Resolution 2443

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Resoution passed by the United Nations General Assembly on 19 December 1968, which created a "Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Population in the Occupied Territories." The resolution expressed its concern at the violation of human rights in Arab territories occupied by Israel; drew the attention of the Government of Israel to the "grave consequences resulting from the disregard of fundamental freedoms and human rights in occupied territories;" called upon the Government of Israel to "desist forthwith from acts of destroying homes of the Arab civilian population"; and affirmed "the inalienable rights of all inhabitants who have left their homes as a result of the outbreak of hostilities in the Middle East to return home, resume their normal life, recover their property and homes, and rejoin their families."

Since its establishment the Special Committee has consistently been denied cooperation by the Government of Israel or access to the occupied territories. It has, however, received information from the governments of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria, much of it from witnesses having first-hand and recent experience of the human rights situation in the occupied territories. The Special Committee makes regular reports to the General Assembly on its evaluation of the situation and its recommendations. Its mandate has been regularly renewed from year to year.