Japanese literature Earliest extant works are the Kojiki (712) and the Nihongi (720), which are histories written in Chinese characters used phonetically. The earliest recorded Japanese poetry is in the Manyoshu (760), which contains poems dating to the 4th century. The Heian Period (794–1185) is noted for the Kokinshu (905), an anthology of poetry commissioned by the emperor, which provided a pattern for tanka (short poems). Classical prose developed during this period and accounts of court life flourished. The most significant work was Murasaki Shikibu's Genji Monogatari (c.1010), the first true novel. During the Middle Ages (1185–1603) No drama was refined, and ‘war tales’, such as Heike Monogatari, were developed. In the Tokugawa Period (1603–1868) literature, once the preserve of the aristocracy, became the field of the commoners. Haiku became popular; Matsuo Basho (1644–94) was the greatest poet of this form. In the Modern Period, foreign contacts and Western literature had a major influence. Poetry flourished, and major figures, such as Yosano Akiko (1878–1942), Ishikawa Takuboku (1885–1912) and Hagiwara Sakutaro (1886–1942) found new means of expression. Writers of modern fiction, such as Mishima Yukio, Abe Kobo and Kawabata Yasunari have earned an international reputation.
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Japanese literature , Japanese literature Earliest extant works are the Kojiki (712) and the Nihongi (720), which are histories written in Chinese characters used phonetic… Japanese , Japanese (jăp´ənēz´), language of uncertain origin that is spoken by more than 125 million people, most of whom live in Japan. There are also many sp… Shimazaki Toson , Shimazaki Toson (shē´mä´zä´kē tō´sōn), 1872–1943, Japanese poet and novelist. A pioneer in the establishment of a new Japanese verse form, Toson late… Japanese giant salamander , Andrias japonicus (Japanese giant salamander) See CRYPTOBRANCHIDAE. Japanese giant salamander (Andrias japonicus) See CRYPTOBRANCHIDAE. Japanese Americans , JAPANESE AMERICANS have contributed significantly to the political strength, economic development, and social diversity of the United States. Like al… Oe Kenzaburo , Oe, Kenzaburo Kenzaburo Oe BORN: 1935, Ehime, Shikoku, Japan NATIONALITY: Japanese GENRE: Fiction MAJOR WORKS: Prize Stock (1958) A Personal Matter (…
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Japanese American Cases Hirabayashi v. United States 320 U.S. 81 (1943) Korematsu v. United States 323 U.S. 214 (1944) Ex Parte Endo 323 U.S. 283 (1944)