England, Scotland, and Wales, Martyrs of

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ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, AND WALES, MARTYRS OF

The term, as commonly used, includes all the men and women, priests and laity, belonging to all the older religious orders, the secular clergy, the Society of Jesus, and to every class, trade, or profession, who gave their lives in England and Wales rather than deny their faith. The subjoined chronology includes only those whose cause of beatification or canonization has been formally introduced into the Congregation of Rites, is now pending, or has been concluded: it excludes many who died in prison (e.g., the wife of St. Swithin Wells), others who suffered in reprisal for their part in religious risings (e.g., the pilgrimage of grace, 1536), and about 43 (e.g., Henry garnet) whose cause has been deferred because of some defect of information. These, known technically as dilati, are listed at the end of the chronology. While all could have saved their lives by renouncing their faith, priest-hood, or allegiance to the See of Rome, the indictments on which they were found guilty of death varied according to the period and its particular political or religious circumstances: in law all but a few suffered as traitors, whether it was their refusal to take the oath of supremacy or their ordination overseas that made them such.

The protomartyr of the English Reformation was St. John Houghton, prior of the London Charterhouse, executed at Tyburn on May 4, 1535; the last, Bl. William Howard, Viscount Stafford, grandson of St. Philip Howard (d. Oct. 19, 1596), beheaded on Tower Hill, Dec. 29, 1680. Unless otherwise stated in the list, all these martyrs were hanged, drawn, and quartered. This was the death reserved for traitors. The sentence of execution ran: "Ye shall be drawn through the open city to the place of execution, and there be hanged and let down alive, and your privy parts cut off, and your entrails taken out and burnt in your sight; then your head to be cut off and your bodies divided into four parts, to be disposed of at his (her) Majesty's pleasure." In the case of certain martyrs the Sovereign, in the exercise of his prerogative of mercy, commuted the sentence, as with SS. Thomas More and John Fisher, to that of beheading; in others, particularly in the later persecution, the martyrs were permitted to hang until they were dead; but the greater number suffered the full rigors of the sentence. St. Edmund Gennings (d. Dec. 10, 1691), for instance, was heard to invoke St. Gregory, patron of England, while the hangman held the priest's heart in his hand.

Henry VIII. In 1533 henry viii, after failing to secure at Rome a divorce from his lawful wife, catherine of aragon, put her away. In the following year the pope's jurisdiction over England was renounced by Act of Parliament (25 Hen. VIII, c. 21). The Act of Succession (c. 22), the same year, made it a capital offense to reject or deny the validity of the king's marriage to his mistress, Anne Boleyn, while the Act of Supremacy (1534; 26 Hen. VIII, c. 1) made it high treason not to acknowledge the king as "the only Supreme Head on earth of the Church in England." It was under these two Acts that most of the first 50 martyrs in the list suffered death.

Elizabeth I. When Elizabeth I succeeded her half-sister, Mary, on Nov. 17, 1588, a new Act of Supremacy (1 Eliz., c. 1) made it treason to maintain the pope's authority in the realm (1 Eliz., c. 1) and imposed an oath compelling acknowledgment of the queen as "Supreme Governor as well in all spiritual or ecclesiastical things as temporal"; a new Act of Uniformity (1 Eliz., c. 2) restored the Book of Common Prayer (first issued 1549, revised 1552), prohibited the Mass, and made attendance at Protestant service compulsory. In 1569 Dr. William allen (later Cardinal) founded at Douai a seminary for the training of English priests. In November of that year occurred the Northern Rising, which was followed by a wholesale execution of northern Catholics (none of them included in the list below, apart from Bl. Thomas Plumtree, their chaplain). This rising led pius v to issue the bull Regnans in Excelsis (Feb. 25, 1570) excommunicating the queen, who retaliated by issuing acts (13 Eliz., cc. 1, 2) making it treason to call her a heretic or to introduce papal bulls into the realm.

Under these measures, or on the pretext of alleged complicity in real or feigned plots against the Queen, 38 martyrs suffered between the years 1570 and 1585, including the most famous of them all, St. Edmund Campion and St. Richard Gwyn, the poet, schoolmaster, and protomartyr of Wales.

Without question it was Elizabeth I's intention to supplant the old religion with the new in a bloodless manner. It is significant that there were no martyrs in the first 12 years of her reign, and only five in the years from 1570 to 1577. The entry of new priests into England from the seminaries abroad (the English College in Rome was founded in 1579) induced legislation that increased the number of martyrs. In 1585 a law was passed which the Jesuit historian, Father Pollen, has termed the "act which made the martyrs." This was the famous "Act against Jesuits, seminary priests and other such like disobedient subjects" (27 Eliz., c. 2), which made it high treason for a native-born subject of the queen, after receiving priestly orders abroad, to return and minister in the realm, unless he gave himself up to the authorities within 48 hours of his landing. Yet Bl. Henry Walpole, executed at York April 7, 1595, suffered for his priest-hood, although, as he pleaded, he was captured before the expiration of the statutory time limit. By an extension of this act any lay person who harbored or assisted a priest was liable to the same penalties. All the Acts concerning the persecution are printed, some in full, others in summary, in G. W. Prothero's Constitutional Documents (15581625).

The following list includes members of the group of 63 martyrs who were beatified equipollently (per modum cultus ) by Leo XIII on Dec. 29, 1886, and May 13, 1895, as well as those beatified by Pius XI, after a formal process, on Dec. 15, 1929. SS. John Fisher and Thomas More were canonized by the same pope on May 19, 1935. The other saints included in the list are the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales, canonized by Paul VI on June 21, 1970, and the 85 martyrs beatified by John Paul II on Nov. 22, 1987.

After the Low Week meeting of the hierarchy of England and Wales in 1960, in a letter dated April 27, Cardinal Godfrey, as president of the same hierarchy, petitioned John XXIII to reassume the cause of canonization of a selected group of these martyrs. By an under-standing with the Holy See only those were included in the list who were (1) already beatified, (2) well-known, and (3) established in the devotion of the faithful. Since that date the cause has been promoted with remarkable results.

In August 2000, a revised liturgical calendar was approved for England and Wales that includes a common feast day (May 4) under the title "The English Martyrs" for the 85 martyrs beatified in 1987 and the Forty Martyrs canonized in 1970. This date coincides with a similar feast in the (Anglican) Church of England. Separate feast days are maintained for SS. John Fisher and Thomas More. Individual dioceses and churches may celebrate the memorials of those martyrs of special local interest. The Roman Calendar continues to maintain the feast of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales on October 25.

The following abbreviations have been used in the appended list: sec. priest for secular priest; sem. priest, seminary priest; b., born; d., died; educ., educated; G.S., Grammar School; Coll., College; ord., ordained; adm., admitted; Engl. miss., English mission; cond., condemned.

Under Henry VIII

1535

St. John Houghton, priest, Carthusian monk, prior of London Charterhouse; b. Essex; educ. Cambridge. d. Tyburn, May 4

St. Robert Lawrence, priest, Carthusian monk, prior of Beauvale, Notts. d. Tyburn, May 4

St. Augustine Webster, priest, Carthusian monk, prior of Axholme, Lincs. d. Tyburn, May 4

St. Richard Reynolds, priest, Bridgettine monk of Syon Abbey, Mddx.; b. Devon; educ. Corpus Christi Coll., Cambridge. d. Tyburn, May 4

Bl. John Haile, secular priest, bachelor of laws; rector of St. Dunstan's, Cranford, vicar of Isleworth, Mddx., canon of Wrigham, Kent. d. Tyburn, May 4

Bl. Humphrey Middlemore, priest, Carthusian monk, vicar of London Charterhouse; b. Edgbaston, Warwicks.d. Tyburn, June 19

Bl. William Exmew, priest, Carthusian monk, procurator of London Charterhouse. d. Tyburn, June 19

Bl. Sebastian Newdigate, priest, Carthusian monk of London Charterhouse; b. Harefield, Mddx.; educ. Cambridge. d. Tyburn, June 19

St. John Fisher, cardinal, bishop of Rochester; b. Beverley, E.R. Yorks.; educ. Cambridge; chancellor of Cambridge University. Beheaded. (Canonized 1935). d. Tower Hill, June 22

St. Thomas More, layman, lord chancellor; b. London; educ. Canterbury Hall, Oxford, and Inns of Court. Beheaded. (Canonized 1935). d. Tower Hill, July 6

