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Liberal Party

Liberal Party Canadian political party. Holding principles similar to the British Liberal Party, it was formed in 1854 by a union of the more radical elements of the Reformers. Their first administration (1873–78), under Alexander Mackenzie, was anti-railway and advocated free trade. Under the leadership of Wilfrid Laurier (1896–1911), the Liberals supported ethnic conciliation, independence and immigration. The party opposed conscription in World War II, finding support among the French and the western Progressives. Later, it held power under Lester Pearson (1963–68), Pierre Trudeau (1968–79, 1980–84), John Turner (1984) and Jean Chrétien (1993– ).

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