Literary Criticism Series Cumulative Topic Index

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Literary Criticism Series Cumulative Topic Index


This index lists all topic entries in Thompson Gale's Children's Literature Review (CLR), Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism (CMLC), Contemporary Literary Criticism (CLC), Drama Criticism (DC), Literature Criticism from 1400 to 1800 (LC), Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism (NCLC), Short Story Criticism (SSC), and Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism (TCLC). The index also lists topic entries in the Gale Critical Companion Collection, which includes the following publications: The Beat Generation (BG), Feminism in Literature (FL), Gothic Literature (GL), and Harlem Renaissance (HR).

Abbey Theatre in the Irish Literary Renaissance TCLC 154: 1-114

origins and development, 2-14

major figures, 14-30

plays and controversies, 30-59

artistic vision and significance, 59-114

Abolitionist Literature of Cuba and Brazil, Nineteenth-Century NCLC 132: 1-94

overviews, 2-11

origins and development, 11-23

sociopolitical concerns, 23-39

poetry, 39-47

prose, 47-93

The Aborigine in Nineteenth-Century Australian Literature NCLC 120: 1-88

overviews, 2-27

representations of the Aborigine in Australian literature, 27-58

Aboriginal myth, literature, and oral tradition, 58-88

The Aesopic Fable LC 51: 1-100

the British Aesopic Fable, 1-54

the Aesopic tradition in non-Englishspeaking cultures, 55-66

political uses of the Aesopic fable, 67-88

the evolution of the Aesopic fable, 89-99

Aesop's Fables CLR 115: 1-55

overviews and general studies, 4-29

morality in Aesop's fables, 29-39

historical editions of Aesop's fables, 39-53

reviews of contemporary editions of Aesop's fables, 53-55

African-American Folklore and Literature TCLC 126: 1-67

African-American folk tradition, 1-16

representative writers, 16-34

hallmark works, 35-48

the study of African-American literature and folklore, 48-64

Age of al-Andalus CMLC 81: 1-174

overviews, 1-48

history, society, and culture, 48-127

Andalusī poetry, 127-73

Age of Johnson LC 15: 1-87

Johnson's London, 3-15

aesthetics of neoclassicism, 15-36

"age of prose and reason," 36-45

clubmen and bluestockings, 45-56

printing technology, 56-62

periodicals: "a map of busy life," 62-74

transition, 74-86

The Age of King Alfred the Great CMLC 79: 1-141

overviews and historical background, 4-17

the Alfredian translations, 17-43

King Alfred's prefaces, 43-84

Alfred and Boethius, 84-140

Age of Spenser LC 39: 1-70

overviews and general studies, 2-21

literary style, 22-34

poets and the crown, 34-70

AIDS in Literature CLC 81: 365-416

Alcohol and Literature TCLC 70: 1-58

overview, 2-8

fiction, 8-48

poetry and drama, 48-58

American Abolitionism NCLC 44: 1-73

overviews and general studies, 2-26

abolitionist ideals, 26-46

the literature of abolitionism, 46-72

American Autobiography TCLC 86: 1-115

overviews and general studies, 3-36

American authors and autobiography, 36-82

African-American autobiography, 82-114

American Black Humor Fiction TCLC 54: 1-85

characteristics of black humor, 2-13

origins and development, 13-38

black humor distinguished from related literary trends, 38-60

black humor and society, 60-75

black humor reconsidered, 75-83

American Civil War in Literature NCLC 32: 1-109

overviews and general studies, 2-20

regional perspectives, 20-54

fiction popular during the war, 54-79

the historical novel, 79-108

American Frontier in Literature NCLC 28: 1-103

definitions, 2-12

development, 12-17

nonfiction writing about the frontier, 17-30

frontier fiction, 30-45

frontier protagonists, 45-66

portrayals of Native Americans, 66-86

feminist readings, 86-98

twentieth-century reaction against frontier literature, 98-100

American Humor Writing NCLC 52: 1-59

overviews and general studies, 2-12

the Old Southwest, 12-42

broader impacts, 42-5

women humorists, 45-58

American Naturalism in Short Fiction SSC 77: 1-103

overviews and general studies, 2-30

major authors of American literary Naturalism, 30-102

Ambrose Bierce, 30

Stephen Crane, 30-53

Theodore Dreiser, 53-65

Jack London, 65-80

Frank Norris, 80-9

Edith Wharton, 89-102

American Novel of Manners TCLC 130: 1-42

history of the Novel of Manners in America, 4-10

representative writers, 10-18

relevancy of the Novel of Manners, 18-24

hallmark works in the Novel of Manners, 24-36

Novel of Manners and other media, 36-40

American Mercury, The TCLC 74: 1-80

American Popular Song, Golden Age of TCLC 42: 1-49

background and major figures, 2-34

the lyrics of popular songs, 34-47

American Proletarian Literature TCLC 54: 86-175

overviews and general studies, 87-95

American proletarian literature and the American Communist Party, 95-111

ideology and literary merit, 111-17

novels, 117-36

Gastonia, 136-48

drama, 148-54

journalism, 154-9

proletarian literature in the United States, 159-74

American Realism NCLC 120: 89-246

overviews, 91-112

background and sources, 112-72

social issues, 172-223

women and realism, 223-45

American Renaissance SSC 64: 46-193

overviews and general studies, 47-103

major authors of short fiction, 103-92

American Romanticism NCLC 44: 74-138

overviews and general studies, 74-84

sociopolitical influences, 84-104

Romanticism and the American frontier, 104-15

thematic concerns, 115-37

American Western Literature TCLC 46: 1-100

definition and development of American Western literature, 2-7

characteristics of the Western novel, 8-23

Westerns as history and fiction, 23-34

critical reception of American Western literature, 34-41

the Western hero, 41-73

women in Western fiction, 73-91

later Western fiction, 91-9

American Writers in Paris TCLC 98: 1-156

overviews and general studies, 2-155

Anarchism NCLC 84: 1-97

overviews and general studies, 2-23

the French anarchist tradition, 23-56

Anglo-American anarchism, 56-68

anarchism: incidents and issues, 68-97

Angry Young Men TCLC 166: 1-80

overviews, 2-18

major figures, 18-58

themes and style, 58-79

Animals in Literature TCLC 106: 1-120

overviews and general studies, 2-8

animals in American literature, 8-45

animals in Canadian literature, 45-57

animals in European literature, 57-100

animals in Latin American literature, 100-06

animals in women's literature, 106-20

Antebellum South, Literature of the NCLC 112:1-188

overviews, 4-55

culture of the Old South, 55-68

antebellum fiction: pastoral and heroic romance, 68-120

role of women: a subdued rebellion, 120-59

slavery and the slave narrative, 159-85

Anti-Americanism TCLC 158: 1-98

overviews and general studies, 3-18

literary and intellectual perspectives, 18-36

social and political reactions, 36-98

Anti-Apartheid TCLC 162: 1-121

overviews, 3-45

major authors, 45-74

anti-apartheid literature and the liberal tradition, 74-101

writing under apartheid: historical views, 101-20

The Apocalyptic Movement TCLC 106: 121-69

Aristotle CMLC 31:1-397

philosophy, 3-100

poetics, 101-219

rhetoric, 220-301

science, 302-397

Art and Literature TCLC 54: 176-248

overviews and general studies, 176-93

definitions, 193-219

influence of visual arts on literature, 219-31

spatial form in literature, 231-47

Arthurian Literature CMLC 10: 1-127

historical context and literary beginnings, 2-27

development of the legend through Malory, 27-64

development of the legend from Malory to the Victorian Age, 65-81

themes and motifs, 81-95

principal characters, 95-125

Arthurian Revival NCLC 36: 1-77

overviews and general studies, 2-12

Tennyson and his influence, 12-43

other leading figures, 43-73

the Arthurian legend in the visual arts, 73-6

The Audience and Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 160: 1-158

overviews, 3-35

race, class, gender, 35-89

America, 89-102

Britain and Europe, 102-30

genre and audience, 130-57

Australian Cultural Identity in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 124: 1-164

