CZERNIAK, MOSHE (1910–1984), Israel chess master. Czerniak was born in Warsaw and in 1934 settled in Palestine. Three times champion of Israel, he was active in promoting the game in the country. He represented Israel in international tournaments and in the chess Olympics. He contributed articles in Spanish, Polish, Russian and Hebrew to many periodicals, including his chess column in Haaretz, and the Argentinian chess reviews Estrategia and Revista Metropolitana which he edited between 1942 and 1949. He was also editor of 64 Squares (1956–59). His books include El final (1941);Botwinnik's Best Games (19462); Sefer ha-Shaḥmat (1963); and Toledot ha-Shaḥmat (1963).