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Simaroubaceae A family of trees and shrubs, many of which have a bitter taste and contain compounds of medicinal use. The leaves are simple or pinnate, the stalks often jointed. The flowers are small, regular, and tri- or pentamerous, with an intrastamenal disc. The fruit is often drupe-like. There are 32 genera, with about 170 species, occurring mainly throughout the tropics and extending into temperate Asia.