overviews and general studies, 4-22

poetry, 22-67

fiction, 67-135

role of women writers, 135-64

Australian Literature TCLC 50: 1-94

origins and development, 2-21

characteristics of Australian literature, 21-33

historical and critical perspectives, 33-41

poetry, 41-58

fiction, 58-76

drama, 76-82

Aboriginal literature, 82-91

Aztec Myths and Literature LC 122: 1-182

Overviews and General Studies, 3-68

Cosmology, 68-136

Language and Literature, 136-81

The Beat Generation BG 1:1-562

the Beat Generation: an overview, 1-137

primary sources, 3-32

overviews and general studies, 32-47

Beat Generation as a social phenomenon, 47-65

drugs, inspiration, and the Beat Generation, 65-92

religion and the Beat Generation, 92-124

women of the Beat Generation, 124-36

Beat "scene": East and West, 139-259

primary sources, 141-77

Beat scene in the East, 177-218

Beat scene in the West, 218-59

Beat Generation publishing: periodicals, small presses, and censorship, 261-349

primary sources, 263-74

overview, 274-88

Beat periodicals: "little magazines," 288-311

Beat publishing: small presses, 311-24

Beat battles with censorship, 324-49

performing arts and the Beat Generation, 351-417

primary sources, 353-58

Beats and film, 358-81

Beats and music, 381-415

visual arts and the Beat Generation, 419-91

primary sources, 421-24

critical commentary, 424-90

Beat Generation, Literature of the TCLC 42: 50-102

overviews and general studies, 51-9

the Beat generation as a social phenomenon, 59-62

development, 62-5

Beat literature, 66-96

influence, 97-100

The Bell Curve Controversy CLC 91: 281-330

Bildungsroman in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 20: 92-168

surveys, 93-113

in Germany, 113-40

in England, 140-56

female Bildungsroman, 156-67

NCLC 152: 1-129

overview, 3-16

definition and issues, 16-52

female Bildungsromane , 52-83

ideology and nationhood, 83-128

Black Humor, Contemporary CLC 196: 1-128

overviews and general studies, 2-18

black humor in American fiction, 18-28

development and history, 29-62

major authors, 62-115

technique and narrative, 115-127

Black Humor in Children's Literature CLR 104: 76-145

overviews and general studies, 79-96

examples of black humor in Victorian children's literature, 96-110

examples of black humor in twentiethcentury children's literature, 110-28

black humor in the works of Roald Dahl, 128-44

Bloomsbury Group TCLC 34: 1-73

history and major figures, 2-13

definitions, 13-7

influences, 17-27

thought, 27-40

prose, 40-52

and literary criticism, 52-4

political ideals, 54-61

response to, 61-71

The Bloomsbury Group TCLC 138: 1-59

representative members of the Bloomsbury Group, 9-24

literary relevance of the Bloomsbury Group, 24-36

Bloomsbury's hallmark works, 36-48

other modernists studied with the Bloomsbury Group, 48-54

The Blues in Literature TCLC 82: 1-71

Bly, Robert, Iron John: A Book about Men and Men's Work CLC 70: 414-62

The Book of J CLC 65: 289-311

The Book of Common Prayer LC 118: 1-76

overviews, 2-43

translation and diffusion, 44-63

influence of the Prayer Book, 63-76

Brazilian Literature TCLC 134: 1-126

overviews and general studies, 3-33

Brazilian poetry, 33-48

contemporary Brazilian writing, 48-76

culture, politics, and race in Brazilian writing, 76-100

modernism and postmodernism in Brazil, 100-25

British Ephemeral Literature LC 59: 1-70

overviews and general studies, 1-9

broadside ballads, 10-40

chapbooks, jestbooks, pamphlets, and newspapers, 40-69

Buddhism and Literature TCLC 70: 59-164

eastern literature, 60-113

western literature, 113-63

Buddhism in the Nineteenth-Century Western World NCLC 164: 1-88

overviews, 3-47

Buddhism and Western Philosophers, 47-74

Buddhism in Western Literature, 74-88

The Bulletin and the Rise of Australian Literary Nationalism NCLC 116: 1-121

overviews, 3-32

legend of the nineties, 32-55

Bulletin style, 55-71

Australian literary nationalism, 71-98

myth of the bush, 98-120

Businessman in American Literature TCLC 26: 1-48

portrayal of the businessman, 1-32

themes and techniques in business fiction, 32-47

The Calendar LC 55: 1-92

overviews and general studies, 2-19

measuring time, 19-28

calendars and culture, 28-60

calendar reform, 60-92

Captivity Narratives LC 82: 71-172

overviews, 72-107

captivity narratives and Puritanism, 108-34

captivity narratives and Native Americans, 134-49

influence on American literature, 149-72

Caribbean Literature TCLC 138: 60-135

overviews and general studies, 61-9

ethnic and national identity, 69-107

expatriate Caribbean literature, 107-23

literary histoiography, 123-35

Catholicism in Nineteenth-Century American Literature NCLC 64: 1-58

overviews, 3-14

polemical literature, 14-46

Catholicism in literature, 47-57

Cavalier Poetry and Drama LC 107: 1-71

overviews, 2-36

Cavalier drama, 36-48

major figures, 48-70

Celtic Mythology CMLC 26: 1-111

overviews and general studies, 2-22

Celtic myth as literature and history, 22-48

Celtic religion: Druids and divinities, 48-80

Fionn MacCuhaill and the Fenian cycle, 80-111

Celtic Twilight See Irish Literary Renaissance Censorship and Contemporary World Literature CLC 194: 1-80

overviews and general studies, 2-19

notorious cases, 19-59

censorship in the global context, 59-79

Censorship in Children's Literature CLR 118: 29-87

overviews and general studies, 33-49

regional examples of children's literature censorship, 49-67

censorship in the juvenile fantasy and pulp novel genres, 67-78

author responses to the censorship of children's literature, 78-87

Censorship of the Press in the Nineteenth Century NCLC 156: 1-133

overviews, 3-29

censorship in Austria, Germany, and Russia, 29-87

censorship in France and Spain, 87-120

censorship in England and America, 120-33

Censorship in Twentieth-Century Literature TCLC 154: 115-238

overviews and general studies, 117-25

censorship and obscenity trials, 125-61

censorship and sexual politics, 161-81

censorship and war, 181-207

political censorship and the state, 207-28

censorship and the writer, 228-38

The Chartist Movement and Literature NCLC 60: 1-84

overview: nineteenth-century working-class fiction, 2-19

Chartist fiction and poetry, 19-73

the Chartist press, 73-84

The Chicago Renaissance TCLC 154: 239-341

overviews and general studies, 240-60

definitions and growth, 260-82

the language debate, 282-318

major authors, 318-40

Chicano/a Literature, Contemporary CLC 205: 82-181

overviews, 84-124

Chicana studies, 124-40

some representative works, 140-80

Chick-Lit and Lad-Lit CLC 210: 115-64

overviews, 117-25

the debate over Chick Lit, 125-46

representative authors, 146-64

Child Labor in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 108: 1-133

overviews, 3-10

climbing boys and chimney sweeps, 10-16

the international traffic in children, 16-45

critics and reformers, 45-82

fictional representations of child laborers, 83-132

Children's Literature, Nineteenth-Century NCLC 52: 60-135

overviews and general studies, 61-72

moral tales, 72-89

fairy tales and fantasy, 90-119

making men/making women, 119-34

Children's Poetry CLR 120: 15-100

overviews and general studies, 19-48

defining children's poetry, 48-68

teaching children's poetry, 68-71

poetry for children in the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first centuries, 71-99

Christianity in Twentieth-Century Literature TCLC 110: 1-79

overviews and general studies, 2-31

Christianity in twentieth-century fiction, 31-78

Chronicle Plays LC 89: 1-106

development of the genre, 2-33

historiography and literature, 33-56

genre and performance, 56-88

politics and ideology, 88-106

The City and Literature TCLC 90: 1-124

overviews and general studies, 2-9

the city in American literature, 9-86

the city in European literature, 86-124

City Comedy LC 118: 77-211

origins and development, 79-113

economic issues, 113-32

women and city comedy, 132-82

the plays of Thomas Middleton, 182-211

Civic Critics, Russian NCLC 20: 402-46

principal figures and background, 402-9

and Russian Nihilism, 410-6

aesthetic and critical views, 416-45

The Cockney School NCLC 68: 1-64

overview, 2-7

Blackwood's Magazine and the contemporary critical response, 7-24

the political and social import of the Cockneys and their critics, 24-63

Colonial America: The Intellectual Background LC 25: 1-98

overviews and general studies, 2-17

philosophy and politics, 17-31

early religious influences in Colonial America, 31-60

consequences of the Revolution, 60-78

religious influences in post-revolutionary America, 78-87

colonial literary genres, 87-97

Colonialism in Victorian English Literature NCLC 56: 1-77

overviews and general studies, 2-34

colonialism and gender, 34-51

monsters and the occult, 51-76

Columbus, Christopher, Books on the Quincentennial of His Arrival in the New World CLC 70: 329-60

Comic Books TCLC 66: 1-139

historical and critical perspectives, 2-48

superheroes, 48-67

underground comix, 67-88

comic books and society, 88-122

adult comics and graphic novels, 122-36

Comedy of Manners LC 92: 1-75

overviews, 2-21

comedy of manners and society, 21-47

comedy of manners and women, 47-74

Commedia dell'Arte LC 83: 1-147

overviews, 2-7

origins and development, 7-23

characters and actors, 23-45

performance, 45-62

texts and authors, 62-100

influence in Europe, 100-46

Conduct Books in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 152: 130-229

women's education, 131-68

feminist revisions, 168-82

American behavioral literature: cultivating national identity, 182-209

English behavioral literature: defining a middle class, 209-27

Connecticut Wits NCLC 48: 1-95

overviews and general studies, 2-40

major works, 40-76

intellectual context, 76-95

Crime Fiction, Contemporary CLC 209: 34-192

overviews, 37-61

ethnicity and race in crime fiction, 61-105

literary traditions and crime fiction, 105-43

themes, 143-81

representative authors, 181-92

Crime in Literature TCLC 54: 249-307

evolution of the criminal figure in literature, 250-61

crime and society, 261-77

literary perspectives on crime and punishment, 277-88

writings by criminals, 288-306

Crime-Mystery-Detective Stories SSC 59:89-226

overviews and general studies, 90-140

origins and early masters of the crimemystery-detective story, 140-73

hard-boiled crime-mystery-detective fiction, 173-209

diversity in the crime-mystery-detective story, 210-25

The Crusades CMLC 38: 1-144

history of the Crusades, 3-60

literature of the Crusades, 60-116

the Crusades and the people: attitudes and influences, 116-44

Cuban Exile Literature, Contemporary CLC 207: 1-100

overviews, 2-20

Cubana writers and exile, 20-48

some representative works, 48-100

Cyberpunk TCLC 106: 170-366

overviews and general studies, 171-88

feminism and cyberpunk, 188-230

history and cyberpunk, 230-70

sexuality and cyberpunk, 270-98

social issues and cyberpunk, 299-366

Cyberpunk Short Fiction SSC 60: 44-108

overviews and general studies, 46-78

major writers of cyberpunk fiction, 78-81

sexuality and cyberpunk fiction, 81-97

additional pieces, 97-108

Czechoslovakian Literature of the Twentieth Century TCLC 42:103-96

through World War II, 104-35

de-Stalinization, the Prague Spring, and contemporary literature, 135-72

Slovak literature, 172-85

Czech science fiction, 185-93

Dadaism TCLC 46: 101-71

background and major figures, 102-16

definitions, 116-26

manifestos and commentary by Dadaists, 126-40

theater and film, 140-58

nature and characteristics of Dadaist writing, 158-70

Danish Literature See Twentieth-Century Danish Literature Darwinism and Literature NCLC 32: 110-206

background, 110-31

direct responses to Darwin, 131-71

collateral effects of Darwinism, 171-205

Death in American Literature NCLC 92: 1-170

overviews and general studies, 2-32

death in the works of Emily Dickinson, 32-72

death in the works of Herman Melville, 72-101

death in the works of Edgar Allan Poe, 101-43

death in the works of Walt Whitman, 143-70

Death in Nineteenth-Century British Literature NCLC 68: 65-142

overviews and general studies, 66-92

responses to death, 92-102

feminist perspectives, 103-17

striving for immortality, 117-41

Death in Literature TCLC 78: 1-183

fiction, 2-115

poetry, 115-46

drama, 146-81

Decadence in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 164: 90-191

overviews, 90-132

Decadent literary subjects, 132-44

Decadence in British literature, 144-57

Decadence in French literature, 158-79

women writers and Decadence, 179-90

Deconstruction TCLC 138: 136-256

overviews and general studies, 137-83

deconstruction and literature, 183-221

deconstruction in philosophy and history, 221-56

de Man, Paul, Wartime Journalism of CLC 55: 382-424

Depictions of Islam in Modern Literature TCLC 166: 81-198

overviews, 82-115

literature in the Muslim world, 115-56

Western interpretations, 156-82

women, Islam, and literature, 182-97

Detective Fiction, Nineteenth-Century NCLC 36: 78-148

origins of the genre, 79-100

history of nineteenth-century detective fiction, 101-33

significance of nineteenth-century detective fiction, 133-46

NCLC 148: 1-161

overviews, 3-26

origins and influences, 26-63

major authors, 63-134

Freud and detective fiction, 134-59

Detective Fiction, Twentieth-Century TCLC 38: 1-96

genesis and history of the detective story, 3-22

defining detective fiction, 22-32

evolution and varieties, 32-77

the appeal of detective fiction, 77-90

Detective Story See Crime-Mystery-Detective Stories

Dime Novels NCLC 84: 98-168

overviews and general studies, 99-123

popular characters, 123-39

major figures and influences, 139-52

socio-political concerns, 152-167

Disease and Literature TCLC 66: 140-283

overviews and general studies, 141-65

disease in nineteenth-century literature, 165-81

tuberculosis and literature, 181-94

women and disease in literature, 194-221

plague literature, 221-53

AIDS in literature, 253-82

El Dorado, The Legend of See The Legend of El Dorado

The Double in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 40: 1-95

genesis and development of the theme, 2-15

the double and Romanticism, 16-27

sociological views, 27-52

psychological interpretations, 52-87

philosophical considerations, 87-95

Dramatic Realism NCLC 44: 139-202

overviews and general studies, 140-50

origins and definitions, 150-66

impact and influence, 166-93

realist drama and tragedy, 193-201

Drugs and Literature TCLC 78: 184-282

overviews and general studies, 185-201

pre-twentieth-century literature, 201-42

twentieth-century literature, 242-82

Dystopias in Contemporary Literature CLC 168: 1-91

overviews and general studies, 2-52

dystopian views in Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale (1985), 52-71

