Church historian; b. Krautergersheim (Alsace), Dec. 6, 1853; d. Munich, Jan. 29, 1930. After theological studies in Strasbourg, he was ordained Aug. 4, 1878, and served as a curate until 1883. Because of sickness he had to withdraw from parochial work and settled near Munich, where he led the quiet life of a scholar until his death. He earned a doctorate in theology in 1896 at the University of Munich.
Paulus was first brought into contact with the Reformation period and the religious culture of the Middle Ages by his studies in the history of his Alsatian homeland. It was J. janssen's work on the history of the German people that led him to devote all his efforts to a study of the Reformation period, especially of Luther's Catholic literary opponents until then neglected by scholars. In about 50 publications he saved a great number of these theologians from oblivion. With a genuine love for truth he sought to do justice to Luther's reputation, but he also helped to undo the legends about him: Luthers Lebensende (Frankfurt 1898); Johann Tetzel, der Ablassprediger (Mainz 1899); Hexenwahn und Hexenprozess im 16. Jh. (Frankfurt 1910); Protestantismus und Toleranz im 16. Jh. (Frankfurt 1911). His chief work, however, is Geschichte des Ablasses im Mittelalter (3 v. Paderborn 1922–23). Because of his search for the whole truth and his faithfulness to the facts, he prepared the way toward a new Catholic outlook on the Reformation.
Bibliography: l. pfleger, Historisches Jahrbuch der Görres-Gesellschaft 50 (1930) 205–226; Nikolaus Paulus, ein Priesterund Gelehrtenleben, 1853–1930 (Kevelaer 1931). r. bÄumer, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner (Freiburg 1957–65) 8:235.
"Paulus, Nikolaus." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/paulus-nikolaus
"Paulus, Nikolaus." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/paulus-nikolaus
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.