1600-1754: Business and Communications: Chronology
1600-1754: Business and Communications: Chronology
- The king of France grants a ten-year monopoly on the fur trade in eastern Canada to Pierre du Guast, Sieur de Monts.
- King James I charters two profit-seeking Virginia companies.
- John Rolfe plants his first successful crop of tobacco in Virginia.
- Dutch fur traders first arrive on the island of Manhattan.
- English convicts are sent to Virginia as indentured servants.
- Virginia planters export tobacco, and it quickly becomes a medium of exchange in the colony.
- The first Africans arrive in Jamestown, Virginia.
- A tobacco boom begins in the Chesapeake colonies.
- Edward Winslow, later governor of Plymouth Colony, introduces cattle to New England by importing one bull and three heifers from Devon, England.
- The English Crown takes control of Virginia.
- In exchange for goods worth sixty guilders (twenty-four dollars), the Dutchman Peter Minuit purchases Manhattan Island from local Indians.
- Lord Baltimore receives a land grant for the first proprietary colony in British North America; he names it Maryland.
- New England merchants enter the slave trade.
- The Five Nations of the Iroquois confederacy begin to wage war with neighboring tribes over control of the fur trade.
- The first patent in the colonies is awarded to Samuel Winslow for a process used in manufacturing salt.
- Joseph Jencks, a skilled English ironmaker, arrives in Lynn, Massachusetts, to establish an iron-and-brass works.
- The first American textile factory, a small woolen mill, is established at Rowley, Massachusetts.
- The first successful ironworks is founded on the Saugus River, near Lynn, Massachusetts.
- Joseph Jencks receives a Massachusetts patent for a scythe-grinding machine.
- Parliament begins to enact a series of navigation laws to regulate colonial commerce, industry, and shipping.
- The Massachusetts General Court licenses Richard Thurley to build and maintain a toll bridge over the Newbury River at Rowley. It is the first of its kind in the colonies and charges two shillings for horses, cows, and oxen; one-half shilling for hogs, sheep, and goats; and no fee for humans.
- A Maryland law makes slavery hereditary.
- A Virginia law makes slavery hereditary.
- King Charles II assigns his brother, James, Duke of York, the proprietor of the colony called New York.
- King Charles II awards New Jersey to Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret.
- The first mounted mail service is inaugurated between New York and Boston, and it takes three weeks for a rider to travel the route.
- More than six hundred ships and four thousand New England sailors are engaged in the fishing industry.
- German settlers in Pennsylvania establish the first paper mill.
- Large-scale whaling operations begin off of Nantucket, Massachusetts.
- Enslaved Africans begin to replace white indentured laborers in the Southern colonies.
- Benjamin Harris begins to publish the first newspaper in the British colonies, the Boston Pub lick Occurrences.
- Parliament creates the Board of Trade and Plantations to counsel the king regarding his North American possessions.
- Rice cultivation is introduced in South Carolina.
- Britain opens the slave trade to all its merchants.
- The Woolen Act prohibits the export of woolen goods from America or between the colonies.
- John Campbell establishes the Boston News-Letter.
- Whalers begin to hunt in deeper waters after Christopher Hussey becomes the first American to kill a sperm whale.
- Capt. Andrew Robinson of Gloucester, Massachusetts, builds the first American schooner.
- The volume of the slave trade doubles over the next fifteen years.
- Probably the first lighthouse in the colonies is built on Little Brewster Island in Boston Harbor.
- Scots-Irish immigrants begin to grow potatoes in Londonderry, New Hampshire.
- Rice exports from South Carolina grow over the course of the next thirty years.
- Benjamin Franklin begins to publish the Pennsylvania Gazette.
- The Hat Act prevents the production of beaver and felt hats in the colonies.
- A stagecoach line starts operations and connects Burlington with Amboy, New Jersey.
- The Molasses Act imposes a six-pence tax on each gallon of molasses imported from the French and Dutch sugar islands.
- Trustees open Georgia to debtors with the intention that they will help defend the colony from Spanish Florida.
- John Higley of Simsbury, Connecticut, mints the first copper coins in the colonies.
- James Oglethorpe convinces Parliament to ban slavery in Georgia.
- Indigo is established as a successful staple crop in South Carolina.
- Andrew Duché, a Huguenot residing in Savannah, Georgia, makes the first porcelain in British North America.
- The Iron Act prohibits the expansion of finished iron and steel manufacturing in british North America.
- The Currency Act prevents the colonies from establishing land banks and using public bills of credit to pay private debts.
- Sugarcane is introduced in Louisiana by Catholic missionaries; it is used to make taffia, a kind of rum.
- Georgia trustees legalize slavery.
"1600-1754: Business and Communications: Chronology." American Eras. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Jan. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.
"1600-1754: Business and Communications: Chronology." American Eras. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/1600-1754-business-and-communications-chronology
"1600-1754: Business and Communications: Chronology." American Eras. . Retrieved January 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/1600-1754-business-and-communications-chronology
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.