English art England's earliest artistic traditions were shaped by invading forces. The Anglo-Saxons had an enduring influence. Their most notable achievement came with the Bayeux tapestry. The Church remained the dominant patron of the arts until the arrival of Hans Holbein at the court of Henry VIII. In the 17th century, Rubens and Van Dyck worked in the courts of James I and Charles I. A native tradition emerged in the 18th century, with William Hogarth and Thomas Gainsborough. The Royal Academy of Arts (RA) was founded in 1768, and Joshua Reynolds was the first president. In the 19th century, England's two most influential artists were J. M. W. Turner and John Constable. The work of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood bridged Romanticism and symbolism, while William Morris was a seminal influence on the Arts and Crafts Movement. Major 20th-century figures were Stanley Spencer and Francis Bacon. Modern English sculptors, including Jacob Epstein, Henry Moore, and Barbara Hepworth, exerted a widespread influence.
English architecture Between the 6th and the 17th centuries, there were at least five distinctive styles of English architecture: Saxon, Norman, Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque. England was influenced by European trends in architecture towards the end of their development. For example, Inigo Jones brought his revolutionary Renaissance ideas relatively late to the 17th-century Stuart court, and Christopher Wren introduced Baroque forms to England at the end of his career. The Georgian period (1702–1830) subdivides into English Baroque, Palladianism, and neo-classicism. In the 19th century, the Victorian age marked an earnestness and solidity of architecture, while the Great Exhibition (1851) paved the way for modernism. William Morris and the Arts and Crafts Movement encouraged purity of design in the late 19th century, a concept which was maintained in the early 20th-century work of Lutyens and Charles Voysey. In the late 20th century, the movements of modernism and post-modernism, in particular the work of Richard Rogers and Norman Foster, has been challenged by proponents of more classical styles.
More From encyclopedia.com
Gothic Architecture And Art , Gothic architecture and art, structures (largely cathedrals and churches) and works of art first created in France in the 12th cent. that spread thro… German Art And Architecture , German art and architecture, artistic works produced within the region that became politically unified as Germany in 1871 generally followed the styl… Georgian Architecture , Georgian architecture: It includes several trends in English architecture that were predominant during the reigns (1714–1830) of George I, George II,… French Art , French art French art, the artistic production of the region that constitutes the historic nation of France. See also French architecture. Early Hist… Scandinavian Art And Architecture , Scandinavian art and architecture, works of art and structures created in the Scandinavian area of Europe. Early History The Scandinavian countries a… American Art , American art American art, the art of the North American colonies and of the United States. There are separate articles on American architecture, Nor…
About this article
English art and architecture
All Sources -
Updated Aug 24 2016 About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic
You Might Also Like
English art and architecture