portico. Covered ambulatory consisting of a series of columns placed at regular intervals supporting a roof, normally attached as a colonnaded porch to a building, but sometimes forming a separate structure (e.g. James Stuart's Doric Temple at Hagley, Worcs. (1758) ). The volume so created can be open or partly enclosed at the sides, stand before a building such as a temple, and often have a pediment over the front, in which case it is described as a temple-front. A Classical portico can be defined with precision. The main types are:engaged: with the portico not standing in front of the building but with the ensemble of columns, entablature, and pediment embedded in the front wall, i.e. engaged;in antis: with the columns set in a line between the projecting walls enclosing the sides of the portico, i.e. between the antae (see anta) of the walls;prostyle: with the columns set in a line standing before and detached from the front wall of the building behind.In both in antis and prostyle porticoes the design is further defined by the number of columns visible on the front elevation: the commonest varieties are distyle (2, usually in antis); tristyle (3); tetrastyle (4); pentastyle (5); hexastyle (6); heptastyle (7); octastyle (8); enneastyle (9); decastyle (10); and dodecastyle (12). Even numbers of columns are usual to ensure a void on the central axis for the door. A portico with 4 columns standing in front of the main wall of the building behind it is prostyle tetrastyle, and if it has 2 set between the antae of flanking walls it is distyle in antis. See colonnade, intercolumniation.
J. Curl (1992)
J. Curl (1992)
por·ti·co / ˈpôrtiˌkō/ • n. (pl. -coes or -cos) a structure consisting of a roof supported by columns at regular intervals, typically attached as a porch to a building.
portico rocfed walk supported on columns. XVII. — It. portico :— L. porticus PORCH.
More From encyclopedia.com
Stoa , stoa stoa. 1. Type of Ancient Greek portico of limited depth but great length, with a long wall at the back and a colonnade on the front, usually fac… Anta , anta (pl. antae). 1. Square or rectangular pier formed by the thickening of the end of a wall, e.g. in Greek temples, where the side-walls or pteroma… front , front / frənt/ • n. 1. the side or part of an object that presents itself to view or that is normally seen or used first; the most forward part of so… Greek Architecture , Greek Building Techniques. Almost all major Greek architecture employed the simple "post and lintel" system. In this method of building, two or more… Pseudo- , pseudo-. False, counterfeit, pretended, or deceptively resembling something. Pseudodìpteral refers to a Classical building with the appearance of bei… Paeonius or Paionios of Ephesus , Paeonius or Paionios of Ephesus (fl. 350–310 bc). Ancient Greek architect, he was partly responsible (with Demetrius and, possibly, Deinocrates) for…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic