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Resolution 338


Adopted unanimously by the UN Security Council on 22 October 1973, during the 1973 War, in an urgent session requested jointly by the United States and the Soviet Union, this resolution reads: "The Security Council 1. Calls upon all parties to the present fighting to cease all firing and terminate all military activity immediately, no later than 12 hours after the moment of the adoption of this decision, in the positions they now occupy; 2. Calls upon the parties concerned to start immediately after the cease-fire the implementation of Security Council resolution 242 (1967) in all of its parts; 3. Decides that, immediately and concurrently with the cease-fire, negotiations shall start between the parties concerned under appropriate auspices aimed at establishing a just and durable peace in the Middle East." Resolution 338 calls for the parties to implement Resolution 242 of 1967 immediately upon a ceasefire and begin negotiations for a permanent peace. (A ceasefire did begin almost immediately, but it was broken within hours.) Like Resolution 242, it does not deal with the Palestinian issue. These two resolutions have remained the legal foundation on which all subsequent proposals for an Arab–Israeli settlement have been based.

SEE ALSO Arab-Israel War (1973); Resolution 242.

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