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Nursing

NURSING

NURSING. Prior to the Civil War, nursing in the United States was generally a casual or self-declared occupation practiced as a form of domestic service rather than a skilled craft or a profession. Americans obtained the majority of their health care at home, where family members and friends attended to their needs.

Antebellum Nursing

On plantations in the antebellum South black female slaves acted as midwives, provided child care, and performed other nursing duties for both whites and blacks. Male nurses composed the majority of hospital workers in the handful of established marine and charity hospitals of the mid-nineteenth century. Hospital officials often hired former hospital patients who had no formal training in medicine or nursing. The forces that supplanted the untrained nurse did not come into play until the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century. New and centralized technologies fueled the rise of hospital-based care. A greater acceptance of surgical procedures, urbanization, and nurses' own efforts to grapple with social problems culminated in the ascent of the trained nurse.

The idea of nursing—middle-class women managing and supervising the preparation of food, supplies, and linens and administering medications and treatments—gained momentum during the Civil War (1861–1865). Approximately twenty thousand women volunteers worked in military hospitals, but almost none had any hospital or practical training in nursing. Union hospitals hired female nurses to complement the staff of male nurses, convalescent soldiers, and male ward masters responsible for day-to-day supervision. In Confederate hospitals significantly fewer Southern women worked as nurses. Black male


slaves bathed and fed patients daily. Catholic nuns played a unique role, nursing wounded soldiers from both the Confederate and Union armies. When the war ended, medical departments dismantled their massive hospital complexes, and most of the female nurses returned to teaching, domestic service, writing, family, and marriage.

Occasionally reformers extolled the benefits of trained nurses and the specific suitability of women for that role, but the goal of a trained nurse attendant languished for more than a decade after the Civil War. The 1880 census revealed that, while over ten thousand nurses were available for hire, fewer than 1 percent were graduates of hospital nursing courses. By 1873 only four schools of nursing existed in the United States: the New England Hospital for Women and Children and Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, New Haven Hospital in Connecticut, and Bellevue Hospital in New York City. Over the next quarter century Americans witnessed a dramatic increase in the number of nursing schools from slightly over 400 in 1900 to approximately 1,200 by 1910. Among African American women, the number of hospital-trained graduates did not keep pace. Racial quotas in northern nursing schools and outright exclusion from training schools in the South limited their access to training. In 1879 the first African American woman graduated from the New England Hospital for Women and Children in Boston. Hospital schools with the explicit mission of training black nurses to serve the African American community opened their doors in the late nineteenth century: Spelman Seminary in Atlanta (1886), Hampton Institute in Virginia (1891), Providence Hospital in Chicago (1891), and Tuskegee Institute in Alabama (1892).

Nursing Education

By the beginning of the twentieth century middle-class Americans accepted nursing as a worthy albeit demanding vocation for young women. The women who entered nursing schools encountered an unregulated and often exploitative field. Hospital administrators opened nursing programs to avail their hospitals of a cost-effective student labor force. Nursing students practiced their skills as apprentices under the supervision of second-and third-year nursing students. Most schools offered limited courses in basic anatomy, physiology, or biology, and student nurses did not systematically rotate through all medical specialties.

Nursing leaders and educators, aware of the poor formal instruction in most hospital-based programs, pushed for fundamental reforms in nursing education and national legislation governing the licensing and practice of nursing. College-based nursing programs received a welcome endorsement when Columbia University appointed Mary Adelaide Nutting the first full-time professor of nursing in 1907. Nutting and her nursing colleagues established the American Journal of Nursing in 1900. Nurses revealed a growing professional awareness when they reorganized several professional nurses' groups under one national organization, the American Nurses Association (ANA), in 1912. That year the National Organization for Public Health Nursing organized its charter. Black graduate nurses, excluded from full representation in the ANA until 1951, established the National Association of Graduate Colored Nurses (NAGCN) in 1908, and Mabel Keaton Staupers served as the organization's first executive director (1934–1946). Although African American nurses grappled with the same professional issues as their white counterparts, racial discrimination and dismal employment opportunities amplified the black nurses' struggles.

Nursing in the Armed Forces

The exegesis of war created a receptive environment for nurses to press their grievances and further their professional goals while providing a crucial service to the nation. When military leaders reluctantly established the Volunteer Hospital Corps for female nurses during the Spanish-American War (1898), nursing leaders insisted on trained applicants from accredited nursing schools. In 1901 the Army Nurse Corps became a permanent service within the Medical Department, and the Navy Nurse Corps followed in 1908. Military medical officials in concert with nursing educators standardized and improved nursing education and established the Army School of Nursing in 1918 to meet the demands of World War I. During World War II the U.S. government agreed to award officer's rank to military nurses. Congressional leaders agreed to subsidize nursing schools and nursing education to attract women to nursing, a boon for all nurses but of special importance to black women. Black nursing leaders vigorously lobbied military officials, who finally agreed to desegregate the Navy Nurse Corps in 1948. Throughout the history of military conflict in the United States, nurses overwhelmingly established their ability to handle the intensity and stresses of wartime nursing, characteristics readily apparent in Korea and Vietnam, where nurses staffed Mobile Army Surgical Hospitals (MASH).

Male nurses did not share equally from the advances in military nursing or the softening of cultural boundaries defining sex-stereotyped roles that came out of the women's movement. Until the mid-twentieth century only a limited number of schools accepted male applicants. State boards of nursing restricted licensure for men, and as far back as the Spanish-American War military officials pointedly refused to accept male applicants in any branch of the Nursing Corps. Nursing remained one of the most thoroughly feminized occupations in the United States with women making up almost 90 percent of all nursing school graduates in 1990.

Nursing in the twenty-first century became a multi-tiered career. Registered nurses worked in every facet of acute and long-term care; they staffed public, industrial, and community health departments, and they achieved diverse skills and specialization of practice. Nurses who obtain postgraduate degrees enhance their role as providers of health care as nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, nursing educators, and researchers. With degrees in finance and business, nurses have also broadened their job choices as hospital and health-care institution administrators.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Hines, Darlene Clark. Black Women in White: Racial Conflict and Cooperation in the Nursing Profession, 1890–1950. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989.

Kalisch, Philip A., and Beatrice J. Kalisch. The Advance of American Nursing. Boston: Little, Brown, 1986.

Maher, Mary Denis. To Bind Up the Wounds: Catholic Sister Nurses in the U.S. Civil War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1999.

Mottus, Jane E. New York Nightingales: The Emergence of the Nursing Profession at Bellevue and New York Hospital, 1850–1920. Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press, 1981.

Rosenberg, Charles E. The Care of Strangers: The Rise of America's Hospital System. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Schultz, Jane E. "The Inhospitable Hospital: Gender and Professionalism in Civil War Medicine." Signs 17, no. 2 (1992): 363–392.

Cecilia S.Miranda

See alsoHealth Care ; Hospitals ; Medical Education ; Medical Profession .

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nursing

nursing, science of providing continuous care for sick or infirm people. While nursing as an occupation has always existed, it is only in fairly recent years that it has developed as a specialized profession.

The Modern Profession

Nursing candidates must prepare by a rigorous course of training that includes a thorough grounding in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, the cause and treatment of disease, the intricacies of nutrition and diet, surgical skills, and a variety of techniques pertaining to patient care. Many nurses also prepare for more specialized work, such as the care of newborn infants, maternity patients, or the mentally ill, or for duties in the operating room.

Training for a career as a registered nurse (RN) can be met by several means: a two-year course at a junior college or a four-year degree program at a college or university. (Three-year courses given by hospitals are being phased out because of high costs.) Emphasis on college education for nurses is on the upsurge, because greater knowledge is required to apply the latest methods of diagnosis and therapy. Training includes both classroom study and actual hospital practice, and the graduate must still be examined and licensed by the state. This applies also to women in religious orders who train and work as nursing sisters.

The age limits and educational requirements for practical nurses are less stringent, and the period of training is much shorter, usually one year. The terms "licensed practical nurse" (LPN) and "licensed vocational nurse" (LVN) are interchangeable. Sufficient training is given to such men and women to enable them to care for and feed patients, administer medication, and perform other routine duties; however, they are always under the direct supervision of registered nurses. LPNs are generally examined and licensed by the state.

For most specialized work and teaching, nurses must complete a course leading to a master's degree or doctorate. Specializations include nurse anesthetist, which originated at the beginning of the 20th cent., and such recently established ones as nurse practitioner (licensed to perform physical examinations and other procedures under a physician's supervision), nurse midwife (see midwifery), and nurse clinician. In addition to duties in the hospital or in the home there are many fields open to the professional nurse, such as the Red Cross, military service, public health, health insurance companies, industry, and teaching. Some nurse practitioners have become primary health-care providers, opening practices on their own (without physician supervision), and some have been accredited as such by large health maintenance organizations.

History of Nursing

In ancient times, when medical lore was associated with good or evil spirits, the sick were usually cared for in temples and houses of worship. In the early Christian era nursing duties were undertaken by certain women in the church, their services being extended to patients in their homes. These women had no real training by today's standards, but experience taught them valuable skills, especially in the use of herbs and drugs, and some gained fame as the physicians of their era. In later centuries, however, nursing duties fell mostly to relatively ignorant women.

In the 17th cent., St. Vincent de Paul began to encourage women to undertake some form of training for their work, but there was no real hospital training school for nurses until one was established in Kaiserwerth, Germany, in 1846. There, Florence Nightingale received the training that later enabled her to establish, at St. Thomas's Hospital in London, the first school designed primarily to train nurses rather than to provide nursing service for the hospital. Similar schools were established in 1873 in New York City, New Haven (Conn.), and Boston. Nursing subsequently became one of the most important professions open to women until the social changes wrought by the revival of the feminist movement that began in the 1960s (see feminism). The late 20th cent. saw growing nursing shortages in U.S. hospitals as stagnant salaries, increasing workloads, and greater job opportunities for women led to falling enrollments in nursing degree programs.

Bibliography

See studies by V. and B. Bullough (1978), M. Baly (1986), M. P. Donahue (1986), S. Nelson (2001), and P. D'Antonio (2010).

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nursing

nursing did not develop as an organized profession until the mid-19th cent., despite the establishment of voluntary hospitals in the 18th. Until then, caring for the sick had been undertaken mainly at home by relatives and neighbours, whose knowledge and experience was variable though not always as minimal as detractors have claimed. The medieval religious orders had had infirmaries, where nursing duties were undertaken by lay brethren in charge of maintenance and catering, but after the dissolution of the monasteries the able-bodied poor were often used or required to tend their sick counterparts. The early voluntary hospitals, whose nurses were drawn mainly from the domestic servant class and not thought to require any special training, frequently insisted that convalescent patients helped out on the wards, and also refused to admit those with fevers, incurable, or venereal disease; such patients were dumped in workhouses, to be tended by healthier though often infirm paupers, since there were no special arrangements for the sick. John Howard, the prison reformer, commented on the poor state of hospital care in the 1780s, but it was not until 1840 that Elizabeth Fry established an Institute of Nursing Sisters at Bishopsgate, though the scale was small. Florence Nightingale's great contribution was twofold: the work in the Crimea of her 40 nurses, sent out by public subscription, dramatized the problem, and after the war she began systematically organizing nursing services with her Nightingale School attached to St Thomas's Hospital, offering a year's course; her best pupils became matrons of other hospitals, which started their own courses. A parallel development was the district nursing scheme, initiated by William Rathbone of Liverpool, and developed through the Metropolitan Nursing Association, and then the Queen Victoria Institute for Nurses. Although the British Nurses' Association, founded in 1887, began to press for state registration of nurses, opposition to this did not lessen until a precedent was set by the far-reaching Midwives Act (1902); the College of Nursing was established in 1916, but the Nurses Registration Act (1919) and the General Nursing Council (1920) developed out of the government's own bill rather than either of the two feuding bills submitted. Nurses are now recognized as important in the culture of a hospital; their training may come through a three-year course in hospital, specialized college, or degree course in a higher education institution.

J. A. Cannon

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nursing

nursing Profession that has as its general function the care of people who, through ill-health, disability, immaturity or advanced age, are unable to care for themselves. The Christian Church emphasized caring for the sick and many religious orders performed such ‘acts of mercy’. In the 19th century, Florence Nightingale revealed the need for reforms in nursing; by the end of the 19th century, England and the USA had adopted some of her principles. Modern nursing provides a broad range of services, with standards set by relevant professional bodies.

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Nursing

471. Nursing

  1. Eira Friggas attendant; taught science of nursing to women. [Norse Myth.: LLEI, I: 327]
  2. Irene (fl. 3rd century) ministered to St. Sebastian, who was wounded by arrows. [Christian Hagiog.: Hall, 162]
  3. Lellis, St. Camillus de improved hospitals; patroness of sick and nurses. [Christian Hagiog.: Attwater, 7879]
  4. Nightingale, Florence (18201910) English nurse; founder of modern nursing. [Br. Hist.: NCE, 1943.]

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nursing

nurs·ing / ˈnərsing/ • n. the profession or practice of providing care for the sick and infirm.

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Nursing

Nursing

2807 ■ ACADEMY OF NEONATAL NURSING

2270 Northpoint Parkway
Santa Rosa, CA 95407-7398
Tel: (707)568-2168
Fax: (707)569-0786
Web Site: http://academyonline.org/PDFFiles/
1129223052_ScholarshipAward.pdf
To provide financial assistance to members of the Academy of Neonatal Nursing (ANN) who are working on an undergraduate or graduate degree in neonatal nursing or a related nursing major.
Title of Award: Academy of Neonatal Nursing Scholarship Award Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing, Neonatal Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 or more each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $1,000. Funds are paid directly to the recipient and the educational program. Duration: 1 year; recipients are not eligible for another scholarship for 5 years.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to ANN members who have been in good standing for at least 2 years. Applicants must have at least 2 years of neonatal practice experience with at least 1 of those years completed in the past 18 months. They must be enrolled in a nursing academic degree program or a neonatal graduate program in which they have completed at least 2 degree-required courses with a GPA of 3.0 or higher. Only professionally-active neonatal nurses are eligible, i.e., currently engaged in a clinical, research, or educational role that contributes directly to the health care of neonates or to the nursing profession and maintaining professional education in neonatal nursing by obtaining 15 contact hours of continuing education a year. Along with their application, they must submit a 200-word essay on why they are pursuing their education and how attainment of this degree will benefit them in their professional role. Financial need is not considered in the selection process. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year.

2808 ■ ACADEMY OF NEONATAL NURSING

Attn: Foundation for Neonatal Research and Education
East Holly Avenue, Box 56
Pitman, NJ 08071-0056
Tel: (856)256-2343
Fax: (856)589-7463
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.inurse.com/fnre/scholarship.htm
To provide financial assistance to neonatal nurses interested in working on a degree.
Title of Award: Foundation for Neonatal Research and Education Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing administration; Nursing, Neonatal Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: The Matthew Hester Scholarship of $1,500 and several scholarships at $1,000 (the exact number depending on the availability of funds) are awarded each year. Funds Available: The stipends are $1,500 or $1,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be professionally active neonatal nurses, engaged in a service, research, or educational role that contributes directly to the health care of neonates or to the neonatal nursing profession. They must be an active member of a professional association dedicated to enhancing neonatal nursing and the care of neonates. Participation in ongoing professional education in neonatal nursing must be demonstrated by at least 10 contact hours in neonatal content over the past 24 months. Qualified nurses must have been admitted to a college or school of higher education to work on 1 of the following: bachelor of science in nursing, master of science in nursing for advanced practice in neonatal nursing, doctoral degree in nursing, or master's or postmaster's degree in nursing administration or business management. They must have a GPA of 3.0 or higher. Along with their application, they must submit a 250-word statement on how they plan to make a significant difference in neonatal nursing practice. Financial need is not considered in the selection process. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year. Additional Information: The Foundation for Neonatal Research and Education was established in 1992 by the National Association of Neonatal Nurses (NANN), 2270 Northpoint Parkway, Santa Rosa, CA 95407, (707) 568-2168. Originally housed at the NANN office, it moved to its current location in 1998. This program includes the Matthew Hester Memorial Scholarship, sponsored by Anthony J. Jannetti, Inc.

2809 ■ ALABAMA COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION

Attn: Grants and Scholarships Department
100 North Union Street
P.O. Box 302000
Montgomery, AL 36130-2000
Tel: (334)242-2274
Fax: (334)242-0268
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ache.state.al.us/StudentAsst/Programs.htm
To provide scholarship/loans to Alabama residents interested in preparing for a nursing career.
Title of Award: Alabama Nursing Scholarship Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Funds Available: The amount awarded varies. This is a scholarship/loan program. Recipients must agree to practice nursing for at least 1 year in Alabama following completion of the nursing program. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students who are Alabama residents admitted to nursing programs at institutions in Alabama participating in this program (for a list of those schools, write to the commission). Applications are available from the financial aid offices at the institutions offering this award. Deadline for Receipt: Deadline dates vary by institution.

2810 ■ AMERICAN HOLISTIC NURSES' ASSOCIATION

2733 East Lakin Drive
P.O. Box 2130
Flagstaff, AZ 86003-2130
Tel: (928)526-2196
Free: 800-278-AHNA
Fax: (928)526-2752
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ahna.org/edu/assist.html
To provide financial assistance to nurses working on an undergraduate or graduate degree in holistic nursing.
Title of Award: Charlotte McGuire Scholarship Program Area, Field, or Subject: Medicine, Holistic/alternative; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 2 each year: 1 to an undergraduate and 1 to a graduate student. Funds Available: The amount awarded varies, depending upon the availability of funds. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students who are working on an undergraduate (A.D.N., B.S.N.) or graduate (M.S.N., Ph.D., D.N.Sc.) degree in holistic nursing education. Applicants must have a GPA of 3.0 or higher, have been a member of the American Holistic Nurses' Association (AHNA) for at least 6 months if an undergraduate or 1 year if a graduate student, and have experience in healing and holistic nursing practice. Along with their application, they must submit 1) information on their educational and employment history; 2) a description of their personal interests, hobbies, and activities; 3) documentation of financial need; 4) official transcripts; 5) an essay on how they will integrate the AHNA Philosophy, the Standards of Holistic Nursing Practice, and Core Values of Holistic Nursing into their professional nursing career; and 6) letters from 2 nurses, including 1 AHNA member, who agree to serve as a sponsor. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: These scholarships were first offered in 1987.

2811 ■ AMERICAN LEGION

Attn: Department of Massachusetts
State House
24 Beacon Street, Suite 546-2
Boston, MA 02133-1044
Tel: (617)727-2966
Fax: (617)727-2969
To provide financial assistance for nursing education to the children of members of the American Legion in Massachusetts.
Title of Award: Massachusetts Legion Nursing Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $1,000. Funds are paid directly to the recipient's school. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: Eligible to apply are the children and grandchildren of current members in good standing in the American Legion's Department of Massachusetts (or members in good standing at the time of death). Applicants must be under the age of 22, entering their freshman year of college, in financial need, and preparing for a career as a nurse. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year.

2812 ■ AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY

Attn: Department of California
Veterans War Memorial Building
401 Van Ness Avenue, Room 113
San Francisco, CA 94102-4586
Tel: (415)861-5092
Fax: (415)861-8365
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.calegionaux.org/scholarships.html
To provide financial assistance to California residents who are veterans or members of their families and interested in studying nursing.
Title of Award: California Legion Auxiliary Past Presidents' Parley Nursing Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: Stipends range from $500 to $1,500. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to California residents who are 1) veterans of World War I, World War II, Korea, Vietnam, Grenada/Lebanon, Panama, or Desert Shield/Desert Storm, or 2) the spouse, widow(er), or child of such a veteran. Applicants must be entering or continuing students of nursing at an accredited institution of higher learning in California. Financial need is considered in the selection process. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year.

2813 ■ AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY

Attn: Department of Colorado
7465 East First Avenue, Suite D
Denver, CO 80230
Tel: (303)367-5388
E-mail: [email protected]
To provide financial assistance to wartime veterans and their descendants in Colorado who are interested in preparing for a career in nursing.
Title of Award: Colorado Legion Auxiliary Past President's Parley Nurse's Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year, depending on the availability of funds. Funds Available: The amount of the award depends on the availability of funds. Duration: 1 year; nonrenewable.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to 1) daughters, sons, spouses, granddaughters, and great-granddaughters of veterans, and 2) veterans who served in the armed forces during eligibility dates for membership in the American Legion. Applicants must be Colorado residents who have been accepted by an accredited school of nursing in the state. As part of the application process, they must submit a 500-word essay on the topic, "Americanism." Selection is based on scholastic ability (25%), financial need (25%), references (13%), a 500-word essay on Americanism (25%), and dedication to chosen field (12%). Deadline for Receipt: April of each year.

2814 ■ AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY

Attn: Department of Georgia
3035 Mt. Zion Road
Stockbridge, GA 30281-4101
Tel: (678)289-8446
E-mail: [email protected]
To provide financial assistance to daughters of veterans in Georgia who are interested in preparing for a career in nursing.
Title of Award: Georgia Legion Auxiliary Past President Parley Nursing Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies, depending upon funds available. Funds Available: The amount of the award depends on the availability of funds.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to George residents who are 1) interested in nursing education and 2) the daughters of veterans. Applicants must be sponsored by a local unit of the American Legion Auxiliary. Selection is based on a statement explaining why they want to become a nurse and why they need a scholarship, a transcript of all high school or college grades, and 4 letters of recommendation (1 from a high school principal or superintendent, 1 from the sponsoring American Legion Auxiliary local unit, and 2 from other responsible people). Deadline for Receipt: May of each year.

2815 ■ AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY

Attn: Department of Iowa
Education Committee
720 Lyon Street
Des Moines, IA 50309-5457
Tel: (515)282-7987
Fax: (515)282-7583
E-mail: [email protected]
To provide financial assistance for nursing education to dependents of Iowa veterans and to veterans who are members of the American Legion.
Title of Award: Iowa Legion Auxiliary Past Presidents Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The amount of this scholarship depends on the contributions received from past unit, county, district, department, or national presidents. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to members of the American Legion and the American Legion Auxiliary and the children or grandchildren of veterans of World War I, World War II, Korea, Vietnam, Grenada, Lebanon, Panama, or the Persian Gulf. Applicants must reside in Iowa and be enrolled or planning to enroll in a nursing program in that state. Selection is based on character, Americanism, activities, and financial need. Deadline for Receipt: May of each year.

2816 ■ AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY

Attn: Department of Maryland
1589 Sulphur Spring Road, Suite 105
Baltimore, MD 21227
Tel: (410)242-9519
Fax: (410)242-9553
E-mail: [email protected]
To provide financial assistance for nursing education to the female descendants of Maryland veterans.
Title of Award: Maryland Legion Auxiliary Past Presidents' Parley Nursing Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000. Funds are sent directly to the recipient's school. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed for up to 3 additional years if the recipient remains enrolled full time.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Maryland residents who are the daughters, granddaughters, great-granddaughters, step-daughters, step-granddaughters, or step-great-granddaughters of ex-servicewomen (or of ex-servicemen, if there are no qualified descendants of ex-servicewomen). Applicants must be interested in becoming a registered nurse and be able to show financial need. They must submit a 300-word essay on the topic "What a Nursing Career Means to Me." Deadline for Receipt: April of each year.

2817 ■ AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY

Attn: Department of New Jersey
c/o Lucille M. Miller, Secretary, Treasurer
1540 Kuser Road, Suite A-8
Hamilton, NJ 08619
Tel: (609)581-9580
Fax: (609)581-8429
To provide financial assistance for nursing education to New Jersey residents who are the children or grandchildren of veterans.
Title of Award: New Jersey Legion Auxiliary Past Presidents' Parley Nurses Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The amount awarded varies, depending upon the needs of the recipient and the money available. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to the children and grandchildren of living, deceased, or divorced veterans. Applicants must have been residents of New Jersey for at least 2 years and be graduating high school seniors or the equivalent who plan to study nursing. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year.

2818 ■ AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY

Attn: Department of Oregon
30450 S.W. Parkway Avenue
P.O. Box 1730
Wilsonville, OR 97070-1730
Tel: (503)682-3162
Fax: (503)685-5008
E-mail: [email protected]
To provide financial assistance for nursing education to the wives, widows, and children of Oregon veterans.
Title of Award: Oregon Legion Auxiliary Department Nurses Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $1,500. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed.
Eligibility Requirements: Eligible for these scholarships are the wives of veterans with disabilities, the widows of deceased veterans, and the sons and daughters of veterans who are Oregon residents. Applicants must have been accepted by an accredited hospital or university school of nursing in Oregon. Selection is based on ability, aptitude, character, determination, seriousness of purpose, and financial need. Deadline for Receipt: May of each year.

