Caine, Michael 1933–
Caine, Michael 1933–
(Sir Michael Caine, Michael Scott)
Original name, Maurice Joseph Micklewhite, Jr.; born March 14, 1933, in Bermondsey (some sources cite Rotherhithe), London, England; son of Maurice Joseph (a fish market porter) and Ellen Frances Marie (some sources cite name as Ellen Maria; a cook and cleaning woman; maiden name, Burchell) Micklewhite; married Patricia Haines (an actress), 1955 (some sources cite 1954; divorced 1958 [some sources cite 1957]); married Shakira Khatoon Baksh (a model, actress, and res-tauranteur), January 8, 1973; children: (first marriage) Dominique (Nikki); (second marriage) Natasha. Education: Attended Wilson's Grammar School, London, England; participated in acting apprenticeships and studied drama. Avocational Interests: Gardening, reading, collecting art, cooking, dancing, electronics.
Addresses: Agent—Dennis Selinger, International Creative Management, 76 Oxford St., London W1D 1BS, England.
Career: Actor. Worked at Peak Films and J. Arthur Rank. Affiliated with the production company Klinger-Caine-Hodges Productions. Owner of restaurants, including Langan's Brasserie, Shepherd's Restaurant, and South Beach Brasserie. Worked at a steel mill and in the food service industry, and as a cement mixer, dish washer, and driller. Also known as Sir Michael Caine. Military service: British Army, 1951–53; served in Germany and Korea.
Member: Screen Actors Guild, Actors' Equity Association.
Awards, Honors: Film Award nomination, best British actor, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, 1966, for The Ipcress File; Golden Laurel Award nomination, male new face of the year, Producers Guild of America, 1966; Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award and National Society of Film Critics Award, both best actor, Academy Award nomination, best actor in a leading role, Golden Globe Award nomination, best motion picture actor—drama, and Film Award nomination, best British actor, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, all 1967, for Alfie; Golden Globe Award nomination, best motion picture actor—musical/comedy, 1967, for Gambit; Golden Laurel Award nomination, male star, 1967; Academy Award nomination, best actor in a leading role, and Golden Globe Award nomination, best motion picture actor—drama, both 1973, and Evening Standard British Film Award, best actor, 1975, all for Sleuth; Golden Globe Award, best performance by an actor in a motion picture—comedy/musical, Film Award, best actor, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, and Academy Award nomination, best actor in a leading role, all 1984, for Educating Rita; Film Award nomination, best actor, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, 1984, for The Honorary Consul; Academy Award, best actor in a supporting role, Golden Globe Award nomination, best performance by an actor in a supporting role in a motion picture, and Film Award nomination, best actor, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, all 1987, for Hannah and Her Sisters; Variety Club Award, film actor of the year, 1988; Golden Globe Award, best performance by an actor in a miniseries or motion picture made for television, 1989, for Jack the Ripper; New York Film and Television Festival Gold Award, best special feature show, 1989, for The Trouble with Michael Caine; Golden Globe Award nomination, best performance by an actor in a motion picture—comedy/musical, 1989, for Dirty Rotten Scoundrels; Britannia Award, excellence in film, British Academy of Film and Television Arts/LA Britannia awards, 1990; Emmy Award nomination, outstanding lead actor in a miniseries or special, 1990, and Golden Globe Award nomination, best performance by an actor in a mini-series or motion picture made for television, 1991, both for Jekyll & Hyde; named a commander of the Order of the British Empire, 1992; Emmy Award nomination, outstanding lead actor in a miniseries or special, 1994, for World War II: When Lions Roared; Silver Seashell, best actor, San Sebastian International Film Festival, 1996, for Blood & Wine; named one of the top 100 movie stars of all time, Empire magazine, 1997; Emmy Award nomination, outstanding supporting actor in a miniseries or a special, 1997, Golden Globe Award nomination, best performance by an actor in a supporting role in a series, miniseries, or motion picture made for television, 1998, and Golden Satellite Award nomination, best performance by an actor in a supporting role in a miniseries or motion picture made for television, International Press Academy, 1998, all for Mandela and de Klerk; Career Achievement Award, National Board of Review, 1998; Dilys Powell Award, London Critics Circle Film awards, 1998; Special Award, Evening Standard British Film awards, for "services not only to British film, but also to international cinema," 1999; Golden Globe Award, best performance by an actor in a motion picture—comedy/musical, Screen Actors Guild Award, outstanding performance by a male actor in a supporting role in a theatrical motion picture, Film Award nomination, best performance by an actor in a leading role, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, Chicago Film Critics Association Award nomination, best supporting actor, Golden Satellite Award nomination, best performance by an actor in a motion picture—comedy or musical, British Independent Film Award nomination, best actor, and Screen Actors Guild Award nomination (with others), outstanding performance by a cast, all 1999, and ALFS Award, British supporting actor of the year, London Critics Circle Film awards, 2000, all for Little Voice; Lifetime Achievement Award, Empire awards, 2000; Donostia Lifetime Achievement Award, San Sebastian International Film Festival, 2000; academy fellowship, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, 2000; knighted by Queen Elizabeth II, 2000, for his contribution to the performing arts; Academy Award, best actor in a supporting role, Screen Actors Guild Award, outstanding performance by a male actor in a supporting role, Golden Globe Award nomination, best performance by an actor in a supporting role in a motion picture, Film Award nomination, best performance by an actor in a supporting role, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, Golden Satellite Award nomination, best performance by an actor in a supporting role, drama, and Screen Actors Guild Award nomination (with others), outstanding performance by a cast in a theatrical motion picture, all 2000, and Empire Award nomination, best British actor, 2001, for The Cider House Rules; ALFS Award nomination, British supporting actor of the year, 2001, for Quills; National Board of Review Award, best acting by an ensemble, and European Film Award nomination, best actor, both with others, both 2001, for Last Orders; named one of the greatest British actors, Orange 2001 Film Survey, 2001; Golden Satellite Award, best performance by an actor in a motion picture, drama, San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award, best actor, ALFS Award, actor of the year, Golden Kinnaree Award, best actor, Bangkok International Film Festival, Academy Award nomination, best actor in a leading role, Golden Globe Award nomination, best performance by an actor in a motion picture—drama, and Film Award nomination, best performance by an actor in a leading role, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, all 2003, for The Quiet American; named one of the 100 greatest movie stars, Channel 4 (England), 2003; Gala Tribute, Film Society of Lincoln Center, 2004; received a star on the Avenue of the Stars, London, 2005; subject of songs titled "Michael Caine" by Madness and by Bottlefly; mentioned in the song "Palace & Main" by Kent.
