NACHOD, OSKAR (1859–1933), German historian and bibliographer. Born in Leipzig, Nachod began to write a definitive history of Japan. He abandoned the immense task after completing two volumes. These volumes, Die Urzeit (1906) and Die Uebernahme der chinesichen Kultur (1930), have remained classics. Nachod's magnum opus was the seven-volume Bibliographie von Japan (1928–44), the last parts of which were completed by other scholars. It is a catalog of books and periodical articles dealing with Japan published in European languages between 1906 and 1943.