2819 ■ AMERICAN NEPHROLOGY NURSES' ASSOCIATION

Attn: ANNA National Office
East Holly Avenue, Box 56
Pitman, NJ 08071-0056
Tel: (856)256-2320; 888-600-2662
Fax: (856)589-7463
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.annanurse.org
To provide financial assistance to members of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association (ANNA) who are interested in working on a baccalaureate or advanced degree in nursing.
Title of Award: Alcavis International Career Mobility Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nephrology; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Four Year College, Graduate, Professional Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,500. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be current association members, have been members for at least 2 years, be currently employed in nephrology nursing, and be accepted or enrolled in a baccalaureate or higher degree program in nursing. Along with their application, they must submit a 250-word essay on their career and education goals that includes how their degree will apply to nephrology nursing, provides a time frame for completing their program, and indicates how the funds will meet their educational needs. Deadline for Receipt: October of each year. Additional Information: Funds for this scholarship, first awarded in 2006, are supplied by Alcavis International, Inc. Information is also available from Sharon Longton, Awards and Scholarships Chair, (313) 966-2674, E-mail: [email protected]

2820 ■ AMERICAN NEPHROLOGY NURSES' ASSOCIATION

Attn: ANNA National Office
East Holly Avenue, Box 56
Pitman, NJ 08071-0056
Tel: (856)256-2320; 888-600-2662
Fax: (856)589-7463
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.annanurse.org
To provide financial assistance to members of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association (ANNA) who are interested in working on a baccalaureate or advanced degree in nursing.
Title of Award: Amgen Career Mobility Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nephrology; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Four Year College, Graduate, Professional Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,500. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be current association members, have been members for at least 2 years, be currently employed in nephrology nursing, and be accepted or enrolled in a baccalaureate or higher degree program in nursing. Along with their application, they must submit a 250-word essay on their career and education goals that includes how their degree will apply to nephrology nursing, provides a time frame for completing their program, and indicates how the funds will meet their educational needs. Deadline for Receipt: October of each year. Additional Information: Funds for this scholarship, first awarded in 1993, are supplied by Amgen Inc. Information is also available from Sharon Longton, Awards and Scholarships Chair, (313) 966-2674, E-mail: [email protected]

2821 ■ AMERICAN NEPHROLOGY NURSES' ASSOCIATION

Attn: ANNA National Office
East Holly Avenue, Box 56
Pitman, NJ 08071-0056
Tel: (856)256-2320; 888-600-2662
Fax: (856)589-7463
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.annanurse.org
To provide financial assistance to members of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association (ANNA) who are interested in working on a baccalaureate or advanced degree in nursing.
Title of Award: ANNA Career Mobility Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nephrology; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Professional, Four Year College Number Awarded: 5 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be current association members, have been members for at least 2 years, be currently employed in nephrology nursing, and be accepted or enrolled in a baccalaureate or higher degree program in nursing. Along with their application, they must submit a 250-word essay on their career and education goals that includes how their degree will apply to nephrology nursing, provides a time frame for completing their program, and indicates how the funds will meet their educational needs. Deadline for Receipt: October of each year. Additional Information: These scholarships were first awarded in 1993. Information is also available from Sharon Longton, Awards and Scholarships Chair, (313) 966-2674, E-mail: [email protected]

2822 ■ AMERICAN NEPHROLOGY NURSES' ASSOCIATION

Attn: ANNA National Office
East Holly Avenue, Box 56
Pitman, NJ 08071-0056
Tel: (856)256-2320; 888-600-2662
Fax: (856)589-7463
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.annanurse.org
To provide financial assistance to members of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association (ANNA) who are interested in working on a baccalaureate or advanced degree in nursing.
Title of Award: Abbott/Pamela Balzer Career Mobility Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nephrology; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Four Year College, Graduate, Professional Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,500. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be current association members, have been members for at least 2 years, be currently employed in nephrology nursing, and be accepted or enrolled in a baccalaureate or higher degree program in nursing. Along with their application, they must submit a 250-word essay on their career and education goals that includes how their degree will apply to nephrology nursing, provides a time frame for completing their program, and indicates how the funds will meet their educational needs. Deadline for Receipt: October of each year. Additional Information: Funds for this program, established in 2002, are supplied by Abbott Renal Care Group. Information is also available from Sharon Longton, Awards and Scholarships Chair, (313) 966-2674, E-mail: [email protected]

2823 ■ AMERICAN NEPHROLOGY NURSES' ASSOCIATION

Attn: ANNA National Office
East Holly Avenue, Box 56
Pitman, NJ 08071-0056
Tel: (609)256-2320; 888-600-2662
Fax: (856)589-7463
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.annanurse.org
To provide financial assistance to members of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association (ANNA) who are Certified Nephrology Nurses and are interested in working on a baccalaureate or graduate degree in nursing to enhance their nephrology nursing practice.
Title of Award: NNCC Career Mobility Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nephrology; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Four Year College, Graduate, Professional Number Awarded: 3 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must have a current credential as a Certified Nephrology Nurse (CNN) by the Nephrology Nursing Certification Commission (NNCC), be a current full member of the association, have been a member for at least 2 years, be currently employed in nephrology nursing, and be accepted or enrolled in a baccalaureate or higher degree program in nursing. Along with their application, they must submit a 250-word essay on their career and education goals that includes how their degree will apply to nephrology nursing, provides a time frame for completing their program, and indicates how the funds will meet their educational needs. Deadline for Receipt: October of each year. Additional Information: Funds for this program, established in 1993, are supplied by the NNCC. Information is also available from Sharon Longton, Awards and Scholarships Chair, (313) 966-2674, E-mail: [email protected]

2824 ■ AMERICAN NEPHROLOGY NURSES' ASSOCIATION

Attn: ANNA National Office
East Holly Avenue, Box 56
Pitman, NJ 08071-0056
Tel: (856)256-2320; 888-600-2662
Fax: (856)589-7463
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.annanurse.org
To provide financial assistance to members of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association (ANNA) who are interested in working on a baccalaureate or advanced degree in nursing.
Title of Award: Janel Parker Career Mobility Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nephrology; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Professional, Four Year College Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,500. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be current association members, have been members for at least 2 years, be currently employed in nephrology nursing, and be accepted or enrolled in a baccalaureate or higher degree program in nursing. Along with their application, they must submit a 250-word essay on their career and education goals that includes how their degree will apply to nephrology nursing, provides a time frame for completing their program, and indicates how the funds will meet their educational needs. Deadline for Receipt: October of each year. Additional Information: These scholarships, first awarded in 1993, are sponsored by Anthony J. Jannetti, Inc. Information is also available from Sharon Longton, Awards and Scholarships Chair, (313) 966-2674, E-mail: [email protected]

2825 ■ AMERICAN NEPHROLOGY NURSES' ASSOCIATION

Attn: ANNA National Office
East Holly Avenue, Box 56
Pitman, NJ 08071-0056
Tel: (856)256-2320; 888-600-2662
Fax: (856)589-7463
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.annanurse.org
To provide financial assistance to members of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association (ANNA) who are interested in working on a baccalaureate or advanced degree in nursing.
Title of Award: Watson Pharma Career Mobility Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nephrology; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Professional, Four Year College Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,500. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be current association members, have been members for at least 2 years, be currently employed in nephrology nursing, and be accepted or enrolled in a baccalaureate or higher degree program in nursing. Along with their application, they must submit a 250-word essay on their career and education goals that includes how their degree will apply to nephrology nursing, provides a time frame for completing their program, and indicates how the funds will meet their educational needs. Deadline for Receipt: October of each year. Additional Information: This scholarship, first awarded in 2003, is sponsored by Watson Pharma, Inc. Information is also available from Sharon Longton, Awards and Scholarships Chair, (313) 966-2674, E-mail: [email protected]

2826 ■ AMERICAN RADIO RELAY LEAGUE

Attn: ARRL Foundation
225 Main Street
Newington, CT 06111
Tel: (860)594-0397
Fax: (860)594-0259
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.arrl.org/arrlf/scholgen.html
To provide financial assistance to licensed radio amateurs who are interested in working on an undergraduate degree.
Title of Award: William R. Goldfarb Memorial Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Business administration; Computer and information sciences; Engineering; General studies/Field of study not specified; Medicine; Nursing; Science Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is at least $10,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to licensed radio amateurs of any class who have applied or been accepted for enrollment at an accredited institution of higher education. Preference is given to students planning to major in computers, medicine, nursing, engineering, science, or a business-related field. Applicants must submit an essay on the role amateur radio has played in their lives and provide documentation of financial need. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year.

2827 ■ ASSOCIATION OF INDEPENDENT COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES OF PENNSYLVANIA

101 North Front Street
Harrisburg, PA 17101-1405
Tel: (717)232-8649
Fax: (717)233-8574
E-mail: [email protected]aicup.org
Web Site: http://www.aicup.org
To provide financial assistance to students at member institutions of the Association of Independent Colleges and Universities of Pennsylvania (AICUP) who are enrolled in a nursing or physician assistant program.
Title of Award: McLean Scholarship for Nursing and Physician Assistant Majors Area, Field, or Subject: Medical assisting; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Four Year College Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 7 of these scholarships were awarded. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,500. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to full-time undergraduate students at AICUP colleges and universities. Applicants must be enrolled in a nursing or physician assistant program and have a GPA of 3.0 or higher. Along with their application, they must submit an essay on how they chose their major, the steps they are taking to ensure that they succeed in their major, what they plan to do after graduation, the volunteer and extracurricular activities in which they participate, and how those activities relate to their major. Selection is based on their GPA (30%), steps taken to ensure success in their major (10%), career goals (10%), volunteer work (25%), relationship of volunteer and extracurricular activities to major (10%), and extent of their leadership activities (15%). Applications must be submitted to the financial aid office at the AICUP college or university that the student attends. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year. Additional Information: The AICUP includes 83 private colleges and universities in Pennsylvania. For a list of those institutions, contact AICUP.

2828 ■ AUXILIARY TO THE NATIONAL MEDICAL ASSOCIATION

1012 10th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20001
Tel: (202)371-9008
Fax: (202)289-ANMA
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.anma-online.org
To provide financial assistance to African American nursing students.
Title of Award: Omega Mason/Maude Bisson Memorial Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: A stipend is awarded (amount not specified). Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be African American, be currently enrolled in an accredited nursing school, have earned a GPA of 3.2 or higher, be able to demonstrate financial need, and have a record of community involvement. For 2-year nursing programs, applicants must be second-year students; for 4-year programs, applicants must be entering their third year. In addition to completing a formal application, students must submit a 1-page essay, detailing their educational goals and reasons for requesting this scholarship. The scholarship is awarded to a student nurse in the city where the national convention of the Auxiliary to the National Medical Association (ANMA) is held each year. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year.

2829 ■ LUCY C. AYERS FOUNDATION, INC.

The Summit South
300 Centerville Road, Suite 300S
Warwick, RI 02886-0226
To provide financial assistance to nursing students in Rhode Island.
Title of Award: Lucy C. Ayers Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 or more per year. Funds Available: The stipend is $1,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students enrolled in an accredited Rhode Island nursing program leading to licensure as a registered nurse (R.N.). Applicants may be working on a diploma or an associate, bachelor's, master's, or doctoral degree. They must submit a brief statement describing their reasons for requesting financial aid. Additional Information: This program was established in 1998 with funds from the sale of the Lucy C. Ayers Residence For Nurses, originally chartered in 1926 as the Lucy C. Ayers Home for Nurses. It had served as a residence for retired or temporarily inactive graduate nurses of Rhode Island Hospital and its school of nursing. The program also provides assistance to graduates of the Rhode Island Hospital School of Nursing who need financial aid for continuing education or other purposes.

2830 ■ BIG 33 SCHOLARSHIP FOUNDATION

Attn: Scholarship Committee
511 Bridge Street
P.O. Box 213
New Cumberland, PA 17070
Tel: (717)774-3303; 877-PABIG-33
Fax: (717)774-1749
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.big33.org/scholarships/default.ashx
To provide financial assistance to graduating high school seniors in Ohio and Pennsylvania who plan to study nursing in college.
Title of Award: Big 33 Nursing Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 6 of these scholarships were awarded: 2 at $1,600, 2 at $1,500, and 2 at $1,000. Funds Available: Stipends range from $1,000 to $1,600. Duration: 1 year; nonrenewable.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to seniors graduating from public and accredited private high schools in Ohio and Pennsylvania who are planning to attend nursing school. Applications are available from high school guidance counselors. Selection is based on special talents, leadership, obstacles overcome, academic achievement (at least a 2.0 GPA), community service, unique endeavors, financial need, and a 1-page essay on why the applicant wants to become a nurse and deserves the scholarship. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year. Additional Information: Funds for this program are raised by the foundation through its sponsorship of an annual high school All-Star football game.

2831 ■ CALIFORNIA EMERGENCY NURSES ASSOCIATION

3783 West Robinson Avenue
Fresno, CA 93722-4782
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.calena.net
To provide financial assistance to members of the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA) from California who are interested in working on an advanced degree.
Title of Award: Kelleher Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Either 1 at $1,000 or 2 at $500 are awarded each year. Funds Available: Stipends are $1,000 or $500. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to ENA members who have a current California R.N. license and are either enrolled or accepted in an accredited program. Applicants must be working on a baccalaureate or higher degree. They must submit 1) a copy of their curriculum vitae; 2) a letter of intent that includes how the profession of emergency nursing will benefit from their education and a description of their ENA involvement; and 3) proof of enrollment or acceptance at an NLN-accredited school. Deadline for Receipt: May of each year.

2832 ■ CANADIAN INSTITUTES OF HEALTH RESEARCH

Attn: Grants and Awards
160 Elgin Street, Ninth Floor
Address Locator 4809A
Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0W9
Tel: (613)954-1968; 888-603-4178
Fax: (613)954-1800
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca
To provide research funding to undergraduate and graduate students interested in preparing for a career in health-related fields in Canada.
Title of Award: Health Professional Students Research Awards of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research Area, Field, or Subject: Dentistry; Medicine; Nursing; Optometry; Pharmaceutical sciences Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The stipend for students registered in a health professional school is $C1,417 per month. The stipend for students enrolled in a combined degree program is $C1,987 per month. Duration: Up to 3 months.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to 1) undergraduate and graduate students enrolled at Canadian schools offered programs leading to licensure in medicine, dentistry, nursing, physiotherapy, or related fields; and 2) medical students working on a combined degree (e.g., M.D./M.Sc., M.D./Ph.D.). Applicants must have completed their first year of study and be interested in participating in a health research project. They must be citizens or permanent residents of Canada. Deadline for Receipt: February Additional Information: The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) was formerly the Medical Research Council (MRC) of Canada. This program was formerly designated the Burroughs Wellcome Fund Student Research Awards.

2833 ■ CANADIAN NURSES FOUNDATION

Attn: Study Awards Program
50 Driveway
Ottawa, ON, Canada K2P 1E2
Tel: (613)237-2133
Fax: (613)237-3520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.canadiannursesfoundation.com/scholarships.htm
To provide financial assistance to student nurse associates of the Canadian Nurses Foundation (CNF) working on a bachelor's degree.
Title of Award: Birks Family Foundation Award Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 or more each year. Funds Available: The stipend ranges from $C1,000 to $C3,000. Duration: 1 year; recipients may reapply.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Canadian citizens and permanent residents who are either 1) entering at least year 2 as a full-time student of a baccalaureate nursing program, or 2) accepted into any year of a post-R.N. program as a full-time student. Applicants must be attending or planning to attend a Canadian college or university. Along with their application, they must submit 200-word essays on 1) how they have demonstrated leadership in the past; 2) their past work and community service experiences and how those prepare them for a career in nursing; and 3) how their educational program will assist them in their future career plans. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: Applications must be accompanied by a CNF nurse associates fee of $C35.

2834 ■ CANADIAN NURSES FOUNDATION

Attn: Study Awards Program
50 Driveway
Ottawa, ON, Canada K2P 1E2
Tel: (613)237-2133
Fax: (613)237-3520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.canadiannursesfoundation.com/scholarships.htm
To provide financial assistance to student nurse associates of the Canadian Nurses Foundation (CNF) working on a bachelor's degree and intending to work in Canada's north.
Title of Award: Canadian Nurses Foundation Northern Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend ranges from $C1,000 to $C3,000. Duration: 1 year; recipients may reapply.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Canadian citizens and permanent residents who are either 1) entering at least year 2 as a full-time student of a baccalaureate nursing program, or 2) accepted into any year of a post-R.N. program as a full-time student. Applicants must be attending or planning to attend a Canadian college or university. They must be intending to practice nursing in Canada's north. Preference is given to nurses who have worked in the north for at least 2 years and/or are of Aboriginal origin. Along with their application, they must submit 200-word essays on 1) how they have demonstrated leadership in the past; 2) their past work and community service experiences and how those prepare them for a career in nursing; and 3) how their educational program will assist them in their future career plans. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: This program was established in 1989. Applications must be accompanied by a CNF nurse associates fee of $C35.

2835 ■ CANADIAN NURSES FOUNDATION

Attn: Study Awards Program
50 Driveway
Ottawa, ON, Canada K2P 1E2
Tel: (613)237-2133
Fax: (613)237-3520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.canadiannursesfoundation.com/scholarships.htm
To provide financial assistance to student nurse associates of the Canadian Nurses Foundation (CNF) working on a bachelor's degree.
Title of Award: Eaton Foundation Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend ranges from $C1,000 to $C3,000. Duration: 1 year; recipients may reapply.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Canadian citizens and permanent residents who are either 1) entering at least year 2 as a full-time student of a baccalaureate nursing program, or 2) accepted into any year of a post-R.N. program as a full-time student. Applicants must be attending or planning to attend a Canadian college or university. Along with their application, they must submit 200-word essays on 1) how they have demonstrated leadership in the past; 2) their past work and community service experiences and how those prepare them for a career in nursing; and 3) how their educational program will assist them in their future career plans. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: Applications must be accompanied by a CNF nurse associates fee of $C35.

2836 ■ CANADIAN NURSES FOUNDATION

Attn: Study Awards Program
50 Driveway
Ottawa, ON, Canada K2P 1E2
Tel: (613)237-2133
Fax: (613)237-3520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.canadiannursesfoundation.com/scholarships.htm
To provide financial assistance to student nurse associates of the Canadian Nurses Foundation (CNF) working on a bachelor's degree and intending to work in Canada's north.
Title of Award: Judy Hill Memorial Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 2 each year. Funds Available: The stipend ranges from $C1,000 to $C3,000. Duration: 1 year; recipients may reapply.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Canadian citizens and permanent residents who are either 1) entering at least year 2 as a full-time student of a baccalaureate nursing program, or 2) accepted into any year of a post-R.N. program as a full-time student. Applicants must be attending or planning to attend a Canadian college or university. They must be intending to practice nursing in Canada's north. Preference is given to nurses who have worked in the north for at least 2 years. Along with their application, they must submit 200-word essays on 1) how they have demonstrated leadership in the past; 2) their past work and community service experiences and how those prepare them for a career in nursing; and 3) how their educational program will assist them in their future career plans. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: Applications must be accompanied by a CNF nurse associates fee of $C35.

2837 ■ CANADIAN NURSES FOUNDATION

Attn: Study Awards Program
50 Driveway
Ottawa, ON, Canada K2P 1E2
Tel: (613)237-2133
Fax: (613)237-3520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.canadiannursesfoundation.com/scholarships.htm
To provide financial assistance to student nurse associates of the Canadian Nurses Foundation (CNF) working on a bachelor's degree in operating room or critical care nursing.
Title of Award: Johnson & Johnson Medical Products Award Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend ranges from $C1,000 to $C3,000. Duration: 1 year; recipients may reapply.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Canadian citizens and permanent residents who are either 1) entering at least year 2 as a full-time student of a baccalaureate nursing program, or 2) accepted into any year of a post-R.N. program as a full-time student. Applicants must be attending or planning to attend a Canadian college or university. They must be intending to practice nursing in an operating room or a critical care area. Along with their application, they must submit 200-word essays on 1) how they have demonstrated leadership in the past; 2) their past work and community service experiences and how those prepare them for a career in nursing; and 3) how their educational program will assist them in their future career plans. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: This program was established in 1995 by Johnson & Johnson Applications must be accompanied by a CNF nurse associates fee of $C35.

2838 ■ CANADIAN NURSES FOUNDATION

Attn: Study Awards Program
50 Driveway
Ottawa, ON, Canada K2P 1E2
Tel: (613)237-2133
Fax: (613)237-3520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.canadiannursesfoundation.com/scholarships.htm
To provide financial assistance to student nurse associates of the Canadian Nurses Foundation (CNF) who are foreign-educated and working on a bachelor's degree.
Title of Award: Tecla Lin and Nelia Laroza Memorial Award Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend ranges from $C1,000 to $C3,000. Duration: 1 year; recipients may reapply.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Canadian citizens and permanent residents who have been accepted into any year of a post-R.N. program as a full-time student. Applicants must have received their prior education at a foreign school and now be planning to attend a Canadian college or university. Along with their application, they must submit 200-word essays on 1) how they have demonstrated leadership in the past; 2) their past work and community service experiences and how those prepare them for a career in nursing; and 3) how their educational program will assist them in their future career plans. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: This scholarship was first awarded in 2004. Applications must be accompanied by a CNF nurse associates fee of $C35.

2839 ■ CANADIAN NURSES FOUNDATION

Attn: Study Awards Program
50 Driveway
Ottawa, ON, Canada K2P 1E2
Tel: (613)237-2133
Fax: (613)237-3520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.canadiannursesfoundation.com/scholarships.htm
To provide financial assistance to student nurse associates of the Canadian Nurses Foundation (CNF) working on a bachelor's degree in neurosurgical or cancer nursing.
Title of Award: Eleanor J. Martin Award Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing; Nursing, Oncological Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend ranges from $C1,000 to $C3,000. Duration: 1 year; recipients may reapply.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Canadian citizens and permanent residents who are either 1) entering at least year 2 as a full-time student of a baccalaureate nursing program, or 2) accepted into any year of a post-R.N. program as a full-time student. Applicants must be attending or planning to attend a Canadian college or university. They must be studying or demonstrate an interest in neurosurgical or cancer nursing. Along with their application, they must submit 200-word essays on 1) how they have demonstrated leadership in the past; 2) their past work and community service experiences and how those prepare them for a career in nursing; and 3) how their educational program will assist them in their future career plans. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: Applications must be accompanied by a CNF nurse associates fee of $C35.

2840 ■ CANADIAN NURSES FOUNDATION

Attn: Study Awards Program
50 Driveway
Ottawa, ON, Canada K2P 1E2
Tel: (613)237-2133
Fax: (613)237-3520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.canadiannursesfoundation.com/scholarships.htm
To provide financial assistance to student nurse associates of the Canadian Nurses Foundation (CNF) from Prince Edward Island who are working on a bachelor's degree.
Title of Award: Dr. Margaret Munro Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend ranges from $C1,000 to $C3,000. Duration: 1 year; recipients may reapply.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Canadian citizens and permanent residents who are either 1) entering at least year 2 as a full-time student of a baccalaureate nursing program, or 2) accepted into any year of a post-R.N. program as a full-time student. Applicants must be attending or planning to attend a Canadian college or university. They must be residents of Prince Edward Island. Along with their application, they must submit 200-word essays on 1) how they have demonstrated leadership in the past; 2) their past work and community service experiences and how those prepare them for a career in nursing; and 3) how their educational program will assist them in their future career plans. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: This scholarship was first awarded in 2004. Applications must be accompanied by a CNF nurse associates fee of $C35.

2841 ■ CANADIAN NURSES FOUNDATION

Attn: Study Awards Program
50 Driveway
Ottawa, ON, Canada K2P 1E2
Tel: (613)237-2133
Fax: (613)237-3520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.canadiannursesfoundation.com/scholarships.htm
To provide financial assistance to student nurse associates of the Canadian Nurses Foundation (CNF) who interested in returning to school to work on a bachelor's degree.
Title of Award: Sharon Nield Memorial Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend ranges from $C1,000 to $C3,000. Duration: 1 year; recipients may reapply.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Canadian citizens and permanent residents who have been accepted into any year of a post-R.N. program as a full-time student. Applicants must be planning to attend a Canadian college or university to work on a baccalaureate degree. Along with their application, they must submit 200-word essays on 1) how they have demonstrated leadership in the past; 2) their past work and community service experiences and how those prepare them for a career in nursing; and 3) how their educational program will assist them in their future career plans. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: This scholarship was first awarded in 2004. Applications must be accompanied by a CNF nurse associates fee of $C35.

2842 ■ CANADIAN NURSES FOUNDATION

Attn: Study Awards Program
50 Driveway
Ottawa, ON, Canada K2P 1E2
Tel: (613)237-2133
Fax: (613)237-3520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.canadiannursesfoundation.com/scholarships.htm
To provide financial assistance to student nurse associates of the Canadian Nurses Foundation (CNF) from Nova Scotia who are working on a bachelor's degree.
Title of Award: Nova Scotia Nurses Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend ranges from $C1,000 to $C3,000. Duration: 1 year; recipients may reapply.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Canadian citizens and permanent residents who are either 1) entering at least year 2 as a full-time student of a baccalaureate nursing program, or 2) accepted into any year of a post-R.N. program as a full-time student. Applicants must be attending or planning to attend a Canadian college or university. They must be residents of Nova Scotia. Along with their application, they must submit 200-word essays on 1) how they have demonstrated leadership in the past; 2) their past work and community service experiences and how those prepare them for a career in nursing; and 3) how their educational program will assist them in their future career plans. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: This program was established by the Nova Scotia Registered Nurses Foundation in 2003. Applications must be accompanied by a CNF nurse associates fee of $C35.

2843 ■ CANADIAN NURSES FOUNDATION

Attn: Study Awards Program
50 Driveway
Ottawa, ON, Canada K2P 1E2
Tel: (613)237-2133
Fax: (613)237-3520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.canadiannursesfoundation.com/scholarships.htm
To provide financial assistance to male student nurse associates of the Canadian Nurses Foundation (CNF) working on a bachelor's degree.
Title of Award: John J. Vanderlee Award for Male Nursing Students Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 2 each year. Funds Available: The stipend ranges from $C1,000 to $C3,000. Duration: 1 year; recipients may reapply.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to male Canadian citizens and permanent residents who are either 1) entering at least year 2 as a full-time student of a baccalaureate nursing program, or 2) accepted into any year of a post-R.N. program as a full-time student. Applicants must be attending or planning to attend a Canadian college or university. Along with their application, they must submit 200-word essays on 1) how they have demonstrated leadership in the past; 2) their past work and community service experiences and how those prepare them for a career in nursing; and 3) how their educational program will assist them in their future career plans. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: Applications must be accompanied by a CNF nurse associates fee of $C35.

2844 ■ CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN

Attn: Association of Brethren Caregivers
1451 Dundee Avenue
Elgin, IL 60120-1694
Tel: (847)742-5100
Free: 800-323-8039
Fax: (847)742-6103
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.brethren.org/abc/scholarship.html
To provide financial assistance to members of the Church of the Brethren working on an undergraduate or graduate degree in nursing.
Title of Award: Association of Brethren Caregivers Nursing Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000 for R.N. and graduate nurse candidates or $1,000 for L.P.N. candidates. Duration: 1year. Recipients are eligible for only 1 scholarship per degree.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students who are members of the Church of the Brethren or employed in a Church of the Brethren agency. Applicants must be enrolled in a L.P.N., R.N., or graduate program in nursing. Along with their application, they must submit 1) a statement describing their reasons for wanting to enter nursing or continue their nursing education, including something of their aspirations for service in the profession; and 2) a description of how the scholarship will assist them in reaching their educational and career goals. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year.

2845 ■ COALITION FOR NURSING CAREERS IN CALIFORNIA

Attn: chooseNursing.com
1800 Harrison Street, 17th Floor
Oakland, CA 94612 Tel: (510)625-7109 Fax: (510)987-1299
Web Site: http://www.choosenursing.com/paying/calfinaid.html
To provide financial assistance to underrepresented and financially disadvantaged students at nursing schools in California.
Title of Award: chooseNursing.com Scholarship Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Recently, 28 of these scholarships were awarded: 11 for bachelor's degree students at $5,000, 2 for associate degree students at $2,500, and 15 for associate degree students at $2,000. Funds Available: Stipends are $5,000, $2,500, or $2,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students enrolled in an accredited associate or bachelor's nursing degree program in California. Applicants must come from an underrepresented and financially disadvantaged (family income may not exceed $50,000 per family member) group. They must have a GPA of 2.5 or higher and may not yet have a R.N. license. Along with their application, they must submit a 500-word essay on what led them to choose a career in nursing, the obstacles or challenges they have faced and overcome to get where they are today, and their professional goals or aspirations for their nursing career. Selection is based on financial need, academic achievement, health care involvement, and enthusiasm or passion for nursing. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year. Additional Information: This program, first offered in 2002, is sponsored by NurseWeek magazine, chooseNursing.com, and the Coalition for Nursing Careers in California.

2846 ■ CONGRESSIONAL BLACK CAUCUS FOUNDATION, INC.

Attn: Director, Educational Programs
1720 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
Tel: (202)263-2836
Free: 800-784-2577
Fax: (202)775-0773
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cbcfinc.org
To provide financial assistance to minority and other undergraduate and graduate students who reside in a Congressional district represented by an African American and are interested in preparing for a health-related career.
Title of Award: Cheerios Brand Health Initiative Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Biological and clinical sciences; Chemistry; Education, Physical; Engineering; Food service careers; Health care services; Medicine; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: A stipend is awarded (amount not specified). Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to 1) minority and other graduating high school seniors planning to attend an accredited institution of higher education and 2) currently-enrolled full-time undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral students in good academic standing with a GPA of 2.5 or higher. Applicants must reside or attend school in a Congressional district represented by a member of the Congressional Black Caucus. They must be interested in preparing for a career in a medical, food services, or other health-related field, including pre-medicine, nursing, chemistry, biology, physical education, and engineering. Along with their application, they must submit a 500-word personal statement on 1) the field of study they intend to pursue and why they have chosen that field; 2) their interests, involvement in school activities, community and public service, hobbies, special talents, sports, and other highlight areas; and 3) any other experiences, skills, or qualifications they feel should be considered. They must also be able to document financial need. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year. Additional Information: The program was established in 1998 with support from General Mills, Inc.

2847 ■ CONNECTICUT LEAGUE FOR NURSING

Attn: Executive Director
393 Center Street
P.O. Box 365
Wallingford, CT 06492-0365
Tel: (203)265-4248
Fax: (203)265-5311
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ctleaguefornursing.org/scholarships.html
To provide financial assistance to nursing students in Connecticut.
Title of Award: Connecticut League for Nursing Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 or more each year. Funds Available: The stipend depends on the recipient's qualifications and the availability of funds. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Connecticut residents who are enrolled in an accredited school of nursing in the state. Baccalaureate applicants must have completed 3 years of a 4-year program; diploma applicants must have completed 1 year of a 2-year program; associate degree applicants must have completed 1 year of a 2-year program; R.N. students in an upper-division B.S.N. program must be entering their senior year; graduate students must have completed 18 credits in an accredited nursing program. Selection is based on scholastic ability, professional potential, and financial need. Deadline for Receipt: October of each year.

