L-16

10310 Mastin
Overland Park, KS 66212
Tel: (913)217-2900
Web Site: http://www.national.edu/

Description:

Independent, 2-year, coed.

■ NEOSHO COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE H-15

800 West 14th St.
Chanute, KS 66720-2699
Tel: (620)431-2820
Free: 800-729-6222
Fax: (620)431-6222
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.neosho.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas State Board of Education. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1936. Setting: 50-acre small town campus. Endowment: $370,000. Total enrollment: 1,826. 573 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 615 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 1,211 students, 69% women, 31% men. Students come from 15 states and territories, 1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 5% black, 2% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0% international, 58% 25 or older, 5% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission. Required: high school transcript. Placement: ACT required. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 9/15. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Most popular organizations: Business Club, Science Club, Student Nurses Association, Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Nontraditional Student Organization. Major annual events: homecoming, Fun-in-the-Sun Week, Halloween Dance. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: controlled dormitory access. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Chapman Library with 33,000 books and 200 serials. 100 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

An industrial city with rural and urban sections, Chanute is the girlhood home of Osa Johnson, famous African and South Seas explorer. Oil production, manufacturing and agriculture are important to the city's economy. The varied industries include a cement plant, an oil field equipment manufacturing company, a garment factory and machine shops. Some part-time employment is available. Chanute has good shopping facilities, a hospital, many churches, a theater, a skating rink, commercial family recreation, a lake and a municipal golf course. A Mexican Fiesta, the Fall Festival, and a Horse Show are special annual events.

■ NEWMAN UNIVERSITY H-11

3100 McCormick Ave.
Wichita, KS 67213-2097
Tel: (316)942-4291; 877-NEWMANU
Fax: (316)942-4483
E-mail: [email protected]edu
Web Site: http://www.newmanu.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1933. Setting: 61-acre urban campus. Endowment: $17.2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3809 per student. Total enrollment: 2,103. Faculty: 153 (85 full-time, 68 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 17:1. 753 applied, 85% were admitted. 16% from top 10% of their high school class, 37% from top quarter, 74% from top half. Full-time: 1,123 students, 61% women, 39% men. Part-time: 609 students, 60% women, 40% men. Students come from 19 states and territories, 32 other countries, 9% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 8% Hispanic, 6% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 8% international, 37% 25 or older, 21% live on campus, 13% transferred in. Retention: 59% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships. Off campus study at Friends University. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: interview. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $22,680 includes full-time tuition ($17,008), mandatory fees ($300), and college room and board ($5372). Part-time tuition: $567 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $10 per credit hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 30 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Activities Board, chorale, International Club, Chemistry/Pre-Med Club, Newman Occupational Therapy Student Association. Major annual events: Charity Week, Family Weekend, Homecoming. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. 320 college housing spaces available; 255 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Library Learning Resource Center with 107,057 books, 134,880 microform titles, 327 serials, 1,857 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $208,437. 90 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

See Wichita State University.

■ NORTH CENTRAL KANSAS TECHNICAL COLLEGE C-9

PO Box 507
Beloit, KS 67420
Tel: (913)738-2276
Free: 800-658-4655
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ncktc.tec.ks.us/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Founded 1963. Calendar: semesters.

■ NORTHEAST KANSAS TECHNICAL COLLEGE B-16

1501 West Riley St.
Atchison, KS 66002
Tel: (913)367-6204
Free: 800-567-4890
Fax: (913)367-3107
Web Site: http://www.nektc.net/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Founded 1965. Calendar: semesters.

■ NORTHWEST KANSAS TECHNICAL COLLEGE C-2

PO Box 668
1209 Harrison St.
Goodland, KS 67735
Tel: (785)899-3641
Free: 800-316-4127
Fax: (785)899-5711
Web Site: http://www.nwktc.org/

Description:

State-supported, 2-year, coed. Founded 1964. Calendar: semesters.

■ OTTAWA UNIVERSITY E-15

1001 South Cedar
Ottawa, KS 66067-3399
Tel: (785)242-5200
Free: 800-755-5200
Fax: (785)242-7429
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ottawa.edu/

Description:

Independent American Baptist Churches in the USA, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees (also offers master's, adult, international and on-line education programs with significant enrollment not reflected in profile). Founded 1865. Setting: 60-acre small town campus with easy access to Kansas City. Endowment: $17.7 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2038 per student. Total enrollment: 440. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 789 applied, 71% were admitted. 17% from top 10% of their high school class, 39% from top quarter, 72% from top half. 1 valedictorian. Full-time: 401 students, 44% women, 56% men. Part-time: 39 students, 38% women, 62% men. Students come from 19 states and territories, 10 other countries, 37% from out-of-state, 3% Native American, 6% Hispanic, 9% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 10% 25 or older, 13% transferred in. Retention: 66% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; biological/life sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Advanced placement, self-designed majors, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, electronic application, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, 18 or higher ACT; rank in upper 50% of class, SAT or ACT. Recommended: 2 recommendations, interview. Required for some: essay. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $15. Comprehensive fee: $20,042 includes full-time tuition ($14,500) and college room and board ($5542). College room only: $2400. Full-time tuition varies according to course load. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 35 open to all; 20% of eligible men and 25% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Christian Faith In Action, Student Activities Force, Education Club, Whole Earth Club, Fellowship of Christian Athletes. Major annual events: Welcome Week, Casino Night, Late Night Finals Breakfast. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, locked residence hall entrances. 360 college housing spaces available. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through junior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Myers Library with 80,500 books, 4,542 microform titles, and 310 serials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $146,329. 71 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

The city is named for the Indians who established a new reservation here in 1834. Pomona Dam and Reservoir, fifteen miles northwest, provides facilities for picnicking, camping, trailering, swimming, boating, fishing and hunting. Forest Park on the Marais des Cygnes River provides additional outdoor recreational facilities. Community facilities include libraries, municipal airport and trains and buses for transportation. Other cultural and recreational activities are enjoyed in Kansas City, which is an hour's drive away.

■ PITTSBURG STATE UNIVERSITY H-17

1701 South Broadway
Pittsburg, KS 66762
Tel: (620)231-7000
Free: 800-854-7488
Fax: (620)235-4080
Web Site: http://www.pittstate.edu/

Description:

State-supported, comprehensive, coed. Part of Kansas Board of Regents. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees (associate, specialist in education). Founded 1903. Setting: 233-acre small town campus. Endowment: $44.7 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $2 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4466 per student. Total enrollment: 6,628. Faculty: 373 (291 full-time, 82 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 1,935 applied, 90% were admitted. Full-time: 5,126 students, 48% women, 52% men. Part-time: 417 students, 51% women, 49% men. Students come from 25 states and territories, 48 other countries, 28% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 2% Hispanic, 2% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 4% international, 14% live on campus, 10% transferred in. Retention: 77% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: education; business/marketing; science technologies. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Southside Education Center, Wichita, KS, Kansas City Metro Center, Lenexa, KS. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents. Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early admission, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, ACT. Required for some: minimum 2.0 high school GPA. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $2850 full-time, $95 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $9732 full-time, $324 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $712 full-time, $32 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $4550. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 140 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 3% of eligible men and 3% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, student yearbook, student newspaper. Major annual events: homecoming, Family Day, Visit the Campus Day. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, learning and writing center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, controlled dormitory access. 1,066 college housing spaces available; 966 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen given priority for college housing. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Leonard H. Axe Library plus 2 others with 639,136 books, 842,616 microform titles, 7,038 serials, 1,712 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $1.9 million.

Community Environment:

Pittsburg is the largest city in southeast Kansas. It is widely known for its fine homes, large churches, excellent schools, and many municipal facilities. Much of the coal mining in Kansas was done in this area. Some of the abandoned open pits have been flooded and stocked for fishing, swimming, boating, and water skiing. Other recreational activities within the city are bowling, tennis, and golf. Part-time employment opportunities are good.

■ PRATT COMMUNITY COLLEGE H-8

348 NE State Rd. 61
Pratt, KS 67124-8317
Tel: (620)672-9800
Admissions: (620)450-2222
Fax: (620)672-5288
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.prattcc.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas Board of Regents. Awards certificates, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1938. Setting: 80-acre rural campus with easy access to Wichita. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2951 per student. Total enrollment: 1,546. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 904 applied, 100% were admitted. Full-time: 625 students, 46% women, 54% men. Part-time: 921 students, 56% women, 44% men. Students come from 21 states and territories, 16% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 5% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 22% live on campus. Retention: 51% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: Common Application, early admission. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: ASSET. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $42 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $1344 full-time, $42 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $928 full-time, $29 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3768.

Collegiate Environment:

Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 20 open to all. Most popular organizations: Phi Theta Kappa, Student Senate, Baptist Student Union, Block and Bridle, Business Professionals Club. Major annual event: Spring Formal. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 282 college housing spaces available; 219 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. 33,000 books, 100 microform titles, 250 serials, 1,200 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $183,530. 100 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ SEWARD COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-3

PO Box 1137
Liberal, KS 67905-1137
Tel: (620)624-1951
Free: 800-373-9951
Fax: (620)629-2725
Web Site: http://www.sccc.edu/

Description:

State and locally supported, 2-year, coed. Part of Kansas State Board of Regents. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1969. Setting: 120-acre rural campus. Endowment: $8.5 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $94,000. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $3800 per student. Total enrollment: 2,325. 14 National Merit Scholars, 31 class presidents, 24 valedictorians, 63 student government officers. Students come from 8 states and territories, 7 other countries, 11% from out-of-state, 67% 25 or older, 21% live on campus. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, self-designed majors, distance learning, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Options: early admission, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript. Required for some: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 1 recommendation, interview. Placement: SAT or ACT recommended. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/15. Notification: continuous.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 28 open to all. Most popular organizations: HALO, ATLAS, Block and Bridle, DECA, Sigma Chi Chi. Major annual events: Homecoming/Family Day, Pancake Day, Oktoberfest. Campus security: 24-hour patrols, late night transport-escort service. Option: coed housing available. Learning Resource Center plus 1 other with 32,926 books and 318 serials. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $157,000. 102 computers available on campus for general student use. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Liberal is the county seat of Seward County. Oil discoveries have added significantly to the economic importance of Liberal. Southwestern Kansas is rich in wheat, oil and gas, and growing agri-related industries such as cattle/swine feed operations and meat packing. Part time employment is available. All forms of commercial transportation are available. A golf course, parks and swimming pools are some of the recreational facilities. Shopping facilities are excellent.

■ SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE I-12

100 College St.Winfield, KS 67156-2499
Tel: (620)229-6000
Free: 800-846-1543
Admissions: (620)229-6236
Fax: (620)229-6224
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sckans.edu/

Description:

Independent United Methodist, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 1885. Setting: 70-acre small town campus with easy access to Wichita. Endowment: $13.6 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $9074 per student. Total enrollment: 1,416. Faculty: 144 (46 full-time, 98 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 494 applied, 28% were admitted. 21% from top 10% of their high school class, 45% from top quarter, 75% from top half. 9 valedictorians. Full-time: 569 students, 52% women, 48% men. Part-time: 694 students, 48% women, 52% men. Students come from 40 states and territories, 7 other countries, 2% Native American, 4% Hispanic, 8% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 53% 25 or older, 63% live on campus, 31% transferred in. Retention: 71% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Urban Life Center, Chicago. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, deferred admission. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.25 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Required for some: interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. One-time mandatory fee: $100. Comprehensive fee: $22,238 includes full-time tuition ($16,800) and college room and board ($5438). College room only: $2428. Part-time tuition: $700 per semester hour.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 19 open to all; national fraternities, local fraternities, local sororities; 10% of eligible men and 10% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Student Activities Association, student government, Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Campus Council on Ministries, International Club. Major annual events: homecoming, Moundbuilding Ceremony, Kickback Day. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices, late night transport-escort service. 450 college housing spaces available; 397 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Options: coed, men-only, women-only housing available. Memorial Library plus 1 other with 77,000 books, 3,740 microform titles, 320 serials, 320 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $343,640. 55 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

■ STERLING COLLEGE F-9

PO Box 98
Sterling, KS 67579-0098
Tel: (620)278-2173
Free: 800-346-1017
Admissions: (620)278-4364
Fax: (620)278-3690
Web Site: http://www.sterling.edu/

Description:

Independent Presbyterian, 4-year, coed. Awards bachelor's degrees. Founded 1887. Setting: 46-acre rural campus. Endowment: $5.6 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $6203 per student. Total enrollment: 516. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 541 applied, 56% were admitted. 7% from top 10% of their high school class, 35% from top quarter, 70% from top half. 5 valedictorians. Full-time: 433 students, 47% women, 53% men. Part-time: 61 students, 54% women, 46% men. Students come from 29 states and territories, 9 other countries, 41% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 7% black, 0.5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 2% international, 5% 25 or older, 83% live on campus, 9% transferred in. Retention: 46% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: 4-1-4. Services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, internships. Off campus study at 6 members of the Associated Colleges of Central Kansas. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, early action, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.2 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: essay, interview. Required for some: 2 recommendations, audition required for fine arts majors. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 7/15, 11/15 for early action. Notification: continuous, 12/1 for early action.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $20,486 includes full-time tuition ($14,300), mandatory fees ($100), and college room and board ($6086).

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 23 open to all. Most popular organizations: Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Student Activities Council, My Brother's Keeper, Habitat for Humanity, youth ministries. Major annual events: homecoming, Last Blast, Convocations. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: controlled dormitory access, late night security patrol. 520 college housing spaces available; 372 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Mabee Library with 76,637 books, 2,120 microform titles, 350 serials, 2,159 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $212,000. 115 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Sterling is in a rich wheat-growing, oil producing area with community facilities that include churches, Medical Center and many businesses. Opportunities for part time work are good. Train and bus service are available as well as an airport in Hutchinson, 25 miles away. Recreational activities are baseball, fishing, picnicking, and swimming at the municipal lake and college swimming pool.

■ TABOR COLLEGE F-11

400 South Jefferson Hillsboro, KS 67063
Tel: (620)947-3121
Free: 800-822-6799
Fax: (620)947-2607
Web Site: http://www.tabor.edu/

Description:

Independent Mennonite Brethren, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1908. Setting: 26-acre small town campus with easy access to Wichita. Endowment: $4 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5860 per student. Total enrollment: 606. 246 applied, 99% were admitted. 14% from top 10% of their high school class, 33% from top quarter, 69% from top half. Full-time: 463 students, 46% women, 54% men. Part-time: 123 students, 68% women, 32% men. Students come from 26 states and territories, 4 other countries, 33% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 5% black, 1% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 8% 25 or older, 80% live on campus, 8% transferred in. Retention: 69% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Core. Calendar: 4-1-4. Academic remediation for entering students, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, double major, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Associated Colleges of Central Kansas. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Common Application, electronic application, early decision, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: essay, high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, 2 recommendations, interview, minimum ACT score of 18, SAT or ACT. Recommended: minimum 3.0 high school GPA. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadlines: 8/1, 1/1 for early decision plan 1, 4/1 for early decision plan 2. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $21,604 includes full-time tuition ($15,574), mandatory fees ($360), and college room and board ($5670). College room only: $2215. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Room and board charges vary according to board plan, housing facility, and location.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 18 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Activities Board, Student Senate, Campus Ministries Council, Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Share, Prayer, and Dare. Major annual events: homecoming, Missions/Services Emphasis Week, Opening Bible Conference. Student services: personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: student patrols. 424 college housing spaces available; 376 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through senior year. Options: men-only, women-only housing available. Tabor College Library with 80,099 books, 435 microform titles, 265 serials, 1,640 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $143,647. 57 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Situated in the wheat and dairy area of central Kansas, Hillsboro is the leading trade center of western Marion County. Community facilities include a hospital, park, swimming pool and golf course.

■ UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS D-15

Lawrence, KS 66045
Tel: (785)864-2700
Admissions: (785)864-3911
Fax: (785)864-5006
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ku.edu

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Awards bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first professional degrees and post-master's certificates (University of Kansas is a single institution with academic programs and facilities at two primary locations: Lawrence and Kansas City.). Founded 1866. Setting: 1,100-acre suburban campus with easy access to Kansas City. Endowment: $1.2 billion. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $258 million. Total enrollment: 28,949. Faculty: 1,312 (1,185 full-time, 127 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 20:1. 10,442 applied, 69% were admitted. 28% from top 10% of their high school class, 56% from top quarter, 87% from top half. 57 National Merit Scholars. Full-time: 18,888 students, 51% women, 49% men. Part-time: 2,503 students, 50% women, 50% men. Students come from 52 states and territories, 113 other countries, 24% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 3% Hispanic, 4% black, 4% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 3% international, 8% 25 or older, 23% live on campus, 7% transferred in. Retention: 82% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; health professions and related sciences; English. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Naval, Air Force.

Entrance Requirements:

Options: electronic application, deferred admission. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.0 high school GPA, Kansas Board of Regents admissions criteria with GPA of 2.0/2.5; upper third of high school class; minimum 21/24 ACT score of 24 or minimum SAT score of 980/1090, SAT or ACT. Required for some: minimum 2.5 high school GPA. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: 4/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $4824 full-time, $160.80 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,277 full-time, $442.55 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $589 full-time, $49.08 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to program and reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $5502. College room only: $2752. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 400 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities; 14% of eligible men and 17% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Center for Community Outreach, Graduate and Professional Association, St. Lawrence Catholic Campus Center, International Student Association. Major annual events: Homecoming, graduation, Parents' Day. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center, freshman-sophmore advising center, day care center, disability services, fi. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, University police department; security guards are included. 5,299 college housing spaces available; 4,759 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. Options: coed, women-only housing available. Watson Library plus 11 others with 4.8 million books, 4.1 million microform titles, 41,830 serials, 55,284 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $19.1 million. 1,500 computers available on campus for general student use. Computer purchase/lease plans available. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Lawrence, a town about 70,000, is set among the rolling hills of northeast Kansas. The cosmopolitan quality of the campus extends to the community, making a wide variety of cultural, ethnic, and recreational opportunities available to university students. Lawrence offers shopping areas, restaurants, entertainment, and recreational facilities that are either within easy walking distance of the campus or served by the university bus service. Near Lawrence there are several lakes for boating, fishing, and swimming. Metropolitan Kansas City, with its professional sports, ballet, opera, concerts, night spots, galleries, museums, festivals, and international airport, is about 40 miles east of Lawrence. Topeka, the state capital, is 30 miles west.

■ UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-WICHITA CAMPUS H-11

3020 North Cypress Dr., Ste. 150
Wichita, KS 67226
Tel: (316)630-8121
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/

Description:

Proprietary, comprehensive, coed. Awards bachelor's and master's degrees. Founded 2003. Total enrollment: 400. Faculty: 76 (2 full-time, 74 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 5:1. 24 applied. Full-time: 331 students, 59% women, 41% men. 0% from out-of-state, 0% Native American, 1% Hispanic, 1% black, 0.3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 16% international, 84% 25 or older. Core. Calendar: continuous. Advanced placement, accelerated degree program, independent study, distance learning, external degree program, adult/continuing education programs, graduate courses open to undergrads.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission. Option: deferred admission. Required: 1 recommendation. Required for some: high school transcript. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $110. Tuition: $10,440 full-time, $348 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time.

Collegiate Environment:

University Library with 444 books, 666 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. System-wide operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.2 million.

■ UNIVERSITY OF SAINT MARY C-16

4100 South Fourth St. Trafficway Leavenworth, KS 66048-5082
Tel: (913)682-5151
Free: 800-752-7043
Fax: (913)758-6140
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.stmary.edu/

Description:

Independent Roman Catholic, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, and master's degrees. Founded 1923. Setting: 240-acre small town campus with easy access to Kansas City. Endowment: $8.3 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $5258 per student. Total enrollment: 817. Faculty: 89 (39 full-time, 50 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 10:1. 570 applied, 45% were admitted. 6% from top 10% of their high school class, 23% from top quarter, 70% from top half. Full-time: 376 students, 51% women, 49% men. Part-time: 152 students, 74% women, 26% men. Students come from 28 states and territories, 5 other countries, 35% from out-of-state, 0.5% Native American, 11% Hispanic, 13% black, 3% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 1% international, 20% 25 or older, 42% live on campus. Retention: 60% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: psychology; business/marketing; education. Core. Calendar: semesters. Advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at University of Kansas, members of the Council of Independent Colleges. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Options: Peterson's Universal Application, Common Application, electronic application, international baccalaureate accepted. Required: high school transcript, minimum 2.5 high school GPA, SAT or ACT. Recommended: 1 recommendation, interview. Entrance: moderately difficult. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $22,510 includes full-time tuition ($16,100), mandatory fees ($310), and college room and board ($6100). College room only: $2600. Part-time tuition: $310 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $108 per term.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 25 open to all. Most popular organizations: Student Government Association, BACCHUS, Theatrical Union, Campus Ministry, Amnesty International. Major annual events: Family Weekend, Heritage Day, Spring Honors Convocation. Student services: health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access. 351 college housing spaces available; 187 were occupied in 2003-04. Freshmen guaranteed college housing. On-campus residence required through sophomore year. Option: coed housing available. De Paul Library with 118,195 books, 70,528 microform titles, 205 serials, 1,985 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $177,594. 95 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Leavenworth is 26 miles northwest of Kansas City, which contributes to the economic and recreational interest of the community.

■ WASHBURN UNIVERSITY D-15

1700 SW College Ave.
Topeka, KS 66621
Tel: (785)670-1010
Admissions: (785)670-1812
Fax: (785)231-1089
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.washburn.edu/

Description:

City-supported, comprehensive, coed. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and first professional degrees. Founded 1865. Setting: 160-acre urban campus with easy access to Kansas City. Endowment: $100 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $126,561. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $4300 per student. Total enrollment: 7,261. Faculty: 510 (258 full-time, 252 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 16:1. 1,576 applied, 99% were admitted. 14% from top 10% of their high school class, 33% from top quarter, 66% from top half. 25 valedictorians. Full-time: 4,151 students, 60% women, 40% men. Part-time: 2,273 students, 65% women, 35% men. Students come from 49 states and territories, 45 other countries, 4% from out-of-state, 35% 25 or older, 13% live on campus, 8% transferred in. Retention: 69% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; health professions and related sciences; security and protective services. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, self-designed majors, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, adult/continuing education programs, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at Kansas City Kansas Community College, Johnson County Community College. Study abroad program. ROTC: Army, Naval (c), Air Force (c).

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission except for nursing program. Options: electronic application, early admission. Required: high school transcript, ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: 8/1. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $20. State resident tuition: $4920 full-time, $164 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $11,130 full-time, $371 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $62 full-time, $15 per term part-time. College room and board: $4752. College room only: $2772.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, marching band, student-run newspaper. Social organizations: 100 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities, local fraternities; 8% of eligible men and 6% of eligible women are members. Most popular organizations: Washburn Student Government Association, Campus Activities Board, Student Alumni Association, Learning in the Community, Washburn Education Association. Major annual events: homecoming, WU Stock, dance marathon. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, late night transport-escort service. 474 college housing spaces available; 464 were occupied in 2003-04. Option: coed housing available. Mabee Library plus 1 other with 1.5 million books, 14,000 serials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $3.3 million. 400 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from off-campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Topeka, the state capital of Kansas, is situated on the edge of the wheat belt approximately 60 miles from Kansas City. The leading industries are meat packing, tire manufacturing, grain milling, printing and publishing, and the manufacture of steel products. Excellent community facilities include libraries, museums, many churches, and outstanding medical facilities. The Topeka Civic Theatre and Topeka Community Concert group provide the citizens with unusual cultural activities. Lake Shawnee is a popular recreation spot; Gage Park is a beautiful park within the city that has the finest facilities for picnicking and swimming, as well as lovely rose gardens. All major forms of commercial transportation are available. The Menninger Clinic located here is one of the world's largest psychiatric research and training centers.

■ WICHITA AREA TECHNICAL COLLEGE H-11

301 South Grove St.
Wichita, KS 67211
Tel: (316)677-9282
Admissions: (316)677-9400
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wichitatech.com/

Description:

District-supported, 2-year, coed. Awards certificates, diplomas, transfer associate, and terminal associate degrees. Founded 1963. Setting: urban campus. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $9629 per student. Total enrollment: 1,044. Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 14:1. 719 applied, 49% were admitted. Full-time: 313 students, 54% women, 46% men. Part-time: 731 students, 43% women, 57% men. 0% from out-of-state, 2% Native American, 7% Hispanic, 16% black, 5% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 0.1% international. Calendar: semesters.

Entrance Requirements:

Required for some: high school transcript, WorkKeys & COMPASS. Entrance: minimally difficult. Application deadline: Rolling.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $16. State resident tuition: $2970 full-time, $99 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $11,730 full-time, $345 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $236 full-time, $118 per term part-time.

■ WICHITA STATE UNIVERSITY H-11

1845 North Fairmount
Wichita, KS 67260
Tel: (316)978-3456
Free: 800-362-2594
Admissions: (316)978-3085
Fax: (316)978-3795
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wichita.edu/

Description:

State-supported, university, coed. Part of Kansas Board of Regents. Awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees and post-master's certificates. Founded 1895. Setting: 335-acre urban campus. Endowment: $135.2 million. Research spending for 2004 fiscal year: $17.9 million. Educational spending for 2005 fiscal year: $2126 per student. Total enrollment: 14,076. Faculty: 515 (467 full-time, 48 part-time). Student-undergrad faculty ratio is 18:1. 2,066 applied, 84% were admitted. 19% from top 10% of their high school class, 47% from top quarter, 76% from top half. Full-time: 7,198 students, 56% women, 44% men. Part-time: 3,777 students, 56% women, 44% men. Students come from 45 states and territories, 77 other countries, 3% from out-of-state, 1% Native American, 5% Hispanic, 7% black, 7% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 5% international, 34% 25 or older, 7% live on campus, 11% transferred in. Retention: 67% of full-time freshmen returned the following year. Academic areas with the most degrees conferred: business/marketing; education; health professions and related sciences. Core. Calendar: semesters. Academic remediation for entering students, ESL program, services for LD students, advanced placement, accelerated degree program, self-designed majors, freshman honors college, honors program, independent study, distance learning, double major, summer session for credit, part-time degree program, co-op programs and internships, graduate courses open to undergrads. Off campus study at National Student Exchange, Midwest Student Exchange. Study abroad program.

Entrance Requirements:

Open admission for state residents who graduated from a Kansas high school before May 2001. Options: electronic application, deferred admission, international baccalaureate accepted. Required for some: minimum 2.0 high school GPA, minimum ACT score of 21; rank in top 1/3 of high school class, or minimum of 2.00 high school GPA, SAT and SAT Subject Tests or ACT. Entrance: noncompetitive. Application deadline: Rolling. Notification: continuous.

