Skip to main content

Fox, Mary (b. 1817)

Fox, Mary (b. 1817)

Lady Holland. Born Lady Mary Augusta Coventry in 1817; daughter of the 8th earl of Coventry and Lady Mary Beauclerk (daughter of the 6th duke of St. Albans); married Henry Edward Fox, in 1833 (died 1859); daughter-in-law of Elizabeth Vassall Fox (1770–1845).

Mary Fox was born Mary Augusta Coventry in 1817 and spent her early years on the Continent before marrying Henry Edward Fox, son of Elizabeth Vassall Fox and minister plenipotentiary at the court of Tuscany. The couple lived primarily in Naples, Italy, after their marriage. When her husband died in 1859, Lady Holland inherited Holland House in Kensington and St. Ann's Hill near Chertsey (once the home of Charles James Fox) where she divided her summer months, returning to Naples for the winter. She was known as a gracious hostess to diplomats, distinguished foreigners, and the accomplished. Her annual garden parties, writes George W.E. Russell, "combined all the solemn dignity which clings to one of the most historical of English houses, with the fantastic grace and sprightly merriment of an Italian Festa." In her later years, she remained in England. "Her most conspicuous trait was the extraordinary brightness of her piercing eyes," writes Russell. "Her mental gaze was of penetrating power. She saw through unreality, vanity, and pretence at a glance; but she was full of the most genial charity towards mere error, ignorance, or indiscretion. For some years she suffered grievously, but her patience and courage in bearing pain … were models to all like sufferers."

sources:

Russell, George W.E. Portraits of the Seventies. 1916.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Fox, Mary (b. 1817)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Fox, Mary (b. 1817)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fox-mary-b-1817

"Fox, Mary (b. 1817)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fox-mary-b-1817

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.