2848 ■ CONNECTICUT NURSES' FOUNDATION

Attn: Scholarship Committee
377 Research Parkway, Suite 2D
Meriden, CT 06450-7160
Tel: (203)238-1207
Fax: (203)238-3437
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ctnurses.org
To provide financial assistance to Connecticut residents interested in working on an undergraduate or graduate degree in nursing.
Title of Award: Townsend Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 or more each year. Funds Available: The stipend depends on the qualifications of the recipient and the availability of funds. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to residents of Connecticut who are entering or enrolled at an accredited school of nursing to work on an associate, bachelor's, master's, or doctoral degree. Selection is based on employment experience; professional, community, and student activities, a statement of professional goals, and financial need. Deadline for Receipt: June of each year.

2849 ■ DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION-COLORADO STATE SOCIETY

c/o Marilyn Fishburn, State Scholarship Chair
1546 West 28th Street
Loveland, CO 80538
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.coloradodar.org/scholarships.htm
To provide financial assistance to high school seniors in Colorado who are interested in studying nursing in the state.
Title of Award: Virginia Leyda Roberts Nursing Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $1,000. Funds are paid directly to the student's school. Duration: 1 year; nonrenewable.
Eligibility Requirements: Eligible to apply are graduating high school seniors in Colorado who are 1) American citizens, 2) in the top third of their graduating class, and 3) accepted at 1 of the Colorado colleges offering a B.S.N.: Beth-El College of Nursing, Regis University, Colorado University at Denver, Colorado Health Sciences Center, Metro State University, University of Phoenix, University of Northern Colorado, University of Southern Colorado, or Mesa State College. Applications must include a statement of career interest and goals (up to 500 words), 2 character references, college transcripts, a letter of sponsorship from the Daughters of the American Revolution's Colorado chapter, and a list of scholastic achievements, extracurricular activities, honors, and other significant accomplishments. Selection is based on financial need and academic record. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year.

2850 ■ DELAWARE HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION

Carvel State Office Building
820 North French Street
Wilmington, DE 19801
Tel: (302)577-3240
Free: 800-292-7935
Fax: (302)577-6765 E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.doe.state.de.us/high-ed/nursing.htm
To provide scholarship/loans for nursing education to Delaware residents with outstanding academic records.
Title of Award: Delaware Nursing Incentive Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Up to 50 each year. Funds Available: Awards up to the cost of tuition, fees, and other direct educational expenses are available. This is a scholarship/loan program; if the recipient performs required service at a state-owned hospital or clinic in Delaware, the loan is forgiven at the rate of 1 year of service for each year of assistance. Recipients who fail to perform the required service must repay the loan in full. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed for up to 3 additional years.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to residents of Delaware who are enrolled or planning to enroll full time in an accredited program leading to certification as an R.N. or L.P.N. High school seniors must rank in the upper half of their class and have a cumulative GPA of 2.5 or higher. Current undergraduate students must meet academic requirements of their institution and be enrolled full time. Also eligible are 1) current state employees (they are not required to be Delaware residents and may enroll part time); and 2) registered nurses with 5 or more years of state service (they must be working on a bachelor of science in nursing degree but they may enroll full or part time). U.S. citizenship or permanent resident status is required. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year.

2851 ■ EMERGENCY NURSES ASSOCIATION

Attn: ENA Foundation
915 Lee Street
Des Plaines, IL 60016-6569
Tel: (847)460-4100
Free: 800-900-9659
Fax: (847)460-4004 E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ena.org/foundation/grants
To provide financial assistance for baccalaureate study to nurses who are members of the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA).
Title of Award: ENA Foundation Undergraduate Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 8 each year: 7 at $3,000 and 1 at $5,000. Funds Available: Stipends are $5,000 or $3,000. Duration: 1 year; nonrenewable.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to nurses (R.N., L.P.N., L.V.N.) who are working on a bachelor's degree. Applicants must have been members of the association for at least 12 months. They must submit a 1-page statement on their professional and educational goals and how this scholarship will help them attain those goals. Selection is based on content and clarity of the goal statement (45%), professional association involvement (45%), and GPA (10%). Deadline for Receipt: May of each year.

2852 ■ EMERGENCY NURSES ASSOCIATION

Attn: ENA Foundation
915 Lee Street
Des Plaines, IL 60016-6569
Tel: (847)460-4100
Free: 800-900-9659
Fax: (847)460-4004 E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ena.org/foundation/grants
To provide financial assistance to pre-hospital personnel working on an undergraduate degree in nursing.
Title of Award: JEMS/Elsevier Nursing Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $5,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to pre-hospital personnel (emergency medical technician or EMT-paramedic) who are going to school to work on an undergraduate nursing degree. Applicants must submit proof of acceptance into an undergraduate nursing program and proof of at least 1 year of pre-hospital work experience. Along with their application, they must submit a 1-page statement on their professional and educational goals and how this scholarship will help them attain those goals. Selection is based on content and clarity of the goal statement (45%), professional involvement (45%), and GPA (10%). Deadline for Receipt: May of each year. Additional Information: Scholarship winners are also awarded a complimentary 1-year members in the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA). This program is supported by the Journal of Emergency Medical Services (JEMS) and its parent company, Elsevier.The first scholarship was awarded in 2004.

2853 ■ EMERGENCY NURSES ASSOCIATION

Attn: ENA Foundation
915 Lee Street
Des Plaines, IL 60016-6569
Tel: (847)460-4100
Free: 800-900-9659
Fax: (847)460-4004
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ena.org/foundation/grants
To provide financial assistance for baccalaureate study to nurses who are members of the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA).
Title of Award: Charles Kunz Memorial Undergraduate Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $4,000. Duration: 1 year; nonrenewable.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to nurses (R.N., L.P.N., L.V.N.) who are working on a bachelor's degree. Applicants must have been members of the association for at least 12 months. They must submit a 1-page statement on their professional and educational goals and how this scholarship will help them attain those goals. Selection is based on content and clarity of the goal statement (45%), professional association involvement (45%), and GPA (10%). Deadline for Receipt: May of each year.

2854 ■ EMERGENCY NURSES ASSOCIATION

Attn: ENA Foundation
915 Lee Street
Des Plaines, IL 60016-6569
Tel: (847)460-4100
Free: 800-900-9659
Fax: (847)460-4004
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ena.org/foundation/grants
To provide financial assistance for baccalaureate study to nurses who are members of the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA).
Title of Award: Margaret Miller Memorial Undergraduate Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000. Duration: 1 year; nonrenewable.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to nurses (R.N., L.P.N., L.V.N.) who are working on a bachelor's degree. Applicants must have been members of the association for at least 12 months. They must submit a 1-page statement on their professional and educational goals and how this scholarship will help them attain those goals. Selection is based on content and clarity of the goal statement (45%), professional association involvement (45%), and GPA (10%). Deadline for Receipt: May of each year.

2855 ■ EMERGENCY NURSES ASSOCIATION

Attn: ENA Foundation
915 Lee Street
Des Plaines, IL 60016-6569
Tel: (847)460-4100
Free: 800-900-9659
Fax: (847)460-4004
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ena.org/foundation/grants
To provide financial assistance to rescue workers working on an undergraduate degree in nursing.
Title of Award: New York State ENA September 11 Scholarship Fund Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to pre-hospital care providers, fire fighters, and police officers who are going to school to obtain an undergraduate nursing degree. Rescue workers from all states are eligible. Applicants must submit a 1-page statement on their professional and educational goals and how this scholarship will help them attain those goals. Selection is based on content and clarity of the goal statement (45%), professional involvement (45%), and GPA (10%). Deadline for Receipt: May of each year. Additional Information: Scholarship winners are also awarded a complimentary 1-year members in the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA).

2856 ■ EPILEPSY FOUNDATION

Attn: Research Department
4351 Garden City Drive
Landover, MD 20785-7223
Tel: (301)459-3700
Free: 800-EFA-1000
Fax: (301)577-2684
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/research/grants.cfm
To provide funding to undergraduate and graduate students interested in working on a summer research training project in a field relevant to epilepsy.
Title of Award: Behavioral Sciences Student Fellowships in Epilepsy Area, Field, or Subject: Anthropology; Behavioral sciences; Counseling/Guidance; Economics; Epilepsy; Nursing; Political science; Psychology; Rehabilitation, Physical/Psychological; Social work; Sociology Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 4 of these fellowships were awarded. Funds Available: The grant is $3,000. Duration: 3 months during the summer.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to undergraduate and graduate students in a behavioral science program relevant to epilepsy research or clinical care, including, but not limited to, sociology, social work, psychology, anthropology, nursing, economics, vocational rehabilitation, counseling, and political science. Applicants must be interested in working on an epilepsy research project under the supervision of a qualified mentor. Because the program is designed as a training opportunity, the quality of the training plans and environment are considered in the selection process. Other selection criteria include the quality of the proposed project, the relevance of the proposed work to epilepsy, the applicant's interest in the field of epilepsy, the applicant's qualifications, and the mentor's qualifications, including his or her commitment to the student and the project. U.S. citizenship is not required, but the project must be conducted in the United States. Applications from women, members of minority groups, and people with disabilities are especially encouraged. The program is not intended for students working on a dissertation research project. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: This program is supported by the American Epilepsy Society, Abbott Laboratories, Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical Corporation, and Pfizer Inc.

2857 ■ GEORGIA STUDENT FINANCE COMMISSION

Attn: Scholarships and Grants Division
2082 East Exchange Place, Suite 200
Tucker, GA 30084-5305
Tel: (770)724-9000
Free: 800-505-GSFC
Fax: (770)724-9089
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.gsfc.org/GHEAC/dsp_icapp.cfm
To provide forgivable loans to students at colleges and universities in Georgia who are working on a degree in nursing.
Title of Award: Georgia Intellectual Capital Partnership Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Master's, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The maximum loan is $7,500. Loans are cancelled at the rate of $2,500 per year for each year that the recipient works in Georgia in a high technology field consistent with their degree. The loan must be repaid by service within 5 years of graduation or in cash with interest over a 10-year period. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to U.S. citizens and permanent residents working on a bachelor's or master's degree in nursing at a participating college or university in Georgia. Applicants must be willing to work in their field of study at a facility in Georgia after they complete their degree. Additional Information: This program was established to provide assistance to students in high technology fields of computer science, web design, and medical transcriptionist. It was recently revised to prepare for the impending nursing shortage.

2858 ■ GEORGIA STUDENT FINANCE COMMISSION

Attn: Scholarships and Grants Division
2082 East Exchange Place, Suite 200
Tucker, GA 30084-5305
Tel: (770)724-9230
Free: 800-505-GSFC
Fax: (770)724-9089
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.gsfc.org/gsfa/SCL/dsp_reg_nurse.cfm
To provide forgivable loans to students who are interested in earning a nursing degree at an institution in Georgia and working as a nurse in the state.
Title of Award: Georgia Registered Nurse Service-Cancelable Loan Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The maximum loan is $4,500 per academic year. Loans may be cancelled at the rate of $3,000 per year by working for a sponsoring health care facility for up to 3 years. If it is not cancelled within 3 years by service, it must be repaid in cash with interest at a rate that varies up to 10%. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed 1 additional year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students enrolled or planning to enroll in a nursing program at a school in Georgia. Applicants may be entering an R.N. program for the first time or L.P.N.s interested in becoming an R.N. They must be interested in working for a sponsoring health care facility after they receive their R.N. and pass the licensing examination. Additional Information: This program, administered by the Georgia Student Finance Commission, was established in 2001 as a partnership involving Darton College, Palmyra Medical Centers, Putney Memorial Hospital (all in Albany) and Archbold Medical Center (in Thomasville). In 2002, it was expanded to Savannah as a partnership involving Armstrong Atlantic State University with sponsorship from Memorial Health University Medical Center and St. Joseph Candler Health System.

2859 ■ GEORGIA STUDENT FINANCE COMMISSION

Attn: Scholarships and Grants Division
2082 East Exchange Place, Suite 200
Tucker, GA 30084-5305
Tel: (770)724-9230
Free: 800-505-GSFC
Fax: (770)724-9089
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.gsfc.org/gsfa/SCL/dsp_neg_nurse.cfm
To provide forgivable loans to students who are interested in earning a nursing degree at an institution in northeast Georgia and working as a nurse in the area.
Title of Award: Northeast Georgia Health System Service Cancelable Loans Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The maximum loan is $2,500 for freshmen, $3,500 for sophomores, $4,000 for juniors, or $4,500 for seniors. Loans may be cancelled by working for Northeast Georgia Health System, Inc. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students enrolled or planning to enroll in a nursing program at a designated school in northeast Georgia (North Georgia College and State University, Brenau University, Piedmont College, or the Augusta Campus of the Medical College of Georgia). Applicants must be interested in working for Northeast Georgia Health System, Inc. after they receive their R.N. and pass the licensing examination. Additional Information: This program is administered by the Georgia Student Finance Authority and financed by Northeast Georgia Health System, Inc.

2860 ■ GOOD SAMARITAN FOUNDATION

5615 Kirby Drive, Suite 308
Houston, TX 77005
Tel: (713)529-4647
Web Site: http://www.gsftx.org/pages/scholar.html
To provide financial assistance to student nurses enrolled in a program in nursing at an accredited university in Texas.
Title of Award: Good Samaritan Foundation Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Since the program began, it has awarded more than 10,500 scholarships worth more than $13 million. Funds Available: Scholarship awards may be used for clinical education expenses: tuition, fees, books, and some copying and seminars. Undergraduate awards are based on the amount of the tuition fees of that school and its nursing program. Graduate awards are paid on a reimbursement basis up to a pre-determined amount per semester. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to residents of Texas who have attained the clinical level of their nursing education. Applicants must be enrolled at an institution in Texas in an accredited nursing program at the L.V.N., Diploma, A.D.N., B.S.N., M.S.N., Ph.D., or D.S.N. level. They must be eligible to work in the United States and be planning to work as a nurse in Texas after graduation. Financial need is considered in the selection process. Deadline for Receipt: There are no formal deadlines. Completed applications are considered in the order in which they are received and as funds become available. Additional Information: This program began in 1951.

2861 ■ HAWAI'I COMMUNITY FOUNDATION

Attn: Scholarship Department
1164 Bishop Street, Suite 800
Honolulu, HI 96813
Tel: (808)566-5570; 888-731-3863
Fax: (808)521-6286
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.hawaiicommunityfoundation.org/scholar/scholar.php
To provide financial assistance to Hawaii residents of Filipino ancestry who are interested in preparing for a career as a nurse.
Title of Award: Filipino Nurses' Organization of Hawaii Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The amounts of the awards depend on the availability of funds and the need of the recipient. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Hawaii residents of Filipino ancestry who are interested in studying in Hawaii or the mainland as full-time students and majoring in nursing. They must be able to demonstrate academic achievement (GPA of 2.7 or higher), good moral character, and financial need. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year.

2862 ■ HAWAI'I COMMUNITY FOUNDATION

Attn: Scholarship Department
1164 Bishop Street, Suite 800
Honolulu, HI 96813
Tel: (808)566-5570; 888-731-3863
Fax: (808)521-6286
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.hawaiicommunityfoundation.org/scholar/scholar.php
To provide financial assistance to Hawaii residents who are interested in preparing for a career in nursing.
Title of Award: Hawaii Student Nurses' Association Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The amounts of the awards depend on the availability of funds and the need of the recipient. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students enrolled in an undergraduate nursing program in Hawaii. Applicants must be residents of the state of Hawaii; be able to demonstrate financial need; be interested in attending an accredited 2- or 4-year college or university as full-time students; and be able to demonstrate academic achievement (3.0 GPA or above). Current and former officers of the Hawaii Student Nurses' Association and the National Student Nurses' Association are ineligible. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year. Additional Information: This fund was established in 2003.

2863 ■ HAWAI'I COMMUNITY FOUNDATION

Attn: Scholarship Department
1164 Bishop Street, Suite 800
Honolulu, HI 96813
Tel: (808)566-5570; 888-731-3863
Fax: (808)521-6286
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.hawaiicommunityfoundation.org/scholar/scholar.php
To provide financial assistance to residents of designated sections of Hawaii who are interested in going to college to prepare for a career in agriculture, medicine, science, or nursing.
Title of Award: Dan and Pauline Lutkenhouse Tropical Botanical Garden Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Agricultural sciences; Medicine; Nursing; Science Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 2 of these scholarships were awarded. Funds Available: The amount of the award depends on the availability of funds and the need of the recipient; recently, stipends averaged $1,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to residents of the Hilo Coast and the Hamakua Coast, north of the Wailuku River, who are interested in attending college as full-time undergraduate or graduate students. Applicants must be majoring or planning to major in agriculture, medicine, nursing, or science. They must be able to demonstrate academic achievement (GPA of 2.7 or higher), good moral character, and financial need. In addition to filling out the standard application form, applicants must write a short statement indicating their reasons for attending college, their planned course of study, and their career goals. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year. Additional Information: Recipients may attend college in Hawaii or on the mainland.

2864 ■ HEALTHCARE FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION-CONNECTICUT CHAPTER

Attn: Scholarship Committee Chair
110 Barnes Road
P.O. Box 90
Wallingford, CT 06492-0090
Tel: (203)949-6383
Fax: (203)949-6331
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.cthfma.org
To recognize and reward, with scholarships, undergraduate and graduate students in fields related to health care financial management at colleges and universities in Connecticut who submit outstanding essays on topics in the field.
Title of Award: Connecticut Chapter HFMA Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Accounting; Business administration; Finance; Health care services; Information science and technology; Nursing; Writing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 2 each year: 1 for an undergraduate and 1 for a graduate student. Funds Available: The winner receives a $2,000 fellowship, membership in the Connecticut chapter of HFMA, a 1-year subscription to Healthcare Financial Management, and waiver of chapter program fees for 1 year. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This competition is open to undergraduate and graduate students at colleges and universities in Connecticut, children of members of the Connecticut chapter of the Healthcare Financial Management Association (HFMA) attending a school outside of Connecticut, and residents of Connecticut commuting to a college or university in a state that borders Connecticut. Applicants must be enrolled in a business, finance, accounting, or information systems program and have an interest in health care or be enrolled in a nursing or allied health program. They must submit an essay, up to 5 pages, on a topic that changes annually; recently, applicants were allowed to choose among the new Medicare prescription drug coverage and its impact on providers and beneficiaries, the impact of the "baby boomer" segment of the U.S. population on the health care system, the impact of health care spending accounts on employers and individuals, or the voluntary and required reporting of clinical and operational data by health care providers. Finalists may be interviewed. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year.

2865 ■ HEALTHCARE FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION-NEW JERSEY CHAPTER

c/o Richard C. Parker, Executive Director
CBIZ-KA Consulting Services
50 Millstone Road
Building 200, Suite 230
East Windsor, NJ 08520
Tel: (609)918-0990
Fax: (609)918-0930
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.hfmanj.org
To provide financial assistance to members of the New Jersey Chapter of the Healthcare Financial Management Association (HFMA) and their families who are interested in working on a degree related to health care administration.
Title of Award: New Jersey HFMA Member Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Accounting; Finance; Health care services; Management; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Master's, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, the sponsor offered 2 scholarships at $1,500 each. Funds Available: A total of $3,000 is available for this program each year. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must have been a member of the chapter for at least 2 years or the spouse or dependent of a 2-year member. They must be enrolled in an accredited college, university, nursing school, or other allied health professional school. Preference is given to applicants working on a degree in finance, accounting, health care administration, or a field of study related to health care. Along with their application, they must submit an essay describing their educational and professional goals and the role of this scholarship in helping achieve those. Selection is based on the essay, merit, academic achievement, civic and professional activities, course of study, and content of the application. Financial need is not considered. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year.

2866 ■ HEALTHCARE INFORMATION AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS SOCIETY

Attn: HIMSS Foundation Scholarship Program Coordinator
230 East Ohio Street, Suite 500
Chicago, IL 60611-3269
Tel: (312)664-4467
Fax: (312)664-6143
Web Site: http://www.himss.org/asp/scholarships.asp
To provide financial assistance to student members of the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) who are working on an undergraduate or graduate degree in health care informatics or nursing.
Title of Award: Midwest Alliance for Nursing Informatics Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Health care services; Information science and technology; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Four Year College, Graduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,500. The award includes an all-expense paid trip to the annual HIMSS conference and exhibition. Duration: 1 year; nonrenewable.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to student members of the society, although an application for membership, including dues, may accompany the scholarship application. Applicants must be graduate students working on an undergraduate or graduate degree in health care informatics. They must submit a 1-page narrative that describes the integration of informatics in their professional practice, with emphasis on actual work responsibilities and how they would utilize the scholarship. Selection is based on that narrative; student, community, or professional activities in the workplace related to nursing and/or health care informatics; and involvement and participation in health care informatics professional organizations. Deadline for Receipt: October of each year. Additional Information: This program was established in 2004.

2867 ■ IDAHO STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION

Len B. Jordan Office Building
650 West State Street, Room 307 P.O. Box 83720 Boise, ID 83720-0037
Tel: (208)332-1574
Fax: (208)334-2632
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.idahoboardofed.org/scholarships/loan.asp
To provide scholarship/loans to Idaho students who wish to prepare for a teaching or nursing career in Idaho.
Title of Award: Idaho Education Incentive Loan Forgiveness Area, Field, or Subject: Education; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Approximately 45 each year. Funds Available: This is a scholarship/loan program. Loans are forgiven if the recipient pursues a teaching or nursing career within Idaho for at least 2 years. Duration: 1 year; renewable.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must have graduated from a secondary school in Idaho within the previous 2 years and rank within the upper 15% of their graduating high school class or have earned a cumulative GPA in college of 3.0 or higher. They must enroll as a full-time student at an Idaho public college or university, working on a degree that will qualify them to receive an Idaho teaching certificate or write the licensure examination approved by the Board of Nursing for a registered nurse.

2868 ■ ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH

Attn: Center for Rural Health
535 West Jefferson Street
Springfield, IL 62761
Tel: (217)782-1624
Fax: (217)782-3987
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.idph.state.il.us
To provide scholarship/loans to Illinois students preparing for a career as a nurse practitioner, physician assistant, or certified nurse midwife and interested in practicing in areas of the state that have insufficient numbers of primary care providers.
Title of Award: Illinois Allied Health Care Professional Scholarship Program Area, Field, or Subject: Medical assisting; Midwifery; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Approximately 12 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $7,500 per year. This is a scholarship/loan program. Recipients repay scholarships by practicing as nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and certified nurse midwives in areas of Illinois determined by the Illinois Department of Public Health to be designated shortage areas. Duration: Students can receive funding for a maximum of 2 years.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be enrolled or accepted for enrollment in a school located in Illinois that is accredited in its field; be preparing to become a nurse practitioner, physician assistant, or certified nurse midwife; be able to demonstrate financial need; and agree to practice full time in a designated shortage area as an allied health care professional for 1 year for each year of scholarship funding received. In addition to a completed application, applicants must submit the following: proof of enrollment or acceptance for admission and a copy of their student aid report. An interview may be required. Preference is given to applicants demonstrating a commitment to providing primary health care services in designated shortage areas and prior experience with medically underserved populations. Deadline for Receipt: June of each year. Additional Information: Within 30 days after the student's licensure to practice, or if already licensed in Illinois within 30 days of completing academic training, the recipient must begin repayment of the award by practicing in a designated shortage area in Illinois. The recipient must practice on a full-time basis 1 year for each year scholarship funds were received. The responsibility of securing a suitable practice site to fulfill the obligation lies with the scholarship recipient. Recipients who do not fulfill this obligation are required to reimburse the state 3 times the total amount of the scholarship grant received for each unfulfilled year of obligation plus 7% interest per year on that amount.

2869 ■ ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH

Attn: Center for Rural Health
535 West Jefferson Street
Springfield, IL 62761
Tel: (217)782-1624
Fax: (217)782-3987
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.idph.state.il.us
To provide forgivable loans to residents of Illinois who are interested in working on a degree or diploma in nursing.
Title of Award: Illinois Nursing Education Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; at least 40% of the scholarships are reserved for students working on a baccalaureate degree, 30% for students working on as associate degree or hospital-based diploma, 20% for students working on a graduate degree in nursing, and 10% for students working on a certificate in practical nursing. Funds Available: Students working full time on an associate, bachelor's, or graduate degree at a public college or university receive $4,942 for tuition and fees and $5,943 as a living expense stipend. Students working full time on an associate degree or hospital-based diploma at a community college receive $1,603 for tuition and fees or $5,943 as a living expense stipend. Students in a practical nursing program receive 75% of the average tuition and fees charged at all practical nursing programs and $5,943 as a living expense stipend. Students attending private institutions receive the same amount as students attending public institutions. Awards for part-time students are prorated. Repayment of loans must begin 6 months following withdrawal from school or completion of the degree. Loans are forgiven if the recipient documents either 1) substantially full-time professional nursing practice or full-time post-baccalaureate studies in nursing at an approved institution in Illinois for a number of years equal to the number of years loan funds were received; or 2) substantially half-time professional nursing practice or half-time post-baccalaureate studies in nursing at an approved institution in Illinois for twice the number of years as the number of years loan funds were received. Recipients who fail to perform the service requirement must repay the loans with 7% interest; repayment must be completed within 6 years. Duration: Support is available for a total of 2 years for associate degree students, 3 years for hospital-based diploma students, 4 years for baccalaureate degree students, or 1 year for certificate in practical nursing students.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to U.S. citizens who have resided in Illinois for at least 1 year. Applicants must be enrolled or accepted for enrollment in an Illinois associate degree in nursing program, hospital-based diploma in nursing program, baccalaureate degree in nursing program, certificate in practical nursing program, or graduate degree in nursing. They must agree to repay the loans in cash or through service. Financial need must be documented. In the selection process, highest priority is given, in order, to applicants 1) with the greatest financial need; 2) studying on a full-time basis; basis; 3) having the fewest number of credit hours remaining; 4) who already have a certificate in practical nursing, a hospital-based diploma in nursing, or an associate degree in nursing and are working on a higher degree; and 5) with the highest cumulative GPA. Deadline for Receipt: May of each year.

2870 ■ INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE

Attn: Scholarship Program
801 Thompson Avenue, Suite 120
Rockville, MD 20852
Tel: (301)443-6197
Fax: (301)443-6048
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ihs.gov
To provide financial assistance to Native American students who need compensatory or preprofessional education to qualify for enrollment in a health professions school.
Title of Award: Health Professions Preparatory Scholarship Program Area, Field, or Subject: Engineering; Health care services; Medical technology; Nursing; Nutrition; Pharmaceutical sciences; Physical therapy; Social work Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: Awards provide a payment directly to the school for tuition and required fees; a stipend for living expenses of approximately $1,160 per month for 10 months; a lump sum to cover the costs of books, travel, and other necessary educational expenses; and up to $400 for approved tutorial costs. Duration: Up to 2 years of full-time study or up to 4 years of part-time study.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be American Indians or Alaska Natives; be high school graduates or the equivalent; have the capacity to complete a health professions course of study; and be enrolled or accepted for enrollment in a compensatory or preprofessional general education course or curriculum. The qualifying fields of study include pre-medical technology, pre-dietetics, pre-nursing, pre-pharmacy, pre-physical therapy, pre-social work, and pre-engineering. Recipients must intend to serve Indian people upon completion of professional health care education as a health care provider in the discipline for which they are enrolled at the pregraduate level. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year.