1537

Bl. John Rochester, priest, Carthusian monk of London Charterhouse; b. Terling, Essex; educ. Cambridge. Hanged in chains. d. York, May 11

Bl. James Walworth, priest, Carthusian monk of London Charterhouse. Hanged in chains. d. York, May 11

Bl. William Greenwood, Carthusian brother of London Charterhouse. Starved to death. d. Newgate, June 6

Bl. John Davy, deacon, Carthusian monk of London Charterhouse. Starved to death. d. Newgate, June 8

Bl. Robert Salt, Carthusian brother of London Charterhouse. Starved to death. d. Newgate, June 9

Bl. Walter Pierson, Carthusian brother of London Charterhouse. Starved to death. d. Newgate, June 10

Bl. Thomas Green, priest, Carthusian monk of London Charterhouse; fellow of St. John's Coll., Cambridge. Starved to death. d. Newgate, June 10

Bl. Thomas Scryven, Carthusian brother of London Charterhouse. Starved to death. d. Newgate, June 15

Bl. Thomas Redyng, Carthusian brother of London Charterhouse. Starved to death. d. Newgate, June 16

Ven. Antony Brorby (Brookby), priest, Franciscan; educ. Magdalen Coll., Oxford. Strangled in prison. d. Newgate, July 7

Bl. Richard Bere, priest, Carthusian monk of London Charterhouse; b. Glastonbury; educ. Oxford and Inns of Court. Starved to death. d. Newgate, August 9

Bl. Thomas Johnson, priest, Carthusian monk of London Charterhouse. Starved to death. d. Newgate, September 20

Ven. John Travers, sec. priest; educ. Oxford; M.A.,D.D.; chancellor of St. Patrick's cathedral, Dublin. Cond. under Act of Supremacy. Executed. d. Dublin, date uncertain

1538

Bl. John Forest, priest, Franciscan, Greenwich Observant Friar; educ. Oxford; confessor to Queen Catherine. Hanged, then burned. d. Smithfield, May 22

Ven. Thomas Cort (Covert), priest, Franciscan, Greenwich Observant Friar. Starved to death. d. Newgate, July 27

Ven. Thomas Belchiam, priest, Franciscan, Greenwich Observant Friar. Starved to death. d. Newgate, August 3

1539

Ven. John Griffith (sometimes misnamed Clark), sec. priest; vicar of Wandsworth, Surrey, and rector of Dolton, Devon. Cond. by Bill of Attainder. d. Southwark, July 8

Ven. John (?) Waire (Maire), priest, Franciscan. Cond. by Bill of Attainder. d. Southwark, July 8

Bl. Adrian Fortescue, Kt. of St. John of Jerusalem, layman; of Punsbourne, Herts., and Stonor Park, Oxford. Cond. by Bill of Attainder. Beheaded. d. Tower Hill, July 9

Ven. Thomas Dingley, Kt. of St. John of Jerusalem, layman; of a Hampshire family. Cond. by Bill of Attainder. Beheaded. d. Tower Hill, July 9

Bl. Richard Whiting, priest, Benedictine, Abbot of Glastonbury; b. Wrington, Somerset; educ. Cambridge.d. Glastonbury, November 15

Bl. John Thorne, priest, Benedictine monk of Glastonbury. d. Glastonbury, November 15

Bl. Roger James, priest, Benedictine monk of Glastonbury. d. Glastonbury, November 15

Bl. Hugh Faringdon (vere Cook), priest, Benedictine, Abbot of Reading; b. (prob.) at Faringdon, Berks.d. Reading, November 15

Bl. John Eynon (Onyon), priest, Benedictine monk (of Reading?); priest at St. Giles's, Reading. d. Reading, November 15

Bl. John Rugg, priest, Benedictine monk (of Reading?); prebendary of Chichester. d. Reading, November 15

Bl. John Beche (vere Marshall), priest, Benedictine, abbot of Colchester; educ. Oxford. d. Colchester, December 1

St. John Stone, priest, Augustinian monk of Austin Friars, Canterbury. d. Canterbury, not later than December 29

1540

Bl. Thomas Abell, D.D., sec. priest; educ. Oxford; chaplain to Queen Catherine. Cond. by Bill of Attainder.d. Smithfield, July 30

Bl. Edward Powell, D.D., sec. priest; a Welshman; fellow of Oriel Coll., Oxford; headmaster of Eton Coll.; prebendary of Salisbury; vicar of St. Mary Redcliffe, Bristol. Cond. by Bill of Attainder. d. Smithfield, July 30

Bl. Richard Fetherston, D.D., sec. priest; educ. Cambridge; tutor to Princess Mary; archdeacon of Brecknock. Cond. by Bill of Attainder. d. Smithfield, July 30

Bl. William Horne, Carthusian brother of London Charterhouse. Cond. by Bill of Attainder. d. Tyburn, August 4

Ven. Edmund Brindholme, sec. priest; parish priest of the Church of Our Lady, Calais; supporter of Cardinal Pole. Cond. by Bill of Attainder. d. Tyburn, August 4

Ven. Clement Philpot, layman; supporter of Cardinal Pole. Cond. by Bill of Attainder. d. Tyburn, August 4

1541

Bl. Margaret Pole, countess of Salisbury, laywoman;b. Castle Farley, Somerset; of Christchurch and Warblington, Hants.; mother of Cardinal Pole; lady governess of Princess Mary. Cond. by Bill of Attainder. Beheaded.d. Tower of London, May 28

Bl. David Gonson (Gunston or Genson), Kt. of St. John of Jerusalem, layman. Son of Vice-Adm. Gonson. Cond. by Bill of Attainder and under Act of Supremacy.d. Southwark, July 12

1544

Bl. John Larke, sec. priest; rector of St. Ethelburga's, Bishopsgate, then Chelsea. d. Tyburn, March 7

Bl. German Gardiner, layman; educ. Cambridge; secretary to Stephen Gardiner, bishop of Winchester. d. Tyburn, March 7

Bl. John Ireland, sec. priest; chaplain to the Roper Chantry; St. Dunstan's, Canterbury; afterward at Eltham.d. Tyburn, March 7

Ven. Thomas Ashby, layman. Cond. under Act of Supremacy. d. Tyburn, March 19

Under Elizabeth I

1570

Bl. Thomas Plumtree, sec. priest; b. Diocese of Lincoln; educ. Corpus Christi Coll., Oxford; chaplain to the insurgents. d. Durham, January 4

Bl. John Felton, layman; b. Bermondsey; of a Norfolk family. Cond. for publishing the Bull. d. St. Paul's Churchyard, August 8

1571

Bl. John Story, layman, doctor of law; b. Salisbury; educ. Oxford; D.C.L.; president of Broadgates Hall, Oxford; M.P., Hindon, Wilts. Cond. for pretended treason.d. Tyburn, June 1

1572

Bl. Thomas Percy, earl of Northumberland, layman;b. Northumberland. Cond. for the Rising. Beheaded. d. York, August 22

1573

Bl. Thomas Woodhouse, sec. priest and Jesuit. A Marian priest in Lincolnshire; 12 years a prisoner for religion. d. Smithfield, June 19

1577

St. Cuthbert Mayne, sem. priest; b. Yalston, near Barnstaple, Devon; educ. Barnstaple G.S.; St. John's Coll., Oxford; convert minister; Douai; ord. 1575; Engl. miss. at Golden, Cornwall. Cond. under Act of Supremacy and for priest-hood. (Protomartyr of the Seminaries.) d. Launceston, November 30

1578

Bl. John Nelson, sem. priest and Jesuit; b. Skelton, near York; educ. Douai; ord. 1575; Engl. miss., London.d. Tyburn, February 3

Bl. Thomas Sherwood, layman, student; b. London; a woolen draper; taken on way to Douai. Cond. under Act of Supremacy (aged 27). d. Tyburn, February 7

1581

Bl. Everard Hanse, sem. priest; b. Northamptonshire; educ. Cambridge; after conversion, Rheims; ord. 1581; taken in London. d. Tyburn, July 31

St. Edmund Campion, priest; b. London; educ. at Bluecoat School; scholar and fellow of St. John's Coll., Oxford; after conversion, Douai; adm. SJ at Rome, 1573; Engl. miss., June 1580August 1581. Cond. for the fictitious plot in Rome and Flanders. d. Tyburn, December 1

