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Ulysses

Ulysses

The Greek hero Odysseus* was known to the Romans as Ulixes, which became Ulysses in English. This name has been used in English translations of Homer's* Iliad and Odyssey since the l600s and in other literature based on the life of Odysseus.

In Dante's The Divine Comedy, written in the late 1200s, a character named Ulysses told of a voyage beyond the Pillars of Herculestwo peaks at the western entrance to the Mediterranean. His goal was to explore the unknown world, and he and his crew sailed westward for five months. Just as they sighted land, a fierce storm destroyed their ship and killed them.

In the literature of the Middle Ages, Ulysses was often portrayed as a liar and a rogue. In his poem "The Rape of Lucrèce," Shakespeare referred to "sly Ulysses." In the mid-1800s, Alfred, Lord Tennyson portrayed the hero's final years in his poem Ulysses.

James Joyce's novel Ulysses, written in 1922, is based on the Odyssey. Each chapter in the novel takes a different episode from Homer's work to document a single hour of a day in Dublin.

See also Odysseus; Odysseym, The.

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Ulysses

Ulysses.
1. Cantata by Seiber, 1946–7, based on text from Joyce's novel of same name (1922).

2. Opera (Ulisse) by Dallapiccola, 1959–68, in prologue, 2 acts, and epilogue, to his own lib. based on Homer. Prod. Berlin 1968, London 1969 (BBC studio perf.).

3. Opera (Ulysse) in 5 acts by Rebel to lib. by H. Guichard based on Homer. Prod. Paris 1703.

4. Opera (Ulysses) in 3 acts by Keiser to lib. by F. M. Lersner after Guichard's lib. Ulysse. Prod. Copenhagen 1722.

5.  Opera (Ulysses) in 3 acts by J. C. Smith to lib. by S. Humphreys based on Homer. Prod. London 1733.

 See also Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria.

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Ulysses

Ulysses the Roman name for Odysseus; he is referred to as the type of a traveller or adventurer, and also of a crafty and clever schemer.
Ulysses' bow able to be bent by Ulysses alone; on his return to Ithaca, he finds that his wife Penelope has agreed that she will marry whichever of her suitors can bend and string the bow, and only Ulysses can achieve this.

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Ulysses

Ulysses A NASA and ESA probe, launched in 1990, carrying the International Solar Polar Mission to fly over the poles of the Sun, which cannot be seen from Earth, and to study the solar wind. It travelled first to Jupiter for a gravity assist.

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Ulysses

Ulysses: see Odysseus.

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Ulysses

Ulysses See Odysseus

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Ulysses

Ulysses •fasces • calces • heartsease •Albigenses, amanuenses, menses, Waldenses •syllepses •oases, parabases •aposiopeses, exegeses, faeces (US feces), theses •radices • appendices • indices •codices • pontifices •analyses (US analyzes), paralyses •helices • Ulysses • nemeses • apices •haruspices •administratrices, dominatrices, matrices, testatrices •tortrices • executrices • diaereses •cortices, vortices •vertices • parentheses • syntheses •hypotheses, protheses •cervices •Anchises, Cambyses, cicatrices, crises, Pisces •synopses •apotheoses, diagnoses, misdiagnoses, neuroses, prognoses, psychoses, scleroses, symbioses •anacruses, cruces •anabases • apodoses • emphases •anamorphoses • periphrases •thoraces • entases • protases •iconostases

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