2871 ■ INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE

Attn: Scholarship Program
801 Thompson Avenue, Suite 120
Rockville, MD 20852
Tel: (301)443-6197
Fax: (301)443-6048
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ihs.gov
To provide loans-for-service to American Indian and Alaska Native students enrolled in health professions and allied health professions programs.
Title of Award: Health Professions Scholarship Program Area, Field, or Subject: Counseling/Guidance; Dental hygiene; Dentistry; Health care services; Medical assisting; Medical technology; Medicine; Medicine, Osteopathic; Nursing; Nutrition; Optometry; Pharmaceutical sciences; Physical therapy; Podiatry; Psychology; Public health; Radiology; Respiratory therapy; Social work; Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: Awards provide a payment directly to the school for tuition and required fees; a stipend for living expenses of approximately $1,160 per month for 12 months; a lump sum to cover the costs of books, travel, and other necessary educational expenses; and up to $400 for approved tutorial costs. Upon completion of their program of study, recipients are required to provide payback service of 1 year for each year of scholarship support at the Indian Health Service, a tribal health programs, an urban Indian health program, or in private practice in a designated health professional shortage area serving a substantial number of Indians. Recipients who fail to complete their service obligation must repay all funds received (although no interest is charged). Duration: 1 year; may be renewed for up to 3 additional years.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to American Indians and Alaska Natives who are at least high school graduates and enrolled in a full-time study program leading to a degree in a health-related professions school within the United States. Priority is given to upper-division and graduate students. Qualifying fields of study include chemical dependency counseling (bachelor's or master's degree), clinical psychology (Ph.D. only), coding specialist (certificate), counseling psychology (Ph.D. only), dental hygiene (B.S.), dentistry (D.D.S.), diagnostic radiology technology (certificate, associate, or B.S.), dietitian (B.S.), civil or environmental engineering (B.S.), environmental health (B.S.), health care administration (B.S. or M.S.), health education (B.S. or M.S.), health records (R.H.I.T. or R.H.I.A.), injury prevention specialist (certificate), medical technology (B.S.), allopathic and osteopathic medicine, nursing (A.D.N., B.S.N., or C.R.N.A), optometry, pharmacy (B.S. or Pharm. D.), physician assistant (B.S.), physical therapy (M.S. or D.P.T.), podiatry (D.P.M.), public health (M.P.H. only), public health nutrition (master's only), social work (master's only), respiratory therapy (associate), and ultrasonography. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year.

2872 ■ JAPANESE MEDICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, INC.

c/o Yuzuru Anzai, M.D., Scholarship Committee Chair
285 Central Park West, Apartment 3W
New York, NY 10024
Tel: (212)263-8682
Fax: (212)883-5852
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.jmsa.org
To provide financial assistance to Japanese American nursing school students.
Title of Award: Japanese Medical Society of America Nursing Student Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Funds Available: A stipend is awarded (amount not specified). Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Japanese Americans who are accepted at or currently enrolled in a nursing school in the United States. Applicants must submit a 1-page essay about themselves and how they will be involved in the sponsoring organization's activities. Selection is based on academic excellence, community activities, financial need, and interest in the organization. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year.

2873 ■ KAISER PERMANENTE AFRICAN AMERICAN PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION

c/o Kaiser Permanente
Waterpark One
2500 Havana Street
Aurora, CO 80014
E-mail: [email protected]
To provide financial assistance to undergraduate nursing students who identify with an ethnic minority group.
Title of Award: KPAAPA Bachelor of Science in Nursing Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000 per year. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to new and continuing students working or planning to work full time on a B.S.N. degree at an accredited school of nursing. Applicants must have a GPA of 3.0 or higher, although students who have strong leadership skills and community service but a lower GPA are encouraged to apply. Along with their application, they must submit a 1-page essay on their personal philosophy or beliefs about the role of nursing in the health care delivery system, their reason for selecting nursing as a profession, and the importance of having a college degree for nursing. On their application, they must also indicate the ethnic minority group with which they identify and include a photograph. Deadline for Receipt: December of each year. Additional Information: The photograph and essay of recipients are published in the Black History Month Souvenir Journal of the Kaiser Permanente African American Professional Association (KPAAPA).

2874 ■ KANSAS BOARD OF REGENTS

Attn: Student Financial Aid
1000 S.W. Jackson Street, Suite 520
Topeka, KS 66612-1368
Tel: (785)296-3518
Fax: (785)296-0983
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.kansasregents.com/financial_aid/nursing.html
To provide scholarship/loans to Kansas residents who are interested in preparing for a nursing career.
Title of Award: Kansas Nursing Service Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Up to 50 for L.P.N. students; up to 200 for R. N. students, of which 100 are reserved for applicants whose sponsors are located in rural counties. Funds Available: Stipends are $2,500 per year for students in L.P.N. programs or $3,500 per year for students in R.N. (associate or bachelor's degree) programs. Sponsors pay from $1,000 to one half of the scholarship and the State of Kansas pays the remaining amount. This is a scholarship/loan program; recipients must work for the sponsor the equivalent of full time for 1 year for each year of scholarship support received. If the recipient changes majors or decides not to work for the sponsor as a nurse, the scholarship becomes a loan, with interest at 5% above the federal PLUS loan rate. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students in Kansas who are committed to practicing nursing (L.P.N. or R.N.) in the state. Applicants must be accepted at a Kansas nursing program (pre-nursing students are ineligible). They must locate a sponsor (generally an adult care home, psychiatric hospital, or medical care facility) that is willing to provide up to half of the scholarship and to provide full-time employment to the recipient after licensure. Financial need is considered if there are more applicants than available funding. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year. Additional Information: There is a $10 application fee.

2875 ■ KENTUCKY COMMUNITY AND TECHNICAL COLLEGE SYSTEM

Attn: Financial Aid
300 North Main Street
Versailles, KY 40383
Tel: (859)256-3100; 877-528-2748
Web Site: http://www.kctcs.edu/student/financialaidscholarships/index.htm
To provide financial assistance to sophomores working on a degree in nursing at an institution within the Kentucky Community and Technical College System (KCTCS).
Title of Award: William Foster Tichenor Tuition Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Two Year College, Vocational/Occupational Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: Stipends vary at each participating college but are intended to provide full payment of tuition and required fees. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to KCTCS students entering their sophomore year with a GPA of 2.5 or higher. Applicants must have completed at least 30 hours of a nursing program and be able to demonstrate financial need. Along with their application, they must submit a 1-page essay on their career choice and personal values. Deadline for Receipt: September of each year.

2876 ■ KOSTER INSURANCE AGENCY

Attn: Scholarship
500 Victory Road
Quincy, MA 02171
Tel: (617)770-9889
Free: 800-457-5599
Fax: (617)479-0860
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.kosterweb.com/about/scholarship_main.php
To provide financial assistance to undergraduate students working on a degree in a health-related field.
Title of Award: Koster Insurance Health Careers Scholarship Program Area, Field, or Subject: Biological and clinical sciences; Chemistry; Dentistry; Health care services; Nursing; Occupational therapy; Optometry; Pharmaceutical sciences; Physical therapy; Physiology; Public health; Social work Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 5 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $3,000 per year. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed 1 additional year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to full-time undergraduates entering their second-to-last or final year of study in a health-related field, including (but not limited to) pre-medicine, nursing, public and community health, physical therapy, occupational therapy, pharmacy, biology, chemistry, physiology, social work, dentistry, and optometry. Applicants must have a GPA of 3.0 or higher and be able to demonstrate financial need. Along with their application, they must submit a 1-page essay describing their personal goals, including their reasons for preparing for a career in health care. Selection is based on motivation to pursue a career in health care, academic excellence, dedication to community service, and financial need. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year. Additional Information: This program began in 2001.

2877 ■ PAPA OLA LOKAHI, INC.

Attn: Native Hawaiian Health Scholarship Program
345 Queen Street, Suite 706
Honolulu, HI 96813
Tel: (808)585-8944
Fax: (808)585-8081
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nhhsp.org
To provide scholarship/loans to Native Hawaiians for training in the health professions in exchange for service in a federally-designated health professional shortage area (HPSA) or other facility for Native Hawaiians.
Title of Award: Native Hawaiian Health Scholarship Program Area, Field, or Subject: Dental hygiene; Dentistry; Family/Marital therapy; Health care services; Medical assisting; Medicine; Medicine, Osteopathic; Midwifery; Nursing; Nursing, Psychiatric; Psychiatry; Psychology; Public health Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year, depending upon the funding available. Since the program began, 151 scholars have received support. Funds Available: Full coverage of tuition and fees is paid directly to the health professional school. A stipend, current set at $1,157 per month, is paid directly to the scholar. This is a scholarship/loan program. Participants are obligated to provide full-time clinical primary health care services to populations in 1) a Native Hawaiian Health Care System, or 2) an HPSA in Hawaii, medically underserved area (MUA), or another area or facility in Hawaii designated by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Participants owe 1 year of service in the National Health Service Corps for each full or partial year of support received under this program. The minimum service obligation is 2 years. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed for up to 3 additional years.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be Native Hawaiians training in allopathic or osteopathic medicine, dentistry, clinical psychology, registered nursing, nurse midwifery, psychiatric nursing, public health/community nursing, social work, dental hygiene, physician assistant, public health, marriage and family therapy, or primary care nurse practitioner. They may be studying in any state. Recipients must agree to serve in a designated health-care facility in Hawaii upon completion of training. First priority is given to former scholars who have completed their previous service obligation and are seeking another year of support. Second priority is given to applicants who appear to have characteristics that increase the probability they will continue to serve underserved Native Hawaiians after the completion of their service obligations. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: This program, which began in 1991, is administered by the U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration, Bureau of Health Professions, through a contract with Papa Ola Lokahi, Inc.

2878 ■ MARYLAND HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION

Attn: Office of Student Financial Assistance
839 Bestgate Road, Suite 400
Annapolis, MD 21401-3013
Tel: (410)260-4594
Free: 800-974-1024
Fax: (410)974-5376
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mhec.state.md.us/financialAid/ProgramDescriptions/prog_devdis.asp
To provide scholarship/loans to students in Maryland who are interested in working on a degree in a designated human services program.
Title of Award: Maryland Developmental Disabilities, Mental Health, Child Welfare, and Juvenile Justice Workforce Tuition Assistance Program Area, Field, or Subject: Counseling/Guidance; Criminal justice; Criminology; Disabilities; Education, Special; Gerontology; Law enforcement; Mental health; Nursing; Occupational therapy; Physical therapy; Psychology; Rehabilitation, Physical/Psychological; Social work Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The maximum stipend is $2,000 per year for students attending a 2-year institution or $3,000 per year for students at a 4-year institution. The total amount of all state awards may not exceed the cost of attendance as determined by the school's financial aid office or $17,800, whichever is less. Recipients must agree to work in a Maryland community-based program that is licensed by the Developmental Disabilities Administration or approved by the Mental Hygiene Administration, or in a residential program that is licensed by the Department of Human Resources or the Department of Juvenile Justice. The service obligation must begin within 6 months of graduation. The total service requirement is 2,000 hours if the award amount is $1,999 or less, 3,000 hours if the award amount is $2,000 to $3,999, or 4,000 hours if the award amount is $4,000 or more. If the service requirement is not completed, the award must be repaid with interest. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed if the recipient maintains satisfactory academic progress and remains enrolled in a human services degree program.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to high school seniors and full-time and part-time undergraduate and graduate students. Applicants and their parents must be Maryland residents attending a college or university in the state in 1 of the following human services degree programs: aging services, counseling, disability services, mental health, nursing, occupational therapy, physical therapy, psychology, rehabilitation, social work, special education, supported employment, vocational rehabilitation, or any other concentration in the healing arts or a program providing support services to individuals with special needs including child welfare and juvenile justice. Financial need is not considered in the selection process. Deadline for Receipt: June of each year.

2879 ■ MARYLAND HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION

Attn: Office of Student Financial Assistance
839 Bestgate Road, Suite 400
Annapolis, MD 21401-3013
Tel: (410)260-4574
Free: 800-974-1024
Fax: (410)974-5376
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mhec.state.md.us/financialAid/ProgramDescriptions/prog_nurse.asp
To provide scholarship/loans to college students in Maryland who are interested in preparing for a career as a nurse.
Title of Award: Maryland State Nursing Scholarship and Living Expenses Grants Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies; generally, up to 300 each year. Of the scholarships awarded each year, 10% are reserved for students seeking a graduate degree. Funds Available: The stipend for State Nursing Scholarships is for the amount of tuition and mandatory fees, to a maximum of $3,000 per year. The amount of the Living Expenses Grant varies up to $3,000 per year. Recipients enrolled in an accelerated nursing program that requires summer enrollment may receive a maximum annual award of $4,500. The total amount of all state awards may not exceed the cost of attendance as determined by the school's financial aid office or $17,800, whichever is less. Recipients must agree to work as a full-time nurse at an eligible organization in Maryland (licensed hospital, public health agency, nursing home, adult day care center, or home health agency) 1 year for each year of the award. Employment as a nurse at a health maintenance organization (HMO), in a physician's private office, or as an instructor teaching nursing does not meet the service requirement. If they fail to complete that service obligation, they must repay the award with interest. They must begin the service obligation within 6 months of graduation. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed for up to 3 additional years if the recipient maintains a GPA of 3.0 or higher, remains enrolled in an eligible program, maintains satisfactory academic progress as defined by their institution, and, if receiving a Living Expenses Grant, continues to demonstrate financial need.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to high school seniors and nursing students attending a 2-year or 4-year college or university in Maryland. Applicants must be Maryland residents, be majoring or planning to major in a nursing-related field as a full-time or part-time undergraduate or graduate student, and have a GPA of 3.0 or higher in high school or college. Selection of recipients of State Nursing Scholarships is based on GPA and the type of nursing degree program in which they enroll, not on financial need. Recipients who can also demonstrate financial need are eligible to apply for an additional Living Expenses Grant. Deadline for Receipt: Applications must be submitted by June of each year. Students also applying for the Living Expenses Grant must submit the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) by February of each year.

2880 ■ MARYLAND HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION

Attn: Office of Student Financial Assistance
839 Bestgate Road, Suite 400
Annapolis, MD 21401-3013
Tel: (410)260-4546
Free: 800-974-1024
Fax: (410)974-5376
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.mhec.state.md.us/financialAid/ProgramDescriptions/prog_nonresnurs.asp
To enable residents of states other than Maryland to attend Maryland nursing schools at reduced tuition rates.
Title of Award: Maryland Tuition Reduction for Nonresident Nursing Students Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: Recipients are entitled to pay the same tuition as if they were Maryland residents. They must agree to work as a full-time nurse in Maryland in an eligible institution or in a home that provides domiciliary, personal, or nursing care for 2 or more unrelated individuals. They must work for 2 years if they attended a 2-year school, for 4 years if they attended a 4-year school, or repay the scholarship with interest. The service obligation must begin within 12 months of graduation. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed for 1 additional year at a 2-year public institution or 3 additional years at a 4-year public institution.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to nursing students at Maryland public colleges who are residents of states other than Maryland. Applicants must enroll for at least 6 credits per semester. They are not required to demonstrate financial need. Deadline for Receipt: Each participating Maryland school sets its own deadline.

2881 ■ MASSACHUSETTS/RHODE ISLAND LEAGUE FOR NURSING

Attn: Administrative Assistant
One Thompson Square
Charlestown, MA 02129
Tel: (617)242-3009
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nln.org/CLWebsites/MARI/scholarship_info.htm
To provide financial assistance to students from Massachusetts or Rhode Island who are enrolled in a registered nursing program or R.N.-B.S.N. program.
Title of Award: MARILN Professional Scholarship Award Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: Funds are paid directly to the recipient's school. Duration: 1 year; nonrenewable.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to 1) students who have completed 2 semesters (full or part time) of nursing courses in a registered nursing program (A.D.N., diploma, B.S.N), or 2) a registered nurse accepted and enrolled into an R.N.-B.S.N. program at a college or university. Applicants must have resided in Massachusetts or Rhode Island for at least the past 4 years. Selection is based on the applicant's ability to maintain satisfactory academic standing and potential to contribute to the profession of nursing. Deadline for Receipt: July of each year. Additional Information: Information is also available from Theresa Downey, Scholarship Chair, 294 Essex Street, Lynn, MA 01902, (781) 598-1503, E-mail: [email protected] Requests for applications must be accompanied by a self-addressed stamped envelope.

2882 ■ MASSACHUSETTS/RHODE ISLAND LEAGUE FOR NURSING

Attn: Administrative Assistant
One Thompson Square
Charlestown, MA 02129
Tel: (617)242-3009
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nln.org/CLWebsites/MARI/scholarship_info.htm
To provide financial assistance to students from Massachusetts or Rhode Island who are enrolled in a practical nursing program.
Title of Award: MARILN Professional Scholarship for Students Enrolled in Practical Nursing Programs Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: A stipend is awarded (amount not specified). Funds are paid directly to the recipient's school. Duration: 1 year; nonrenewable.
Eligibility Requirements: The applicant must have been residents of Massachusetts or Rhode Island for at least 4 years and have completed at least 4 months in a practical nursing program. They must have shown the ability to achieve both academically and clinically in science and nursing courses and the potential to contribute to nursing. Along with their application, they must submit an explanation of how the award will be used to help achieve their stated goals. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year. Additional Information: Information is also available from Theresa Downey, Scholarship Chair, 294 Essex Street, Lynn, MA 01902,(781) 598-1503, E-mail: [email protected] Requests for applications must be accompanied by a self-addressed stamped envelope.

2883 ■ MISSISSIPPI OFFICE OF STUDENT FINANCIAL AID

3825 Ridgewood Road
Jackson, MS 39211-6453
Tel: (601)432-6997
Free: 800-327-2980
Fax: (601)432-6527 E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ihl.state.ms.us/financialaid/nels-bsn.html
To provide scholarship/loans to Mississippi residents who are interested in working on a bachelor's degree in nursing.
Title of Award: Mississippi Nursing Education Loan/Scholarship Program-BSN Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year, depending on the availability of funds; awards are granted on a first-come, first-served basis. Funds Available: Scholarship/loans are $4,000 per academic year for up to 2 years or a total of $8,000 (prorated over 3 years for part-time participants). For each year of service in Mississippi as a professional nurse (patient care), 1 year's loan will be forgiven. For nurses who received prorated funding over 3 years, the time of service required is 2 years. In the event the recipient fails to fulfill the service obligation, repayment of principal and interest is required. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed up to 1 additional year of full-time study or 2 years of part-time study provided the recipient maintains a GPA of 2.5 or higher each semester.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Mississippi residents working on a B.S.N. degree as a full- or part-time junior or senior at an accredited school of nursing in the state. Applicants must have earned a GPA of 2.5 or higher on all previous college work. They must agree to employment in professional nursing (patient care) in Mississippi. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: The service requirement may not be deferred to work on a master's degree.

2884 ■ MISSISSIPPI OFFICE OF STUDENT FINANCIAL AID

3825 Ridgewood Road
Jackson, MS 39211-6453
Tel: (601)432-6997
Free: 800-327-2980
Fax: (601)432-6527
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ihl.state.ms.us/financialaid/nels-rn-bsn.html
To provide scholarship/loans to registered nurses in Mississippi who are interested in pursing a bachelor's degree.
Title of Award: Mississippi Nursing Education Loan/Scholarship Program-RN to BSN Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year, depending on the availability of funds; awards are granted on a first-come, first-served basis. Funds Available: Scholarship/loans are $4,000 per academic year for up to 2 years or a total of $8,000 (prorated over 3 years for part-time participants). For each year of service in Mississippi as a professional nurse (patient care) or teacher at an accredited school of nursing, 1 year's loan will be forgiven. For nurses who received prorated funding over 3 years, the time of service required is 2 years. In the event the recipient fails to fulfill the service obligation, repayment of principal and interest is required. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed up to 1 additional year of full-time study or 2 years of part-time study provided the recipient maintains a GPA of 2.5 or higher each semester.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to residents of Mississippi who have a current nursing license (R.N.). Applicants must be working on a baccalaureate degree in nursing (B.S.N.) as a full- or part-time student at an accredited school of nursing in Mississippi and have earned a GPA of 2.5 or higher on all previous college work. They must agree to employment in professional nursing (patient care) in Mississippi or teaching at an accredited school of nursing in the state. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year.

2885 ■ NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF HISPANIC NURSES

Attn: National Awards and Scholarship Committee Chair
1501 16th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
Tel: (202)387-2477
Fax: (202)483-7183
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.thehispanicnurses.org
To provide financial assistance for nursing education to members of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses (NAHN).
Title of Award: National Association of Hispanic Nurses Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year, depending on the availability of funds. Funds Available: The stipend is $1,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: Eligible are members of the association enrolled in associate, diploma, baccalaureate, graduate, or practical/vocational nursing programs at NLN-accredited schools of nursing. Applicants must submit a 1-page essay that reflects their qualifications and potential for leadership in nursing for the Hispanic community. U.S. citizenship or permanent resident status is required. Selection is based on academic excellence (preferably a GPA of 3.0 or higher), potential for leadership in nursing, and financial need. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year.

2886 ■ NATIONAL COALITION OF ETHNIC MINORITY NURSE ASSOCIATIONS

c/o Dr. Betty Smith Williams, President
6101 West Centinela Avenue, Suite 378
Culver City, CA 90230
Tel: (310)258-9515
Fax: (310)258-9513
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ncemna.org/scholarships.html
To provide financial assistance to nursing students who are members of constituent organizations of the National Coalition of Ethnic Minority Nurse Associations (NCEMNA) working on a 4-year or master's degree.
Title of Award: Aetna/NCEMNA Scholars Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Master's, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 5 each year: 1 nominee from each of the constituent associations. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to members of the 5 associations that comprise NCEMNA: the Asian American/Pacific Islander Nurses Association, Inc. (AAPINA), the National Alaska Native American Indian Nurses Association, Inc. (NANAINA), the National Association of Hispanic Nurses, Inc. (NAHN), the National Black Nurses Association, Inc. (NBNA), and the Philippine Nurses Association of America, Inc. (PNAA). Applicants must be currently attending or making application to a 4-year or master's degree program in nursing. Along with their application, they must submit a letter of reference, demonstration of leadership and involvement in the ethnic community, and statement of career goals. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year. Additional Information: This program was established in 2004 with a grant from the Aetna Foundation.

2887 ■ NATIONAL FFA ORGANIZATION

Attn: Scholarship Office
6060 FFA Drive
P.O. Box 68960
Indianapolis, IN 46268-0960
Tel: (317)802-4321
Fax: (317)802-5321
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ffa.org
To provide financial assistance to FFA members who are interested in studying fields related to agriculture, business, engineering, or nursing in college.
Title of Award: Tyson Foods Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Agribusiness; Agricultural sciences; Business; Business administration; Engineering; Food science and technology; Management; Nursing; Packaging Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 10 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $1,000. Funds are paid directly to the recipient. Duration: 1 year; nonrenewable.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to members who are either high school seniors or already enrolled full time in college. Applicants must be working on or planning to work on a 2-year or 4-year degree in agriculture, food science, food technology, supply chain management, product development, product development, product packaging, nursing, engineering, or business. They must reside in a community in which a Tyson Foods processing facility is located. Selection is based on academic achievement (10 points for GPA, 10 points for SAT or ACT score, 10 points for class rank), leadership in FFA activities (30 points), leadership in community activities (10 points), and participation in the Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE) program (30 points). U.S. citizenship is required. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year. Additional Information: Funding for these scholarships is provided by Tyson Foods, Inc.

2888 ■ NATIONAL STUDENT NURSES' ASSOCIATION

Attn: NSNA Foundation
45 Main Street, Suite 606
Brooklyn, NY 11201
Tel: (718)210-0705
Fax: (718)210-0710
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nsna.org
To provide financial assistance to disadvantaged minority undergraduate and graduate students who wish to prepare for careers in nursing.
Title of Award: Breakthrough to Nursing Scholarships for Racial/Ethnic Minorities Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Recently, 13 of these scholarships were awarded: 10 sponsored by the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses and 3 sponsored by the Mayo Clinic. Funds Available: Stipends range from $1,000 to $5,000. A total of more than $100,000 is awarded each year by the foundation for all its scholarship programs. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students currently enrolled in state-approved schools of nursing or pre-nursing associate degree, baccalaureate, diploma, generic doctorate, or generic master's programs. Graduating high school seniors are not eligible. Support for graduate education is provided only for a first degree in nursing. Applicants must be able to demonstrate that they are from a disadvantaged background, including membership in a racial or ethnic minority underrepresented among registered nurses (American Indian or Alaska Native, Hispanic or Latino, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, Black or African American, or Asian). Selection is based on academic achievement, financial need, and involvement in student nursing organizations and community health activities. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year. Additional Information: Applications must be accompanied by a $10 processing fee.

2889 ■ NATIONAL STUDENT NURSES' ASSOCIATION

Attn: NSNA Foundation
45 Main Street, Suite 606
Brooklyn, NY 11201
Tel: (718)210-0705
Fax: (718)210-0710
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nsna.org
To provide financial assistance to nurses interested in pursuing additional education.
Title of Award: National Student Nurses' Association Career Mobility Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Master's, Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Recently, 3 of these scholarships were awarded: 1 sponsored by Advanstar Medical Economics Nursing Group and 2 sponsored by Anthony J. Jannetti, Inc. Funds Available: Stipends range from $1,000 to $5,000. A total of more than $100,000 is awarded each year by the foundation for all its scholarship programs. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to 1) registered nurses enrolled in programs leading to a baccalaureate or master's degree with a major in nursing or 2) licensed practical/vocational nurses enrolled in programs leading to licensure as a registered nurse. Graduating high school seniors are not eligible. Selection is based on academic achievement, financial need, and involvement in student nursing organizations and community activities related to health care. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year. Additional Information: Applications must be accompanied by a $10 processing fee.

2890 ■ NATIONAL STUDENT NURSES' ASSOCIATION

Attn: NSNA Foundation
45 Main Street, Suite 606
Brooklyn, NY 11201
Tel: (718)210-0705
Fax: (718)210-0710
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nsna.org
To provide financial assistance to nursing or pre-nursing students.
Title of Award: National Student Nurses' Association General Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Approximately 30 of these scholarships were awarded recently. Funds Available: Stipends range from $1,000 to $5,000. A total of more than $100,000 is awarded each year by the foundation for all its scholarship programs. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students currently enrolled in state-approved schools of nursing or pre-nursing associate degree, baccalaureate, diploma, generic doctorate, or generic master's programs. Graduating high school seniors are not eligible. Support for graduate education is provided only for a first degree in nursing. Selection is based on academic achievement, financial need, and involvement in student nursing organizations and community health activities. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year. Additional Information: This program includes the following named scholarships: the Alice Robinson Memorial Scholarship, the Jeannette Collins Memorial Scholarship, the Cleo Doster Memorial Scholarship, and the Mary Ann Tuft Scholarships. Applications must be accompanied by a $10 processing fee.

2891 ■ NATIONAL STUDENT NURSES' ASSOCIATION

Attn: NSNA Foundation
45 Main Street, Suite 606
Brooklyn, NY 11201
Tel: (718)210-0705
Fax: (718)210-0710
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nsna.org
To provide financial assistance to nursing students in designated specialties.
Title of Award: National Student Nurses' Association Specialty Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing; Nursing, Oncological Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; approximately 16 of these scholarships were awarded recently. Funds Available: Stipends range from $1,000 to $5,000. A total of more than $100,000 is awarded each year by the foundation for all its scholarship programs. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students currently enrolled in state-approved schools of nursing or pre-nursing associate degree, baccalaureate, diploma, generic doctorate, or generic master's programs. Graduating high school seniors are not eligible. Support for graduate education is provided only for a first degree in nursing. Applicants must designate their intended specialty, which may be anesthesia nursing, critical care, emergency, gerontology, informatics, nephrology, nurse educator, oncology, orthopedic, or perioperative. Selection is based on academic achievement, financial need, and involvement in student nursing organizations and community activities related to health care. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year. Additional Information: Funding for this program is provided by sponsors from industry who are interested in promoting specialties related to their products. Some scholarships are offered jointly with other nursing organizations, including the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists, the American Nephrology Nurses' Association, the American Organization of Nurse Executives, the Emergency Nurses Association, and the Oncology Nursing Society. Applications must be accompanied by a $10 processing fee.

