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Morris, Roger

Morris, Roger (1695–1749). London-born architect, an important figure in the history of Palladianism, the Gothic Revival, and Castle style. A kinsman of Robert Morris, he was associated with Colen Campbell and Henry Herbert, 9th Earl of Pembroke, functioning as the last's amanuensis and interpreter of his architectural designs. He appears to have assisted Campbell, notably on the designs for Goodwood House, Sussex, before collaborating with Herbert on a number of projects including Marble Hill, Twickenham, Mddx (1724–9), the White Lodge, Richmond New Park (1727–8), the Column of Victory, Blenheim Palace, Oxon. (1730–1), the Palladian Bridge at Wilton, Wilts. (1736–7), and Westcombe House, Blackheath, Kent (c.1730—demolished). He enlarged Adderbury House, Oxon. (1831), for the 2nd Duke of Argyll (1678–1743), designed the stable-block at Althorp House, Northants. (c.1732–3), with a Tuscan portico based on Inigo Jones's St Paul's, Covent Garden, London (itself derived from Palladio), and produced his masterpiece, Inveraray Castle, Argyll (1745–60), for the 3rd Duke of Argyll (1682–1761). Earlier, he built Clearwell Castle, Glos. (c.1728) in a castellated Gothic style, but Inveraray was the precedent for a series of symmetrical Georgian ‘castles’, and may itself be derived from a sketch by Vanbrugh.

Bibliography

Colvin (1995);
E. Kaufmann (1955);
L&C (1973);
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004);
Summerson (ed.) (1993)

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Morris, Roger

Roger Morris, 1727–94, Loyalist in the American Revolution, b. Yorkshire, England. He came (1755) to America as aide-de-camp to Gen. Edward Braddock and fought under James Wolfe at Quebec. After his service in the British army he settled (1764) in New York City with his wife, Mary Philipse. They lived in the famous Morris Mansion (later the Jumel Mansion). At the outbreak of the American Revolution, Morris was sympathetic to the British but refused to fight against the patriots. His wife, Mary Philipse Morris, 1730–1825, inherited her wealth from her father, Frederick Philipse. Handsome and imperious, she is said to have attracted numerous suitors, among them George Washington. After her marriage (1758) her property holdings—including a large estate in Putnam co., N.Y.—were passed on to Roger Morris. Soon after the outbreak of the American Revolution the family's property was confiscated by an act of attainder of the New York state legislature. Subsequently, she left (1783) for England with her husband and four children. Her heirs (who by Mary Philipse's marriage settlement had a right to those estates and had not themselves been attainted) sold their reversionary interests to John Jacob Astor for £20,000. To this the British government added £17,000 in compensation for Morris's losses incurred by New York state's confiscation.

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Morris, Roger

MORRIS, Roger

MORRIS, Roger. American, b. 1938. Genres: History, International relations/Current affairs, Politics/Government. Career: Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, teaching fellow in government, 1965-66; U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC, foreign service officer and executive secretariat of secretary of state, 1966-67; White House, Washington, DC, staff member, 1967; National Security Council, Washington, DC, staff member, 1968, senior staff member, 1968-70; legislative assistant for U.S. Senator Walter Mondale, 1970-72; Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, DC, director of policy studies, 1972-74; writer. Publications: (with K. Miller and others) Passing By: The U.S. and Genocide in Burundi, 1973; (with H. Sheets) Disaster in the Desert: Humanitarian Relief in the African Drought, 1974; Uncertain Greatness: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy, 1977; Haig: The General's Progress, 1982; The Devil's Butcher Shop: The New Mexico Prison Uprising, 1983; Richard Milhous Nixon: The Rise of an American Politician, 1990; Promises of Change: Image and Reality in the Clinton Presidency, 1993; Partners in Power, 1996; (with S. Denton) The Money and the Power, 2001. Address: 181 9 Mile Rd, Santa Fe, NM 87508- 8912, U.S.A.

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Morris, Roger

Morris, Roger

MORRIS, ROGER. (1727–1794). British officer and Loyalist. Born in Yorkshire, England, on 28 January 1727, Morris served at the Battles of Falkirk and Culloden and then in Flanders as a captain of the Forty-eighth Regiment. In 1755 he went to America as General Edward Braddock's aide-de-camp and was wounded in the disastrous expedition against Fort Duquesne on 9 July 1755. After purchasing the rank of major in the Thirty-fifth Regiment on 16 February 1758, Morris served at the siege of Louisbourg, the capture and defense of Quebec, the siege of Montreal, and as aide-de-camp to Generals Thomas Gage and Jeffrey Amherst. In May 1760 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the Forty-seventh Regiment. Having married Mary Philipse, one of the wealthiest women in America, in 1758, Morris sold his commission in 1764 and settled in New York City, becoming a member of the colony's royal council. With the outbreak of the Revolution, Morris went to England, returning in December 1777, when the British restored the council under Governor James Robertson. Morris again served on the council, was given the rank of colonel, and from January 1779 until the end of the war was inspector of refugee claims. The New York legislature confiscated Morris's property, worth an estimated quarter-million pounds in October 1777. Morris left New York City with the British army. Back in London, he petitioned the government for £68,384, which he claimed was the value of property lost in the Revolution; the government awarded him £12,205. He and his family settled in York, where he died on 13 September 1794.

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