(Uncredited) Bit part, Sailor Beware! (also known as Panic in the Parlor), Distributors Corporation, 1956.
Private Lockyer, A Hill in Korea (also known as Hell in Korea), British Lion, 1956.
(Uncredited) Bit part, The Steel Bayonet, United Artists, 1957.
(Uncredited) Extra, Carve Her Name with Pride, J. Arthur Rank, 1958.
Gilrony, How to Murder a Rich Uncle (also known as Uncle George), Columbia, 1958.
Johnny Brent, Blind Spot, Butchers Film Service, 1958.
(Uncredited) The Key, Columbia, 1958.
(Uncredited) A Woman of Mystery, United Artists, 1958.
Bit part, Ice Cold in Alex (also known as Desert Attack), Associated British-Pathe Limited, 1958, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1961.
(Uncredited) Bridegroom, Passport to Shame (also known as The Girl in Room 43 and Room 43), Cory, 1959.
(Uncredited) Prisoner, Danger Within (also known as Breakout), Continental, 1959.
Second Gestapo agent, The Two-Headed Spy, Columbia, 1959.
(Uncredited) Sailor, The Bulldog Breed, J. Arthur Rank, 1960.
Weber, Foxhole in Cairo, British Lion, 1960.
(Uncredited) Police officer, The Day the Earth Caught Fire (also known as The Day the Sky Caught Fire), British Lion/Pax Films, 1961, Universal International Pictures, 1962.
(Uncredited) Paddy Mooney, The Wrong Arm of the Law, Continental Distributing, 1962.
Lieutenant Gonville Bromhead, Zulu, Embassy Pictures, 1964.
Harry Palmer, The Ipcress File (also known as Len Deighton's "The Ipcress File!'), Universal, 1965.
Alfie Elkins (title role), Alfie, Paramount, 1966.
Harold Tristan "Harry" Dean, Gambit, Universal, 1966.
Michael Finsbury, The Wrong Box, Columbia, 1966.
Handsome stranger, Woman Times Seven (also known as Sept fois femme and Sette volte donna), Embassy Pictures/Twentieth Century-Fox, 1967.
Harry Palmer, Billion Dollar Brain, United Artists, 1967.
Harry Palmer, Funeral in Berlin, Paramount, 1967.
Henry Warren, Hurry Sundown, Paramount, 1967.
Himself, Tonite Let's All Make Love in London (documentary; also known as The London Scene), Lorrimer Films, 1967.
Henry Clarke, Deadfall, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1968.
Himself, Wedding of the Doll (documentary), British Movietonews, 1968.
Squadron leader Canfield, The Battle of Britain, United Artists, 1968.
Captain Douglas, Play Dirty (also known as Written on the Sand), United Artists, 1969.
Charlie Croker, The Italian Job, Paramount, 1969.
Nicholas Urfe, The Magus, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1969.
Squadron leader Canfield, Battle of Britain, United Artists, 1969.
Himself, Simon, Simon (short film), [Great Britain], 1970.
Private Tosh Hearne, Too Late the Hero (also known as Suicide Run), Cinerama, 1970.
Alan Breck, Kidnapped, American International Pictures, 1971.
Captain, The Last Valley, Cinerama, 1971.
Jack Carter, Get Carter, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1971.
Chester Thomas "Mickey" King, Pulp, United Artists, 1972.
Milo Tindle, Sleuth, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1972.
Robert Blakeley, Zee and Co. (also known as X, Y and Zee), Columbia, 1972.
John Deray, The Marseilles Contract (also known as The Destructors and Marseille contrat), American International Pictures, 1974.
Major John Tarrant, The Black Windmill, Universal, 1974.
Jim Keogh, The Wilby Conspiracy, United Artists, 1975.
Leslie C. Tucker, Peeper (also known as Fat Chance), Twentieth Century-Fox/United Artists, 1975.
Lewis Fielding, The Romantic Englishwoman (also known as Une anglaise romantique), New World Pictures, 1975.
Peachy Carnehan, The Man Who Would Be King (also known as Rudyard Kipling's "The Man Who Would Be King"), Allied Artists, 1975.
Adam Worth, Harry and Walter Go to New York, Columbia, 1976.
Lieutenant colonel Kurt Steiner, The Eagle Has Landed, Columbia, 1976.
Doc Fletcher, Silver Bears (also known as Fool's Gold), Columbia, 1977.
Lieutenant colonel J. O. E. Vandeleur, A Bridge Too Far, United Artists, 1977.
Dr. Bradford "Brad" Crane, The Swarm, Warner Bros., 1978.
Sidney Cochran, California Suite (also known as Neil Simon's "California Suite"), Columbia, 1978.
Captain Mike Turner, Beyond the Poseidon Adventure, Warner Bros., 1979.
Dr. David Linderby, Ashanti (also known as Ashanti, Land of No Mercy), Columbia, 1979.
Blair Maynard, The Island, Universal, 1980.
Dr. Robert Elliott, Dressed to Kill, Filmways, 1980.
Captain John Colby, Victory (also known as Escape to Victory), Paramount, 1981.
Jonathan "Jon" Lansdale, The Hand, Orion/Warner Bros., 1981.
Sidney Bruhl, Deathtrap (also known as Ira Levin's "Deathtrap"), Warner Bros., 1982.
Sir Philip Kimberly/Sergei Kuzminsky, The Jigsaw Man, United Film Distribution, 1982.
Charley Fortnum, The Honorary Consul (also known as Beyond the Limit), Paramount, 1983.
Dr. Frank Bryant, Educating Rita, Columbia, 1983.
(In archive footage from Dressed to Kill) Dr. Robert Elliott, Terror in the Aisles (also known as Time for Terror), Universal, 1984.
Matthew Hollis, Blame It on Rio, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1984.
Noel Holcroft, The Holcroft Covenant, Universal, 1985.