2892 ■ NATIONAL STUDENT NURSES' ASSOCIATION

Attn: NSNA Foundation
45 Main Street, Suite 606
Brooklyn, NY 11201
Tel: (718)210-0705
Fax: (718)210-0710
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nsna.org
To provide financial assistance to nursing or pre-nursing students at schools in selected geographic locations.
Title of Award: Promise of Nursing Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Recently, 154 of these scholarships were awarded: 10 in Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas, 3 in central Florida, 5 in southern Florida, 7 in northern California, 10 in southern California, 7 in Georgia, 7 in Illinois, 15 in Massachusetts, 10 in Michigan, 13 in New Jersey, 21 in New York, 39 in Pennsylvania, and 7 in Tennessee Funds Available: Stipends range from $1,000 to $5,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students currently enrolled in state-approved schools of nursing or pre-nursing associate degree, baccalaureate, diploma, generic doctorate, or generic master's programs. Graduating high school seniors are not eligible. Support for graduate education is provided only for a first degree in nursing. Applicants must be attending school in the Dallas/Fort Worth area of Texas, central or southern Florida, selected areas in northern or southern California, or the states of Georgia, Illinois, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, or Tennessee. Selection is based on academic achievement, financial need, and involvement in student nursing organizations and community health activities. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year. Additional Information: This program, offered for the first time in 2003, is supported by fundraising events sponsored by Johnson & Johnson. Applications must be accompanied by a $10 processing fee.

2893 ■ NEW ENGLAND NAVY NURSE CORPS ASSOCIATION

c/o Maria K. Carroll, Scholarship Committee
22 William Drive
Middletown, RI 02842-5266
To provide financial assistance to registered nurses (R.N.s) and nursing students working on a bachelor's or master's degree at a college or university in New England.
Title of Award: New England Navy Nurse Corps Association Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Master's, Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $1,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to R.N.s and nursing students in the New England states. Applicants must be working on a bachelor's or master's degree in nursing and have a GPA of 2.3 or higher. They must have completed at least 1 clinical nursing course. Along with their application, they must submit a 500-word essay on why they are qualified for this scholarship, their career goals, and their potential for contribution to the profession. Deadline for Receipt: May of each year.

2894 ■ NEW HAMPSHIRE POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION COMMISSION

3 Barrell Court, Suite 300
Concord, NH 03301-8543
Tel: (603)271-2555
Fax: (603)271-2696
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.state.nh.us/postsecondary/finwork.html
To provide scholarship/loans to New Hampshire residents who are interested in attending college to prepare for careers in designated professions.
Title of Award: New Hampshire Workforce Incentive Program Forgivable Loans Area, Field, or Subject: Chemistry; Education; Education, Special; Linguistics; Mathematics and mathematical sciences; Nursing; Physical sciences; Physics; Science Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $500 per semester ($1,000 per year).
This is a scholarship/loan program; recipients must agree to pursue, within New Hampshire, the professional career for which they receive training. Recipients of loans for 1 year have their notes cancelled upon completion of 1 year of full-time service; repayment by service must be completed within 3 years from the date of licensure, certification, or completion of the program. Recipients of loans for more than 1 year have their notes cancelled upon completion of 2 years of full-time service; repayment by service must be completed within 5 years from the date of licensure, certification, or completion of the program. If the note is not cancelled because of service, the recipient must repay the loan within 2 years. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to residents of New Hampshire who wish to prepare for careers in fields designated by the commission as shortage areas. Currently, the career shortage areas are chemistry, general science, mathematics, physical sciences, physics, special education, world languages, and nursing (L.P.N. through graduate). Applicants must be enrolled as a junior, senior, or graduate student at a college in New Hampshire and must be able to demonstrate financial need. Deadline for Receipt: May of each year for fall semester; December of each year for spring semester. Additional Information: The time for repayment of the loan, either in cash or through professional service, is extended while the recipient is 1) engaged in a course of study, at least on a half-time basis, at an institution of higher education; 2) serving on active duty as a member of the armed forces of the United States, or as a member of VISTA, the Peace Corps, or AmeriCorps, for a period up to 3 years; 3) temporarily totally disabled for a period up to 3 years; or 4) unable to secure employment because of the need to care for a disabled spouse, child, or parent for a period up to 12 months. The repayment obligation is cancelled if the recipient is unable to work because of a permanent total disability, receives relief under federal bankruptcy laws, or dies. This program went into effect in 1999.

2895 ■ NEW JERSEY HOSPITAL ASSOCIATION

Attn: Health Research and Educational Trust
760 Alexander Road
P.O. Box 1
Princeton, NJ 08543-0001
Tel: (609)275-4224
Fax: (609)452-8097
Web Site: http://www.njha.com/hret/scholarship.aspx
To provide financial assistance to New Jersey residents working on an undergraduate or graduate degree in a health-related field.
Title of Award: Health Research and Educational Trust Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Health care services; Nursing; Public administration Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 2 of these scholarships were awarded. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to residents of New Jersey enrolled in an upper-division or graduate program in hospital or health care administration, public administration, nursing, or other allied health profession. Applicants must have a GPA of 3.0 or higher and be able to demonstrate financial need. Along with their application, they must submit a 2-page essay (on which 50% of the selection is based) describing their academic plans for the future. Minorities and women are especially encouraged to apply. Deadline for Receipt: July of each year. Additional Information: This program began in 1983.

2896 ■ NIGHTINGALE AWARDS OF PENNSYLVANIA

2090 Linglestown Road, Suite 107
Harrisburg, PA 17110
Tel: (717)909-0350
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nightingaleawards.org/schola.htm
To provide financial assistance to residents of Pennsylvania who are interested in working on an undergraduate or graduate degree in nursing at an institution in the state.
Title of Award: Nightingale Awards of Pennsylvania Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 or more each year. Funds Available: A stipend is awarded (amount not specified). Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Pennsylvania residents who are enrolled in a program of basic (diploma, A.D., B.S.N.,
L.P.N.) or advanced (master's, doctoral) nursing at an educational institution in the state. Applicants must have a GPA of 3.0 or higher and have completed at least 1 course designated as "nursing." Along with their application, they must submit an essay on their reasons for preparing for a career in nursing. Students who have already completed a diploma or A.D. nursing program are not eligible. Selection is based on academic achievement, leadership potential, community service, and personal commitment. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year.

2897 ■ NORTH CAROLINA STATE EDUCATION ASSISTANCE AUTHORITY

Attn: Scholarship and Grant Services
10 T.W. Alexander Drive
P.O. Box 14103
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-4103
Tel: (919)549-8614
Free: 800-700-1775
Fax: (919)549-8481
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ncseaa.edu
To provide scholarship/loans to students at North Carolina institutions who wish to prepare for a career in nursing.
Title of Award: North Carolina Nurse Education Scholarship Loan Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, a total of 1,010 students were receiving $1,062,031 in support through this program. Funds Available: The minimum scholarship/loan is $400. The maximum for students enrolled in Associate Degree Nursing (A.D.N.) and practical nurse education (L.P.N.) programs is $3,000; the maximum award for students enrolled in a baccalaureate (B.S.N.) program is $5,000. This is a scholarship/loan program; recipients who provide at least 6 months of consecutive full-time employment as a licensed nurse in North Carolina for 1 employer qualify for service cancellation. Loans are cancelled at the rate of $417 per month for service as an R.N. or $250 per month for service as an L.P.N. Loans not repaid in service must be repaid in cash plus 10% interest from the date of disbursement. Recipients have up to 7 years to repay loans with service or 10 years to repay in cash. Duration: 1 year. Students in an A.D.N. program may renew the scholarship for 1 additional year. Students in a B.S.N. program may renew the scholarship for 3 additional years. Scholarships for L.P.N. programs are nonrenewable.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students at any of the 56 North Carolina Community Colleges, the 11 constituent institutions of the University of North Carolina, or the 4 private colleges and universities in North Carolina that offer nursing education instruction. Applicants must be preparing for licensure in North Carolina as a Licensed Practical Nurse (L.P.N.) or a Registered Nurse (R.N.). U.S. citizenship and North Carolina residency are required. Selection is based on academic performance, student's willingness to practice full time as an L.P.N. or R.N. in North Carolina following completion of the education program, student's willingness to comply with the rules and regulations of this program, and financial need. Additional Information: Information and applications are available at the financial aid office of the participating North Carolina college or university offering the level of nurse education instruction desired. This program was first funded in 1989.

2898 ■ NORTH CAROLINA STATE EDUCATION ASSISTANCE AUTHORITY

Attn: Scholarship and Grant Services
10 T.W. Alexander Drive
P.O. Box 14223
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-4223
Tel: (919)549-8614
Free: 800-700-1775
Fax: (919)549-8481
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ncseaa.edu
To provide loans and loans-for-service to North Carolina residents who are interested in preparing for a career in health, science, or mathematics.
Title of Award: North Carolina Student Loan Program for Health, Science, and Mathematics Area, Field, or Subject: Allied health; Dentistry; Medicine; Nursing; Optometry; Public health; Social work Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, a total of 497 students were receiving $3,238,569 in support through this program. Funds Available: Maximum loans are $3,000 per year for associate degree and certificate programs, $5,000 per year for baccalaureate degree/certificate programs, $6,500 per year for master's degree programs, or $8,500 per year for health/professional doctoral programs. The maximum amount that any student can borrow through this program is $58,000. The interest rate is 4% while the borrowers are attending school and from 10 to 15% after they leave school. Cash repayments must begin 90 days or less after completion of course work and training. Under specified conditions, certain loan recipients in qualifying disciplines may have their loans canceled through service in North Carolina. Duration: 1 year; renewable for 1 additional year for diploma, associate, certificate, and master's degree programs, for 2 additional years for baccalaureate degree programs, or for 3 additional years for doctoral programs.
Eligibility Requirements: North Carolina residents are eligible to apply for this program if they have been accepted as full-time students in an accredited associate, baccalaureate, master's, or doctoral program leading to a degree in 1 of the following areas: allied health (including audiology/communications assistant, cytotechnology, dental hygiene, diagnostic medical sonographer, imaging technologist, medical technology, nuclear medicine technologist, occupational therapy/assistant, physician assistant, physical therapy/assistant, radiation therapist, radiography, respiratory therapy, and speech language pathology); clinical psychology (Ph.D. level only); dentistry; dietetics and nutrition (graduate level only); mathematics education; medicine (including chiropractic medicine, emergency medicine, family medicine, geriatrics, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, osteopathic medicine, pediatrics, podiatry, primary care medicine, and psychiatry); nursing (including anesthetist, family nurse practitioner, nursing administration, general nursing, and midwifery); optometry; pharmacy; public health (graduate level only); science education (including biology, chemistry, communications and technologies, computer and information sciences, engineering, and physical science); social work (graduate level only); and veterinary medicine. U.S. citizenship is required. Selection is based on academic progress, financial ability of sureties to repay all loans and accrued interest in case of applicant's default, applicant's willingness to work in underserved areas of the state or in disciplines for which there is a shortage of professionals, applicant's willingness to comply with all program regulations, and financial need. Deadline for Receipt: May of each year. Additional Information: Recipients may attend a North Carolina postsecondary institution or an eligible out-of-state institution. This program was formerly known as the North Carolina Medical Student Loan Program.

2899 ■ NORTH CAROLINA STATE EDUCATION ASSISTANCE AUTHORITY

Attn: Scholarship and Grant Services
10 T.W. Alexander Drive
P.O. Box 14103
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-4103
Tel: (919)549-8614
Free: 800-700-1775
Fax: (919)549-8481
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ncseaa.edu
To provide scholarship/loans to students in North Carolina who wish to prepare for a career in nursing.
Title of Award: North Carolina Undergraduate Nurse Scholars Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies; generally, up to 450 new undergraduate degree awards are made each year. Recently, a total of 834 students were receiving $3,414,500 through this program. Funds Available: Annual stipends are $3,000 for candidates for an associate degree, $3,000 for candidates for a diploma in nursing, or $5,000 or $3,000 for students in a B.S.N. program. This is a scholarship/loan program; 1 year of full-time work as a nurse in North Carolina cancels 1 year of support under this program. Recipients who fail to honor the work obligation must repay the balance plus 10% interest. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed 1 additional year by candidates for an associate degree, registered nurses completing a B.S.N. degree, and community college transfer students and juniors in a B.S.N. program, or for 3 additional years by freshmen and nontraditional students in a B.S.N. program.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be high school seniors, high school graduates, or currently-enrolled college students who are U.S. citizens, North Carolina residents, and interested in becoming a nurse. Students must plan to enter a North Carolina college, university, or hospital that prepares students for licensure as a registered nurse. Applications are encouraged from nontraditional students, including older individuals, ethnic minorities, males, and individuals with previous careers and/or degrees who are pursuing nurse education. U.S. citizenship and full-time enrollment are required. Selection is based on academic achievement, leadership potential, and the promise of service as a registered nurse in North Carolina; financial need is not considered. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year for B.S.N. programs; May of each year for A.D.N. and diploma students. Additional Information: The North Carolina General Assembly created this program in 1989; the first recipients were funded for the 1990-91 academic year.

2900 ■ NURSE EDUCATORS OF ILLINOIS

Attn: Scholarships
P.O. Box 695
Morton Grove, IL 60053
Tel: (847)983-0954
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.neionline.org
To provide financial assistance to undergraduate members of Nurse Educators of Illinois who are enrolled in an accredited B.S.N., A.D.N., or diploma program in nursing.
Title of Award: Nurse Educators of Illinois Undergraduate Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 2 of these scholarships were awarded. Funds Available: A stipend is awarded (amount not specified). Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to full- or part-time (half-time or more) students who are attending an accredited undergraduate or R.N. diploma nursing program. Applicants must be enrolled at the senior level (B.S.N.) or in their final year of an R.N. diploma or A.D.N. program at the time of the award. They must have a GPA of 3.5 or higher (official transcript is required), an above-average level of clinical achievement, leadership in an organization and/or community service, and evidence of verbal and written communication skills. Nurse Educators of Illinois membership on an individual or program level is required. Additional Information: Nurse Educators of Illinois was founded in 2004 as a successor to the Illinois League for Nursing.

2901 ■ NURSING FOUNDATION OF PENNSYLVANIA

Attn: Awards Committee
2578 Interstate Drive, Suite 101
Harrisburg, PA 17110
Tel: (717)657-1222; 888-707-PSNA
Fax: (717)657-3796
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.psna.org
To provide financial assistance to veterans, military personnel, and their dependents who are studying nursing in Pennsylvania.
Title of Award: Jack E. Barger, Sr. Memorial Nursing Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 6 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $1,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to veterans, active-duty military personnel, and the children and spouses of veterans and active-duty military personnel. Applicants must be residents of Pennsylvania and currently enrolled in an undergraduate professional school of nursing in the state. Recipients are selected by lottery from among the qualified applicants. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year. Additional Information: This program is sponsored by the Department of Pennsylvania Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW). Recipients must attend the VFW Convention to accept the scholarship; travel, meals, and overnight expenses are paid by the VFW.

2902 ■ NURSING FOUNDATION OF PENNSYLVANIA

Attn: Awards Committee
2578 Interstate Drive, Suite 101
Harrisburg, PA 17110
Tel: (717)657-1222; 888-707-PSNA
Fax: (717)657-3796
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.psna.org
To provide financial assistance to undergraduate nursing students in Pennsylvania.
Title of Award: Pauline Thompson Nursing Education Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 5 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $1,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be enrolled in a baccalaureate, associate degree, or R.N. to B.S.N.competition nursing program located in Pennsylvania that is accredited by the National League for Nursing. Baccalaureate students must be in their junior or senior year (application may be made at the end of the sophomore year). Associate degree students must be in their final year (application may be made at the end of the first year). Registered nurses must have been accepted into a baccalaureate program. All applicants must be Pennsylvania residents. They must be in good academic standing (GPA of 3.0 or higher) and able to show both leadership qualities and involvement in community service. Applicants must be members of the Student Nurses Association of Pennsylvania, unless there is no school chapter (applicants who are R.N.s must be members of the Pennsylvania State Nurses Association). Deadline for Receipt: May of each year. Additional Information: The recipient must attend the foundation's annual banquet to receive the scholarship. The recipient will be the guest of the foundation at the banquet and financial support for travel and overnight accommodations will be provided if necessary.

2903 ■ NURSING FOUNDATION OF RHODE ISLAND

Attn: Scholarship Committee
Corliss Landing
550 South Water Street
Providence, RI 02903
Tel: (401)421-9703
Fax: (401)421-6793
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.rinursingfoundation.org/StudentNurse.htm
To provide financial assistance to students currently enrolled in nursing schools in Rhode Island.
Title of Award: Nursing Foundation of Rhode Island Student Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, more than 70 of these scholarships were awarded. Funds Available: The stipend of the Elsie L. Drew Memorial Scholarship is $1,000. All other stipends are $500. Checks are written jointly to the recipient and the recipient's school. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students enrolled in a nursing program in Rhode Island who demonstrate financial need, have maintained at least a 3.0 GPA, and have demonstrated clinical proficiency, enthusiasm, and motivation in their studies. Preference is given to students who are in the latter half of their nursing program. Deadline for Receipt: May of each year. Additional Information: In addition to the Elsie L. Drew Memorial Scholarship, this program includes these other named scholarships: the Francis H. Sherman Memorial Scholarship, the Gerald and Trudy Mulvey Scholarship, and the Helen Capocci Enright Scholarship.

2904 ■ OHIO BOARD OF REGENTS

Attn: State Grants and Scholarships
57 East Main Street, Fourth Floor
P.O. Box 182452
Columbus, OH 43218-2452
Tel: (614)466-7420; 888-833-1133
Fax: (614)752-5903
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.regents.state.oh.us/sgs/nealp.htm
To provide scholarship/loans to students in Ohio who intend to study nursing.
Title of Award: Ohio Nurse Education Assistance Loan Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 35 students received benefits through this program. Funds Available: Up to $3,000 per year is available. This is a scholarship/loan program; up to 100% of the loan may be forgiven at the rate of 20% per year if the recipient serves as a nurse under specified conditions for up to 5 years. If the loan is not repaid with service, it must be repaid in cash with interest at the rate of 8% per year. Duration: 1 year; renewable for up to 4 additional years.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be Ohio residents, U.S. citizens, and enrolled at least half time in an approved nursing education program in Ohio. Applicants must demonstrate financial need and intend to engage in direct clinical practice following graduation. Deadline for Receipt: May of each year for fall semester; October of each year for spring semester. Additional Information: This program, established in 1990, is administered by the Ohio Board of Regents with assistance from the Ohio Board of Nursing.

2905 ■ ONCOLOGY NURSING SOCIETY

Attn: ONS Foundation
125 Enterprise Drive Pittsburgh, PA 15275-1214
Tel: (412)859-6100; (866)257-4ONS
Fax: (412)859-6160
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ons.org/awards/foundawards/bachelors.shtml
To provide financial assistance to registered nurses who are interested in working on a bachelor's degree in oncology nursing.
Title of Award: Amgen Bachelor's Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing, Oncological; Oncology Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 2 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to registered nurses with a demonstrated interest in and commitment to oncology nursing. Applicants must be currently enrolled in an undergraduate degree program at an NLN- or CCNE-accredited school of nursing. They may not have previously received a bachelor's level scholarship from this sponsor. Applicants must submit an essay of 250 words or less on their role in caring for persons with cancer and a statement of their professional goals and their relationship to the advancement of oncology nursing. Financial need is not considered in the selection process. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year. Additional Information: This program, supported by Amgen, Inc., began in 2005 At the end of each year of scholarship participation, recipients must submit a summary describing their educational activities. Applications must be accompanied by a $5 fee.

2906 ■ ONCOLOGY NURSING SOCIETY

Attn: ONS Foundation
125 Enterprise Drive
Pittsburgh, PA 15275-1214
Tel: (412)859-6100; (866)257-4ONS
Fax: (412)859-6160
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ons.org/awards/foundawards/joshGottheil.sthml
To provide funding for further education to professional registered nurses who can demonstrate meritorious practice in bone marrow transplant (BMT) nursing.
Title of Award: Josh Gottheil Memorial Bone Marrow Transplant Career Development Awards Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing, Oncological; Oncology Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Master's, Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 4 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000. Funds may be used to support a continuing education program or to supplement tuition in a bachelor's or master's program. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to professional registered nurses who are interested in pursuing education at the bachelor's or master's degree level. Applicants must be currently employed as a registered nurse working in BMT (at least 75% of time must be devoted to patient care) or in the position of nurse manager, nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, BMT coordinator, or equivalent position. They must have at least 2 years in BMT nursing practice. Candidates are evaluated on the following criteria: 1) clarity of professional goal statement; 2) demonstrated commitment to professional development in BMT nursing; 3) demonstrated commitment to continuing professional practice in BMT nursing; 4) recommendations; and 5) contributions and/or professional nursing practice. Applicants must not have previously received this career development award from the foundation. Deadline for Receipt: November of each year. Additional Information: These awards were first presented in 1995.

2907 ■ ONCOLOGY NURSING SOCIETY

Attn: ONS Foundation
125 Enterprise Drive
Pittsburgh, PA 15275-1214
Tel: (412)859-6100; (866)257-4ONS
Fax: (412)859-6160
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ons.org/awards/foundawards/bachelors.shtml
To provide financial assistance to nurses who are interested in working on a bachelor's degree in oncology nursing.
Title of Award: Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation Bachelor's Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing, Oncological; Oncology Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 10 of these scholarships were awarded. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to registered nurses and licensed practical (vocational) nurses with a demonstrated interest in and commitment to oncology nursing. They must be currently enrolled in an undergraduate degree program at an NLN- or CCNE-accredited school of nursing. They may not have previously received a bachelor's level scholarship from this sponsor. Applicants must submit an essay of 250 words or less on their role in caring for persons with cancer and a statement of their professional goals and their relationship to the advancement of oncology nursing. Financial need is not considered in the selection process. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year. Additional Information: This program, supported by the Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation, awarded its first scholarships in 1992. At the end of each year of scholarship participation, recipients must submit a summary describing their educational activities. Applications must be accompanied by a $5 fee.

2908 ■ ONCOLOGY NURSING SOCIETY

Attn: ONS Foundation
125 Enterprise Drive
Pittsburgh, PA 15275-1214
Tel: (412)859-6100; (866)257-4ONS
Fax: (412)859-6160
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ons.org/awards/foundawards/bachelors.shtml
To provide financial assistance to registered nurses who are interested in working on a bachelor's degree in oncology nursing.
Title of Award: Roberta Pierce Scofield Bachelor's Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing, Oncological; Oncology Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 2 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to registered nurses with a demonstrated interest in and commitment to oncology nursing. Applicants must be currently enrolled in an undergraduate degree program at an NLN- or CCNE-accredited school of nursing. They may not have previously received a bachelor's level scholarship from this sponsor. Applicants must submit an essay of 250 words or less on their role in caring for persons with cancer and a statement of their professional goals and their relationship to the advancement of oncology nursing. Financial need is not considered in the selection process. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year. Additional Information: These scholarships were first awarded in 1988. At the end of each year of scholarship participation, recipients must submit a summary describing their educational activities. Applications must be accompanied by a $5 fee.

2909 ■ OREGON STUDENT ASSISTANCE COMMISSION

Attn: Grants and Scholarships Division
1500 Valley River Drive, Suite 100
Eugene, OR 97401-2146
Tel: (541)687-7395
Free: 800-452-8807
Fax: (541)687-7419
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.osac.state.or.us
To provide financial assistance for college or graduate school to residents of Oregon who are interested in preparing for a public health career.
Title of Award: Lawrence R. Foster Memorial Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Medical assisting; Medical technology; Nursing; Public health Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Four Year College, Graduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 6 of these scholarships were awarded. Funds Available: Stipend amounts vary; recently, they were at least $4,167. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to residents of Oregon who are attending a 4-year college or university in any state to prepare for a career in public health (not private practice). First preference is given to applicants who are either working in public health or enrolled as graduate students in that field. Second preference is given to undergraduates entering the junior or senior year of a health program, including nursing, medical technology, and physician assistant. A general preference is given to applicants from diverse cultures. Along with their application, they must submit a 1- to 2-page essay on their interest, experience, and future plans for a public health career Deadline for Receipt: February of each year. Additional Information: This program is administered by the Oregon Student Assistance Commission (OSAC) with funds provided by the Oregon Community Foundation, 1221 S.W. Yamhill, Suite 100, Portland, OR 97205, (503) 227-6846, Fax: (503) 274-7771.

2910 ■ OREGON STUDENT ASSISTANCE COMMISSION

Attn: Grants and Scholarships Division
1500 Valley River Drive, Suite 100
Eugene, OR 97401-2146
Tel: (541)687-7395
Free: 800-452-8807
Fax: (541)687-7419
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.osac.state.or.us
To provide financial assistance to students in Oregon who are employed while working on an undergraduate or graduate degree in teaching or nursing.
Title of Award: Friends of Oregon Students Program Area, Field, or Subject: Education; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 28 of these scholarships were awarded. Funds Available: Stipends range from $3,000 to $5,000 per year. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students in Oregon who are working and will continue to work at least 20 hours per week while attending college or graduate school at least three-quarter time. Applicants must be interested in preparing for a career in teaching or nursing. They must be able to demonstrate a cumulative GPA of 2.5 or higher and volunteer or work experience relevant to their chosen profession. Preference is given to applicants who 1) are nontraditional students (e.g., older, returning, single parents), 2) have overcome significant personal obstacles, or 3) graduated from an alternative high school, obtained a GED, or are transferring from an Oregon community college to a 4-year college. Along with their application, they must submit essays and letters of reference on how they balance school, work, and personal life as well as their experiences in overcoming obstacles. Selection is based on work experience, community service and volunteer activities, responses to essay questions, letters of reference, and financial need; academic promise (as indicated by GPA and SAT/ACT scores) is also considered. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year. Additional Information: Funding for this program, established in 1996, is provided by the HF Fund, P.O. Box 55187, Portland, OR 97238, (503) 234-0259, E-mail: [email protected]

2911 ■ OREGON STUDENT ASSISTANCE COMMISSION

Attn: Grants and Scholarships Division
1500 Valley River Drive, Suite 100
Eugene, OR 97401-2146
Tel: (541)687-7395
Free: 800-452-8807
Fax: (541)687-7419
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.osac.state.or.us
To provide financial assistance for the study of nursing to residents of Oregon.
Title of Award: Bertha P. Singer Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 23 of these scholarships were awarded. Funds Available: Stipend amounts vary; recently, they were at least $1,087. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to residents of Oregon who are studying nursing at a college in the state and have a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or higher. Applicants must provide documentation of enrollment in the third year of a 4-year nursing degree program or the second year of a 2-year associate degree nursing program. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year.

2912 ■ PACIFICARE FOUNDATION

3100 Lake Center Drive
P.O. Box 25186
Santa Ana, CA 92799
Tel: (714)825-5233
Web Site: http://www.pacificare.com
To provide financial assistance to Latino high school seniors in designated states planning to major in a health care field in college.
Title of Award: PacifiCare Latino Health Scholars Program Area, Field, or Subject: Health care services; Medical technology; Medicine; Nursing; Pharmaceutical sciences; Psychology; Public health Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Approximately 50 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $2,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to seniors graduating from high schools in Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, and Washington. Applicants must have a GPA of 3.0 or higher, be fluent in Spanish, and have been accepted as a full-time student at a university, community college, or accredited technical college. Their proposed field of study must relate to health care, including (but not limited to) nursing, medical interpretation, health claims examiner, health information technology programs, pharmacy technician, public health, psychology, or pre-medical studies. Along with their application, they must submit a 2-page essay (in both English and Spanish) on their personal and academic accomplishments, community involvement, volunteer and leadership activities, academic plans, and the reason they want a career in the health care field. Deadline for Receipt: June of each year. Additional Information: This program was established in 2003.

