PAULY, ROSA (née Rose Pollak , 1894–1975), soprano singer. Pauly was born in Eperjes, Hungary, and studied in Vienna with Rosa Papier-Paumgartner. After she made her debut in a minor role in Martha at Hamburg (1918), she appeared with opera companies in Cologne (singing the title role in the German premiere of Janáček's Káta Kabanová in 1922); at the Krolloper, Berlin, as Leonore, Donna Anna, Senta, Carmen, and Maria in Krenek's Der Diktator (1927–31); and at the Staatsoper, Vienna (1931–38). A dramatic soprano of great theatrical power, she was particularly noted for her interpretation of the title role in Elektra in which she made her American debut at a concert performance with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra (March 1937), and in which she sang under Beecham at Covent Garden (1938). After guest appearances in the United States, Canada, and South America in 1941, Pauly moved to Israel where she taught singing. She made few recordings, among them Strauss' Elektra.
[Max Loppert /
Israela Stein (2nd ed.)]