Baxter Thwaites, Water (also known as Water: The Movie), Atlantic Releasing, 1986.
Elliot, Hannah and Her Sisters, Orion/Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1986.
Elliott James, Sweet Liberty, Universal, 1986.
Mortwell, Mona Lisa, New Yorker Films/Island Pictures/Handmade Films, 1986.
Frank Jones, The Whistle Blower, Hemdale Releasing, 1987.
Hoagie Newcombe, Jaws: The Revenge (also known as Jaws 4), Universal, 1987.
John Preston, The Fourth Protocol, J. Arthur Rank/Lorimar, 1987.
Lord Sam Bulbeck, Half Moon Street (also known as Escort Girl), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1987.
Narrator, Hero: The Official Film of the 1986 FIFA World Cup (documentary; also known as Hero), Enterprise, 1987.
Sean Stein, Surrender, Warner Bros., 1987.
Lawrence Jamieson, Dirty Rotten Scoundrels, Orion, 1988.
Sherlock Holmes/Reginald Kinkaid, Without a Clue (also known as The Imposter of Baker Street and Sherlock and Me), Orion, 1988.
Graham Marshall, A Shock to the System, Corsair Pictures, 1990.
Mike, Mr. Destiny, Buena Vista, 1990.
Sidney Lipton and Dr. Daniel Hicklar, Bullseye!, Columbia, 1991.
Cameo appearance, Death Becomes Her, Universal, 1992.
Ebenezer Scrooge, The Muppet Christmas Carol, Buena Vista, 1992.
Lloyd Fellowes, Noises Off …, Buena Vista, 1992.
Michael Jennings, On Deadly Ground (also known as Rainbow Warrior and Spirit Warrior), Warner Bros., 1994.
Victor, Blood & Wine, Twentieth Century-Fox/Fox Searchlight Pictures, 1997.
Dr. Wilbur Larch, The Cider House Rules, Miramax, 1998.
Haskell, Shadow Run, 1998.
Ray Say, Little Voice (also known as The Rise and Fall of Little Voice), Miramax, 1998.
The Debtors (also known as The Debtor$ and High Expectations), 1999.
Billy "Shiner" Simpson (title role), Shiner, IAC Film, 2000.
Cliff Brumby, Get Carter, Warner Bros., 2000.
Dr. Royer-Collard, Quills (also known as Quills—Macht der Besessenheit), Twentieth Century-Fox/Fox Searchlight Pictures, 2000.
Victor "Vic" Melling, Miss Congeniality (also known as Miss Undercover), Warner Bros., 2000.
Jack Dodds, Last Orders (also known as Letzte Runde), Sony Pictures Classics, 2001.
Jake Mellows (some sources cite Jack Mellows), Quicksand, First Look Pictures Releasing, 2001.
Nigel Powers, Austin Powers in Goldmember (also known as Austin Powers: Goldmember), New Line Cinema, 2002.
Thomas Fowler, The Quiet American (also known as The Spy and Der Stille Amerikaner), Miramax, 2002.
Garth, Secondhand Lions, New Line Cinema, 2003.
Pierre Brossard, The Statement, Sony Pictures Classics, 2003.
Tom O'Malley, The Actors, Miramax/FilmFour/Momentum Pictures, 2003.
Henry Lair, Around the Bend, Warner Independent Pictures, 2004.
Alfred Pennyworth, Batman Begins, Warner Bros., 2005, also released as Batman Begins: The IMAX Experience, IMAX Corporation, 2005.
Nigel Bigelow, Bewitched, Columbia, 2005.
Robert Spritz (some sources cite Robert Spritzel), The Weather Man (also known as El hombre del tiempo, O sol de Cada Manha, and Saeaemies), Paramount, 2005.
Jasper, Children of Men, Universal, 2006.
Cutter, The Prestige, Touchstone Pictures, c. 2006.
Janitor, Flawless, Delux Productions/Future Films/Pierce Williams Entertainment, 2007.
Some sources cite appearances in other films.
(Uncredited) Get Carter, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1971.
(Uncredited) Pulp, United Artists, 1972.
Executive producer, The Fourth Protocol, J. Arthur Rank, 1987.
Executive producer, Forever After, Little Wave Productions/M & M Productions, 2001.
Film Work; Other:
Technical advisor, A Hill in Korea (also known as Hell in Korea), British Lion, 1956.
Some sources cite work on Morning Departure (also known as Operation Disaster), General Film Distributors, 1950, United International Pictures, 1951.
Television Appearances; Series:
Police constable, No Wreath for the General, BBC, 1960.
Police constable, Walk a Crooked Mile, BBC, 1961.
Television Appearances; Miniseries:
Detective inspector Frederick Abberline, Jack the Ripper, Thames Television and CBS, 1988.
Josef Stalin, World War II: When Lions Roared (also known as World War II … Then There Were Giants), NBC, 1994.
Captain Nemo, 20,000 Leagues under the Sea, ABC, 1997.
Himself, The 100 Greatest Movie Stars, Channel 4 (England), 2003.
Television Appearances; Movies:
Third police constable, The Frog, 1958.
The Luck of the Draw, 1963.
The Playmates, 1963.
The Way with Reggie, 1963.
George Grant, The Other Man, 1964.
Dr. Henry Jekyll/Mr. Edward Hyde (title roles), Jekyll & Hyde, ABC and London Weekend Television, 1990.
Harry Anders, Blue Ice, HBO, 1993.
Harry Palmer, Bullet to Beijing (also known as Beijing Express and Len Deighton's "Bullet to Beijing"), Showtime, 1995.
Harry Palmer, Midnight in St. Petersburg (also known as Minuit a Saint-Petersbourg), The Movie Channel, 1995.
F. W. de Klerk, Mandela and de Klerk, Showtime, 1997.
Max Gale, Curtain Call (also known as Later Life), Starz!, 1998.
Television Appearances; Specials:
Bit part, "Requiem for a Heavyweight," Sunday-Night Theatre, BBC, 1957.
Helmsman, The Compartment, 1961.
Police constable Wimbush, Ring of Truth, 1961.
Willie Mossop, Hobson's Choice, 1962.
Funny Noises with Their Mouths, 1963.
Horatio, Hamlet (also known as Hamlet at Elsinore), BBC and Danmarks Radio, 1964.
