Resolution 181

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Passed on 29 November 1947 by the UN General Assembly, this resolution provides for the partition of Palestine into two independent states, one Arab and the other Jewish, with an economic union between them and Jerusalem enjoying a special status. The General Assembly indicated that the British Mandate over Palestine should end as soon as possible. (Britain had already notified the United Nations that it would resign its mandate by 1 August 1948.) The resolution passed by thirtythree to thirteen, with ten abstentions. Voting in favor were Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Byelorussia, Canada, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, France, Guatemala, Haiti, Iceland, Liberia, Luxemburg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, South Africa, Soviet Union, Sweden, Ukraine, United States, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Voting against were Afghanistan, Cuba, Egypt, Greece, India, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, and Yemen. Abstaining were Argentina, Chile, China, Colombia, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Honduras, Mexico, United Kingdom, and Yugoslavia.

SEE ALSO British Mandate;Jerusalem.