Jacob ben Samson

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JACOB BEN SAMSON (early 12th century), a pupil of *Rashi, whose customs he reported. Jacob was apparently one of the teachers of Jacob *Tam. According to the tosafists, Jacob was the author of a work entitled Seder Olam, a chronology of the tannaim and amoraim similar to that found in the anonymous commentary to Pirkei Avot, in the Maḥzor *Vitry. Until recently Jacob was regarded as the author of this commentary, but it has now been established that it is not his, though it contains extracts from his commentary on Avot, as well as a number of verses with the acrostic of his name.


A. Berliner, in: S. Hurwitz (ed.), Maḥzor Vitry (19232), 184–7; Abraham b. Azriel, Arugat ha-Bosem, ed. by E.E. Urbach, 4 (1963), 79–80; Ta-Shma, in: ks, 42 (1966/67), 507–8.

[Israel Moses Ta-Shma]

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Jacob ben Samson

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