Cornelius, "Cornelius," Saturday-Night Theatre (also known as Saturday Night Theatre: Cornelius), Associated Television, 1969.
Guest, "Male of the Species," Prudential's On Stage, NBC, 1969.
Rickles, CBS, 1975.
Inside "The Swarm," 1978.
Host, The Golden Gong (documentary), BBC, 1985.
Bob Hope's Happy Birthday Homecoming, NBC, 1985.
Night of 100 Stars II (also known as Night of One Hundred Stars), ABC, 1985.
This Time It's Personal—Jaws: The Revenge, syndicated, 1987.
The Trouble with Michael Caine, Independent Television (England), 1987.
Night of 100 Stars III (also known as Night of One Hundred Stars III), NBC, 1990.
Himself, Benny Hill: The World's Favorite Clown, BBC, 1991.
Himself, Siskel & Ebert: Actors on Acting, 1991.
Narrator, Into the Blue: Dolphin Rescue (documentary), 1991.
Himself, Roger Moore: A Matter of Class, Arts and Entertainment, 1995.
The First 100 Years: A Celebration of American Movies, 1995.
Himself, Elle s'appelait Francoise (documentary), [France], 1996.
Captain Nemo, The Making of Special: 20,000 Leagues under the Sea (documentary), ABC, 1997.
Hollywood Spies on Spies (documentary), American Movie Classics, 1999.
Himself, Steve Martin Seriously Funny, 2000.
(In archive footage) Himself, Playboy: Inside the Playboy Mansion, Arts and Entertainment, 2002.
Himself, Bob Hope at 100, BBC, 2003.
Himself, Children in Need, BBC, 2003.
(In archive footage) Himself, The Rise of the Celebrity Class, BBC, 2004.
(In archive footage) Retrosexual: The 80s, VH1, 2004.
(In archive footage) Unsere Besten—Das grosse Lesen, 2004.
Himself, Avenue of the Stars: 50 Years of Independent Television (also known as Avenue of the Stars), Independent Television, 2005.
Also appeared in specials preceding award presentation ceremonies. Some sources cite appearances in other programs.
Television Appearances; Awards Presentations:
The 45th Annual Academy Awards, NBC, 1973.
Presenter, The 50th Annual Academy Awards, ABC, 1978.
The American Film Institute Salute to John Huston, CBS, 1983.
Presenter, The 56th Annual Academy Awards, ABC, 1984.
(In archive footage) Elliot, The 59th Annual Academy Awards, ABC, 1987.
Presenter, The 61st Annual Academy Awards Presentation, ABC, 1989.
Presenter, The 63rd Annual Academy Awards Presentation, ABC, 1991.
Danny Kaye's International Children's Awards for UNICEF, The Disney Channel, 1992.
The 49th Annual Golden Globe Awards, TBS, 1992.
The American Film Institute Salute to Elizabeth Taylor, ABC, 1993.
(Uncredited) The 70th Annual Academy Awards, ABC, 1998.
The 56th Annual Golden Globe Awards, TBS, 1999.
The BBC and the BAFTA Tribute to Michael Caine, 2000.
The Orange British Academy Film Awards, 2000.
Premio Donostia a Michael Caine, 2000.
The 72nd Annual Academy Awards, ABC, 2000.
Presenter, The 59th Annual Golden Globe Awards, NBC, 2002.
Presenter, The 60th Annual Golden Globe Awards, NBC, 2003.
Julie Walters: A BAFTA Tribute, BBC, 2003.
The 75th Annual Academy Awards, ABC, 2003.
(In archive footage) Himself, Premio Donostia a Willem Dafoe, 2005.
AFI Life Achievement Award: A Tribute to Sean Connery (also known as 34th AFI Life Achievement Award), USA Network, 2006.
Television Appearances; Episodic:
(As Michael Scott) Third knight, "The Magic Sword," The Adventures of Sir Lancelot, syndicated, 1956.
Indian pedlar, "A Penn'orth of Allsorts," Dixon of Dock Green, BBC, 1957.
Brocklehurst, "Bracelets for the Groom," Dixon of Dock Green, BBC, 1958.
Folsham, "The Sucker Game," The Vise (also known as Detective's Diary, Mark Saber, Saber of London, Uncovered, and The Vise: Mark Saber), ABC, 1958.
"The Field," Navy Log, ABC, 1958.
Sergeant Wiener, "The General's Daughter," William Tell (also known as The Adventures of William Tell), Incorporated Television Company, 1959.
Tufty Morris, "Helmet on the Sideboard," Dixon of Dock Green, BBC, 1959.
Bit part, Charlesworth, BBC, c. 1959.
Helmsman, "The Ship That Couldn't Stop," Armchair Theatre, Associated British Picture Corporation, 1961.
Ray the Raver, "Goodbye Charlie," The Younger Generation, 1961.
Mooney, "Solo for Sparrow," Edgar Wallace Mysteries (also known as Edgar Wallace Mysteries: Solo for Sparrow), 1962.
Mystery guest, What's My Line?, CBS, 1966.
"Male of the Species," On Stage, syndicated, 1969.
Himself, Playboy after Dark, syndicated, 1969.
Himself, Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In (also known as Laugh-In), NBC, multiple episodes in 1969, 1970.
Himself, The Dick Cavett Show, ABC, 1970.
Himself, The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson (also known as The Best of Carson), NBC, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974.
Himself, V.I.P.—Schaukel, 1978.
Himself, Aspel & Company, Independent Television (England), 1984.
Himself, Good Morning Britain (also known as TV-am), Independent Television, 1986.
Himself, "Michael Caine: On Acting in Film, Arts, and Entertainment" (also known as "Michael Caine on Acting in Film"), Acting (documentary), BBC, c. 1987.
Himself, "Michael Caine: Breaking the Mold" (also known as "Michael Caine: Breaking the Mould"), Crazy about the Movies, Cinemax, 1991.
Narrator, "King Midas and the Golden Touch," We All Have Tales (also known as Rabbit Ears: King Midas and the Golden Touch), Showtime, c. 1991.
Himself, "Making It in London," Hollywood U.K., BBC, 1993.
Himself, "Northern Lights," Hollywood U.K., BBC, 1993.