St. Ralph Sherwin, sem. priest; b. Rodsley, Longford, Derbyshire; fellow of Exeter Coll., Oxford; after conversion, Douai and Rome; ord. 1577; Engl. miss.,1580. Cond. for the fictitious plot in Rome and Flanders. (Protomartyr of the English Coll., Rome.) d. Tyburn, December 1

St. Alexander Briant, sem. priest; b. Somersetshire; educ. Hart Hall, Oxford; Douai; Engl. miss., 1578, London; adm. SJ in prison. Cond. for the fictitious plot in Rome and Flanders (aged 25). d. Tyburn, December 1

1582

St. John Paine, sem. priest; b. Diocese of Peterborough; educ. Douai; ord. 1576; Engl. miss., Ingatestone, Essex. Cond. for the fictitious plot in Rome and Flanders.d. Chelmsford, April 2

Bl. Thomas Ford, sem. priest; b. Devon; fellow of Trinity Coll., Oxford; convert; Douai; ord. 1573; Engl. miss., 1576, Oxfordshire and Berks. Cond. for the fictitious plot in Rome and Flanders. d. Tyburn, May 28

Bl. John Shert, sem. priest; b. Shert Hall, near Macclesfield, Cheshire; educ. Brasenose Coll., Oxford; after conversion, Douai and Rome; ord. 1576; Engl. miss., 1579, Cheshire and London. Cond. for the fictitious plot in Rome and Flanders. d. Tyburn, May 28

Bl. Robert Johnson, sem. priest; b. Shropshire; educ. German Coll., Rome and Douai; ord. 1576; Engl. miss., 1580, London. Cond. for the fictitious plot in Rome and Flanders. d. Tyburn, May 28

Bl. William Filby, sem. priest; b. Oxfordshire; educ. Lincoln Coll, Oxford; after conversion, Rheims; ord. 1581; Engl. miss., 1581. Cond. for the fictitious plot in Rome and Flanders. d. Tyburn, May 30

St. Luke Kirby, sem. priest; b. near Richmond, N.R. Yorks. (?); educ. Louvain; after conversion, Douai and Rome; ord. 1577; Engl. miss., 1580. Cond. for the fictitious plot in Rome and Flanders. d. Tyburn, May 30

Bl. Laurence Richardson (vere Johnson), sem. priest;b. Great Crosby, Lancs.; educ. Crosby, and Brasenose Coll., Oxford; after conversion, Douai; ord. 1577; Engl. miss., Lancs., etc. Cond. for the fictitious plot in Rome and Flanders. d. Tyburn, May 30

Bl. Thomas Cottam, priest; b. Dilworth or Tarnacre, Lancs.; educ. Brasenose Coll., Oxford; after conversion, Douai; adm. SJ, Rome; Engl. miss., 1580. Cond. for the fictitious plot in Rome and Flanders. d. Tyburn, May 30

Bl. William Lacey, sem. priest; b. Horton, near Settle, W.R. Yorks.; married; on wife's death ord. priest at Rome, 1581; Engl. miss., 1581, Yorks. d. York, August 22

Bl. Richard Kirkman, sem. priest; b. Addingham, near Skipton, W.R. Yorks.; educ. Douai; ord. 1579; Engl. miss., Lincoln and Yorks. d. York, August 22

Bl. James Thompson (alias Hudson), sem. priest; b. York; educ. Rheims; ord. 1581. d. York, November 28

1583

Bl. William Hart, sem. priest; b. Wells, Somerset; educ. Lincoln Coll., Oxford; after conversion, Douai, Rheims, and Rome; ord. 1581; Engl. miss., Yorks. d. York, March 15

Bl. Richard Thirkeld, sem. priest; b. Cunsley (Coniscliffe?), Durham; educ. Queen's Coll., Oxford; Douai and Rheims; ord. 1579; Engl. miss., Yorks., 157983. d. York, May 29

Bl. John Slade, layman; b. Milton, Hants.; educ. New Coll., Oxford; schoolmaster. Cond. under Act of Supremacy. d. Winchester, October 30

Bl. John Bodey, layman; b. Wells, Somerset; educ. Winchester, and New Coll., Oxford; after conversion, law student at Douai; schoolmaster. d. Andover, November 2

1584

Bl. William Carter, layman; b. London; printer. Cond. for printing Catholic books. d. Tyburn, January 11

Bl. George Haydock, sem. priest; b. Cottam Hall, near Preston, Lancs.; educ. Rheims and Rome; ord. 1581.d. Tyburn, February 12

Bl. James Fenn, sem. priest; b. Montacute, near Yeovil, Somerset; educ. Corpus Christi Coll., and Gloucester Hall, Oxford; schoolmaster; married; on wife's death went to Rheims; ord. 1580. d. Tyburn, February 12

Bl. Thomas Hemerford, sem. priest; b. Stoke (?), Dorset; educ. St. John's Coll., and Hart Hall, Oxford; Engl. Coll., Rome; ord. 1583. d. Tyburn, February 12

Bl. John Nutter, sem. priest; b. Reedley Hallows, near Burnley, Lancs.; educ. Blackburn, and St. John's Coll., Cambridge; Rheims; ord. 1582. d. Tyburn, February 12

Bl. John Munden, sec. priest; b. Coltley, S. Maperton, Dorset; educ. Winchester and New Coll., Oxford; schoolmaster in Dorset; Rheims; Rome; ord. 1582. d. Tyburn, February 12

Bl. James Bell, sec. priest; b. Warrington, Lancs.; educ. Oxford; a Marian priest, who had conformed, and died for being reconciled (aged 64). d. Lancaster, April 20

Bl. John Finch, layman; a yeoman farmer of Eccleston, Lancs.; convert and harborer of priests. d. Lancaster, April 20

St. Richard Gwyn (alias White); layman; b. Llanidloes, Montgomery; educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge; schoolmaster in Flints and Denbighshire; convert. (Protomartyr of Wales.) d. Wrexham, October 17

1585

Bl. Thomas Alfield, sem. priest, b. Gloucester; educ. Eton, and King's Coll., Cambridge; after conversion, Douai and Rheims; ord. 1581. Cond. for distributing Allen's book, Defence of the English Catholics. Hanged.d. Tyburn, July 6

Ven. Thomas Webley, layman; b. Gloucester; dyer's apprentice; convert. Cond. for distributing Allen's book, Defence of the English Catholics. Hanged. d. Tyburn, July 6

Bl. Hugh Taylor, sem. priest; b. Durham; educ. Rheims; ord. 1584. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, November 26

Bl. Marmaduke Bowes, layman; b. Ingram Grange, Ellerbeck, N.R. Yorks. Cond. for harboring a priest. Hanged. d. York, November 27

1586

Bl. Edward Stransham (alias Barber), sem. priest; b. Oxford; educ. St. John's Coll., Oxford; Douai, Rheims; ord. 1580; Engl. miss., 1581, London and Oxford. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, January 21

Bl. Nicholas Woodfen (alias Devereux, vere Wheeler), sem. priest; b. Leominster; educ. Leominster G.S.; Douai, Rheims; ord. 1581; Engl. miss., 1581, London. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, January 21

St. Margaret Clitherow, laywoman, nee Middleton;b. York; convert and receiver of priests. Pressed to death.d. York, March 25

Bl. Richard Sergeant (alias Lea and Long), sem. priest; b. Stone (?), Gloucestershire; educ. Oxford and Rheims; ord. 1583. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, April 20

Bl. William Thomson (alias Blackburn), sem. priest;b. Blackburn, Lancs.; educ. Rheims; ord. 1584. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, April 20

Bl. Robert Anderton, sem. priest; b. Isle of Man; educ. Rivington G.S. and Brasenose Coll., Oxford; after conversion, Rheims; ord. 1584. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Isle of Wight, April 25

Bl. William Marsden, sem. priest; b. Goosnargh (or Chipping), Lancs.; educ. Rivington G.S., and St. Mary Hall, Oxford; Rheims; ord. 1585. Cond. for priest-hood.d. Isle of Wight, April 25

Bl. Francis Ingleby, sem. priest; b. Ripley, W.R. Yorks.; educ. Brasenose Coll., Oxford and Inner Temple; Rheims; ord. 1583; Engl. miss., 1584, Yorks. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, June 3

Bl. Robert Bickerdike, layman; b. Lowhall, near Knaresborough, W.R. Yorks. Cond. for "traitorous" speech. d. York, July 23 (?)

