State Emblems, Nicknames, Mottos, and Songs

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STATE EMBLEMS, NICKNAMES, MOTTOS, AND SONGS must be adopted officially by action of the legislative bodies of the respective states to which they belong before one properly may designate them as such. The table on pages 532533 lists the state birds, flowers, trees, nicknames, mottos, and songs, although some states have also adopted state gems, state animals, state fish, and so on. Translations of state mottos in languages other than English (Latin, French, Italian, Greak, Spanish, and, in the instance of Washington, Chinook) are also given.

Table 1

State Emblems, Nicknames, Mottos, and Songs
State Bird Flower Tree Nickname(s) Motto Song
Alabama Yellowhammer Camellia Southern pine Cotton State; Heart of Dixie; Yellow-hammer State Audemus jura nostra defendere ("We dare defend our rights") Alabama
Alaska Willow ptarmigan Forget-me-not Sitka spruce Land of the Midnight Sun; The Last Frontier North to the Future (unofficial) Alaska's Flag
Arizona Cactus wren Saguaro cactus Paloverde Grand Canyon State Ditat Deus ("God enriches") Arizona
Arkansas Mockingbird Apple blossom Short-leaf pine Land of Opportunity; The Natural State Regnat populus ("The people rule") Arkansas
California Valley quail Golden poppy Redwood Golden State Eureka ("I have found it") I Love You, California
Colorado Lark bunting Columbine Blue spruce Centennial State Nil sine numine ("Nothing without Providence") Where the Columbines Grow
Connecticut American robin Mountain laurel White oak Constitution State; Nutmeg State Qui transtulit sustinet ("He who transplanted still sustains") (none)
Delaware Blue hen chicken Peach blossom American holly Diamond State; First State Liberty and Independence Our Delaware
Florida Mockingbird Orange blossom Sabal palm Sunshine State; Peninsula State In God We Trust The Swanee River (Old Folks at Home)
Georgia Brown thrasher Cherokee rose Live oak Empire State of the South; Peach State Wisdom, Justice, Moderation Georgia on My Mind
Hawaii Hawaiian goose (nene) Hibiscus (Pua Aloalo) Candlenut (Kukui) Aloha State; Paradise of the Pacific Ua mau ke ea o ka aina i ka pono ("The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness") Hawaii Ponoi
Idaho Mountain bluebird Syringa White pine Gem State Esto perpetua ("May she endure forever") Here We Have Idaho
Illinois Cardinal Butterfly violet White oak Prairie State State Sovereignty, National Union Illinois
Indiana Cardinal Peony Tulip tree Hoosier State Crossroads of America On the Banks of the Wabash Far Away
Iowa Eastern goldfinch Carolina wild rose Oak Hawkeye State Our Liberties We Prize and Our Rights We Will Maintain The Song of Iowa
Kansas Western meadowlark Sunflower Cottonwood Jayhawker State; Sunflower State Ad astra per aspera ("To the stars through difficulties") Home on the Range
Kentucky Cardinal Goldenrod Tulip poplar Bluegrass State United We Stand, Divided We Fall My Old Kentucky Home
Louisiana Pelican Magnolia Bald cypress Creole State; Pelican State Union, Justice, and Confidence Give Me Louisiana; You Are My Sunshine
Maine Chickadee Pine cone and tassel White pine Lumber State; Pine Tree State Dirigo ("I lead") State of Maine Song
Maryland Baltimore oriole Black-eyed Susan White oak Old Line State Fatti maschii, parole femine ("Manly deeds, womanly words") Maryland, My Maryland
Massachusetts Chickadee Mayflower American elm Bay State; Old Bay State; Old Colony State Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem ("By the sword she seeks peace under liberty") Massachusetts
Michigan Robin Apple blossom White pine Wolverine State Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice ("If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you") Michigan, My Michigan (unofficial)
Minnesota Loon Pink and white lady's slipper Red or Norway pine Gopher State; North Star State L'Etoile du Nord ("The North Star") Hail! Minnesota
Mississippi Mockingbird Magnolia Magnolia Magnolia State Virtute et armis ("By Valor and Arms") Go, Mississippi
Missouri Bluebird Hawthorn Dogwood Show Me State Sclus populi suprema lex esto ("Let the welfare of the people be the supreme law") Missouri Waltz
Montana Western meadowlark Bitterroot Ponderosa pine Treasure State Oro y plata ("Gold and silver") Montana

Table 1

State Emblems, Nicknames, Mottos, and Songs
State Bird Flower Tree Nickname(s) Motto Song
Nebraska Western meadowlark Goldenrod Cottonwood Cornhusker State Equality Before the Law Beautiful Nebraska
Nevada Mountain bluebird Sagebrush Single-leaf pinon; Bristlecone pine Sagebrush State; Silver State All For Our Country Home Means Nevada
New Hampshire Purple finch Purple lilac White birch Granite State Live Free or Die Old New Hampshire
New Jersey Eastern goldfinch Purple violet Red oak Garden State Liberty and Prosperity (none)
New Mexico Roadrunner Yucca Pinon (nut pine) Land of Enchantment; Sunshine State Crescit eundo ("It grows as it goes") O Fair New Mexico
New York Eastern bluebird Rose Sugar maple Empire State Excelsior ("Ever upward") (none)
North Carolina Cardinal Dogwood Pine Old North State; Tar Heel State Esse quam videri ("To be, rather than to seem") The Old North State
North Dakota Western meadowlark Prairie rose American elm Flickertail State; Sioux State Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable North Dakota Hymn
Ohio Cardinal Scarlet carnation Buckeye Buckeye State With God All Things Are Possible Beautiful Ohio
Oklahoma Scissor-tailed flycatcher Mistletoe Redbud Sooner State Labor omnia vincit ("Labor conquers all things") Oklahoma!
Oregon  Western meadowlark Oregon grape Douglas fir Beaver State She Flies With Her Own Wings Oregon, My Oregon
Pennsylvania Ruffed grouse Mountain laurel Eastern hemlock Keystone State Virtue, Liberty, and Independence (none)
Rhode Island Rhode Island red Violet Red maple Little Rhody Hope Rhode Island's It for Me
South Carolina Carolina wren Carolina jessamine Palmetto Palmetto State Animis opibusque parati ("Prepared in mind and resources") and Dum spiro spero ("While I breathe, I hope") Carolina
South Dakota Ring-necked pheasant Pasqueflower Black Hills spruce Coyote State; Sunshine State Under God the People Rule Hail, South Dakota
Tennessee Mockingbird Iris Tulip poplar Volunteer State Agriculture and Commerce Tennessee Waltz
Texas Mockingbird Bluebonnet Pecan Lone Star State Friendship Texas, Our Texas
Utah Sea gull Sego lily Blue spruce Beehive State Industry Utah, We Love Thee
Vermont Hermit thrush Red clover Sugar maple Green Mountain State Freedom and Unity Hail, Vermont
Virginia Cardinal American American Old Dominion Sic semper tyrannis ("Thus Carry Me Back to Old
    dogwood dogwood   always to tyrants") Virginia
Washington Willow goldfinch Rhododendron Western hemlock Evergreen State; Chinook State Al-ki ("By and by") Washington, My Home
West Virginia Cardinal Rosebay rhododendron Sugar maple Mountain State Montani semper liberi ("Mountaineers are always free men") The West Virginia Hills and West Virginia, My Home, Sweet Home
Wisconsin Robin Butterfly violet Sugar maple Badger State Forward On, Wisconsin!
Wyoming Western meadowlark Indian paintbrush Cottonwood Equality State Equal Rights Wyoming