"London," Clive James' Postcards, 1995.
Himself, TFI Friday (also known as Thank Four It's Friday), Channel 4 (England), 1996, 2000.
Himself, "London," Going Places (also known as Going Places: London), c. 1997.
Himself, Extra Rosa, 1997.
"The Hustons: Hollywood's Maverick Dynasty," Biography (also known as A & E Biography: The Hustons), Arts and Entertainment, 1998.
Himself, "Roger Moore," The Best of British, BBC, 1999.
Himself, Parkinson, BBC, 1999, 2003.
Himself, "John Barry: Licence to Thrill," Omnibus, BBC, 2000.
Himself, Breakfast with Frost, 2000.
Himself, The Film Programme (also known as Film 2000), BBC, 2000.
Himself, Inside the Actors Studio, Bravo, 2000.
(In archive footage) Legends, Carlton Television, 2000.
(In archive footage from Jaws: The Revenge) Hoagie Newcombe, "Jaws," The E! True Hollywood Story, E! Entertainment Television, 2002.
(In archive footage) Himself, "A Man for all Stages: The Life and Times of Christopher Plummer," Life and Times, CBC, 2002.
Himself, "On the Set with Michael Caine," Autograph, 2002.
Himself, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, NBC, 2002.
Himself, "The Quiet American," Anatomy of a Scene, Sundance Channel, c. 2002.
Himself, "Michael Caine," The Hollywood Greats (also known as Hollywood Greats), BBC, 2003.
Himself, The Daily Show (also known as The Daily Show with Jon Stewart and The Daily Show with Jon Stewart Global Edition), Comedy Central, 2003.
(As Sir Michael Caine) Himself, HARDtalk, BBC, 2003.
Himself, The Heaven and Earth Show, BBC, 2003.
Himself, Late Night with Conan O'Brien, NBC, 2003.
(As Sir Michael Caine) Himself, Richard & Judy, Channel 4, 2003.
Himself, The Charlie Rose Show (also known as Charlie Rose), PBS, 2003, 2005.
Himself, "Pavarotti: The Last Tenor," Arena (also known as Arena: Pavarotti—The Last Tenor), BBC, 2004.
Himself, GMTV, Independent Television, 2004.
Himself, Caiga quien caiga, Telecino (Spain), 2005.
(In archive footage) Himself, Cinema mil, Televisio de Catalunya (TV3, Spain), 2005.
Himself, Getaway (also known as United Travel Getaway), Nine Network (Australia), 2005.
(Uncredited; in archive footage) Himself, The Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson (also known as The Late Late Show), CBS, 2005.
Himself, The View, ABC, 2005.
Himself, The Film Programme (also known as Film 2006), BBC, 2006.
Some sources cite appearances in other programs, including the BBC Book Programme, BBC, c. 1960; and an episode of Biography (also known as A & E Biography), Arts and Entertainment.
Television Producer; Movies:
(With others) Blue Ice, HBO, 1993.
The Chimes, Theatre Workshop, London, c. 1950.
One More River, Liverpool, England, c. 1950.
The Long and the Short and the Tall, beginning 1959.
The Dumbwaiter, Royal Court Theatre, London, 1960.
The Room, Royal Court Theatre, 1960.
Bit part, Somewhere for the Night, c. 1961.
Why the Chicken, 1961.
James Saunders, Next Time, I'll Sing for You, Arts Theatre, then Criterion Theatre, both London, c. 1963.
Night of 100 Stars II (also known as Night of One Hundred Stars), Radio City Music Hall, New York City, 1985.
Night of 100 Stars III (also known as Night of One Hundred Stars), Radio City Music Hall, 1990.
Appeared in other productions. Appeared with the Westminster Repertory Company, Horsham, England, 1953, with the Lowestoft Repertory Company, Lowestoft, England, 1954–55, and with workshops in England.
The Long and the Short and the Tall, beginning c. 1959.
Assistant stage manager of the Westminster Repertory Company, 1953.
Don Rickles: Buy This Tape You Hockey Puck, 1975.
Acting in Film: An Actor's Take on Moviemaking, c. 1990.
Preminger: Anatomy of a Filmmaker, 1991.
The Cider House Rules: The Making of an American Classic, Miramax, 1999.
On the Set with "Secondhand Lions," New Line Home Video, 2004.
Bewitched: Star Shots, Sony Pictures Home Entertainment, 2005.
Casting a Spell: Making "Bewitched," Sony Pictures Home Entertainment, 2005.
It's a Good Day: The Making of "Around the Bend," Warner Home Video, 2005.
Why I Love "Bewitched," Sony Pictures Home Entertainment, 2005.
Relative Humidity: The Characters (featurette), Paramount Home Entertainment, 2006.
Voice of Alfred Pennyworth, Batman Begins, Electronic Arts, 2005.
Singles; with Others:
(Sample of his speech appeared in song) Madness, "Michael Caine," 1984.
Not Many People Know That!: Michael Caine's Almanac of Amazing Information, illustrated by John Jensen, Robson Books, 1984, published in the United States as Michael Caine's Almanac of Amazing Information, St. Martin's Press, 1985.
And Not Many People Know This Either!: Michael Caine's Second Collection of Amazing Information (also known as Not Many People Know This Either), Robson Books, 1985.
Not Many People Know It's 1988! (also known as Not Many People Know This Is 1988!), Robson Books, 1987.
Michael Caine's Moving Picture Show, St. Martin's Press, 1988.
Acting in Film: An Actor's Take on Moviemaking, Applause Theatre Book Publishers, 1990.
What's It All About? (autobiography), Turtle Bay Books, 1992.
(With Marco Pierre White) Canteen Cuisine: In the Kitchen with Michael Caine (also known as Canteen Cuisine), Ebury Press, 1995.
(Author of foreword) Ronald Neame with Barbara Roisman Cooper, Straight from the Horse's Mouth: Ronald Neame, an Autobiography (also known as Straight from the Horse's Mouth), Scarecrow Press, 2003.
Some sources cite Caine's involvement with the book Spies and Sleuths, 1997.
Scripts for Videos:
Acting in Film: An Actor's Take on Moviemaking, c. 1990.
Andrews, Emma, The Films of Michael Caine, second edition, BCW Publishing, 1977.