2913 ■ RHODE ISLAND FOUNDATION

Attn: Scholarship Coordinator
One Union Station Providence, RI 02903
Tel: (401)274-4564
Fax: (401)331-8085
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.rifoundation.org
To provide financial assistance to students, especially residents of Rhode Island, working on a degree in nursing.
Title of Award: Albert E. and Florence W. Newton Nursing Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Recently, 8 of these scholarships were awarded: 3 new awards and 5 renewals. Funds Available: A stipend is awarded (amount not specified). Duration: 1 year; may be renewed.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to 1) students enrolled in a baccalaureate nursing program; 2) second- or third-year students in a 3-year nursing program; 3) students in a 2-year associate degree nursing program; and 4) active practicing R.N.s working on a bachelor's degree in nursing. Applicants must be studying at a nursing school on a full- or part-time basis and able to demonstrate financial need. They may be enrolled at a school in any state; preference is given to residents of Rhode Island. Along with their application, they must submit an essay, up to 300 words, on their career goals, particularly as they relate to practicing in or advancing the field of nursing in Rhode Island. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year.

2914 ■ RHODE ISLAND FOUNDATION

Attn: Scholarship Coordinator
One Union Station Providence, RI 02903
Tel: (401)274-4564
Fax: (401)331-8085
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.rifoundation.org
To provide financial assistance to students enrolled in nursing programs in Rhode Island.
Title of Award: Edward J. and Virginia M. Routhier Nursing Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Professional, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Recently, 11 of these scholarships were awarded: 6 new awards and 5 renewals. Funds Available: A stipend is awarded (amount not specified). Duration: 1 year; may be renewed.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students enrolled or accepted at an accredited nursing program in Rhode Island. Applicants must be 1) registered nurses (R.N.s) enrolled in a nursing baccalaureate degree program; 2) students enrolled in a baccalaureate nursing program; or 3) R.N.s working on a graduate degree (master's or Ph.D.). They must be able to demonstrate financial need and a commitment to practice in Rhode Island. Along with their application, they must submit an essay, up to 300 words, on their career goals, particularly as they relate to practicing in or advancing the field of nursing in Rhode Island. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year.

2915 ■ SCHOLARSHIP ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES, INC.

Attn: AUN Program
2000 Rock Street, Suite 3
Mountain View, CA 94043
To provide financial assistance to undergraduate and graduate students working on a degree in nursing.
Title of Award: Association of United Nurses Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Up to 20 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $5,000 per year. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed 1 additional year if the recipient maintains full-time enrollment and a GPA of 3.0 or higher.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to full-time students working on or planning to work on an undergraduate or graduate degree in nursing. Applicants must have a GPA of 3.0 or higher and be able to demonstrate a record of involvement in extracurricular and work activities related to nursing. Along with their application, they must submit a 1,000-word essay on their educational and career goals, why they believe nursing is essential to America, and why they have decided to prepare for a career in nursing. Financial need is not considered in the selection process. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year. Additional Information: This program is sponsored by the Association of United Nurses (AUN) and administered by Scholarship Administrative Services, Inc. AUN was established in 2005 to encourage more American students to consider a career as a nurse. Requests for applications should be accompanied by a self-addressed stamped envelope, the student's e-mail address, and the source where they found the scholarship information.

2916 ■ HAROLD B. & DOROTHY A. SNYDER SCHOLARSHIP FUND

P.O. Box 671
Moorestown, NJ 08057-0671
Tel: (856)273-9745
To provide financial assistance to undergraduate and graduate students preparing for a career in the areas of Presbyterian ministry, nursing, building construction, or engineering.
Title of Award: Harold B. & Dorothy A. Snyder Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Construction; Engineering; Nursing; Religion Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Master's, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The amount awarded varies, depending upon the needs of the recipient. Funds are paid directly to the recipient's institution. Duration: 1 year; generally renewable until completion of the recipient's degree program.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to U.S. citizens who are attending or planning to attend institutions of higher learning. They must be preparing for a career in the areas of Presbyterian ministry (M.Div. degree), nursing (B.S.N.), building construction, or engineering. Applicants are evaluated on the basis of achievement, need, demonstrated commitment to community service, and character. Preference is given to applicants who are full-time students and who are New Jersey residents. In some instances, preference is also given to full-time enrollees of specific institutions and to members of certain denominations and congregations or residents of certain towns. There are no other preferences as to age, sex, religion (except when applicable), race, or country of origin. Personal interviews are required. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: Snyder Scholars are required, by contract, to submit periodic reports and attend meetings. The foundation will withdraw scholarship aid from any recipient who, in its opinion, has engaged in activities detrimental to the school or college being attended or to the country. In addition, the foundation will withdraw aid from any recipient (other than a divinity student) who seeks to avoid service in the U.S. armed forces as a conscientious objector.

2917 ■ STATE STUDENT ASSISTANCE COMMISSION OF INDIANA

Attn: Grant Division
150 West Market Street, Suite 500
Indianapolis, IN 46204-2811
Tel: (317)232-2350; 888-528-4719
Fax: (317)232-3260
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.in.gov/ssaci/programs/nur.html
To provide scholarship/loans to Indiana residents who are interested in preparing for a career as a nurse.
Title of Award: Indiana Nursing Scholarship Fund Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $5,000 per year. Funds may be used only for tuition and fees. Recipients agree in writing to work as a nurse in a health care setting in Indiana for at least the first 2 years after graduation. If they fail to fulfill that service obligation, they will be required to reimburse the state of Indiana. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed up to 3 additional years, but recipients must complete the nursing program within 6 years from the time the first scholarship is awarded.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be Indiana residents, be admitted to an eligible Indiana school as a full- or part-time student to work on a certificate or bachelor's degree in nursing, be able to demonstrate financial need, be U.S. citizens or permanent resident, and have a GPA of 2.0 or higher. Additional Information: This program was created in 1990.

2918 ■ TEXAS HIGHER EDUCATION COORDINATING BOARD

Attn: Hinson-Hazlewood College Student Loan Program
1200 East Anderson Lane
P.O. Box 12788, Capitol Station
Austin, TX 78711-2788
Tel: (512)427-6340
Free: 800-242-3062
Fax: (512)427-6423
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.hhloans.com
To provide educational loans to students in Texas in health-related degree programs.
Title of Award: Hinson-Hazlewood Health Education Loan Program Area, Field, or Subject: Dentistry; Health care services; Medicine; Medicine, Osteopathic; Nursing; Optometry; Pharmaceutical sciences; Podiatry; Public health; Veterinary science and medicine Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Four Year College, Graduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The maximum annual loan is $12,500 for pharmacy, nursing, allied health, and public health students; or $20,000 for medicine, dentistry, optometry, osteopathy, podiatry, or veterinary medicine students. The origination fee is 3%. After a grace period of 9 months, repayment must be completed within 25 years at a minimum monthly payment of $50. The current interest rate is 5.25% which begins to accrue immediately, even while the student is in school. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed up to 3 additional years. The maximum total loan is $50,000 for pharmacy, nursing, allied health, and public health students or $80,000 for medicine, dentistry, optometry, osteopathy, podiatry, or veterinary medicine students.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students who qualify as Texas residents and meet the academic requirements of a public or private college or university in the state. Applicants must be enrolled at least half time in a course of study leading to 1) a doctoral degree in medicine, dentistry, optometry, osteopathy, podiatry, or veterinary medicine; 2) a bachelor's or master's degree in pharmacy; 3) a graduate or equivalent degree in public health; or 4) an associate, bachelor's, or graduate degree in nursing or allied health fields. They must be able to demonstrate financial need and enroll full time. U.S. citizenship is required. Additional Information: Applications must be submitted through the financial aid office at the college or university attended. This program is part of the Hinton-Hazelwood College Student Loan Program (HHCSLP).

2919 ■ TEXAS HIGHER EDUCATION COORDINATING BOARD

Attn: Grants and Special Programs
1200 East Anderson Lane
P.O. Box 12788, Capitol Station
Austin, TX 78711-2788
Tel: (512)427-6340
Free: 800-242-3062
Fax: (512)427-6127
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.collegefortexans.com
To provide financial assistance to Texas students who are interested in preparing for a career as a professional nurse.
Title of Award: Texas Professional Nursing Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 131 of these scholarships were awarded. Funds Available: The stipend depends on the need of the recipient, to a maximum of $3,000. Duration: 1 academic year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to undergraduate or graduate students who are residents of Texas and enrolled at least half time in a program leading to licensure as a professional nurse at a college or university in the state. Applicants must be able to demonstrate financial need. Deadline for Receipt: Applicants should contact the financial aid director at the professional nursing school in which they plan to enroll for appropriate deadline dates. Additional Information: Some of these funds are targeted to students from rural communities and some to graduate students.

2920 ■ TEXAS HIGHER EDUCATION COORDINATING BOARD

Attn: Grants and Special Programs
1200 East Anderson Lane
P.O. Box 12788, Capitol Station
Austin, TX 78711-2788
Tel: (512)427-6340
Free: 800-242-3062
Fax: (512)427-6127
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.collegefortexans.com
To provide financial assistance to Texas students who are interested in preparing for a career as a vocational nurse.
Title of Award: Texas Vocational Nursing Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 36 of these scholarships were awarded. Funds Available: The stipend depends on the need of the recipient, to a maximum of $1,500. Duration: 1 academic year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to undergraduate or graduate students who are residents of Texas and enrolled at least half time in a program leading to licensure as a vocational nurse at a college or university in the state. Applicants must be able to demonstrate financial need. Deadline for Receipt: Applicants should contact the financial aid director at the vocational nursing school in which they plan to enroll for appropriate deadline dates. Additional Information: Some of these funds are targeted to students from rural communities.

2921 ■ ULMAN CANCER FUND FOR YOUNG ADULTS

Attn: Scholarship Committee
4725 Dorsey Hall Drive, Suite A
PMB 505
Ellicott City, MD 21042
Tel: (410)964-0202; 888-393-FUND
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.ulmanfund.org/Services/Scholarship/tabid/73/Default.aspx
To provide financial assistance to nursing students who have a parent with cancer.
Title of Award: Barbara Palo Foster Memorial Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $1,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students who have or have lost a parent to cancer. Applicants must be able to demonstrate financial need. They must be between 15 and 40 years of age and enrolled in, or planning to enroll in, a postsecondary program in nursing. Along with their application, they must submit a 500-word essay on 1 of 4 assigned topics that relate to cancer. Selection is based on the quality of the essay, recommendations, their overall story of cancer survivorship, and financial need. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year.

2922 ■ UNITED DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY

Attn: Education Director
328 North Boulevard
Richmond, VA 23220-4057 Tel: (804)355-1636 Fax: (804)353-1396
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.hqudc.org/scholarships/scholarships.html
To provide financial assistance for nursing education to lineal descendants of Confederate veterans.
Title of Award: Phoebe Pember Memorial Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The amount of this scholarship depends on the availability of funds. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed for up to 3 additional years.
Eligibility Requirements: Eligible to apply for these scholarships are lineal descendants of worthy Confederates or collateral descendants who are members of the Children of the Confederacy or the United Daughters of the Confederacy. Applicants must intend to study nursing and must submit a family financial report and certified proof of the Confederate record of 1 ancestor, with the company and regiment in which he served. They must have at least a 3.0 GPA in high school. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: Information is also available from Mrs. Robert C. Kraus, Second Vice President General, 239 Deerfield Lane, Franklin, NC 28734-0112. Members of the same family may not hold scholarships simultaneously, and only 1 application per family will be accepted within any 1 year. All requests for applications must include a self-addressed stamped envelope.

2923 ■ UNITED DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY

Attn: Education Director
328 North Boulevard
Richmond, VA 23220-4057

Tel: (804)355-1636
Fax: (804)353-1396
E-mail: [email protected] Web Site: http://www.hqudc.org/scholarships/scholarships.html
To provide financial assistance to mature women who are lineal descendants of Confederate veterans and plan to major in selected fields in college.
Title of Award: Walter Reed Smith Scholarship Program Area, Field, or Subject: Business administration; Computer and information sciences; Home Economics; Nursing; Nutrition Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The amount of this scholarship depends on the availability of funds. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed.
Eligibility Requirements: Eligible to apply for these scholarships are women over the age of 30 who are lineal descendants of worthy Confederates or collateral descendants and members of the Children of the Confederacy or the United Daughters of the Confederacy. Applicants must intend to study business administration, computer science, home economics, nutrition, or nursing. They must submit certified proof of the Confederate record of 1 ancestor, with the company and regiment in which he served, and must have had at least a 3.0 GPA in high school. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: Information is also available from Mrs. Robert C. Kraus, Second Vice President General, 239 Deerfield Lane, Franklin, NC 28734-0112. Members of the same family may not hold scholarships simultaneously, and only 1 application per family will be accepted within any 1 year. All requests for applications must be accompanied by a self-addressed stamped envelope.

2924 ■ UNITED DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY-VIRGINIA DIVISION

c/o Suzie Snyder, Education Committee Chair
8440 Bradshaw Road
Salem, VA 24153-2246
Tel: (540)384-6884
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://users.erols.com/va-udc/scholarships.html
To provide financial assistance for college to women who are Confederate descendants from Virginia and working on a degree in nursing.
Title of Award: Sally Tompkins Nursing and Applied Health Sciences Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: This scholarship is offered whenever a prior recipient graduates or is no longer eligible. Funds Available: The amount of the stipend depends on the availability of funds. Payment is made directly to the college or university the recipient attends. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed up to 3 additional years if the recipient maintains a GPA of 3.0 or higher.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to women residents of Virginia interested in working on a degree in nursing. Applicants must be 1) lineal descendants of Confederates, or 2) collateral descendants and also members of the Children of the Confederacy or the United Daughters of the Confederacy. They must submit proof of the Confederate military record of at least 1 ancestor, with the company and regiment in which he served. They must also submit a personal letter pledging to make the best possible use of the scholarship; describing their health, social, family, religious, and fraternal connections within the community; and reflecting on what a Southern heritage means to them (using the term "War Between the States" in lieu of "Civil War"). They must have a GPA of 3.0 or higher and be able to demonstrate financial need. Deadline for Receipt: May of the years in which a scholarship is available. Additional Information: Information is also available from Mrs. George W. Bryson, 10103 Rixeyville Road, Culpeper, VA 22701-4422, E-mail: [email protected]

2925 ■ U.S. AIR FORCE

Attn: Headquarters AFROTC/RRUC

551 East Maxwell Boulevard
Maxwell AFB, AL 36112-5917
Tel: (334)953-2091; (866)423-7682
Fax: (334)953-6167
Web Site: http://www.afrotc.com/admissions/professional/nursing.php
To provide financial assistance to college students who are interested in a career as a nurse, are interested in joining Air Force ROTC, and are willing to serve as Air Force officers following completion of their bachelor's degree.
Title of Award: Air Force ROTC Nursing Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Funds Available: Awards are type 2 AFROTC scholarships that provide for payment of tuition and fees, to a maximum of $15,000 per year, plus an annual book allowance of $600. All recipients are also awarded a tax-free subsistence allowance for 10 months of each year that is $300 per month during their sophomore year, $350 during their junior year, and $400 during their senior year. Duration: 2 or 3 years, provided the recipient maintains a GPA of 2.5 or higher.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to U.S. citizens who are freshmen or sophomores in college and interested in a career as a nurse. Applicants must have a cumulative GPA of 2.5 or higher at the end of their freshman year and meet all other academic and physical requirements for participation in AFROTC. They must be interested in working on a nursing degree from an accredited program. At the time of Air Force commissioning, they may be no more than 31 years of age. They must be able to pass the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) and the Air Force ROTC Physical Fitness Test. Deadline for Receipt: June of each year. Additional Information: Recipients must also complete 4 years of aerospace studies courses at 1 of the 144 colleges and universities that have an Air Force ROTC unit on campus or 1 of the approximately 900 colleges that have cross-enrollment agreements with those institutions. They must also attend a 4-week summer training camp at an Air Force base, usually between their sophomore and junior years. Following completion of their bachelor's degree, scholarship recipients earn a commission as a second lieutenant in the Air Force and serve at least 4 years.

2926 ■ U.S. AIR FORCE

Attn: Headquarters AFROTC/RRUE
Enlisted Commissioning Section
551 East Maxwell Boulevard
Maxwell AFB, AL 36112-5917
Tel: (334)953-2091; (866)423-7682
Fax: (334)953-6167
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.afoats.af.mil/AFROTC/EnlistedComm/AECP.asp
To allow selected enlisted Air Force personnel to earn a bachelor's degree in approved majors by providing financial assistance for full-time college study.
Title of Award: Airman Education and Commissioning Program Area, Field, or Subject: African studies; Asian studies; Computer and information sciences; Engineering; Foreign languages; Mathematics and mathematical sciences; Meteorology; Near Eastern studies; Nursing; Physics; Russian studies Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Approximately 60 each year. Funds Available: While participating in this program, cadets remain on active duty in the Air Force and receive their regular salary and benefits. They also receive payment of tuition and fees up to $15,000 per year and an annual textbook allowance of $600. Duration: 1 to 3 years, until completion of a bachelor's degree.
Eligibility Requirements: Eligible to participate in this program are enlisted members of the Air Force who have been accepted at a university or college (or approved crosstown institution) that is associated with AFROTC and that offers an approved major. The majors currently supported are computer science, all ABET-accredited engineering fields (not engineering technology), foreign area studies (limited to Middle East, Africa, Asia, Russia/Eurasia), foreign languages (limited to Arabic, Armenian, Azeri, Chinese, French, Georgian, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Pashto, Persian Farsi, Russian, Swahili, and Turkish), mathematics, meteorology, nursing, and physics. Applicants must have completed at least 1 year of time-in-service and 1 year of time-on-station. They must have scores on the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test of at least 15 on the verbal and 10 on the quantitative and be able to pass the Air Force ROTC Physical Fitness Test. Normally they should have completed at least 30 semester hours of college study with a GPA of 2.75 or higher. They must be younger than 31 years of age or otherwise able to be commissioned before they become 35 years of age. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year. Additional Information: While attending college, participants in this program attend ROTC classes at their college or university. Upon completing their degree, they are commissioned to serve in the Air Force in their area of specialization with an active-duty service commitment of at least 4 years. Further information is available from base education service officers or an Air Force ROTC unit. This program does not provide for undergraduate flying training.

2927 ■ U.S. ARMY

ROTC Cadet Command
Attn: ATCC-OP-I-S
55 Patch Road, Building 56
Fort Monroe, VA 23651-1052
Tel: (757)727-4558
Free: 800-USA-ROTC
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.rotc.usaac.army.mil/scholarship_HPD2/index.asp
To provide financial assistance to high school seniors or graduates who are interested in enrolling in Army ROTC and major in nursing in college.
Title of Award: Partnership in Nursing Education Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Four Year College Number Awarded: A limited number each year. Funds Available: This scholarship provides financial assistance toward college tuition and educational fees up to an annual amount of $17,000. In addition, a flat rate of $1,000 is provided for the purchase of textbooks, classroom supplies and equipment. Recipients are also awarded a stipend for up to 10 months of each year that is $250 per month during their freshman year, $300 per month during their sophomore year, $350 per month during their junior year, and $400 per month during their senior year. Duration: 4 years, until completion of a baccalaureate degree. A limited number of 2-year and 3-year scholarships are also available to students who are already attending an accredited B.S.N. program on a campus affiliated with ROTC.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants for the Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) program must 1) be U.S. citizens; 2) be at least 17 years of age by October of the year in which they are seeking a scholarship; 3) be no more than 27 years of age when they graduate from college after 4 years; 4) score at least 920 on the SAT or 19 on the ACT; 5) have a high school GPA of 2.4 or higher; and 6) meet medical and other regulatory requirements. This program is open to ROTC scholarship applicants who wish to enroll in a nursing program at 1 of approximately 100 designated partner colleges and universities and become Army nurses after graduation. Deadline for Receipt: November of each year. Additional Information: This program was established in 1996 to ensure that ROTC cadets seeking nursing careers would be admitted to the upper-level division of a baccalaureate program. The 56 partnership nursing schools affiliated with Army ROTC have agreed to guarantee upper-level admission to students who maintain an established GPA during their first 2 years. During the summer, participants have the opportunity to participate in the Nurse Summer Training Program, a paid 3- to 4-week clinical elective at an Army hospital in the United States, Germany, or Korea. Following completion of their baccalaureate degree, participants become commissioned officers in the Army Nurse Corps. Scholarship winners must serve in the military for 8 years. That service obligation may be fulfilled 1) by serving on active duty for 4 years followed by service in the Army National Guard (ARNG), the United States Army Reserve (USAR), or the Inactive Ready Reserve (IRR) for the remainder of the 8 years; or 2) by serving 8 years in an ARNG or USAR troop program unit that includes a 3- to 6-month active-duty period for initial training.

2928 ■ U.S. ARMY RECRUITING COMMAND

Attn: RCHS-AN-AECP
1307 Third Avenue
Fort Knox, KY 40121-2726
800-223-3735
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.usarec.army.mil/AECP
To provide financial assistance to Army enlisted personnel who are interested in earning a bachelor's degree in nursing.
Title of Award: Army Medical Department Enlisted Commissioning Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Four Year College Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: Participants receive their regular pay and allowances plus payment of academic costs up to $3,000 per semester or $2,250 per quarter. Duration: Up to 24 months or completion of a bachelor's degree.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to active-duty enlisted soldiers, regardless of their military occupational specialty, who are able to gain acceptance as a full-time student at an accredited nursing program. Applicants must have at least 3 but no more than 10 years of active military service (a waiver to that requirement may be approved on a case-by-case basis). The college or university to which they have been admitted must be in their state (or Puerto Rico) of legal residence or current domicile and they must be able to complete a bachelor's degree at the school within 24 calendar months. Deadline for Receipt: July of each year. Additional Information: Following receipt of their degree and successful completion of the National Council for Licensure Examination-RN, participants are commissioned as second lieutenants in the Army Nurse Corps.

2929 ■ U.S. NAVY

Attn: Naval Medical Education
Code OG3
8901 Wisconsin Avenue, 16th Floor, Tower 1
Bethesda, MD 20889-5611
Tel: (301)319-4520
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://nshs.med.navy.mil/mecp/mecp.htm
To provide Navy and Marine enlisted personnel with an opportunity to earn an undergraduate or master's degree in nursing while continuing to receive their regular pay and allowances.
Title of Award: Medical Enlisted Commissioning Program (MEPC) Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Master's, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: Participants receive full pay and allowances for their enlisted pay grade and are eligible for advancement while in college. They are responsible for tuition, fees, books, and other expenses. If eligible, they may use the Montgomery GI Bill or the Veterans Educational Assistance Program (VEAP) educational benefits, but they may not participate in the Navy Tuition Assistance Program. Duration: Up to 36 months of full-time, year-round study, until completion of a B.S.N. degree or, if eligible, an M.S.N. degree.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to enlisted personnel who are serving on active duty in any rating of the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, Naval Reserve (including the Training and Administration of the Reserve Program), and the Marine Corps Reserve (including the Active Reserve Program). Applicants must have completed at least 30 semester credit hours of college work (with a cumulative GPA of 2.5 or higher) so they can complete a bachelor's degree in nursing (B.S.N.) within 36 months. They must have SAT scores of at least 1000 (500 mathematics and 500 critical reading) or ACT scores of at least 42 (21 mathematics and 21 English) If they have a B.S.N. from a non-accredited institution, or can complete both a B.S.N. and M.S.N. within 36 months, they may apply for that option. At the time of commissioning, they must be younger than 35 years of age. U.S. citizenship is required. Deadline for Receipt: August of each year. Additional Information: Following graduation, participants are commissioned as ensigns in the Nurse Corps and attend Officer Indoctrination School. They incur an 8-year service obligation, of which at least 4 years must be served on active duty.

2930 ■ U.S. NAVY

Naval Education and Training Center
Attn: AEV Program Office
6490 Saufley Field Road
Pensacola, FL 32509-5204
Tel: (850)452-1001
Fax: (850)452-1357
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.npc.navy.mil/CareerInfo/Education
To provide financial assistance to Navy enlisted personnel who are interested in earning an undergraduate or graduate degree during off-duty hours.
Title of Award: Navy Advanced Education Voucher Program Area, Field, or Subject: Accounting; Business administration; Educational administration; Engineering; Engineering, Civil; Engineering, Electrical; Finance; Information science and technology; Leadership, Institutional and community; Management; Nursing; Personnel administration/human resources; Systems engineering; Technology Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Master's, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Recently, 30 of these positions were available: 25 for bachelor's degrees and 5 for master's degrees. Funds Available: This program covers 100% of graduate education costs (tuition, books, and fees), up to a maximum of $6,700 per year for a bachelor's degree or $20,000 per year for a master's degree. Duration: Up to 36 months from the time of enrollment for a bachelor's degree; up to 24 months from the time of enrollment for a master's degree.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to senior enlisted Navy personnel in ranks E-7 through E-9. Applicants should be transferring to, or currently on, shore duty with sufficient time ashore to complete a bachelor's or master's degree. Personnel at rank E-7 may have no more than 17 years time in service, E-8 no more than 20 years, or E-9 no more than 22 years. The area of study must be certified by the Naval Postgraduate School as Navy-relevant. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year. Additional Information: Recently approved majors for bachelor's degrees included accounting and finances, civil engineering, electrical engineering technology, engineering propulsion systems, human performance system integration, human resources, industrial management, information technology, leadership and management, nursing, and systems engineering and analysis. Approved fields of study for master's degrees included business administration, education and training management, emergency and disaster management, engineering and technology, homeland defense and security, human resources, information technology, leadership and management, project management, and systems engineering and analysis. Recipients of this assistance incur an obligation to remain on active duty following completion of the program for a period equal to 3 times the number of months of education completed, to a maximum obligation of 36 months.

2931 ■ U.S. NAVY

Attn: Naval Medical Education
Code OH
8901 Wisconsin Avenue
Bethesda, MD 20889-5611
Tel: (301)295-2373
Free: 800-USA-NAVY
Fax: (301)295-6014
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://nshs.med.navy.mil/hpsp/Pages/Programs.htm
To provide financial assistance for nursing education to students interested in serving in the Navy.
Title of Award: Navy Nurse Candidate Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Four Year College Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: This program pays a $10,000 accession bonus upon enlistment and a stipend of $1,000 per month. Students are responsible for paying all school expenses. Duration: Up to 24 months.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to full-time students in a bachelor of science in nursing program. Prior to or during their junior year of college, applicants must enlist in the U.S. Navy Nurse Corps Reserve. Following receipt of their degree, they must be willing to serve as a nurse in the Navy.

2932 ■ U.S. NAVY

Attn: Chief of Naval Education and Training
Code N79A2
250 Dallas Street
Pensacola, FL 32508-5220
Tel: (850)452-4941
Free: 800-NAV-ROTC
Fax: (850)452-2486
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.nrotc.navy.mil/nursingoption.cfm
To provide financial assistance to graduating high school seniors who are interested in joining Navy ROTC and majoring in nursing in college.
Title of Award: Navy Nurse Corps NROTC Scholarship Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: This scholarship provides payment of full tuition and required educational fees, as well as $250 per semester for textbooks, supplies, and equipment. The program also provides a stipend for 10 months of the year that is $250 per month as a freshman, $300 per month as a sophomore, $350 per month as a junior, and $400 per month as a senior. Duration: 4 years.
Eligibility Requirements: Eligible to apply for these scholarships are graduating high school seniors who have been accepted at a college with a Navy ROTC unit on campus or a college with a cross-enrollment agreement with such a college. Applicants must be U.S. citizens between the ages of 17 and 23 who plan to study nursing in college and are willing to serve for 4 years as active-duty Navy officers in the Navy Nurse Corps following graduation from college. They must not have reached their 27th birthday by the time of college graduation and commissioning; applicants who have prior active-duty military service may be eligible for age adjustments for the amount of time equal to their prior service, up to a maximum of 36 months. They must have minimum SAT scores of 530 critical reading and 520 mathematics or minimum ACT scores of 22 in both English and mathematics. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year.