feminist readings of dystopias, 71-90

Eastern Mythology CMLC 26: 112-92

heroes and kings, 113-51

cross-cultural perspective, 151-69

relations to history and society, 169-92

Ecocriticism and Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 140: 1-168

overviews, 3-20

American literature: Romantics and Realists, 20-76

American explorers and naturalists, 76-123

English literature: Romantics and Victorians, 123-67

Ecofeminism and Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 136: 1-110

overviews, 2-24

the local landscape, 24-72

travel writing, 72-109

Eighteenth-Century British Periodicals LC 63: 1-123

rise of periodicals, 2-31

impact and influence of periodicals, 31-64

periodicals and society, 64-122

Eighteenth-Century Travel Narratives LC 77: 252-355

overviews and general studies, 254-79

eighteenth-century European travel narratives, 279-334

non-European eighteenth-century travel narratives, 334-55

Electronic "Books": Hypertext and Hyperfiction CLC 86: 367-404

books vs. CD-ROMS, 367-76

hypertext and hyperfiction, 376-95

implications for publishing, libraries, and the public, 395-403

Eliot, T. S., Centenary of Birth CLC 55: 345-75

Elizabethan Drama LC 22: 140-240

origins and influences, 142-67

characteristics and conventions, 167-83

theatrical production, 184-200

histories, 200-12

comedy, 213-20

tragedy, 220-30

Elizabethan Prose Fiction LC 41: 1-70

overviews and general studies, 1-15

origins and influences, 15-43

style and structure, 43-69

The Emergence of the Short Story in the Nineteenth Century NCLC 140: 169-279

overviews, 171-74

the American short story, 174-214

the short story in Great Britain and Ireland, 214-235

stories by women in English, 235-45

the short story in France and Russia, 245-66

the Latin American short story, 266-77

Enclosure of the English Common NCLC 88: 1-57

overviews and general studies, 1-12

early reaction to enclosure, 12-23

nineteenth-century reaction to enclosure, 23-56

The Encyclopedists LC 26: 172-253

overviews and general studies, 173-210

intellectual background, 210-32

views on esthetics, 232-41

views on women, 241-52

English Abolitionist Literature of the Nineteenth Century NCLC 136: 111-235

overview, 112-35

origins and development, 135-42

poetry, 142-58

prose, 158-80

sociopolitical concerns, 180-95

English abolitionist literature and feminism, 195-233

English Caroline Literature LC 13: 221-307

background, 222-41

evolution and varieties, 241-62

the Cavalier mode, 262-75

court and society, 275-91

politics and religion, 291-306

English Decadent Literature of the 1890s NCLC 28: 104-200

fin de siècle: the Decadent period, 105-19

definitions, 120-37

major figures: "the tragic generation," 137-50

French literature and English literary Decadence, 150-7

themes, 157-61

poetry, 161-82

periodicals, 182-96

English Emblem Books LC 125: 1-99

overviews, 2-27

background and contexts, 27-63

major emblem writers, 63-83

religion and emblem books, 83-99

English Essay, Rise of the LC 18: 238-308

definitions and origins, 236-54

influence on the essay, 254-69

historical background, 269-78

the essay in the seventeenth century, 279-93

the essay in the eighteenth century, 293-307

English Mystery Cycle Dramas LC 34: 1-88

overviews and general studies, 1-27

the nature of dramatic performances, 27-42

the medieval worldview and the mystery cycles, 43-67

the doctrine of repentance and the mystery cycles, 67-76

the fall from grace in the mystery cycles, 76-88

The English Realist Novel, 1740-1771 LC 51: 102-98

overviews and general studies, 103-22

from Romanticism to Realism, 123-58

women and the novel, 159-175

the novel and other literary forms, 176-197

English Revolution, Literature of the LC 43: 1-58

overviews and general studies, 2-24

pamphlets of the English Revolution, 24-38

political sermons of the English Revolution, 38-48

poetry of the English Revolution, 48-57

English Romantic Hellenism NCLC 68: 143-250

overviews and general studies, 144-69

historical development of English Romantic Hellenism, 169-91

influence of Greek mythology on the Romantics, 191-229

influence of Greek literature, art, and culture on the Romantics, 229-50

English Romantic Poetry NCLC 28: 201-327

overviews and reputation, 202-37

major subjects and themes, 237-67

forms of Romantic poetry, 267-78

politics, society, and Romantic poetry, 278-99

philosophy, religion, and Romantic poetry, 299-324

The Epistolary Novel LC 59: 71-170

overviews and general studies, 72-96

women and the Epistolary novel, 96-138

principal figures: Britain, 138-53

principal figures: France, 153-69

Espionage Literature TCLC 50: 95-159

overviews and general studies, 96-113

espionage fiction/formula fiction, 113-26

spies in fact and fiction, 126-38

the female spy, 138-44

social and psychological perspectives, 144-58

European Debates on the Conquest of the Americas LC 67: 1-129

overviews and general studies, 3-56

major Spanish figures, 56-98

English perceptions of Native Americans, 98-129

European Romanticism NCLC 36: 149-284

definitions, 149-77

origins of the movement, 177-82

Romantic theory, 182-200

themes and techniques, 200-23

Romanticism in Germany, 223-39

Romanticism in France, 240-61

Romanticism in Italy, 261-4

Romanticism in Spain, 264-8

impact and legacy, 268-82

Evolution of Fairy Tales CLR 106: 89-164

overviews and general studies, 93-102

the value of fairy tales for children, 102-19

contemporary adaptations of classic fairy tales, 119-45

characteristics of twentieth-century fairy tales, 145-63

Exile in Literature TCLC 122: 1-129

overviews and general studies, 2-33

exile in fiction, 33-92

German literature in exile, 92-129

Existentialism and Literature TCLC 42: 197-268

overviews and definitions, 198-209

history and influences, 209-19

Existentialism critiqued and defended, 220-35

philosophical and religious perspectives, 235-41

Existentialist fiction and drama, 241-67

Ezra Pound Controversy TCLC 150: 1-132

politics of Ezra Pound, 3-42

anti-semitism of Ezra Pound, 42-57

the Bollingen Award controversy, 57-76

Pound's later writing, 76-104

criticism of The Pisan Cantos, 104-32

Familiar Essay NCLC 48: 96-211

definitions and origins, 97-130

overview of the genre, 130-43

elements of form and style, 143-59

elements of content, 159-73

the Cockneys: Hazlitt, Lamb, and Hunt, 173-91

status of the genre, 191-210

Fantasy in Contemporary Literature CLC 193: 137-250

overviews and general studies, 139-57

language, form, and theory, 157-91

major writers, 191-230

women writers and fantasy, 230-50

Fashion in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 128: 104-93

overviews and general studies, 105-38

fashion and American literature, 138-46

fashion and English literature, 146-74

fashion and French literature, 174-92

The Faust Legend LC 47: 1-117

Fear in Literature TCLC 74: 81-258

overviews and general studies, 81

pre-twentieth-century literature, 123

twentieth-century literature, 182

Feminism in the 1990s: Commentary on Works by Naomi Wolf, Susan Faludi, and Camille Paglia CLC 76: 377-415

Feminist Criticism, Contemporary CLC 180: 1-103

overviews and general studies, 2-59

modern French feminist theory, 59-102

Feminist Criticism in 1990 CLC 65: 312-60

Feminism in Literature FL 1: 1-279; 2: 1-295; 4: 1-626

women and women's writings from antiquity through the middle ages, 1:1-99

primary sources, 1:4-12

women in the ancient world, 1:12-34

women in the medieval world, 1:34-56

women in classical art and literature, 1:56-74

classical and medieval women writers, 1:74-96

women in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries: an overview, 1:101-91

primary sources, 1:104-11

overviews, 1:112-32

society, 1:132-64

politics, 1:164-77

women in literature, 1:177-90

women's literature in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries 1:193-279

primary sources, 1:195-201

overviews, 1:202-39

women's literature in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries, 1:239-78

women in the 19th century: an overview, 2:1-88

primary sources, 2:3-15

overviews, 2:15-50

early feminists, 2:50-67

representations of women in literature and art in the 19th century, 2:67-86

women's literature in the 19th century, 2:89-206

primary sources, 2:91-9

overviews, 2:99-140

American women writers, 2:141-77

British women writers, 2:177-204

United States suffrage movement in the 19th century, 2:207-95

primary sources, 2:209-29

overviews, 2:229-39

the civil war and its effect on suffrage, 2:239-53

suffrage: issues and individuals, 2:253-94

women in the early to mid-20th century (1900-1960): an overview, 4:1-126

primary sources, 4:1-14

overviews, 4:14-48

social and economic conditions, 4:48-67

women and the arts, 4:67-125

suffrage in the 20th century, 4:127-234

primary sources, 4:129-36

overviews, 4:136-77

major figures and organizations, 4:177-214

women and law, 4:214-32

women's literature from 1900 to 1960, 4:235-344

primary sources, 4:238-41

overviews, 4:241-61

impact of the world wars, 4:261-304

women and the dramatic tradition, 4:304-39

Asian American influences, 4:339-42

the feminist movement in the 20th century, 4:345-443

primary sources, 4:347-58

overviews, 4:358-403

feminist legal battles, 4:403-34

third-wave feminism, 4:434-42

women's literature from 1960 to the present, 4:445-536

primary sources, 4:448-60

overviews, 4:460-83

women authors of color, 4:483-97

feminist literary theory, 4:497-511

modern lesbian literature, 4:511-534

Fifteenth-Century English Literature LC 17: 248-334

background, 249-72

poetry, 272-315

drama, 315-23

prose, 323-33

Fifteenth-Century Spanish Poetry LC 100:82-173

overviews and general studies, 83-101

the Cancioneros, 101-57

major figures, 157-72

Film and Literature TCLC 38: 97-226

overviews and general studies, 97-119

film and theater, 119-34

film and the novel, 134-45

the art of the screenplay, 145-66

genre literature/genre film, 167-79

the writer and the film industry, 179-90

authors on film adaptations of their works, 190-200

fiction into film: comparative essays, 200-23

Finance and Money as Represented in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 76: 1-69