Hall, William, Raising Caine: The Authorised Biography, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1981, published in the United States as Raising Caine: The Authorized Biography, Prentice-Hall, 1982.
Judge, Philip, Michael Caine, Hippocrene Books, 1985.
Gallagher, Elaine, Candidly Caine, Robson Books, 1990.
International Directory of Films and Filmmakers, Volume 3: Actors and Actresses, fourth edition, St. James Press, 2000.
Elle, June, 1986, pp. 34-40.
Empire, October, 1997, p. 100; October, 1998, p. 9.
Film Comment, July/August, 1980; March, 2004, pp. 26-27, 29-30, 32, 34, 26.
Films and Filming, April/May, 1969; January, 1985.
Interview, June, 1986, pp. 62-63.
Movieline's Hollywood Life, July, 2005, pp. 68-71, 108.
New York Resident, September 22, 2003.
New York Times, March 12, 2000; November 18, 2002.
Parade, February 9, 2003, pp. 4-7.
People Weekly, May 4, 1987, p. 104; December 7, 1992, p. 93; March 27, 2000, pp. 105-106.
Photoplay, July, 1979, pp. 74, 78, 79.
Premiere, January, 1999, p. 42; November, 2005, p. 128.
Radio Times, October 27, 1990, p. 30.
Starlog, June, 1997.
Stills, October, 1984.
Time Out, September 16, 1992.
Times (London), January 30, 1999; February 16, 2000; December 3, 2002.
US, July 14, 1986, pp. 34-40.
Vanity Fair, December, 1992, p. 150.
Washington Post, February 2, 2003, pp. G1, G15.
Michael Caine.com—The Official Michael Caine Website, http://www.michaelcaine.com, March 17, 2006.
"Caine, Michael 1933–." Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/caine-michael-1933
"Caine, Michael 1933–." Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. . Retrieved November 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/caine-michael-1933
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Nationality: British. Born: Maurice Micklewhite in London, 14 March 1933. Military Service: 1951–53—served in Korea with Royal Fusiliers. Family: Married 1) Patricia Haines, 1954 (divorced 1956), one daughter; 2) Shakira Khatoon Baksh, 1973, one daughter. Career: Late 1940s-early 1950s—acted with amateur groups while working as a laborer; 1954–56—played small parts in provincial theaters and Joan Littlewood's Theatre Workshop; appeared frequently on British television; 1956—began appearing in bit roles in feature films; 1964—critical attention for role in Zulu; 1965—played role of Harry Palmer in first of series of films, The Ipcress File; early 1970s—involved with Klinger-Caine-Hodges Productions; 1980s—much work for TV, including Jack the Ripper, 1988, and Jekyll and Hyde, 1990. Awards: British Academy Award for Best Actor, for Educating Rita, 1983; Best Supporting Actor Academy Award, for Hannah and Her Sisters, 1986; CBE, 1993; Best Actor Golden Globe Award for Little Voice, 1999. Address: c/o Dennis Selinger, International Creative Management, Oxford House, 76 Oxford Street, London W1N OAX, England.
Films as Actor:
A Hill in Korea (Hell in Korea) (Amyes) (bit role as Pvt. Lockyer)
How to Murder a Rich Uncle (Patrick) (as Gilrony)
The Key (Reed) (bit role); Blind Spot (Maxwell) (bit role); The Two Headed Spy (de Toth) (bit role as 2nd Gestapo agent); Carve Her Name with Pride (Gilbert)
Passport to Shame (Room 43) (Rakoff) (bit role); Danger Within (Breakout) (Chaffey) (bit role)
Foxhole in Cairo (Moxey) (as Weber); The Bulldog Breed (Asher) (bit role)
The Day the Earth Caught Fire (Guest) (bit role)
Solo for Sparrow (Flemyng) (as Mooney); The Wrong Arm of the Law (Owen) (bit role)
Zulu (Endfield) (as Lt. Gonville Bromhead)
The Ipcress File (Furie) (as Harry Palmer)
Alfie (Gilbert) (title role); The Wrong Box (Forbes) (as Michael); Gambit (Neame) (as Harry); Funeral in Berlin (Hamilton) (as Harry Palmer); Hurry Sundown (Preminger) (as Henry Warren)
Billion Dollar Brain (Russell) (as Harry Palmer); "Snow" ep. of Woman Times Seven (De Sica) (as handsome stranger)
Deadfall (Forbes) (as Henry Clarke); Play Dirty (de Toth) (as Capt. Douglas); The Magus (Green) (as Nicholas Urfe)
The Italian Job (Collinson) (as Charlie Croker); Battle of Britain (Hamilton) (as Sqdn. Leader Canfield); Too Late the Hero (Aldrich) (as Tosh)
The Last Valley (Clavell) (as Captain); Get Carter (Hodges) (as Jack Carter); Simon, Simon (short)
Kidnapped (Delbert Mann) (as Alan Breck); Zee and Company (X, Y, and Zee) (Hutton) (as Robert)
Pulp (Hodges) (as Mickey King); Sleuth (Mankiewicz) (as Milo Tindle)
The Black Windmill (Siegel) (as Major John Tarrant); The Marseilles Contract (The Destructors) (Parrish) (as Deray)
The Wilby Conspiracy (Nelson) (as Keogh); The Romantic Englishwoman (Losey) (as Lewis Fielding); The Man Who Would Be King (Huston) (as Peachy Carnehan)
Peeper (Hyams) (as Leslie Tucker); The Eagle Has Landed (John Sturges) (as Col. Kurt Steiner)
A Bridge Too Far (Attenborough) (as Lt. Col. Joe Vandeleur); Harry and Walter Go to New York (Rydell) (as Adam Worth)
California Suite (Ross) (as Sidney Cochran); Ashanti (Fleischer) (as Dr. David Lenderby); Silver Bears (Passer) (as Doc Fletcher)
The Swarm (Irwin Allen) (as Brad Crane); The Island (Ritchie) (as Maynard); Beyond the Poseidon Adventure (Irwin Allen) (as Mike Turner)
Dressed to Kill (De Palma) (as Dr. Robert Elliott)
Victory (Escape to Victory) (Huston) (as Colby); The Hand (Stone) (as Jon Landsdale)
Deathtrap (Lumet) (as Sidney Bruhl)
The Honorary Consul (Beyond the Limit) (Mackenzie) (as Charlie Fortnum); Educating Rita (Gilbert) (as Professor)
The Jigsaw Man (Young) (as Sir Philip Kimberly/Sergei Kuzminsky); Blame It on Rio (Donen) (as Matthew Hollis)
