Sturm und Drang

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Sturm und Drang (shtŏŏrm ŏŏnt dräng) or Storm and Stress, movement in German literature that flourished from c.1770 to c.1784. It takes its name from a play by F. M. von Klinger, Wirrwarr; oder, Sturm und Drang (1776). The ideas of Rousseau were a major stimulus of the movement, but it evolved more immediately from the influence of Herder, Lessing, and others. With Sturm und Drang, German authors became cultural leaders of Europe, writing literature that was revolutionary in its stress on subjectivity and on the unease of man in contemporary society. The movement was distinguished also by the intensity with which it developed the theme of youthful genius in rebellion against accepted standards, by its enthusiasm for nature, and by its rejection of the rules of 18th-century neoclassical style. The great figure of the movement was Goethe, who wrote its first major drama, Götz von Berlichingen (1773), and its most sensational and representative novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774). Other writers of importance were Klopstock, J. M. R. Lenz, and Friedrich Müller. The last major figure was Schiller, whose Die Räuber and other early plays were also a prelude to romanticism.

See studies by R. Pascal (1953, repr. 1967) and M. O. Kirsten (1969).

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Sturm und Drang (‘Storm and Stress’) German literary movement that takes its name from a play (1776) by F. M. von Klinger. Sturm and Drang rejected the prevailing neo-classicism in favour of subjectivity, artistic creativity, and the beauty of nature. Associated principally with the early works of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Schiller, and Johann Gottfried von Herder, it is seen as a precursor of Romanticism. The movement influenced Haydn's group of minor-key symphonies.

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Sturm und Drang / ˈshtoŏrm oŏn(d) ˈdräng/ • n. a literary and artistic movement in Germany in the late 18th century, influenced by Jean-Jacques Rousseau and characterized by the expression of emotional unrest and a rejection of neoclassical literary norms.

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Sturm und Drang (Ger., ‘Storm and stress’). Term applied to period, roughly 1760–80, in Ger. literature and mus. when emotionalism was at height. Specially applied to works comp. by Joseph Haydn at that time, particularly syms. (roughly Nos. 40–59), and str. qts. These works are marked by new and audacious formal and harmonic features. Also used to describe much kbd. mus. by C. P. E. Bach.

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Sturm und Drang a literary and artistic movement in Germany in the late 18th century, influenced by Jean-Jacques Rousseau and characterized by the expression of emotional unrest and a rejection of neoclassical literary norms. The phrase is German, and means literally ‘Storm and Stress’.

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storm and stress See Sturm und Drang

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Storm and Stress: see Sturm und Drang.