Costs Per Year:

Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $3434 full-time, $114.45 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,887 full-time, $362.90 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $797 full-time, $25.45 per credit hour part-time, $17 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. College room and board: $5070. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility.

Collegiate Environment:

Orientation program. Drama-theater group, choral group, student-run newspaper, radio station. Social organizations: 99 open to all; national fraternities, national sororities. Most popular organizations: Association of Malaysian Students, Organization of Pakistani Students, Psychology Club, nursing students organization, Institute of Aeronautics. Major annual events: Shocktoberfest, Hippodrome, Welcomefest. Student services: legal services, health clinic, personal-psychological counseling, women's center. Campus security: 24-hour emergency response devices and patrols, student patrols, late night transport-escort service, controlled dormitory access, bicycle patrols by campus security. 1,453 college housing spaces available; 757 were occupied in 2003-04. No special consideration for freshman housing applicants. On-campus residence required in freshman year. Option: coed housing available. Ablah Library plus 2 others with 1.6 million books, 1.1 million microform titles, 15,169 serials, 47,558 audiovisual materials, an OPAC, and a Web page. Operations spending for 2004 fiscal year: $5.3 million. 1,500 computers available on campus for general student use. A campuswide network can be accessed from student residence rooms and from off campus. Staffed computer lab on campus.

Community Environment:

Wichita, population 300,000, is the largest city in Kansas. It is located 161 miles southeast of the center of the U.S. Primary economic factors contributing to the growth and development of the city have been aircraft manufacturing, oil and natural gas, air conditioners, heating and lighting units, as well as camping equipment and agriculture. It is the Aviation Center of the World. WSU is an important resource to the Wichita area business community. The university supports research and development through programs such as the Center for Productivity Enhancement and the National Institute for Aviation Research. The corporate community utilizes programs offered by the University's Center for Management for continuing professional development. The Center for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management encourages development of small businesses, while the Hugo Wall Center for Urban Studies supports local and state government facilities for canoeing, boating, and water skiing. Several theater groups stage productions throughout the year and the Wichita Symphony has provided more than 30 years of professional music. The city's civic an

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Kansas

Kansas

ALLEN COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

1801 North Cottonwood St.
Iola, KS 66749-1607
Tel: (620)365-5116
Fax: (620)365-7406
Web Site: http://www.allencc.net/
President/CEO: John Masterson
Registrar: Barbara Leavitt
Admissions: Randall Weber
Financial Aid: Barbara Leavitt
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas State Board of Regents Scores: 50% ACT 18-23; 12% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 24 Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1184 full-time, $37 per hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1280 full-time, $40 per hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $1280 full-time, $40 per hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $512 full-time, $16 per hour part-time. College room and board: $3600. College room only: $2600. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 824, PT 1,432 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 10 Library Holdings: 49,416 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

BAKER UNIVERSITY

Box 65
Baldwin City, KS 66006-0065
Tel: (785)594-6451
Free: 800-873-4282
Admissions: (785)594-8307
Fax: (785)594-6721
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bakeru.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Daniel M. Lambert
Registrar: Lisa Johnston
Admissions: Daniel McKinney
Financial Aid: Jeanne Mott
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: United Methodist Scores: 48% ACT 18-23; 40.2% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 63 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Comprehensive fee: $22,190 includes full-time tuition ($16,100), mandatory fees ($460), and college room and board ($5630). College room only: $2580. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to location and program. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $485 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $45. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 860, PT 56 Faculty: FT 73, PT 38 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 82 Library Holdings: 98,258 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 132 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACN, ACBSP, NASM, NCATE, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

BARCLAY COLLEGE

607 North Kingman
Haviland, KS 67059-0288
Tel: (620)862-5252
Free: 800-862-0226
Fax: (620)862-5403
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.barclaycollege.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. David Hietala
Registrar: Dr. Glenn W. Leppert
Admissions: Herb Frazier
Financial Aid: Richard Sandstrom
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Society of Friends Scores: 100% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400+; 41% ACT 18-23; 32% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 58 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: September 01 Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $15. Comprehensive fee: $17,830 includes full-time tuition ($12,730) and college room and board ($5100). College room only: $2000. Part-time tuition: $390 per hour. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 90, PT 41 Faculty: FT 6, PT 23 Student-Faculty Ratio: 7:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 97 Library Holdings: 63,759 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 65 credit hours, Associates; 128 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AABC Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Soccer M; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

BARTON COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

245 Northeast 30th Rd.
Great Bend, KS 67530-9283
Tel: (620)792-2701
Free: 800-722-6842
Admissions: (620)792-9241
Fax: (620)792-3238
Web Site: http://www.bartonccc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Veldon L. Law
Registrar: Lori Crowther
Admissions: Todd Moore
Financial Aid: Mryna Perkins
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Board of Regents Scores: 75% SAT V 400+; 75% SAT M 400+; 51.04% ACT 18-23; 14.58% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1568 full-time, $49 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2176 full-time, $68 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $576 full-time, $18 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3854. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 943, PT 2,878 Faculty: FT 72, PT 108 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 4 Library Holdings: 26,322 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NAACLS, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

BENEDICTINE COLLEGE

1020 North 2nd St.
Atchison, KS 66002-1499
Tel: (913)367-5340
Free: 800-467-5340
Fax: (913)367-3673
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.benedictine.edu/
President/CEO: Daniel J. Carey, PhD
Registrar: Beverly McConaughey
Admissions: Kelly Vowels
Financial Aid: Keith Jaloma
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Roman Catholic Scores: 96.2% SAT V 400+; 96.1% SAT M 400+; 48.8% ACT 18-23; 35.4% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 90 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $22,968 includes full-time tuition ($15,110), mandatory fees ($650), and college room and board ($7208). College room only: $2730. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and degree level. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $450 per credit hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and degree level. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,176, PT 280, Grad 52 Faculty: FT 68, PT 46 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 77 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 69 Library Holdings: 368,558 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 65 credit hours, Associates; 128 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: NASM, NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

BETHANY COLLEGE

421 North First St.
Lindsborg, KS 67456-1897
Tel: (785)227-3311
Free: 800-826-2281
Fax: (785)227-2860
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bethanylb.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Paul K. Formo
Registrar: Sharon Bruce
Admissions: Thandabantu Maceo
Financial Aid: Brenda Meagher
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Lutheran Scores: 67% SAT V 400+; 78% SAT M 400+; 55% ACT 18-23; 28% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 63 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $21,480 includes full-time tuition ($16,000), mandatory fees ($210), and college room and board ($5270). College room only: $2850. Part-time tuition: $300 per credit hour. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: 4-1-4, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 552, PT 36 Faculty: FT 40, PT 30 Student-Faculty Ratio: 11:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 82 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 68 Library Holdings: 84,730 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 128 semester hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: CSWE, NASM, NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

BETHEL COLLEGE

300 East 27th St.
North Newton, KS 67117
Tel: (316)283-2500
Free: 800-522-1887
Admissions: (316)284-5230
Fax: (316)284-5286
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bethelks.edu/
President/CEO: E. LaVerne Epp
Registrar: Dr. Rodney Frey
Admissions: Allan Bartel
Financial Aid: Tony Graber
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Mennonite Church USA Scores: 89% SAT V 400+; 100% SAT M 400+; 52% ACT 18-23; 32% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 72 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $21,650 includes full-time tuition ($15,550) and college room and board ($6100). College room only: $3200. Full-time tuition varies according to course load. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Part-time tuition: $550 per credit hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: 4-1-4, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 476, PT 38 Faculty: FT 47, PT 19 Student-Faculty Ratio: 9:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 85 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 68 Library Holdings: 137,130 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 124 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACN, CSWE Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-KANSAS CITY

9705 Lenexa Dr.
Lenexa, KS 66215
Tel: (913)768-1900
Free: 800-635-9101
Fax: (913)823-7448
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.bmcaec.com/
President/CEO: Richard M. Thome
Registrar: Mary Lou Whitton
Admissions: Dorie E. White
Financial Aid: Cheryl Hanerhoff
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: The Brown Mackie College Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Tuition: $7164 full-time. Mandatory fees: $432 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Quarter, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 370 Faculty: FT 8, PT 13 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 96 credit hours, Associates

BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-SALINA

2106 South 9th St.
Salina, KS 67401-2810
Tel: (785)825-5422
Free: 800-365-0433
Fax: (785)827-7623
Web Site: http://www.brownmackie.edu/locations.asp?locid=13
President/CEO: Richard M. Thome
Registrar: Lisa Graves
Admissions: Diann Heath
Financial Aid: Betty Charles
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 96 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Tuition: $9072 full-time. Mandatory fees: $576 full-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 367 Faculty: FT 6, PT 10 Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Library Holdings: 14,788 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Softball W

BUTLER COMMUNITY COLLEGE

901 South Haverhill Rd.
El Dorado, KS 67042-3280
Tel: (316)321-2222
Fax: (316)322-3109
Web Site: http://www.butlercc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Jacqueline Vietti
Registrar: Connie Craft
Admissions: Paul Kyle
Financial Aid: G. Susie Edwards
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Board of Regents Scores: 52% ACT 18-23; 22% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 19 Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1756 full-time, $55 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $3164 full-time, $99 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $448 full-time, $14 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $4335. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 3,658, PT 5,205 Faculty: FT 140, PT 473 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 4 Library Holdings: 38,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Soccer W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

CENTRAL CHRISTIAN COLLEGE OF KANSAS

1200 South Main
PO Box 1403 McPherson, KS 67460-5799
Tel: (620)241-0723
Free: 800-835-0078
Fax: (620)241-6032
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.centralchristian.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Donald L. Mason
Registrar: Marie Alexander
Admissions: Dr. David Ferrell
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Free Methodist Scores: 47% ACT 18-23; 29% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 98 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $19,500 includes full-time tuition ($14,000), mandatory fees ($500), and college room and board ($5000). College room only: $2400. Part-time tuition: $405 per credit hour. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: 4-1-4, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 314, PT 22 Faculty: FT 18, PT 20 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 84 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 81 Library Holdings: 35,156 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates; 128 credit hours, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

CLOUD COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

2221 Campus Dr., PO Box 1002
Concordia, KS 66901-1002
Tel: (785)243-1435
Free: 800-729-5101
Fax: (785)243-1043
Web Site: http://www.cloud.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. George C. Knox
Registrar: Linda Peterson
Admissions: Chris Burlew
Financial Aid: Sherry Campbell
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Community College System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1560 full-time, $52 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2220 full-time, $74 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $540 full-time, $18 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3780. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 38, PT 180 Exams: ACT, Other Library Holdings: 18,010 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

COFFEYVILLE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

400 West 11th St.
Coffeyville, KS 67337-5063
Tel: (620)251-7700
Fax: (620)252-7098
Web Site: http://www.coffeyville.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Don A. Woodburn
Registrar: Deborah Oestmann
Admissions: Marlon Thornburg
Financial Aid: Rhonda Baker
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Board of Regents Scores: 41% ACT 18-23; 12% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $896 full-time, $28 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2176 full-time, $68 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $704 full-time, $22 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3380. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 665, PT 1,101 Faculty: FT 51, PT 34 Student-Faculty Ratio: 20:1 Exams: ACT, Other % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 27 Library Holdings: 27,482 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

COLBY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

1255 South Range
Colby, KS 67701-4099
Tel: (785)462-3984
Fax: (785)462-4600
Web Site: http://www.colbycc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Mikel Ary
Registrar: Betty Kruse
Admissions: Nikol Nolan
Financial Aid: Jonathan Wilson
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Board of Regents % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: State resident tuition: $1536 full-time, $48 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2784 full-time, $87 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $768 full-time, $24 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3632. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 60, PT 0 Student-Faculty Ratio: 19:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 30 Library Holdings: 32,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 semester hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: APTA, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Equestrian Sports M & W; Golf M & W; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W; Wrestling M

COWLEY COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE AND AREA VOCATIONAL-TECHNICAL SCHOOL

125 South Second, PO Box 1147
Arkansas City, KS 67005-1147
Tel: (620)442-0430
Free: 800-593-CCCC
Admissions: (620)441-5245
Fax: (620)441-5350
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cowley.cc.ks.us/
President/CEO: Dr. Patrick J. McAtee
Registrar: Forest Smith
Admissions: Sue Saia
Financial Aid: Sally Palmer
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas State Board of Education Scores: 58.3% ACT 18-23; 11.8% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $1290 full-time, $43 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1440 full-time, $48 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $3000 full-time, $100 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $570 full-time, $19 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3530. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 2,386, PT 2,293 Faculty: FT 46, PT 170 Student-Faculty Ratio: 31:1 Exams: ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 7 Library Holdings: 26,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Golf M; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

DODGE CITY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

2501 North 14th Ave.
Dodge City, KS 67801-2399
Tel: (620)225-1321
Admissions: (316)225-1321
Fax: (620)225-0918
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.dccc.cc.ks.us/
President/CEO: Dr. Richard Burke
Registrar: Marcus Garstecki
Admissions: Corbin Strobel
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas State Board of Education Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1120 full-time, $35 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $1344 full-time, $42 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $806 full-time, $23 per credit hour part-time, $35 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. College room and board: $4060. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 55, PT 108 Exams: Other, SAT I and SAT II or ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 20 Library Holdings: 30,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Equestrian Sports M & W; Football M; Golf M; Softball W; Volleyball W

DONNELLY COLLEGE

608 North 18th St.
Kansas City, KS 66102-4298
Tel: (913)621-6070
Admissions: (913)621-8769
Fax: (913)621-0354
Web Site: http://www.donnelly.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Kenneth Gibson
Registrar: Sr. Fran Cross
Admissions: Kevin Kelley
Financial Aid: Dora Clark
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Roman Catholic Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 198, PT 200 Faculty: FT 13, PT 33 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Library Holdings: 33,752 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates

EMPORIA STATE UNIVERSITY

1200 Commercial St.
Emporia, KS 66801-5087
Tel: (620)341-1200; 877-468-6378
Admissions: (620)341-5465
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.emporia.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Kay Schallenkamp
Registrar: Dr. L. F. Robinson
Admissions: Laura Eddy
Financial Aid: Elaine Henrie
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Board of Regents Scores: 51% ACT 18-23; 32% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 78 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $2638 full-time, $88 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $9990 full-time, $333 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $668 full-time, $41 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to degree level. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to degree level. College room and board: $4787. College room only: $2363. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 3,797, PT 554, Grad 1,937 Faculty: FT 252, PT 30 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 59 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 25 Library Holdings: 2,364,320 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 124 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ACA, ALA, CORE, JRCEPAT, NASAD, NASM, NCATE, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Soccer W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

FLINT HILLS TECHNICAL COLLEGE

3301 West 18th Ave.
Emporia, KS 66801
Tel: (620)341-2300
Free: 800-711-6947
Fax: (620)343-7252
Web Site: http://www.fhtc.net/
President/CEO: Dr. Lee V. Alderman
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Calendar System: Semester Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Professional Accreditation: ADA, COE

FORT HAYS STATE UNIVERSITY

600 Park St.
Hays, KS 67601-4099
Tel: (785)628-4000
Free: 800-628-FHSU
Admissions: (785)628-5666
Fax: (785)628-4014
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.fhsu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Edward H. Hammond
Registrar: Joey Linn
Admissions: Roger Schieferecke
Financial Aid: Craig Karlin
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Board of Regents Scores: 55.41% ACT 18-23; 28.85% ACT 24-29 Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted. For applicants 25 or over: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $1886 full-time, $101.75 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $7104 full-time, $319.17 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $556 full-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load, location, and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition varies according to course load and location. College room and board: $6190. College room only: $3577. Room and board charges vary according to board plan, housing facility, and student level. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 4,126, PT 1,794, Grad 1,483 Faculty: FT 253, PT 38 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: ACT, SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 68 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 20 Library Holdings: 624,637 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates; 124 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACN, ASLHA, CSWE, JRCERT, NASM, NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M; Softball W; Tennis W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W; Wrestling M

FORT SCOTT COMMUNITY COLLEGE

2108 South Horton
Fort Scott, KS 66701
Tel: (316)223-2700
Free: 800-874-3722
Fax: (316)223-4927
Web Site: http://www.fortscott.edu/
President/CEO: Richard Hedges
Registrar: William Meyer
Admissions: Mert Barrows
Financial Aid: Steve Armstrong
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 35, PT 70 Student-Faculty Ratio: 26:1 Exams: ACT, Other % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 9 Library Holdings: 25,308 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 semester hours, Associates ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Football M; Softball W; Volleyball W

FRIENDS UNIVERSITY

2100 West University St.
Wichita, KS 67213
Tel: (316)295-5000
Free: 800-577-2233
Admissions: (316)295-5100
Fax: (316)262-5027
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.friends.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Biff Green
Registrar: Marcia Morton
Admissions: Tony Myers
Financial Aid: Myra Pfannenstiel
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Early Admission Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 75, PT 150 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 85 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 18 Library Holdings: 105,989 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 semester hours, Associates; 124 semester hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AAMFT, NASM, NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

GARDEN CITY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

801 Campus Dr.
Garden City, KS 67846-6399
Tel: (316)276-7611
Admissions: (620)276-7611
Web Site: http://www.gcccks.edu/
President/CEO: Carol E. Ballantyne, PhD
Registrar: Nancy Unruh
Admissions: Nikki Geier
Financial Aid: Beth Tedrow
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Board of Regents Scores: 52% ACT 18-23; 12% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1248 full-time, $39 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2080 full-time, $65 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $672 full-time, $21 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and location. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load and location. College room and board: $4500. Room and board charges vary according to housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 925, PT 1,249 Faculty: FT 71, PT 113 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: Other % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 12 Library Holdings: 42,080 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

HASKELL INDIAN NATIONS UNIVERSITY

155 Indian Ave., No. 5031
Lawrence, KS 66046-4800
Tel: (785)749-8404
Admissions: (785)749-8454
Fax: (785)749-8429
Web Site: http://www.haskell.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Karen Gayton Swisher
Registrar: Ellen Allen
Admissions: Ellen Allen
Financial Aid: Reta Beaver
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Preferred Admission Application Fee: $10.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $10. State resident tuition: $0 full-time. Nonresident tuition: $0 full-time. Mandatory fees: $420 full-time, $70 per term part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 922, PT 106 Faculty: FT 48, PT 0 Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Exams: ACT Library Holdings: 50,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 61 credit hours, Associates; 128 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Air Force Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

HESSTON COLLEGE

Box 3000
Hesston, KS 67062-2093
Tel: (620)327-4221
Free: 800-995-2757
Admissions: (620)327-8222
Fax: (620)327-8300
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.hesston.edu/
President/CEO: Rev. Peter Wiebe
Registrar: Gerry Selzer
Admissions: Clark Roth
Financial Aid: Marcia Mendez
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Mennonite Scores: 86% SAT V 400+; 77% SAT M 400+; 46% ACT 18-23; 30% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 83 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $15. Comprehensive fee: $22,354 includes full-time tuition ($16,246), mandatory fees ($250), and college room and board ($5858). Part-time tuition: $676 per hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $60 per term. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 414, PT 63 Faculty: FT 19, PT 25 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 74 Library Holdings: 35,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Soccer M; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

HIGHLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE

606 West Main St.
Highland, KS 66035
Tel: (785)442-6000
Admissions: (785)442-6020
Fax: (785)442-6100
Web Site: http://www.highlandcc.edu/
President/CEO: David Reist
Registrar: Alice Hamilton
Admissions: Cheryl Rasmussen
Financial Aid: Kelly Twombly
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Community College System Admission Plans: Open Admission; Preferred Admission; Early Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $888 full-time, $37 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1080 full-time, $45 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2280 full-time, $95 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $1056 full-time, $44 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3872. College room only: $2242. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Faculty: FT 34, PT 192 Exams: ACT, Other Library Holdings: 30,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M & W; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

HUTCHINSON COMMUNITY COLLEGE AND AREA VOCATIONAL SCHOOL

1300 North Plum St.
Hutchinson, KS 67501-5894
Tel: (620)665-3500
Free: 800-289-3501
Admissions: (620)665-3536
Fax: (620)665-3310
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.hutchcc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Edward E. Berger
Registrar: Kathie Tyrell
Admissions: Corbin Strobel
Financial Aid: Ron Menefee
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Board of Regents Scores: 56% ACT 18-23; 18% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted. For continuing education program: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $50 per hour part-time. State resident tuition: $1600 full-time, $50 per hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2816 full-time, $88 per hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $480 full-time, $15 per hour part-time. College room and board: $4060. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,956, PT 2,913 Faculty: FT 113, PT 220 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 11 Library Holdings: 41,812 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: AHIMA, JRCERT, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M; Soccer W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

INDEPENDENCE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Brookside Dr. and College Ave.
PO Box 708
Independence, KS 67301-0708
Tel: (620)331-4100
Free: 800-842-6063
Admissions: (620)332-5400
Fax: (620)331-5344
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.indycc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Judith M.L. Hansen
Registrar: Sonja Conley
Admissions: Sally A. Ciufulescu
Financial Aid: Sheila Smither
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas State Board of Education Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. Area resident tuition: $800 full-time. State resident tuition: $800 full-time, $25 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $2080 full-time, $65 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $800 full-time. College room and board: $4100. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 478, PT 428 Faculty: FT 29, PT 65 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 10 Library Holdings: 32,408 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Football M; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

JOHNSON COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

12345 College Blvd.
Overland Park, KS 66210-1299
Tel: (913)469-8500
Web Site: http://www.johnco.cc.ks.us/
President/CEO: Dr. Charles J. Carlsen
Registrar: Marge Shelley
Admissions: Dr. Charles J. Carlsen
Financial Aid: Julie Cooper
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas State Board of Education Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Fee: $10.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $10. Area resident tuition: $1920 full-time, $64 per credit hour part-time. State resident tuition: $2370 full-time, $79 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $4350 full-time, $145 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition varies according to course load. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 6,378, PT 12,234 Faculty: FT 302, PT 535 Student-Faculty Ratio: 21:1 Exams: ACT, Other Library Holdings: 89,400 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACF, ADA, ACBSP, CARC, JRCEMT, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Soccer M; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

KANSAS CITY KANSAS COMMUNITY COLLEGE

7250 State Ave.
Kansas City, KS 66112-3003
Tel: (913)334-1100
Admissions: (913)288-7694
Fax: (913)696-9646
Web Site: http://www.kckcc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Thomas R. Burke
Registrar: Dr. Denise McDowell
Admissions: Dr. Denise McDowell
Financial Aid: Mary Dorr
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted. For partnership and dual enrollment: High school diploma or equivalent not required Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $1470 full-time, $49 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $4410 full-time, $147 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $300 full-time, $10 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,925, PT 3,494 Faculty: FT 108, PT 244 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 Library Holdings: 65,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ABFSE, APTA, ACBSP, CARC, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M; Soccer M; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY

Manhattan, KS 66506
Tel: (785)532-6011
Admissions: (785)532-6250
Fax: (785)532-6393
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ksu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Jon Wefald
Registrar: Jackie Dean
Admissions: Dr. Larry Moeder
Financial Aid: Lawrence Moeder
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Board of Regents Scores: 44.9% ACT 18-23; 39% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 59 Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $4560 full-time, $152 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,890 full-time, $463 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $564 full-time. College room and board: $5772. Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 16,519, PT 2,319, Grad 3,916 Faculty: FT 714, PT 78 Student-Faculty Ratio: 21:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 54 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 36 Library Holdings: 1,573,645 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 semester hours, Associates; 120 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, ACEJMC, AAMFT, AAFCS, ACCE, ACA, ADtA, ACSP, APA, ASLA, ASLHA, AVMA, CSWE, FIDER, JRCEPAT, NASAD, NASM, NASPAA, NAST NCATE, NRPA Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Crew W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Tennis W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

KANSAS WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY

100 East Claflin Ave.
Salina, KS 67401-6196
Tel: (785)827-5541
Free: 800-874-1154
Admissions: (785)829-5541
Fax: (785)827-0927
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.kwu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Philip P. Kerstetter
Registrar: Glenna Alexander
Admissions: Jim Allen
Financial Aid: Glenna Alexander
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: United Methodist Scores: 66% ACT 18-23; 24% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $21,400 includes full-time tuition ($15,800) and college room and board ($5600). College room only: $2400. Part-time tuition: $200 per credit hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Miscellaneous, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 597, PT 171, Grad 37 Faculty: FT 42, PT 17 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: ACT, SAT I or ACT, SAT I % Receiving Financial Aid: 90 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 65 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 63 credit hours, Associates; 126 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: NCATE, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

LABETTE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

200 South 14th St.
Parsons, KS 67357-4299
Tel: (620)421-6700
Web Site: http://www.labette.edu/
President/CEO: Ronald Fundis
Registrar: Kathy Johnston
Admissions: Dr. Wayne Hatcher
Financial Aid: Dr. Janet Eads
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas State Board of Education Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 466, PT 935 Faculty: FT 31, PT 177 Exams: ACT, Other Library Holdings: 26,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: CARC, JRCERT, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading W; Softball W; Tennis W; Volleyball W; Wrestling M

MANHATTAN AREA TECHNICAL COLLEGE

3136 Dickens Ave.
Manhattan, KS 66503-2499
Tel: (913)587-2800
Free: 800-352-7575
Admissions: (785)587-2800
Fax: (913)587-2804
Web Site: http://www.matc.net/
President/CEO: Dr. Duane M. Dunn
Admissions: Rick Smith
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Application Fee: $40.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $40. State resident tuition: $2035 full-time, $55 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $400 full-time, $10 per credit hour part-time. Calendar System: Semester Enrollment: FT 324, PT 77 Faculty: FT 27, PT 8 Student-Faculty Ratio: 11:1 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN

MANHATTAN CHRISTIAN COLLEGE

1415 Anderson Ave.
Manhattan, KS 66502-4081
Tel: (785)539-3571; 877-246-4622
Fax: (785)539-0832
Web Site: http://www.mccks.edu/
President/CEO: Kenneth Cable
Admissions: Pam Schmidt
Financial Aid: Margaret Carlisle
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Christian Churches and Churches of Christ Scores: 78% SAT V 400+; 78% SAT M 400+; 50% ACT 18-23; 35% ACT 24-29 Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $15,228 includes full-time tuition ($9444), mandatory fees ($194), and college room and board ($5590). Room and board charges vary according to board plan. Part-time tuition: $389 per hour. Part-time tuition varies according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 262, PT 69 Faculty: FT 10, PT 22 Student-Faculty Ratio: 15:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 66 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 65 Library Holdings: 3,300 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates; 120 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AABC Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Soccer M & W; Volleyball W

