Adopted by the UN General Assembly on 16 December 1991, this resolution nullified Resolution 3379 of 1975, the "Zionism is racism" resolution. By late 1991 the Soviet Union had collapsed and so had the South African apartheid regime. Earlier in the year the Gulf War of 1991 had been fought (under a UN resolution), causing division in the Arab world. In addition, Israel made its attendance at the Madrid Conference conditional on a repeal of Resolution 3379. Under considerable pressure from the United States, the members of the General Assembly voted 111 to 25, with 13 abstentions, to pass this resolution, given here in full: "The general assembly decides to revoke the determination contained in its resolution 3379 (XXX) of 10 November 1975."