Skip to main content

1800-1860: Education: Chronology

1800-1860: Education: Chronology

IMPORTANT EVENTS OF 1800-1860

IMPORTANT EVENTS OF 1800-1860

1800

  • The Massachusetts legislature gives local school districts the power to levy taxes.

1801

  • Cane Ridge revivals in Kentucky initiate the Second Great Awakening.
  • Moravian missionaries enter the lands of the Cherokees.

1802

  • Cherokee chiefs urge Moravians to open a school.

1803

  • Moravians found a school at Spring Place, Georgia.

1804

1805

  • The New York Free School Society is organized.

1807

1809

  • Miami University is founded in Oxford, Ohio.

1814

  • Emma Hart Willard organizes Middlebury Female Seminary in Vermont.

1815

  • Gov. Pablo Vicente Sola urges that schools be established in California pueblos and presidios.

1816

  • The Indiana constitution directs the legislature to establish a system of free education and recommends the establishment of township schools and a state university.

1817

  • Transylvania University establishes a medical college in Kentucky.
  • Plans leading to the founding of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor are introduced to the state legislature.

1818

  • Thomas Jefferson receives a legislative charter to establish the University of Virginia.
  • The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions establishes a school in the Cherokee nation.
  • The Pennsylvania legislature provides for public schools.

1819

1820

  • Indiana University is founded in Bloomington.
  • The University of Alabama is chartered.

1821

  • The Ohio legislature establishes school districts.
  • A medical department is founded at the University of Cincinnati.

1824

  • The Indiana legislature establishes school districts.
  • Robert Owen purchases New Harmony, Indiana.

1825

1826

  • The New York Free School Society becomes the Public School Society.
  • Frances Wright establishes the Nashoba community in Tennessee.
  • Case Western Reserve University is founded in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • Episcopalians found Kenyon College in Ohio.

1828

  • Indiana University is founded in Bloomington.

1829

  • Baptists found Georgetown College in Kentucky.

1830

  • The American Sunday School Union plans a campaign in the Mississippi River valley.
  • A medical department is founded at Miami University in Ohio.

1831

  • The Western Literary Institute and College of Professional Teachers is organized in Ohio.
  • The University of Alabama is founded in Tuscaloosa.

1832

  • Lyman Beecher moves to Cincinnati as president of Lane Seminary.
  • Jesuits found St. Louis University in Missouri.

1833

  • Catharine Beecher establishes the Western Female Institute in Cincinnati.
  • Oberlin Collegiate Institute is founded in Ohio.

1834

  • An antislavery controversy engulfs Lane Seminary in Cincinnati.
  • Presbyterians found Wabash College in Crawfordsville, Indiana.
  • Tulane University is founded in New Orleans.
  • The University of the Ozarks is founded in Clarksville, Arkansas.
  • William E. P. Hartnell opens a school for boys in Monterey, California.

1835

  • Lane rebels enroll at Oberlin Collegiate Institute.
  • Lyman Beecher publishes Plea for the West.
  • Catharine Beecher publishes An Essay on the Education of Female Teachers.
  • Congregationalists found Illinois College in Jacksonville.

1836

  • The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions sends Marcus and Narcissa Whitman to the Oregon country.

1837

  • Horace Mann is appointed secretary of the Massachusetts State Board of Education.
  • Bacon College (present-day University of Kentucky) is founded in Georgetown.
  • Catholics found St. Marys College in Kentucky.
  • Methodists found Asbury College (present-day DePauw University) in Green-castle, Indiana.
  • Calvin Stowe writes Report on Elementary Instruction in Europe for the Ohio legislature.
  • State Superintendent of Public Instruction John D. Pierce writes a model school law in Michigan.

1839

  • The state of Missouri passes school legislation.
  • The University of Missouri is founded in Columbia.

1840

  • Catholic bishop John Joseph Hughes, protesting the use of the King James Bible and the Protestant message of New York public schools, requests public funding for Catholic schools.
  • Cincinnati, Ohio, provides bilingual education for children of German immigrants.

1841

  • Catharine Beecher publishes Treatise on Domestic Economy.
  • The U.S. Congress provides federal land grants to states in order to fund education.

1842

  • The New York legislature denies public funds to sectarian schools.
  • Catholics found the University of Notre Dame in Indiana.
  • Methodists found Ohio Wesleyan University.

1843

  • The Society for the Promotion of Collegiate and Theological Education in the West is founded in New York.
  • The Sisters of Mercy enter the United States.

1844

1845

  • Lutherans found Wittenberg College in Springfield, Ohio.
  • Baptists found Baylor University in Waco, Texas.

1846

  • The Iowa constitution establishes free public education.
  • Olive Mann Isbell opens a school for children of settlers from the East in Santa Clara and then Monterey, California.

1847

  • The State Reform School for Boys is founded in Westborough, Massachusetts.
  • Catharine Beechers Central Committee for Promoting Female Education sends female missionary teachers to the West.
  • The State University of Iowa is founded in Iowa City.
  • Missionaries Marcus and Narcissa Whitman are murdered in Oregon by Cayuse Indians.

1848

1849

  • Roberts v. City of Boston protests segregation in Boston public schools.
  • The United Brethren found Otterbein College in Westerville, Ohio.
  • The city of San Francisco establishes free public schools.

1850

  • Lutherans found Capital University in Columbus, Ohio.
  • The Disciples of Christ found Butler University in Indianapolis.
  • Quakers found Earlham College in Indiana.
  • The University of Utah is founded in Salt Lake City.
  • Oregon State University is founded in Corvallis.

1851

  • German Reformed church members found Heidelberg College in Ohio.
  • Northwestern University is founded in Evanston, Illinois.
  • Universalists found Lombard College in Galesburg, Illinois.
  • The University of Minnesota is founded in Minneapolis-St. Paul.
  • Methodists found the College of the Pacific in Santa Clara, California, which later moved to Stockton.
  • The Sisters of Notre Dame establish a boarding school for girls in San Jose, California.
  • The California legislature provides school districts and apportions school funds to counties.

1852

  • Antioch College is founded in Yellow Springs, Ohio.
  • The Indiana legislature establishes free public education.
  • Anna Peck founds Rockford Seminary for women in Illinois.
  • Catharine Beecher founds Milwaukee Female College in Wisconsin.

1853

  • Catharine Beecher lobbies for free normal schools.
  • Louisiana State Seminary of Learning is founded in Alexandria.
  • Unitarians found Washington University in St. Louis.
  • Lindenwood College for women is founded in St. Charles, Missouri.
  • Charles Loring Brace becomes urban missionary with the Childrens Aid Society.
  • John Swett becomes principal of Rincon Grammar School in San Francisco.

1854

  • The Ohio legislature establishes free public education.
  • Congregationalists found Pacific University in Oregon.

1855

  • The Illinois legislature establishes free public education.
  • Michigan State University is founded in East Lansing.
  • California College (present-day University of California, Berkeley) is founded in Oakland.
  • Jesuits found Santa Clara College in California.
  • Sacramento City Council allows tax funds to support separate education for African American children.

1856

  • Auburn University is founded in Alabama.

1857

  • Illinois State Normal University is established in Normal, Illinois.
  • The Ohio Reform School for boys is founded.
  • Margarethe Meyer Schurz opens the first private kindergarten in America in Watertown, Wisconsin.
  • The Childrens Aid Society sends city boys to Western states.

1858

  • The Minnesota constitution establishes free public eduction.
  • Episcopalians found the University of the South in Tennessee.
  • Iowa State University is founded in Ames.

1859

  • Catholics found St. Ignatius College in San Francisco.

1860

  • Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College is founded in Baton Rouge.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"1800-1860: Education: Chronology." American Eras. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"1800-1860: Education: Chronology." American Eras. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/1800-1860-education-chronology

"1800-1860: Education: Chronology." American Eras. . Retrieved September 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/1800-1860-education-chronology

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.