historical perspectives, 2-20

the image of money, 20-37

the dangers of money, 37-50

women and money, 50-69

Folklore and Literature TCLC 86: 116-293

overviews and general studies, 118-144

Native American literature, 144-67

African-American literature, 167-238

folklore and the American West, 238-57

modern and postmodern literature, 257-91

Food in Literature TCLC 114: 1-133

food and children's literature, 2-14

food as a literary device, 14-32

rituals invloving food, 33-45

food and social and ethnic identity, 45-90

women's relationship with food, 91-132

Food in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 108: 134-288

overviews, 136-74

food and social class, 174-85

food and gender, 185-219

food and love, 219-31

food and sex, 231-48

eating disorders, 248-70

vegetarians, carnivores, and cannibals, 270-87

French Drama in the Age of Louis XIV LC 28: 94-185

overview, 95-127

tragedy, 127-46

comedy, 146-66

tragicomedy, 166-84

French Enlightenment LC 14: 81-145

the question of definition, 82-9

le siècle des lumières, 89-94

women and the salons, 94-105

censorship, 105-15

the philosophy of reason, 115-31

influence and legacy, 131-44

French New Novel TCLC 98: 158-234

overviews and general studies, 158-92

influences, 192-213

themes, 213-33

French Realism NCLC 52: 136-216

origins and definitions, 137-70

issues and influence, 170-98

realism and representation, 198-215

French Revolution and English Literature NCLC 40: 96-195

history and theory, 96-123

romantic poetry, 123-50

the novel, 150-81

drama, 181-92

children's literature, 192-5

French Symbolist Poetry NCLC 144: 1-107

overviews, 2-14

Symbolist aesthetics, 14-47

the Symbolist lyric, 47-60

history and influence, 60-105

Futurism TCLC 166: 199-338

overviews, 200-10

poetry, 210-23

theater, 223-32

music, 232-46

Futurism and Fascism, 246-312

women Futurist writers, 312-37

Futurism, Italian TCLC 42: 269-354

principles and formative influences, 271-9

manifestos, 279-88

literature, 288-303

theater, 303-19

art, 320-30

music, 330-6

architecture, 336-9

and politics, 339-46

reputation and significance, 346-51

Gaelic Revival See Irish Literary Renaissance

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., and African-American Literary Criticism CLC 65: 361-405