Bl. John Fingley, sem. priest; b. Barnby, near Howden, E.R. Yorks.; educ. Cambridge; Rheims; ord. 1581; Engl. miss., 1581. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, August 8

Bl. John Sandys, sem. priest; b. Lancashire; educ. Rheims; ord. 1584. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Gloucester, August 11

Bl. John Lowe, sem. priest; b. London; convert minister; Douai, Rome; ord. 1582; Engl. miss., 1583, London. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, October 8

Bl. John Adams, sem. priest; b. Martinstown, Dorset; educ. Oxford; convert minister; Rheims; ord. 1580. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, October 8

Bl. Robert Dibdale, sem. priest; b. Shottery, Warwicks.; educ. Rheims; ord. 1584; Eng. miss., 1584, Denham, Bucks. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, October 8 Bl. Richard Langley, layman; of Ousethorpe, near Pocklington, E.R. Yorks. Hanged for harboring priests.d. York, December 1

1587

Bl. Thomas Pilcher, sem. priest; b. Battle, Sussex; educ. Balliol Coll., Oxford; after conversion, Rheims; ord. 1583; Engl. miss., 1583, W. Counties. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Dorchester, March 21

Bl. Edmund Sykes, sem. priest; b. near Leeds, W.R. Yorks.; educ. Oxford (?); Rheims; ord. 1581; Engl. miss., 1581, Yorks. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, March 23

Bl. Stephen Rowsham (alias Rouse), sem. priest; b. Oxfordshire; educ. Oriel Coll., Oxford; minister at St. Mary's, Oxford; after conversion, Rheims; ord. 1582. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Gloucester, April?

Bl. John Hambley, sem. priest; b. St. Mabyn, near Bodmin, Cornwall; convert; Rheims; ord. 1584; Engl. miss., 1585, London and West. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Salisbury, April?

Bl. Robert Sutton, sem. priest; b. Burton-on-Trent, Staffs.; educ. Burton, and Christ Church, Oxford; parson of Lutterworth; after conversion, Douai; ord. 1578; Engl. miss., Stafford, nine years. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Stafford, July 27

Bl. George Douglas, sem. priest (Franciscan); b. Edinburgh; educ. Paris; ord. c. 1560; schoolmaster in Rutland. Cond. under Act of Supremacy. d. York, September 9

Bl. Alexander Crow, sem. priest; b. S. Duffield (or Howden), E.R. Yorks.; shoemaker; student at Rheims; ord. 1583, Engl. miss., Yorks. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, November 30

1588

Bl. Nicholas Garlick, sem. priest; b. Dinting, Derbyshire; educ. Mellor G.S., and Gloucester Hall, Oxford; schoolmaster at Tideswell G.S.; Rheims; ord. 1582; Engl. miss., Midlands. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Derby, July 24

Bl. Robert Ludlam, sem. priest; b. Radborne, near Derby; educ. St. John's Coll., Oxford; Rheims; ord. 1581; Engl. miss., 1582, Derbyshire. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Derby, July 24

Bl. Richard Simpson (alias Highgate), sem. priest; b. Well, near Ripon, W.R. Yorks.; educ. Gloucester Hall, Oxford; convert minister; Douai; ord. 1577; Engl. miss., ten years. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Derby, July 24

Bl. William Dean, sem. priest; b. Linton-in-Craven, W.R. Yorks.; convert minister; Rheims; ord. 1581. Cond. for priest-hood. Hanged. d. Mile End Green, August 28

Bl. Henry Webley, layman; b. Gloucester. Hanged for aiding Dean (above). d. Mile End Green, August 28

Bl. William Gunter, sem. priest; b. Raglan, Monmouth; educ. Rheims; ord. 1587. Cond. for priest-hood, Hanged. d. Shoreditch, August 28

Bl. Robert Morton, sem. priest; b. Bawtry, W.R. Yorks.; educ. Rheims, Rome; ord. 1587. Cond. for priest-hood. Hanged. d. Lincoln's Inn Fields, August 28

Bl. Hugh More, layman; b. Grantham, Lincs.; educ. Broadgates Hall, Oxford and Gray's Inn; convert; Rheims. Hanged for being reconciled. d. Lincoln's Inn Fields, August 28

Bl. Thomas Holford (alias Acton and Bude), sem. priest; b. Aston in parish of Acton, Cheshire; schoolmaster in Herefords.; convert; Rheims; ord. 1583; Engl. miss., London and Cheshire. Cond. for priest-hood. Hanged. d. Clerkenwell, August 28

Bl. James Claxton (Clarkson), sem. priest; b. Yorks.; educ. Rheims; ord. 1582. Cond. for priest-hood. Hanged.d. Isleworth, August 28

Bl. Thomas Felton, friar minim; b. Bermondsey; son of Bl. John Felton (see above, 1570); educ. Rheims; not yet ord. Hanged for being reconciled. d. Isleworth, August 28

Bl. Richard Leigh (alias Garth or Earth), sem. priest;b. London; educ. Rheims and Rome; ord. 1586. Cond. for priest-hood. Hanged. d. Tyburn, August 30

Bl. Edward Shelley, layman; of Warminghurst, Sussex. Hanged for harboring or relieving priests. d. Tyburn, August 30

Bl. Richard Martin, layman; b. Shropshire; educ. Broadgates Hall, Oxford. Hanged for harboring or relieving priests. d. Tyburn, August 30

Bl. Richard Flower (vere Lloyd or Floyd), layman;b. Anglesey. Hanged for harboring or relieving priests (aged 22). d. Tyburn, August 30

Bl. John Roche (alias Neale), layman; an Irish waterman. Hanged for harboring or relieving priests. d. Tyburn, August 30

St. Margaret Ward, laywoman; b. Congleton, Cheshire. Cond. for rescuing a priest. Hanged. d. Tyburn, August 30

Bl. William Way (alias Flower, sometimes misnamed Wigges), sem. priest; b. Devon; educ. Rheims; ord. 1586. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Kingston-on-Thames, September 23

Bl. Robert Wilcox, sem. priest; b. Chester; educ. Rheims; ord. 1585. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Canterbury, October 1 Bl. Edward Campion (vere Edwards), sem. priest; b. Ludlow, Shropshire; educ. Jesus Coll., Oxford; after conversion, Rheims; ord. 1587. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Canterbury, October 1

Bl. Christopher Buxton, sem. priest; b. Tideswell, Derbyshire; educ. Tideswell G.S.; after conversion Rheims, Rome; ord. 1586. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Canterbury, October 1

Bl. Robert Widmerpool, layman; b. Widmerpool, Notts.; educ. Gloucester Hall, Oxford; schoolmaster. Hanged for helping a priest. d. Canterbury, October 1

Bl. Ralph Crockett, sem. priest; b. Barton-on-the-Hill, Cheshire; educ. Christ's Coll., Cambridge, and Gloucester Hall, Oxford; schoolmaster, Norfolk and Suffolk; Rheims; ord. 1586. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Chichester, October 1

Bl. Edward James, sem. priest; b. Breaston in parish of Wilne, near Derby; educ. Derby G.S., and St. John's Coll., Oxford; after conversion Rheims, Rome; ord.1583. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Chichester, October 1

Bl. John Robinson, sem. priest; b. Ferrensby, W.R. Yorks.; on wife's death, Rheims; ord. 1585. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Ipswich, October 1

Bl. William Hartley, sem. priest; b. Wilne, near Derby; educ. St. John's Coll., Oxford; convert minister; Rheims; ord. 1580. Cond. for priest-hood. Hanged. d. Shoreditch, October 5

Bl. Robert Sutton, layman; b. Kegworth, Leicestershire; educ. Oxford (?); schoolmaster in London; convert. Hanged for being reconciled. d. Clerkenwell, October 5

Bl. John Hewett (alias Weldon and Sayell), sem. priest; b. York; educ. Caius Coll., Cambridge; Rheims; ord. 1586. Cond. for priest-hood. Hanged. d. Mile End Green, October 5

Bl. Edward Burden, sem. priest; b. Durham; educ. Corpus Christi Coll., Oxford; Rheims; ord. 1584. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, October 31 or November 29

Bl. William Lampley, layman, a Gloucester glover. Cond. for "persuading to popery." d. Gloucester, date unknown

