LIPSCHUETZ (Lipschutz, Lifschitz, Lifshyts, Lipszyc, Liebschuetz ), widely dispersed Jewish family, which provided a large number of rabbis and scholars. The name is probably an indication of their origin and points to either Loebschuetz (Lubczyce; now Glubczyce) in Silesia, Liebschuetz in Thuringia, or to Liebeschitz in Bohemia. The derivation from the feminine name Liebscha is not acceptable. According to M. *Brann (see bibl.), the first well-known bearers of this name were the 16th-century R. moses ben isaac lipschuetz of Brzesc-Kujawski and Gdansk (Danzig), and isaac lipschuetz of Poznan. In the first half of the 17th century members of this family included r. benjamin benush, rabbi in Brest-Litovsk, son-in-law of R. Saul *Wahl and perhaps the son of the aforementioned R. Moses; r. israel mordecai ben elijah, who was one of those who approved in 1609 the Prague edition of R. Eliezer b. Nathan's Even ha-Ezer (1610); r. Ḥayyim ben isaac, ḥazzan in Poznan, who published additions to a commentary on the kinot by the ḥazzan Asher b. Joseph (Lublin, 1617); r. moses ben noah isaac in Poznan; and R. Gedaliah b. Solomon *Lipschuetz from Lublin. In the second half of the 17th century r. elijah lived in Brest-Litovsk, r. moses ben enoch in Burgpreppach. From Gedaliah Lipschuetz (see Israel b. Eliezer *Lipschuetz and his son Gedaliah), who lived in Ostrava at the beginning of the 17th century, descended an unbroken line of learned rabbis right to modern times. Among the last members of this learned family were the Mishnah commentator R. Israel b. Gedaliah *Lipschuetz and his son R. Baruch Isaac *Lipschuetz.
Ẓ.H. Edelmann, Gedullat Sha'ul (1854), 24a; I.T. Eisenstadt and S. Wiener, Da'at Kedoshim (1897–98), 57, 83; D. Kaufmann, Die letzte Vertreibung der Juden aus Wien… (1889), 203; H.N. Maggid-Steinschneider, Ir Vilna (1900), 38–40; J.L. Feinstein, IrTehillah (1886), 23f., 154f., 202; S.Z. Kahana, Anaf Eẓ Avot (1903), 23; M.M. Biber, Mazkeret li-Gedolei Ostraha (1907), 62; I. de Terni, Sefer ha-Makhri'a (1897), introd.; A.J.L. Lipschuetz, Avot Atarah le-Vanim (1927), 46, 144; E. Kohan, Kinat Soferim (1892), 92a; J. Perles, Geschichte der Juden in Posen (1865), 49; A. Berliner, in: mgwj, 50 (1906), 215–7; M. Brann, ibid., 218f.; L. Lewin, in: jjlg, 5 (1907), 101ff.
[Samuel Abba Horodezky]