The Holcroft Convention (Frankenheimer) (as Noel Holcroft); Water (Clement) (as Baxter)
The Fourth Protocol (Mackenzie) (as John Preston, + exec pr); Jaws—the Revenge (Sargent) (as Hoagie); Surrender (Belson) (as Sean Stein, mystery novelist); The Whistle Blower (Langton) (as Frank Jones)
Movie Life of George (Brand—for TV); The Trouble with Michael Caine (Macmilan—for TV)
A Shock to the System (Egleson) (as Graham Marshall); Bullseye! (Winner) (as Sidney Lipton/Dr. Daniel Hicklar); Mr. Destiny (Orr) (as Mike); Jekyll & Hyde (Wickes—for TV) (title role)
Noises Off (Bogdanovich) (as Lloyd Fellowes)
The Muppet Christmas Carol (Henson) (as Scrooge); Death Becomes Her (Zemeckis); Blue Ice (Mulcahy—for TV) (as Harry Anders, + pr)
Len Deighton's Bullet to Beijing (Mihalka) (as Harry Palmer)
Blood and Wine (Rafelson) (as Victor Spansky); 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (Hardy—for TV) (as Captain Nemo); Mandela and deKlerk (Sargent—for TV) (as F.W. deKlerk)
Little Voice (Herman) (as Ray Say)
Curtain Calls (Yates) (as Max Gale); The Cider House Rules (Hallström) (as Dr. Wilbur Larch)
Quills (Philip Kaufman) (as Dr. Royer-Collard); Get Carter (Kay) (as Cliff Brumby); Miss Congeniality (Petrie) (as Vic); Shiner (Irvin) (as Billy Simpson)
By CAINE: books—
Not Many People Know That, London, 1985.
Not Many People Know This Either, London, 1986.
Acting in Film: An Actor's Take on Movie Making, New York, 1990.
What's It All About?, New York, 1992.
Spies and Sleuths, New York, 1997.
With Marco White, Canteen Cuisine: In the Kitchen with Michael Caine, London, 1997.
By CAINE: articles—
"Interview: Michael Caine," in Playboy (Chicago), July 1967.
"Playing Dirty," interview in Films and Filming (London), April and May 1969.
"The Man Who Would Be Caine," interview with M. Rosen, in Film Comment (New York), July/August 1980.
Interview with Nick Roddick, in Stills (London), October 1984.
Interview with John Kobal, in Films and Filming (London), January 1985.
Interview with Derek Winnert, in Radio Times (UK), 27 October, 1990.
Interview with Brian Case in Time Out (UK), 16 September 1992.
"Michael Caine's Presentation Speech," in Film Score Monthly (Los Angeles), no, 74, October 1996.
On CAINE: books—
Andrews, Emma, The Films of Michael Caine, London, 1977.
Hall, William, Raising Caine: The Authorized Biography, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1982.
Judge, Philip, Michael Caine, New York, 1985.
Gallagher, Elaine, Candidly Caine, London, 1990.
On CAINE: articles—
Farber, Stephen, "Alfie," in Film Quarterly (Berkeley), Spring 1967.
"Michael Caine," in Focus on Film (London), Spring 1973.
Films (London), October 1982.
Ciné Revue (Paris), 27 January 1983 and 12 April 1984 (both with filmography).
Photoplay (London), June 1983 and February 1984.
Current Biography 1988, New York, 1988.
"Michael Caine. Cockney Gentleman," in Film en Televisie (BE), March 1990.
"Michael Caine," in Stars (Mariembourg), no. 29, 1997.
* * *
Michael Caine belonged in the Cockney contingent (Anthony Newley, Terence Stamp, Twiggy) that rose to stardom soon after kitchen-sink Northerners such as Albert Finney and Tom Courtenay. While Stamp came on as the smart tough mod, and Newley led with his pathos, Caine's basic persona was the upwardly mobile Cockney, with 1960s executive specs and crispy well-groomed wavy hair, who yet retains, without inverted snobbery and in a naturally neat voice, his Cockney accent. He was laid-back, too—tall, amiable, almost lordly—and his cool blue eyes bespoke calm calculation, bedroom sensitivity, and/or deep dark scheming. This balance of easy sociability and private purpose is of the essence.
Son of a fish porter and a charwoman, Caine rose through rep to television, which he alternated with innumerable bit and supporting parts. Auditioning for a grumbling Cockney soldier in Zulu, he was surprised to be offered a lead role, and as an aristocratic young officer, whose authority must be overthrown by toughly professional Stanley Baker. Caine revamped his stereotypically effete character, so that his languid air proved deceptive.
While Caine's performance in Zulu drew considerable critical attention, he languished for almost a year without film offers after the picture's release. Then Harry Saltzman, co-producer of the fabulously successful James Bond films, tapped him for the lead in the screen version of Len Deighton's espionage novel The Ipcress File. As the insolent, working-class secret agent Harry Palmer, Caine was a complete antithesis to James Bond. The long, improvised, supermarket scene in the film embellishes the everyday melancholy that extended Caine's rapport with audiences. The subsequent Palmer films, Funeral in Berlin and Billion Dollar Brain, the latter directed by Ken Russell, Caine's handpicked choice, neglected that intimate rapport with audiences, and failed. As did Caine's return to the character twenty years later in Bullet to Beijing, producer Harry Allan Tower's flat start to a proposed new series of Harry Palmer theatrical adventures that died aborning when the film was spun off to TV and video. In Alfie Caine's Cockney chauffeur, a smoothly relentless Casanova, with his insidiously cynical chats direct to the audience, stirred a deep uneasiness about permissiveness. It was a role shunned by almost every eligible star; Caine won his first Oscar nomination, and the film was the biggest-ever British money-earner in the United States. It made him the star he is today.
Caine contributed polished performances to many lesser films, although his very Englishness, as domestic production flagged, set him adrift in productions of "ersatz internationalism," as he called it. Of various war action films in exotic locales, the most interesting were two toughly ironic meditations on idealism and power: The Last Valley, written and directed by the late novelist James Clavell of Shogun and Noble House fame, with Caine as a thoughtful German mercenary in the Thirty Years' War; and John Huston's long-aborning The Man Who Would Be King, with Caine as the feet-on-the-ground adventurer Peachy Carnehan, opposite Sean Connery's upstart title character. In both films, settings and trimmings somehow eclipsed stars and themes intrinsically as powerful as The Bridge on the River Kwai or Apocalypse Now. Caine's long line of affable scoundrels and conmen extended to chillingly calm London gangsters in Get Carter, a pet project of Caine's directed by Mike Hodges, that has been relocated to America for a 2000 remake starring Sylvestor Stallone in the role originally played by Caine, who is set to play a cameo in the remake; and Mona Lisa, for which Caine took substantially less than his usual astronomical fee in order to get the film made. In Kidnapped his sword-fencing worked in well with his airily long-limbed command of personal space.
Caine's sharply blue, yet softly bulbous, eyes suggested quietly devious, complicated, or creative characters. Pulp, Sleuth, and Deathtrap were dialogue comedies involving writers in murder-plot-andcounterplot; they were near two-handers, Caine "duetting" with, respectively, Mickey Rooney, Laurence Olivier (Caine plucking an Oscar nomination from under the knightly nose), and Christopher Reeve. A fourth variation on writer/reality games, The Romantic Englishwoman, with Caine as a writer fantasizing his wife's adultery, promised greater depth, but the eagerly awaited collaboration between Caine and director Joseph Losey seemed short-circuited by a tricksy script.
Caine's air of mischievous sensuality explains his three gay roles: in Deathtrap (where he and Reeve kiss), Dressed to Kill (as a psychiatrist who is also a transvestite homicidal maniac), and California Suite (with Maggie Smith as sexually ambiguous Hollywood marrieds doubly nervy while awaiting the Oscar announcements).
By 1979 Caine's career again risked losing direction, with a run of parts in mediocre spy, horror, and disaster films. Educating Rita was a "return to roots," to the director of Alfie, and to Oscar nomination. Caine played an extinct poet turned university lecturer, disillusioned by the grooves of academe, and vacillating between his textbooks and his whiskey bottle; but revivified by the cheek and eager optimism of working-class housewife Julie Walters. Alan Alda's Sweet Liberty and Woody Allen's Hannah and Her Sisters brought Caine fully into the American comedy of manners. In Alda's film he sketches a film star surely based on himself. A gregarious Cockney now King of Hollywood, he good-naturedly jollies Alda, as a history professor, out of his misery about moviemakers travestying his serious book. In Allen's slightly sad comedy, Caine, a business manager for rock stars, is torn by guilt about loving two sisters, and ends up prey to the nervousness with which the Allen character began; an intriguing role reversal. Though every character but Allen's was dissatisfyingly foreshortened, Caine won a Supporting Actor Oscar.
He continues a highly popular star, though he is frequently criticized for being less than selective about the projects he takes on. He played the real inspector Frederick Abberline, the working-class chief detective on the trail of the infamous serial killer Jack the Ripper in writer-director David Wickes's two-part telefilm produced for the Ripper's centenary. The film proposed a final solution to the century-old mystery, naming the Queen's royal physician as the legendary killer, a solution offered by the 1979 Ripper film, Murder by Decree, as well. For Wickes also, Caine played the title roles in Jekyll and Hyde, the umpteenth version of the durable Robert Louis Stevenson barnstormer, this one produced for British and American television. For TV, he also played an unremarkable Captain Nemo in an unspectacular mini-series based on the Jules Verne classic; and gave a remarkable performance (sporting a convincing South African accent) as F. W. deKlerk opposite Sidney Poitier's Nelson Mandela in Mandela and deKlerk, a docudrama about the fall of apartheid.
He returned to comedy with Noises Off, Peter Bogdanovich's film adaptation of playwright Michael Frayn's takeoff on British sex farces, appearing opposite his old Deathtrap flame Christopher Reeve. In The Muppet Christmas Carol, he played Scrooge opposite a bevy of Jim Henson's puppet creatures in Dickensian garb. 1992's Blue Ice, a film he also produced, found Caine once again embroiled in secret agentry. He was a villainous oil baron whom Steven Seagal prevents from destroying the Alaskan landscape in On Deadly Ground.
Late in the 1990s he returned to more meaty roles. In Little Voice he gave a notable turn as a sleazy talent scout who discovers an introverted girl (Jane Horrocks) with an amazing skill for imitating famous songstresses like Judy Garland and Shirley Bassey. And in The Cider House Rules, based on a novel by John Irving, he adopted his first American accent (down-home Maine no less) to play the sympathetic head of an orphanage and earned another Oscar nomination as Best Supporting Actor for his trouble. The busy star somehow managed to find the time find to write his autobiography, published in 1992 under the title What's It All About?, Caine's famous refrain from Alfie, as well as open a string of upscale restaurants in London and Miami.
—Raymond Durgnat, updated by John McCarty
"Caine, Michael." International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/movies/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/caine-michael
"Caine, Michael." International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers. . Retrieved November 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/movies/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/caine-michael
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CAINE, Michael. British, b. 1933. Genres: Film, Trivia/Facts, Autobiography/Memoirs. Career: Screen, television, and stage actor. Westminster Repertory, Horsham, Sussex, England, assistant stage manager, 1953; Lowestoft Repertory, actor, 1953-55; Theatre Workshop, London, actor, 1955. Appeared in British television dramas, motion pictures and television miniseries. Publications: Not Many People Know That!: Michael Caine's Almanac of Amazing Information, 1984, in US as Michael Caine's Almanac of Amazing Information, 1986; Not Many People Know It's 1988!, 1987; Michael Caine's Moving Picture Show (film trivia), 1988; Acting in Film: An Actor's Take on Moviemaking, 1990; What's It All About? (autobiography), 1992. Address: Wallingford nr Oxford, Oxfordshire, England.
"Caine, Michael." Writers Directory 2005. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/caine-michael
"Caine, Michael." Writers Directory 2005. . Retrieved November 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/caine-michael