1589

Bl. John Amias (Anne), sem. priest; b. near Wakefield, W.R. Yorks.; clothmonger at Wakefield; married; on wife's death, Rheims; ord. 1581. Cond. for priest-hood.d. York, March 15

Bl. Robert Dalby, sem. priest; b. Hemingborough, E.R. Yorks.; convert minister; Rheims; ord. 1588. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, March 15

Bl. George Nichols, sem. priest; b. Oxford; educ. Brasenose Coll., Oxford; master at St. Paul's School; Rheims; ord. 1584; Engl. miss., Oxford. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Oxford, July 5

Bl. Richard Yaxley, sem. priest; b. Boston, Lincs.; educ. Rheims; ord. 1586; Engl. miss., Oxford. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Oxford, July 5

Bl. Thomas Belson, layman; of Brill, Bucks. Hanged for relieving Nichols and Yaxley (above). d. Oxford, July 5

Bl. Humphrey Pritchard, layman; a Welsh servant. Hanged for relieving Nichols and Yaxley (above). d. Oxford, July 5

Bl. William Spenser, sem. priest; b. Gisburn, W.R. Yorks.; educ. Trinity Coll., Oxford; convert; Rheims; ord. 1583. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, September 24

Bl. Robert Hardesty, layman; a serving-man; b. Yorkshire. Hanged for relieving Spenser (above). d. York, September 24

1590

Bl. Christopher Bales, sem. priest; b. Coniscliffe, Durham; educ. Rome and Rheims; ord. 1587. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Fleet Street, March 4

Bl. Nicholas Horner; layman; b. Grantley, W. R. Yorks.; a tailor. Hanged for assisting priests. d. Smithfield, March 4

Bl. Alexander Blake, layman, a London ostler. Hanged for assisting priests. d. Gray's Inn Lane, March 4

Bl. Francis Dickenson (Dicconson), (alias Laurence and Keighley), sem. priest; b. Otley, W.R. Yorks.; convert; educ. Rheims; ord. 1589. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Rochester, April 13 or 30

Bl. Miles Gerard (alias William Richardson), sem. priest; b. Ince, near Wigan, Lancs.; schoolmaster; educ. Rheims; ord. 1583. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Rochester, April 13 or 30

Bl. Edward Jones, sem. priest; b. Lyndon (?), Diocese of St. Asaph; convert; educ. Rheims; ord. 1588. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Fleet Street, May 6

Bl. Antony Middleton, sem. priest; b. Middleton Tyas, N.R. Yorks.; educ. Rheims; ord. 1586. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Clerkenwell, May 6

Bl. Edmund Duke, sem. priest; b. Kent; convert; educ. Rheims; Rome; ord. 1589. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Durham, May 27

Bl. Richard Hill, sem. priest; a Yorkshireman; educ. Rheims; ord. 1589. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Durham, May 27 Bl. John Hogg, sem. priest; b. Cleveland, Yorks.; educ. Rheims; ord. 1589. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Durham, May 27

Bl. Richard Holiday, sometimes listed as John Holiday, sem. priest; a Yorkshireman; educ. Rheims; ord.1589. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Durham, May 27

1591

Bl. Robert Thorpe, sem. priest; b. Yorks.; educ. Rheims; ord. 1585. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, May 31

Bl. Thomas Watkinson, yeoman, of Menthrope, E.R. Yorks. Hanged for harboring Thorpe (above). d. York, May 31

Bl. Montford Scott, sem. priest; b. Suffolk; educ. Douai; ord. 1577. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Fleet Street, July 1

Bl. George Beesley, sem. priest; b. Goosnargh, Lancs.; educ. Rheims; ord. 1587. Cond. for priest-hood.d. Fleet Street, July 1

Bl. Roger Dickenson (Dicconson), sem. priest; b. Lincoln; educ. Rheims; ord. 1583. Cond. for priest-hood.d. Winchester, July 7

Bl. Ralph Milner, layman; b. Slackstead, Hants.; husbandman. Hanged for relieving Dickenson (above). d. Winchester, July 7

Bl. Laurence Humphrey, layman; b. Hampshire; convert (aged 20). d. Winchester, date unknown

St. Edmund Gennings (alias Ironmonger), sem. priest; b. Lichfield; convert; educ. Rheims; ord. 1590. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Gray's Inn Fields, December 10

St. Swithun Wells, layman; of Brambridge, Hants. Hanged for harboring Gennings (above). d. Gray's Inn Fields, December 10

St. Eustace White, sem. priest; b. Louth, Lincs.; convert; educ. Rheims, Rome; ord. 1588. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, December 10

St. Polydore Plasden, sem. priest; b. London; educ. Rheims, Rome; ord. 1588. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, December 10

Bl. Brian Lacey, layman; b. Brockdish, Norfolk. Hanged for relieving priests. d. Tyburn, December 10

Bl. John Mason, layman; b. Kendal, Westmorland. Hanged for relieving priests. d. Tyburn, December 10

Bl. Sidney Hodgson, layman; convert. Hanged for relieving priests. d. Tyburn, December 10

Bl. William Pike, layman; a joiner, of Moors, near Christchurch, Hants. Cond. for being reconciled. Hanged.d. Dorchester, December 22

1592

Bl. William Patenson, sem. priest; b. Durham; educ. Rheims; ord. 1587; Engl. miss., 1589, W. Counties. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, January 22

Bl. Thomas Pormort (alias Whitgift, White, Pryce, and Meres), sem. priest; b. Little Limber, Lincs.; educ. Cambridge; Rheims, Rome; ord. 1587. Cond. for priest-hood. d. St. Paul's Churchyard, February 21

Ven. Richard Williams, sec. priest; a Marian priest who had conformed and been reconciled. d. Tyburn, February 21

Bl. James Bird (Byrd or Beard), layman; b. Winchester; convert; educ. Rheims. Cond. for being reconciled (aged 19). d. Winchester, March 25

Ven. Roger Ashton, layman; b. Croston, Lancs. d. Tyburn, June 23

Bl. Joseph Lambton, sem. priest; b. Malton-in-Rydale, N.R. Yorks.; educ. Rheims, Rome; ord. 1592. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Newcastle, July 31

1593

Bl. Edward Waterson, sem. priest; b. London; convert; educ. Rheims; ord. 1592. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Newcastle, January 8

Bl. Antony Page, sem. priest; b. Harrow, Mddx; educ. Christ Church, Oxford; Rheims; ord. 1591. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, April 20

Bl. William Davies, sem. priest; b. Croes-yn-Eirias, Caernarvon; educ. St. Edmund Hall, Oxford; Rheims; ord. 1585; miss., N. Wales. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Beaumaris, July 27

1594

Bl. John Speed (alias Spence), layman; b. Durham. Hanged for relieving priests. d. Durham, February 4

Bl. William Harrington, sem. priest; b. Mount St. John, Felixkirk, N.R. Yorks.; educ. Rheims; ord. 1592; Engl. miss., London. Cond. for priest-hood (aged 27). d. Tyburn, February 18

Bl. John Cornelius (alias O'Mahony and Mohun), sem. priest; b. Bodmin, of Irish parents; fellow of Exeter Coll., Oxford; Rheims, Rome; ord. 1583; Engl. miss., Lanherne, ten years; adm. SJ 1594. Cond. for priest-hood.d. Dorchester, July 4

Bl. Thomas Bosgrave, layman, nephew of Sir J. Arundel; b. Cornwall. Hanged for aiding Cornelius (above).d. Dorchester, July 4

Bl. John Carey, layman, Irish serving-man. Hanged for aiding Cornelius (above). d. Dorchester, July 4 Bl. Patrick Salmon, layman, Irish serving-man. Hanged for aiding Cornelius (above). d. Dorchester, July 4

St. John Boste, sem. priest; b. Dufton, Westmorland; educ. Queen's Coll., Oxford; convert minister; Rheims; ord. 1581; Engl. miss., N. Counties, 12 years. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Durham, July 24

Bl. John Ingram, sem. priest; b. Stoke Edith, Hereford; convert; educ. New Coll., Oxford; Rheims, Rome; ord. 1589; miss. in Scotland. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Gateshead, July 26

Bl. George Swallowell, layman; b. Shadforth, near Durham; educ. Sherburn Hospital; schoolmaster; convert minister. Cond. for being reconciled. d. Darlington, July 26

