Skip to main content

Weiss, Abraham

WEISS, ABRAHAM

WEISS, ABRAHAM (1895–1970), East European talmudic scholar and Zionist. Weiss was born in Podhajce, eastern Galicia. He completed his studies in history and classical philology at the University of Vienna in 1921 and received ordination at the Vienna Rabbinical Seminary in 1922. He taught Talmud and rabbinics at the Institute for Jewish Science in Warsaw (1928–1940) and at Yeshiva University in New York 1940–1967. In 1967 he settled in Israel, lecturing at Bar-Ilan University. From 1935 to 1940 Weiss was vice president of the Mizrachi Organization in Poland; he was also active in the World Zionist Organization for many years. Weiss was noted for his pioneering talmudic research, embodied in several articles dealing with the complete range of tannaitic, amoraic, and early gaonic literature. Most noteworthy for his examination of the Talmud's history and development are Hithavvut ha-Talmud bi-Shelemuto (1943), Le-Ḥeker ha-Talmud (1954), and Al ha-Yeẓirah ha-Sifrutit shel ha-Amora'im (1962). The application of scientific methodology to the clarification of talmudic law and literature and his resultant conclusions are best exemplified in Seder ha-Diyyun; Meḥkarim be-Mishpat ha-Talmud (1957), and Diyyunim u-Verurim be-Bava Kamma (1966). His views on the Mishnah's composition and structure are given in Le-Ḥeker ha-Sifruti shel ha-Mishnah (huca, 16 (1941), 1–33, Heb. sect.). His findings on the Babylonian Talmud's evolvement and the saboraic and early gaonic activities opened many new avenues in talmudic jurisprudence and historiography.

bibliography:

Abraham Weiss Jubilee Volume (1964), 1–80 (Eng. sec.), 1–72 (Heb. sec.). incl. bibl.

[Meyer S. Feldblum]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Weiss, Abraham." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 Jun. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Weiss, Abraham." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 25, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/weiss-abraham

"Weiss, Abraham." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved June 25, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/weiss-abraham

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.