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1600-1754: Science and Medicine: Chronology

1600-1754: Science and Medicine: Chronology

IMPORTANT EVENTS OF 1600-1754

IMPORTANT EVENTS OF 1600-1754

1602

1603

1604

1605

  • George Weymouth of England explores the coast of Maine and Saint Georges Bay, Newfoundland.

1608

1609

1610

1612

  • The first hospital in the British colonies is established at the James River.
  • John Smiths A Map of Virginia is published in England.
  • William Strachey pens The Historie of Travaile into Virginia Britannia, an account of the natural history of Virginia.
  • Marc Lescarbots History of New France, a description of the Saint Lawrence River Valley, is published in Paris.

1614

  • Apr.July John Smith explores the coast, observes the natural features, and studies the Algonquin tribes of New England.

1615

1616

1619

  • Ironworks are built at Falling Creek, Virginia.

1621

  • The first gristmill is built at Jamestown, Virginia.

1622

  • The population of Virginia is fifteen hundred.

1624

  • John Smiths The Generall Historie of Virginia, New England, and the Summer Isles is published in England.

1625

  • The Briggs Map shows California as an island detached from the continent.
  • Of the six thousand immigrants who have arrived in Virginia since 1607, only twelve hundred are still living.

1628

  • The first gristmill is built in Massachusetts.

1634

  • William Woods New Englands Prospect, an account of the topography and natural history of the region, is published in England.
  • Frenchman Jean Nicolet explores Lake Michigan.
  • Dutch explorer Härmen Van den Bogaert explores the Oneida country of upstate New York.

1636

  • Harvard College opens.

1638

  • The first American printing press begins operations in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • June The first recorded earthquake occurs in New England.

1642

  • Darby Field and two Native American companions make the first ascent of Mount Washington, New Hampshire, the tallest peak in New England (6,288 feet).

1648

  • Ironworks are built at Saugus, Massachusetts.

1651

1652

1658

1659

  • The first argument in the British colonies for Nicolaus Copernicuss heliocentric theory is published by Zechariah Brigden in his almanac.

1660

  • Frenchmen Pierre Radisson and Chouart des Groseilliers explore Lake Superior.

1662

  • The Royal Society of London for the Promotion of Natural Knowledge is founded.

1663

  • John Winthrop Jr. becomes the first American elected a fellow of the Royal Society of London.
  • Naturalist John Josselyn climbs Mount Washington, New Hampshire.

1669

  • Joseph West establishes an experimental garden in South Carolina on the Ashley River.

1670

1671

  • Thomas Batts and Robert Fallam are the first British colonists to explore the Appalachian Mountains.

1672

  • John Winthrop Jr. presents Harvard College with a three-and-one-half-foot telescope.
  • French Jesuits Claude Dablon and Claude-Jean Allouez map the Lake Superior region.
  • John Josselyn publishes New Englands Rarities Discovered.

1673

1674

  • John Josselyn publishes An Account of Two Voyages to New-England.

1680

  • Thomas Brattle uses the Harvard College telescope to study Newtons Comet.

1682

  • 9 Apr. After voyaging down the Mississippi River, French explorer René-Robert Cavelier de La Salle reaches the Gulf of Mexico.
  • Sept. Increase Mather and his sons Cotton and Nathaniel use a telescope to analyze Halleys Comet.

1683

  • The Boston Philosophical Society is founded.

1685

1687

  • Charles Morton publishes Compendium of Physics, the standard natural history text used at Harvard College.
  • 18 Jan. The aurora borealis is seen in New England.

1693

  • Dutch explorer Arnout Viele explores the Ohio River valley.

1697

1700

1708

  • The first known copy of Sir Isaac Newtons Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687) arrives in America.

1710

  • The Pennsylvania rifle is invented by German gunsmiths residing in Pennsylvania.
  • A packet boat establishes regular communications between England and New York.

1714

  • French explorer Etienne Veniard de Bourgmont ascends the Missouri River.
  • English explorer John Lawson publishes A History of Carolina.

1716

1718

1719

  • Frenchman Bénard de La Harpe explores as far westward as Oklahoma.

1720

1721

  • The first successful smallpox inoculation occurs in Boston.

1727

1728

1729

  • Frenchman Chaussegros de Léry explores the Allegheny and Ohio Rivers.

1730

  • Philadelphian Thomas Godfrey improves the mariners quadrant for determining latitude at sea.

1732

  • Benjamin Franklin publishes the first Poor Richards Almanack.
  • Englishman Mark Catesby publishes the first edition of Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands.

1733

  • English agriculturist Jethro Tull publishes Horse-Hoeing Husbandry, advocating the use of the plow to keep fields fertile.
  • An experimental garden is established near Savannah, Georgia, for testing the horticulture of such items as coffee and tea.

1734

  • Virginia physician John Tennent publishes the popular medical guide Everyman His Own Doctor: Or, the Poor Planters Physician.

1736

  • The Medical Society of Boston is founded.

1738

1739

1742

1744

1745

  • Isaac Greenwood, the first Harvard Hollis Professor and a mathematician and physicist of note, dies.

1747

  • Benjamin Franklin coins the terms positive and negative to refer to electrical charges.
  • New England physician William Douglass publishes A Summary, Historical and Political, of the... British Settlements in North America.

1748

  • Peter Kalm arrives in America as the scientific emissary of Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus.

1750

  • Dr. Timothy Walker crosses the Appalachian Mountains and reaches the Cumberland Gap.
  • Parliament restricts colonial iron production in the Iron Act.

1751

  • Christopher Gist of Maryland crosses the Appalachian Mountains into Kentuck.
  • American naturalist John Bartram publishes his natural history of upstate Pennsylvania and New York.
  • English patron of science Peter Collinson publishes Benjamin Franklins letters to him about electricity as Experiments and Observations on Electricity, Made at Philadelphia in America, by Mr. Benjamin Franklin.
  • Franklin writes Observations Concerning the Increase of Mankind.
  • Philadelphia scientist and patron of science James Logan dies.

1752

  • Benjamin Franklins kite experiment proves that lightning is electricity.
  • Franklin proposes the use of the lightning rod on buildings.
  • The American colonies adopt the New Style, or Gregorian, Calendar, making 1 January the first day of the year; in the Old Style, or Julian, Calendar the year started on 25 March.
  • William Douglass, Boston physician and participant in the smallpox inoculation controversy, dies.
  • The Pennsylvania Hospital, the first permanent American hospital, opens its doors at Philadelphia.

1753

  • Americans attempt to observe the transit of Mercury across the disk of the sun.

1754

  • Philippe Buaches map of Louisiana appears.
  • Benjamin Franklin publishes Some Account of the Pennsylvania Hospital.

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