Gaucho Literature TCLC 158: 99-195

overviews and general studies, 101-43

major works, 143-95

Gambling in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 168: 1-84

overview, 2-7

gambling in American literature, 7-39

gambling in British literature, 39-57

gambling in Russian literature, 57-84

Gay and Lesbian Literature CLC 76: 416-39

Gay and Lesbian Literature, Contemporary CLC 171: 1-130

overviews and general studies, 2-43

contemporary gay literature, 44-95

lesbianism in contemporary literature, 95-129

Gender in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 168: 192-352

overviews, 195-256

gender and race, 256-83

gender and men, 283-309

gender and class, 309-20

gender and the text, 320-51

Generation of 1898 Short Fiction SSC 75: 182-287

overviews and general studies, 182-210

major short story writers of the Generation of 1898, 210-86

Azorín, 210-16

Emilia Pardo Bazán, 216-34

Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, 234-36

Gabriel Miró, 236-43

Miguel de Unamuno, 243-68

Ramon del Valle-Inclán, 268-86

German Exile Literature TCLC 30: 1-58

the writer and the Nazi state, 1-10

definition of, 10-4

life in exile, 14-32

surveys, 32-50

Austrian literature in exile, 50-2

German publishing in the United States, 52-7

German Expressionism TCLC 34: 74-160

history and major figures, 76-85

aesthetic theories, 85-109

drama, 109-26

poetry, 126-38

film, 138-42

painting, 142-7

music, 147-53

and politics, 153-8

The Ghost Story SSC 58: 1-142

overviews and general studies, 1-21

the ghost story in American literature, 21-49

the ghost story in Asian literature, 49-53

the ghost story in European and English literature, 54-89

major figures, 89-141

The Gilded Age NCLC 84: 169-271

popular themes, 170-90

Realism, 190-208

Aestheticism, 208-26

socio-political concerns, 226-70

Glasnost and Contemporary Soviet Literature CLC 59: 355-97

Golden Age of Children's Illustrated Books CLR 113: 93-156

overviews and general studies, 96-114

Victorian masters of the Golden Age, 115-34

the Brandywine School of children's illustration, 134-56

Gone with the Wind as Cultural Phenomenon TCLC 170: 1-103

overviews, 2-60

race, gender, and class in Gone with the Wind, 60-102

Gothic Drama NCLC 132: 95-198

overviews, 97-125

sociopolitical contexts, 125-58

Gothic playwrights, 158-97

Gothic Literature GL 1: 1-577

Gothic Literature: an overview, 1-106

primary sources, 4-16

overviews, 16-40

origins of the Gothic, 40-57

American Gothic, 57-74

European Gothic, 74-104

society, culture, and the Gothic, 107-229

primary sources, 110-27

overviews, 127-80

race and the Gothic, 180-210

women and the Gothic, 210-28

gothic themes, settings, and figures, 231-387

primary sources, 236-49

overviews, 249-64

haunted dwellings and the supernatural, 264-301

psychology and the Gothic, 301-42

vampires, 342-85

performing arts and the Gothic, 389-474

primary sources, 394-401

drama, 401-15

film, 415-52

television, 452-60

music, 461-73

visual arts and the Gothic, 475-526

primary sources, 477-80

overviews, 480-86

architecture, 486-506

art, 506-525

Gothic Novel NCLC 28: 328-402

development and major works, 328-34

definitions, 334-50

themes and techniques, 350-78

in America, 378-85

in Scotland, 385-91

influence and legacy, 391-400

The Governess in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 104: 1-131

overviews and general studies, 3-28

social roles and economic conditions, 28-86

fictional governesses, 86-131

The Grail Theme in Twentieth-Century Literature TCLC 142: 1-89

overviews and general studies, 2-20

major works, 20-89

Graphic Narratives CLC 86: 405-32

history and overviews, 406-21

the "Classics Illustrated" series, 421-2

reviews of recent works, 422-32

Graphic Novels CLC 177: 163-299

overviews and general studies, 165-198

critical readings of major works, 198-286

reviews of recent graphic novels, 286-299

Graveyard Poets LC 67: 131-212

origins and development, 131-52

major figures, 152-75

major works, 175-212

Greek Historiography CMLC 17: 1-49

Greek Lyric Poetry, The Rise of CMLC 77: 226-329

overviews, 229-46

literary history, 246-72

themes and style, 272-302

representative authors, 302-28

Greek Mythology CMLC 26: 193-320

overviews and general studies, 194-209

origins and development of Greek mythology, 209-29

cosmogonies and divinities in Greek mythology, 229-54

heroes and heroines in Greek mythology, 254-80

women in Greek mythology, 280-320

Greek Theater CMLC 51: 1-58

criticism, 2-58

Hard-Boiled Fiction TCLC 118: 1-109

overviews and general studies, 2-39

major authors, 39-76

women and hard-boiled fiction, 76-109

The Harlem Renaissance HR 1: 1-563

overviews and general studies of the Harlem Renaissance, 1-137

primary sources, 3-12

overviews, 12-38

background and sources of the Harlem Renaissance, 38-56

the New Negro aesthetic, 56-91

patrons, promoters, and the New York Public Library, 91-121

women of the Harlem Renaissance, 121-37

social, economic, and political factors that

influenced the Harlem Renaissance, 139-240

primary sources, 141-53

overviews, 153-87

social and economic factors, 187-213

Black intellectual and political thought, 213-40

publishing and periodicals during the Harlem Renaissance, 243-339

primary sources, 246-52

overviews, 252-68

African American writers and mainstream publishers, 268-91

anthologies: The New Negro and others, 291-309

African American periodicals and the Harlem Renaissance, 309-39

performing arts during the Harlem Renaissance, 341-465

primary sources, 343-48

overviews, 348-64

drama of the Harlem Renaissance, 364-92

influence of music on Harlem Renaissance writing, 437-65

visual arts during the Harlem Renaissance, 467-563

primary sources, 470-71

overviews, 471-517

painters, 517-36

sculptors, 536-58

photographers, 558-63

Harlem Renaissance TCLC 26: 49-125

principal issues and figures, 50-67

the literature and its audience, 67-74

theme and technique in poetry, fiction, and drama, 74-115

and American society, 115-21

achievement and influence, 121-2

Havel, Václav, Playwright and President CLC 65: 406-63

Heroic Drama LC 91: 249-373

definitions and overviews, 251-78

politics and heroic drama, 278-303

early plays: Dryden and Orrery, 303-51

later plays: Lee and Otway, 351-73

Historical Fiction, Nineteenth-Century NCLC 48: 212-307

definitions and characteristics, 213-36

Victorian historical fiction, 236-65

American historical fiction, 265-88

realism in historical fiction, 288-306

Hollywood and Literature TCLC 118: 110-251

overviews and general studies, 111-20

adaptations, 120-65

socio-historical and cultural impact, 165-206

theater and hollywood, 206-51

Holocaust and the Atomic Bomb: Fifty Years Later CLC 91: 331-82

the Holocaust remembered, 333-52

Anne Frank revisited, 352-62

the atomic bomb and American memory, 362-81

Holocaust Denial Literature TCLC 58: 1-110

overviews and general studies, 1-30

Robert Faurisson and Noam Chomsky, 30-52

Holocaust denial literature in America, 52-71

library access to Holocaust denial literature, 72-5

the authenticity of Anne Frank's diary, 76-90

David Irving and the "normalization" of Hitler, 90-109

Holocaust, Literature of the TCLC 42: 355-450

historical overview, 357-61

critical overview, 361-70

diaries and memoirs, 370-95

novels and short stories, 395-425

poetry, 425-41

drama, 441-8

Holocaust in Children's Literature, Representations of the CLR 110: 104-75

overviews and general studies, 107-36

fictional accounts of the Holocaust for children, 136-68

Holocaust diaries written by children and young adults, 168-74

Homosexuality in Children's Literature CLR 119: 101-69

overviews and general studies, 104-12

portrayals of gay and lesbian adolescence, 112-53

presentations of gay and lesbian families in children's literature, 153-68

Homosexuality in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 56: 78-182

defining homosexuality, 80-111

Greek love, 111-44

trial and danger, 144-81

Humors Comedy LC 85: 194-324

overviews, 195-251

major figures: Ben Jonson, 251-93

major figures: William Shakespeare, 293-324

Hungarian Literature of the Twentieth Century TCLC 26: 126-88

surveys of, 126-47

Nyugat and early twentieth-century literature, 147-56

mid-century literature, 156-68

and politics, 168-78

since the 1956 revolt, 178-87

Hysteria in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 64: 59-184

the history of hysteria, 60-75

the gender of hysteria, 75-103

hysteria and women's narratives, 103-57

hysteria in nineteenth-century poetry, 157-83

Image of the Noble Savage in Literature LC 79: 136-252

overviews and development, 136-76

the Noble Savage in the New World, 176-221

Rousseau and the French Enlightenment's view of the noble savage, 221-51

Imagism TCLC 74: 259-454

history and development, 260

major figures, 288

sources and influences, 352

Imagism and other movements, 397

influence and legacy, 431

Immigrants in Nineteenth-Century Literature, Representation of NCLC 112: 188-298

overview, 189-99

immigrants in America, 199-223

immigrants and labor, 223-60

immigrants in England, 260-97

Incest in Nineteenth-Century American Literature NCLC 76: 70-141

overview, 71-88

the concern for social order, 88-117

authority and authorship, 117-40

Incest in Victorian Literature NCLC 92: 172-318

overviews and general studies, 173-85

novels, 185-276

plays, 276-84

poetry, 284-318

Indian Literature in English TCLC 54: 308-406

overview, 309-13

origins and major figures, 313-25

the Indo-English novel, 325-55

Indo-English poetry, 355-67

Indo-English drama, 367-72

critical perspectives on Indo-English literature, 372-80

modern Indo-English literature, 380-9

Indo-English authors on their work, 389-404

The Industrial Revolution in Literature NCLC 56: 183-273

historical and cultural perspectives, 184-201

contemporary reactions to the machine, 201-21

themes and symbols in literature, 221-73

The Influence of Ernest Hemingway TCLC 162: 122-259

overviews, 123-43

writers on Hemingway, 143-58

Hemingway's evocation of place, 158-84

gender and identity, 184-229

Hemingway and the quest for meaning, 229-58

The Influence of William Faulkner TCLC 170: 104-255

overviews, 105-16

Faulkner and narrative, 116-60

Faulkner and psychology, 160-80

Faulkner and race, 180-219

impact on contemporary culture, 219-43

Faulkner and women, 243-54

International Children's Literature CLR 114: 55-120

overviews and general studies, 57-64

cultural and political influences on international children's literature, 64-105

examinations of regional and national children's literature, 105-120

The Irish Famine as Represented in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 64: 185-261