2933 ■ U.S. NAVY

Attn: Commander, Naval Service Training Command
250 Dallas Street, Suite A
Pensacola, FL 32508-5268
Tel: (850)452-9563
Fax: (850)452-2486
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.navy.com/careers/officerplanner/enlistedtoofficer
To allow outstanding enlisted Navy personnel to complete a bachelor's degree and receive a commission in the Nurse Corps.
Title of Award: Nurse Corps Option of the Seaman to Admiral-21 Program Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Four Year College Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: Awardees continue to receive their regular Navy pay and allowances while they attend college on a full-time basis. They also receive reimbursement for tuition, fees, and books up to $10,000 per year. If base housing is available, they are eligible to live there. Participants are not eligible to receive benefits under the Navy's Tuition Assistance Program (TA), the Montgomery GI Bill (MGIB), Navy College Fund, or the Veterans Educational Assistance Program (VEAP). Duration: Selectees are supported for up to 36 months of full-time, year-round study or completion of a bachelor's degree, as long as they maintain a GPA of 2.5 or higher.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to U.S. citizens who are currently serving on active duty in the U.S. Navy or Naval Reserve, including Training and Administration of the Reserves (TAR), Selected Reserves (SELRES), and Navy Reservists on active duty except for those on active for training (ACDUTRA). Applicants must be high school graduates (or GED recipients) who are able to complete requirements for a baccalaureate degree in 36 months or less. They must be at least 18 years of age and able to complete degree requirements and be commissioned prior to age 35. Within the past 3 years, they must have taken the SAT test (and achieved scores of at least 500 on the mathematics section and 500 on the verbal or critical reading section) or the ACT test (and achieved a score of 41 or higher, including at least 21 on the mathematics portion and 20 on the English portion). Deadline for Receipt: July of each year. Additional Information: This program was established in 2001 as a replacement for the Fleet Accession to Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps (NROTC) Nurse Option. Upon acceptance into the program, selectees attend the Naval Science Institute (NSI) in Newport, Rhode Island for an 8-week program in the fundamental core concepts of being a naval officer (navigation, engineering, weapons, military history and justice, etc.). They then enter an NROTC affiliated college or university with a nursing program that confers an accredited baccalaureate degree in nursing and pursue full-time study. They become members of and drill with the NROTC unit. When they complete their bachelor's degree in nursing, they are commissioned as ensigns in the United States Naval Reserve and assigned to initial training as an officer in the Nurse Corps. After commissioning, 5 years of active service are required.

2934 ■ UNIVERSITY INTERSCHOLASTIC LEAGUE

Attn: Texas Interscholastic League Foundation
1701 Manor Road
P.O. Box 8028
Austin, TX 78713
Tel: (512)232-4938
Fax: (512)471-5908
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uil.utexas.edu/tilf/scholarships.html
To provide financial assistance to students who participate in programs of the Texas Interscholastic League Foundation (TILF) and plan to study nursing.
Title of Award: Abell-Hanger Foundation Nursing Awards Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $3,500 per year. Duration: 2 years.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to students who meet the 5 basic requirements of the TILF: 1) graduate from high school during the current year and begin college or university in Texas by the following fall; 2) enroll full time and maintain a GPA of 2.5 or higher during the first semester; 3) compete in a University Interscholastic League (UIL) academic state meet contest in accounting, calculator applications, computer applications, computer science, current issues and events, debate (cross-examination and Lincoln-Douglas), journalism (editorial writing, feature writing, headline writing, and news writing), literary criticism, mathematics, number sense, 1-act play, ready writing, science, social studies, speech (prose interpretation, poetry interpretation, informative speaking, and persuasive speaking), or spelling and vocabulary; 4) submit high school transcripts that include SAT and/or ACT scores; and 5) submit parents' latest income tax returns. Applicants for this scholarship must be planning to major in nursing. Deadline for Receipt: May of each year.

2935 ■ VERMONT STUDENT ASSISTANCE CORPORATION

Champlain Mill
Attn: Scholarship Programs
P.O. Box 2000
Winooski, VT 05404-2601
Tel: (802)654-3798; 888-253-4819
Fax: (802)654-3765
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.vsac.org
To provide financial assistance to high school seniors in Vermont who plan to study a field related to emergency services in college.
Title of Award: Raymond R. Mooney Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Medicine; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $1,000. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed for 1 additional year.
Eligibility Requirements: This scholarship is available to high school seniors in Vermont who are enrolled or planning to enroll in an academic, vocational, or technical program in a field related to emergency services. Selection is based on financial need and required essays. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year. Additional Information: This program was established by the Vermont Police Association, which is responsible for selecting the recipients.

2936 ■ VERMONT STUDENT ASSISTANCE CORPORATION

Champlain Mill
Attn: Scholarship Programs
P.O. Box 2000
Winooski, VT 05404-2601
Tel: (802)654-3798; 888-253-4819
Fax: (802)654-3765
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.vsac.org
To provide scholarship/loans to Vermont residents who are interested in earning a nursing degree and then working within the state.
Title of Award: Vermont State Nursing Incentive Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Approximately 13 each year. Funds Available: The maximum award is $6,000 per year. This is a scholarship/loan program. Funds are provided as an interest-free loan, but the debt is cancelled if the recipient successfully graduates from the L.P.N. or R.N. degree program and completes 1 year of employment in Vermont or within 10 miles of the Vermont border. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This scholarship is available to high school seniors, high school graduates, and currently-enrolled college students in Vermont. Applicants must be enrolled or planning to enroll in 1) an accredited licensed practical nursing (L.P.N.) degree program; 2) the final year of an accredited associate in nursing (A.S., R.N.) degree program; or 3) the final 2 years of an accredited bachelor of science in nursing (B.S.N., R.N.) degree program. Applicants must intend to work in Vermont or within 10 miles of the Vermont border for at least 1 year following licensure as an L.P.N. or R.N. Selection is based on commitment o employment serving Vermonters, required essays, and a letter of recommendation. Deadline for Receipt: July of each year. Additional Information: This program, established in 2001, is sponsored by the Vermont Department of Health.

2937 ■ VIRGINIA DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

c/o Catherine Rafferty, Scholarship Chair
10101 Sanders Court
Great Falls, VA 22066-2526
Web Site: http://www.vadar.org/vadarscholarships.htm
To provide financial assistance to high school seniors in Virginia who wish to study nursing in college.
Title of Award: Virginia Nursing Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 2 each year: 1 at $1,000 and 1 at $500. Funds Available: Stipends are $1,000 or $500. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to seniors graduating from high schools in Virginia who plan to attend a Virginia school of nursing. Along with their application, they must submit a 500-word letter giving their reasons for interest in preparing for a career in nursing, a transcript of grades, a letter of recommendation from a teacher or guidance counselor, and documentation of financial need. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year.

2938 ■ WASHINGTON HIGHER EDUCATION COORDINATING BOARD

917 Lakeridge Way
P.O. Box 43430
Olympia, WA 98504-3430
Tel: (360)753-7844
Fax: (360)753-7808
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.hecb.wa.gov/financialaid/other/health.asp
To provide scholarship/loans for primary care health professional education to students who agree to work in designated areas of Washington.
Title of Award: Washington State Health Professional Scholarship Program Area, Field, or Subject: Dental hygiene; Dentistry; Medicine; Medicine, Osteopathic; Midwifery; Nursing; Pharmaceutical sciences Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The stipend is intended to cover eligible expenses: tuition, books, equipment, fees, and room and board. This is a scholarship/loan program. Recipients who fail to complete the course of study are required to repay the amount received, plus a penalty and interest. Scholars who fail to serve in health professional shortage areas in Washington are required to repay the scholarship, with penalty plus interest. The interest rate on the repayments is 8% for the first 4 years and 10% for the fifth year. Duration: Up to 5 years.
Eligibility Requirements: Applicants must be enrolled or accepted for enrollment in an accredited program leading to eligibility for licensure in Washington State in a designated health profession. They must agree to practice in Washington for 3 to 5 years following graduation, but they do not need to be Washington residents or to attend an educational institution in the state. Currently, there are no geographic restrictions for registered nurses or practical nurses. For other primary care health professionals (M.D., D.O., N.D., P.A., N.P., C.N.M., L.M.), dental care professionals (D.D.S., R.D.H.), and pharmacists, service must be in designated areas of the state. State correctional facilities, state mental health facilities, community and migrant health centers, and any other facility with more than 40% of its caseload consisting of Medicaid and sliding fee patients also qualify. Deadline for Receipt: April of each year.

2939 ■ WESTERN INTERSTATE COMMISSION FOR HIGHER EDUCATION

Attn: Student Exchange Programs
3035 Center Green Drive
P.O. Box 9752
Boulder, CO 80301-9752
Tel: (303)541-0210
Fax: (303)541-0291
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wiche.edu/sep/psep
To underwrite some of the cost of out-of-state professional schooling for students in selected western states.
Title of Award: Professional Student Exchange Program Area, Field, or Subject: Architecture; Dentistry; Library and archival sciences; Medical assisting; Medicine; Medicine, Osteopathic; Nursing; Occupational therapy; Optometry; Pharmaceutical sciences; Physical therapy; Podiatry; Public health; Veterinary science and medicine Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: The assistance consists of reduced levels of tuition, usually resident tuition in public institutions or reduced standard tuition at private schools. The home state pays a support fee to the admitting school to help cover the cost of the recipient's education. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to residents of 13 western states who are interested in pursuing professional study at selected out-of-state institutions, usually because those fields of study are not available in their home states. The eligible programs, and the states whose residents are eligible, presently include: 1) architecture (master's degree), for residents of Wyoming, to study at designated institutions in Arizona. California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, or Washington); 2) dentistry, for residents of Alaska, Arizona, Hawaii, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, and Wyoming, to study at designated institutions in Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, Oregon, or Washington; 3) library studies (master's degree), for residents of New Mexico and Wyoming, to study at designated institutions in Arizona, California, Hawaii, or Washington; 4) medicine, for residents of Montana and Wyoming, to study at designated institutions in Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, or Utah; 5) nursing (graduate degree), for residents of Wyoming, to study at designated institutions in California, Hawaii, North Dakota, or Oregon; 6) occupational therapy (bachelors' or master's degree), for residents of Alaska, Arizona, Hawaii, Montana, and Wyoming, to study at designated institutions in Arizona, California, Idaho, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, Utah, or Washington; 7) optometry, for residents of Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming, to study at designated institutions in California or Oregon; 8) osteopathic medicine, for residents of Arizona, Montana, New Mexico, Washington, and Wyoming, to study at designated institutions in Arizona or California; 9) pharmacy, for residents of Alaska, Hawaii, and Nevada, to study at designated institutions in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, Utah, Washington, or Wyoming; 10) physical therapy (master's or doctoral degree), for residents of Alaska, Hawaii, and Wyoming, to study at designated institutions in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, Utah, or Washington; 11) physician assistant, for residents of Alaska, Arizona, Nevada, and Wyoming, to study at designated institutions in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, Utah, or Washington; 12) podiatry, for residents of Alaska, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming, to study at a designated institution in California; 13) public health, for residents of Montana and New Mexico, to study at designated institutions in California, Colorado, or Washington; and 14) veterinary medicine, for residents of Arizona, Hawaii, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming, to study at designated institutions in California, Colorado, Oregon, or Washington. The financial status of the applicants is not considered. Interested students must apply for admission and for PSEP assistance directly from the institution of their choice. They must be certified by their state of residence to become an exchange student and be seeking enrollment at the first professional degree level. Deadline for Receipt: In most states, the deadline for receiving completed applications for certification is in October. After obtaining certification, students must still apply to the school of their choice, which also sets its own deadline.

2940 ■ WINSTON-SALEM FOUNDATION

Attn: Director, Student Aid
860 West Fifth Street
Winston-Salem, NC 27101-2506
Tel: (336)714-3445
Fax: (336)727-0581
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wsfoundation.org/student_aid_Noncitizens.php
To provide loans for college to residents of North Carolina working on a degree in fields related to health care.
Title of Award: Oliver Joel and Ellen Pell Denny Student Loan Fund Area, Field, or Subject: Health care services; Nursing; Radiology; Respiratory therapy Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 or more each year, including 5 scholarships set aside for eligible noncitizens. Funds Available: The maximum loan is $1,200 per year. Repayment of the principal is deferred until the student borrower leaves school. There is a 60-day grace period before repayment begins. The interest rate is 7%. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to North Carolina residents working on an undergraduate or graduate degree in health care fields, including (but not limited to) registered nursing, licensed practical nursing, nuclear medicine, radiography, and respiratory therapy. Applicants must have a cumulative GPA of 2.5 or higher and a family adjusted gross income of less than $80,000. Selection is based on career plans and goals, academic promise, financial need, indication of ability to repay the loan, and current income and debts. Preference is given to residents of Davidson, Davie, Forsyth, Stokes, Surry, and Yadkin counties. Some of the scholarships are set aside for eligible noncitizens. Additional Information: There is a $20 application fee (waived if the applicant is unable to pay).

2941 ■ WINSTON-SALEM FOUNDATION

Attn: Director, Student Aid
860 West Fifth Street
Winston-Salem, NC 27101-2506
Tel: (336)714-3445
Fax: (336)727-0581
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wsfoundation.org/student_aid_Noncitizens.php
To provide loans for college to residents of North Carolina interested in studying nursing.
Title of Award: Virginia Elizabeth and Alma Vane Taylor Student Nurse Loan Fund Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 or more each year, including 5 scholarships set aside for eligible noncitizens. Funds Available: The maximum loan is $1,200 per year. Repayment of the principal is deferred until the student borrower leaves school. There is a 60-day grace period before repayment begins. The interest rate is 7%. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to college-bound high school seniors in North Carolina interested in working on an associate or baccalaureate degree in nursing at a school in the state. Applicants must have a high school cumulative GPA of 2.5 or higher and a family adjusted gross income less than $80,000. Selection is based on career plans and goals, academic promise, financial need, indication of ability to repay the loan, and current income and debts. Preference is given to residents of Davidson, Davie, Forsyth, Stokes, Surry, and Yadkin counties. Some of the scholarships are set aside for eligible noncitizens. Additional Information: There is a $20 application fee (waived if the applicant is unable to pay).

2942 ■ WISCONSIN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL AIDS BOARD

131 West Wilson Street, Room 902
P.O. Box 7885
Madison, WI 53707-7885
Tel: (608)267-2209
Fax: (608)267-2808
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://heab.state.wi.us/programs.html
To provide scholarship/loans to nursing students in Wisconsin who are interested in working in the state following licensure.
Title of Award: Wisconsin Nursing Student Loans Area, Field, or Subject: Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year. Funds Available: Scholarship/loans are provided up to $3,000 per year. For each of the first 2 years the student nurses and meets the eligibility criteria, 25% of the loan is forgiven. The balance remaining after forgiveness must be repaid at an interest rate up to 5%. If the student does not practice nursing and meet the eligibility criteria, the entire loan must be repaid at an interest rate up to 5%. Duration: 1 year; may be renewed up to 4 additional years.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Wisconsin residents who are enrolled at least half time at an eligible institution in the state that prepares them to be licensed as nurses, either R.N. or L.P.N. Applicants must agree to be employed as a licensed nurse in Wisconsin following completion of their program. Financial need is considered in the selection process. Deadline for Receipt: Deadline dates vary by institution; check with your school's financial aid office. Additional Information: Eligible students should apply through their school's financial aid office.

2943 ■ WISCONSIN MEDICAL SOCIETY

Attn: Executive Director, Foundation
330 East Lakeside Street
P.O. Box 1109
Madison, WI 53701-1109
Tel: (608)442-3722; (866)442-3800
Fax: (608)442-3802
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wisconsinmedicalsociety.org
To provide financial assistance to American Indians (especially those from Wisconsin) interested in working on a degree in medicine, nursing, or allied health care.
Title of Award: Amy Louise Hunter-Wilson, M.D. Memorial Scholarship Area, Field, or Subject: Health care services; Medical technology; Medicine; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 or more each year. Funds Available: The stipend is at least $1,000. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to members of federally-recognized American Indian tribes who are 1) full-time students enrolled in a health career program at an accredited institution, 2) adults returning to school in an allied health field, and 3) adults working in a non-professional health-related field returning for a professional license or degree. Applicants must be working on a degree or advanced training as a doctor of medicine, nurse, or technician. Preference is given to residents of Wisconsin who are students at educational institutions in the state and applicants close to completing their degree. U.S. citizenship is required. Selection is based on financial need, academic achievement, personal qualities and strengths, and letters of recommendation. Deadline for Receipt: January of each year.

2944 ■ WISCONSIN MEDICAL SOCIETY

Attn: Executive Director, Foundation
330 East Lakeside Street
P.O. Box 1109
Madison, WI 53701-1109
Tel: (608)442-3722; (866)442-3800
Fax: (608)442-3802
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.wisconsinmedicalsociety.org
To provide financial assistance to Wisconsin residents working on a degree in medicine, nursing, or a related field.
Title of Award: Wisconsin Medical Society General Medical Education Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Health care services; Medical assisting; Medicine; Nursing Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Graduate, Undergraduate Number Awarded: 1 or more each year. Funds Available: The stipend is $1,500 for medical students or $750 for registered nurses, physician assistants, and other allied health care careers. Duration: 1 year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to Wisconsin residents who are enrolled in medical school or in a nursing, physician assistant, or other allied health career program. Preference is given to students at educational institutions in Wisconsin, those close to completing their degree, and those who show a strong interest in practicing in Wisconsin. U.S. citizenship is required. Selection is based on financial need, academic achievement, personal qualities and strengths, and letters of recommendation. Deadline for Receipt: March of each year.

2945 ■ WISCONSIN SPACE GRANT CONSORTIUM

c/o University of Wisconsin at Green Bay
Department of Natural and Applied Sciences
2420 Nicolet Drive
Green Bay, WI 54311-7001
Tel: (920)465-2108
Fax: (920)465-2376
E-mail: [email protected]
Web Site: http://www.uwgb.edu/wsgc/students/us.asp
To provide financial assistance to undergraduate students at colleges and universities participating in the Wisconsin Space Grant Consortium (WSGC).
Title of Award: Wisconsin Space Grant Consortium Undergraduate Scholarships Area, Field, or Subject: Aerospace sciences; Architecture; Business administration; Engineering; Engineering, Aerospace/Aeronautical/Astronautical; Law; Medicine; Nursing; Science; Space and planetary sciences Level of Education for which Award is Granted: Undergraduate Number Awarded: Varies each year; recently, 26 of these scholarships were awarded. Funds Available: Stipends up to $1,500 per year are available. Duration: 1 academic year.
Eligibility Requirements: This program is open to undergraduate students enrolled at universities participating in the WSGC. Applicants must be U.S. citizens; be working full time on a bachelor's degree in space science, aerospace, or interdisciplinary space studies (including, but not limited to, engineering, the sciences, architecture, law, business, nursing, and medicine); and have a GPA of 3.0 or higher. The consortium especially encourages applications from underrepresented minorities, women, and students with disabilities. Selection is based on academic performance and space-related promise. Deadline for Receipt: February of each year. Additional Information: Funding for this program is provided by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The schools participating in the consortium include the University of Wisconsin campuses at Fox Valley, Green Bay, La Crosse, Madison, Milwaukee, Oshkosh, Parkside, Superior, and Whitewater; Alverno College; Marquette University; College of the Menominee Nation; Carroll College; Lawrence University; Milwaukee School of Engineering; Ripon College; Medical College of Wisconsin; Western Wisconsin Technical College; and Wisconsin Lutheran College.

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Nursing

Nursing

NURSING: AN OVERVIEW

Keith S. Hébert

ARMY NURSES

Carol Brennan

VOLUNTEER NURSES

Carol Brennan

Nursing: An Overview

The Civil War was a watershed moment in the history of the American nursing profession. The war served as the primary impetus fueling an increasing demand for and recognition of the contributions of nurses as medical care providers. Prior to 1861, men dominated the newly developed nursing profession. During the war, the demand for nurses quickly outpaced the existing supply, providing women with opportunities to volunteer outside the home. By 1865 Americans no longer considered nursing to be a male occupation. And it was the wartime sacrifices of tens of thousands of women that made possible the profession's postbellum development.

Antebellum Nursing

The term nurse lacked any uniform definition during the antebellum period, due in part to deficiencies in nursing's professional development. Today, nursing is an occupation within the medical profession. Prior to the Civil War, the term nurse typically described someone who cared for children or was a wet nurse. Some excerpts from the "help wanted" advertisements published in the New York Evening Post in 1824 reflect such usage. For example, an advertisement placed on March 11, 1824, read: "A Nurse Wanted—wanted, a middle aged woman, capable of taking care of children. Apply at No. 77 Fulton Street." A similar advertisement in May 1824 read: "Wet Nurse: A Healthy young woman, with a good fresh breast of milk, wants a situation in the above capacity, in a respectable family. The most respectable references can be produced, as to character, ability, &c." In addition, Southern plantation households used similar language when referring to slaves who worked in the nursery.

Throughout American history, mothers and other female members of households traditionally worked within the home, where they attended to the bulk of their family's medical needs. While the use of male physicians increased during the antebellum period, mothers still exercised great authority, because patients by and large remained at home, and only rarely received care in a hospital. Many of the first female nurses to work outside the home were the spouses and daughters of male physicians, whom they routinely accompanied during house calls. These women served as an invaluable buffer between the male physician and the household's females, often working more as a source of comfort and support than as a medical care provider.

Several factors hampered the development of the antebellum nursing profession. Demand for nurses existed only in the nation's few hospitals. Such facilities were rare, except in such cities as New York, Boston, and Philadelphia. Gender-based expectations also inhibited the profession. Though by and large it was men who worked as nurses, nursing was still considered a feminine activity and was associated with mothers, not professionals. A lack of training and educational opportunities also limited the profession's development. Most nurses learned their skills through observation rather than as part of a regimented training program. Elizabeth Blackwell, the first woman to receive a medical degree in America, saw a need to develop such a program. In 1858 she started the nation's first nurses' training school at the New York Infirmary. Her efforts, however, were more reflective of her own feminist program than representative of any mass movement toward educating nurses.

Antebellum attitudes toward women and toward sex also hampered the profession's development. If nursing was conceived as a feminine activity, women were nonetheless considered poorly suited to serve as professional nurses. Antebellum women were seen by American culture as too weak, physically and emotionally, to endure the sight of blood. A female nurse, it was also believed, would be unable to control male patients. Perhaps most importantly, they would be exposed to the sight of male genitalia. While those prejudices were influential, the principal factor hampering the profession's development remained the lackluster demand for nursing, a reflection of the domestic nature of antebellum healthcare.

Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) and Mary Seacole (1805-1881), British nurses during the Crimean War (1853-1856), directly influenced Civil War nursing. Nightingale's efforts to improve sanitary conditions for British soldiers in Scutari, Turkey, attracted international attention and directly influenced the duties of Civil War nurses. Her focus on sanitation was unprecedented. Like Nightingale, Mary Seacole—a woman of mixed racial ethnicity—nursed soldiers serving in frontline units and frequented the battlefields tending to the wounded. Both women were acclaimed by American newspapers, which printed many stories documenting their heroism. Those stories helped to recast the image of the nurse in the American imagination.

In 1860 Nightingale opened the Nightingale Training School at St. Thomas Hospital in London. That same year, she published Notes on Nursing: What It Is, and What It Is Not. This book served as the standard nursing text for decades. In it, Nightingale clearly defines nursing as women's work: "If, then, every woman must at some time or other of her life," she wrote, "become a nurse, i.e., have charge of somebody's health, how immense and how valuable would be the produce of her united experience if every woman would think how to nurse" (Nightingale 1860, preface). The book also established a set of practical guidelines that defined nurses' distinctive role in providing health care. Nightingale fashioned nurses as sanitary crusaders and observers who monitored the health of men—duties that formed the daily life of Civil War nurses.

Civil War Nursing

Nurses, both male and female, have cared for wounded soldiers in every American war. During the Civil War, nurses worked in hospitals, on the battlefield, and in their homes. The war significantly altered the course of American nursing in two major ways. First, the carnage of the war created an unprecedented demand for nurses. This need made it possible for nursing to become a standard occupation within the American medical profession. Second, while the majority of wartime nurses were male, the contributions of thousands of female nurses helped alter the image of the professional nurse and changed American nursing from a male-dominated to a largely female profession. The Civil War set the stage for subsequent developments in the history of American nursing.

A myriad of factors motivated Americans to become nurses during the Civil War. "I long to be a man," wrote Louisa May Alcott, author of Little Women (1868–1869), who served as a Civil War nurse, "but as I can't fight, I will content myself with working for those who can" (Young 1996, p. 448). Judith White Brocken-brough echoed similar sentiments when she wrote: "We must do what we can for the comfort of our brave men. We must sew for them, knit for them, nurse the sick, keep-up the faint hearted, give them a word of encouragement in season and out of season" (McGuire 1889, p. 13).

Estimating the number of nurses who served during the Civil War is difficult, due to the destruction of Confederate Medical Department records, the large number of volunteer nurses, and the haphazard manner in which the military identified nurses. While an exact figure is impossible to provide, it has been estimated that there were as many as 400,000 Civil War nurses, though that number includes individuals who performed duties associated with but not directly related to nursing. During the war, the term nurse was associated with a variety of duties and types of individual. It did not by any means refer only to trained medical professionals. For example, both armies still referred to slave women charged with the care of children as nurses. Men whose work in the hospital involved such menial chores as chopping wood or transporting soldiers were often referred to as nurses. The word was also used for agents of the Sanitary Commission or Christian Commission, and for nuns from the Sisters of Mercy or Sisters of Charity. It might also be used to describe a person charged with caring for an ailing soldier within the privacy of their home, or a woman who accompanied her husband in camp, tending to the sick and wounded.

Some generalizations can be made about Civil War nurses. A majority were enlisted soldiers pressed into duty as nurses. While many soldiers fulfilled this assignment admirably, others did not. After the Battle of Shiloh, Union Army surgeon Robert Murray advocated for future use of fulltime nurses, a group that included a large number of women. Murray complained that wounded soldiers were "left partially attended to by an unwilling and forced detail of panic-stricken deserters from the battle-field" (The War of the Rebellion, ser. 1, vol. 10, p. 299). Soldier nurses were routinely accused of shirking the more dangerous duties of the frontline soldier. Both armies created strict regulations that governed who among the enlisted ranks would serve as nurses. While most regiments detailed active soldiers, male nurses in general hospitals tended to be convalescing soldiers recovering from their injuries.

There were several ways for women and men to become nurses. Some were mustered into service by the military and received payment for their work. Most women volunteered, either through local or national associations or by receiving permission from a commanding officer. The majority of female volunteers came from middleclass or upper-class social backgrounds, which enabled them to leave their homes for extended periods while others (servants, parents, or slaves) tended to their domestic affairs. These women usually earned no compensation. Still other women, and most men who worked as nurses, had their duties thrust upon them in ad hoc fashion, due to their proximity to a battlefield or field hospital.

The war significantly altered the development of the nursing profession. The entrance of women into nursing outside the home was a significant new development, even if men in the ranks comprised the majority of wartime nurses. Nonetheless, there continued to be resistance to female nurses. "It seems," wrote Kate Cumming, a volunteer nurse serving in the Confederate Army of Tennessee, "that surgeons entertain great prejudices against admitting ladies into the hospital in the capacity as nurses" (Cumming 1998 [1866], p. 12). "Hardly a surgeon of whom I can think received or treated them [women nurses] with even common courtesy," wrote volunteer nurse Georgeanna M. Woolsey (Bacon 2001 [1899], p. 142). "Government had decided that women should be employed, and the army surgeons—unable, therefore, to close the hospitals against them—determined to make their lives so unbearable that they should be forced in self-defense to leave" (Bacon 2001 [1899], p. 142).

If many surgeons initially saw female nurses as a potential threat to their authority, such objections grew increasingly less pronounced as women nurses proved their worth. In fact, some physicians strongly advocated their usage, or sought to recruit them. On May 14, 1861, a Georgia physician, H. L. Byrd, made an emotional plea in the Savannah Daily Morning News soliciting female nurses. "Every physician of experience," he wrote, "knows that much of his success depends upon the nurse who attends upon his patients in civil practice….It is much more important that he should have an educated nurse upon the battle field."