MCPHERSON COLLEGE

1600 East Euclid, PO Box 1402
McPherson, KS 67460-1402
Tel: (620)241-0731
Free: 800-365-7402
Fax: (620)241-8443
Web Site: http://www.mcpherson.edu/
President/CEO: Ron Hovis
Registrar: Karlene Tyler
Admissions: Carol L. Williams
Financial Aid: Carol Williams
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Church of the Brethren Scores: 95% SAT V 400+; 90% SAT M 400+; 68% ACT 18-23; 20% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $21,010 includes full-time tuition ($14,900), mandatory fees ($260), and college room and board ($5850). College room only: $2400. Part-time tuition: $450 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $280 per credit hour, $1580 per term. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: 4-1-4, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 443, PT 21 Faculty: FT 39, PT 13 Student-Faculty Ratio: 11:1 Exams: ACT, SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 83 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 70 Library Holdings: 89,946 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 65 credit hours, Associates; 124 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

MIDAMERICA NAZARENE UNIVERSITY

2030 East College Way
Olathe, KS 66062-1899
Tel: (913)782-3750
Free: 800-800-8887
Admissions: (913)791-3380
Fax: (913)791-3481
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mnu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Richard Spindle
Registrar: Patricia Walsh
Admissions: Dennis Troyer
Financial Aid: Rhonda Cole
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Church of the Nazarene Scores: 82% SAT V 400+; 82% SAT M 400+; 49% ACT 18-23; 30% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 69 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 01 Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $21,798 includes full-time tuition ($14,968), mandatory fees ($1000), and college room and board ($5830). Part-time tuition: $500 per semester hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $500 per term. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,198, PT 159, Grad 422 Faculty: FT 71, PT 102 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 70 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 62 Library Holdings: 132,991 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 63 semester hours, Associates; 126 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACN, NASM, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY

10310 Mastin
Overland Park, KS 66212
Tel: (913)217-2900
Web Site: http://www.national.edu/
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed

NEOSHO COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

800 West 14th St.
Chanute, KS 66720-2699
Tel: (620)431-2820
Free: 800-729-6222
Fax: (620)431-6222
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.neosho.edu/
President/CEO: Vicky R. Smith
Admissions: Lisa Last
Financial Aid: Sheldon Woolery
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas State Board of Education Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 615, PT 1,211 Faculty: FT 40, PT 86 Exams: ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 5 Library Holdings: 33,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 semester hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Softball W; Track and Field M; Volleyball W

NEWMAN UNIVERSITY

3100 McCormick Ave.
Wichita, KS 67213-2097
Tel: (316)942-4291; 877-NEWMANU
Fax: (316)942-4483
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.newmanu.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Aidan O. Dunleavy
Registrar: Shirley Rueb
Admissions: Todd Lucas
Financial Aid: Kelli Hartman
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Roman Catholic Scores: 89.6% SAT V 400+; 89.7% SAT M 400+; 54.3% ACT 18-23; 31.8% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 85 Admission Plans: Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted. For international students: High school diploma required; GED not accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $22,680 includes full-time tuition ($17,008), mandatory fees ($300), and college room and board ($5372). Part-time tuition: $567 per credit hour. Part-time mandatory fees: $10 per credit hour. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 1,123, PT 609, Grad 371 Faculty: FT 85, PT 68 Student-Faculty Ratio: 17:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 72 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 21 Library Holdings: 107,057 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 semester hours, Associates; 124 semester hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACN, AANA, CARC, CSWE, JRCERT Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Bowling M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M & W; Lacrosse M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball M & W; Wrestling M

NORTH CENTRAL KANSAS TECHNICAL COLLEGE

PO Box 507
Beloit, KS 67420
Tel: (913)738-2276
Free: 800-658-4655
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ncktc.tec.ks.us/
President/CEO: Dr. George Mihel
Registrar: Judy Heidrick
Admissions: Judy Heidrick
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Calendar System: Semester Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools

NORTHEAST KANSAS TECHNICAL COLLEGE

1501 West Riley St.
Atchison, KS 66002
Tel: (913)367-6204
Free: 800-567-4890
Fax: (913)367-3107
Web Site: http://www.nektc.net/
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Calendar System: Semester Professional Accreditation: COE

NORTHWEST KANSAS TECHNICAL COLLEGE

PO Box 668
1209 Harrison St. Goodland, KS 67735
Tel: (785)899-3641
Free: 800-316-4127
Fax: (785)899-5711
Web Site: http://www.nwktc.org/
President/CEO: Ken Clouse
Financial Aid: Jackie Schmidt
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Calendar System: Semester Professional Accreditation: COE

OTTAWA UNIVERSITY

1001 South Cedar
Ottawa, KS 66067-3399
Tel: (785)242-5200
Free: 800-755-5200
Fax: (785)242-7429
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ottawa.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. John Neal
Registrar: Karen Adams
Admissions: Fola Akande
Financial Aid: Howard Fischer
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: American Baptist Churches in the USA Scores: 64% ACT 18-23; 25% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 71 Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $15.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $15. Comprehensive fee: $20,042 includes full-time tuition ($14,500) and college room and board ($5542). College room only: $2400. Full-time tuition varies according to course load. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 401, PT 39 Faculty: FT 18, PT 39 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT Library Holdings: 80,500 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 124 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

PITTSBURG STATE UNIVERSITY

1701 South Broadway
Pittsburg, KS 66762
Tel: (620)231-7000
Free: 800-854-7488
Fax: (620)235-4080
Web Site: http://www.pittstate.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Tom W. Bryant
Registrar: Dr. Lee Christensen
Financial Aid: Marilyn Haverly
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Board of Regents Scores: 53% ACT 18-23; 28% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 90 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $2850 full-time, $95 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $9732 full-time, $324 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $712 full-time, $32 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $4550. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 5,126, PT 417, Grad 1,085 Faculty: FT 291, PT 82 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 57 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 14 Library Holdings: 639,136 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 semester hours, Associates; 124 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, AACN, AAFCS, ACA, CSWE, NASM, NCATE, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

PRATT COMMUNITY COLLEGE

348 NE State Rd. 61
Pratt, KS 67124-8317
Tel: (620)672-9800
Admissions: (620)450-2222
Fax: (620)672-5288
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.prattcc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. William Wojciechowski
Registrar: Randy Thode
Admissions: Lynn Perez
Financial Aid: Debbie Boley
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Board of Regents % Accepted: 100 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $0. State resident tuition: $42 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $1344 full-time, $42 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $928 full-time, $29 per credit hour part-time. College room and board: $3768. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 625, PT 921 Faculty: FT 41, PT 79 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 Exams: Other % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 21 Library Holdings: 33,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ACBSP, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M & W; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

SEWARD COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

PO Box 1137
Liberal, KS 67905-1137
Tel: (620)624-1951
Free: 800-373-9951
Fax: (620)629-2725
Web Site: http://www.sccc.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Duane M. Dunn
Registrar: Donetta Dreitz
Admissions: Dr. Gerald Harris
Financial Aid: Bea Rosales
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas State Board of Regents Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission; Deferred Admission Application Fee: $0.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 538, PT 1,787 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 21 Library Holdings: 32,926 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates Professional Accreditation: ARCEST, CARC, NAACLS, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE

100 College St.
Winfield, KS 67156-2499
Tel: (620)229-6000
Free: 800-846-1543
Admissions: (620)229-6236
Fax: (620)229-6224
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.sckans.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. W. Richard Merriman, Jr.
Registrar: Jill L. Megredy
Admissions: Todd Moore
Financial Aid: Brenda D. Hicks
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: United Methodist Scores: 84. 21% SAT V 400+; 89.48% SAT M 400+; 48.39% ACT 18-23; 37.9% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 28 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: August 01 Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $20. One-time mandatory fee: $100. Comprehensive fee: $22,238 includes full-time tuition ($16,800) and college room and board ($5438). College room only: $2428. Part-time tuition: $700 per semester hour. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 569, PT 694, Grad 153 Faculty: FT 46, PT 98 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 81 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 63 Library Holdings: 77,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 124 semester hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACN, NASM, NCATE, NLN Intercollegiate Athletics: Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

STERLING COLLEGE

PO Box 98
Sterling, KS 67579-0098
Tel: (620)278-2173
Free: 800-346-1017
Admissions: (620)278-4364
Fax: (620)278-3690
Web Site: http://www.sterling.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Albert Anderson
Registrar: Janet E. Caywood
Admissions: Dennis Dutton
Type: Four-Year College Sex: Coed Affiliation: Presbyterian Scores: 95% SAT V 400+; 95% SAT M 400+; 56% ACT 18-23; 25% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 56 Admission Plans: Early Action; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: July 15 Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $20,486 includes full-time tuition ($14,300), mandatory fees ($100), and college room and board ($6086). Scholarships: Available Calendar System: 4-1-4, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 433, PT 61, Grad 22 Faculty: FT 40, PT 21 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 81 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 83 Library Holdings: 76,637 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 124 credit hours, Bachelors Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

TABOR COLLEGE

400 South Jefferson
Hillsboro, KS 67063
Tel: (620)947-3121
Free: 800-822-6799
Fax: (620)947-2607
Web Site: http://www.tabor.edu/
President/CEO: Larry Nikkel
Registrar: Deanne Duerksen
Admissions: Rusty Allen
Financial Aid: Bruce Jost
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Mennonite Brethren Scores: 55% ACT 18-23; 32% ACT 24-29 Admission Plans: Early Decision Plan Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $20. Comprehensive fee: $21,604 includes full-time tuition ($15,574), mandatory fees ($360), and college room and board ($5670). College room only: $2215. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Room and board charges vary according to board plan, housing facility, and location. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: 4-1-4, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 463, PT 123, Grad 20 Faculty: FT 36, PT 19 Student-Faculty Ratio: 11:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 74 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 80 Library Holdings: 80,099 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 credit hours, Associates; 124 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACN, NASM Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Rugby M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS

Lawrence, KS 66045
Tel: (785)864-2700
Admissions: (785)864-3911
Fax: (785)864-5006
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ku.edu
President/CEO: Dr. Robert E. Hemenway
Registrar: Cindy Derritt
Admissions: Lisa Pinamonti Kress
Financial Aid: Dr. Brenda Maigaard
Type: University Sex: Coed Scores: 39% ACT 18-23; 46% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 69 Admission Plans: Deferred Admission Application Deadline: April 01 Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $4824 full-time, $160.80 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $13,277 full-time, $442.55 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $589 full-time, $49.08 per credit hour part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to program and reciprocity agreements. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to program and reciprocity agreements. College room and board: $5502. College room only: $2752. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 18,888, PT 2,503, Grad 6,052 Faculty: FT 1,185, PT 127 Student-Faculty Ratio: 20:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 36 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 23 Library Holdings: 4,768,862 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 124 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Navy, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, ACEHSA, ACEJMC, AACN, AANA, ABA, ACNM, ACPhE, ADtA, AHIMA, ACSP, AOTA, APTA, APA, ASC, ASLHA, AALS, CARC, CEPH CSWE, LCMEAMA, NAACLS, NASAD, NASM, NASPAA, NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Crew M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Fencing M & W; Football M; Golf M & W; Rugby M & W; Soccer W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving W; Tennis W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball W

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-WICHITA CAMPUS

3020 North Cypress Dr., Ste. 150
Wichita, KS 67226
Tel: (316)630-8121
Free: 800-228-7240
Admissions: (480)557-1712
Web Site: http://www.phoenix.edu/
Admissions: Nina Omelchanko
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $110.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $110. Tuition: $10,440 full-time, $348 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $560 full-time, $70 per course part-time. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Continuous, Summer Session Not available Enrollment: FT 331, Grad 69 Faculty: FT 2, PT 74 Student-Faculty Ratio: 5:1 Library Holdings: 444 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 60 credits, Associates; 120 credits, Bachelors

UNIVERSITY OF SAINT MARY

4100 South Fourth St. Trafficway
Leavenworth, KS 66048-5082
Tel: (913)682-5151
Free: 800-752-7043
Fax: (913)758-6140
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.stmary.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Diane Steele
Registrar: Wanda Owen
Admissions: Jessica Goffinet
Financial Aid: Judy Wiedower
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Affiliation: Roman Catholic Scores: 57% SAT V 400+; 71% SAT M 400+; 52% ACT 18-23; 21% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 45 Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $25.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $25. Comprehensive fee: $22,510 includes full-time tuition ($16,100), mandatory fees ($310), and college room and board ($6100). College room only: $2600. Part-time tuition: $310 per credit. Part-time mandatory fees: $108 per term. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 376, PT 152, Grad 289 Faculty: FT 39, PT 50 Student-Faculty Ratio: 10:1 Exams: SAT I or ACT % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 42 Library Holdings: 118,195 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 64 semester hours, Associates; 128 semester hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Air Force Professional Accreditation: NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Football M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Volleyball W

WASHBURN UNIVERSITY

1700 SW College Ave.
Topeka, KS 66621
Tel: (785)670-1010
Admissions: (785)670-1812
Fax: (785)231-1089
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.washburn.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Jerry Farley
Registrar: Dr. Carla Rasch
Admissions: Al Dickes
Financial Aid: Annita Huff
Type: Comprehensive Sex: Coed Scores: 54% ACT 18-23; 28% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 99 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Early Admission Application Deadline: August 01 Application Fee: $20.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $20. State resident tuition: $4920 full-time, $164 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $11,130 full-time, $371 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $62 full-time, $15 per term part-time. College room and board: $4752. College room only: $2772. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 4,151, PT 2,273, Grad 382 Faculty: FT 258, PT 252 Student-Faculty Ratio: 16:1 Exams: ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 30 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 13 Library Holdings: 1,500,000 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates; 124 credit hours, Bachelors ROTC: Army, Navy, Air Force Professional Accreditation: AACN, ABA, AHIMA, APTA, AALS, CARC, CSWE, JRCERT, NASAD, NASM, NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Crew M & W; Football M; Golf M; Soccer W; Softball W; Tennis M & W; Volleyball W

WICHITA AREA TECHNICAL COLLEGE

301 South Grove St. Wichita, KS 67211
Tel: (316)677-9282
Admissions: (316)677-9400
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wichitatech.com/
President/CEO: Camille Kluge
Admissions: Jessica Ross
Type: Two-Year College Sex: Coed % Accepted: 49 Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $16.00 Costs Per Year: Application fee: $16. State resident tuition: $2970 full-time, $99 per credit part-time. Nonresident tuition: $11,730 full-time, $345 per credit part-time. Mandatory fees: $236 full-time, $118 per term part-time. Calendar System: Semester Enrollment: FT 313, PT 731 Faculty: FT 36, PT 15 Student-Faculty Ratio: 14:1 Exams: Other Professional Accreditation: ARCEST, ADA, COE, NAACLS

WICHITA STATE UNIVERSITY

1845 North Fairmount
Wichita, KS 67260
Tel: (316)978-3456
Free: 800-362-2594
Admissions: (316)978-3085
Fax: (316)978-3795
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wichita.edu/
President/CEO: Dr. Donald L. Beggs
Registrar: William E. Wynne
Admissions: Gina Crabtree
Financial Aid: Deborah D. Byers
Type: University Sex: Coed Affiliation: Kansas Board of Regents Scores: 97% SAT V 400+; 96% SAT M 400+; 48% ACT 18-23; 39% ACT 24-29 % Accepted: 84 Admission Plans: Open Admission; Deferred Admission Application Deadline: Rolling Application Fee: $30.00 H.S. Requirements: High school diploma required; GED accepted Costs Per Year: Application fee: $30. State resident tuition: $3434 full-time, $114.45 per credit hour part-time. Nonresident tuition: $10,887 full-time, $362.90 per credit hour part-time. Mandatory fees: $797 full-time, $25.45 per credit hour part-time, $17 per term part-time. Full-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. Part-time tuition and fees vary according to course load. College room and board: $5070. Room and board charges vary according to board plan and housing facility. Scholarships: Available Calendar System: Semester, Summer Session Available Enrollment: FT 7,198, PT 3,777, Grad 3,101 Faculty: FT 467, PT 48 Student-Faculty Ratio: 18:1 Exams: SAT I and SAT II or ACT % Receiving Financial Aid: 62 % Residing in College-Owned, -Operated, or -Affiliated Housing: 7 Library Holdings: 1,590,705 Regional Accreditation: North Central Association of Colleges and Schools Credit Hours For Degree: 62 credit hours, Associates; 124 credit hours, Bachelors Professional Accreditation: AACSB, ABET, AACN, ADA, APTA, APA, ASLHA, CEPH, CSWE, NAACLS, NASD, NASM, NASPAA, NCATE Intercollegiate Athletics: Baseball M; Basketball M & W; Bowling M & W; Cheerleading M & W; Crew M & W; Cross-Country Running M & W; Golf M & W; Ice Hockey M & W; Racquetball M & W; Rugby M; Soccer M & W; Softball W; Swimming and Diving M & W; Tennis M & W; Track and Field M & W; Volleyball M & W; Wrestling M

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Kansas

Kansas

ALLEN COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Production Operations, A

Architecture, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Banking and Financial Support Services, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Teacher Education, A

Business/Commerce, A

Chemistry, A

Child Development, A

Computer Science, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Economics, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Engineering, A

Engineering Technology, A

English Composition, A

Equestrian/Equine Studies, A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

Forestry, A

Funeral Service and Mortuary Science, A

General Studies, A

Geography, A

Health Aide, A

Health and Physical Education, A

History, A

Home Health Aide/Home Attendant, A

Hospital and Health Care Facilities Administration/Management, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Journalism, A

Language Interpretation and Translation, A

Library Science, A

Mathematics, A

Music, A

Nuclear/Nuclear Power Technology/Technician, A

Nurse/Nursing Assistant/Aide and Patient Care Assistant, A

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, A

Philosophy, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Physics, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Dentistry Studies, A

Pre-Law Studies, A

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, A

Pre-Pharmacy Studies, A

Pre-Veterinary Studies, A

Psychology, A

Religion/Religious Studies, A

Secondary Education and Teaching, A

Social Work, A

Sociology, A

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, A

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, A

Technology Teacher Education/Industrial Arts Teacher Education, A

Wood Science and Wood Products/Pulp and Paper Technology, A

BAKER UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business/Commerce, B

Chemistry, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer Science, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, B

Education, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

French Language and Literature, B

German Language and Literature, B

Health and Physical Education, B

History, B

Information Science/Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

International/Global Studies, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Liberal Studies, M

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Molecular Biology, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Philosophy, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Teacher Education and Professional Development, Specific Subject Areas, B

Wildlife Biology, B

BARCLAY COLLEGE

Bible/Biblical Studies, AB

Business Administration and Management, B

Divinity/Ministry (BD, MDiv.), B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

General Studies, A

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, B

Psychology, B

Religious Education, B

Religious/Sacred Music, B

BARTON COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agriculture, A

Anthropology, A

Architecture, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Banking and Financial Support Services, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Chemistry, A

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Chiropractic, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, A

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, A

Computer Science, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Crop Production, A

CytoTechnology/Cytotechnologist, A

Dance, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Dietician Assistant, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, A

Economics, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Engineering Technology, A

English Language and Literature, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Forestry, A

Funeral Service and Mortuary Science, A

General Studies, A

Geology/Earth Science, A

Graphic Design, A

Hazardous Materials Management and Waste Technology/Technician, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

History, A

Home Health Aide/Home Attendant, A

Human Resources Management and Services, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Journalism, A

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Livestock Management, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

Military Studies, A

Modern Languages, A

Music, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, A

Optometric Technician/Assistant, A

Pharmacy, A

Philosophy, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physical Sciences, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Physician Assistant, A

Physics, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Dentistry Studies, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Pre-Law Studies, A

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, A

Pre-Veterinary Studies, A

Psychology, A

Public Administration, A

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Religion/Religious Studies, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Secondary Education and Teaching, A

Social Work, A

Sociology, A

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, A

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, A

BENEDICTINE COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Arts Management, B

Astronomy, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, B

Computer Science, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, B

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

French Language and Literature, B

History, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Natural Sciences, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Youth Ministry, B

BETHANY COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Arts Management, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Teacher Education, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, B

Chemistry, B

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Christian Studies, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Drawing, B

Education, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Financial Planning and Services, B

History, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Legal Professions and Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Painting, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Sculpture, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

BETHEL COLLEGE

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business/Commerce, B

Chemistry, B

Computer Science, B

Criminology, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Germanic Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Health and Physical Education, B

History, B

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Natural Sciences, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution, B

Physics, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Visual and Performing Arts, B

BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-KANSAS CITY

Accounting, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer Programming, A

Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator, A

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

Health Unit Coordinator/Ward Clerk, A

Health Unit Manager/Ward Supervisor, A

Information Technology, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Medical/Clinical Assistant, A

System Administration/Administrator, A

BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE-SALINA

Accounting, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Medical Office Management/Administration, A

Medical Transcription/Transcriptionist, A

BUTLER COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Chemistry, A

Child Development, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Science, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

English Language and Literature, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

History, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Journalism, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Music, A

Music Performance, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Physics, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Psychology, A

Sociology, A

Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

CENTRAL CHRISTIAN COLLEGE OF KANSAS

Accounting, B

Accounting and Business/Management, AB

Acting, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Airline/Commercial/Professional Pilot and Flight Crew, A

Architecture, A

Art Teacher Education, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Bible/Biblical Studies, B

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology Teacher Education, A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Teacher Education, A

Business/Commerce, B

Business/Corporate Communications, A

Business/Managerial Economics, A

Business/Office Automation/Technology/Data Entry, A

Chemistry Teacher Education, A

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, AB

Computer Science, A

Computer Teacher Education, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, A

Divinity/Ministry (BD, MDiv.), B

Drama and Dance Teacher Education, A

Economics, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Engineering, A

Environmental Studies, A

Family and Community Services, A

Finance, A

Health and Physical Education, A

Health Teacher Education, A

History, A

History Teacher Education, A

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Law and Legal Studies, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mathematics, A

Mathematics Teacher Education, A

Missions/Missionary Studies and Missiology, AB

Music, B

Music History, Literature, and Theory, A

Music Performance, A

Music Teacher Education, A

Natural Sciences, B

Nurse/Nursing Assistant/Aide and Patient Care Assistant, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, AB

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, B

Photography, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physician Assistant, A

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Pharmacy Studies, B

Pre-Theology/Pre-Ministerial Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Psychology Teacher Education, A

Religion/Religious Studies, AB

Sales and Marketing Operations/Marketing and Distribution Teacher Education, A

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, A

Secondary Education and Teaching, A

Small Business Administration/Management, AB

Social Psychology, A

Social Science Teacher Education, A

Social Sciences, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, A

Social Work, A

Sociology, A

Speech Teacher Education, A

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Theology/Theological Studies, A

Wildlife Biology, A

Youth Ministry, B

Zoology/Animal Biology, A

CLOUD COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Avionics Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Behavioral Sciences, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Broadcast Journalism, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Development, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Education, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Home Economics Teacher Education, A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

Fashion/Apparel Design, A

History, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Journalism, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Music, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physical Sciences, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Social Sciences, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

COFFEYVILLE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agricultural Economics, A

Agricultural Mechanization, A

Agricultural Teacher Education, A

Agriculture, A

Animal Sciences, A

Applied Art, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Behavioral Sciences, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Botany/Plant Biology, A

Broadcast Journalism, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Machine Repairer, A

Business Teacher Education, A

Carpentry/Carpenter, A

Chemistry, A

Communications Technology/Technician, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Drawing, A

Economics, A

Education, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Engineering, A

English Language and Literature, A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, A

History, A

Horticultural Science, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Journalism, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Mathematics, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Music, A

Music Teacher Education, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Psychology, A

Radio and Television, A

Social Sciences, A

Social Work, A

Sociology, A

Telecommunications Technology/Technician, A

Voice and Opera, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

Wind and Percussion Instruments, A

COLBY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agricultural Economics, A

Agricultural Teacher Education, A

Agriculture, A

Agronomy and Crop Science, A

Animal Sciences, A

Behavioral Sciences, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Broadcast Journalism, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Teacher Education, A

Business/Managerial Economics, A

Chemistry, A

Child Development, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Science, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Education, A

English Language and Literature, A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, A

Forestry, A

Geology/Earth Science, A

History, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Journalism, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Library Science, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Mathematics, A

Music, A

Music Teacher Education, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Pharmacy, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Psychology, A

Radio and Television, A

Range Science and Management, A

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, A

Social Work, A

Sociology, A

Veterinary/Animal Health Technology/Technician and Veterinary Assistant, A

Wildlife Biology, A

Zoology/Animal Biology, A

COWLEY COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE AND AREA VOCATIONAL-TECHNICAL SCHOOL

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Mechanization, A

Agriculture, A

Agronomy and Crop Science, A

Airframe Mechanics and Aircraft Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Chemistry, A

Child Development, A

Computer Graphics, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Corrections, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Education, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Engineering Technology, A

Family and Consumer Economics and Related Services, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Journalism, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Music, A

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Religion/Religious Studies, A

Sign Language Interpretation and Translation, A

Social Work, A

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, A

Technology Teacher Education/Industrial Arts Teacher Education, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

DODGE CITY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agricultural Economics, A

Agricultural Mechanization, A

Agronomy and Crop Science, A

Animal Sciences, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Behavioral Sciences, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Broadcast Journalism, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Chemistry, A

Child Development, A

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, A

Communications Technology/Technician, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Education, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Engineering, A

Engineering Technology, A

English Language and Literature, A

Equestrian/Equine Studies, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

Finance, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Forestry, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

History, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Hydrology and Water Resources Science, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Journalism, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Music, A

Music Teacher Education, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physical Sciences, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Physics, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Pre-Pharmacy Studies, A

Psychology, A

Radio and Television, A

Real Estate, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Social Sciences, A

Social Work, A

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, A

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

Wildlife Biology, A

DONNELLY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Computer Programming, A

Computer Science, A

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Education, A

Engineering, A

English Language and Literature, A

Health Teacher Education, A

History, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Mathematics, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Philosophy, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Political Science and Government, A

Psychology, A

EMPORIA STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Art Therapy/Therapist, M

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, M

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Botany/Plant Biology, M

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Education, M

Cell Biology and Anatomy, M

Chemistry, BM

Clinical Psychology, M

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Science, M

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Economics, B

Education, MO

Education/Teaching of the Gifted and Talented, M

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

English, M

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Biology, M

Foreign Languages and Literatures, B

General Studies, B

Geology/Earth Science, B

Geosciences, M

Health Psychology, M

History, BM

Industrial and Organizational Psychology, M

Information Science/Studies, BMD

Library Science, MD

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, BM

Microbiology, M

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Music, BM

Music Teacher Education, BM

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Parks, Recreation, Leisure and Fitness Studies, B