Bl. Edward Osbaldeston, sem. priest; b. Osbaldeston, near Blackburn, Lancs.; educ. Rheims; ord. 1585; Engl. miss., Yorks. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, November 16

1595

St. Robert Southwell, priest; b. Horsham St. Faith, Norfolk; educ. Douai; Rome; adm. SJ 1578; Engl. miss., London, 158692. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, February 21

Bl. Alexander Rawlins (alias Francis Feriman); sem. priest; b. Oxfordshire; educ. Rheims; ord. 1590; Engl. miss., Yorks. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, April 7

St. Henry Walpole, priest; b. Docking, Norfolk; educ. Norwich G.S., and Peterhouse, Cambridge; Gray's Inn; convert; English Coll., Rome; adm. SJ 1584; ord. Paris, 1588. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, April 7

Bl. William Freeman (alias Mason), sem. priest; b. Menthorpe (?), E.R. Yorks.; educ. Magdalen Coll., Oxford; convert; Rheims; ord. 1587; Engl. miss., Worcester and Warwick. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Warwick, August 13

St. Philip Howard, earl of Arundel and Surrey, layman; b. Arundel House, London; prisoner under sentence of death for being reconciled, 1585 till death. d. Tower of London, October 19

1596

Bl. George Errington, layman; b. Hurst, near Morpeth, Northumberland; educ. Oxford. Cond. for "persuading to popery." d. York, November 29

Bl. William Knight, layman; b. S. Duffield (?), E.R. Yorks. Cond. for "persuading to popery." d. York, November 29

Bl. William Gibson, layman; b. near Ripon, W.R. Yorks. Cond. for "persuading to popery." d. York, November 29

1597

Bl. Christopher Robinson, sem. priest; b. Woodside, near Carlisle; educ. Rheims; ord. 1592; Engl. miss., six years in the North. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Carlisle, late March or Aug. 19, 1598

Bl. Henry Abbot, layman; of Howden, E.R. Yorks.; convert. Cond. for "persuading to popery." d. York, July 4

Bl. William Andleby (Anlaby), b. Etton, near Beverley, E.R. Yorks.; educ. St. John's Coll., Cambridge; convert; Douai; ord. 1577; Engl. miss., Yorks., 20 years. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, July 4

Bl. Thomas Warcop, layman; of Winston, County Durham. Hanged for harboring. d. York, July 4

Bl. Edward Fulthrop, layman; of Yorkshire. Hanged, drawn, and quartered for being reconciled. d. York, July 4

1598

Bl. John Bretton, layman; b. W. Bretton, near Wake-field, Yorks.; married. Cond. on charge of treasonable language. d. York, April 1

Bl. Peter Snow, sem. priest; b. Ripon, W.R. Yorks.; educ. Rheims; ord. 1591; Engl. miss., Yorks. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, June 15

Bl. Ralph Grimston, yeoman, of Nidd, near Knares-borough, W.R. Yorks. Cond. for harboring. Hanged. d. York, June 15

St. John Jones (alias Buckley), priest, Franciscan; b. Clynog Fawr, Caernarvon; joined Observants at Rome as Father Godfrey Maurice; Engl. miss., London 159297. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Southwark, July 12

Ven. Richard Horner, sem. priest; b. Bolton Bridge, W.R. Yorks.; educ. Douai; ord. 1595. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, September 4

Ven. John Lion, layman. Cond. for denying Supremacy. d. Oakham, July 16

Ven. James Dowdall, layman; a Waterford merchant; arrested in England. Cond. for denying Supremacy. d. Exeter, August 13

1600

Bl. Christopher Wharton, sem. priest; b. Middleton, near Ilkley, W.R. Yorks.; convert; educ. Trinity Coll., Oxford; Rheims; ord. 1584; Engl. miss., 14 years. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, March 28

St. John Rigby, layman; b. Harrock Hall, near Wigan, Lancs. Cond. for being reconciled. d. Southwark, June 21

Bl. Thomas Sprott (alias Parker), sem. priest; b. Skelsmergh, near Kendal, Westmorland; educ. Douai; ord. 1596. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Lincoln, July 1

Bl. Thomas Hunt (alias or vere Benstead), sem. priest; b. Norfolk; educ. Valladolid and Seville. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Lincoln, July 1

Bl. Robert Nutter (alias Askew and Rowley), sem. priest; b. Reedley Hallows, near Burnley, Lancs.; educ. Blackburn; Rheims; ord. 1581; Engl. miss., 18 years, mostly in prison; adm. OP in prison. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Lancaster, July 26

Bl. Edward Thwing, sem. priest; b. Heworth, near York; educ. Rheims; Rome; ord. 1590. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Lancaster, July 26

Bl. Thomas Palaser, sem. priest; b. Ellerton-upon-Swale, near Richmond, N.R. Yorks.; educ. Rheims; Valladolid; ord. 1596. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Durham, August 9

Bl. John Norton, layman; of Ravensworth, Lamesley, Durham. Hanged for harboring. d. Durham, August 9

Bl. John Talbot, layman; of Thornton-le-Street, N.R. Yorks. Hanged for harboring. d. Durham, August 9

1601

Bl. John Pibush, sem. priest; b. Thirsk, N.R. Yorks.; educ. Rheims; ord. 1587; Engl. miss., 12 years, mostly in prison. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Southwark, February 18

Bl. Mark Barkworth (alias Lambert), priest, Benedictine; b. Searby, Lincolnshire; educ. Oxford; after conversion Rome, Valladolid. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, February 27

Bl. Roger Filcock (alias Arthur), priest; b. Sandwich, Kent; educ. Rheims, Valladolid; adm. SJ in England. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, February 27

St. Anne Line, laywoman, nee Higham; b. Dunmow, Essex; convert. Hanged for harboring. d. Tyburn, February 27

Bl. Thurstan Hunt (alias Greenlow); b. Carlton Hall, Leeds, W.R. Yorks.; educ. Rheims; ord. 1585. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Lancaster, April 3

Bl. Robert Middleton, sem. priest; b. York; educ. Douai and Rome; adm. SJ in prison. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Lancaster, April 3

Ven. Nicholas Tichborne, layman; b. Hartley Mauditt, Hants. Hanged for rescuing a priest. d. Tyburn, August 24

Ven. Thomas Hackshott (Hawkshaw), layman; a young man from Muresley, Bucks. Hanged for rescuing a priest. d. Tyburn, August 24

1602

Ven. James (or Matthew) Harrison, sem. priest; b. Diocese of Lichfield; educ. Rheims; ord. 1583. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, March 22

Ven. Antony Bates (Battie), layman, farmer, of Masham, E.R. Yorks. Hanged for harboring. d. York, March 22

Bl. James Duckett, layman; b. Gilfortrigs, Skelsmergh, Westmorland; convert, bookseller. Cond. for printing Catholic books. Hanged. d. Tyburn, April 19

Ven. Thomas Tichborne, sem. priest; b. Hartley Mauditt, Hants.; educ. Rheims and Rome; ord. 1592; Engl. miss., Hants. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, April 20

Bl. Robert Watkinson, sem. priest; b. Hemingbo-rough, E.R. Yorks.; educ. Hemingborough and Castle-ford; Douai; Rome; ord. March 1602. Cond. for priest-hood (aged 23). d. Tyburn, April 20

Bl. Francis Page, sem. priest; b. Antwerp; of a Harrow family; educ. Douai; ord. 1600; adm. SJ in prison. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, April 20

1603

Bl. William Richardson (alias Anderson), sem. priest; b. Wales, near Sheffield, W.R. Yorks.; educ. Valladolid; Seville; ord. 1594. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, February 17

Under James I

1604

Bl. John Sugar (alias Cox), sem. priest; b. Wombourn, Staffs.; educ. St. Mary Hall, Oxford; convert minister; Douai; ord. 1601; Engl. miss., Midlands. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Warwick, July 16

Bl. Robert Grissold, layman; b. Rowington, Warwicks. Cond. for relieving priests. Hanged. d. Warwick, July 16

Ven. Laurence Bailey, layman, a Lancashire miller. Hanged for rescuing a priest. d. Lancaster, August, day unknown

1605

Bl. Thomas Welbourne, layman; b. Hutton Bushel, N.R. Yorks.; schoolmaster. Cond. for "persuading to popery." d. York, August 1

Bl. William Browne, layman; b. Northampton. Cond. for "persuading to popery." d. Ripon, September 5

