Weiss, Albert Maria

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Theologian; b. Indersdorf, Bavaria, Apr. 22, 1844;d. Fribourg, Switzerland, Aug. 15, 1925. He was ordained in 1867, and after studies in Würzburg, Mainz, Bonn, Tübingen, and Cologne, he received the doctorate in theology at the University of Munich in 1870. While teaching at Freising (187276), he collaborated on the second edition of the Kirchenlexikon. In Graz, where he joined the Dominican Order in 1876, and in Vienna, he prompted a Catholic social movement. In 1883 he was appointed to the Roman commission for editing St. Thomas's works, but sickness caused him to leave Rome. In 1884 he taught at the Dominican Studium at Vienna; he taught sociology (189092) and fundamental theology (18951919) at the University of Fribourg. His teaching anticipated the encyclical Rerum novarum (1891). His principal works are: Die altkirchliche Pädagogik (Freiburg 1869), Gesetze für Kapitalzins u. Arbeitslohn (Freiburg 1883), Apologie des Christentums vom Standpunkt der Sitte u. der Kultur, 5 v. (Freiburg 187889, 4th ed. 190408), Lebensu. Gewissensfragen der Gegenwart, 2v. (Freiburg 1911), Liberalismus u. Christentum (Trier 1914), Lutherpsychologie (Mainz 1906).

Bibliography: r. fei, Memorie Domenicane 47 (1930) 4759. s. szabÓ, Analecta Sacri Ordinis Praedicatorum 17 (192526) 603614. g. hÄfele, Theologische-praktische Quartalschrift 79 (1926) 281296, 552567, 774784.

[a. m. walz]