overviews and general studies, 187-98

historical background, 198-212

famine novels, 212-34

famine poetry, 234-44

famine letters and eye-witness accounts, 245-61

Irish Literary Renaissance TCLC 46: 172-287

overview, 173-83

development and major figures, 184-202

influence of Irish folklore and mythology, 202-22

Irish poetry, 222-34

Irish drama and the Abbey Theatre, 234-56

Irish fiction, 256-86

Irish Nationalism and Literature NCLC 44: 203-73

the Celtic element in literature, 203-19

anti-Irish sentiment and the Celtic response, 219-34

literary ideals in Ireland, 234-45

literary expressions, 245-73

The Irish Novel NCLC 80: 1-130

overviews and general studies, 3-9

principal figures, 9-22

peasant and middle class Irish novelists, 22-76

aristocratic Irish and Anglo-Irish novelists, 76-129

Israeli Literature TCLC 94: 1-137

overviews and general studies, 2-18

Israeli fiction, 18-33

Israeli poetry, 33-62

Israeli drama, 62-91

women and Israeli literature, 91-112

Arab characters in Israeli literature, 112-36

Italian Futurism See Futurism, Italian

Italian Humanism LC 12: 205-77

origins and early development, 206-18

revival of classical letters, 218-23

humanism and other philosophies, 224-39

humanism and humanists, 239-46

the plastic arts, 246-57

achievement and significance, 258-76

Italian Romanticism NCLC 60: 85-145

origins and overviews, 86-101

Italian Romantic theory, 101-25

the language of Romanticism, 125-45

Jacobean Drama LC 33: 1-37

the Jacobean worldview: an era of transition, 2-14

the moral vision of Jacobean drama, 14-22

Jacobean tragedy, 22-3

the Jacobean masque, 23-36

Jazz and Literature TCLC 102: 3-124

Jewish-American Fiction TCLC 62: 1-181

overviews and general studies, 2-24

major figures, 24-48

Jewish writers and American life, 48-78

Jewish characters in American fiction, 78-108

themes in Jewish-American fiction, 108-43

Jewish-American women writers, 143-59

the Holocaust and Jewish-American fiction, 159-81

Jews in Literature TCLC 118: 252-417

overviews and general studies, 253-97

representing the Jew in literature, 297-351

the Holocaust in literature, 351-416

The Journals of Lewis and Clark NCLC 100: 1-88

overviews and general studies, 4-30

journal-keeping methods, 30-46

Fort Mandan, 46-51

the Clark journal, 51-65

the journals as literary texts, 65-87

Juvenile and Young Adult Science Fiction CLR 116: 135-89

overviews and general studies, 139-61

appeal of science fiction to young readers, 161-68

futurism in young adult science fiction, 168-89

Kabuki LC 73: 118-232

overviews and general studies, 120-40

the development of Kabuki, 140-65

major works, 165-95

Kabuki and society, 195-231

King Alfred the Great, The Age of See The Age of King Alfred the Great

The Kit-Kat Club LC 71: 66-112

overviews and general studies, 67-88

major figures, 88-107

attacks on the Kit-Kat Club, 107-12

The Knickerbocker Group NCLC 56: 274-341

overviews and general studies, 276-314

Knickerbocker periodicals, 314-26

writers and artists, 326-40

Künstlerroman TCLC 150: 133-260

overviews and general studies, 135-51

major works, 151-212

feminism in the Künstlerroman, 212-49

minority Künstlerroman, 249-59

The Lake Poets NCLC 52: 217-304

characteristics of the Lake Poets and their works, 218-27

literary influences and collaborations, 227-66

defining and developing Romantic ideals, 266-84

embracing Conservatism, 284-303

Language Poets TCLC 126: 66-172

overviews and general studies, 67-122

selected major figures in language poetry, 122-72

Larkin, Philip, Controversy CLC 81: 417-64

Latin American Literature, Twentieth-Century TCLC 58: 111-98

historical and critical perspectives, 112-36

the novel, 136-45

the short story, 145-9

drama, 149-60

poetry, 160-7

the writer and society, 167-86

Native Americans in Latin American literature, 186-97

Law and Literature TCLC 126: 173-347

overviews and general studies, 174-253

fiction critiquing the law, 253-88

literary responses to the law, 289-346

The Legend of El Dorado LC 74: 248-350

overviews, 249-308

major explorations for El Dorado, 308-50

The Legend of Pope Joan LC 123: 1-88

overviews and general studies, 3-87

The Levellers LC 51: 200-312

overviews and general studies, 201-29

principal figures, 230-86

religion, political philosophy, and pamphleteering, 287-311

The Lilith Legend in Modern Literature TCLC 170: 256-319

overviews, 257-67

historical and literary background, 267-89

the Lilith legend in twentieth-century literature, 289-319

Literary Criticism in the Nineteenth Century, American NCLC 128: 1-103

overviews and general studies, 2-44

the trancendentalists, 44-65

"young America," 65-71

James Russell Lowell, 71-9

Edgar Allan Poe, 79-97

Walt Whitman, 97-102

Literary Expressionism TCLC 142: 90-185

overviews and general studies, 91-138

themes in literary expressionism, 138-61

expressionism in Germany, 161-84

The Literary Marketplace Nineteenth-Century NCLC 128: 194-368

overviews and general studies, 197-228

British literary marketplace, 228-66

French literary marketplace, 266-82

American literary marketplace, 282-323

Women in the literary marketplace, 323-67

Literary Prizes TCLC 122: 130-203

overviews and general studies, 131-34

the Nobel Prize in Literature, 135-83

the Pulitzer Prize, 183-203

Literature and Millenial Lists CLC 119: 431-67

The Modern Library list, 433

The Waterstone list, 438-439

Literature in Response to the September 11 Attacks CLC 174: 1-46

Major works about September 11, 2001, 2-22

Critical, artistic, and journalistic responses, 22-45

Literature of the American Cowboy NCLC 96: 1-60

overview, 3-20

cowboy fiction, 20-36

cowboy poetry and songs, 36-59

Literature of the California Gold Rush NCLC 92: 320-85

overviews and general studies, 322-24

early California Gold Rush fiction, 324-44

Gold Rush folklore and legend, 344-51

the rise of Western local color, 351-60

social relations and social change, 360-385

Literature of the Counter-Reformation LC 109: 213-56

overviews and general studies, 214-33

influential figures, 233-56

The Living Theatre DC 16: 154-214

Luddism in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 140: 280-365

overviews, 281-322

the literary response, 322-65

Lynching in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 148: 162-247

lynching in literature and music, 163-92

Ida B. Wells-Barnett and the anti-lynching movement, 192-221

resistance to lynching in society and the press, 221-46

MAD Magazine CLR 109: 156-208

overviews and general studies, 158-74

Harvey Kurtzman and the founding of MAD Magazine, 174-84

critical commentary on MAD Magazine, 184-203

the evolving role of MAD Magazine in modern society, 203-07

Madness in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 76: 142-284

overview, 143-54

autobiography, 154-68

poetry, 168-215

fiction, 215-83

Madness in Twentieth-Century Literature TCLC 50: 160-225

overviews and general studies, 161-71

madness and the creative process, 171-86

suicide, 186-91

madness in American literature, 191-207

madness in German literature, 207-13

madness and feminist artists, 213-24

Magic Realism TCLC 110: 80-327

overviews and general studies, 81-94

magic realism in African literature, 95-110

magic realism in American literature, 110-32

magic realism in Canadian literature, 132-46

magic realism in European literature, 146-66

magic realism in Asian literature, 166-79

magic realism in Latin-American literature, 179-223

magic realism in Israeli literature and the novels of Salman Rushdie, 223-38

magic realism in literature written by women, 239-326

The Martin Marprelate Tracts LC 101: 165-240

criticism, 166-240

Marxist Criticism TCLC 134: 127-57

overviews and general studies, 128-67

Marxist interpretations, 167-209

cultural and literary Marxist theory, 209-49

Marxism and feminist critical theory, 250-56

The Masque LC 63: 124-265

development of the masque, 125-62

sources and structure, 162-220

race and gender in the masque, 221-64

Medical Writing LC 55: 93-195

colonial America, 94-110

enlightenment, 110-24

medieval writing, 124-40

sexuality, 140-83

vernacular, 185-95

Memoirs of Trauma CLC 109: 419-466

overview, 420

criticism, 429

Metafiction TCLC 130: 43-228

overviews and general studies, 44-85

Spanish metafiction, 85-117

studies of metafictional authors and works, 118-228

Metaphysical Poets LC 24: 356-439

early definitions, 358-67

surveys and overviews, 367-92

cultural and social influences, 392-406

stylistic and thematic variations, 407-38

Missionaries in the Nineteenth-Century, Literature of NCLC 112: 299-392

history and development, 300-16

uses of ethnography, 316-31

sociopolitical concerns, 331-82

David Livingstone, 382-91

The Modern Essay TCLC 58: 199-273

overview, 200-7

the essay in the early twentieth century, 207-19

characteristics of the modern essay, 219-32

modern essayists, 232-45

the essay as a literary genre, 245-73

Modern French Literature TCLC 122: 205-359

overviews and general studies, 207-43

French theater, 243-77

gender issues and French women writers, 277-315

ideology and politics, 315-24

modern French poetry, 324-41

resistance literature, 341-58

Modern Irish Literature TCLC 102: 125-321

overview, 129-44

dramas, 144-70

fiction, 170-247

poetry, 247-321

Modern Japanese Literature TCLC 66: 284-389

poetry, 285-305

drama, 305-29

fiction, 329-61

western influences, 361-87

Modernism TCLC 70: 165-275

definitions, 166-84

Modernism and earlier influences, 184-200

stylistic and thematic traits, 200-29

poetry and drama, 229-42

redefining Modernism, 242-75

Monasticism and Literature CMLC 74: 88-294

major figures, 89-132

secular influences, 132-54

monastic principles and literary practices, 154-232

women and monasticism, 232-93

Mother Goose CLR 117: 35-123

overviews and general studies, 38-50

historical and literary origins of Mother Goose, 50-84

gender, race, and pedagogy in Mother Goose, 84-120

contemporary editions of Mother Goose nursery rhymes, 120-22

Muckraking Movement in American Journalism TCLC 34: 161-242

development, principles, and major figures, 162-70

publications, 170-9

social and political ideas, 179-86

targets, 186-208

fiction, 208-19

decline, 219-29

impact and accomplishments, 229-40

Multiculturalism CLC 189: 167-254

overviews and general studies, 168-93

the effects of multiculturalism on global literature, 193-213

multicultural themes in specific contemporary works, 213-53

Multiculturalism in Literature and Education CLC 70: 361-413

Music and Modern Literature TCLC 62: 182-329

overviews and general studies, 182-211

musical form/literary form, 211-32

music in literature, 232-50

the influence of music on literature, 250-73

literature and popular music, 273-303

jazz and poetry, 303-28

Mystery Story See Crime-Mystery-Detective Stories

Native American Literature CLC 76: 440-76

Natural School, Russian NCLC 24: 205-40

history and characteristics, 205-25

contemporary criticism, 225-40

Naturalism NCLC 36: 285-382

definitions and theories, 286-305

critical debates on Naturalism, 305-16

Naturalism in theater, 316-32

European Naturalism, 332-61

American Naturalism, 361-72

the legacy of Naturalism, 372-81

Negritude TCLC 50: 226-361

origins and evolution, 227-56

definitions, 256-91

Negritude in literature, 291-343

Negritude reconsidered, 343-58

Negritude TCLC 158: 196-280

overviews and general studies, 197-208

major figures, 208-25

Negritude and humanism, 225-29

poetry of Negritude, 229-47

politics of Negritude, 247-68

the Negritude debate, 268-79

New Criticism TCLC 34: 243-318

development and ideas, 244-70

debate and defense, 270-99

influence and legacy, 299-315

TCLC 146: 1-108

overviews and general studies, 3-19

defining New Criticism, 19-28

place in history, 28-51

poetry and New Criticism, 51-78

major authors, 78-108

The New Humanists TCLC 162: 260-341

overviews, 261-92

major figures, 292-310

New Humanism in education and literature, 310-41

New South, Literature of the NCLC 116: 122-240

overviews, 124-66

the novel in the New South, 166-209

myth of the Old South in the New, 209-39

The New Woman in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 156: 134-281

overview, 136-39

historical and social context, 139-57

contemporary descriptions of the new woman, 157-65

the new woman and popular fiction, 165-86

the new woman and the decadents, 187-207

the new woman and the theater, 207-48

Henry James, Bram Stoker, and Others, 248-80

The New World in Renaissance Literature LC 31: 1-51

overview, 1-18

utopia vs. terror, 18-31

explorers and Native Americans, 31-51

New York Intellectuals and Partisan Review TCLC 30: 117-98

development and major figures, 118-28

influence of Judaism, 128-39

Partisan Review, 139-57

literary philosophy and practice, 157-75

political philosophy, 175-87

achievement and significance, 187-97

The New Yorker TCLC 58: 274-357

overviews and general studies, 274-95

major figures, 295-304

New Yorker style, 304-33

fiction, journalism, and humor at The New Yorker, 333-48

the new New Yorker, 348-56

Newgate Novel NCLC 24: 166-204

development of Newgate literature, 166-73

Newgate Calendar, 173-7

Newgate fiction, 177-95

Newgate drama, 195-204

New Zealand Literature TCLC 134: 258-368

overviews and general studies, 260-300

Maori literature, 300-22

New Zealand drama, 322-32

New Zealand fiction, 332-51

New Zealand poetry, 351-67

Nigerian Literature of the Twentieth Century TCLC 30: 199-265

surveys of, 199-227

English language and African life, 227-45

politics and the Nigerian writer, 245-54

Nigerian writers and society, 255-62

Nihilism and Literature TCLC 110: 328-93

overviews and general studies, 328-44

European and Russian nihilism, 344-73

nihilism in the works of Albert Camus, Franz Kafka, and John Barth, 373-92

Nineteenth-Century Captivity Narratives NCLC 80:131-218

overview, 132-37

the political significance of captivity narratives, 137-67

images of gender, 167-96

moral instruction, 197-217

Nineteenth-Century Euro-American Literary Representations of Native Americans NCLC 104: 132-264

overviews and general studies, 134-53

Native American history, 153-72

the Indians of the Northeast, 172-93

the Indians of the Southeast, 193-212

the Indians of the West, 212-27

Indian-hater fiction, 227-43

the Indian as exhibit, 243-63

Nineteenth-Century Native American Autobiography NCLC 64: 262-389

overview, 263-8

problems of authorship, 268-81

the evolution of Native American autobiography, 281-304

political issues, 304-15

gender and autobiography, 316-62

autobiographical works during the turn of the century, 362-88

Nineteenth-Century Pornography NCLC 144: 108-202

nineteenth-century pornographers, 110-64

pornography and literature, 164-91

pornography and censorship, 191-201

Nineteenth-Century Western Literature in Japan NCLC 156: 282-352

overviews, 283-305

European literature in Japan, 305-28

American literature in Japan, 328-52

Noh Drama LC 103: 189-270

overviews, 190-94

origins and development, 194-214

structure, 214-28

types of plays, 228-45

masks in Noh drama, 245-57

Noh drama and the audience, 257-69

Norse Mythology CMLC 26: 321-85

history and mythological tradition, 322-44

Eddic poetry, 344-74

Norse mythology and other traditions, 374-85

Northern Humanism LC 16: 281-356

background, 282-305

precursor of the Reformation, 305-14

the Brethren of the Common Life, the Devotio Moderna, and education, 314-40

the impact of printing, 340-56

The Novel of Manners NCLC 56: 342-96

social and political order, 343-53

domestic order, 353-73

depictions of gender, 373-83

the American novel of manners, 383-95

Novels of the Ming and Early Ch'ing Dynasties LC 76: 213-356

overviews and historical development, 214-45

major works—overview, 245-85

genre studies, 285-325

cultural and social themes, 325-55

Nuclear Literature: Writings and Criticism in the Nuclear Age TCLC 46: 288-390

overviews and general studies, 290-301

fiction, 301-35

poetry, 335-8

nuclear war in Russo-Japanese literature, 338-55

nuclear war and women writers, 355-67

the nuclear referent and literary criticism, 367-88

Occultism in Modern Literature TCLC 50: 362-406

influence of occultism on literature, 363-72

occultism, literature, and society, 372-87

fiction, 387-96

drama, 396-405

Opium and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination NCLC 20:250-301

original sources, 250-62

historical background, 262-71

and literary society, 271-9

and literary creativity, 279-300

Orientalism NCLC 96: 149-364

overviews and general studies, 150-98

Orientalism and imperialism, 198-229

Orientalism and gender, 229-59

Orientalism and the nineteenth-century novel, 259-321

Orientalism in nineteenth-century poetry, 321-63

The Oxford Movement NCLC 72: 1-197

overviews and general studies, 2-24

background, 24-59

and education, 59-69

religious responses, 69-128

literary aspects, 128-178

political implications, 178-196

The Parnassian Movement NCLC 72: 198-241

overviews and general studies, 199-231

and epic form, 231-38

and positivism, 238-41

Pastoral Literature of the English Renaissance LC 59: 171-282

overviews and general studies, 172-214

principal figures of the Elizabethan period, 214-33

principal figures of the later Renaissance, 233-50

pastoral drama, 250-81

Penny Dreadfuls CLR 105: 123-93

overviews and general studies, 125-63

critical reviews of penny dreadfuls featuring Jack Sheppard, 163-80

penny dreadful authors and publishers, 180-93

Periodicals, Nineteenth-Century American NCLC 132: 199-374

overviews, chronology, and development, 200-41

literary periodicals, 241-83

regional periodicals, 283-317

women's magazines and gender issues, 317-47

minority periodicals, 347-72

Periodicals, Nineteenth-Century British NCLC 24: 100-65

overviews and general studies, 100-30

in the Romantic Age, 130-41

in the Victorian era, 142-54

and the reviewer, 154-64

Picaresque Literature of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries LC 78: 223-355