1606

St. Nicholas Owen, Jesuit brother; b. Oxford; companion to Father Henry Garnet, SJ. Died from torture. d. Tower of London, March 2

Bl. Edward Oldcorne (alias Hunter and Hall), priest;b. York; educ. Rheims; Rome; adm. SJ 1587; Engl. miss., Midlands, 15881606. Cond. for alleged complicity in the Gunpowder Plot. d. Worcester, April 7

Bl. Ralph Ashley, Jesuit brother; companion to Oldcorne (above); had been a servant at Rheims and Valladolid. Cond. for alleged complicity in the Gunpowder Plot.d. Worcester, April 7

1607

Bl. Robert Drury, sem. priest; b. Bucks.; educ. Rheims; Valladolid; ord. 1593; Engl. miss., London district. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, February 26

1608

Bl. Matthew Flathers, sem. priest; b. Weston, near Otley, W.R. Yorks.; educ. Douai; ord. 1606. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, March 21

Bl. George Gervase, priest, Benedictine; b. Bosham, Sussex; educ. Douai; ord. 1603. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, April 11

St. Thomas Garnet priest; b. Southwark; educ. Horsham; St. Omer; Valladolid; adm. SJ 1604. Cond. for priest-hood. (Protomartyr of St. Omer College.) d. Tyburn, June 23

1610

Bl. Roger Cadwallador, sem. priest; b. Stretton, Hereford; educ. Rheims; Valladolid; ord. 1593; Engl. miss., Hereford. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Leominster, August 27

Bl. George Napper (Napier), sem. priest; b. Oxford; educ. Corpus Christi Coll., Oxford; Douai; ord. 1596; Engl. miss., Oxford. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Oxford, November 9

Bl. Thomas Somers (alias Wilson), sem. priest; b. Skelsmergh, Westmorland; schoolmaster; educ. Douai; ord. 1606; Engl. miss., London district. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, December 10

St. John Roberts, priest; b. Trawsfynydd, Merioneth; educ. St. John's Coll., Oxford; convert; Valladolid; adm. OSB, 1599; Engl. miss., London district. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, December 10

1612

Bl. William Scott, priest; b. Chigwell, Essex; educ. Trinity Hall, Cambridge; convert; adm. OSB in Spain 1604 (Dom Maurus); Engl. miss., London district. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, May 30

Bl. Richard Newport (alias Smith), sem. priest; b. Ashby St. Legers, Northants.; educ. Rome; ord. 1599; Engl. miss., London district. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, May 30

St. John Almond, sem. priest; b. Allerton, near Liverpool; educ. Much Woolton; Rheims; Rome; ord. 1598; Engl. miss., 160212. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, December 5

1616

Bl. Thomas Atkinson, sem. priest; b. Leeds; educ. Rheims; ord. 1588; Engl. miss., 15881616. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, March 11

Bl. John Thules, sem. priest; b. Whalley, Lancs.; educ. Rheims; Rome; ord. 1592. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Lancaster, March 18

Bl. Roger Wrenno, layman, a Chorley weaver. Hanged for relieving priests. d. Lancaster, March 18

Bl. Thomas Maxfield, sem. priest; b. The Mere, Enville, Staffs.; educ. Douai; ord. 1615. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, July 1

Bl. Thomas Tunstal (alias Helmes and Dyer), priest, Benedictine; b. Whinfell, near Kendal, Westmorland; educ. Douai; ord. 1609. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Norwich, July 13

1618

Bl. William Southerne (Sotheran ), sem. priest; b. Ketton, near Darlington; educ. Valladolid; Seville; Douai; ord. c. 1601; Engl. miss. Staffs. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, April 30

Under Charles I

1628

St. Edmund Arrowsmith, priest; b. Haydock, near St. Helen's, Lanes; educ. Douai; ord. 1612; Engl. miss., Lancs., 161328; adm. SJ 1623. Cond. for priest-hood and "persuading to popery." d. Lancaster, August 28

Bl. Richard Herst (also Hurst or Hayhurst), layman;b. Broughton (?), near Preston, Lancs. Hanged on charge of murder. d. Lancaster, August 29

1641

Bl. William Ward (vere Webster), sem. priest; b. Thornby (Thrimby), Westmorland; educ. Douai; ord. 1608; Engl. miss., 33 years (20 in prison). Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, July 26

St. Ambrose (Edward) Barlow, priest; b. Barlow Hall, near Manchester; educ. Douai; Valladolid; professed OSB 1615; Engl. miss., 24 years. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Lancaster, September 10

1642

Bl. Richard (Thomas) Reynolds (vere Green), sem. priest; b. Warwicks.; educ. Douai; Seville; ord. 1602; Engl. miss., nearly 50 years. Cond. for priest-hood (aged about 80). d. Tyburn, January 31

St. Alban (Bartholomew) Roe (Rowe), priest; b. St. Albans; educ. Cambridge (?); after conversion, Douai; professed OSB 1612; Engl. miss., 161542. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, January 31

Ven. John Goodman, sem. priest; b. Bangor; educ. Oxford; convert minister; Douai; ord. in France c. 1632. Cond. for priest-hood. Died in prison. d. Newgate, April 8

Bl. John Lockwood (alias Lascelles), sem. priest; b. Sowerby, N.R. Yorks.; educ. Rome; ord. 1597; Engl. miss., 15981642. Cond. for priest-hood (aged 81). d. York, April 13

Bl. Edmund Catherick, sem. priest; of Carlton, near Richmond, N.R. Yorks.; educ. Douai; Engl. miss., 163542. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, April 13

Ven. Edward Morgan (alias John Singleton), sem. priest; b. Bettisfield, Flints.; educ. Douai; Rome; Valladolid; ord. 1618; 14 years' prisoner. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, April 26

Bl. Hugh Green (alias Ferdinand Brooke), sem. priest; b. London; educ. Peterhouse, Cambridge; convert; Douai; ord. 1612; Engl. miss., Dorset. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Dorchester, August 19

Bl. Thomas Bullaker, priest; b. Chichester, Sussex; educ. St. Omer; Valladolid; adm. OSF in Spain, 1624 (Father John Baptist). Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, October 12

Bl. Thomas Holland (alias Sanderson and Hammond), priest; b. Sutton, near Prescot, Lancs.; educ. St. Omer; Valladolid; adm. SJ 1624. Cond. for priest-hood.d. Tyburn, December 12

1643

Bl. Henry Heath, priest; b. Peterborough; educ. St. Benets, Cambridge; convert minister; Douai; adm. OSF 1622 (Father Paul of St. M. Magdalen). Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, April 17

Bl. Arthur Bell, priest, Franciscan; b. Temple Broughton, Worcester; educ. St. Omer; Valladolid; adm. OSF 1617 (Father Francis); Engl. miss., 1634. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, December 11

1644

Ven. Robert Price (Apreece ), layman; of Washingley, Huntingdon. Shot by Puritan soldiers. d. Lincoln, May 7

Bl. John Duckett, sem. priest; b. Underwinder, near Sedbergh, W.R. Yorks.; educ. Douai; ord. 1639; Engl. miss., Durham. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, September 7

Bl. Ralph Corbie (vere Corbington), priest; b. Dublin; educ. St. Omer; Seville; Valladolid; adm. SJ 1631; Engl. miss., Durham. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, September 7

1645

St. Henry Morse, priest; b. Broome, Suffolk; convert; educ. Inns of Court; Douai; Rome; adm. SJ 1625; Engl. miss., London, etc. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, February 1

Ven. Brian Cansfield, priest; b. Robert Hall, Tatham, Lancs.; educ. St. Omer; Rome; adm. SJ 1604; Engl. miss., Lincoln and Lancs. Died of ill treatment in prison.d. York, August 3

1646

Bl. Philip Powel (alias Morgan), priest; b. Trallong, Brecknocks; educ. Abergavenny G.S. and Temple; adm. OSB 1614; Engl. miss., 1622, in West. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, June 30

Bl. Edward Bamber (alias Helmes and Reding), sem. priest; b. Carleton, Blackpool, Lanes; educ. St. Omer; Seville; Engl. miss., Lancs. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Lancaster, August 7

Bl. John Woodcock (alias Farington and Thompson), priest; b. Clayton-le-Woods, near Preston, Lancs.; educ. St. Omer; Rome; adm. OSF 1631 (Father Martin). Cond. for priest-hood. d. Lancaster, August 7

