Skip to main content

Roger of Swyneshed

ROGER OF SWYNESHED

English Benedictine, logician, and natural philosopher; d. Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset, shortly before May 12, 1365. He has been confused with the Merton mathematician, richard of swyneshed. Roger had no known connection with Merton College, but he attended Oxford early in the 1330s. He was probably a regent in arts (133035) and then became a master of theology, presumably of Oxford. Since it is not known when he became a Benedictine monk, he may have incepted as a secular master. He wrote De obligationibus et insolubilibus, two treatises on logic often found together, some time before 1335. These were used as textbooks at some Continental universities in the late Middle Ages (see logic, history of). Between 1328 and 1338 he wrote a work on physics, De motibus naturalibus, concerned in part with "the possible proportions of velocities in moving bodies," which had an importance in medieval science that is not yet fully appreciated. He is supposed to have written a work entitled De consequentiis, on the logic of consequences. If he wrote any works on theology they have not yet been identified. Friar Richard Trevytlam, in his defense of the mendicant friars against the monks, De laude universitatis oxoniae (c. 136770), upholds Roger, "subtilis Swynyshed" of good memory, as an ideal monk.

Bibliography: j. a. weisheipl, "R. Swyneshed, O.S.B., Logician ," Oxford Studies Presented to Daniel Callus (Oxford 1964) 231252, differentiates between Richard, John, and Roger Swyneshed and corrects a. b. emden, A Biographical Register of the Scholars of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500, 3 v. (Oxford 195759) 3:1837.

[f. d. blackley]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Roger of Swyneshed." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Apr. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Roger of Swyneshed." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/roger-swyneshed

"Roger of Swyneshed." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved April 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/roger-swyneshed

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.