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Krochmal, Nachman

Krochmal, Nachman (ReNak; 1785–1840). A founder of the ‘Science of Judaism’ (Wissenschaft des Judentums): see also ZUNZ, LEOPOLD. As a leader of the Haskalah movement, Krochmal's philosophy is summed up in his Moreh Nevukhei ha-Zeman (Guide to the Perplexed of Our Time, 1851). His main contribution was his attempt to study Hebrew literature, including the halakhah, in terms of its history and development.

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Krochmal, Nachman

Nachman Krochmal (näkh´män krôkh´mäl), 1785–1840, Jewish secular historian and writer, b. Galicia. He was a leader in the movement of the Jewish enlightenment and a pioneer of modern Jewish scholarship. He applied his synthesis of religion and philosophy to the writing and teaching of Jewish history. His most important work, Guide to the Perplexed of Our Age, in Hebrew, was published posthumously in 1851.

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