Bl. Thomas Whitaker (alias Starkie), sem. priest; b. Burnley, Lancs.; educ. St. Omer; Valladolid; ord. 1638; Engl. miss., Lancs. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Lancaster, August 7

During The Commonwealth

1651

Bl. Peter Wright, priest; b. Slipton, Northants.; convert; educ. Ghent; Rome; adm. SJ 1629; military chaplain in Civil War. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, May 19

1654

St. John Southworth, sem. priest; b. Lancs.; connected with Southworths of Samlesbury; educ. Douai; ord. 1619; Engl. miss., Lancs. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Tyburn, June 28

Under Charles II

1678

Ven. Edward Mico (alias Harvey), priest; b. Essex; educ. St. Omer; Rome; adm. SJ 1650. Arrested for "the plot." Too ill to be removed from sick-bed, where he died. d. Wild House, London, November 24

Bl. Edward Coleman, layman; b. Suffolk; educ. Peterhouse, Cambridge; convert; secretary to duchess of York. Arrested for "the plot." d. Tyburn, December 3

Ven. Thomas Bedingfeld (alias Mumford, vere Downes), priest; b. Norfolk; educ. St. Omer; adm. SJ 1638. Arrested for "the plot." Died in prison. d. Gatehouse, December 21

1679

Bl. William Ireland (vere Iremonger), priest; b. Lincs.; educ. St. Omer; adm. SJ, 1655. Arrested for "the plot." d. Tyburn, January 24

Bl. John Grove, layman, servant of Ireland (above). Arrested for "the plot." d. Tyburn, January 24

Ven. Francis Nevill (vere Cotton), priest; b. Hants.; adm. SJ 1616; Engl. miss., 163079, mostly Midlands. Died in prison for "the plot." d. Stafford, end of February

Bl. Thomas Pickering, Benedictine brother; b. Westmorland (?); professed OSB 1660. Cond. for "the plot."d. Tyburn, May 9

Bl. Thomas Whitbread (alias Harcourt and Harcott), priest; b. Essex; educ. St. Omer; adm. SJ 1635; Engl. miss., 164778; Jesuit provincial. Cond. for "the plot."d. Tyburn, June 20

Bl. William Harcourt (alias Waring, vere Barrow), priest; b. Weeton-cum-Prees, Kirkham, Lancs.; educ. St. Omer; adm. SJ 1632; Engl. miss., 164578, London. Cond. for "the plot." d. Tyburn, June 20

Bl. John Fenwick (vere Caldwell), priest; b. Durham; educ. St. Omer; adm. SJ 1656. Cond. for "the plot." d. Tyburn, June 20

Bl. John Gavan, priest; b. London; educ. St. Omer; adm. SJ 1660; Engl. miss., 1671, Staffs. Cond. for "the plot." d. Tyburn, June 20

Bl. Antony Turner, priest; b. Dalby Parva, near Melton Mowbray, Leicester; educ. Cambridge; after conversion, Rome; adm. SJ 1653; Engl. miss., 166178, Worcester. Cond. for "the plot." d. Tyburn, June 20

Bl. Richard Langhorne, layman; b. Bedford; educ. Inner Temple; barrister; called to Bar 1654. Cond. for "the plot." d. Tyburn, July 14

St. John (or William) Plessington (Pleasington; alias Scarisbrick), sem. priest; b. Dimples, near Garstang, Lancs.; educ. Scarisbrick School; Valladolid; Engl. miss., Cheshire. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Chester, July 19

St. Philip Evans, priest; b. Monmouth; educ. St. Omer; adm. SJ 1665; Welsh miss. Cond. for priest-hood.d. Cardiff, July 22

St. John Lloyd, sem. priest; b. Brecknocks; educ. Valladolid; Welsh miss. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Cardiff, July 22

Bl. Nicholas Postgate (alias Watson and Whitemore), sem. priest; b. Egton, N.R. Yorks.; educ. Douai; ord. 1628; Engl. miss., Ugthorpe, etc., 50 years. Cond. for priest-hood. d. York, August 7

Bl. Charles Meehan, priest; b. in Ireland; Irish Province, OFM; arrested in Wales on way to Ireland. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Ruthin, August 12

St. John Wall (alias Francis Webb and Johnson), priest; b. Chingle Hall, Wittingham, Lancs.; educ. Douai; Rome; adm. OSF 1651 (Father Joachim of St. Ann); Engl. miss., Worcester 165679. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Worcester, August 22

St. John Kemble (alias Holland), sem. priest; b. Pembridge (?), Hereford; educ. Douai; Engl. miss.,162579, Hereford. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Hereford, August 22

St. David Lewis (alias Charles Baker), priest; b. Abergavenny, Monmouths; educ. Abergavenny G.S.; convert; Rome; adm. SJ 1645; miss., S. Wales, 31 years. Cond. for priest-hood. d. Usk, August 27

1680

Ven. Francis Leveson, priest; b. Willenhall, Staffs.; adm. OSF 1664 (Father Ignatius of St. Clare). Arrested for "the plot." Died in prison, Worcester, February 11

Bl. Thomas Thwing (Thweng), sem. priest; b. Heworth, N.R. Yorks.; educ. St. Omer; Douai; ord. 1665; Engl. miss., Yorks., 15 years. Cond. for "the plot." d. York, October 23

Bl. William Howard, Viscount Stafford, layman; grandson of St. Philip howard; b. Strand, London, 1611; married; convert. Cond. for "the plot." Beheaded. d. Tower Hill, December 29

The "Dilati"

Robert Dimock, layman, died in prison, Lincoln, 1580

John Cooper, layman, died in prison, London, 1580

William Tyrwhit, layman, died in prison, London, 1580

William Chaplain, sem. priest, died in prison, place unknown, 1583

Thomas Cotesmore, sem. priest, died in prison, place unknown, 1584

Robert Holmes, sem. priest, died in prison, place unknown, 1584

Roger Wakeman, sem. priest, died in prison, London, 1584

James Lomax, sem. priest, died in prison, place unknown, 1584

Mr. Ailworth, layman, died in prison, London, 1584

Thomas Crowther, sem. priest, died in prison, Southwark, 1585

Edward Pole, sem. priest, died in prison, London, 1585

Laurence Vaux, priest, Can. Reg., died in prison, London, 1585

John Jetter, sem. priest, died in prison, London, 1585

John Harrison, sem. priest, died in prison, place unknown, 1587

Martin Sherson, sem. priest, died in prison, place unknown, 1587

Gabriel Thimelby, layman, died in prison, place unknown, 1587

Thomas Metham, priest, SJ, died in prison, Wisbeach, 1592

James Atkinson, layman, died from torture, London, 1595

Matthew Harrison, sem. priest, executed, York, 1599

Eleanor Hunt, widow, died in prison, York, 1600

Mrs. Swithun Wells, widow, died in prison, London, 1602

Henry Garnet, priest, SJ, executed, London, 1606

John Mawson, layman, executed, Tyburn, 1614

Edward Wilkes, sem. priest, died in prison, York, 1642

Boniface Kemp, priest, OSB, died in prison, Yorkshire, 1642

Ildephonse Hesketh, priest, OSB, died in prison, Yorkshire, 1642

Thomas Vaughan, sem. priest, died in prison, Cardiff, probably 1644

Richard Bradley, priest, SJ, died in prison, Manchester, 1646

John Felton, priest, SJ, died in prison, Lincoln, 1646

Thomas Blount, sem. priest, died in prison, Shrewsbury, probably 1646

Robert Cox, priest, OSB, died in prison, Southwark, 1650

Laurence Hill, layman, executed, Tyburn, 1679

Robert Green, layman, executed, Tyburn, 1679

Thomas Jenison, priest, SJ, died in prison, London, 1679

William Lloyd, sem. priest, died in prison, Brecknock, 1679

Placid Adelham, priest, OSB, died in prison, London, 1680

Richard Birkett, sem., SJ, died in prison, Lancaster, 1680

Richard Lacy, priest, SJ, died in prison, London, 1680

William Atkins, priest, SJ, died in prison, Stafford, 1681

Edward Turner, priest, SJ, died in prison, London, 1681

William Allison, sem. priest, died in prison, York, 1681

Benedict Constable, priest, OSB, died in prison, Durham, 1683

William Bennet, priest, SJ, died in prison, Leicester, 1692

For additional information on martyrs see individual entries.

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[p. caraman/eds.]

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