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Field, John

Field, John (b Dublin, 1782; d Moscow, 1837). Irish pianist and composer. Début in Dublin aged 9. In London became pupil of Clementi, whose pfs. he exhibited. Played a conc. by Dussek at Pinto's benefit concert 1798 and his own 1st conc. at King's Th., 1799. In 1802 Clementi took him to Fr., Ger., and Russia, where he settled in St Petersburg in 1803, becoming teacher and touring Europe as virtuoso pianist. Last played in Eng. 1831–2. His importance as a composer for the pf. has only latterly been recognized. He invented the style and name Nocturne for short pieces, composing 19. Wrote 7 pf. concs., 4 sonatas, and other works. Schumann and Liszt admired his work, and Chopin developed the nocturne form.

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Field, John

Field, John (1782–1837). Field was a piano virtuoso and composer, whose delicate and sentimental nocturnes had considerable influence on Chopin, Mendelssohn, and others. Born in Dublin of a musical family, he made his first public appearance at the age of 9. He was taken to St Petersburg by Clementi, to whom he was apprenticed, and spent most of his life in Russia, coming to England for a visit in 1832. Hamilton Harty's rather lush arrangement of four pieces as an orchestral suite in 1939 contributed to a popular revival of interest.

J. A. Cannon

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Field, John

John Field, 1782–1837, Irish composer and pianist. In London he studied with Clementi, with whom he later toured Europe. In 1804 he settled in Russia. Field was a successful pianist and his style of composition was influential. Chopin's nocturnes were modeled after those of Field.

See study by P. Piggott (1973).

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