context and development, 224-71

genre, 271-98

the picaro, 299-326

the picara, 326-53

Plath, Sylvia, and the Nature of Biography CLC 86: 433-62

the nature of biography, 433-52

reviews of The Silent Woman, 452-61

Political Theory from the 15th to the 18th Century LC 36: 1-55

overview, 1-26

natural law, 26-42

empiricism, 42-55

Polish Romanticism NCLC 52: 305-71

overviews and general studies, 306-26

major figures, 326-40

Polish Romantic drama, 340-62

influences, 362-71

Politics and Literature TCLC 94: 138-61

overviews and general studies, 139-96

Europe, 196-226

Latin America, 226-48

Africa and the Caribbean, 248-60

Popular Literature TCLC 70: 279-382

overviews and general studies, 280-324

"formula" fiction, 324-336

readers of popular literature, 336-351

evolution of popular literature, 351-382

The Portrayal of Jews in Nineteenth-Century English Literature NCLC 72: 242-368

overviews and general studies, 244-77

Anglo-Jewish novels, 277-303

depictions by non-Jewish writers, 303-44

Hebraism versus Hellenism, 344-67

The Portrayal of Mormonism NCLC 96: 61-148

overview, 63-72

early Mormon literature, 72-100

Mormon periodicals and journals, 100-10

women writers, 110-22

Mormonism and nineteenth-century literature, 122-42

Mormon poetry, 142-47

Post-apartheid Literature CLC 187: 284-382

overviews and general studies, 286-318

the post-apartheid novel, 318-65

post-apartheid drama, 365-81

Postcolonial African Literature TCLC 146: 110-239

overviews and general studies, 111-45

ideology and theory, 145-62

postcolonial testimonial literature, 162-99

major authors, 199-239

Postcolonialism TCLC 114: 134-239

overviews and general studies, 135-153

African postcolonial writing, 153-72

Asian/Pacific literature, 172-78

postcolonial literary theory, 178-213

postcolonial women's writing, 213-38

Postmodernism TCLC 90:125-307

overview, 126-166

criticism, 166-224

fiction, 224-282

poetry, 282-300

drama, 300-307

Pragmatism in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 168: 85-209

overviews, 86-133

pragmatism and literature, 133-52

Charles Sanders Peirce, 152-65

William James, 165-208

Pre-Raphaelite Movement NCLC 20: 302-401

overview, 302-4

genesis, 304-12

Germ and Oxford and Cambridge Magazine, 312-20

Robert Buchanan and the "Fleshly School of Poetry," 320-31

satires and parodies, 331-4

surveys, 334-51

aesthetics, 351-75

sister arts of poetry and painting, 375-94

influence, 394-9

Pre-romanticism LC 40: 1-56

overviews and general studies, 2-14

defining the period, 14-23

new directions in poetry and prose, 23-45

the focus on the self, 45-56

The Presentation of Literature in the Nineteenth Century NCLC 160: 159-226

book design, 160-71

gift books, 172-91

serial novels, 191-214

dime novels, 214-226

Pre-Socratic Philosophy CMLC 22: 1-56

overviews and general studies, 3-24

the Ionians and the Pythagoreans, 25-35

Heraclitus, the Eleatics, and the Atomists, 36-47

the Sophists, 47-55

The Prison in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 116: 241-357

overview, 242-60

romantic prison, 260-78

domestic prison, 278-316

America as prison, 316-24

physical prisons and prison authors, 324-56

Protestant Hagiography and Martyrology LC 84: 106-217

overview, 106-37

John Foxe's Book of Martyrs, 137-97

martyrology and the feminine perspective, 198-216

Protestant Reformation, Literature of the LC 37: 1-83

overviews and general studies, 1-49

humanism and scholasticism, 49-69

the reformation and literature, 69-82

Psychoanalysis and Literature TCLC 38: 227-338

overviews and general studies, 227-46

Freud on literature, 246-51

psychoanalytic views of the literary process, 251-61

psychoanalytic theories of response to literature, 261-88

psychoanalysis and literary criticism, 288-312

psychoanalysis as literature/literature as psychoanalysis, 313-34

The Quarrel between the Ancients and the Moderns LC 63: 266-381

overviews and general studies, 267-301

Renaissance origins, 301-32

Quarrel between the Ancients and the Moderns in France, 332-58

Battle of the Books in England, 358-80

Racism in Literature TCLC 138: 257-373

overviews and general studies, 257-326

racism and literature by and about African Americans, 292-326

theme of racism in literature, 326-773

Rap Music CLC 76: 477-50

Reader-Response Criticism TCLC 146: 240-357

overviews and general studies, 241-88

critical approaches to reader response, 288-342

reader-response interpretation, 342-57

Realism in Short Fiction SSC 63: 128-57

overviews and general studies, 129-37

realist short fiction in France, 137-62

realist short fiction in Russia, 162-215

realist short fiction in England, 215-31

realist short fiction in the United States, 231-56

Regionalism and Local Color in Short Fiction SSC 65: 160-289

overviews and general studies, 163-205

regionalism/local color fiction of the west, 205-42

regionalism/local color fiction of the midwest, 242-57

regionalism/local color fiction of the south, 257-88

Renaissance Natural Philosophy LC 27: 201-87

cosmology, 201-28

astrology, 228-54

magic, 254-86

Representations of Africa in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 148: 248-351

overview, 251-66

Northeast and Central Africa, 266-76

South Africa, 276-301

West Africa, 301-49

Representations of the Devil in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 100: 89-223

overviews and general studies, 90-115

the Devil in American fiction, 116-43

English Romanticism: the satanic school, 143-89

Luciferian discourse in European literature, 189-222

Restoration Drama LC 21: 184-275

general overviews and general studies, 185-230

Jeremy Collier stage controversy, 230-9

other critical interpretations, 240-75

Revenge Tragedy LC 71: 113-242

overviews and general studies, 113-51

Elizabethan attitudes toward revenge, 151-88

the morality of revenge, 188-216

reminders and remembrance, 217-41

Revising the Literary Canon CLC 81: 465-509

Revising the Literary Canon TCLC 114: 240-84

overviews and general studies, 241-85

canon change in American literature, 285-339

gender and the literary canon, 339-59

minority and third-world literature and the canon, 359-84

Revolutionary Astronomers LC 51: 314-65

overviews and general studies, 316-25

principal figures, 325-51

Revolutionary astronomical models, 352-64

Robin Hood, Legend of LC 19: 205-58

origins and development of the Robin Hood legend, 206-20

representations of Robin Hood, 220-44

Robin Hood as hero, 244-56

Romance Fiction, Contemporary CLC 206: 178-271

overviews, 180-93

literary conventions, 193-215

opposing viewpoints, 215-20

reader response to Romance literature, 220-37

Romance literature in the world, 237-70

Romantic Literary Criticism NCLC 144: 203-357

background and overviews, 205-30

literary reviews, 230-38

the German Romantics, 238-81

Wordsworth and Coleridge, 281-326

variations on Romantic critical theory, 326-56

Rushdie, Salman, Satanic Verses Controversy CLC 55: 214-63; 59:404-56

Russian Nihilism NCLC 28: 403-47

definitions and overviews, 404-17

women and Nihilism, 417-27

literature as reform: the Civic Critics, 427-33

Nihilism and the Russian novel: Turgenev and Dostoevsky, 433-47

Russian Thaw TCLC 26: 189-247

literary history of the period, 190-206

theoretical debate of socialist realism, 206-11

Novy Mir, 211-7

Literary Moscow, 217-24

Pasternak, Zhivago, and the Nobel prize, 224-7

poetry of liberation, 228-31

Brodsky trial and the end of the Thaw, 231-6

achievement and influence, 236-46

Salem Witch Trials LC 38: 1-145

overviews and general studies, 2-30

historical background, 30-65

judicial background, 65-78

the search for causes, 78-115

the role of women in the trials, 115-44

Salinger, J. D., Controversy Surrounding In Search of J. D. Salinger CLC 55: 325-44

Samizdat Literature TCLC 150: 261-342

overviews and general studies, 262-64

history and development, 264-309

politics and Samizdat, 309-22

voices of Samizdat, 322-42

Sanitation Reform, Nineteenth-Century NCLC 124: 165-257

overviews and general studies, 166

primary texts, 186-89

social context, 189-221

public health in literature, 221-56

Science and Modern Literature TCLC 90: 308-419

overviews and general studies, 295-333

fiction, 333-95

poetry, 395-405

drama, 405-19

Science in Nineteenth-Century Literature NCLC 100: 224-366

overviews and general studies, 225-65

major figures, 265-336

sociopolitical concerns, 336-65

Science Fiction, Nineteenth-Century NCLC 24: 241-306

background, 242-50

definitions of the genre, 251-56

representative works and writers, 256-75

themes and conventions, 276-305

Scottish Chaucerians LC 20: 363-412

Scottish Poetry, Eighteenth-Century LC 29: 95-167

overviews and general studies, 96-114

the Scottish Augustans, 114-28

the Scots Vernacular Revival, 132-63

Scottish poetry after Burns, 163-66

The Sea in Literature TCLC 82: 72-191

drama, 73-9

poetry, 79-119

fiction, 119-91

The Sea in Nineteenth-Century English and American Literature NCLC 104: 265-362

overviews and general studies, 267-306

major figures in American sea fiction—

Cooper and Melville, 306-29

American sea poetry and short stories, 329-45

English sea literature, 345-61

The Sensation Novel NCLC 80: 219-330

overviews and general studies, 221-46

principal figures, 246-62

nineteenth-century reaction, 262-91

feminist criticism, 291-329

The Sentimental Novel NCLC 60: 146-245

overviews and general studies, 147-58

the politics of domestic fiction, 158-79

a literature of resistance and repression, 179-212

the reception of sentimental fiction, 213-44

September 11 Attacks See Literature in Response to the September 11 Attacks Sex and Literature TCLC 82: 192-434