Initially, both armies accepted female nurses with great reluctance and only under strict guidelines. In the Union Army, for example, the superintendent of women nurses, Dorothea Dix (1802-1887), established a set of criteria that women had to meet. "No woman under thirty years need apply to serve in government hospitals," wrote Dix. "All nurses are required to be very plain-looking women. Their dresses must be brown or black, with no bows, no curls, no jewelry, and no hoopskirts" (Young 1959, p. 61). On August 2, 1862, Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper reported "that several young ladies of… [Kingston, New York] volunteered as army nurses, but have been rejected on account of their good looks." Regulations also forbade female nurses from fraternizing with patients and frowned upon excessive physical contact.

The sights, sounds, and smells of Civil War hospitals were also major obstacles for many women. Civil War nurse Amanda Akin Stearns, who volunteered at the Armory Square Hospital in Washington, DC, described her initial trepidation: "I meekly followed through the long ward, unable to return the gaze of the occupants of twenty-six beds, to the table in the center, and with a sinking heart watched her [the matron] raise the head of a poor fellow in the last stages of typhoid, to give him a soothing draught. Could I ever do that? For once my courage failed" (Stearns 1909, p. 13). Cumming remembered that the "foul air from the mass of human beings at first made me giddy and sick, but I soon got over it" (Cumming 1998 [1866], p. 15). In 1864, after having served as a nurse, Georgeanna Woolsey warned women who aspired to become nurses that such work was inappropriate for "a delicate creature whose head is full only of the romance of the work" (Woolsey 1864, pp. 136–137).

The regimented daily life of a Civil War hospital helped nurses overcome the revulsion brought on by the sights, sounds, and smells they encountered. "My day begins early," wrote Emily Elizabeth Parsons; with "reveille at six, I must be up before to get the beds made, ward swept out, dressings attended to, and wounds unbandaged and washed ready for the surgeon's inspection" (Parsons 1984 [1880], pp. 18–21). Stearns described her hospital ward as a "solar system: every ward revolves around on its own axis" (Stearns 1909, p. 15). The daily work of female nurses mirrored the standards established by Nightingale's Notes on Nursing, as it was primarily focused on improving the sanitary conditions of a hospital and observing patients to better attend to their needs. Female nurses generally were not seen as medical care providers. They did dispense medicine, change bandages, and perform other medically related chores, but their daily tasks revolved more around sweeping floors, opening windows, circulating air, preparing meals, and consoling patients.

Sometimes, female nurses and the wounded soldiers they treated forged a unique bond. Many wounded soldiers arrived at a hospital scared and fearful of death. The hospital greeted them with putrid smells and gory sights that prevented a soldier from emotionally escaping the carnage of the battlefield. Numerous sources record that during periods of intense pain and fear, wounded soldiers in the field and in hospitals frequently called out for their mothers. Women thus were able to fill a role that men could not: surrogate mother. Elizabeth Comstock, a Union nurse, described a particularly touching encounter with one wounded soldier: "He opened his eyes, and, with an earnest appealing look at me, tried to speak. There was sufficient of memory and of reason left for him to remember his mother, and of sight to see that a woman stood beside him: and, mistaking me for his far-distant mother, he said 'Mother, I knew you would come"' (Comstock 1895, pp. 114–115). Louisa May Alcott recalled that wounded soldiers wanted a woman's touch: "I had forgotten that the strong man might long for the gentler tendance of a woman's hands," she wrote, "the sympathetic magnetism of a woman's presence" (Alcott 2004 [1863], p. 88).

Providing medical care for wounded enemy soldiers sometimes pitted a nurse's responsibilities against her national sympathies. Nurses usually acted in a professional manner, tending to the enemy's needs while privately displaying their prejudices. Union nurse Abby Hopper Gibbons recalled, "We have always observed that the Rebs make more noise when they are suffering than our men do" (Gibbons 1896-1897, p. 89). Nurses on both sides of the conflict tended to see the enemy as an inferior example of masculinity compared to their own soldiers. Overall, however, they treated enemy soldiers quite well, as evidenced by the writings of Union nurse and spy Sarah Emma Edmonds:

[As] I looked upon… [the rebel soldier] in his helpless condition, I did not feel the least resentment, or entertain an unkind thought toward him personally, but looked upon him only as an unfortunate, suffering man, whose sad condition called forth the best feelings of my nature; and I longed to restore him to health and strength; not considering that the very health and strength I wished to secure for him would be employed against the cause which I espoused. (Edmonds 1865, p. 154)

Medical personnel attached to armies in the field also routinely exposed themselves to the additional risk of being captured by the enemy. During a battle, nurses did their best to move the wounded to the rear, where surgeons were stationed. Many enlisted nurses died while attempting such feats. During a retreat, they had to decide whether to flee with the army or remain behind and treat the wounded. When the Union Army fled from the battlefield at Chickamauga, blue-clad medical staff tending to the wounded at two field hospitals, Crawfish Springs and Cloud's Farm, remained and fell into enemy hands. Confederate forces removed all of the nurses from the two field hospitals, minus one who was allowed to remain to treat a wounded Confederate officer. When an unidentified medical staff member asked what could be done for a severely wounded Union sergeant, a Confederate officer reportedly replied, "Take the damn Yankee out and shoot him… [that] is the proper way of disposing of him" (The War of the Rebellion, ser. 2, vol. 6, pp. 567–568). Hundreds of enlisted nurses who remained behind during a retreat to care for the wounded became prisoners of war and had to endure the hardships of life in a Civil War prison camp.

The Civil War significantly altered the course of the nursing profession in America. Due to the actions of women nurses, nursing evolved into a female occupation following the war. The war enabled men to see and accept women as nurses. By the late nineteenth century, nursing schools existed throughout most of the country, providing women with educational opportunities. And, finally, individual acts of compassion and personal sacrifice on the part of Civil War nurses greatly improved the daily lives of hundreds of thousands of wounded soldiers. Nurses were a physical and emotional expression of what was good about humanity during a war that, at times, displayed the nation's most inhumane qualities. Nursing provided women with a way to contribute to the war effort, thereby adding their experiences and stories to a conflict otherwise dominated by male narratives.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Alcott, Louisa May. Hospital Sketches, ed. Alice Fahs.New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, [1863] 2004.

Bacon, Georgeanna Woolsey, and Eliza Woolsey Howland, eds. Letters of a Family during the War for the Union, 1861-1865. 2 vols. New Haven, CT: Tuttle, Morehouse, & Taylor, 1899. Reprint, Roseville, MN: Edinborough Press, 2001.

Comstock, Elizabeth L. Life and Letters of Elizabeth L. Comstock. Compiled by Catherine Hare. Philadelphia: John C. Winston, 1895.

Culpepper, Marilyn Mayer, and Pauline Gordon Adams. "Nursing in the Civil War." American Journal of Nursing 88, no. 7 (1988): 981-984.

Cumming, Kate. Kate: The Journal of a Confederate Nurse. Ed. Richard Barksdale Harwell. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 1998. (Orig.pub. in 1866 as A Journal of Hospital Life in the Confederate Army of Tennessee.)

Edmonds, Sarah Emma. Nurse and Spy in the Union Army. Hartford, CT: W. S. Williams, 1865.

Gibbons, Abby Hopper. Life of Abby Hopper Gibbons: Told Chiefly through Her Correspondence. 2 vols. Ed. Sarah Hopper Emerson. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1896-1897.

McGuire, Judith White Brockenbrough. Diary of a Southern Refugee, during the War, 3rd ed. Richmond, VA: J. W. Randolph & English, 1889.

Nightingale, Florence. Notes on Nursing: What It Is, and What It Is Not. New York: D. Appleton, 1860.

Parsons, Emily Elizabeth. Civil War Nursing: Memoir of Emily Elizabeth Parsons. Boston: Little, Brown, 1880. Reprint, New York: Garland, 1984.

Stearns, Amanda Akin. The Lady Nurse of Ward E. New York: Baker & Taylor, 1909.

The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 4 series. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1880-1900.

Woolsey, Georgeanna [Georgeanna Woolsey Bacon]. Spirit of the Fair. New York: Metropolitan Sanitary Fair, 1864.

Young, Agatha [Agnes Brooks Young]. The Women and the Crisis: Women of the North in the Civil War. New York: McDowell & Obolensky, 1959.

Keith S. Hébert

Army Nurses

At the onset of the American Civil War in 1861, the U.S. Army Medical Bureau was unprepared for the staggering number of wounded the battlefields would produce over the next four years. There was a corps of trained physicians within the military, with a few doctors specializing in gunshot trauma, but no staff of trained nurses to care for patients. This lack held true in the Confederate states as well, which suffered from a more marked lack of resources and personnel. Regular-duty soldiers were often drafted to help army doctors, and scores of women volunteered as well.

Dorothea Dix

During the mid-nineteenth century, the word nurse had not yet come into its common usage to mean a professionally trained person who works in the medical field. Instead it was a term more loosely applied to anyone who helped another during a time of medical distress. There were no schools of nursing at the time; however, a British woman, Florence Nightingale (1820-1910), was working to establish professional guidelines and standards in England. Her work was becoming known in the United States as well. Nightingale shared her ideas with Dorothea Dix (1802-1887), a reformer from the Boston area, already famous for her efforts to improve the care of prisoners and the mentally ill over the previous two decades. Given Dix's reputation, war department officials named her the new superintendent of women nurses in June 1861.

This appointment would become the starting point for the first professional corps of nurses inside the U.S. military; however, Dix's stint as its supervisor was a controversial one. Clashing over entrance requirements with senior officials who wanted more male nurses, Dix firmly believed that women were better suited for the work and decreed that applicants must be at least thirty years of age. This stipulation, she believed, would keep the Army's nursing corps free from women who were seeking to meet a mate, because the age of thirty was considered well past the point of marital eligibility.

According to Ira M. Rutkow, there were between 3,000 and 5,000 women who served as volunteer nurses on both sides of the conflict (Rutkow 2005, p. 170). There were far more male nurses in service, however. Soldiers or recuperating patients were frequently drafted into service in both the field hospitals—which traveled with units and served as urgent-care facilities—and the general hospitals, located further away from the battle sites and designed for longer-term recuperative care. Rutkow estimates that the ratio of male to female nurses was five to one on both the Union and Confederate sides (Rutkow 2005, p. 172).

Long Shifts and Sleep Deprivation

One example of a soldier who was pressed into nursing duty was William Winters, who served with the 67th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was in his early thirties and a father of three when he enlisted, and kept a record of his service and wrote letters home to his wife that were published as The Musick of the Mocking Birds, the Roar of the Cannon: The Civil War Diary and Letters of William Winters. He was drafted into nursing service in early 1863 aboard a makeshift hospital boat on the Ohio River, the steamer Fanny Bullitt. "Today there has been four deaths in the different wards," he wrote. "I have but one in my ward as yet. [B]een very busy—have had no relief for 38 hours" (Winters 1998, n.p.). A few weeks later he wrote,

I had just finished the last kind offices of friendship for Permenas Lick. I gave him his last dose of medicine and the last drink of water that he took on earth and closed his eyes in death. I nursed him for about a week or a little over and done all in my power, but it was of no avail. (Winters 1998, n. p.)

Like Winters, many male caregivers did the best job they could, but some army officials came to believe that women were better suited to such work. The director of a Confederate army hospital in Virginia issued a call for female nurses, asserting that soldier-nurses were "rough country crackers," many of whom were unable to distinguish "castor oil from a gun rod nor laudanum from a hole in the ground" (MacPherson 1998, p. 479). The Confederate States of America government, centered in Richmond, agreed. In September 1862 it enacted staffing guidelines for general hospitals and urged hiring "preference in all cases to females" (MacPherson 1998, p. 479).

Several women nurses distinguished themselves in general hospitals and on the battlefield. One of the more famous examples of the latter category was Mary Ann "Mother" Bickerdyke (1817-1901), who aided Union troops in the western theater. Bickerdyke, a native of Ohio, had more medical experience than most volunteer nurses, having supported herself as a practitioner of folk medicine in Galesburg, Illinois, before the war. When her community asked her to deliver supplies it had collected to a field hospital in Cairo, Illinois, she was so moved by the plight of the wounded that she immediately volunteered her services. Bickerdyke served with Union troops during the gory Battle of Vicksburg and was named chief of nursing by Ulysses S. Grant (1822–1885). She was reportedly the only woman another famous Union general, William T. Sherman (1820–1891), would permit inside his camps.

Perilously Close

Clara Barton (1821-1912), who would later gain fame as the founder of the American Red Cross, also distin-

guished herself as a war nurse. Her first forays came just days after the war broke out in April 1861, when she visited wounded men who were being housed in the U.S. Senate chamber, so great was the shortage of hospital beds in Washington. Barton soon devoted herself to the cause, and eventually served near the front lines. She described crossing the pontoon bridge across the Rappahannock River during the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862.

Becoming an Army Nurse

Army Nurses faced many of the same hardships as the soldiers for whom they cared. Many of the women who joined the army as nurses had limited medical training. All cared for and comforted sick and dying soldiers, but they faced hardships beyond the battlefield. They performed jobs that many in society deemed inappropriate for their sex and, as a result, often faced social censure. Sarah Palmer describes this attitude in The Story of Aunt Becky's Army-life (1867):

Standing firm against the tide of popular opinion; hearing myself pronounced demented-bereft of usual common sense; doomed to the horrors of an untended death-bed-suffering torture, hunger, and all the untold miseries of a soldier's fate; above the loud echoed cry, "It is no place for women," I think it was well that no one ever held a bond over me strong enough to restrain me from performing my plain duty, fulfilling the promise which I made my brothers on enlistment, that I would go with them down to the scene of conflict, and be near when sickness or the chances of battle threw them helpless from the ranks.

I found it was a place for women… It was something to brave popular opinion, something to bear the sneers of those who loved their ease better than their country's heroes, and who could sit down in peace and comfort at home, while a soldier's rations, and a soldier's tent for months and years made up the sum of our luxurious life. (pp. 1–2)

carly s. kaloustian

SOURCE: Palmer, Sarah A. The Story of Aunt Becky's Army-life. New York: J.F. Trow and Co., 1867.

An officer stepped to my side to assist me over… the end of the bridge. While our hands were raised in the act of stepping down, a piece of an exploding shell hissed through between us, just below our arms, carrying away a portion of both the skirts of his coat and my dress, rolling along the ground a few rods from us like a harmless pebble into the water. The next instant a solid shot thundered over our heads, a noble steed bounded in the air, and, with his gallant rider, rolled in the dirt, not thirty feet in the rear! Leaving the kindhearted officer, I passed on alone to the hospital. In less than a half-hour he was brought to me—dead. (Barton 1922, p. 217)

The Civil War marked the last time that the U.S. military went to war without a corps of trained nurses. In the Spanish-American War of 1898, Barton's Red Cross answered the Army's call for 700 nurses to assist its medical personnel in Cuba and the Philippines.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Barton, William Eleazar. The Life of Clara Barton: Founder of the American Red Cross. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1922.

MacPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Rutkow, Ira M. Bleeding Blue and Gray: The Untold Story of Civil War Medicine. New York: Random House, 2005.

Winters, William. The Musick of the Mocking Birds, the Roar of the Cannon: The Civil War Diary and Letters of William Winters, ed. Steven E. Woodworth. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1998.

Carol Brennan

Volunteer Nurses

When President Abraham Lincoln issued a call for 75,000 volunteer soldiers on April 15, 1861, to help defend federal properties during the first weeks of the war, countless Union women also responded to the call for civilian help. Excluded from actual military service, Union women—and their Confederate sisters—volunteered as nurses despite the fact that most had little or no practical training. According to Ira M. Rutkow in Bleeding Blue and Gray: The Untold Story of Civil War Medicine, between three and five thousand women served as volunteer nurses on both sides of the conflict (2005, p. 170).

No Professional Nurses

The contemporary image conjured by the word "nurse"— a professionally trained person who works in the field of health care—was not used at the time of the Civil War. Instead it denoted anyone who helped another in distress; sometimes it referred to the wife of an officer who followed the regiment, or laundresses for army units who assumed nursing duties in times of need. The most common type of Civil War nurse, however, was a male soldier who was recovering from wounds himself but was more able-bodied than other patients. Rutkow places the ratio of male to female nurses at five to one on both sides of the battle (Rutkow 2005, p. 172).

There were no professional schools of nursing up through the 1850s; however, in 1860 Florence Nightingale (1820-1910), who had gained fame for the corps of nurses she trained to aid British troops during the Crimean War (1853-1856), published the first manual on nursing, which was widely read on both sides of the Atlantic. In Notes on Nursing: What It Is and What It Is Not, she reflected, "Every woman, or at least almost every woman… has, at one time or another of her life, charge of the personal health of somebody, whether child or invalid,—in other words, every woman is a nurse" (Nightingale 1860, p. 3).

Religious Women as Caregivers

The first wave of women who were recruited by military hospitals consisted of women from religious communities, both Protestant and Roman Catholic. In fact, Nightingale's only genuine training came from time spent at an exceptionally well-run hospital in Kaisers-werth, Germany, that was staffed by Lutheran deaconesses belonging to an order founded by Pastor Theodor Fliedner in 1836. In the United States, several communities of Roman Catholic sisters were already serving as nurses in urban hospitals. Confederate authorities requested that the Sisters of Charity in Emmitsburg, Maryland, come to Richmond to help care for the wounded. Initially, church authorities in the United States objected but were convinced of the contributions to the war effort the church could make. In Philadelphia, at the newly built Satterlee Hospital, Sister Mary Gon-zaga, another Sister of Charity, supervised a team of forty nurses who came from across the United States to serve in the war effort. These lifetime members of Roman Catholic religious communities were actually preferred by hospital doctors over women from civilian life who volunteered as hospital nurses, for the latter had no experience and were far more likely to voice opinions and raise objections to treatment and care. The nuns, it was said, were far more docile and quite used to the hardships of life as a nurse (Rutkow 2005, p. 169).

Walt Whitman, Volunteer Nurse

While Walt Whitman (1819-1892) is far better known as a poet than as a nurse, some of his greatest poetry came out of his work as a volunteer nurse in wartime Washington. Because he was middle-aged when the war began, Whitman did not serve in the military during the Civil War; however, two of his brothers volunteered to fight on the Union side. Whitman's nursing work began when his brother George was wounded at the battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862. Whitman went to Falmouth, Virginia, to look for his brother and care for him. He originally meant to stay only a week and then return to Brooklyn, but decided that he could not leave the wounded soldiers that he saw while caring for George. Whitman had been working for various newspapers in New York City, but took a job in the Army Paymaster's Office in Washington in order to stay in the capital and visit the wounded. Whitman spent much of his salary from 1862 through 1865 on food or other small items for the soldiers he visited. He also wrote letters to the wounded men's loved ones, as many of the soldiers were illiterate or had had their arms amputated.

In 1865 Whitman published Drum-Taps, a collection of poems he wrote about his experiences as a nurse, tending to soldiers' emotional and physical wounds and listening to their memories of battle. The following is an excerpt from "The Wound-Dresser," a poem from Drum-Taps that was also included in later editions of Leaves of Grass:

Bearing the bandages, water and sponge,

Straight and swift to my wounded I go,

Where they lie on the ground, after the battle brought in;

Where their priceless blood reddens the grass, the ground;

Or to the rows of the hospital tent, or under the roof'd hospital;

To the long rows of cots, up and down, each side, I return;

To each and all, one after another, I draw near-not ondo I miss;

An attendant follows, holding a tray-he carries a refusepail,

Soon to be fill'd with clotted rags and blood, emptied and fill'd again….

The hurt and wounded I pacify with soothing hand, I sit by the restless all the dark night-some are so young;

Some suffer so much-I recall the experience sweet and sad;

(Many a soldier's loving arms about this neck have cross'd and rested,

Many a soldier's kiss dwells on these bearded lips).

(Whitman 1914, pp. 241–244)

rebecca j. frey

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Price, Angel. "Whitman's Wartime Washington: Whitman's Drum Taps and Washington's Civil War Hospitals." Available from http://xroads.virginia.edu/.

Whitman, Walt. Leaves of Grass. New York: Mitchell Kennerly, 1914. (Drum-Taps was often included in later editions of Leaves of Grass).

Many civilian women who rushed to volunteer as nurses were answering the call issued by the Women's Central Association for Relief in New York City. The first women nurses came under the supervision of Dorothea Dix (1802-1887), a well-known reformer who had improved prison care and petitioned federal and state governments to establish mental hospitals over the past two decades. Dix was a no-nonsense, authoritarian figure and issued strict entrance requirements for the women who came to her headquarters on H Street in Washington, DC. They were barred from wearing curled hair, hoop skirts, or jewelry, and instructed to wear plain garments of black or brown cloth. Furthermore, Dix wanted them to be thirty years of age or older. Thirty was considered well past the limit of marital eligibility, and Dix believed that the rule would discourage women from volunteering as a way to look for husbands. But Dix soon fell out with Army officials and the executives of the U.S. Sanitary Commission, the organization that had begun training volunteer nurses, and was forced to relinquish much of her authority. As the demand for nurses increased after the first major battles in 1861, with thousands of wounded needing urgent care, Dix's standards were ignored altogether.

A Turning Point for American Women

Northern and Southern women alike served as nurses in military facilities under the intense objections of many, from their families to Army doctors to the soldiers themselves, who were appalled by the idea of a woman seeing them incapacitated. In an era when not even the bare kneecaps of adults made public appearances in polite society, it was thought that women were ill-suited to handle the rigors of seeing bloody bandages, dealing with bedpans, and bathing patients. Yet most women were made of far sturdier material than the cultural taboos of the era made them out to be, and many rose to the challenge of the demanding, often gruesome work and the personal hardships that came with it.

One such woman was Hannah Ropes, who was nearing fifty when she enlisted as a nurse at a Washington hospital. Ropes came from a prominent Maine family; she had been active in the abolitionist movement and had worked in social reform efforts in New England. She wrote many letters to her grown daughter, Alice, who voiced hopes of joining her mother at the Union Hotel Hospital in Georgetown, but Ropes would not permit it. "It is no place for young girls. The surgeons are young and look upon nurses as their natural prey" (Rutkow 2005, p. 179). In the fall of 1862, Ropes was promoted to head nurse at Union Hotel Hospital, one of the first buildings in the federal capital to be converted for use as a hospital, but the immense building was poorly laid out and ill-suited for such use.

Louisa May Alcott's Experience

Life at Union Hotel Hospital was detailed by a 30-year-old journalist from Massachusetts who arrived as a volunteer nurse in December 1862. Louisa May Alcott (1832–1888) had yet to achieve the major fame she would earn for her semi-autobiographical tale of her three sisters and herself, Little Women. But she did gain some literary notice for her Hospital Sketches, written after she was forced to give up her 90-day stint early after contracting typhoid fever. In this 1863 work, Alcott wrote that on her third day on the job, the hundreds of wounded from the Battle of Fredericksburg arrived at dawn, but before she even saw her first battlefield wounds, "the first thing I met was a regiment of the vilest odors that ever assaulted the human nose" (Alcott 1885, p. 28).

Alcott wrote of the dreadfully unsanitary conditions at the hospital, and of the rats and lice that infested every floor. She shared a room with another nurse, which she described as well-ventilated thanks to its broken windows; their furniture consisted of a pair of iron beds with threadbare mattresses and "furnished with pillows in the last stages of consumption [tuberculosis]" as well as a fireplace too small to hold a log entirely (Alcott 1885, p. 61). "I tripped over it a dozen times a day, and flew up to poke it a dozen times at night. A mirror (let us be elegant!) of the dimensions of a muffin, and about as reflective, hung over a tin basin, blue pitcher, and a brace of yellow mugs" (Alcott 1885, p. 62). There was a closet for belongings, but it was already full, and "I always opened it with fear and trembling, owing to rats, and shut it in anguish of spirit" (Alcott 1885, p. 62).

Alcott and the other nurses were forced to abandon whatever task they were doing once the dinner bell was rung, for if they came late to the table, they sometimes found most of the food gone. The three daily meals

… consisted of beef, evidently put down for the men of [17]76; pork, just in from the street; army bread, composed of saw-dust and saleratus [baking soda]; butter, salt as if churned by Lot's wife; stewed blackberries, so much like preserved cockroaches, that only those devoid of imagination could partake thereof with relish; coffee, mild and muddy; tea: three dried huckleberry leaves to a quart of water flavored with lime also animated and unconscious of any approach to clearness. (Alcott 1885, p. 63)

Despite the hardships, Alcott tried to venture out every day for a walk—a young single woman, living alone in a large city where she had no family and no real constraints on her daily life, was a remarkably rare occurrence in this era—and was fascinated by the Southern blacks she saw for the first time in her life, whom she described as far different from "the respectable members of society I had known in moral Boston" (Alcott, 1885, p. 74). Slavery had been abolished in the federal capital district only the previous April with the Compensated Emancipation Act, which authorized payments to slaveholders in exchange for freeing them. The newly freed slaves continued to work for their former masters for the most part. Alcott wrote that she

…had not been there a week before the neglected, devil-may care expression in many of the faces about me, seemed an urgent appeal to leave nursing white bodies, and take some care for these black souls…. I liked them, and found that any show of interest or friendliness brought out the better traits which live in the most degraded and forsaken of us all. (Alcott 1885, p. 75)

Alcott remarked on the cheerful demeanor of blacks and obvious affection for their children, and noted that "the men and boys sang and whistled all day long… as I listened, I felt that we never should doubt nor despair concerning a race which, through such griefs and wrongs, still clings to this good gift, and seems to solace with it the patient hearts that wait and watch and hope until the end" (Alcott 1885, p. 75).

A Strong-Willed Southern Nurse

Confederate women also took up nursing the wounded in sometimes hastily established hospitals. Felicia Grundy Porter was a well-known Tennessean who set up hospitals in Nashville and served as president of the Women's Relief Society of the Confederate States. Kate Cumming, a native of Scotland who had emigrated with her family first to Canada before settling in Mobile, Alabama, cared for the wounded at a Corinth, Mississippi, hospital that handled victims of the Battle of Shiloh. She was in her late twenties at the time, and served against the strenuous objections of her family. She first chronicled her experiences in an 1866 book, A Journal of Hospital Life in the Confederate Army of Tennessee. These passages were later revised for her 1895 title, Gleanings from Southland: Sketches of Life and Manners of the People of the South before, during, and after the War of Secession, with Extracts from the Author's Journal. In the final weeks of the war Cumming traveled with the Confederate Army of Tennessee in Georgia, and her journal recounts that she did not learn of the surrender of the Confederate forces on April 9, 1865, until eight days later. "The enemy did not come last night, but I expect they will honor us today," Cumming wrote on April 19. "We sat up all night in terror, starting at every sound" (Cumming 1895, p. 222). Later that evening, she watched from the balcony of the house where she was staying as Union troops destroyed railroad tracks. A few weeks later, she reacted strongly to news that President Andrew Jackson was planning to station federal troops in the vanquished Southern states. "What wound was ever healed by constant irritation?" she wrote. "If he wishes the South to live in peace and harmony with the North, it will never be done by oppression. History gives us no such examples" (Cumming 1895, pp. 235–236).

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Alcott, Louisa M. Hospital Sketches and Camp and Fireside Stories. Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1885.

Cumming, Kate. Gleanings from Southland: Sketches of Life and Manners of the People of the South before, during, and after the War of Secession, with Extracts from the Author's Journal. Birmingham, AL: Roberts & Son, 1895.

Nightingale, Florence. Notes on Nursing: What It Is, and What It Is Not. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1860.

Rutkow, Ira M. Bleeding Blue and Gray: The Untold Story of Civil War Medicine. New York: Random House, 2005.

Carol Brennan

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Nursing

Nursing


This entry has two unique essays on the topic of nursing, differing mainly in their geographical focus.

Nursing in the Caribbean
Glenn O. Phillips

Nursing in the United States
Samuel Roberts

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