Performance, M

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, M

Physical Sciences, B

Physics, BM

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, BM

Rehabilitation Counseling, M

School Psychology, MO

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Science Teacher Education, B

Social Sciences, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, M

Sociology, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Student Personnel Services, M

Vocational Rehabilitation Counseling/Counselor, B

Zoology/Animal Biology, M

FORT HAYS STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BM

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, AB

Agricultural Business and Management, B

Agriculture, B

Agronomy and Crop Science, B

Animal Sciences, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Audiology/Audiologist and Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, M

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Teacher Education, B

Business/Managerial Economics, B

Chemistry, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Communication and Media Studies, M

Communication Disorders, M

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Economics, B

Education, MO

Educational Administration and Supervision, MO

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

English, M

English Language and Literature, B

Finance, B

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

French Language and Literature, B

Geology/Earth Science, BM

German Language and Literature, B

Health Education, M

History, BM

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, B

Journalism, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Liberal Studies, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Middle School Education, M

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Natural Resources Management/Development and Policy, B

Nursing, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BM

Physical Sciences, B

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Psychology, BMO

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Radio and Television, B

Range Science and Management, B

School Psychology, BO

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, M

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, B

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, B

FORT SCOTT COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agricultural Economics, A

Agricultural Mechanization, A

Agricultural Teacher Education, A

Agriculture, A

Agronomy and Crop Science, A

Animal Sciences, A

Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Science, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Education, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Hydrology and Water Resources Science, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Music, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Photography, A

Physical Sciences, A

Public Policy Analysis, A

Quality Control Technology/Technician, A

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, A

Transportation and Materials Moving, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

FRIENDS UNIVERSITY

Accounting, AB

Applied Art, AB

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, AB

Bible/Biblical Studies, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Teacher Education, B

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, AB

Chemistry, B

Child Development, AB

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Comparative Literature, AB

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, AB

Dance, B

Divinity/Ministry (BD, MDiv.), B

Ecology, B

Education, ABM

Educational Leadership and Administration, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, M

Health Teacher Education, B

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

History, B

Human Resources Development, M

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Human Services, B

Industrial and Manufacturing Management, M

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, AB

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, AB

Law and Legal Studies, M

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, M

Marriage and Family Therapy/Counseling, BM

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Management and Merchandising, AB

Music Teacher Education, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Piano and Organ, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Engineering, A

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Religious/Sacred Music, B

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, BM

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, AB

Spanish Language and Literature, AB

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Theology and Religious Vocations, M

Theology/Theological Studies, B

Violin, Viola, Guitar and Other Stringed Instruments, B

Voice and Opera, B

GARDEN CITY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agricultural Economics, A

Agricultural Mechanization, A

Agriculture, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, A

Child Development, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Computer Graphics, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Developmental and Child Psychology, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Education, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Engineering, A

Engineering Technology, A

English Language and Literature, A

Family and Community Services, A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

Fashion Merchandising, A

Fashion/Apparel Design, A

Fine/Studio Arts, A

Health and Physical Education/Fitness, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Interior Design, A

Journalism, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mathematics, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

Metal and Jewelry Arts, A

Music, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Retailing and Retail Operations, A

Social Sciences, A

Sociology, A

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, A

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, A

Trade and Industrial Teacher Education, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

HASKELL INDIAN NATIONS UNIVERSITY

American Indian/Native American Studies, B

American Literature (United States), A

Business Administration and Management, AB

Computer and Information Sciences, AB

Creative Writing, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Entrepreneurial and Small Business Operations, A

Environmental Sciences, B

Film/Video and Photographic Arts, A

Health and Physical Education, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Natural Sciences, A

Social Work, A

Theatre/Theatre Arts Management, A

HESSTON COLLEGE

Aeronautics/Aviation/Aerospace Science and Technology, A

Bible/Biblical Studies, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, A

HIGHLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Advertising, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agricultural Economics, A

Agricultural Teacher Education, A

Agriculture, A

Agronomy and Crop Science, A

Animal Sciences, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Teacher Education, A

Carpentry/Carpenter, A

Chemistry, A

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Science, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

CytoTechnology/Cytotechnologist, A

Dairy Science, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Education, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

English Language and Literature, A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

Fashion/Apparel Design, A

Fiber, Textile and Weaving Arts, A

Food Science, A

Forestry, A

Funeral Service and Mortuary Science, A

Geology/Earth Science, A

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, A

Health Teacher Education, A

History, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Journalism, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Library Science, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Music, A

Natural Resources and Conservation, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, A

Pharmacy, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physical Sciences, A

Physical Therapy/Therapist, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Psychology, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Social Work, A

Sociology, A

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, A

Telecommunications Technology/Technician, A

Theology/Theological Studies, A

HUTCHINSON COMMUNITY COLLEGE AND AREA VOCATIONAL SCHOOL

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Mechanization, A

Agriculture, A

Autobody/Collision and Repair Technology/Technician, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business and Personal/Financial Services Marketing Operations, A

Business/Commerce, A

Carpentry/Carpenter, A

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, A

Communications Technology/Technician, A

Computer and Information Sciences, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Education, A

Educational/Instructional Media Design, A

Electrical/Electronics Equipment Installation and Repair, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Engineering, A

English Language and Literature, A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Foreign Languages and Literatures, A

Health Information/Medical Records Technology/Technician, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Manufacturing Technology/Technician, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Sciences, A

Psychology, A

Retailing and Retail Operations, A

Social Sciences, A

Visual and Performing Arts, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

INDEPENDENCE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Art Teacher Education, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Teacher Education, A

Chemistry, A

Child Development, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Engineering, A

Engineering Technology, A

English Language and Literature, A

Finance, A

French Language and Literature, A

History, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Mathematics, A

Modern Languages, A

Music, A

Music Management and Merchandising, A

Music Teacher Education, A

Natural Sciences, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physical Sciences, A

Political Science and Government, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Psychology, A

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, A

Sociology, A

Spanish Language and Literature, A

JOHNSON COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting Technology/Technician and Bookkeeping, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Airframe Mechanics and Aircraft Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Chemical Technology/Technician, A

Civil Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Programming, Specific Applications, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Education, A

Electrical and Power Transmission Installation/Installer, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Fire Services Administration, A

Health Information/Medical Records Technology/Technician, A

Heating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology/Technician, A

Hospitality Administration/Management, A

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist, A

Nurse/Nursing Assistant/Aide and Patient Care Assistant, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Occupational Therapist Assistant, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Retailing and Retail Operations, A

Sales, Distribution and Marketing Operations, A

Sign Language Interpretation and Translation, A

Tourism and Travel Services Management, A

Veterinary/Animal Health Technology/Technician and Veterinary Assistant, A

KANSAS CITY KANSAS COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Child Care and Support Services Management, A

Computer Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic), A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Funeral Service and Mortuary Science, A

Hazardous Materials Management and Waste Technology/Technician, A

International Business/Trade/Commerce, A

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Recording Arts Technology/Technician, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Respiratory Therapy Technician/Assistant, A

Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling, A

Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design, A

KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BM

Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching, MD

Aeronautics/Aviation/Aerospace Science and Technology, B

Agricultural and Food Products Processing, B

Agricultural Business and Management, B

Agricultural Economics, BMD

Agricultural Engineering, MD

Agricultural Mechanization, B

Agricultural Sciences, MD

Agricultural/Biological Engineering and Bioengineering, B

Agronomy and Crop Science, B

Agronomy and Soil Sciences, MD

Airframe Mechanics and Aircraft Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

Airline/Commercial/Professional Pilot and Flight Crew, AB

Analytical Chemistry, M

Anatomy, MD

Animal Sciences, BMD

Anthropology, B

Apparel and Textiles, B

Architectural Engineering, BM

Architecture, BM

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biochemistry, BMD

Bioengineering, MD

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, MD

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Cancer Biology/Oncology, MD

Cell Biology and Anatomy, MD

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Child and Family Studies, MD

Child Development, B

Civil Engineering, BMD

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Clothing and Textiles, MD

Communication Disorders, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Composition, M

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, BMD

Computer Science, MD

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, MD

Curriculum and Instruction, MD

Developmental Biology and Embryology, MD

Dietetics/Dieticians, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Ecology, MD

Economics, BMD

Education, MD

Educational Administration and Supervision, MD

Educational Psychology, MD

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, BMD

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MD

Engineering Management, M

English, M

English Language and Literature, B

Entomology, MD

Environmental Policy and Resource Management, M

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, BMD

Finance, B

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Food Engineering, MD

Food Science, B

Food Science and Technology, MD

Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness Studies, B

Foreign Languages and Literatures, B

French Language and Literature, M

Genetics, MD

Geography, BMD

Geology/Earth Science, BM

German Language and Literature, M

History, BMD

Horticultural Science, BMD

Hospitality Administration/Management, MD

Hotel/Motel Administration/Management, B

Human Development, D

Human Development and Family Studies, B

Human Services, M

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Immunology, MD

Industrial Engineering, B

Industrial/Management Engineering, MD

Information Science/Studies, BMD

Inorganic Chemistry, M

Interdisciplinary Studies, A

Interior Architecture, B

Interior Design, B

International Affairs, M

Journalism, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Kinesiology and Movement Studies, M

Landscape Architecture, BM

Manufacturing Engineering, MD

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Marriage and Family Therapy/Counseling, D

Mass Communication/Media Studies, M

Mathematics, BMD

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Microbiology, MD

Molecular Biology, MD

Music, BM

Music History, Literature, and Theory, M

Music Teacher Education, BM

Music Theory and Composition, M

Nuclear Engineering, BM

Nutritional Sciences, MD

Operations Research, M

Organic Chemistry, M

Parks, Recreation and Leisure Facilities Management, B

Pathobiology, MD

Performance, M

Philosophy, B

Physical Chemistry, M

Physical Sciences, B

Physics, BMD

Physiology, MD

Plant Pathology/Phytopathology, MD

Political Science and Government, BM

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, BMD

Public Administration, M

Public Health, M

Public Health (MPH, DPH), B

Range Science and Management, MD

Secondary Education and Teaching, BMD

Social Sciences, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, BMD

Software Engineering, M

Spanish Language and Literature, M

Special Education and Teaching, MD

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, M

Statistics, BMD

Student Personnel Services, MD

Urban and Regional Planning, M

Veterinary Medicine, P

Veterinary Sciences, M

Virology, MD

Wildlife Biology, B

Women's Studies, B

KANSAS WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Arts Management, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, B

Comparative Literature, B

Computer Science, AB

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, AB

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Education, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering, B

English Language and Literature, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

Information Science/Studies, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Mental Health/Rehabilitation, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, AB

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physics, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Religious Education, B

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling, B

LABETTE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Behavioral Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Chemistry, A

Child Development, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Computer Science, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Education, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

English Language and Literature, A

Fire Science/Firefighting, A

Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician, A

History, A

Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Mathematics, A

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Music, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Social Sciences, A

MANHATTAN AREA TECHNICAL COLLEGE

Autobody/Collision and Repair Technology/Technician, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology, A

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Electrical and Power Transmission Installers, A

Heating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology/Technician, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

MANHATTAN CHRISTIAN COLLEGE

Bible/Biblical Studies, AB

Business Administration and Management, B

Divinity/Ministry (BD, MDiv.), AB

Missions/Missionary Studies and Missiology, AB

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Religious Education, AB

Religious/Sacred Music, AB

Theology/Theological Studies, B

MCPHERSON COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Agricultural Business and Management, B

Agricultural Economics, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Behavioral Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Teacher Education, B

Chemistry, B

Computer Programming/Programmer, B

Computer Science, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Education, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Studies, B

Finance, B

History, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physical Sciences, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Engineering, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Pharmacy Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Speech Teacher Education, B

Teacher Education, Multiple Levels, B

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, B

MIDAMERICA NAZARENE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Teacher Education, B

Chemistry, B

Computer Science, B

Counseling Psychology, M

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Education, M

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Graphic Design, B

History, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Kinesiology and Exercise Science, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Missions/Missionary Studies and Missiology, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Psychology, B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Religious Education, B

Religious/Sacred Music, AB

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Theology/Theological Studies, B

Urban Studies/Affairs, B

NEOSHO COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Machine Repairer, A

Carpentry/Carpenter, A

Computer Science, A

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, A

Finance, A

Information Science/Studies, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Materials Sciences, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Sciences, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Teacher Assistant/Aide, A

Trade and Industrial Teacher Education, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

NEWMAN UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, AB

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, B

Counseling Psychology, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Education, BM

Educational Leadership and Administration, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

English as a Second Language, M

English Language and Literature, B

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, M

Finance, B

History, B

Information Science/Studies, AB

International Business/Trade/Commerce, M

Legal Assistant/Paralegal, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Management, M

Management Information Systems and Services, BM

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Mental Health/Rehabilitation, B

Middle School Education, M

Nurse Anesthetist, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Organizational Management, M

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Engineering, AB

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Health (MPH, DPH), AB

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Sales, Distribution and Marketing Operations, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Work, M

Sociology, B

Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling, AB

Theology/Theological Studies, B

OTTAWA UNIVERSITY

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Counseling Psychology, M

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Education, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

History, B

Human Resources Development, M

Human Resources Management and Services, M

Human Services, B

Information Science/Studies, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, B

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Sociology, B

PITTSBURG STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BM

Applied Physics, M

Art Education, M

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, AB

Banking and Financial Support Services, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, M

Biology Teacher Education, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, BM

Chemistry Teacher Education, B

Child Development, B

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, B

Communication and Media Studies, M

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Community College Education, O

Computer Science, B

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, M

Economics, B

Education, MO

Educational Leadership and Administration, M

Educational Media/Instructional Technology, M

Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician, AB

Elementary Education and Teaching, BM

Engineering and Applied Sciences, M

Engineering Technology, B

English, M

English Language and Literature, B

English/Language Arts Teacher Education, B

Environmental Studies, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Home Economics Teacher Education, B

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, B

Finance, B

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Forestry Technology/Technician, A

French Language and Literature, B

French Language Teacher Education, B

General Studies, B

Geography, B

Graphic and Printing Equipment Operator Production, B

Graphic Communications, B

Graphic Design, M

Health and Physical Education, B

Health Teacher Education, B

Higher Education/Higher Education Administration, O

History, BM

History Teacher Education, B

Human Resources Development, MO

Industrial Technology/Technician, B

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

International/Global Studies, B

Law and Legal Studies, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, BM

Mathematics Teacher Education, B

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, B

Music, BM

Music History, Literature, and Theory, M

Music Teacher Education, BM

Music Theory and Composition, M

Nursing, M

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Operations Management and Supervision, B

Performance, M

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BM

Physics, BM

Physics Teacher Education, B

Plastics Engineering Technology/Technician, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, BM

Psychology Teacher Education, B

Reading Teacher Education, M

School Psychology, O

Secondary Education and Teaching, M

Social Sciences, M

Social Studies Teacher Education, B

Social Work, B

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Spanish Language Teacher Education, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Speech Teacher Education, B

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, B

Technology Teacher Education/Industrial Arts Teacher Education, B

Theater, M

Trade and Industrial Teacher Education, B

Vocational and Technical Education, MO

PRATT COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agricultural Business and Management, A

Agricultural Economics, A

Agricultural Mechanization, A

Agricultural Teacher Education, A

Agriculture, A

Animal Sciences, A

Animal/Livestock Husbandry and Production, A

Applied Art, A

Art Teacher Education, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Broadcast Journalism, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Business Teacher Education, A

Chemistry, A

Child Development, A

Commercial and Advertising Art, A

Comparative Literature, A

Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications, A

Computer Typography and Composition Equipment Operator, A

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, A

Data Entry/Microcomputer Applications, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

Energy Management and Systems Technology/Technician, A

English Language and Literature, A

Family and Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

Fine/Studio Arts, A

Health Teacher Education, A

History, A

Human Services, A

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Management Information Systems and Services, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Mathematics, A

Music, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Professional Studies, A

Psychology, A

Social Sciences, A

Social Work, A

Sociology, A

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, A

Speech Teacher Education, A

Teacher Education, Multiple Levels, A

Technology Education/Industrial Arts, A

Trade and Industrial Teacher Education, A

Welding Technology/Welder, A

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, A

Wildlife Biology, A

SEWARD COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Accounting, A

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Agriculture, A

Art/Art Studies, General, A

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, A

Biological and Physical Sciences, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, A

Business Administration and Management, A

Chemistry, A

Child Development, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Comparative Literature, A

Computer Programming/Programmer, A

Computer Science, A

Criminal Justice/Police Science, A

Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, A

Drawing, A

Economics, A

Education, A

Elementary Education and Teaching, A

English Language and Literature, A

Farm/Farm and Ranch Management, A

Finance, A

History, A

Journalism, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, A

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training, A

Marketing/Marketing Management, A

Mass Communication/Media Studies, A

Mathematics, A

Music, A

Natural Sciences, A

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, A

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, A

Physical Sciences, A

Pre-Engineering, A

Psychology, A

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Social Work, A

Sociology, A

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, A

Surgical Technology/Technologist, A

Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management, A

SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Biochemistry, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business/Corporate Communications, B

Chemistry, B

Communication and Media Studies, B

Computer Programming/Programmer, B

Computer Science, B

Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology, B

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, B

Education, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering Physics, B

English Language and Literature, B

General Studies, B

Health and Physical Education, B

History, B

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Industrial Production Technologies/Technicians, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Management Science, B

Manufacturing Technology/Technician, B

Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, B

Philosophy and Religious Studies, B

Physics, B

Psychology, B

Purchasing, Procurement/Acquisitions and Contracts Management, B

Securities Services Administration/Management, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

STERLING COLLEGE

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Behavioral Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Communication, Journalism and Related Programs, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Health and Physical Education, B

History, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Philosophy and Religious Studies, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Religious Education, B

TABOR COLLEGE

Accounting, B

Actuarial Science, B

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, AB

Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching, B

Agricultural Business and Management, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Bible/Biblical Studies, AB

Biological and Physical Sciences, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Teacher Education, B

Chemistry, B

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer Science, AB

Divinity/Ministry (BD, MDiv.), B

Education, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Environmental Biology, B

Health Teacher Education, B

History, B

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, AB

International Relations and Affairs, B

Journalism, B

Kindergarten/PreSchool Education and Teaching, B

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, B

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Medical Administrative Assistant/Secretary, B

Music, B

Music Management and Merchandising, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Natural Sciences, B

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Piano and Organ, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Psychology, B

Public Relations/Image Management, B

Religion/Religious Studies, AB

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Sciences, B

Sociology, B

Special Education and Teaching, B

Teacher Education, Multiple Levels, B

Voice and Opera, B

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS

Accounting, BMD

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, BMD

African Studies, B

African-American/Black Studies, B

Allied Health and Medical Assisting Services, MDO

Allopathic Medicine, PO

American Indian/Native American Studies, M

American/United States Studies/Civilization, BMDO

Anatomy, MDO

Ancient Studies/Civilization, B

Anthropology, BMD

Applied Mathematics, MD

Architectural Engineering, BMD

Architectural History and Criticism, B

Architecture, BMO

Art Education, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, BMD

Art Teacher Education, B

Asian Languages, M

Astronomy, BMD

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, B

Behavioral Sciences, B

Biochemistry, MDO

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, BMDO

Biological Anthropology, D

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biophysics, MD

Botany/Plant Biology, MD

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MDO

Business/Commerce, B

Cell Biology and Anatomy, MDO

Ceramic Arts and Ceramics, B

Chemical Engineering, BMD

Chemistry, BMD

Chinese Studies, M

Civil Engineering, BMD

Classics and Classical Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, BM

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Clinical Psychology, MD

Cognitive Psychology and Psycholinguistics, B

Communication and Media Studies, MD

Communication Disorders, BMD

Community Health Services/Liaison/Counseling, B

Composition, MD

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, BM

Computer Science, MD

Construction Engineering and Management, M

Counseling Psychology, MD

Curriculum and Instruction, MD

CytoTechnology/Cytotechnologist, B

Dance, B

Design and Applied Arts, M

Design and Visual Communications, B

Developmental Biology and Embryology, MD

Developmental Psychology, MD

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

East Asian Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

East Asian Studies, M

East European and Russian Studies, MO

Ecology, MD

Economics, BMDO

Education, MDO

Educational Administration and Supervision, MD

Educational Leadership and Administration, D

Educational Measurement and Evaluation, MD

Educational Psychology, MD

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MD

Engineering Management, M

Engineering Physics, B

English, MD

English Language and Literature, B

Entomology, MD

Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology, MD

Environmental Sciences, MD

Environmental Studies, B

European Studies/Civilization, B

Evolutionary Biology, MD

Fiber, Textile and Weaving Arts, B

Film, Television, and Video Theory and Criticism, MD

Finance, B

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

Fine/Studio Arts, B

Foundations and Philosophy of Education, D

French Language and Literature, BMD

Geography, BMD

Geology/Earth Science, BMD

German Language and Literature, MD

Germanic Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, B

Gerontology, MD

Graphic Design, B

Health and Physical Education, B

Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator, B

Health Services Administration, MO

Higher Education/Higher Education Administration, MD

History, BMD

Human Development, M

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, B

Illustration, B

Immunology, DO

Industrial Design, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, MDO

Interior Design, B

International Affairs, M

International Relations and Affairs, B

Japanese Studies, M

Journalism, BM

Junior High/Intermediate/Middle School Education and Teaching, B

Latin American Studies, BMO

Law and Legal Studies, PO

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, B

Linguistics, BMD

Management Information Systems and Services, MD

Mathematics, BMD

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, MD

Metal and Jewelry Arts, B

Microbiology, BMDO

Molecular Biology, BMDO

Molecular Genetics, DO

Museology/Museum Studies, M

Music, BMD

Music Performance, B

Music Teacher Education, BMD

Music Theory and Composition, BMD

Music Therapy/Therapist, BM

Musicology and Ethnomusicology, BMD

Near and Middle Eastern Studies, MO

Neuroscience, MD

Nurse Anesthetist, M

Nurse Midwife/Nursing Midwifery, O

Nursing, MDO

Nursing Education, O

Nursing Science, B

Nutritional Sciences, MO

Occupational Therapy/Therapist, BMD

Painting, B

Pathology/Experimental Pathology, MDO

Performance, MD

Petroleum Engineering, BMD

Pharmaceutical Sciences, M

Pharmacology, MDO

Pharmacy, B

Philosophy, BMDO

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BMD

Physical Therapy/Therapist, MD

Physics, BMD

Physiology, MDO

Piano and Organ, B

Political Science and Government, BMD

Printmaking, B

Psychiatric/Mental Health Nurse/Nursing, O

Psychology, BMD

Public Administration, BMDO

Public Health, MO

Rehabilitation Sciences, D

Religion/Religious Studies, BM

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, B

Russian Studies, B

Sacred Music, MD

School Psychology, DO

Sculpture, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Slavic Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics, BMD

Social Sciences, MD

Social Work, B

Sociology, BMD

Spanish Language and Literature, BMD

Special Education and Teaching, MD

Speech and Rhetorical Studies, B

Statistics, MD

Technical Theatre/Theatre Design and Technology, B

Theater, MD

Toxicology, MDO

Urban and Regional Planning, MO

Violin, Viola, Guitar and Other Stringed Instruments, B

Voice and Opera, B

Water Resources, M

Wind and Percussion Instruments, B

Women's Studies, B

UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-WICHITA CAMPUS

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Information Technology, B

Management of Technology, M

UNIVERSITY OF SAINT MARY

Accounting, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Chemistry, B

Child Development, B

Community Organization and Advocacy, B

Community Psychology, B

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Curriculum and Instruction, BM

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Education, BM

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

History, B

Information Science/Studies, B

Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Management, M

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, B

Pastoral Studies/Counseling, B

Political Science and Government, B

Psychology, BM

Sociology, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, B

Theology/Theological Studies, B

WASHBURN UNIVERSITY

Accounting, B

Administrative Assistant and Secretarial Science, A

Allied Health and Medical Assisting Services, AB

Anthropology, B

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Athletic Training and Sports Medicine, B

Banking and Financial Support Services, A

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Biomedical Technology/Technician, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, M

Business Teacher Education, B

Chemistry, B

Clinical Psychology, M

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Computer and Information Sciences, AB

Corrections, AB

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration, AB

Criminal Justice/Police Science, AB

Criminology, M

Curriculum and Instruction, BM

Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, A

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Early Childhood Education and Teaching, AB

Economics, B

Education, BM

Educational Administration and Supervision, M

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

English Language and Literature, B

Finance, B

Food Technology and Processing, A

Forensic Science and Technology, B

French Language and Literature, B

German Language and Literature, B

Gerontology, AB

Health Information/Medical Records Technology/Technician, A

Health Services Administration, B

History, B

Human Services, AB

Humanities/Humanistic Studies, A

Industrial Technology/Technician, A

Law and Legal Studies, BP

Legal Administrative Assistant/Secretary, A

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Liberal Studies, M

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mass Communication/Media Studies, B

Mathematics, B

Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist, B

Mental Health Counseling/Counselor, AB

Music, B

Music Teacher Education, B

Natural Sciences, A

Non-Profit/Public/Organizational Management, B

Nursing - Registered Nurse Training, B

Office Management and Supervision, A

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, B

Physical Therapist Assistant, A

Physics, B

Political Science and Government, B

Pre-Dentistry Studies, B

Pre-Law Studies, B

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies, B

Pre-Pharmacy Studies, B

Pre-Theology/Pre-Ministerial Studies, B

Pre-Veterinary Studies, B

Psychology, BM

Public Administration, B

Purchasing, Procurement/Acquisitions and Contracts Management, A

Radio and Television, B

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer, A

Reading Teacher Education, M

Religion/Religious Studies, B

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist, A

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Security and Protective Services, B

Social Work, BM

Sociology, B

Spanish Language and Literature, B

Special Education and Teaching, M

Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling, AB

WICHITA AREA TECHNICAL COLLEGE

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician, A

Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician, A

Interior Design, A

Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician, A

WICHITA STATE UNIVERSITY

Accounting, BM

Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering, BMD

Allied Health and Medical Assisting Services, MO

Anthropology, BM

Applied Mathematics, D

Art Education, M

Art History, Criticism and Conservation, B

Art Teacher Education, B

Art/Art Studies, General, B

Audiology/Audiologist and Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist, B

Biological and Biomedical Sciences, M

Biology/Biological Sciences, B

Business Administration and Management, B

Business Administration, Management and Operations, MO

Chemistry, BMD

Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist, B

Clinical Psychology, D

Commercial and Advertising Art, B

Communication and Media Studies, M

Communication Disorders, MD

Communication Studies/Speech Communication and Rhetoric, B

Community Psychology, D

Computer and Information Sciences, B

Computer Engineering, B

Computer Science, M

Counselor Education/School Counseling and Guidance Services, M

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies, B

Criminology, M

Curriculum and Instruction, M

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist, AB

Drama and Dramatics/Theatre Arts, B

Economics, BM

Education, MDO

Educational Administration and Supervision, MDO

Educational Psychology, M

Electrical Engineering, MD

Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, B

Elementary Education and Teaching, B

Engineering and Applied Sciences, MD

English, M

English Language and Literature, B

Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies, B

Environmental Sciences, M

Exercise and Sports Science, M

Finance, B

Fine Arts and Art Studies, M

French Language and Literature, B

Geology/Earth Science, BM

Gerontology, BM

Health/Health Care Administration/Management, B

History, BM

Human Resources Management/Personnel Administration, B

Human Services, M

Industrial Engineering, B

Industrial/Management Engineering, MD

International Business/Trade/Commerce, B

Latin Language and Literature, B

Liberal Arts and Sciences Studies and Humanities, AB

Liberal Studies, M

Management Information Systems and Services, B

Manufacturing Engineering, BMD

Marketing/Marketing Management, B

Mathematics, BMD

Mechanical Engineering, BMD

Music, BM

Music Teacher Education, BM

Nursing, MO

Nursing Administration, M

Nursing Education, M

Nursing Science, B

Philosophy, B

Physical Education Teaching and Coaching, BM

Physical Therapy/Therapist, M

Physician Assistant, B

Physics, BM

Political Science and Government, BM

Psychology, BMD

Public Administration, M

Public Health, M

Sales, Distribution and Marketing Operations, B

School Psychology, O

Science Teacher Education/General Science Teacher Education, B

Secondary Education and Teaching, B

Social Work, BM

Sociology, BM

Spanish Language and Literature, BM

Special Education and Teaching, M

Sport and Fitness Administration/Management, M

Statistics, MD

Visual and Performing Arts, B

Women's Studies, B

Writing, M

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Kansas

KANSAS

STATE EDUCATION OFFICE

Linda Oborny, Commissioner, State and Federal Programs
Vocational Education Administration
State Education Bldg.
120 S.E. 10th Ave.
Topeka, KS 66612-1182
(785)296-3951

STATE REGULATORY INFORMATION

Proprietary schools in Kansas are regulated by, and licensed under, the Proprietary School Act, as amended.
The law applies only to those private schools which offer instruction or study for the purpose of preparing persons for an occupation or vocation. It requires that such schools be issued a Certificate of Approval by the State Board of Education before the school can do business in this state.
The law also requires that all representatives of a proprietary school register individually with the State Board of Education.
Any contracts entered into with schools which are not authorized to do business are not binding. Also, a person who has entered into such a contract is entitled to a refund of any money paid under the contract, plus interest. Each application for a license must be made on the form provided by the State of Kansas. The school must also submit a copy of the schedule of fees, charges and tuition, and school policy governing the refund of charges.
Additional information may be obtained by contacting the State Department of Education.

