Color Insert: Synagogues

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The synagogue, a gathering place for the Jews, became a substitute for the Temple of jerusalem after its destruction (70 c.e.), and the idea of holiness extended to synagogues outside Israel as well. The institution of the synagogue played a central role in preserving the community and perpetuating the Jewish faith. Over the generations,exterior synagogue design varied depending on the location of the Diaspora, with the interior design falling into broad eastern and western styles. The internal appurtenances and decorations became a venue for Jewish artistic expression.