Giuliani, Rudolph W(illiam) 1944- (Rudy Giuliani)
GIULIANI, Rudolph W(illiam) 1944- (Rudy Giuliani)
PERSONAL: Born May 28, 1944, in Brooklyn, NY; son of Harold (a tavern owner) and Helen Giuliani; married Regina Peruggi (annulled); married Donna Kofnovec Hannover, 1983 (divorced, July, 2002); married Judith Stish Nathan (a nonprofit administrator), May 24, 2003; children: (second marriage) Andrew, Caroline. Ethnicity: "Italian American." Education: Manhattan College, A.B., 1965; New York University, J.D. (magna cum laude), 1968. Politics: Republican.
CAREER: Attorney, politician, consultant, lecturer, and author. U.S. District Court, New York, NY, law clerk, 1968-70; U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York, assistant attorney, 1970-73; Department of Justice, Washington, DC, executive assistant U.S. attorney, chief of the narcotics section, and chief of the special prosecutions section, 1973-75, associate deputy attorney general, 1975-77, associate attorney general, 1981-83; U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York, attorney, 1983-89; mayor, New York, NY, 1994-2002; Giuliani Partners, New York, NY, chairman and CEO, 2002—. Attorney affiliated with law firms in New York, NY, including Patterson, Belknap, Webb, and Tyler, 1977-81, White & Case, 1989-90, and Anderson Kill Olick & Oshinsky PC, 1990-93.
AWARDS, HONORS: Named Time Person of the Year, 2001; Ronald Reagan Presidential Freedom Award, 2002; Knight of the British Empire, 2002.
(With Joseph B. Rose) Fair Share Criteria: A Guide for City Agencies, Department of City Planning (New York, NY), 1998.
(With Ken Kurson) Leadership, Hyperion Books (New York, NY), 2002.
Contributor to The Entrepreneurial City: A How-To Handbook for Urban Innovators, 1999.
WORK IN PROGRESS: A memoir.
SIDELIGHTS: Rudolph W. "Rudy" Giuliani is best known as the New York City mayor whose unfailing resolve and unfaltering leadership bolstered the city following the World Trade Center attacks on September 11, 2001. At the time of the tragedy, he was nearing the end of his second term as mayor, an office he had held since 1994, and had begun working on a book that would later develop into his 2002 management guide Leadership. However, the World Trade Center attacks thrust Giuliani into the international spotlight. Because of his reassuring response to the tragedy, he became known as "America's Mayor," and his steadfast leadership brought him such honors as knighthood from Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and the distinction of being named Time magazine's "Person of the Year" for 2001.
Born in Brooklyn, New York, Giuliani attended the all-male, Roman Catholic Manhattan College, where he considered becoming a priest or a physician before turning to law. He graduated from New York University Law School in 1968 and became a clerk for Judge Lloyd MacMahon of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. An Italian American with a fierce dislike for organized crime, Giuliani spent the 1970s and 1980s building a reputation as a staunch prosecutor of mob bosses and inside traders in the U.S. District Court and in the Department of Justice. According to the Web site of the New York City government, his prosecutorial record was a convincing "4,152 convictions with only 25 reversals." Interestingly, Giuliani was a prosecutor in the real-life police corruption case that later was the subject of Robert Daley's book (and Sidney Lumet's film) Prince of the City.
Giuliani was elected mayor of New York in a hotly contested battle with David Dinkins in 1993, and he was the first Republican elected to the office since the mid-1960s. His efforts to "clean up" New York City brought him into many contentious battles with his Democratic opposition, but he nevertheless prevailed in four out of five boroughs to win reelection in 1997. During his administration, he instituted strict accountability policies that utilized computer statistics software to provide real-time budget and crime data. As mayor, he continued to battle the influence of organized crime in the city, and focused on such tasks as reducing the number of people dependent on welfare, revitalizing Times Square, and reducing taxes. Expected to seek election to the U.S. Senate in 2000, Giuliani pulled out of the race when he was diagnosed with prostate cancer in the spring of that year, and his personal stories overshadowed the final months of his term. However, his leadership throughout the 9/11 crisis caused many to question the term limit legislation that compelled him to leave office at such an uncertain moment in the city's history. Giuliani's successor, Michael Bloomberg, took office on January 1, 2002.
In 2002, Giuliani and a team of his administration leaders founded Giuliani Partners, a management-consulting firm that, according to its Web site, "draws upon its experiences and expertise in innovative financial management, public safety, security, emergency preparedness, business continuity, and leadership during crises." He also traveled widely to lecture on effective management principles and completed his book Leadership.
In the book, a collaborative effort with Ken Kurson, Giuliani offers commonsense management tactics that can be applied by the leader of any organization, including hiring the best people and then holding them accountable for performance. He offers advice on keeping employees focused, keeping performance expectations realistic, and making effective decisions. According to a reviewer in Publishers Weekly, "The leadership principles he champions . . . come as no surprise, but the stories he uses as examples are filled with vivid scenes and organized with a veteran trial lawyer's flair for maximum effect." He opens with an account of his actions on September 11, 2001, including evacuating the original crisis command center near the World Trade Center complex. According to Clyde Haberman in the New York Times Book Review, "While no blockbuster revelations leap off the pages, Giuliani can tell a compelling story."
BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:
Daley, Robert, Prince of the City, Berkley Publishing Group (New York, NY), 1981.
Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd edition, Gale (Detroit, MI), 1998.
Kirtzman, Andrew, Rudy Giuliani: Emperor of the City, William Morrow (New York, NY), 2000.
Business Week, October 14, 2002, Diane Brady, review of Leadership, p. 24.
New Republic, January 15, 2001, Michael Grunwald, "Cruel to Be Kind: Rudolph Giuliani's Means and Ends," pp. 30-35.
Newsweek, October 21, 2002, Adam Bryant, "This Guy's All Business: But We Wanted Memoirs, Not Management Advice," p. 54.
New York Times Book Review, October 13, 2002, Clyde Haberman, "Kinder and Gentler, but Still Rudy," p. 11.
People, December 2, 2002, Neil Graves, review of Leadership, p. 51.
Publishers Weekly, September 30, 2002, review of Leadership, pp. 61-62.
Time, December 31, 2001, Nancy Gibbs, "Person of the Year," p. 34.
Giuliani Partners,http://www.giulianipartners.com/ (June 11, 2003).
NYC.gov,http://www.ci.nyc.ny.us/ (June 11, 2003), biography of Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani.*