ARKANSAS CITY

Cowley County Community College

125 S. 2nd, Arkansas City, KS 67005. Two-Year College. Founded 1922. Contact: Sheree Utash, VP of Student and Academic Affairs, (316)554-2700, (620)442-0430, 800-593-2222, Fax: (620)441-5350, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cowley.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 2,474. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC; FAA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Agriculture, General (2 Yr); Automotive Technology (1-2 Yr); Aviation Maintenance Technology (1-2 Yr); Business Administration; Cosmetology (1-2 Yr); Criminal Justice (1-2 Yr); Deaf Education (2 Yr); Drafting Technology (1-2 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (1 Yr); Engineering Technology (2 Yr); Graphic Design (1-2 Yr); Machine Tool Programming Technology (1-2 Yr); Manufacturing Technology (2 Yr); Office Technology (1-2 Yr); Welding Technology (1-2 Yr)

ATCHISON

Northeast Kansas Technical College

1501 W. Riley St., Atchison, KS 66002. Trade and Technical. Contact: Michael B. Rogg, President, (913)367-6204, 800-567-4890, Fax: (913)367-3107, Web Site: http://www.nektc.net; Paul L. Reeter, Dir. of Admissions, E-mail: [email protected] Public. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $4,033. Degrees awarded: Associate.

BELOIT

North Central Kansas Technical College

PO Box 507, Beloit, KS 67420. Trade and Technical. Founded 1964. Contact: Brenda Leiker, Recruiter, (785)625-2437, 800-658-4655, Fax: (785)623-6152, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.ncktc.tec.ks.us. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Tuition: $2,700 per 9 month term. Enrollment: Total 500. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Agri-Engineering & Mechanics (9-18 Mo); Air Conditioning, Heating & Plumbing (9-18 Mo); Automotive Collision Repair (9-18 Mo); Automotive Technology (9-18 Mo); Business Management (9-18 Mo); Carpentry (9-18 Mo); Computer Technology (9-18 Mo); Culinary Arts (9-18 Mo); Electrical Technology (9-18 Mo); Electronics Technology (9-18 Mo); Heavy Equipment (9-18 Mo); Masonry (9-18 Mo); Mechanics, Diesel (9-18 Mo); Nursing, Practical (9-18 Mo); Telecommunications Technology (9-18 Mo); Welding Technology (9-18 Mo)

CHANUTE

Neosho County Community College

800 W. 14th St., Chanute, KS 66720. Two-Year College. Contact: Dr. Vicky R. Smith, President, (620)431-6222, 800-729-6222, Fax: (620)431-0082, Web Site: http://www.neosho.edu. Public. Coed. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,120 in-state; $1,120 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Associate.

COFFEYVILLE

Coffeyville Community College

400 W. 11th, Coffeyville, KS 67337. Two-Year College. Founded 1923. Contact: Linda Moley, VP/Dean of Student Svsc., (620)251-7700, (620)252-7295, 800-782-4732, Fax: (620)252-7040, Web Site: http://www.coffeyville.edu; Web Site: http://www.coffeyville.edu/forms/request_info.htm. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Term: Semester. Tuition: $50/credit KS resident; $57/credit OK and M0 resident; $90/credit other states; $152/credit international. Enrollment: Total 440. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Agricultural Science; Aircraft Flight Instruction; Architectural Technology; Auto Body & Fender Repair; Automotive Collision Repair; Automotive Technology; Building Construction Technology; Business Administration; Computer Information Science; Computer Science - Terminal Operation; Distributive Education; Drafting & Design Technology; Electricity, Industrial; Engineering Technology; Farm Management Technology; Home Economics; Horticulture; Machine Shop; Machine Technology; Marketing; Masonry; Nursing, Vocational; Secretarial, General; Small Business Management; Veterinary Technology; Welding Technology

Southeast Kansas Area Vocational-Technical School

Administrative Center, Coffeyville, KS 67337. Trade and Technical. Founded 1941. Contact: Suzanne Broebe, Financial Aid Office, (316)251-3910, 800-530-5942, Fax: (316)251-4623. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,488/hr, state residents. Enrollment: men 340, women 120. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Auto Mechanics (1300 Hr); Automotive Collision Repair (1300 Hr); Computer Networking (1300 Hr); Computer Repair (1300 Hr); Construction Technology (1300 Hr); Drafting Technology (1300 Hr); Electricity, Industrial (1300 Hr); Food Service & Management (336 Hr); Graphic Arts (1300 Hr); Machine Shop (1300 Hr); Office Technology (1300 Hr); Welding Technology (1300 Hr)

COLBY

Colby Community College

1255 S. Range Ave., Colby, KS 67701-4007. Two-Year College. Founded 1964. Contact: Bobbi Barton, Admissions Secretary, (785)462-3984, 888-634-9350, Fax: (785)462-4699, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.colbycc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $63/credit hr. in-state; $102/credit hr. out-of-state; room and board $3,494. Enrollment: Total 772. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NLNAC; NCA-HLC; APTA; AVMA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Agribusiness; Agriculture, General; Agri-Management; Animal Science Companion Animal Care & Management; Animal Science, General; Art; Broadcasting, Nontechnical; Business Administration; Business Education; Business, General Office; Computer Science; Criminal Justice; Dental Hygiene; Dental Technology; Emergency Medical Technology; Engineering; Farm Management Technology; Forestry Technology; Geology; Graphic Arts; Home Economics; Language Arts; Livestock Management; Management; Mathematics; Medical Technology; Nurses Aide; Nursing, Practical; Office Technology; Paralegal; Physical Education; Physical Therapy Aide; Physical Therapy Technology; Radio Announcing; Respiratory Therapy; Restaurant Operations; Social Work Technology; Television, Commercial & Announcing; Theatre Arts; Veterinary Technology

CONCORDIA

Cloud County Community College

2221 Campus Dr., PO Box 1002, Concordia, KS 66901-1002. Two-Year College. Founded 1965. Contact: Annette Starr, Adm. Assistant of Academic Affairs, (785)243-1435, 800-729-5101, Fax: (785)243-1043, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.cloud.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $70/credit hr.; $3,780 for campus apartment (includes meals). Enrollment: Total 798. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (1-2 Yr); Agribusiness (1-2 Yr); Business Administration (1-2 Yr); Child Care & Guidance (1-2 Yr); Computer Networking (1-2 Yr); Drafting Technology (1-2 Yr); Fire Science (1-2 Yr); Graphic Design (1-2 Yr); Journalism (1-2 Yr); Management (1-2 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (1-2 Yr); Paralegal (1-2 Yr); Radio (1-2 Yr); Secretarial, General (1 Yr); Teacher Assistant (1-2 Yr); Web Development (1-2 Yr)

DODGE CITY

Dodge City Community College

2501 N. 14th Ave., Dodge City, KS 67801-2399. Two-Year College. Founded 1935. Contact: Tammy Tabor, Dir. of Admissions, (620)227-9359, (620)225-1321, 800-367-3222, Fax: (620)227-9200, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.dc3.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,050. Enrollment: Total 2,025. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (12 Mo); Manicurist (10 Wk)

EL DORADO

Butler County Community College

901 S. Haverhill, El Dorado, KS 67042. Two-Year College. Founded 1927. Contact: Paul Kyle, Dir. of Enrollment Management, (316)321-2222, Fax: (316)322-0891, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.butlercc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $53/credit hr., in-state; $51/credit hr., Butler County; $95/credit hr., out-of-state; $149/credit hr., international. Enrollment: Total 8,400. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma, Associate. Accreditation: NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Agricultural Science (2 Yr); Art (2 Yr); Auto Body Design (2 Yr); Automotive Technology (2 Yr); Biological Technology (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Business Education (1-2 Yr); Chemical Technology; Communications Technology (2 Yr); Computer Science (2 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Drafting Technology (2 Yr); Drug & Alcohol Counseling (2 Yr); Early Childhood Specialist (1-2 Yr); Economics & Business Administration; Electrical Technology (2 Yr); Engineering Technology (2 Yr); Fire Science (1-2 Yr); Horticulture; Hospitality (1-2 Yr); Information Systems; Language; Language Arts; Marketing (2 Yr); Mathematics (2 Yr); Music (2 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Office, General (2 Yr); Physical Education; Secretarial, General (2 Yr); Social Work Technology; Theatre Arts (2 Yr); Welding Technology (2 Yr)

ELWOOD

Stroud Truck Driving Academy

PO Box 111, Elwood, KS 66024-0111. Trade and Technical. Founded 1995. Contact: Bill Stroud, 800-365-1310, Fax: (913)365-1114. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Week. Tuition: $2,850; housing $100/week. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Truck Driving (4 Wk)

EMPORIA

Flint Hills Technical College

3301 W. 18th Ave., Emporia, KS 66801. Two-Year College. Founded 1963. Contact: Lisa Kirmer, Dean of Student Services, (620)341-2300, (620)343-4600, 800-711-6947, Fax: (620)343-7252, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.fhtc.kansas.net. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $2,104 per semester. Enrollment: Total 194. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ADA; CAAHEP; COE. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Art, Advertising - Commercial (1-2 Yr); Automotive Technology (1-2 Yr); Computer Information Science (1 Yr); Computer Networking (2 Yr); Construction Technology (1-2 Yr); Culinary Arts (1-2 Yr); Dental Assisting (1-2 Yr); Drafting Technology (2 Yr); Graphic Arts (2 Yr); Maintenance Technology (1-2 Yr); Manufacturing Technology (2 Yr); Nursing, Practical (1-2 Yr); Office, General (2 Yr); Paramedic (2 Yr); Power Plant Mechanics (2 Yr)

FORT SCOTT

Fort Scott Community College

2108 S. Horton St., Fort Scott, KS 66701. Two-Year College. Founded 1919. Contact: Steve Armstrong, Dean of Students, (620)223-2700, 800-874-3722, Fax: (620)223-4927, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.fortscott.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $54/hour, in-state; $82/hour in MO, OK, CO, NE; $110/hour, out-of-state; $132/hour, international. Enrollment: Total 882. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Business Education; Cosmetology; Environmental Technology; General Studies; Medical Administrative Assistant; Nursing, Vocational; Secretarial, Science; Truck Driving

GARDEN CITY

Garden City Community College

801 Campus Dr., Garden City, KS 67846. Two-Year College. Founded 1919. Contact: Judy Crymble, Dean Technical Education, (620)276-7611, 800-658-1696, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.gcccks.edu; Nikki Geier, Admissions Dir., E-mail: nikki. [email protected] Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Other. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 2,386. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Agriculture Production (18 Mo); Agri-Engineering & Mechanics (18 Mo); Automation Technology (18 Mo); Building Trades (18 Mo); Cosmetology (10 Mo); Criminal Justice (18 Mo); Distributive Education (18 Mo); Drafting Technology (18 Mo); Farm Management Technology (18 Mo); Industrial Technology (18 Mo); Irrigation Engineering Technology (18 Mo); Meat Cutting, Packing & Handling (18 Mo); Nursing, R.N. (18 Mo); Office Technology (9 Mo); Printing (18 Mo)

GOODLAND

Northwest Kansas Technical College

1209 Harrison St., PO Box 668, Goodland, KS 67735. Trade and Technical. Founded 1964. Contact: Kenneth A. Clouse, President, (785)899-3641, 800-316-4127, Fax: (785)899-5711, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.nwktc.org; Paul Chaffin, Dir. of Student Services, E-mail: [email protected] Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Hour. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 318. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Auto Body & Fender Repair (2800 Hr); Auto Mechanics (2160 Hr); Carpentry (1704 Hr); Communications Technology (2480 Hr); Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Diesel Technology (2800 Hr); Drafting Technology (2520 Hr); Electrical Technology (2800 Hr); Electronics Technology (2440 Hr); Welding Technology (1080 Hr)

GREAT BEND

Barton County Community College

245 NE 30 Rd., Great Bend, KS 67530. Two-Year College. Founded 1969. Contact: Todd Moore, Dir. of Admissions, (620)792-2701, 800-722-6842, Fax: (620)786-1160, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.bartonccc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $47/credit hour, in-state; $68/credit hour, out-of-state; $123/credit foreign ($18/credit hour fees). Enrollment: Total 1,116. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Auto Mechanics; Child Care & Guidance; Computer Science - Terminal Operation; Criminal Justice; Data Processing; Farm Management Technology; Interior Design; Medical Assistant; Medical Laboratory Technology; Medical Transcription; Mid-Management; Nursing, Practical; Nursing, R.N.; Secretarial, Administrative; Secretarial, General; Secretarial, Legal; Secretarial, Medical; Small Business Management; Word Processing

HAYS

Fort Hays State University

600 Park St., Hays, KS 67601-4099. Other. Founded 1902. Contact: Tricia Cline, Dir. of Admissions, (785)628-4099, (785)628-3478, 800-628-3478, Fax: (785)628-4046, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.fhsu.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,526 KS residents; $2,116 Contiguous States; $4,788 non-resident; $2,657 room and board. Enrollment: Total 7,021. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: JRCERT; NASM; NCATE; NLNAC; NCA-HLC; CCNE. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Business Occupations

Hays Academy of Hair Design

119 W. 10th St., Hays, KS 67601. Cosmetology. Contact: Summer Melvin, Owner, (785)628-6624, (785)628-3981. Private. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $7,300 cosmetology; $2,295 nail technician (prices do not include books and supplies). Enrollment: men 0, women 36. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Nail Technology (350 Hr)

HESSTON

Hesston College

325 S. College Dr., PO Box 3000, Hesston, KS 67062-2093. Two-Year College. Founded 1909. Contact: Clark Roth, VP Admissions, (620)327-4221, 800-995-2757, Fax: (620)327-8300, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.hesston.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $7,575/semester; room and board $2,810. Enrollment: Total 411. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: NLNAC; NCAHLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Aviation Technology (2 Yr); Bible Study (2 Yr); Business (2 Yr); Computer Technology (2 Yr); Early Childhood Education (2 Yr); Minister (2 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr)

HIGHLAND

Highland Community College

606 W. Main, Highland, KS 66035. Two-Year College. Founded 1858. Contact: Alice Hamilton, Registrar, (785)442-6000, Fax: (785)442-6107, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.highlandcc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $57 Doniphan Co. resident, $60 KS resident, $114 out-of-state, $259 international resident. Enrollment: Total 623. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Agriculture, General; Art; Athletic Trainer; Business; Communications Technology; Computer Science; Criminal Justice; Drama Theatre; Early Childhood Specialist; Forestry Technology; Interior Design; Mathematics; Music; Nursing, R.N.; Office, General; Photography; Physical Therapy Technology; Radiologic Technology; Respiratory Therapy; Veterinary Technology

HUTCHINSON

Hutchinson Community College

1300 N. Plum, Hutchinson, KS 67501. Two-Year College. Founded 1928. Contact: Mike Tonn, Research Coordinator, (620)665-3382, (620)665-3500, 800-289-3501, Fax: (620)665-3310, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.hutchcc.edu; Corbin Strobel, Admissions Dir., E-mail: [email protected] Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $49 per credit hour, state resident; $102 per credit hour, non-resident; $117/credit international. Enrollment: Total 2,076. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: CAAHEP; JRCERT; NLNAC; NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Agriculture - Production (1-2 Yr); Auto Mechanics (1-2 Yr); Automotive Collision Repair (1-2 Yr); Banking (2 Yr); Building Construction Technology (1-2 Yr); Child Care & Guidance (1 Yr); Clerical, General (1-2 Yr); Computer Technology (1-2 Yr); Criminal Justice (1-2 Yr); Drafting Technology (2 Yr); Electronics Technology (2 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (1-2 Yr); Fire Science (2 Yr); Machine Technology (2 Yr); Management (1-2 Yr); Manufacturing Technology (2 Yr); Mechanics, Diesel (1-2 Yr); Medical Record Technology (2 Yr); Nursing, Vocational (1-2 Yr); Paralegal (2 Yr); Printing (1-2 Yr); Radiologic Technology (2 Yr); Ranch & Farm Management (2 Yr); Secretarial, General (1-2 Yr); Surgical Technology (1 Yr); Telecommunications Technology (2 Yr); Travel & Tourism (2 Yr); Visual Communications (2 Yr); Welding Technology (1-2 Yr)

Sidney's Hairdressing College, Inc.

916 E. 4th, Hutchinson, KS 67501. Cosmetology. Founded 1960. Contact: Bill Wyer, Pres., (620)662-5481, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.sidneyshair.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Term: Other. Tuition: $8,150 plus $1,050 books and supplies. Enrollment: men 2, women 52. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr)

INDEPENDENCE

Independence Community College

1057 West College Ave., Independence, KS 67301-0708. Two-Year College. Contact: Judith Hansen, President, (620)331-4100, (620)331-4202, 800-842-6063, Fax: (620)331-5344, Web Site: http://www.indycc.edu; Sally Ciufulescu, Dir. of Admissions, E-mail: [email protected] Public. Coed. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $1,216 in-state; $1,216 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Associate.

IOLA

Allen County Community College

1801 N. Cottonwood, Iola, KS 66749-1698. Two-Year College. Founded 1923. Contact: Dr. Allene D. Knedlik, VP for Academic and Student Affairs, (620)365-5116, Fax: (316)365-7406, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.allencc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $60/credit hour, county resident; $63/credit out-of-county/state; $152/credit international. Enrollment: Total 1,065. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Agricultural Science; Business; Business Management; Child Care & Guidance; Communications Technology; Computer Networking; Computer Science; Distributive Education; Electronics Technology; Emergency Medical Technology; Engineering; Engineering Technology; Farm Management Technology; Geriatric Care; Health Aide; Horse Management; Library Technology; Manufacturing Technology; Medication Aide; Natural Resources Technology; Nurse, Assistant; Police Science; Radiation Protection; Secretarial, Technical

KANSAS CITY

Bethany Medical Center, School of Radiologic Technology

51 N. 12th St., Kansas City, KS 66102. Allied Medical. Founded 1936. Contact: Mary Renz, B.A., R.T.(R)(M), (913)281-8874, Fax: (913)281-8047. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $500 per semester. Enrollment: Total 6. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: JRCERT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Radiologic Technology (2 Yr)

Cutting Edge Hairstyling Academy

4327 State Ave., Kansas City, KS 66102. Cosmetology. Founded 1957. Contact: Douglas R. Rushing, President, (913)321-0214, (913)962-0076, Web Site: http://cuttingedge-kc.com; Web Site: http://cuttingedge-kc.com/contact-main.html. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $7,900 cosmetology; $8,000 barbering (prices do not include books and supplies). Enrollment: Total 158. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Financial aid available. Curriculum: Barbering (1500 Hr); Cosmetology (1500 Hr)

Donnelly College

608 N. 18th St., Kansas City, KS 66102. Two-Year College. Founded 1949. Contact: Amber Bloomfield, Admissions, (913)621-6070, (913)621-8700, Fax: (913)621-0354, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.donnelly.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $3,700/yr. Enrollment: Total 396. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Business Education; Data Processing; Early Childhood Education; Engineering Technology

Kansas Area Technical School

2220 N. 59th St., Kansas City, KS 66104. Trade and Technical. Founded 1968. Contact: Deborah M. Reynolds, (913)627-4100, Fax: (913)627-4109, Web Site: http://www.kckats.com. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 600. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NATEF. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (1290 Hr); Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration (1290 Hr); Auto Body & Fender Repair (1290 Hr); Auto Mechanics (1290 Hr); Clerical, General (720 Hr); Clerical, Medical (720 Hr); Computer Applications (720 Hr); Computer Networking (720 Hr); Computer Repair (1290 Hr); Construction Technology (1290 Hr); Cooking, Commercial (720 Hr); Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Drafting Technology (1290 Hr); Early Childhood Education (880 Hr); Facility Services Technology (720 Hr); Graphic Arts (1290 Hr); Machine Shop (1290 Hr); Nursing, Practical (1290 Hr); Secretarial, General (1290 Hr); Secretarial, Medical (1290 Hr); Video Production (1290 Hr); Welding Technology (1080 Hr)

Kansas City, Kansas Area Technical School

2220 N. 59th St., Kansas City, KS 66104-2821. Trade and Technical. Contact: Johnny Stevenson, Dir., (913)627-4100, (913)627-4161, Web Site: http://www.kckats.com. Public. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $2,163. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

Kansas City Kansas Community College

7250 State Ave., Kansas City, KS 66112. Two-Year College. Founded 1923. Contact: Dr. Denise McDowell, Dean of Enrollment Management, (913)334-1100, (913)288-7600, 800-640-0352, Fax: (913)288-7648, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.kckcc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $59 per credit hour, resident; $157 per credit hour non-resident; online access fee $20; telecourse fee $20 per course. Enrollment: Total 5,807. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: NLNAC; NCA-HLC; ABFSE; ACBSP; CAPTE; CARC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Business (2 Yr); Business, International (2 Yr); Child Care & Guidance (2 Yr); Computer Technology (2 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Data Processing (2 Yr); Drafting Technology (2 Yr); Electronics Technology (2 Yr); Fire Science (2 Yr); Geriatric Care (2 Yr); Health Care & Management (2 Yr); Law Enforcement (2 Yr); Mental Health Technology (2 Yr); Mid-Management (2 Yr); Mortuary Science (2 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Paralegal (2 Yr); Physical Therapy Aide (2 Yr); Recreation Therapy (2 Yr); Respiratory Therapy (2 Yr)

LAWRENCE

Haskell Indian Nations University

155 Indian Ave., Lawrence, KS 66046. Other. Founded 1884. Contact: Dr. Karen G. Swisher, Student Services Office, (785)749-8404, (785)749-8497, Fax: (785)749-8411, Web Site: http://www.haskell.edu; Ellen Allen, Admissions Dir.. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: Fees required. Enrollment: Total 865. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Art; Business Administration; Computer Information Science; Early Childhood Education; Entrepreneurship; Environmental Technology; Media Technology; Natural Resources Technology; Office Administration; Physical Education; Social Work Technology; Theatre Arts; Tribal Management

Kansas School of Floral Design

PO Box 442370, Lawrence, KS 66044-8937. Trade and Technical. Founded 1977. Contact: Bill C. Nye, (785)843-1400. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Term: Month. Tuition: $700. Enrollment: Total 80. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Floristry (4 Wk)

Real Estate School of Lawrence

PO Box 3271, Lawrence, KS 66046. Business. Founded 1979. Contact: Charlene J. Garzillo, (785)843-1309, (785)766-1990, Fax: (785)749-7375, E-mail: [email protected] Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $225. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Curriculum: Real Estate Sales License

LENEXA

Brown Mackie College-Kansas City

9705 Lenexa Dr., Lenexa, KS 66215. Two-Year College. Contact: Richard Thome, President, (913)768-1900, 800-635-9101, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.brownmackie.edu. Private. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $6,444 in-state; $6,444 out-of-state. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate.

