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1. Inner cell or sanctuary of a Greek temple, equivalent to the Roman cella, containing the statue of the deity.

2. Sanctuary of a centrally planned Byzantine church.

3. Small shrine, often portable, e.g. the battered-sided Egyptian type, carried by a Naöphorus figure.


J. Curl (2005);
Dinsmoor (1950)

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naos (nā´ŏs), inner portion of a Greek temple, enclosed within walls and generally surrounded by colonnaded porticoes. In it stood the statue of the deity to whom the temple was consecrated. The naos was provided with a columned porch, typically only in front (pronaos) but often also at the back (opisthodomos). It was the prototype for the cella of the Roman temple.