Skip to main content

Umaña Bernal, José (1899–1982)

Umaña Bernal, José (1899–1982)

José Umaña Bernal (b. 18 December 1899; d. 1 August 1982), Colombian poet and politician. A member of the Los Nuevos generation, Umaña studied with the Jesuits and attended law school at the National University. A multifaceted man, he was a professional reporter, collaborating on newspapers and journals. As a man of the theater, he wrote the prize-winning play El buen amor (1927) and directed Bogotá's Municipal Theater in the 1930s. As a politician, he served in parliament, became Colombia's consul to Chile (1927), and traveled throughout Europe, the United States, and Latin America. As a poet, Umaña was rooted in Parnassian and Symbolist esthetics. True to his heritage, he maintained an intellectual approach to poetry, adhering to formal precision, musicality, and purity of language. After he translated Rainer Maria Rilke's works, his own earlier emphasis on love and sadness became tinged with introspection and concern for his own death. His best poetry collections are: Décimas de luz y yelo (1942), Poesía 1918–1945 (1951), and Diario de Estoril (1948).

See alsoJournalism; Theater.


Diccionario de la literatura latinoamericana: Colombia (1959).

Fernando Charry Lara, Poesía y poetas colombianos (1985).

Luis María Sánchez López, Diccionario de escritores colombianos (1978).

Additional Bibliography

Díaz-Granados, Federico. Poemas a la patria. Bogotá: Planeta, 2000–3.

                                  MarÍa A. Salgado

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Umaña Bernal, José (1899–1982)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 23 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Umaña Bernal, José (1899–1982)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (January 23, 2019).

"Umaña Bernal, José (1899–1982)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.