LIBERAL

Seward County Community College

1801 N. Kansas Ave., Box 1137, Liberal, KS 67905-1137. Two-Year College. Founded 1969. Contact: Jon Armstrong, Dir. of Admissions, (620)624-1951, (620)629-2616, 800-373-9951, Fax: (620)626-3016, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.sccc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $57/credit, in-state; $80/credit, out-of-state; $67/credit border county; $81/credit on-line. Enrollment: Total 643. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: CAAHEP; NLNAC; NAACLS; NCAHLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General; Agribusiness (2 Yr); Agricultural Science; Agriculture - Production (1 Yr); Bank Management; Business Administration; Computer Science Terminal Operation (1 Yr); Cosmetology; Criminal Justice (1 Yr); Engineering; Marketing (2 Yr); Mathematics; Medical Laboratory Technology (2 Yr); Nursing, Practical (1 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Respiratory Therapy (2 Yr); Secretarial, General (2 Yr); Stenography, General (2 Yr); Visual Communications; Word Processing (1 Yr)

Southwest Kansas Technical School

2215 N. Kansas, PO Box 1599, Liberal, KS 67901. Trade and Technical. Founded 1966. Contact: Ed Poley, Dir., (620)604-2900, 800-818-3819, Fax: (620)604-2901, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.usd480.net/swkts. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $944 per semester. Enrollment: men 200, women 100. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (1356 Hr); Auto Mechanics (1356 Hr); Automotive Collision Repair (1356 Hr); Auto Parts Management (1356 Hr); Business, General Office (1116 Hr); Business Occupations (1116 Hr); Carpentry (1356 Hr); Communications Technology (1356 Hr); Drafting, Technical Illustrated (2196 Hr); Health Aide (120 Hr); Health Occupations (120 Hr); Machine Shop (1356 Hr); Mechanics, Diesel (1356 Hr); Medical Assistant (1116 Hr); Microcomputers; Nurse, Assistant (120 Hr); Truck Driving (240 Hr); Welding Technology (1356 Hr)

MANHATTAN

Crum's Beauty College

PO Box 663, Manhattan, KS 66505. Cosmetology. Founded 1956. Contact: Ruth Chartier, (785)776-4794, Fax: (785)776-4482, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.crumsbeautycollege.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Hour. Tuition: $1,000-$8,853 plus books and supplies. Enrollment: men 4, women 84. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Cosmetology Instructor (300 Hr); Manicurist (350 Hr); Skin Care (650 Hr)

Manhattan Area Technical College

3136 Dickens Ave., Manhattan, KS 66503-2499. Trade and Technical. Founded 1965. Contact: Rick Smith, Dir. of Admission and Recruiting, (785)587-2800, 800-352-7575, Fax: (785)587-2804, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.matc.net. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $1,135 per year for 9-month program, in-state. Enrollment: men 200, women 200. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: NATEF; NCA-HLC; NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (9 Mo); Automotive Collision Repair (9 Mo); Automotive Technology (18 Mo); Building Trades (9 Mo); Computer Business Systems Technology (9 Mo); Computer Repair (18 Mo); Computer Technology (10 Mo); Drafting Technology (12 Mo); Emergency Medical Technology; Graphic Arts (9 Mo); Nursing, Practical (11 Mo); Nursing, R.N. (11 Mo); Power Lineman (12 Mo); Welding Technology (9 Mo)

MCPHERSON

Hutchinson Community College Practical Nursing Program

925 N. Walnut St., McPherson, KS 67460. Nursing. Founded 1965. Contact: Sandy Pangburn, Dir. of McPherson PN Center, (620)241-4417, 800-289-3501, Fax: (620)241-8616, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://hutchcc.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $4,000. Enrollment: Total 36. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NLNAC; NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Nursing, Practical (10 Mo)

OLATHE

Superior School of Hairstyling

1215 E. Santa Fe, Olathe, KS 66061. Cosmetology. Founded 1991. Contact: Joe Hancock, (913)782-4004, Fax: (913)782-0449, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.superiorbeautyschools.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $7,750 cosmetology; $1,500 manicuring (prices do not include books and supplies). Enrollment: men 7, women 177. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Manicurist (350 Hr)

OVERLAND PARK

BMSI Institute

8665 W. 96th St., Ste. 300, Overland Park, KS 66212. Allied Medical, Trade and Technical. Founded 1994. Contact: R. Keith Monsivaiz, Dir. of Student Services, (913)649-3322, Fax: (913)649-1010, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://bmsi.edu; Web Site: http://bmsi.edu/index.cfm?fuseaction=home. contact. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $9,100/650 hour program. Enrollment: men 12, women 48. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: COMTA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (650 Hr)

College of Hair Design

10324 Mastin, Overland Park, KS 66212. Cosmetology. Contact: Joe Hancock, President, (913)782-4004, (913)492-4114. Private. Coed. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Other. Tuition: $7,550 cosmetology; $5,650 Esthetician (prices do not include books and supplies). Enrollment: men 3, women 78. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Financial aid available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Esthetician (650 Hr)

Johnson County Community College

12345 College Blvd., Overland Park, KS 66210-1299. Two-Year College. Founded 1969. Contact: Julie Haas, (913)469-8500, Fax: (913)469-2559, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://jccc.net. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: men 8,297, women 10,330. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, Clerical (2 Yr); Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration (2 Yr); Automation Technology (2 Yr); Biomedical Technology (2 Yr); Business (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Business, General Office (2 Yr); Chef Training (2 Yr); Civil Engineering Technology (2 Yr); Commercial Art (2 Yr); Computer Technology (2 Yr); Data Processing; Dental Hygiene (2 Yr); Drafting Technology (2 Yr); Electrical Technology (2 Yr); Electronics Technology (2 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology; Engineering (2 Yr); Entrepreneurship (2 Yr); Fashion Design & Merchandising (2 Yr); Fire Protection Technology (2 Yr); Hospitality (2 Yr); Information Sciences Technology (2 Yr); Inhalation Therapy Technology (2 Yr); Interior Design (2 Yr); Journalism (2 Yr); Law Enforcement (2 Yr); Marketing Management (2 Yr); Metal Trades Technology (2 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Paralegal (2 Yr); Plant Science (2 Yr); Police Science (2 Yr); Secretarial, General; Word Processing (2 Yr)

LaBaron Hairdressing Academy (Overland Park)

8119 Robinson, Overland Park, KS 66204. Cosmetology. Founded 1959. Contact: Lesia Wroble Cochran, Dir., (913)642-0077, Fax: (913)642-0077, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.labarononline.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $6,900; Manicuring $800. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1000 Hr); Manicurist (100 Hr)

New Horizons Computer Learning Center of Kansas City

9611-E Metcalf Ave., Overland Park, KS 66212. Trade and Technical. Founded 1982. Contact: Paul Ostrom, (913)381-6157, 800-309-1371, Fax: (913)381-8232, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.newhorizonskc.com; Web Site: http://www.newhorizonskc.com/inforeq/inforeq.cfm. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies with program. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Computer Operations; Computer Programming; Computer Science

PARSONS

Labette Community College

200 S. 14th St., Parsons, KS 67357. Two-Year College. Founded 1923. Contact: Dr. Wayne Hatcher, Dean of Student Services, (620)421-6700, (620)820-1264, 888-522-3883, Fax: (620)421-4481, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.labette.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $67 per credit hour KS resident; $88/credit AK, MO, OK resident; $121/credit other states. Enrollment: Total 1,376. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: JRCRTE; CAAHEP; NLNAC; NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Business Management (2 Yr); Computer Technology (2 Yr); Criminal Justice (2 Yr); Emergency Medical Technology (10 Cr); Graphic Design (2 Yr); Handicapped, Special Education (2 Yr); Medical Technology - Restorative Aid (2 Cr); Medication Aide (4 Cr); Nurses Aide (5 Cr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Office Technology (2 Yr); Respiratory Therapy (2 Yr); Small Business Management (2 Yr)

PRATT

Pratt Community College, Area Vocational School

348 NE S.R. 61, Pratt, KS 67124. Two-Year College. Founded 1938. Contact: William Wojciechowski, Pres., (620)672-9800, (620)672-5641, 800-794-3091, Fax: (620)672-5288, Web Site: http://www.prattcc.edu; Lynn Perez, Dir. of Admissions, E-mail: [email protected] Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $40 per credit hour; $40 nonresident; $83 international. Enrollment: men 742, women 708. Degrees awarded: Associate. Accreditation: NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (2 Yr); Agri-Management (2 Yr); Agri-Power Equipment (2 Yr); Auto Mechanics (2 Yr); Business Administration (2 Yr); Distributive Education (1 Yr); Geriatric Care (2 Yr); Mechanics, Diesel (1 Yr); Nursing, Practical (1 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (2 Yr); Power Lineman (2 Yr); Secretarial, General (1 Yr)

SALINA

Academy of Hair Design

115 S. 5th St., Salina, KS 67401. Cosmetology. Founded 1967. Contact: George A. Smolich, Owner/Dir., (785)825-8155, 800-834-8151, Fax: (913)825-0417, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.academyofhairsalina.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $7,995 cosmetology; $4,650 esthetician (prices do not include books and supplies). Enrollment: men 2, women 75. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Esthetician (650 Hr)

Brown Mackie College-Salina

2106 S. 9th St., Salina, KS 67401-7307. Two-Year College. Founded 1892. Contact: Richard M. Thome, Pres., (785)825-5422, 800-365-0433, Fax: (785)827-7623, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.bmcaec.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $7,200/yr. Enrollment: Total 325. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma, Certificate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Accounting, General (24 Mo); Business Management (24 Mo); Computer Aided Drafting & Design (24 Mo); Computer Applications (24 Mo); Computer Networking (6 Mo); Computer Programming (24 Mo); Computer Servicing Software Applications (24 Mo); Criminal Justice (24 Mo); Electronics Technology (24 Mo); Medical Assistant (24 Mo); Paralegal (24 Mo)

Kansas State University, Salina College of Technology and Aviation

2310 Centennial Rd., Salina, KS 67401. Other. Founded 1965. Contact: Dixie L. Schierlman, Associate Dean, (785)826-2640, (785)826-2643, 800-248-5782, Fax: (785)826-2627, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.sal.ksu.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $152 per credit hour, in-state; $445 per credit hour, out-state. Enrollment: Total 1,000. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ABET; FAA. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Aircraft Flight Instruction, Commercial Flying (2-4 Yr); Aviation Maintenance Technology (2-4 Yr); Civil Engineering Technology (2 Yr); Computer Information Science (2-4 Yr); Computer Technology (4 Yr); Engineering Technology, Electronic (2-4 Yr); Engineering Technology, Mechanical (2 Yr); Power Plant Mechanics

Salina Area Technical School

2562 Centennial Rd., Salina, KS 67401. Trade and Technical. Founded 1965. Contact: Jerry Seim, (785)309-3100, (785)309-3107, 800-466-7989, Fax: (785)309-3101, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.salinatech.com. Public. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $706 per semester. Enrollment: men 265, women 48. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NCA-HLC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Advertising (18 Mo); Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (9 Mo); Auto Body & Fender Repair (9 Mo); Automotive Technology (14 Mo); Computer Aided Drafting (9 Mo); Computer Business Systems Technology (9 Mo); Construction Technology (9 Mo); Dental Assisting (9 Mo); Diesel Technology (18 Mo); Electronics Technology (18 Mo); Environmental Technology; Horticulture (9 Mo); Machine Shop (9 Mo); Welding Technology (9 Mo)

TOPEKA

American Academy of Hair Design

901 SW 37th St., Topeka, KS 66611. Cosmetology. Founded 1980. Contact: David Yocum, (785)267-5800, 800-696-1765, Fax: (785)267-2109, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.americanacademy.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Year. Tuition: $9,300 cosmetology plus $1,756 books and supplies. Enrollment: men 3, women 79. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Beauty; Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Hair Styling; Manicurist; Massage Therapy

Bryan College

1527 S.W. Fairlawn Rd., Topeka, KS 66604. Trade and Technical, Allied Medical, Business. Founded 1982. Contact: Rebecca Cox, Dir., (785)272-0889, 800-764-4423, Fax: (785)272-4538, Web Site: http://www.bryancc.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $6,450-$11,450. Enrollment: Total 75. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: ACICS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Business Administration (60 Wk); Computer Networking (60 Wk); Computer Programming (60 Wk); Medical Assistant (60 Wk); Medical Office Management (60 Hr)

Kansas Massage Institute, Inc.

4525 SW. 21st St., Topeka, KS 66604. Trade and Technical. Founded 1996. Contact: June Jones, Exec. Dir./Instructor, (785)273-4747, 888-358-4747, Fax: (785)273-5152, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.kansasmassageinstitute.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $8,054; $605 cost for books. Enrollment: Total 35. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: AMTA; NCBTMB; ABMP. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Massage Therapy (650 Hr)

Kaw Area Technical School

5724 Huntoon, Topeka, KS 66604-2199. Trade and Technical. Founded 1964. Contact: Rich Hoffman, Dir., (785)273-7140, 877-588-7140, Fax: (785)271-7080, Web Site: http://www.kats.tec.ks.us; Web Site: http://www.kats.tec.ks.us/contact.html. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Semester. Tuition: Varies; $1,080 to $2,160 average. Enrollment: Total 2,400. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Air Conditioning & Heating (1080 Hr); Auto Body & Fender Repair (1080 Hr); Auto Mechanics (1080 Hr); Building Construction Technology (1080 Hr); Cabinet & Mill Work (1080 Hr); Child Care & Guidance (540 Hr); Civil Engineering Technology (1080 Hr); Computer Networking (1080 Hr); Computer Repair (1080 Hr); Cooperative Education (810 Hr); Custodial Training (135 Hr); Data Entry (540 Hr); Drafting, Technical Illustrated (1080 Hr); Electrical Technology (1080 Hr); Electronics Technology (1080 Hr); Food Preparation & Service (1080 Hr); Graphic Arts (1080 Hr); Health Aide (270 Hr); Horticulture (1080 Hr); Industrial Maintenance (1080 Hr); Interior Design (810 Hr); Machine Shop (1080 Hr); Mechanics, Diesel (1080 Hr); Nurses Aide (132 Hr); Nursing, Practical (1200 Hr); Office Technology (1080 Hr); Photography - Photo Equipment Technology (1080 Hr); Secretarial, Legal (1080 Hr); Secretarial, Medical (1080 Hr); Surgical Technology (1200 Hr); Warehouse Management (1080 Hr); Welding Technology (1080 Hr)

Stuppy's Mid-America School of Floral Design

1720 SW 42nd St., Topeka, KS 66609. Trade and Technical. Founded 1972. Contact: Bill Harper, Dir., (785)842-3071, 888-859-4199, Fax: (785)472-0969, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.stuppy.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $945 basic design; $345 advanced design. Enrollment: Total 162. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Floristry (2 Wk)

Topeka Technical College

1620 NW Gage, Topeka, KS 66618. Trade and Technical. Founded 1968. Contact: Joe Drennen, President, (785)232-5858, 800-808-6735, Fax: (785)235-6745, Web Site: http://www.educationamerica.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Quarter. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 340. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Computer Information Science (18 Mo); Computer Networking (18 Mo); Electronic Engineering Technology (18 Mo); Information Systems (18 Mo)

WICHITA

Friends University

2100 University Ave., Wichita, KS 67213. Other. Founded 1898. Contact: Amy Newlin, Dir. of Enrollment Services, (316)295-5000, (316)295-5100, 800-794-6945, Fax: (316)295-5101, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.friends.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $15,310. Enrollment: Total 2,302. Degrees awarded: Associate, Diploma. Accreditation: NASM; NCATE; NCA-HLC. Financial aid available. Handicapped facilities available.

Kansas School of Hairstyling

1207 E. Douglas, Wichita, KS 67211. Barber. Founded 1955. Contact: John Jewell, Dir., (316)264-4891, Fax: (316)263-5704. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $7,505. Enrollment: men 20, women 30. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: NABS; ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Barbering (43 Wk); Cosmetology (43 Wk)

Letizia's College - Art of Dress Design

1502 S. Hillside, Wichita, KS 67211. Trade and Technical, Art, Two-Year College, Other. Founded 1975. Contact: Letizia Fuhr, (316)684-2977. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $20,000 2 year program; $2,500 quarterly tuition; $240 application fee; $425-$500 supplies. Enrollment: women 3. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NASAD. Approved: Vet. Admin. Curriculum: Fashion Design & Illustration (2 Yr)

Models and Images

434 N. Oliver St., Ste. 102, Wichita, KS 67208. Other. Founded 1984. Contact: Kris Myer, Admissions Dir., (316)612-9070, Fax: (316)612-9073, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.modelsandimages.com; Kari Schaffer, Office Manager. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $525, $2,000. Enrollment: men 10, women 50. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Modeling, Professional (6 Mo)

Old Town Barber And Beauty College

1207 E. Douglas, Wichita, KS 67211-1605. Barber, Cosmetology. Contact: John E. Jewell, Director owner, (316)264-4891. Private. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $1,165-$7,155 plus books and supplies. Enrollment: Total 51. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Curriculum: Barbering (1500 Hr); Cosmetology (1500-2000H); Nail Technology (350 Hr)

Realty School of Kansas (RSK)

3241 E. Douglas, Wichita, KS 67218. Business. Founded 1973. Contact: L. D. Rickard, (316)685-3652, (316)682-4152, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://rsk.net/school.htm. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Real Estate, Basic; Real Estate Broker; Real Estate, Financing; Real Estate Law; Real Estate Management; Real Estate Sales License

St. Francis Regional Medical Center, School of Radiologic Sciences

929 N. St. Francis Ave., Wichita, KS 67214. Allied Medical. Contact: Susan Duncan, Dir., (316)268-5920, Fax: (316)291-7964, Web Site: http://www.viachristi.org. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Year. Tuition: $1,800 per year; $3,600 complete program. Enrollment: Total 36. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: CAAHEP. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Radiologic Technology (24 Mo)

Vernon's Kansas School of Cosmetology

2531 South Seneca, Wichita, KS 67217-2803. Cosmetology. Founded 1938. Contact: Frederick J. Laurino, Owner, (316)265-2629, Fax: (316)263-9985, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.vksc.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Hour. Tuition: $7,878 cosmetology; $1,837 manicuring (prices do not include books and supplies). Enrollment: men 4, women 88. Degrees awarded: Diploma. Accreditation: NACCAS. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Cosmetology (1500 Hr); Manicurist (350 Hr)

Wesley Medical Center

550 N. Hillside AVe., Wichita, KS 67214. Allied Medical. Founded 1948. Contact: Kathy Riedel, Dir. of Imaging Srvc., (316)962-2900, Fax: (316)962-7216. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Year. Tuition: $3,000. Enrollment: Total 30. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: CAAHEP. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Radiologic Technology (2 Yr)

Wichita Area Technical College

301 South Grove, Wichita, KS 67211-2099. Trade and Technical. Founded 1965. Contact: Camille E. Kluge, President, (316)677-9400, (316)677-9436, Web Site: http://www.watc.edu. Public. Coed. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: $3,865. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Curriculum: Accounting, Clerical (36 Wk); Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (42 Wk); Aircraft Mechanics (21 Mo); Airframe Mechanics (48 Wk); Auto Body & Fender Repair (42 Wk); Auto Mechanics (42 Wk); Aviation Maintenance Technology (21 Mo); Avionics (44 Wk); Cabinet & Mill Work (42 Wk); Carpentry (42 Wk); Clerical, General (27 Wk); Culinary Arts (42 Wk); Data Processing (51 Wk); Dental Assisting (36 Wk); Dietician Training (46 Wk); Drafting, Composite (42 Wk); Electricity, Apprenticeship (42 Wk); Electronics & Communication (78 Wk); Electronics Technology (2 Yr); Horticulture (36 Wk); Machine Shop (42 Wk); Machine Tool & Die (42 Wk); Mechanics, Diesel (78 Wk); Mechanics, Power Plant (48 Wk); Medical Assistant (36 Wk); Medical Laboratory Technology (2 Yr); Moldmaking (48 Wk); Pharmacy Technician (25 Wk); Power Plant Mechanics (48 Wk); Secretarial, General (18 Wk); Secretarial, Legal (42 Wk); Surgical Technology (10 Mo); Truck Driving (6 Wk); Welding Technology (42 Wk)

Wichita Area Technical College, Practical Nurse Program

324 N. Emporia St., Wichita, KS 67202. Trade and Technical. Contact: Dorothy Hawthorne, (316)677-1374, Fax: (316)677-1332, E-mail: [email protected] Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 100. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: NLNAC. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Nurse, Assistant (5 Wk); Nursing, Practical (1-2 Yr)

Wichita State University, College of Health Professions

1845 N. Fairmount, Wichita, KS 67260-0043. Allied Medical, Nursing. Founded 1970. Contact: Peter A. Cohen, Dean, (316)978-3304, (316)978-3600, 800-340-7472, Fax: (316)978-3025, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.chp.wichita.edu. Public. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing available. Term: Semester. Tuition: $136/credit resident; $385/credit non-resident. Enrollment: Total 7,217. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Associate. Accreditation: NAACLS; NCA-HLC; CEPH; CCNE; CAAHEP; ARCEPA; ADA; CAPTE. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Dental Hygiene (2 Yr); Health Care & Management (4 Yr); Medical Technology (4 Yr); Nursing, R.N. (4 Yr); Physicians Assistant (4 Yr); Public Health (6 yr)

Wichita Technical Institute, Inc.

2051 S. Meridan Ave., Wichita, KS 67213-1927. Trade and Technical. Founded 1954. Contact: Rod D. Moore, (316)943-2241, 877-943-2241, Fax: (316)943-5438, E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], Web Site: http://www.wti.edu. Private. Coed. HS diploma required. Out-of-state students accepted. Term: Quarter. Tuition: $14,400-$17,280. Enrollment: men 292, women 33. Degrees awarded: Certificate, Diploma. Accreditation: ACCSCT. Approved: Vet. Admin. Financial aid available. Placement service available. Handicapped facilities available. Curriculum: Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration (15 Mo); Electronics Technology (18 Mo)

Yingling Aviation

2010 Airport Rd., Wichita, KS 67277-0248. Flight and Ground. Founded 1946. Contact: Dax Beal, Chief Flight Instructor, (316)943-3246, 800-835-0083, Fax: (316)943-2484, E-mail: [email protected], Web Site: http://www.yinglingaviation.com. Private. Coed. HS diploma not required. Out-of-state students accepted. Housing not available. Term: Varies with Program. Tuition: Varies. Enrollment: Total 50. Degrees awarded: Certificate. Accreditation: FAA. Financial aid not available. Placement service not available. Handicapped facilities not available. Curriculum: Aircraft Flight Instruction, Airline Transport Pilot (1500 Hr); Aircraft Flight Instruction, Commercial Flying (250 Hr); Aircraft Flight Instruction, Flight Instructor; Aircraft Flight Instruction, Instrument Flying (125 Hr); Aircraft Flight Instruction, Multi-Engine Rating - Airplane (6 Hr); Aircraft Flight Instruction, Primary Flying (40 Hr)

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Kansas

Kansas

1 Location and Size

2 Topography

3 Climate

4 Plants and Animals

5 Environmental Protection

6 Population

7 Ethnic Groups

8 Languages

9 Religions

10 Transportation

11 History

12 State Government

13 Political Parties

14 Local Government

15 Judicial System

16 Migration

17 Economy

18 Income

19 Industry

20 Labor

21 Agriculture

22 Domesticated Animals

23 Fishing

24 Forestry

25 Mining

26 Energy and Power

27 Commerce

28 Public Finance

29 Taxation

30 Health

31 Housing

32 Education

33 Arts

34 Libraries and Museums

35 Communications

36 Press

37 Tourism, Travel & Recreation

38 Sports

39 Famous Kansans

40 Bibliography

State of Kansas

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Named for the Kansa (or Kaw) Indians, the “people of the south wind.” NICKNAME : The Sunflower State; the Jayhawker State.

CAPITAL: Topeka.

ENTERED UNION: 29 January 1861 (34th).

OFFICIAL SEAL: A sun rising over mountains in the background symbolizes the east; commerce is represented by a river and a steamboat. In the foreground, agriculture, the basis of the state’s prosperity, is represented by a settler’s cabin and a man plowing a field. Beyond this is a wagon train heading west and a herd of buffalo fleeing from two Indians. Around the top is the state motto above a cluster of 34 stars; the circle is surrounded by the words “Great Seal of the State of Kansas, January 29, 1861.”

FLAG: The flag consists of a dark blue field with the state seal in the center; a sunflower on a bar of twisted gold and blue is above the seal; the word “Kansas” is below it.

MOTTO: Ad astra per aspera (To the stars through difficulties).

SONG: “Home on the Range.”

MARCH: “The Kansas March.”

FLOWER: Wild native sunflower.

TREE: Cottonwood.

ANIMAL: American buffalo.

BIRD: Western meadowlark.

INSECT: Honeybee.

REPTILE: Ornate box turtle.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year’s Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans’ Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December.

TIME: 6 AM CST = noon GMT; 5 AM MST = noon GMT.

1 Location and Size

Located in the western north-central United States, Kansas is the second-largest Midwestern state (following Minnesota) and ranks 14th among the 50 states. The total area of Kansas is 82,277 square miles (213,097 square kilometers), of which 81,778 square miles (211,805 square kilometers) are land, and the remaining 499 square miles (1,292 square kilometers) inland water. The state has a maximum extension east-west of about 411 miles (661 kilometers) and an extreme north-south distance of about 208 miles (335 kilometers). Kansas has a total boundary length of 1,219 miles (1,962 kilometers).

2 Topography

Three main land regions define the state. The eastern third consists of the Osage Plains, Flint Hills, Dissected Till Plains, and Arkansas River Lowlands. The central third comprises the Smoky Hills to the north and several lowland regions to the south. To the west are the Great Plains, divided into the Dissected High Plains and the High Plains. Kansas generally slopes eastward from a maximum elevation of 4,039 feet (1,232 meters) at Mt. Sunflower on the Colorado border to 679 feet (207 meters) by the Verdigris River at the Oklahoma border.

More than 50,000 streams run through the state and there are hundreds of artificial lakes. Major rivers include the Missouri, the Arkansas, and the Kansas.

Extensive beds of prehistoric ocean fossils lie in the chalk beds of two western counties, Logan and Gove.

3 Climate

Kansas’s continental climate is highly changeable. The average mean temperature is 55°f (13°c). The record high in the state is 121°f (49°c), recorded near Alton on 24 July 1936. The record low is -40°f (-40°c), recorded at Lebanon on 13 February 1905. The normal annual precipitation ranges from slightly more than 40 inches (101.6 centimeters) in the southeast to as little as 16 inches (40.6 centimeters) in the west. The

Kansas Population Profile

Total population estimate in 2006:2,764,075
Population change, 2000–06:2.8%
Hispanic or Latino†:8.4%
Population by race 
One race:97.8%
White:85.2%
Black or African American:5.5%
American Indian /Alaska Native:0.9%
Asian:2.0%
Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander:0.0%
Some other race:4.1%
Two or more races:2.3%

Population by Age Group

Major Cities by Population
City Population % change 2000–05
Notes: †A person of Hispanic or Latino origin may be of any race. NA indicates that data are not available.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey and Population Estimates. www.census.gov/ (accessed March 2007).
Wichita354,8653.1
Overland Park164,81110.6
Kansas City144,210-1.8
Topeka121,946-0.4
Olathe111,33419.8
Lawrence81,8162.1
Shawnee57,62820.1
Manhattan48,6688.6
Salina45,9560.6
Lenexa43,4347.9

overall annual precipitation for the state averages 27 inches (68.6 centimeters), although years of drought have not been uncommon. Tornadoes are a regular fact of Kansas life. The annual mean snowfall ranges from about 36 inches (91.4 centimeters) in the extreme northwest to less than 11 inches (27.9 centimeters) in the far southeast. Dodge City is said to be the windiest city in the United States, with an average wind speed of 14 miles per hour (23 kilometers per hour).

4 Plants and Animals

There are 194 species of grasses covering the state of Kansas. Bluestem, both big and little, grows in most parts of the state. Other grasses include buffalo grass, blue and hairy gramas, and alkali sacaton. One native conifer, eastern red cedar, is found generally throughout the state. Hackberry, black walnut, and sycamore grow in the east, while box elder and cottonwood predominate in western Kansas. There are no native pines. The wild native sunflower, the state flower, is found throughout the state. Other characteristic wild-flowers include wild daisy, ivy-leaved morning glory, and smallflower verbena. As of 2006, the western prairie fringed orchid and Mead’s milk-weed were listed as threatened species and are protected under federal statutes.

Kansas’s native mammals include the common cottontail, black-tailed jackrabbit, and black-tailed prairie dog. The white-tailed deer is

Kansas Population by Race

Census 2000 was the first national census in which the instructions to respondents said, “Mark one or more races.” This table shows the number of people who are of one, two, or three or more races. For those claiming two races, the number of people belonging to the various categories is listed. The U.S. government conducts a census of the population every ten years.

 Number Percent
Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Census 2000: Redistricting Data. Press release issued by the Redistricting Data Office. Washington, D.C., March, 2001. A dash (—) indicates that the percent is less than 0.1.
Total population2,688,418100.0
One race2,631,92297.9
Two races53,3442.0
White and Black or African American9,9700.4
White and American Indian/Alaska Native17,5390.7
White and Asian5,7810.2
White and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander613
White and some other race12,6310.5
Black or African American and American Indian/Alaska Native1,9510.1
Black or African American and Asian661
Black or African American and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander132
Black or African American and some other race1,5140.1
American Indian/Alaska Native and Asian242
American Indian/Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander41
American Indian/Alaska Native and some other race581
Asian and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander433
Asian and some other race1,104
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander and some other race151
Three or more races3,1520.1

the state’s only big-game animal. There are 12 native species of bat, 2 varieties of shrew and mole, and 3 types of pocket gopher. The western meadowlark is the state bird. Kansas has the largest flock of prairie chickens remaining on the North American continent. In April 2006 the US Fish and Wildlife Service named 12 Kansas animal species as threatened or endangered. Among these are the Indiana and gray bats, bald eagle, Eskimo curlew, Topeka Shiner, and blackfooted ferret.

5 Environmental Protection

Water quality is the most crucial environmental problem for Kansas. Protection of the water supply is a primary focus of the state’s environmental efforts. Maintenance of air quality is also a primary effort and the state works actively with the business community to promote pollution prevention.

Strip mining for coal is decreasing in southeast Kansas, and the restoration of resources damaged by previous activities is ongoing.

The state has sufficient capacity for handling solid waste, although the total number of solid waste facilities has decreased in recent years. In 2003, Kansas had 307 hazardous waste sites listed in the Environmental Protection Agency’s database, 10 of which were on the National Priorities List as of 2006.

6 Population

In 2006, Kansas ranked 33rd in population among the states with an estimated total of 2,764,075 residents. The population is projected to reach 2.91 million by 2025. The population density in 2004 was 33.4 persons per square mile (12.89 persons per square kilometer). In 2004, the median age of all residents was 36.1. In 2005, about 13% of the population was 65 years old or older while 25% were 18 or younger. The largest cities in 2005 with their estimated populations were Wichita, 354,865; Overland Park, 164,811; and Kansas City, 144,210.

7 Ethnic Groups

According to the census, there were 24,936 Native Americans living in Kansas in 2000. The same year, black Americans in Kansas numbered 154,198, or 5.7% of the population. There were 188,252 Hispanics and Latinos and 46,806 Asian residents. The largest group of Asians was the Vietnamese with 11,623 residents. There were 8,153 Asian Indians and 7,624 Chinese, as well as sizable communities of Laotians and Cambodians. The census also reported that a total of 80,271 residents (2% of the population) were foreign born. The most common lands of origin were Mexico, Germany, and Vietnam. Among the Europeans who reported descent from a single ancestry group, the leading nationalities were German, English, and Irish.

8 Languages

Regional features of Kansas speech are almost entirely those of the Northern and North Midland dialects. Kansans typically play as children on a teetertotter (seesaw), make white bread sandwiches, and carry water in a pail. The migration by Southerners in the mid-19th century is evidenced in southeastern Kansas by such South Midland terms as pullybone (wishbone) and light bread (white bread). In 2000, about 2,281,705 Kansans (91.3% of the residents five years old or older) spoke only English at home. Other languages (and the number of speakers) were Spanish (137,247), German (16,821), Vietnamese (10,393), and French (6,591).

9 Religions

Isaac McCoy, a Baptist minister, was instrumental in founding the Shawnee Baptist Mission in Johnson County in 1831. Mennonites were drawn to the state by a law passed in 1874 allowing exemptions from military service on religious grounds. Religious freedom is specifically granted in the Kansas constitution, and a wide variety of religious groups is represented in the state.

The leading Protestant denominations are the United Methodist Church, with 162,202 adherents in 2004; the Southern Baptist Convention, 101,696 adherents in 2000; the American Baptist Church, 64,312 in 2000; the Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod, 62,712 in 2000; and the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), 56,908 in 2000. Roman Catholics constitute the largest single religious group in the state, with 409,906 adherents in 2004. The estimated Jewish population in 2000 was 14,500. There were over 18,000 Mennonites throughout the state and about 3,470 Muslims. About 50.6% of the population (or over 1.3 million people) were not counted as members of any religious organization.

10 Transportation

In the heartland of the nation, Kansas is at the crossroads of US road and railway systems. In 2001, Kansas had 25,638 bridges (third in the nation behind Texas and Ohio). In 2004, the state had 135,017 miles (217,377 kilometers) of public roads. There were 845,000 automobiles, 1.71 million trucks, and some 1,000 buses registered in 2004.

In the late 1800s, the two major railroads, the Kansas Pacific (now the Union Pacific) and the Santa Fe (now the Burlington Northern-Santa Fe) acquired more than 10 million acres (4 million hectares) of land in the state and then advertised for immigrants to come and buy it. By 1872, the railroads stretched across the state, creating in their path the towns of Ellsworth, Newton, Caldwell, Wichita, and Dodge City. One of the first “cow towns” was Abilene, the terminal point for all cattle shipped to the East.

In 2003, the state had 6,269 route miles (10,093 kilometers) of railroad track. An Amtrak passenger train (the Southwest Chief) crosses Kansas en route from Chicago to Los Angeles.

In 2005, the state had 370 airports. The busiest airport is Kansas City International, with 5,040,595 passengers in 2004. Approximately two-thirds of all business and private aircraft in the United States are built in Kansas.

River barges move bulk commodities along the Missouri River. The chief river ports are Atchison, Leavenworth, Lansing, and Kansas City.

11 History

Plains tribes—the Wichita, Pawnee, Kansa, and Osage—were living or hunting in Kansas when the earliest Europeans arrived. Around 1800, they were joined on the Central Plains by the nomadic Cheyenne, Arapaho, Comanche, and Kiowa. The first European, explorer Francisco Coronado, entered Kansas in 1541. Between 1682 and 1739, French explorers established trading contacts with the Native Americans. France ceded its claims to the area to Spain in 1762 but received it back from Spain in 1800.

Most of Kansas was sold to the United States by France as part of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. (The extreme southwestern corner was gained after the Mexican War.) Early settlement of Kansas was sparse, limited to a few thousand Native Americans—including Shawnee, Delaware, Ojibwa, and Wyandot. These tribes were forcibly removed from their lands and relocated in what is now eastern Kansas.

The Santa Fe Trail was opened to wagon traffic in 1822, and for 50 years that route, two-thirds of which lay in Kansas, was of commercial importance to the West. During the 1840s and 1850s, thousands of migrants crossed northeastern Kansas on the California-Oregon Trail. Kansas Territory was created by the Kansas-Nebraska Act (30 May 1854). Almost immediately, disputes arose as to whether Kansas would enter the Union as a free or slave state. Both free-staters and pro-slavery settlers were brought in, and a succession of governors tried to mediate between the two groups.

Statehood Kansas entered the Union on 29 January 1861 as a free state, and Topeka was named the capital. Although Kansas lay west of the major Civil War action, more than two-thirds of its adult males served in the Union Army and gave it the highest military death rate among the northern states. Following the Civil

War, settlement expanded in Kansas, particularly in the central part of the state. White settlers encroached on the hunting grounds of the Plains tribes, and their settlements were attacked in retaliation. Most of the Native Americans were eventually removed to the Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma.

By 1872, both the Union Pacific and the Santa Fe railroads had crossed Kansas, and other lines were under construction. Rail expansion brought more settlers, who established new communities. It also led to the great Texas cattle drives that meant prosperity to a number of Kansas towns—including Abilene, Ellsworth, Wichita, Caldwell, and Dodge City—from 1867 to 1885. This was when Bat Masterson, Wyatt Earp, and Wild Bill Hickok reigned in Dodge City and Abilene—the now romantic era of the Old West.

A strain of hard winter wheat that proved particularly well-suited to the state’s soil was brought to Kansas in the 1870s by Russian Mennonites fleeing czarist rule, and Plains agriculture was transformed. Significant changes in agriculture, industry, transportation, and communications came after 1900. Mechanization became commonplace in farming, and vast areas were opened to wheat production, particularly during World War I. The Progressive movement of the early 1900s focused attention on control of monopolies, public health, labor legislation, and more representative politics.

The Modern Age Kansas suffered through the Great Depression of the 1930s. The state’s western region, part of the Dust Bowl, was hardest hit. Improved weather conditions and the demands of World War II revived Kansas agriculture in the 1940s. The World War II era also saw the development of industry, especially in transportation. Other heavy industry grew, and mineral production—oil, natural gas, salt, coal, and gypsum—expanded greatly.

Since World War II, Kansas has become increasingly urban. Agriculture has become highly commercialized, and there are dozens of large industries that process and market farm products and supply materials to crop producers. Livestock production, especially in closely controlled feedlots, is a major enterprise. Recent governors have worked to expand international exports of Kansas products, and by 1981/82, Kansas ranked seventh among the states in agricultural exports, with sales of more than $1.6 billion.

The late 1980s and early 1990s brought dramatic extremes of weather. A severe drought in 1988 drove up commodity prices and depleted grain stocks. From April through September of 1993, Kansas experienced the worst floods of the century. Some 13,500 people evacuated their homes, and the floods caused $574 million dollars worth of damage.

In 1999, the Kansas Board of Education voted 6–4 to adopt standards that downplayed the importance of evolution and omitted the Big Bang theory of the universe’s origin from the curriculum. The standards drew national attention.

The decision was later reversed. In 2005, the Kansas Board of Education resumed hearings to determine whether evolution should once again be eliminated from state science standards.

The Kansas economy improved by 2003, following the 2001 US recession. From 2003–05, Wichita’s aircraft industry was shored up, business development in small Kansas towns was increasing, and heavy investments were made in bioscience research at universities and medical centers.

12 State Government

The form of Kansas’s constitution was a matter of great national concern, because the question of whether Kansas would be a free or a slave state was in doubt throughout the 1850s. After three draft constitutions failed to win popular support or congressional approval, a fourth version, which banned slavery, was ratified in 1859 and signed by President James Buchanan in 1861.

Kansas Governors: 1861–2007

1861–1863Charles Lawrence RobinsonRepublican
1863–1865Thomas CarneyRepublican
1865–1868Samuel Johnson CrawfordRepublican
1868–1869Nehemiah GreenRepublican
1869–1873James Madison HarveyRepublican
1873–1877Thomas Andrew OsbornRepublican
1877–1879George Tobey AnthonyRepublican
1879–1883John Pierce St. JohnRepublican
1883–1885George Washington GlickDemocrat
1885–1889John Alexander MartinRepublican
1889–1893Lyman Underwood HumphreyRepublican
1893–1895Lorenzo Dow LewellingPopulist
1895–1897Edmund Needham MorrillRepublican
1897–1899John Whitnah LeedyPopulist
1899–1903William Eugene StanleyRepublican
1903–1905Willis Joshua BaileyRepublican
1905–1909Edward Wallis HochRepublican
1909–1913Walter Roscoe StubbsRepublican
1913–1915George Hartshorn HodgesDemocrat
1915–1919Arthur CapperRepublican
1919–1923Henry Justin AllenRepublican
1923–1925Johathan McMillan DavisDemocrat
1925–1929Benjamin Sanford PaulenRepublican
1929–1931Clyde Martin ReedRepublican
1931–1933Harry Hines WoodringDemocrat
1933–1937Alfred Mossman LandonRepublican
1937–1939Walter Augustus HuxmanDemocrat
1939–1943Payne Harry RatnerRepublican
1943–1947Andrew Frank SchoeppelRepublican
1947–1950Frank CarlsonRepublican
1950–1951Frank Leslie HagamanRepublican
1951–1955Edward Ferdinand ArnRepublican
1955–1957Frederick Lee HallRepublican
1957John Berridge McCuishRepublican
1957–1961George DockingDemocrat
1961–1965John Anderson, Jr.Republican
1965–1967William Henry AveryRepublican
1967–1975Robert Blackwell DockingDemocrat
1975–1979Robert Frederick BennettRepublican
1979–1987John CarlinDemocrat
1987–1991John Michael HaydenRepublican
1991–1995Joan FinneyDemocrat
1995–2002Bill GravesRepublican
2002–Kathleen SebeliusDemocrat

This constitution is in force today, with its 92 amendments (as of 2005).

The Kansas legislature consists of a 40-member senate and a 125-member house of representatives. Official selected statewide include the governor, lieutenant governor, secretary of state, attorney general, treasurer, and commissioner of insurance. Members of the state Board of Education are elected by districts. The governor cannot serve more than two consecutive terms. Candidates for governor need meet no age, citizenship, or residency requirements as qualifications for office. A bill becomes law when it has been approved by 21 senators and 63 representatives and signed by the governor. A veto can be overridden by two-thirds of the members of both houses.

As of December 2004, the governor’s salary was $98,331, and the legislative salary was $78.75 per day during regular sessions.

13 Political Parties

Although the Republicans remain the dominant force in state politics, the Democrats controlled several state offices in the early 2000s. The most recent Democratic governor was Kathleen Sebelius, elected in 2002 and reelected in 2006. Republicans have regularly controlled the state legislature, however. In 2004 there were 1,694,000 registered voters. In 1998, 29% of registered voters were Democratic, 45% Republican, and 26% unaffiliated or members of other parties.

In the 2004 election, President George W. Bush won 62% of the vote to Democrat John Kerry’s 36%. In the 2000 election, Republican George W. Bush won 58% of the vote while Democrat Al Gore received 37%. In the 1996 elections, native Kansan and Republican Bob Dole, first elected to the US Senate in 1968

Kansas Presidential Vote by Political Parties, 1948–2004

YEAR KANSAS WINNER DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN PROGRESSIVE SOCIALIST PROHIBITION
* Won US presidential election.
1948Dewey (R)351,902423,0394,6032,8076,468
1952*Eisenhower (R)273,296616,3026,0385306,038
1956*Eisenhower (R)296,317566,8783,048
1960Nixon (R)363,213561,4744,138
1964*Johnson (D)464,028386,5791,9015,393
    AMERICAN IND.   
1968*Nixon (R)302,996478,67488,9212,192
1972*Nixon (R)270,287619,81221,8084,188
     LIBERTARIAN  
1976Ford (R)430,421502,7524,7243,2421,403
1980*Reagan (R)326,150566,8127,55514,470
1984*Reagan (R)333,149677,2963,329
1988*Bush (R)422,636554,0493,80612,553
    IND. (PEROT)   
1992Bush (R)390,434449,951312,3584,314
1996Dole (R)387,659583,24592,6394,557
     REFORM LIBERTARIAN
2000*Bush, G. W. (R)399,276622,33236,0867,3704,525
2004*Bush, G. W. (R)434,993736,4569,3484,013

and elected Senate majority leader in 1984, was reelected in 1992. He reclaimed the post of Senate majority leader when the Republicans gained control of the Senate in the elections of 1994. In a surprise move in May 1996, Dole suddenly retired from the Senate to concentrate on his presidential campaign. In November, the race to fill his remaining term was won by Republican Sam Brownback. Brownback won his first full term in 1998, and was reelected in 2004. Kansas’s other Republican Senator is Pat Roberts, reelected in 2002. Following the 2006 election, Republicans and Democrats each held two US congressional seats. In the state legislature following those elections, there were 30 Republicans and 10 Democrats in the state senate and 77 Republicans and 48 Democrats in the state house. Fifty-three women were elected to the state legislature in 2006, or 32.1%.

14 Local Government

As of 2005, Kansas had 105 counties, 627 incorporated cities, 1,533 special districts, and 304 school districts. In 2002, there were 1,299 townships. Each county government is headed by elected county commissioners. Other county officials include the county clerk, treasurer, register of deeds, attorney, sheriff, clerk of district court, and appraiser. Most cities are run by mayor-council systems.

15 Judicial System

The supreme court, the highest court in the state, is composed of a chief justice and six other justices. An intermediate-level court of appeals consists of a chief judge and six other judges. There are 31 district courts. Kansas had a death penalty until 17 December 2004, when the state’s death penalty statutes were declared unconstitutional. However, as of 1 January 2006, eight inmates remained on death row. Kansas’s violent crime rate (murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault) was 374.5 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2004. Crimes against property (burglary, larceny/ theft, and motor vehicle theft) that year totaled 3,973.5 reported incidents per 100,000 people. The state had a prison population of 8,966 as of 31 December 2004.

16 Migration

By the 1770s, Kansas was inhabited by a few thousand Indians, mainly from five tribes: the Kansa (Kaw), the Osage, the Pawnee, the Wichita, and Comanche. The first wave of white migration came during the 1850s with the arrival of New England abolitionists who settled in Lawrence, Topeka, and Manhattan. They were followed by a much larger wave of emigrants from the eastern Missouri and the upper Mississippi Valley, drawn by the lure of wide-open spaces and abundant economic opportunity.

The population swelled as a result of the Homestead Act of 1862, which offered land to anyone who would improve it and live on it for five years. The railroads promoted the virtues of Kansas overseas and helped sponsor immigrant settlers. More than 30,000 blacks, mostly from the South, arrived during 1878–80. Crop failures caused by drought in the late 1890s led to extensive out-migration from the western half of the state. Another period of out-migration occurred in the early 1930s, when massive dust storms drove people off the land.

Between 1990 and 1998, the state had a net loss of 13,000 in domestic migration and a gain of 24,000 in international migration. In the period 2000–05, a net total of 38,222 people moved into the state from other countries and 57,763 moved out of the state to other states, for a net loss of 19,541 people.

17 Economy

Agricultural products and meat-packing industries are rivaled by the large aircraft industry centered in Wichita. Four Kansas companies, all located in Wichita, manufacture 70% of the world’s general aviation aircraft. Kansas leads all states in wheat production. The Kansas City metropolitan area is a center of automobile production and printing. Metal fabrication, printing, and mineral products are the main industries in the nine southeastern counties.

The national recession of 2001 had a relatively mild impact on the Kansas economy. Despite layoffs in 2001 and 2002, total job creation was positive, in contrast to the nation as a whole. Farming was affected by drought conditions, which persisted into the winter of 2002–2003. Kansas’s gross state product (GSP) in 2004 totaled $98.9 billion, of which manufacturing accounted for 15%, followed by real estate (8.8%) and health care and social services (7%).

18 Income

In 2005, Kansas had a gross state product (GSP) of $105 billion, ranking the state 32nd among the 50 states and the District of Columbia in highest GSP. In 2004, Kansas had a per capita (per person) income of $31,078. The three-year average median household income for 2002–04 was $43,725, compared to the national average of $44,473. During the same period, 10.7% of the state’s residents lived below the federal poverty level, compared to 12.4% nationwide.

19 Industry

Food products, transportation equipment, printing and publishing, petroleum and coal products, and chemicals accounted for about 70% of the estimated value of shipments, which totaled $56.46 billion in 2004. Kansas is a world leader in aviation, claiming a large share of both US and world production and sales of commercial aircraft. Wichita is a manufacturing center for Boeing, Cessna, Learjet, and Raytheon, which combined manufacture approximately 70% of the world’s general aviation aircraft.

20 Labor

In April 2006, the civilian labor force in Kansas numbered 1,481,300, with approximately 67,400 workers unemployed, yielding an unemployment rate of 4.6%, compared to the national average of 4.7% for the same period. In April 2006, 4.9% of the labor force was employed in construction; 19.3% in manufacturing; 19.3% in trade, transportation, and public utilities; 9.8% in professional and business services; 12.4% in education and health services; 8.4% in leisure and hospitality services; and 18.9% in government.

In 2005, 85,000 of Kansas’s 1,210,000 employed wage and salary workers were members of unions. This represented 7% of those so employed. The national average is 12%.

21 Agriculture

Known as the breadbasket of the nation, Kansas typically produces more wheat than any other state. It ranked fifth in total farm income in 2005, with cash receipts of $9.7 billion. Between 1940 and 2002, the number of farms declined from 159,000 to 64,500. Income from crops in 2005 totaled $3.1 billion. Other leading crops are alfalfa, hay, oats, barley, popcorn, rye, dry edible beans, corn and sorghums for silage, red clover, and sugar beets.

22 Domesticated Animals

Kansas dairy farmers have an estimated 111,000 milk cows that produced 2.11 billion pounds (0.96 billion kilograms) of milk. In 2001, Kansas poultry farmers sold an estimated 2.2 million pounds (1 million kilograms) of chicken and 434 million eggs worth around $13.6 million.

In 2005, Kansas farmers had an estimated 6.65 million cattle and calves worth $5.51 billion (second in the United States). Kansas farmers had an estimated 1.72 million hogs and pigs worth around $160 million in 2004. An estimated 6.9 million pounds (3.1 million kilograms) of sheep and lambs were produced by Kansas farmers in 2003 and sold for $6.1 million.

23 Fishing

There is little commercial fishing in Kansas. Sport fishermen can find bass, crappie, catfish, perch, and pike in the state’s reservoirs and artificial lakes. In 2004, there were 265,238 fishing licenses issued by the state. The Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks’ objectives for fisheries include provision of 11.7 million angler trips annually on Kansas reservoirs, lakes, streams, and private waters, while maintaining the quantity and quality of the catch. There are four state hatcheries.

24 Forestry

Kansas was at one time so barren of trees that early settlers were offered 160 acres (65 hectares) free if they would plant trees on their land. This program was rarely implemented, however, and today much of Kansas is still treeless.

Kansas has 1,545,000 acres (625,000 hectares) of forestland, 2.9% of the total state area. There are 1,491,000 acres (491,000 hectares) of commercial timberland, of which 96% are privately owned.

25 Mining

The value of nonfuel mineral production in Kansas was estimated at $754 million in 2004. The leading nonfuel mineral commodities were grade-A helium, portland cement, salt, and crushed stone. Kansas continued to rank first in the nation in producing crude helium and grade-A helium, fifth in salt production, and eighth in the production of gypsum. Production of portland cement in 2004 was 2.69 million metric tons and crushed stone was 19.8 million metric tons.

26 Energy and Power

In 2003, Kansas’s electrical output was 46.56 billion kilowatt hours, 75.4% of which was coal-fired. The installed electrical generating capacity (utility and nonutility) was 10.88 million kilowatts. In 2000, the state ranked 18th in energy consumption per capita, with 385 million Btu (97 million kilocalories).

In 2004, Kansas was the nation’s eighth-leading oil producer. Output in 2004 totaled 92,000 barrels of crude petroleum per day. There were proven reserves of 245 million barrels in 2004. Natural gas marketed production was 397.1 billion cubic feet (11.2 billion cubic meters) in 2004. Proven reserves that year totaled 4,652 billion cubic feet (132.1 billion cubic meters). Kansas had only one producing coal mine in 2004, a surface mine. Coal production that year totaled 71,000 tons. The state has one single-unit nuclear plant, the Wolf Creek plant in Burlington.

27 Commerce

The state’s wholesale sales totaled $44.1 billion in 2002; retail sales totaled $26.5 billion. Kansas’s agricultural and manufactured goods have an important role in US foreign trade. Exports of goods originating in Kansas totaled $6.7 billion in 2005.

28 Public Finance

The state budget is prepared by the Division of the Budget and is submitted by the governor to the legislature for approval. The fiscal year runs from 1 July to 30 June.

The state revenues for fiscal year 2004 were $11.04 billion and expenditures were $11.20 billion. The largest general expenditures were for education ($4.44 billion), public welfare ($2.47 billion), and highways ($1.22 billion). The total indebtedness of state government exceeded $4.57 billion, or about $1,672.06 per capita (per person).

29 Taxation

The state individual income tax schedule has three brackets, 3.5%, 6.25%, and 6.45%. The corporate tax rate is 4.0%. In 2005, the state sales tax rate was at 5.3%. Prescription drugs are exempted from the sales tax. Local-option sales taxes can range up to 3%. The state also collects a full set of excise taxes—on motor fuels, insurance premiums, alcoholic beverages, tobacco products, amusements, pari-mutuels, public utilities and other selected items.

The Kansas inheritance tax is 10% on amounts up to $100,000 and 15% on amounts above $200,000. Other taxes include various license fees, a state property tax, severance taxes for oil and coal, and an oil and gas conservation tax. Property taxes are mainly collected at the local level and are the largest source of income for local governments.

Total state tax collections in Kansas came to $5.59 billion in 2005, with 36.6% generated by the state income tax, 35.6% by the state sales tax, 14.1% by state excise taxes, 1.1% by property taxes, 4.4% by the state corporate income tax, and 8.2% by other taxes. Kansas ranked 32nd in the country in terms of state and local tax burden in 2005.

In October 2005, the infant mortality rate was 6.3 per 1,000 live births. The overall death rate in 2003 was 9 deaths per 1,000 population. Heart disease was the leading cause of death in the state. About 19.8% of all Kansans ages 18 and older were smokers in 2004. The rate of HIV-related deaths stood at 1.4 per 100,000 population in 2004.

Kansas’s 134 community hospitals had about 10,600 beds in 2003. In 2004, Kansas had 235 doctors per 100,000 resident population and 923 nurses per 100,000 population in 2005. In 2004, there was a total of 1,360 dentists in the state. In 2003, the average expense for community hospital care was $952 per inpatient day. In 2004, at least 11% of the adult population was uninsured.

The University of Kansas has the state’s only medical and pharmacology schools. The university’s Mid-America Cancer Center and Radiation Therapy Center are the major cancer research and treatment facilities in the state. Topeka, a major US center for psychiatric treatment, is home to the world-famous Menninger Clinic, where research and treatment is sponsored in part by The Menninger Foundation.

31 Housing

Kansas has relatively old housing stock. According to a 2004 survey, about 20% of all housing units were built in 1939 or earlier and 49.6% were built between 1940 and 1979. The overwhelming majority (73.8%) were one-unit, detached structures and 69.5% were owner-occupied. The total number of housing units in 2004 was 1,185,114, of which 1,076,366 were occupied. Most units relied on utility gas and electricity for heating. It was estimated that 46,269 units lacked telephone service, 3,554 lacked complete plumbing facilities, and 5,093 lacked complete kitchen facilities. The average household size was 2.47 people.

In 2004, 13,300 privately owned units were authorized for construction. The median home value was $102,458. The median monthly cost for mortgage owners was $1,013. Renters paid a median of $567 per month.

32 Education

In 1954, Kansas was the focal point of a US Supreme Court decision that had enormous implications for public education. The court ruled, in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, that Topeka’s “separate but equal” elementary schools for black and white students were inherently unequal and it ordered the school system to integrate. In 2004, 89.6% of those age 25 and older were high school graduates and some 30% had obtained a bachelor’s degree or higher.

Total public school enrollment was estimated at 471,000 in fall 2002. Enrollment in nonpublic schools in fall 2003 was 41,762. Expenditures for public education in 2003/04 were estimated at more than $3.96 million.

As of fall 2002, there were 188,049 students enrolled in institutions of higher education. In 2005, Kansas had 63 degree-granting institutions. There are 9 state universities, 27 two-year community colleges, and 21 private nonprofit four-year institutions. In addition, Kansas has a state technical institute, a municipal university (Washburn University, Topeka), and an American Indian university. Kansas State University was the nation’s first land-grant university. Washburn University and the University of Kansas have the state’s two law schools. The oldest higher-education institution in Kansas is Highland Community College, which was chartered in 1857. The oldest four-year institution is Baker University, a United Methodist institution, which received its charter just three days after Highland’s was issued.

33 Arts

The Kansas Arts Commission is a state arts agency governed by a 12-member panel of commissioners appointed for four-year rotating terms by the governor. The Arts Commission is in partnership with the regional Mid-America Arts Alliance. The Kansas Humanities Council, founded in 1972, sponsors programs involving over 500,000 people each year.

The largest and most active arts organizations in the state is the Wichita Symphony Orchestra, established in 1944. The Topeka Performing Arts Center presents concerts and shows of a variety of music. Topeka also hosts a symphony.

34 Libraries and Museums

Kansas had 321 public library systems in 2001, with a total of 373 libraries of which 53 were branches. That year, the state’s public library system had 10.4 million volumes and a circulation of 21.48 million. The Dwight D. Eisenhower Library in Abilene houses the collection of papers and memorabilia from the 34th president. There is also a museum there. The Menninger Foundation Museum and Archives in Topeka maintains various collections pertaining to psychiatry. The Kansas State Historical Society Library (Topeka) contains the state’s archives.

There were about 188 museums, historical societies, and art galleries scattered across the state in 2000. Among the art museums are the Mulvane Art Center in Topeka, the Helen Foresman Spencer Museum of Art at the University of Kansas (Lawrence), and the Wichita Art Museum. The Dalton Museum in Coffeyville displays memorabilia from the famed Dalton family of desperadoes. La Crosse is the home of the Barbed Wire Museum, displaying more than 500 varieties of barbed wire. The Emmett Kelly Historical Museum in Sedan honors the world-famous clown born there. The US Cavalry Museum is on the grounds of Ft. Riley.

35 Communications

In 2004, about 94.8% of all households had telephone service. By June of that year, there were 1,345,160 mobile telephone subscribers. In 2003, 63.8% of Kansas households had a computer, and 54.3% had Internet access. The state had 15 major AM and 54 major FM radio stations, 14 major commercial television stations, and 4 public television stations in 2005.

36 Press

The first newspaper in the state was the Shawnee Sun, a Shawnee-language newspaper founded by missionary Jotham Meeker in 1833. In 2005, Kansas had 43 daily newspapers and 14 Sunday papers. Leading newspapers and their daily circulations in 2005 were the Wichita Eagle (96,506) and the Topeka Capital-Journal (89,469). The Kansas City Star (from Missouri) is widely read in both the Kansas and Missouri metropolitan areas.

37 Tourism, Travel & Recreation

Kansas has 23 state parks, 24 federal reservoirs, 48 state fishing lakes, and more than 100 privately owned campsites. There are two national historic sites, Fort Larned and Fort Scott, both 19th century frontier army bases.

The most popular tourist attraction, with over 2.4 million visitors in 2002, is Cabela’s (Kansas City), a 190,000 square-foot showroom and shopping center featuring a mule deer museum, a 65,000 gallon aquarium, a gun library, and Yukon base camp grill. The next ranking visitor sites in 2002 were Harrah’s Prairie Band Casino (Mayetta), the Kansas City Speedway, Sedgwick County Zoo (Wichita), Woodlands Race Tracks (Kansas City), New Theatre Restaurant (Overland Park), Exploration Place (Wichita) and the Kansas Cosmosphere and Space Center (Hutchinson).

The state fair is held in Hutchinson. Topeka features a number of tourist attractions, including the Kansas Museum of History and the Menninger Foundation. Dodge City offers a reproduction of Old Front Street as it was when the town was the “cowboy capital of the world.” In Hanover stands the only remaining original and unaltered Pony Express station. A recreated “Little House on the Prairie,” near the childhood home of author Laura Ingalls Wilder, is 13 miles (21 kilometers) southwest of Independence. The Eisenhower Center in Abilene contains the 34th president’s family home, library, and museum.

38 Sports

There are no major professional sports teams in Kansas. The minor league Wichita Wranglers play in the AA Texas League. There is also a minor league hockey team in Wichita. During spring, summer, and early fall, horses are raced at Eureka Downs. The national Greyhound Association Meet is held in Abilene.

The University of Kansas and Kansas State both play collegiate football in the Big Twelve Conference. The National Junior College Basketball Tournament is held in Hutchinson each March. The Kansas Relays take place at Lawrence in April. TheFlint Hills Rodeo

in Strong City is one of many rodeos held statewide.

A sporting event unique to Kansas is the International Pancake Race, held in Liberal each Shrove Tuesday. Women wearing housedresses, aprons, and scarves run along an S-shaped course carrying skillets and flipping pancakes as they go.

39 Famous Kansans

Kansas claims only one US president and one US vice president. Dwight D. Eisenhower (b.Texas, 1890–1969) was elected the 34th president in 1952 and was reelected in 1956. Charles Curtis (1860–1936) was vice president during the Herbert Hoover administration. Two Kansans have been associate justices of the US Supreme Court: David J. Brewer (1837–1910) and Charles E. Whittaker (1901–1973).

Prominent US senators include Robert “Bob” Dole (b.1923), who was the Republican candidate for vice-president in 1976, twice served as Senate majority leader, and was his party’s presidential candidate in 1996; and Nancy Landon Kassebaum Baker (b.1932), who was first elected to the US Senate in 1978 but retired in 1997. Gary Hart (b.1936) was a senator and a presidential candidate in 1984 and 1988.

Other prominent Kansan political figures included Alfred M. Landon (1887–1984), a former governor who ran for US president on the Republican ticket in 1936; and Carrie Nation (b. Kentucky, 1846–1911), the prohibition activist.

Leaders in medicine and science include the Menninger doctors—C. F. (1862–1953), William (1899–1966), and Karl (1893–1990)—who established the Menninger Foundation, a leading center for mental health; and Clyde Tombaugh (1906–1997), who discovered the planet Pluto. Kansas also had several pioneers in aviation including Clyde Cessna (b.Iowa, 1880–1954), Walter Beech (1891–1950), and Amelia Earhart (1898–1937). William Coleman (1870–1957) was an innovator in lighting, and Walter Chrysler (1875–1940) was a prominent automotive developer.

Most famous of Kansas writers was William Allen White (1868–1944), whose son William L. White (1900–1973) also had a distinguished literary career. Damon Runyon (1884–1946) was a popular journalist and storyteller, and Gordon Parks (1912–2006) made his mark in literature, photography, and music. Mort Walker (Mortimer Walker Addison, b.1923) is a famous cartoonist. William Inge (1913–1973) was a prize-winning playwright who contributed to the Broadway stage.

Notable painters include John Noble (1874–1934) and John Steuart Curry (1897–1946). Jazz great Charlie “Bird” Parker (Charles Christopher Parker, Jr., 1920–1955) was born in Kansas City.

Stage and screen notables include Joseph “Buster” Keaton (1895–1966), Louise Brooks (1906–1985), Edward Asner (b.1929), and Kirstie Alley (b.1955). The clown Emmett Kelly (1898–1979) was a Kansan.

Glenn Cunningham (1909–1988) and Jim Ryun (b.1947) both set running records for the mile. Also prominent in sports history were James Naismith (b.Ontario, Canada, 1861–1939), the inventor of basketball, and baseball pitcher Walter Johnson (1887–1946).

40 Bibliography

BOOKS

Averill, Thomas Fox. Soldier of Democracy: A Biography of Dwight Eisenhower. New York: Doubleday, 1945, 1952.

Bjorklund, Ruth. Kansas. New York: Benchmark Books, 2000.

Bristow, M. J. State Songs of America. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Deady, Kathleen W. Kansas Facts and Symbols. Rev. ed. Mankato, MN: Capstone, 2003.

Murray, Julie. Kansas. Edina, MN: Abdo Publishing, 2006.

Nelson, Julie. Kansas City Chiefs. Mankato, MN: Creative Education, 2000.

Zeinert, Karen. Tragic Prelude: Bleeding Kansas. North Haven, CT: Linnet, 2001.

WEB SITES

Kansas Travel and Tourism. Kansas: As Big as You Think. www.travelks.com (accessed March 1, 2007).

State of Kansas Web Site www.state.ks.us (accessed March 1, 2007).

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Kansas

Kansas

Kansas joined the Union on January 29, 1861, the thirty-fourth state to do so. The name derives from the Kansa Indians, the “people of the south wind.” Kansas ranks fourteenth among the fifty states in size, and it is located in the western northcentral United States. It is bordered by Nebraska , Missouri , Oklahoma , and Colorado .

Plains tribes (Wichita, Pawnee, Kansa, and Osage) lived or hunted in Kansas when the first Europeans arrived. Around 1800, the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Comanche, and Kiowa joined them. The first European to set foot in the state was explorer Francisco Coronado (c. 1510–1554), in 1541. France sold most of Kansas to the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.

In 1822, the Santa Fe Trail opened to wagon traffic, and for fifty years that route was of great commercial importance to the West. Thousands of migrants crossed northeastern Kansas in the 1840s and 1850s. The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 created the Kansas Territory, and almost immediately disputes arose as to whether Kansas would be a free state or a slave state. Eventually, it chose to be a free state.

As railroads expanded into the West, more white settlers came to the area and established communities. The Texas cattle drives brought great prosperity to several Kansas towns from 1867 to 1885. This was the era that brought fame to Wyatt Earp (1848–1929) and Wild Bill Hickok (1837–1876).

The western region of Kansas was particularly hard-hit during the 1930s and the Great Depression (1929–41). This region was part of what was called the Dust Bowl , and residents faced ten years of drought and deadly dust storms.

Kansas was the site of one of the most important Supreme Court cases in American history. Race relations in the United States after the American Civil War (1861–65) were dominated by segregation , the separation of whites and African Americans. This policy extended to public establishments such as restaurants, grocery stores, and even schools. The accepted thinking was that if African Americans were kept separate from whites but still given equal treatment, there should be no problem. But they were not treated equally. Especially where education was concerned; they received far less funding for facilities, textbooks, and teachers. As a result, the quality of their education was inferior to that of white students.

In 1951, thirteen Kansas parents filed a class-action lawsuit against the Board of Education of the City of Topeka. Called Brown v. Board of Education , the suit demanded that the school district reverse its policy of segregation. The battle took three years, but in 1954 the U.S. Supreme Court declared the law of “separate but equal” segregation to be illegal on the basis that it denied African American children equal educational opportunities. The decision was unanimous.

In the twenty-first century, Kansas's population is 85.2 percent white, with 5.5 percent of African American heritage, and 2 percent Asian. Topeka is the capital city, but the state's most populated city is Wichita, home to more than 350,000 in 2006.

Kansas's economy is primarily agricultural, with a focus on meatpacking and wheat production. The largest industry in the state is aircraft production. Wichita manufactures 70 percent of the world's aviation aircraft.

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Kansas

KANSAS

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Kansas

Kansas

Ad astra per aspera (To the stars through difficulties).

At a Glance

Name: Kansas is from a Sioux word meaning "people of the south wind."

Nickname: Sunflower State, Jayhawker State

Capital: Topeka

Size: 82,282 sq. mi. (213,110 sq km)

Population: 2,688,418

Statehood: Kansas became the 34th state on January 29, 1861.

Electoral votes: 6 (2004)

U.S. Representatives: 4 (until 2003)

State tree: cottonwood

State flower: native sunflower

State animal: American buffalo

Highest point: Mount Sunflower, 4,039 ft. (1,231 m)

The Place

Kansas is made up of both level and rolling plains, which increase in height in the western part of the state. The western portion, which is part of the Great Plains, is the driest region in Kansas. The southeastern part of the state is generally flat land that is valuable for grazing cattle.

The northeastern region, which is also level, was covered by glaciers during the last Ice Age. These glaciers left behind rich deposits of soil that have since been cut and crisscrossed by rivers. Many different kinds of trees grow in the river valleys.

Kansas's climate is much more variable than its land. The state experiences cold, snowy winters and hot summers. During the winter, cold air from the north chills the state, while hot winds from the south bring intense heat during the summer. From day to day the weather can change rapidly, and residents of Kansas often have to protect themselves from blizzards and hail in winter and powerful thunderstorms and tornadoes in summer.

The Past

Before Kansas became heavily settled, large herds of buffalo roamed its prairies. These buffalo provided food for a number of Native American tribes, including the Kansa, Osage, Pawnee, and Wichita, who lived in the area.

The first Europeans to explore Kansas were the Spanish, who were searching for gold. The French later claimed most of present-day Kansas and sold it to the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.

Before Kansas became a state, however, it was caught in the national fight over slavery. During the 1850s, many people who wanted to build a railroad from the East to California began to push for former western territories to become official states. Congress had trouble deciding whether to admit Kansas as a free or slaveholding state, so it allowed residents of the Kansas territory to vote for themselves. Soon, people from all over the country began pouring in and casting votes, and the region became known as "Bloody Kansas" as settlers fought each other in violent skirmishes over their votes. After many slaveholding Southern states withdrew from the Union, Kansas was officially admitted into the Union as a state in 1861.

Kansas: Facts and Firsts

  1. The geographical center of the contiguous United States lies in Smith County.
  2. Dodge City is the windiest city in the United States.
  3. Kansas has North America's largest population of wild grouse, commonly known as prairie chickens.
  4. In 1909, William Purvis and Charles Wilson of Goodland invented the helicopter.
  5. The international fast food chain Pizza Hut began in Wichita.

During the 1870s, railroads were built through Kansas and the era of the cattle towns began. Ranchers and cowboys from Texas drove their cattle north to Kansas to be shipped east by railroad. Legendary lawmen, including "Wild Bill" Hickok and Wyatt Earp, tried to keep order in the cattle towns of Dodge City and Wichita. Cowboys clashed with farmers who wanted to build fences and grow corn and wheat. In the end the farmers won, and Kansas became the "breadbasket" of the United States, so-called because so much wheat for bread was grown there.

During World War II, the aviation industry began to produce airplanes and airplane parts in the city of Wichita. Other industries in Kansas expanded, and the state became increasingly urban.

Kansas: State Smart

The first woman mayor in the United States, Susanna Salter, was elected mayor of the town of Argonia in 1887.

During the 1980s, Kansas, like many other agricultural states, suffered from a number of economic problems. Prices for crops—especially wheat—fell, adversely affecting Kansas farmers. The state's economy improved by the end of the 1980s.

The Present

Kansas produces most of the nation's wheat, and its mills grind wheat into flour that is shipped all over the world. Kansas farmers also grow grain sorghum and hay for animal feed. Other major products include beef cattle and hogs.

Manufacturing is Kansas's most significant industry. Wichita is a center of the light-airplane industry, and more than 60 percent of the nation's aircraft is produced there. Food processing, to prepare many of the crops grown in Kansas to be sold around the world, is another major industry.

Born in Kansas

  1. Gwendolyn Brooks , poet
  2. Walter P. Chrysler, auto manufacturer
  3. John Steuart Curry , painter
  4. Robert Dole , U.S. senator
  5. Amelia Earhart , aviator
  6. William Inge , playwright
  7. Walter Johnson , baseball player
  8. Buster Keaton , comedian
  9. Stan Kenton , jazz musician
  10. Jim Lehrer , broadcast journalist
  11. Edgar Lee Masters , poet
  12. William Allen White , journalist

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Kansas

Kansas

ALLEN COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE G-15
BAKER UNIVERSITY E-16
BARCLAY COLLEGE
BARTON COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE F-8
BENEDICTINE COLLEGE B-16
BETHANY COLLEGE E-10
BETHEL COLLEGE G-11
BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE, LENEXA CAMPUS L-16
BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE, SALINA CAMPUS D-10
BUTLER COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE G-12
CENTRAL CHRISTIAN COLLEGE OF KANSAS F-10
CLOUD COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE B-10
COFFEYVILLE COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-15
COLBY COMMUNITY COLLEGE C-3
COWLEY COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE AND AREA VOCATIONAL-TECHNICAL SCHOOL I-12
DODGE CITY COMMUNITY COLLEGE H-5
DONNELLY COLLEGE D-17
EMPORIA STATE UNIVERSITY F-14
FLINT HILLS TECHNICAL COLLEGE F-14
FORT HAYS STATE UNIVERSITY D-7
FORT SCOTT COMMUNITY COLLEGE G-17
FRIENDS UNIVERSITY H-11
GARDEN CITY COMMUNITY COLLEGE G-3
HASKELL INDIAN NATIONS UNIVERSITY D-15
HESSTON COLLEGE F-11
HIGHLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE
HUTCHINSON COMMUNITY COLLEGE AND AREA VOCATIONAL SCHOOL G-10
INDEPENDENCE COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-15
JOHNSON COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE L-16
KANSAS CITY KANSAS COMMUNITY COLLEGE D-17
KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY C-13
KANSAS WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY D-10
LABETTE COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-16
MANHATTAN AREA TECHNICAL COLLEGE C-13
MANHATTAN CHRISTIAN COLLEGE C-13
MCPHERSON COLLEGE F-10
MIDAMERICA NAZARENE UNIVERSITY D-16
NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY L-16
NEOSHO COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE H-15
NEWMAN UNIVERSITY H-11
NORTH CENTRAL KANSAS TECHNICAL COLLEGE C-9
NORTHEAST KANSAS TECHNICAL COLLEGE B-16
NORTHWEST KANSAS TECHNICAL COLLEGE C-2
OTTAWA UNIVERSITY E-15
PITTSBURG STATE UNIVERSITY H-17
PRATT COMMUNITY COLLEGE H-8
SEWARD COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-3
SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE I-12
STERLING COLLEGE F-9
TABOR COLLEGE F-11
UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS D-15
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-WICHITA CAMPUS H-11
UNIVERSITY OF SAINT MARY C-16
WASHBURN UNIVERSITY D-15
WICHITA AREA TECHNICAL COLLEGE H-11
WICHITA STATE UNIVERSITY H-11

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Kansas

Kansas

ALLEN COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE
BAKER UNIVERSITY
BARCLAY COLLEGE
BARTON COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE
BENEDICTINE COLLEGE
BETHANY COLLEGE
BETHEL COLLEGE
BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE, LENEXA CAMPUS
BROWN MACKIE COLLEGE, SALINA CAMPUS
BUTLER COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE
CENTRAL CHRISTIAN COLLEGE OF KANSAS
CLOUD COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE
COFFEYVILLE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
COLBY COMMUNITY COLLEGE
COWLEY COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE AND AREA VOCATIONAL-TECHNICAL SCHOOL
DODGE CITY COMMUNITY COLLEGE
DONNELLY COLLEGE
EMPORIA STATE UNIVERSITY
FLINT HILLS TECHNICAL COLLEGE
FORT HAYS STATE UNIVERSITY
FORT SCOTT COMMUNITY COLLEGE
FRIENDS UNIVERSITY
GARDEN CITY COMMUNITY COLLEGE
HASKELL INDIAN NATIONS UNIVERSITY
HESSTON COLLEGE
HIGHLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE
HUTCHINSON COMMUNITY COLLEGE AND AREA VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
INDEPENDENCE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
JOHNSON COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE
KANSAS CITY KANSAS COMMUNITY COLLEGE
KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY
KANSAS WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY
LABETTE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
MANHATTAN AREA TECHNICAL COLLEGE
MANHATTAN CHRISTIAN COLLEGE
MCPHERSON COLLEGE
MIDAMERICA NAZARENE UNIVERSITY
NATIONAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY
NEOSHO COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE
NEWMAN UNIVERSITY
NORTH CENTRAL KANSAS TECHNICAL COLLEGE
NORTHEAST KANSAS TECHNICAL COLLEGE
NORTHWEST KANSASTECHNICAL COLLEGE
OTTAWA UNIVERSITY
PITTSBURG STATE UNIVERSITY
PRATT COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SEWARD COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SOUTHWESTERN COLLEGE
STERLING COLLEGE
TABOR COLLEGE
UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS
UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-WICHITA CAMPUS
UNIVERSITY OF SAINT MARY
WASHBURN UNIVERSITY
WICHITA AREA TECHNICAL COLLEGE
WICHITA STATE UNIVERSITY

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Kansas

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Kansas

Kansas

Kansas, America’s premier progressive rock band (f. 1970). membership: Kerry Livgren, gtr., kybd. (b. Kan., Sept. 18, 1949); Steve Walsh, kybd., voc. (b. St. Joseph, Mo., June 15, 1951); Robby Steinhardt, vln., voc. (b. Miss., May 25, 1951); Richard Williams, gtr. (b. Kans., Feb. 1, 1951); Phil Ehart, drm. (b. Kans., Feb. 4, 1951); Dave Hope, bs. (b. Kans., Oct. 7, 1949); John Elefante, kybd., voc. (b. Levittown, N.Y., 1958); Steve Morse, gtr. (b. Hamilton, Ohio, July 28, 1954).

Kerry Livgren, Dave Hope, and Phil Ehart started playing together in high school. The trio’s sound took a turn for the bombastic when they added orchestral violinist Robbie Steinhardt to the lineup. With the addition of Steve Walsh and Richard Williams, the sextet started touring ceaselessly, building up a strong enough buzz and following that Kirshner records signed them in 1974. Their debut sold a respectable 100, 000 copies, and after another more incessant touring, their next efforts, Masque and Song for America both sold around a quarter of a million copies each.

This all built up to their 1976 release, Leftoverture. The song “Carry On My Wayward Son” caught fire at album rock radio and crossed over to pop, eventually hitting #11 and going gold. The album hit #5 and sold triple platinum. Their follow-up, Point of Know Return, proved that this was not a flash in the pan, both from the musical point of view and the group’s following. While the title track only hit #28, it was a huge song at album rock. However, “Dust in the Wind” became the group’s second gold single, hitting #6. The album rose to #4 and, like its predecessor, also sold triple platinum. The group followed this success with the de rigueur live album, Two for the Show, which went platinum, hitting #32.

The band started producing themselves with Monolith in 1979. While the album produced the minor (#23) hit “People of the South Wind” and went to #10, it only went gold. The slip continued with Audio-Visions. The single “Hold On” just scratched the Top 40, and the album rose to #26, but did go gold.

Internal turmoil took hold of the band. Livgren and Hope became born-again Christians. About the same time, Walsh put out his solo album, Schemer Dreamer, and started sitting in with other groups. Livgren put out his own solo album, Seeds of Change. Walsh left the group and formed Streets. John Elefante replaced him, and the group’s 1982 album, Vinyl Confessions, actually sold fairly well, reaching #16 on the charts, largely on the strength of the #17 single “Play the Game Tonight.” However, 1983’s Drastic Measures failed to generate any excitement and the group broke up. Livgren and Elefante started exploring contemporary Christian music.

By 1986, Streets was washed up. Walsh, Williams, and Ehart decided to go back to what they knew best.

As a master stroke, they added erstwhile Dixie Dregs guitarist Steve Morse and Streets bassist Billy Greer. They cut Power, the first Kansas album without violins. The album rose to #35 and the single, “All I Wanted” charted at #19. Their 1988 effort, In the Spirit of Things was less successful, and the band broke up again.

A German promoter offered the band a lot of money to play some shows in Germany in the early 1990s. The group as it broke up in 1986, did the tour, then toured the U.S. Livgren joined the band occasionally and Dave Ragsdale replaced Steinhardt. They put out an album of a show they did at L.A/s Whiskey A Go-Go. A double disc retrospective followed with a new song co-written by Livgren. Freaks of Nature followed in 1995, their first new material in seven years. Always Never the Same was recorded at Abbey Road studios using members of the London Philharmonic. The group continues to tour continue to be a staple on classic rock radio—”Carry On My Wayward Son” was the top song in the format in 1997.

Discography

Kansas (1974); Masque (1975); Song for America (1975); Leftoverture (1976); Point of Know Return (1977); Two for the Show (live; 1978); Monolith (1979); Audio- Visions (1980); Vinyl Confessions (1982); Drastic Measures (1983); Power (1986); In the Spirit of Things (1988); Live at the Whiskey (1992); Freaks of Nature (1995); Always Never the Same (1998); At Tower Theater in Philadelphia (1998).

—Hank Bordowitz

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