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Resolution 476 and 478


Passed by the UN Security Council on 30 June and 20 August 1980, respectively, these resolutions deal with Israel's annexation of East Jerusalem. Resolution 476, citing five previous resolutions and the fourth Geneva Convention, and declaring again that "acquisition of territory by force is inadmissible," deplores Israel's "changing the physical character, demographic composition, institutional structure and the status" of Jerusalem, and declares itself "gravely concerned" over forthcoming Israeli legislation regarding the city. The resolution "Reaffirms the overriding necessity to end the prolonged occupation of Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem" and "Strongly deplores the continued refusal of Israel, the occupying Power, to comply with the relevant resolutions of the Security Council and the General Assembly."

Resolution 478 was adopted after the passage in the Knesset on 30 July of the anticipated "basic law" formally extending Israeli sovereignty over East Jerusalem and surrounding territory and declaring Jerusalem the "capital of Israel." Referring to Resolution 476 and the fourth Geneva Convention, this resolution censures Israel for making that change as well as for its refusal to comply with previous UN resolutions, declares the law null and void, and asserts that Israel must rescind it. It also states that Israel's "action constitutes a serious obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East" and calls upon all states with diplomatic missions in Jerusalem to withdraw them.

SEE ALSO Jerusalem; Knesset.

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