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Jacob Joseph of Polonnoye

Jacob Joseph of Polonnoye (c.1710–84), Ḥasidic teacher and author, known as Toledot (from his book Toledot Yaʿakov Yosef, ‘The Generations of Jacob Joseph’, 1780). Already a rabbi, he met and became a disciple of Baʿal Shem Tov (Israel ben Eliezer) when he was about 35. He became a zaddik, understanding the zaddik as ‘the soul of the world’. His other major works (alluding to Joseph in the title) were Ben Porat Yosef (‘Joseph is a Fruitful Vine’, 1781), Tzafenat Paneʾah (the name given to Joseph by Pharaoh in Genesis 41. 45, 1782), and Ketonat Passim (‘Coat of Many Colours’, pub. 1866).

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