Stuart, James ‘Athenian’
Stuart designed the garden-buildings at Hagley, Worcs. (1758), and Shug-borough, Staffs. (1760s), that were apparently the first buildings in C18 Europe to have the Greek Orders. He designed a Palladian house with Grecian details at 15 St James's Square, London (1763–6—later altered). He was also responsible for the exquisite interiors (including some of the earliest C18 uses of Pompeian motifs) of Spencer House, Green Park, London (1759–65), Holdernesse (later Londonderry) House, Hertford Street, London (c.1760–5—demolished), the beautiful Chapel at Greenwich Hospital, London (1780–8—assisted by William Newton (1735–90) ), and the Tower of the Winds, Mount Stewart, Co. Down (1782–3). Had he not been so idle, his command of Neo-Classicism, including his knowledge of Greek and Roman decorations, together with his flair for synthesizing various schemes of ornament, could have made him a dangerous rival to the Adam brothers.
AH, xxii (1979), 72–7;
J. Friedman (1993);
E. Harris (1990);
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004);
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
Jane Turner (1996);
D. Watkin (1982);
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