overviews and general studies, 193-216

drama, 216-63

poetry, 263-87

fiction, 287-431

Sherlock Holmes Centenary TCLC 26: 248-310

Doyle's life and the composition of the Holmes stories, 248-59

life and character of Holmes, 259-78

method, 278-79

Holmes and the Victorian world, 279-92

Sherlockian scholarship, 292-301

Doyle and the development of the detective story, 301-07

Holmes's continuing popularity, 307-09

Short Science Fiction, Golden Age of, 1938-1950 SSC 73: 1-145

overviews and general studies, 3-48

publishing history of Golden Age Short Science Fiction, 48-65

major Golden Age Short Science Fiction authors and editors Isaac Asimov, 65-77

Ray Bradbury, 77-92

John W. Campbell, 92-106

Arthur C. Clarke, 106-15

Robert A. Heinlein, 115-29

Damon Knight, 129-40

Frederik Pohl, 141-43

Short-Short Fiction SSC 61: 311-36

overviews and general studies, 312-19

major short-short fiction writers, 319-35

The Silver Fork Novel NCLC 88: 58-140

criticism, 59-139

Slave Narratives, American NCLC 20: 1-91

background, 2-9

overviews and general studies, 9-24

contemporary responses, 24-7

language, theme, and technique, 27-70

historical authenticity, 70-5

antecedents, 75-83

role in development of Black American literature, 83-8

The Slave Trade in British and American Literature LC 59: 283-369

overviews and general studies, 284-91

depictions by white writers, 291-331

depictions by former slaves, 331-67

Social Conduct Literature LC 55: 196-298

overviews and general studies, 196-223

prescriptive ideology in other literary forms, 223-38

role of the press, 238-63

impact of conduct literature, 263-87

conduct literature and the perception of women, 287-96

women writing for women, 296-98

Social Protest Literature of Victorian England NCLC 160: 227-359

overviews: protest in Victorian literature, 229-62

woman question, 262-304

condition-of-England novel, 304-58

Social Protest Literature Outside England, Nineteenth-Century NCLC 124: 258-350

overviews and general studies, 259-72

oppression revealed, 272-306

literature to incite or prevent reform, 306-50

Socialism NCLC 88: 141-237

origins, 142-54

French socialism, 154-83

Anglo-American socialism, 183-205

Socialist-Feminism, 205-36

Southern Gothic Literature TCLC 142: 186-270

overviews and general studies, 187-97

major authors in southern Gothic literature, 197-230

structure and technique in southern Gothic literature, 230-50

themes in southern Gothic literature, 250-70

Southern Literature, Contemporary CLC 167: 1-132

criticism, 2-131

Southern Literature of the Reconstruction NCLC 108: 289-369

overview, 290-91

reconstruction literature: the consequences of war, 291-321

old south to new: continuities in southern culture, 321-68

Southwestern Humor SSC 81: 105-248

overviews, 106-83

Mark Twain, 183-97

George Washington Harris, 197-208

other major figures, 208-46

Spanish Civil War Literature TCLC 26: 311-85

topics in, 312-33

British and American literature, 333-59

French literature, 359-62

Spanish literature, 362-73

German literature, 373-75

political idealism and war literature, 375-83

Spanish Golden Age Literature LC 23: 262-332

overviews and general studies, 263-81

verse drama, 281-304

prose fiction, 304-19

lyric poetry, 319-31

Sparta in Literature CMLC 70: 145-271

overviews, 147-61

Spartan poetry, 161-72

the Spartan myth, 172-200

historical background, 200-27

Spartan society and culture, 227-69

Spasmodic School of Poetry NCLC 24: 307-52

history and major figures, 307-21

the Spasmodics on poetry, 321-7

Firmilian and critical disfavor, 327-39

theme and technique, 339-47

influence, 347-51

Sports in Literature TCLC 86: 294-445

overviews and general studies, 295-324

major writers and works, 324-402

sports, literature, and social issues, 402-45

Steinbeck, John, Fiftieth Anniversary of The Grapes of Wrath CLC 59: 311-54

Sturm und Drang NCLC 40: 196-276

definitions, 197-238

poetry and poetics, 238-58

drama, 258-75

Supernatural Fiction in the Nineteenth Century NCLC 32: 207-87

major figures and influences, 208-35

the Victorian ghost story, 236-54

the influence of science and occultism, 254-66

supernatural fiction and society, 266-86

Supernatural Fiction, Modern TCLC 30: 59-116

evolution and varieties, 60-74

"decline" of the ghost story, 74-86

as a literary genre, 86-92

technique, 92-101

nature and appeal, 101-15

Surrealism TCLC 30: 334-406

history and formative influences, 335-43

manifestos, 343-54

philosophic, aesthetic, and political principles, 354-75

poetry, 375-81

novel, 381-6

drama, 386-92

film, 392-8

painting and sculpture, 398-403

achievement, 403-5

Surrealism in Children's Literature CLR

103: 127-200

overviews and general studies, 130-52

critical analysis of surrealist children's authors and works, 152-99

Sylvia Beach and Company TCLC 158: 281-370

overviews and general studies, 282-97

Shakespeare and Company, 297-314

the business of publishing, 315-40

Sylvia Beach and James Joyce, 341-70

Symbolism, Russian TCLC 30: 266-333

doctrines and major figures, 267-92

theories, 293-8

and French Symbolism, 298-310

themes in poetry, 310-4

theater, 314-20

and the fine arts, 320-32

Symbolist Movement, French NCLC 20: 169-249

background and characteristics, 170-86

principles, 186-91

attacked and defended, 191-7

influences and predecessors, 197-211

and Decadence, 211-6

theater, 216-26

prose, 226-33

decline and influence, 233-47

Television and Literature TCLC 78: 283-426

television and literacy, 283-98

reading vs. watching, 298-341

adaptations, 341-62

literary genres and television, 362-90

television genres and literature, 390-410

children's literature/children's television, 410-25

Theater of the Absurd TCLC 38: 339-415

"The Theater of the Absurd," 340-7

major plays and playwrights, 347-58

and the concept of the absurd, 358-86

theatrical techniques, 386-94

predecessors of, 394-402

influence of, 402-13

Tin Pan Alley See American Popular Song, Golden Age of Tobacco Culture LC 55: 299-366

social and economic attitudes toward tobacco, 299-344

tobacco trade between the old world and the new world, 344-55

tobacco smuggling in Great Britain, 355-66

Transcendentalism, American NCLC 24: 1-99

overviews and general studies, 3-23

contemporary documents, 23-41

theological aspects of, 42-52

and social issues, 52-74

literature of, 74-96

Travel Narratives in Contemporary Literature CLC 204: 260-351

overviews, 261-76

major authors, 276-311

modern travel writing, 311-31

women writers and travel, 331-51

Travel Writing in the Nineteenth Century NCLC 44: 274-392

the European grand tour, 275-303

the Orient, 303-47

North America, 347-91

NCLC 168: 210-347

overviews, 212-43

women's travel writing, 243-311

other notable travel writers and their works, 312-47

Travel Writing in the Twentieth Century TCLC 30: 407-56

conventions and traditions, 407-27

and fiction writing, 427-43

comparative essays on travel writers, 443-54

Treatment of Death in Children's Literature CLR 101: 152-201

overviews and general studies, 155-80

analytical and bibliographical reviews of death in children's literature, 180-97

death of animals in children's literature, 197-200

Tristan and Isolde Legend CMLC 42: 311-404

Troubadours CMLC 66: 244-383

overviews, 245-91

politics, economics, history, and the troubadours, 291-344

troubadours and women, 344-82

True-Crime Literature CLC 99: 333-433

history and analysis, 334-407

reviews of true-crime publications, 407-23

writing instruction, 424-29

author profiles, 429-33

Twentieth-Century Danish Literature TCLC 142: 271-344

major works, 272-84

major authors, 284-344

Ulysses and the Process of Textual Reconstruction TCLC 26:386-416

evaluations of the new Ulysses, 386-94

editorial principles and procedures, 394-401

theoretical issues, 401-16

Unconventional Family in Children's Literature CLR 102: 146-213

overviews and general studies, 149-79

analytical and bibliographical reviews, 179-97

types of unconventional families: foster, adopted, homosexual, 197-212

Utilitarianism NCLC 84: 272-340

J. S. Mill's Utilitarianism: liberty, equality, justice, 273-313

Jeremy Bentham's Utilitarianism: the science of happiness, 313-39

Utopianism NCLC 88: 238-346

overviews: Utopian literature, 239-59

Utopianism in American literature, 259-99

Utopianism in British literature, 299-311

Utopianism and Feminism, 311-45

Utopian Literature, Nineteenth-Century NCLC 24: 353-473

definitions, 354-74

overviews and general studies, 374-88

theory, 388-408

communities, 409-26

fiction, 426-53

women and fiction, 454-71

Utopian Literature, Renaissance LC 32: 1-63

overviews and general studies, 2-25

classical background, 25-33

utopia and the social contract, 33-9

origins in mythology, 39-48

utopia and the Renaissance country house, 48-52

influence of millenarianism, 52-62

Vampire in Literature TCLC 46: 391-454

origins and evolution, 392-412

social and psychological perspectives, 413-44

vampire fiction and science fiction, 445-53

Vernacular Bibles LC 67: 214-388

overviews and general studies, 215-59

the English Bible, 259-355

the German Bible, 355-88

Victorian Autobiography NCLC 40: 277-363

development and major characteristics, 278-88

themes and techniques, 289-313

the autobiographical tendency in Victorian prose and poetry, 313-47

Victorian women's autobiographies, 347-62

NCLC 152: 230-365

overviews and general studies, 232-61

autobiography and the self, 261-93

autobiography and gender, 293-307

autobiography and class, 307-36

autobiography and fiction, 336-64

Victorian Critical Theory NCLC 136: 236-379

overviews and general studies, 237-86

Matthew Arnold, 286-324

Walter Pater and aestheticism, 324-36

other Victorian critics, 336-78

Victorian Fantasy Literature NCLC 60: 246-384

overviews and general studies, 247-91

major figures, 292-366

women in Victorian fantasy literature, 366-83

Victorian Hellenism NCLC 68: 251-376

overviews and general studies, 252-78

the meanings of Hellenism, 278-335

the literary influence, 335-75

Victorian Illustrated Fiction NCLC 120: 247-356

overviews and development, 128-76

technical and material aspects of book illustration, 276-84

Charles Dickens and his illustrators, 284-320

William Makepeace Thackeray, 320-31

George Eliot and Frederic Leighton, 331-51

Lewis Carroll and John Tenniel, 351-56

Victorian Novel NCLC 32: 288-454

development and major characteristics, 290-310

themes and techniques, 310-58

social criticism in the Victorian novel, 359-97

urban and rural life in the Victorian novel, 397-406

women in the Victorian novel, 406-25

Mudie's Circulating Library, 425-34

the late-Victorian novel, 434-51

Vietnamese Literature TCLC 102: 322-386

Vietnam War in Literature and Film CLC 91: 383-437

overview, 384-8

prose, 388-412

film and drama, 412-24

poetry, 424-35

The Vietnam War in Short Fiction SSC 79: 83-177

overviews and general studies, 84-93

women authors of Vietnam War short fiction, 93-116

Robert Olen Butler: A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain (1992), 116-31

Barry Hannah: Airships (1978), 131-50

Tim O'Brien: The Things They Carried (1990), 150-65

Tobias Wolff: Back in the World (1985), 165-69

other authors and works, 169-76

Violence in Literature TCLC 98: 235-358

overviews and general studies, 236-74

violence in the works of modern authors, 274-358

Vorticism TCLC 62: 330-426

Wyndham Lewis and Vorticism, 330-8

characteristics and principles of Vorticism, 338-65

Lewis and Pound, 365-82

Vorticist writing, 382-416

Vorticist painting, 416-26

The Well-Made Play NCLC 80: 331-370

overviews and general studies, 332-45

Scribe's style, 345-56

the influence of the well-made play, 356-69

Women's Autobiography, Nineteenth Century NCLC 76: 285-368

overviews and general studies, 287-300

autobiographies concerned with religious and political issues, 300-15

autobiographies by women of color, 315-38

autobiographies by women pioneers, 338-51

autobiographies by women of letters, 351-68

Women's Diaries, Nineteenth-Century NCLC 48: 308-54

overview, 308-13

diary as history, 314-25

sociology of diaries, 325-34

diaries as psychological scholarship, 334-43

diary as autobiography, 343-8

diary as literature, 348-53

Women in Modern Literature TCLC 94: 262-425

overviews and general studies, 263-86

American literature, 286-304

other national literatures, 304-33

fiction, 333-94

poetry, 394-407

drama, 407-24

WomenWriters, Seventeenth-Century LC 30: 2-58

overview, 2-15

women and education, 15-9

women and autobiography, 19-31

women's diaries, 31-9

early feminists, 39-58

World War I Literature TCLC 34: 392-486

overview, 393-403

English, 403-27

German, 427-50

American, 450-66

French, 466-74

and modern history, 474-82

World War I Short Fiction SSC 71: 187-347

overviews and general studies, 187-206

female short fiction writers of World War I, 206-36

Central Powers Czechoslovakian writers of short fiction, 236-44

German writers of short fiction, 244-61

Entente/Allied Alliance Australian writers of short fiction, 261-73

English writers of short fiction, 273-305

French writers of short fiction, 305-11

Associated Power: American writers of short fiction, 311-46

Yellow Journalism NCLC 36: 383-456

overviews and general studies, 384-96

major figures, 396-413

Yiddish Literature TCLC 130: 229-364

overviews and general studies, 230-54

major authors, 254-305

Yiddish literature in America, 305-34

Yiddish and Judaism, 334-64

Young Playwrights Festival

1988 CLC 55: 376-81

1989 CLC 59: 398-403

1990 CLC 65: 444-8